Macrocylic Pyridine Derivatives

MACROCYLIC PYRIDINE DERIVATIVES

Field of the Invention

The present invention relates to substituted macrocylic pyridine derivatives having EF2K inhibitory activity and optionally also Vps34 inhibitory activity. The invention further relates to processes for preparing such compounds, pharmaceutical compositions comprising said compounds as an active ingredient as well as the use of said compounds as a medicament.

Background of the invention

In all eukaryotic cell types, protein elongation is a critical and energetically expensive step in the synthesis of new proteins. The rate of protein elongation is therefore strictly regulated to coordinate the availability of resources (energy, amino acids) with the demand for newly synthesised proteins. Eukaryotic elongation factor 2 (EF2) is essential for protein elongation: its affinity for the ribosome, and hence protein elongation rate, is controlled by its phosphorylation state. Phosphorylation of eEF2 at Threonine 56 by the elongation factor 2 kinase (EF2K or eEF2K) decreases the affinity of EF2 for the ribosome, and reduces protein elongation rates (Browne et al, Eur J Biochem. 2002, 269(22):5360-5368). This regulation is critical under various forms of cellular stress, such as nutrient limitation and hypoxia, or conditions of increased energy expenditure, such as muscle exercise. In addition, local subcellular regulation of EF2 phosphorylation by EF2K at nerve growth cones or at the synapse ensures preferential translation of certain nerve growth factors and neurotransmitters. Dysregulation of EF2 (Thr56) phosphorylation has been associated with several devastating pathologies, including cancer and depression. Tumour cells often experience various forms of stress (hypoxia, nutrient deprivation), and therefore activate eEF2K activity to balance protein elongation rates with the high demand for de novo protein synthesis. Indeed, EF2 is highly phosphoryated in tumour tissue compared to normal tissue as an adaptive response to nutrient limitation (Leprivier et al., Cell 2013, 153(5): 1064-1079). Deregulation of this control through inhibition of eEF2K is thought to fatally increase energy expenditure in tumour cells, and represent an anti-tumour strategy through induction of metabolic crisis (Hait et al, Clin Cancer Res. 2006, 12: 1961-1965; Jin et al, J Cell Sci. 2007, 120(3):379- 83; Leprivier et al, Cell 2013, 153(5): 1064-1079). Increased local translation of synaptic proteins such as BDNF (brain-derived neurotrophic factor) plays a critical role in the fast- acting anti-depressant activity of NMD A (N-Methyl-D-aspartic acid) antagonists (such as ketamine); reduced phosphorylation levels of EF2 are thought to be critical to enable BDNF translation, and hence EF2K inhibition has been proposed as a fast-acting antidepressant therapy (Kavalali et al., Am J Psychiatry 2012, 169(11): 1150-1156).

Consistent with its role under hypoxia and starvation, EF2K is activated by direct phosphorylation by AMPK, whereas EF2K is regulated through inhibitory phosphorylation by growth and cell cycle kinases, such as S6K and CDK2. In addition, EF2K is a Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent kinase; this regulation may be key for the synaptic regulation of EF2K. (Browne et al, Eur J Biochem. 2002, 269(22):5360-5368). EF2K is an atypical kinase: the primary sequence of its catalytic domain is only remotely related to that of canonical kinases, such as serine/threonine kinases, tyrosine kinases, or lipid kinases. Compounds with EF2K inhibitory activity, may prevent the stress-induced phosphorylation of eEF2 in cells and in xenografted tumours in mice.

In addition to strict regulation of protein synthesis under cellular stress as described above, many cell types utilize autophagy as a recycling mechanism to cope with low nutrient availability, hypoxia and other forms of cellular stress. Autophagy is a catabolic process, in which cytosolic content, including proteins, protein aggregates and entire organelles are engulfed in vesicles (autophagosomes) which fuse to lysosomes to enable degradation of macromolecules to recuperate building blocks (amino acids, fatty acids, nucleotides) and energy (Hait et al, Clin Cancer Res. 2006, 12: 1961-1965). The double membrane of autophagosomes critically consists of phosphatidylinositol-(3)-phosphate [PI(3)P], the product of the class III PI3K, Vps34 (also called PIK3C3). Vps34, and the adaptor protein, Beclinl, are both essential for autophagy in mammalian cells

(Amaravadi et al, Clin Cancer Res. 2011, 17:654-666). Autophagy is upregulated in tumors, and inhibition of autophagy using the lysosomotropic agent, chloroquine (which inhibits the fusion of lysosomes to autophagosomes), or R Ai approaches can impair tumorigenesis. Moreover, inhibition of autophagy has been shown to sensitize tumors to chemotherapeutic agents, radiation, proteasome inhibitors, and kinase inhibitors (such as the receptor tyrosine kinases EGFR, class I PI3K, mTOR, and Akt) (Amaravadi et al., Clin Cancer Res. 2011, 17:654-666). The clinical utility of chloroquine in treating patients with malaria, rheumatoid arthritis, lupus and HIV suggest potential utility of autophagy inhibitors for those pathologies as well (Ben-Zvi et al, Clin Rev Allergy Immunol. 2012, 42(2): 145-53).

Inhibition of the class III PI3K, Vps34, may inhibit autophagy in cancer cells under stress. Moreover it was found that cancer cells, partially deficient in autophagy through knockdown of Beclin, are especially sensitive to Vps34 inhibition, suggesting that autophagy-deficient tumors (e.g. because of mono-allelic deletion of beclinl, as frequently found in breast, ovarian and prostate cancer, or other genetic lesions (Maiuri et al, Cell Death Differ. 2009, 16(l):87-93) may be most susceptible to Vps34 inhibition. WO 2009/112439 describes 4-aryl-2-anilino-pyrimidines as PLK kinase inhibitors.

There is a strong need for novel compounds which have EF2K inhibitory activity and optionally also have Vps34 inhibitory activity, thereby opening new avenues for the treatment of cancer. It is an object of the present invention to overcome or ameliorate at least one of the disadvantages of the prior art, or to provide a useful alternative. It is accordingly an object of the present invention to provide such novel compounds.

Summary of the invention

It has been found that the compounds of the present invention have EF2K inhibitory activity and optionally also have Vps34 inhibitory activity. The compounds according to the invention and the pharmaceutical compositions comprising such compounds may be useful for treating or preventing, in particular treating, diseases such as cancer, depression, and memory and learning disorders. In particular, the compounds according to the present invention and the pharmaceutical compositions thereof may be useful in the treatment of a haematological malignancy or solid tumour. In a specific embodiment said solid tumour is selected from the group consisting of glioblastoma, medulloblastoma, prostate cancer, breast cancer, ovarian cancer and colorectal cancer, and the like.

This invention concerns compounds of Formula (I)

tautomers and stereochemically isomeric forms thereof, wherein

Xa, Xb and Xc each independently represent CH or N;

-Xi- represents -(CHRi2)s-NRi-Xe-Ci_4alkanediyl-(S02)P3- or

-(CH2)s-0-Xe-Ci_4alkanediyl-(S02)P3-; wherein each of said Ci_4alkanediyl moieties optionally substituted with hydroxyl or hydroxyCi_4alkyl; -Xe- represents -C(R2)2- or -C(=0)-;

a represents -NR4-C(=0)-[C(R5b)2]r- or -NR4-C(R5b)2-C(=0)- or -C(=0)-NR4-C(R5b)2-; b represents

, wherein said b ring may contain extra bonds to form a bridj ring system selected from 2,5-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octanyl, 3,8-diazabicyclo[3.2. ljoctanyl, 3 ,6-diazabicyclo[3.1.1 ]heptanyl, 3 ,9-diazabicyclo[3.3.1 ]nonyl;

Xdi represents CH or N;

Xd2 represents CH2 or NH;

provided that at least one of Xdi and Xd2 represents nitrogen;

-, -NR5a-, -S02-, or -SO-;

Ri represents hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl, C2-4alkenyl, C2-4alkynyl, cyanoCi_4alkyl,

-C(=0)-Ci_4alkyl, -C(=0)-haloCi_4alkyl, hydroxyC i_4alkyl, haloCi_4alkyl,

Ci_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl, haloCi_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl, -C(=0)NR7R8, -S02-NR7R8, -SO2-R9, R11, Ci_4alkyl substituted with Rn, -C(=0)-Rn, or -C(=0)-Ci_4alkyl-Rn;

each R2 independently represents hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl, Ci_4alkyl substituted with

C3_6cycloalkyl, hydroxyC i_4alkyl, Ci_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl, carboxyl, -C(=0)-0-Ci_4alkyl wherein Ci_4alkyl is optionally substituted with Ci_4alkyloxy, -C(=0)-NH2, -C(=0)- NH(Ci_4alkyl) wherein Ci_4alkyl is optionally substituted with Ci_4alkyloxy, or -C(=0)- N(Ci_4alkyl)2 wherein each Ci_4alkyl is optionally substituted with Ci_4alkyloxy;

or Ri and one R2 are taken together to form Ci_4alkanediyl or C2-4alkenediyl, each of said Ci_4alkanediyl and C2-4alkenediyl optionally being substituted with 1 to 4 substituents each independently selected from hydroxyl, oxo, halo, cyano, N3, hydroxyC i_4alkyl,

-NR7R8, -S02-NR7R8, -NH-S02-NR7R8, -C(=0)-NR7R8, or -NH-C(=0)-NR7R8; or Ri and R12 are taken together to form Ci_4alkanediyl or C2-4alkenediyl, each of said Ci_4alkanediyl and C2-4alkenediyl optionally being substituted with 1 to 4 substituents each independently selected from hydroxyl, oxo, halo, cyano, N3, hydroxyCi_4alkyl, - NR7R8, -S02-NR7R8, -NH-S02-NR7R8, -C(=0)-NR7R8, or -NH-C(=0)-NR7R8;

each R3 independently represents hydrogen; oxo; hydroxyl; carboxyl; -NR3aR3b; -C(=0)- NR3aR3b; hydroxyCi_4alkyl; haloCi_4alkyl; -(C=0)-Ci_4alkyl;

-C(=0)-0-Ci_4alkyl wherein said Ci_4alkyl may optionally be substituted with phenyl; Ci_4alkyl optionally substituted with cyano, carboxyl, Ci_4alkyloxy,

-C(=0)-0-C1_4alkyl, -0-C(=0)-C1_4alkyl, -NR3eR3f, -C(=0)-NR3eR3f, -S02-NR3eR3f, Q, - C(=0)-Q, or -SO2-Q; hydroxyCi_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl; Ci_4alkyloxyhydroxyCi_4alkyl; hydroxyCi_4alkyloxyhydroxyCi_4alkyl; or Ci_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl optionally substituted with cyano, carboxyl, Ci_4alkyloxy, -C(=0)-0-Ci_4alkyl, -0-C(=0)-Ci_4alkyl, -NR3eR3f, - C(=0)-NR3eR3f, -S02-NR3eR3f, Rio, -C(=O)-R10, or -SO2-R10; or

two R3 substituents attached to the same carbon atom are taken together to form

C2_5alkanediyl or -(CH2)p-0-(CH2)p-;

each R3a and R3b independently represent hydrogen; -(C=0)-Ci_4alkyl; -S02-NR3cR3d; or Ci_4alkyl optionally substituted with Ci_4alkyloxy; or

R3a and R3b are taken together with the nitrogen to which they are attached to form a 4 to 7 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclic ring which optionally contains 1 or 2 further heteroatoms selected from N, O or S02, said heterocyclic ring being optionally substituted with 1 to 4 substituents each independently selected from Ci_4alkyl, halo, hydroxyl, or haloCi_4alkyl;

each R3c and R3d independently represent hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl or -(C=0)-Ci_4alkyl; or R3c and R3d are taken together with the nitrogen to which they are attached to form a 4 to 7 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclic ring which optionally contains 1 or 2 further heteroatoms selected from N, O or S02, said heterocyclic ring being optionally substituted with 1 to 4 substituents each independently selected from Ci_4alkyl, halo, hydroxyl, or haloCi_4alkyl;

each R3e and R3f independently represent hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl optionally substituted with Ci_4alkyloxy, -(C=0)-Ci_4alkyl, or -S02-NR3cR3d;

R4 represents hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl or Ci_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl;

each R5a independently represents hydrogen or Ci_4alkyl; or

two R5a substituents attached to the same carbon atom are taken together to form

C2_5alkanediyl or -(CH2)p-0-(CH2)p-; R5a' represents hydrogen or Ci_4alkyl;

each R5b independently represents hydrogen; Ci_4alkyl; Ci_4alkyl substituted with NR5biR5b2; C1-4alkyloxyC1-4alkyl; hydroxyCi_4alkyl; hydroxyl; C3_6cycloalkyl; or phenyl optionally substituted with Ci_4alkyl, halo, hydroxyl or Ci_4alkyloxy; or

two Rsb substituents attached to the same carbon atom are taken together to form

C2_5alkanediyl or -(CH2)p-0-(CH2)p-;

R5bi and R5b2 independently represent hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl optionally substituted with Ci_4alkyloxy, -(C=0)-Ci_4alkyl, or -S02-NR5b3R5b4;

R5b3 and R5b4 independently represent hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl or -(C=0)-Ci_4alkyl; or R5b3 and Rsb4 are taken together with the nitrogen to which they are attached to form a 4 to 7 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclic ring which optionally contains 1 or 2 further heteroatoms selected from N, O or S02, said heterocyclic ring being optionally substituted with 1 to 4 substituents each independently selected from Ci_4alkyl, halo, hydroxyl, or haloCi_4alkyl;

each R<5 independently represents hydrogen, halo, hydroxyl, carboxyl, cyano, Ci_4alkyl, Ci_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl, hydroxyCi_4alkyl, haloCi_4alkyl, C2_4alkenyl, C2_4alkynyl, -NR6aR6b, or -C(=0)NR6aR6b;

each R6a and R6b independently represent hydrogen or Ci_4alkyl;

each R7 and Rg independently represent hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl, haloCi_4alkyl, or

C3_6cycloalkyl; or

R7 and Rg are taken together with the nitrogen to which they are attached to form a 4 to 7 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclic ring which optionally contains 1 further heteroatom selected from N, O or S02, said heterocyclic ring being optionally substituted with 1 to 4 substituents each independently selected from Ci_4alkyl, halo, hydroxyl, or haloCi_4alkyl;

Rg represents Ci_4alkyl, haloCi_4alkyl, or C3_6cycloalkyl;

each Rio independently represents a 4 to 7 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclic ring containing up to 2 heteroatoms selected from N, O or S02, said heterocyclic ring being optionally substituted with 1 to 4 substituents each independently selected from Ci_4alkyl, halo, hydroxyl or haloCi_4alkyl;

each Rii independently represents C3_6cycloalkyl, phenyl, or a 4 to 7 membered monocyclic heterocyclic ring containing up to 3 heteroatoms selected from N, O or S02, said heterocyclic ring being optionally substituted with 1 to 4 substituents each independently selected from Ci_4alkyl, halo, hydroxyl, or haloCi_4alkyl; each Ri2 independently represents hydrogen or Ci_4alkyl;

Q represents a 4 to 7 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclic ring containing up to 3 heteroatoms selected from N, O or S02, said heterocyclic ring being optionally substituted with 1 to 4 substituents each independently selected from Ci_4alkyl, halo, hydroxyl or haloCi_4alkyl;

n represents an integer of value 1 or 2;

m represents an integer of value 1 or 2 ;

p represents an integer of value 1 or 2;

pi represents an integer of value 1 or 2;

each p2 independently represents an integer of value 0, 1 or 2;

r represents an integer of value 0, 1 or 2;

each p3 independently represents an integer of value 0 or 1 ;

each s independently represents an integer of value 0, 1 or 2;

and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof.

The present invention also concerns methods for the preparation of compounds of the present invention and pharmaceutical compositions comprising them.

The compounds of the present invention were found to have EF2K inhibitory activity and optionally also have Vps34 inhibitory activity. Therefore the compounds of the present invention may be useful in the treatment or prevention, in particular in the treatment, of diseases such as cancer, depression, neuroplasticity (synaptic plasticity and non-synaptic plasticity), and memory and learning disorders; in particular diseases such as cancer, depression, and memory and learning disorders. In particular, the compounds according to the present invention and the pharmaceutical compositions thereof may be useful in the treatment of a haematological malignancy or solid tumour. In a specific embodiment said solid tumour is selected from the group consisting of glioblastoma, medulloblastoma, prostate cancer, breast cancer, ovarian cancer and colorectal cancer, and the like.

In view of the aforementioned pharmacology of the compounds of Formula (I) and pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and solvates thereof, it follows that they may be suitable for use as a medicament.

In particular the compounds of Formula (I) and pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and solvates thereof, may be suitable in the treatment or prevention, in particular in the treatment, of cancer.

The present invention also concerns the use of compounds of Formula (I) and

pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and solvates thereof, for the manufacture of a medicament for the treatment or prevention, in particular treatment, of diseases such as cancer, depression, neuroplasticity (synaptic plasticity and non-synaptic plasticity), and memory and learning disorders; in particular diseases such as cancer, depression, and memory and learning disorders.

The present invention will now be further described. In the following passages, different aspects of the invention are defined in more detail. Each aspect so defined may be combined with any other aspect or aspects unless clearly indicated to the contrary. In particular, any feature indicated as being preferred or advantageous may be combined with any other feature or features indicated as being preferred or advantageous.

Detailed description

When describing the compounds of the invention, the terms used are to be construed in accordance with the following definitions, unless a context dictates otherwise.

Combinations of substituents and/or variables are permissible only if such combinations result in chemically stable compounds. "Stable compound" is meant to indicate a compound that is sufficiently robust to survive isolation to a useful degree of purity from a reaction mixture, and formulation into a therapeutic agent.

When any variable occurs more than one time in any constituent or in any Formula (e.g. Formula (I)), its definition in each occurence is independent of its definition at every other occurrence.

Whenever a radical or group is defined as "optionally substituted" in the present invention, it is meant that said radical or group is unsubstituted or is substituted.

Lines drawn from substituents into ring systems indicate that the bond may be attached to any of the suitable ring atoms.

Whenever the term "substituted with 1 to 4 substituents" is used in the present invention, it is meant, to indicate that from 1 to 4 hydrogens, in particular from 1 to 3 hydrogens, preferably 1 or 2 hydrogens, more preferably 1 hydrogen, on the atom or radical indicated in the expression using "substituted" are replaced with a selection from the indicated group, provided that the normal valency is not exceeded, and that the substitution results in a chemically stable compound, i.e. a compound that is sufficiently robust to survive isolation to a useful degree of purity from a reaction mixture, and formulation into a therapeutic agent.

Whenever the term "substituted with" without an indication of the number of substituents is used in the present invention, it is meant, unless otherwise is indicated or is clear from the context, to indicate that one 1 hydrogen, on the atom or radical indicated in the expression using "substituted" is replaced with a substituent from the indicated group, provided that the substitution results in a chemically stable compound, i.e. a compound that is sufficiently robust to survive isolation to a useful degree of purity from a reaction mixture, and formulation into a therapeutic agent. For example "Ci_4alkyl substituted with cyano" means a Ci_4alkyl group substituted with one cyano. "Ci_4alkyl optionally substituted with cyano" means unsubstituted Ci_4alkyl or Ci_4alkyl substituted with one cyano.

The prefix "Cx_y" (where x and y are integers) as used herein refers to the number of carbon atoms in a given group. Thus, a Ci_4alkyl group contains from 1 to 4 carbon atoms, a C3_6cycloalkyl group contains from 3 to 6 carbon atoms, a Ci_4alkyloxy group contains from 1 to 4 carbon atoms, and so on.

The term "halo" as a group or part of a group is generic for fluoro, chloro, bromo, iodo unless otherwise is indicated or is clear from the context.

The term "Ci_4alkyl" as a group or part of a group refers to a hydrocarbyl radical of Formula CnH2n+i wherein n is a number ranging from 1 to 4. Ci_4alkyl groups comprise from 1 to 4 carbon atoms, preferably from 1 to 3 carbon atoms, more preferably 1 to 2 carbon atoms. Ci_4alkyl groups may be linear or branched and may be substituted as indicated herein. When a subscript is used herein following a carbon atom, the subscript refers to the number of carbon atoms that the named group may contain.

Ci_4alkyl includes all linear, or branched alkyl groups with between 1 and 4 carbon atoms, and thus includes methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, /-propyl, 2-methyl-ethyl, butyl and its isomers (e.g. n-butyl, /sobutyl and tert-butyl), and the like.

The term "Ci_4alkyloxy" as a group or part of a group refers to a radical having the Formula -ORc wherein Rc is Ci_4alkyl. Non-limiting examples of suitable Ci_4alkyloxy include methyloxy (also methoxy), ethyloxy (also ethoxy), propyloxy, isopropyloxy, butyloxy, isobutyloxy, sec-butyloxy and /er/-butyloxy.

The term "C3_6cycloalkyl" alone or in combination, refers to a cyclic saturated hydrocarbon radical having from 3 to 6 carbon atoms. Non- limiting examples of suitable C3_6cycloalkyl include cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl and cyclohexyl.

The term 'hydroxyCi_4alkyl' as used herein as a group or part of a group refers to a Ci_4alkyl group as defined herein wherein one or more than one hydrogen atom is replaced with a hydroxyl group. The term 'hydroxyCi_4alkyl' therefore includes monohydroxyCi_4alkyl and also polyhydroxyCi_4alkyl. There may be one, two, three or more hydrogen atoms replaced with a hydroxyl group, so the hydroxyCi_4alkyl may have one, two, three or more hydroxyl groups. Examples of such groups include hydroxymethyl, hydroxyethyl, hydroxypropyl and the like.

In a particular embodiment 'hydroxyCi_4alkyl' is limited to monohydroxyCi_4alkyl.

The term 'hydroxyCi_4alkyloxy' as used herein as a group or part of a group refers to a hydroxyCi_4alkyl-0- group wherein "hydroxyCi_4alkyl" is as defined before.

The term 'hydroxyCi_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl' as used herein as a group or part of a group refers to a hydroxyCi_4alkyl-0-Ci_4alkyl- group wherein "hydroxyCi_4alkyl" and

"Ci_4alkyl" are as defined before.

The term 'Ci_4alkyloxyhydroxyCi_4alkyl' as used herein as a group or part of a group refers to a Ci_4alkyl-0-hydroxyCi_4alkyl- group wherein "hydroxyCi_4alkyl" and

"Ci_4alkyl" are as defined before.

The term 'hydroxyCi_4alkyloxyhydroxyCi_4alkyl' as used herein as a group or part of a group refers to a hydroxyCi_4alkyl-0-hydroxyCi_4alkyl- group wherein

"hydroxyCi_4alkyl" is as defined before.

The term 'haloCi_4alkyl' as used herein as a group or part of a group refers to a

Ci_4alkyl group as defined herein wherein one or more than one hydrogen atom is replaced with a halogen. The term 'haloCi_4alkyl' therefore includes monohaloCi_4alkyl and also polyhaloCi_4alkyl. There may be one, two, three or more hydrogen atoms replaced with a halogen, so the haloCi_4alkyl may have one, two, three or more halogens. Examples of such groups include fluoroethyl, fluoromethyl, trifluoromethyl or trifluoroethyl and the like.

The term "cyanoCi_4alkyl" as used herein refers to a Ci_4alkyl group as defined herein which is substituted with one cyano group.

The term 'Ci_4alkoxyCi_4alkyl' as used herein as a group or part of a group refers to a Ci_4alkyl-0-Ci_4alkyl group wherein Ci_4alkyl is as defined herein. Examples of such groups include methoxyethyl, ethoxyethyl, propoxymethyl, butoxypropyl, and the like.

The term 'haloCi_4alkyloxy' as used herein as a group or part of a group refers to a -0-Ci_4alkyl group as defined herein wherein one or more than one hydrogen atom is replaced with a halogen. The term 'haloCi_4alkyloxy' therefore include

monohaloCi_4alkyloxy and also polyhaloCi_4alkyloxy. There may be one, two, three or more hydrogen atoms replaced with a halogen, so the haloCi_4alkyloxy may have one, two, three or more halogens. Examples of such groups include l-fluoroethyloxy, 2-fluoroethyloxy, difluoromethoxy or trifluoromethoxy and the like.

The term 'haloCi_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl' as used herein as a group or part of a group means Ci_4alkyl substituted with one haloCi_4alkyloxy. The term 'haloCi_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl' therefore refers to a haloCi_4alkyloxy-Ci_4alkyl- group wherein haloCi_4alkyloxy and Ci_4alkyl are as defined above. Examples of such groups include 1-fluoroethyloxymethyl, 2-fluoroethyloxymethyl, 2-(2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy)-ethyl and the like.

The term "C2_4alkenyl" as used herein as a group or part of a group refers to a linear or branched hydrocarbon group containing from 2 to 4 carbon atoms and containing a carbon carbon double bond such as, but not limited to, ethenyl, propenyl, butenyl, and the like.

The term "C2-4alkynyl" as used herein as a group or part of a group refers to a linear or branched hydrocarbon group having from 2 to 4 carbon atoms and containing a carbon carbon triple bond.

Examples of 4 to 7 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclic rings containing up to 2 heteroatoms selected from N, O or S02 (e.g. in the definition of Rio), include, but are not limited to, morpholinyl, piperidinyl, tetrahydropyranyl, tetrahydrofuranyl, and the like. 4 to 7 membered monocyclic heterocyclic rings containing up to 3 heteroatoms selected from N, O or S02 (e.g. in the definition of Rn), include both aromatic and non-aromatic ring systems. This includes unsaturated, partially saturated and saturated heterocyclic ring systems. Examples include, but are not limited to, pyridinyl, pyrimidinyl, morpholinyl, piperidinyl, tetrahydropyranyl, tetrahydrofuranyl, and the like.

The term "Ci_4alkanediyl" as a group or part of a group defines bivalent straight or branched chained saturated hydrocarbon radicals having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms such as, for example, methylene or methanediyl, ethan-l,2-diyl, ethan-l,l-diyl or ethylidene, propan-l,3-diyl, propan-l,2-diyl, butan-l,4-diyl, and the like.

The term "C2-5alkanediyl" as a group or part of a group defines bivalent straight or branched chained saturated hydrocarbon radicals having from 2 to 5 carbon atoms such as, for example, ethan-l,2-diyl, ethan-l,l-diyl or ethylidene, propan-l,3-diyl, propan-1,2- diyl, butan-l,4-diyl, pentan-l,5-diyl, pentan-l,l-diyl, 2-methylbutan-l,4-diyl, and the like.

The term "C2-4alkenediyl" as a group or part of a group defines straight or branched chain bivalent hydrocarbon radicals having from 2 to 4 carbon atoms and having a double bond such as 1 ,2-ethenedi l, 1,3- ro enedi l, 1 ,4-buten the like.

is an alternative representation for The bonds via which e.g. ring b is attached to the remainder of the molecule are indicated

Whenever ring b is substituted with one or two R3 substituents, those R3 substituents may replace any hydrogen atom bound to a carbon or nitrogen atom in ring b, including atoms of the bridge, including NH and CH groups in the definition of Xd2, and including CH groups in the definition of Xdi. When two R3 substituents are present, these may be present on the same or different atoms. For instance when Xd2 represents NH, then the R3 substituent may be present on said nitrogen atom whenever possible. In said case, Xd2 represents NR3. Or for instance, when Xdi or Xd2 represent a carbon atom, then the R3 substituent may be present on said carbon atom. In said case, Xdi may represent CR3 and Xd2 may represent CHR3 or C(R3)2. Or for instance, when p2 is other than 0, the R3 substituent may be present on any of the carbon atom represented by (CH2)p2.

Unless otherwise is indicated or is clear from the context, ring b can be attached to variable 'a' via replacement of a hydrogen atom on any carbon or nitrogen atom in ring b, including carbon and nitrogen atoms in the definition of Xd2.

In a particular embodiment, in the 'b substituent', the linker with the 'a substituent' is present on Xd2 or is present on a carbon atom in the alpha position of Xd2.

In a particular embodiment, in the 'b substituent', the linker with the 'a substituent' is present on Xd2.

In the present invention, the b ring is linked to the remainder of the molecule as follows:

In the present invention, the a linker (-a-) is linked to the remainder of the molecule as depicted below:

-Xi-NR4-C(=0)-[C(R5b)2]r-b-; -Xi-NR4-C(R5b)2-C(=0)-b-; -Xi-C(=0)- NR4-C(R5b)2-b-. In the present invention, Xi being -(CHRi2)s-NRi-Xe-Ci_4alkanediyl-(S02)p3- or

-(CH2)s-0-Xe-Ci_4alkanediyl-(S02)p3- is attached to the remainder of the molecule as follows:

α β

-(CHR12)s-NR1-Xe-C1.4alkanediyl-(S02)p3- (X/)

, o

α β

-(CH2)s-0-Xe-C1.4alkanediyl-(S02)p3- (χ ) is attached with the carbon atom, the nitrogen atom (when s is 0 in Formula (Xi')) or the oxygen atom (when s is 0 in Formula (Xi")) in position a to the ring containing Xa, Xb and Xc, and is attached with the group in position β ((S02)P3 or Ci_4alkanediyl (when p3 is 0)) to variable a. In both Xi Formulas Ci_4alkanediyl is optionally substituted according to the scope.

For example when -Xi- represents-(CHRi2)s-NRi-Xe-Ci_4alkanediyl-(S02)p3-, a compound of Formula (Γ) is formed:

The term "subject" as used herein, refers to an animal, preferably a mammal (e.g. cat, dog, primate or human), more preferably a human, who is or has been the object of treatment, observation or experiment.

The term "therapeutically effective amount" as used herein, means that amount of active compound or pharmaceutical agent that elicits the biological or medicinal response in a tissue system, animal or human that is being sought by a researcher, veterinarian, medicinal doctor or other clinician, which includes alleviation or reversal of the symptoms of the disease or disorder being treated. The term "composition" is intended to encompass a product comprising the specified ingredients in the specified amounts, as well as any product which results, directly or indirectly, from combinations of the specified ingredients in the specified amounts.

The term "treatment", as used herein, is intended to refer to all processes wherein there may be a slowing, interrupting, arresting or stopping of the progression of a disease, but does not necessarily indicate a total elimination of all symptoms.

The term "compounds of the invention" as used herein, is meant to include the compounds of Formula (I) and pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and solvates thereof.

As used herein, any chemical Formula with bonds shown only as solid lines and not as solid wedged or hashed wedged bonds, or otherwise indicated as having a particular configuration (e.g. R, S) around one or more atoms, contemplates each possible stereoisomer, or mixture of two or more stereoisomers.

Whenever one of the ring systems, is substituted with one or more substituents, those substituents may replace any hydrogen atom bound to a carbon or nitrogen atom of the ring system.

Hereinbefore and hereinafter, the term "compound of Formula (I)" is meant to include the stereoisomers thereof and the tautomeric forms thereof.

The terms "stereoisomers", "stereoisomeric forms" or "stereochemically isomeric forms" hereinbefore or hereinafter are used interchangeably.

The invention includes all stereoisomers of the compounds of the invention either as a pure stereoisomer or as a mixture of two or more stereoisomers.

Enantiomers are stereoisomers that are non-superimposable mirror images of each other. A 1 :1 mixture of a pair of enantiomers is a racemate or racemic mixture.

Atropisomers (or atropoisomers) are stereoisomers which have a particular spatial configuration, resulting from a restricted rotation about a single bond, due to large steric hindrance. For the compounds of the present invention this may be caused by the linker (-Xi-a-b-c-) of the macrocycle. All atropisomeric forms of the compounds of Formula (I) are intended to be included within the scope of the present invention.

Diastereomers (or diastereoisomers) are stereoisomers that are not enantiomers, i.e. they are not related as mirror images. If a compound contains a double bond, the substituents may be in the E or the Z configuration. Substituents on bivalent cyclic (partially) saturated radicals may have either the cis- or trans-configuration; for example if a compound contains a disubstituted cycloalkyl group, the substituents may be in the cis or trans configuration. Therefore, the invention includes enantiomers, atropisomers, diastereomers, racemates, E isomers, Z isomers, cis isomers, trans isomers and mixtures thereof, whenever chemically possible.

The meaning of all those terms, i.e. enantiomers, atropisomers, diastereomers, racemates, E isomers, Z isomers, cis isomers, trans isomers and mixtures thereof are known to the skilled person.

The absolute configuration is specified according to the Cahn-Ingold-Prelog system. The configuration at an asymmetric atom is specified by either R or S. Resolved

stereoisomers whose absolute configuration is not known can be designated by (+) or (-) depending on the direction in which they rotate plane polarized light. For instance, resolved enantiomers whose absolute configuration is not known can be designated by (+) or (-) depending on the direction in which they rotate plane polarized light.

When a specific stereoisomer is identified, this means that said stereoisomer is substantially free, i.e. associated with less than 50%, preferably less than 20%, more preferably less than 10%, even more preferably less than 5%, in particular less than 2% and most preferably less than 1%, of the other stereoisomers. Thus, when a compound of Formula (I) is for instance specified as (R), this means that the compound is substantially free of the (S) isomer; when a compound of Formula (I) is for instance specified as E, this means that the compound is substantially free of the Z isomer; when a compound of Formula (I) is for instance specified as cis, this means that the compound is substantially free of the trans isomer.

Some of the compounds of Formula (I) may also exist in their tautomeric form. Such forms in so far as they may exist, are intended to be included within the scope of the present invention.

It follows that a single compound may exist in both stereoisomeric and tautomeric form.

For therapeutic use, salts of the compounds of Formula (I) and solvates thereof, are those wherein the counterion is pharmaceutically acceptable. However, salts of acids and bases which are non-pharmaceutically acceptable may also find use, for example, in the preparation or purification of a pharmaceutically acceptable compound. All salts, whether pharmaceutically acceptable or not are included within the ambit of the present invention.

The pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts as mentioned hereinabove or hereinafter are meant to comprise the therapeutically active non-toxic acid and base addition salt forms which the compounds of Formula (I) and solvates thereof, are able to form. The pharmaceutically acceptable acid addition salts can conveniently be obtained by treating the base form with such appropriate acid. Appropriate acids comprise, for example, inorganic acids such as hydrohalic acids, e.g. hydrochloric or hydrobromic acid, sulfuric, nitric, phosphoric and the like acids; or organic acids such as, for example, acetic, propanoic, hydroxyacetic, lactic, pyruvic, oxalic (i.e. ethanedioic), malonic, succinic (i.e. butanedioic acid), maleic, fumaric, malic, tartaric, citric, methanesulfonic, ethanesulfonic, benzenesulfonic, p-toluenesulfonic, cyclamic, salicylic, p-aminosalicylic, pamoic and the like acids. Conversely said salt forms can be converted by treatment with an appropriate base into the free base form.

The compounds of Formula (I) and solvates thereof containing an acidic proton may also be converted into their non-toxic metal or amine addition salt forms by treatment with appropriate organic and inorganic bases. Appropriate base salt forms comprise, for example, the ammonium salts, the alkali and earth alkaline metal salts, e.g. the lithium, sodium, potassium, magnesium, calcium salts and the like, salts with organic bases, e.g. primary, secondary and tertiary aliphatic and aromatic amines such as methylamine, ethylamine, propylamine, isopropylamine, the four butylamine isomers, dimethylamine, diethylamine, diethanolamine, dipropylamine, diisopropylamine,

di-n-butylamine, pyrrolidine, piperidine, morpholine, trimethylamine, triethylamine, tripropylamine, quinuclidine, pyridine, quinoline and isoquinoline; the benzathine, N-methyl-D-glucamine, hydrabamine salts, and salts with amino acids such as, for example, arginine, lysine and the like. Conversely the salt form can be converted by treatment with acid into the free acid form.

The term solvate comprises the hydrates and solvent addition forms which the

compounds of Formula (I) are able to form, as well as pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts thereof. Examples of such forms are e.g. hydrates, alcoholates and the like. The compounds of the invention as prepared in the processes described below may be synthesized in the form of mixtures of enantiomers, in particular racemic mixtures of enantiomers, that can be separated from one another following art-known resolution procedures. A manner of separating the enantiomeric forms of the compounds of Formula (I) and pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and solvates thereof, involves liquid chromatography using a chiral stationary phase. Said pure stereochemically isomeric forms may also be derived from the corresponding pure stereochemically isomeric forms of the appropriate starting materials, provided that the reaction occurs stereospecifically. Preferably if a specific stereoisomer is desired, said compound would be synthesized by stereospecific methods of preparation. These methods will advantageously employ enantiomerically pure starting materials. In the framework of this application, an element, in particular when mentioned in relation to a compound of Formula (I), comprises all isotopes and isotopic mixtures of this element, either naturally occurring or synthetically produced, either with natural abundance or in an isotopically enriched form. Radiolabelled compounds of Formula (I)

2 3 11 18 122 123 may comprise a radioactive isotope selected from the group of H, H, C, F, I, I,

125 131 75 76 77 82

I, I, Br, Br, Br and Br. Preferably, the radioactive isotope is selected from the

2 3 11 18 2

group of H, H, C and F. More preferably, the radioactive isotope is H.

In particular, deuterated compounds are intended to be included within the scope of the present invention

As used in the specification and the appended claims, the singular forms "a", "an" and "the" also include plural referents unless the context clearly dictates otherwise. For example, "a compound" means 1 compound or more than 1 compound.

In an embodiment, the present invention concerns novel compounds of Formula (I), tautomers and stereoisomeric forms thereof, wherein

Xa, Xb and Xc each independently represent CH or N;

-Xi- represents -(CHRi2)s-NRi-Xe-Ci_4alkanediyl-(S02)P3-;

-Xe- represents -C(R2)2-;

a represents -NR4-C(=0)-[C(R5b)2]r- or -NR4-C(R5b)2-C(=0)-;

b represents

, wherein said b ring may contain extra bonds to form a bridged ring system selected from 2,5-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octanyl, 3,8-diazabicyclo[3.2.1]octanyl, 3 ,6-diazabicyclo[3.1.1 ]heptanyl, 3 ,9-diazabicyclo[3.3.1 ]nonyl;

Xdi represents CH or N;

Xd2 represents NH;

provided that at least one of Xdi and Xd2 represents nitrogen;

c represents a bond, -[C(R5a)2]m-, -0-, -NR5a'-; represents phenyl or pyridyl;

Ri represents hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl, C2-4alkenyl, C2-4alkynyl, cyanoCi_4alkyl,

-C(=0)-Ci_4alkyl, -C(=0)-haloCi_4alkyl, hydro xyCi_4alkyl, haloCi_4alkyl,

Ci_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl, haloCi_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl, -C(=0)NR7R8, -S02-NR7R8, -S02-R9, Rii, Ci_4alkyl substituted with Rn, -C(=0)-Rn, or -C(=0)-Ci_4alkyl-Rn; in particular Ri represents hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl, C2_4alkenyl, C2-4alkynyl, cyanoCi_4alkyl,

-C(=0)-Ci_4alkyl, -C(=0)-haloCi_4alkyl, haloCi_4alkyl, -C(=0)NR7R8, -S02-NR7R8, -SO2-R9, R11, Ci_4alkyl substituted with Rn, -C(=0)-Rn, or -C(=0)-Ci_4alkyl-Rn;

each R2 independently represents hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl, Ci_4alkyl substituted with

C3_6cycloalkyl, hydroxyCi_4alkyl, Ci_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl, carboxyl, -C(=0)-0-Ci_4alkyl wherein Ci_4alkyl is optionally substituted with Ci_4alkyloxy, -C(=0)-NH2, -C(=0)- NH(Ci_4alkyl) wherein Ci_4alkyl is optionally substituted with Ci_4alkyloxy, or -C(=0)- N(Ci_4alkyl)2 wherein each Ci_4alkyl is optionally substituted with Ci_4alkyloxy;

or Ri and one R2 are taken together to form Ci_4alkanediyl or C2_4alkenediyl, each of said Ci_4alkanediyl and C2-4alkenediyl optionally being substituted with 1 to 4 substituents each independently selected from hydroxyl, oxo, halo, cyano, N3, hydroxyCi_4alkyl, -NR7R8, -S02-NR7R8, -NH-S02-NR7R8, -C(=0)-NR7R8, or -NH-C(=0)-NR7R8;

or Ri and R12 are taken together to form Ci_4alkanediyl or C2_4alkenediyl, each of said Ci_4alkanediyl and C2-4alkenediyl optionally being substituted with 1 to 4 substituents each independently selected from hydroxyl, oxo, halo, cyano, N3, hydroxyCi_4alkyl, - NR7R8, -S02-NR7R8, -NH-S02-NR7R8, -C(=0)-NR7R8, or -NH-C(=0)-NR7R8;

each R3 independently represents hydrogen; oxo; hydroxyl; carboxyl; -NR3aR3t,; -C(=0)- NR3aR3b; hydroxyCi_4alkyl; haloCi_4alkyl; -(C=0)-Ci_4alkyl; -C(=0)-0-Ci_4alkyl wherein said Ci_4alkyl may optionally be substituted with phenyl; Ci_4alkyl optionally substituted with cyano, carboxyl, Ci_4alkyloxy, -C(=0)-0-Ci_4alkyl, -0-C(=0)-Ci_4alkyl, -NR3eR3f, - C(=0)-NR3eR3f, -S02-NR3eR3f, Q, -C(=0)-Q, or -S02-Q; hydroxyCi_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl; Ci_4alkyloxyhydroxyCi_4alkyl; hydroxyCi_4alkyloxyhydroxyCi_4alkyl; or Ci_4alkyloxyCi_ 4alkyl optionally substituted with cyano, carboxyl, Ci_4alkyloxy, -C(=0)-0-Ci_4alkyl, -O- C(=0)-C1_4alkyl, -NR3eR3f, -C(=0)-NR3eR3f, -S02-NR3eR3f, Rio, -C(=O)-R10, or -S02- Rio; or

two R3 substituents attached to the same carbon atom are taken together to form C2_ 5alkanediyl or -(CH2)p-0-(CH2)p-; each R3a and R3b independently represent hydrogen; -(C=0)-Ci_4alkyl; -S02-NR3cR3d; or Ci_4alkyl optionally substituted with Ci_4alkyloxy; or

R3a and R3b are taken together with the nitrogen to which they are attached to form a 4 to 7 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclic ring which optionally contains 1 or 2 further heteroatoms selected from N, O or S02, said heterocyclic ring being optionally substituted with 1 to 4 substituents each independently selected from Ci_4alkyl, halo, hydroxyl, or haloCi_4alkyl;

each R c and R3d independently represent hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl or -(C=0)-Ci_4alkyl; or R3c and R3d are taken together with the nitrogen to which they are attached to form a 4 to 7 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclic ring which optionally contains 1 or 2 further heteroatoms selected from N, O or S02, said heterocyclic ring being optionally substituted with 1 to 4 substituents each independently selected from Ci_4alkyl, halo, hydroxyl, or haloCi_4alkyl;

each R e and R3f independently represent hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl optionally substituted with Ci_4alkyloxy, -(C=0)-Ci_4alkyl, or -S02-NR3cR3d;

R4 represents hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl or Ci_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl;

each R5a independently represents hydrogen or Ci_4alkyl; or

two R5a substituents attached to the same carbon atom are taken together to form

C2_5alkanediyl or -(CH2)p-0-(CH2)p-;

R5a' represents hydrogen or Ci_4alkyl;

each R5b independently represents hydrogen; Ci_4alkyl; Ci_4alkyl substituted with NR5biR5b2; Ci_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl; hydroxyCi_4alkyl; hydroxyl; C3_6cycloalkyl; or phenyl optionally substituted with Ci_4alkyl, halo, hydroxyl or Ci_4alkyloxy; or

two Rsb substituents attached to the same carbon atom are taken together to form C2_5alkanediyl or -(CH2)p-0-(CH2)p-;

R5bi and R5b2 independently represent hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl optionally substituted with Ci_4alkyloxy, -(C=0)-Ci_4alkyl, or -S02-NR5b R5b4;

R5b3 and R5b4 independently represent hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl or -(C=0)-Ci_4alkyl; or R5b3 and Rsb4 are taken together with the nitrogen to which they are attached to form a 4 to 7 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclic ring which optionally contains 1 or 2 further heteroatoms selected from N, O or S02, said heterocyclic ring being optionally substituted with 1 to 4 substituents each independently selected from Ci_4alkyl, halo, hydroxyl, or haloCi_4alkyl; each Re independently represents hydrogen, halo, hydroxyl, carboxyl, cyano, Ci_4alkyl, Ci_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl, hydroxyCi_4alkyl, haloCi_4alkyl, C2-4alkenyl, C2-4alkynyl, - NRea sb, or

each R6a and R6b independently represent hydrogen or Ci_4alkyl;

each R7 and Rg independently represent hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl, haloCi_4alkyl, or

C3_6cycloalkyl; or

R7 and Rg are taken together with the nitrogen to which they are attached to form a 4 to 7 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclic ring which optionally contains 1 further heteroatom selected from N, O or S02, said heterocyclic ring being optionally substituted with 1 to 4 substituents each independently selected from Ci_4alkyl, halo, hydroxyl, or haloCi_4alkyl;

Rg represents Ci_4alkyl, haloCi_4alkyl, or C3_6cycloalkyl;

each Rio independently represents a 4 to 7 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclic ring containing up to 2 heteroatoms selected from N, O or S02, said heterocyclic ring being optionally substituted with 1 to 4 substituents each independently selected from Ci_4alkyl, halo, hydroxyl or haloCi_4alkyl;

each Rii independently represents C3_6cycloalkyl, phenyl, or a 4 to 7 membered monocyclic heterocyclic ring containing up to 3 heteroatoms selected from N, O or S02, said heterocyclic ring being optionally substituted with 1 to 4 substituents each independently selected from Ci_4alkyl, halo, hydroxyl, or haloCi_4alkyl;

each Ri2 independently represents hydrogen or Ci_4alkyl;

