8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]Octane-8-carboxamide Derivative

  *US08933229B2*
  US008933229B2                                 
(12)United States Patent(10)Patent No.: US 8,933,229 B2
 Horiuchi et al. (45) Date of Patent:Jan.  13, 2015

(54)8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxamide derivative 
    
(75)Inventors: Yoshihiro Horiuchi,  Suita (JP); 
  Kiyoto Sawamura,  Suita (JP); 
  Hiroaki Fujiwara,  Suita (JP) 
(73)Assignee:Sumitomo Dainippon Pharma Co., Ltd.,  Osaka (JP), Type: Foreign Company 
(*)Notice: Subject to any disclaimer, the term of this patent is extended or adjusted under 35 U.S.C. 154(b) by 0 days. 
(21)Appl. No.: 13/508,905 
(22)PCT Filed:Nov.  11, 2010 
(86)PCT No.: PCT/JP2010/070095 
 § 371 (c)(1), (2), (4) Date: May  9, 2012  
(87)PCT Pub. No.:WO20/11/059021 
 PCT Pub. Date:May  19, 2011 
(65)Prior Publication Data 
 US 2012/0225876 A1 Sep.  6, 2012 
(30)Foreign Application Priority Data 
 Nov.  11, 2009     (JP)   2009-258451
 Jul.  8, 2010     (JP)   2010-156263
Jan.  1, 2013 C 07 D 451 06 F I Jan.  13, 2015 US B H C
(51)Int. Cl. C07D 451/02 (20060101); A61K 031/44 (20060101); C07D 451/06 (20060101)
(52)U.S. Cl. 546/124; 514/299
(58)Field of Search  None

 
(56)References Cited
 
 U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS
 2009//0227631  A1  9/2009    Carniato et al.     
 2011//0294809  A1*12/2011    Braun et al. 514/235.2

 
 FOREIGN PATENT DOCUMENTS 
 
       CN       101331114       A                12/2008      
       CN       101479265       A                7/2009      
       JP       2009-040693       A                2/2009      
       JP       2009-525262       A                7/2009      
       JP       2009-535420       A                10/2009      
       WO       98/22462       A1                5/1998      
       WO       2006/048750       A2                5/2006      
       WO       2007/068330       A1                6/2007      
       WO       2007/130898       A1                11/2007      
       WO       2008/024497       A2                2/2008      
       WO       2008/101914       A2                8/2008      
       WO       2008/134221       A1                11/2008      
       WO       2009/001817       A1                12/2008      
       WO       2009/020140       A1                2/2009      
       WO       2009/005531       A2                4/2009      
       WO       2009/111207       A1                9/2009      
       WO       2009/112691       A2                9/2009      
       WO       2009/114173       A1                9/2009      
       WO       2010/046445       A2                4/2010      
       WO       2010/049635       A1                5/2010      

 OTHER PUBLICATIONS
  
  Hook, V., Biodrugs 2006, vol. 20, pp. 105-119. *
  Daviglus, M. Ann Inter Med 2010 vol. 153 pp. 176-181. *
  Translation of the International Preliminary Report on Patentability and Written Opinion mailed Jun. 21, 2012, in International Application No. PCT/JP2010/070095.
  Saishin Igaku, vol. 62, 2007, pp. 83-90 with English Abstract.
  R.H. Stimson and B.R. Walker, “Glucocorticoids and 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 in obesity and metabolic syndrome”, Minerva Endocrinology, vol. 32, 2007, pp. 141-159.
  Alan F. Schatzberg and Steven Lindley, “Glucocorticoid antagonists in neuropsychotic disorders”, European Journal of Pharmacology, vol. 583, 2008, pp. 358-364.
  J. Herbert et al., “Do Corticosteroids Damage the Brain?”, Journal of Neuroendocrinology, vol. 18, 2006, pp. 393-411.
  Joyce L. W. Yau, et al., “Lack of tissue glucocorticoid reactivation in 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 knockout mice ameliorates age-related learning impairments”, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol. 98, No. 8, Apr. 10, 2001, pp. 4716-4721.
  Kim N. Green, et al., “Glucocorticoids Increase Amyloid-β and Tau Pathology in a Mouse Model of Alzheimer's Disease”, The Journal of Neuroscience, vol. 26, No. 35, Aug. 30, 2006, pp. 9047-9056.
  Joyce L.W. Yau, et al., “Enhanced Hippocampal Long-Term Potentiation and Spatial Learning in Aged 11β-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase Type 1 Knock-Out Mice”, The Journal of Neuroscience, vol. 27, No. 39, Sep. 26, 2007, pp. 10487-10496.
  Extended European Search Report issued Feb. 25, 2013 in European Patent Application No. 10829980.1 to Dainippon Sumitomo Pharma Co., Ltd.
  First Office Action issued Dec. 30, 2013 in counterpart Chinese Patent Application No. 201080051243.8 with English translation.
  Scott P. Webster, et al., “Discovery and biological evaluation of adamantyl amide 11(β)-HSD1 inhibitors”, Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters, vol. 17, 2007, pp. 2838-2843.
  Patrick W.F. Hadoke, et al., “Therapeutic manipulation of glucocorticoid metabolism in cardiovascular disease”, British Journal of Pharmacology, vol. 156, 2009, pp. 689-712.
  Kim N. Green, et al., “Glucocorticoids Increase Amyloid-(β) and Tau Pathology in a Mouse Model of Alzheimer's Disease”, The Journal of Neuroscience, vol. 26, No. 35, Aug. 30, 2006, pp. 9047-9056.
  F. Giubilei, et al., “Altered Circadian Cortisol Secretion in Alzheimer's Disease: Clinical and Neuroradiological Aspects”, Journal of Neuroscience Research, vol. 22, 2001, pp. 262-265.
  Thekkepat C. Sandeep, et al., “11 (beta)-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase inhibition improves cognitive function in healthy elderly men and type 2 diabetics”, PNAS, vol. 101, No. 17, Apr. 27, 2004, pp. 6734-6739.
  Office Action issued Nov. 18, 2014 in counterpart Japanese Patent Application No. 2011-540534 with English translation.
 
 
     * cited by examiner
 
     Primary Examiner —Heidi Reese
     Art Unit — 1625
     Exemplary claim number — 1
 
(74)Attorney, Agent, or Firm — Sughrue Mion, PLLC

(57)

Abstract

Disclosed is a compound represented by formula (1) or a pharmacologically acceptable salt thereof (In the formula, A represents a group that is represented by formula (A-1); R1a and R1b may be the same or different and each independently represents a C1-6 alkyl group which may be substituted by one to three halogen atoms; m and n each independently represents an integer of 0-5; X1 represents a hydroxyl group or an aminocarbonyl group; Z1 represents a single bond or the like; and R2 represents an optionally substituted C1-6 alkyl group, an optionally substituted C6-10 aryl group or the like).
[see pdf for image]
42 Claims, Drawing Sheets, and Figures
 
 

CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

[0001] This application is a National Stage of International Application No. PCT/JP2010/070095 filed Nov. 11, 2010, claiming priority based on Japanese Patent Application Nos. 2009-258451, filed Nov. 11, 2009 and 2010-156263, filed Jul. 8, 2010, the contents of all of which are incorporated herein by reference in their entirety.

TECHNICAL FIELD

[0002] The present invention relates to a 8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxamide derivative, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, which is useful as a medicament. The present invention also relates to a pharmaceutical composition, comprising a 8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxamide derivative or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. The present invention also relates to a therapeutic or preventive agent for diseases associated with glucocorticoid comprising the compound, or an inhibitor of 11β hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 enzyme (referred to as 11βHSD1, hereinafter).

