Amide Compound And Use Thereof For Controlling Plant Diseases

  • Published: Feb 25, 2010
  • Earliest Priority: Apr 27 2007
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  • Cites: 6
  • Additional Info: Full text
  *US20100048701A1*
  US20100048701A1                                 
(19)United States 
(12)Patent Application Publication(10)Pub. No.: US 2010/0048701 A1
 Komori et al.(43)Pub. Date:Feb.  25, 2010

(54)AMIDE COMPOUND AND USE THEREOF FOR CONTROLLING PLANT DISEASES 
    
(76)Inventors: Takashi Komori,  Tokyo (JP); 
  Mayumi Kubota,  Toyonaka-shi (JP); 
  Yuichi Matsuzaki,  Toyonaka-shi (JP) 
    
 Correspondence Address: 
 WENDEROTH, LIND & PONACK, L.L.P.  
 1030 15th Street, N.W.,, Suite 400 East 
 Washington, DC 20005-1503  (US) 
    
(21)Appl. No.: 12/451,126 
(22)PCT Filed:Apr.  25, 2008 
(86)PCT No.: PCT/JP2008/058032 
(30)Foreign Application Priority Data 
 Apr.  27, 2007(JP)2007-118647
 Publication Classification 
(51)Int. Cl. A61K 031/235 (20060101); C07C 065/01 (20060101); A61K 031/19 (20060101); C07C 069/88 (20060101); C07C 233/00 (20060101); A61K 031/165 (20060101)
(52)U.S. Cl. 514/543; 562/475; 514/568; 560/67; 564/183; 514/622

        

(57)

Abstract

Disclosed is an amide compound represented by the formula (1) below, which has excellent plant disease controlling activity.
[see pdf for image]
In the formula, X1 represents a fluorine atom or a methoxy group; X2 represents a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, a C1-C4 alkyl group or the like; X3 represents a halogen atom, a C1-C4 alkyl group or the like; Z represents an oxygen atom or a sulfur atom; and A represents an A1-CR11R12R13 group, an A2-Cy1 group or an A3-Cy2 group, wherein A1 represents a CH2 group or the like, A2 represents a single bond, a CH2 group or the like, A3 represents a C1-C3 haloalkyl group, a C2-C4 alkenyl group or the like, Cy1 represents a C3-C6 cycloalkyl group substituted with a C1-C6 alkoxy group or the like, Cy2 represents a C3-C6 cycloalkyl group which may be substituted with a halogen atom or the like, R11 and R12 independently represent a C1-C4 alkyl group, and R13 represents a halogen atom, a hydroxyl group or the like.
 Claim(s),  Drawing Sheet(s), and Figure(s)
 
 

TECHNICAL FIELD

[0001] The present invention relates to an amide compound and use thereof for controlling plant diseases.

BACKGROUND ART

[0002] Drugs for controlling plant diseases have been conventionally developed. Compounds having plant disease controlling activity have been found out and have been put into practice.

DISCLOSURE OF THE INVENTION

Problems to be Solved by the Invention

[0003] An object of the present invention is to provide a compound having excellent plant disease controlling activity.

Means for Solving the Problems

[0004] The present inventors intensively studied in order to find out a compound having excellent plant disease controlling efficacy and, as a result, found that an amide compound represented by the following formula (1) has excellent plant disease controlling activity. Thus the present invention was completed.
[0005] The present invention provides an amide compound represented by the formula (1):
[see pdf for image]
which is hereinafter, referred to as the compound of the present invention,
wherein
[0006] X1 represents a fluorine atom or a methoxy group,
[0007] X2 represents a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, a C1-C4 alkyl group, a C2-C4 alkenyl group, a C2-C4 alkynyl group, a C1-C4 haloalkyl group, a C1-C4 alkoxy group, a C1-C4 alkylthio group, a hydroxy C1-C4 alkyl group, a nitro group, a cyano group, a formyl group, an NR1R2 group, a CO2R3 group, a CONR4R5 group, or a phenyl group optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the group consisting of a methyl group, a halogen atom, a cyano group and a nitro group,
[0008] X3 represents a halogen atom, a C1-C4 alkyl group, a C2-C4 alkenyl group, a C2-C4 alkynyl group, a C1-C4 haloalkyl group, a C1-C4 alkoxy group, a C1-C4 alkylthio group, a nitro group, a cyano group, a formyl group, an NR6R7 group, a CO2R8 group, a CONR9R10 group, or a phenyl group optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the group consisting of a methyl group, a halogen atom, a cyano group and a nitro group,
[0009] Z represents an oxygen atom or a sulfur atom,
[0010] A represents a group represented by A1-CR11R12R13, A2-Cy1 or A3-Cy2,
[0011] A1 represents a CH2 group, a CH(CH3) group, a C(CH3)2 group or a CH(CH2CH3) group,
[0012] A2 represents a single bond, a CH2 group, a CH(CH3) group, a C(CH3)2 group or a CH(CH2CH3) group,
[0013] A3 represents a methylene group substituted with at least one group selected from the group consisting of a C1-C3 haloalkyl group, a C2-C4 alkenyl group, a C2-C4 alkynyl group, a cyano group, a phenyl group and a C2-C5 alkoxycarbonyl group,
[0014] Cy1 represents a C3-C6 cycloalkyl group substituted with at least one group selected from the following group [a-1], a C3-C6 cycloalkenyl group optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the following group [a-1], a C3-C6 cycloalkyl group which is optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the following group [a-1] and in which one of methylenes forming the ring is replaced with a carbonyl group, or a C3-C6 hydroxyiminocycloalkyl group optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the following group [a-1],
[0015] Cy2 represents a C3-C6 cycloalkyl group optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the following group [a-2], a C3-C6 cycloalkenyl group optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the following group [a-2], a C3-C6 cycloalkyl group which is optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the following group [a-2] and in which one of methylenes forming the ring is replaced with a carbonyl group, or a C3-C6 hydroxyiminocycloalkyl group optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the following group [a-2],
[0016] R1 and R2 independently represent a hydrogen atom, a C1-C4 alkyl group, a C3-C4 alkenyl group, a C3-C4 alkynyl group, a C2-C4 haloalkyl group, a C2-C5 alkylcarbonyl group, a C2-C5 alkoxycarbonyl group or a C1-C4 alkylsulfonyl group,
[0017] R3 represents a C1-C4 alkyl group, a C3-C4 alkenyl group or a C3-C4 alkynyl group,
[0018] R4 represents a hydrogen atom, a C1-C4 alkyl group, a C3-C4 alkenyl group, a C3-C4 alkynyl group, a C2-C4 haloalkyl group, a C2-C5 alkylcarbonyl group, a C2-C5 alkoxycarbonyl group or a C1-C4 alkylsulfonyl group,
[0019] R5 represents a hydrogen atom, a C1-C4 alkyl group, a C3-C4 alkenyl group, a C3-C4 alkynyl group, or a C2-C4 haloalkyl group,
[0020] R6 and R7 independently represent a hydrogen atom, a C1-C4 alkyl group, a C3-C4 alkenyl group, a C3-C4 alkynyl group, a C2-C4 haloalkyl group, a C2-C5 alkylcarbonyl group, a C2-C5 alkoxycarbonyl group or a C1-C4 alkylsulfonyl group,
[0021] R8 represents a C1-C4 alkyl group, a C3-C4 alkenyl group or a C3-C4 alkynyl group,
[0022] R9 represents a hydrogen atom, a C1-C4 alkyl group, a C3-C4 alkenyl group, a C3-C4 alkynyl group, a C2-C4 haloalkyl group, a C2-C5 alkylcarbonyl group, a C2-C5 alkoxycarbonyl group or a C1-C4 alkylsulfonyl group,
[0023] R10 represents a hydrogen atom, a C1-C4 alkyl group, a C3-C4 alkenyl group, a C3-C4 alkynyl group, or a C2-C4 haloalkyl group,
[0024] R11 and R12 independently represent a C1-C4 alkyl group,
[0025] R13 represents a halogen atom, a hydroxyl group, a C1-C6 alkyl group, a C3-C6 alkenyloxy group, a C1-C6 haloalkyl group, a C1-C6 haloalkoxy group, a phenyl group, a benzyl group, a C1-C3 alkylthio group, a hydroxy C1-C6 alkyl group, a C2-C4 alkylcarbonyloxy group, a (C1-C3 alkylamino)C1-C6 alkyl group, a (di(C1-C3)alkyl)amino)C1-C6 alkyl group, a mercapto group, a carbamoyl group, a formyl group, a C2-C6 cyanoalkyl group, a C1-C3 alkylsulfonyl group, a phenoxy group or an NR14R15 group [wherein R14 and R15 independently represent a hydrogen atom, a C1-C4 alkyl group, a C2-C5 alkylcarbonyl group, a C2-C5 alkoxycarbonyl group, or a C1-C4 alkylsulfonyl group];
[0026] the group [a-1] consists of:
a C1-C6 alkoxy group, a C3-C6 alkenyloxy group, a C1-C6 haloalkyl group, a C1-C6 haloalkoxy group, a phenyl group, a benzyl group, a C1-C3 alkylthio group, a C1-C3 alkylidene group which forms a double bond with the same carbon atom forming a ring, a hydroxy C1-C6 alkyl group, a C2-C4 alkylcarbonyloxy group, a (C1-C3 alkylamino)C1-C6 alkyl group, a (di(C1-C3 alkyl)amino)C1-C6 alkyl group, a mercapto group, a carbamoyl group, a formyl group, a C2-C6 cyanoalkyl group, a C1-C3 alkylsulfonyl group, a phenoxy group, and an NR16R17 group [wherein R16 and R17 independently represent a hydrogen atom, a C1-C4 alkyl group, a C2-C5 alkylcarbonyl group, a C2-C5 alkoxycarbonyl group or a C1-C4 alkylsulfonyl group]; and
[0027] the group [a-2] consists of:
a halogen atom, a C1-C4 alkyl group, a C2-C4 alkenyl group, a C2-C4 alkynyl group, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a carboxyl group, a C2-C5 alkoxycarbonyl group, a C1-C6 alkoxy group, a C3-C6 alkenyloxy group, a C1-C6 haloalkyl group, a C1-C6 haloalkoxy group, a phenyl group, a benzyl group, a C1-C3 alkylthio group, a C1-C3 alkylidene group which forms a double bond with the same carbon atom forming a ring, a hydroxy C1-C6 alkyl group, a C2-C4 alkylcarbonyloxy group, a (C1-C3 alkylamino)C1-C6 alkyl group, a (di(C1-C3 alkyl)amino)C1-C6 alkyl group, a mercapto group, a carbamoyl group, a formyl group, a C2-C6 cyanoalkyl group, a C1-C3 alkylsulfonyl group, a phenoxy group, and an NR18R19 group [wherein R18 and R19 independently represent a hydrogen atom, a C1-C4 alkyl group, a C2-C5 alkylcarbonyl group, a C2-C5 alkoxycarbonyl group or a C1-C4 alkylsulfonyl group], a plant disease controlling composition containing the compound of the present invention as an active ingredient, and a plant disease controlling method which comprises treating a plant or soil with an effective amount of the compound of the present invention.

EFFECTS OF THE INVENTION

[0028] The compound of the present invention has excellent plant disease controlling activity and therefore, it is useful as an active ingredient of a plant disease controlling composition.

BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION

[0029] In the present invention, examples of the halogen atom represented by X2 include a fluorine atom, a chlorine atom, a bromine atom and an iodine atom.
[0030] Examples of the C1-C4 alkyl group represented by X2 include a methyl group, an ethyl group, a 1-methylethyl group, a 1,1-dimethylethyl group, a propyl group, and a 1-methylpropyl group.
[0031] Examples of the C2-C4 alkenyl group represented by X2 include a vinyl group, a 1-propenyl group, a 2-propenyl group, a 2-butenyl group and a 3-butenyl group.
[0032] Examples of the C2-C4 alkynyl group represented by X2 include an ethynyl group, a 1-propynyl group, a 2-propynyl group, and a 3-butynyl group.
[0033] Examples of the C1-C4 haloalkyl group represented by X2 include a fluoromethyl group, a chloromethyl group, a bromomethyl group, a difluoromethyl group, a dichloromethyl group, a dibromomethyl group, a trifluoromethyl group, a trichloromethyl group, a dichlorofluoromethyl group, a chlorodifluoromethyl group, a 1,1-difluoroethyl group, a 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl group, a 2-fluoroethyl group, a 3-fluoropropyl group, a 4-fluorobutyl group and a 1-chloroethyl group.
[0034] Examples of the C1-C4 alkoxy group represented by X2 include a methoxy group, an ethoxy group, a 1-methylethoxy group, a 1,1-dimethylethoxy group, a propoxy group, a 1-methylpropoxy group, a 2-methylpropoxy group and a butoxy group.
[0035] Examples of the C1-C4 alkylthio group represented by X2 include a methylthio group, an ethylthio group, a 1-methylethylthio group, a 1,1-dimethylethylthio group, a propylthio group and a 1-methylpropylthio group.
[0036] Examples of the hydroxy C1-C4 alkyl group represented by X2 include a hydroxymethyl group, a 1-hydroxyethyl group and a 2-hydroxyethyl group.
[0037] Examples of the phenyl group optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the group consisting of a methyl group, a halogen atom, a cyano group and a nitro group which is represented by X2 include a phenyl group, a 2-methylphenyl group, a 3-methylphenyl group, a 4-methylphenyl group, a 2-fluorophenyl group, a 3-fluorophenyl group, a 4-fluorophenyl group, a 2-chlorophenyl group, a 3-chlorophenyl group, a 4-chlorophenyl group, a 4-cyanophenyl group and a 4-nitrophenyl group.
[0038] Examples of the halogen atom represented by X3 include a fluorine atom, a chlorine atom, a bromine atom and an iodine atom.
[0039] Examples of the C1-C4 alkyl group represented by X3 include a methyl group, an ethyl group, a 1-methylethyl group, a 1,1-dimethylethyl group, a propyl group, and a 1-methylpropyl group.
[0040] Examples of the C2-C4 alkenyl group represented by X3 include a vinyl group, a 1-propenyl group, a 2-propenyl group, a 2-butenyl group and a 3-butenyl group.
[0041] Examples of the C2-C4 alkynyl group represented by X3 include an ethynyl group, a 1-propynyl group, a 2-propynyl group, and a 3-butynyl group.
[0042] Examples of the C1-C4 haloalkyl group represented by X3 include a fluoromethyl group, a chloromethyl group, a bromomethyl group, a difluoromethyl group, a dichloromethyl group, a dibromomethyl group, a trifluoromethyl group, a trichloromethyl group, a dichlorofluoromethyl group, a chlorodifluoromethyl group, a 1,1-difluoroethyl group, a 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl group, a 2-fluoroethyl group, a 3-fluoropropyl group, a 4-fluorobutyl group and a 1-chloroethyl group.
[0043] Examples of the C1-C4 alkoxy group represented by X3 include a methoxy group, an ethoxy group, a 1-methylethoxy group, a 1,1-dimethylethoxy group, a propoxy group, a 1-methylpropoxy group, a 2-methylpropoxy group and a butoxy group.
[0044] Examples of the C1-C4 alkylthio group represented by X3 include a methylthio group, an ethylthio group, a 1-methylethylthio group, a 1,1-dimethylethylthio group, a propylthio group and a 1-methylpropylthio group.
[0045] Examples of the phenyl group optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the group consisting of a methyl group, a halogen atom, a cyano group and a nitro group which is represented by X3 include a phenyl group, a 2-methylphenyl group, a 3-methylphenyl group, a 4-methylphenyl group, a 2-fluorophenyl group, a 3-fluorophenyl group, a 4-fluorophenyl group, a 2-chlorophenyl group, a 3-chlorophenyl group, a 4-chlorophenyl group, a 4-cyanophenyl group and a 4-nitrophenyl group.
[0046] Examples of the C1-C3 haloalkyl group in the methylene group substituted with at least one group selected from the group consisting of a C1-C3 haloalkyl group, a C2-C4 alkenyl group, a C2-C4 alkynyl group, a cyano group, a phenyl group and a C2-C5 alkoxycarbonyl group which is represented by A3 include a fluoromethyl group, a chloromethyl group, a bromomethyl group, a difluoromethyl group, a dichloromethyl group, a dibromomethyl group, a trifluoromethyl group, a trichloromethyl group, a dichlorofluoromethyl group, a chlorodifluoromethyl group, a 1,1-difluoroethyl group, a 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl group, a 2-fluoroethyl group, a 3-fluoropropyl group, and a 1-chloroethyl group.
[0047] Examples of the C2-C4 alkenyl group in the methylene group substituted with at least one group selected from the group consisting of a C1-C3 haloalkyl group, a C2-C4 alkenyl group, a C2-C4 alkynyl group, a cyano group, a phenyl group and a C2-C5 alkoxycarbonyl group which is represented by A3 include a vinyl group, a 1-propenyl group, a 2-propenyl group, a 2-butenyl group and a 3-butenyl group.
[0048] Examples of the C2-C4 alkynyl group in the methylene group substituted with at least one group selected from the group consisting of a C1-C3 haloalkyl group, a C2-C4 alkenyl group, a C2-C4 alkynyl group, a cyano group, a phenyl group and a C2-C5 alkoxycarbonyl group which is represented by A3 include an ethynyl group, a 1-propynyl group, a 2-propynyl group, and a 3-butynyl group.
[0049] Examples of the C2-C5 alkoxycarbonyl group in the methylene group substituted with at least one group selected from the group consisting of a C1-C3 haloalkyl group, a C2-C4 alkenyl group, a C2-C4 alkynyl group, a cyano group, a phenyl group and a C2-C5 alkoxycarbonyl group which is represented by A3 include a methoxycarbonyl group, an ethoxycarbonyl group, a 1-methylethoxycarbonyl group, and a 1,1-dimethylethoxycarbonyl group.
[0050] Examples of the methylene group substituted with at least one group selected from the group consisting of a C1-C3 haloalkyl group, a C2-C4 alkenyl group, a C2-C4 alkynyl group, a cyano group, a phenyl group and a C2-C5 alkoxycarbonyl group which is represented by A3 include specifically CH(CF3), CH(CF2H), CH(CFH2), CH(CH2CF3), CH(CCl3), CH(CCl2H), CH(CClH2), CH(CH═CH2), CH(CH═CHCH3), CH(CH═C(CH3)2), CH(C≡CH), CH(C≡CCH3), CH(CH2C≡CH), CH(CN), CH(C6H5), CH(CO2CH3), CH(CO2CH2CH3), and CH(CO2CH(CH3)2)
[0051] Examples of the C1-C4 alkyl group represented by R1 include a methyl group, an ethyl group, a 1-methylethyl group, a 1,1-dimethylethyl group, a propyl group and a 1-methylpropyl group.
[0052] Examples of the C3-C4 alkenyl group represented by R1 include a 1-propenyl group, a 2-propenyl group, a 2-butenyl group and a 3-butenyl group.
[0053] Examples of the C3-C4 alkynyl group represented by R1 include a 1-propynyl group, a 2-propynyl group and a 3-butynyl group.
[0054] Examples of the C2-C4 haloalkyl group represented by R1 include a 1,1-difluoroethyl group, a 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl group, a 2-fluoroethyl group, a 3-fluoropropyl group, a 4-fluorobutyl group and a 1-chloroethyl group.
[0055] Examples of the C2-C5 alkylcarbonyl group represented by R1 include an acetyl group, an ethylcarbonyl group, a 1-methylethylcarbonyl group and a 1,1-dimethylethylcarbonyl group.
[0056] Examples of the C2-C5 alkoxycarbonyl group represented by R1 include a methoxycarbonyl group, an ethoxycarbonyl group, a 1-methylethoxycarbonyl group and a 1,1-dimethylethoxycarbonyl group.
[0057] Examples of the C1-C4 alkylsulfonyl group represented by R1 include a methylsulfonyl group, an ethylsulfonyl group, a 1-methylethylsulfonyl group and a 1,1-dimethylethylsulfonyl group.
[0058] Examples of the C1-C4 alkyl group represented by R2 include a methyl group, an ethyl group, a 1-methylethyl group, a 1,1-dimethylethyl group, a propyl group and a 1-methylpropyl group.
[0059] Examples of the C3-C4 alkenyl group represented by R2 include a 1-propenyl group, a 2-propenyl group, a 2-butenyl group and a 3-butenyl group.
[0060] Examples of the C3-C4 alkynyl group represented by R2 include a 1-propynyl group, a 2-propynyl group and a 3-butynyl group.
[0061] Examples of the C2-C4 haloalkyl group represented by R2 include a 1,1-difluoroethyl group, a 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl group, a 2-fluoroethyl group, a 3-fluoropropyl group, a 4-fluorobutyl group and a 1-chloroethyl group.
[0062] Examples of the C2-C5 alkylcarbonyl group represented by R2 include an acetyl group, an ethylcarbonyl group, a 1-methylethylcarbonyl group and a 1,1-dimethylethylcarbonyl group.
[0063] Examples of the C2-C5 alkoxycarbonyl group represented by R2 include a methoxycarbonyl group, an ethoxycarbonyl group, a 1-methylethoxycarbonyl group and a 1,1-dimethylethoxycarbonyl group.
[0064] Examples of the C1-C4 alkylsulfonyl group represented by R2 include a methylsulfonyl group, an ethylsulfonyl group, a 1-methylethylsulfonyl group and a 1,1-dimethylethylsulfonyl group.
[0065] Examples of the C1-C4 alkyl group represented by R3 include a methyl group, an ethyl group, a 1-methylethyl group, a 1,1-dimethylethyl group, a propyl group and a 1-methylpropyl group.
[0066] Examples of the C3-C4 alkenyl group represented by R3 include a 1-propenyl group, a 2-propenyl group, a 2-butenyl group and a 3-butenyl group.
[0067] Examples of the C3-C4 alkynyl group represented by R3 include a 1-propynyl group, a 2-propynyl group and a 3-butynyl group.
[0068] Examples of the C1-C4 alkyl group represented by R4 include a methyl group, an ethyl group, a 1-methylethyl group, a 1,1-dimethylethyl group, a propyl group and a 1-methylpropyl group.
[0069] Examples of the C3-C4 alkenyl group represented by R4 include a 1-propenyl group, a 2-propenyl group, a 2-butenyl group and a 3-butenyl group.
[0070] Examples of the C3-C4 alkynyl group represented by R4 include a 1-propynyl group, a 2-propynyl group and a 3-butynyl group.
[0071] Examples of the C2-C4 haloalkyl group represented by R4 include a 1,1-difluoroethyl group, a 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl group, a 2-fluoroethyl group, a 3-fluoropropyl group, a 4-fluorobutyl group and a 1-chloroethyl group.
[0072] Examples of the C2-C5 alkylcarbonyl group represented by R4 include an acetyl group, an ethylcarbonyl group, a 1-methylethylcarbonyl group and a 1,1-dimethylethylcarbonyl group.
[0073] Examples of the C2-C5 alkoxycarbonyl group represented by R4 include a methoxycarbonyl group, an ethoxycarbonyl group, a 1-methylethoxycarbonyl group and a 1,1-dimethylethoxycarbonyl group.
[0074] Examples of the C1-C4 alkylsulfonyl group represented by R4 include a methylsulfonyl group, an ethylsulfonyl group, a 1-methylethylsulfonyl group and a 1,1-dimethylethylsulfonyl group.
[0075] Examples of the C1-C4 alkyl group represented by R5 include a methyl group, an ethyl group, a 1-methylethyl group, a 1,1-dimethylethyl group, a propyl group and a 1-methylpropyl group.
[0076] Examples of the C3-C4 alkenyl group represented by R5 include a 1-propenyl group, a 2-propenyl group, a 2-butenyl group and a 3-butenyl group.
[0077] Examples of the C3-C4 alkynyl group represented by R5 include a 1-propynyl group, a 2-propynyl group and a 3-butynyl group.
[0078] Examples of the C2-C4 haloalkyl group represented by R5 include a 1,1-difluoroethyl group, a 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl group, a 2-fluoroethyl group, a 3-fluoropropyl group, a 4-fluorobutyl group and a 1-chloroethyl group.
[0079] Examples of the NR1R2 group include an amino group, a methylamino group, a dimethylamino group, an ethylamino group, a 2-propenylamino group, a 2-propynylamino group, a 2-chloroethylamino group, an acetylamino group, a propionylamino group, a 1,1-dimethylethylcarbonylamino group, a methoxycarbonylamino group, an ethoxycarbonylamino group, a methanesulfonylamino group, an N-acetyl-N-methylamino group, an N-ethoxycarbonyl-N-methylamino group and a methanesulfonylmethylamino group.
[0080] Examples of the CONR4R5 group include a carbamoyl group, a methylcarbamoyl group, a dimethylcarbamoyl group, an ethylmethylcarbamoyl group, a (2-propenyl)carbamoyl group, a (2-propynyl)carbamoyl group and a 2-chloroethylcarbamoyl group.
[0081] Examples of the C1-C4 alkyl group represented by R6 include a methyl group, an ethyl group, a 1-methylethyl group, a 1,1-dimethylethyl group, a propyl group and a 1-methylpropyl group.
[0082] Examples of the C3-C4 alkenyl group represented by R6 include a 1-propenyl group, a 2-propenyl group, a 2-butenyl group and a 3-butenyl group.
[0083] Examples of the C3-C4 alkynyl group represented by R6 include a 1-propynyl group, a 2-propynyl group and a 3-butynyl group.
[0084] Examples of the C2-C4 haloalkyl group represented by R6 include a 1,1-difluoroethyl group, a 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl group, a 2-fluoroethyl group, a 3-fluoropropyl group, a 4-fluorobutyl group and a 1-chloroethyl group.
[0085] Examples of the C2-C5 alkylcarbonyl group represented by R6 include an acetyl group, an ethylcarbonyl group, a 1-methylethylcarbonyl group and a 1,1-dimethylethylcarbonyl group.
[0086] Examples of the C2-C5 alkoxycarbonyl group represented by R6 include a methoxycarbonyl group, an ethoxycarbonyl group, a 1-methylethoxycarbonyl group and a 1,1-dimethylethoxycarbonyl group.
[0087] Examples of the C1-C4 alkylsulfonyl group represented by R6 include a methylsulfonyl group, an ethylsulfonyl group, a 1-methylethylsulfonyl group and a 1,1-dimethylethylsulfonyl group.
[0088] Examples of the C1-C4 alkyl group represented by R7 include a methyl group, an ethyl group, a 1-methylethyl group, a 1,1-dimethylethyl group, a propyl group and a 1-methylpropyl group.
[0089] Examples of the C3-C4 alkenyl group represented by R7 include a 1-propenyl group, a 2-propenyl group, a 2-butenyl group and a 3-butenyl group.
[0090] Examples of the C3-C4 alkynyl group represented by R7 include a 1-propynyl group, a 2-propynyl group and a 3-butynyl group.
[0091] Examples of the C2-C4 haloalkyl group represented by R7 include a 1,1-difluoroethyl group, a 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl group, a 2-fluoroethyl group, a 3-fluoropropyl group, a 4-fluorobutyl group and a 1-chloroethyl group.
[0092] Examples of the C2-C5 alkylcarbonyl group represented by R7 include an acetyl group, an ethylcarbonyl group, a 1-methylethylcarbonyl group and a 1,1-dimethylethylcarbonyl group.
[0093] Examples of the C2-C5 alkoxycarbonyl group represented by R7 include a methoxycarbonyl group, an ethoxycarbonyl group, a 1-methylethoxycarbonyl group and a 1,1-dimethylethoxycarbonyl group.
[0094] Examples of the C1-C4 alkylsulfonyl group represented by R7 include a methylsulfonyl group, an ethylsulfonyl group, a 1-methylethylsulfonyl group and a 1,1-dimethylethylsulfonyl group.
[0095] Examples of the C1-C4 alkyl group represented by R8 include a methyl group, an ethyl group, a 1-methylethyl group, a 1,1-dimethylethyl group, a propyl group and a 1-methylpropyl group.
[0096] Examples of the C3-C4 alkenyl group represented by R8 include a 1-propenyl group, a 2-propenyl group, a 2-butenyl group and a 3-butenyl group.
[0097] Examples of the C3-C4 alkynyl group represented by R8 include a 1-propynyl group, a 2-propynyl group and a 3-butynyl group.
[0098] Examples of the C1-C4 alkyl group represented by R9 include a methyl group, an ethyl group, a 1-methylethyl group, a 1,1-dimethylethyl group, a propyl group and a 1-methylpropyl group.
[0099] Examples of the C3-C4 alkenyl group represented by R9 include a 1-propenyl group, a 2-propenyl group, a 2-butenyl group and a 3-butenyl group.
[0100] Examples of the C3-C4 alkynyl group represented by R9 include a 1-propynyl group, a 2-propynyl group and a 3-butynyl group.
[0101] Examples of the C2-C4 haloalkyl group represented by R9 include a 1,1-difluoroethyl group, a 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl group, a 2-fluoroethyl group, a 3-fluoropropyl group, a 4-fluorobutyl group and a 1-chloroethyl group.
[0102] Examples of the C2-C5 alkylcarbonyl group represented by R9 include an acetyl group, an ethylcarbonyl group, a 1-methylethylcarbonyl group and a 1,1-dimethylethylcarbonyl group.
[0103] Examples of the C2-C5 alkoxycarbonyl group represented by R9 include a methoxycarbonyl group, an ethoxycarbonyl group, a 1-methylethoxycarbonyl group and a 1,1-dimethylethoxycarbonyl group.
[0104] Examples of the C1-C4 alkylsulfonyl group represented by R9 include a methylsulfonyl group, an ethylsulfonyl group, a 1-methylethylsulfonyl group and a 1,1-dimethylethylsulfonyl group.
[0105] Examples of the C1-C4 alkyl group represented by R10 include a methyl group, an ethyl group, a 1-methylethyl group, a 1,1-dimethylethyl group, a propyl group and a 1-methylpropyl group.
[0106] Examples of the C3-C4 alkenyl group represented by R10 include a 1-propenyl group, a 2-propenyl group, a 2-butenyl group and a 3-butenyl group.
[0107] Examples of the C3-C4 alkynyl group represented by R10 include a 1-propynyl group, a 2-propynyl group and a 3-butynyl group.
[0108] Examples of the C2-C4 haloalkyl group represented by R10 include a 1,1-difluoroethyl group, a 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl group, a 2-fluoroethyl group, a 3-fluoropropyl group, a 4-fluorobutyl group and a 1-chloroethyl group.
[0109] Examples of the NR6R7 group include an amino group, a methylamino group, a dimethylamino group, an ethylamino group, a 2-propenylamino group, a 2-propynylamino group, a 2-chloroethylamino group, an acetylamino group, a propionylamino group, a 1,1-dimethylethylcarbonylamino group, a methoxycarbonylamino group, an ethoxycarbonylamino group, a methanesulfonylamino group, an N-acetyl-N-methylamino group, an N-ethoxycarbonyl-N-methylamino group and a methanesulfonylmethylamino group.
[0110] Examples of the CONR9R10 group include a carbamoyl group, a methylcarbamoyl group, a dimethylcarbamoyl group, an ethylmethylcarbamoyl group, a (2-propenyl)carbamoyl group, a (2-propynyl)carbamoyl group and a 2-chloroethylcarbamoyl group.
[0111] Examples of the C1-C4 alkyl group represented by R11 include a methyl group, an ethyl group, a 1-methylethyl group, a 1,1-dimethylethyl group, a propyl group and a 1-methylpropyl group.
[0112] Examples of the C1-C4 alkyl group represented by R12 include a methyl group, an ethyl group, a 1-methylethyl group, a 1,1-dimethylethyl group, a propyl group and a 1-methylpropyl group.
[0113] Examples of the halogen atom represented by R13 include a fluorine atom, a chlorine atom, a bromine atom and an iodine atom.
[0114] Examples of the C1-C6 alkoxy group represented by R13 include a methoxy group, an ethoxy group, a propoxy group, an isopropoxy group, a butoxy group, an isobutoxy group, a sec-butoxy group, a tert-butoxy group, a pentyloxy group, an isopentyloxy group and a hexyloxy group.
[0115] Examples of the C3-C6 alkenyloxy group represented by R13 include a 2-propenyloxy group, a 1-methyl-2-propenyloxy group, a 2-methyl-2-propenyloxy group, a 2-butenyloxy group, a 3-butenyloxy group, a 2-hexenyloxy group and a 5-hexenyloxy group.
[0116] Examples of the C1-C6 haloalkyl group represented by R13 include a fluoromethyl group, a difluoromethyl group, a trifluoromethyl group, a trichloromethyl group, a chlorofluoromethyl group, a bromodifluoromethyl group, a 2-fluoroethyl group, a 2,2-difluoroethyl group, a 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl group and a 6,6,6-trifluorohexyl group.
[0117] Examples of the C1-C6 haloalkoxy group represented by R13 include a trifluoromethoxy group, a difluoromethoxy group, a bromodifluoromethoxy group, a chlorodifluoromethoxy group, a fluoromethoxy group, a 2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy group, a 1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethoxy group, a 5-chloropentyloxy group, a 4-fluoroisopentyloxy group and a 2,2-dichlorohexyloxy group.
[0118] Examples of the C1-C3 alkylthio group represented by R13 include a methylthio group, an ethylthio group, a 1-methylethylthio group and a propylthio group.
[0119] Examples of the hydroxy C1-C6 alkyl group represented by R13 include a hydroxymethyl group, a 1-hydroxyethyl group, a 2-hydroxyethyl group, a 1-hydroxypropyl group and a 2-hydroxypropyl group.
[0120] Examples of the C2-C4 alkylcarbonyloxy group represented by R13 include an acetoxy group, an ethylcarbonyloxy group, a 1-methylethylcarbonyloxy group and a propylcarbonyloxy group.
[0121] Examples of the (C1-C3 alkylamino)C1-C6 alkyl group represented by R13 include an N-methylaminomethyl group, an N-ethylaminomethyl group, a 1-(N-methylamino)ethyl group, a 2-(N-methylamino)ethyl group and a 1-(N-ethylamino)ethyl group.
[0122] Examples of the (di(C1-C3 alkyl)amino)C1-C6 alkyl group represented by R13 include an N,N-dimethylaminomethyl group, a 1-(N,N-dimethylamino)ethyl group, a 2-(N,N-dimethylamino)ethyl group and an N,N-diethylaminomethyl group.
[0123] Examples of the C2-C6 cyanoalkyl group represented by R13 include a cyanomethyl group, a 1-cyanoethyl group and a 2-cyanoethyl group.
[0124] Examples of the C1-C3 alkylsulfonyl group represented by R13 include a methanesulfonyl group and an ethanesulfonyl group.
[0125] Examples of the C1-C4 alkyl group represented by R14 include a methyl group, an ethyl group, a 1-methylethyl group, a 1,1-dimethylethyl group, a propyl group and a 1-methylpropyl group.
[0126] Examples of the C2-C5 alkylcarbonyl group represented by R14 include an acetyl group, an ethylcarbonyl group, a 1-methylethylcarbonyl group and a 1,1-dimethylethylcarbonyl group.
[0127] Examples of the C2-C5 alkoxycarbonyl group represented by R14 include a methoxycarbonyl group, an ethoxycarbonyl group, a 1-methylethoxycarbonyl group and a 1,1-dimethylethoxycarbonyl group.
[0128] Examples of the C1-C4 alkylsulfonyl group represented by R14 include a methylsulfonyl group, an ethylsulfonyl group, a 1-methylethylsulfonyl group and a 1,1-dimethylethylsulfonyl group.
[0129] Examples of the C1-C4 alkyl group represented by R15 include a methyl group, an ethyl group, a 1-methylethyl group, a 1,1-dimethylethyl group, a propyl group and a 1-methylpropyl group.
[0130] Examples of the C2-C5 alkylcarbonyl group represented by R15 include an acetyl group, an ethylcarbonyl group, a 1-methylethylcarbonyl group and a 1,1-dimethylethylcarbonyl group.
[0131] Examples of the C2-C5 alkoxycarbonyl group represented by R15 include a methoxycarbonyl group, an ethoxycarbonyl group, a 1-methylethoxycarbonyl group and a 1,1-dimethylethoxycarbonyl group.
[0132] Examples of the C1-C4 alkylsulfonyl group represented by R15 include a methylsulfonyl group, an ethylsulfonyl group, a 1-methylethylsulfonyl group and a 1,1-dimethylethylsulfonyl group.
[0133] Examples of the NR14R15 group include an amino group, a methylamino group, a dimethylamino group, an ethylamino group, an acetylamino group, a propionylamino group, a 1,1-dimethylethylcarbonylamino group, a methoxycarbonylamino group, an ethoxycarbonylamino group, a 1,1-dimethylethoxycarbonylamino group, a methanesulfonylamino group, an N-acetyl-N-methylamino group, an N-ethoxycarbonyl-N-methylamino group and a methanesulfonylmethylamino group.
[0134] In the group [a-1], examples of the C1-C6 alkoxy group include a methoxy group, an ethyoxy group, a propoxy group, an isopropoxy group, a butoxy group, an isobutoxy group, a sec-butoxy group, a tert-butoxy group, a pentyloxy group, an isopentyloxy group and a hexyloxy group.