Q represents a 4 to 7 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclic ring containing up to 3 heteroatoms selected from N, O or S02, said heterocyclic ring being optionally substituted with 1 to 4 substituents each independently selected from Ci_4alkyl, halo, hydroxyl or haloCi_4alkyl;

n represents an integer of value 1 or 2;

m represents an integer of value 1 or 2 ;

p represents an integer of value 1 or 2;

pi represents an integer of value 1 or 2;

each p2 independently represents an integer of value 0, 1 or 2;

r represents an integer of value 0, 1 or 2;

each p3 independently represents an integer of value 0 or 1 ;

each s independently represents an integer of value 0, 1 or 2;

and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof. In an embodiment, the present invention concerns novel compounds of Formula (I), tautomers and stereoisomeric forms thereof, wherein

Xa, Xb and Xc each independently represent CH or N;

-Xi- represents -(CHRi2)s-NRi-Xe-Ci_4alkanediyl-(S02)P3-;

-Xe- represents -C(R2)2-;

a represents -NR4-C(=0)-[C(R5b)2]r- or -NR4-C(R5b)2-C(=0)-;

b represents

, wherein said b ring may contain extra bonds to form a bridj ring system selected from 2,5-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octanyl, 3,8-diazabicyclo[3.2.1]octanyl, 3 ,6-diazabicyclo[3.1.1 ]heptanyl, 3 ,9-diazabicyclo[3.3.1 ]nonyl;

Xdi represents CH or N;

Xd2 represents NH;

provided that at least one of Xdi and Xd2 represents nitrogen;

;

Ri represents hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl, C2-4alkenyl, C2-4alkynyl, cyanoCi_4alkyl, -C(=0)-C1- 4alkyl, -C(=0)-haloCi_4alkyl, haloCi_4alkyl, -C(=0)NR7R8, -S02-NR7R8, -SO2-R9, Rii, Ci_4alkyl substituted with Rn, -C(=0)-Rn, or -C(=0)-Ci_4alkyl-Rn;

each R2 independently represents hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl, Ci_4alkyl substituted with C3- 6cycloalkyl, hydroxyCi_4alkyl, Ci_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl, carboxyl, -C(=0)-0-Ci_4alkyl wherein Ci_4alkyl is optionally substituted with Ci_4alkyloxy, -C(=0)-NH2, -C(=0)- NH(Ci_4alkyl) wherein Ci_4alkyl is optionally substituted with Ci_4alkyloxy, or -C(=0)- N(Ci_4alkyl)2 wherein each Ci_4alkyl is optionally substituted with Ci_4alkyloxy;

or Ri and one R2 are taken together to form C3_4alkanediyl or C3_4alkenediyl, each of said C3_4alkanediyl and C3_4alkenediyl optionally being substituted with 1 to 4 substituents each independently selected from hydroxyl, oxo, halo, cyano, N3, hydroxyCi_4alkyl, - NR7R8, -S02-NR7R8, -NH-S02-NR7R8, -C(=0)-NR7R8, or -NH-C(=0)-NR7R8;

each R3 independently represents hydrogen; oxo; hydroxyl; carboxyl; -NR3aR3b; -C(=0)- NR3aR3b; hydroxyCi_4alkyl; haloC1-4alkyl; -(C=0)-C1-4alkyl; -C(=0)-0-C1-4alkyl wherein said Ci_4alkyl may optionally be substituted with phenyl; Ci_4alkyl optionally substituted with cyano, carboxyl, Ci_4alkyloxy, -C(=0)-0-C1-4alkyl, -0-C(=0)-C1-4alkyl, -NR3eR3f, - C(=0)-NR3eR3f, -S02-NR3eR3f, Q, -C(=0)-Q, or -S02-Q; hydroxyCi_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl; Ci_4alkyloxyhydroxyCi_4alkyl; hydroxyCi_4alkyloxyhydroxyCi_4alkyl; or Ci_4alkyloxyCi_ 4alkyl optionally substituted with cyano, carboxyl, Ci_4alkyloxy, -C(=0)-0-Ci_4alkyl, -O- C(=0)-C1_4alkyl, -NR3eR3f, -C(=0)-NR3eR3f, -S02-NR3eR3f, Rio, -C(=O)-R10, or -S02- Rio; or

two R3 substituents attached to the same carbon atom are taken together to form

C2_5alkanediyl or -(CH2)p-0-(CH2)p-;

each R3a and R3b independently represent hydrogen; -(C=0)-Ci_4alkyl; -S02-NR3cR3d; or Ci_4alkyl optionally substituted with Ci_4alkyloxy; or

R3a and R3b are taken together with the nitrogen to which they are attached to form a 4 to 7 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclic ring which optionally contains 1 or 2 further heteroatoms selected from N, O or S02, said heterocyclic ring being optionally substituted with 1 to 4 substituents each independently selected from Ci_4alkyl, halo, hydroxyl, or haloCi_4alkyl;

each R3c and R3d independently represent hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl or -(C=0)-Ci_4alkyl; or R3c and R3d are taken together with the nitrogen to which they are attached to form a 4 to 7 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclic ring which optionally contains 1 or 2 further heteroatoms selected from N, O or S02, said heterocyclic ring being optionally substituted with 1 to 4 substituents each independently selected from Ci_4alkyl, halo, hydroxyl, or haloCi_4alkyl;

each R3e and R3f independently represent hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl optionally substituted with Ci_4alkyloxy, -(C=0)-Ci_4alkyl, or -S02-NR3cR3d;

R4 represents hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl or Ci_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl;

each R5a independently represents hydrogen or Ci_4alkyl; or

two R5a substituents attached to the same carbon atom are taken together to form

C2_5alkanediyl or -(CH2)p-0-(CH2)p-;

R5a' represents hydrogen or Ci_4alkyl; each R5b independently represents hydrogen; Ci_4alkyl; Ci_4alkyl substituted with NR5biR5b2; C1-4alkyloxyC1-4alkyl; hydroxyCi_4alkyl; hydroxyl; C3_6cycloalkyl; or phenyl optionally substituted with Ci_4alkyl, halo, hydroxyl or Ci_4alkyloxy; or

two Rsb substituents attached to the same carbon atom are taken together to form

C2_5alkanediyl or -(CH2)p-0-(CH2)p-;

R5bi and R5b2 independently represent hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl optionally substituted with Ci_4alkyloxy, -(C=0)-Ci_4alkyl, or -S02-NR5b3R5b4;

R5b3 and R5b4 independently represent hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl or -(C=0)-Ci_4alkyl; or R5b3 and Rsb4 are taken together with the nitrogen to which they are attached to form a 4 to 7 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclic ring which optionally contains 1 or 2 further heteroatoms selected from N, O or S02, said heterocyclic ring being optionally substituted with 1 to 4 substituents each independently selected from Ci_4alkyl, halo, hydroxyl, or haloCi_4alkyl;

each Re independently represents hydrogen, halo, hydroxyl, carboxyl, cyano, Ci_4alkyl, Ci_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl, hydroxyCi_4alkyl, haloCi_4alkyl, C2_4alkenyl, C2_4alkynyl, -

each R6a and R6b independently represent hydrogen or Ci_4alkyl;

each R7 and Rg independently represent hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl, haloCi_4alkyl, or

C3_6cycloalkyl; or

R7 and Rg are taken together with the nitrogen to which they are attached to form a 4 to 7 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclic ring which optionally contains 1 further heteroatom selected from N, O or S02, said heterocyclic ring being optionally substituted with 1 to 4 substituents each independently selected from Ci_4alkyl, halo, hydroxyl, or haloCi_4alkyl;

Rg represents Ci_4alkyl, haloCi_4alkyl, or C3_6cycloalkyl;

each Rio independently represents a 4 to 7 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclic ring containing up to 2 heteroatoms selected from N, O or S02, said heterocyclic ring being optionally substituted with 1 to 4 substituents each independently selected from Ci_4alkyl, halo, hydroxyl or haloCi_4alkyl;

each Rn independently represents C3_6cycloalkyl, phenyl, or a 4 to 7 membered monocyclic heterocyclic ring containing up to 3 heteroatoms selected from N, O or S02, said heterocyclic ring being optionally substituted with 1 to 4 substituents each independently selected from Ci_4alkyl, halo, hydroxyl, or haloCi_4alkyl;

each Ri2 independently represents hydrogen or Ci_4alkyl; Q represents a 4 to 7 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclic ring containing up to 3 heteroatoms selected from N, O or S02, said heterocyclic ring being optionally substituted with 1 to 4 substituents each independently selected from Ci_4alkyl, halo, hydroxyl or haloCi_4alkyl;

n represents an integer of value 1 or 2;

m represents an integer of value 1 or 2 ;

p represents an integer of value 1 or 2;

pi represents an integer of value 1 or 2;

each p2 independently represents an integer of value 0, 1 or 2;

r represents an integer of value 0, 1 or 2;

each p3 independently represents an integer of value 0 or 1 ;

each s independently represents an integer of value 0, 1 or 2;

and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof. In an embodiment, the present invention concerns novel compounds of Formula (I), tautomers and stereoisomeric forms thereof, wherein

Xa, Xb and Xc each independently represent CH or N;

-Xi- represents -(CHRi2)s-NRi-Xe-Ci_4alkanediyl-(S02)P3;

-Xe- represents -C(R2)2-;

a represents -NR4-C(=0)-[C(R5b)2]r- or -NR4-C(R5b)2-C(=0)-;

b represents

, wherein said b ring may contain extra bonds to form a bridged ring system selected from 2,5-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octanyl, 3,8-diazabicyclo[3.2.1]octanyl;

Xdi represents CH or N;

Xd2 represents NH;

c represents a bond, -[C(R5a)2]m-, -0-, -NR5a'-; ring represents phenyl or pyridyl;

Ri represents hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl, C2-4alkenyl, hydroxyCi_4alkyl, Ci_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl, Ci_4alkyl substituted with Rn, or -C(=0)-Rn; in particular Ri represents hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl, C2_4alkenyl, Ci_4alkyl substituted with Rn, or -C(=0)-Rn;

each R2 independently represents hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl, Ci_4alkyl substituted with

C3_6cycloalkyl, carboxyl, -C(=0)-0-Ci_4alkyl, -C(=0)-NH2, -C(=0)-NH(Ci_4alkyl); or Ri and one R2 are taken together to form Ci_4alkanediyl or C2_4alkenediyl, each of said Ci_4alkanediyl and C2_4alkenediyl optionally being substituted with 1 substituent selected from hydroxyl, oxo, halo, cyano, N3, -NR7R8, -NH-S02-NR7R8;

or Ri and Ri2 are taken together to form Ci_4alkanediyl;

each R3 independently represents hydrogen; hydroxyCi_4alkyl; Ci_4alkyl; or

Ci_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl optionally substituted with cyano or -NR3eR3f; or

two R3 substituents attached to the same carbon atom are taken together to form

C2_5alkanediyl;

each R3e and R3f independently represent hydrogen, or -(C=0)-Ci_4alkyl;

R4 represents hydrogen or Ci_4alkyl;

each R5a independently represents hydrogen or Ci_4alkyl; or

two R5a substituents attached to the same carbon atom are taken together to form

C2_5alkanediyl or -(CH2)p-0-(CH2)p-;

R5a' represents hydrogen or Ci_4alkyl;

each R5b independently represents hydrogen; Ci_4alkyl; Ci_4alkyl substituted with NR5biR5b2; Ci_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl; hydroxyCi_4alkyl; hydroxyl; C3_6cycloalkyl; or phenyl optionally substituted with Ci_4alkyl, halo, hydroxyl or Ci_4alkyloxy; or

two Rsb substituents attached to the same carbon atom are taken together to form

C2_5alkanediyl or -(CH2)p-0-(CH2)p-;

R5bi and R5b2 independently represent hydrogen, -(C=0)-Ci_4alkyl;

each Re independently represents hydrogen, halo, or -C(=0)NR6aR6b;

each R6a and R6b independently represent hydrogen or Ci_4alkyl;

each R7 and R8 independently represent hydrogen; each Rii independently represents C3_6cycloalkyl;

each Ri2 independently represents hydrogen or Ci_4alkyl;

n represents an integer of value 1 ;

m represents an integer of value 1 ;

p represents an integer of value 1 ;

pi represents an integer of value 1 or 2;

each p2 independently represents an integer of value 0, 1 or 2;

r represents an integer of value 1 ;

each p3 independently represents an integer of value 0 or 1 ;

each s independently represents an integer of value 0 or 1 ;

and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof.

In an embodiment, the present invention concerns novel compounds of Formula (I), tautomers and stereoisomeric forms thereof, wherein

Xa is N;

Xb and Xc represent CH;

a represents -NR4-C(=0)-[C(R5b)2]r-;

b represents (b-1), (b-2), (b-3) or (b-4):

(b-1) (b-2)

c represents -[C(R5a)2]m- when b represents (b-1), (b-2) or (b-3); or c represents -O- when b represents (b-4);

A ring represents phenyl;

R4 represents hydrogen;

each R5a independently represents hydrogen or Ci_4alkyl; in particular each R5a represents hydrogen;

each R5b independently represents hydrogen; or two R5b substituents attached to the same carbon atom are taken together to form C2_5alkanediyl or -(CH2)p-0-(CH2)p-;

each R(5 independently represents hydrogen, or halo;

n represents an integer of value 1 ;

m represents an integer of value 1 ;

p represents an integer of value 1 ;

r represents an integer of value 1 ;

and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof. It will be clear for the skilled person that that in the above embodiment wherein

-Xi- represents -(CH2)2- group is attached to 'variable a'.

Another embodiment of the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments wherein one or more of the following restrictions apply:

(i) Xa, Xb and Xc each independently represent CH or N;

(ii) -Xi- represents -(CHRi2)s-NRi-Xe-Ci_4alkanediyl-(S02)p3;

(iii) -Xe- represents -C(R2)2-;

(iv) a represents -NR4-C(=0)-[C(R5b)2]r- or -NR4-C(R5b)2-C(=0)-;

(v) b represents

, wherein said b ring may contain extra bonds to form a bridged ring system selected from 2,5-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octanyl, 3,8- diazabicyclo[3.2.1 Joctanyl;

(vi) Xdi represents CH or N;

(vii) Xd2 represents NH;

(viii) c represents a bond, -[C(R5a)2]m-, -0-, -NR5a-;

(ix) ring represents phenyl or pyridyl;

(x) Ri represents hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl, C2_4alkenyl, hydroxyCi_4alkyl,

Ci_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl, Ci_4alkyl substituted with Rn, or -C(=0)-Rn; in particular hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl, C2-4alkenyl, Ci_4alkyl substituted with Rn, or - C(=0)-Rn;

each R2 independently represents hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl, Ci_4alkyl substituted with C3_6cycloalkyl, carboxyl, -C(=0)-0-Ci_4alkyl, -C(=0)-NH2, -C(=0)- NH(Ci_4alkyl);

or Ri and one R2 are taken together to form Ci_4alkanediyl or C2_4alkenediyl, each of said Ci_4alkanediyl and C2_4alkenediyl optionally being substituted with 1 substituent selected from hydroxyl, oxo, halo, cyano, N3, -NR7R8, -NH- S02-NR7R8;

(xi) each R3 independently represents hydrogen; hydroxyCi_4alkyl; Ci_4alkyl; or Ci_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl optionally substituted with cyano or -NR3eR3f; or two R3 substituents attached to the same carbon atom are taken together to form C2_5alkanediyl;

(xii) each R3e and R3f independently represent hydrogen, or -(C=0)-Ci_4alkyl;

(xiii) R4 represents hydrogen or Ci.4alkyl;

(xiv) each R5a independently represents hydrogen or Ci_4alkyl; or

two R5a substituents attached to the same carbon atom are taken together to form C2_5alkanediyl or -(CH2)p-0-(CH2)p-;

(xv) R5a' represents hydrogen or Ci_4alkyl;

(xvi) each R5b independently represents hydrogen; Ci_4alkyl; Ci_4alkyl substituted with NR5biR5b2; Ci_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl; hydroxyCi_4alkyl; hydroxyl;

C3_6cycloalkyl; or phenyl optionally substituted with Ci_4alkyl, halo, hydroxyl or Ci_4alkyloxy; or

two Rsb substituents attached to the same carbon atom are taken together to form C2_5alkanediyl or -(CH2)p-0-(CH2)p-;

(xvii) R5bi and R5b2 independently represent hydrogen, -(C=0)-Ci_4alkyl;

(xviii) each R<5 independently represents hydrogen, halo, or -C(=0)NR6aR6b;

(xix) each R6a and Rr,i, independently represent hydrogen or Ci_4alkyl;

(xx) each R7 and R8 independently represent hydrogen;

(xxi) each Rn independently represents C3_6cycloalkyl;

(xxii) each Ri2 independently represents hydrogen or Ci_4alkyl; in particular

hydrogen; (xxiii) n represents an integer of value 1 ;

(xxiv) m represents an integer of value 1 ;

(xxv) p represents an integer of value 1 ;

(xxvi) pi represents an integer of value 1 or 2;

(xxvii) each p2 independently represents an integer of value 0, 1 or 2;

(xxviii) r represents an integer of value 1 ;

(xxix) each p3 independently represents an integer of value 0 or 1 ;

( x.x.x ) each s independently represents an integer of value 0 or 1.

Another embodiment of the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments wherein one or more of the following restrictions apply:

(i) Xa represents N; Xb and Xc represent CH;

(ii) -Xi- represents -(CHRi2)s-NRi-Xe-Ci_4alkanediyl-;

(iii) -Xe- represents -C(R2)2-;

(iv) a represents -NR4-C(=0)-[C(R5b)2]r- or -NR4-C(R5b)2-C(=0)-; in particular a represents -NR4-C(=0)-[C(R5b)2]r-;

(v) b represents

, provided that the linker with the 'a substituent' is present on Xd2 or is present on a carbon atom in the alpha position of Xd2;

(vi) c represents CH2;

(vii) r is 1.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein b represents in particular wherein b represents

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein b represents

' wherein said b ring may contain extra bonds to form a brid^

ring system; in particular wherein b represents wherein said b ring may contain extra bonds to form a bridged ring system.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein b represents

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein b represents wherein said b ring may contain extra bonds to form a bridged ring system.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein

r is 1;

-Xi- represents -(CHRi2)-NRi-Xe-Ci_4alkanediyl- wherein Ci_4alkanediyl is optionally substituted with hydroxyl or hydroxyCi_4alkyl; or -Xi- represents -NRi-Xe-C2_

4alkanediyl- wherein C2-4alkanediyl is optionally substituted with hydroxyl or hydroxyCi_ 4alkyl;

m is 1;

R6 is other than Ci_4alkyl;

R3 is other than hydroxyCi_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl; and

b represents

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein

r is 1;

-Xi- represents -(CHRi2)-NRi-Xe-Ci_4alkanediyl- wherein Ci_4alkanediyl is optionally substituted with hydroxyl or hydroxyCi_4alkyl; or -Xi- represents -NRi-Xe-C2_

4alkanediyl- wherein C2_4alkanediyl is optionally substituted with hydroxyl or hydroxyCi_ 4alkyl;

c is CH2;

R6 is other than Ci_4alkyl;

R3 is other than hydroxyCi_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl; and b represents

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein b represents

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein b represents S- wherein said b ring may contain extra bonds to form a bridj ring system.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein r is 1 , and b represents

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein r is 1 , and b represents wherein said b ring may contain extra bonds to form a bridj ring system.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein ring b does not contain extra bonds to form a bridged ring system.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein r is 1 and Xd2 is NH. In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein r is 1 , Xdi is N, and Xd2 is

NH.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein Xdi is N, and Xd2 is NH; and c represents a bond, -[C(R5a)2]m-, -C(=0)-, -S02-, or -SO-.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein Xdi is CH, and Xd2 is NH; and c represents -0-.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein when Xdi is N, then c represents a bond, -[C(R5a)2]m-, -C(=0)-, -S02-, or -SO-; in particular when Xdi is N, then c represents a bond or -[C(R5a)2]m-; more in particular when Xdi is N, then c represents -[C(R5a)2]m-; even more in particular when Xdi is N, then c represents

-CH2-.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein when b represents

, then c is other than -O- or -NRsa'-.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein when b represents then c is other than -O- or -NR5a'-

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein c represents a bond or - [C(R5a)2]m- when Xdl represents CH or N; or c may also represent -O- or

-NR5a'- when Xdl represents CH.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein c represents a bond, - [C(R5a)2]m-, -C(=0)-, -SO2-, or -SO- when Xdl represents CH or N; or c may also represent -O- or -NR5a - when Xdl represents CH.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein Xdi represents CH and Xd2 represents NH.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein s is 1.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein p3 is 0. In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein s is 0 or 1.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein s is 0.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein s is 0 and p3 is 0.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein s is 1, p3 is 0 and Ri2 is H.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein m is 1.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein p2 is 1.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein Xa is N.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein Xa is N; Xb and Xc represent CH.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein one of Xa, Xb and Xc is N, and the other are CH.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein

Xa is N; Xb and Xc represent CH; Ri represents hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl, C2-4alkenyl, C2-4alkynyl, cyanoCi_4alkyl, -C(=0)-C1- 4alkyl, -C(=0)-haloCi_4alkyl, haloCi_4alkyl, -C(=0)NR7R8, -S02-NR7R8, -S02-R9, Rn, Ci_4alkyl substituted with Rn, -C(=0)-Rn, or -C(=0)-Ci_4alkyl-Rn;

each R2 independently represents hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl, Ci_4alkyl substituted with C3_ 6cycloalkyl, hydroxyCi_4alkyl, Ci_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl, carboxyl, -C(=0)-0-Ci_4alkyl wherein Ci_4alkyl is optionally substituted with Ci_4alkyloxy, or -C(=0)-NH2; or Ri and one R2 are taken together to form C3_4alkanediyl or C3_4alkenediyl, each of said C3_4alkanediyl and C3_4alkenediyl optionally being substituted with 1 to 4 substituents each independently selected from hydroxyl, oxo, halo, cyano, N3, hydroxyCi_4alkyl, - NR7R8, -S02-NR7R8, -NH-S02-NR7R8, -C(=0)-NR7R8, or -NH-C(=0)-NR7R8;

Ri2 is hydrogen.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein

Xa is N; Xb and Xc represent CH;

Ri represents hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl, C2_4alkenyl, C2-4alkynyl, cyanoCi_4alkyl, -C(=0)-Ci_ 4alkyl, -C(=0)-haloCi_4alkyl, haloCi_4alkyl, -C(=0)NR7R8, -S02-NR7R8, -S02-R9, Rn, Ci_4alkyl substituted with Rn, -C(=0)-Rn, or -C(=0)-Ci_4alkyl-Rn;

each R2 independently represents hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl, Ci_4alkyl substituted with C3_ 6cycloalkyl, hydroxyCi_4alkyl, Ci_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl, carboxyl, -C(=0)-0-Ci_4alkyl wherein Ci_4alkyl is optionally substituted with Ci_4alkyloxy, or -C(=0)-NH2; or Ri and one R2 are taken together to form C3_4alkanediyl or C3_4alkenediyl, each of said C3_4alkanediyl and C3_4alkenediyl optionally being substituted with 1 to 4 substituents each independently selected from hydroxyl, oxo, halo, cyano, N3, hydroxyCi_4alkyl, - NR7R8, -S02-NR7R8, -NH-S02-NR7R8, -C(=0)-NR7R8, or -NH-C(=0)-NR7R8;

s is 0.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein

Xa is N; Xb and Xc represent CH;

Ri represents hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl, C2_4alkenyl, Ci_4alkyl substituted with Rn, or -C(=0)-Rn;

each R2 independently represents hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl, Ci_4alkyl substituted with C3_ gcycloalkyl, carboxyl, -C(=0)-0-Ci_4alkyl, or -C(=0)-NH2; or Ri and one R2 are taken together to form C3_4alkanediyl or C3_4alkenediyl, each of said C3_4alkanediyl and C3_4alkenediyl optionally being substituted with 1 substituent selected from hydroxyl, oxo, halo, cyano, N3, -NR7R8, or -NH-S02-NR7R8;

s is 0.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein ring A is phenyl.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein ring A is pyridyl.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein Ri represents Ci_4alkyl, C2_4alkenyl, C2_4alkynyl, -C(=0)-Ci_4alkyl, -C(=0)-haloCi_4alkyl, hydroxyCi_4alkyl, haloCi_4alkyl, Ci_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl, haloCi_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl, -C(=0)NR7R8, -S02-R9, Rii, Ci_4alkyl substituted with Rn, -C(=0)-Rn, or -C(=0)-Ci_4alkyl-Rn.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein Ri represents Ci_4alkyl, C2_4alkenyl, C2_4alkynyl, or Ci_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl; in particular Ri represents Ci_4alkyl, C2_4alkenyl, or Ci_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein Ri represents hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl, C2_4alkenyl, C2_4alkynyl, cyanoCi_4alkyl, -C(=0)-Ci_4alkyl,

-C(=0)-haloCi_4alkyl, haloCi_4alkyl, -C(=0)NR7R8, -S02-NR7R8, -S02-R9, Rn, Ci_4alkyl substituted with Rn, -C(=0)-Rn, or -C(=0)-Ci_4alkyl-Rn.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein Ri represents hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl, C2_4alkenyl, C2_4alkynyl, cyanoCi_4alkyl, -C(=0)-Ci_4alkyl,

-C(=0)-haloCi_4alkyl, haloCi_4alkyl, -C(=0)NR7R8, -S02-NR7R8, -S02-R9, Rn, Ci_4alkyl substituted with Rn, -C(=0)-Rn, or -C(=0)-Ci_4alkyl-Rn; or Ri is taken together with one R2 or Ri2. In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein Ri represents Ci_4alkyl, C2_4alkenyl, C2_4alkynyl, -C(=0)-Ci_4alkyl, -C(=0)-haloCi_4alkyl,

hydroxyCi_4alkyl, haloCi_4alkyl, Ci_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl, haloCi_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl, -C(=0)NR7R8, -S02-R9, Rii, Ci_4alkyl substituted with Rn, -C(=0)-Rn, or

-C(=0)-Ci_4alkyl-Rn; or Ri is taken together with one R2 or Ri2.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein Ri represents Ci_4alkyl, C2_4alkenyl, C2_4alkynyl, -C(=0)-Ci_4alkyl, -C(=0)-haloCi_4alkyl,

haloCi_4alkyl, -C(=0)NR7R8, -S02-R9, Rn, Ci_4alkyl substituted with Rn, -C(=0)-Rn, or -C(=0)-Ci_4alkyl-Rn; or Ri is taken together with one R2 or Ri2.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein Ri and Ri2 are not taken together.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein

Ri represents hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl, C2_4alkenyl, Ci_4alkyl substituted with Rn, or

-C(=0)-Rn;

each R2 independently represents hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl, Ci_4alkyl substituted with C3_ gcycloalkyl, carboxyl, -C(=0)-0-Ci_4alkyl, -C(=0)-NH2, -C(=0)-NH(Ci_4alkyl); or Ri and one R2 are taken together to form Ci_4alkanediyl or C2_4alkenediyl, each of said Ci_4alkanediyl and C2_4alkenediyl optionally being substituted with 1 substituent selected from hydroxyl, oxo, halo, cyano, N3, -NR7R8, -NH-S02-NR7R8;

Ri2 is hydrogen.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein

Ri is other than hydro xyCi_4alkyl or Ci_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl;

s is 0.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein

Ri is other than hydro xyCi_4alkyl or Ci_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl;

Ri and R12 are not taken together;

R12 is hydrogen.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein Ri represents hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl, C2-4alkenyl, C2-4alkynyl, cyanoCi_4alkyl, -C(=0)-Ci_4alkyl, -C(=0)-haloCi_ 4alkyl, haloCi_4alkyl, -C(=0)NR7R8, -S02-NR7R8, -S02-R9, R11, Ci_4alkyl substituted with R11, -C(=0)-Rii, or -C(=0)-Ci_4alkyl-Rn; or Ri is taken together with one R2.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein Ri represents Ci_4alkyl, C2_4alkenyl, C2_4alkynyl, -C(=0)-Ci_4alkyl, -C(=0)-haloCi_4alkyl,

hydroxyCi_4alkyl, haloCi_4alkyl, Ci_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl, haloCi_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl, -C(=0)NR7R8, -SO2-R9, R11, Ci_4alkyl substituted with Rn, -C(=0)-Rn, or

-C(=0)-Ci_4alkyl-Rn; or Ri is taken together with one R2.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein Ri represents Ci_4alkyl, C2_4alkenyl, C2_4alkynyl, -C(=0)-Ci_4alkyl, -C(=0)-haloCi_4alkyl,

haloCi_4alkyl, -C(=0)NR7R8, -S02-R9, R11, Ci_4alkyl substituted with Rn, -C(=0)-Rn, or -C(=0)-Ci_4alkyl-Rn; or Ri is taken together with one R2.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein Ri represents hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl, C2_4alkenyl, hydroxyCi_4alkyl, Ci_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl, Ci_4alkyl substituted with Rn, or -C(=0)-Rii; in particular hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl, C2_4alkenyl,

Ci_4alkyl substituted with Rn, or -C(=0)-Rn;

each R2 independently represents hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl, Ci_4alkyl substituted with

C3_6cycloalkyl, carboxyl, -C(=0)-0-Ci_4alkyl, -C(=0)-NH2, -C(=0)-NH(Ci_4alkyl); or Ri and one R2 are taken together to form Ci_4alkanediyl or C2_4alkenediyl, each of said Ci_4alkanediyl and C2_4alkenediyl optionally being substituted with 1 substituent selected from hydroxyl, oxo, halo, cyano, N3, -NR7R8, -NH-S02-NR7R8. In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein Ri represents hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl, C2-4alkenyl, Ci_4alkyl substituted with Rn, or -C(=0)-Rn.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein Ri represents hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl, C2_4alkenyl, Ci_4alkyl substituted with Rn, or -C(=0)-Rn; or Ri is taken together with one R2.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein Ri represents hydrogen, or Ri is taken together with one R2.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein Ri is other than hydrogen.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein when Ri and R2 are taken together, they form C3_4alkanediyl or C3_4alkenediyl, each of said C3_4alkanediyl and C3_ 4alkenediyl optionally being substituted with 1 to 4 substituents each independently selected from hydroxyl, oxo, halo, cyano, N3, hydroxyCi_4alkyl, -NR7R8, -S02-NR7R8, - NH-S02-NR7R8, -C(=0)-NR7R8, or -NH-C(=0)-NR7R8.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein when Ri and Ri2 are taken together, they form C3_4alkanediyl or C3_4alkenediyl, each of said C3_4alkanediyl and C3_4alkenediyl optionally being substituted with 1 to 4 substituents each

independently selected from hydroxyl, oxo, halo, cyano, N3, hydroxyCi_4alkyl, -NR7R8, - S02-NR7R8, -NH-S02-NR7R8, -C(=0)-NR7R8, or -NH-C(=0)-NR7R8.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein

Ri represents hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl, C2_4alkenyl, C2-4alkynyl, cyanoCi_4alkyl, -C(=0)-Ci_ 4alkyl, -C(=0)-haloCi_4alkyl, haloCi_4alkyl, -C(=0)NR7R8, -S02-NR7R8, -S02-R9, Rn, Ci_4alkyl substituted with Rn, -C(=0)-Rn, or -C(=0)-Ci_4alkyl-Rn;

each R2 independently represents hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl, Ci_4alkyl substituted with C3_ 6cycloalkyl, hydroxyCi_4alkyl, Ci_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl, carboxyl, -C(=0)-0-Ci_4alkyl wherein Ci_4alkyl is optionally substituted with Ci_4alkyloxy, -C(=0)-NH2, -C(=0)- NH(Ci_4alkyl) wherein Ci_4alkyl is optionally substituted with Ci_4alkyloxy, or -C(=0)- N(Ci_4alkyl)2 wherein each Ci_4alkyl is optionally substituted with Ci_4alkyloxy; or Ri and one R2 are taken together to form C3_4alkanediyl or C3_4alkenediyl, each of said C3_4alkanediyl and C3_4alkenediyl optionally being substituted with 1 to 4 substituents each independently selected from hydroxyl, oxo, halo, cyano, N3, hydroxyCi_4alkyl, -NR7R8, -S02-NR7R8, -NH-S02-NR7R8, -C(=0)-NR7R8, or -NH-C(=0)-NR7R8; or Ri and Ri2 are taken together to form C3_4alkanediyl or C3_4alkenediyl, each of said C3_4alkanediyl and C3_4alkenediyl optionally being substituted with 1 to 4 substituents each independently selected from hydroxyl, oxo, halo, cyano, N3, hydroxyCi_4alkyl, - NR7R8, -S02-NR7R8, -NH-S02-NR7R8, -C(=0)-NR7R8, or -NH-C(=0)-NR7R8.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein R2 represents hydrogen.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein R2 represents hydrogen; or Ri and R2 are taken together.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein Ri and one R2 are taken together to form Ci_4alkanediyl optionally being substituted with 1 hydroxyl substituent; and wherein the other R2 variables are hydrogen.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein R4 represents hydrogen.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein each Rio independently represents a 6 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclic ring containing up to 2 heteroatoms selected from N or O, said heterocyclic ring being optionally substituted with 1 Ci_4alkyl substituent.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein each Rio independently represents morpholinyl or piperazinyl optionally substituted with 1 Ci_4alkyl substituent.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein each Rn independently represents C3_6cycloalkyl.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein CHR12 is CH2.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein Ri2 is H.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein c represents CH2.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein c represents-[C(R5a)2]m--

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein a represents -NR4- C(=0)-[C(R5b)2]r- or -NR4-C(R5b)2-C(=0)-.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein a represents -NR4- C(=0)-[C(R5b)2]r-.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein a represents -NR4- C(=0)-[C(R5b)2]r-; and r is l . In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein a represents-NR4- C(R5b)2-C(=0)-.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein in the 'b substituent', the linker with the 'a substituent' is present on Xd2 or is present on a carbon atom in the alpha position of Xd2.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein in the 'b substituent', the linker with the 'a substituent' is present on Xd2.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein in the 'b substituent', the linker with the 'a substituent' is present on Xd2; and wherein pi is 1.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein -Xi- represents -

(CHRi2)-NRi-Xe-Ci_4alkanediyl- wherein Ci_4alkanediyl is optionally substituted with hydroxyl or hydroxyCi_4alkyl; or -Xi- represents -NRi-Xe-C2_4alkanediyl- wherein C2_4alkanediyl is optionally substituted with hydroxyl or hydroxyCi_4alkyl.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein -Xi- represents

-(CHRi2)-NRi-Xe-Ci_4alkanediyl-; or -Xi- represents -NRi-Xe-C2_4alkanediyl-.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein p is 1.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein R3 is H. In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein R6 is H.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein

-Xi- represents -CH2-NRi-CH2-Ci_4alkanediyl-, -NRi-CH2-C2_4alkanediyl-, or -Xi- represents one of the following groups wherein -(CH2)2- is attached to 'variable a':

Ri represents Ci_4alkyl, C2_4alkenyl, C2_4alkynyl, Ci_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl; in particular Ri represents Ci_4alkyl, C2_4alkenyl, or Ci_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl;

a represents in particular a represents -NR4-C(=0)-[C(R5b)2]r-; more in particular a represents -NR4-C(=0)-CH2-.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein

-Xi- represents -NH-(CH2)3-, or -Xi- represents one of the following groups wherein - (CH2)2- is attached to 'variable a':

a represents -NR4-C(=0)-[C(R5b)2]r- or -NR4-C(R5b)2-C(=0)-; in particular a represents -NR4-C(=0)-[C(R5b)2]r-; more in particular a represents -NR4-C(=0)-CH2-.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein -Xi- represents -CH2- NRi-CH2-Ci_4alkanediyl- or -NRi-CH2-Ci_4alkanediyl-.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein -Xi- represents one of the following groups wherein -(CH2)2- is attached to 'variable a':

a represents -NR4-C(=0)-[C(R5b)2]r- or -NR4-C(R5b)2-C(=0)-; in particular a represents -NR4-C(=0)-[C(R5b)2]r-; more in particular a represents -NR4-C(=0)-CH2-.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein -Xi- represents one of the following groups wherein -(CH2)2- is attached to 'variable a':

a represents -NR4-C(=0)-[C(R5b)2]r- or -NR4-C(R5b)2-C(=0)-; in particular a represents -NR4-C(=0)-[C(R5b)2]r-; more in particular a represents -NR4-C(=0)-CH2-.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein if Ri is taken together with one R2, the bond towards the second R2 substituent is oriented as shown hereunder:

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein if Ri is taken together with one R2, then -Xi- represents the following group wherein Ci_4alkanediyl is attached 'variable a' :

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein Ri is always taken together with one R2.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein Ri is always taken together with one R2, and the bond towards the second R2 substituent is oriented as shown hereunder:

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein each R3 independently represents hydrogen; oxo; hydroxyl; carboxyl; -NR3aR3t,; -C(=0)-NR3aR3b; hydroxyCi_ 4alkyl; haloCi_4alkyl; -(C=0)-Ci_4alkyl; -C(=0)-0-Ci_4alkyl wherein said Ci_4alkyl may optionally be substituted with phenyl; Ci_4alkyl optionally substituted with cyano, carboxyl, Ci_4alkyloxy, -C(=0)-0-Ci_4alkyl, -0-C(=0)-Ci_4alkyl, -NR3eR3f, -C(=0)-

NR3eR3f, or -S02-NR3eR3f; hydroxyCi_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl; Ci_4alkyloxyhydroxyCi_4alkyl; hydroxyCi_4alkyloxyhydroxyCi_4alkyl; or Ci_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl optionally substituted with cyano, carboxyl, Ci_4alkyloxy, -C(=0)-0-Ci_4alkyl, -0-C(=0)-Ci_4alkyl, -NR3eR3f, - C(=0)-NR3eR3f, -S02-NR3eR3f, Rio, -C(=O)-Ri0, or -SO2-Ri0.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein each R3 independently represents hydrogen; hydroxyCi_4alkyl; Ci_4alkyl; or Ci_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl optionally substituted with cyano or -NR3eR3f; or two R3 substituents attached to the same carbon atom are taken together to form C2_5alkanediyl.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein

a represents and

c represents a bond, -[C(R5a)2]m-, -O- or -NR5a'-.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein

a represents -NR4-C(=0)-[C(R5b)2]r-; r is 1; and

c represents a bond, -[C(R5a)2]m-, -O- or -NR5a'-. In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein Xa is N;

a represents -NR4-C(=0)-[C(R5b)2]r-; r is 1; and

c represents a bond, -[C(R5a)2]m-, -O- or -NR5a'-.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein

a represents -NR4-C(=0)-[C(R5b)2]r-; r is 1; and c represents -[C(R5a)2]m-- In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein Xa is N;

a represents -NR4-C(=0)-[C(R5b)2]r-; r is 1; and c represents -[C(R5a)2]m--

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein

a represents -NR4-C(=0)-[C(R5b)2]r-; r is 1; and c represents -CH2-.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein Xa is N;

a represents -NR4-C(=0)-[C(R5b)2]r-; r is 1; and c represents -CH2-.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein two Rsb substituents attached to the same carbon atom are taken together to form

C2-5alkanediyl or -(CH2)p-0-(CH2)p-, in particular C2-5alkanediyl.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein Xa is N; and wherein two Rsb substituents attached to the same carbon atom are taken together to form;

C2_5alkanediyl or -(CH2)p-0-(CH2)p-, in particular C2-5alkanediyl.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein a represents -NR4-C(=0)-[C(R5b)2]r-; and wherein two R5b substituents attached to the same carbon atom are taken together to form C2-5alkanediyl or -(CH2)p-0-(CH2)p-, in particular C2_5alkanediyl.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein Xa is N;

a represents -NR4-C(=0)-[C(R5b)2]r-; and wherein two R5b substituents attached to the same carbon atom are taken together to form C2-5alkanediyl or -(CH2)p-0-(CH2)p-, in particular C2_5alkanediyl.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein

a represents -NR4-C(=0)-[C(R5b)2]r-; r is 1; and wherein the two R5b substituents attached to the same carbon atom are taken together to form C2-5alkanediyl or

-(CH2)p-0-(CH2)p-, in particular C2_5alkanediyl.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein Xa is N;

a represents -NR4-C(=0)-[C(R5b)2]r-; r is 1; and wherein the two R5b substituents attached to the same carbon atom are taken together to form C2-5alkanediyl or

-(CH2)p-0-(CH2)p-, in particular C2-5alkanediyl.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein

a represents -NR4-C(=0)-[C(R5b)2]r-; r is 1; wherein the two R5b substituents attached to the same carbon atom are taken together to form C2-5alkanediyl or -(CH2)p-0-(CH2)p-, in particular C2-5alkanediyl; and c represents -CH2-.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein Xa is N;

a represents -NR4-C(=0)-[C(R5b)2]r-; r is 1; wherein the two R5b substituents attached to the same carbon atom are taken together to form C2-5alkanediyl or -(CH2)p-0-(CH2)p-, in particular C2-5alkanediyl; and c represents -CH2-.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein

-Xi- represents -NRi-Xe-Ci_4alkanediyl- wherein said Ci_4alkanediyl moiety is optionally substituted with hydroxyl or hydroxyCi_4alkyl;

-Xe- represents -C(R2)2-; and

Ri is taken together with R2 to form Ci_4alkanediyl or C2_4alkenediyl, each of said Ci_4alkanediyl and C2-4alkenediyl optionally being substituted with 1 to 4 substituents each independently selected from hydroxyl, oxo, halo, cyano, N3, hydroxyCi_4alkyl, - NR7R8, -S02-NR7R8, -NH-S02-NR7R8, -C(=0)-NR7R8, or -NH-C(=0)-NR7R8.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein Xa is N;

-Xi- represents -NRi-Xe-Ci_4alkanediyl- wherein said Ci_4alkanediyl moiety is optionally substituted with hydroxyl or hydroxyCi_4alkyl;

-Xe- represents -C(R2)2-; and

Ri is taken together with R2 to form Ci_4alkanediyl or C2_4alkenediyl, each of said

Ci_4alkanediyl and C2-4alkenediyl optionally being substituted with 1 to 4 substituents each independently selected from hydroxyl, oxo, halo, cyano, N3, hydroxyCi_4alkyl, -

NR7R8, -S02-NR7R8, -NH-S02-NR7R8, -C(=0)-NR7R8, or -NH-C(=0)-NR7R8.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein

-Xi- represents -NRi-Xe-Ci_4alkanediyl- wherein said Ci_4alkanediyl moiety is optionally substituted with hydroxyl or hydroxyCi_4alkyl;

-Xe- represents -C(R2)2-; and

Ri is taken together with R2 to form Ci_4alkanediyl substituted with 1 hydroxyl substituent.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein Xa is N;

-Xi- represents -NRi-Xe-Ci_4alkanediyl- wherein said Ci_4alkanediyl moiety is optionally substituted with hydroxyl or hydroxyCi_4alkyl;

-Xe- represents -C(R2)2-; and

Ri is taken together with R2 to form Ci_4alkanediyl substituted with 1 hydroxyl substituent. In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein -Xi- represents

wherein -(CH2)2- is attached to 'variable a'.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein Xa is N; and -Xi-

represents wherein -(CH2)2- is attached to 'variable a'.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein -Xi- represents one of the following groups wherein -(CH2)2- is attached to 'variable a':

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein Xa is N; and -Xi- represents one of the following groups wherein -(CH2)2- is attached to 'variable a':

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein a represents -NR4-C(=0)-[C(R5b)2]r-; r is 1; wherein the two R5b substituents attached to the same carbon atom are taken together to form C2_5alkanediyl;

c represents -CH2-;

-Xi- represents -NRi-Xe-Ci_4alkanediyl- wherein said Ci_4alkanediyl moiety is optionally substituted with hydroxyl or hydroxyCi_4alkyl;

-Xe- represents -C(R2)2-; and

Ri is taken together with R2 to form Ci_4alkanediyl substituted with 1 hydroxyl substituent.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein Xa is N;

a represents -NR4-C(=0)-[C(R5b)2]r-; r is 1; wherein the two R5b substituents attached to the same carbon atom are taken together to form C2-5alkanediyl;

c represents -CH2-;

-Xi- represents -NRi-Xe-Ci_4alkanediyl- wherein said Ci_4alkanediyl moiety is optionally substituted with hydroxyl or hydroxyC1-4alkyl;

-Xe- represents -C(R2)2-; and

Ri is taken together with R2 to form Ci_4alkanediyl substituted with 1 hydroxyl substituent.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein

a represents -NR4-C(=0)-[C(R5b)2]r-; r is 1; wherein the two R5b substituents attached to the same carbon atom are taken together to form C2-5alkanediyl;

c represents -CH2-;

-Xi- represents -NRi-Xe-Ci_4alkanediyl- wherein said Ci_4alkanediyl moiety is optionally substituted with hydroxyl or hydroxyC1-4alkyl;

-Xe- represents -C(R2)2-; and

Ri is taken together with R2 to form Ci_4alkanediyl or C2-4alkenediyl, each of said Ci_ 4alkanediyl and C2_4alkenediyl optionally being substituted with 1 to 4 substituents each independently selected from hydroxyl, oxo, halo, cyano, N3, hydroxyC1-4alkyl, -NR7R8, - S02-NR7R8, -NH-S02-NR7R8, -C(=0)-NR7R8, or -NH-C(=0)-NR7R8.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein Xa is N;

a represents -NR4-C(=0)-[C(R5b)2]r-; r is 1; wherein the two R5b substituents attached to the same carbon atom are taken together to form C2_5alkanediyl;

c represents -CH2-;

-Xi- represents -NRi-Xe-Ci_4alkanediyl- wherein said Ci_4alkanediyl moiety is optionally substituted with hydroxyl or hydroxyCi_4alkyl;

-Xe- represents -C(R2)2-; and

Ri is taken together with R2 to form Ci_4alkanediyl or C2_4alkenediyl, each of said Ci_4alkanediyl and C2-4alkenediyl optionally being substituted with 1 to 4 substituents each independently selected from hydroxyl, oxo, halo, cyano, N3, hydroxyCi_4alkyl, - NR7R8, -S02-NR7R8, -NH-S02-NR7R8, -C(=0)-NR7R8, or -NH-C(=0)-NR7R8.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein

a represents -NR4-C(=0)-[C(R5b)2]r-; r is 1; wherein the two R5b substituents attached to the same carbon atom are taken together to form C2-5alkanediyl;

c represents -CH2-; and

-Xi- represents wherein -(CH2)2- is attached to 'variable a'.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein Xa is N;

a represents -NR4-C(=0)-[C(R5b)2]r-; r is 1; wherein the two R5b substituents attached to the same carbon atom are taken together to form C2-5alkanediyl;

c represents -CH2-; and

-Xi- represents wherein -(CH2)2- is attached to 'variable a'.

