A Modular System For Gene And Protein Delivery Based On Aav

  • Published: Sep 6, 2019
  • Earliest Priority: Feb 28 2018
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A MODULAR SYSTEM FOR GENE AND PROTEIN DELIVERY BASED ON AAV

CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

[0001] This patent application claims the benefit of copending U S. Patent Application No. 62/636,638, filed February 28, 2018, the entire contents of which are incorporated herein in their entirety.

INCORPORATION-BY-REFERENCE OF MATERIAL SUBMITTED

ELECTRONICALLY

[0002] Incorporated by reference in its entirety herein is a computer-readable

nucleotide/amino acid sequence listing submitted concurrently herewith and identified as follows: One 36,315 Byte ASCII (Text) file named "741805_ST25.TXT," dated February 28, 2019.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0003] Currently, viruses, such as adeno-associated virus (AAV), are the most efficient mode for in vivo gene transfer but they do not often allow for temporal control of protein expression. Instead, genes delivered via viral vectors often are permanently expressed, a significant drawback in cases such as Cas9, where sustained expression leads to off-target effects. Inducible promoters can provide a level of transience but are often leaky or inefficient.

[0004] AAVs are highly efficient non-pathogenic vectors for in vivo gene delivery, have strong tropism for neural cells, and are easy to produce and work with in a laboratory setting. However, the size of the AAV vector is severely restricted to 4.7 kB, prohibiting delivery of large or multiple genes. Accordingly, there is a need for improved AAV-based vector systems that allow for delivery of larger transgenes than can be accommodated in a single AAV virion. Also, a need exists for an AAV-based vector that can deliver proteins, such as Cas9, for which transient expression is important.

BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0005] The invention provides an innovative gene and protein delivery system, building on the safety and efficiency of AAVs, that overcomes these major obstacles to in vivo gene delivery. In order to overcome packaging size limits and permanent protein expression, the invention provides a modular AAV-based gene and protein delivery system using a peptide tag that spontaneously forms a bond (a non-limiting example of which can be a covalent bond) that is unbreakable under physiologically relevant conditions with a small globular protein. By expressing this peptide tag on the surface of the AAV virion and expressing a binding-partner on either another AAV or another protein, the inventive AAV vector can link (such as, for example, covalently link) capsids to each other and/or to proteins, creating a larger infectious unit. This highly flexible, expandable and modular system for delivery of genes and proteins into cells greatly expands the capabilities of AAV for gene and protein delivery.

[0006] By linking together AAV capsids to form conjugates, the present invention can double (or more than double) the carrying capacity of AAV vectors, enabling delivery of large genes and multiple genes through obligate AAV coinfection. Furthermore, by tethering proteins to the outside of the AAV capsid, the present invention harnesses the tropism and infectivity of the virus while delivering biologically active proteins, such as Cas9, where transient expression is essential.

[0007] The present invention also can be expanded to combine these two approaches, allowing co-delivery of groupings of genes and proteins. Together this approach overcomes some of the most significant barriers to in vivo gene and protein delivery and expands the utility of AAV-mediated gene delivery and gene editing for biological research and gene therapy. Importantly, this system of the present invention is modular, highly flexible, and can be modified for a wide variety of experimental purposes. The development of this system of the present invention has widespread implications for all areas of biology, opens up new therapeutic avenues for diseases involving large genes or requiring transient expression, and opens new avenues of research for scientists across disciplines by providing customizable tools for precise and efficient control of in vivo gene expression, gene editing, and protein delivery. Also, the concepts and methods here are expandable and could be transferred to other types of virus.

[0008] In one embodiment, the invention provides an Adeno-Associated Vims (AAV) comprising an exterior surface, which surface comprises one or more peptide tags that form a bond (a non-limiting example of which can be a covalent bond) with a binding-partner, wherein the AAV is a live vims. In another embodiment, the invention provides a conjugate comprising at least one such AAV and at least one polypeptide comprising a first domain which is the binding-partner for the tag and a second domain, which is a bioactive polypeptide, wherein the AAV and the polypeptide are bound (such as, for example, covalently bound). In another embodiment, the invention provides a conjugate comprising at least one such AAV (first AAV) and at least one second AAV, which second AAV comprises a second exterior surface, which second exterior surface comprises at least one binding- partner for the tag or for a third linker molecule, wherein the at least one first AAV and the at least one second AAV are bound (such as, for example, covalently bound), and wherein the at least one second AAV is a live virus.

[0009] The invention also provides methods of infecting cells with the inventive AAV and conjugates, and compositions comprising the inventive AAV and conjugates and a cell, in which the cell is infected with the inventive AAV or conjugate. The invention also provides a pharmaceutical composition comprising the inventive AAV or conjugate and a pharmaceuti cally-acceptabl e cam er .

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE SEVERAL VIEWS OF THE DRAWING(S)

STATEMENT PURSUANT TO 37 C.F.R. § 1.84 RELATED TO COLOR DRAWINGS [0010] The patent or application file contains at least one drawing executed in color. Copies of this patent or patent application publication with color drawing(s) will be provided by the Office upon request and payment of the necessary fee.

[0011] Figure 1 presents schematic illustrations of the inventive approach. Row A concerns linked viruses (AAV). A peptide tag is expressed on the surface of the AAV capsid, and a protein binding-partner is expressed on another vims (second AAV). Mixing these two vims species together, the linker pair spontaneously forms a bond (a non-limiting example of which can be a covalent bond) that is permanently stable under physiological conditions, leading to the formation of conjugate (depicted as a vims dimer in Row A), increasing the carrying capacity of the vector and allowing for precise control of the ratios of genes delivered. The conjugate enables delivery of multiple genes to the same cell, or delivery of large genes through obligate co-infection followed by recombination. Row B concerns the linking of 2 vims capsids that via a third linker molecule, where the linker is comprised of molecules that bind to linkers on both vimses and bridges the two vectors together. Row C concerns proteins linked to vimses to form conjugates. By tethering proteins to the outside of the capsid, the tropism and infectivity of AAV can be harnessed to deliver therapeutic proteins, such as Cas9, non-permanently. Transient expression of Cas9 is essential to reducing off-target effects. Linked functional proteins are delivered into the nucleus, perform their action, and then degrade. Row D represents how the inventive approach can be expanded. Combining these approaches, any string of DNA-containing viral particles and proteins can be delivered together as a multimeric conjugate unit.

[0012] Figure 2 presents electron microscopy images of linked vectors (AAV

conjugates). Panel A shows AAV2 vectors as control. Panel B presents data demonstrating that AAV2-SpyTag vectors linked to with AAV2-SnoopTag vectors to form multi-viral conjugates. The conjugates appear as dimers or trimers of AAV virions. Panel C shows that over expression of SpyTag/SnoopTag linkers cause the formation of a clump of AAV capsids, in which many AAV vectors are tethered together.

[0013] Figure 3 depicts a Western blot image showing the linking of AAV capsids. The upper band in the last two lanes is indicative of linked VP3 subunits. In this particular embodiment, the AAV capsids were linked via a third linking molecule ((VP3SpyTag- Linker-VP3SnoopTag) (Figure 1, Row B).

[0014] Figure 4 graphically depicts conjugates comprising AAV’s linked to functional protein. Panel A depicts increasing amounts of GFP- Spy Catcher are linked to the AAV- SpyTag. Panel B depicts expression of tdTomato (encoded by a transgene packaged into AAV2), demonstrating that AAV-SpyTag-GFP-SpyCatcher is infectious. Panel C presents data demonstrating that AAV-SpyTag-GFP- SpyCatcher particles can be tracked by super resolution confocal microscopy, demonstrating successful incorporation of functional protein.

[0015] Figures 5 presents data concerning an AAV-polypeptide conjugate in which Cas9- SpyCatcher was covalently bound to AAV2-SpyTag. Panel A concerns HEK293T cells that were transfected with Cas9-Spycatcher and a guide RNA targeting Rhodopsin.

CRISPR/Cas9 induced mutations were tested by T7 assay. The first two lanes show untransfected samples as 1) untreated and 2) treated with T7 Endonuclease. The last two lanes show transfected samples as 3) untreated and 4) treated with T7 Endonuclease. The Cas9-Spycatcher cleaved product can be seen in the fourth lane. Panel B presents a Western blot image showing the binding of AAV2-SpyTag to Cas9- SpyCatcher.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

[0016] In an embodiment, the invention provides an AAV comprising an exterior surface, which surface comprises one or more peptide tags that form a bond (a non-limiting example of which can be a covalent bond) with a binding-partner. In the context of the present invention, the AAV preferably is a live virus, as opposed to a virus-like particle (VLP).

[0017] The peptide tag is a polypeptide that can form a bond with a binding-partner. This ensures that, once the inventive AAV forms such a bond, the bond is stable and generally unbreakable under physiologically relevant conditions, so that the AAV delivers whatever is tethered (for example, a second AAV, a bioactive polypeptide, etc.) to a cell via the tag binding-partner bond upon infection.

[0018] The“tag” in the context of the invention can be any suitable polypeptide that can form a bond (a non-limiting example of which can be a covalent bond) to a specific binding- partner when expressed on the exterior surface of the AAV. Examples of suitable tags include, but are not limited to bacteria-derived molecular tethers called SpyTag and its binding-partner SpyCatcher or SnoopTag and its binding-partner SnoopCatcher, or

SpyTag002 and its binding-partner, SpyCatcher002 (see, e.g., Zakeri, B. et al. Peptide tag forming a rapid covalent bond to a protein, through engineering a bacterial adhesin.

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 109, E690-7 (2012) (incorporated herein in its entirety by reference) and Veggiani, G. et al. Programmable polyproteins built using twin peptide superglues. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A 113, 1202-1207 (2016) (incorporated herein in its entirety by reference) and Keeble et al. Evolving Accelerated Amidation by

SpyTag/SpyCatcher to Analyze Membrane Dynamics. Angew Chem Int Ed Engl. (2017) (incorporated herein in its entirety by reference)). Typically, the bond (tether) is a covalent bond; however, other tethers can be used. Other molecular tethers that could be used include, for example, split inteins (see, e.g. Wu et al. Protein trans-splicing by a split intein encoded in a split DnaE gene of Synechocystis sp. PCC6803. PNAS (1998)(incorporated herein in its entirety by reference)), sortase (see, e.g. Kobashigawa et al., Attachment of an NMR- invisible solubility enhancement tag using a sortase-mediated protein ligation method. J Biomol NMR. (2009) (incorporated herein in its entirety by reference)), split GFP (see e.g. Feinberg, E. H. et al. GFP reconstitution across synaptic partners (GRASP) defines cell contacts and synapses in living nervous systems. Neuron 57, 353-363 (2008) (incorporated herein in its entirety by reference)), or other similar linker molecules

[0019] The tag can be engineered to be expressed on the surface of the inventive AAV by mutating the genetic sequence encoding AAV polypeptides having extracellular domains to include such tags. For example, the AAV VP2 and VP3 polypeptides are suitable polypeptides to mutate to include such a tag domain. Suitable sites for inclusion of the tag include positions 453, 588 of AAV2 VP3 (and analogous sites on other AAV serotypes) and the N- and C-termini of AAV VP2 in AAV2 and other serotypes. In addition, chimeric viruses may be constructed combining tagged and untagged capsid proteins (e.g., an AAV capsid in which 50% of the VP3 proteins carry tag domains, and 50% of the capsid proteins do not carry a tag domain).

AAV-Polypeptide Conjugate

[0020] In an embodiment, the invention provides a conjugate comprising the inventive AAV comprising an exterior surface, which surface comprises one or more peptide tags that form a bond (a non-limiting example of which can be a covalent bond) with a binding-partner and at least one polypeptide comprising a first domain which is the binding-partner for the tag and a second domain, which is a bioactive polypeptide, wherein the AAV and the polypeptide are bound (such as, but not necessarily, covalently bound). This embodiment is schematically represented in Figure 1, Row C. In this embodiment, the at least one polypeptide can be constructed recombinantly, employing a coding sequence in which the bioactive polypeptide-encoding domain is fused in-frame with a sequence encoding the specific binding-partner for the tag (e.g., SpyCatcher, SnoopCatcher, SpyCatcher002, and the like, as noted above).