[0135] Examples of the C3-C6 alkenyloxy group in the group [a-1] include a 2-propenyloxy group, a 1-methyl-2-propenyloxy group, a 2-methyl-2-propenyloxy group, a 2-butenyloxy group, a 3-butenyloxy group, a 2-hexenyloxy group and a 5-hexenyloxy group.
[0136] Examples of the C1-C6 haloalkyl group in the group [a-1] include a fluoromethyl group, a difluoromethyl group, a trifluoromethyl group, a trichloromethyl group, a chlorofluoromethyl group, a bromodifluoromethyl group, a 2-fluoroethyl group, a 2,2-difluoroethyl group, a 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl group and a 6,6,6-trifluorohexyl group.
[0137] Examples of the C1-C6 haloalkoxy group in the group [a-1] include a trifluoromethoxy group, a difluoromethoxy group, a bromodifluoromethoxy group, a chlorodifluoromethoxy group, a fluoromethoxy group, a 2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy group, a 1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethoxy group, a 5-chloropentyloxy group, a 4-fluoroisopentyloxy group and a 2,2-dichlorohexyloxy group.
[0138] Examples of the C1-C3 alkylthio group in the group [a-1] include a methylthio group, an ethylthio group, a 1-methylethylthio group and a propylthio group.
[0139] Examples of the C1-C3 alkylidene group which forms a double bond with the same carbon atom forming a ring in the group [a-1] include a methylene group which forms a double bond with the same carbon atom forming a ring, an ethylidene group which forms a double bond with the same carbon atom forming a ring, an isopropylidene group which forms a double bond with the same carbon atom forming a ring and a propylidene group which forms a double bond with the same carbon atom forming a ring.
[0140] Examples of the hydroxy C1-C6 alkyl group in the group [a-1] include a hydroxymethyl group, a 1-hydroxyethyl group, a 2-hydroxyethyl group, a 1-hydroxypropyl group and a 2-hydroxypropyl group.
[0141] Examples of the C2-C4 alkylcarbonyloxy group in the group [a-1] include an acetoxy group, an ethylcarbonyloxy group, a 1-methylethylcarbonyloxy group and a propylcarbonyloxy group,
[0142] Examples of the (C1-C3 alkylamino)C1-C6 alkyl group in the group [a-1] include an N-methylaminomethyl group, an N-ethylaminomethyl group, a 1-(N-methylamino)ethyl group, a 2-(N-methylamino)ethyl group and a 1-(N-ethylamino)ethyl group.
[0143] Examples of the (di(C1-C3 alkyl)amino)C1-C6 alkyl group in the group [a-1] include an N,N-dimethylaminomethyl group, a 1-(N,N-dimethylamino)ethyl group, a 2-(N,N-dimethylamino)ethyl group and an N,N-diethylaminomethyl group.
[0144] Examples of the C2-C6 cyanoalkyl group in the group [a-1] include a cyanomethyl group, a 1-cyanoethyl group and a 2-cyanoethyl group.
[0145] Examples of the C1-C3 alkylsulfonyl group in the group [a-1] include a methanesulfonyl group and an ethanesulfonyl group.
[0146] Examples of the C1-C4 alkyl group represented by R16 include a methyl group, an ethyl group, a 1-methylethyl group, a 1,1-dimethylethyl group, a propyl group and a 1-methylpropyl group.
[0147] Examples of the C2-C5 alkylcarbonyl group represented by R16 include an acetyl group, an ethylcarbonyl group, a 1-methylethylcarbonyl group and a 1,1-dimethylethylcarbonyl group, examples of the C2-C5 alkoxycarbonyl group include a methoxycarbonyl group, an ethoxycarbonyl group, a 1-methylethoxycarbonyl group and a 1,1-dimethylethoxycarbonyl group.
[0148] Examples of the C1-C4 alkylsulfonyl group represented by R16 include a methylsulfonyl group, an ethylsulfonyl group, a 1-methylethylsulfonyl group and a 1,1-dimethylethylsulfonyl group.
[0149] Examples of the C1-C4 alkyl group represented by R17 include a methyl group, an ethyl group, a 1-methylethyl group, a 1,1-dimethylethyl group, a propyl group and a 1-methylpropyl group.
[0150] Examples of the C2-C5 alkylcarbonyl group represented by R17 include an acetyl group, an ethylcarbonyl group, a 1-methylethylcarbonyl group and a 1,1-dimethylethylcarbonyl group.
[0151] Examples of the C2-C5 alkoxycarbonyl group represented by R17 include a methoxycarbonyl group, an ethoxycarbonyl group, a 1-methylethoxycarbonyl group and a 1,1-dimethylethoxycarbonyl group.
[0152] Examples of the C1-C4 alkylsulfonyl group represented by R17 include a methylsulfonyl group, an ethylsulfonyl group, a 1-methylethylsulfonyl group and a 1,1-dimethylethylsulfonyl group.
[0153] Examples of the NR16R17 group include an amino group, a methylamino group, a dimethylamino group, an ethylamino group, an acetylamino group, a propionylamino group, a 1,1-dimethylethylcarbonylamino group, a methoxycarbonylamino group, an ethoxycarbonylamino group, a 1,1-dimethylethoxycarbonylamino group, a methanesulfonylamino group, an N-acetyl-N-methylamino group, an N-ethoxycarbonyl-N-methylamino group and a methanesulfonylmethylamino group.
[0154] In the group [a-2], examples of the halogen atom include a fluorine atom, a chlorine atom, a bromine atom and an iodine atom.
[0155] Examples of the C1-C4 alkyl group in the group [a-2] include a methyl group, an ethyl group, a 1-methylethyl group, a 1,1-dimethylethyl group, a propyl group and a 1-methylpropyl group.
[0156] Examples of the C2-C4 alkenyl group in the group [a-2] include a vinyl group, a 1-propenyl group, a 2-propenyl group, a 2-butenyl group and a 3-butenyl group.
[0157] Examples of the C2-C4 alkynyl group in the group [a-2] include an ethynyl group, a 1-propynyl group, a 2-propynyl group and a 3-butynyl group.
[0158] Examples of the C2-C5 alkoxycarbonyl group in the group [a-2] include a methoxycarbonyl group, an ethoxycarbonyl group, a 1-methylethoxycarbonyl group and a 1,1-dimethylethoxycarbonyl group.
[0159] Examples of the C1-C6 alkoxy group in the group [a-2] include a methoxy group, an ethoxy group, a propoxy group, an isopropoxy group, a butoxy group, an isobutoxy group, a sec-butoxy group, a tert-butoxy group, a pentyloxy group, an isopentyloxy group and a hexyloxy group.
[0160] Examples of the C3-C6 alkenyloxy group in the group [a-2] include a 2-propenyloxy group, a 1-methyl-2-propenyloxy group, a 2-methyl-2-propenyloxy group, a 2-butenyloxy group, a 3-butenyloxy group, a 2-hexenyloxy group and a 5-hexenyloxy group.
[0161] Examples of the C1-C6 haloalkyl group in the group [a-1] include a fluoromethyl group, a difluoromethyl group, a trifluoromethyl group, a trichloromethyl group, a chlorofluoromethyl group, a bromodifluoromethyl group, a 2-fluoroethyl group, a 2,2-difluoroethyl group, a 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl group and a 6,6,6-trifluorohexyl group.
[0162] Examples of the C1-C6 haloalkoxy group in the group [a-2] include a trifluoromethoxy group, a difluoromethoxy group, a bromodifluoromethoxy group, a chlorodifluoromethoxy group, a fluoromethoxy group, a 2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy group, a 1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethoxy group, a 5-chloropentyloxy group, a 4-fluoroisopentyloxy group and a 2,2-dichlorohexyloxy group.
[0163] Examples of the C1-C3 alkylthio group in the group [a-2] include a methylthio group, an ethylthio group, a 1-methylethylthio group and a propylthio group.
[0164] Examples of the C1-C3 alkylidene group which forms a double bond with the same carbon atom forming a ring in the group [a-2] include a methylene group which forms a double bond with the same carbon atom forming a ring, an ethylidene group which forms a double bond with the same carbon atom forming a ring, an isopropylidene group which forms a double bond with the same carbon atom forming a ring and a propylidene group which forms a double bond with the same carbon atom forming a ring.
[0165] Examples of the hydroxy C1-C6 alkyl group in the group [a-2] include a hydroxymethyl group, a 1-hydroxyethyl group, a 2-hydroxyethyl group, a 1-hydroxypropyl group and a 2-hydroxypropyl group,
[0166] Examples of the C2-C4 alkylcarbonyloxy group in the group [a-2] include an acetoxy group, an ethylcarbonyloxy group, a 1-methylethylcarbonyloxy group and a propylcarbonyloxy group,
[0167] Examples of the (C1-C3 alkylamino)C1-C6 alkyl group in the group [a-2] include an N-methylaminomethyl group, an N-ethylaminomethyl group, a 1-(N-methylamino)ethyl group, a 2-(N-methylamino)ethyl group and a 1-(N-ethylamino)ethyl group.
[0168] Examples of the (di(C1-C3 alkyl)amino)C1-C6 alkyl group in the group [a-2] include an N,N-dimethylaminomethyl group, a 1-(N,N-dimethylamino)ethyl group, a 2-(N,N-dimethylamino)ethyl group and an N,N-diethylaminomethyl group.
[0169] Examples of the C2-C6 cyanoalkyl group in the group [a-2] include a cyanomethyl group, a 1-cyanoethyl group and a 2-cyanoethyl group.
[0170] Examples of the C1-C3 alkylsulfonyl group in the group [a-2] include a methanesulfonyl group and an ethanesulfonyl group.
[0171] Examples of the C1-C4 alkyl group represented by R18 include a methyl group, an ethyl group, a 1-methylethyl group, a 1,1-dimethylethyl group, a propyl group and a 1-methylpropyl group.
[0172] Examples of the C2-C5 alkylcarbonyl group represented by R18 include an acetyl group, an ethylcarbonyl group, a 1-methylethylcarbonyl group and a 1,1-dimethylethylcarbonyl group.
[0173] Examples of the C2-C5 alkoxycarbonyl group represented by R18 include a methoxycarbonyl group, an ethoxycarbonyl group, a 1-methylethoxycarbonyl group and a 1,1-dimethylethoxycarbonyl group.
[0174] Examples of the C1-C4 alkylsulfonyl group represented by R18 include a methylsulfonyl group, an ethylsulfonyl group, a 1-methylethylsulfonyl group and a 1,1-dimethylethylsulfonyl group.
[0175] Examples of the C1-C4 alkyl group represented by R19 include a methyl group, an ethyl group, a 1-methylethyl group, a 1,1-dimethylethyl group, a propyl group and a 1-methylpropyl group.
[0176] Examples of the C2-C5 alkylcarbonyl group represented by R19 include an acetyl group, an ethylcarbonyl group, a 1-methylethylcarbonyl group and a 1,1-dimethylethylcarbonyl group.
[0177] Examples of the C2-C5 alkoxycarbonyl group represented by R19 include a methoxycarbonyl group, an ethoxycarbonyl group, a 1-methylethoxycarbonyl group and a 1,1-dimethylethoxycarbonyl group.
[0178] Examples of the C1-C4 alkylsulfonyl group represented by R19 include a methylsulfonyl group, an ethylsulfonyl group, a 1-methylethylsulfonyl group and a 1,1-dimethylethylsulfonyl group.
[0179] Examples of the NR18R19 group include an amino group, a methylamino group, a dimethylamino group, an ethylamino group, an acetylamino group, a propionylamino group, a 1,1-dimethylethylcarbonylamino group, a methoxycarbonylamino group, an ethoxycarbonylamino group, a 1,1-dimethylethoxycarbonylamino group, a methanesulfonylamino group, an N-acetyl-N-methylamino group, an N-ethoxycarbonyl-N-methylamino group and a methanesulfonylmethylamino group.
[0180] Examples of the C3-C6 cycloalkyl group in the C3-C6 cycloalkyl group substituted with at least one group selected from the group [a-1] which is represented by Cy1 include a cyclopropyl group, a cyclobutyl group, a cyclopentyl group and a cyclohexyl group.
[0181] Examples of the C3-C6 cycloalkenyl group in the C3-C6 cycloalkenyl group optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the group [a-1] which is represented by Cy1 include a 2-cyclopropenyl group, a 1-cyclobutenyl group, a 2-cyclobutenyl group, a 1-cyclopentenyl group, a 2-cyclopentenyl group, a 3-cyclopentenyl group, a 1-cyclohexenyl group, a 2-cyclohexenyl group and a 3-cyclohexenyl group.
[0182] Examples of the C3-C6 cycloalkyl group which is optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the group [a-1] and in which one of methylenes forming the ring is replaced with a carbonyl group, which is represented by Cy1, include a 2-oxocyclopropyl group, a 2-oxocyclobutyl group, a 3-oxocyclobutyl group, a 2-oxocyclopentyl group, a 3-oxocyclopentyl group, a 2-oxocyclohexyl group, a 3-oxocyclohexyl group and a 4-oxocyclohexyl group.
[0183] Examples of the C3-C6 hydroxyiminocycloalkyl group in the C3-C6 hydroxyiminocycloalkyl group optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the group [a-1] which is represented by Cy1 include a 2-hydroxyiminocyclopropyl group, 2-hydroxyiminocyclobutyl group, a 3-hydroxyiminocyclobutyl group, a 2-hydroxyiminocyclopentyl group, a 3-hydroxyiminocyclopentyl group, a 2-hydroxyiminocyclohexyl group, a 3-hydroxyiminocyclohexyl group and a 4-hydroxyiminocyclohexyl group.
[0184] Examples of the C3-C6 cycloalkyl group in the C3-C6 cycloalkyl group optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the group [a-2] represented by Cy2 include a cyclopropyl group, a cyclobutyl group, a cyclopentyl group and a cyclohexyl group.
[0185] Examples of the C3-C6 cycloalkenyl group in the C3-C6 cycloalkenyl group optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the group [a-2] represented by Cy2 include a 2-cyclopropenyl group, a 1-cyclobutenyl group, a 2-cyclobutenyl group, a 1-cyclopentenyl group, a 2-cyclopentenyl group, a 3-cyclopentenyl group, a 1-cyclohexenyl group, a 2-cyclohexenyl group and a 3-cyclohexenyl group.
[0186] Examples of the C3-C6 cycloalkyl group which is optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the group [a-2] and in which one of methylenes forming the ring is replaced with a carbonyl group, represented by Cy2, include a 2-oxocyclopropyl group, a 2-oxocyclobutyl group, a 3-oxocyclobutyl group, a 2-oxocyclopentyl group, a 3-oxocyclopentyl group, a 2-oxocyclohexyl group, a 3-oxocyclohexyl group and a 4-oxocyclohexyl group.
[0187] Examples of the C3-C6 hydroxyiminocycloalkyl group in the C3-C6 hydroxyiminocycloalkyl group optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the group [a-1] represented by Cy2 include a 2-hydroxyiminocyclopropyl group, a 2-hydroxyiminocyclobutyl group, a 3-hydroxyiminocyclobutyl group, a 2-hydroxyiminocyclopentyl group, a 3-hydroxyiminocyclopentyl group, a 2-hydroxyiminocyclohexyl group, a 3-hydroxyiminocyclohexyl group and a 4-hydroxyiminocyclohexyl group.
[0188] Examples of the group represented by A2-Cy1 include specifically a {1-(hydroxymethyl)cyclohexyl}methyl group, a {1-(hydroxymethyl)cyclobutyl}methyl group, a {1-(hydroxymethyl)cyclopentyl}methyl group, a {1-(hydroxymethyl)cyclopropyl}methyl group, a (3-cyclohexenyl)methyl group, a (2-cyclohexenyl)methyl group, a (1-cyclohexenyl)methyl group, a {1-(dimethylamino)cyclohexyl}methyl group, a {1-(dimethylamino)cyclopentyl}methyl group, a {1-(dimethylamino)cyclobutyl}methyl group, a {1-(dimethylamino)cyclopropyl}methyl group, a (1-acetoxycyclohexyl)methyl group, a (1-acetoxycyclopentyl)methyl group, a (1-acetoxycyclobutyl)methyl group, a (1-acetoxycyclopropyl)methyl group, a (2-acetoxycyclohexyl)methyl group, a 2-cyclohexenyl group, a 3-cyclohexenyl group, a 2-methoxycyclohexyl group, a 2-methoxycyclopentyl group, a 2-methoxycyclobutyl group, a 3-methoxycyclohexyl group, a 4-methoxycyclohexyl group, a (2-methoxycyclohexyl)methyl group, a (1-methoxycyclohexyl)methyl group, a 2-acetoxycyclohexyl group, a 2-acetoxycyclopentyl group, a 2-acetoxycyclobutyl group, a 2-methylthiocyclohexyl group, a 2-methylthiocyclopentyl group, a 2-methylthiocyclobutyl group, a 2-(1,1-dimethylethoxycarbonylamino)cyclohexyl group, a 2-(1,1-dimethylethoxycarbonylamino)cyclopentyl group, a 2-(1,1-dimethylethoxycarbonylamino)cyclobutyl group, a 2-aminocyclohexyl group, a 2-aminocyclopentyl group, a 2-aminocyclobutyl group, a 2-acetylaminocyclohexyl group, a 2-acetylaminocyclopentyl group, a 2-acetylaminocyclobutyl group, a 2-dimethylaminocyclohexyl group, a 2-dimethylaminocyclopentyl group, a 2-dimethylaminocyclobutyl group, a 2-phenylcyclohexyl group, a 2-phenylcyclopentyl group, a 2-phenylcyclobutyl group, a 2-benzylcyclohexyl group, a 2-benzylcyclopentyl group, a 2-benzylcyclobutyl group, a 2-trifluoromethylcyclohexyl group, a 2-trifluoromethylcyclopentyl group, a 2-trifluoromethylcyclobutyl group, a 2-trifluoromethylcyclopropyl group, a 2-hydroxymethylcyclohexyl group, a 2-hydroxymethylcyclopentyl group, a 2-hydroxymethylcyclobutyl group, a 2-methylenecyclohexyl group, a 3-methylenecyclohexyl group, a 4-methylenecyclohexyl group, a 2-oxocyclohexyl group, a 3-oxocyclohexyl group, a 4-oxocyclohexyl group, a 2-oxocyclopentyl group, a 3-oxocyclopentyl group, a 2-hydroxyiminocyclohexyl group, and a 2-hydroxyiminocyclopentyl group.
[0189] Examples of the group represented by A3-Cy2 include specifically a 1-cyclohexyl-2,2,2-trifluoroethyl group, a 1-cyclopentyl-2,2,2-trifluoroethyl group, a 1-cyclobutyl-2,2,2-trifluoroethyl group, a 1-cyano-1-cyclohexylmethyl group, a 1-cyano-1-cyclopentylmethyl group, a 1-cyano-1-cyclobutylmethyl group, a 1-vinyl-1-cyclohexylmethyl group, a 1-vinyl-1-cyclopentylmethyl group, a 1-vinyl-1-cyclobutylmethyl group, a 1-methoxycarbonyl-1-cyclohexylmethyl group, a 1-methoxycarbonyl-1-cyclopentylmethyl group, and a 1-methoxycarbonyl-1-cyclobutylmethyl group.
[0190] Examples of the compound of the present invention include the following embodiments:
[0191] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a fluorine atom, and X2 is a hydrogen atom;
[0192] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a fluorine atom, and X2 is a fluorine atom;
[0193] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a fluorine atom, and X2 is a chlorine atom;
[0194] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a fluorine atom, and X2 is a bromine atom;
[0195] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a fluorine atom, and X2 is an iodine atom;
[0196] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a fluorine atom, and X2 is a C1-C4 alkyl group;
[0197] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a fluorine atom, and X2 is a C2-C4 alkenyl group;
[0198] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a fluorine atom, and X2 is a C2-C4 alkynyl group;
[0199] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a fluorine atom, and X2 is a C1-C4 haloalkyl group;
[0200] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a fluorine atom, and X2 is a C1-C4 alkoxy group;
[0201] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a fluorine atom, and X2 is a C1-C4 alkylthio group;
[0202] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a fluorine atom, and X2 is a hydroxy C1-C4 alkyl group;
[0203] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a fluorine atom, and X2 is a nitro group;
[0204] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a fluorine atom, and X2 is a cyano group;
[0205] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a fluorine atom, and X2 is a formyl group;
[0206] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a fluorine atom, and X2 is an NR1R2 group;
[0207] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a fluorine atom, and X2 is a CO2R3 group;
[0208] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a fluorine atom, and X2 is a CONR4R5 group;
[0209] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a fluorine atom, and X2 is a phenyl group optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the group consisting of a methyl group, a halogen atom, a cyano group and a nitro group;
[0210] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a methoxy group, and X2 is a hydrogen atom;
[0211] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a methoxy group, and X2 is a fluorine atom;
[0212] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a methoxy group, and X2 is a chlorine atom;
[0213] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a methoxy group, and X2 is a bromine atom;
[0214] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a methoxy group, and X2 is an iodine atom;
[0215] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a methoxy group, and X2 is a C1-C4 alkyl group;
[0216] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a methoxy group, and X2 is a C2-C4 alkenyl group;
[0217] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a methoxy group, and X2 is a C2-C4 alkynyl group;
[0218] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a methoxy group, and X2 is a C1-C4 haloalkyl group;
[0219] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a methoxy group, and X2 is a C1-C4 alkoxy group;
[0220] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a methoxy group, and X2 is a C1-C4 alkylthio group;
[0221] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a methoxy group, and X2 is a hydroxy C1-C4 alkyl group;
[0222] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a methoxy group, and X2 is a nitro group;
[0223] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a methoxy group, and X2 is a cyano group;
[0224] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a methoxy group, and X2 is a formyl group;
[0225] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a methoxy group, and X2 is an NR1R2 group;
[0226] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a methoxy group, and X2 is a CO2R3 group;
[0227] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a methoxy group, and X2 is a CONR4R5 group;
[0228] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a methoxy group, and X2 is a phenyl group optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the group consisting of the a methyl group, a halogen atom, a cyano group and a nitro group;
[0229] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a fluorine atom, and X3 is a fluorine atom;
[0230] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a fluorine atom, and X3 is a chlorine atom;
[0231] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a fluorine atom, and X3 is a bromine atom;
[0232] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a fluorine atom, and X3 is an iodine atom;
[0233] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a fluorine atom, and X3 is a C1-C4 alkyl group;
[0234] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a fluorine atom, and X3 is a C2-C4 alkenyl group;
[0235] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a fluorine atom, and X3 is a C2-C4 alkynyl group;
[0236] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a fluorine atom, and X3 is a C1-C4 haloalkyl group;
[0237] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a fluorine atom, and X3 is a C1-C4 alkoxy group;
[0238] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a fluorine atom, and X3 is a C1-C4 alkylthio group;
[0239] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a fluorine atom, and X3 is a nitro group;
[0240] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a fluorine atom, and X3 is a cyano group;
[0241] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a fluorine atom, and X3 is a formyl group;
[0242] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a fluorine atom, and X3 is an NR6R7 group;
[0243] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a fluorine atom, and X3 is a CO2R8 group;
[0244] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a fluorine atom, and X3 is a CONR9R10 group;
[0245] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a fluorine atom, and X3 is a phenyl group optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the group consisting of a methyl group, a halogen atom, a cyano group and a nitro group;
[0246] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a methoxy group, and X3 is a fluorine atom;
[0247] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a methoxy group, and X3 is a chlorine atom;
[0248] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a methoxy group, and X3 is a bromine atom;
[0249] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a methoxy group, and X3 is an iodine atom;
[0250] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a methoxy group, and X3 is a C1-C4 alkyl group;
[0251] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a methoxy group, and X3 is a C2-C4 alkenyl group;