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein

a represents -NR4-C(=0)-[C(R5b)2]r-; r is 1; wherein the two R5b substituents attached to the same carbon atom are taken together to form C2-5alkanediyl; c represents -CH2-; and

- - represents one of the following groups wherein -(CH2)2- is attached to 'variable a':

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to those compounds of Formula (I) and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof, or any subgroup thereof as mentioned in any of the other embodiments, wherein Xa is N;

a represents -NR4-C(=0)-[C(R5b)2]r-; r is 1; wherein the two R5b substituents attached to the same carbon atom are taken together to form C2_5alkanediyl;

c represents -CH2-; and

- - represents one of the following groups wherein -(CH2)2- is attached to 'variable a':

In an embodiment, the present invention relates to a subgroup of Formula (I) as defined in the general reaction schemes.

In an embodiment the compound of Formula (I) is selected from the group consisting of compounds 2, 6, 10, 23, 33, 36, 44, 46, 47, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 59, 62, 65, 66, 76, 104, and 107, tautomers and stereoisomeric forms thereof,

and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof.

In an embodiment the compound of Formula (I) is selected from the group consisting of compounds 43, 107, 1, 62, 57, 56, 64, 20, 22, 81, 65, 53, 97, 11, 35, 52, 89, 96 and 50, tautomers and stereoisomeric forms thereof,

and the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof.

In an embodiment the compound of Formula (I) is selected from the group consisting of any of the exemplified compounds, tautomers and stereoisomeric forms thereof,

and the free bases, the pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and the solvates thereof.

All possible combinations of the above-indicated embodiments are considered to be embraced within the scope of this invention.

Methods for the Preparation of Compounds of Formula (I)

In this section, as in all other sections unless the context indicates otherwise, references to Formula (I) also include all other sub-groups and examples thereof as defined herein.

The general preparation of some typical examples of the compounds of Formula (I) is described hereunder and in the specific examples, and are generally prepared from starting materials which are either commercially available or prepared by standard synthetic processes commonly used by those skilled in the art. The following schemes are only meant to represent examples of the invention and are in no way meant to be a limit of the invention.

Alternatively, compounds of the present invention may also be prepared by analogous reaction protocols as described in the general schemes below, combined with standard synthetic processes commonly used by those skilled in the art of organic chemistry. Additionally, compounds of the present invention may also be prepared by analogous reaction protocols as described in the general schemes below combined with methods described in WO2009112439. Starting materials may also be prepared by methods as described in the literature for example by the procedures described WO2009150230, WO2004105765, WO2005058318, WO2005058913, WO2006061415, WO2006061417, WO2009016132, WO2008155421 and WO2007003525.

The skilled person will realize that in the reactions described in the Schemes, it may be necessary to protect reactive functional groups, for example hydroxy, amino (for example NHR4 in an intermediate of Formula (XXIII-a)), or carboxy groups, where these are desired in the final product, to avoid their unwanted participation in the reactions.

Conventional protecting groups can be used in accordance with standard practice. This is illustrated in the specific examples. The protecting groups may be removed at a convenient subsequent stage using methods known from the art.

The skilled person will realize that in the reactions described in the Schemes, it may be advisable or necessary to perform the reaction under an inert atmosphere, such as for example under N2-gas atmosphere, for example when NaH is used in the reaction.

It will be apparent for the skilled person that it may be necessary to cool the reaction mixture before reaction work-up (refers to the series of manipulations required to isolate and purify the product(s) of a chemical reaction such as for example quenching, column chromatography, extraction).

The skilled person will realize that heating the reaction mixture under stirring may enhance the reaction outcome. In some reactions microwave heating may be used instead of conventional heating to shorten the overall reaction time.

The skilled person will realize that another sequence of the chemical reactions shown in the Schemes below, may also result in the desired compound of Formula (I).

The skilled person will realize that intermediates and final compounds shown in the schemes below may be further functionalized according to methods well-known by the person skilled in the art. Examples are shown in the specific experimental part.

The skilled person will realize that more Compounds of Formula (I) can be prepared by using analogous synthetic protocols as described in the Schemes below. For example, general schemes wherein (S02)P3 is not present in the Xi linker, typically can also be used to prepare compounds with (S02)P3 as part of the Xi linker.

In case one of the starting materials is available as a salt form, the skilled person will realize that it may be necessary to first treat the salt with a base, such as for example DIPEA.

Although not shown in the general schemes, the rings in the position of ring b, may also contain extra bonds to form a bridged ring according to the scope.

In the schemes below, the Ci_4alkanediyl moiety in the intermediates and the final compounds, such as for example the Ci_4alkanediyl moiety in the -Xi-linker, is optionally substituted as defined in the scope.

All variables are defined as mentioned hereabove unless otherwise is indicated or is clear from the context.

In general, compounds of Formula (I-a) can be prepared according to Scheme 1 :

Scheme 1

In scheme 1, 'haloi' is defined as Br, I or CI; 'halo2' is defined as CI or F; 'PC is defined as a protecting group such as for example tert-butoxycarbonyl (Boc), methoxycarbonyl or ethoxycarbonyl; and 'ra' is defined as 1 or 2. All other variables in Scheme 1 are defined according to the scope of the present invention.

In Scheme 1, the following reaction conditions apply: 1: in a suitable mixture of solvents such as for example water/dioxane, in the presence of a suitable base, such as for example Na2C03, in the presence of a catalyst such as for example tetrakis(triphenylphosphine)palladium (Pd(PPh3)4);

2 (only for halo2 is CI): Buchwald-Hartwig amination; reaction between an intermediate of Formula (IV) and (V), typically in a suitable solvent such as for example dioxane, in the presence of a suitable base such as for example CS2CO3, in the presence of a catalyst such as tris(dibenzylideneacetone)dipalladium (Pd2(dba)3), in the presence of a ligand such as for example 2-dicyclohexylphosphino-2',6'-dimethoxybiphenyl (S-Phos);

3: in the presence of an acid such as for example trifluoroacetic acid (TFA) in a solvent such as for example DCM; or

alternatively in the presence of an acid such as for example HC1 in a solvent such as for example 1 ,4-dioxane optionally in the presence of water; or

alternatively first in the presence of a base such as for example NaOH, and subsequently in the presence of an acid such as for example HC1, in the presence of a suitable solvent such as for example THF;

4: coupling reaction between an intermediate of Formula (IV) with an intermediate of Formula (V) under acidic conditions; typically in a suitable solvent such as for example n-butanol, in the presence of an acid such as HC1 (e.g. a 6M solution of HC1 in 2- propanol);

5: in the presence of a coupling agent such as for example diethyl cyanophosphonate, ( 1 H-benzotriazol- 1 -yloxy)(tripyrrolidin- 1 -yl)phosphonium hexafluorophosphate

(PyBOP), 1 - [bis(dimethy lamino)methylene] - 1 H-benzotriazol- 1 -ium 3 -oxide

hexafluorophosphate (HBTU) or l-[bis(dimethylamino)methylene]-lH- [l,2,3]triazolo[4,5-b]pyridin-l-ium 3-oxide hexafluorophosphate (HATU) in the presence of a base such as for example triethylamine (Et3N) or N,N-diisopropylethylamine (DIPEA), in a suitable solvent such as for example DMF.

Intermediates of Formula (II), (III) and (V) are commercially available or can be prepared by standard means obvious to those skilled in the art or as described in the specific experimental part. An intermediate of Formula (IV) wherein Xa is N and Xb and Xc are CH, hereby named an intermediate of Formula (IV-a), alternatively may be prepared according to the method described in Scheme la: Scheme la

In scheme la, 'halo2' is defined as F or CI; 'PG' is defined as a protecting group such as for example tert-butoxycarbonyl, methoxycarbonyl or ethoxycarbonyl; and all other variables are defined according to the scope of the present invention.

Intermediates of Formula (VIII) and (IX) are commercially available or can be prepared by standard means obvious to those skilled in the art or as described in the specific

experimental part.

An intermediate of Formula (VII) wherein Xa is N and Xb and Xc are CH, and wherein Ri and one R2 are taken together to form Ci_4alkanediyl or C2_4alkenediyl, each substituted with hydroxyl, wherein p3 is 0, and wherein R4 is hydrogen, hereby named an intermediate of Formula (Vll-a), alternatively may be prepared according to the method described in Scheme lb:

Scheme lb

In scheme lb, 'halo2' is defined as CI or F; 'PC is defined as a protecting group such as for example tert-butoxycarbonyl, methoxycarbonyl or ethoxycarbonyl; and all other variables are defined as mentioned before.

In Scheme 1, the following reaction conditions apply: 1 : coupling reaction between an intermediate of Formula (VIII) and (X) in the presence of a base such as for example Na2C03, triethylamine (Et3N) or N,N-diisopropylethylamine (DIPEA), in a suitable solvent such as for example DMF;

2: coupling reaction between an intermediate of Formula (XI) and (V) in a suitable solvent such as for example tert-butanol, in the presence of a suitable base, such as for example

K2CO3, in the presence of a metal such as (Pd2(dba)3), in the presence of a ligand such as X- Phos (dicyclohexyl[2',4',6'-tris(l -methylethyl)[ 1 , 1 '-biphenyl]-2-yl]-phosphine);

3: reduction of the cyano group in the presence of H2-gas atmosphere in a suitable solvent such as for example methanol (MeOH) in the presence of a base such as for example NH4OH, in the presence of a catalyst such as for example Raney Nickel;

4: in the presence of an acid such as for example trifluoroacetic acid (TFA) in a solvent such as for example DCM; or

alternatively in the presence of an acid such as for example HCl in a solvent such as for example 1 ,4-dioxane optionally in the presence of water; or

alternatively first in the presence of a base such as for example NaOH, and subsequently in the presence of an acid such as for example HCl, in the presence of a suitable solvent such as for example THF.

Intermediates of Formula (VIII) and (X) are commercially available or can be prepared by standard means obvious to those skilled in the art or as described in the specific

experimental part.

In general, compounds of Formula (I-b) can be prepared according to Scheme 2:

In scheme 2, 'PC is as defined before and in this scheme additionally may also be a benzyl group; 'LG' means leaving group such as for example chloro or mesylate; and all other variables are defined according to the scope of the present invention.

The skilled person will realize that protecting groups can be easily converted into each other by using well-known reactions as illustrated in the specific examples.

In Scheme 2, the following reaction conditions apply: 1 : deprotection of the hydroxyl group by addition of an appropriate deprotecting agent such as for example tetrabutylammonium fluoride, in the presence of a suitable solvent such as for example THF;

2: deprotection of the piperazinyl moiety in the presence of H2-gas atmosphere and a catalyst such as for example Pd/C (for example 5 wt % or 10 wt %) in a suitable solvent such as for example MeOH;

3: introduction of a leaving group (LG) using sulfonyl chlorides such as for example methanesulfonyl chloride (MsCl) or p-toluenesulfonyl chloride (TsCl) in the presence of a suitable base such as for example DIPEA, in the presence of a suitable solvent such as for example DCM;

4: deprotection of the piperazinyl moiety in the presence of an acid such as for example TFA in a solvent such as for example DCM; or alternatively in the presence of an acid such as for example HCl in a solvent such as for example 1 ,4-dioxane optionally in the presence of water;

5: in the presence of a deprotecting agent such as for example TBAF in THF; or alternatively in the presence of an acid such as for example HCl in H20; or

alternatively in the presence of CH3COOH optionally in the presence of water;

6: deprotection of the piperazinyl moiety in the presence of an acid such as for example TFA in a solvent such as for example DCM; or alternatively in the presence of an acid such as for example HCl in a solvent such as for example 1,4-dioxane optionally in the presence of water;

7: introduction of a leaving group (LG) using for example thionyl chloride in the presence of a suitable solvent such as for example 1 ,2-dichloroethane;

8: in the presence of a suitable base, such as for example K2C03, in the presence of a suitable solvent such as for example DMF;

In general, an intermediate of Formula (XVII) can be prepared according to Scheme 2b:

In scheme 2b, 'PC is as defined before and in this scheme additionally may also be a benzyl group; 'halos' is defined as Br or I; 'halo2' is as defined before in the general reaction schemes; and all other variables are defined according to the scope of the present invention.

In Scheme 2b, the following reaction conditions apply:

1: in a solvent or a mixture of solvents such as dioxane/THF, in the presence of a suitable base such as for example CS2CO3, in the presence of a catalyst such as for example Pd(II) acetate, together with a ligand such as 9,9-dimethyl-4,5- bis(diphenylphosphino)xanthene;

2: reaction with an intermediate of Formula (XVI-al): T C-|_ alkanediyl— NH (XVI-a1 ) optionally in the presence of a suitable base, such as for example Na2C03, optionally in the presence of a suitable solvent such as for example DMA or NMP, or in a mixture of solvents such as for example DMA/DMSO ("DMSO" means dimethyl sulfoxide); 3: firstly reaction with an intermediate of Formula (XVII-a) in the presence of a suitable base, such as for example Et3N, in the presence of a suitable solvent such as for example CH3CN; and subsequently addition of (XVII-b) to the mixture:

4: reaction with an intermediate of Formula (XVI-a2):

in the presence of a suitable base, such as for example K2C03, in the presence of a suitable solvent such as for example DMF.

The starting materials in scheme 2b are commercially available or can be prepared by standard means obvious to those skilled in the art or as described in the specific experimental part.

In general, compounds of Formula (I-c) can be prepared according to Scheme 3 :

In scheme 3, 'halo2' andd'hakV are as defined before; 'PG' is defined as a protecting group such as for example tert-butoxycarbonyl, methoxycarbonyl or ethoxycarbonyl; 'ci' is defined as a bond, -[C(R5a)2]m-, -C(=0)-, -S02-, or -SO-; and all other variables are defined as mentioned before.

In Scheme 3, the following reaction conditions apply:

1 : coupling reacting between an intermediate of Formula (XV) and (XXIII) in a suitable solvent such as for example CH3CN;

2: Buchwald-Hartwig amination; reaction between an intermediate of Formula (XXIV) and (XXV), typically in a suitable solvent such as for example dioxane, in the presence of a suitable base such as for example CS2CO3, in the presence of a catalyst such as tris(dibenzylideneacetone)dipalladium (Pd2(dba)3), in the presence of a ligand such as for example S-Phos;

3: in the presence of an acid such as for example trifluoroacetic acid (TFA) in a solvent such as for example DCM; or

alternatively in the presence of an acid such as for example HCl in a solvent such as for example 1 ,4-dioxane optionally in the presence of water; or

alternatively first in the presence of a base such as for example NaOH, and

subsequently in the presence of an acid such as for example HCl, in the presence of a suitable solvent such as for example THF;

4: in the presence of a coupling agent such as for example diethyl cyanophosphonate, ( 1 H-benzotriazol- 1 -yloxy)(tripyrrolidin- 1 -yl)phosphonium hexafluorophosphate (PyBOP), l-[bis(dimethylamino)methylene]-l H-benzotriazol- 1-ium 3-oxide hexafluorophosphate (HBTU) or l-[bis(dimethylamino)methylene]-lH- [l,2,3]triazolo[4,5-b]pyridin-l-ium 3-oxide hexafluorophosphate (HATU) in the presence of a base such as for example triethylamine (Et3N) or N,N- diisopropylethylamine (DIPEA), in a suitable solvent such as for example DMF. The starting materials in scheme 3 are commercially available or can be prepared by standard means obvious to those skilled in the art or as described in the specific experimental part.

In general, compounds of Formula (I-d) can be prepared according to Scheme 4:

In scheme 4, 'PC, 'halo2' and 'halo3' are as defined before, 'PG-a' additionally may also be a benzyl group; and all other variables are as defined before.

In Scheme 4, the following reaction conditions apply:

1: in a solvent or a mixture of solvents such as dioxane/THF, in the presence of a suitable base such as for example Cs2C03, in the presence of a catalyst such as for example Pd(II) acetate, together with a ligand such as 9,9-dimethyl-4,5- bis(diphenylphosphino)xanthene;

2: coupling reaction between an intermediate of Formula (XXIX) and an intermediate of Formula XXIII-a):

optionally in the presence of a suitable base, such as for example Na2C03, optionally in the presence of a suitable solvent such as for example N,N-dimethylacetamide (DMA) or 1 -methyl -2 -pyrrolidinone (NMP) or mixture of solvents such as for example

DMA/DMSO ("DMSO" means dimethyl sulfoxide);

3: first, in case no protective group is present yet on NR , a protective group is introduced on NR via reaction with tert-butoxycarbonyl anhydride in a suitable solvent such as for example DCM; then a reduction reaction in the presence of H2-gas atmosphere and a catalyst such as for example Pd/C (for example 5 wt % or 10 wt %) in a suitable solvent such as for example MeOH or THF;

4: a substrate with a protecting group is introduced on the nitrogen atom of the piperidinyl by using for example tert-butyl bromoacetate, in the presence of a base such as for example K2C03, in a suitable solvent such as DMF;

5: in the presence of an acid such as for example trifluoroacetic acid (TFA) in a solvent such as for example DCM; or

alternatively in the presence of an acid such as for example HCl in a solvent such as for example 1 ,4-dioxane optionally in the presence of water; or

alternatively first in the presence of a base such as for example NaOH, and

subsequently in the presence of an acid such as for example HCl, in the presence of a suitable solvent such as for example THF;

6: in the presence of a coupling agent such as for example diethyl cyanophosphonate, ( 1 H-benzotriazol- 1 -yloxy)(tripyrrolidin- 1 -yl)phosphonium hexafluorophosphate (PyBOP), 1 - [bis(dimethy lamino)methylene] - 1 H-benzotriazol- 1 -ium 3 -oxide hexafluorophosphate (HBTU) or l-[bis(dimethylamino)methylene]-lH- [l,2,3]triazolo[4,5-b]pyridin-l-ium 3-oxide hexafluorophosphate (HATU) in the presence of a base such as for example triethylamine (Et3N) or N,N- diisopropylethylamine (DIPEA), in a suitable solvent such as for example DMF. eneral, compounds of Formula (I-e) can be prepared according to Scheme 5 :

In scheme 5, 'PG' is as defined before; 'halo' is defined as Br, CI or F; and all other variables are as defined before.

In Scheme 5, the following reaction conditions apply:

1: optionally in a suitable solvent such as for example DMF, and optionally in the presence of a base such as for example K2CO3;

2: in the presence of 2-nitrobenzenesulfonyl chloride, in the presence of a suitable base such as for example Et3N or DIPEA, in a suitable solvent such as for example DCM; 3: first, reaction between an intermediate of Formula (XXXV) and an intermediate of Formula (XXVI) (PG can also typically be benzyloxycarbonyl in an intermediate of Formula (XXXVI), in the presence of a suitable base such as for example K2CO3 or

CS2CO3 in a suitable solvent such as for example DMF; and subsequently in the presence of a deprotecting group such as for example thiophenol; finally protecting groups are introduced with tert-butoxycarbonyl anhydride in a suitable solvent such as for example DCM;

4: via reaction in the presence of H2-gas atmosphere and a catalyst such as for example Pd/C (for example 5 wt % or 10 wt %) in a suitable solvent such as for example MeOH or THF;

5: firstly, in the presence of a deprotecting agent such as for example tetrabutylammonium fluoride (TBAF) in THF; or alternatively in the presence of an acid such as for example HC1 in H2O; or alternatively in the presence of CH3COOH optionally in the presence of water;

secondly, introduction of a leaving group (LG) using for example thionyl chloride in the presence of a suitable solvent such as for example 1,2-dichloroethane;

6: in the presence of a suitable base, such as for example K2CO3, in the presence of a suitable solvent such as for example DMF.

In general, compounds of Formula (I-f) can be prepared according to Scheme 6:

In scheme 6, 'all variables are as defined before.

In Scheme 6, the following reaction conditions apply:

1: first a protecting group is introduced with for example fe/Y-butoxycarbonyl anhydride in a suitable solvent such as for example DCM; secondly in the presence of a deprotecting agent such as for example tetrabutylammonium fluoride (TBAF) in THF;

2: in the presence of an oxidizing agent such as for example Mn02, in the presence of a suitable solvent such as for example DCM;

3: in the presence of a reducing agent such as for example sodium triacetoxyborohydride (NaBH(OAc)3), and in the presence of a suitable solvent such as for example 1,2- dichloroethane (DCE);

4: in the presence of an acid such as for example trifluoroacetic acid (TFA) in a solvent such as for example DCM; or

alternatively in the presence of an acid such as for example HCl in a solvent such as for example 1 ,4-dioxane optionally in the presence of water; or

alternatively first in the presence of a base such as for example NaOH, and subsequently in the presence of an acid such as for example HCl, in the presence of a suitable solvent such as for example THF;

5: in the presence of a coupling agent such as for example diethyl cyanophosphonate, (1H- benzotriazol-l-yloxy)(tripyrrolidin-l-yl)phosphonium hexafluorophosphate (PyBOP), 1- [bis(dimethylamino)methylene] - 1 H-benzotriazol- 1 -ium 3 -oxide hexafluorophosphate (HBTU) or l-[bis(dimethylamino)methylene]-lH-[l,2,3]triazolo[4,5-b]pyridin-l-ium 3- oxide hexafluorophosphate (HATU) in the presence of a base such as for example triethylamine (Et3N) or Ν,Ν-diisopropylethylamine (DIPEA), in a suitable solvent such as for example DMF.

In general, compounds of Formula (I-g) can be prepared according to Scheme 7:

In scheme 7, 'all variables are as defined before. The skilled person will realize that additional protecting groups may be present if necessary.

In Scheme 7, the following reaction conditions apply: 1 : coupling reaction between an intermediate of Formula (XLV) and (XL VI), in the presence of a suitable catalyst such as for example [l,l'-bis(diphenylphosphino- KP)ferrocene]dichloropalladium (PdCl2(dppf)), in the presence of a suitable base such as for example Na2C03, in the presence of a mixture of suitable solvents such as for example water/ 1 ,4-dioxane;

2: in the presence of an oxidizing agent such as for example Mn02, in the presence of a suitable solvent such as for example DCM or ethyl acetate (EtOAc);

3: in the presence of a reducing agent such as for example sodium triacetoxyborohydride (NaBH(OAc)3), and in the presence of a suitable solvent such as for example DCM or l,2-dichloroethane (DCE);

4: in the presence of an acid such as for example trifluoroacetic acid (TFA) in a solvent such as for example DCM; or

alternatively in the presence of an acid such as for example HC1 in a solvent such as for example 1 ,4-dioxane optionally in the presence of water; or

alternatively first in the presence of a base such as for example NaOH, and subsequently in the presence of an acid such as for example HC1, in the presence of a suitable solvent such as for example THF;

5: in the presence of a coupling agent such as for example diethyl cyanophosphonate, ( 1 H-benzotriazol- 1 -yloxy)(tripyrrolidin- 1 -yl)phosphonium hexafluorophosphate

(PyBOP), l-[bis(dimethylamino)methylene]-l H-benzotriazol- 1-ium 3-oxide

hexafluorophosphate (HBTU) or l-[bis(dimethylamino)methylene]-lH- [l,2,3]triazolo[4,5-b]pyridin-l-ium 3-oxide hexafluorophosphate (HATU) in the presence of a base such as for example triethylamine (Et3N) or N,N-diisopropylethylamine (DIPEA), in a suitable solvent such as for example DMF. An intermediate of Formula (XLVI) is commercially available or can be prepared by standard means obvious to those skilled in the art or as described in the specific experimental part.

In general, compounds of Formula (I-g) can be converted to compounds of Formula (I-g- 2) as shown in Scheme 7b: Scheme 7b

In Scheme 7b, a compound of Formula (I-g) is reacted with an intermediate of Formula Ri-Br, to result in a compound of Formula (I-g-2). This reaction typically is performed in the presence of a suitable base such as for example DIPEA, in the presence of a suitable solvent such as for example DMF.

Analogous functionalization reactions can be performed by replacing RiBr, for example, with alkylsulfonyl chlorides, acid chlorides or sulfamides. Other functional groups can also be introduced via reductive amination. All these reactions can be performed under standard reaction conditions well-known by the skilled person.

In general, compounds of Formula (I-h) can be prepared according to Scheme 8:

In scheme 8, 'Ms' means mesyl (methanesulfonyl), and all other variables are as defined before.

In Scheme 8, the following reaction conditions apply: 1: coupling reaction between an intermediate of Formula (XLV-a) and (XL VI), in the presence of a suitable catalyst such as for example PdCl2(dppf), in the presence of a suitable base such as for example Na2C03, in the presence of a suitable solvent or a mixture of suitable solvents such as for example water/ 1,4-dioxane;

2: via reduction in the presence of H2-gas atmosphere and a catalyst such as for example Pt/C or Pd/C (for example 5 wt % or 10 wt %) in a suitable solvent or a mixture of suitable solvents such as for example EtOAc/acetic acid;

3: in the presence of a reducing agent such as for example sodium triacetoxyborohydride (NaBH(OAc)3), and in the presence of a suitable solvent such as for example 1,2- dichloroethane (DCE) or a mixture of suitable solvent such as for example N,N- dimethylacetamide (DMA)/acetic acid;

4: first a protecting group is introduced with for example tert-butoxycarbonyl anhydride in a suitable solvent such as for example DCM, optionally in the presence of a base such as for example Et3N; secondly reaction with mesylchloride in a suitable solvent such as DCM in the presence of a suitable base such as for example Et3N or DIPEA;

5: first a coupling reaction between an intermediate of Formula (LVI) and (XLIX) optionally in the presence of a suitable solvent such as for example DMF;

secondly removal of the protecting group in the presence of an acid such as for example trifluoroacetic acid (TFA) in a solvent such as for example DCM; or alternatively in the presence of an acid such as for example HCl in a solvent such as for example 1 ,4-dioxane optionally in the presence of water; or alternatively first in the presence of a base such as for example NaOH, and subsequently in the presence of an acid such as for example HCl, in the presence of a suitable solvent such as for example THF;

6: in the presence of a coupling agent such as for example diethyl cyanophosphonate, (1H- benzotriazol-l-yloxy)(tripyrrolidin-l-yl)phosphonium hexafluorophosphate (PyBOP), 1- [bis(dimethylamino)methylene] - 1 H-benzotriazol- 1 -ium 3 -oxide hexafluorophosphate (HBTU) or l-[bis(dimethylamino)methylene]-lH-[l,2,3]triazolo[4,5-b]pyridin-l-ium 3- oxide hexafluorophosphate (HATU) in the presence of a base such as for example triethylamine (Et3N) or Ν,Ν-diisopropylethylamine (DIPEA), in a suitable solvent such as for example DMF.

Analogous reactions as described in Scheme 7b can also be performed on compound of Formula (I-h). general, compounds of Formula (I-i) can be prepared according to Scheme 9:

In scheme 9, 'PG' is as defined before; 'halo2' is as defined before (CI or F); and all other variables are as defined before.

In Scheme 9, the following reaction conditions apply:

1: in a suitable solvent such as for example 2-methyl-2-propanol or NMP, optionally in the presence of a base such as for example DIPEA;

2: in the presence of an oxidizing agent such as for example Mn02, in the presence of a suitable solvent such as for example DCM; 3: in the presence of a reducing agent such as for example sodium triacetoxyborohydride (NaBH(OAc)3), and in the presence of a suitable solvent such as for example DCM or 1 ,2-dichloroethane (DCE);

4: in the presence of an acid such as for example trifluoroacetic acid (TFA) in a solvent such as for example DCM; or alternatively in the presence of an acid such as for example HC1 in a solvent such as for example 1,4-dioxane optionally in the presence of water; or alternatively first in the presence of a base such as for example NaOH, and subsequently in the presence of an acid such as for example HC1, in the presence of a suitable solvent such as for example THF;

5: in the presence of a coupling agent such as for example diethyl cyanophosphonate, ( 1 H-benzotriazol- 1 -yloxy)(tripyrrolidin- 1 -yl)phosphonium hexafluorophosphate (PyBOP), 1 - [bis(dimethy lamino)methylene] - 1 H-benzotriazol- 1 -ium 3 -oxide hexafluorophosphate (HBTU) or l-[bis(dimethylamino)methylene]-lH- [l,2,3]triazolo[4,5-b]pyridin-l-ium 3-oxide hexafluorophosphate (HATU) in the presence of a base such as for example triethylamine (Et3N) or N,N- diisopropylethylamine (DIPEA), in a suitable solvent such as for example DMF.

The skilled person will realize that dependent on the choice of (LIX) in scheme 9, the reactions described in scheme 9 can also be used to prepare compounds wherein Xa, Xb and Xc have the meaning as defined in the scope (Xa, Xb and Xc each independently represent CH or N).

Compounds of Formula (I-i) wherein R2 represents -C(=0)-0-Ci_4alkyl can be converted to compounds wherein R2 represents COOH (via e.g. basic hydrolysis reaction), which in turn can be converted by methods known by those skilled in the art to compounds wherein R2 represents an amide.

In general, intermediates of Formula (LXVI) can be prepared according to Scheme 10 starting from intermediates of Formula (LXIV) and (LXV), wherein all variables are as defined before. Intermediates of Formula (LXVI) can be further reacted to final compounds of Formula (I) by using analogous reaction protocols as described before in the other general schemes. Intermediates of Formula (LXIV) and (LXV) are commercially available or can be prepared by standard means obvious to those skilled in the art or as described in the specific experimental part.

In general, intermediates of Formula (LXX) can be prepared according to Scheme 1 1. wherein all variables are as defined before. Intermediates of Formula (LXX) can be further reacted to final compounds of Formula (I) by using analogous reaction protocols as described before in Scheme lb.

H N-Xg— C0_3alkanediyl -CN (LXIX)

The compounds of Formula (I) may also be converted into each other via art-known reactions or functional group transformations.

For instance, a compound of Formula (I), wherein R6 represents aminocarbonyl can be converted to a compound wherein R6 represents carboxyl, by reaction with a suitable acid such as for example HC1. During this reaction, ring-opening of the macrocycle may occur. In this case, it is necessary to react the outcome of the reaction with a coupling agent such as for example diethyl cyanophosphonate, in the presence of a base such as for example triethylamine (Et3N), in a suitable solvent such as for example DMF, to close the macrocylic ring.

Compounds of Formula (I) wherein Ri and R2, or Ri and Ri2, are taken together to form Ci_4alkanediyl or C2_4alkenediyl, and which are substituted with hydroxyl on said Ci_ 4alkanediyl or C2_4alkenediyl, may be converted to other compounds of Formula (I) by the following reactions: hydroxyl to azide ion: in a suitable solvent such as THF, in the presence of a ligand such as triphenylphosphine (PPh3), an azide source such as diphenylphosphoryl azide (DPP A) and in the presence of an

azodicarboxylate such as for example diisopropyl azodicarboxylate (DIAD); azide to NH2: via reduction reaction in the presence of H2-gas atmosphere and a catalyst such as for example Pt/C or Pd/C (for example 5 wt % or 10 wt %) in a suitable solvent such as for example MeOH or THF;

NH2 to NH2-S(=0)2-NH-: via reaction with sulfamide in a suitable solvent such as for example dioxane;

hydroxyl to oxo: Swern oxidation to a ketone using oxalyl chloride, dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and an organic base such as for example Et3N; hydroxyl to cyano: first conversion of the hydroxyl group to CH3-S(=0)2-0- via reaction with mesylchloride in a suitable solvent such as DCM in the presence of a suitable base such as for example DIPEA; second conversion of CH3-S(=0)2-0- to the cyano group by reaction with e.g. NaCN in a suitable solvent such as for example DMSO;

hydroxyl to fluoro: in a suitable solvent such as THF in the presence of a suitable base (promotor) such as for example 1,8- diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undecene-7 (DBU) in the presence of a fluorinating reagent such as (diethylamino)difluorosulfonium tetrafluoroborate (XtalFluor-E®).

Although not shown explicitly in the general reaction schemes, the skilled person will realize that compounds wherein NRi is replaced by O, can be prepared according to analogous reaction protocols as outlined hereabove in combination with methods known by the skilled person.

In all these preparations, the reaction products may be isolated from the reaction medium and, if necessary, further purified according to methodologies generally known in the art such as, for example, extraction, crystallization, trituration and

chromatography. In particular, stereoisomers can be isolated chromatographically using a chiral stationary phase such as, for example, Chiralpak® AD (amylose 3,5 dimethyl- phenyl carbamate) or Chiralpak® AS, both purchased from Daicel Chemical Industries, Ltd, in Japan, or by Supercritical Fluid Chromatography (SFC). The chirally pure forms of the compounds of Formula (I) form a preferred group of compounds. It is therefore that the chirally pure forms of the intermediates and their salt forms are particularly useful in the preparation of chirally pure compounds of Formula (I). Also enantiomeric mixtures of the intermediates are useful in the preparation of compounds of Formula (I) with the corresponding configuration.

Pharmacology

It has been found that the compounds of the present invention have EF2K inhibitory activity and optionally may also have Vps34 inhibitory activity.

The compounds according to the invention and the pharmaceutical compositions comprising such compounds may be useful for treating or preventing, in particular treating, diseases such as cancer, depression, neuroplasticity (synaptic

plasticity and non-synaptic plasticity), and memory and learning disorders; in particular diseases such as cancer, depression, and memory and learning disorders.

In particular, the compounds according to the present invention and the pharmaceutical compositions thereof may be useful in the treatment or the prevention, in particular in the treatment, of a haematological malignancy or solid tumour.

In a specific embodiment said solid tumour is selected from the group consisting of glioblastoma, medulloblastoma, prostate cancer, breast cancer, ovarian cancer and colorectal cancer.

Examples of other cancers which may be treated (or inhibited) include, but are not limited to, a carcinoma, for example a carcinoma of the bladder, breast, colon (e.g. colorectal carcinomas such as colon adenocarcinoma and colon adenoma), kidney, urothelial, uterus, epidermis, liver, lung (for example adenocarcinoma, small cell lung cancer and non-small cell lung carcinomas, squamous lung cancer), oesophagus, head and neck, gall bladder, ovary, pancreas (e.g. exocrine pancreatic carcinoma), stomach, gastrointestinal (also known as gastric) cancer (e.g. gastrointestinal stromal tumours), cervix, endometrium, thyroid, prostate, or skin (for example squamous cell carcinoma or dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans); pituitary cancer, a hematopoietic tumour of lymphoid lineage, for example leukemia, acute lymphocytic leukemia, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, B-cell lymphoma (e.g. diffuse large B-cell lymphoma), T-cell lymphoma, Hodgkin's lymphoma, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, hairy cell lymphoma, or Burkett's lymphoma; a hematopoietic tumour of myeloid lineage, for example leukemias, acute and chronic myelogenous leukemias, chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML), myeloproliferative disorder, myeloproliferative syndrome, myelodysplasia syndrome, or promyelocytic leukemia; multiple myeloma; thyroid follicular cancer; hepatocellular cancer, a tumour of mesenchymal origin (e.g. Ewing's sarcoma), for example fibrosarcoma or rhabdomyosarcoma; a tumour of the central or peripheral nervous system, for example astrocytoma, neuroblastoma, glioma (such as glioblastoma multiforme) or schwannoma; melanoma; seminoma; teratocarcinoma; osteosarcoma; xeroderma pigmentosum; keratoctanthoma; thyroid follicular cancer; or Kaposi's sarcoma. In particular, squamous lung cancer, breast cancer, colorectal cancer, glioblastoma, astrocytomas, prostate cancer, small cell lung cancer, melanoma, head and neck cancer, thyroid cancer, uterine cancer, gastric cancer, hepatocellular cancer, cervix cancer, multiple myeloma, bladder cancer, endometrial cancer, urothelial cancer, colon cancer, rhabdomyosarcoma, pituitary gland cancer.

The compounds according to the invention and the pharmaceutical compositions comprising such compounds may also be useful for treating or preventing, in particular treating, diseases such as malaria, rheumatoid arthritis, lupus and HIV.

The compounds of the invention and compositions thereof can also be used in the treatment of hematopoetic diseases of abnormal cell proliferation whether pre- malignant or stable such as myeloproliferative diseases. Myeloproliferative diseases

("MPD"s) are a group of diseases of the bone marrow in which excess cells are produced. They are related to, and may evolve into, myelodysplasia syndrome.

Myeloproliferative diseases include polycythemia vera, essential thrombocythemia and primary myelofibrosis. A further haematological disorder is hypereosinophilic syndrome. T-cell lymphoproliferative diseases include those derived from natural

Killer cells.

Thus, in the pharmaceutical compositions, uses or methods of this invention for treating a disease or condition comprising abnormal cell growth, the disease or condition comprising abnormal cell growth in one embodiment is a cancer.

The compounds of the present invention also have therapeutic applications in sensitising tumour cells for radiotherapy and chemotherapy.

Hence the compounds of the present invention can be used as "radiosensitizer" and/or "chemosensitizer" or can be given in combination with another "radiosensitizer" and/or "chemosensitizer".

The term "radiosensitizer", as used herein, is defined as a molecule, preferably a low molecular weight molecule, administered to animals in therapeutically effective amounts to increase the sensitivity of the cells to ionizing radiation and/or to promote the treatment of diseases which are treatable with ionizing radiation. The term "chemosensitizer", as used herein, is defined as a molecule, preferably a low molecular weight molecule, administered to animals in therapeutically effective amounts to increase the sensitivity of cells to chemotherapy and/or promote the treatment of diseases which are treatable with chemotherapeutics.

Several mechanisms for the mode of action of radiosensitizers have been suggested in the literature including: hypoxic cell radiosensitizers ( e.g., 2- nitroimidazole compounds, and benzotriazine dioxide compounds) mimicking oxygen or alternatively behave like bioreductive agents under hypoxia; non-hypoxic cell radiosensitizers (e.g., halogenated pyrimidines) can be analogoues of DNA bases and preferentially incorporate into the DNA of cancer cells and thereby promote the radiation-induced breaking of DNA molecules and/or prevent the normal DNA repair mechanisms; and various other potential mechanisms of action have been hypothesized for

radiosensitizers in the treatment of disease.

Many cancer treatment protocols currently employ radiosensitizers in conjunction with radiation of x-rays. Examples of x-ray activated radiosensitizers include, but are not limited to, the following: metronidazole, misonidazole, desmethylmisonidazole, pimonidazole, etanidazole, nimorazole, mitomycin C, RSU 1069, SR 4233, E09, RB 6145, nicotinamide, 5-bromodeoxyuridine (BUdR), 5- iododeoxyuridine (IUdR), bromodeoxycytidine, fluorodeoxyuridine (FudR), hydroxyurea, cisplatin, and therapeutically effective analogs and derivatives of the same.

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) of cancers employs visible light as the radiation activator of the sensitizing agent. Examples of photodynamic radiosensitizers include the following, but are not limited to: hematoporphyrin derivatives, Photo frin,

benzoporphyrin derivatives, tin etioporphyrin, pheoborbide-a, bacteriochlorophyll-a, naphthalocyanines, phthalocyanines, zinc phthalocyanine, and therapeutically effective analogs and derivatives of the same.

Radiosensitizers may be administered in conjunction with a therapeutically effective amount of one or more other compounds, including but not limited to: compounds which promote the incorporation of radiosensitizers to the target cells; compounds which control the flow of therapeutics, nutrients, and/or oxygen to the target cells; chemotherapeutic agents which act on the tumour with or without additional radiation; or other therapeutically effective compounds for treating cancer or other diseases.

Chemosensitizers may be administered in conjunction with a therapeutically effective amount of one or more other compounds, including but not limited to: compounds which promote the incorporation of chemosensitizers to the target cells; compounds which control the flow of therapeutics, nutrients, and/or oxygen to the target cells; chemotherapeutic agents which act on the tumour or other therapeutically effective compounds for treating cancer or other disease. Calcium antagonists, for example verapamil, are found useful in combination with antineoplastic agents to establish chemosensitivity in tumor cells resistant to accepted chemotherapeutic agents and to potentiate the efficacy of such compounds in drug-sensitive malignancies.

The invention relates to compounds of Formula (I) and pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and solvates thereof, for use as a medicament.

The invention also relates to compounds of Formula (I) and pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and solvates thereof, for use in the inhibition of EF2K and optionally also for use in the inhibition of Vps34.

The compounds of the present invention can be "anti-cancer agents", which term also encompasses "anti-tumor cell growth agents" and "anti-neoplastic agents".

The invention also relates to compounds of Formula (I) and pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and solvates thereof, for use in the treatment of diseases mentioned above .

The invention also relates to compounds of Formula (I) and pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and solvates thereof, for the treatment or prevention, in particular for the treatment, of said diseases.

The invention also relates to compounds of Formula (I) and pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and solvates thereof, for the treatment or prevention, in particular in the treatment, of EF2K mediated diseases or conditions.

The invention also relates to compounds of Formula (I) and pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and solvates thereof, for the treatment or prevention, in particular in the treatment, of EF2K and optionally Vps34 mediated diseases or conditions.

The invention also relates to the use of compounds of Formula (I) and pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and solvates thereof, for the manufacture of a medicament.

The invention also relates to the use of compounds of Formula (I) and pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and solvates thereof, for the manufacture of a medicament for the inhibition of EF2K and optionally also for the inhibition of Vps34.

The invention also relates to the use of compounds of Formula (I) and pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and solvates thereof, for the manufacture of a medicament for the treatment or prevention, in particular for the treatment, of any one of the disease conditions mentioned hereinbefore.

The invention also relates to the use of compounds of Formula (I) and pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and solvates thereof, for the manufacture of a medicament for the treatment of any one of the disease conditions mentioned hereinbefore.

The compounds of Formula (I) and pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and solvates thereof, can be administered to mammals, preferably humans for the treatment or prevention of any one of the diseases mentioned hereinbefore.

The compounds of the present invention may also be used in the optimisation of industrial protein production.

In view of the utility of the compounds of Formula (I) and pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and solvates thereof, there is provided a method of treating warmblooded animals, including humans, suffering from or a method of preventing warmblooded animals, including humans, to suffer from any one of the diseases mentioned hereinbefore.

Said methods comprise the administration, i.e. the systemic or topical administration, preferably oral administration, of an effective amount of a compound of Formula (I) and pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and solvates thereof, to warm-blooded animals, including humans.

Those of skill in the treatment of such diseases could determine the effective therapeutic daily amount from the test results presented hereinafter. An effective therapeutic daily amount would be from about 0.005 mg/kg to 50 mg/kg, in particular 0.01 mg/kg to 50 mg/kg body weight, more in particular from 0.01 mg/kg to 25 mg/kg body weight, preferably from about 0.01 mg/kg to about 15 mg/kg, more preferably from about 0.01 mg/kg to about 10 mg/kg, even more preferably from about

0.01 mg/kg to about 1 mg/kg, most preferably from about 0.05 mg/kg to about 1 mg/kg body weight. The amount of a compound according to the present invention, also referred to here as the active ingredient, which is required to achieve a therapeutically effect will of course, vary on case-by-case basis, for example with the particular compound, the route of administration, the age and condition of the recipient, and the particular disorder or disease being treated.

A method of treatment may also include administering the active ingredient on a regimen of between one and four intakes per day. In these methods of treatment the compounds according to the invention are preferably formulated prior to administration. As described herein below, suitable pharmaceutical formulations are prepared by known procedures using well known and readily available ingredients.

The compounds of the present invention, that can be suitable to treat or prevent cancer or cancer-related conditions, may be administered alone or in combination with one or more additional therapeutic agents. Combination therapy includes administration of a single pharmaceutical dosage formulation which contains a compound of Formula (I), a pharmaceutically acceptable addition salt, or a solvate thereof, and one or more additional therapeutic agents, as well as administration of the compound of Formula (I), a pharmaceutically acceptable addition salt, or a solvate thereof, and each additional therapeutic agents in its own separate pharmaceutical dosage formulation. For example, a compound of Formula (I), a pharmaceutically acceptable addition salt, or a solvate thereof, and a therapeutic agent may be administered to the patient together in a single oral dosage composition such as a tablet or capsule, or each agent may be administered in separate oral dosage formulations.

While it is possible for the active ingredient to be administered alone, it is preferable to present it as a pharmaceutical composition.

Accordingly, the present invention further provides a pharmaceutical composition comprising a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier and, as active ingredient, a

therapeutically effective amount of a compound of Formula (I), a pharmaceutically acceptable addition salt, or a solvate thereof.

The carrier or diluent must be "acceptable" in the sense of being compatible with the other ingredients of the composition and not deleterious to the recipients thereof.

For ease of administration, the subject compounds may be formulated into various pharmaceutical forms for administration purposes. The compounds according to the invention, in particular the compounds of Formula (I) and pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and solvates thereof, or any subgroup or combination thereof may be formulated into various pharmaceutical forms for administration purposes. As appropriate compositions there may be cited all compositions usually employed for systemically administering drugs.