[0021] The inventive AAV-polypeptide conjugate can incorporate any desired number of the bound bioactive polypeptides by varying the number of tags expressed on the surface of the inventive AAV by transfection of a mixture of plasmids encoding tagged and untagged capsid proteins into a packaging cell line (e.g., 293 cells). The ratio of plasmids encoding tagged vis-a-vis untagged capsid proteins, thus, can be employed to vary the number of tags on the capsid surface from 1 to 60 per capsid (there being 60 polypeptides forming the AAV capsid). For production of maximally-tagged (60 tags) AAV, no plasmids encoding untagged capsid proteins need be employed. For example, in an embodiment, the inventive AAV- polypeptide conjugate can have but one linked (a non-limiting example of which can be covalently linked) bioactive polypeptide. In other embodiments, the inventive AAV- polypeptide conjugate can have a plurality of such linked bioactive polypeptides, such as 3 or more, 5 or more, 10 or more, 20 or more (or“about” such numbers of covalently-bound bioactive molecules). The number of such linked bioactive polypeptides in the inventive AAV-polypeptide conjugate can be up to 30, or up to 50, or up to 60, depending on the desired application (or“about” such numbers of bound bioactive molecules). [0022] Following production, the resulting AAVs can be purified and mixed (typically but not necessarily in PBS) with the polypeptides comprising a first domain which is the binding-partner for the tag and a second domain, which is a bioactive polypeptide, wherein the AAV and the polypeptide are bound (a non-limiting example of which includes being covalently bound). Purification of AAV from such packaging cell lines is routine and known to persons of ordinary skill.

[0023] The inventive AAV-polypeptide conjugate can be employed to deliver the bound bioactive polypeptide to the cell upon infection of the cell with the conjugate. This approach is particularly suited for delivery of bioactive polypeptides to cells which desirably are present transiently within the cells. This is in contrast to the typical delivery of polypeptides to cells using AAV, in which polypeptides are delivered to cells by including the gene (coding sequence) encoding the desired polypeptide as a transgene within the AAV vector genome. After infection, the AAV vector genome is retained within non-dividing cells, such that the transgenes within the AAV genome are permanently expressed within the cells, especially if under the control of a constitutive promoter. However, for certain polypeptides, constitutive, permanent, production of such polypeptides is undesirable. One such example is Cas9, which is associated with the CRISPR/Cas9 system that rapidly become one of the most powerful research tools available. In vivo delivery remains the largest obstacle to the success of CRISPR/Cas9-based approaches. Long-term overexpression of Cas9 substantially increases the risk of off-target cutting at unintended genomic sites. Therefore, an important goal for gene editing approaches is to provide efficient delivery of Cas9 transiently. The present invention, by providing AAV-polypeptide conjugates, can deliver Cas9 polypeptide to cells, rather than a permanently-expressed transgene, thus satisfying both of these challenges. Delivering Cas9 in protein form, linked to the AAV surface, provides transient activity, and frees space in the AAV genome for transgenes (such as donor DNA for the CRISPR/Cas9-based approaches, genes encoding fluorescent markers, or other desired transgenes). Because Cas9 is not genetically encoded, the protein delivered via the inventive conjugate will be degraded by the cell over time, decreasing potentially harmful long-term off-target effects.

[0024] The bioactive polypeptide domain also can be a fluorescent polypeptide, such as Green Fluorescent Peptide (GFP), such that delivery of the conjugate to the cell can facilitate tracking of infection. This is depicted, for example, in Figure 4, Panel C. [0025] The bioactive polypeptide domain can also be a polypeptide such as the beta subunit of Cholera toxin (CTB), or the rabies virus G protein (RVGP), the expression of which would shift the tropism of the virus. For example, and without wishing to be bound by theory, attaching CTB and RVGP to the surface of the capsid may permit it to infect peripheral nerves more efficiently and/or may improve retrograde transport.

First-AAV-Second-AAV Conjugate

[0026] In an embodiment, the invention provides a conjugate comprising the inventive AAV comprising an exterior surface, which surface comprises one or more peptide tags that form a bond (a non-limiting example being a covalent bond) with a binding-partner (“first AAV”) and at least one second AAV, which second AAV comprises a second exterior surface, which second exterior surface comprises at least one binding-partner for the tag or for a separate linker molecule. Within the conjugate, the at least one first AAV and the at least one second AAV are bound. Also, as with the first AAV (as discussed above), the at least one second AAV within the conjugate preferably is a live virus.

[0027] In this embodiment (first-AAV-second-AAV conjugate), the second AAV can express the binding-partner on the second surface in the same manner as the first AAV expresses the tag (e.g., incorporated into a mutant VP2 polypeptide or other surface polypeptide).

[0028] In this embodiment (first-AAV-second-AAV conjugate), the first and second AAV can both express binding partner tags (such as SpyTag and SnoopTag) which are then bound together via a separate linker molecule (such as a SpyCatcher-SnoopCatcher fusion protein) forming a three-piece conglomerate. Other linker sequences can be employed at the SpyTag/SpyCatcher insertion sites, such as LA...A linkers for

SpyTag/SnoopTag/SpyTag002, and for VP2 stiff linkers, long flexible linkers, and shorter linkers. Figure 1, Row A, depicts an embodiment in which the AAVs within the conjugate are bound directly through a peptide tag/protein binding-partner interaction between the separate AAVs within the conjugate. Figure 1, Row B depicts an embodiment in which the AAVs are bound via a third linker molecule, where the third linker molecule bridges the AAV vectors together.

[0029] The inventive first-AAV-second-AAV conjugate can incorporate any desired number of AAVs by varying the number of tags and binding-partners expressed on the surface of the first and second AAVs, by varying the ratio of capsid proteins expressing the tag in the packaging cell line, as discussed above. Thereafter, first-AAV-second-AAV conjugate can be purified, for example, based on size exclusion affinity, ion exchange FPLC chromatography, or other method that can purify conjugates having a desired number of AAVs (e.g., dimers as opposed to monomers or trimers, etc.). For example, in an embodiment, the conjugate can comprise a dimer of AAVs (see, e.g., Figure 1, Row A). In other embodiments, the first-AAV-second-AAV conjugate can be a trimer, quadramer, pentamer, decamer, etc. Accordingly, the first-AAV-second-AAV conjugate can comprise more than one of the first AAVs (comprising the tag), more than one of the second AAVs (comprising the specific binding-partner for the tag), or both. The practical limit to the number of AAVs within the first-AAV-second-AAV conjugate is physical size, as the AAVs within the conjugate need to be able to infect cells and enter the nucleus of such cells.

[0030] One use of the inventive first-AAV-second-AAV conjugate is to effectively deliver larger transgenes than the 4.7 kB limit of a single AAV vector. Accordingly, a preferred configuration of this embodiment involves the AAVs within the conjugate comprising genomes comprising separate respective segments of a transgene, such that the complete transgene can be assembled upon infection of a cell with the first-AAV-second- AAV conjugate.

[0031] For example, treatment of many diseases, for which AAVs can be effectively used for gene therapy, require the delivery of large genes, exceeding the 4.7 kB limit of a single AAV vector. Increasing the capacity of AAV vectors while maintaining their efficiency and stability of expression is a primary goal in the field of gene therapy. One promising approach to delivering large genes is to divide the open reading frame into multiple vectors, which recombine through homologous recombination following viral infection of a cell with both (or multiple) vectors. However, it is highly unlikely for equal ratios of separate portions of a large gene to be delivered to the same cell, in the same ratio, using separate viruses. This causes a decrease in the efficiency of protein expression, and the formation of truncated protein products. This aspect of the present invention (first-AAV-second-AAV conjugate), by which AAV vectors are linked together within a conjugate, ensures high (near 100%) efficiency of co-delivery, effectively doubling (or tripling, quadrupling, etc., depending on the number of AAVs within the conjugate) the carrying capacity of an infectious unit.

[0032] The first-AAV-second-AAV conjugate can be used to deliver large genes split into multiple AAV capsids for treatment of diseases such as Stargardt’s (ABCA4 as the transgene), Neurofibromatosis (NF1 as the transgene), Hemophilia, Leber’s Congenital Amaurosis (CEP290 as the transgene), Duchenne muscular dystrophy, cystic fibrosis, Usher Syndrome Types I, II and III, etc. The approach also can be used to deliver multiple genes to a cell, the products of which may interact or complement each other within the cell. For example, the approach can be used to deliver both RdCVF and RdCVFL, in order to benefit from both the cone survival attributes of RdCVF and the antioxidant properties of RdCVFL (for example as in Byrne et al, Viral-mediated RdCVF and RdCVFL expression protects cone and rod photoreceptors in retinal degeneration J Clin Invest (2015) (incorporated herein in its entirely by reference)), a trophic factor and a replacement gene, such as PDE6B and XIAP (Yae et al., Caspase Inhibition with XIAP as an Adjunct to AAV Vector Gene-Replacement Therapy: Improving Efficacy and Prolonging the Treatment Window PLOS ONE (2012) (incorporated herein in its entirely by reference), or a therapeutic gene and a reporter gene, allowing a better analysis of the pattern of infectivity of therapeutic treatment, delivery of two complementary nickases based on Cas9 for increased specificity and efficiency of genome editing, etc. For example, the approach can be employed efficient functional rescue of vision by co-delivery of trophic factors and replacement genes. The approach also could be employed to link two serotypes of AAV to expand tropism of the vector.

[0033] It will be observed that the surface of the inventive AAV can have either or both of a tag (including a plurality of types of tags) or the specific binding-partner for a tag (including a plurality of tags) or both one or more tags and one or more specific binding- partners. Thus, within a conjugate comprising the first and the second AAVs, one or more of the first AAV also can comprise at least one binding-partner for the peptide tag that form a bond with a binding-partner. Similarly, within such conjugates, the second exterior surface of the at least one second AAV can comprise one or more peptide tags that form a bond with a binding-partner. It will be observed that this can facilitate multimerization of AAVs within such conjugates. See Figure 1, Row D.

[0034] Furthermore, the inventive first-AAV-second-AAV conjugate (Figure 1, Rows A and B) and the inventive AAV-bioactive polypeptide conjugate (Figure 1, Row C) approaches can be employed together. In this sense, the invention permits any string of DNA-containing viral particles and proteins to be delivered together to a cell, or populations of cells, as a multimeric conjugate unit.

[0035] It will be observed that the inventive AAVs and conjugates are used to infect cells, thereby delivering transgenes and/or the linked (such as, but not limited to, covalently- linked) bioactive polypeptides to such cells. Thus, the invention provides a method of delivering a transgene to a cell by infecting the cell with one or more of the inventive AAVs or conjugates to a cell, wherein the AAV or conjugate comprises one or more transgenes. As noted, for large (larger than 4.7 kB) transgenes, a first- AAV-second- AAV conjugate can be employed to infect the cell, whereby the transgene is divided between at least two of the AAVs making up the first- AAV-second- AAV conjugate. Within the cell, these sections of the transgene then can reassemble to produce the full coding sequence for the transgene.

[0036] Similarly, the invention provides a method for delivering a bioactive polypeptide to a cell by infecting the cell with one or more of the inventive AAV-bioactive polypeptide conjugates described herein. Upon infection, the bioactive polypeptide linked (such as, but not limited to, covalently-linked) to the tag on the exterior surface of the AAV within the conjugate is delivered to the cell transiently, rather than as the product of a transgene that will be permanently expressed. As noted this is preferred for bioactive proteins, such as Cas9, to prevent off-target effects of the protein within the cell.

[0037] The inventive methods can be employed to infect any cell that AAV exhibits tropism, which is known to persons of ordinary skill. For example, the cells can be such as exocrine secretory cells (e.g., glandular cells, such as salivary gland cells, mammary gland cells, sweat gland cells, digestive gland cells, etc ), hormone secreting gland cells (e.g., pituitary cells, thyroid cells, parathyroid cells, adrenal cells, etc.), ectoderm-derived cells (e.g., keratinizing epithelial cells (e.g., making up the skin and hair), wet stratified barrier epithelial cells (e.g., of the cornea, tongue, oral cavity, gastrointestinal tract, urethra, vagina, etc.), cells of the nervous system (e.g., peripheral and central neurons, glia, etc.)), mesoderm- derived cells, cells of many internal organs (such as kidney, liver, pancreas, heart, lung) bone marrow cells, and cancerous cells either within tumors or otherwise Preferred, and non limiting examples of cells suitable for infection by the inventive AAVs and conjugates include, but are not limited to neurons in the peripheral and central nervous system, photoreceptors, retinal ganglion cells, retinal pigment epithelial cells, cochlear cells, Miiller glia, retinal bipolar cells, amacrine cells, and horizontal cells. The cell can be in vitro or in vivo , and can be from any desired mammalian host, such as laboratory animal (rat, mouse, etc ), animal of agricultural or veterinary interest (e.g., bovine, canine, caprine, equine, feline, ovine, porcine, etc.) or primate, such as a monkey, great ape, or, preferably, a human, including a cell within a human patient.