BACKGROUND ART

[0003] Glucocorticoid adjusts peripheral glucose metabolism and amino-acid metabolism. In human being, glucocorticoid is produced in adrenal glands, and in addition, it is metabolized in peripheral tissues such as adipose tissue or liver. Since 11βHSD1 is an enzyme which converts inactive cortisone into activated cortisol and is expressed mainly in adipose tissue or liver, 11βHSD1 is believed to have some relations to the activation of glucocorticoid in adipose tissue or liver. Since cortisol shows promoting activities for fat accumulation to adipocyte and for gluconeogenesis in liver, 11βHSD1 is believed to contribute to the maintenance of homeostasis in whole body by adjusting peripheral glucose and lipid metabolism. On the other hand, 11βHSD1 activity in adipose tissue significantly increases in insulin resistance patients in human being, and 11βHSD1 activity is remarkably higher in visceral fat than that in subcutaneous fat. Visceral fat accumulation and development of abnormal glucose and lipid metabolism are suppressed on high-fat diet feeding in 11βHSD1 gene defect mice, and adipose cell-specific 11βHSD1-overexpressed mice show remarkable visceral fat-type obesity or abnormal glucose and lipid metabolism. This indicates that overactivation of 11βHSD1 is intimately related to visceral fat accumulation and development of metabolic syndrome in human and mice (Nonpatent Documents 1 and 2). In other words, suppression of gluconeogenesis in liver and fat accumulation in adipocyte, and improvement of glucose and lipid metabolism in whole body are expected by inhibiting this enzyme activity.
[0004] As far as the improvement of glucose metabolism, since it has been reported that 11βHSD1 activity in pancreatic β cells could contribute to the suppression of insulin secretion or 11βHSD1 activity in human muscle cells could have some relations to the suppression of glucose uptake of muscle cells, 11βHSD1 inhibitor has potential to remedy hyperglycemia directly.
[0005] 11βHSD1 is also expressed in central nervous systems including hippocampus. It has been known that patients with Cushing's disease wherein glucocorticoid overexpresses and those whom a kind of synthetic glucocorticoids dexamethasone is administered show depression symptom. It has been also known that glucocorticoid receptor antagonist is effective for depression and manic depression, and it has been indicated that glucocorticoid in central nervous systems is intimately related to the expression of symptom of depression as well as manic depression (Nonpatent Documents 3 and 4). Since 11βHSD1 plays a role in the production of active glucocorticoid in central nervous systems, it has been expected that 11βHSD1 inhibitor would show effectiveness in the treatment of depression and manic depression.
[0006] Furthermore, 11βHSD1 is indicated to have much relation to the adjustment of cognitive function, since depositions of amyloid β protein which is strongly indicated to relate to Alzheimer's dementia have been caused in mice to which glucocorticoid have been administered for a long term, and it is recognized that age-related cognitive function loss is inhibited and the increase of cognition maintenance is increased in 11βHSD1 gene defect mice (Nonpatent Documents 5 to 7). The knowledge as shown above indicates that 11βHSD1 inhibitor is useful as a therapeutic agent of dementia including Alzheimer's dementia. It has been shown that 11βHSD1 functions in immunocytes, and 11βHSD1 inhibitor is expected to show therapeutic effectiveness in diseases caused by abnormal immune function.
[0007] Various 11βHSD1 inhibitors have been reported, and for example, Patent Document 1 discloses a compound of formula:
[0008]  [see pdf for image]
wherein R1 is hydrogen atom, hydroxyl, etc., Z is oxygen atom or sulfur atom, R2 is hydrogen atom, methyl, ethyl or isopropyl, or R2, Y and N adjacent thereto may form saturated C5-C8 ring, the ring may be optionally substituted by R3, R4 and/or R5, Y is a single bond, C1-C4 alkyl, etc., W is C4-C8cycloalkyl, etc., R3, R4 and R5 are independently hydrogen atom, halogen atom, etc. However, the compounds disclosed in Patent Document 1 do not have an 8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxamide skeleton, so they are structurally different from the present invention.
[0009] Compounds disclosed in Patent Documents 2 and 3 have been known as a compound having an azabicyclo skeleton. Patent Document 2 discloses an example compound of formula:
[0010]  [see pdf for image]
However, a compound of Example 17 is structurally different from the present invention in that it has 6-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-6-carboxamide and phenyl.
[0011] Patent Document 3 discloses a compound of formula:
[0012]  [see pdf for image]
wherein G1 and G2 are different and R2 or —N(R11)C(═X)-L1-R1, R1 is selected from the following group:
[0013]  [see pdf for image]
R2 is selected from phenyl, —C(O)-phenyl, benzyl and 5 to 6-membered heteroaryl, R6, R7, R8, R9 and R10 are each independently alkyl which may be optionally substituted by 1 to 5 halogen atoms, etc., R11 is hydrogen atom, etc., R12 is hydrogen atom, etc., R13 is halogen atom, etc., L1 is —C(R12)(R13)—, etc., X is oxygen atom or sulfur atom. However, a compound represented by A is structurally different from the present invention in that it is characterized by a structural feature that G1 is aryl or heteroaryl.
[0014] [Patent Document 1] WO 2007/068330 pamphlet
[0015] [Patent Document 2] WO 2007/130898 pamphlet
[0016] [Patent Document 3] WO 2009/114173 pamphlet
[0017] [Nonpatent Document 1] Saishin Igaku, vol. 62, pp. 83-90, 2007
[0018] [Nonpatent Document 2] Stimson et al., Minerva Endocrinology, 32, 141 (2007)
[0019] [Nonpatent Document 3] Schatzberg et al., European Journal of Pharmacology., 583, 358 (2008)
[0020] [Nonpatent Document 4] Herbert et al., Journal of Neuroendocrinology., 18, 393 (2006)
[0021] [Nonpatent Document 5] Yau et al., Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences., 98, 4716 (2001)
[0022] [Nonpatent Document 6] Green et al., Journal of Neuroscience, 26(35), 9047 (2006)
[0023] [Nonpatent Document 7] Yau et al., The Journal of Neuroscience, 27 (39), 10487 (2007)

SUMMARY OF INVENTION

Problems to be Solved by the Invention

[0024] Recently, a pharmaceutically satisfiable compound having 11βHSD1 inhibitory action has been desired as an agent for preventing and/or treating diseases including type II diabetes, abnormal glucose tolerance, hyperglycemia, insulin resistance, hypo HDL-emia, hyper LDL-emia, dyslipidemia, hyperlipidemia, hypertriglyceridemia, hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, arteriosclerosis, angiostenosis, atherosclerosis, obesity, dementia, cognitive disorder, glaucoma, retinopathy, dementia, Alzheimer's disease, osteoporosis, immune disorder, metabolic syndrome, depression, cardiovascular disease, neurodegenerative disease.
[0025] In the past, 8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxamide derivatives represented by the following formula (1) have never been prepared as an 11βHSD1 inhibitor, and their 11βHSD1 inhibitory activities have never been known. According to the extensive studies of the derivatives for solving the problems, the inventors have found that 8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxamide derivatives have strong 11βHSD1 inhibitory activities. The inventors have also found that the derivatives have balanced properties essential for a medicament, including metabolic stability, solubility, pharmacokinetics as well as 11βHSD1 inhibitory activity, and achieved the present invention.

Means of Solving the Problems

[0026] Specifically, the present invention is as follows.

Item 1: A compound of formula (1):

[0027]  [see pdf for image]
wherein A is a group of the following formula (A-1):
[0028]  [see pdf for image]
[0029] R1a and R1b are the same or different and each independently C1-6 alkyl which may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms;
[0030] m and n are each independently an integer of 0 to 5;
[0031] X1 is hydroxyl, or aminocarbonyl;
[0032] Z1 is a single bond, oxygen atom, sulfur atom, —SO—, —SO2—, or —N(R3)—;
[0033] R2 is cyano, optionally substituted C1-6 alkyl, optionally substituted C3-7 cycloalkyl, optionally substituted C6-10 aryl, optionally substituted C7-16 aralkyl, optionally substituted heterocycle, optionally substituted heterocyclic C1-6 alkyl, optionally substituted 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl, optionally substituted 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl-C1-6 alkyl, or optionally substituted 5 to 7-membered cyclic amino;
[0034] provided that if R2 is cyano and optionally substituted 5 to 7-membered cyclic amino, then Z1 is a single bond;
[0035] R3 is hydrogen atom, optionally substituted C1-6 alkyl, optionally substituted C3-7 cycloalkyl, optionally substituted C6-10 aryl, optionally substituted C7-16 aralkyl, optionally substituted heterocycle, optionally substituted heterocyclic C1-6 alkyl, optionally substituted 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl, or optionally substituted 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl-C1-6 alkyl; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

Item 2: The compound of Item 1, wherein m and n are 0, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

Item 3: The compound of either one of Item 1 or 2, wherein X1 is hydroxyl, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

Item 4: The compound of either one of Item 1 or 2, wherein X1 is aminocarbonyl, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

Item 5: The compound of any one of Items 1 to 4, wherein Z1 has the following configuration in formula (1):