To prepare the pharmaceutical compositions of this invention, an effective amount of the particular compound as the active ingredient is combined in intimate admixture with a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier, which carrier may take a wide variety of forms depending on the form of preparation desired for administration. These pharmaceutical compositions are desirable in unitary dosage form suitable, in particular, for administration orally, rectally, percutaneously, by parenteral injection or by inhalation. For example, in preparing the compositions in oral dosage form, any of the usual pharmaceutical media may be employed such as, for example, water, glycols, oils, alcohols and the like in the case of oral liquid preparations such as suspensions, syrups, elixirs, emulsions and solutions; or solid carriers such as starches, sugars, kaolin, diluents, lubricants, binders, disintegrating agents and the like in the case of powders, pills, capsules and tablets. Because of their ease in administration, tablets and capsules represent the most advantageous oral dosage unit forms in which case solid pharmaceutical carriers are obviously employed. For parenteral compositions, the carrier will usually comprise sterile water, at least in large part, though other ingredients, for example, to aid solubility, may be included. Injectable solutions, for example, may be prepared in which the carrier comprises saline solution, glucose solution or a mixture of saline and glucose solution. Injectable solutions, for example, may be prepared in which the carrier comprises saline solution, glucose solution or a mixture of saline and glucose solution. Injectable solutions containing a compound of Formula (I), a pharmaceutically acceptable addition salt, or a solvate thereof, may be formulated in an oil for prolonged action. Appropriate oils for this purpose are, for example, peanut oil, sesame oil, cottonseed oil, corn oil, soybean oil, synthetic glycerol esters of long chain fatty acids and mixtures of these and other oils. Injectable suspensions may also be prepared in which case appropriate liquid carriers, suspending agents and the like may be employed. Also included are solid form preparations that are intended to be converted, shortly before use, to liquid form preparations. In the compositions suitable for percutaneous administration, the carrier optionally comprises a penetration enhancing agent and/or a suitable wetting agent, optionally combined with suitable additives of any nature in minor proportions, which additives do not introduce a significant deleterious effect on the skin. Said additives may facilitate the administration to the skin and/or may be helpful for preparing the desired compositions. These compositions may be administered in various ways, e.g., as a transdermal patch, as a spot-on, as an ointment. Acid or base addition salts of compounds of Formula (I) due to their increased water solubility over the corresponding base or acid form, are more suitable in the preparation of aqueous compositions.

It is especially advantageous to formulate the aforementioned pharmaceutical compositions in unit dosage form for ease of administration and uniformity of dosage. Unit dosage form as used herein refers to physically discrete units suitable as unitary dosages, each unit containing a predetermined quantity of active ingredient calculated to produce the desired therapeutic effect in association with the required

pharmaceutical carrier. Examples of such unit dosage forms are tablets (including scored or coated tablets), capsules, pills, powder packets, wafers, suppositories, injectable solutions or suspensions and the like, and segregated multiples thereof.

In order to enhance the solubility and/or the stability of the compounds of Formula (I) and pharmaceutically acceptable addition salts, and solvates thereof, in pharmaceutical compositions, it can be advantageous to employ α-, β- or γ-cyclodextrins or their derivatives, in particular hydroxyalkyl substituted cyclodextrins, e.g. 2-hydroxypropyl- β-cyclodextrin or sulfobutyl-P-cyclodextrin. Also co-solvents such as alcohols may improve the solubility and/or the stability of the compounds according to the invention in pharmaceutical compositions.

Depending on the mode of administration, the pharmaceutical composition will preferably comprise from 0.05 to 99 % by weight, more preferably from 0.1 to 70 % by weight, even more preferably from 0.1 to 50 % by weight of the compound of Formula (I), a pharmaceutically acceptable addition salt, or a solvate thereof, and from 1 to 99.95 % by weight, more preferably from 30 to 99.9 % by weight, even more preferably from 50 to 99.9 % by weight of a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier, all percentages being based on the total weight of the composition.

As another aspect of the present invention, a combination of a compound of the present invention with another anticancer agent is envisaged, especially for use as a medicine, more specifically for use in the treatment of cancer or related diseases.

For the treatment of the above conditions, the compounds of the invention may be advantageously employed in combination with one or more other medicinal agents, more particularly, with other anti-cancer agents or adjuvants in cancer therapy.

Examples of anti-cancer agents or adjuvants (supporting agents in the therapy) include but are not limited to:

- platinum coordination compounds for example cisplatin optionally combined with amifostine, carboplatin or oxaliplatin;

taxane compounds for example paclitaxel, paclitaxel protein bound particles (Abraxane™) or docetaxel;

topoisomerase I inhibitors such as camptothecin compounds for example irinotecan, SN-38, topotecan, topotecan hcl;

topoisomerase II inhibitors such as anti-tumour epipodophyllotoxins or podophyllotoxin derivatives for example etoposide, etoposide phosphate or teniposide;

anti-tumour vinca alkaloids for example vinblastine, vincristine or vinorelbine; - anti-tumour nucleoside derivatives for example 5-fluorouracil, leucovorin, gemcitabine, gemcitabine hcl, capecitabine, cladribine, fludarabine, nelarabine; alkylating agents such as nitrogen mustard or nitrosourea for example cyclophosphamide, chlorambucil, carmustine, thiotepa, mephalan (melphalan), lomustine, altretamine, busulfan, dacarbazine, estramustine, ifosfamide optionally in combination with mesna, pipobroman, procarbazine, streptozocin, temozolomide, uracil;

anti-tumour anthracycline derivatives for example daunorubicin, doxorubicin optionally in combination with dexrazoxane, doxil, idarubicin, mitoxantrone, epirubicin, epirubicin hcl, valrubicin;

molecules that target the IGF-1 receptor for example picropodophilin;

tetracarcin derivatives for example tetrocarcin A;

- glucocorticoids for example prednisone;

antibodies for example trastuzumab (HER2 antibody), rituximab (CD20 antibody), gemtuzumab, gemtuzumab ozogamicin, cetuximab, pertuzumab, bevacizumab, alemtuzumab, eculizumab, ibritumomab tiuxetan, nofetumomab, panitumumab, tositumomab, CNTO 328;

- estrogen receptor antagonists or selective estrogen receptor modulators or

inhibitors of estrogen synthesis for example tamoxifen, fulvestrant, toremifene, droloxifene, faslodex, raloxifene or letrozole;

aromatase inhibitors such as exemestane, anastrozole, letrazole, testolactone and vorozole;

differentiating agents such as retinoids, vitamin D or retinoic acid and retinoic acid metabolism blocking agents (RAMBA) for example accutane;

- DNA methyl transferase inhibitors for example azacytidine or decitabine;

antifolates for example premetrexed disodium;

antibiotics for example antinomycin D, bleomycin, mitomycin C, dactinomycin, carminomycin, daunomycin, levamisole, plicamycin, mithramycin;

antimetabolites for example clofarabine, aminopterin, cytosine arabinoside or methotrexate, azacitidine, cytarabine, floxuridine, pentostatin, thioguanine;

- apoptosis inducing agents and antiangiogenic agents such as Bcl-2 inhibitors for example YC 137, BH 312, ABT 737, gossypol, HA 14-1, TW 37 or decanoic acid;

tubuline -binding agents for example combrestatin, colchicines or nocodazole; - kinase inhibitors (e.g. EGFR (epithelial growth factor receptor) inhibitors,

MTKI (multi target kinase inhibitors), mTOR inhibitors) for example flavoperidol, imatinib mesylate, erlotinib, gefitinib, dasatinib, lapatinib, lapatinib ditosylate, sorafenib, sunitinib, sunitinib maleate, temsirolimus;

farnesyltransferase inhibitors for example tipifarnib;

histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors for example sodium butyrate, suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA), depsipeptide (FR 901228), NVP-

LAQ824, R306465, JNJ-26481585, trichostatin A, vorinostat;

Inhibitors of the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway for example PS-341, MLN .41 or bortezomib;

- Yondelis;

- Telomerase inhibitors for example telomestatin;

Matrix metalloproteinase inhibitors for example batimastat, marimastat, prinostat or metastat;

Recombinant interleukins for example aldesleukin, denileukin diftitox, interferon alfa 2a, interferon alfa 2b, peginterferon alfa 2b;

- MAPK inhibitors;

Retinoids for example alitretinoin, bexarotene, tretinoin;

- Arsenic trioxide;

- Asparaginase;

Steroids for example dromostanolone propionate, megestrol acetate, nandrolone (decanoate, phenpropionate), dexamethasone;

Gonadotropin releasing hormone agonists or antagonists for example abarelix, goserelin acetate, histrelin acetate, leuprolide acetate;

- Thalidomide, lenalidomide;

- Mercaptopurine, mitotane, pamidronate, pegademase, pegaspargase,

rasburicase;

BH3 mimetics for example ABT-737;

- MEK inhibitors for example PD98059, AZD6244, CI-1040;

colony-stimulating factor analogs for example filgrastim, pegfilgrastim, sargramostim; erythropoietin or analogues thereof (e.g. darbepoetin alfa);

interleukin 11; oprelvekin; zoledronate, zoledronic acid; fentanyl;

bisphosphonate; palifermin;

a steroidal cytochrome P450 17alpha-hydroxylase-17,20-lyase inhibitor (CYP17), e.g. abiraterone, abiraterone acetate;

- Glycolysis inhibitors, such as 2-deoxyglucose;

- mTOR inhibitors such as rapamycins and rapalogs, and mTOR kinase

inhibitors;

PI3K inhibitors and dual mTOR/PI3K inhibitors; - autophagy inhibitors, such as chloroquine and hydroxy-chloroquine;

B-raf inhibitors, e.g. vemurafenib;

androgen receptor antagonist drugs, e.g. enzalutamide or ARN-509.

The present invention further relates to a product containing as first active ingredient a compound according to the invention and as further active ingredient one or more anticancer agents, as a combined preparation for simultaneous, separate or sequential use in the treatment of patients suffering from cancer.

The one or more other medicinal agents and the compound according to the present invention may be administered simultaneously (e.g. in separate or unitary

compositions) or sequentially in either order. In the latter case, the two or more compounds will be administered within a period and in an amount and manner that is sufficient to ensure that an advantageous or synergistic effect is achieved. It will be appreciated that the preferred method and order of administration and the respective dosage amounts and regimes for each component of the combination will depend on the particular other medicinal agent and compound of the present invention being administered, their route of administration, the particular tumour being treated and the particular host being treated. The optimum method and order of administration and the dosage amounts and regime can be readily determined by those skilled in the art using conventional methods and in view of the information set out herein.

The weight ratio of the compound according to the present invention and the one or more other anticancer agent(s) when given as a combination may be determined by the person skilled in the art. Said ratio and the exact dosage and frequency of

administration depends on the particular compound according to the invention and the other anticancer agent(s) used, the particular condition being treated, the severity of the condition being treated, the age, weight, gender, diet, time of administration and general physical condition of the particular patient, the mode of administration as well as other medication the individual may be taking, as is well known to those skilled in the art. Furthermore, it is evident that the effective daily amount may be lowered or increased depending on the response of the treated subject and/or depending on the evaluation of the physician prescribing the compounds of the instant invention. A particular weight ratio for the present compound of Formula (I) and another anticancer agent may range from 1/10 to 10/1, more in particular from 1/5 to 5/1, even more in particular from 1/3 to 3/1.

The platinum coordination compound is advantageously administered in a dosage of 1

2 2 to 500mg per square meter (mg/m ) of body surface area, for example 50 to 400 mg/m , 2

particularly for cisplatin in a dosage of about 75 mg/m and for carboplatin in about 300mg/m per course of treatment.

The taxane compound is advantageously administered in a dosage of 50 to 400 mg per square meter (mg/m 2 ) of body surface area, for example 75 to 250 mg/m 2 , particularly for paclitaxel in a dosage of about 175 to 250 mg/m and for docetaxel in about 75 to 150 mg/m per course of treatment.

The camptothecin compound is advantageously administered in a dosage of 0.1 to

2 2

400 mg per square meter (mg/m ) of body surface area, for example 1 to 300 mg/m , particularly for irinotecan in a dosage of about 100 to 350 mg/m and for topotecan in about 1 to 2 mg/m per course of treatment.

The anti-tumour podophyllotoxin derivative is advantageously administered in a dosage of 30 to 300 mg per square meter (mg/m ) of body surface area, for example 50 to

250mg/m 2 , particularly for etoposide in a dosage of about 35 to 100 mg/m 2 and for teniposide in about 50 to 250 mg/m per course of treatment.

The anti-tumour vinca alkaloid is advantageously administered in a dosage of 2 to

30 mg per square meter (mg/m ) of body surface area, particularly for vinblastine in a dosage of about 3 to 12 mg/m 2 , for vincristine in a dosage of about 1 to 2 mg/m 2 , and for vinorelbine in dosage of about 10 to 30 mg/m per course of treatment.

The anti-tumour nucleoside derivative is advantageously administered in a dosage of 200 to 2500 mg per square meter (mg/m ) of body surface area, for example 700 to

1500 mg/m 2 , particularly for 5-FU in a dosage of 200 to 500mg/m 2 , for gemcitabine in

2

a dosage of about 800 to 1200 mg/m and for capecitabine in about 1000 to

2500 mg/m per course of treatment.

The alkylating agents such as nitrogen mustard or nitrosourea is advantageously administered in a dosage of 100 to 500 mg per square meter (mg/m ) of body surface

2

area, for example 120 to 200 mg/m , particularly for cyclophosphamide in a dosage of about 100 to 500 mg/m , for chlorambucil in a dosage of about 0.1 to 0.2 mg/kg, for carmustine in a dosage of about 150 to 200 mg/m , and for lomustine in a dosage of about 100 to 150 mg/m per course of treatment.

The anti-tumour anthracycline derivative is advantageously administered in a dosage of 10 to 75 mg per square meter (mg/m ) of body surface area, for example 15 to

60 mg/m 2 , particularly for doxorubicin in a dosage of about 40 to 75 mg/m 2 , for daunorubicin in a dosage of about 25 to 45mg/m , and for idarubicin in a dosage of about 10 to 15 mg/m per course of treatment.

The antiestrogen agent is advantageously administered in a dosage of about 1 to 100 mg daily depending on the particular agent and the condition being treated. Tamoxifen is advantageously administered orally in a dosage of 5 to 50 mg, preferably 10 to 20 mg twice a day, continuing the therapy for sufficient time to achieve and maintain a therapeutic effect. Toremifene is advantageously administered orally in a dosage of about 60 mg once a day, continuing the therapy for sufficient time to achieve and maintain a therapeutic effect. Anastrozole is advantageously administered orally in a dosage of about lmg once a day. Droloxifene is advantageously administered orally in a dosage of about 20-100mg once a day. Raloxifene is advantageously administered orally in a dosage of about 60mg once a day. Exemestane is advantageously administered orally in a dosage of about 25mg once a day.

Antibodies are advantageously administered in a dosage of about 1 to 5 mg per square meter (mg/m ) of body surface area, or as known in the art, if different. Trastuzumab is advantageously administered in a dosage of 1 to 5 mg per square meter (mg/m ) of body surface area, particularly 2 to 4 mg/m per course of treatment.

These dosages may be administered for example once, twice or more per course of treatment, which may be repeated for example every 7, 14, 21 or 28 days.

The following examples illustrate the present invention. In case no specific

stereochemistry is indicated for a stereocenter of a compound or an intermediate, this means that the compound or the intermediate was obtained as a mixture of the R and the S enantiomers.

When an intermediate is indicated as 'HCl salt' or 'TFA salt', this means that the number of equivalents of HCl or TFA was not determined.

Examples

Hereinafter, the term "NaH" means sodium hydride (60% in mineral oil); "DCM" means dichloromethane; "aq." means aqueous; "TFE" means 2,2,2-trifluoroethanol; "q.s." means quantum sufficit; "MTBE" means methyl tert-butyl ether; "Int." means intermediate; "TBAF" means tetrabutylammonium fluoride; "DPP A" means diphenylphosphoryl azide; "XtalFluor-E®" means (diethylamino)difluorosulfonium tetrafluoroborate; "DBU" means l,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undecene-7; "AcOH" means acetic acid; "tBuOH" means tert-butanol; "Co." means compound; "r.t." means room temperature; "DCE" means 1 ,2-dichloroethane; "DIPE" means diisopropyl ether; "DIAD" means diisopropyl azodicarboxylate; "Boc" means fert-butoxycarbonyl; "(BOC)20" means di-tert-butyl dicarbonate; "ACN" means acetonitrile; "NH4Ac" means ammonium acetate; "X-Phos" means dicyclohexyl[2',4',6'-tris(l- methylethyl)[l,l'-biphenyl]-2-yl]-phosphine; "S-Phos" means 2- dicyclohexylphosphino-2',6'-dimethoxybiphenyl; "DEA" means diethanolamine; "BDS" means base deactivated silica"; "NMP" means l-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone; "DMA" means N,N-dimethylacetamide; "MeOH" means methanol; "LC" means liquid chromatography; "LCMS" means Liquid Chromatography/Mass spectrometry;

"HATU" means l-[bis(dimethylamino)methylene]-lH-[l,2,3]triazolo[4,5-b]pyridin-l- ium 3 -oxide hexafluorophosphate; "HPLC" means high-performance liquid

chromatography; "BINAP" means [l, -binaphthalene]-2,2'-diylbis[diphenylphosphine] (racemic); "TFA" means trifluoroacetic acid; "m.p." means melting point; "N2" means nitrogen; "RP" means reversed phase; "min" means minute(s); "h" means hour(s); "EtOAc" means ethyl acetate; "Et3N" means triethylamine; "PE" means petroleum ether; "Xantphos" means (9,9-dimethyl-9H-xanthene-4,5-diyl)bis[diphenylphosphine]; "EtOH" means ethanol; "THF" means tetrahydrofuran; "Celite®" means diatomaceous earth; "DMF" means N,N-dimethyl formamide; "DMSO" means dimethyl sulfoxide; "DECP" means diethyl cyanophosphonate; 'iPrOH" means 2-propanol; "iPrNH2" means isopropylamine; "SFC" means Supercritical Fluid Chromatography; "DIPEA" means Ν,Ν-diisopropylethylamine; "Pd(PPh3)4" means

tetrakis(triphenylphosphine)palladium; "HBTU" means 1-

[bis(dimethylamino)methylene] - 1 H-benzotriazol- 1 -ium 3 -oxide hexafluorophosphate; "w/v" means weight/volume; "NaBH(OAc)3" means sodium triacetoxyborohydride; "PPI13" means triphenylphosphine; "Et20" means diethyl ether; "Pd/C" means palladium on carbon; "Pt/C" means platina on carbon; "Pd(OAc)2" means palladium(II) acetate; "Pd2(dba)3" means tris(dibenzylideneacetone)dipalladium; "Et" means ethyl; "Me" means methyl; "PdCl2(dppf)-DCM" means [l,l'-bis(diphenylphosphino- KP)ferrocene]dichloropalladium-dichloromethane (1 : 1); "PdCl2(dppf)" means [Ι,Γ- bis(diphenylphosphino-KP)ferrocene]dichloropalladium; and "TLC" means thin layer chromatography.

A. Preparation of the Intermediates

Example Al

a) Preparation of Int. 1

2-Chloro-5-bromo pyrimidine (23.4 g; 121 mmol) was dissolved in EtOH (450 ml). N- (3-aminopropyl)carbamic acid tert-butyl ester (52.7 g; 302.5 mmol) was added. The mixture was refiuxed for 6 h, then cooled to r.t. The mixture was filtered. The filter cake was washed with aq. Na2C03 and dried yielding 45 g of intermediate 1 (100 %). The intermediates in the table below were prepared according to an analogous reaction protocol as used for Int. 1 :

b) Preparation of Int. 4

NaH 60 % (603 mg; 15.081 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of Int. 3 (1.7 g;

5.027 mmol) in DMF (9.7 mL) at 0 °C. The reaction mixture was stirred for 20 min. 1- Bromo-3-methoxypropane (1 g; 6.535 mmol) was added at 0 °C. The reaction mixture was allowed to stir at r.t. for 1 h, hydrolysed with water and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with water, dried over MgS04, filtered and evaporated. The residue was purified by preparative LC on (irregular 15-40 μιη 90g Merck). Mobile phase (85 % heptane, 15 % EtOAc). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated to give Int. 4 (1.66 g; 79 %).

The intermediates in the table below were prepared according to an analogous reaction protocol as used for Int. 4:

c) Preparation of Int. 8

Int. 1 (34.4 g; 104 mmol) was dissolved in dioxane (1000 ml). 2-Chloropyridine-4- boronic acid (18 g; 114 mmol), Pd(PPh3)4 (6.12 g; 2.12 mmol) and Na2C03 (2 M aq, solution) (235 ml) were added under N2 gas atmosphere. The mixture was refluxed overnight. The mixture was filtered and the filtrate was concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography over silica gel (eluent: PE / EtOAc 10/1). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated yielding 19 g of Int. 8 (53.0 %).

The intermediates in the table below were prepared according to an analogous reaction protocol as used for Int. 8:

The intermediates in the table below were prepared by using successively analogous reaction protocols as used for Int. 1 and Int. 8:

Int. 86 (from 2-chloro-5-bromo

pyrimidine and N-methyl-N-[3- (methylamino)propyl] -carbamic acid,

1,1-dimethylethyl ester)

Example A2-a

a) Preparation of Int. 14

A mixture of 2-fluoro-3-nitrotoluene (33 g; 213 mmol), N-bromosuccinimide (41.7 g; 234.3 mmol) and a catalytic amount of azobisisobutyronitrile in carbon tetrachloride (300 ml) was heated to reflux for 24 h. The mixture was filtered. The organic solvent was evaporated in vacuo to yield 50 g of Int. 14 (100 %).

b) Preparation of Int. 15

Piperazine-1 -acetic acid tert-butyl ester (42.6 g, 213 mmol) was added to a suspension of Int. 14 (50 g, 213 mmol) and potassium carbonate in ACN (200 ml). The mixture was stirred at r.t. for 2 h. The mixture was filtered. The organic solvent was evaporated in vacuo. The residue was purified by chromatography on silica gel (PE/EtOAc 8/1 to pure EtOAc). The pure fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated to yield 38 g of Int. 15 (50 %). ) Preparation of Int. 16

Int. 15 (38 g; 108 mmol) was dissolved in a mixture of THF (120 ml), water (60 ml) and MeOH (60 ml). Fe (60.3 g;1080 mmol) and ammonium chloride (57.8 g; 1080 mmol) were added. The mixture was refluxed for 2 h. The mixture was filtered. Brine and DCM were added to the filtrate. The organic layer was separated, dried over Na2S04 and evaporated to dryness to give 26 g of Int. 16 (74 %).

Example A2-b

a) Preparation of Int. 17

A solution of 2-bromomethyl-4-nitrobenzoic acid methyl ester (110 g, 401 mmol), piperazine-1 -acetic acid tert-butyl ester (81 g, 405 mmol) and K2C03 (q.s.) in ACN (1000 ml) was stirred for 6 h at 50 °C. The precipitate was filtered off and the solvent was removed. The residue was purified by column chromatography over silica gel (gradient eluent: PE/EtOAc from 10/1 to 1/1). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 130 g of Int. 17 (93 %).

b) Preparation of Int. 18

A solution of Int. 17 (91 g, 231.3 mmol) and LiOH (1 mol/L in water; 693.9 mL, 693.9 mmol) in THF (700 mL) was stirred for 3 h at r.t.. The pH of the reaction was adjusted to to pH 4-5 by addition of 2 N HCl. The organic solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure. The mixture was cooled to r.t., and the precipitate was filtered off and dried to give 70 g of Int. 18 (80 %). ) Preparation of Int. 19

A solution of Int. 18 (33 g, 87 mmol), ammonium hydrochloride (6.52g, 121.8 mmol), 1 -hydroxy- lH-benzotriazole hydrate (14.11 g, 104.4 mmol), 3-ethyl-l-(3- dimethylaminopropyl)carbodiimide .HCl (20.01 g, 104.4 mmol) and Et3N (35.21 g, 348 mmol) in DMF (250ml) was stirred overnight at r.t.. The mixture was evaporated in vacuo, water was added to the residue and this aqueous mixture was extracted with DCM. The organic phase was washed with water, brine, dried over Na2S04 and filtered. The solvent was evaporated and the crude product was purified by column

chromatography over silica gel (eluent: EtOAc). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 18.8 g of Int. 19 (57 %).

The intermediates in the table below were prepared according to an analogous reaction protocol as used for Int. 19:

d) Preparation of Int. 21

Pt/C (5 %)(1 g, 5.1 mmol) was added to a solution of Int. 19 (18.8 g , 49.7 mmol) in EtOH (350 ml) and the resulting suspension was hydrogenated under a hydrogen atmosphere for 15 h at 40 °C. The catalyst was removed by filtration and the filtrate was evaporated under reduced pressure. Yield: 16.0 g of Int. 21 (92 %).

The intermediates in the table below were prepared according to an analogous reaction protocol as used for Int. 21 : Int. 22 (starting from Int. 20)

Example A2-c

a) Preparation of Int. 23

A solution of 3-oxetanone (4 g; 55 mmol), trimethylsilylcyanide (5.46 g; 55 mmol) and Znl2 (0.010 g) in tert-butyl methyl ether (10 ml) was stirred overnight. Then 1- piperazinecarboxylic acid, 1,1-dimethylethyl ester, acetate (1 : 1) was added and the solution was further stirred overnight. The solvent was removed. The product was directly used as such for the next reaction step. Yield: 14 g of Int. 23 (98 %).

b) Preparation of Int. 24

A solution of Int. 23 (14 g; 52 mmol) in 2 M NaOH (aqueous; 50 ml) and MeOH(100 ml) was refiuxed for 6 h and then concentrated. The remaining solution was cooled to 0

C, acidified to pH 5 by the addition of concentrated HC1, and then extracted with EtOAc. The combined organic extracts were dried (MgS04), filtered and concentrated to give the product as a white solid. Yield: 14 g of Int. 24 (94 %).

c) Preparation of Int. 25

To a mixture of Int. 24 (10 g; 34.92 mmol) and Cs2C03 (16.9 g; 52 mmol) in DMF( 30 ml) was added Mel (10.50 g; 74 mmol) at r.t.. After stirring for 12 h, the mixture was filtered over Celite . The filtrate was evaporated and the residue was purified with column chromatography (eluent: 100/10 PE/EtOAc) over silica gel. The desired fraction was collected and the solvent was removed to give 7.2 g of Int. 25 as white solid which was used as such in the next reaction step.

d) Preparation of Int. 26

TFA salt

Int. 25 (1.2 g; 4 mmol) in 20 % TFA in DCM (10 ml) was stirred for 1 h. The solvent was removed to give the crude product, which was directly used as such for next reaction step.

e) Preparation of Int. 27

A mixture of Int. 26 (crude; approximately 4 mmol) , 3-nitrobenzylbromide (0.86 g; 4 mmol), K2CO3 (2.2 g; 16 mmol) and ACN (20 ml) was stirred overnight at r.t. After filtration, the solvent was removed and the crude product was purified by column chromatography over silica gel (eluent: EtOAc). The desired fraction was collected and the solvent was removed to give the product. Yield: 0.67 g of Int. 27.

f) Preparation of Int. 28

Int. 27 (0.67 g; 2 mmol) with Pt/C (0.1 g) as a catalyst in MeOH (10 ml) was hydrogenated under H2 (20 Psi) at r.t. for 16h. Then the catalyst was filtered off and the solvent was evaporated to give Int. 28 (0.6 g; 92 % yield).

Example A2-d

a) Preparation of Int. 29

To a solution of 2-fluoro-3-nitro-benzene-l-ethanol (4.6 g; 23.602 mmol) in DCM (50 ml) was added DIPEA (10.611 ml; 61.572 mmol) and mesylchloride (2.383 ml; 30.786 mmol) at 0 °C. The resulting mixture was stirred at r.t. for 2 h. Saturated aqueous NaHCC"3 was added and EtOAc was added to extract the product. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na2S04 and filtered. The solvent was removed in vacuo to give 5 g of Int. 29 (80 %).

b) Preparation of Int. 30

l-(l-Piperazinyl)-cyclopropanecarboxylic acid, methyl ester .HC1 (3.521 g; 15.955 mmol) was added to the mixture of Int. 29 (4.2 g; 15.955 mmol) and K2CO3 (8.832 g; 64 mmol) in DMF(50 ml) and the reaction mixture was stirred at r.t. for 4 h. The mixture was poured into water and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried, filtered and evaporated in vacuo. The crude was dissolved in DCM and 10 ml HCl/dioxane (4 M)was added. The precipitate was filtered and was then dissolved in H20 and adjusted to pH > 7. The water layer was extracted with EtOAc and evaporated. The residue was separated by HPLC Column: Chiralpak OJ-H 250x4.6mm I.D., 5 μιη, Mobile phase: methanol (0.05% ethanolamine) in C02 from 5% to 40% , Flow rate: 2.35mL/min. The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated to give 150 mg of Int. 30 (40%>).

c) Preparation of Int. 31

The mixture of Int. 30 (2.8 g; 7.969 mmol), Fe (4.768 g; 85.38 mmol), NH4C1 (4.567 g; 85.38 mmol) in MeOH/H20/THF 1/1/2 (60 ml) was refluxed for 30 min. The organic solvent was removed in vacuo. The residue was extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was collected and evaporated in vacuo to give 2.473 g of Int. 31 which was used as such for the next reaction step.

Example A2-e

a) Preparation of Int. 32

2,2-Dimethylpiperazine (2.3 g; 20 mmol) and K2C03(5.5 g; 40 mmol) were dissolved in ACN (50 ml) at 25 °C. 3-Nitrobenzyl bromide (4.3 g; 20 mmol) was added dropwise at 25 °C and the reaction was stirred for another 16 h. The reaction mixture was filtered and the filtrate was concentrated. The crude was purified by chromatography column (DCM/ MeOH 5/1). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated to give a yellow solid. Yield: 2 g of Int. 32 (40%).

b) Preparation of Int. 33

Int. 32 (2 g; 8 mmol) and K2C03 (2.5 g; 18 mmol) were stirred in ACN (30 ml) at 25 °C. 2-Bromo-acetic acid, 1 ,1-dimethylethyl ester (1.9 g; 9 mmol) was added dropwise at 25 °C and the mixture was stirred for 16 h. The mixture was filtered and the filtrate was concentrated. The crude was purified by chromatography column (PE/EtOAc 5/1). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated to give a yellow solid. Yield: Int. 33 (1.6 g; 63 %).

c) Preparation of Int. 34

Under H2 gas atmosphere, Pt/C( 0.2 g) was added to Int. 33 (1.6 g; 4.4 mmol) dissolved in MeOH (20 ml) and the mixture was hydrogenated at 20 °C for 12 h. The catalyst was filtered off and the filtrate was concentrated to give an oil. Yield: Int. 34 (1.5 g; 81.7 %).

Intermediate 73 was prepared by using successively analogous reaction protocols as used for Int. 32, Int. 33, Int. 34 and Int. 35, starting from 4,7-diazaspiro[2.5]octane, hydrochloride (1 :2) and 3- nitrobenzyl bromide:

Int. 73

Example A2-f

a) Preparation of Int. 35

The mixture of 2,2-dimethyl-piperazine (2 g; 17.5 mmol), 2-bromo-acetic acid, 1,1- dimethylethyl ester (3.4 g; 17.5 mmol) and Na2C03 (3.7 g; 35 mmol) in ACN (30 ml) was stirred at r.t. overnight. The solid was filtered. The filtrate was concentrated to give crude product. Yield: 4.0 g of Int. 35 (100 %). ) Preparation of Int. 36

The mixture of Int. 35 (4 g; 17.5 mmol), 3- nitro benzyl bromide (3.8 g; 17.5 mmol) and Na2C03 (3.7 g; 35 mmol) in ACN (30 ml) was stirred at r.t. overnight. The solid was filtered. The filtrate was concentrated to give crude product. Yield: 4.5 g of intermediate 36 (70.3 %).

c) Preparation of Int. 37

Int. 36 (4.4 g; 12 mmol) in EtOH (100 ml) was hydrogenated under H2 gas atmosphere (20 Psi) with Pt/C (0.5 g) as catalyst at r.t. After consumption of 3 eq. of H2 the catalyst was filtered off and the filtrate evaporated to give the desired product. Yield: 4 g of Int. 37 (100 %).

Intermediate 74 was prepared by using successively analogous reaction protocols as used for Int. 35, Int. 36 and Int. 37, starting from 4,7-diazaspiro[2.5]octane, hydrochloride (1 :2) and 2-bromo-acetic acid, 1,1-dimethylethyl ester:

Example A2-g

a) Preparation of Int. 40 - I l l -

The synthesis protocol was conducted twice on the same quantities of l-(3- nitrobenzyl)piperazine (20 g; 84.74 mmol).

NaH (60 % in mineral oil) (8.7 g; 216.94 mmol) was added portionwise to a stirred solution of l-(3-Nitrobenzyl)piperazine (40 g; 180.784 mmol) in DMF (190 mL) at r.t.. The reaction mixture was stirred for 20 minutes. Tert-butyl bromoacetate (26.5 mL; 180.784 mmol) was added dropwise at 5 °C. The reaction mixture was stirred for 20 minutes. Water and EtOAc were added and the layers were separated. The organic layer was dried (MgS04), filtered and evaporated to dryness. The solid was purified by preparative LC (Irregular SiOH 20-45 μιη 1000 g DAVISIL). Mobile phase (60 % Heptane, 3 % MeOH, 37 % EtOAc). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated.

Total yield: 44.5 g of Int. 40 (73 %).

b) Preparation of Int. 41

The synthesis protocol was conducted twice on the same quantities of Int. 40 (9 g;

26.833 mmol).

A mixture of Int. 40 (18 g; 53.667 mmol) in MeOH (650 mL) was hydrogenated under H2-gas atmosphere at atmospheric pressure at r.t. in the presence of Raney nickel (19 g; 322.819 mmol) as a catalyst. The catalyst was filtered off on a pad of Celite® and the filtrate was evaporated. Total yield 15.3 g of Int. 41 (93 %).

Example A2-h

a) Preparation of Int. 62

A mixture of 1-piperazinecarboxylic acid, 1,1-dimethylethyl ester, acetate (1 : 1) (9.5 g; 50.8 mmol), 2-bromo-3-methoxy-propanoic acid, methyl ester (10.0 g; 50.8 mmol) and K2CO3 (10.5 g; 76.2 mmol) in ACN (150 ml) was stirred overnight at r.t.. Then the mixture was poured into water and extracted with EtOAc. The organic phase was washed with water, brine, dried over Na2S04 and evaporated in vacuum. The residue was purified by column chromatography over silica gel (eluent: DCM/EtOAc 1/1). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated to afford 13.9 g of Int. 62 (51 %).

b) Preparation of Int. 63

A solution of Int. 62 (2.6 g; 8.6 mmol) in HCl/dioxane (15 ml) was stirred for 16 h at r.t.. The reaction mixture was concentrated under vacuum. 2 g of crude Int. 63 was obtained which was used as such in the next reaction step.

c) Preparation of Int. 64

A solution of Int. 63 (2 g) in ACN (15 ml) was stirred at r.t.. Then K2C03 (4.6 g; 33.6 mmol) was added. After 10 minutes 3- nitro benzylchloride (2 g; 9.26 mmol) was added. The reaction mixture was stirred for 20 h. Then the mixture was concentrated under vacuum and the residue was taken up into water and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was dried over MgS04, filtered and evaporated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (PE/EtOAc 3/1). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 2.2 g of Int. 64.

d) Preparation of Int. 65

A mixture of Int. 64 (2.2 g; 6.5 mmol) with Pt/C (0.2 g) as a catalyst in MeOH (15 ml) was hydrogenated at r.t. for 20 h under H2 gas flow. The catalyst was filtered off and the filtrate was concentrated under vacuum. The residue was used as such in the next reaction step. Yield: 2 g of Int. 65 (100 %).

Intermediate 66 was prepared by using successively analogous reaction protocols as used for Int. 62, Int. 63, Int. 64 and Int. 65, starting from 2-bromo-3 -hydroxy-propanoic acid, methyl ester and piperazinecarboxylic acid, 1,1-dimethylethyl ester, acetate (1 : 1):

Example A2-i

a) Preparation of Int. 67

The mixture of (3R)-3-(hydroxymethyl)- 1 -piperazinecarboxylic acid, 1 , 1 -dimethylethyl ester (2.41 g; 11.15 mmol), 3- nitro benzylbromide (2.53 g; 11.7mmol) and

K2C03(1.34 g; 29 mmol) in ACN (50 ml) was stirred at r.t. for 12 h. The precipitate was filtered off. The filtrate was concentrated in vacuo. The crude was purified by column chromatography (eluent: PE/ EtOAc 4/1). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 3.1 g of Int. 67 (88 % yield).

b) Preparation of Int. 68

The mixture of Int. 67 (3.1 g; 8.83 mmol) in HC1 (4 M in dioxane) (30 ml)was stirred at r.t. for 3 h. The solvent was removed in vacuo to give 4 g of crude Int. 68 which was used as such in the next reaction step. ) Preparation of Int. 69

The mixture of Int. 68 (4 g), 2-bromo-acetic acid, 1,1-dimethylethyl ester (1.8 g; 9.3 mmol) and K2CO3 (3.6 g; 25.5 mmol) in ACN(60 ml) was stirred at r.t. for 12 h. The precipitate was filtered off. The filtrate was concentrated in vacuo. The crude was purified by column chromatography (eluent: PE/EtOAc 4/1). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 2.8 g of Int. 69 (88% yield for two steps).

d) Preparation of Int. 70

A mixture of Int. 69 (2.8 g; 7.66 mmol) in MeOH(20 ml) was hydrogenated at r.t. under atmospheric pressure of H2 gas with Pt/C (0.1 g) as a catalyst. After uptake of H2 (3 eq.), the catalyst was filtered off and the filtrate was evaporated. Yield: 2.4 g of Int. 70 (93 %).

The intermediates in the table below were prepared by using successively analogous reaction protocols as used for Int. 67, Int. 68, Int. 69 and Int. 70:

Int. 71 (starting from (3S)-3-(hydroxy- methyl)-l-piperazinecarboxylic acid, 1,1- dimethylethyl ester and 3- Int. 72 (starting from 2,5- nitrobenzylbromide) diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane-2-carboxylic acid, 1,1-dimethylethyl ester and 3 - nitro benzyl bromide) Example A2-j

a) Preparation of Int. 75

The mixture of (3S)-3-(hydroxymethyl)-l-piperazinecarboxylic acid, 1,1-dimethylethyl ester (3.5g; 16.183 mmol), 3- nitro benzyl bromide (5.243 g; 24.27 mmol), K2C03(6.71 g; 48.55 mmol) and ACN( 50 ml) was stirred at r.t. for 12 h. The solid was filtered off. The solvent was evaporated. The residue was purified by short column chromatography on silica gel (PE/EtOAc 1/1). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated to give 2.5 g of Int. 75 (88 %).

b) Preparation of Int. 76

Tetrabutylammonium iodide (0.665 g; 1.8 mmol) was added to the mixture of Int. 75 (5 g; 14.229 mmol) in NaOH (80 ml; 640 mmol) and toluene (8 ml) at r.t. Then acrylonitrile (20.4 g; 384.5 mmol) was added to the mixture. The mixture was stirred at r.t. for 0.5 hour, poured into water and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was dried and evaporated. The crude product was purified by short column chromatography on silica gel (PE/EtOAc 1/1). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated to give 5.7 g of Int. 76 (95 %).

c) Preparation of Int. 77

A mixture of Int. 76 (5 g; 11.75 mmol), TFA(9 ml) and DCM(27 ml) was stirred at r.t. for 2 h. The solvent was removed to obtain 5.17 g of Int. 77. d) Preparation of Int. 78

The mixture of Int. 77 (5.172 g), 2-bromo-acetic acid, 1,1-dimethylethyl ester (3.511 g; 18 mmol), K2C03 (8.28 g; 60 mmol) and ACN (100 ml) was stirred at r.t. for 12 h. The solid was filtered off. The solvent was evaporated. The residue was purified by short column chromatography on silica gel (PE/EtOAc 4/1). the desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated to give 3.5 g of Int. 78.

e) Preparation of Int. 79

Int. 78 (3.5 g; 7.95 mmol) was dissolved in THF (50 ml), MeOH (25 ml) and water (25 ml). Iron (4.4 g; 79 mmol) and NH4C1 (4.23 mmol; 79 mmol) were added. The mixture was refluxed for 2 h. The mixture was filtered. Brine and DCM were added to the filtrate. The organic layer was separated, dried (Na2S04), filtered and evaporated. Yield: 3 g of Int. 79 (92 %).

Example A3

a) Preparation of Int. 38

Int. 8 (727.693 mg; 2 mmol) and Int. 16 (905.55 mg; 2.8 mmol) were dissolved in dioxane (6 ml). Pd2(dba)3 (183.147 mg; 0.2 mmol), S-phos (82.1 mg; 0.2 mmol) and

o

Cs2CC"3 (1303.277 mg; 4 mmol) were added. The mixture was heated at 160 C for 55 min. The reaction mixture was poured into dioxane (100 ml). The mixture was filtered and the filtrate concentrated. The residue was purified by Prep HPLC on (RP Vydac Denali CI 8 - 10 μπι, 200 g, 5 cm). Mobile phase (0.25 % NH4HCO3 solution in water, ACN). The desired fractions were collected, evaporated, solved in MeOH and evaporated again. Yield: 740 mg of Int. 38 (56.9 %).

b) Preparation of Int. 39

TFA salt

A solution of Int. 38 (740 mg; 1.137 mmol) in TFA (9.326 g; 81.789 mmol) and DCM (18.652 ml) was stirred at r.t. for 48 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was used as such in the next step. Yield 1.21 1 g of Int. 39.

The intermediates in the table below were prepared by first using an analogous reaction protocol as used for Int. 38, followed by an analogous reaction protocol as used for Int. 39.

Example A4-a a) Preparation of Int.57

2-Chloromethyl-4-nitropyridine (2.75 g; 15.936 mmol) was added to the mixture of 1- piperazineacetic acid, 1,1-dimethylethyl ester (3.2 g; 15.978 mmol) and K2C03(4.4 g; 31.837 mmol) in ACN (50 ml). The resulting mixture was stirred at r.t. for 16 h. The precipitate was filtered off and the filtrate was evaporated in vacuum. The crude product was purified by column chromatography (eluent: PE/EtOAc 3/1). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated to give 4 g of Int. 57 (74 %). b) Preparation of Int. 58

Int. 57 (4 g; 11.778 mmol) was dissolved in THF (60 ml), MeOH (30 ml) and water(15 ml).

Iron (6.577 g; 117.78 mmol) and NH4C1 (6.3 g; 117.78 mmol) were added. The mixture was refluxed for 1 h. EtOAc was added and the mixture was filtered. The filtrate was concentrated. Water was added and the mixture was basified with 10 % NaHC03 aqueous solution to pH > 7. The mixture was extracted with DCM and MeOH

(DCM/MeOH 5/1).

The organic layer was separated, washed with brine, dried over Na2S04 and evaporated to give 3 g of Int. 58 (76 %).

The intermediates in the table below were prepared by first using an analogous reaction protocol as used for Int. 57, followed by an analogous reaction protocol as used for Int.

58. Int. 59 (starting from l-(chloromethyl)-2-

fluoro-3-nitro-benzene and 1-(1- Int. 60 (starting from 3-nitro benzyl piperazinyl)-cyclopropanecarboxylic bromide and l-(l-piperazinyl)- acid, methyl ester) cyclopropanecarboxylic acid, methyl ester)

Int. 61 (starting from l-(l-chloro ethyl)- 3-nitro-benzene and l-(l-piperazinyl)- cyclopropanecarboxylic acid, methyl

ester)

Example A5a

a) Preparation of Int. 92

To a solution of (3R)-3-methyl-l-piperazinecarboxylic acid, 1,1-dimethylethyl ester (10 g ; 49.93 mmol), 3- nitrobenzyl bromide (10.79 g; 49.93 mmol) in ACN(200 ml) was added K2CO3 (13.8 g; 99.86 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred overnight, Water was added and the aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was separated, dried (MgS04), filtered and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 18 g of Int. 92 (100 %).

b) Preparation of Int. 93 Int. 92 (18 g; 53.67 mmol) was dissolved in DCM(150 ml). HC1 in dioxane(60 ml) was added. The solution was stirred overnight, and the solvent was evaporated. The crude residue (15 g) (containing Int. 93) was used as such in the next reaction step.

c) Preparation of Int. 94

To a solution of Int. 93 (15 g) and 2-bromo-acetic acid, 1 ,1-dimethylethyl ester (11.31 g; 57.96 mmol) in DCM (200 ml) was added DIPEA (21.4g; 165.6 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred overnight. Water was added and the aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was separated, dried (MgS04), filtered and the solvent was evaporated. The crude product was purified by column chromatography over silica gel (PE / EtOAc 2/1). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 14 g of Int. 94.

d) Preparation of Int. 95

A mixture of Int. 94 (14 g; 40.07 mmol) with Pt/C (0.9 g) as a catalyst in MeOH(140 ml) was hydrogenated under a 40 psi pressure of H2 gas for 5 h. The catalyst was filtered off on a Celite® pad which was washed several times with MeOH . The combined filtrates were evaporated to dryness. Yield: 12 g of Int. 95 (94 %).

The intermediates in the table below were prepared by using successively analogous reaction protocols as used for Int. 92, Int. 93, Int. 94 and Int. 95.