[0252] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a methoxy group, and X3 is a C2-C4 alkynyl group;
[0253] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a methoxy group, and X3 is a C1-C4 haloalkyl group;
[0254] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a methoxy group, and X3 is a C1-C4 alkoxy group;
[0255] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a methoxy group, and X3 is a C1-C4 alkylthio group;
[0256] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a methoxy group, and X3 is a nitro group;
[0257] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a methoxy group, and X3 is a cyano group;
[0258] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a methoxy group, and X3 is a formyl group;
[0259] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a methoxy group, and X3 is an NR1R2 group;
[0260] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a methoxy group, and X3 is a CO2R3 group;
[0261] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a methoxy group, and X3 is a CONR4R5 group;
[0262] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, X1 is a methoxy group, and X3 is a phenyl group optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the group consisting of a methyl group, a halogen atom, a cyano group and a nitro group;
[0263] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom;
[0264] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein X1 is a fluorine atom;
[0265] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein X1 is a methoxy group;
[0266] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, and X1 is a fluorine atom;
[0267] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, and X1 is a methoxy group;
[0268] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein X2 is a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom or a C1-C4 alkyl group;
[0269] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein X2 is a hydrogen atom;
[0270] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein X2 is a halogen atom;
[0271] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein X2 is a fluorine atom;
[0272] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein X2 is a hydrogen atom, or a fluorine atom;
[0273] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein X2 is a C1-C4 alkyl group;
[0274] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, and X2 is a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom or a C1-C4 alkyl group;
[0275] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, and X2 is a hydrogen atom;
[0276] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, and X2 is a halogen atom;
[0277] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, and X2 is a fluorine atom;
[0278] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, and X2 is a hydrogen atom or a fluorine atom;
[0279] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, and X2 is a C1-C4 alkyl group;
[0280] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein X3 is a halogen atom;
[0281] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein X3 is a fluorine atom;
[0282] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein X3 is a chlorine atom;
[0283] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, and X3 is a halogen atom;
[0284] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, and X3 is a fluorine atom;
[0285] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Z is an oxygen atom, and X3 is a chlorine atom;
[0286] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein A is A1-CR11R12R13;
[0287] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein A is A1-CR11R12R13, and R13 is a fluorine atom, an amino group or a hydroxyl group;
[0288] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein A is A1-CR11R12R13, and R13 is an amino group or a hydroxyl group;
[0289] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein A is A1-CR11R12R13, A1 is a CH2 group or a CH(CH3) group, and R13 is an amino group or a hydroxyl group;
[0290] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein A is A1-CR11R12R13, and R13 is a halogen atom, a hydroxyl group, a C1-C6 alkoxy group, a C3-C6 alkenyloxy group, a C1-C6 haloalkyl group, a C1-C6 haloalkoxy group, a phenyl group, a benzyl group, a C1-C3 alkylthio group, a hydroxy C1-C6 alkyl group, a C2-C4 alkylcarbonyloxy group, a (di(C1-C3 alkyl)amino)C1-C6 alkyl group, a carbamoyl group, a formyl group, a C2-C6 cyanoalkyl group, a C1-C3 alkylsulfonyl group or a phenoxy group;
[0291] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein A is A1-CR11R12R13, and R13 is a halogen atom, a hydroxyl group, a C1-C6 alkoxy group, a C3-C6 alkenyloxy group, a C1-C6 haloalkyl group, a C1-C6 haloalkoxy group, a C1-C3 alkylthio group, a hydroxy C1-C6 alkyl group, a C2-C4 alkylcarbonyloxy group, a (di(C1-C3 alkyl)amino)C1-C6 alkyl group, a carbamoyl group, a formyl group, a C2-C6 cyanoalkyl group, a C1-C3 alkylsulfonyl group or a phenoxy group;
[0292] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein A is A1-CR11R12R13, and R13 is a halogen atom, a hydroxyl group, a C1-C6 alkoxy group, a C3-C6 alkenyloxy group, a C1-C6 haloalkyl group, a C1-C6 haloalkoxy group, a C1-C3 alkylthio group, a hydroxy C1-C6 alkyl group, or a C2-C4 alkylcarbonyloxy group;
[0293] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein A is A1-CR11R12R13, A1 is a CH2 group or a CH(CH3) group, and R13 is a hydroxyl group;
[0294] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein A is A1-CR11R12R13, and R13 is a hydroxyl group;
[0295] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein A is A2-Cy1;
[0296] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein A is A2-Cy1, and A2 is a single bond;
[0297] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein A is A2-Cy1, and A2 is a CH2 group;
[0298] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein A is A2-Cy1, and A2 is a CH(CH3) group;
[0299] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein A is A2-Cy1, A2 is a single bond, a CH2 group or a CH(CH3) group, and Cy1 is a C3-C6 cycloalkyl group substituted with at least one group selected from the group [a-1];
[0300] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein A is A2-Cy1, A2 is a single bond, a CH2 group or a CH(CH3) group, and Cy1 is a C3-C6 cycloalkyl group substituted with a group selected from the group consisting of a C1-C6 alkoxy group, a C1-C6 haloalkyl group, a C1-C3 alkylthio group, a C1-C3 alkylidene group which forms a double bond with the same carbon atom forming a ring, a hydroxy C1-C6 alkyl group, a C1-C3 alkylcarbonyloxy group and an NR14R15 group;
[0301] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein A is A2-Cy1, A2 is a single bond, a CH2 group or a CH(CH3) group, and Cy1 is a cyclohexyl group substituted with a group selected from the group consisting of a C1-C6 alkoxy group, a C1-C6 haloalkyl group, a C1-C3 alkylthio group, a C1-C3 alkylidene group which forms a double bond with the same carbon atom forming a ring, a hydroxy C1-C6 alkyl group, a C1-C3 alkylcarbonyloxy group and an NR14R15 group;
[0302] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein A is A2-Cy1, A2 is a single bond, a CH2 group or a CH(CH3) group, and Cy1 is a C3-C6 cycloalkyl group substituted with a group selected from the group consisting of a methoxy group, a trifluoromethyl group, a methylthio group, a methylene group which forms a double bond with the same carbon atom forming a ring, a hydroxymethyl group, an alkoxy group, an amino group, a methylamino group and a dimethylamino group;
[0303] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein A is A2-Cy1, A2 is a single bond, a CH2 group or a CH(CH3) group, and Cy1 is a cyclohexyl group substituted with a group selected from the group consisting of a C1-C6 alkoxy group, a C1-C6 haloalkyl group, a hydroxy C1-C6 alkyl group and a C1-C3 alkylcarbonyloxy group;
[0304] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein A is A2-Cy1, A2 is a single bond, a CH2 group or a CH(CH3) group, and Cy1 is a cyclopentyl group substituted with a group selected from the group consisting of a C1-C6 alkoxy group, a C1-C6 haloalkyl group, a hydroxy C1-C6 alkyl group and a C1-C3 alkylcarbonyloxy group;
[0305] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein A is A2-Cy1, A2 is a single bond, a CH2 group or a CH(CH3) group, and Cy1 is a cyclobutyl group substituted with a group selected from the group consisting of a C1-C6 alkoxy group, a C1-C6 haloalkyl group, a hydroxy C1-C6 alkyl group and a C1-C3 alkylcarbonyloxy group;
[0306] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein A is A2-Cy1, A2 is a single bond, a CH2 group or a CH(CH3) group, and Cy1 is a cyclohexyl group substituted with a group selected from the group consisting of a methoxy group, a trifluoromethyl group and a hydroxymethyl group;
[0307] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein A is A2-Cy1, A2 is a single bond, a CH2 group or a CH(CH3) group, and Cy1 is a C3-C6 cycloalkyl group substituted with at least one group selected from the group consisting of a C1-C6 alkoxy group, a C1-C6 haloalkyl group, a hydroxy C1-C6 alkyl group and a C2-C4 alkylcarbonyloxy group;
[0308] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein A is A2-Cy1, and Cy1 is a C3-C6 cycloalkyl group substituted with at least one group selected from the following group [b-1], wherein the group [b-1] consists of:
a C1-C6 alkoxy group, a C3-C6 alkenyloxy group, a C1-C6 haloalkyl group, a C1-C6 haloalkoxy group, a phenyl group, a benzyl group, a C1-C3 alkylthio group, a C1-C3 alkylidene group which forms a double bond with the same carbon atom forming a ring, a hydroxy C1-C6 alkyl group, a C2-C4 alkylcarbonyloxy group, a (di(C1-C3 alkyl)amino)C1-C6 alkyl group, a carbamoyl group, a formyl group, a C2-C6 cyanoalkyl group, a C1-C3 alkylsulfonyl group and a phenoxy group;
[0309] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein A is A2-Cy1, A2 is a single bond, a CH2 group or a CH(CH3) group, and Cy1 is a C3-C6 cycloalkyl group substituted with at least one group selected from the above group [b-1];
[0310] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Cy1 is a C3-C6 cycloalkyl group substituted with at least one group selected from the group consisting of a C1-C6 alkoxy group, a C3-C6 alkenyloxy group, a C1-C6 haloalkyl group, a C1-C6 haloalkoxy group, a phenyl group, a benzyl group, a C1-C3 alkylthio group, a C1-C3 alkylidene group which forms a double bond with the same carbon atom forming a ring, a hydroxy C1-C6 alkyl group, a C2-C4 alkylcarbonyloxy group, a (di(C1-C3 alkyl)amino)C1-C6 alkyl group, a carbamoyl group, a formyl group, a C2-C6 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C3 alkylsulfonyl group and a phenoxy group;
[0311] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Cy1 is a C3-C6 cycloalkyl group substituted with at least one group selected from the group consisting of a C1-C6 alkoxy group, a C3-C6 alkenyloxy group, a C1-C6 haloalkyl group, a C1-C6 haloalkoxy group, a C1-C3 alkylthio group, a C1-C3 alkylidene group which forms a double bond with the same carbon atom forming a ring, a hydroxy C1-C6 alkyl group, a C2-C4 alkylcarbonyloxy group, a (di(C1-C3 alkyl)amino)C1-C6 alkyl group, a C2-C6 cyanoalkyl group and a phenoxy group;
[0312] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Cy1 is a C3-C6 cycloalkyl group substituted with at least one group selected from the group consisting of a C1-C6 alkoxy group, a C1-C6 haloakly group, a C1-C3 alkylthio group, a C1-C3 alkylidene group which forms a double bond with the same carbon atom forming a ring, a hydroxy C1-C6 alkyl group and a C2-C4 alkylcarbonyloxy group;
[0313] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Cy1 is a cyclohexyl group substituted with at least one group selected from the group consisting of a C1-C6 alkoxy group, a C1-C6 haloalkyl group, a C1-C3 alkylthio group, a C1-C3 alkylidene group which forms a double bond with the same carbon atom forming a ring, a hydroxy C1-C6 alkyl group and a C2-C4 alkylcarbonyloxy group;
[0314] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein A2 is a single bond, a CH2 group or a CH(CH3) group, and Cy1 is a cyclohexyl group substituted with at least one group selected from the group consisting of a C1-C6 alkoxy group, a C1-C6 haloalkyl group, a C1-C3 alkylthio group, a C1-C3 alkylidene group which forms a double bond with the same carbon atom forming a ring, a hydroxy C1-C6 alkyl group and a C2-C4 alkylcarbonyloxy group;
[0315] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Cy1 is a C3-C6 cycloalkyl group substituted with at least one group selected from the group consisting of a methoxy group, a trifluoromethyl group, a methylthio group, a CH2 group which forms a double bond with the same carbon atom forming a ring, and a hydroxymethyl group;
[0316] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein A2 is a single bond, a CH2 group or a CH(CH3) group, and Cy1 is a C3-C6 cycloalkyl group substituted with at least one group selected from the group consisting of a methoxy group, a trifluoromethyl group, a methylthio group, a CH2 group which forms a double bond with the same carbon atom forming a ring, and a hydroxymethyl group;
[0317] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein A2 is a single bond, a CH2 group or a CH(CH3) group, and Cy1 is a cyclohexyl group substituted with at least one group selected from the group consisting of a methoxy group, a trifluoromethyl group, a methylthio group, a CH2 group which forms a double bond with the same carbon atom forming a ring, and a hydroxymethyl group;
[0318] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein A2 is a single bond, a CH2 group or a CH(CH3) group, and Cy1 is a C3-C6 cycloalkyl group substituted with a hydroxymethyl group;
[0319] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Cy1 is a cyclohexyenyl group optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the group [a-1];
[0320] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Cy1 is a C3-C6 cycloalkenyl group optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the group [b-1];
[0321] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Cy1 is a cyclohexenyl group optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the group [b-1];
[0322] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Cy1 is a C3-C6 cycloalkenyl group optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the group consisting of a C1-C6 alkoxy group, a C3-C6 alkenyloxy group, a C1-C6 haloalkyl group, a C1-C6 haloalkoxy group, a C1-C3 alkylthio group, a C1-C3 alkylidene group which forms a double bond with the same carbon atom forming a ring, a hydroxy C1-C6 alkyl group, a C2-C4 alkylcarbonyloxy group, a (di(C1-C3 alkyl)amino)C1-C6 alkyl group, a C2-C6 cyanoalkyl group and a phenoxy group;
[0323] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Cy1 is a C3-C6 cycloalkenyl group;
[0324] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Cy1 is a cyclohexenyl group;
[0325] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Cy1 is a 1-cyclohexenyl group;
[0326] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Cy1 is a cyclohexyl group which is optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the group [a-1] and in which one of methylenes forming the ring is replaced with a carbonyl group;
[0327] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Cy1 is a C3-C6 cycloalkyl group which is optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the group [b-1] and in which one of methylenes forming the ring is replaced with a carbonyl group;
[0328] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Cy1 is a cyclohexyl group which is optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the group [b-1] and in which one of methylenes forming the ring is replaced with a carbonyl group;
[0329] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Cy1 is a C3-C6 cycloalkyl group which is optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the group consisting of a C1-C6 alkoxy group, a C3-C6 alkenyloxy group, a C1-C6 haloalkyl group, a C1-C6 haloalkoxy group, a C1-C3 alkylthio group, a C1-C3 alkylidene group which forms a double bond with the same carbon atom forming a ring, a hydroxy C1-C6 alkyl group, a C2-C4 alkylcarbonyloxy group, a (di(C1-C3 alkyl)amino)C1-C6 alkyl group, a C2-C6 cyanoalkyl group and a phenoxy group and in which one of methylenes forming the ring is replaced with a carbonyl group;
[0330] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Cy1 is a C3-C6 cycloalkyl group in which one of methylenes forming the ring is replaced with a carbonyl group;
[0331] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Cy1 is a cyclohexyl group in which one of methylenes forming the ring is replaced with a carbonyl group;
[0332] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Cy1 is a 2-oxocyclohexyl group;
[0333] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Cy1 is hydroxyiminocyclohexyl group optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the group [a-1];
[0334] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Cy1 is a C3-C6 hydroxyiminocycloalkyl group optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the group [b-1];
[0335] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Cy1 is a hydroxyiminocyclohexyl group optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the group [b-1];
[0336] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Cy1 is a C3-C6 hydroxyiminocycloalkyl group optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the group consisting of a C1-C6 alkoxy group, a C3-C6 alkenyloxy group, a C1-C6 haloalkyl group, a C1-C6 haloalkoxy group, a C1-C3 alkylthio group, a C1-C3 alkylidene group which forms a double bond with the same carbon atom forming a ring, a hydroxy C1-C6 alkyl group, a C2-C4 alkylcarbonyloxy group, a (di(C1-C3 alkyl)amino)C1-C6 alkyl group, a C2-C6 cyanoalkyl group and a phenoxy group;
[0337] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein Cy1 is a C3-C6 hydroxyiminocycloalkyl group;
[0338] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein X2 is a hydrogen atom or a halogen atom, and X3 is a halogen atom;
[0339] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein X1 is a fluorine atom, X2 is a hydrogen atom or a halogen atom, and X3 is a halogen atom;
[0340] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein X2 is a hydrogen atom or a halogen atom, X3 is a halogen atom, and A is A1-CR11R12R13;
[0341] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein X2 is a hydrogen atom or a halogen atom, X3 is a halogen atom, and A is A2-Cy1;
[0342] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein X2 is a hydrogen atom or a halogen atom, X3 is a halogen atom, A is A2-Cy1, and A2 is a single bond, a CH2 group or a CH(CH3) group;
[0343] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein X1 is a fluorine atom, X2 is a hydrogen atom or a halogen atom, X3 is a halogen atom, A is A2-Cy1, and A2 is a single bond, a CH2 group or a CH(CH3) group;
[0344] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein X2 is a hydrogen atom or a halogen atom, X3 is a halogen atom, and A is A3-Cy2;
[0345] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein X2 is a fluorine atom, X3 is a fluorine atom, A is A2-Cy1, and A2 is a single bond, a CH2 group or a CH(CH3) group;
[0346] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein A is A3-Cy2;
[0347] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein A is A3-Cy2, A3 is a methylene group substituted with a C1-C3 haloalkyl group or a cyano group, and Cy2 is a C3-C6 cycloalkyl group optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the group [a-2];
[0348] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein A is A3-Cy2, A3 is a methylene group substituted with at least one group selected from the group consisting of a C1-C3 haloalkyl group, a C2-C4 alkenyl group, a C2-C4 alkynyl group, a cyano group and a phenyl group, and Cy2 is a C3-C6 cycloalkyl group optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the following group [b-2],
[0349] wherein the group [b-2] consists of:
a halogen atom, a C1-C4 alkyl group, a C2-C4 alkenyl group, a C2-C4 alkynyl group, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a C1-C6 alkoxy group, a C3-C6 alkenyloxy group, a C1-C6 haloalkyl group, a C1-C6 haloalkoxy group, a phenyl group, a benzyl group, a C1-C3 alkylthio group, a C1-C3 alkylidene group which forms a double bond with the same carbon atom forming a ring, a hydroxy C1-C6 alkyl group, a C2-C4 alkylcarbonyloxy group, a (di(C1-C3 alkyl)amino)C1-C6 alkyl group, a carbamoyl group, a formyl group, a C2-C6 cyanoalkyl group, a C1-C3 alkylsulfonyl group and a phenoxy group;
[0350] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein A is A3-Cy2, A3 is a methylene group substituted with at least one group selected from the group consisting of a C1-C3 haloalkyl group, a C2-C4 alkenyl group, a C2-C4 alkynyl group, a cyano group and a phenyl group, and Cy2 is a cyclohexyl group optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the above group [b-2];
[0351] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein A is A3-Cy2, and A3 is a methylene group substituted with at least one group selected from the group consisting of a C1-C3 haloalkyl group, a C2-C4 alkenyl group and a C2-C4 alkynyl group:
[0352] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein A is A3-Cy2, A3 is a methylene group substituted with a C1-C3 haloalkyl group and a cyano group, Cy2 is a C3-C6 cycloalkyl group optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the above group [b-2];
[0353] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein A is A3-Cy2, A3 is a methylene group substituted with a C1-C3 haloalkyl group and a cyano group, and Cy2 is a cyclohexyl group optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the above group [b-2];
[0354] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein A is A3-Cy2, A3 is a methylene group substituted with a C1-C3 haloalkyl group or a cyano group, and Cy2 is a C3-C6 cycloalkyl group optionally substituted with a C1-C4 alkyl group;
[0355] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein A is A3-Cy2, A3 is a methylene group substituted with a C1-C3 haloalkyl group or a cyano group, and Cy2 is a cyclohexyl group optionally substituted with a C1-C4 alkyl group;
[0356] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein A is A3-Cy2, A3 is a methylene group substituted with a C1-C3 haloalkyl group or a cyano group, and Cy2 is a cyclopentyl group optionally substituted with a C1-C4 alkyl group; and
[0357] an amide compound of the formula (1), wherein A is A3-Cy2, A3 is a methylene group substituted with a C1-C3 haloalkyl group or a cyano group, and Cy2 is a cyclobutyl group optionally substituted with a C1-C4 alkyl-group.
[0358] In the specification, a structural formula of a compound may conveniently represent a specific isomer. However, the present invention includes all active isomers such as geometrical isomers, optical isomers, steric isomers and tautomers which may be generated due to the structure of a compound, and a mixture of isomers. In the present invention, a compound is not limited to the description of a specific formula conveniently described and may be any one of isomers or a mixture of isomers. Therefore, in the present invention, a compound may have an asymmetric carbon atom in its molecule and thus may exist as an optically active form or a racemate. In the present invention, there is no limitation, and all cases are included.
[0359] Then, a process for producing the compound of the present invention is explained.
[0360] The compound of the present invention can be produced, for example, by the following Production process 1 to Production process 9.