[0038] Concomitantly, the invention provides a composition comprising a cell and one or more of the AAVs, AAV-bioactive conjugates, or AAV-AAV conjugates, as described above, wherein the cell is infected with the AAV or conjugate. The cell can be in vivo or in vitro, and any desired type for which the AAV or conjugate exhibits tropism and infectivity, as described above. Of course, wherein the cell is in vitro, the composition also includes suitable culture medium to maintain and proliferate the infected cells within the composition. Such culture media are known to persons of ordinary skill in the art, and a suitable medium can be selected depending on the type of cell within the composition.

[0039] To facilitate use in vivo, particularly a human patient, the invention also provides a pharmaceutical composition comprising one or more of the AAVs, AAV-polypeptide conjugates, or AAV-AAV conjugates, as described above and a carrier, preferably a physiologically-acceptable carrier. The carrier of the composition can be any suitable carrier for the vector. The carrier typically will be liquid, but also can be solid, or a combination of liquid and solid components. The carrier desirably is a pharmaceutically acceptable (e.g., a physiologically or pharmacologically acceptable) carrier (e.g., excipient or diluent).

Pharmaceutically acceptable carriers are well known and are readily available. The choice of carrier will be determined, at least in part, by the particular vector and the particular method used to administer the composition. The composition can further comprise any other suitable components, especially for enhancing the stability of the composition and/or its end-use. Accordingly, there is a wide variety of suitable formulations of the composition of the invention. The following formulations and methods are merely exemplary and are in no way limiting.

[0040] Formulations suitable for parenteral administration include aqueous and non- aqueous, isotonic sterile injection solutions, which can contain anti-oxidants, buffers, bacteriostats, and solutes that render the formulation isotonic with the blood or other tissue of the intended recipient, and aqueous and non-aqueous sterile suspensions that can include suspending agents, solubilizers, thickening agents, stabilizers, and preservatives. Typically, such carriers are physiological saline solutions, which facilitate administration via skin prick, or via subdermal, intramuscular, intratumoral or parenteral injection or direct injection into whatever tissue or organ is desired. However, other carriers (e.g., salves, creams, patches, and the like, for example for transdermal administration) also can be used

[0041] The formulations can be presented in unit-dose or multi-dose sealed containers, such as ampules and vials, and can be stored in a freeze-dried (lyophilized) condition requiring only the addition of a sterile liquid excipient, for example, water, for injections, immediately prior to use. [0042] In addition, the composition can comprise additional therapeutic or biologically- active agents. For example, therapeutic factors useful in the treatment of a particular indication can be present. Factors that control inflammation, such as ibuprofen or steroids, can be part of the composition to reduce swelling and inflammation associated with in vivo administration of the vector and physiological distress. Immune system suppressors can be administered with the composition method to reduce any immune response to the vector itself or associated with a disorder. Alternatively, immune enhancers can be included in the composition to up-regulate the body's natural defenses against disease. Antibiotics, i.e., microbicides and fungicides, can be present to reduce the risk of infection associated with gene transfer procedures and other disorders.

[0043] The following examples further illustrate the invention but, of course, should not be construed as in any way limiting its scope. The following methods were employed in the experiments underlying Examples 1 through 4.

Cloning and preparation of plasmids for packaging

[0044] In order to produce AAV vectors incorporating SpyTag/SnoopTag, SpyCatcher, SnoopCatcher, SpyTag002, or SnoopTag002, linker peptides were engineered onto surface exposed regions of AAV capsid by PCR amplifying the insert regions and annealing with Gibson Assembly (New England Biolabs). Linker peptides were inserted into position 453 or 588 of VP3 subunit and N or C terminal of VP2 subunit of AAV. (See the Appendix for sequences).

Production of viral vectors

[0045] AAV vectors carrying genomes encoding GFP or mCherry and carrying Spy Tag or SnoopTag on capsid proteins were produced by the plasmid co-transfection method (Grieger et. ah, Production and characterization of adeno-associated viral vectors. Nat Protoc. 2006; 1(3): 1412-28 (incorporated herein in its entirety by reference)) using three or four plasmids. Recombinant AAV was purified by iodixanol gradient ultracentrifugation followed by a buffer exchange and concentration with Amicon Ultra-l5 Centrifugal Filter Units in PBS + 0.001% Pluronic F-68. Titers were determined by quantitative PCR relative to a standard curve (Aurnhammer et al, Hum. Gene Ther. Methods. 23(1): 18-28 (2012)

(incorporated herein in its entirety by reference)). Western blot

[0046] SpyCatcher protein was fused with Green Fluorescent Protein (GFP), with Cas9 protein, or with beta subunit of cholera toxin by mutating the start or stop codon of the protein’s coding sequence, and through Gibson cloning, inserting the coding sequence for SpyCatcher in frame at the N- or C-terminus of the protein. Protein was expressed in bacterial cells and purified. AAV-SpyTag vectors were mixed with 10 pg of GFP-SpyCatcher or 10 pg of Cas9-SpyCatcher proteins. AAV-SnoopTag vectors were mixed with 43.5 pg of SpyCatcher/SnoopCatcher fusion protein linker molecule. In order to link AAV-vectors together, AAV-SnoopTag and AAV-SpyTag vectors were mixed with

Spycatcher/SnoopCatcher fusion protein linker molecule. These were incubated at RT for 1 hour, followed by overnight at 4 °C.

[0047] The mixture was run on a 6-8% Tris-Glycine gel the following day. Protein was transferred to a PVDF membrane, and blocked in 5% milk for 1 hour. The membrane was then washed 3x5 minutes in TBST, and incubated in primary antibodies overnight at 4 °C: Mouse monoclonal antibody against VP1, 2 and 3 from Progen (1 : 100). The membrane was washed in TBST for 15 minutes followed by 4x5 minutes. Anti-mouse secondary antibody (Li-Cor, 1 :2000) was applied for 1 hour at RT before washing and visualization using Odyssey CLx Imaging System (Li-cor).

CRISPR/Cas9 transfection

[0048] The Cas9-SpyCatcher fusion protein was tested for its editing ability. Four different gRNAs were designed targeting the human Rhodopsin gene and synthesized using GeneArt Precision gRNA Synthesis Kit (Thermo Fisher Scientific). Cas9-SpyCatcher, together with gRNAs were transfected into HEK293 cells by using Lipofectamine

CRISPRMAX Transfection Reagent (Thermo Fisher Scientific). Concentrations of Cas9- SpyCatcher and gRNA were determined according to Lipofectamine CRISPRMAX

Transfection protocol. The cells were incubated for 72 hours before testing the editing efficiency.

AAV-SpyTag-Cas9-SpyCatcher-RNP assembly

[0049] To prepare the Cas9 RNP complexes, Cas9- SpyCatcher protein was incubated with sgRNA at 2: 1 or 4: 1 molar ratio. In one method, Cas9-SpyCatcher protein was mixed with AAV-SpyTag vector one day prior to infecting the cells. Immediately before the experiment, sgRNA was added to the mixture and incubated at RT for 10 or 20 minutes. In another method, AAV-SpyTag vector, Cas9-SpyCatcher protein and sgRNA were mixed together and incubated for 30 minutes at RT. HEK293 cells were infected with the assembly and incubated for 72 hours before testing the editing efficiency.

Testing the CRISPR/Cas9 editing efficiency

[0050] To quantify the editing ability at desired genomic loci, T7 endonuclease I assays were performed on HEK293T cells, using a guide RNA UAGAGCGUGAGGAAGUUGAU (SEQ ID NO: 12), which directs genome editing to the rhodopsin gene. For T7 endo-nuclease I assays, genomic DNA was extracted ~ 72 h post-transfection using the Qiagen DNeasy Blood and Tissue Kit. Primers (hRHO 1 Fw: AGGCCTTCGCAGCATTCTT (SEQ ID NO: 13) and hRHO 1 Rv: GCAGCACCCCATCTGTTTTC (SEQ ID NO: 14)) were designed to amplify a ~l kb region containing the target site and Q5 High-Fidelity DNA Polymerase was used for amplification. The PCR reaction was purified with Zymo DNA Clean and Concentrator followed by a T7 Endonuclease 1 digestion. The samples treated with T7 Endonuclease were run on an agarose gel together with undigested samples.

EXAMPLE 1

[0051] This example demonstrates the generation, stability, and infectivity of an AAV comprising an exterior surface, which surface comprises one or more peptide tags that form a covalent bond with a binding-partner, wherein the AAV is a live virus.

[0052] Linker peptides (tags) SpyTag and SnoopTag, and the specific binding-partner, SnoopCatcher, were engineered into surface exposed regions of the AAV capsid, including position 453, 588 of VP3 and the C or N terminus of VP2 subunit.

[0053] Titering of viruses, performed using QPCR (as in Aurnhammer et al. Universal real-time PCR for the detection and quantification of adeno-associated virus serotype 2- derived inverted terminal repeat sequences. Hum. Gene. Ther. Methods. 23(1): 18-28 (2012) (incorporated herein in its entirety by reference)) carrying linker molecules demonstrated that the inventive AAV can carry these linkers (tags and specific binding-partners) without affecting viral stability and infectivity. This is presented in Table 1. Table 1

Table 1. High viral titers from iodixanol-purified virus demonstrate stability of AAV capsids after insertion of linker molecules on surface-exposed regions in VP2 and VP3.“TG_GLS” indicates that TG and GLS sequences were included to flank the N- and C- ends of the SpyTag insert (e.g., TG-SpyTag-GLS), to provide flexibility and allow for efficient viral packaging.

EXAMPLE 2

[0054] This example demonstrates the generation of a First AAV-Second AAV conjugate as described herein.

[0055] The AAV species referenced in Example 1 were mixed together and observed by electron microscopy. As depicted in Figure 2, paired AAV viral conjugates were visible. Figure 2, Panel A: AAV2 vectors as control. Figure 2, Panel B: AAV2-SpyTag vectors linked with AAV2-SnoopTag vectors, linked by a SpyCatcher/SnoopCatcher linker protein. Viruses appear as dimers or trimers. Figure 2, Panel C: Overexpression of SpyTag/SnoopTag linkers cause the formation of a clump of AAV capsids, in which many AAV vectors are tethered together.

[0056] The ability of tag-expressing (first AAV) and binding-partner-expressing (second AAV) to form linked conjugates also was ascertained by Western blot assessment. Figure 3 depicts these data demonstrating the linkage of SpyTag expressing and SnoopTag-expressing AAV capsids, bound via a linker molecule made of SpyCatcher-SnoopCatcher fusion protein.

EXAMPLE 3

[0057] This example demonstrates the generation of an AAV-Polypeptide Conjugate as described herein.

[0058] The AAV2-SpyTag was bound to a polypeptide in which Green Fluorescent Protein (GFP or mClover) was linked to SpyCatcher (GFP-SpyCatcher) (Figure 4, Panel A). GFP-bound viral particles were tracked by super resolution microscopy in 293 cells. The results showed that the viral particle is infectious and that the linked protein is functional (Figure 4, Panel C).

EXAMPLE 4

[0059] This example demonstrates the generation of an AAV-Polypeptide Conjugate as described herein.

[0060] Cas9 was fused to SpyCatcher to enable its binding to AAV-SpyTag vectors.

First, the cutting efficiency of Cas9- SpyCatcher fusion protein with a guide RNA targeting human Rhodopsin was studied in FIEK293T cells. The results are presented in Figure 5, Panel A, and they reveal that the Cas9-SpyCatcher polypeptide delivered by infection of the AAV- Cas9-SpyCatcher conjugate successfully cleaved the target (Rhodopsin).

[0061] The binding ability of Cas9- SpyCatcher to AAV2-SpyTag also was assessed by Western blot analysis. The results are presented in Figure 5, Panel B. The results demonstrate binding of AAV2- SpyTag to Cas9- SpyCatcher.

[0062] All references, including publications, patent applications, and patents, cited herein are hereby incorporated by reference to the same extent as if each reference were individually and specifically indicated to be incorporated by reference and were set forth in its entirety herein.

[0063] The use of the terms“a” and“an” and“the” and similar referents in the context of describing the invention (especially in the context of the following claims) are to be construed to cover both the singular and the plural, unless otherwise indicated herein or clearly contradicted by context. The terms“comprising,”“having,”“including,” and “containing” are to be construed as open-ended terms (i.e., meaning“including, but not limited to,”) unless otherwise noted. Recitation of ranges of values herein are merely intended to serve as a shorthand method of referring individually to each separate value falling within the range, unless otherwise indicated herein, and each separate value is incorporated into the specification as if it were individually recited herein. All methods described herein can be performed in any suitable order unless otherwise indicated herein or otherwise clearly contradicted by context. The use of any and all examples, or exemplary language (e.g.,“such as”) provided herein, is intended merely to better illuminate the invention and does not pose a limitation on the scope of the invention unless otherwise claimed. No language in the specification should be construed as indicating any non-claimed element as essential to the practice of the invention.