Int. 96 (starting from (3 S)-3 -methyl- 1- piperazinecarboxylic acid, 1,1- dimethylethyl ester, and 3-nitrobenzyl

bromide)

Example A5b

a) Preparation of Int. 97

Piperazine-1 -acetic acid tert-butyl ester (25.67 g, 128mmol) was added to a suspension of 3-bromomethyl-4-fluoronitrobenzene (Journal of Medicinal

Chemistry (1994), 37(9), 1362-70) (30 g, 128 mmol) and K2C03 (35.3 g, 256 mmol) in ACN (400 ml). The mixture was stirred at r.t. for 2 h and was then filtered.The filtrate was evaporated in vacuo. The residue was purified by chromatography on silica gel (PE/EtOAc 8/1 to pure EtOAc). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 28 g of Int. 97 (62 % yield).

b) Preparation of Int. 98

Int. 97 (28 g, 79.2 mmol) was dissolved in a mixture of THF (40 ml), H20 (40 ml) and

MeOH (80 ml). Fe (44.2 g, 792 mmol) and NH4C1 (42.3 g,792 mmol) were added. The mixture was refluxed for 2 h. After cooling, the mixture was filtered. Brine and DCM were added to the filtrate. The organic layer was separated, dried over Na2S04 and evaporated to dryness. Yield: 24.3 g of Int. 98 (95 %).

Example A5c

a) Preparation of Int. 99

(2S,6S)-2,6-dimethyl-piperazine (1.142 g; 10 mmol) was stirred in THF (q.s.).

First DIPEA (5.17 ml; 30 mmol) and then tert-butyl bromoacetate (1.624 ml; 11 mmol) was added. The reaction mixture was stirred overnight at r.t.. The reaction mixture was heated at 50 °C for 2 h. The reaction mixture was evaporated, dissolved in DCM and the organic layer was washed with a NaHC03-solution, dried MgS04 and evaporated. The residue was purified on silicagel (eluent: gradient DCM 100% to 90 % / MeOH- NH3 0% to 10%). The pure fractions were collected and evaporated. Yield: 0.56 g of

Int. 99 (24.5 %).

b) Preparation of Int. 100

A mixture of Int. 99 (0.56 g; 0.00245 mol), 3-nitrobenzyl bromide (0.583g; 2.698 mmol) and DIPEA (1.268 ml; 7.358 mmol) in DMF (23.738 ml) was stirred at 75 °C for 18 h. The reaction mixture was evaporated. A NaHC03-solution in water was added to the residue. The product was extracted twice with DCM. The organic layer was washed with water, dried with MgS04, filtered and the solvents of the filtrate were evaporated. The residue was purified by column chromatpgraphy on silicagel (eluent: gradient DCM 100% to 90 % / MeOH-NH3 0% to 10%). The pure fraction was collected and evaporated. The residue was dissolved in heptanes and filtered. The filtrate was evaporated. Yield: 0.59 g of Int. 100 (66 %).

c) Preparation of Int. 101

Int. 100 (0.59 g; 1.266 mmol) with Pt/C 5 % (0.2 g) as a catalyst was hydrogenated at r.t. in THF (25.762 ml) under hydrogen atmosphere until 3 eq. hydrogen were absorbed. The catalyst was removed by filtration over Dicalite®. The filtrate was evaporated and the residue was purified by column chromatography over silicagel (eluent: gradient DCM 100% to 90 % / MeOH-NH3 0% to 10%). The pure fractions were collected and evaporated. Yield: 0.4 g of Int. 101 (94.7 %).

The intermediates in the table below were prepared by using successively analogous reaction protocols as used for Int. 100 and Int. 101 (for Int. 102), and Int. 99, Int. 100 and Int. 101 (for Int. 103).

Int. 102 (starting from 3,8- Int. 103 (starting from 3- diazabicyclo [3.2.1 ]octane-3 -acetic acid, (phenylmethyl)-3,8- 1,1-dimethylethyl ester, and 3- diazabicyclo[3.2.1]octane, and tert- nitrobenzyl bromide) butyl bromoacetate)

Example A5d

a) Pre aration of Int. 104

To a mixture of (2R,5S)-2,5-dimethyl-l-piperazinecarboxylic acid, 1,1-dimethylethyl ester (1 g; 3.99 mmol) in DMF (30.877 ml) was added DIPEA (2.749 ml; 15.951 mmol) and the mixture was stirred for 5 min. 3-Nitrobenzyl bromide (0.948 g; 4.387 mmol) was added. The reaction mixture was stirred at 75 °C for 18 h. The reaction mixture was evaporated, dissolved in DCM and a NaHC03 solution in water was added. The organic layer was separated, washed with water, dried with MgS04, filtered and evaporated.

The residue was purified by column chromatography on silicagel (eluent: gradient DCM 100% to 90% / MeOH-NH3 0% to 10%). The pure fractions were collected and evaporated. Yield: 1.22 g of Int. 104 (87.5 %).

b) Preparation of Int. 105

HC1 salt Int. 104 (1.22g; 0.00349 mol) was dissolved in iPrOH (80 ml). HC1 (6 M in iPrOH) (8.728 ml) was added. The reaction mixture was stirred for 1.5 h at reflux temperature and was evaporated. Yield: 0.87 g of Int. 105.

c) Preparation of Int. 106

Int. 105 (0.75 g) was suspended in ACN(47.136 ml). DIPEA (1.037 ml; 0.00602 mol) was added, and tert-butyl bromoacetate (0.645g; 0.00331 mol) was added dropwise. The reaction mixture was stirred for 5 h at r.t. and was then evaporated. The residue was dissolved in DCM and a NaHC03 solution in water. The organic layer was separated, washed with water, dried MgS04 and evaporated. Yield: 1.22 g of Int. 106. d) Preparation of Int. 107

Int. 106 (1.22g; 2.618 mmol) with Pt/C 5 % (0.2 g) as a catalyst was hydrogenated at r.t. in THF (53.27 ml) under hydrogen atmosphere until 3 eq. hydrogen were absorbed. The catalyst was removed by filtration over Dicalite®. The filtrate was evaporated and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silicagel (eluent: gradient DCM 100% to 85% / MeOH-NH3 0% to 15%). The pure fractions were collected and evaporated. Yield: 0.88 g of Int. 107 (100 %).

Example A5e

a) Preparation of Int. 108

(3iS)-3 -M ethyl- 1 -piperazinecarboxylic acid, 1,1-dimethylethyl ester (17.13 g; 85.6 mmol) was dissolved in ACN (150 ml). 3-Nitrobenzyl bromide (15.57 g; 77 mmol) and K2C03(13.6 g; 171.3 mmol) were added. The mixture was stirred at r.t. overnight. The mixture was filtered. The filtrate was concentrated. Yield: 28.2 g of Int. 108.

b) Pre aration of Int. 109

Int. 108 (28.2g ; 84 mmol) was dissolved in HCl/EtOAc (200 ml). The mixture was stirred at r.t. for 1 h. The precipitate was filtered and dried in vacuo. Yield: 11 g of Int. 109.

c Preparation of Int. 110

Int. 109 (0.73 g) was dissolved in DCM (20 ml). Tert-butyl bromoacetate (1.17 g; 3.7 mmol) and Et3N (1.2 g; 9.3 mmol) were added. The mixture was stirred at r.t. for 3 h. The mixture was washed with water and brine, dried over Na2S04, filtered and concentrated to give 2.4 g of crude Int. 110 which was used as such in the next reaction step.

d) Preparation of Int. I l l

Int. 110 (2.4 g) was dissolved in MeOH(10 ml). Pt/C (0.2 g) was added. The mixture was hydrogenated at 40 °C under hydrogen gas atmosphere (40 psi). The catalyst was filtered. The filtrate was concentrated. Yield: 0.2 g of Int. 111.

Example A6

a) Preparation of Int. 87

The mixture of 3,6-dichloro pyridazine (3.0 g; 20 mmol) and N-(3- aminopropyl)carbamic acid tert-butyl ester (7.0 g; 40 mmol) in MeOH (30 ml) was heated at reflux overnight. The mixture was evaporated in vacuum to give the crude intermediate. This crude intermediate was purified by column chromatography over silica gel (eluent: DCM/MeOH 10/1). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 4.5 g of Int. 87 (79 %).

b) Preparation of Int. 88

A mixture of Int. 87 (2.55 g; 8.89 mmol), 2-fluoro pyridine 4-boronic acid (1.87 g; 13.3 mmol), Pd(PPh3)4 (0.2 g; 0.18 mmol) and 2 M Na2C03 (18 ml; 36 mmol) in dioxane (60 ml) was heated to reflux for 12 h. Then 100 ml of H20 was added and the mixture was extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was separated, dried over MgS04, filtered and evaporated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (PE/EtOAc 5/1). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 2 g of Int. 88 (65 %).

The intermediates in the table below were prepared by first using an analogous reaction protocol as used for Int. 87, followed by an analogous reaction protocol as used for Int. 88.

Int. 89 (starting from 2,5-dichloro- pyrazine and N-(3-aminopropyl)carbamic

acid tert-butyl ester)

Example A7

a) Preparation of Int. 90

HC1 salt

A mixture of Int. 8 (1.41 g; 3.604 mmol) and Int. 41 (1.79 g; 5.406 mmol) in n-butanol (11 ml) and HC1 (6 M in iPrOH) (6.007 ml) was stirred and heated at 140 °C for 3 h using microwave irradiation. The solvents were evaporated. Yield: 3.17 g of Int. 90 which was used as such in the next reaction step.

The intermediates in the table below were prepared by using an analogous reaction protocol as used for Int. 90.

Example A8a

a) Preparation of Int. 120

A solution of (2-chloropyrimidin-5-yl)boronic acid (31.6 g; 200 mmol), 2-chloro 4- bromo pyridine (40.4 g; 209 mmol) and Na2C03(42.4 g) in dioxane(1000 ml) was degassed with N2 for 30 min. Pd(PPh3)4 was added and the mixture was refluxed overnight. The mixture was filtered over Celite® and poured into water. The precipitate was filtered and washed with tert-butyl methyl ether. The residue was purified by column chromatography (eluent: PE / EtOAc 2/1). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 12 g of Int. 120 (26.7 %). ) Preparation of Int. 121

To a solution of [2-(2S)-2-pyrrolidinylethyl]-carbamic acid, 1,1-dimethylethyl ester (1.90 g; 8.85 mmol) in ACN (80 ml) was added Int. 120 (2 g; 8.85 mmol) and

DIPEA(10 ml) at r.t.. The mixture was stirred overnight. The solvent was removed. The crude product was purified by column chromatography over silica gel (PE/EtOAc 4/1). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 1.40 g of

was prepared according to an analogous reaction protocol, but [2-(2R)-2-pyrrolidinylethyl]-carbamic acid, 1,1-dimethylethyl ester was used as starting material.

Example A8b

a- 1) Preparation of Int. 122

The mixture of Int. 120 (3 g; 13.271 mmol), KF (2.503g; 43.084 mmol) and 18-crown- 6 (350.747 mg; 1.327 mmol) in ACN (40 ml) was stirred at 40 °C overnight under N2 atmosphere. The mixture was poured into water and extracted with DCM. The organic layer was dried and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was purified by column over silica gel (eluent: PE/EtOAc 4/1). The product fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated to give the product. Yield: 2.8 g of Int. 122 (90 %).

a-2) Preparation of Int. 123

A mixture of (2S)-l-(phenylmethyl)-2-azetidinemethanol (1.77 g; 10 mmol), mesylchloride (1374.612 mg; 12 mmol) and Et3N (2.168 ml; 15 mmol) in DCM (60 ml) was stirred at r.t. for 10 h. The solution was washed with aq. NaHC03, water and the organic layer was separated. The organic layer was dried over MgS04, filtered and evaporated to give 2.55 g of Int. 123 as a sticky oil.

b) Preparation of Int. 124

A mixture of Int. 123 (2553.33 mg; 10 mmol), NaCN (1470.3 g; 30 mmol) and KI (0.1 mg) in DMSO (10 ml) was heated to 50 °C for 10 h. The reaction mixture was poured into water and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was dried over MgS04, filtered and evaporated. The residue was purified by column chromatography over silica gel (eluent: EtOAc/PE 4/1). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was removed to give a sticky oil.

Yield: 700 mg of Int. 124 (37.6 %).

c) Preparation of Int. 125

To a solution of Int. 124 (800 mg; 4.3 mmol), dicarbonic acid, C,C-bis(l,l- dimethylethyl) ester (1876.924 mg; 8.6 mmol) and NiC1.6H20 (868.621 mg; 4.295 mmol) in MeOH (30 ml) was added NaBH4 (816.694 mg; 21.475 mmol) at 0 °C in portions. Stirring was continued for 30 minutes, and then the solvent was removed and the residue was poured into water and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was dried over MgS04, filtered and evaporated to give the crude product which was further purified by column chromatography over silica gel (eluent: hexane/EtOAc 10/1).

The desired fraction was collected and evaporated to give 300 mg of the desired product as an oil (24 %).

d) Preparation of Int. 126

A mixture of Int. 125 (300 mg; 1 mmol) in MeOH (20 ml) was hydrogenated at r.t. under atmospheric pressure of ¾ gas with Pd/C (0.3 g) as a catalyst. After uptake of ¾ (1 eq.), the catalyst was filtered off and the filtrate was evaporated. Yield: 200 mg of Int. 126 (99 %).

e) Preparation of Int. 127

A solution of Int. 126 (200.278 mg;l mmol), Int. 122 (209.607 mg; 1 mmol) and Et3N

(151.785 mg; 1.5 mmol) in THF (5 ml) was stirred overnight. The solvent was removed and the residue was purified by column chromatography over silica gel (eluent:

PE/EtOAc 4/1). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was removed to give the desired product.

Yield: 310 mg of Int. 127 (65 %).

Example A9a

a) Preparation of Int. 136

(2S,4S)-4-[[( 1 , 1 -dimethylethyl)dimethylsilyl]oxy]-2-(hydroxymethyl)- 1 - pyrrolidinecarboxylic acid, 1 ,1 -dimethylethyl ester (134 g; 404.195 mmol) was dissolved in pyridine (330 ml). Mesylchloride (61.9 g; 540.371 mmol) was added at 0 °C. The reaction mixtures was stirred for 2 h at r.t.. Then the reaction mixture was evaporated under reduced pressure. The residue was dissolved in EtOAc and the organic layer was washed with a 10 % NaHC03 solution. The organic layer was dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated to give the crude product which was used as such in the next reaction step without purification. Yield: 146.0 g of Int. 136. b) Preparation of Int. 137

NaCN (73.5 g; 1499.78 mmol) was added to a solution of Int. 136 (163 g; 397.937 mmol) in DMSO (300 ml) and the reaction mixture was heated to 60 °C for 6 h. After completion of the reaction the mixture was dissolved in EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with water and brine. The organic layer was concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude intermediate was purified by column chromatography over silica gel (eluent: PE/EtOAc 20/1). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 108.0 g of Int. 137.

c) Preparation of Int. 138

A mixture of Int. 137 (40 g; 117.463 mmol) and TFA (133.935 g; 1174.63 mmol) in DCM (400 ml) was stirred overnight at r.t.. The mixture was treated with saturated NaHC03, and extracted with DCM. The organic phase was washed with brine, dried over Na2S04, filtered and evaporated in vacuum to give the crude intermediate which was purified by column chromatography over silica gel (eluent: PE/EtOAc 2/1). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 21.0 g of Int. 138 (70.6 %).

The intermediates in the table below were prepared by using successively analogous reaction protocols as used for Int. 136, Int. 137, and Int. 138.

Int. 139 (starting from (2S,4R)-4-[[(l,l- dimethylethyl)dimethylsilyl]oxy]-2- (hydroxymethyl)- 1 -pyrrolidinecarboxylic

acid, 1,1-dimethylethyl ester)

d) Preparation of Int. 140

The mixture of Int. 120 (11.754g; 51.993 mmol), Int. 138 (21g; 87.348 mmol) and DIPEA (33.599 g; 259.965 mmol) in DMF(150 ml) was stirred at 90 °C for 2 h. To the mixture was added water and the water layer was extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed by water, brine, dried over Na2S04, filtered, and evaporated in vacuum to give the crude intermediate which was purified by column chromatography over silica gel (eluent: PE/EtOAc 1/1). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 12.0 g of Int. 140 (52.6 %).

Int. 142 was prepared according to an analog reaction protocol, but Int. 120 and Int. 139 were used as starting materials.

e) Preparation of Int. 141

Under N2 atmosphere Pd2(dba)3 (192mg; 0.21 mmol) was added to the mixture of Int. 140 (1 g; 2.093 mmol), Int. 98 (0.787g; 2.093 mmol), X-Phos (400 mg; 0.839 mmol) and K2CC"3 (580 mg; 4.197 mmol) in tBuOH (30 ml) and the mixture was refluxed overnight. The precipitate was filtered off. The filtrate was concentrated in vacuum to give the cude product. The crude product was purified by column (eluent: PE/EtOAc 1/4). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 1.05 g of Int. 141 (50.45 %; solid).

f) Preparation of Int. 143

A solution of Int. 141 (1.05 g; 1.336 mmol) in MeOH (30 ml) was hydrogenated at 85 °C (atmospheric pressure) with Raney Ni (1 g) as a catalyst in the presence of NH4OH (6 ml). After consumption of ¾ (2 eq.), the catalyst was filtered off and the filtrate was evaporated to give 830 mg of Int. 143.

g) Preparation of Int. 144

Int. 143 (800 mg; 1.037 mmol) was treated with 4 N HC1 in dioxane (20 ml). The mixture was stirred overnight at r.t.. The mixture was evaporated in vacuum to give mg of lnt. 144.

The intermediates in the table below were prepared by using successively analogous reaction protocols as used for Int. 141, Int. 143, and Int. 144.

Example A9b

a) Preparation of Int. 128

To a solution of Int. 121 (1.20 g; 2.97 mmol) in dioxane(50 ml) was added Int. 41 (1.00 g; 3.27 mmol), S-phos (0.617 g; 1.485 mmol), Pd2(dba)3 (0.135 g; 0.1485 mmol) and Cs2C03 (1.94 g; 5.94 mmol) under N2 atmosphere. The mixture was heated to reflux for 3 h. EtOAc was added and the mixture was filtered. The filtrate was collected and was evaporated. The crude product was purified by column chromatography over silica gel (PE/EtOAc ratio 1/5). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 1.48 of Int. 128 (74 %).

b) Preparation of Int. 129

A solution of Int. 128 (1.48 g; 2.20 mol) in 20 % CF3COOH in DCM (30 ml) was stirred for 2 h. The solvent was evaporated. A NaHCOs solution was added to adjust the pH to 7-8. The mixture was extracted with DCM. The organic layer was separated, dried and evaporated. Yield: 1.13 g of Int. 129 (99 %).

The intermediates in the table below were prepared by first using an analogous reaction protocol as used for Int. 128, followed by an analogous reaction protocol as used for

Example A10

a) Preparation of Int. 190

Compound 55 (102.9 mg; 0.2 mmol) and DIPEA (155 mg; 1.2 mmol) in DCM (5 ml) were stirred at 5 °C. Mesylchloride (144.5 mg; 1 mmol) was added dropwise. Stirring was continued for 1 h at r.t. Water was added. The reaction mixture was extracted with DCM and the organic layer was dried with MgS04, filtered and evaporated yielding Int; 190 which was used as such in the next reaction step.

Int. 191 (used for Co. 79) was prepared according to an analogous reaction protocol, but Compound 57 was used as starting material.

Example Al la

a) Preparation of Int. 192a

A solution of 1 -ethyl- l-methyl-4-oxo-piperidinium, iodide (1 : 1) (30 g) in H20 (70 ml) was added over a period of 30 min to a refluxing mixture of 1 -amino- cyclopropanecarboxylic acid, methyl ester, hydrochloride (1 : 1) (11.253 g, 74.233 mmol) and K2C03 (1.026 g, 7.423 mmol) in MeOH (200 ml) under N2 atmosphere. The reaction mixture was heated to reflux temperature for 1 h. Then more 1 -ethyl- 1-methyl- 4-oxo-piperidinium, iodide (l : l) (12 g) in H20 (20 ml) was added over a period of 10 min to the refluxing mixture. The reaction mixture was stirred again for 1 h and was then slowly cooled to r.t. (being stirred for 2 h). The solution was concentrated and the concentrate was diluted with H20. The aqueous mixture was extracted with DCM. The organic layer was dried and evaporated. The crude product was purified over silica gel with flash chromatography (eluent: PE/EtOAc 9/1). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 4.32 g of Int. 192a (29 %).

b) Preparation of Int. 192

To a solution of Int. 192a (10 g; 50.7 mmol) in MeOH (100 ml) was added NaBH4 (2.88 g; 76.05 mmol) portionwise at r.t.. The solvent was evaporated and water was added. The mixture was extracted with DCM. The organic layer was separated, collected, dried and evaporated. Yield: 10.102 g of Int. 192 (95 %).

c) Preparation of Int. 193

To a solution of Int. 192 (3.49 g; 17.5 mmol), 2- fluoro-3 -hydroxy nitrobenzene (2.5 g; 15.9 mmol) and PPh3 (4.59 g; 17.5 mmol) in THF (60 ml) was added DEAD (3.05 g; 17.5 mmol) at 0°C under N2 atmosphere. The mixture was then warmed to r.t. and stirred overnight. The solvent was evaporated and the crude product was purified by flash chromatography over silica (eluens: PE/EtOAc 5/1). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 4.2 g of Int. 193 (50.7 %).

d) Preparation of Int. 202

Int. 193 (2.4 g; 4.97 mmol) was dissolved in a mixture of THF (20 ml), water (10 ml) and MeOH (10 ml). Fe (2.38 g; 42.56 mmol) and NH4C1 (2.28 g; 42.56 mmol) was added. The mixture was refluxed for 2 h and was then filtered. Brine and DCM were added to the filtrate.

The organic layer was collected, dried and evaporated. The crude product was purified over silica gel on flash chromatography (eluent: PE/EtOAc 3/1). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 1.38 g of Int. 202 (88.3 %).

Int. 212 was prepared starting from Int. 197 according to an analogous rection protocol as was used for Int. 202.

e) Preparation of Int. 203

To a solution of In . 202 4.38 mmol) in tBuOH (100 ml) was added Int. 8 (1.77 mg; 4.38 mmol), K2C03 (1.21 g; 0.439 mmol), X-phos (209.1 mg; 0.439 mmol) and Pd2(dba)3 (200.8 mg; 0.219 mmol) under N2 atmosphere. The mixture was stirred at 80 °C overnight. The reaction was filtered and evaporated. The crude product was purified over silica gel on flash chromatography (eluent: PE/EtOAc 1/10). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 1.7 g of Int. 203 (57.9 %).

f) Preparation of Int. 204

Int. 203 (1.7 g; 2.54 mmol) in TFA 25% in DCM (100 ml) was stirred at r.t. for 2 h. The solvent was evaporated Yield: 1.737 g of Int. 204.

g) Preparation of Int. 205

Int. 204 (1.637 g) in 6 N HCl (50 ml) was stirred at 100°C overnight. The solvent was evaporated and the residue (1.406 g) was used as such in the next reaction step. The intermediates in the table below were prepared by using successively analogous reaction protocols as used for Int. 202, Int. 203, Int. 204 and Int. 205.

Example Al lb

a) Preparation of Int. 194

4-(3-nitrophenoxy)-piperidine, hydrochloride (1 : 1) (4.8 g; 18.55 mol) was dissolved in ACN (150 ml). 2-Bromo-acetic acid, 1,1-dimethylethyl ester (4 g; 20.5 mmol) and DIPEA (6 g; 46.51 mmol) were added. The mixture was stirred at r.t. overnight. The mixture was concentrated. The residue was dissolved in EtOAc and the organic layer was washed with water and brine, dried and concentrated. The residue was purified by chromatography (eluent: PE/EtOAc 3/1). The desired fractions was collected and concentrated. Yield: 5.2 g of Int. 194 (83.2 %).

Example Al lc

a) Preparation of Int. 195

To a solution of 4-hydroxy-l-piperidinecarboxylic acid, 1,1-dimethylethyl ester (3.52 g; 17.5 mmol), 2-fluoro-3 -hydroxy nitrobenzene (2.5 g; 15.9 mmol) and PPh3 (4.59 g; 17.5 mmol) in THF (60 ml) was added DEAD (3.049 g; 17.5 mmol) at 0 °C under N2 atmosphere. The mixture was then warmed to r.t. and stirred overnight. The solvent was removed and the crude product was purified over silica gel on flash

chromatography (eluent: PE/EtOAc 5/1). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 4.2 g of Int. 195 (52.8 %).

b) Preparation of Int. 196

HC1 salt Int. 195 (4.2 g; 8.0 mmol) in HC1 (50 ml) in dioxane was stirred at r.t. for 2 h. The solvent was evaporated. DCM was added and the solid was filtered off, washed with DCM and dried. Yield: 2.31 g of Int. 196 (110 %).

c) Preparation of Int. 197

2-bromo-acetic acid, 1,1-dimethylethyl ester (3.284 g; 16.8 mmol) was added to the mixture of Int. 196 (2.31 g; 7.93 mmol) and K2C03 (3.49 g; 25.25 mmol) in ACN (100 ml) at r.t.. The reaction mixture was stirred overnight and was then filtered. The filtrate was evaporated in vacuo. The residue was dissolved in water and EtOAc. The organic phase was washed with water, brine, dried over Na2S04 and filtered. The crude product was purified over silica gel by flash chromatography (eluent: PE/EtOAc 3/2). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 1.8 g of Int. 197 (64.0 %).

The intermediates in the table below were prepared by using successively analogous reaction protocols as used for Int. 195, Int. 196 and Int. 197.

Example A 12a

a) Preparation of Int. 213

To a solution of Int. 212 (lg; 2.93 mmol) in tBuOH (60 ml) was added Int. 140 (1.26 g; 2.93 mmol), K2C03 (0.191 g; 0.586 mmol), X-phos (140 mg; 0.293 mmol) and

Pd2(dba)3 (134 mg; 0.146 mmol) under N2 atmosphere. The mixture was stirred at 80 °C overnight and was then filtered and evaporated. The crude product was purified over silica gel on flash chromatography (eluent: PE/EtOAc 1/1). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 0.68 g of Int. 213 (30.7 %).

b) Preparation of Int. 214

To a solution of Int. 213 (0.68 g; 0.9 mmol) in MeOH (50 ml) was added NH40H (5 ml) and Raney Nickel (0.5 g) under H2 atmosphere. The mixture was hydrogenated at 50 °C overnight. The catalyst was filtered off and the filtrate was evaporated. Yield: 0.55 g of Int. 214 (76.2 %).

c) Preparation of Int. 215

Int. 214 (550 mg; 0.686 mmol) in TFA 30% in DCM (30 ml) was stirred at r.t.

overnight. The reaction mixture was evaporated. Yield: 0.507 g of Int. 215.

Int. 216 (TFA salt) was prepared starting from

Int. 194 by using successively analogous reaction protocols as used for Int. 212, Int. 213, Int. 214 and Int. 215.

d) Preparation of Int. 215a and Int. 216a

Intermediate 215a Intermediate 216a

Int. 215a and Int. 216a were prepared respectively from Int. 215 and Int. 216 by following an analogous reaction protocol as was described for Compound 89 (B5).

Example A 12b

a) Preparation of Int. 217

To a solution of Int. 202 (1.4g; 4.22 mmol) in dioxane (70 ml) was added Int. 140 (1.82 g; 4.22 mmol), Cs2C03 (2.75 g; 8.446 mmol), S-phos (86.68 mg; 0.211mmol) and Pd2(dba)3 (96.67 mg; 0.106 mmol) under N2 atmosphere. The mixture was refluxed for 3 h. The reaction was filtered and evaporated. The crude product was purified over silica gel on flash chromatography (eluent: PE/EtOAc 3/2). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 1.8 g of Int. 217 (59.8 %).

b) Preparation of Int. 218

To a solution of Int. 217 (1.8 g; 2.53 mmol) in MeOH (100 ml) was added NH4OH (9 ml) and Raney Nickel (1 g) under t¾ atmosphere. The mixture was hydrogenated at 50 °C overnight. The catalyst was filtered off and the filtrate was evaporated. Yield: 1.78 g of Int. 218 (95 %).

c) Preparation of Int. 219

HC1 salt

Int. 218 (1.783 g; 2.4 mmol) in 6 N HC1 (70 ml) was stirred at 100 °C overnight. Ί solvent was evaporated and the residue was used as such in the next reaction step. Yield: 1.556 g of Int. 219 (used for Co. 96).

Int. 220 (HC1 salt) (used for Co. 97) was prepared starting from Int. 201 by using successively analogous reaction protocols as used for Int. 202, Int. 217, Int. 218 and Int. 219. Example A13a

a) Preparation of Int. 221

To a solution of Int. 192a (3 g; 15 mmol), and 3-nitro-aniline (1.73 g; 12.55mmol) in DCE (60 ml) was added acetic acid (1.055 g; 17.6 mmol), and the solution was stirred for 1 h. Then sodium triacetoxyborohydride (3.457 g; 16.31 mmol) was added and the reaction mixture was stirred at r.t. overnight. Then water was added and the reaction mixture was extracted twice with DCM. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried, filtered and the solvent was evaporated. The crude product was purified by column chromatography over silica gel (DCM/EtOAc 20/1). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 2.2 g of Int. 221 (54%).

Example A 13b

a) Preparation of Int. 222

Acetic acid (4.32 g; 72 mmol) was added to a solution of 3-nitroaniline (5.53 g; 40 mmol), 4-oxo-l-piperidinecarboxylic acid, 1,1-dimethylethyl ester (9.56 g; 48 mmol) in DCM (50 ml) and stirring was continued for 30 min. Then

sodiumtriacetoxyborohydride (10.17 g; 48 mmol) was added and stirring was continued for 16 h. Then water was added and the mixture was extracted 2x with DCM. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried, filtered and the solvent was evaporated. This crude product was purified by column chromatography over silica (eluent:

PE/EtOAc 2/1). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 12.87 g of Int. 222 (100%).

b) Preparation of Int. 223

To a solution of Int. 222 (8 g; 24.893 mmol) in DMF (240 ml) at 0 °C under N2 gas atmosphere was added NaH 60% (5 g), and the mixture was stirred for 1 h at r.t.. Then CH3I (19.4 g; 136.68 mmol) was added and the mixture was stirred overnight at r.t.. The mixture was decomposed with water, and extracted with EtOAc. The organic phase was washed by water, brine, and dried over Na2S04, filtered, and evaporated in vacuo to give the crude intermediate. Yield: 8.35 g of Int. 223 (100 %).

c) Preparation of Int. 224

HC1 salt

A mixture of Int. 223 (8.35 g; 24.896 mmol) and MeOH/HCl (150 ml) in DCM (150 ml) was stirred overnight at r.t.. The mixture was evaporated in vacuo. This crude intermediate was used directly for the next reaction step. Yield: 7.67 g of Int. 224. d) Preparation of Int. 225

The mixture of Int. 224 (7.67 g), 2-bromo-acetic acid, 1,1-dimethylethyl ester (7.28 g; 37.33 mmol) and K2C03 (17.19 g; 124.43 mmol) in ACN (200 ml) was stirred overnight at r.t.. The mixture was filtered, and the filtrate was evaporated in vacuo to give the crude intermediate which was purified by column chromatography over silica gel (eluent: PE/EtOAc 1/1). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield:7.5 g of Int. 225.

Example A13c

a) Preparation of Int. 226

To a solution of Int. 221 (0.65 g; 2.035 mmol) in DMF (30 ml) at 0 °C under N2 gas atmosphere was added NaH 60% (0.407g; 10.175 mmol) and the mixture was stirred for 1 h at r.t.. Then CH3I (1.44 g; 10.175 mmol) was added and the mixture was stirred overnight at r.t.. Water was added and the mixture was extracted with DCM. The organic phase was washed by water, brine, and dried over Na2S04, filtered, and evaporated in vacuo to give the crude intermediate which was used as such in the next reaction step. Yield: 0.692 g of Int. 226 (100 %).

Example A13d

a) Preparation of Int. 227

A mixture of 2-fluoro-3- nitro aniline (5 g; 32 mmol), Int. 192a (6.3 g; 32 mmol) and acetic acid (2.885 g; 48 mmol) in DCE (50 ml) was stirred for 1 h at r.t.. Sodium triacetoxy borohydride (10.1 g; 48 mmol) was added. The resulting mixture was stirred at r.t. overnight. The mixture was poured into water and extracted with DCM. The organic layer was collected, dried and evaporated in vacuo. The residue was purified by column over silica gel (eluent: PE/EtOAc 3/1). The product fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 3 g of Int. 227.

b) Preparation of Int. 228

To the solution of Int. 227 (2.4 g; 7.11 mmol) in MeOH (30 ml) was added

formaldehyde (1.73 g; 21.34 mmol), sodium cyano borohydride (3.14 g; 50 mmol) and acetic acid (1.58 g; 26.32 mmol). The mixture was stirred at r.t. overnight. The reaction mixture was partitioned between DCM and sat. NaCl. The organic layer was dried over Na2S04, filtered and evaporated. The crude was purified by column

chromatography (eluent: PE/EtOAc 5/1). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 2 g of Int. 228.

Example A13e

a) Preparation of Int. 229

3-Nitro-aniline (5.0 g; 36.2 mmol) was dissolved in DCE (75 ml). Tert-butyl 4- oxopiperidine-1 -acetate (15.4 g; 72.4 mmol) and acetic acid (4.3 g; 72.4 mmol) were added. The mixture was stirred at r.t. for 1 h, then sodiumacetoxyboro hydride (15.3 g; 72.4 mmol) was added in portions. The mixture was stirred at r.t. overnight. The mixture was washed with water, brine, dried, and concentrated to give 3.0 g of Int. 229 (69.5 %).

Example A 14a

a) Preparation of Int. 230

To a solution of Int. 221 (0.67 g; 2.098 mmol) in MeOH (100 ml) was added Pt/C g) under H2 atmosphere. The reaction was stirred overnight, then filtered and evaporated. Yield: 0.57 g of Int. 230 (93 %).

Int. 226b (used for Int. 237) was prepared according to an analogous reaction protocol, but Int. 226 was used as starting material.

Int. 228b (used for Int. 240) was prepared according to an analogous reaction protocol, but Int. 228 was used as starting material.

b) Preparation of Int. 231

To a solution of Int. 230 (570 mg; 1.97 mmol) in dioxane (50 ml) was added Int. 8 (788.5 mg; 2.167 mmol), Cs2C03 (1.28 g; 3.93 mmol), S-phos (40.4 mg; 0.0985 mmol) and Pd2(dba)3 (45.099 mg; 0.0493 mmol) under N2 atmosphere. The mixture was refluxed for 3 h. EtOAc was added, and the mixture was filtered. The filtrate was evaporated. The crude intermediate was purified by column chromatography over silica gel (PE/EtOAc 1/9). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 0.59 g of Int. 231 (43 %). c) Preparation of Int. 232

Int. 231 (0.59 g; 0.861 mmol) in HCl in dioxane (30 ml) was stirred at room

temperature for 2 h. The solvent was removed. The residue was dissolved in 6 N HCl aqueous (50 ml) and refluxed overnight. The mixture was evaporated and the crude Int. 232 (0.52 g) was used as such in the next reaction step.

The intermediates in the table below were prepared by using successively analogous reaction protocols as used for Int. 230, Int. 231 and Int. 232.

Example A 14b

a) Preparation of Int. 237

To a solution of Int. 140 (0.875 g; 2.035 mmol) in dioxane (40 ml) was added Int. 226b (0.65 g; 2.035 mmol), Cs2C03 (1.33 g; 4.07 mmol), S-phos (0.0423 g; 0.102 mmol) and Pd2(dba)3 (0.047 g; 0.051 mmol) under N2 atmosphere. The mixture was heated to reflux for 3 h. The reaction was filtered and evaporated. The crude intermediate was purified by flash chromatography over silica gel (eluent: PE/EtOAc 3/1). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 0.6 g of Int. 237 (41 %).

b) Preparation of Int. 238

To a solution of Int. 237 (0.6 g; 0.85 mmol) in MeOH (50 ml) was added NH4OH (3 ml) and Raney Nickel (0.5 g) under H2 atmosphere. The mixture was hydrogenated at 50 °C overnight. The catalyst was filtered off and the filtrate was evaporated. Yield: 0.597 g of Int. 238 (100 %).

c) Preparation of Int. 239

A solution of Int. 238 (597 mg; 0.85 mmol) in 6N HC1 (50 ml) was stirred at 100°C overnight. The solvent was evaporated and the residue was used directly for the next reaction step. Yield: 0.529 g of Int. 239 (used for Co. 104).

was prepared by using successively analogous reaction protocols as used for Int. 237, Int. 238 and Int. 239, starting from Int. 228b.

Example A15

a) Preparation of Int. 176

To a solution of N-[4-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-l,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)-2-pyridinyl]- carbamic acid, 1,1-dimethylethyl ester (34 g; 90.258 mmol) in dioxane(200 ml) was added 2 chloro-5-bromo pyrimidine (9.699 g; 50.143 mmol). PdCl2(dppf)( 1.101 g;

1.504 mmol) and 20 ml 2 M aq. Na2C03 were added under N2 atmosphere. The reaction mixture was stirred at 80 °C for 3 h. The mixture was filtered and evaporated.

DCM was added and the organic layer was washed with water and brine and dried.

The solution was filtered and evaporated. The residue was stirred in tert-butyl methyl ether and the solid was filtered off and dried. Yield: 11 g of Int. 176 (60.7 %).

b) Preparation of Int. 177

Int. 176 (1 lg; 30.481 mmol) in HC1 in dioxane (100 ml) was stirred at r.t. for 2 h. The solid was filtered off , washed with DCM and dried. Yield: 6.2 g of Int. 177.

c) Preparation of Int. 178

A mixture of Int. 177 (20 g) and N-(3-aminopropyl)carbamic acid tert-butyl ester (20.238 g; 116.147 mmol) in ACN (200 ml) was stirred at 80 °C for 18 h. The reaction was quenched by the addition of water. The product was extracted 3 x from the mixture with DCM. The combined organic layer was washed with water, dried with MgS04, filtered and the solvents of the filtrate were evaporated. The residue was triturated in DIPE. The precipitate was filtered off, washed with DIPE and dried in vacuo at 50 °C. Yield: 20.93 g of Int. 178. Example A16

a) Preparation of Int. 179

A mixture of l-(3-bromophenyl)-cyclopropanamine, hydrochloride (1 : 1) (2.5 g; 10.058 mmol) and N,N-bis(2-chloroethyl)-p-toluenesulphonamide (3.277 g; 11.064 mmol) in DIPEA (10 ml) was stirred at 120 °C for 20 h. The reaction mixture was cooled to r.t. and dissolved in DCM. This organic layer was washed twice with water and once with brine, dried over MgS04, filtered and the solvents were evaporated. The residue was dissolved in DCM and purified over a Si02 column, type Grace Reveleris SRC, 120 g, Si 40, on a Armen Spot II Ultimate purification system using heptanes, DCM and MeOH as eluens in a gradient starting from 50 % heptanes and 50 % DCM going to 100 % DCM and ending with 5 % MeOH and 95 % DCM. The fractions containing product were combined and the solvents were evaporated yielding 2.31 g of Int. 179 (52.75 %).

b) Preparation of Int. 180

A mixture of Int. 179 (1.9 g; 4.364 mmol) and 33 % HBr in AcOH (25 ml) was stirred at 80 °C for 3 h. The solvents were evaporated. The residue was triturated in DIPE. The precipitate was filtered off, washed 3 x with DIPE and then dried on the air yielding 2.021 g of Int. 180.

c) Preparation of Int. 181

A mixture of Int. 180 (1.33 g) , tert-butyl bromoacetate (0.618 ml; 4.188 mmol) and Et3N (1.94 ml; 13.96 mmol) in DCM (15 ml) was stirred at r.t. for 1 h. The reaction was quenched by the addition of water. The product was extracted 3 x from the mixture with DCM. The combined organic layer was washed with water, dried with MgS04, filtered and the solvents of the filtrate were evaporated yielding 1.35 g of Int. 181.

The intermediates in the table below were prepared by using successively analogous reaction protocols as used for Int. 179, Int. 180 and Int. 181.

Example A17

a) Preparation of Int. 185

A mixture of Int. 181 (1.35 g; 3.415 mmol), Int. 178 (1.278 g; 3.415 mmol), 2- dicyclohexylphosphino-2',6'-dimethoxy-biphenyl (0.28 g; 0.683 mmol),

tris(dibenzylideneacetone)dipalladium(0) (0.313 g; 0.341 mmol) and cesium carbonate (4.45 g; 13.659 mmol) in dioxane (15 ml) was flushed through with N2 gas. After 15 minutes the vial was closed and stirred and heated at 100°C for 18 h. The solvents were evaporated. DCM and water were added. The product was extracted 3x from the mixture with DCM. The combined organic layer was washed with water, dried with MgS04, filtered and the solvents of the filtrate were evaporated. The residue was dissolved in DCM and purified over a Si02 column, type Grace Reveleris SRC, 12 g, Si 40, on a Armen Spot II Ultimate purification system using DCM and MeOH as eluens in a gradient starting from 100% DCM and ending with 5% MeOH and 95% DCM. The fractions containing product were combined and the solvents were evaporated yielding Int. 185 (0.668 g; 26.425 %).

b) Preparation of Int. 186

HC1 salt

HC1 (4 M in dioxane) (2.256 ml) was added to a stirred solution of Int. 185 (0.668 g; 0.902 mmol) in 1,4-dioxane (25 ml) at r.t.. The reaction mixture was stirred at 80 °C for 2 h. The solvents were evaporated. The residue was triturated in DIPE. The precipitate was filtered off, washed with DIPE and then dissolved in MeOH. The solvents were evaporated yielding Int. 186 (0.534 g).

The intermediates in the table below were prepared by using successively analogous reaction protocols as used for Int. 185 and Int. 186.

Example A18a

a) Preparation of Int. 241

A solution of 6-(acetylamino)-2-bromo-haxanoic acid (9.5 g; 37.7 mmol) and HC104 (1.5 ml) in acetic acid, 1,1-dimethylethyl ester (400 ml)was stirred overnight at room temperature. The mixture was poured into water and extracted with EtOAc. The organic phase was washed with a sat. NaHCOs solution, dried over Na2S04, and evaporated in vacuo to give 5.5 g of Int. 241 as a crude (37.9 %).

b) Preparation of Int. 242

A mixture of Int. 241 (5.5 g; 17.85 mmol), l-(phenylmethyl)-piperazine (3.145 g) and K2C03 (7.4 g; 53.5 mmol) in ACN (200 ml) was stirred overnight at r.t. The mixture was filtered, and the filtrate was evaporated. This crude intermediate was purified by HPLC (HPLC condition: BASE Column: gemini, Flow rate: 80ml/min, Mobile Phase B: ACN, Gradient: 24-54 % (%B) from 0-9 min). The desired fraction was collected, evaporated and basified with a saturated NaHC03 solution aqueous. The precipitate was filtered to give 1.5 g of Int. 242 (20.8 %).

c) Preparation of Int. 243

A mixture of Int. 242 (2.4 g; 5.947 mmol) in MeOH (100 ml) was hydrogenated at 20 °C under a H2 gas atmosphere (50 psi) with Pd/C (1.5 g) as a catalyst. After uptake of 1 eq. of H2 gas, the catalyst was filtered off and the filtrate was evaporated to give 1.74 g of Int. 243 (93.3%) which was used directly for the next reaction step.

Example A 18b

a) Preparation of Int. 244

A mixture of (3R)-3-(hydroxymethyl)-l-piperazinecarboxylic acid, 1,1-dimethylethyl ester (3g; 13.87 mmol), benzaldehyde (1.77 g; 16.65 mmol) and acetic acid (1. 3g; 20.8 mmol) in DCE (20 ml) was stirred for 1 h at r.t. Sodiumacetoxyborohydride (3.52 g;

16.65 mmol) was added. The resulting mixture was stirred overnight, poured into water and extracted with DCM. The organic layer was collected, dried and evaporated in vacuo. The residue was purified by column over silica gel (eluent: PE/EtOAc 3/l).The product fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated, yielding 3 g of Int.

244 (70.6 %).

b) Preparation of Int. 245

Int. 244 (3 g; 9.8 mmol) was added to a mixture of acrylonitrile (2.6 g; 49 mmol) and tetrabutylammonium iodide(400 mg) in 40 % NaOH aqueous (30 ml) and toluene (10 ml) at r.t. The resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The mixture was extracted with EtOAc and the organic layer was collected, dried and evaporated in vacuo. The crude was purified by column chromatography (eluent: PE/EtOAc 3/1). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 3 g of Int. 245 (85 %).

c) Preparation of Int. 246

The mixture of Int. 245 (3 g; 8.346 mmol) in HCl/dioxane (20 ml) was stirred at r.t. for 4 h. The solvent was removed in vacuo, yielding 2.77 g of Int. 246 which was used directly for the next reaction step.

d) Preparation of Int. 247

2-Bromo-acetic acid, 1,1-dimethylethyl ester (1.95 g; 10 mmol) was added to the mixture of Int. 246 (2.756 g) and K2C03 (3.44 g; 25 mmol) in ACN(50 ml). The resulting mixture was stirred at r.t. overnight. The solid was filtered and the filtrate was evaporated and purified by column chromatography (eluent: PE/EtOAc 3/1). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated, yielding 1.8 g of Int. 247.

e) Preparation of Int. 248

To a solution of Int. 247 (1.8 g; 4.8 mmol) in DCE (100 ml) was added

carbonochloridic acid, 1-chloroethyl ester (1.373 g; 9.6 mmol). The mixture was refluxed overnight and was then concentrated. The residue was dissolved in MeOH and refluxed for 1 h. The solvent was removed and the residue was taken up into a sat. NaHC03 solution aqueous and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried, filtered and evaporated in vacuo. 1.16 g of crude Int. 248 was obtained which was used directly for the next reaction step.

Example A19

a) Preparation of Int. 249

A mixture of 2-fluoro-4-boronic acid (15 g; 106.5 mmol), 3- amino benzylalcohol (14.4 g; 117 mmol) and 4N HC1 in dioxane (26.6 ml) in dioxane (100 ml) and water (20 ml) was stirred at 100 °C for 64 h. The reaction mixture was cooled and NaHC03 (18 g) was slowly added. Then the solvent was concentrated under reduced pressure until a volume of 50 ml. The residue was treated with H20 (300 mL) and EtOAc (200 ml). The solids not dissolving in H20 and EtOAc were filtered off. The solids were washed with DIPE and dried in vacuo.