[0036]  [see pdf for image]
or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof
Item 6: The compound of any one of Items 1 to 4, wherein Z1 has the following configuration in formula (1):
[0037]  [see pdf for image]
or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof
Item 7: The compound of any one of Items 1 to 6, wherein Z1 is a single bond, oxygen atom, sulfur atom, or —SO2—, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
Item 8: The compound of any one of Items 1 to 6, wherein Z1 is sulfur atom, —SO—, or —SO2—, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
Item 9: The compound of Item 8, wherein Z1 is sulfur atom, or —SO2—, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
Item 10: The compound of Item 7, wherein Z1 is a single bond, or oxygen atom, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
Item 11: The compound of Item 10, wherein Z1 is a single bond, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
Item 12: The compound of Item 10, wherein Z1 is oxygen atom, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
Item 13: The compound of Item 9, wherein Z1 is sulfur atom, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
Item 14: The compound of any one of Items 1 to 6, wherein Z1 is —N(R3)—, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
Item 15: The compound of any one of Items 1 to 14, wherein R2 is optionally substituted C1-6 alkyl, optionally substituted C3-7 cycloalkyl, optionally substituted C6-10 aryl, optionally substituted C7-16 aralkyl, optionally substituted heterocycle, optionally substituted heterocyclic C1-6 alkyl, optionally substituted 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl, or optionally substituted 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl-C1-6 alkyl, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
Item 16: The compound of Item 15, wherein R2 is optionally substituted C6-10 aryl, optionally substituted C7-16 aralkyl, optionally substituted 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl, or optionally substituted 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl-C1-6 alkyl, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
Item 17: The compound of Item 16, wherein R2 is optionally substituted C6-10 aryl, or optionally substituted 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
Item 18: The compound of Item 16, wherein R2 is optionally substituted C7-16 aralkyl, or optionally substituted 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl-C1-6 alkyl, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
Item 19: The compound of Item 16, wherein R2 is optionally substituted C6-10 aryl, or optionally substituted C7-16 aralkyl, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
Item 20: The compound of Item 16, wherein R2 is optionally substituted 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl, or optionally substituted 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl-C1-6 alkyl, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
Item 21: The compound of Item 19, wherein R2 is optionally substituted C6-10 aryl, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
Item 22: The compound of any one of Items 1 to 21, wherein the substituent group in the optionally substituted C6-10 aryl, optionally substituted 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl, optionally substituted C7-16 aralkyl, and optionally substituted 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl-C1-6 alkyl in R2 is selected from the group consisting of:
(1) halogen atom,
(2) cyano,
(3) hydroxy,
(4) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by
[0038] (a) 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
[0039] (b) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms),
[0040] (c) carboxy,
[0041] (d) C1-4alkoxycarbonyl,
[0042] (e) C7-16 aralkyloxycarbonyl,
[0043] (f) mono- or di-C1-6 alkylaminocarbonyl,
[0044] (g) 5 to 7-membered cyclic aminocarbonyl, or
[0045] (h) C3-6 cycloalkyl),

(5) C1-4 alkylsulfonyl,

(6) C3-6 cycloalkyl (in which the group may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms),

(7) C3-6 cycloalkoxy (in which the group may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms),

(8) mono- or di-C1-6 alkylamino,

(9) mono- or di-C1-6 alkylcarbonylamino,

(10) mono- or di-C1-6 alkylsulfonylamino,

(11) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by

[0046] (a) 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
[0047] (b) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms),
[0048] (c) carboxy,
[0049] (d) C1-4 alkoxycarbonyl,
[0050] (e) C7-16 aralkyloxycarbonyl,
[0051] (f) mono- or di-C1-6 alkylaminocarbonyl,
[0052] (g) 5 to 7-membered cyclic aminocarbonyl, or
[0053] (h) C3-6 cycloalkyl),

(12) C1-6 alkylcarbonyl,

(13) carboxy,

(14) C1-4 alkoxycarbonyl,

(15) aminocarbonyl, and

(16) C1-6 alkylthio, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof

[0054] Item 23: The compound of Item 22, wherein the substituent group in the optionally substituted C6-10 aryl, optionally substituted 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl, optionally substituted C7-16 aralkyl, and optionally substituted 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl-C1-6 alkyl in R2 is selected from the group consisting of:
(1) halogen atom,
(2) cyano,
(3) hydroxy,
(4) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by
[0055] (a) 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
[0056] (b) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms),
[0057] (c) carboxy,
[0058] (d) C1-4 alkoxycarbonyl, or
[0059] (e) C3-6 cycloalkyl),

(5) C1-4 alkylsulfonyl,

(6) C3-6 cycloalkyl (in which the group may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms),

(7) C3-6 cycloalkoxy (in which the group may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms),

(8) mono- or di-C1-6 alkylamino,

(9) mono- or di-C1-6 alkylcarbonylamino,

(10) mono- or di-C1-6 alkylsulfonylamino,

(11) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by

[0060] (a) 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
[0061] (b) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms),
[0062] (c) carboxy,
[0063] (d) C1-4 alkoxycarbonyl, or
[0064] (e) C3-6 cycloalkyl),

(12) C1-6 alkylcarbonyl,

(13) carboxy,

(14) C1-4 alkoxycarbonyl,

(15) aminocarbonyl, and

(16) C1-6 alkylthio, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

[0065] Item 24: The compound of Item 23, wherein the substituent group in the optionally substituted C6-10 aryl, optionally substituted 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl, optionally substituted C7-16 aralkyl, and optionally substituted 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl-C1-6 alkyl in R2 is the same or different 1 to 5 substituent groups selected from the group consisting of:
(1) halogen atom,
(2) cyano,
(3) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by
[0066] (a) 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
[0067] (b) C3-6 cycloalkyl, or
[0068] (c) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms)),

(4) C1-4 alkylsulfonyl,

(5) C3-6 cycloalkyl (in which the group may be optionally substituted by 1 to 2 halogen atoms),

(6) mono- or di-C1-6 alkylcarbonylamino,

(7) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by

[0069] (a) 1 to 3 halogen atoms, or
[0070] (b) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms)),

(8) carboxy,

(9) C1-4 alkoxycarbonyl,

(10) aminocarbonyl, and

(11) C1-6alkylthio, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof

[0071] Item 25: The compound of Item 23, wherein the substituent group in the optionally substituted C6-10 aryl, optionally substituted 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl, optionally substituted C7-16 aralkyl, and optionally substituted 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl-C1-6 alkyl in R2 is selected from the group consisting of:
(1) halogen atom,
(2) cyano,
(3) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by
[0072] (a) 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
[0073] (b) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms), or
[0074] (c) C3-6 cycloalkyl),

(4) C3-6 cycloalkyl,

(5) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by

[0075] (a) 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
[0076] (b) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms), or
[0077] (c) C3-6 cycloalkyl), and

(6) C1-6 alkylcarbonyl, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

[0078] Item 26: The compound of Item 25, wherein the substituent group in the optionally substituted C6-10 aryl, optionally substituted 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl, optionally substituted C7-16 aralkyl, and optionally substituted 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl-C1-6 alkyl in R2 is selected from the group consisting of:
(1) halogen atom,
(2) cyano,
(3) C1-4 alkyl (in which the group may be optionally substituted by
[0079] (a) 1 to 3 halogen atoms, or
[0080] (b) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms)), and

(4) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the group may be optionally substituted by

[0081] (a) 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
[0082] (b) C3-6 cycloalkyl, or
[0083] (c) C1-4 alkoxy), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof

Item 27: The compound of any one of Items 1 to 14, wherein R2 is C6-10 aryl (in which the aryl may be optionally substituted by the same or different 1 to 5 groups selected from the group consisting of:

(1) halogen atom,

(2) cyano,

(3) hydroxy,

(4) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by

[0084] (a) 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
[0085] (b) C1-4 alkoxy,
[0086] (c) carboxy,
[0087] (d) C1-4 alkoxycarbonyl, or
[0088] (e) C3-6 cycloalkyl),

(5) C1-4 alkylsulfonyl,

(6) C3-6 cycloalkyl,

(7) C3-6 cycloalkoxy,

(8) mono- or di-C1-6 alkylamino,

(9) mono- or di-C1-6 alkylcarbonylamino,

(10) mono- or di-C1-6 alkylsulfonylamino,

(11) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by

[0089] (a) 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
[0090] (b) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms),
[0091] (c) carboxyl,
[0092] (d) C1-4 alkoxycarbonyl, or
[0093] (e) C3-6 cycloalkyl),

(12) C1-6 alkylcarbonyl,

(13) carboxy,

(14) C1-4 alkoxycarbonyl, and

(15) aminocarbonyl), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

Item 28: The compound of Item 27, wherein R2 is C6-10 aryl (in which the aryl may be optionally substituted by the group(s) selected from the group consisting of:

(1) halogen atom,

(2) cyano,

(3) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by

[0094] (a) 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
[0095] (b) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms), or
[0096] (c) C3-6 cycloalkyl),

(4) C3-6 cycloalkyl,

(5) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by

[0097] (a) 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
[0098] (b) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms), or
[0099] (c) C3-6 cycloalkyl), and

(6) C1-6 alkylcarbonyl), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof

Item 29: The compound of Item 28, wherein R2 is C6-10 aryl (in which the aryl may be optionally substituted by the group(s) selected from the group consisting of:

(1) halogen atom,

(2) cyano,

(3) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the group may be optionally substituted by

[0100] (a) 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
[0101] (b) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms), or
[0102] (c) C3-6 cycloalkyl), and

(4) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by

[0103] (a) 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
[0104] (b) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms), or
[0105] (c) C3-6 cycloalkyl)), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof

Item 30: The compound of any one of Items 1 to 14, wherein R2 is C7-16 aralkyl (in which the aryl may be optionally substituted by the same or different 1 to 5 groups selected from the group consisting of:

(1) halogen atom,

(2) cyano,

(3) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by

[0106] (a) 1 to 3 halogen atoms, or
[0107] (b) C1-4 alkoxy),

(4) C1-4 alkylsulfonyl,

(5) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by

[0108] (a) 1 to 3 halogen atoms, or
[0109] (b) C1-4 alkoxy), and

(6) C1-6 alkylthio), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

Item 31: The compound of Item 30, wherein R2 is C7-16 aralkyl (in which the aryl may be optionally substituted by the same or different 1 to 5 groups selected from the group consisting of:

(1) halogen atom,

(2) cyano,

(3) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms),

(4) C1-4 alkylsulfonyl,

(5) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms), and

(6) C1-6 alkylthio), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

Item 32: The compound of any one of Items 1 to 14, wherein R2 is 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl (in which the heteroaryl may be optionally substituted by the same or different 1 to 3 groups selected from the group consisting of:

(1) halogen atom,

(2) cyano,

(3) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by

[0110] (a) 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
[0111] (b) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms), or
[0112] (c) C3-6 cycloalkyl),

(4) C3-6 cycloalkyl,

(5) C3-6 cycloalkylalkoxy,

(6) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by

[0113] (a) 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
[0114] (b) C1-4 alkoxy, or
[0115] (c) C3-6 cycloalkyl), and

(7) C1-6 alkylcarbonyl), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof

Item 33: The compound of Item 32, wherein R2 is 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl (in which the heteroaryl may be optionally substituted by the same or different 1 to 3 groups selected from the group consisting of:

(1) halogen atom,

(2) cyano,

(3) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the group may be optionally substituted by

[0116] (a) 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
[0117] (b) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms), or
[0118] (c) C3-6 cycloalkyl), and

(4) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by

[0119] (a) 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
[0120] (b) C1-4 alkoxy, or
[0121] (c) C3-6 cycloalkyl)), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof

Item 34: The compound of any one of Items 1 to 14, wherein R2 is

(1) C1-6 alkyl (in which the group may be optionally substituted by

[0122] (a) C6-10 aryloxy (in which the aryl may be optionally substituted by
[0123] halogen atom,
[0124] C1-4 alkyl, or
[0125] C1-4 alkoxy),
[0126] (b) C6-10 arylthio (in which the aryl may be optionally substituted by
[0127] halogen atom, or
[0128] C1-4 alkyl),
[0129] (c) C6-10 arylsulfonyl (in which the aryl may be optionally substituted by
[0130] halogen atom,
[0131] C1-4 alkyl, or
[0132] C1-4 alkoxy),
[0133] (d) C3-6 cycloalkyl,
[0134] (e) C1-4 alkoxy, or
[0135] (f) C7-14 aralkyloxy),
(2) C3-7 cycloalkyl,
(3) C6-10 aryl (in which the aryl may be optionally substituted by the same or different 1 to 5 groups selected from the group consisting of:
[0136] (a) halogen atom,
[0137] (b) cyano,
[0138] (c) hydroxy,
[0139] (d) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by
[0140] 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
[0141] C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms),
[0142] carboxy,
[0143] C1-4 alkoxycarbonyl, or
[0144] C3-6 cycloalkyl),
[0145] (e) C1-4 alkylsulfonyl,
[0146] (f) C3-6 cycloalkyl,
[0147] (g) C3-6 cycloalkoxy,
[0148] (h) mono- or di-C1-6 alkylamino,
[0149] (i) mono- or di-C1-6 alkylcarbonylamino,
[0150] (j) mono- or di-C1-6 alkylsulfonylamino,
[0151] (k) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by
[0152] 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
[0153] C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms),
[0154] carboxyl,
[0155] C1-4 alkoxycarbonyl, or
[0156] C3-6 cycloalkyl),
[0157] (l) C1-6 alkylcarbonyl,
[0158] (m) carboxy,
[0159] (n) C1-4 alkoxycarbonyl, and
[0160] (o) aminocarbonyl),

(4) C7-16 aralkyl (in which the group may be optionally substituted by the same or different 1 to 5 groups selected from the group consisting of:

[0161] (a) halogen atom,
[0162] (b) cyano,
[0163] (c) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by
[0164] 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
[0165] C3-6 cycloalkyl, or
[0166] C1-4 alkoxy),
[0167] (d) C1-4 alkylsulfonyl,
[0168] (e) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by
[0169] 1 to 3 halogen atoms, or
[0170] C1-4 alkoxy), and
[0171] (f) C1-6 alkylthio),
[0172] (5) heterocycle (in which the cycle may be optionally substituted by C6-10 aryl, or 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl, and the C6-10 aryl and 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 groups selected from the group consisting of:
[0173] (a) halogen atom,
[0174] (b) cyano,
[0175] (c) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by
[0176] 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
[0177] C1-4 alkoxy, or
[0178] C3-6 cycloalkyl),
[0179] (d) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by
[0180] 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
[0181] C1-4 alkoxy, or
[0182] C3-6 cycloalkyl),
[0183] (e) C3-6 cycloalkyl,
[0184] (f) mono- or di-C1-6 alkylamino, and
[0185] (g) C1-6 alkylcarbonyl),

(6) heterocyclic C1-6 alkyl,

(7) 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl (in which the heteroaryl may be optionally substituted by the same or different 1 to 3 groups selected from the group consisting of:

[0186] (a) halogen atom,
[0187] (b) cyano,
[0188] (c) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by
[0189] 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
[0190] C1-4 alkoxy, or
[0191] C3-6 cycloalkyl),
[0192] (d) C3-6 cycloalkyl,
[0193] (e) C3-6 cycloalkylalkoxy,
[0194] (f) mono- or di-C1-6 alkylamino,
[0195] (g) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by
[0196] 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
[0197] C1-4 alkoxy, or
[0198] C3-6 cycloalkyl), and
[0199] (h) C1-6 alkylcarbonyl),

(8) 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl-C1-6 alkyl (in which the group may be optionally substituted by C1-4 alkyl, or C1-4 alkoxy), or

(9) 5 to 7-membered cyclic amino, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof

Item 35: The compound of Item 34, wherein R2 is

(1) C1-6 alkyl (in which the group may be optionally substituted by C6-10 aryloxy),

(2) C6-10 aryl (in which the aryl may be optionally substituted by the same or different 1 to 5 groups selected from the group consisting of:

[0200] (a) halogen atom,
[0201] (b) cyano,
[0202] (c) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by
[0203] 1 to 3 halogen atoms, or
[0204] C1-4 alkoxy),
[0205] (d) C1-4 alkylsulfonyl,
[0206] (e) mono- or di-C1-6 alkylcarbonylamino,
[0207] (f) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by
[0208] 1 to 3 halogen atoms, or
[0209] C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms)),
[0210] (g) C1-4 alkylcarbonyl,
[0211] (h) carboxy,
[0212] (i) C1-4alkoxycarbonyl, and
[0213] (j) aminocarbonyl),

(3) C7-16 aralkyl (in which the group may be optionally substituted by the same or different 1 to 5 groups selected from the group consisting of:

[0214] (a) halogen atom,
[0215] (b) cyano,
[0216] (c) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms),
[0217] (d) C1-4 alkylsulfonyl,
[0218] (e) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms), and
[0219] (f) C1-6 alkylthio),
[0220] (4) heterocycle (in which the cycle may be optionally substituted by C6-10 aryl, or 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl, and the C6-10 aryl and 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl may be optionally substituted by the same or different 1 to 3 groups selected from the group consisting of:
[0221] (a) halogen atom, and
[0222] (b) C1-4 alkyl),