[0064] Preferred embodiments of this invention are described herein, including the best mode known to the inventors for carrying out the invention. Variations of those preferred embodiments may become apparent to those of ordinary skill in the art upon reading the foregoing description. The inventors expect skilled artisans to employ such variations as appropriate, and the inventors intend for the invention to be practiced otherwise than as specifically described herein. Accordingly, this invention includes all modifications and equivalents of the subject matter recited in the claims appended hereto as permitted by applicable law. Moreover, any combination of the above-described elements in all possible variations thereof is encompassed by the invention unless otherwise indicated herein or otherwise clearly contradicted by context.

APPENDIX - SEQUENCES

SEQ ID NO:l: Part of sequence including the insert (underlined) of AAV2-588-SPYTAG (with TG GLS linkers):

ATGGCTGCCGATGGTTATCTTCCAGATTGGCTCGAGGACACTCTCTCTGAAGGAA

TAAGACAGTGGTGGAAGCTCAAACCTGGCCCACCACCACCAAAGCCCGCAGAGC

GGCATAAGGACGACAGCAGGGGTCTTGTGCTTCCTGGGTACAAGTACCTCGGAC

CCTTCAACGGACTCGACAAGGGAGAGCCGGTCAACGAGGCAGACGCCGCGGCCC

TCGAGCACGACAAAGCCTACGACCGGCAGCTCGACAGCGGAGACAACCCGTACC

TCAAGTACAACCACGCCGACGCGGAGTTTCAGGAGCGCCTTAAAGAAGATACGT

CTTTTGGGGGCAACCTCGGACGAGCAGTCTTCCAGGCGAAAAAGAGGGTTCTTG

AACCTCTGGGCCTGGTTGAGGAACCTGTTAAGACGGCTCCGGGAAAAAAGAGGC

CGGTAGAGCACTCTCCTGTGGAGCCAGACTCCTCCTCGGGAACCGGAAAGGCGG

GCCAGCAGCCTGCAAGAAAAAGATTGAATTTTGGTCAGACTGGAGACGCAGACT

CAGTACCTGACCCCCAGCCTCTCGGACAGCCACCAGCAGCCCCCTCTGGTCTGGG

AACTAATACGATGGCTACAGGCAGTGGCGCACCAATGGCAGACAATAACGAGGG

CGCCGACGGAGTGGGTAATTCCTCGGGAAATTGGCATTGCGATTCCACATGGATG

GGCGACAGAGTCATCACCACCAGCACCCGAACCTGGGCCCTGCCCACCTACAAC AACCACCTCTACAAACAAATTTCCAGCCAATCAGGAGCCTCGAACGACAATCAC

TACTTTGGCTACAGCACCCCTTGGGGGTATTTTGACTTCAACAGATTCCACTGCC

ACTTTTCACCACGTGACTGGCAAAGACTCATCAACAACAACTGGGGATTCCGACC

CAAGAGACTCAACTTCAAGCTCTTTAACATTCAAGTCAAAGAGGTCACGCAGAA

TGACGGTACGACGACGATTGCCAATAACCTTACCAGCACGGTTCAGGTGTTTACT

GACTCGGAGTACCAGCTCCCGTACGTCCTCGGCTCGGCGCATCAAGGATGCCTCC

CGCCGTTCCCAGCAGACGTCTTCATGGTGCCACAGTATGGATACCTCACCCTGAA

CAACGGGAGTCAGGCAGTAGGACGCTCTTCATTTTACTGCCTGGAGTACTTTCCT

TCTCAGATGCTGCGTACCGGAAACAACTTTACCTTCAGCTACACTTTTGAGGACG

TTCCTTTCCACAGCAGCTACGCTCACAGCCAGAGTCTGGACCGTCTCATGAATCC

TCTCATCGACCAGTACCTGTATTACTTGAGCAGAACAAACACTCCAAGTGGAACC

ACCACGCAGTCAAGGCTTCAGTTTTCTCAGGCCGGAGCGAGTGACATTCGGGACC

AGTCTAGGAACTGGCTTCCTGGACCCTGTTACCGCCAGCAGCGAGTATCAAAGAC

ATCTGCGGATAACAACAACAGTGAATACTCGTGGACTGGAGCTACCAAGTACCA

CCTCAATGGCAGAGACTCTCTGGTGAATCCGGGCCCGGCCATGGCAAGCCACAA

GGACGATGAAGAAAAGTTTTTTCCTCAGAGCGGGGTTCTCATCTTTGGGAAGCAA

GGCTCAGAGAAAACAAATGTGGACATTGAAAAGGTCATGATTACAGACGAAGAG

GAAATCAGGACAACCAATCCCGTGGCTACGGAGCAGTATGGTTCTGTATCTACCA

ACCTCCAGAGAGGCAACACCGGTGCCCACATCGTGATGGTGGACGCCTACAA

GCCGACGAAGGGCTTAAGTAGACAAGCAGCTACCGCAGATGTCAACACACAAG

GCGTTCTTCCAGGCATGGTCTGGCAGGACAGAGATGTGTACCTTCAGGGGCCCAT

CTGGGCAAAGATTCCACACACGGACGGACATTTTCACCCCTCTCCCCTCATGGGT

GGATTCGGACTTAAACACCCTCCTCCACAGATTCTCATCAAGAACACCCCGGTAC

CTGCGAATCCTTCGACCACCTTCAGTGCGGCAAAGTTTGCTTCCTTCATCACACA

GTACTCCACGGGACAGGTCAGCGTGGAGATCGAGTGGGAGCTGCAGAAGGAAA

ACAGCAAACGCTGGAATCCCGAAATTCAGTACACTTCCAACTACAACAAGTCTGT

TAATGTGGACTTTACTGTGGACACTAATGGCGTGTATTCAGAGCCTCGCCCCATT

GGCACCAGATACCTGACTCGTAATCTGTA

SEQ ID NO:2: Part of sequence including the insert (underlined) of AAV2-588- SNOOPTAG (with TG GLS linkers):

ATGGCTGCCGATGGTTATCTTCCAGATTGGCTCGAGGACACTCTCTCTGAAGGAA

TAAGACAGTGGTGGAAGCTCAAACCTGGCCCACCACCACCAAAGCCCGCAGAGC

GGCATAAGGACGACAGCAGGGGTCTTGTGCTTCCTGGGTACAAGTACCTCGGAC

CCTTCAACGGACTCGACAAGGGAGAGCCGGTCAACGAGGCAGACGCCGCGGCCC

TCGAGCACGACAAAGCCTACGACCGGCAGCTCGACAGCGGAGACAACCCGTACC

TCAAGTACAACCACGCCGACGCGGAGTTTCAGGAGCGCCTTAAAGAAGATACGT

CTTTTGGGGGCAACCTCGGACGAGCAGTCTTCCAGGCGAAAAAGAGGGTTCTTG

AACCTCTGGGCCTGGTTGAGGAACCTGTTAAGACGGCTCCGGGAAAAAAGAGGC

CGGTAGAGCACTCTCCTGTGGAGCCAGACTCCTCCTCGGGAACCGGAAAGGCGG

GCCAGCAGCCTGCAAGAAAAAGATTGAATTTTGGTCAGACTGGAGACGCAGACT

CAGTACCTGACCCCCAGCCTCTCGGACAGCCACCAGCAGCCCCCTCTGGTCTGGG

AACTAATACGATGGCTACAGGCAGTGGCGCACCAATGGCAGACAATAACGAGGG

CGCCGACGGAGTGGGTAATTCCTCGGGAAATTGGCATTGCGATTCCACATGGATG

GGCGACAGAGTCATCACCACCAGCACCCGAACCTGGGCCCTGCCCACCTACAAC

AACCACCTCTACAAACAAATTTCCAGCCAATCAGGAGCCTCGAACGACAATCAC

TACTTTGGCTACAGCACCCCTTGGGGGTATTTTGACTTCAACAGATTCCACTGCC

ACTTTTCACCACGTGACTGGCAAAGACTCATCAACAACAACTGGGGATTCCGACC

CAAGAGACTCAACTTCAAGCTCTTTAACATTCAAGTCAAAGAGGTCACGCAGAA TGACGGTACGACGACGATTGCCAATAACCTTACCAGCACGGTTCAGGTGTTTACT

GACTCGGAGTACCAGCTCCCGTACGTCCTCGGCTCGGCGCATCAAGGATGCCTCC

CGCCGTTCCCAGCAGACGTCTTCATGGTGCCACAGTATGGATACCTCACCCTGAA

CAACGGGAGTCAGGCAGTAGGACGCTCTTCATTTTACTGCCTGGAGTACTTTCCT

TCTCAGATGCTGCGTACCGGAAACAACTTTACCTTCAGCTACACTTTTGAGGACG

TTCCTTTCCACAGCAGCTACGCTCACAGCCAGAGTCTGGACCGTCTCATGAATCC

TCTCATCGACCAGTACCTGTATTACTTGAGCAGAACAAACACTCCAAGTGGAACC

ACCACGCAGTCAAGGCTTCAGTTTTCTCAGGCCGGAGCGAGTGACATTCGGGACC

AGTCTAGGAACTGGCTTCCTGGACCCTGTTACCGCCAGCAGCGAGTATCAAAGAC

ATCTGCGGATAACAACAACAGTGAATACTCGTGGACTGGAGCTACCAAGTACCA

CCTCAATGGCAGAGACTCTCTGGTGAATCCGGGCCCGGCCATGGCAAGCCACAA

GGACGATGAAGAAAAGTTTTTTCCTCAGAGCGGGGTTCTCATCTTTGGGAAGCAA

GGCTC AGAGAAAAC AAAT GT GGAC ATTGAAAAGGT CAT GATT AC AGACGAAGAG

GAAATCAGGACAACCAATCCCGTGGCTACGGAGCAGTATGGTTCTGTATCTACCA

ACCTCCAGAGAGGCAACACCGGTAAACTGGGCGACATAGAGTTTATCAAGGT

GAACAAAGGCTTAAGTAGACAAGCAGCTACCGCAGATGTCAACACACAAGGCG

TTCTTCCAGGCATGGTCTGGCAGGACAGAGATGTGTACCTTCAGGGGCCCATCTG

GGCAAAGATTCCACACACGGACGGACATTTTCACCCCTCTCCCCTCATGGGTGGA

TTCGGACTTAAACACCCTCCTCCACAGATTCTCATCAAGAACACCCCGGTACCTG

CGAATCCTTCGACCACCTTCAGTGCGGCAAAGTTTGCTTCCTTCATCACACAGTA

CTCCACGGGACAGGTCAGCGTGGAGATCGAGTGGGAGCTGCAGAAGGAAAACA

GCAAACGCTGGAATCCCGAAATTCAGTACACTTCCAACTACAACAAGTCTGTTAA

TGTGGACTTTACTGTGGACACTAATGGCGTGTATTCAGAGCCTCGCCCCATTGGC

ACCAGATACCTGACTCGTAATCTGTA

SEQ ID NO:3: Part of sequence including the insert (underlined) of AAV2-453-SPYTAG (no linkers):