(Production Process 1)

[0361] Of compounds of the present invention, a compound (5) of the present invention in which Z is an oxygen atom can be produced by reacting a compound (2) and a compound (3) in the presence of a dehydration condensing agent.
[see pdf for image]
In the formulae, A, X1, X2 and X3 are as defined above.
[0362] The reaction is usually performed in the presence of a solvent.
[0363] Examples of the solvent used in the reaction include ethers such as tetrahydrofuran (hereinafter, referred to as THF in some cases), ethylene glycol dimethyl ether and tert-butyl methyl ether (hereinafter, referred to as MTBE in some cases), aliphatic hydrocarbons such as hexane, heptane and octane, aromatic hydrocarbons such as toluene and xylene, halogenated hydrocarbons such as chlorobenzene, esters such as butyl acetate and ethyl acetate, nitrites such as acetonitrile, acid amides such as N,N-dimethylformamide (hereinafter, referred to as DMF in some cases), sulfoxides such as dimethyl sulfoxide (hereinafter, referred to as DMSO in some cases), and a mixture thereof.
[0364] Examples of the dehydration condensing agent used in the reaction include carbodiimides such as 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)carbodiimide hydrochloride (hereinafter, referred to as WSC) and 1,3-dicyclohexylcarbodiimide.
[0365] The used amount of the compound (3) is usually 1 to 3 mol per 1 mol of the compound (2). The used amount of the dehydration condensing agent is usually 1 to 5 mol per 1 mol of the compound (2).
[0366] The reaction temperature is usually in a range of from 0 to 140° C., and the reaction time is usually in a range of from 1 to 24 hours.
[0367] After completion of the reaction, the compound (5) of the present invention can be isolated by post-treatment such as filtration of the reaction mixture, extraction of the filtrate with an organic solvent, and drying and concentration of an organic layer.
[0368] The isolated compound (5) of the present invention can be further purified by chromatography, recrystallization or the like.

(Production Process 2)

[0369] Of compounds of the present invention, a compound (5) of the present invention in which Z is an oxygen atom can be produced by reacting a compound (2) and a compound (4) in the presence of a base.
[see pdf for image]
In the formulae, A, X1, X2 and X3 are as defined above.
[0370] The reaction is usually performed in the presence of a solvent.
[0371] Examples of the solvent used in the reaction include ethers such as THF, ethylene glycol dimethyl ether and MTBE, aliphatic hydrocarbons such as hexane, heptane and octane, aromatic hydrocarbons such as toluene and xylene, halogenated hydrocarbons such as chlorobenzene, esters such as butyl acetate and ethyl acetate, nitrites such as acetonitriles, acid amides such as DMF, sulfoxides such as DMSO, and a mixture thereof.
[0372] Examples of the base used in the reaction include alkali metal carbonates such as sodium carbonate and potassium carbonate, tertiary amines such as triethyl amine and diisopropylethylamine, and nitrogen-containing aromatic compounds such as pyridine and 4-dimethylaminopyridine.
[0373] The used amount of the compound (4) is usually 1 to 3 mol per 1 mol of the compound (2). The used amount of the base is usually 1 to 10 mop per 1 mol of the compound (2).
[0374] The reaction temperature is usually in a range of from −20 to 100° C., and the reaction time is usually in a range of from 0.1 to 24 hours.
[0375] After completion of the reaction, the compound (5) of the present invention can be isolated by post-treatment such as filtration of the reaction mixture, extraction of the filtrate with an organic solvent, and drying and concentration of an organic layer.
[0376] The isolated compound (5) of the present invention can be further purified by chromatography, recrystallization or the like.

(Production Process 3)

[0377] Of compounds of the present invention, a compound (6) of the present invention in which Z is a sulfur atom can be produced by reacting the compound (5) of the present invention in which Z is an oxygen atom and 2,4-bis(4-methoxyphenyl)-1,3-dithia-2,4-diphosphethane-2,4-disulfide (hereinafter, referred to as Lawesson's reagent).
[see pdf for image]
In the formulae, A, X1, X2 and X3 are as define above.
[0378] The reaction is usually performed in the presence of a solvent.
[0379] Examples of the solvent used in the reaction include ethers such as THF, ethylene glycol dimethyl ether and MTBE, aliphatic hydrocarbons such as hexane, heptane and octane, aromatic hydrocarbons such as toluene and xylene, halogenated hydrocarbons such as chlorobenzene, organic nitrites such as acetonitrile and butyronitrile, sulfoxides such as dimethyl sulfoxide, and a mixture thereof.
[0380] The used amount of the Lawessen's reagent is usually 1 to 2 mol per 1 mol of the compound (5) of the present invention.
[0381] The reaction temperature is usually in a range of from 25 to 150° C., and the reaction time is a usually in a range of from 0.1 to 24 hours.
[0382] After completion of the reaction, the compound (6) of the present invention can be isolated by post-treatment such as extraction of the reaction mixture with an organic solvent, and drying and concentration of an organic layer. The isolated compound (6) of the present invention can be further purified by chromatography, recrystallization or the like.

(Production Process 4)

[0383] Of compounds of the present invention, a compound (9) of the present invention in which Z is an oxygen atom and X1 is a fluorine atom can be produced by reacting a compound (7) and a compound (2) in the presence of a base to obtain a compound (8) (step (IV-1)) and then reacting the compound (8) and propargyl alcohol in the presence of a base (step (IV-2)).
[see pdf for image]
In the formulae, A, X2 and X3 are as defined above.

Step (IV-1)

[0384] The reaction is usually performed in the presence of a solvent.
[0385] Examples of the solvent used in the reaction include ethers such as THF, ethylene glycol dimethyl ether and MTBE, aliphatic hydrocarbons such as hexane, heptane and octane, aromatic hydrocarbons such as toluene and xylene, halogenated hydrocarbons such as chlorobenzene, esters such as butyl acetate and ethyl acetate, nitrites such as acetonitrile, acid amides such as DMF, sulfoxides such as dimethyl sulfoxide, and a mixture thereof.
[0386] Examples of the base used in the reaction include alkali metal carbonates such as sodium carbonate and potassium carbonate, tertiary amines such as triethylamine and diisopropylethylamine, and nitrogen-containing aromatic compounds such as pyridine and 4-dimethylaminopyridine.
[0387] The used amount of the compound (7) is usually 1 to 3 mol per 1 mol of the compound (2). The used amount of the base usually 1 to 10 mol per 1 mol of the compound (2).
[0388] The reaction temperature is usually in a range of from −20 to 100° C., and the reaction time is usually in a range of from 0.1 to 24 hours.
[0389] After completion of the reaction, the compound (8) can be isolated by post-treatment such as extraction of the reaction mixture with an organic solvent, and drying and concentration of an organic layer. The isolated compound (8) can be further purified by chromatography, recrystallization or the like.

Step (IV-2)

[0390] The reaction is usually performed in the presence of a solvent.
[0391] Examples of the solvent used in the reaction include ethers such as THF, ethylene glycol dimethyl ether and MTBE, aliphatic hydrocarbons such as hexane, heptane and octane, ketones such as acetone, methyl ethyl ketone and methyl isobutyl ketone, aromatic hydrocarbons such as toluene and xylene, halogenated hydrocarbons such as chlorobenzene, esters such as butyl acetate and ethyl acetate, nitrites such as acetonitrile, acid amides such as DMF, sulfoxides such as dimethyl sulfoxide, and a mixture thereof.
[0392] Examples of the base used in the reaction include alkali metal carbonates such as sodium carbonate and potassium carbonate, alkali metal hydrogen carbonates such as sodium hydrogen carbonate, alkali metal hydrides such as sodium hydride, and alkali metal hydroxides such as sodium hydroxide.
[0393] The used amount of propargyl alcohol is usually 1 to 3 mol per 1 mol of the compound (8). The used amount of the base is usually 1 to 2 mol per 1 mol of the compound (8).
[0394] The reaction temperature is usually in a range of from −20 to 100° C., and the reaction time is usually in a range of from 0.1 to 24 hours.
[0395] After completion of the reaction, the compound (9) of the present invention can be isolated by post-treatment such as extraction of the reaction mixture with an organic solvent, and drying and concentration of an organic layer. The isolated compound (9) of the present invention can be further purified by chromatography, recrystallization or the like.

(Production Process 5)

[0396] Of compounds of the present invention, a compound (5) of the present invention in which Z is an oxygen atom can be produced by reacting a compound (10) and propargyl bromide in the presence of a base.
[see pdf for image]
In the formulae, A, X1, X2 and X3 are as defined above.
[0397] The reaction is usually performed in the presence of a solvent.
[0398] Examples of the solvent used in the reaction include ethers such as THF, ethylene glycol dimethyl ether and MTBE, aromatic hydrocarbons such as toluene and xylene, halogenated hydrocarbons such as chlorobenzene, nitrites such as acetonitrile, acid amides such as DMF, sulfoxides such as dimethyl sulfoxide, ketones such as acetone, methyl ethyl ketone and methyl isobutyl ketone, water, and a mixture thereof.
[0399] Examples of the base used in the reaction include alkali metal carbonates such as sodium carbonate, potassium carbonate and cesium carbonate, alkali metal hydroxides such as sodium hydroxide, and alkali metal hydrides such as sodium hydride.
[0400] The used amount of propargyl bromide is usually 1 to 3 mol per 1 mol of the compound (10). The used amount of the base is usually 1 to 3 mol per 1 mol of the compound (10).
[0401] The reaction temperature is usually in a range of from −20 to 100° C., and the reaction time is usually in a range of from 0.1 to 24 hours.
[0402] After completion of the reaction, the compound (5) of the present invention can be isolated by post-treatment such as extraction of the reaction mixture with an organic solvent, and drying and concentration of an organic layer. The isolated compound (5) of the present invention can be further purified by chromatography, recrystallization or the like.

(Production Process 6)

[0403] Of compounds of the present invention, a compound (13) of the present invention in which Z is an oxygen atom, A is A2-Cy1, A2 is a single bond and Cy1 is a 2-(C1-C3 alkylthio)cyclohexyl group, a 2-(C1-C6 alkoxy)cyclohexyl group or a 2-phenoxycyclohexyl group can be produced by a process shown in the following scheme.
[see pdf for image]
In the formulae, X1, X2 and X3 are as defined above, and R20 represents a C1-C3 alkylthio group, a C1-C6 alkoxy group or a phenoxy group.

Step (VI-1)

[0404] The compound (11) can be produced by reacting the compound (4) and 7-azabicyclo[4.1.0]heptane in the presence of a base according to the process described in Production process 2.

Step (VI-2)

[0405] The compound (13) of the present invention can be produced by reacting the compound (11) and the compound (12).
[0406] The reaction is usually performed in the presence of a solvent.
[0407] Examples of the solvent used in the reaction include ethers such as THF, ethylene glycol dimethyl ether, and MTBE, aromatic hydrocarbons such as toluene and xylene, halogenated hydrocarbons such as chlorobenzene and chloroform, esters such as butyl acetate and ethyl acetate, nitriles such as acetonitrile, acid amides such as DMF, and a mixture thereof.
[0408] The used amount of the compound (12) is usually 1 to 10 mol per 1 mol of the compound (11).
[0409] The reaction temperature is usually in a range of from −20 to 150° C., and the reaction time is usually in a range of from 0.1 to 24 hours.
[0410] The reaction can be also performed in the presence of an additive, if necessary. Examples of such an additive include a phosphorus compound such as tributylphosphine.
[0411] The compound of the formula (12) can be also used in the reaction after a reaction with an alkali metal hydride such as sodium hydride to prepare an alkali metal salt.
[0412] After completion of the reaction, the compound (13) of the present invention can be isolated by post-treatment such as extraction of the reaction mixture with an organic solvent, and drying and concentration of an organic layer. The isolated compound (13) of the present invention can be further purified by chromatography, recrystallization or the like.

(Production Process 7)

[0413] Of compounds of the present invention, a compound (16) of the present invention in which Z is an oxygen atom, A is A2-Cy1 and Cy1 is a C3-C6 cycloalkyl group which is optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the group [a-1] and in which one of methylenes forming the ring is replaced with a carbonyl group, or A is A3-Cy2 and Cy2 is a C3-C6 cycloalkyl group which is optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the group [a-2] and in which one of methylenes forming the ring is replaced with a carbonyl group can be produced by a process shown in the following scheme.
[see pdf for image]
In the formulae, A4 represents A2-Cy11 or A3-Cy21, A5 represents A2-Cy12 or A3-Cy22, Cy11 represents a C3-C6 cycloalkyl group which is optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the group [a-1] and in which one of methylenes forming the ring is replaced with CH(OH), Cy21 represents a C3-C6 cycloalkyl group which is optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the group [a-2] and in which one of methylenes forming the ring is replaced with CH(OH), Cy12 represents a C3-C6 cycloalkyl group which is optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the group [a-1] and in which one of methylenes forming the ring is replaced with a carbonyl group, Cy22 represents a C3-C6 cycloalkyl group which is optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the group [a-2] and in which one of methylenes forming the ring is replaced with a carbonyl group, and X1, X2, X3, A2 and A3 are as defined above.

Step (VII-1)

[0414] The compound (15) can be produced by reacting the compound (4) and the compound (14) in the presence of a base according to the process described in Production process 2.

Step (VII-2)

[0415] The compound (16) of the present invention can be produced by reacting the compound (15) and an oxidizing agent.
[0416] The reaction is usually performed in the presence of a solvent.
[0417] Examples of the solvent used in the reaction include ketones such as acetone, methyl ethyl ketone, and methyl isobutyl ketone, halogenated hydrocarbons such as chloroform, water, and a mixture thereof.
[0418] Examples of the oxidizing agent used in the reaction include hypervalent iodine compounds such as bis(acetoxy)phenyl iodide, chromium compounds such as potassium bichromate and chromic acid, halogen oxide compounds such as periodic acid, manganese oxides such as manganese dioxide and potassium permanganate.
[0419] The used amount of the oxidizing agent is usually 1 to 10 mol per 1 mol of the compound (15) of the present invention.
[0420] The reaction temperature is usually in a range of from −78 to 150° C., and the reaction time is usually in a range of from 0.1 to 24 hours.
[0421] After completion of the reaction, the compound (16) of the present invention can be isolated by post-treatment such as pouring of the reaction mixture into water, extraction with an organic solvent, and drying and concentration of an organic layer. The isolated compound (16) of the present invention can be further purified by chromatography, recrystallization or the like.