Yield: 17.9 g of Int. 249.

b) Preparatio

A mixture of Int. 249 (1 g; 4.097 mmol), Int. 1 (1.493 g; 4.507 mmol), PdCl2(dppf) (0.3g; 0.41 mmol) and Na2C03 (1.303 g; 12.292 mmol) in water (3.8 ml) and 1,4- dioxane (38 ml) was flushed through with N2 gas for 15 min. The reaction mixture was stirred at 80 °C for 2 h and then cooled down to r.t. The reaction mixture was poured out into ice/water. The mixture was stirred for 20 min and then the precipitate was filtered off, washed with water and then dried on the air. The precipitate was dissolved in a mixture of DCM/MeOH and then the solvents were evaporated. Yield: 1.84 g of Int. 250 (99.7 %). ) Preparation of Int. 251

Mn02 (1.78 g; 20.4 mmol) was added portionwise to a solution of Int. 250 (0.46 g; 1 mmol) in EtOAc (40 ml) at r.t. The reaction mixture was stirred at r.t. for 1 day. The mixture was filtered over a plug of Dicalite®. The residue was washed 5x with EtOAc. The solvents of the filtrate were evaporated yielding 0.56 g of Int. 251.

d) Preparation of Int. 252

Sodiumacetoxyborohydride (0.794 g; 3.746 mmol) was added portionwise to a stirred mixture of Int. 251 (0.56 g; 1.249 mmol) and l-(l-piperazinyl)-cyclopropanecarboxylic acid, methyl ester (0.318 g; 1.498 mmol) in DCM (5.6 ml) at r.t. The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The reaction was quenched by the addition of a saturated aqueous NH4C1 solution. Water was added and the mixture was extracted twice with DCM. The organic layer was separated, dried with MgS04, filtered and the solvents were evaporated. The residue was dissolved in DCM and purified over a Si02 column, type Grace Reveleris SRC, 12 g, Si 40, on a Armen Spot II Ultimate purification system using DCM and MeOH as eluents in a gradient starting from 100% DCM to 5% MeOH and 95% DCM. The fractions containing product were combined and the solvents were evaporated yielding 0.29 g of Int. 252.

e) Preparation of Int. 253

HC1 (4M in dioxane) (3.385 ml) was added to a stirred solution of Int. 252 (0.29g; 0.451 mmol) in 1,4-dioxane (8 ml) at r.t. The reaction mixture was stirred at 80 °C for 20 h. The solvents were evaporated. HC1 (37% in H20) (8 ml) was added to the residue and the mixture was stirred at 80°C for 18 h. The solvents were evaporated yielding 337 mg of Int. 253.

The intermediates in the table below were prepared from Int. 251 by using successively analogous reaction protocols as used for Int. 252 and Int. 253.

Example A20

a) Preparation of Int. 256

A flask was charged with 2-amino 4-bromo pyridine (19.1 g; 110.5 mmol), 1-[[[(1,1- dimethylethyl)dimethylsilyl]oxy]methyl]-3-iodo-benzene (38.5 g; 110.5 mmol), Cs2C03 (126.0 g; 386.8 mmol), dioxane (545 ml) and THF(90 ml). Under N2 gas atmosphere Xantphos (3.84 g; 6.63 mmol) and Pd(OAc)2 (1.24 g; 5.53 mmol) were added and the reaction mixture was heated at 90 °C for 3 h. The mixture was filtered. The filtrate was evaporated in vacuo. The crude product was purified by column chromatography over silica gel (eluent: DCM/MeOH 15/1). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 34 g of Int. 256 (78 %).

b) Preparation of Int. 257

A flask was charged with Int. 256 (32.0 g; 81 mmol), 2-chloropyrimidine-5-boronic acid (15.4 g; 97 mmol), Na2C03 (2M aqueous) and dioxane (q.s.). Bis[tris(l,l- dimethylethyl)phosphine] -palladium (2.1 g; 4.1 mmol) was added to the reaction mixture and the mixture was heated at 100 °C for 2 h. The mixture was extracted with EtOAc. The organic phase was evaporated in vacuo to give the crude intermediate which was purified by column chromatography over silica gel (eluent: DCM/MeOH 20/1). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 32 g of Int. 257 (92 %).

c) Preparation of Int. 258 and Int. 258a

Int. 258 Int. 258a

The mixture of Int. 257 (32.0 g; 75 mmol) and TBAF (29.5 g; 113 mmol) in THF (400 ml) was stirred overnight. The organic phase was evaporated in vacuo. The residue was purified by HPLC (HPLC condition: Column: YMC PACK QDS-AQ 150*30 mm, 5μιη, Flow rate: 50ml/min, Mobile Phase A: Purified water (containing 0.075 % TFA), Mobile Phase B: ACN, Gradient: 24-54 %(% B) from 0-9 min. Two different product fractions were collected, evaporated in vacuo and made alkaline with a saturated NaHCC"3 solution (aqueous). The mixtures were filtered and evaporated. Yield Int. 258a (41 %) and 2.7 g of Int. 258 (12 %).

d) Preparation of Int. 259

The mixture of Int. 258 (1.5 g; 5.06 mmol), (2S)-2-amino-4-[[(l,l- dimethylethoxy)carbonyl] -amino] -butanoic acid, methyl ester, hydrochloride (1 : 1) (1.35 g; 5.06 mmol) and DIPEA (5 ml) in NMP (30 ml) was stirred at room

temperature for 24 h. The resulting mixture was poured into water and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried, filtered and evaperated in vacuo. The residue was purified by flash column chromatography (eluent: DCM/MeOH from 100/0 to 95/5). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 1.9 g of Int. 259 (74 %).

e) Preparation of Int. 260

The mixture of Int. 259 (1.9 g; 3.74 mmol) and Mn02 (3.25 g; 37.4 mmol) in DCM (30 ml) was stirred at r.t. overnight. The Mn02 was filtered off over Celite®. The filtrate was evaporated in vacuo, yielding 1.6 g of Int. 260 (84.4 %).

f) Preparation of Int. 261

The mixture of 1 -piperazineacetic acid, 1,1-dimethylethyl ester (0.76 g; 3.79 mmol), Int. 260 (1.6 g; 3.16 mmol) and CH3COOH (0.28 g; 4.74 mmol) in DCE was stirred for 1 h at r.t. NaBH(OAc)3 (0.80 g; 3.79 mmol) was added. The resulting mixture was stirred overnight. The resulting mixture was poured into water and extracted with

EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with aq. NaHC03 and brine, dried over Na2S04 and evaporated in vacuo. The residue was purified by column chromatography (eluent: 100 % EtOAc). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 1.

Int. 262 was prepared by using successively analogous reaction protocols as used for Int. 259, Int. 260 and Int. 261, starting from Int. 258 and (2i?)-2-amino-4-[[(l,l-dimethylethoxy)carbonyl]amino]-butanoic acid, methyl ester, hydrochloride (1 : 1).

Example A21

a) Preparation of Int. 263

TFA salt A mixture of Int. 261 (1.3 g; 1.88 mmol) and TFA (4 ml) in DCM (12 ml) was stirred at r.t. overnight. The solvent was removed in vacuo. The residue was used directly in the next reaction step. Yield: 1.5 of Int. 263.

Int. 264 (used for Co. 118) was prepared by using an analogous reaction protocol as used for Int. 263 starting from Int. 262.

Example A22

a) Preparation of Int. 265

ci

Int. 258a (lg; 3.2 mmol) and EtOAc (100 ml) were stirred at r.t. Mn02(5 g) was added portionwise. Stirring was continued for 16 h. The catalyst was filtered off hot (3x repeated). The combined filtrates were evaporated to dryness yielding 790 mg of Int. 265 which was used as such in the next reaction step.

b) Preparation of Int. 266

1-Piperazineacetic acid, 1,1-dimethylethyl ester hydrochloric acid (1/2) (0.865mg; 3.17 mmol) was suspended in DCM (50 ml), sodium acetate (0.487g; 5.94 mmol) and acetic acid (5 ml). Int. 265 (0.82 g) was added and stirred for 10 min. NaBH(OAc)3 (1.395 g; 6.60 mmol) was added. The reaction mixture was stirred for 1.5 h and then additional NaBH(OAc)3 (1.5 g) was added. The reaction mixture was stirred for 4h and was then poured out in a sat. NaHC03-solution (aqueous). This mixture was extracted with DCM/iPrOH. The organic layer was separated, dried and evaporated. The residue was purified by column chromatography over silicagel (eluent gradient DCM 100% to 85 % / MeOH-NH3 0%> to 15%). The desired fractions were collected and evaporated yielding 0.25 g of Int. 266.

c) Preparation of Int. 267

β-Amino-cyclopropanebutanenitrile (0.224 g; 1.394 mmol) was suspended in ACN (10 mL). DIPEA (0.32 ml) was added. The reaction mixture was stirred for 5 min. Int. 266 (0.23 g; 0.465 mmol) in ACN (10 mL) was added. The reaction mixture was heated 80 h at 130 °C. The solvent was evaporated and the residue was dissolved in DCM. The organic layer was separated, washed with a NaHC03-solution (aqueous), and water and was then dried and evaporated, yielding 0.17 g of Int. 267 (62.8 %).

d) Preparation of Int. 268

Raney Nickel (24 mg) was suspended in 7 N NH3 in MeOH (50 ml) under N2 atmosphere. Int. 267 (0.25 g; 0.412 mmol) dissolved in MeOH (20 ml) was added at r.t. The reaction mixture was hydrogenated under an atmosphere pressure of H2 gas. The catalyst was filtered off and the filtrate was evaporated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silicagel (eluent gradient DCM 100% to 85 % / MeOH- NH3 0%) to 15%)). The desired fractions were collected and evaporated yielding 0.15 g of Int. 268 (62 %).

e) Preparation of Int. 269

Int. 268 (0.15 g; 0.256 mmol) was dissolved in dioxane (30 ml) and HC1 (4 M in dioxane; 1 ml). The reaction mixture was heated for 18 h at 100 °C. The reaction mixture was evaporated and dried in vacuo overnight. The crude compound such obtained was used as such in the next reaction step.

Example A23

a) Preparation of Int. 270

A mixture of Int. 120 (1.4 g; 6.23 mmol) and 2-amino-ethanesulfonamide,

hydrochloride (1/1) (1 g; 6.23 mmol) in Et3N (1.82 ml; 13.1 mmol) and ACN (50 ml) was stirred at 60 °C for 48h. The reaction mixture was cooled to r.t. The precipitate that was formed was filtered off, washed with ACN and dried in vacuo at 45 °C yielding 1.47 g Int. 270 (72.2 %).

b) Preparation of Int. 271

A mixture of Int. 270 (0.47 g; 1.44 mmol)) and Int. 41 (0.66 g; 2.16 mmol) in n-butanol (4.5 ml) and HC1 (6 M in iPrOH) (3 ml) was stirred and heated at 140 °C for 3 h using microwave irradiation. The solvents were evaporated. The residue was purified by Prep HPLC on (RP Vydac Denali CI 8 - ΙΟμιη, 200g, 5cm). Mobile phase (0.25% NH4HCO3 solution in water, ACN). The desired fractions were collected, evaporated, solved in MeOH and evaporated again, yielding 0.20 g of Int. 271 (26.4 %).

Example A24

a) Preparation of Int. 272

1 , l'-Bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocenedichloro palladium(II) (0.75 g; 1.022 mmol) was added to Int. 249 (8 g; 32.779 mmol) and 5-bromopyrimidine-2-carbonitrile (7.237 g; 39.335 mmol) in dioxane (160 ml) at r.t. The reaction mixture was stirred at 80 °C for 30 min. A Na2C03 solution in H20 (24.584 ml; 49.169 mmol) was added to the reaction mixture at 80 °C. The reaction mixture was stirred at 80 °C for 1 h. The reaction mixture was poured on ice/water. The water layer was stirred at r.t. for 1 h. The precipitate was filtered off and dried under vacuum yielding 9.2 g of Int. 272 (92.53 %).

b) Preparation of Int. 273

A suspension of Int. 272 (4.3 g; 14.176 mmol) and Pd 5 % wt on active carbon wet degussa type (430.0 mg; 4.041 mmol) in EtO Ac/acetic acid (1/1) (150 ml) was hydrogenated at r.t. under atmospheric pressure of H2 for 16 h. The catalyst was filtered off and was washed with MeOH (250ml). The filtrate was evaporated to dryness. The residue was dissolved in water (200 ml). The water layer was basified with a saturated NaHC03 solution (aqueous). The water layer was filtered through Dicalite®. The filtrate was stirred at r.t. for 16 h. The precipitate was filtered off and dried yielding Int. 273 (2.2 g; 50.5 %). ) Preparation of Int. 274

Int. 273 (2.2 g; 7.158 mmol) and tert-butyl N-(2-oxoethyl)carbamate (11.394 ml; 7.158 mmol) were stirred in DMA (50 ml) at r.t. for 30 min. The reaction mixture was added dropwise over 30 min to a solution of NaBH(OAc)3 (4.55 lg; 21.474 mmol) in acetic acid at r.t. The reaction mixture was stirred 1 h at r.t. and was then poured out on ice/water. The water layer was stirred at r.t. for 1 h. The water layer was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was stirred in DIPE (250 ml). The precipitate was filtered off. The precipitate was dissolved in MeOH (150 ml). The MeOH layer was filtered through Dicalite®. The filtrate was evaporated to dryness. The residue was purified by Prep HPLC on (RP Vydac Denali CI 8 - ΙΟμιη, 200g, 5cm). Mobile phase (0.25 % NH4HCO3 solution in water, ACN). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 600 mg of Int. 274 (18.6 %).

d) Preparation of Int. 275

Di-tert-butyl dicarbonate (871.952 mg; 3.995 mmol) was added to Int. 274 (600 mg; 1.332 mmol) and Et3N (1.111 ml; 7.99 mmol) in DCM (13.833 ml) at r.t. The reaction mixture was stirred at r.t. for 1 h and was then concentrated. The residue was stirred in DIPE (30 ml). The DIPE-layer was decanted. The residue was dried under vacuum at 50 °C. Yield: 650 mg of Int. 275 (88.6 %).

e) Preparation of Int. 276

Methanesulfonyl chloride (0.274 ml; 3.541 mmol) was added dropwise to a solution of Int. 275 (650 mg; 1.18 mmol) and Et3N (0.656 ml; 4.722 mmol) in DCM (15 ml) at 0 °C. The reaction mixture was stirred for 30 min at 0 °C yielding a reaction mixture containing Int. 276 which was used as such in the next reaction step.

f) Preparation of Int. 277

1-piperazineacetic acid, 1,1-dimethylethyl ester (1.779g; 8.26 mmol) was added to the reaction mixture of the previous step (containing Int. 276) at r.t. The reaction mixture was stirred at r.t. for 3 h. The reaction mixture was washed with water. The organic layer was separated, dried, filtered and concentrated The residue was purified by silicagel column chromatography. Eluents: DCM/MeOH // gradient 99.5/0.5 to 96/4. The pure fractions were collected and concentrated under reduced pressure yielding 582 mg of Int. 277 (67.3 %).

g) Preparation of Int. 278

HC1 salt HC1 (4 M in dioxane) (0.5 ml; 2 mmol) was added to Int. 277 (60 mg; 0.0819 mmol) in 1,4-dioxane (3.974 ml) at 60 °C. The reaction mixture was stirred at 60 °C for 2 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was two times co-evaporated with toluene (2x 50 ml) and the crude Int. 278 was used as such in the next reaction step.

Example A25a

a) Preparation of Int. 324

A mixture of 2-amino-4-bromopyridine(91.4 g; 528.3 mmol), 4-[(3- iodophenyl)methyl]-l-piperazinecarboxylic acid, 1,1-dimethylethyl ester (220 g; 528.3 mmol), Pd(OAc)2 (3.56 g; 0.03 eq.) Xanthphos (9.15 g; 0.03eq.) and Cs2C03 (516.1 g; 1585 mmol) were stirred in dioxane (2.2 1). The mixture was charged with N2-gas for 15 min and then heated between 95 °C and 105 °C for 21 h. The reaction mixture was cooled, poured into water and the mixture was then extracted 3x with EtOAc. The combined organic layer was washed with brine, dried with Na2S04 and filtered. The filtrate was evaporated and the residue was purified by column chromatography. The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated, yielding 140 g of Int. 324 (46.8 %).

b) Preparation of Int. 325

A mixture of int. 324( 130 g; 281.7 mmol) , 2,2'-Bi-l,3,2-dioxaborolane,

4,4,4',4',5,5,5',5'-octamethyl-( 77.27 g; 281.7 mmol) and potassium acetate( 96.8 g, 3 eq.) was stirred in DMF( 1.3 1). The mixture was charged with N2 gas for 30 minutes. Then Pd(d f)2Cl2 (6.186g, 0.03eq)was added and then the reaction was heated at 80°C for 12hours. The rm was cooled , poured into water and the mixture was then extracted 3 times with ethylacetate. The combined organic layer was washed with brine, dried with Na2S04 and filtered. The filtrate was evaporated and the crude residue was re- crystallized from MTBE and hexane, yielding 100 g of Int. 325 (64.9 %).

Example A25b

a) Preparation of Int. 279

Methanesulfonyl chloride (6.14 ml; 79.4 mmol) was added dropwise to a stirred suspension of 5-bromo-2-pyrimidinemethanol (5 g; 26.45 mmol) in a mixture of DCM (300 ml) and Et3N (1 lml; 79.4 mmol) at 0 °C. After addition the reaction mixture was stirred at 0 °C for 1 h. The reaction was quenched by the addition of 100 mL water. The organic layer was separated, washed with water, dried with MgS04, filtered and the solvents were evaporated. Yield: 7.82 g of Int. 279 (92.3 %) which was used as such in the next reaction step.

b) Preparation of Int. 280

A solution of Int. 279 (7.82 g; 29.28 mmol) in ACN (20 ml) was added dropwise to a stirred suspension of tert-butyl N-(2-aminoethyl)carbamate (13.85 ml; 87.8 mmol) and Na2C03 (3.72g; 35.1 mmol) in ACN (480 ml). After addition the reaction mixture was stirred at r.t. for 18 h. The reaction was quenched by the addition of water. DCM was added. The organic layer was separated, washed with water, dried with MgS04, filtered and the solvents were evaporated. The residue was dissolved in DCM and purified over a S1O2 column, type Grace Reveleris SRC, 80 g, Si 40, on a Armen Spot II Ultimate purification system using DCM and MeOH as eluents in a gradient starting from 100 % DCM and ending with 5 % MeOH and 95 % DCM. The fractions containing product were combined and the solvents were evaporated. Yield: 4.44 g of Int. 280 (38 %). c) Preparation of Int. 281

A mixture of Int. 280 (4.44g; 11.12 mmol), Int. 325 (6.22 g; 12.23 mmol),

dichloro(diphenyl-phosphinoferrocene)palladium (0.814g; 1.113 mmol) and Na2C03 (3.538 g; 33.379 mmol) in water (9.8 ml) and 1,4-dioxane (98.5 ml) was flushed through with N2 gas. The reaction mixture was stirred at 80 °C for 1 h and then cooled down to room temperature. The reaction was diluted with water and the mixture was extracted twice with DCM. The organic layer was washed with water, dried with MgS04, filtered and the solvents of the filtrate evaporated. The residue was dissolved in DCM and purified over a Si02 column, type Grace Reveleris SRC, 4 g, Si 40, on a Armen Spot II Ultimate purification system using DCM and MeOH as eluents in a gradient starting from 100 % DCM and ending with 5 % MeOH and 95 % DCM. The fractions containing product were combined and the solvents were evaporated. The residue was purified by Prep HPLC (Stationary phase: RP Vydac Denali CI 8 - 10 μιη, 200 g, 5 cm, Mobile phase: 0.25% NH4HCO3 solution in water, ACN). The desired fractions were collected, evaporated and re-purified by Prep HPLC (Stationary phase: Uptisphere CI 8 ODB - 10 μιη, 200 g, 5 cm) (Mobile phase: gradient 0.1 % TFA aq. solution 95% / 5 % ACN to 100% ACN). Yield: 1.72 g Int. 281 (19.8 %).

d) Preparation of Int. 282

A solution of 2-bromoethyl methyl ether (0.0609 g; 0.64 mmol) in DMF (6 ml) was added dropwise to a solution of Int. 281 (0.5 g; 0.64 mmol) and DIPEA (0.44 ml; 2.56 mmol) in DMF (9 ml) at 50 °C over a period of 1 h. After addition the reaction mixture was stirred for 18 h at 50 °C. Water (50 ml) and DCM (300 ml) were added. The mixture was shaken vigorously. The organic layer was separated, dried with MgS04, filtered and the solvents were evaporated. The residue was dissolved in DCM and purified over a Si02 column, type Grace Reveleris SRC, 12 g, Si 40, on a Armen Spot II Ultimate purification system using DCM and methanol as eluens in a gradient starting from 100% dichloromethane and ending with 5 % MeOH and 95 % DCM. The fractions containing product were combined and the solvents were evaporated, yielding 70 mg of Int. 282 which was used as such in the next reaction step.

Int. 283 was prepared by using an analogous reaction protocol as used for Int. 282 starting from Int. 281 and allyl bromide.

Int. 284 was prepared by using an analogous reaction protocol as used for Int. 282 starting from Int. 281 and cyclopropanecarbonyl chloride.

Example A26

a) Preparation of Int. 285

HC1 (4 M in dioxane) (0.6 ml) was added to a stirred solution of Int. 282 (70 mg; 0.077 mmol) in 1 ,4-dioxane (5.9 ml) at r.t. The reaction mixture was stirred at r.t. for 2 h. The solvents were evaporated yieldin 86 mg of Int. 285.

Int. 286 (used for Co. 130) was prepared by using an analogous reaction protocol as used for Int. 285 starting from Int. 283.

Int. 287 (used for Co. 131) d by using an analogous reaction protocol as used for Int. 285 starting from Int. 284.

Example A27a

a) Preparation of Int. 288

The mixture of l-(5-bromo-2-pyrimidinyl)-ethanone (10 g; 50 mmol) and N-(2- aminoethyl)-carbamic acid, 1,1-dimethylethyl ester (8 g; 50 mmol) was stirred in TFE (60 ml). Then NaBH4 (5.675g;150 mmol) was added and the mixture was stirred under r.t. After completion of the reaction, the mixture was filtered and the residue was washed with TFE (2 mL). The solvent was distilled off. The crude product was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (eluent: PE/EtOAc 2/1). The product fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated to Int. 288 (7 g; 40 %).

b) Preparation of Int. 289

Dicarbonic acid, C,C'-bis(l,l-dimethylethyl) ester (3.42g; 15.7 mmol) was added to the mixture of Int. 288 (7 g; 20.3 mmol) in Et3N (5ml) and DCM (50 ml) at r.t. The mixture was stirred overnight. Sat. citric acid was added. The mixture was stirred for 10 min. and was then extracted with DCM. The organic layer was dried, filtered and evaporated in vacuo. The crude was purified by column chromatography (eluent:

PE/EtOAc 4/1). The product fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated to give 6.5 g of Int. 289 (72 %).

Example A27b

a) Preparation of Int. 290

(2S)-2-Pyrrolidinecarboximidamide (10 g; 40 mmol) was dissolved in EtOH (500 ml). 3-(Dimethylamino)-2-iodo-2-propenal (10.8g; 48 mmol) and NaHC03 were added. The mixture was refluxed overnight. The mixture was concentrated. The residue was dissolved in DCM and the organic layer was then washed with brine. The organic layer was dried and concentrated. The residue was purified by chromatography over silica gel (eluent: EtOAc/PE 10/80). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 5.5 g of Int. 290 (36.6 %; racemic).

b) Preparation of Int. 291

Int. 290 (4 g; 10. 66 mmol) was dissolved in HCl/dioxane (100 ml). The mixture was stirred at r.t. for 2h. The mixture was concentrated. The residue was stirred in methyl t- butyl ether and the solid was filtered off and dried. Yield: 3.54 g of Int. 291.

c) Preparation of Int. 292

Int. 291 (2 g) was dissolved in ACN (150 ml). K2C03 (2.21 g; 16 mmol) was added. The mixture was stirred at r.t. for 20 min. N-(2-bromoethyl)-carbamic acid, 1,1- dimethylethyl ester (2.88 g; 12.8 mmol) was added. The mixture was stirred at 50 °C overnight. The mixture was concentrated. The residue was dissolved in DCM and the organic phase was washed with brine, dried and concentrated. The residue was purified by chromatography over silica gel (eluent: EtOAc/PE 1/1). The desired fractions were collected and concentrated. Yield: 2.0g of Int. 292.

Example A28

a) Preparation of Int. 293

The mixture of Int. 289 (6.5 g; 14.6 mmol), B-(2-chloro-4-pyridinyl)-boronic acid (2.4 g; 15.3 mmol), Pd(PPh3)4 (1.69g; 1.46 mmol) and sat. aq. Na2C03 (20 ml) in dioxane (60 ml) was refluxed for 3 h under N2 atmosphere. The resulting mixture was poured into water and the precipitate was filtered, washed with water and dried. The crude was purified by column chromatography (eluent: PE/EtOAc 3/1). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 5.5 g of Int. 293 (79 %).

Int. 294 was prepared by using an analogous reaction protocol as used for Int. 293 starting from Int. 292 and B-(2-chloro-4- pyridinyl)-boronic acid.

b) Preparation of Int. 295

A mixture of Int. 293 (5.5 g; 11.5 mmol), Int. 41 (3.5 g; 11.5 mmol), Pd2dba3

(526.537mg; 0.575 mmol), S-phos (961.536 mg; 2.314 mmol) and Cs2C03 (7.539g; 23.14 mmol) in dioxane (100 ml) was refluxed for 4 h under N2 atmosphere. The precipitate was filtered off. The filtrate was concentrated in vacuo. The crude was purified by column chromagraphy (eluent: PE/EtOAc 1/3). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated to give 6.12 g of Int. 295 (64 %).

c) Preparation of Int. 296

TFA salt A mixture of Int. 295 (6.1 g; 8.03 mmol) in TFA (30 ml) and DCM (90 ml) was refluxed overnight. The solvent was removed to give 6.70 g of Int. 296.

Int. 297 (used for Co. 135) was prepared by using analogous reaction protocols as used for Int. 295 and Int. 296 starting from Int. 294 and Int. 41.

Example A29

a) Preparation of Int. 159

The reaction was performed in 4 batches of the same quantities.

A solution of 6-chloropyridine-3-boronic acid (5 g; 31.773 mmol), 2-amino-4- bromopyridine (5.5 g ;31.773 mmol), K2CO3 (11.9 g, 85.788 mmol), water (16 mL) in THF (50 mL) was degassed with N2 flow at r.t. for 15 min. Triphenylphosphine (833 mg, 3.177 mmol) and palladium(II) acetate (214 mg, 0.953 mmol) were added and the reaction mixture was stirred at 70 °C for 6 h. The combined reaction mixtures were poured into water and EtOAc was added. The reaction mixture was filtered on a short pad of Celite®. The organic layer was washed with water then brine, dried over MgS04, filtered, and the solvent was evaporated to give a yellow solid which was stirred in a mixture of DCM/ MeOH, filtered off and dried yielding 9.9 g of Int. 159 (80

%).

b) Preparation of Int. 160

A mixture of Int. 159 ( 4.75 g; 18.478 mmol), 1-[[(1,1- dimethylethyl)dimethylsilyl]oxy]-3-iodo-benzene (6.4 g; 18.478 mmol), cesium carbonate (21.1 g; 64.674 mmol ), 9,9-dimethyl-4,5-bis(diphenylphosphino)xanthene (1.28 g; 2.217 mmol) and palladium(II) acetate (47% Pd) (414 mg; 1.848 mmol) in dioxane (30 mL) and THF (5 mL) was stirred at 90 °C for 9 h . The reaction mixture was poured into water and DCM was added. The mixture was filtered through Celite®. The filtrate was extracted with DCM (3x).The organic layer was washed with water, dried over MgS04, filtered and evaporated to give an orange oil .The residue was purified by preparative LC on (Irregular SiOH 20-45 μιη 45 Og MATREX). Mobile phase (70%> heptane, 30%> EtOAc). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 3.7 g of Int. 160 (47 %).

c) Preparation of Int. 161

The reaction was performed in a microwave (biotage) in a sealed tube (monomode, 400W) on 3 equal quantities of Int. 160 (2 g , 4.7 mmol).

A mixture of Int. 160 (2 g; 4.7 mmol), 1,3-diaminopropane (2 mL; 23.5 mmol) in NMP (12 mL) was stirred at 170 °C for 90 min. The 3 reaction mixtures were combined and evaporated. The residue was purified by preparative LC on (Stability Silica 5μιη 150 x 30.0 mm). Mobile phase (Gradient from 100 % DCM to 1 % NH4OH, 85 % DCM, 14 % MeOH). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 4.3 g of Int. 161 (66 %).

d) Preparation of Int. 162

A solution of Int. 161 (4.3 g; 9.273 mmol) and (BOC)20 (3 g, 13.91 mmol) in DCM (30 mL) was stirred for 6 h at r.t..Water and DCM were added. The mixture was extracted with DCM. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over MgS04, filtered and the solvent was evaporated The crude product was purified by preparative LC on (Stability Silica 5μηι 150 x 30.0 mm ). Mobile phase (Gradient) (100 % DCM to 0.1 % NH4OH, 96 % DCM, 4 % MeOH). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 5.3 g of Int. 162.

The intermediates in the table below were prepared by first using an analogous reaction protocol as used for Int. 161, followed by an analogous reaction protocol as used for Int. 162.

Example A30

a) Preparation of Int. 167

Tetrabutylammonium fluoride 1 M (10.43mL, 10.34 mmol) was added dropwise to a solution of a mixture of Int. 162 (5.3 g) in THF (120mL) at r.t. and stirred overnight. Water was added and the organic solvent was evaporated. The mixture was extracted with DCM. The organic layer was washed with water, dried over MgS04, filtered and evaporated. The crude product was purified by preparative LC on (Stability Silica 5 μιη 150 x 30.0 mm ). Mobile phase (Gradient) (98 % DCM, 2 % MeOH to 0.5 % NH4OH, 90 % DCM, 10 % MeOH). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated to give 2.1 g of Int. 167 (50 %).

b) Preparation of Int. 168

A solution of Int. 167 (2.1 g; 3.503 mmol) in DCM (40 mL) was stirred at ambient temperature and manganese dioxide (16.8 g; 192.87 mmol) was added. The suspension was stirred at r.t. overnight. The reaction mixture was filtered through a pad of Celite®,the residue was washed with DCM and the filtrate was evaporated to give Int. 168 (1.32 g ;84 %).

c) Preparation of Int. 169

The reaction was performed in a microwave (biotage) in a sealed tube (monomode, 400W).

Sodiumacetoxyborohydride (938 mg, 4.424 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of Int. 168 (1.32 g, 2.949 mmol) and 1-piperazineacetic acid, 1,1-dimethylethyl ester (1.18 g, 5.899 mmol) in DCM (16 mL) and DIPEA (1 mL, 5.899 mmol). The mixture was stirred at 120 °C for 20 min. Water, K2C03 10 % and DCM were added. The reaction mixture was extracted 3 times with DCM. The organic layer was separated, dried over MgS04, filtered and the solvent was evaporated. The crude product was stirred in a mixture of ACN and DIPE and the precipitate was filtered off and dried to give Int. 169

(1.5 g; 80 %).

d) Preparation of Int. 170

HC1 salt

HC1 (37 % in H20) (991 μί; 11.87 mmol) and water (3.2 mL) were added to a solution of Int. 169 (1.5g; 2.374 mmol) in dioxane (40 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred at 100 °C for 2 h. The solution was evaporated under reduced pressure to give 1.9 g Int. 170 as a yellow oil The crude product was used as such without further purification for the next reaction step.

The intermediates in the table below were prepared by using successively analogous reaction protocols as used for Int. 167, Int. 168, Int. 169 and Int. 170.

Example A31

a) Preparation of Int. 298

A suspension of [(3 -iodophenyl)methyl]triphenyl-phosphonium bromide (29.3 g; 52.39 mmol), 1 -benzyl-4-piperidone (9.4 mL; 52.39 mmol) and K2CO3 (1 1.6 g; 83.83 mmol) in iPROH (229 ml) was heated under reflux for 24 h After cooling to r.t., water and DCM were added. The organic layer was separated, dried over MgS04, filtered and the solvent was evaporated. The residue was purified by preparative LC on (Irregular SiOH 20-45μιη 450g MATREX). Mobile phase (80% Heptane, 20% EtOAc). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 7.8 g of Int. 298 as a yellow oil (38 %).

b) Preparation of Int. 299

A mixture of Int. 159 (2 g; 9.73 mmol), Int. 298 (3.8 g; 9.73 mmol), cesium carbonate (11 g; 34.04 mmol), 9,9-dimethyl-4,5-bis(diphenylphosphino)xanthene (675 mg; 1.17 mmol) and Pd(II) acetate (218 mg; 0.97 mmol) in dioxane (12.5 mL) and THF (2 mL) was stirred at 90 °C overnight After cooling to r.t., water was added and the reaction mixture was extracted with DCM. The organic layer was dried over MgS04, filtered and evaporated. The residue was purified by preparative LC on (Irregular SiOH 20- 45μιη 450g MATREX). Mobile phase (2 % MeOH, 60 % heptane, 38 % EtOAc). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 2.08 g of Int. 299 as a yellow oil (27.5 %).

c) Preparation of Int. 300

Int. 299 (1.96 g; 2.52 mmol) and 1,3-diaminopropane (14.3 ml; 12.59 mmol) in NMP (2 ml) were stirred at 140 °C for 4 h .Water was added. The precipitate was filtered off and dried yielding 2.38 g of crude intermediate. Part of the crude (100 mg) was purified by preparative LC (Stability Silica 30-45μιη, lOg, Mobile phase Gradient (from 100% DCM to 95% DCM, 5% MeOH, 0.1% NH4OH)). The pure fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. This residue was repurified by preparative LC on (irregular 15-40μιη 30g Merck). Mobile phase (1% NH4OH, 84% DCM, 15% MeOH). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated, yielding a colourless oil which was freeze-dried with dioxane yielding 42 mg of Int. 300 as a white solid. d) Preparation of Int. 301

Dicarbonic acid, C,C'-bis(l,l-dimethylethyl) ester (862 mg; 3.95 mmol) was added to a solution of Int. 300 (2.06 g, 3.59 mmol) in DCM (14 mL) at 0 °C. The reaction mixture was stirred at r.t. for 1 h. Water and DCM were added. A precipitate was filtered off. The filtrate was separated and the water layer was further extracted with DCM. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over MgS04, filtered and the solvent was evaporated. The residue was purified by preparative LC on (irregular SiOH 15-40μιη 300g MERCK). Mobile phase (40 % Heptane, 8 % MeOH, 52 % EtOAc). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated, yielding 600 mg of Int. 301 as a colourless oil (28 %).

e) Preparation of Int. 302

A mixture of Int. 301 (436 mg; 0.72 mmol) was hydrogenated at 50 °C in MeOH (5 mL) with Pd/C (10 %) (100 mg) as catalyst at 3 bars of H2 gas atmosphere in a pressure vessel reactor for 5 h. The catalyst was filtered off on a pad of Celite®. Celite® was washed with a mixture of DCM/MeOH (3x). The filtrate was evaporated and the residue was purified by preparative LC on (Stability Silica 5μιη 150x30.0mm). Mobile phase (Gradient from NH4OH/DCM/ MeOH 0.2/98/2 to NH4OH/ DCM/MeOH 1.8/82/18). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated, yielding 150 mg of Int. 302 as a colourless oil (40%).

f) Preparation of Int. 303

Tert-butyl bromoacetate (41 μΐ,; 0.28 mmol) was added dropwise to a solution of Int. 302 (144 mg; 0.28 mmol) and K2C03 (58 mg; 0.42mmol) in DMF (615 μΐ,) at r.t. The reaction mixture was stirred at r.t. for 90 min. Water and EtOAc were added. The mixture was extracted with EtOAc (3x). The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over MgS04, filtered and the solvent was evaporated. The residue was purified by preparative LC on (Stability Silica 5μιη 150x30.0mm). Mobile phase (Gradient from NH4OH/DCM/MeOH 0/100/0 to NH4OH/ DCM/ MeOH 0.8/92/8). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated, yielding 85 mg of Int. 303 as a yellow oil (48 %).

g) Preparation of Int. 304

HC1 (37 % in H20) (46 μί; 0.55 mmol) and water (0.6 mL) were added to a solution of Int. 303 (81 mg; 0.11 mmol) in dioxane (3.2 ml). The reaction mixture was stirred at 100 °C for 2 h. The solution was evaporated under reduced pressure. The residue was dried in vacuo at 70 °C yielding 108 mg of Int. 304 as a yellow oil, used as such in the next reaction step.

Example A32

a) Preparation of Int. 305

Chloroacetyl chloride (723 μί; 9.1 mmol) in ACN (6 mL) was added dropwise to a stirred solution of 2-(aminoethyl)-l-N-boc-pyrrolidine (1.5 g; 7 mmol) and Et3N (1.9 mL; 14 mmol) in ACN (18 ml) at r.t. The reaction mixture was stirred for 1 h. 1 -benzyl piperazine (3.7 g; 21 mmol) was added and the reaction mixture was stirred at 60 °C for 2 h. Water was added and the reaction mixture was extracted with DCM. The organic layer was dried over MgS04, filtered and evaporated. The residue was purified by preparative LC on (Irregular SiOH 20-45μιη 450g MATREX). Mobile phase (Gradient from 40 % Heptane, 7 % MeOH, 53 % EtOAc to 40 % heptane, 10 % MeOH, 50 % EtOAc). The pure fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 2.3 g of Int. 305.

b) Preparation of Int. 306

TFA (8 mL; 107 mmol) was added to a solution of Int. 305 (2.3 g; 5.3 mmol) in DCM (40 mL) at 0-5 °C. The reaction mixture was stirred at r.t. for 4 h. TFA (8 mL; 107 mmol) was added. The reaction mixture was stirred for 24 h. Water and K2CO3 were added. The mixture was extracted with DCM, dried over MgS04, filtered and evaporated to give 1.9 g of Int. 306.

Example A33

a) Preparation of Int. 307

Int. 160 (700 mg; 1.6 mmol), Int. 306 (1 g; 3 mmol) and K2C03 (1.1 g; 8.2 mmol) in DMF (3 mL) were stirred at 100 °C for 2 days. Water was added and the reaction mixture was extracted with DCM. The organic layer was dried over MgS04, filtered and evaporated. The residue was purified by preparative LC on (irregular SiOH 15-40 μιη 40 g). Mobile phase (from 100 % DCM to NH4OH/ DCM/MeOH 0.5/90/10). The pure fractions were collected and the solvent evaporated. Yield: 570mg of Int. 307 (48.2 %).

b) Preparation of Int. 308

A mixture of Int. 307 (570 mg; 0.79 mmol) was hydrogenated at 50 °C in MeOH (10 ml) with Pd/C 10 % (55 mg) as catalyst at 5 bars of H2 gas in a pressure vessel reactor for 24 h . The catalyst was filtered off on a pad of Celite®. Celite® was washed with a mixture of DCM/MeOH (3x). The filtrate was evaporated to give 474 mg of Int. 308 (oily; 95.2 %).

c) Preparation of Int. 309

Tetrabutylammonium fluoride 1 M (1.5 mL; 1.51 mmol) was added dropwise to a solution of Int. 308 (474 mg; 0.75 mmol) in THF (10 ml) at r.t. The reaction mixture was stirred at r.t. for 3 h. Water was added and the THF was evaporated. The water layer was extracted with DCM. The organic layer was washed with water, dried over MgS04, filtered and the solvent was evaporated. The residue was purified by preparative LC on (Stability Silica 5μιη 150 x 30.0 mm). Mobile phase (Gradient from NH4OH/DCM/MeOH 0.5/95/5 to NH4OH/DCM/MeOH 1.8/82/18). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 167 mg of Int. 309 as a colourless oil (40 %).

d) Preparation of Int. 310

HC1 salt

SOCl2 (1.09 mL; 14.90 mmol) was added dropwise to a stirred solution of Int. 309 (167 mg; 0.30 mmol) in DCE (39 ml) at r.t. The reaction mixture was stirred at 60 °C for 6 h. The solvent was evaporated to dryness yielding 249 mg of crude Int. 310 which was used as such in the next reaction step.

Example A34

a) Preparation of Int. 311

A mixture of Int. 160 (700 mg; 1.6 mmol) and ethylenediamine (1.1 mL; 16 mmol) in a sealed tube was heated at 170 °C using one single mode microwave (Biotage Initiator EXP 60 ) with a power output ranging from 0 to 400 W for 90 min. The mixture was poured into water. The gum was decanted, taken up into DCM/MeOH 95/5, dried over MgS04 and evaporated, yielding 740 mg of Int. 311 (oily).

b) Preparation of Int. 312

2-Nitrobenzenesulfonyl chloride (401 mg; 1.81 mmol) in DCM (10 mL) was added dropwise to a mixture of Int. 311 (740 mg; 1.65 mmol) and Et3N (0.34 mL; 2.5 mmol) in DCM (45 mL) at r.t. The reaction mixture was stirred for 1 h. Water was added. The organic layer was separated and dried over MgS04, filtered and evaporated. The residue was purified by preparative LC on (irregular SiOH 15-40μιη 300g MERCK). Mobile phase (NH4OH, DCM, MeOH 0.1/97.5/2.5 The pure fractions were combined and the solvent was evaporated to give 760mg (72.7 %) of Int. 312 as a brown foam. c) Preparation of Int. 313

Int. 312 (580 mg; 0.91 mmol), 4-(2-chloroacetyl)-l-piperazinecarboxylic acid, phenylmethyl ester (0.44 g; 1.2 mmol) and K2C03 (0.25 g; 1.8 mmol) in DMF (9 mL) were stirred at r.t. for 90 min. Thiophenol (0.28 mL; 2.7 mmol) was added and the mixture was stirred at r.t. for 3 h. Water was added and the reaction mixture was extracted twice with EtOAc. The combined organic layers were washed with water, dried over MgS04, filtered and evaporated. The residue was purified by preparative LC on (irregular SiOH 15-40 μιη 300 g MERCK). Mobile phase (NH4OH/DCM/MeOH 0.1/93/7). The pure fractions were combined and the solvent was evaporated to give 380 mg of Int. 313 (58.5 %).

d) Preparation of Int. 314

Int. 313 (370 mg; 0.52 mmol) and di-tert-butyl dicarbonate (227 mg; 1 mmol) in DCM (10 mL) were stirred at r.t. overnight. The solvent was evaporated. The residue was purified by preparative LC (Stability Silica 5μιη 150 x 30.0 mm, mobile phase Gradient from pure DCM, to DCM/MeOH/NH4OH 85/15/0.5). The pure fractions were collected and the solvent evaporated yielding 380mg of Int. 314 (80.1 %).

e) Preparation of Int. 315

A solution of Int. 314 (380 mg; 0.42 mmol) in MeOH (12 mL) was hydrogenated at r.t. with Pd/C (35 mg) as a catalyst at atmospheric pressure of H2 gas. The reaction mixture was stirred at r.t. for 12 h. The catalyst was filtered off on a pad of Celite®. Celite® was washed with DCM/MeOH. The filtrate was evaporated yielding 260 mg of Int. 315

(oily).

f) Preparation of Int. 316

Tetrabutylammonium fluoride 1 M (0.67 mL; 0.67 mmol) was added dropwise to a solution of Int. 315 (0.26 g; 0.34 mmol) in THF (10 mL) at r.t. The reaction mixture stirred at r.t. for 1 h. Water was added and THF was evaporated. The mixture was extracted with DCM. The organic layer was washed with water, dried over MgS04, filtered and the solvent was evaporated. The residue was purified by preparative LC on (irregular SiOH 15-40μιη 24g). Mobile phase (from pure DCM to

NH4OH/DCM/MeOH 0.5/82/20). The pure fractions were collected and the solvent evaporated until dryness to give 150 mg of Int. 316 (67.6 %).

g) Preparation of Int. 317

SOCl2 (827 μί; 11.3 mmol) was added dropwise to a stirred solution of Int. 316 (150 mg; 0.23 mmol) in DCE (25 mL) at r.t. The reaction mixture was stirred at 60 °C for 3 h. The solvent was evaporated to dryness yielding 133mg of crude Int. 317 which was used as such without purification for the next reaction step.