ATGGCTGCCGATGGTTATCTTCCAGATTGGCTCGAGGACACTCTCTCTGAAGGAA

TAAGACAGTGGTGGAAGCTCAAACCTGGCCCACCACCACCAAAGCCCGCAGAGC

GGCATAAGGACGACAGCAGGGGTCTTGTGCTTCCTGGGTACAAGTACCTCGGAC

CCTTCAACGGACTCGACAAGGGAGAGCCGGTCAACGAGGCAGACGCCGCGGCCC

TCGAGCACGACAAAGCCTACGACCGGCAGCTCGACAGCGGAGACAACCCGTACC

TCAAGTACAACCACGCCGACGCGGAGTTTCAGGAGCGCCTTAAAGAAGATACGT

CTTTTGGGGGCAACCTCGGACGAGCAGTCTTCCAGGCGAAAAAGAGGGTTCTTG

AACCTCTGGGCCTGGTTGAGGAACCTGTTAAGACGGCTCCGGGAAAAAAGAGGC

CGGTAGAGCACTCTCCTGTGGAGCCAGACTCCTCCTCGGGAACCGGAAAGGCGG

GCCAGCAGCCTGCAAGAAAAAGATTGAATTTTGGTCAGACTGGAGACGCAGACT

CAGTACCTGACCCCCAGCCTCTCGGACAGCCACCAGCAGCCCCCTCTGGTCTGGG

AACTAATACGATGGCTACAGGCAGTGGCGCACCAATGGCAGACAATAACGAGGG

CGCCGACGGAGTGGGTAATTCCTCGGGAAATTGGCATTGCGATTCCACATGGATG

GGCGACAGAGTCATCACCACCAGCACCCGAACCTGGGCCCTGCCCACCTACAAC

AACCACCTCTACAAACAAATTTCCAGCCAATCAGGAGCCTCGAACGACAATCAC

TACTTTGGCTACAGCACCCCTTGGGGGTATTTTGACTTCAACAGATTCCACTGCC

ACTTTTCACCACGTGACTGGCAAAGACTCATCAACAACAACTGGGGATTCCGACC

CAAGAGACTCAACTTCAAGCTCTTTAACATTCAAGTCAAAGAGGTCACGCAGAA

TGACGGTACGACGACGATTGCCAATAACCTTACCAGCACGGTTCAGGTGTTTACT

GACTCGGAGTACCAGCTCCCGTACGTCCTCGGCTCGGCGCATCAAGGATGCCTCC

CGCCGTTCCCAGCAGACGTCTTCATGGTGCCACAGTATGGATACCTCACCCTGAA CAACGGGAGTCAGGCAGTAGGACGCTCTTCATTTTACTGCCTGGAGTACTTTCCT

TCTCAGATGCTGCGTACCGGAAACAACTTTACCTTCAGCTACACTTTTGAGGACG

TTCCTTTCCACAGCAGCTACGCTCACAGCCAGAGTCTGGACCGTCTCATGAATCC

TCTCATCGACCAGTACCTGTATTACTTGAGCAGAACAAACACTCCAAGTGGAGC

CCACATCGTGATGGTGGACGCCTACAAGCCGACGAAGACCACCACGCAGTCA

AGGCTTCAGTTTTCTCAGGCCGGAGCGAGTGACATTCGGGACCAGTCTAGGAACT

GGCTTCCTGGACCCTGTTACCGCCAGCAGCGAGTATCAAAGACATCTGCGGATAA

CAACAACAGTGAATACTCGTGGACTGGAGCTACCAAGTACCACCTCAATGGCAG

AGACTCTCTGGTGAATCCGGGCCCGGCCATGGCAAGCCACAAGGACGATGAAGA

AAAGTTTTTTCCTCAGAGCGGGGTTCTCATCTTTGGGAAGCAAGGCTCAGAGAAA

AC AA AT GT GGAC ATT GAAAAGGT CAT GATT AC AGACGAAGAGGAAAT C AGGAC A

ACCAATCCCGTGGCTACGGAGCAGTATGGTTCTGTATCTACCAACCTCCAGAGAG

GCAACAGACAAGCAGCTACCGCAGATGTCAACACACAAGGCGTTCTTCCAGGCA

TGGTCTGGCAGGACAGAGATGTGTACCTTCAGGGGCCCATCTGGGCAAAGATTC

CACACACGGACGGACATTTTCACCCCTCTCCCCTCATGGGTGGATTCGGACTTAA

ACACCCTCCTCCACAGATTCTCATCAAGAACACCCCGGTACCTGCGAATCCTTCG

ACCACCTTCAGTGCGGCAAAGTTTGCTTCCTTCATCACACAGTACTCCACGGGAC

AGGTCAGCGTGGAGATCGAGTGGGAGCTGCAGAAGGAAAACAGCAAACGCTGG

AATCCCGAAATTCAGTACACTTCCAACTACAACAAGTCTGTTAATGTGGACTTTA

CTGTGGACACTAATGGCGTGTATTCAGAGCCTCGCCCCATTGGCACCAGATACCT

GACTCGTAATCTGTA

SEQ ID NO:4: Part of sequence including the insert (underlined) of AAV2-453-SPYTAG (with TG GLS linkers):

ATGGCTGCCGATGGTTATCTTCCAGATTGGCTCGAGGACACTCTCTCTGAAGGAA

TAAGACAGTGGTGGAAGCTCAAACCTGGCCCACCACCACCAAAGCCCGCAGAGC

GGCATAAGGACGACAGCAGGGGTCTTGTGCTTCCTGGGTACAAGTACCTCGGAC

CCTTCAACGGACTCGACAAGGGAGAGCCGGTCAACGAGGCAGACGCCGCGGCCC

TCGAGCACGACAAAGCCTACGACCGGCAGCTCGACAGCGGAGACAACCCGTACC

TCAAGTACAACCACGCCGACGCGGAGTTTCAGGAGCGCCTTAAAGAAGATACGT

CTTTTGGGGGCAACCTCGGACGAGCAGTCTTCCAGGCGAAAAAGAGGGTTCTTG

AACCTCTGGGCCTGGTTGAGGAACCTGTTAAGACGGCTCCGGGAAAAAAGAGGC

CGGTAGAGCACTCTCCTGTGGAGCCAGACTCCTCCTCGGGAACCGGAAAGGCGG

GCCAGCAGCCTGCAAGAAAAAGATTGAATTTTGGTCAGACTGGAGACGCAGACT

CAGTACCTGACCCCCAGCCTCTCGGACAGCCACCAGCAGCCCCCTCTGGTCTGGG

AACTAATACGATGGCTACAGGCAGTGGCGCACCAATGGCAGACAATAACGAGGG

CGCCGACGGAGTGGGTAATTCCTCGGGAAATTGGCATTGCGATTCCACATGGATG

GGCGACAGAGTCATCACCACCAGCACCCGAACCTGGGCCCTGCCCACCTACAAC

AACCACCTCTACAAACAAATTTCCAGCCAATCAGGAGCCTCGAACGACAATCAC

TACTTTGGCTACAGCACCCCTTGGGGGTATTTTGACTTCAACAGATTCCACTGCC

ACTTTTCACCACGTGACTGGCAAAGACTCATCAACAACAACTGGGGATTCCGACC

CAAGAGACTCAACTTCAAGCTCTTTAACATTCAAGTCAAAGAGGTCACGCAGAA

TGACGGTACGACGACGATTGCCAATAACCTTACCAGCACGGTTCAGGTGTTTACT

GACTCGGAGTACCAGCTCCCGTACGTCCTCGGCTCGGCGCATCAAGGATGCCTCC

CGCCGTTCCCAGCAGACGTCTTCATGGTGCCACAGTATGGATACCTCACCCTGAA

CAACGGGAGTCAGGCAGTAGGACGCTCTTCATTTTACTGCCTGGAGTACTTTCCT

TCTCAGATGCTGCGTACCGGAAACAACTTTACCTTCAGCTACACTTTTGAGGACG

TTCCTTTCCACAGCAGCTACGCTCACAGCCAGAGTCTGGACCGTCTCATGAATCC

TCTCATCGACCAGTACCTGTATTACTTGAGCAGAACAAACACTCCAAGTGGAACC GGTGCCCACATCGTGATGGTGGACGCCTACAAGCCGACGAAGGGCTTAAGT

ACCACCACGCAGTCAAGGCTTCAGTTTTCTCAGGCCGGAGCGAGTGACATTCGGG

ACCAGTCTAGGAACTGGCTTCCTGGACCCTGTTACCGCCAGCAGCGAGTATCAAA

GACATCTGCGGATAACAACAACAGTGAATACTCGTGGACTGGAGCTACCAAGTA

CCACCTCAATGGCAGAGACTCTCTGGTGAATCCGGGCCCGGCCATGGCAAGCCA

CAAGGACGATGAAGAAAAGTTTTTTCCTCAGAGCGGGGTTCTCATCTTTGGGAAG

CAAGGCTCAGAGAAAACAAATGTGGACATTGAAAAGGTCATGATTACAGACGAA

GAGGAAATCAGGACAACCAATCCCGTGGCTACGGAGCAGTATGGTTCTGTATCT

ACCAACCTCCAGAGAGGCAACAGACAAGCAGCTACCGCAGATGTCAACACACAA

GGCGTTCTTCCAGGCATGGTCTGGCAGGACAGAGATGTGTACCTTCAGGGGCCCA

TCTGGGCAAAGATTCCACACACGGACGGACATTTTCACCCCTCTCCCCTCATGGG

TGGATTCGGACTTAAACACCCTCCTCCACAGATTCTCATCAAGAACACCCCGGTA

CCTGCGAATCCTTCGACCACCTTCAGTGCGGCAAAGTTTGCTTCCTTCATCACAC

AGTACTCCACGGGACAGGTCAGCGTGGAGATCGAGTGGGAGCTGCAGAAGGAA

AACAGCAAACGCTGGAATCCCGAAATTCAGTACACTTCCAACTACAACAAGTCT

GTTAATGTGGACTTTACTGTGGACACTAATGGCGTGTATTCAGAGCCTCGCCCCA

TTGGCACCAGATACCTGACTCGTAATCTGTA

SEQ ID NO:5: Part of sequence including the insert (underlined) in C terminus of VP2- SPYTAG (with a GSGGSGGSG linker):

AGGCCGGTAGAGCACTCTCCTGTGGAGCCAGACTCCTCCTCGGGAACCGGAAAG

GCGGGCCAGCAGCCTGCAAGAAAAAGATTGAATTTTGGTCAGACTGGAGACGCA

GACTCAGTACCTGACCCCCAGCCTCTCGGACAGCCACCAGCAGCCCCCTCTGGTC

TGGGAACTAATACGATGGCTACAGGCAGTGGCGCACCAATGGCAGACAATAACG

AGGGCGCCGACGGAGTGGGTAATTCCTCGGGAAATTGGCATTGCGATTCCACAT

GGATGGGCGACAGAGTCACCACCACCAGCACCCGAACCTGGGCCCTGCCCACCT

ACAACAACCACCTCTACAAACAAATTTCCAGCCAATCAGGAGCCTCGAACGACA

ATCACTACTTTGGCTACAGCACCCCTTGGGGGTATTTTGACTTCAACAGATTCCA

CTGCCACTTTTCACCACGTGACTGGCAAAGACTCATCAACAACAACTGGGGATTC

CGACCCAAGAGACTCAACTTCAAGCTCTTTAACATTCAAGTCAAAGAGGTCACGC

AGAATGACGGTACGACGACGATTGCCAATAACCTTACCAGCACGGTTCAGGTGT

TTACTGACTCGGAGTACCAGCTCCCGTACGTCCTCGGCTCGGCGCATCAAGGATG

CCTCCCGCCGTTCCCAGCAGACGTCTTCATGGTGCCACAGTATGGATACCTCACC

CTGAACAACGGGAGTCAGGCAGTAGGACGCTCTTCATTTTACTGCCTGGAGTACT

TTCCTTCTCAGATGCTGCGTACCGGAAACAACTTTACCTTCAGCTACACTTTTGAG

GACGTTCCTTTCCACAGCAGCTACGCTCACAGCCAGAGTCTGGACCGTCTCATGA

ATCCTCTCATCGACCAGTACCTGTATTACTTGAGCAGAACAAACACTCCAAGTGG

AACCACCACGCAGTCAAGGCTTCAGTTTTCTCAGGCCGGAGCGAGTGACATTCGG

GACCAGTCTAGGAACTGGCTTCCTGGACCCTGTTACCGCCAGCAGCGAGTATCAA

AGACATCTGCGGATAACAACAACAGTGAATACTCGTGGACTGGAGCTACCAAGT

ACCACCTCAATGGCAGAGACTCTCTGGTGAATCCGGGCCCGGCCATGGCAAGCC

ACAAGGACGATGAAGAAAAGTTTTTTCCTCAGAGCGGGGTTCTCATCTTTGGGAA

GCAAGGCTCAGAGAAAACAAATGTGGACATTGAAAAGGTCATGATTACAGACGA

AGAGGAAATCAGGACAACCAATCCCGTGGCTACGGAGCAGTATGGTTCTGTATC

TACCAACCTCCAGAGAGGCAACAGACAAGCAGCTACCGCAGATGTCAACACACA

AGGCGTTCTTCCAGGCATGGTCTGGCAGGACAGAGATGTGTACCTTCAGGGGCCC

ATCTGGGCAAAGATTCCACACACGGACGGACATTTTCACCCCTCTCCCCTCATGG

GTGGATTCGGACTTAAACACCCTCCTCCACAGATTCTCATCAAGAACACCCCGGT

ACCTGCGAATCCTTCGACCACCTTCAGTGCGGCAAAGTTTGCTTCCTTCATCACA C AGT AC TC C ACGGGAC AGGT C AGCGT GGAGAT CGAGT GGGAGCTGC AGAAGGAA