(Production Process 8)

[0422] Of compounds of the present invention, a compound (19) in which Z is an oxygen atom, A is A2-Cy1 and Cy1 is a C3-C6 cycloalkyl group substituted with a C1-C3 alkylidene group which forms a double bond with the same carbon atom forming a ring, or A is A3-Cy2 and Cy2 is a C3-C6 cycloalkyl group substituted with a C1-C3 alkylidene group which forms a double bond with the same carbon atom forming a ring can be produced by reacting a compound (17) and a compound (18) in the presence of a base.
[see pdf for image]
In the formulae, A6 represents A2-Cy13 or A3-Cy23, Cy13 represents a C3-C6 cycloalkyl group in which one of methylenes forming the ring is replaced with a carbonyl group, Cy23 represents a C3-C6 cycloalkyl group in which one of methylenes forming the ring is replaced with a carbonyl group, A7 represents A2-Cy14 or A3-Cy24, Cy14 represents a C3-C6 cycloalkyl group substituted with a C1-C3 alkylidene group which forms a double bond with the same carbon atom forming a ring, Cy24 represents a C3-C6 cycloalkyl group substituted with a C1-C3 alkylidene group which forms a double bond with the same carbon atom forming a ring, R21 represents a C1-C3 alkyl group, X represents a chlorine atom, a bromine atom or an iodine atom, and X1, X2, X3, A2 and A3 are as defined above.
[0423] The reaction is usually performed in the presence of a solvent.
[0424] Examples of the solvent used in the reaction include ketones such as acetone, methyl ethyl ketone and methyl isobutyl ketone, halogenated hydrocarbons such as chloroform, water, and a mixture thereof.
[0425] Examples of the base used in the reaction include alkali metal salts such as tert-butoxy potassium and n-butyl lithium, and alkali metal hydroxides such as sodium hydroxide.
[0426] The used amount of the compound of the formula (18) is usually 1 to 10 mol per 1 mol of the compound (17) of the present invention. The used amount of the base is usually 1 to 10 mol per 1 mol of the compound (17) of the present invention.
[0427] The reaction temperature is usually in a range of from −78 to 150° C., and the reaction time is usually in a range of from 0.1 to 24 hours.
[0428] After completion of the reaction, the compound (19) of the present invention can be isolated by post-treatment such as extraction of the reaction mixture with an organic solvent, and drying and concentration of an organic layer. The isolated compound (19) of the present invention can be further purified by chromatography, recrystallization or the like.

(Production Process 9)

[0429] Of compounds of the present invention, a compound (20) of the present invention in which Z is an oxygen atom, and A is A2-Cy1 and Cy1 is a C3-C6 hydroxyiminocycloalkyl group optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the group [a-1], or A is A3-Cy2 and Cy2 is a C3-C6 hydroxyiminocycloalkyl group optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the group [a-2] can be produced by reacting the compound (16) and hydroxylamine or a salt thereof.
[see pdf for image]
In the formulae, A8 represents A2-Cy15 or A3-Cy25, Cy15 represents a C3-C6 hydroxyiminocycloalkyl group optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the group [a-1], Cy25 represents a C3-C6 hydroxyiminocycloalkyl group optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the group [a-2], and A2, A3, A5, X1, X2 and X3 are as defined above.
[0430] The reaction is usually performed in the presence of a solvent.
[0431] Examples of the solvent used in the reaction include ethers such as 1,4-dioxane, tetrahydrofuran and MTBE, aliphatic hydrocarbons such as hexane and heptane, aromatic hydrocarbons such as toluene and xylene, halogenated hydrocarbons such as chlorobenzene, esters such as ethyl acetate, nitrites such as acetonitrile and butyronitrile, acid amides such as DMF, sulfoxides such as dimethyl sulfoxide, alcohols such as methanol and ethanol, water, and a mixture thereof.
[0432] The used amount of hydroxylamine or a salt thereof is usually 1 to 5 mol per 1 mol of the compound (16).
[0433] The reaction temperature is usually in a range of from 0 to 150° C., and the reaction time is usually in a range of from 0.1 to 24 hours.
[0434] After completion of the reaction, the compound (20) of the present invention can be isolated by post-treatment such as extraction of the reaction mixture with an organic solvent, and drying and concentration of an organic layer. The isolated compound (20) of the present invention can be further purified by chromatography, recrystallization of the like.
[0435] part of intermediates used for production of the compound of the present invention are commercially available or disclosed in known literatures. Such intermediates can be produced, for example, by the following processes.

(Intermediate Production Process 1)

[0436] The compound (3) and the compound (4) can be produced by the process shown in the following scheme.
[see pdf for image]
In the formulae, X1, X2 and X3 are as defined above.
Step (i-1)
[0437] The compound (M2) can be produced by reacting the compound (M1) and propargyl bromide in the presence of a base.
[0438] The reaction is usually performed in the presence of a solvent.
[0439] Examples of the solvent used in the reaction include acid amides such as DMF and sulfoxides such as DMSO.
[0440] Examples of the base used in the reaction include alkali metal carbonates such as sodium carbonate, potassium carbonate and cesium carbonate, and alkali metal hydroxides such as sodium hydroxide.
[0441] The used amount of propargyl bromide is usually 2 to 5 mol per 1 mol of the compound (M1). The amount used of the base is usually 2 to 5 mol per 1 mol of the compound (M1).
[0442] The reaction temperature is usually in a range of from 0 to 140° C., and the reaction time is usually in a range of from 0.5 to 24 hours.
[0443] After completion of the reaction, the compound (M2) can be isolated by post-treatment such as extraction of the reaction mixture with an organic solvent, and drying and concentration of an organic layer. The isolated compound (M2) can be further purified by chromatography, recrystallization or the like.
Step (i-2)
[0444] The compound (3) can be produced by hydrolyzing the compound (M2) in the presence of a base.
[0445] The reaction is usually performed in the presence of a solvent.
[0446] Examples of the base used in the reaction include alkali metal hydroxides such as sodium hydroxide and potassium hydroxide.
[0447] Examples of the solvent used in the reaction include ethers such as tetrahydrofuran, ethylene glycol dimethyl ether and tert-butyl methyl ether, alcohols such as methanol and ethanol, water, and a mixture thereof.
[0448] The used amount of the base is usually 1 to 10 mol per 1 mol of the compound (M2).
[0449] The reaction temperature is usually in a range of from 0 to 120° C., and the reaction time is usually in a range of from 0.5 to 24 hours.
[0450] After completion of the reaction, the reaction solution is made acidic. In the case where a solid is precipitated, the compound (3) can be isolated by filtration. In the case where a solid is not precipitated, the compound (3) can be isolated by post-treatment such as extraction of the reaction mixture with an organic solvent, and drying and concentration of an organic layer. The isolated compound (3) can be further purified by chromatography, recrystallization or the like.
Step (i-3)
[0451] The compound (4) can be produced by reacting the compound (3) and thionyl chloride.
[0452] The reaction is usually performed in the presence of a solvent.
[0453] Examples of the solvent used in the reaction include aliphatic hydrocarbons such as hexane, heptane and octane, aromatic hydrocarbons such as toluene and xylene, nitrites such as acetonitrile, halogenated hydrocarbons such as chlorobenzene, acid amides such as DMF, and a mixture thereof.
[0454] The used amount of thionyl chloride is usually 1 to 2 mol per 1 mol of the compound (3).
[0455] The reaction temperature is usually in a range of from 20 to 120° C., and the reaction time is usually in a range of from 0.1 to 24 hours.
[0456] After completion of the reaction, the compound (4) can be isolated by post-treatment such as concentration of the reaction mixture. The isolated compound (4) can be further purified by chromatography, recrystallization or the like.

(Intermediate Production Process 2)