Example A35

a) Preparation of Int. 318

N-(2-aminoethyl)-carbamic acid, 1,1-dimethylethyl ester (17.73 g; 110.64 mmol) and MgSC"4 (19.025g; 158.06 mmol) were added to a solution of 5- bromo-2-pyridine carboxaldehyde (20 g ; 105.37 mmol) in DCM( 500 ml). The reaction mixture was stirred 1 h at r.t. under N2 atmosphere. NaBH(OAc)3 (29.033 g;136.985 mmol) was added portionwise. The reaction mixture was stirred overnight. Water was added and the organic layer was collected, dried and evaporated. The crude was purified by column chromatography over silica gel (eluent: DCM/MeOH 9/1). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 18.3 g of lnt. 318 (51.5 %).

b) Preparation of Int. 319 dicarbonic acid, C,C-bis( 1,1-dimethylethyl) ester (267.174 g;1224.18mmol) ester was added to a solution of Int. 318 (210 g; 489.672 mmol) in DCM (1500 ml). The reaction mixture was stirred overnight at r.t. Water was added and the organic layer was separated, dried and evaporated. The crude intermediate was stirred with tert-butyl methyl ether, filtered, and the solid was dried. Yield: 126 g of Int. 319 (58 %).

c) Preparation of Int. 320

A mixture of Int. 319 (10 g;23.238 mmol), Int. 249 (6.8 g;25.076 mmol), PdCl2dppf (1.7 g; 2.323 mmol) and Na2C03 (7.37 g; 69.535 mmol) in dioxane(225 ml) and water (75 ml) was stirred at 90 °C for 3 h under N2 flow. The mixture was filtered. The filtrate was concentrated. The residue was purified by chromatography over silica gel (eluent: EtOAc/PE 1/1). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 11.5 g of Int. 320 (90 %).

d) Preparation of Int. 321

Int 320 (21.5 g;39.115 mmol) was dissolved in DCM (500 ml). Mn02 (28 g; 322.061 mmol) was added. The mixture was stirred at r.t. overnight. The mixture was refluxed for 4 h. The mixture was filtered. The filtrate was concentrated. Yield: 19 g of Int. 321 (88.6 %).

e) Preparation of Int. 322

Int. 321 (19 g;34.694 mmol) was dissolved in DCE (300 ml). 1-piperazineacetic acid, 1,1-dimethylethyl ester (11.78 g;58.818 mmol) and acetic acid (4.24 g; 70.605 mmol) were added. The mixture was refluxed for 6 h and then cooled to r.t. NaBH(OAc)3 (10 g; 47.183 mmol) was added. The mixture was stirred at r.t. overnight. The mixture was treated with water and extracted with DCM. The organic phase was separated, washed with brine, dried and concentrated. The crude intermediate was used directly for the next reaction step without further purification. Yield: 33 g of Int. 322.

e) Preparation of Int. 323

TFA salt

Int. 322 (24 g; 32.79 mmol) was dissolved in TFA (70 ml) and DCM (200 ml). The mixture was stirred at r.t. overnight. The mixture was concentrated to give 15 g of crude intermediate 323 which was directly used as such for the next reaction step. B. Preparation of the final compounds

Example B 1

Preparation of Compound 1

DECP (0.73 ml; 4.88 mmol) was added to a solution of Int. 39 (1.211 g) and Et3N (0.679 ml; 4.88 mmol) in DMF (72.477 ml) at r.t. The r.m. was stirred at r.t. for 16 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was dissolved in 100 ml water. The water layer was alkalified with sat. NaHC03 solution (aqueous). The water layer was extracted with DCM (2x 50 ml). The organic layer was dried, filtered and evaporated and the residue was purified by Prep HPLC on (RP Vydac Denali CI 8 - 10 μπι, 200 g, 5 cm). Mobile phase (0.25 % NH4HC03 solution in water, ACN). The desired fractions were collected, evaporated, solved in MeOH and evaporated again. Yield: 103 mg of compound 1.

Example B2

Preparation of Compound 33

Diethyl cyanophosphonate (1.039 ml; 6.254 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of Int. 90 (3.17 g) and Et3N (8.694ml; 62.545 mmol) in DMF(140 ml) at r.t.. The reaction mixture was stirred at r.t. for 18 h. A saturated aqueous NaHC03 solution was added to the reaction mixture. This mixture was stirred for 10 min and was then diluted with water and a mixture of 10 % MeOH and 90 % DCM. The organic layer was separated. The water layer was extracted two additional times with a mixture of 10 % MeOH and 90 % DCM. The combined organic layer was washed with water, dried with MgS04, filtered and the solvents of the filtrate evaporated The residue was purified by Prep HPLC on (RP Vydac Denali C18 - ΙΟμηι, 200g, 5cm). Mobile phase (0.5 % NH4Ac solution in water + 10 % ACN, ACN), The combined fractions were alkalized with ammonia and evaporated till water. The precipitate was filtered off and washed with water. Yield: 152 mg of compound 33.

Example B3

Preparation of Compound 43

A solution of Int. 129 (1.13 g; 2.20 mmol) in DMF (50 ml) was added dropwise to a stirred solution of DECP (1.80 ml; 11.0 mmol) and DIPEA (5 ml) in DMF (50 ml) at r.t. under N2 atmosphere over a period of 1 h. The solvent was evaporated. The crude compound was purified by high-performance liquid chromatography (Column: synergi 20*250mm, Mobile Phase A: Purified water (containing 0.1 % TFA), Mobile Phase B: ACN, Gradient: 0-25% (% B). A NaHC03 solution was added to adjust the pH >7. The solvent was concentrated and extracted with EtOAc (3x100 ml). The desired organic layers were washed with brine, dried over Na2S04, filtered and the solvent was evaporated in vacuo. Yield: Compound 43 (0.4427 g; 40 %).

Example B4

Preparation of Compounds 77 and 78

Compound 77 Compound 78

Int. 190 (118.5 mg; 0.2 mmol), NaCN (100 mg; 2.041mmol) and DMSO (2 ml) were stirred at 90 °C for 16 h. The reaction mixture was cooled, poured into water and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was dried with MgS04, filtered and evaporated. The residue (150 mg) was purified by Prep HPLC on (RP Vydac Denali CI 8 - 10 μηι, 200 g, 5 cm). Mobile phase (0.25 % NH4HC03 solution in water, ACN). The desired fractions were collected, evaporated, solved in MeOH and evaporated again. This second residue still contained 2 isomers. The second residue was purified by Prep SFC (Stationary phase: Chiralpak Diacel AD 30 x 250 mm), Mobile phase: C02, EtOH with 0.2 % iPrNH2). The desired fractions were collected, evaporated, solved in MeOH and evaporated again, yielding 1 mg of Compound 78 (1%) and 18 mg of Compound 77 (17 %).

Example B5

Preparation of Compound 89

A solution of Int. 205 (1.406 g) in DMF (70 ml) was added dropwise to a stirred solution of DECP (1.71 g; 10.5 mmol) and DIPEA (2.71 g) in DMF (80 ml) at r.t. under N2 atmosphere over a period of 1 h. The reaction mixture was filtered and the filtrate was evaporated and the solid was purified by high-performance liquid chromatography (Column: Gemini 150*30mm, 5 μιη, Flow rate: 35ml/min, Mobile Phase A: Purified water (containing 0.1% TFA), Mobile Phase B: ACN, Gradient: 12- 42%o (%>B). NaHC03 solution was added to adjust the pH>7. This solvent was concentrated and the precipitate was filtered off and dried. Yield: 217.90 mg of Compound 89.

Example B5a

Preparation of Compound 98

Int. 215a (0.4 g; 0.309 mmol) in IN HC1 (20 ml) was stirred at r.t. for 30 min.

The aqueous layer was washed with DCM. A NaHC03 solution was added to the aqueous layer to adjust the pH to 7-8. The aqueous layer was extracted with DCM and the organic layer was dried, filtered and evaporated. The crude was purified by high- performance liquid chromatography (Column: Gemini 250*20mm, 5 μιη, Flow rate: 25ml/min, Mobile Phase A: Purified water (containing 0.1% TFA), Mobile Phase B: ACN, Gradient: 2-32% (%B). A NaHC03 solution was added to adjust the pH>7. This solvent was concentrated and the precipitate was filtered off, washed with water and dried in vacuo. Yield: 46.50 mg of Compound 98 (28.1 %).

Example B6

Preparation of Compound 100

A solution of Int. 232 (480.99 mg) in DMF (50 ml) was added dropwise to a stirred solution of DECP (780.5 mg; 4.785 mmol) and DIPEA (1.237 g; 9.57 mmol) in DMF (50 ml ) at room temperature under N2 atmosphere over a period of 1 h. The solvent was evaporated. The crude was purified by HPLC (Column: Synergi 150*30mm, 5um, Flow rate: 30ml/min, Mobile Phase A: Purified water (containing 0.1% TFA), Mobile Phase B: ACN, Gradient: 3-33% (%B). NaHC03 solution was added to adjust the pH>7. This solvent was concentrated and the precipitate was filtered off and washed with water. The solid was dried. Yield: 0.1162 g of Compound 100.

Example B7

Preparation of Compound 73

Diethyl cyanophosphonate (0.487 ml; 2.932 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of Int. 186 (0.801 g) and Et3N (1.019 ml; 7.331 mmol) in DMF (30 ml) at r.t. The reaction mixture was stirred at r.t. for 1 h. The solvents were evaporated and the residue was purified by Prep HPLC on (Uptisphere C 18 ODB - ΙΟμιη, 200g, 5cm). Mobile phase (0.25% NH4HC03 solution in water, ACN), yielding Compound 73 (100 mg). Example B8

Preparation of Compound 107

Diethyl cyanophosphonate (0.137 ml; 0.827 mmol) was added dropwise to a stirred solution of Int. 253 (337 mg)and Et3N (0.574 ml; 4.133 mmol) in DMF (20 ml) at r.t. After addition the reaction mixture was stirred for 1 h. The solvents were evaporated. The residue was dissolved in DCM with some MeOH and then washed with a 10%> aqueous Na2C03 solution, washed with water, dried with MgS04, filtered and the solvents of the filtrate were evaporated. The residue was dissolved in DCM and purified over a Si02 column, type Grace Reveleris SRC, 4 g, Si 40, on a Armen Spot II Ultimate purification system using DCM, MeOH and 7 N NH3 in MeOH as eluents in a gradient starting from 100% DCM going to 5%> MeOH and 95% DCM and ending with 5% MeOH and 5% 7 N NH3 in MeOH and 90% DCM. The fractions containing product were combined and the solvents were evaporated yielding 151 mg of

Compound 107.

Example B9

Preparation of Compound 1 16

Under N2 atmosphere, Int. 263 (1.5 g) in DMF (75 ml) was added dropwise into a solution of DECP (1.53 g; 9.4 mmol) and DIPEA (3.3 ml; 18.8 mmol) in DMF (75 ml) at r.t. over 1 h. The resulting mixture was stirred for 30 min. The solvent was removed in vacuo and the residue was poured into water. The precipitate was filtered and dried to give 1.1 g of crude product. 0.3 g of crude product was purified by prep-HPLC Column: YMC-pack ODS-AQ 150*30ιηιη*5μιη. Mobile Phase: 10-30% ACN% (0.1 % TFA). Flow Rate: 30 ml/min. The desired fractions were collected and ACN was removed in vacuo. The aqueous layer was adjusted to pH >7 and extracted with EtOAc.The organic layer was dried (Na2S04), filtered and concentrated in vacuo to give 100.2 mg of Compound 116

Example B10

Preparation of Compound 125

Diethyl cyanophosphonate (0.0851 ml; 0.512 mmol) was added to DMF (50 mL). A solution of Int. 269 (0.20 g) in DMF (100 mL) and Et3N (0.712 ml; 5.12 mmol) were added dropwise over a periode of 30 min at r.t. The reaction mixture was stirred for 5 h at r.t.

The reaction mixture was evaporated and the residue was dissolved in solution of sat. NaHC03, DCM and iPrOH. The organic layer was separated, washed with water, dried and evaporated. The residue was purified by column chromatography over silicagel: eluent gradient DCM 100% to 85% / MeOH-NH3 0% to 15%. The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. The residue was repurified by Prep SFC (Stationary phase: Chiralcel Diacel OJ 20 x 250 mm), Mobile phase: C02, iPrOH with 0.2%) iPrNH2). The desired fractions were collected, evaporated, solved in MeOH and evaporated again. Yield: 6 mg of Compound 125.

Example B 11

Preparation of Compound 126

A mixture of Int. 271 (0.15 g; 0.285 mmol) and HATU (0.162 g; 0.427 mmol) in DIPEA (0.245 ml; 1.42 mol) and DMF (7.5 ml) was stirred at r.t. for 18 h. The solvents were evaporated. The residue was purified by Prep HPLC on RP XBridge Prep CI 8 OBD-ΙΟμιη, 30x150mm. Mobile phase: 0.25% NH4HCO3 solution in water, MeOH. The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 7 mg of Compound 126 (4.8 %).

Example B12

Preparation of Compound 127

Diethyl cyanophosphonate (0.0272ml; 0.164 mmol) was added to a solution of Int. 278 (39.08 mg) and Et3N (0.228 ml; 1.64 mmol) in DMF (3.671 ml) at r.t. The reaction mixture was stirred at r.t. for 1 h to give a reaction mixture containing Compound 127 which was used as such in the next reaction step. Example B13

Preparation of Compound 129

Diethyl cyanophosphonate (23.5 μΐ; 0.142 mmol) was added dropwise to a stirred solution of Int. 285 (86 mg) and Et3N (98.4 μΐ; 0.708 mmol) in DMF (4 ml) at r.t. After addition the reaction mixture was stirred for 1 h. The solvents were evaporated. The residue was purified by Prep HPLC (Stationary phase: RP SunFire Prep CI 8 OBD-10 μπι, 30x150 mm) (Mobile phase: 0.25% NH4HC03 solution in water, ACN). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 8 mg of Compound 129.

Example B14

Preparation of Compound 132

Int. 296 (6.69 mg; 8 mmol) in DMF (300 ml) was added dropwise into the solution of DECP (6. 55 g; 40 mmol) and DIPEA (13.66 ml; 80 mmol) in DMF (300 ml) at r.t. over 1 h under N2 atmosphere. The resulting mixture was stirred for 30 min. The solvent was removed in vacuo and the residue was poured into water. The precipitate was filtered and dried. The crude was washed with aq. NaHC03, H20, MTBE and DCM to give 1.2 g of Compound 132. Example B15

Preparation of Compound 67

Diethyl cyanophosphonate (1.08 mL; 7.191 mmol) was added slowly to a solution of Int. 170 (1.9 g) and DIPEA (4.1 mL; 23.97 mmol) in DMF (340 mL). After the addition, the reaction mixture was heated at 100 °C for 4 h and was then evaporated. The residue was purified by preparative LC on (irregular SiOH 15-40 μιη 300 g MERCK). Mobile phase (0.5 % NH4OH, 93 % DCM, 7 % MeOH) and then repurified by achiral SFC on (AMINO 6 μιη 150 x 21.2 mm). Mobile phase (0.3 %

isopropylamine, 75 % C02, 25 % MeOH). The pure fractions were collected, evaporated and stirred in DIPE/ACN. The precipitate was filtered off and dried, yielding 412 mg of Compound 67.

Example B16

Preparation of Compound 140

Diethyl cyanophosphonate (70 μί; 0.47 mmol) was added dropwise to a solution of Int. 304 (108 mg) and DIPEA (268 μΕ; 1.55 mmol) in DMF (66 mL). After addition, the reaction mixture was heated to 100 °C for 4 h. Then DMF was evaporated. The residue was purified by preparative LC on (Stability Silica 5μιη 150 x 30.0 mm). Mobile phase (Gradient from NH4OH/DCM/MeOH 0.2/98/2 to NH4OH/DCM/MeOH 1.2/88/12). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. The residue was freeze-dried with water/ ACN, yielding 18 mg of Compound 140 as a white powder.

Example B17

Preparation of Compound 141

K2C03 (1.18 g; 8.51 mmol) was added to a solution of Int. 310 (249 mg) in DMF (50 mL) at r.t. The reaction mixture was stirred at 50 °C for 3 h. Water and DCM were added. The mixture was extracted with DCM (3 x). The organic layer was dried over MgS04, filtered and the solvent was evaporated. The residue was purified by preparative LC on (Stability Silica 5μιη 150x30.0mm). Mobile phase (Gradient from NH4OH/DCM/MeOH 0.2/98/2 to NH4OH/DCM/MeOH 1.2/88/12). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 86 mg of Compound 141 as a off-white powder.

Example B 18

Preparation of Compound 144

K2C03 (686 mg; 5 mmol) was added to a solution of Int. 317 (133 mg) in DMF (35 mL) at r.t. The reaction mixture was stirred at 50 °C for 3h and then at 70 °C for 18h. The reaction mixture was evaporated and the residue was purified by preparative LC (Stability Silica 5μιη 150 x 30.0 mm, mobile phase Gradient from pure DCM to DCM/MeOH/NH4OH 90/10/0.1). The pure fractions were evaporated and the solvent evaporated. This residue was repurified by preparative LC on (Stability Silica 5μιη 150x30.0mm). Mobile phase (Gradient from NH4OH/DCM/MeOH 0.2/98/2 to NH4OH/DCM/MeOH 1.2/88/12). The pure fractions were evaporated and the solvent evaporated until dryness to give 19 mg of Compound 144. Example B19

Preparation of Compound 145 a

To as solution of DECP (22.488 ml; 150 mmol) and DIPEA (60 ml; 344.467 mmol) in DMF (750 ml) was added dropwise a solution of Int. 323 (15 g) in DMF (750ml) for 2 h. The mixture was stirred at r.t. for 30 minutes and was then concentrated. The residue was purified by high-performance liquid chromatography over DYA101810 C18 (CI 8 column type) (eluent: (0.5 % NH3 in H20)/ACN 35/65 v/v). The product fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 1.992 g of Compound 145a.

C. Conversion reactions and chiral separations of final compounds

Example CI

a) Preparation of Compounds 5 and 6

Compound 5 Compound 6

Compound 31 (200 mg) was separated by SFC separation on Chiralcel OJ, 20 μιη; Supercritical C02 / MeOH (0.2 % DEA), v/v, 200 ml/min). The desired fraction were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 0.05 g of compound 6 (S or R) and 0.04 g of compound 5 (R or S). ) Preparation of Compounds 25 and 26

Compound 25

Compound 26

Compound 24 (500 mg) was separated by SFC separation on Chiralcel OJ, 20 μιη; Supercritical C02 / MeOH (0.2 % DEA), v/v, 200 ml/min). The desired fraction were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 0.14 g of compound 26 and 0.148 g of compound 25.

c) Preparation of Compounds 22 and 23

Compound 22 Compound 23

Compound 21 was separated by SFC (Column: OD-H 250x30 mm I.D, 10 μιη, Flow rate: 80 ml/min, Mobile Phase A: Supercritical C02 / MeOH (0.2 %NH3H20) 50/50. The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 0.4 g of compound 22 and 0.12 g of compound 23.

d) Preparation of Compounds 2 and 3

Compound 3 Compound 2

By similar SFC separation methods as described above, compound 30 was separated into its enantiomers, compounds 2 (37.9 mg) and 3 (49 mg).

e) Preparation of Compounds 11 and 12

Compound 1 1 Compound 12

By similar SFC separation methods as described above, compound 32 (500 mg) was separated into its enantiomers, compounds 11 (210 mg) and 12 (36 mg).

f) Preparation of Compounds 65 and 66

Compound 65 Compound 66 By similar SFC separation methods as described above, compound 58 was separated into compounds 65 (345.6 mg) and 66 (93.4 mg).

g) Preparation of Compounds 109 and 110

Compound 109 Compound 1 10

By similar SFC separation methods as described above, compound 108 was separated into compounds 109 and 110.

h) Preparation of Compounds 138 and 139

Compound 138 Compound 139

By similar SFC separation methods as described above, compound 135 was separated into compounds 138 and 139.

i) Preparation of Compounds 142 and 143

Compound 142 Compound 143

Compound 141 was separated by chiral SFC (Column: Chiralpak AD-H 5μιη 250χ20 mm). Mobile phase: 0.3 % isopropylamine, 55 % C02, 45 % iPrOH. The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 30 mg of compound 142 and 30 mg of compound 143.

j Preparation of Compounds 133 and 134

Compound 133 Compound 134

Compound 132 was separated into compounds 133 and 134 by chiral HPLC.

(Compound 134 was used for the preparation of Compound 137).

Example C2

a) Preparation of Compounds 80 and 81

Compound 80 Compound 81

Compound 55 (514.6 mg; 1 mmol) in THF (10 ml) was stirred at -78 °C under N2 flow. DBU (2283.6 mg; 15 mmol) was added. Then XtalFluor-E® (1144 mg; 5mmol) was added. Stirring was continued at -78 °C for 30 min and then the reaction mixture was stirred at r.t. for 2 h. The reaction mixture was poured into water, basified with

NaHC03 and extracted 3x with DCM. The organic layer was dried with MgS04, filtered and evaporated. The residue purified by flash chromatography on silica(eluens: DCM/MeOH 90/10). The desired fractions were collected and evaporated. The residue (2.8 g) was repurified by Prep HPLC on (RP Vydac Denali CI 8 - ΙΟμιη, 200g, 5cm). Mobile phase (0.25% NH4HC03 solution in water, ACN). The desired fractions were collected, evaporated, solved in MeOH and evaporated again, yielding 41 mg of Compound 80 (8 %) and 64 mg of Compound 81 (13 %).

b) Preparation of Compound 82

Compound 55 (514.6 mg; 1 mmol), PPh3 (2623 mg; 10 mmol) and DPPA (2752 mg mmol) were stirred in THF (25 ml) at r.t. DIAD (2022 mg; 10 mmol) was added dropwise. Stirring was continued for 16 h. The reaction mixture was evaporated to dryness. The residue was stirred in DIPE and the precipitate was filtered off. The precipitate was stirred in ACN for 16 h and filtered. The filtrate was evaporated to dryness. This residue (2.8 g) was purified by Prep HPLC on (RP Vydac Denali C18 - ΙΟμηι, 200g, 5cm). Mobile phase (0.25 % NH4HCO3 solution in water, MeOH). The desired fractions were collected, evaporated, solved in MeOH and evaporated again. This fraction was repurified using ACN instead of MeOH as solvent. Yield: 292 mg of Compound 82 (54 %).

Compound 83 was prepared according to an analogous reaction protocol.

c) Preparation of Compound 84

Compound 82 (156 mg; 0.289 mmol) was hydrogenated in 20 ml MeOH under 1 atm. ¾ gas at r.t. with 100 mg Pt 5 % on activated charcoal as catalyst. The catalyst was filtered off and the filtrate was evaporated. The residue was purified by Prep HPLC (Stationary phase: RP SunFire Prep C18 OBD-10 μιη,30χ 150 mm), Mobile phase: 0.25 % NH4HCO3 solution in water, ACN). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated, yielding 47 mg of Compound 84 (31.6 %).

Compound 85 was prepared according to an analogous reaction protocol.

d) Preparation of Compound 86

Compound 84 (65 mg; 0.127 mmol) and sulfamide (121.6 mg; 1.265 mmol) were stirred in 1,4 dioxane (3 ml) at 80 °C for 16 h. The reaction mixture was evaporated to dryness. The residue was purified by Prep HPLC (Stationary phase: RP Vydac Denali C18 - 10 μηι, 200 g, 5 cm). Mobile phase: 0.25% NH4HCO3 solution in water, ACN). The desired fractions were collected, evaporated, solved in MeOH and evaporated again. Yield: 50 mg of Compound 86 (66.7 %).

Compound 87 was prepared according to an analogous reaction protocol.

e) Preparation of Compound 88

Oxalylchloride (5 ml; 2 M solution in DCM; 10 mmol) was stirred in DCM (10 ml) at - 78 °C under N2 atmosphere. DMSO (1562.7 mg; 20 mmol) in DCM (10 ml) was added dropwise. After 5 min. Compound 55 (103 mg; 0.2 mmol) in DCM (3 ml) was added dropwise. The reaction mixture was stirred at -78 °C for 1 h. Then Et3N (3035.7 mg; 30 mmol) in DCM (2 ml) was added dropwise. The temperature was raised to r.t. for 16 h. The reaction mixture was poured into water and extracted with DCM. The organic layer was dried with MgS04, filtered and evaporated. The residue (200 mg) was purified by Prep HPLC (Stationary phase: RP SunFire Prep CI 8 ΟΒϋ-10μιη,30χ 150 mm), Mobile phase: 0.25 % NH4HCO3 solution in water, ACN) The desired fractions were collected and evaporated.

The residue was repurified by Prep SFC (Stationary phase: Chiralcel Diacel OJ 20 x 250 mm), Mobile phase: C02, MeOH with 0.2 % iPrNH2). The desired fractions were collected, evaporated, solved in MeOH and evaporated again, yielding 9 mg of Compound 88 (8.8 %).

Example C3

a) Preparation of Compound 112

A solution of Compound 110 (170 mg; 0.297 mmol) in 4M HC1 (17 ml) was refluxed overnight. The reaction mixture was evaporated in vacuo. The residue was repurified on Prep SFC stationary phase: Chiralcel Diacel OD 20 x 250 mm, Mobile phase: C02, MeOH with 0.2% iPrNH2. The desired fractions were collected, evaporated, solved in MeOH and evaporated again, yielding 45 mg of the desired compound 112.

Example C4

a) Preparation of Compound 114

A mixture of Compound 111 (350 mg; 0.646 mmol) in MeOH (20 ml) was hydrogenated at 50 °C under atmospheric pressure of H2 gas with Raney nickel (100 mg) as a catalyst in the presence of NH4OH (1 ml). After uptake of H2 (2 eq.), the catalyst was filtered off and the filtrate was evaporated. The crude was purified by SFC Column: Chiralcel OD-H 150x4.6mm I.D., 5μιη , Mobile phase: 40% ethanol (0.1% ethanolamine) in C02, Flow rate: 2.35 mL/min and repurified by prep-HPLC.

Conditions for prep-HPLC: Column: DYA101810 8-10μιη (C18 column type with 10 μιη particle size). Mobile Phase: gradient 5 to 35% ACN and 95 to 65% (0.1% TFA sol. in water). Flow Rate: 80 ml/min. The desired fraction was collected and ACN was removed in vacuo. The aqueous layer was adjusted to pH>7 and the precipitate was filtered and dried in vacuo to give 130 mg of Compound 114 (37 %).

b) Preparation of Compound 115

Compound 114 (50 mg; 0.0916mol) was dissolved in THF (3 ml). Acetic anhydride (9.3 mg; 0.092 mmol) and DIPEA (23.8 mg; 0.184 mmol) were added. The mixture was stirred at r.t. for 2 h. The mixture was concentrated. The residue was recrystallized from EtOAc yielding 12.2 mg of Compound 115 (22 %).

Example C5

a) Preparation of Compound 117

C1

NaOH (0.15 g) was added to Compound 116 (0.8 g) in MeOH/H20 1/1 (10 ml). The mixture was stirred at r.t. for 4 h. MeOH was removed in vacuo. Then the pH was adjusted to approximately 7. The resulting mixture was evaporated in vacuo. The residue was dissolved in MeOH and filtered. The filtrate was purified by prep-HPLC. Column: YMC-pack ODS-AQ 150*30ιηιη*5μιη. Mobile Phase: gradient 5 to 25 % ACN and 95 to 75% (0.1% TFA sol. in water). The desired fraction was collected and the solvent was removed in vacuo. The residue was stirred in HCl/dioxane (4M) for 30 min. The solvent was removed in vacuo to give 300 mg of Compound 117.

Compound 119 (starting from Compound 118) and Compound 120 were prepared by using an analogous reaction protocol as was used for Compound 117.

b) Preparation of Compound 121

A mixture of Compound 117 (150 mg), ammonia 4 M sol. in THF (0.61 ml) and 2,4,6- tripropyl-l,3,5,2,4,6-trioxatriphosphorinane 2,4,6-trioxide (187 mg; 0.294 mmol) in DIPEA (0.218 ml; 1.225 mmol) and DMF (10 ml) was stirred at 20 °C overnight. The DMF was removed in vacuo. The residue was purified by HPLC over Synergi (eluent: ACN/(0.5 % TFA in H20) 1% to 8%). The product fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 6.3 mg of Compound 121.

Compound 122 was prepared by using an analogous reaction protocol as was used for Compound 121, but Compound 117 and methylamine were used as starting materials. Compound 123 was prepared by using an analogous reaction protocol as was used for Compound 121, but Compound 119 was used as starting material.

Compound 124 was prepared by using an analogous reaction protocol as was used for Compound 121, but Compound 119 and methylamine were used as starting materials.

Example C6

a) Preparation of Compound 128

Cyclopropylmethyl bromide (44.281 mg; 0.328 mmol) was added to the reaction mixture containing compound 127 at 70°C. The reaction mixture was stirred at 80 °C for 4 h and was then concentrated to dryness. The residue was purified by Prep HPLC on (RP Vydac Denali CI 8 - ΙΟμπι, 200g, 5cm). Mobile phase (0.25% NH4HCO3 solution in water, ACN). The desired fractions were collected, evaporated, solved in MeOH and evaporated again, yielding 4.8 mg of Compound 128.

Example C7

a) Preparation of Compound 136

Cyclopropylmethyl bromide (288 mg; 2.13 mmol) was added to a solution of compound 133 (101 mg; 0.214 mmol) and DIPEA (0.737 ml; 4.274 mmol) in DMF (7 ml). The reaction mixture was stirred at 50 °C for 48 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated and the residue was purified by Prep HPLC (Stationary phase: RP Vydac Denali CI 8 - ΙΟμπι, 200g, 5cm), Mobile phase: 0.25% NH4HCO3 solution in water, ACN). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated, yielding 55 mg of Compound 136 (48.8 %).

Example C8

a) Preparation of Compound 146

Cyclopropylmethyl bromide (44.65 mg; 0.331 mmol) dissolved in DMF (2 ml) was added portionwise to compound 145 (.4 HC1) (99.785 mg) and DIPEA (0.228 ml; 1.323 mmol) in DMF (8 ml) at 60 °C over 30 min. The reaction mixture was stirred at 70 °C for 16 h and was then evaporated. The residue was purified by Prep HPLC on (RP Vydac Denali CI 8 - 10 μπι, 200g, 5cm). Mobile phase (0.25% NH4HCO3 solution in water, ACN). The desired fractions were collected, evaporated, solved in MeOH and evaporated again, yielding 45 mg of Compound 146 (53.18 %).

Example C9

a) Preparation of Compound 147

NaBH(OAc)3 (210.7 mg; 0.994 mmol) was added portionwise to a suspension of compound 145 (.4 HC1) (200 mg; 0.33 mol) and propionaldehyde (38.5 mg; 0.66 mol) in DMF (6 ml) at r.t. The reaction mixture was stirred further at r.t. for lh and was then concentrated. The residue was purified by Prep HPLC (Stationary phase: RP Vydac Denali CI 8 - ΙΟμπι, 200g, 5cm), Mobile phase: 0.25% NH4HCO3 solution in water, ACN). The desired fractions were collected, evaporated, solved in MeOH and evaporated again, yielding 94 mg of compound 147 (56.76 %).

Example CIO

a) Preparation of Compound 148

A mixture of Compound 29 (1 g; 1.30 mmol) in MeOH (30 ml) was hydrogenated at 50 °C under a H2 gas pressure of 50 psi with Raney Nickel (0.5 g) as a catalyst in the presence of 25 % NH4OH (0.5 ml) overnight. After uptake of H2 (2 eq.), the catalyst was filtered off and the filtrate was evaporated. The residue was purified by SFC

(Column: Chiralcel OD 250x30mm I.D. ,ΙΟμιη; Mobile phase: Supercritical C02/EtOH (0.2 % NH3H20) 60/40; Flow rate: 80ml/min, wavelength: 220nm). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 0.06 g of Compound 148 (8 %).

b) Preparation of Compound 149

The mixture of Compound 148 (100 mg; 0.183 mmol), acetic anhydride (18.68 mg; 0.183 mmol), Et3N (64.64 mg; 0.64 mmol) and THF (10 ml) was stirred at r.t. for 2 h. The solvent was evaporated. The residue was purified by SFC (Column: Chiralcel OD 250x30mm I.D. ,ΙΟμιη; Mobile phase: Supercritical C02/EtOH (0.2 % NH3H20)

60/40; Flow rate: 80ml/min; wavelength: 220nm). The desired fractions were collected and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 0.042 g of Compound 149 (37.2 %).

By using analogous reaction protocols as described in the foregoing examples, the compounds listed in the Table below have been prepared.

'Method' refers to the Example number in analogy to which protocol the compound was synthesized.

In case no specific stereochemistry is indicated for a stereocenter of a compound, this means that the compound was obtained as a mixture of the R and the S enantiomers. The values of salt stoichiometry or acid content in the compounds as provided herein, are those obtained experimentally and may vary dependent on the analytical method used (for the compounds in Table 1, 1H NMR and/or elemental analysis was used). In case no salt form is indicated, the compound was obtained as a free base.

Table 1: compounds ("TFA" means trifluoroacetic acid)

-233 -

-236-

-237-

-238 -

-240-

S,S or R,R

S,S or R,R

Compound 24; Method Bl Compound 26; Method C

R,R or S,S

Compound 84; Method C2.c Compound 25; Method C

Compound 1; Method Bl Compound 93; Method B5

Compound 100; Method B6 Compound 52; Method B3

Compound 101; Method B6 Compound 79; Method B4

Compound 121; Method C5.b Compound 99; Method B5a

-246-

H

Compound 39; Method B2 Compound 147; Method C9

Compound 140; Method B16 Compound 92; Method B5

Compound 69; Method B 15 Compound 97; Method B5 Analytical Part

LCMS (Liquid Chromatography/Mass spectrometry)

LCMS General procedure

The High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) measurement was performed using a LC pump, a diode-array (DAD) or a UV detector and a column as specified in the respective methods. If necessary, additional detectors were included (see table of methods below).

Flow from the column was brought to the Mass Spectrometer (MS) which was configured with an atmospheric pressure ion source. It is within the knowledge of the skilled person to set the tune parameters (e.g. scanning range, dwell time...) in order to obtain ions allowing the identification of the compound's nominal monoisotopic molecular weight (MW). Data acquisition was performed with appropriate software. Compounds are described by their experimental retention times (Rt) and ions. If not specified differently in the table of data, the reported molecular ion corresponds to the [M+H]+ (protonated molecule) and/or [M-H]~ (deprotonated molecule). In case the compound was not directly ionizable the type of adduct is specified (i.e. [M+NH4]+, [M+HCOO]", etc .). For molecules with multiple isotopic patterns (e.g. Br or CI), the reported value is the one obtained for the lowest isotope mass. All results were obtained with experimental uncertainties that are commonly associated with the method used. Hereinafter, "SQD" means Single Quadrupole Detector, "MSD" Mass Selective Detector, "RT" room temperature, "BEH" bridged ethylsiloxane/silica hybrid, "DAD" Diode Array Detector, "HSS" High Strength silica.

Table 2: LCMS Method codes (Flow expressed in mL/min; column temperature (T) in °C; Run time in minutes).

Melting Points

For compounds 14, 15, 70, 71 and 144, melting points (m.p.) were obtained with a Kofler hot bench, consisting of a heated plate with linear temperature gradient, a sliding pointer and a temperature scale in degrees Celsius.

For compounds 7 and 106, melting points were determined with a WRS-2A melting point apparatus that was purchased from Shanghai Precision and Scientific Instrument Co. Ltd. Melting points were measured with a linear heating up rate of 0.2-5.0 °C/minute The reported values are melt ranges. The maximum temperature was 300 °C.

The results of the analytical measurements are shown in table 3.

Table 3: Retention time (Rt) in min., [M+H]+ peak (protonated molecule), LCMS method and m.p. (melting point in °C).

OR (Optical Rotation)

Compound 2: +140° (590 nm; 20 °C; 2.21 w/v %; DCM)

Compound 3: -142° (590 nm; 20 °C; 2.11 w/v %; DCM)

Compound 5: -16.7° (589 nm; 20 °C; 5.10 w/v %; DCM)

Compound 6: +10.02° (589 nm; 20 °C; 3.12 w/v %; DCM)

Compound 11 : -57° (589 nm; 20 °C; 0.018 w/v %; MeOH/DCM 1/2) Compound 12: -134° (589 nm; 20 °C; 0.016 w/v %; MeOH/DCM 1/2) Compound 22: +48.5° (589 nm; 20 °C; 0.2 w/v %; DCM)

Compound 23: -47.5° (589 nm; 20 °C; 0.16 w/v %; DCM)

Compound 43: +118.14° (589 nm; 20 °C; 0.25225 w/v %; DMSO) Compound 65: +154.17° (589 nm; 20 °C; 0.072 w/v %; MeOH) Compound 66: +100.00° (589 nm; 20 °C; 0.060 w/v %; MeOH)

Compound 105: +294° (589 nm; 20 °C; 0.12 w/v %; 30 % MeOH in DCM)

Compound 133: -276° (589 nm; 20 °C; 0.308 w/v %; MeOH)

Compound 134: -4.5° (589 nm; 20 °C; 0.150 w/v %; MeOH)

Compound 138: +24.62° (589 nm; 20 °C; 0.052 w/v %; DCM)

Compound 139: -57.27° (589 nm; 20 °C; 0.044 w/v %; DCM)

Compound 142: +128.99° (589 nm; 20 °C; 0.238 w/v %; DMF)

Compound 143: -127.78° ((589 nm; 20 °C; 0.234 w/v %; DMF)

SFC-MS

For SFC-MS, an analytical SFC system from Berger Instruments (Newark, DE, USA) was used comprising a dual pump control module (FCM-1200) for delivery of C02 and modifier, a thermal control module for column heating (TCM2100) with temperature control in the range 1-150 °C and column selection valves (Valco, VICI, Houston, TX, USA) for 6 different columns. The photodiode array detector (Agilent 1100,

Waldbronn, Germany) is equipped with a high-pressure flow cell (up to 400 bar) and configured with a CTC LC Mini PAL auto sampler (Leap Technologies, Carrboro, NC , USA). A ZQ mass spectrometer (Waters, Milford, MA, USA) with an orthogonal Z-electrospray interface is coupled with the SFC-system. Instrument control, data collection and processing were performed with an integrated platform consisting of the SFC ProNTo software and Masslynx software.

Co. No. 112-113: SFC-MS was carried out on a OD-H column (250 x 4.6 mm) (Daicel Chemical Industries Ltd) with a flow rate of 3 ml/min. Two mobile phases (mobile phase A: C02; mobile phase B: MeOH containing 0.2 % isopropylamine (iPrNH2)) were employed. A gradient was applied from 10 % B to 40 % B in 18.75 min. Then a gradient was applied from 40 % B to 50 % B in 2 min, and 50 % B was hold for 3.6 min. Column temperature was set at 30°C. Under these conditions, Co. No. 113 had a shorter Rt on the column than Co. No. 112. The measurement was compared against the mixture of the compounds.

NMR

For a number of compounds, 1H NMR spectra were recorded on a Bruker DPX-400 spectrometer operating at 400 MHz, on a Bruker DPX-360 operating at 360 MHz, on a Bruker Avance 600 spectrometer operating at 600 MHz, or a Bruker Avance 500 III operating at 500 MHz using internal deuterium lock. As solvents CHLOROFORM -d (deuterated chloroform, CDC13) or DMSO-d6 (deuterated DMSO, dimethyl-d6 sulfoxide) were used. Chemical shifts (δ) are reported in parts per million (ppm) relative to tetramethylsilane (TMS), which was used as internal standard. Compound 1 :

1H NMR (360 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 1.62 (br. s., 2 H) 2.58 (br. s., 8 H) 2.91 (br. s., 3 H) 3.23 (br. s., 3 H) 3.62 (s, 2 H) 6.35 (d, J=5.5 Hz, 1 H) 7.09 (dd, J=5.3, 1.3 Hz, 1 H) 7.15 - 7.28 (m, 3 H) 7.62 (t, J=6.2 Hz, 1 H) 7.71 (t, J=6.2 Hz, 1 H) 8.15 (d, J=5.5 Hz, 1 H) 8.32 (br. s., 1 H) 8.69 (br. s., 1 H) 8.82 (s, 1 H)

Compound 13: 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 1.51 - 1.89 (m, 2 H) 2.17 - 2.56 (m, 8 H-partially obscured by solvent) 2.70 - 3.16 (m, 6 H) 3.22 - 3.44 (m, 5 H-partially obscured by solvent) 6.68 - 7.08 (m, 3 H) 7.10 - 7.33 (m, 2 H) 7.33 - 7.46 (m, 1 H) 7.47 - 7.65 (m, 1 H) 8.01 - 8.25 (m, 1 H) 8.31 - 8.70 (m, 2 H) 8.72 - 8.92 (m, 1 H)

Compound 14: 1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 1.58 - 1.97 (m, 4 H) 2.26 - 2.67 (m, 9 H-partially obscured by solvent) 2.99 - 3.27 (m, 8 H) 3.37 - 3.44 (m, 5 H) 3.48 - 3.79 (m, 4 H) 6.67 - 7.32 (m, 5 H) 7.34 - 7.52 (m, 1 H) 8.06 - 8.25 (m, 1 H) 8.28 - 9.07 (m, 3 H)

Compound 15: 1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 2.23 - 3.30 (m, 16 H-partially obscured by solvent) 3.37 - 5.13 (m, 10 H) 6.67 - 7.31 (m, 5 H) 7.36 - 7.52 (m, 1 H) 8.12 - 8.25 (m, 1 H) 8.35 - 8.78 (m, 2 H) 8.80 - 9.02 (m, 1 H)

Compound 16: 1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 1.62 - 1.96 (m, 4 H) 1.99 - 2.82 (m, 9 H-partially obscured by solvent) 3.04 - 3.17 (m, 4 H) 3.21 - 3.32 (m, 2 H) 3.39 - 3.50 (m, 4 H) 3.52 - 3.75 (m, 4 H) 4.52 (m, 1 H) 6.70 - 7.63 (m, 6 H) 8.05 - 8.26 (m, 1 H) 8.34 - 9.06 (m, 3 H)

Compound 17: 1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 1.62 - 1.83 (m, 2 H) 2.59 - 3.31 (m, 9 H) 3.40 - 3.52 (m, 3 H) 3.62 - 4.08 (m, 7 H) 4.12 - 4.99 (m, 3 H) 6.23 - 7.73 (m, 6 H) 8.03 - 8.28 (m, 1 H) 8.35 - 9.15 (m, 2 H) 9.72 (br. s, 1 H)

Compound 33 :

1H NMR (400 MHz, CHLOROFORM-^) δ ppm 1.76 - 1.86 (m, 2 H) 2.56 - 2.75 (m, 8 H) 3.07 (s, 2 H) 3.33 - 3.42 (m, 2 H) 3.49 (q, J=7.1 Hz, 2 H) 3.55 (s, 2 H) 5.55 (t, J=6.7 Hz, 1 H) 6.80 (s, 1 H) 6.90 (dd, J=5.2, 1.6 Hz, 1 H) 6.93 - 7.00 (m, 1 H) 7.12 (d, J=0.8 Hz, 1 H) 7.16 (ddd, J=7.5, 1.0, 0.8 Hz, 1 H) 7.33 - 7.44 (m, 3 H) 8.22 (d, J=5.2 Hz, 1 H) 8.52 (s, 2 H)

Compound 43: 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 1.39 (dddd, J=15.5, 7.7, 5.0, 2.4 Hz, 1 H) 1.81 - 1.92 (m, 2 H) 1.93 - 2.06 (m, 3 H) 2.55 - 2.75 (m, 8 H) 2.84 (d, J=15.7 Hz, 1 H) 2.95 - 3.02 (m, 1 H) 2.99 (d, J=15.7 Hz, 1 H) 3.31 (d, J=12.5 Hz, 1 H) 3.43 - 3.61 (m, 3 H) 3.66 (d, J=12.1 Hz, 1 H) 4.04 - 4.18 (m, 1 H) 6.96 - 7.05 (m, 3 H) 7.08 (s, 1 H) 7.29 (t, J=7.7 Hz, 1 H) 7.35 (s, 1 H) 7.44 (br. s., 1 H) 8.15 (d, J=5.2 Hz, 1 H) 8.33 (s, 1 H) 8.59 (s, 2 H)

Compound 67 : 1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 1.55 - 1.65 (m, 2 H) 2.53 - 2.71 (m, 8 H) 2.90 (s, 2 H) 3.10 - 3.15 (m, 2 H) 3.22 - 3.30 (m, 2 H) 3.43 (s, 2 H) 6.46 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 1 H) 6.90 - 7.03 (m, 4 H) 7.18 (s, 1 H) 7.30 (t, J=8.8 Hz, 1 H) 7.35 (br. s, 1 H) 7.65 (t, J=6.0 Hz, 1 H) 7.72 (dd, J=8.8, 2.2 Hz, 1 H) 8.12 (d, J=5.4 Hz, 1 H) 8.22 (d, J=1.6 Hz, 1 H) 8.76 (s, 1 H)

Compound 68 : 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 1.50 - 1.98 (m, 2 H) 2.06 - 2.71 (m, 8 H-partially obscured by solvent peak) 2.75 - 3.27 (m, 10 H) 3.33 - 3.45 (m, 2 H) 3.48 - 3.73 (m, 2 H) 6.37 - 7.06 (m, 4 H) 7.10 - 7.46 (m, 3 H) 7.64 - 7.91 (m, 1 H) 8.03 - 8.22 (m, 1 H) 8.27 - 8.42 (m, 1 H) 8.65 - 8.90 (m, 1 H)

Compound 69 : 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 1.66 - 1.93 (m, 2 H) 2.34 - 2.47 (m, 8 H) 2.74 - 2.97 (m, 4 H) 3.27-3.37 (m, 5 H) 3.40 (br. s., 2 H) 6.43 - 6.57 (m, 1 H) 6.59 - 6.70 (m, 1 H) 6.75 - 7.03 (m, 3 H) 7.13 (br. s, 1 H) 7.17 - 7.31 (m, 1 H) 7.39 (br. s., 1 H) 7.63 (d, J=8.6 Hz, 1 H) 8.14 (d, J=5.1 Hz, 1 H) 8.23 (br. s, 1 H) 8.40 (br. s., 1 H)

Compound 70 : 1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 2.03 - 2.45 (m, 8 H) 2.72 (s, 2H) 3.18 - 3.27 (m, 2 H) 3.45 (br. s, 2 H) 3.50 - 3.55 (m, 2 H) 6.46 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 1 H) 6.74 (t, J=5.2 Hz, 1 H) 6.83 - 6.88 (m, 1 H) 6.91 (dd, J=5.2, 1.4 Hz, 1 H) 6.94 (dd, J=8.8, 1.3 Hz, 1 H) 7.06 (s, 1 H) 7.26 (t, J=8.8 Hz, 1 H) 7.35 (s, 1 H) 7.56-7.61 (m, 2 H) 8.13 (d, J=5.2 Hz, 1 H) 8.15 (d, J=2.2 Hz, 1 H) 8.78 (s, 1 H)