AACAGCAAACGCTGGAATCCCGAAATTCAGTACACTTCCAACTACAACAAGTCT

GTTAATGTGGACTTTACTGTGGACACTAATGGCGTGTATTCAGAGCCTCGCCCCA

TTGGCACCAGATACCTGACTCGTAATCTGGGCAGCGGCGGCAGCGGCGGCAG

CGGCGCCCACATCGTGATGGTGGACGCCTACAAGCCGACGAAG

SEQ ID NO:6: Part of sequence including the insert (underlined) in C terminus of VP2- SNOOPTAG (with a GSGGSGGSG linker):

AGGCCGGTAGAGCACTCTCCTGTGGAGCCAGACTCCTCCTCGGGAACCGGAAAG

GCGGGCCAGCAGCCTGCAAGAAAAAGATTGAATTTTGGTCAGACTGGAGACGCA

GACTCAGTACCTGACCCCCAGCCTCTCGGACAGCCACCAGCAGCCCCCTCTGGTC

TGGGAACTAATACGATGGCTACAGGCAGTGGCGCACCAATGGCAGACAATAACG

AGGGCGCCGACGGAGTGGGTAATTCCTCGGGAAATTGGCATTGCGATTCCACAT

GGATGGGCGACAGAGTCACCACCACCAGCACCCGAACCTGGGCCCTGCCCACCT

ACAACAACCACCTCTACAAACAAATTTCCAGCCAATCAGGAGCCTCGAACGACA

ATCACTACTTTGGCTACAGCACCCCTTGGGGGTATTTTGACTTCAACAGATTCCA

CTGCCACTTTTCACCACGTGACTGGCAAAGACTCATCAACAACAACTGGGGATTC

CGACCCAAGAGACTCAACTTCAAGCTCTTTAACATTCAAGTCAAAGAGGTCACGC

AGAATGACGGTACGACGACGATTGCCAATAACCTTACCAGCACGGTTCAGGTGT

TTACTGACTCGGAGTACCAGCTCCCGTACGTCCTCGGCTCGGCGCATCAAGGATG

CCTCCCGCCGTTCCCAGCAGACGTCTTCATGGTGCCACAGTATGGATACCTCACC

CTGAACAACGGGAGTCAGGCAGTAGGACGCTCTTCATTTTACTGCCTGGAGTACT

TTCCTTCTCAGATGCTGCGTACCGGAAACAACTTTACCTTCAGCTACACTTTTGAG

GACGTTCCTTTCCACAGCAGCTACGCTCACAGCCAGAGTCTGGACCGTCTCATGA

ATCCTCTCATCGACCAGTACCTGTATTACTTGAGCAGAACAAACACTCCAAGTGG

AACCACCACGCAGTCAAGGCTTCAGTTTTCTCAGGCCGGAGCGAGTGACATTCGG

GACCAGTCTAGGAACTGGCTTCCTGGACCCTGTTACCGCCAGCAGCGAGTATCAA

AGACATCTGCGGATAACAACAACAGTGAATACTCGTGGACTGGAGCTACCAAGT

ACCACCTCAATGGCAGAGACTCTCTGGTGAATCCGGGCCCGGCCATGGCAAGCC

ACAAGGACGATGAAGAAAAGTTTTTTCCTCAGAGCGGGGTTCTCATCTTTGGGAA

GC A AGGCTC AGAGA AAAC AAAT GT GGAC ATT GAAAAGGT CAT GATT AC AGAC GA

AGAGGAAATCAGGACAACCAATCCCGTGGCTACGGAGCAGTATGGTTCTGTATC

TACCAACCTCCAGAGAGGCAACAGACAAGCAGCTACCGCAGATGTCAACACACA

AGGCGTTCTTCCAGGCATGGTCTGGCAGGACAGAGATGTGTACCTTCAGGGGCCC

ATCTGGGCAAAGATTCCACACACGGACGGACATTTTCACCCCTCTCCCCTCATGG

GTGGATTCGGACTTAAACACCCTCCTCCACAGATTCTCATCAAGAACACCCCGGT

ACCTGCGAATCCTTCGACCACCTTCAGTGCGGCAAAGTTTGCTTCCTTCATCACA

C AGT AC TC C ACGGGAC AGGT C AGCGT GGAGAT CGAGT GGGAGCTGC AGAAGGAA

AACAGCAAACGCTGGAATCCCGAAATTCAGTACACTTCCAACTACAACAAGTCT

GTTAATGTGGACTTTACTGTGGACACTAATGGCGTGTATTCAGAGCCTCGCCCCA

TTGGCACCAGATACCTGACTCGTAATCTGGGCAGCGGCGGCAGCGGCGGCAG

CGGCAAACTGGGCGACATAGAGTTTATCAAGGTGAACAAA

SEQ ID NO:7: Part of sequence including the insert (underlined) of AAV2-588- SPYTAG002 (with TG GLS linkers):

ATGGCTGCCGATGGTTATCTTCCAGATTGGCTCGAGGACACTCTCTCTGAAGGAA

TAAGACAGTGGTGGAAGCTCAAACCTGGCCCACCACCACCAAAGCCCGCAGAGC

GGCATAAGGACGACAGCAGGGGTCTTGTGCTTCCTGGGTACAAGTACCTCGGAC CCTTCAACGGACTCGACAAGGGAGAGCCGGTCAACGAGGCAGACGCCGCGGCCC

TCGAGCACGACAAAGCCTACGACCGGCAGCTCGACAGCGGAGACAACCCGTACC

TCAAGTACAACCACGCCGACGCGGAGTTTCAGGAGCGCCTTAAAGAAGATACGT

CTTTTGGGGGCAACCTCGGACGAGCAGTCTTCCAGGCGAAAAAGAGGGTTCTTG

AACCTCTGGGCCTGGTTGAGGAACCTGTTAAGACGGCTCCGGGAAAAAAGAGGC

CGGTAGAGCACTCTCCTGTGGAGCCAGACTCCTCCTCGGGAACCGGAAAGGCGG

GCCAGCAGCCTGCAAGAAAAAGATTGAATTTTGGTCAGACTGGAGACGCAGACT

CAGTACCTGACCCCCAGCCTCTCGGACAGCCACCAGCAGCCCCCTCTGGTCTGGG

AACTAATACGATGGCTACAGGCAGTGGCGCACCAATGGCAGACAATAACGAGGG

CGCCGACGGAGTGGGTAATTCCTCGGGAAATTGGCATTGCGATTCCACATGGATG

GGCGACAGAGTCATCACCACCAGCACCCGAACCTGGGCCCTGCCCACCTACAAC

AACCACCTCTACAAACAAATTTCCAGCCAATCAGGAGCCTCGAACGACAATCAC

TACTTTGGCTACAGCACCCCTTGGGGGTATTTTGACTTCAACAGATTCCACTGCC

ACTTTTCACCACGTGACTGGCAAAGACTCATCAACAACAACTGGGGATTCCGACC

CAAGAGACTCAACTTCAAGCTCTTTAACATTCAAGTCAAAGAGGTCACGCAGAA

TGACGGTACGACGACGATTGCCAATAACCTTACCAGCACGGTTCAGGTGTTTACT

GACTCGGAGTACCAGCTCCCGTACGTCCTCGGCTCGGCGCATCAAGGATGCCTCC

CGCCGTTCCCAGCAGACGTCTTCATGGTGCCACAGTATGGATACCTCACCCTGAA

CAACGGGAGTCAGGCAGTAGGACGCTCTTCATTTTACTGCCTGGAGTACTTTCCT

TCTCAGATGCTGCGTACCGGAAACAACTTTACCTTCAGCTACACTTTTGAGGACG

TTCCTTTCCACAGCAGCTACGCTCACAGCCAGAGTCTGGACCGTCTCATGAATCC

TCTCATCGACCAGTACCTGTATTACTTGAGCAGAACAAACACTCCAAGTGGAACC

ACCACGCAGTCAAGGCTTCAGTTTTCTCAGGCCGGAGCGAGTGACATTCGGGACC

AGTCTAGGAACTGGCTTCCTGGACCCTGTTACCGCCAGCAGCGAGTATCAAAGAC

ATCTGCGGATAACAACAACAGTGAATACTCGTGGACTGGAGCTACCAAGTACCA

CCTCAATGGCAGAGACTCTCTGGTGAATCCGGGCCCGGCCATGGCAAGCCACAA

GGACGATGAAGAAAAGTTTTTTCCTCAGAGCGGGGTTCTCATCTTTGGGAAGCAA

GGCTC AGAGAAAAC AAAT GT GGAC ATTGAAAAGGT CAT GATT AC AGACGAAGAG

GAAATCAGGACAACCAATCCCGTGGCTACGGAGCAGTATGGTTCTGTATCTACCA

ACCTCCAGAGAGGCAACACCGGTGTGCCTACTATCGTGATGGTGGACGCCTA

CAAGCGTTACAAGGGCTTAAGTAGACAAGCAGCTACCGCAGATGTCAACACAC

AAGGCGTTCTTCCAGGCATGGTCTGGCAGGACAGAGATGTGTACCTTCAGGGGC

CCATCTGGGCAAAGATTCCACACACGGACGGACATTTTCACCCCTCTCCCCTCAT

GGGTGGATTCGGACTTAAACACCCTCCTCCACAGATTCTCATCAAGAACACCCCG

GTACCTGCGAATCCTTCGACCACCTTCAGTGCGGCAAAGTTTGCTTCCTTCATCAC

ACAGTACTCCACGGGACAGGTCAGCGTGGAGATCGAGTGGGAGCTGCAGAAGGA

AAACAGCAAACGCTGGAATCCCGAAATTCAGTACACTTCCAACTACAACAAGTC

TGTTAATGTGGACTTTACTGTGGACACTAATGGCGTGTATTCAGAGCCTCGCCCC

ATTGGCACCAGATACCTGACTCGTAATCTGTA

SEQ ID NO:8: Part of sequence including the insert (underlined) of AAV2-453- SPYTAG002 (with TG GLS linkers):