(5) 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl (in which the heteroaryl may be optionally substituted by the same or different 1 to 3 groups selected from the group consisting of:

[0223] (a) halogen atom,
[0224] (b) cyano,
[0225] (c) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by
[0226] 1 to 3 halogen atoms, or
[0227] C3-6 cycloalkyl),
[0228] (d) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by
[0229] 1 to 3 halogen atoms, or
[0230] C1-4 alkoxy),
[0231] (e) C1-4 alkylcarbonyl, and
[0232] (f) C3-6 cycloalkyl), or

(6) 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl-C1-6 alkyl (in which the group may be optionally substituted by

[0233] (a) C1-4 alkyl, or
[0234] (b) C1-4 alkoxy), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

Item 36: The compound of Item 34, wherein R2 is

(1) C6-10 aryl (in which the aryl may be optionally substituted by the same or different 1 to 5 groups selected from the group consisting of:

[0235] (a) halogen atom,
[0236] (b) cyano,
[0237] (c) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by
[0238] 1 to 3 halogen atoms, or
[0239] C3-6 cycloalkyl),
[0240] (d) C1-4 alkylsulfonyl,
[0241] (e) mono- or di-C1-6 alkylcarbonylamino,
[0242] (f) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by
[0243] 1 to 3 halogen atoms, or
[0244] C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms)),
[0245] (g) C1-4 alkylcarbonyl,
[0246] (h) carboxy,
[0247] (i) C1-4 alkoxycarbonyl, and
[0248] (j) aminocarbonyl), or

(2) 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl (in which the heteroaryl may be optionally substituted by the same or different 1 to 3 groups selected from the group consisting of:

[0249] (a) halogen atom,
[0250] (b) cyano,
[0251] (c) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by
[0252] 1 to 3 halogen atoms, or
[0253] C3-6 cycloalkyl), and
[0254] (d) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by
[0255] 1 to 3 halogen atoms, or
[0256] C1-4 alkoxy)), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof
Item 37: The compound of any one of Items 1 to 14, wherein R2 is optionally substituted C1-6 alkyl, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
Item 38: The compound of Item 37, wherein R2 is C1-6 alkyl (in which the group may be optionally substituted by
(1) C6-10 aryloxy (in which the aryl may be optionally substituted by 1 to 5 groups selected from the group consisting of:
[0257] (a) halogen atom,
[0258] (b) cyano,
[0259] (c) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by
[0260] 1 to 3 halogen atoms, or
[0261] C1-4 alkoxy), and
[0262] (d) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by
[0263] 1 to 3 halogen atoms, or
[0264] C1-4 alkoxy)),
(2) 5 to 12-membered heteroaryloxy (in which the heteroaryl moiety may be optionally substituted by the same substituent groups as the above (1)),
(3) C6-10 arylthio (in which the aryl may be optionally substituted by
[0265] (a) halogen atom, or
[0266] (b) C1-4 alkyl),

(4) C6-10 arylsulfonyl (in which the aryl may be optionally substituted by

[0267] (a) halogen atom,
[0268] (b) C1-4 alkyl, or
[0269] (c) C1-4 alkoxy),

(5) C3-6 cycloalkyl,

(6) C1-4 alkoxy, or

(7) C7-14 aralkyloxy), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

Item 39: The compound of Item 38, wherein R2 is C1-6 alkyl (in which the group is substituted by

(1) C6-10 aryloxy, or

(2) 5 to 12-membered heteroaryloxy, and the aryl and heteroaryl are substituted by group(s) selected from the group consisting of:

[0270] (a) halogen atom,
[0271] (b) cyano,
[0272] (c) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by
[0273] 1 to 3 halogen atoms, or
[0274] C1-4 alkoxy), and
[0275] (d) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by
[0276] 1 to 3 halogen atoms, or
[0277] C1-4 alkoxy)), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
Item 40: The compound of any one of Items 1 to 14, wherein R2 is optionally substituted heterocycle, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
Item 41: The compound of Item 40, wherein R2 is heterocycle (in which the group may be optionally substituted by
(1) C6-10 aryl, or
(2) 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl, and the C6-10 aryl and 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 groups selected from the group consisting of:
[0278] (a) halogen atom,
[0279] (b) cyano,
[0280] (c) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by
[0281] 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
[0282] C1-4 alkoxy, or
[0283] C3-6 cycloalkyl),
[0284] (d) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by
[0285] 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
[0286] C1-4 alkoxy, or
[0287] C3-6cycloalkyl),
[0288] (e) C3-6 cycloalkyl,
[0289] (f) mono- or di-C1-6 alkylamino, and
[0290] (g) C1-6 alkylcarbonyl), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof

Item 42: The compound of either one of Item 40 or 41, wherein the heterocycle in R2 is 4-piperidinyl, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

Item 43: The compound of any one of Items 1 to 36, wherein the aryl moiety of C6-10 aryl and C7-14 aralkyl in R2 and the aryl moiety of the substituent group C6-10 aryloxy of C1-6 alkyl in R2 are phenyl, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

[0291] Item 44: The compound of any one of Items 1 to 36, wherein the heteroaryl moiety of 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl and 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl-C1-6 alkyl in R2, the substituent group heteroaryl of heterocycle in R2, and the heteroaryl moiety of the substituent group heteroaryloxy of C1-6 alkyl in R2 are heteroaryl selected from the group consisting of the following groups:
[0292]  [see pdf for image]
or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof
Item 45: The compound of Item 44, wherein the heteroaryl moiety of 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl and 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl-C1-6 alkyl in R2, and the heteroaryl moiety of the substituent group heteroaryloxy of C1-6 alkyl in R2 are heteroaryl selected from the group consisting of the following groups:
[0293]  [see pdf for image]
or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof
Item 46: The compound of Item 45, wherein the heteroaryl moiety of 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl and 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl-C1-6 alkyl in R2, and the heteroaryl moiety of the substituent group heteroaryloxy of C1-6 alkyl in R2 are heteroaryl of the following formula:
[0294]  [see pdf for image]
or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof
Item 47: The compound of any one of Items 14 to 46, wherein R3 is hydrogen atom, optionally substituted C1-6 alkyl, optionally substituted C3-7 cycloalkyl, optionally substituted heterocycle, optionally substituted C7-14 aralkyl, or optionally substituted 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl-C1-6 alkyl, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
Item 48: The compound of Item 47, wherein R3 is
(1) hydrogen atom,
(2) C1-6 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by
[0295] (a) C6-10 aryloxy,
[0296] (b) saturated heterocycle, or
[0297] (c) C3-6 cycloalkyl),

(3) C3-7 cycloalkyl,

(4) saturated heterocycle,

(5) C7-16 aralkyl, or

(6) 5 to 6-membered monocyclic heteroaryl-C1-6 alkyl,

or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof

Item 49: A compound of formula (2):

[0298]  [see pdf for image]
wherein X12 is hydroxyl, or aminocarbonyl;
[0299] Z12 is a single bond, or oxygen atom;
[0300] R22 is C7-16 aralkyl (in which the aryl moiety of the aralkyl may be optionally substituted by the same or different groups selected from the group consisting of:

(1) halogen atom,

(2) cyano,

(3) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms, C3-6 cycloalkyl or C1-4 alkoxy),

(4) C1-4 alkylsulfonyl,

(5) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms, or C1-4 alkoxy), and

(6) C1-4 alkylthio)], or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

Item 50: A compound of formula (3):

[0301]  [see pdf for image]
wherein X13 is hydroxyl, or aminocarbonyl;
[0302] R23 is phenyl or 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl (in which the phenyl and heteroaryl may be optionally substituted by the same or different 1 to 3 groups selected from the group consisting of:

(1) halogen atom,

(2) cyano,

(3) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by

[0303] (a) 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
[0304] (b) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms), or
[0305] (c) C3-6 cycloalkyl),

(4) C3-6 cycloalkyl,

(5) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by

[0306] (a) 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
[0307] (b) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms), or
[0308] (c) C3-6 cycloalkyl), and

(6) C1-6 alkylcarbonyl), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

Item 51: A compound of formula (3a):

[0309]  [see pdf for image]
wherein X13 is hydroxyl, or aminocarbonyl;
[0310] R4a, R4b and R4c are each independently