[0457] The compound (10) can be produced by the process shown in the following scheme.
[see pdf for image]
In the formulae, A, X1, X2 and X3 are as defined above.
Step (ii-1)
[0458] The compound (M3) can be produced by reacting the compound (M1) and benzyl bromide in the presence of a base.
[0459] The reaction is usually performed in the presence of a solvent.
[0460] Examples of the solvent used in the reaction include acid amides such as DMF, and sulfoxides such as DMSO.
[0461] Examples of the base used in the reaction include alkali metal carbonates such as sodium carbonate, potassium carbonate and cesium carbonate, and alkali metal hydroxides such as sodium hydroxide.
[0462] The used amount of benzyl bromide is usually 2 to 5 mol per 1 mol of the compound (M1). The used amount of the base is usually 2 to 5 mol per 1 mol of the compound (M1).
[0463] The reaction temperature is usually in a range of from 0 to 140° C., and the reaction time is usually in a range of from 0.5 to 24 hours.
[0464] After completion of the reaction, the compound (M3) can be isolated by post-treatment such as extraction of the reaction mixture with an organic solvent, and drying and concentration of an organic layer. The isolated compound (M3) can be further purified by chromatography, recrystallization or the like.
Step (ii-2)
[0465] The compound (M4) can be produced by hydrolyzing the compound (M3) in the presence of a base.
[0466] The reaction is usually performed in the presence of a solvent.
[0467] Examples of the base used in the reaction include alkali metal hydroxides such as sodium hydroxide and potassium hydroxide.
[0468] Examples of the solvent used in the reaction include ethers such as tetrahydrofuran, ethylene glycol dimethyl ether and MTBE, alcohols such as methanol and ethanol, water, and a mixture thereof.
[0469] The used amount of the base is usually 1 to 10 mol per 1 mol of the compound (M3).
[0470] The reaction temperature is usually in a range of from 0 to 120° C., and the reaction time is usually in a range of from 0.5 to 24 hours.
[0471] After completion of the reaction, the reaction solution is made acidic. In the case where a solid is precipitated, the compound (M4) can be isolated by filtration. In the case where a solid is not precipitated, the compound (M4) can be isolated by post-treatment such as extraction of the reaction mixture with an organic solvent, and drying and concentration of an organic layer. The isolated compound (M4) can be further purified by chromatography, recrystallization of the like.
Step (ii-3)
[0472] The compound (M5) can be produced by reacting the compound (M4) and thionyl chloride.
[0473] The reaction is usually performed in the presence of a solvent.
[0474] Examples of the solvent used in the reaction include aliphatic hydrocarbons such as hexane, heptane and octane, aromatic hydrocarbons such as toluene and xylene, nitriles such as acetonitrile, halogenated hydrocarbons such as chlorobenzene, acid amides such as DMF, and a mixture thereof.
[0475] The used amount of thionyl chloride is usually 1 to 2 mol per 1 mol of the compound (M4).
[0476] The reaction temperature is usually in a range of from 20 to 120° C., and the reaction time is usually in a range of from 0.1 to 24 hours.
[0477] After completion of the reaction, the compound (M5) can be isolated by post-treatment such as concentration of the reaction mixture. The isolated compound (M5) can be further purified by chromatography, recrystallization or the like.
Step (ii-4)
[0478] The compound (M6) can be produced by reacting the compound (M5) and the compound (2) in the presence of a base according to the process described in Production process 2.
Step (ii-5)
[0479] The compound (10) can be produced by reacting the compound (M6) with hydrogen in the presence of palladium carbon.
[0480] The reaction is usually performed in the presence of a solvent.
[0481] Examples of the solvent used in the reaction include aliphatic hydrocarbons such as hexane, heptane and octane, aromatic hydrocarbons such as toluene and xylene, alcohols such as methanol and ethanol, esters such as ethyl acetate, ethers such as THF and MTBE, water, and a mixture thereof.
[0482] The used amount of palladium carbon is 0.01 to 0.1 mol per 1 mol of the compound (M6). The used amount of hydrogen is usually 1 to 2 mol per 1 mol of the compound (M6).
[0483] The reaction temperature is usually in a range of from 0 to 50° C., and the reaction time is usually in a range of from 0.1 to 24 hours.
[0484] The pressure of hydrogen used in the reaction is in a range of normal pressure to 10 atoms.
[0485] After completion of the reaction, the compound (10) can be isolated by post-treatment such as filtration and concentration of the reaction mixture. The isolated compound (10) can be further purified by chromatography, recrystallization or the like.
[0486] Examples of a compound represented by the formula (3): [Chemical formula 13]
[see pdf for image]
wherein X1, X2 and X3 are as defined above, which is an intermediate for producing the compound of the present invention include the following compounds:
[0487] a compound of the formula (3), wherein X1 is a fluorine atom;
[0488] a compound of the formula (3), wherein X1 is a methoxy group;
[0489] a compound of the formula (3), wherein X2 is a hydrogen atom;
[0490] a compound of the formula (3), wherein X3 is a fluorine atom;
[0491] a compound of the formula (3), wherein X1 and X3 are each a fluorine atom;
[0492] a compound of the formula (3), wherein X1 is a methoxy group and X3 is a fluorine atom; and
[0493] a compound of the formula (3), wherein X2 is a hydrogen atom and X3 is a fluorine atom.
[0494] Examples of a compound represented by the formula (10):
[see pdf for image]
wherein X1, X2, X3, and A are as defined above, which is an intermediate for producing the compound of the present invention include the following compounds:
[0495] a compound of the formula (10), wherein X1 is a fluorine atom;
[0496] a compound of the formula (10), wherein X1 is a methoxy group;
[0497] a compound of the formula (10), wherein X2 is a hydrogen atom;
[0498] a compound of the formula (10), wherein X3 is a fluorine atom;
[0499] a compound of the formula (10), wherein X1 and X3 are each a fluorine atom;
[0500] a compound of the formula (10), wherein X1 is a methoxy group and X3 is a fluorine atom; and
[0501] a compound of the formula (10), wherein X2 is a hydrogen atom and X3 is a fluorine atom.
[0502] Examples of a compound represented by the formula (11):
[see pdf for image]
wherein X1, X2 and X3 are as defined above, which is an intermediate for producing the compound of the present invention include the following compounds:
[0503] a compound of the formula (11), wherein X1 is a fluorine atom;
[0504] a compound of the formula (11), wherein X1 is a methoxy group;
[0505] a compound of the formula (11), wherein X2 is a hydrogen atom;
[0506] a compound of the formula (11), wherein X3 is a fluorine atom;
[0507] a compound of the formula (11), wherein X1 and X3 are each a fluorine atom;
[0508] a compound of the formula (11), wherein X1 is a methoxy group and X3 is a fluorine atom; and
[0509] a compound of the formula (11), wherein X2 is a hydrogen atom and X3 is a fluorine atom.
[0510] Plant diseases against which the compound of the present invention exerts an excellent effect include those caused by fungi, bacteria and viruses. Specific examples of the fungi include genus Erysiphe such as wheat powdery mildew (Erysiphe graminis), genus Uncinula such as grape powdery mildew (Uncinula necator), genus Podosphaera such as apple powdery mildew (Podosphaera leucotricha), genus Sphaerotheca such as cucumber powdery mildew (Sphaerotheca cucurbitae), genus Oidiopsis such as tomato powdery mildew (Oidiopsis sicula), genus Magnaporthe such as rice blast (Magnaporthe oryzae), genus Cochliobolus such as rice brown spot (Cochliobolus miyabeanus), genus Mycosphaerella such as wheat leaf blotch (Mycosphaerella graminicola), genus Pyrenophora such as barley net blotch (Pyrenophora teres), genus Stagonospora such as wheat Glume blotch (Stagonospora nodorum), genus Rhynchosporium such as barley scald (Rhynchosporium secalis), genus Pseudocercosporella such as wheat eyespot (Pseudocercosporella herpotrichoides), genus Gaeumannomyces such as wheat take-all (Gaeumannomyces graminis), genus Fusarium such as wheat Fusarium head blight (Fusarium spp.), genus Microdochium such as wheat snow mold (Microdochium nivale), genus Venturia such as apple scab (Venturia inaequalis), genus Elsinoe such as grape anthracnose (Elsinoe ampelina), genus Botrytis such as cucumber gray mold (Botrytis cinerea), genus Monilinia such as peach brown rot (Monilinia fructicola), genus Phoma such as rape stem canker (Phoma lingam), genus Cladosporium such as tomato leaf mold (Cladosporium fulvum), genus Cercospora such as sugarbeet brown spot (Cercospora beticola), genus Cercosporidium such as peanut late leaf spot (Cercosporidium personatum), genus Colletotrichum such as strawberry anthracnose (Colletotrichum fragariae), genus Sclerotinia such as cucumber stem rot (Sclerotinia sclerotiorum), genus Alternaria such as apple necrotic leaf spot (Alternaria mali), genus Verticillium such as eggplant verticillium wilt (Verticillium dahliae), genus Rhizoctonia such as rice sheath blight (Rhizoctonia solani), genus Puccinia such as wheat leaf rust (Puccinia recondita), genus Phakopsora such as soybean rust (Phakopsora pachyrhizi), genus Tilletia such as wheat bunt (Tilletia caries), genus Ustilago such as barley loose smut (Ustilago nuda), genus Sclerotium such as peanut southern blight (Sclerotium rolfsii), genus Phytophthora such as potato late blight (Phytophthora infestans), genus Pseudoperonospora such as cucumber downy mildew (Pseudoperonospora cubensis), genus Peronospora such as Chinese cabbage downy mildew (Peronospora parasitica), genus Plasmopara such as grape downy mildew (Plamospara viticola), genus Sclerophthora such as rice downy mildew (Sclerophthora macrospora), genus Pythium such as cucumber seedling damping-off (Pythium ultimum), and genus Plasmodiophora such as rapeseed clubroot (Plasmodiophora brassicae). Examples of bacteria include genus Burkholderia such as bacterial rice seedling blight (Burkholderia plantarii), genus Pseudomonas such as bacterial cucumber leaf spot (Pseudomonas syringae pv. Lachrymans), genus Ralstonia such as eggplant wilting (Ralstonia solanacearum), genus Xanthomonas such as Asiatic citrus canker (Xanthomonas citiri), and genus Erwinia such as Chinese cabbage bacterial soft rot (Erwinia carotovora).
[0511] Examples of viruses include Tobacco mosaic virus and Cucumber mosaic virus. However, the sterilizing spectra should not be limited thereto in any cases.
[0512] The plant disease controlling agent of the present invention can be the compound of the present invention itself, but usually, it is used in the form of formulations such as emulsifiable concentrates, wettable powders, granular wettable powders, flowable formulations, dusts and granules produced by mixing it with solid carriers, liquid carriers, surface active agents and other auxiliary agents for formulation. These formulations usually contain the compound of the present invention in an amount of 0.1 to 90% by weight.
[0513] Examples of the solid carriers used in the formulations include fine powders or particles of minerals such as kaolin clay, attapulgite clay, bentonite, montmbrillonite, acid clay, pyrophyllite, talc, diatomaceous earth, and calcite; natural organic substances such as corncob powder, and walnut shell flour; synthetic organic substances such as urea; salts such as calcium carbonate, and ammonium sulfate; and synthetic inorganic substances such as synthetic hydrated silicon oxide. Examples of the liquid carriers include aromatic hydrocarbons such as xylene, alkylbenzene and methylnaphthalene; alcohols such as 2-propanol, ethylene glycol, propylene glycol and cellosolve; ketones such as acetone, cyclohexanone and isophorone; vegetable oils such as soybean oil and cotton seed oil; petroleum aliphatic hydrocarbons; esters; and dimethyl sulfoxide, acetonitrile and water.
[0514] Examples of the surfactant include anionic surfactants such as alkyl sulfate, alkyl aryl sulfonate, dialkyl sulfosuccinate, polyoxyethylene alkyl aryl ether phosphate, ligninsulfonate and a naphthalene-sulfonate formaldehyde polycondensate; and nonionic surfactants such as polyoxyethylene alkyl aryl ether, a polyoxyethylene alkyl polyoxypropylene block copolymer and sorbitan fatty acid ester.
[0515] Examples of the auxiliary agent for formulation include water-soluble polymers such as polyvinyl alcohol and polyvinyl pyrrolidone; polysaccharides such as gum Arabic, alginic acid and a salt thereof, CMC (carboxymethyl cellulose) and xanthan gum; inorganic substances such as aluminum magnesium silicate, and alumina sol; preservatives; colorants; PAP (acidic isopropyl phosphate); and stabilizers such as BHT.
[0516] The plant disease controlling agent of the present invention is used for treating plants to protect the plants from plant diseases, and is also used for treating soil to protect plants growing in the soil from plant diseases.
[0517] When the plant disease controlling composition of the present invention is used by subjecting plants to a foliage treatment or used by treating soil, its application amount varies depending upon the kind of crops as plants to be protected, the kind of diseases to be controlled, severity of diseases, form of the formulation, time of application, weather conditions and the like. The total amount of the compound of the present invention is usually within a range of from 1 to 5,000 g, and preferably 5 to 1,000 g per 10,000 m2.
[0518] Emulsifiable concentrates, wettable powders and flowable formulations are usually used for treatment by spraying after dilution with water. In this case, the concentration of the compound of the present invention is usually within a range of from 0.0001 to 3% by weight, and preferably from 0.0005 to 1% by weight. Dusts and granules are usually used for a treatment without being diluted.
[0519] The plant disease controlling agent of the present invention can be used by a treating method such as seed disinfection. Examples of the method include a method of immersing seeds of plants in the plant disease controlling agent of the present invention in which the concentration of the compound of the present invention is adjusted within a range of from 1 to 1,000 ppm, a method of spraying or smearing the plant disease controlling agent of the present invention in which the concentration of the compound of the present invention is adjusted within a range of from 1 to 1,000 ppm, on seeds of plants, and a method of dust coating of seeds of plants using the plant diseases controlling agent of the present invention.
[0520] The plant disease controlling method of the present invention is usually carried out by treating a plant in which onset of diseases is presumed, or soil where the plant is growing, with an effective amount of the plant disease controlling agent of the present invention, and/or treating a plant in which onset of diseases has been confirmed, or the soil where the plants are growing.
[0521] The plant disease controlling agent of the present invention can be used as a controlling agent for plant diseases in crop lands such as upland fields, paddy fields, lawn, and orchards, etc. The plant disease controlling agent can control plant diseases in crop lands where the following “crops” or the like are cultivated.
[0522] Field crops: corn, rice, wheat, barley, rye, oat, sorghum, cotton, soybean, peanut, buckwheat, beet, rape, sunflower, sugarcane, tobacco, etc.
[0523] Vegetables: solanaceae (e.g. eggplant, tomato, green pepper, pepper and potato), Cucurbitaceae (e.g. cucumber, pumpkin, zucchini, watermelon and melon), Cruciferae (e.g. Japanese radish, turnip, horseradish, kohlrabi, Chinese cabbage, cabbage, leaf mustard, broccoli and cauliflower), Compositae (e.g. edible burdock, garland chrysanthemum, globe artichoke and lettuce), Liliacede (e.g., Welsh onion, onion, garlic and asparagus), Umbelliferae (e.g. carrot, parsley, celery and pastinaca), Chenopodiaceae (e.g. spinach and chard), Lamiaceae (e.g. perilla, mint and basil), strawberry, sweet potato, Chinese yam, taro, etc.
[0524] Flowers and ornament plants.
[0525] Ornamental foliage plants.
[0526] Fruit trees: pomaceous fruits (e.g. apple, pear, Japanese pear, Chinese quince and quince), stone fruits (e.g. peach, plum, nectarine, Japanese apricot, cherry, apricot and prune), citrus fruits (e.g. satsuma mandarin, orange, lemon, lime and grapefruit), nut trees (e.g. chestnut, walnut, hazel, almond, pistachio, cashew nut and macadamia nut), berries (blueberry, cranberry, blackberry and raspberry), grape, Japanese persimmon, olive, loquat, banana, coffee, date palm, coconut palm, etc.
[0527] Trees other than fruit trees: tea, mulberry, flowering trees and shrubs, street trees (e.g. Japanese ash, birch, flowering dogwood, blue gum, ginkgo, lilac, maple, oak, poplar, Chinese redbud, Formosa sweet gum, plane tree, zelkova, Japanese arborvitae, fir, Japanese hemlock, needle juniper, pine, Japanese spruce and Japanese yew), etc.
[0528] The above-described “crops” include crops having resistance to herbicides such as HPPD inhibitors (e.g. isoxaflutole), ALS inhibitors (e.g. imazethapyr and thifensulfuron-methyl), EPSP synthetase inhibitors, glutamine synthetase inhibitors, bromoxynil, etc. which has been imparted by a classic breeding method or a genetic recombination technology.
[0529] Examples of the “crops” having the resistance imparted by the classic breeding method include Clearfield® canola resistant to imidazolinone herbicides (e.g. imazethapyr) and STS soybean resistant to sulfonylurea ALS inhibition type herbicides (e.g. thifensulfuron-methyl). As crops having the resistance imparted by the genetic recombination technology, corn cultivars resistant to glyphosate and glufosinate are exemplified and are already on the market under the trade names of RoundupReady® and LibertyLink®.
[0530] The above-described “crops” include crops which have been enabled by the genetic recombination technology to synthesize a selective toxin known in the case of, for example Bacillus.
[0531] Examples of toxins produced in such genetically modified plants include insecticidal proteins derived from Bacillus cereus and Bacillus popilliae; insecticidal proteins such as δ-endotoxins (e.g. Cry1Ab, Cry1Ac, Cry1F, Cry1Fa2, Cry2Ab, Cry3A, Cry3Bb1 and Cry9C), VIP 1, VIP 2, VIP 3, VIP 3A, etc., which are derived from Bacillus thuringiensis; toxins derived from nematodes; toxins produced by animals, such as scorpion toxin, spider toxin, bee toxin, insect-specific neurotoxins, etc.; filamentous fungi toxins; plant lectins; agglutinin; protease inhibitors such as trypsin inhibitors, serine protease inhibitors, patatin, cystatin, papain inhibitors, etc.; ribosome-inactivating proteins (RIPs) such as ricin, corn-RIP, abrin, rufin, sapolin, briodin, etc.; steroid metabolic enzymes such as 3-hydroxysteroid oxidase, ecdysteroid-UDP-glucosyltransferase, cholesterol oxidase, etc.; ecdysone inhibitors; HMG-COA reductase; ion channel inhibitors such as sodium channel inhibitors, calcium channel inhibitors, etc.; juvenile hormone esterase; diuretic hormone receptors; stilbene synthetase; bibenzyl synthetase; chitinase; and glucanase.
[0532] The toxins produced in such genetically engineered crops also include hybrid toxins, partly deficient toxins and modified toxins of insecticidal proteins such as δ-endotoxin proteins (e.g. Cry1Ab, Cry1Ac, Cry1F, Cry1Fa2, Cry2Ab, Cry3A, Cry3Bb1 and Cry9C), VIP 1, VIP 2, VIP 3, VIP 3A, etc. The hybrid toxins are produced by a novel combination of the different domains of such proteins by adopting a genetic recombination technology. As the partly deficient toxin, Cry1Ab deficient in a part of the amino acid sequence is known. In the modified toxins, one or more amino acids of a natural toxin have been replaced.
[0533] Examples of such toxins and genetically modified plants capable of synthesizing such toxins are described in EP-A-0 374 753, WO 93/07278, WO 95/34656, EP-A-0 427 529, EP-A-451 878, WO 03/052073, etc.
[0534] The toxins contained in such genetically engineered plants impart resistance to insect pests of Coleoptera, insect pests of Diptera and insect pests of Lepidoptera to the plants.
[0535] Genetically engineered plants containing one or more insecticidal insect-resistant genes and capable of producing one or more toxins have already been known, and some of them are on the market. Examples of such genetically modified plants include YieldGard® (a corn cultivar capable of producing Cry1Ab toxin), YieldGard Rootworm® (a corn cultivar capable of producing Cry3Bb1 toxin), YieldGard Plus® (a corn cultivar capable of producing Cry1Ab and Cry3Bb1 toxins), Herculex I® (a corn cultivar capable of producing phosphinotrysin N-acetyltransferase (PAT) for imparting resistance to Cry1Fa2 toxin and Glyfosinate), NuCOTN33B (a cotton cultivar capable of producing Cry1Ac toxin), Bollgard I® (a cotton cultivar capable of producing Cry1Ac toxin), Bollgard II® (a cotton cultivar capable of producing Cry1Ac and Cry2Ab toxins), VIPCOT® (a cotton cultivar capable of producing VIP toxin), NewLeaf® (a potato cultivar capable of producing Cry3A toxin), NatureGard®, Agrisure®, GT Advantage (GA21 glyphosate resistant properties), Agrisure® CB Advantage (Btll corn borer (CB) properties), and Protecta®.
[0536] The above-mentioned “crops” also include crops having an ability to produce an anti-pathogenic substance having a selective action which has been imparted by a genetic recombination technology.
[0537] As examples of the anti-pathogenic substance, PR proteins and the like are known (PRPs, EP-A-0 392 225). Such anti-pathogenic substances and genetically engineered plants capable of producing them are described in EP-A-0 392 225, WO 95/33818, EP-A-0 353 191, and the like.
[0538] Examples of such anti-pathogenic substances produced by the genetically modified plants include ion channel inhibitors such as sodium channel inhibitors, calcium channel inhibitors (for example, KP1, KP4, and KP6 toxins produced by viruses are known), etc.; stilbene synthase; bibenzyl synthase; chitinase; glucanase; PR proteins; and anti-pathogenic substances produced by microorganisms, such as peptide antibiotics, antibiotics having a heterocyclic ring, protein factors concerned in resistance to plant diseases (which are called plant-disease-resistant genes and are described in WO 03/000906), etc.
[0539] It is also possible to use the plant disease controlling agent of the present invention after mixing with other fungicides, insecticides, acaricides, nematocides, herbicides, plant growth regulators, fertilizers or soil conditioners, or to use the agent without mixing them. Examples of the active ingredients of the plant disease controlling agent include chlorothalonil, fluazinam, dichlofluanid, fosetyl-Al, cyclic imide derivatives (e.g., captan, captafol, folpet, etc.), dithiocarbamate derivatives (e.g., maneb, mancozeb, thiuram, ziram, zineb, propineb, etc.), inorganic or organic copper derivatives (e.g., basic copper sulfate, basic copper chloride, copper hydroxide, oxine-copper, etc.), acylalanine derivatives (e.g., metalaxyl, furalaxyl, ofurace, cyprofuram, benalaxyl, oxadixyl, etc.), strobilurine like compound (e.g., kresoxim-methyl, azoxystrobin, trifloxystrobin, picoxystrobin, pyraclostrobin, fluoxastrobin, metominostrobin, orysastrobin, enestrobin, dimoxystrobin, etc.), anilinopyrimidine derivatives (e.g., cyprodinil, pyrimethanil, mepanipyrim, etc.), phenyl pyrrole derivatives (e.g., fenpiclonil, fludioxonil, etc.), imide derivatives (e.g., procymidone, iprodione, vinclozolin, etc.), benzimidazole derivatives (e.g., carbendazim, benomyl, thiabendazole, thiophanate methyl, etc.), amine derivatives (e.g., fenpropimorph, tridemorph, fenpropidin, spiroxamine, etc.), azole derivatives (e.g., propiconazole, triadimenol, prochloraz, penconazole, tebuconazole, flusilazole, diniconazole, bromuconazole, epoxiconazole, difenoconazole, cyproconazole, metconazole, triflumizole, tetraconazole, myclobutanil, fenbuconazole, hexaconazole, fluquinconazole, triticonazole, bitertanol, imazalil, flutriafol, ipconazole, pefurazoate, prothioconazole, etc.), triforine, pyrifenox, fenarimol, propamocarb, cymoxanil, dimethomorph, flumorph, famoxadone, fenamidone, pyribencarb, iprovalicarb, benthiavalicarb, mandipropamid, cyazofamid, amisulbrom, zoxamide, ethaboxam, boscalid, penthiopyrad, fluopyram, bixafen, carboxin, oxycarboxin, thifluzamide, flutolanil, mepronil, furametpyr, pencycuron, hymexazol, etridiazole, ferimzone, silthiofam, blasticidin S, kasugamycin, streptomycin, pyrazophos, iprobenfos, edifenphos, isoprothiolane, fthalide, pyroquilon, tricyclazole, carpropamid, diclocymet, fenoxanil, probenazole, tiadinil, isotianil, iminoctadine, guazatine, tolnifanide, tolclophos-methyl, fenhexamid, polyoxin B, quinoxyfen, proquinazid, metrafenone, cyflufenamid, diethofencarb, fluopicolide and acibenzolar-S-methyl.

EXAMPLES

[0540] Hereinafter, the present invention will be described in more detail by way of Production Examples, Formulation Examples and Test Example which the present invention is not limited to.
[0541] First, Production Examples of the compound of the present invention will be described.

Production Example 1

[0542] To 5 ml of THF were added 0.23 g of 2,5-difluoro-4-(2-propynyloxy)benzoyl chloride, 0.28 g of 2-hydroxy-1,2-dimethylpropylamine hydrochloride and 0.4 ml of triethylamine, and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 12 hours. The reaction mixture was subjected to silica gel column chromatography, and 0.23 g of N-(2-hydroxy-1,2-dimethylpropyl)-2,5-difluoro-4-(2-propynyloxy)benzamide (hereinafter, referred to as a compound 1 of the present invention) was obtained. The compound 1 of the present invention
[see pdf for image]
[0543] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ: 1.24-1.29 (9H, m), 2.15 (1H, s), 2.61 (1H, t, J=2.4 Hz), 4.13-4.19 (1H, m), 4.81 (2H, d, J=2.4 Hz), 6.88 (1H, dd, J=12.7, 6.4 Hz), 6.92-6.97 (1H, m), 7.83 (1H, dd, J=11.6, 7.2 Hz).

Production Example 2

[0544] N-{1-(hydroxymethyl)cyclohexyl}methyl-2,5-difluoro-4-(2-propynyloxy)benzamide (hereinafter, referred to as a compound 2 of the present invention) was obtained according to a process described in Production Example 1 except that 1-{1-(hydroxymethyl)cyclohexyl}methylamine was used in place of 2-hydroxy-1,2-dimethylpropylamine hydrochloride. The compound 2 of the present invention
[see pdf for image]
[0545] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ: 1.24-1.49 (10H, m), 2.61 (1H, t, J=2.4 Hz), 3.36 (2H, d, J=7.0 Hz), 3.42 (2H, dd, J=6.6, 1.3 Hz), 3.59 (1H, t, J=7.0 Hz), 4.81 (2H, d, J=2.4 Hz), 6.88 (1H, dd, J=12.8, 6.5 Hz), 7.00-7.05 (1H, m), 7.84 (1H, dd, J=11.6, 7.2 Hz).

Production Example 3

[0546] N-(1-cyclohexenyl)methyl-2,5-difluoro-4-(2-propynyloxy)benzamide (hereinafter, referred to as a compound 3 of the present invention) was obtained according to a process described in Production Example 1 except that 1-cyclohexenylmethylamine hydrochloride was used in place of 2-hydroxy-1,2-dimethylpropylamine hydrochloride. The compound 3 of the present invention
[see pdf for image]
[0547] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ: 1.55-1.68 (4H, m), 1.96-2.05 (4H, m), 2.61 (1H, t, J=2.4 Hz), 3.97 (2H, d, J=5.6 Hz), 4.81 (2H, d, J=2.4 Hz), 5.63-5.65 (1H, m), 6.64-6.69 (1H, m), 6.87 (1H, dd, J=12.7, 6.4 Hz), 7.86 (1H, dd, J=11.6, 7.2 Hz).

Production Example 4

[0548] N-(2-oxocyclohexyl)-2,5-difluoro-4-(2-propynyloxy)benzamide (hereinafter, referred to as a compound 4 of the present invention) was obtained according to a process described in Production Example 1 except that 2-aminocyclohexanone hydrobromide was used in place of 2-hydroxy-1,2-dimethylpropylamine hydrochloride. The compound 4 of the present invention
[see pdf for image]
[0549] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ: 1.46 (1H, ddd, J=25.1, 12.6, 4.3 Hz), 1.70 (1H, tdd, J=17.4, 8.6, 4.5 Hz), 1.81-1.97 (2H, m), 2.15-2.22 (1H, m), 2.45 (1H, tdd, J=13.5, 6.1, 1.1 Hz), 2.56-2.62 (2H, m), 2.76-2.84 (1H, m), 4.64-4.70 (1H, m), 4.81 (2H, d, J=2.4 Hz), 6.90 (1H, dd, J=12.6, 6.5 Hz), 7.68-7.72 (1H, m), 7.81 (1H, dd, J=11.6, 7.2 Hz).
[0550] The following Reference Production Examples show production of intermediates for producing the compound of the present invention.

Reference Production Example 1

[0551] To 50 ml of water were added 10 g of 2,3,4,5-tetrafluorobenzoic acid and 4.5 g of sodium hydroxide, and the mixture was heated to reflux for 4 hours. The reaction mixture was made acidic by addition of hydrochloric acid, extracted with ethyl acetate, and then washed sequentially with water and an aqueous saturated sodium chloride solution. The organic layer was dried over magnesium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure, and the residue was obtained.
[0552] The residue, 14 g of propargyl bromide and 18 g of potassium carbonate were added to 100 ml of DMF, and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1 day. The reaction mixture was added to water, made acidic by addition of diluted hydrochloric acid, and then extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed sequentially with water and aqueous saturated sodium chloride solution, dried, and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was subjected to silica gel column chromatography, and 6.5 g of 2-propynyl 4-(2-propynyloxy)-2,3,5-trifluorobenzoate was obtained.

2-Propynyl 4-(2-propynyloxy)-2,3,5-trifluorobenzoate

[0553]  [see pdf for image]
[0554] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ: 2.55 (1H, t, J=2.4 Hz), 2.57 (1H, t, J=2.4 Hz), 4.94 (2H, d, J=2.4 Hz), 4.96 (2H, d, J=2.4 Hz), 7.55 (1H, ddd, J=11.1, 6.1, 2.3 Hz).
[0555] To a mixture of 10 ml of THF and 10 ml of water were added 6.5 g of 2-propynyl 4-(2-propynyloxy)-2,3,5-trifluorobenzoate obtained above and 2.0 g of lithium hydroxide monohydrate, and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 hours and at 50° C. for 2 hours. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure until the total volume became about a half. Then, the concentrated reaction mixture was made acidic by addition of hydrochloric acid, and the resulting solid was collected by filtration. The solid was dried and then washed with hexane, and 4.0 g of 4-(2-propynyloxy)-2,3,5-trifluorobenzoic acid was obtained.