ATGGCTGCCGATGGTTATCTTCCAGATTGGCTCGAGGACACTCTCTCTGAAGGAA

TAAGACAGTGGTGGAAGCTCAAACCTGGCCCACCACCACCAAAGCCCGCAGAGC

GGCATAAGGACGACAGCAGGGGTCTTGTGCTTCCTGGGTACAAGTACCTCGGAC

CCTTCAACGGACTCGACAAGGGAGAGCCGGTCAACGAGGCAGACGCCGCGGCCC

TCGAGCACGACAAAGCCTACGACCGGCAGCTCGACAGCGGAGACAACCCGTACC

TCAAGTACAACCACGCCGACGCGGAGTTTCAGGAGCGCCTTAAAGAAGATACGT

CTTTTGGGGGCAACCTCGGACGAGCAGTCTTCCAGGCGAAAAAGAGGGTTCTTG AACCTCTGGGCCTGGTTGAGGAACCTGTTAAGACGGCTCCGGGAAAAAAGAGGC

CGGTAGAGCACTCTCCTGTGGAGCCAGACTCCTCCTCGGGAACCGGAAAGGCGG

GCCAGCAGCCTGCAAGAAAAAGATTGAATTTTGGTCAGACTGGAGACGCAGACT

CAGTACCTGACCCCCAGCCTCTCGGACAGCCACCAGCAGCCCCCTCTGGTCTGGG

AACTAATACGATGGCTACAGGCAGTGGCGCACCAATGGCAGACAATAACGAGGG

CGCCGACGGAGTGGGTAATTCCTCGGGAAATTGGCATTGCGATTCCACATGGATG

GGCGACAGAGTCATCACCACCAGCACCCGAACCTGGGCCCTGCCCACCTACAAC

AACCACCTCTACAAACAAATTTCCAGCCAATCAGGAGCCTCGAACGACAATCAC

TACTTTGGCTACAGCACCCCTTGGGGGTATTTTGACTTCAACAGATTCCACTGCC

ACTTTTCACCACGTGACTGGCAAAGACTCATCAACAACAACTGGGGATTCCGACC

CAAGAGACTCAACTTCAAGCTCTTTAACATTCAAGTCAAAGAGGTCACGCAGAA

TGACGGTACGACGACGATTGCCAATAACCTTACCAGCACGGTTCAGGTGTTTACT

GACTCGGAGTACCAGCTCCCGTACGTCCTCGGCTCGGCGCATCAAGGATGCCTCC

CGCCGTTCCCAGCAGACGTCTTCATGGTGCCACAGTATGGATACCTCACCCTGAA

CAACGGGAGTCAGGCAGTAGGACGCTCTTCATTTTACTGCCTGGAGTACTTTCCT

TCTCAGATGCTGCGTACCGGAAACAACTTTACCTTCAGCTACACTTTTGAGGACG

TTCCTTTCCACAGCAGCTACGCTCACAGCCAGAGTCTGGACCGTCTCATGAATCC

TCTCATCGACCAGTACCTGTATTACTTGAGCAGAACAAACACTCCAAGTGGAACC

GGTGTGCCTACTATCGTGATGGTGGACGCCTACAAGCGTTACAAGGGCTTA

AGTACCACCACGCAGTCAAGGCTTCAGTTTTCTCAGGCCGGAGCGAGTGACATTC

GGGACCAGTCTAGGAACTGGCTTCCTGGACCCTGTTACCGCCAGCAGCGAGTATC

AAAGAC ATCTGCGGATAAC AAC AAC AGT GAAT ACTCGT GGACTGGAGCT ACC AA

GTACCACCTCAATGGCAGAGACTCTCTGGTGAATCCGGGCCCGGCCATGGCAAG

CCACAAGGACGATGAAGAAAAGTTTTTTCCTCAGAGCGGGGTTCTCATCTTTGGG

AAGCAAGGCTCAGAGAAAACAAATGTGGACATTGAAAAGGTCATGATTACAGAC

GAAGAGGAAATCAGGACAACCAATCCCGTGGCTACGGAGCAGTATGGTTCTGTA

TCTACCAACCTCCAGAGAGGCAACAGACAAGCAGCTACCGCAGATGTCAACACA

C AAGGCGTT CTTC C AGGC AT GGTC T GGC AGGAC AGAGAT GT GT ACC TT C AGGGG

CCCATCTGGGCAAAGATTCCACACACGGACGGACATTTTCACCCCTCTCCCCTCA

TGGGTGGATTCGGACTTAAACACCCTCCTCCACAGATTCTCATCAAGAACACCCC

GGTACCTGCGAATCCTTCGACCACCTTCAGTGCGGCAAAGTTTGCTTCCTTCATC

ACACAGTACTCCACGGGACAGGTCAGCGTGGAGATCGAGTGGGAGCTGCAGAAG

GAAAACAGCAAACGCTGGAATCCCGAAATTCAGTACACTTCCAACTACAACAAG

TCTGTTAATGTGGACTTTACTGTGGACACTAATGGCGTGTATTCAGAGCCTCGCC

CCATTGGCACCAGATACCTGACTCGTAATCTGTA

SEQ ID NO:9: SpyCatcher-VP2 (with SpyCatcher and a long flexible linker underlined): GCCACCATGGGCTCAGGTGATAGTGCTACCCATATTAAATTCTCAAAACGTG

ATGAGGACGGCAAAGAGTTAGCTGGTGCAACTATGGAGTTGCGTGATTCAT

CTGGTAAAACTATTAGTACATGGATTTCAGATGGACAAGTGAAAGATTTCTA

CCTGTATCCAGGAAAATATACATTTGTCGAAACCGCAGCACCAGACGGTTAT

GAGGTAGCAACTGCTATTACCTTTACAGTTAATGAGCAAGGTCAGGTTACTG

TAAATGGCAAAGCAACTAAAGGTGACGCTCATATTTCAGGTGGTGGCGGTT

CAGGCGGAGGTGGCTCTGGCGGTGGCGGATCGGCTCCGGGAAAAAAGAGGC

CGGTAGAGCACTCTCCTGTGGAGCCAGACTCCTCCTCGGGAACCGGAAAGGCGG

GCCAGCAGCCTGCAAGAAAAAGATTGAATTTTGGTCAGACTGGAGACGCAGACT

CAGTACCTGACCCCCAGCCTCTCGGACAGCCACCAGCAGCCCCCTCTGGTCTGGG

AACTAATACGATGGCTACAGGCAGTGGCGCACCAATGGCAGACAATAACGAGGG

CGCCGACGGAGTGGGTAATTCCTCGGGAAATTGGCATTGCGATTCCACATGGATG GGCGACAGAGTCATCACCACCAGCACCCGAACCTGGGCCCTGCCCACCTACAAC

AACCACCTCTACAAACAAATTTCCAGCCAATCAGGAGCCTCGAACGACAATCAC

TACTTTGGCTACAGCACCCCTTGGGGGTATTTTGACTTCAACAGATTCCACTGCC

ACTTTTCACCACGTGACTGGCAAAGACTCATCAACAACAACTGGGGATTCCGACC

CAAGAGACTCAACTTCAAGCTCTTTAACATTCAAGTCAAAGAGGTCACGCAGAA

TGACGGTACGACGACGATTGCCAATAACCTTACCAGCACGGTTCAGGTGTTTACT

GACTCGGAGTACCAGCTCCCGTACGTCCTCGGCTCGGCGCATCAAGGATGCCTCC

CGCCGTTCCCAGCAGACGTCTTCATGGTGCCACAGTATGGATACCTCACCCTGAA

CAACGGGAGTCAGGCAGTAGGACGCTCTTCATTTTACTGCCTGGAGTACTTTCCT

TCTCAGATGCTGCGTACCGGAAACAACTTTACCTTCAGCTACACTTTTGAGGACG

TTCCTTTCCACAGCAGCTACGCTCACAGCCAGAGTCTGGACCGTCTCATGAATCC

TCTCATCGACCAGTACCTGTATTACTTGAGCAGAACAAACACTCCAAGTGGAACC

ACCACGCAGTCAAGGCTTCAGTTTTCTCAGGCCGGAGCGAGTGACATTCGGGACC

AGTCTAGGAACTGGCTTCCTGGACCCTGTTACCGCCAGCAGCGAGTATCAAAGAC

ATCTGCGGATAACAACAACAGTGAATACTCGTGGACTGGAGCTACCAAGTACCA

CCTCAATGGCAGAGACTCTCTGGTGAATCCGGGCCCGGCCATGGCAAGCCACAA

GGACGATGAAGAAAAGTTTTTTCCTCAGAGCGGGGTTCTCATCTTTGGGAAGCAA

GGCTC AGAGAAAAC AAAT GT GGAC ATTGAAAAGGT CAT GATT AC AGACGAAGAG

GAAATCAGGACAACCAATCCCGTGGCTACGGAGCAGTATGGTTCTGTATCTACCA

ACCTCCAGAGAGGCAACAGACAAGCAGCTACCGCAGATGTCAACACACAAGGCG

TTCTTCCAGGCATGGTCTGGCAGGACAGAGATGTGTACCTTCAGGGGCCCATCTG

GGCAAAGATTCCACACACGGACGGACATTTTCACCCCTCTCCCCTCATGGGTGGA

TTCGGACTTAAACACCCTCCTCCACAGATTCTCATCAAGAACACCCCGGTACCTG

CGAATCCTTCGACCACCTTCAGTGCGGCAAAGTTTGCTTCCTTCATCACACAGTA

CTCCACGGGACAGGTCAGCGTGGAGATCGAGTGGGAGCTGCAGAAGGAAAACA

GCAAACGCTGGAATCCCGAAATTCAGTACACTTCCAACTACAACAAGTCTGTTAA

TGTGGACTTTACTGTGGACACTAATGGCGTGTATTCAGAGCCTCGCCCCATTGGC

ACCAGATACCTGACTCGTAATCTGTAA

SEQ ID NO: 10: Cas9-SpyCatcher002 sequence (SpyCatcher002 underlined):