(1) hydrogen atom,

(2) halogen atom,

(3) cyano,

(4) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by

[0311] (a) 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
[0312] (b) C1-4 alkoxy, or
[0313] (c) C3-6 cycloalkyl),

(5) C3-6 cycloalkyl,

(6) C3-6 cycloalkyloxy,

(7) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by

[0314] (a) 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
[0315] (b) C1-4 alkoxy, or
[0316] (c) C3-6 cycloalkyl), or

(8) C1-6 alkylcarbonyl, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

Item 52: A compound of formula (3b):

[0317]  [see pdf for image]
wherein X13 is hydroxyl, or aminocarbonyl;
[0318] R4a, R4b and R4c are each independently

(1) hydrogen atom,

(2) halogen atom,

(3) cyano,

(4) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms, C1-4alkoxy, or C3-6 cycloalkyl),

(5) C3-6 cycloalkyl,

(6) C3-6 cycloalkyloxy,

(7) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms, C1-4alkoxy, or C3-6 cycloalkyl), or

(8) C1-6 alkylcarbonyl, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

Item 53: A compound of formula (4):

[0319]  [see pdf for image]
wherein X14 is hydroxyl, or aminocarbonyl;
[0320] R5 is

(1) C6-10 aryl, or

(2) 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl (in which the C6-10 aryl and 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 groups selected from the group consisting of:

[0321] (a) halogen atom,
[0322] (b) cyano,
[0323] (c) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by
[0324] 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
[0325] C1-4 alkoxy, or
[0326] C3-6 cycloalkyl),
[0327] (d) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by
[0328] 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
[0329] C3-6 cycloalkyl, or
[0330] C1-4 alkoxy),
[0331] (e) C3-6 cycloalkyl,
[0332] (f) mono- or di-C1-6 alkylamino, and
[0333] (g) C1-6 alkylcarbonyl), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof

Item 54: A medicament, comprising as the active ingredient the compound of any one of Items 1 to 53 or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

[0334] Item 55: A therapeutic agent for type II diabetes, abnormal glucose tolerance, hyperglycemia, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, hypertension, arteriosclerosis, angiostenosis, obesity, Cushing's syndrome, subclinical Cushing's syndrome, glaucoma, osteoporosis, metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease, atherosclerosis, cognitive disorder, dementia, Alzheimer's disease, depression, anxiety or manic depression, comprising as the active ingredient the compound of any one of Items 1 to 53 or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
Item 56: A method for prevention and/or treatment of type II diabetes, abnormal glucose tolerance, hyperglycemia, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, hypertension, arteriosclerosis, angiostenosis, obesity, Cushing's syndrome, subclinical Cushing's syndrome, glaucoma, osteoporosis, metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease, atherosclerosis, cognitive disorder, dementia, Alzheimer's disease, depression, anxiety or manic depression, comprising administering the compound of any one of Items 1 to 53 or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof as the active ingredient.
Item 57: Use of the compound of any one of Items 1 to 53 or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof for prevention and/or treatment of type II diabetes, abnormal glucose tolerance, hyperglycemia, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, hypertension, arteriosclerosis, angiostenosis, obesity, Cushing's syndrome, subclinical Cushing's syndrome, glaucoma, osteoporosis, metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease, atherosclerosis, cognitive disorder, dementia, Alzheimer's disease, depression, anxiety or manic depression.

Effect of the Invention

[0335] A compound of formula (1) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof is useful as an 11βHSD1 inhibitor.

DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS

[0336] The present invention is explained in more detail as below. The number of carbon atoms in the definition of “substituent group” herein may be described as “C1-6”, for example. Specifically, the description “C1-6 alkyl” has the same meaning as an alkyl group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms. A substituent group herein which the term “optionally substituted” or “substituted” is not specified means a “unsubstituted” substituent group. For example, “C1-6 alkyl” means a “unsubstituted” group.
[0337] The term “group” herein means a monovalent group. For example, the “alkyl group” means a monovalent saturated hydrocarbon group. In definitions of substituent groups herein, the term “group” may be abbreviated. The number of substituent groups in the group defined by using the term “optionally substituted” or “substituted” is not limited if they could be substituted, and is 1 or multiple. The definition of each group is applied to parts of other groups or substituent groups thereof, unless otherwise specified.
[0338] The “halogen atom” includes fluorine atom, chlorine atom, bromine atom or iodine atom. Preferable one is fluorine atom, or chlorine atom.
[0339] “C1-6 alkyl” means straight or branched-chain saturated hydrocarbon having 1 to 6 carbon atoms. Preferable one is “C1-4 alkyl”. Concrete examples of “C1-6 alkyl” include methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, butyl, isobutyl, sec-butyl, tert-butyl, pentyl, isopentyl, neopentyl, 1-ethylpropyl, hexyl, isohexyl, 1,1-dimethylbutyl, 2,2-dimethylbutyl, 3,3-dimethylbutyl, 2-ethylbutyl.
[0340] “C3-7 cycloalkyl” means cyclic saturated or unsaturated hydrocarbon having 3 to 7 carbon atoms. Preferable one is “C3-6 cycloalkyl”. Concrete examples of “C3-7 cycloalkyl” include cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, cyclopentenyl, cyclohexenyl.
[0341] The above “C3-7 cycloalkyl” includes a condensed ring of “C3-7 cycloalkyl” with phenyl or a 5 to 6-membered ring containing the same or different and one or more (e.g., 1 to 4) heteroatoms selected from nitrogen atom, sulfur atom or oxygen atom. Concrete examples of the group include groups of the following formulae.
[0342]  [see pdf for image]
[0343] “C6-10 aryl” means aromatic hydrocarbon having 6 to 10 carbon atoms. Preferable one is “C6 aryl” (phenyl). Concrete examples of “C6-10 aryl” include phenyl, 1-naphthyl or 2-naphthyl.
[0344] The above “C6-10 aryl” includes a condensed ring of “C6 aryl” with 5 to 6-membered ring or 5 to 6-membered cycloalkyl ring (e.g., cyclopentane, or cyclohexane) containing the same or different and one or more (e.g., 1 to 4) heteroatoms selected from nitrogen atom, sulfur atom or oxygen atom. Concrete examples of the group include groups of the following formulae.
[0345]  [see pdf for image] [see pdf for image] [see pdf for image]
[0346] If C6-10 aryl is a condensed ring, an aromatic ring moiety has a binding site of the “group”. For example, if the group is “C6-10 aryl” of the following formula:
[0347]  [see pdf for image]
the “group” has a binding site on 4-, 5-, 6-, or 7-position.
[0348] “C7-16 aralkyl” means “C6-10 aryl-C1-6 alkyl”, and a group wherein the above “C6-10 aryl” is substituted on the above “C1-6 alkyl”. Preferable one is “C7-14 aralkyl” (C6-10 aryl-C1-4 alkyl), more preferably “C7-10 aralkyl” (C6 aryl-C1-4 alkyl). Concrete examples of “C7-16 aralkyl” include benzyl, 2-phenylethyl, 1-phenylpropyl or 1-naphthylmethyl.
[0349] C1-6 alkyl moiety in the aralkyl may form a C3-4 ring on one carbon atom in the alkyl moiety. Concrete examples of the group include the following groups:
[0350]  [see pdf for image]
[0351] The “heteroaryl” includes 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic aromatic group, and comprises the same or different and one or more (e.g., 1 to 4) heteroatoms selected from nitrogen atom, sulfur atom or oxygen atom. A preferable “polycyclic heteroaryl” is bi- or tri-cyclic group, more preferably bicyclic group. The polycyclic heteroaryl includes a condensed ring of the above monocyclic heteroaryl with an aromatic ring (including benzene, pyridine) or a non-aromatic ring (including cyclohexyl). Concrete examples of the “heteroaryl” include the following groups.
[0352]  [see pdf for image] [see pdf for image]
[0353] In the above formula, a bond across a ring means that a “group” may binds on any possible positions on the ring. When the ring has any nitrogen atoms which can be substituted, said nitrogen atoms may bind to any groups. For example, the heteroaryl of the following formula:
[0354]  [see pdf for image]
means 2-furyl, or 3-furyl.
[0355] If the “heteroaryl” is polycyclic group and is for example the following formula:
[0356]  [see pdf for image]
it may be 4-, 5-, 6- or 7-benzofuryl as well as 2-benzofuryl, or 3-benzofuryl. In a polycyclic heteroaryl wherein an aromatic ring is condensed with a non-aromatic ring (including piperidine), an aromatic ring moiety has a binding site of the “group”. For example, in the “polycyclic heteroaryl” of the following formula:
[0357]  [see pdf for image]
the “group” binds on 2-, 3-, or 4-position.
[0358] A preferable “heteroaryl” is 5 to 10-membered mono- or poly-cyclic aromatic group, more preferably 5 to 6-membered monocyclic aromatic group.
[0359] The “heteroaryl-C1-6 alkyl” means a group wherein the above “heteroaryl” binds to the above “C1-6 alkyl”. Preferable one is “heteroaryl-C1-4 alkyl”. The heteroaryl moiety includes the same concrete examples as illustrated in the above heteroaryl. Specifically, it includes 2-pyridylmethyl.
[0360] The “heterocycle” includes 3 to 7-membered heterocycle having the same or different and 1 to 3 atoms selected from nitrogen atom, oxygen atom and sulfur atom. All the nitrogen atom, oxygen atom and sulfur atom are ring atoms. The heterocycle may be either saturated or partly-unsaturated. Specifically, it includes pyranyl, tetrahydrofuryl, pyrrolidinyl, imidazolidinyl, piperidinyl, morpholinyl, thiomorpholinyl, dioxothiomorpholinyl, hexamethyleneiminyl, oxazolidinyl, thiazolidinyl, imidazolidinyl, oxoimidazolidinyl, dioxoimidazolidinyl, oxooxazolidinyl, dioxooxazolidinyl, dioxothiazolidinyl, tetrahydrofuranyl, tetrahydropyranyl or tetrahydropyridinyl. In the group, the ring nitrogen atom may not be a binding site of a “group”. Specifically, the group does not include a concept such as 1-pyrrolidino.
[0361] The above “heterocycle” may form a condensed ring with 6-membered aromatic hydrocarbon or 6-membered heteroaryl. For example, it includes bicyclic 11 or 12-membered “heterocycle” wherein the above 5 to 6-membered “heterocycle” is condensed with 6-membered aromatic hydrocarbon or 6-membered heteroaryl. The 6-membered aromatic hydrocarbon includes benzene. The 6-membered unsaturated heterocycle includes pyridine, pyrimidine or pyridazine. Specifically, it includes dihydroindolyl, dihydroisoindolyl, dihydropurinyl, dihydrothiazolopyrimidinyl, dihydrobenzodioxanyl, isoindolinyl, indazolyl, pyrrolidinyl, tetrahydroquinolinyl, decahydroquinolinyl, tetrahydroisoquinolinyl, decahydroisoquinolinyl, tetrahydronaphthyridinyl or tetrahydropyridoazepinyl. A preferable “heterocycle” is saturated heterocycle, more preferably 5 to 6-membered saturated heterocycle.
[0362] The “heterocyclic C1-6 alkyl” means a group wherein the “heterocycle” binds to the “C1-6alkyl”. Preferable one is “heterocyclic C1-4 alkyl”. The heterocyclic moiety includes the same concrete examples as illustrated in the above heterocycle. Specifically, it includes pyranylmethyl.
[0363] The “C1-6 alkyl” moiety of “C1-6 alkoxy” has the same meaning as defined in the “C1-6 alkyl”. Preferable one is “C1-4 alkoxy”. Concrete examples of “C1-6 alkoxy” include methoxy, ethoxy, propoxy, isopropoxy, butoxy, isobutoxy, sec-butoxy, tert-butoxy.
[0364] The “C6-10 aryl” moiety of “C6-10 arylthio” has the same meaning as defined in the “C6-10 aryl”. Concrete examples of “C6-10 arylthio” include phenylthio, 1-naphthylthio or 2-naphthylthio.
[0365] The “C1-6 alkyl” moiety of “C1-6 alkylsulfonyl” has the same meaning as defined in the “C1-6 alkyl”. Preferable one is “C1-4 alkylsulfonyl”. Concrete examples of “C1-6 alkylsulfonyl” include methylsulfonyl, ethylsulfonyl, propylsulfonyl, isopropylsulfonyl, butylsulfonyl, pentylsulfonyl or hexylsulfonyl.
[0366] The “C3-6 cycloalkyl” moiety of “C3-6 cycloalkylsulfonyl” has the same meaning as defined in the “C3-6 cycloalkyl”. Concrete examples include cyclopropylsulfonyl, cyclobutylsulfonyl, cyclopentylsulfonyl, cyclohexylsulfonyl.
[0367] The “C6-10 aryl” moiety of “C6-10 arylsulfonyl” has the same meaning as defined in the “C6-10 aryl”. Concrete examples include phenylsulfonyl, 1-naphthylsulfonyl.
[0368] The “C3-6 cycloalkyl” moiety of “C3-6 cycloalkoxy” has the same meaning as defined in the “C3-6 cycloalkyl”. Concrete examples include cyclopropyloxy, cyclobutyloxy, cyclopentyloxy, cyclohexyloxy.
[0369] The “C6-10 aryl” moiety of “C6-10 aryloxy” has the same meaning as defined in the “C6-10 aryl”. Preferable one is “C6 aryloxy” (phenyloxy). Concrete examples of “C6-10 aryloxy” include phenoxy, 1-naphthyloxy or 2-naphthyloxy.
[0370] The “C7-14 aralkyl” moiety of “C7-14 aralkyloxy” (C6-10 aryl-C1-4 alkyloxy) has the same meaning as defined in the “C7-14 aralkyl”. Preferable one includes “C7-10 aralkyloxy” (“phenyl-C1-4 alkyl”). Concrete examples of “C7-14 aralkyloxy” include benzyloxy, phenethyloxy, naphthylmethyloxy.
[0371] The “C1-4 alkoxycarbonyl” means a group wherein the “C1-4 alkoxy” binds to carbonyl. Specifically, it includes methoxycarbonyl, ethoxycarbonyl, propoxycarbonyl, 2-propoxycarbonyl or tert-butoxycarbonyl.
[0372] The “C3-6 cycloalkoxycarbonyl” means a group wherein the “C3-6 cycloalkoxy” binds to carbonyl. Specifically, the C3-6 cycloalkoxy moiety includes groups illustrated in the C3-7 cycloalkoxy.
[0373] The “C7-14 aralkyl” moiety of “C7-14 aralkyloxycarbonyl” has the same meaning as defined in the “C7-14 aralkyl”. Preferable one includes “C7-10 aralkyloxycarbonyl”. Concrete examples of “C7-14 aralkyloxycarbonyl” include benzyloxycarbonyl, phenethyloxycarbonyl, naphthylmethyloxycarbonyl.
[0374] The “C1-6 alkylcarbonyl” means a group wherein the “C1-6 alkyl” binds to carbonyl. Specifically, it includes acetyl, propionyl or butyryl.
[0375] The “C3-6 cycloalkylcarbonyl” means a group wherein the “C3-6 cycloalkyl” binds to carbonyl. Specifically, the C3-6 cycloalkyl moiety includes groups illustrated in the C3-7 cycloalkyl.
[0376] The “C1-4 alkyl” moiety of “C1-4 alkylcarbonyloxy” has the same meaning as defined in the “C1-4 alkyl”. Concrete examples include methylcarbonyloxy, ethylcarbonyloxy, isopropylcarbonyloxy.
[0377] The “C3-6 cycloalkyl” moiety of “C3-6 cycloalkylcarbonyloxy” has the same meaning as defined in the “C3-6 cycloalkyl”.
[0378] The “5 to 7-membered cyclic amino” means cyclic amino group comprising 5 to 7-membered ring. It means that nitrogen atom in the ring is directly a binding site of a “group”. Preferable one is 5 to 7-membered one, more preferably 5 or 6-membered one. Concrete examples include pyrrolidino, piperidino, morpholino, thiomorpholino, thiomorpholino-oxide, thiomorpholino-dioxide, piperadino, 2-pyrrolidon-1-yl. The ring may be may be optionally substituted by halogen atom, C1-4 alkyl, or C6 aryl which may be optionally substituted by C1-4 alkoxy. The group includes cyclic amino group comprising a partly-unsaturated ring.
[0379] The “5 to 7-membered cyclic amino” may form a condensed ring with 6-membered aromatic hydrocarbon or 5 to 6-membered heterocycle. Concrete examples include the following “groups”.
[0380]  [see pdf for image] [see pdf for image] [see pdf for image]
[0381] The substituent group in the “optionally substituted C1-6 alkyl” includes

(a) halogen atom,

(b) hydroxyl,

(c) cyano,

(d) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by

[0382] (d1) 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
[0383] (d2) hydroxy,
[0384] (d3) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms),
[0385] (d4) C3-6 cycloalkoxy,
[0386] (d5) C3-6 cycloalkyl,
[0387] (d6) mono- or di-C1-6 alkylamino, or
[0388] (d7) 5 to 7-membered cyclic amino),