Compound 72 : 1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 1.55 - 1.70 (m, 2 H) 2.53 - 2.72 (m, 8 H-partially obscured by solvent peak) 2.91 (s, 2 H) 2.99 (s, 3 H) 3.10 - 3.22 (m, 2 H) 3.43 (s, 2 H) 3.47 - 3.55 (m, 2 H) 6.60 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 1 H) 6.95 - 7.00 (m, 2 H) 7.02 (dd, J=5.4, 1.3 Hz, 1 H) 7.20 (br. s, 1 H) 7.30 (t, J=8.8 Hz, 1 H) 7.35 (br. s, 1 H) 7.73 (t, J=6.3 Hz, 1 H) 7.85 (dd, J=8.8, 2.4 Hz, 1 H) 8.14 (d, J=5.4 Hz, 1 H) 8.34 (d, J=2.2 Hz, 1 H) 8.77 (s, 1 H)

Compound 76: 1H NMR (360 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 1.33 (d, J=6.2 Hz, 3 H) 1.52 - 1.68 (m, 2 H) 2.53 (br. s., 8 H) 2.78 (d, J=15.4 Hz, 1 H) 2.96 (d, J=15.7 Hz, 1 H) 2.99 - 3.09 (m, 1 H) 3.09 - 3.19 (m, 1 H) 3.21 - 3.32 (m, 2 H) 3.44 - 3.55 (m, 1 H) 6.90 - 7.09 (m, 4 H) 7.25 - 7.39 (m, 2 H) 7.50 - 7.59 (m, 1 H) 7.62 - 7.72 (m, 1 H) 8.15 (d, J=5.1 Hz, 1 H) 8.45 (br. s., 1 H) 8.66 (br. s., 1 H) 8.78 (s, 1 H)

Compound 83: 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 0.77 - 0.97 (m, 2 H) 0.97 - 1.10 (m, 2 H) 1.48 - 1.66 (m, 1 H) 1.94 (ddd, J=13.8, 2.8, 2.7 Hz, 1 H) 2.17 - 2.32 (m, 1 H) 2.32 - 2.41 (m, 1 H) 2.41 - 2.47 (m, 2 H) 2.55 - 2.70 (m, 6 H) 2.88 - 3.02 (m, 1 H) 3.11 (br. s., 1 H) 3.54 (dd, J=12.5, 2.0 Hz, 1 H) 3.61 - 3.67 (m, 1 H) 3.70 (d, J=11.7 Hz, 1 H) 3.89 (dd, J=12.5, 6.1 Hz, 1 H) 4.01 - 4.17 (m, 1 H) 4.47 (tdd, J=6.0, 6.0, 2.9, 2.8 Hz, 1 H) 6.95 (d, J=7.7 Hz, 1 H) 6.99 (dt, J=8.1, 1.0 Hz, 1 H) 7.09 (dd, J=5.2, 1.6 Hz, 1 H) 7.22 - 7.31 (m, 2 H) 7.45 (s, 1 H) 7.85 (dd, J=9.3, 2.8 Hz, 1 H) 8.18 (d, J=5.2 Hz, 1 H) 8.69 (s, 1 H) 8.74 (s, 2 H) Compound 107: 1H NMR (600 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 0.89 - 0.94 (m, 2 H) 1.01 - 1.09 (m, 2 H) 1.59 - 1.71 (m, 2 H) 2.41 - 2.56 (m, 4 H) 2.67 - 2.79 (m, 4 H) 3.15 - 3.19 (m, 2 H) 3.34 - 3.39 (m, 2 H) 3.41 (br. s., 2 H) 6.89 (d, J=7.3 Hz, 1 H) 7.00 (d, J=7.6 Hz, 1 H) 7.10 (d, J=5.1 Hz, 1 H) 7.25 (t, J=7.7 Hz, 1 H) 7.34 (s, 1 H) 7.36 - 7.42 (m, 1 H) 7.48 (br. s., 1 H) 7.49 (s, 1 H) 8.18 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1 H) 8.66 (br. s., 1 H) 8.71 (s, 2 H) Compound 126: 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 2.62 - 2.76 (m, 4 H) 2.89 - 3.02 (m, 4 H) 3.35 (s, 2 H) 3.40 - 3.48 (m, 2 H) 3.55 (s, 2 H) 3.61 - 3.69 (m, 2 H) 6.94 (d, J=7.7 Hz, 1 H) 6.98 - 7.08 (m, 3 H) 7.20 (t, J=6.1 Hz, 1 H) 7.29 (t, J=7.7 Hz, 1 H) 7.36 (s, 1 H) 8.16 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1 H) 8.47 (br. s., 1 H) 8.51 (s, 2 H)

Compound 129: 1H NMR (360 MHz, CHLOROFORM-^) δ ppm 2.59 (s, 4 H) 2.54 (s, 4 H) 2.80 (t, J=5.7 Hz, 2 H) 2.86 (t, J=5.7 Hz, 2 H) 3.07 (s, 2 H) 3.28 (s, 3 H) 3.39 - 3.50 (m, 4 H) 3.54 (s, 2 H) 4.01 (s, 2 H) 6.94 (dd, J=5.1, 1.5 Hz, 1 H) 6.98 (dd, J=8.1, 1.1 Hz, 1 H) 7.09 - 7.21 (m, 3 H) 7.32 - 7.41 (m, 1 H) 7.43 (s, 1 H) 7.69 (t, J=4.8 Hz, 1 H) 8.31 (d, J=5.1 Hz, 1 H) 8.88 (s, 2 H)

Compound 140 : 1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 1.37 - 1.51 (m, 3 H) 1.56 -

1.65 (m, 2 H) 1.69 - 1.79 (m, 2 H) 2.00 (t, J=10.6 Hz, 2 H) 2.45 - 2.51 (m, 2 H-partially obscured by solvent peak) 2.87 (s, 2 H) 3.00 (d, J=10.6 Hz, 2 H) 3.11 - 3.20 (m, 2 H) 3.21 - 3.29 (m, 2 H) 6.47 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 1 H) 6.85 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 1 H) 6.89 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 1 H) 6.96 (dd, J=5.4, 0.9 Hz, 1 H) 7.00 (t, J=6.0 Hz, 1 H) 7.16 - 7.32 (m, 3 H) 7.64 (t, J=6.1 Hz, 1 H) 7.74 (dd, J=8.8, 2.5 Hz, 1 H) 8.13 (d, J=5.4 Hz, 1 H) 8.34 (d, J=2.2 Hz, 1 H) 8.74 (s, 1 H)

Compound 141 : 1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 1.23 - 1.32 (m, 2 H) 1.70 - 2.11 (m, 3 H) 2.22 - 2.81 (m, 9 H-partially obscured by solvent peak) 2.89-2.98 (m, 1 H) 3.10 (d, J=15.8 Hz, 1 H) 3.16 (d, J=12.0 Hz, 1 H) 3.19 - 3.26 (m, 1 H) 3.28 - 3.32 (m, 1 H-partially obscured by solvent peak) 3.37 - 3.61 (m, 2 H) 3.69 (d, J=12.0 Hz, 1 H) 3.83 - 4.06 (m, 1 H) 6.45 (d, J=9.1 Hz, 1 H) 6.91 - 7.05 (m, 3 H) 7.13 (s, 1 H) 7.30 (t, J=7.7 Hz, 1 H) 7.37 (t, J=2.4 Hz, 1 H) 7.79 (d, J=9.1 Hz, 2 H) 8.13 (d, J=5.4 Hz, 1 H) 8.33 (br. s., 1 H) 8.77 (s, 1 H)

Compound 142 :

1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 1.23 - 1.32 (m, 2 H) 1.70 - 2.11 (m, 3 H) 2.22 - 2.81 (m, 9 H-partially obscured by solvent peak) 2.89-2.98 (m, 1 H) 3.10 (d, J=15.8 Hz, 1 H) 3.16 (d, J=12.0 Hz, 1 H) 3.19 - 3.26 (m, 1 H) 3.28 - 3.32 (m, 1 H-partially obscured by solvent peak) 3.37 - 3.61 (m, 2 H) 3.69 (d, J=12.0 Hz, 1 H) 3.83 - 4.06 (m, 1 H) 6.45 (d, J=9.1 Hz, 1 H) 6.91 - 7.05 (m, 3 H) 7.13 (s, 1 H) 7.30 (t, J=7.7 Hz, 1 H) 7.37 (t, J=2.4 Hz, 1 H) 7.79 (d, J=9.1 Hz, 2 H) 8.13 (d, J=5.4 Hz, 1 H) 8.33 (br. s., 1 H) 8.77 (s, 1 H) Compound 143 : 1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 1.23 - 1.32 (m, 2 H) 1.70 - 2.11 (m, 3 H) 2.22 - 2.81 (m, 9 H-partially obscured by solvent peak) 2.89-2.98 (m, 1 H) 3.10 (d, J=15.8 Hz, 1 H) 3.16 (d, J=12.0 Hz, 1 H) 3.19 - 3.26 (m, 1 H) 3.28 - 3.32 (m, 1 H-partially obscured by solvent peak) 3.37 - 3.61 (m, 2 H) 3.69 (d, J=12.0 Hz, 1 H) 3.83 - 4.06 (m, 1 H) 6.45 (d, J=9.1 Hz, 1 H) 6.91 - 7.05 (m, 3 H) 7.13 (s, 1 H) 7.30 (t, J=7.7 Hz, 1 H) 7.37 (t, J=2.4 Hz, 1 H) 7.79 (d, J=9.1 Hz, 2 H) 8.13 (d, J=5.4 Hz, 1 H) 8.33 (br. s., 1 H) 8.77 (s, 1 H)

Compound 144 :1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 2.30 - 2.43 (m, 4 H) 2.53 - 2.59 (m, 2 H) 3.36 - 3.67 (m, 11 H) 6.51 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 1 H) 6.84 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 1 H) 6.89 - 7.04 (m, 3 H) 7.14 - 7.31 (m, 2 H) 7.49 (s, 1 H) 7.71 (dd, J=8.8, 2.5 Hz, 1 H) 8.15 (d, J=5.4 Hz, 1 H) 8.35 (d, J=2.5 Hz, 1 H) 8.87 (s, 1 H)

Pharmacology

Biochemical EF2 lysate-based kinase assay

LN-229 cells were purchased from ATCC (CRL-2611); these are glioblastoma cells. Cell lysates from LN229 were used in this kinase assay to provide both the kinase and the substrate (EF2). The AlphaLlSA p-eEF2 (Thr56) detection assay was developed using a sandwich assay format with two specific antibodies recognizing different epitopes of the target, including one antibody against the phosphorylation site of interest. One anti-eEF2 antibody was conjugated onto AlphaLlSA Acceptor beads, while the second antibody was biotinylated and captured by streptavidin coated Donor beads.

Compound was mixed with LN-229 cell lysates in the presence of a kinase buffer (e.g.

2_|_

HEPES) at a pH of 6.6, containing 10 mM Mg (e.g. magnesium acetate) and 10 mM adenosine-tri-phosphate (ATP) and incubated at room temperature for 15 minutes. The kinase reaction was stopped with excess ethylenediammetetraacetic acid disodium salt and the biotinylated -anti phospho eEF2 antibody (3nM) was added for 1 hour. Then the anti-EF2 acceptor beads (10 μg/ml) as well as the streptavidin coated donor beads (20 μg/ml ) were added for 1 hour, and the AlphaLlSA signal was measured in an Envision instrument once, left overnight, and measured again for the final read.

EF2 cell-based assay

In this assay, 2.5 mM 2-deoxyglucose was used to deplete intracellular ATP and activate 5' adenosine monophosphate- activated protein kinase (AMPK) in the immortalized epithelial breast cell lines, MCF10A. MCF 10A cells were purchased from ATCC (CRL-10317). This resulted in a rapid activation of eEF2K and an increase in phosphorylation of EF2 at Thr 56, which was determined using a phospho-specific ELISA (AlphaLISA) as described above in the lysate-based EF2k kinase assay.

MCF10A cells are seeded at a density of 1.25 x 10 5 Cells/ ml at 100 μΐ /well in a 96- well plate and incubated for 24 hours (37 °C, 5 % C02). Compound is added for 1 hour, and cell are stimulated with 2.5 mM of 2-deoxy-glucose for 4 hours. Medium is then removed, and cells are lysed in an ice-cold buffer M-PER (Thermo Scientific, 78501), containing protease and phosphatase inhibitors. P-EF2 levels are determined in these lysates using the P-EF2 AlphaLISA described above.

Biochemical Vps34 lipid kinase assay

A non-radiometric kinase assay (ADP-Glo™ Assay, Promega, Madison, Wi, USA) was used for measuring the kinase activity of the PIK3C3 lipid kinase. All kinase assays were performed in 96-well half-area microtiter plates in a 25 μΐ reaction volume. The reaction cocktail was pipetted in 3 steps in the following order:

10 μΐ of ATP solution (in assay buffer, see below)

5 μΐ of test sample in 5% DMSO 10 μΐ of enzyme/substrate mixture

All lipid kinase assays contained 50 mM HEPES (4-(2-hydroxyethyl)-l- piperazineethanesulfonic acid) - NaOH, pH 7.5, 1 mM EGTA ((ethylene glycol tetraacetic acid), 100 mM NaCl, 0.03 % CHAPS (3-[(3-Cholamidopropyl) dimethylammonio]-l- propanesulfonate), 2 mM DTT (Dithiothreitol), 20 μΜ ATP (corresponding to the apparent ATP-Km), kinase (7.6 nM) and substrate (50 μΜ). The assay for PIK3C3 additionally contained 3 mM MnCl2.

The reaction cocktails were incubated at 30° C for 60 minutes. The reaction was stopped with 25 μΐ ADP-Glo™ reagent per well. Plates were incubated for 40 minutes at room temperature, followed by addition of 50 μΐ kinase detection reagent per well and incubation for 60 minutes at room temperature. Signal was determined with a microplate luminescence reader (Victor, Perkin Elmer). The assay was either performed using a single dose of compound (1 μΜ final concentration in the assay reaction) with resulting data expressed as residual activity compared to control (DMSO), or using a serial (half-log) dilution of compounds starting at 10 μΜ and down to 0.3 nM (final concentrations in the assay) with data expressed as the pIC50.

The results of the above described assays are shown in table 4: (pIC5o is -logIC5o where IC5o represents the concentration expressed in M at which the test compound gives 50% inhibition) eEF2K C alphalisa eEF2K C PThr56 VPS34 ImicroM VPS34

Comp No. pIC50 pIC50 %ofcntrl pIC50

Compound 67 -6.45 5.40 34.00

Compound 70 5.25 <4.52 72.57

Compound 68 6.29 <4.52 5.33

Compound 72 6.54 5.23 50.80

Compound 69 4.85 <4.52

Compound 33 -7.66 -6.1 6.66

Compound 140 5.42 5.07 46.41

Compound 141 -5.44

Compound 142 7.45 5.80 40.04

Compound 143 4.86 <4.52 5.67

Compound 39 6.56 4.91 45.71

Compound 37 -4.61 <4.52 84.50

Compound 144 -4.82 <4.52 53.74

Compound 71 6.48 4.61 32.15

Compound 40 6.79 -5.23 10.99 6.58

Compound 38 7.07 <4.52 43.29

Compound 36 7.79 6.01 6.14

Compound 43 8.34 6.53 40.75

Compound 45 6.52 4.73 6.55

Compound 13 6.19 5.04 34.94

Compound 9 7.46 -5.26 7.10 6.78

Compound 116 5.57 4.72 33.55

Compound 126 6.55 <4.52 52.70

Compound 18 7.06 5.98 8.79 6.76

Compound 19 7.47 6.15 6.54

Compound 14 <4.52 <4.52 50.38

Compound 17 <4.52 <4.52 62.44

Compound 10 7.66 5.83 18.61 6.34

Compound 107 8.17 6.45 6.48

Compound 15 <4.52 <4.52 67.04

Compound 16 <4.52 <4.52 46.10

Compound 120 6.20 <4.52 23.74 6.53

Compound 106 6.12 4.54 22.36 6.23

Compound 2 7.32 -5.6 6.26

Compound 3 6.81 5.24 15.27 6.64

Compound 5 6.95 5.60 22.45 6.35

Compound 117 6.34 <4.52 16.31 6.85

Compound 118 6.51 4.81 70.61

Compound 6 7.35 5.95 6.12

Compound 7 6.95 4.79 12.51 6.97

Compound 119 6.56 <4.52 58.90 eEF2K C alphalisa eEF2K C PThr56 VPS34 ImicroM VPS34

Comp No. pIC50 pIC50 %ofcntrl pIC50

Compound 42 7.01 -5.64 6.15

Compound 44 7.61 5.06 5.81

Compound 76 7.80 -5.94 6.40

Compound 8 7.38 5.59 9.64 6.78

Compound 46 7.88 6.19 5.63

Compound 41 6.98 5.77 23.31 6.13

Compound 124 6.40 -4.6 65.50

Compound 122 4.72 4.85 39.48

Compound 27 7.97 -5.91 7.59

Compound 28 4.65 <5 <5

Compound 48 7.10 5.50 44.15

Compound 123 6.35 5.27 73.39

Compound 121 5.29 <5 5.58

Compound 47 8.07 6.38 5.04

Compound 101 6.70 5.40 31.08

Compound 100 7.21 5.56 14.88 6.45

Compound 1 7.98 6.44 7.31

Compound 73 5.28 <5 <5

Compound 59 7.46 6.07 6.38

Compound 60 7.18 5.32 86.82

Compound 54 7.96 6.10 5.01

Compound 55 8.07 6.11 29.55 6.26

Compound 25 5.63 <5 6.22

Compound 26 5.97 <5 4.67 7.18

Compound 61 7.90 6.37 80.70

Compound 62 8.26 7.07 5.91

Compound 57 7.99 6.51 5.30

Compound 56 8.47 6.52 6.58

Compound 75 6.20 5.01 45.04

Compound 102 7.09 5.88

Compound 74 6.92 5.82 70.06

Compound 63 7.71 5.76

Compound 64 8.29 6.41

Compound 145 -5.26 <5

Compound 90 7.72 6.28 7.21

Compound 146 7.41 6.18 54.65

Compound 114 <5 29.15 6.29

Compound 20 8.40 6.78

Compound 149 5.20 <5

Compound 148 <5 9.53 7.03

Compound 115 6.82 6.36

Compound 34 6.48 -5.58 23.53 6.44

Compound 22 -7.98 6.44

Compound 23 7.02 -5.53 5.76 eEF2K C alphalisa eEF2K C PThr56 VPS34 ImicroM VPS34

Comp No. pIC50 pIC50 %ofcntrl pIC50

Compound 128 6.54 6.38 74.48

Compound 109 6.45 <5

Compound 80 8.00 6.20

Compound 81 8.31 6.51

Compound 66 7.21 6.04 5.95

Compound 65 8.25 6.42 6.71

Compound 53 8.39 7.07 6.75

Compound 82 7.73 6.15

Compound 83 8.06 6.18 42.32

Compound 78 7.43 5.65 43.17

Compound 77 7.37 5.42 86.17

Compound 49 4.60 <5

Compound 104 7.93 5.85 5.81

Compound 139 5.12 <5

Compound 138 -5.8 <5

Compound 113 5.26

Compound 95 8.17 -6.19

Compound 97 8.74 6.48

Compound 12 6.84 <5

Compound 11 8.56 6.54

Compound 35 7.19 6.61 20.85 6.53

Compound 85 7.56 5.96

Compound 84 7.14 5.99 21.55 6.49

Compound 93 7.10 6.20

Compound 52 8.27 7.12

Compound 79 7.01 5.94

Compound 99 7.51 5.97

Compound 86 6.47 <5 68.01

Compound 87 7.71 -5.64 33.75

Compound 88 7.19 6.34 66.48

Compound 91 7.87 6.14

Compound 133 <4.52 -5

Compound 134 4.95 <5

Compound 130 6.00 5.80 57.01

Compound 131 7.21 5.60 56.21

Compound 89 -8.35 6.49

Compound 92 6.90 5.93

Compound 96 8.40 7.09

Compound 129 4.57 <5

Compound 94 7.18 6.17

Compound 147 6.40 5.98

Compound 103 6.72 5.79

Compound 125 5.24 <5

Compound 50 7.99 6.45 eEF2K C alphalisa eEF2K C PThr56 VPS34 ImicroM VPS34

Comp No. pIC50 pIC50 %ofcntrl pIC50

Compound 51 ~5

Compound 105 6.10

Composition examples

"Active ingredient" (a.i.) as used throughout these examples relates to a compound of Formula (I), including any tautomer or stereoisomeric form thereof, or a

pharmaceutically acceptable addition salt or a solvate thereof; in particular to any one of the exemplified compounds.

Typical examples of recipes for the formulation of the invention are as follows:

1. Tablets

Active ingredient 5 to 50 mg

Di-calcium phosphate 20 mg

Lactose 30 mg

Talcum 10 mg

Magnesium stearate 5 mg

Potato starch ad 200 mg

2. Suspension

An aqueous suspension is prepared for oral administration so that each milliliter contains 1 to 5 mg of active ingredient, 50 mg of sodium carboxymethyl cellulose, 1 mg of sodium benzoate, 500 mg of sorbitol and water ad 1 ml.

3. Injectable

A parenteral composition is prepared by stirring 1.5 % (weight/volume) of active ingredient in 0.9 % NaCl solution or in 10 % by volume propylene glycol in water.

4. Ointment

Active ingredient 5 to 1000

Stearyl alcohol 3 g

Lanoline 5 g

White petroleum 15 g

Water ad 100 g

In this Example, active ingredient can be replaced with the same amount of any of the compounds according to the present invention, in particular by the same amount of any of the exemplified compounds.

Claims

1. A compound of Formula (I)

H

a tautomer or a stereoisomeric form thereof, wherein

Xa, Xb and Xc each independently represent CH or N;

-Xi- represents -(CHRi2)s-NRi-Xe-Ci_4alkanediyl-(S02)P3- or

-(CH2)s-0-Xe-Ci_4alkanediyl-(S02)p3-; wherein each of said Ci_4alkanediyl moieties are optionally substituted with hydroxyl or hydroxyCi_4alkyl;

-Xe- represents -C(R2)2- or -C(=0)-;

a represents -NR4-C(=0)-[C(R5b)2]r- or -NR4-C(R5b)2-C(=0)- or -C(=0)-NR4-

C(R5b)2-;

b represents

, wherein said b ring may contain extra bonds to form a bridj ring system selected from 2,5-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octanyl, 3,8- diazabicyclo[3.2.1]octanyl, 3,6-diazabicyclo[3.1.1]heptanyl, 3,9- diazabicyclo[3.3.1 ]nonyl;

Xdi represents CH or N;

Xd2 represents CH2 or NH; provided that at least one of Xdi and Xd2 represents nitrogen;

c represents a bond, -[C(R5a)2]m-, -C(=0)-, -0-, -NR5a-, -S02-, or -SO-;

ring represents phenyl or pyridyl;

Ri represents hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl, C2_4alkenyl, C2_4alkynyl, cyanoCi_4alkyl,

-C(=0)-Ci_4alkyl, -C(=0)-haloCi_4alkyl, hydroxyCi_4alkyl, haloCi_4alkyl,

Ci_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl, haloCi_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl, -C(=0)NR7R8, -S02-NR7R8, -S02-R9, Rii, Ci_4alkyl substituted with Rn, -C(=0)-Rn, or -C(=0)-Ci_4alkyl-Rn;

each R2 independently represents hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl, Ci_4alkyl substituted with C3_6cycloalkyl, hydroxyCi_4alkyl, Ci_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl, carboxyl, -C(=0)-0-Ci_4alkyl wherein Ci_4alkyl is optionally substituted with Ci_4alkyloxy, -C(=0)-NH2, -C(=0)-

NH(Ci_4alkyl) wherein Ci_4alkyl is optionally substituted with Ci_4alkyloxy, or -C(=0)- N(Ci_4alkyl)2 wherein each Ci_4alkyl is optionally substituted with Ci_4alkyloxy;

or Ri and one R2 are taken together to form Ci_4alkanediyl or C2_4alkenediyl, each of said Ci_4alkanediyl and C2_4alkenediyl optionally being substituted with 1 to 4 substituents each independently selected from hydroxyl, oxo, halo, cyano, N3, hydroxyCi_4alkyl, -NR7R8, -S02-NR7R8, -NH-S02-NR7R8, -C(=0)-NR7R8, or -NH- C(=0)-NR7R8;

or Ri and Ri2 are taken together to form Ci_4alkanediyl or C2_4alkenediyl, each of said Ci_4alkanediyl and C2_4alkenediyl optionally being substituted with 1 to 4 substituents each independently selected from hydroxyl, oxo, halo, cyano, N3, hydroxyCi_4alkyl, -NR7R8, -S02-NR7R8, -NH-S02-NR7R8, -C(=0)-NR7R8, or -NH-C(=0)-NR7R8;

each R3 independently represents hydrogen; oxo; hydroxyl; carboxyl; -NR3aR3b;

-C(=0)-NR3aR3b; hydroxyCi_4alkyl; haloCi_4alkyl; -(C=0)-Ci_4alkyl;

-C(=0)-0-Ci_4alkyl wherein said Ci_4alkyl may optionally be substituted with phenyl; Ci_4alkyl optionally substituted with cyano, carboxyl, Ci_4alkyloxy,

-C(=0)-0-C1_4alkyl, -0-C(=0)-C1_4alkyl, -NR3eR3f, -C(=0)-NR3eR3f, -S02-NR3eR3f, Q,

-C(=0)-Q, or -S02-Q; hydroxyCi_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl; Ci_4alkyloxyhydroxyCi_4alkyl; hydroxyCi_4alkyloxyhydroxyCi_4alkyl; or Ci_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl optionally substituted with cyano, carboxyl, Ci_4alkyloxy, -C(=0)-0-Ci_4alkyl, -0-C(=0)-Ci_4alkyl, -NR3eR3f, -C(=0)-NR3eR3f, -S02-NR3eR3f, Rio, -C(=O)-R10, or -SO2-R10; or

two R3 substituents attached to the same carbon atom are taken together to form

C2_5alkanediyl or -(CH2)p-0-(CH2)p-; each R3a and R3b independently represent hydrogen; -(C=0)-Ci_4alkyl; -S02-NR3cR3d; or Ci_4alkyl optionally substituted with Ci_4alkyloxy; or

R3a and R3b are taken together with the nitrogen to which they are attached to form a 4 to 7 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclic ring which optionally contains 1 or 2 further heteroatoms selected from N, O or S02, said heterocyclic ring being optionally substituted with 1 to 4 substituents each independently selected from Ci_4alkyl, halo, hydroxyl, or haloCi_4alkyl;

each R c and R3d independently represent hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl or -(C=0)-Ci_4alkyl; or R3c and R3d are taken together with the nitrogen to which they are attached to form a 4 to 7 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclic ring which optionally contains 1 or 2 further heteroatoms selected from N, O or S02, said heterocyclic ring being optionally substituted with 1 to 4 substituents each independently selected from Ci_4alkyl, halo, hydroxyl, or haloCi_4alkyl;

each R e and R3f independently represent hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl optionally substituted with Ci_4alkyloxy, -(C=0)-Ci_4alkyl, or -S02-NR3cR3d;

R4 represents hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl or Ci_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl;

each R5a independently represents hydrogen or Ci_4alkyl; or

two R5a substituents attached to the same carbon atom are taken together to form

C2_5alkanediyl or -(CH2)p-0-(CH2)p-;

R5a' represents hydrogen or Ci_4alkyl;

each R5b independently represents hydrogen; Ci_4alkyl; Ci_4alkyl substituted with NR5biR5b2; Ci_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl; hydroxyCi_4alkyl; hydroxyl; C3_6cycloalkyl; or phenyl optionally substituted with Ci_4alkyl, halo, hydroxyl or Ci_4alkyloxy; or two Rsb substituents attached to the same carbon atom are taken together to form C2_5alkanediyl or -(CH2)p-0-(CH2)p-;

R5bi and R5b2 independently represent hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl optionally substituted with Ci_4alkyloxy, -(C=0)-Ci_4alkyl, or -S02-NR5b R5b4;

R5b3 and R5b4 independently represent hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl or -(C=0)-Ci_4alkyl; or R5b3 and Rsb4 are taken together with the nitrogen to which they are attached to form a 4 to 7 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclic ring which optionally contains 1 or 2 further heteroatoms selected from N, O or S02, said heterocyclic ring being optionally substituted with 1 to 4 substituents each independently selected from Ci_4alkyl, halo, hydroxyl, or haloCi_4alkyl; each Re independently represents hydrogen, halo, hydroxyl, carboxyl, cyano, Ci_4alkyl, Ci_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl, hydroxyCi_4alkyl, haloCi_4alkyl, C2-4alkenyl, C2_4alkynyl, -NRea sb, or -C(=0)NR6aR6b;

each R6a and R6b independently represent hydrogen or Ci_4alkyl;

each R7 and Rg independently represent hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl, haloCi_4alkyl, or

C3_6cycloalkyl; or

R7 and Rg are taken together with the nitrogen to which they are attached to form a 4 to 7 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclic ring which optionally contains 1 further heteroatom selected from N, O or S02, said heterocyclic ring being optionally substituted with 1 to 4 substituents each independently selected from Ci_4alkyl, halo, hydroxyl, or haloCi_4alkyl;

Rg represents Ci_4alkyl, haloCi_4alkyl, or C3_6cycloalkyl;

each Rio independently represents a 4 to 7 membered saturated monocyclic

heterocyclic ring containing up to 2 heteroatoms selected from N, O or S02, said heterocyclic ring being optionally substituted with 1 to 4 substituents each

independently selected from Ci_4alkyl, halo, hydroxyl or haloCi_4alkyl;

each Rii independently represents C3_6cycloalkyl, phenyl, or a 4 to 7 membered monocyclic heterocyclic ring containing up to 3 heteroatoms selected from N, O or S02, said heterocyclic ring being optionally substituted with 1 to 4 substituents each independently selected from Ci_4alkyl, halo, hydroxyl, or haloCi_4alkyl;

each Ri2 independently represents hydrogen or Ci_4alkyl;

Q represents a 4 to 7 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclic ring containing up to 3 heteroatoms selected from N, O or S02, said heterocyclic ring being optionally substituted with 1 to 4 substituents each independently selected from Ci_4alkyl, halo, hydroxyl or haloCi_4alkyl;

n represents an integer of value 1 or 2;

m represents an integer of value 1 or 2 ;

p represents an integer of value 1 or 2;

pi represents an integer of value 1 or 2;

each p2 independently represents an integer of value 0, 1 or 2;

r represents an integer of value 0, 1 or 2;

each p3 independently represents an integer of value 0 or 1 ;

each s independently represents an integer of value 0, 1 or 2;

or a N-oxide, a pharmaceutically acceptable addition salt or a solvate thereof.

2. The compound according to claim 1 , wherein

Xa, Xb and Xc each independently represent CH or N; -Xi- represents -(CHRi2)s-NRi-Xe-Ci_4alkanediyl-(S02)p3-;

-Xe- represents -C(R2)2-;

a represents -NR4-C(=0)-[C(R5b)2]r- or -NR4-C(R5b)2-C(=0)-;

b represents

, wherein said b ring may contain extra bonds to form a bridj ring system selected from 2,5-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octanyl, 3,8- diazabicyclo[3.2.1]octanyl, 3,6-diazabicyclo[3.1.1]heptanyl, 3,9- diazabicyclo[3.3.1 ]nonyl;

Xdi represents CH or N;

Xd2 represents NH;

provided that at least one of Xdi and Xd2 represents nitrogen;

;

Ri represents hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl, C2-4alkenyl, C2-4alkynyl, cyanoCi_4alkyl,

-C(=0)-Ci_4alkyl, -C(=0)-haloCi_4alkyl, haloCi_4alkyl, -C(=0)NR7R8, -S02-NR7R8, -SO2-R9, R11 , Ci_4alkyl substituted with Rn, -C(=0)-Rn, or -C(=0)-Ci_4alkyl-Rn; each R2 independently represents hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl, Ci_4alkyl substituted with

C3_6cycloalkyl, hydroxyCi_4alkyl, Ci_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl, carboxyl, -C(=0)-0-Ci_4alkyl wherein Ci_4alkyl is optionally substituted with Ci_4alkyloxy, -C(=0)-NH2, -C(=0)- NH(Ci_4alkyl) wherein Ci_4alkyl is optionally substituted with Ci_4alkyloxy, or -C(=0)- N(Ci_4alkyl)2 wherein each Ci_4alkyl is optionally substituted with Ci_4alkyloxy; or Ri and one R2 are taken together to form C3_4alkanediyl or C3_4alkenediyl, each of said C3_4alkanediyl and C3_4alkenediyl optionally being substituted with 1 to 4 substituents each independently selected from hydroxyl, oxo, halo, cyano, N3, hydroxyCi_4alkyl, -NR7R8, -S02-NR7R8, -NH-S02-NR7R8, -C(=0)-NR7R8, or -NH- C(=0)-NR7R8;

each R3 independently represents hydrogen; oxo; hydroxyl; carboxyl; -NR3aR3t,;

-C(=0)-NR3aR3b; hydroxyCi_4alkyl; haloCi_4alkyl; -(C=0)-Ci_4alkyl;

-C(=0)-0-Ci_4alkyl wherein said Ci_4alkyl may optionally be substituted with phenyl;

Ci_4alkyl optionally substituted with cyano, carboxyl, Ci_4alkyloxy,

-C(=0)-0-C1_4alkyl, -0-C(=0)-C1_4alkyl, -NR3eR3f, -C(=0)-NR3eR3f, -S02-NR3eR3f, Q,

-C(=0)-Q, or -S02-Q; hydroxyCi_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl; Ci_4alkyloxyhydroxyCi_4alkyl; hydroxyCi_4alkyloxyhydroxyCi_4alkyl; or Ci_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl optionally substituted with cyano, carboxyl, Ci_4alkyloxy, -C(=0)-0-Ci_4alkyl, -0-C(=0)-Ci_4alkyl, -NR3eR3f,

-C(=0)-NR3eR3f, -S02-NR3eR3f, Rio, -C(=O)-R10, or -SO2-R10; or

two R3 substituents attached to the same carbon atom are taken together to form

C2_5alkanediyl or -(CH2)p-0-(CH2)p-;

each R3a and R3b independently represent hydrogen; -(C=0)-Ci_4alkyl; -S02-NR3CR3d; or Ci_4alkyl optionally substituted with Ci_4alkyloxy; or

R3a and R3b are taken together with the nitrogen to which they are attached to form a 4 to 7 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclic ring which optionally contains 1 or 2 further heteroatoms selected from N, O or S02, said heterocyclic ring being optionally substituted with 1 to 4 substituents each independently selected from Ci_4alkyl, halo, hydroxyl, or haloCi_4alkyl;

each R3c and R3d independently represent hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl or -(C=0)-Ci_4alkyl; or R3c and R3d are taken together with the nitrogen to which they are attached to form a 4 to 7 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclic ring which optionally contains 1 or 2 further heteroatoms selected from N, O or S02, said heterocyclic ring being optionally substituted with 1 to 4 substituents each independently selected from Ci_4alkyl, halo, hydroxyl, or haloCi_4alkyl;

each R3e and R3f independently represent hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl optionally substituted with Ci_4alkyloxy, -(C=0)-Ci_4alkyl, or -S02-NR3cR3d;

R4 represents hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl or Ci_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl;

each R5a independently represents hydrogen or Ci_4alkyl; or

two R5a substituents attached to the same carbon atom are taken together to form C2_5alkanediyl or -(CH2)p-0-(CH2)p-; R5a' represents hydrogen or Ci_4alkyl;

each R5b independently represents hydrogen; Ci_4alkyl; Ci_4alkyl substituted with NR5biR5b2; C1-4alkyloxyC1-4alkyl; hydroxyCi_4alkyl; hydroxyl; C3_6cycloalkyl; or phenyl optionally substituted with Ci_4alkyl, halo, hydroxyl or Ci_4alkyloxy; or two Rsb substituents attached to the same carbon atom are taken together to form C2_5alkanediyl or -(CH2)p-0-(CH2)p-;

R5bi and R5b2 independently represent hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl optionally substituted with Ci_4alkyloxy, -(C=0)-Ci_4alkyl, or -S02-NR5b3R5b4;

R5b3 and R5b4 independently represent hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl or -(C=0)-Ci_4alkyl; or R5b3 and Rsb4 are taken together with the nitrogen to which they are attached to form a 4 to 7 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclic ring which optionally contains 1 or 2 further heteroatoms selected from N, O or S02, said heterocyclic ring being optionally substituted with 1 to 4 substituents each independently selected from Ci_4alkyl, halo, hydroxyl, or haloCi_4alkyl;

each R<5 independently represents hydrogen, halo, hydroxyl, carboxyl, cyano, Ci_4alkyl, Ci_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl, hydroxyCi_4alkyl, haloCi_4alkyl, C2_4alkenyl, C2_4alkynyl, -NR6aR6b, or -C(=0)NR6aR6b;

each R6a and R6b independently represent hydrogen or Ci_4alkyl;

each R7 and Rg independently represent hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl, haloCi_4alkyl, or

C3_6cycloalkyl; or

R7 and Rg are taken together with the nitrogen to which they are attached to form a 4 to 7 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclic ring which optionally contains 1 further heteroatom selected from N, O or S02, said heterocyclic ring being optionally substituted with 1 to 4 substituents each independently selected from Ci_4alkyl, halo, hydroxyl, or haloCi_4alkyl;

Rg represents Ci_4alkyl, haloCi_4alkyl, or C3_6cycloalkyl;

each Rio independently represents a 4 to 7 membered saturated monocyclic

heterocyclic ring containing up to 2 heteroatoms selected from N, O or S02, said heterocyclic ring being optionally substituted with 1 to 4 substituents each

independently selected from Ci_4alkyl, halo, hydroxyl or haloCi_4alkyl;

each Rii independently represents C3_6cycloalkyl, phenyl, or a 4 to 7 membered monocyclic heterocyclic ring containing up to 3 heteroatoms selected from N, O or S02, said heterocyclic ring being optionally substituted with 1 to 4 substituents each independently selected from Ci_4alkyl, halo, hydroxyl, or haloCi_4alkyl; each Ri2 independently represents hydrogen or Ci_4alkyl;

Q represents a 4 to 7 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclic ring containing up to 3 heteroatoms selected from N, O or S02, said heterocyclic ring being optionally substituted with 1 to 4 substituents each independently selected from Ci_4alkyl, halo, hydroxyl or haloCi_4alkyl;

n represents an integer of value 1 or 2;

m represents an integer of value 1 or 2 ;

p represents an integer of value 1 or 2;

pi represents an integer of value 1 or 2;

each p2 independently represents an integer of value 0, 1 or 2;

r represents an integer of value 0, 1 or 2;

each p3 independently represents an integer of value 0 or 1 ;

each s independently represents an integer of value 0, 1 or 2. 3. The compound according to claim 1, wherein

Xa, Xb and Xc each independently represent CH or N;

-Xi- represents -(CHRi2)s-NRi-Xe-Ci_4alkanediyl-(S02)p3;

-Xe- represents -C(R2)2-;

a represents -NR4-C(=0)-[C(R5b)2]r- or -NR4-C(R5b)2-C(=0)-;

b represents

, wherein said b ring may contain extra bonds to form a bridged ring system selected from 2,5-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octanyl, 3,8- diazabicyclo[3.2.1 Joctanyl;

Xdi represents CH or N;

Xd2 represents NH;

c represents a bond, -[C(R5a)2]m-, -0-, -NR5a'-; ring represents phenyl or pyridyl;

Ri represents hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl, C2-4alkenyl, hydroxyCi_4alkyl, Ci_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl, Ci_4alkyl substituted with Rn, or -C(=0)-Rn; in particular Ri represents hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl, C2_4alkenyl, Ci_4alkyl substituted with Rn, or -C(=0)-Rn;

each R2 independently represents hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl, Ci_4alkyl substituted with C3_6cycloalkyl, carboxyl, -C(=0)-0-Ci_4alkyl, -C(=0)-NH2, -C(=0)-NH(Ci_4alkyl); or Ri and one R2 are taken together to form Ci_4alkanediyl or C2_4alkenediyl, each of said Ci_4alkanediyl and C2_4alkenediyl optionally being substituted with 1 substituent selected from hydroxyl, oxo, halo, cyano, N3, -NR7R8, -NH-S02-NR7R8;

or Ri and Ri2 are taken together to form Ci_4alkanediyl;

each R3 independently represents hydrogen; hydroxyCi_4alkyl; Ci_4alkyl; or

Ci_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl optionally substituted with cyano or -NR3eR3f; or

two R3 substituents attached to the same carbon atom are taken together to form

C2_5alkanediyl;

each R3e and R3f independently represent hydrogen, or -(C=0)-Ci_4alkyl;

R4 represents hydrogen or Ci_4alkyl;

each R5a independently represents hydrogen or Ci_4alkyl; or

two R5a substituents attached to the same carbon atom are taken together to form

C2_5alkanediyl or -(CH2)p-0-(CH2)p-;

R5a' represents hydrogen or Ci_4alkyl;

each R5b independently represents hydrogen; Ci_4alkyl; Ci_4alkyl substituted with NR5biR5b2; Ci_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl; hydroxyCi_4alkyl; hydroxyl; C3_6cycloalkyl; or phenyl optionally substituted with Ci_4alkyl, halo, hydroxyl or Ci_4alkyloxy; or two Rsb substituents attached to the same carbon atom are taken together to form C2_5alkanediyl or -(CH2)p-0-(CH2)p-;

R5bi and R5b2 independently represent hydrogen, -(C=0)-Ci_4alkyl;

each Re independently represents hydrogen, halo, or -C(=0)NR6aR6b;

each R6a and R6b independently represent hydrogen or Ci_4alkyl;

each R7 and R8 independently represent hydrogen; each Rii independently represents C3_6cycloalkyl;

each Ri2 independently represents hydrogen or Ci_4alkyl;

n represents an integer of value 1 ;

m represents an integer of value 1 ;

p represents an integer of value 1 ;

pi represents an integer of value 1 or 2;

each p2 independently represents an integer of value 0, 1 or 2;

r represents an integer of value 1 ;

each p3 independently represents an integer of value 0 or 1 ;

each s independently represents an integer of value 0 or 1.

4. The compound according to claim 1 , wherein

Xa is N; Xb and Xc represent CH;

Ri represents hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl, C2-4alkenyl, C2-4alkynyl, cyanoCi_4alkyl,

-C(=0)-Ci_4alkyl, -C(=0)-haloCi_4alkyl, haloCi_4alkyl, -C(=0)NR7R8, -S02-NR7R8, -SO2-R9, R11, Ci_4alkyl substituted with Rn, -C(=0)-Rn, or -C(=0)-Ci_4alkyl-Rn; each R2 independently represents hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl, Ci_4alkyl substituted with C3_6cycloalkyl, hydroxyC i_4alkyl, Ci_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl, carboxyl, -C(=0)-0-Ci_4alkyl wherein Ci_4alkyl is optionally substituted with Ci_4alkyloxy, or -C(=0)-NH2; or Ri and one R2 are taken together to form C3_4alkanediyl or C3_4alkenediyl, each of said C3_4alkanediyl and C3_4alkenediyl optionally being substituted with 1 to 4 substituents each independently selected from hydroxyl, oxo, halo, cyano, N3, hydroxyC i_4alkyl, -NR7R8, -S02-NR7R8, -NH-S02-NR7R8, -C(=0)-NR7R8, or -NH-C(=0)-NR7R8;

R12 is hydrogen.

5. The compound according to claim 1 , wherein

-Xi- represents -CH2-NRi-CH2-Ci_4alkanediyl-, -NRi-CH2-C2_4alkanediyl-, or -Xi- represents one of the following groups wherein -(CH2)2- is attached to 'variable a':

Ri represents Ci_4alkyl, C2-4alkenyl, C2-4alkynyl, Ci_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl;

a represents -NR4-C(=0)-[C(R5b)2]r- or -NR4-C(R5b)2-C(=0)-.

6. The compound according to claim 1 , wherein if Ri is taken together with R2, the bond towards the second R2 substituent is oriented as shown hereunder:

The compound according to claim 1 , wherein b represents

8. The compound according to claim 1 , wherein

Ri represents hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl, C2-4alkenyl, hydroxyCi_4alkyl, Ci_4alkyloxyCi_4alkyl, Ci_4alkyl substituted with Rn, or -C(=0)-Rn;

each R2 independently represents hydrogen, Ci_4alkyl, Ci_4alkyl substituted with Cs-ecycloalkyl, carboxyl, -C(=0)-0-Ci_4alkyl, -C(=0)-NH2, -C(=0)-NH(Ci_4alkyl); or Ri and one R2 are taken together to form Ci_4alkanediyl or C2_4alkenediyl, each of said Ci_4alkanediyl and C2_4alkenediyl optionally being substituted with 1 substituent selected from hydroxyl, oxo, halo, cyano, N3, -NR7R8, -NH-S02-NR7R8.

9. The compound according to claim 1 , wherein a represents -NR4-C(=0)- [C(R5b)2]r-.

10. The compound according to claim 1 wherein c is CH2.

11. The compound according to any one of claims 1-10, wherein

Xa is N; Xb and Xc represent CH.

12. A pharmaceutical composition comprising a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier and, as active ingredient, a therapeutically effective amount of a compound according to any one of claims 1 to 11.

13. A compound as defined in any one of claims 1 to 11 for use as a medicament.

14. A compound as defined in any one of claims 1 to 11 for use in the treatment or prevention of a disease or condition selected from cancer, depression, and memory and learning disorders.

15. The compound according to claim 14 wherein the disease or condition is selected from glioblastoma, medulloblastoma, prostate cancer, breast cancer, ovarian cancer and colorectal cancer.

Download Citation


Sign in to the Lens

Feedback