CATCACCATCACCATCACGAGAACCTCTATTTCCAGGGATCTTCTATGAAAATCG

AAGAAGGTAAACTGGTAATCTGGATTAACGGCGATAAAGGCTATAACGGTCTCG

CTGAAGTCGGTAAGAAATTCGAGAAAGATACCGGAATTAAAGTCACCGTTGAGC

ATCCGGATAAACTGGAAGAGAAATTCCCACAGGTTGCGGCAACTGGCGATGGCC

CTGACATTATCTTCTGGGCACACGACCGCTTTGGTGGCTACGCTCAATCTGGCCT

GTTGGCTGAAATCACCCCGGACAAAGCGTTCCAGGACAAGCTGTATCCGTTTACC

TGGGATGCCGTACGTTACAACGGCAAGCTGATTGCTTACCCGATCGCTGTTGAAG

CGTTATCGCTGATTTATAACAAAGATCTGCTGCCGAACCCGCCAAAAACCTGGGA

AGAGATCCCGGCGCTGGATAAAGAACTGAAAGCGAAAGGTAAGAGCGCGCTGA

TGTTCAACCTGCAAGAACCGTACTTCACCTGGCCGCTGATTGCTGCTGACGGGGG

TTATGCGTTCAAGTATGAAAACGGCAAGTACGACATTAAAGACGTGGGCGTGGA

TAACGCTGGCGCGAAAGCGGGTCTGACCTTCCTGGTTGACCTGATTAAAAACAA

ACACATGAATGCAGACACCGATTACTCCATCGCAGAAGCTGCCTTTAATAAAGG

CGAAACAGCGATGACCATCAACGGCCCGTGGGCATGGTCCAACATCGACACCAG

CAAAGTGAATTATGGTGTAACGGTACTGCCGACCTTCAAGGGTCAACCATCCAA

ACCGTTCGTTGGCGTGCTGAGCGCAGGTATTAACGCCGCCAGTCCGAACAAAGA

GCTGGCAAAAGAGTTCCTCGAAAACTATCTGCTGACTGATGAAGGTCTGGAAGC

GGTTAATAAAGACAAACCGCTGGGTGCCGTAGCGCTGAAGTCTTACGAGGAAGA

GTTGGCGAAAGATCCACGTATTGCCGCCACTATGGAAAACGCCCAGAAAGGTGA AATCATGCCGAACATCCCGCAGATGTCCGCTTTCTGGTATGCCGTGCGTACTGCG

GTGATCAACGCCGCCAGCGGTCGTCAGACTGTCGATGAAGCCCTGAAAGACGCG

CAGACTAATTCGAGCTCGAACAACAACAACAATAACAATAACAACAACCTCGGG

ATCGAGGAAAACCTGTACTTCCAATCCAATGCCACCATGGATAAGAAATACTCA

AT AGGC TT AGAT AT C GGC AC AA AT AGC GTC GGAT GGGC GGT GAT C AC T GAT GA A

TATAAGGTTCCGTCTAAAAAGTTCAAGGTTCTGGGAAATACAGACCGCCACAGT

ATCAAAAAAAATCTTATAGGGGCTCTTTTATTTGACAGTGGAGAGACAGCGGAA

GCGACTCGTCTCAAACGGACAGCTCGTAGAAGGTATACACGTCGGAAGAATCGT

ATTTGTTATCTACAGGAGATTTTTTCAAATGAGATGGCGAAAGTAGATGATAGTT

TCTTTCATCGACTTGAAGAGTCTTTTTTGGTGGAAGAAGACAAGAAGCATGAACG

TCATCCTATTTTTGGAAATATAGTAGATGAAGTTGCTTATCATGAGAAATATCCA

ACTATCTATCATCTGCGAAAAAAATTGGTAGATTCTACTGATAAAGCGGATTTGC

GCTTAATCTATTTGGCCTTAGCGCATATGATTAAGTTTCGTGGTCATTTTTTGATT

GAGGGAGATTTAAATCCTGATAATAGTGATGTGGACAAACTATTTATCCAGTTGG

TACAAACCTACAATCAATTATTTGAAGAAAACCCTATTAACGCAAGTGGAGTAG

ATGCTAAAGCGATTCTTTCTGCACGATTGAGTAAATCAAGACGATTAGAAAATCT

CATTGCTCAGCTCCCCGGTGAGAAGAAAAATGGCTTATTTGGGAATCTCATTGCT

TTGTCATTGGGTTTGACCCCTAATTTTAAATCAAATTTTGATTTGGCAGAAGATGC

T AAATT AC AGC TTTC AAAAGAT ACTT AC GAT GAT GATTT AGAT AATTT ATT GGCG

CAAATTGGAGATCAATATGCTGATTTGTTTTTGGCAGCTAAGAATTTATCAGATG

CTATTTTACTTTCAGATATCCTAAGAGTAAATACTGAAATAACTAAGGCTCCCCT

ATCAGCTTCAATGATTAAACGCTACGATGAACATCATCAAGACTTGACTCTTTTA

AAAGCTTTAGTTCGACAACAACTTCCAGAAAAGTATAAAGAAATCTTTTTTGATC

AATCAAAAAACGGATATGCAGGTTATATTGATGGGGGAGCTAGCCAAGAAGAAT

TTT ATAAATTTAT C AAACC AATTTTAGAAAAAAT GGAT GGT ACT GAGGAATTATT

GGT GAAACT AAATCGT GAAGATTTGCTGCGCAAGCAACGGACCTTT GACAACGG

CTCTATTCCCCATCAAATTCACTTGGGTGAGCTGCATGCTATTTTGAGAAGACAA

GAAGACTTTTATCC ATTTTTAAAAGAC AATCGT GAGAAGATT GAAAAAAT CTTGA

CTTTTCGAATTCCTTATTATGTTGGTCCATTGGCGCGTGGCAATAGTCGTTTTGCA

TGGATGACTCGGAAGTCTGAAGAAACAATTACCCCATGGAATTTTGAAGAAGTT

GTCGATAAAGGTGCTTCAGCTCAATCATTTATTGAACGCATGACAAACTTTGATA

AAAATCTTCCAAATGAAAAAGTACTACCAAAACATAGTTTGCTTTATGAGTATTT

TACGGTTTATAACGAATTGACAAAGGTCAAATATGTTACTGAAGGAATGCGAAA

ACCAGCATTTCTTTCAGGTGAACAGAAGAAAGCCATTGTTGATTTACTCTTCAAA

ACAAATCGAAAAGTAACCGTTAAGCAATTAAAAGAAGATTATTTCAAAAAAATA

GAATGTTTTGATAGTGTTGAAATTTCAGGAGTTGAAGATAGATTTAATGCTTCAT

TAGGTACCTACCATGATTTGCTAAAAATTATTAAAGATAAAGATTTTTTGGATAA

TGAAGAAAATGAAGATATCTTAGAGGATATTGTTTTAACATTGACCTTATTTGAA

GATAGGGAGATGATTGAGGAAAGACTTAAAACATATGCTCACCTCTTTGATGAT

AAGGTGATGAAACAGCTTAAACGTCGCCGTTATACTGGTTGGGGACGTTTGTCTC

GAAAATTGATT AAT GGT ATT AGGGAT AAGC AATCTGGC AAAAC AAT ATT AGATTT

TTTGAAATCAGATGGTTTTGCCAATCGCAATTTTATGCAGCTGATCCATGATGAT

AGTTTGACATTTAAAGAAGACATTCAAAAAGCACAAGTGTCTGGACAAGGCGAT

AGTTTACATGAACATATTGCAAATTTAGCTGGTAGCCCTGCTATTAAAAAAGGTA

TTTTAC AGACTGTAAAAGTT GTT GAT GAATTGGT C AAAGTAAT GGGGCGGC AT AA

GCCAGAAAATATCGTTATTGAAATGGCACGTGAAAATCAGACAACTCAAAAGGG

CCAGAAAAATTCGCGAGAGCGTATGAAACGAATCGAAGAAGGTATCAAAGAATT

AGGAAGTCAGATTCTTAAAGAGCATCCTGTTGAAAATACTCAATTGCAAAATGA

AAAGCTCTATCTCTATTATCTCCAAAATGGAAGAGACATGTATGTGGACCAAGAA TTAGATATTAATCGTTTAAGTGATTATGATGTCGATCACATTGTTCCACAAAGTTT

CCTTAAAGACGATTCAATAGACAATAAGGTCTTAACGCGTTCTGATAAAAATCGT

GGT AA AT C GGAT A ACGT T C C AAGT GA AGA AGT AGT C A A A A AGAT GA A A A AC TAT

T GGAGAC AAC TTCT AAAC GCC AAGTT AAT C ACTC AAC GT A AGTTT GAT AATTT AA

CGAAAGCTGAACGTGGAGGTTTGAGTGAACTTGATAAAGCTGGTTTTATCAAAC

GCCAATTGGTTGAAACTCGCCAAATCACTAAGCATGTGGCACAAATTTTGGATAG

TCGCATGAATACTAAATACGATGAAAATGATAAACTTATTCGAGAGGTTAAAGT

GATTACCTTAAAATCTAAATTAGTTTCTGACTTCCGAAAAGATTTCCAATTCTATA

AAGTACGTGAGATTAACAATTACCATCATGCCCATGATGCGTATCTAAATGCCGT

CGTTGGAACTGCTTTGATTAAGAAATATCCAAAACTTGAATCGGAGTTTGTCTAT

GGTGATTATAAAGTTTATGATGTTCGTAAAATGATTGCTAAGTCTGAGCAAGAAA

TAGGCAAAGCAACCGCAAAATATTTCTTTTACTCTAATATCATGAACTTCTTCAA

AACAGAAATTACACTTGCAAATGGAGAGATTCGCAAACGCCCTCTAATCGAAAC

T AAT GGGGAAACT GGAGAA ATT GTC T GGGAT AAAGGGCGAGATTTT GCC AC AGT

GCGC AAAGTATT GTCC AT GCCCCAAGTC AAT ATT GTC AAGAAAAC AGAAGT ACA

GACAGGCGGATTCTCCAAGGAGTCAATTTTACCAAAAAGAAATTCGGACAAGCT

T ATT GCTCGT AAAAAAGAC TGGGATCC AAAAAAAT AT GGT GGTTTT GAT AGTCC A

ACGGTAGCTTATTCAGTCCTAGTGGTTGCTAAGGTGGAAAAAGGGAAATCGAAG

AAGTTAAAATCCGTTAAAGAGTTACTAGGGATCACAATTATGGAAAGAAGTTCC

TTT GAAAAAAATCCGATT GACTTTTTAGAAGCT AAAGGATAT AAGGAAGTTAAA

AAAGACTTAATCATTAAACTACCTAAATATAGTCTTTTTGAGTTAGAAAACGGTC

GTAAACGGATGCTGGCTAGTGCCGGAGAATTACAAAAAGGAAATGAGCTGGCTC

TGCCAAGCAAATATGTGAATTTTTTATATTTAGCTAGTCATTATGAAAAGTTGAA

GGGTAGTCCAGAAGATAACGAACAAAAACAATTGTTTGTGGAGCAGCATAAGCA

TTATTTAGATGAGATTATTGAGCAAATCAGTGAATTTTCTAAGCGTGTTATTTTAG

C AGAT GCC AATTT AGAT AAAGTTCTT AGT GC AT AT AAC A AAC AT AGAGAC A AAC

CAATACGTGAACAAGCAGAAAATATTATTCATTTATTTACGTTGACGAATCTTGG

AGCTCCCGCTGCTTTTAAATATTTTGATACAACAATTGATCGTAAACGATATACG

TCTACAAAAGAAGTTTTAGATGCCACTCTTATCCATCAATCCATCACTGGTCTTTA

T GAAAC ACGC ATTGATTT GAGT CAGCTAGGAGGT GACGGGT CACCT AAGAAAAA

AC GA A AAGTT GAGGAT C C T A A A AAGA A AC GA A AAGTT GAT GGC AGC GGC GGC A

GCGGCGGCAGCGGCGGCGCCATGGTAACCACCTTATCAGGTTTATCAGGTGA

GCAAGGTCCGTCCGGTGATATGACAACTGAAGAAGATAGTGCTACCCATATT

AAATTCTCAAAACGTGATGAGGACGGCCGTGAGTTAGCTGGTGCAACTATG

GAGTTGCGTGATTCATCTGGTAAAACTATTAGTACATGGATTTCAGATGGAC

ATGTGAAGGATTTCTACCTGTATCCAGGAAAATATACATTTGTCGAAACCGC

AGCACCAGACGGTTATGAGGTAGCAACTGCTATTACCTTTACAGTTAATGAGCA

AGGTCAGGTTACTGTAAATGGCGAAGCAACTAAAGGTGACGCTCATACTGGATC

CAGTGGTAGCTAA

SEQ ID NO:ll: mClover (GFP variant)-SpyCatcher002 sequence (SpyCatcher002 underlined):

CATCACCATCACCATCACGAGAACCTCTATTTCCAGGGAGTGAGCAAGGGCGAG

GAGCTGTTCACCGGGGTGGTGCCCATCCTGGTCGAGCTGGACGGCGACGTAAAC

GGCCACAAGTTCAGCGTCCGCGGCGAGGGCGAGGGCGATGCCACCAACGGCAAG

CTGACCCTGAAGTTCATCTGCACCACCGGCAAGCTGCCCGTGCCCTGGCCCACCC

TCGTGACCACCTTCGGCTACGGCGTGGCCTGCTTCAGCCGCTACCCCGACCACAT

GAAGCAGCACGACTTCTTCAAGTCCGCCATGCCCGAAGGCTACGTCCAGGAGCG

CACCATCTCTTTCAAGGACGACGGTACCTACAAGACCCGCGCCGAGGTGAAGTTC GAGGGCGACACCCTGGTGAACCGCATCGAGCTGAAGGGCATCGACTTCAAGGAG

GACGGCAACATCCTGGGGCACAAGCTGGAGTACAACTTCAACAGCCACTACGTC

TATATCACGGCCGACAAGCAGAAGAACTGCATCAAGGCTAACTTCAAGATCCGC

CACAACGTTGAGGACGGCAGCGTGCAGCTCGCCGACCACTACCAGCAGAACACC

CCCATCGGCGACGGCCCCGTGCTGCTGCCCGACAACCACTACCTGAGCCATCAGT

CCAAGCTGAGCAAAGACCCCAACGAGAAGCGCGATCACATGGTCCTGCTGGAGT

TCGTGACCGCCGCCGGGATTACACATGGCATGGACGAGCTGTACAAGGGCAGCG

GCGGCAGCGGCGGCAGCGGCGGCGCCATGGTAACCACCTTATCAGGTTTATC

AGGTGAGCAAGGTCCGTCCGGTGATATGACAACTGAAGAAGATAGTGCTAC

CCATATTAAATTCTCAAAACGTGATGAGGACGGCCGTGAGTTAGCTGGTGCA

ACTATGGAGTTGCGTGATTCATCTGGTAAAACTATTAGTACATGGATTTCAG

ATGGACATGTGAAGGATTTCTACCTGTATCCAGGAAAATATACATTTGTCGA

AACCGCAGCACCAGACGGTTATGAGGTAGCAACTGCTATTACCTTTACAGTTAA T GAGC AAGGT C AGGTT ACTGT AAAT GGCGAAGC AACT AAAGGT GAC GCT CAT AC TGGATCCAGTGGTAGCTAA

SEQ ID NO: 12: UAGAGCGUGAGGAAGUUGAU

SEQ ID NO: 13: AGGCCTTCGCAGCATTCTT

SEQ ID NO: 14: GCAGCACCCCATCTGTTTTC

CLAIM(S):

1. An Adeno- Associated Vims (AAV) comprising an exterior surface, which surface comprises one or more peptide tags that form a bond with a binding- partner, wherein the AAV is a live vims.

2. A conjugate comprising the AAV of claim 1 and at least one polypeptide comprising a first domain which comprises the binding-partner for the tag and a second domain, which comprises a bioactive polypeptide, wherein the AAV and the polypeptide are bound.

3. The conjugate of claim 2, wherein the second domain comprises Cas9.

4. A conjugate comprising at least one AAV of claim 1 (first AAV) and at least one second AAV, which second AAV comprises a second exterior surface, which second exterior surface comprises at least one binding-partner for the tag or for a third linker molecule, wherein the at least one first AAV and the at least one second AAV are bound, and wherein the at least one second AAV is a live vims.

5. The conjugate of claim 4, wherein the first AAV and the second AAV within the conjugate comprise genomes comprising separate respective segments of a transgene, such that the complete transgene can be assembled upon infection of a cell with the conjugate.

6. The conjugate of claim 4 or 5, wherein the exterior surface of the at least one first AAV comprises at least one binding-partner for the peptide tag that forms a bond with a binding-partner.

7. The conjugate of any one of claims 4-6, wherein the second exterior surface of the at least one second AAV comprises one or more peptide tag that forms a bond with a binding-partner.

8. The conjugate of any one of claims 4-7, comprising more than one of said first A A Vs.

9. The conjugate of any one of claims 4-8, comprising more than one of said second AAVs.

10. The conjugate of any one of claims 4-9, comprising a third linker molecule, where the third linker molecule bridges the AAVs together.

11. The conjugate of any one of claims 1-10, wherein the bond is a covalent bond.

12. A composition comprising a cell and the AAV or conjugate of any of claims 1-11, wherein the cell is infected with the AAV or conjugate.

13. The composition of claim 12, wherein said cell is in vivo.

14. The composition of claim 12 or 13, wherein said cell is human.

15. The composition of claim 12 or 13, wherein said cell is bovine, canine,

caprine, equine, feline, ovine, porcine, or primate.

16. A pharmaceutical composition comprising the AAV or conjugate of any of claims 1-11, and a pharmaceutically-acceptable carrier.


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