4-(2-Propynyloxy)-2,3,5-trifluorobenzoic acid

[0556]  [see pdf for image]
[0557] 1H-NMR (DMSO-d6) δ: 3.72-3.74 (1H, m), 5.04 (2H, d, J=2.2 Hz), 7.60 (1H, ddd, J=11.2, 6.5, 2.3 Hz)

Reference Production Example 2

[0558] To 5 ml of water were added 1.0 g of 2,4,5-trifluorobenzoic acid and 0.9 g of sodium hydroxide, and the mixture was stirred at 160° C. for 10 minutes using a microwave reaction apparatus. The same procedure was repeated five times. As a result, a total of 5.0 g of 2,4,5-trifluorobenzoic acid was used. All of the obtained reaction mixtures were mixed, made acidic by addition of hydrochloric acid, and then extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was concentrated under reduced pressure, and the residue was obtained.
[0559] To 50 ml of DMF were added the residue obtained by the above operation, 9.0 g of propargyl bromide and 10 g of potassium carbonate, and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 days. The reaction mixture was added to water, and then extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over magnesium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was subjected to silica gel column chromatography, and 7.3 g of 2-propynyl 2,5-difluoro-4-(2-propynyloxy)benzoate was obtained.

2-Propynyl 2,5-difluoro-4-(2-propynyloxy)benzoate

[0560]  [see pdf for image]
[0561] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ: 2.53 (1H, t, J=2.4 Hz), 2.63 (1H, t, J=2.4 Hz), 4.82 (2H, d, J=2.2 Hz), 4.91 (2H, d, J=2.4 Hz), 6.90 (1H, dd, J=11.6, 6.7 Hz), 7.71 (1H, dd, J=11.1, 6.7 Hz).
[0562] To a mixture of 20 ml of methanol and 20 ml of a 15% aqueous sodium hydroxide solution was added 7.3 g of 2-propynyl 2,5-difluoro-4-(2-propynyloxy)benzoate, and the mixture was stirred at 50° C. for 2 hours. The reaction mixture was added to hydrochloric acid, and a produced solid was collected by filtration. The solid was dried and then washed with hexane, and 3.8 g of 2,5-difluoro-4-(2-propynyloxy)benzoic acid was obtained.

2,5-Difluoro-4-(2-propynyloxy)benzoic acid

[0563]  [see pdf for image]
[0564] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ: 2.64 (1H, t, J=2.4 Hz), 4.83 (2H, d, J=2.4 Hz), 6.92 (1H, dd, J=11.5, 6.6 Hz), 7.75 (1H, dd, J=11.1, 6.7 Hz).
[0565] To 20 ml of toluene were added 1.4 g of 2,5-difluoro-4-(2-propynyloxy)benzoic acid, 0.8 ml of thionyl chloride and 10 mg of DMF, and the mixture was heated to reflux for 2 hours. Then, the reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and 1.5 g of 2,5-difluoro-4-(2-propynyloxy)benzoyl chloride was obtained.

2,5-Difluoro-4-(2-propynyloxy)benzoyl chloride

[0566]  [see pdf for image]
[0567] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ: 2.66 (1H, t, J=2.4 Hz), 4.86 (2H, d, J=2.4 Hz), 6.94 (1H, dd, J=11.7, 6.6 Hz), 7.88 (1H, dd, J=11.1, 6.7 Hz).

Reference Production Example 3

[0568] To a mixture of 150 ml of DMF, 12.7 g of 2-propynyl 2-chloro-4,5-difluorobenzoate and 3.4 g of propargyl alcohol was added 2.4 g of 60% sodium hydride (oily) under ice-cooling. The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. Hydrochloric acid was added to the reaction mixture, followed by extraction with ethyl acetate. The resulting organic layer was washed sequentially with water and an aqueous saturated sodium chloride solution, dried over magnesium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The resulting residue was subjected to silica gel column chromatography, and 19 g of 2-propynyl 2-chloro-5-fluoro-4-(2-propynyloxy)benzoate was obtained.
[0569] To a mixture of 30 ml of methanol and 30 ml of a 15% aqueous sodium hydroxide solution was added 19 g of 2-propynyl 2-chloro-5-fluoro-4-(2-propynyloxy)benzoate obtained above, and then stirred at 50° C. for 2 hours. The reaction mixture was made acidic by addition of hydrochloric acid. Then, a produced solid was collected by filtration. The solid was washed with a MTBE-hexane mixed solvent, and 10 g of 2-chloro-5-fluoro-4-(2-propynyloxy)benzoic acid was obtained.

2-Chloro-5-fluoro-4-(2-propynyloxy)benzoic acid

[0570]  [see pdf for image]
[0571] 1H-NMR (DMSO-d6) δ: 3.69 (1H, t, J=2.3 Hz), 5.01 (2H, d, J=2.3 Hz), 7.37 (1H, d, J=7.6 Hz), 7.65 (1H, d, J=11.7 Hz).
[0572] Then, Formulation Examples are shown. The term “part(s)” represents part(s) by weight.

Formulation Example 1

[0573] 50 parts of each of the compounds 1 to 4 of the present invention, 3 parts of calcium ligninsulfonate, 2 parts of magnesium laurylsulfate and 45 parts of synthetic hydrated silica are pulverized and mixed well to give a wettable powder of each compound.

Formulation Example 2

[0574] 20 parts of each of the compounds 1 to 4 of the present invention and 1.5 parts of sorbitan trioleate are mixed with 28.5 parts of an aqueous solution containing 2 parts of polyvinyl alcohol, and wet-pulverized finely. To the obtained mixture, 40 parts of an aqueous solution containing 0.05 part of xanthan gum and 0.1 part of aluminium magnesium silicate is added and further 10 parts of propylene glycol is added. The mixture was stirred and mixed to give a flowable of each compound.

Formulation Example 3

[0575] 2 parts of each of the compounds 1 to 4 of the present invention, 88 parts of kaolin clay and 10 parts of talc are pulverized and mixed well to give a dust of each compound.

Formulation Example 4

[0576] 5 parts of each of the compounds 1 to 4 of the present invention, 14 parts of polyoxyethylenestyryl phenyl ether, 6 parts of calcium dodecylbenzenesulfonate and 75 parts of xylene are mixed well to give an emulsifiable concentrate of each compound.

Formulation Example 5

[0577] 2 parts of each of the compounds 1 to 4 of the present invention, 1 part of synthetic hydrated silica, 2 parts of calcium ligninsulfonate, 30 parts of bentonite and 65 parts of kaolin clay are pulverized and mixed well, and water is added thereto and kneeded well, granulated and dried to give granules of each compound.

Formulation Example 6

[0578] 10 parts of each of the compounds 1 to 4 of the present invention, 35 parts of white carbon containing 50 parts of ammonium polyoxyethylenealkyl ether sulfate, and 55 parts of water are mixed and wet pulverized finely to give a formulation of each compound.
[0579] The following Test Examples show that the compounds of the present invention are useful for controlling a plant disease.
[0580] The controlling effect was evaluated by visually observing the area or lesion spots on each of test plants at the time of investigation and comparing the area of lesion spots on a plant treated with the compound of the present invention with that on an untreated plant.

Test Example

Test of preventive effect on tomato late blight (Phytophthora infestans)

[0581] Each of plastic pots was filled with sandy loam and sown with tomato (cultivar; Patio), followed by growing in a greenhouse for 20 days. Each of the present compounds 1 to 4 was formulated into a flowable formulation according to Formulation Example 6. The flowable formulation was diluted to a predetermined concentration (200 ppm) with water, and foliage application of the dilution was carried out so that the dilution adhered sufficiently to the surfaces of leaves of the grown tomato young seedling. After the plant was air-dried so that the diluted solution on leaves was dried, a water suspension of zoosporangia of Phytophthora infestans was sprayed. After the inoculation, the plant was held under high humidity conditions at 23° C., for 1 day and held in a greenhouse for 4 days, and then the area of lesion spots was investigated. As a result, it was found that the area of lesion spots on the plant treated with any one of the present compounds 1 to 4 was 30% or less of that an untreated plant.

INDUSTRIAL APPLICABILITY

[0582] As described above, according to the present invention, an amide compound having excellent plant disease controlling activity which is useful as an active ingredient of a plant disease controlling agent can be provided.
(57)

Claim

1. An amide compound represented by the formula (1):
[see pdf for image]
wherein
X1 represents a fluorine atom or a methoxy group,
X2 represents a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, a C1-C4 alkyl group, a C2-C4 alkenyl group, a C2-C4 alkynyl group, a C1-C4 haloalkyl group, a C1-C4 alkoxy group, a C1-C4 alkylthio group, a hydroxy C1-C4 alkyl group, a nitro group, a cyano group, a formyl group, an NR1R2 group, a CO2R3 group, a CONR4R5 group, or a phenyl group optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the group consisting of a methyl group, a halogen atom, a cyano group and a nitro group,
X3 represents a halogen atom, a C1-C4 alkyl group, a C2-C4 alkenyl group, a C2-C4 alkynyl group, a C1-C4 haloalkyl group, a C1-C4 alkoxy group, a C1-C4 alkylthio group, a nitro group, a cyano group, a formyl group, an NR6R7 group, a CO2R8 group, a CONR9R10 group, or a phenyl group optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the group consisting of a methyl group, a halogen atom, a cyano group and a nitro group,
Z represents an oxygen atom or a sulfur atom,
A represents a group represented by A1-CR11R12R13, A2-Cy1 or A3-Cy2,
A1 represents a CH2 group, a CH(CH3) group, a C(CH3)2 group or a CH(CH2CH3) group,
A2 represents a single bond, a CH2 group, a CH(CH3) group, a C(CH3)2 group or a CH(CH2CH3) group,
A3 represents a methylene group substituted with at least one group selected from the group consisting of a C1-C3 haloalkyl group, a C2-C4 alkenyl group, a C2-C4 alkynyl group, a cyano group, a phenyl group and a C2-C5 alkoxycarbonyl group,
Cy1 represents a C3-C6 cycloalkyl group substituted with at least one group selected from the following group [a-1], a C3-C6 cycloalkenyl group optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the following group [a-1], a C3-C6 cycloalkyl group which is optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the following group [a-1] and in which one of methylenes forming the ring is replaced with a carbonyl group, or a C3-C6 hydroxyiminocycloalkyl group optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the following group [a-1],
Cy2 represents a C3-C6 cycloalkyl group optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the following group [a-2], a C3-C6 cycloalkenyl group optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the following group [a-2], a C3-C6 cycloalkyl group which is optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the following group [a-2] and in which one of methylenes forming the ring is replaced with a carbonyl group, or a C3-C6 hydroxyiminocycloalkyl group optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the following group [a-2],
R1 and R2 independently represent a hydrogen atom, a C1-C4 alkyl group, a C3-C4 alkenyl group, a C3-C4 alkynyl group, a C2-C4 haloalkyl group, a C2-C5 alkylcarbonyl group, a C2-C5 alkoxycarbonyl group or a C1-C4 alkylsulfonyl group,
R3 represents a C1-C4 alkyl group, a C3-C4 alkenyl group or a C3-C4 alkynyl group,
R4 represents a hydrogen atom, a C1-C4 alkyl group, a C3-C4 alkenyl group, a C3-C4 alkynyl group, a C2-C4 haloalkyl group, a C2-C5 alkylcarbonyl group, a C2-C5 alkoxycarbonyl group or a C1-C4 alkylsulfonyl group,
R5 represents a hydrogen atom, a C1-C4 alkyl group, a C3-C4 alkenyl group, a C3-C4 alkynyl group, or a C2-C4 haloalkyl group,
R6 and R7 independently represent a hydrogen atom, a C1-C4 alkyl group, a C3-C4 alkenyl group, a C3-C4 alkynyl group, a C2-C4 haloalkyl group, a C2-C5 alkylcarbonyl group, a C2-C5 alkoxycarbonyl group or a C1-C4 alkylsulfonyl group,
R8 represents a C1-C4 alkyl group, a C3-C4 alkenyl group or a C3-C4 alkynyl group,
R9 represents a hydrogen atom, a C1-C4 alkyl group, a C3-C4 alkenyl group, a C3-C4 alkynyl group, a C2-C4 haloalkyl group, a C2-C5 alkylcarbonyl group, a C2-C5 alkoxycarbonyl group or a C1-C4 alkylsulfonyl group,
R10 represents a hydrogen atom, a C1-C4 alkyl group, a C3-C4 alkenyl group, a C3-C4 alkynyl group, or a C2-C4 haloalkyl group,
R11 and R12 independently represent a C1-C4 alkyl group,
R13 represents a halogen atom, a hydroxyl group, a C1-C6 alkyl group, a C3-C6 alkenyloxy group, a C1-C6 haloalkyl group, a C1-C6 haloalkoxy group, a phenyl group, a benzyl group, a C1-C3 alkylthio group, a hydroxy C1-C6 alkyl group, a C2-C4 alkylcarbonyloxy group, a (C1-C3 alkylamino)C1-C6 alkyl group, a (di(C1-C3)alkyl)amino)C1-C6 alkyl group, a mercapto group, a carbamoyl group, a formyl group, a C2-C6 cyanoalkyl group, a C1-C3 alkylsulfonyl group, a phenoxy group or an NR14R15 group [wherein R14 and R15 independently represent a hydrogen atom, a C1-C4 alkyl group, a C2-C5 alkylcarbonyl group, a C2-C5 alkoxycarbonyl group, or a C1-C4 alkylsulfonyl group];
the group [a-1] consists of:
a C1-C6 alkoxy group, a C3-C6 alkenyloxy group, a C1-C6 haloalkyl group, a C1-C6 haloalkoxy group, a phenyl group, a benzyl group, a C1-C3 alkylthio group, a C1-C3 alkylidene group which forms a double bond with the same carbon atom forming a ring, a hydroxy C1-C6 alkyl group, a C2-C4 alkylcarbonyloxy group, a (C1-C3 alkylamino)C1-C6 alkyl group, a (di(C1-C3 alkyl)amino)C1-C6 alkyl group, a mercapto group, a carbamoyl group, a formyl group, a C2-C6 cyanoalkyl group, a C1-C3 alkylsulfonyl group, a phenoxy group, and an NR16R17 group [wherein R16 and R17 independently represent a hydrogen atom, a C1-C4 alkyl group, a C2-C5 alkylcarbonyl group, a C2-C5 alkoxycarbonyl group or a C1-C4 alkylsulfonyl group]; and
the group [a-2] consists of:
a halogen atom, a C1-C4 alkyl group, a C2-C4 alkenyl group, a C2-C4 alkynyl group, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a carboxyl group, a C2-C5 alkoxycarbonyl group, a C1-C6 alkoxy group, a C3-C6 alkenyloxy group, a C1-C6 haloalkyl group, a C1-C6 haloalkoxy group, a phenyl group, a benzyl group, a C1-C3 alkylthio group, a C1-C3 alkylidene group which forms a double bond with the same carbon atom forming a ring, a hydroxy C1-C6 alkyl group, a C2-C4 alkylcarbonyloxy group, a (C1-C3 alkylamino)C1-C6 alkyl group, a (di(C1-C3 alkyl)amino)C1-C6 alkyl group, a mercapto group, a carbamoyl group, a formyl group, a C2-C6 cyanoalkyl group, a C1-C3 alkylsulfonyl group, a phenoxy group, and an NR18R19 group [wherein R18 and R19 independently represent a hydrogen atom, a C1-C4 alkyl group, a C2-C5 alkylcarbonyl group, a C2-C5 alkoxycarbonyl group or a C1-C4 alkylsulfonyl group].
2. The amide compound according to claim 1, wherein X3 is a halogen atom.
3. The amide compound according to claim 1, wherein X3 is a fluorine atom.
4. The amide compound according to claim 1, wherein X2 is a hydrogen atom, a fluorine atom or a methoxy group, and X3 is a fluorine atom.
5. The amide compound according to claim 1, wherein X1 is a fluorine atom.
6. The amide compound according to claim 1, wherein X1 is a methoxy group.
7. The amide compound according to claim 1, wherein A is A2-Cy1, A2 is a single bond, a CH2 group or a CH(CH3) group, and Cy1 is a cyclohexyl group substituted with a group selected from the group consisting of a C1-C6 alkoxy group, a C1-C6 haloalkyl group, a hydroxy C1-C6 alkyl group and a C1-C3 alkylcarbonyloxy group.
8. The amide compound according to claim 1, wherein
A is a group represented by A1-CR11R12R13, A2-Cy1 or A3-Cy,
A1 is a CH2 group, a CH(CH3) group, a C(CH3)2 group or a CH(CH2CH3) group,
A2 is a single bond, a CH2 group, a CH(CH3) group, a C(CH3)2 group or a CH(CH2CH3) group,
A3 is a methylene group substituted with at least one group selected from the group consisting of a C1-C3 haloalkyl group, a C2-C4 alkenyl group, a C2-C4 alkynyl group, a cyano group and a phenyl group,
Cy1 is a C3-C6 cycloalkyl group substituted with at least one group selected from the following group [b-1], a C3-C6 cycloalkenyl group optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the following group [b-1], a C3-C6 cycloalkyl group which is optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the following group [b-1] and in which one of methylenes forming the ring is replaced with a carbonyl group, or a C3-C6 hydroxyiminocycloalkyl group optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the following group [b-1],
Cy2 is a C3-C6 cycloalkyl group optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the following group [b-2], a C3-C6 cycloalkenyl group optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the following group [b-2], a C3-C6 cycloalkyl group which is optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the following group [b-2] and in which one of methylenes forming the ring is replaced with a carbonyl group, or a C3-C6 hydroxyiminocycloalkyl group optionally substituted with at least one group selected from the following group [b-2],
R13 is a halogen atom, a hydroxyl group, a C1-C6 alkoxy group, a C3-C6 alkenyloxy group, a C1-C6 haloalkyl group, a C1-C6 haloalkoxy group, a phenyl group, a benzyl group, a C1-C3 alkylthio group, a hydroxy C1-C6 alkyl group, a C2-C4 alkylcarbonyloxy group, a (di(C1-C3 alkyl)amino)C1-C6 alkyl group, a carbamoyl group, a formyl group, a C2-C6 cyanoalkyl group, a C1-C3 alkylsulfonyl group or a phenoxy group;
the group [b-1] consists of:
a C1-C6 alkoxy group, a C3-C6 alkenyloxy group, a C1-C6 haloalkyl group, a C1-C6 haloalkoxy group, a phenyl group, a benzyl group, a C1-C3 alkylthio group, a C1-C3 alkylidene group which forms a double bond with the same carbon atom forming a ring, a hydroxy C1-C6 alkyl group, a C2-C4 alkylcarbonyloxy group, a (di(C1-C3 alkyl)amino)C1-C6 alkyl group, a carbamoyl group, a formyl group, a C2-C6 cyanoalkyl group, a C1-C3 alkylsulfonyl group and a phenoxy group; and
the group [b-2] consists of:
a halogen atom, a C1-C4 alkyl group, a C2-C4 alkenyl group, a C2-C4 alkynyl group, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a C1-C6 alkoxy group, a C3-C6 alkenyloxy group, a C1-C6 haloalkyl group, a C1-C6 haloalkoxy group, a phenyl group, a benzyl group, a C1-C3 alkylthio group, a C1-C3 alkylidene group which forms a double bond with the same carbon atom forming a ring, a hydroxy C1-C6 alkyl group, a C2-C4 alkylcarbonyloxy group, a (di(C1-C3 alkyl)amino)C1-C6 alkyl group, a carbamoyl group, a formyl group, a C2-C6 cyanoalkyl group, a C1-C3 alkylsulfonyl group and a phenoxy group.
9. A plant disease controlling agent which comprises the amide compound according to claim 1 as an active ingredient.
10. A method of controlling a plant disease which comprises treating a plant or soil with an effective amount of the amide compound according to claim 1.
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