Screen For Risk For Gastric Adenocarcinoma

Abstract

It has been determined that a specific metaplastic lineage that contains immunoreactivity for a trefoil polypeptide, spasmolytic peptide, is associated with and gives rise to the vast majority of human adenocarcinomas. The identification of this Spasmolytic Polypeptide Expressing Metaplasia (SPEM) is a major factor for grading of biopsies of the stomach to assess risk for gastric cancer. It also forms the basis of a method for serological screening for those at risk for gastric cancer. In a preferred embodiment, antibodies to spasmolytic peptide (hSP) are used in immunostaining of biopsies of gastric tissue obtained by endoscopy for grading biopsies. Those patients having these cells, characterized by a morphology more typical of a type of cell present normally in the intestine and not stomach, Brunner's gland cells, are at risk of developing adenocarcinoma. Since these cells express hSP, antibodies or nucleic acid probes hybridizing to mRNA encoding hSP, can be used for rapid detection of the cells in tissue biopsies. The antibodies can also be used in serological tests for screening and following patients at risk for gastric cancer. In combination with evidence of previous or present invention with H. pylori, the tests are predictive of the likelihood of developing adenocarcinoma.


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Document History
  • Publication: Aug 10, 2004
  • Application: Jan 29, 2002
    US US 6011302 A
  • Priority: Jan 29, 2002
    US US 6011302 A
  • Priority: Oct 1, 1998
    US US 16495498 A

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