(e) C3-7 cycloalkoxy (in which the cycloalkoxy may be optionally substituted by

[0389] (e1) 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
[0390] (e2) hydroxy,
[0391] (e3) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms),
[0392] (e4) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms),
[0393] (e5) C3-6 cycloalkoxy,
[0394] (e6) C3-6 cycloalkyl,
[0395] (e7) amino, or
[0396] (e8) mono- or di-C1-6 alkylamino),

(f) C1-4 alkylcarbonyloxy,

(g) C3-6 cycloalkylcarbonyloxy,

(h) C1-4alkylcarbonyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by group(s) selected from the group consisting of the above (d1) to (d7)),

(i) C3-6 cycloalkylcarbonyl (in which the cycloalkyl may be optionally substituted by group(s) selected from the group consisting of the above (e1) to (e8)),

(j) C1-4 alkoxycarbonyl,

(k) C3-6 cycloalkoxycarbonyl (in which the cycloalkoxy may be optionally substituted by group(s) selected from the group consisting of the above (e1) to (e8)),

(l) C3-7 cycloalkyl,

(m) optionally substituted amino,

(n) carboxy,

(o) optionally substituted aminocarbonyl,

(p) C1-4 alkylsulfonyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by group(s) selected from the group consisting of the above (d1) to (d7)),

(q) C3-6 cycloalkylsulfonyl (in which the cycloalkyl may be optionally substituted by group(s) selected from the group consisting of the above (e1) to (e8)),

(r) C6-10 aryloxy (in which the aryl may be optionally substituted by

[0397] (r1) halogen atom,
[0398] (r2) C1-4 alkyl, or
[0399] (r3) C1-4 alkoxy),

(s) C7-14 aralkyloxy,

(t) 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryloxy

(u) C6-10 arylthio (in which the aryl may be optionally substituted by halogen atom, or C1-4 alkyl), or

(v) C6-10 arylsulfonyl (in which the aryl may be optionally substituted by

[0400] (v1) halogen atom,
[0401] (v2) C1-4 alkyl, or
[0402] (v3) C1-4 alkoxy).
[0403] A preferable substituent group in the “optionally substituted C1-6 alkyl” includes

(a2) 1 to 3 halogen atoms,

(b2) hydroxyl,

(c2) C1-4 alkoxy (which may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms),

(d2) C1-4alkylsulfonyl, or

(e2) carboxyl. More preferable substituent group includes halogen atom, or C1-4 alkoxy.

[0404] The substituent group in the “optionally substituted C3-7 cycloalkyl” includes the groups of the above (a) to (v), C6-10 aryl, 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl, C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by C1-4 alkoxy, hydroxyl, or halogen atom), and oxo. When the group is a condensed group with phenyl or 5 to 6-membered ring comprising the same or different and one or more (e.g., 1 to 4) heteroatoms selected from nitrogen atom, sulfur atom and oxygen atom, a cyclic moiety such as phenyl may be optionally substituted by the following substituent group of the optionally substituted C6-10 aryl, optionally substituted C7-16 aralkyl, optionally substituted 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl, or optionally substituted 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl-C1-6 alkyl.
[0405] The substituent group in the “optionally substituted C6-10 aryl”, “optionally substituted C7-16 aralkyl”, “optionally substituted 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl” and “optionally substituted 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl-C1-6 alkyl” includes

(a3) halogen atom,

(b3) hydroxyl,

(c3) nitro,

(d3) cyano,

(e3) heterocycle,

(f3) C3-7 cycloalkyl (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms),

(g3) C3-7 cycloalkyloxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms),

(h3) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by

[0406] (h301) 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
[0407] (h302) hydroxy,
[0408] (h303) C3-6 cycloalkyloxy,
[0409] (h304) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by
[0410] 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
[0411] C1-4 alkoxy, or
[0412] hydroxy),
[0413] (h305) C3-6 cycloalkyl,
[0414] (h306) C1-4 alkylsulfonyl,
[0415] (h307) C3-6 cycloalkylsulfonyl,
[0416] (h308) C1-4 alkoxycarbonyl,
[0417] (h309) C7-14 aralkyloxycarbonyl,
[0418] (h310) carboxyl,
[0419] (h311) mono- or di-C1-6 alkylaminocarbonyl, or
[0420] (h312) 5 to 7-membered cyclic aminocarbonyl),

(i3) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by

[0421] (i31) 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
[0422] (i32) hydroxy,
[0423] (i33) C1-4alkoxy,
[0424] (i34) carboxyl,
[0425] (i35) C1-4 alkoxycarbonyl,
[0426] (i36) mono- or di-C1-6 alkylaminocarbonyl,
[0427] (i37) 5 to 7-membered cyclic aminocarbonyl, or
[0428] (i38) C3-6 cycloalkyl),

(j3) C3-6 cycloalkylsulfonyl,

(k3) C1-4 alkylcarbonyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by

[0429] (k31) hydroxy,
[0430] (k32) 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
[0431] (k33) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms),
[0432] (k34) C3-6 cycloalkoxy, or
[0433] (k35) C3-6 cycloalkyl),

(l3) C3-6 cycloalkylcarbonyl (in which the cycloalkyl may be optionally substituted by

[0434] (l31) hydroxy,
[0435] (l32) 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
[0436] (l33) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms),
[0437] (l34) C3-6 cycloalkoxy,
[0438] (l35) C1-4 alkyl, or
[0439] (l36) C3-6 cycloalkyl),

(m3) C1-4alkoxycarbonyl,

(n3) C3-6 cycloalkoxycarbonyl,

(o3) carboxy,

(p3) amino (in which the amino may be optionally substituted by the same or different and 1 to 2 groups selected from the group consisting of

[0440] (p31) C1-6 alkyl,
[0441] (p32) C3-6 cycloalkyl,
[0442] (p33) C1-4 alkylcarbonyl,
[0443] (p34) C3-6 cycloalkylcarbonyl, and
[0444] (p35) C1-6alkylsulfonyl,
[0445] in which (p31) and (p33) may be further optionally substituted by group(s) selected from the group consisting of the above (k31) to (k35), and (p32) and (p34) may be further optionally substituted by group(s) selected from the group consisting of the above (l31) to (l36)),
(q3) 5 to 7-membered cyclic amino,
(r3) aminocarbonyl (in which the amino may be optionally substituted by the same or different and 1 to 2 groups selected from the group consisting of the above (p31) to (p35)),
(s3) 5 to 7-membered cyclic aminocarbonyl,
(t3) aminosulfonyl (in which the amino may be optionally substituted by the same or different and 1 to 2 groups selected from the group consisting of the above (p31) and (p32)),
(u3) 5 to 7-membered cyclic aminosulfonyl,
(v3) C6-10 aryl (in which the aryl may be optionally substituted by
[0446] (v31) halogen atom,
[0447] (v32) C1-4 alkyl, or
[0448] (v33) C1-4 alkoxy),

(w3) 5 to 10-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl (in which the heteroaryl may be optionally substituted by halogen atoms),

(x3) C1-4alkylsulfonyl, or

(y3) C3-6 cycloalkylsulfonyl. The substituent group in the “optionally substituted C6-10 aryl” and “optionally substituted 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl” excludes the above (q3), (v3) and (w3).

[0449] A preferable substituent group in the “optionally substituted C6-10 aryl”, “optionally substituted C7-16 aralkyl”, “optionally substituted 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl” and “optionally substituted 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl-C1-6 alkyl” is the same or different and 1 to 5 groups selected from the group consisting of

(a4) halogen atom,

(b4) cyano,

(c4) hydroxy,

(d4) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the group may be optionally substituted by

[0450] 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
[0451] carboxy,
[0452] C3-5 cycloalkyl,
[0453] C1-4 alkoxy, or
[0454] C1-4 alkoxycarbonyl),

(e4) 5 to 6-membered monocyclic heteroaryl (in which the group may be optionally substituted by halogen atom),

(f4) 5 to 7-membered cyclic amino,

(g4) C1-4 alkylsulfonyl,

(h4) C3-6 cycloalkyl,

(i4) mono- or di-C1-6 alkylamino,

(j4) mono- or di-C1-6 alkylcarbonylamino,

(k4) mono- or di-C1-6 alkylsulfonylamino,

(l4) C6-10 aryl (in which the aryl may be optionally substituted by halogen atom),

(m4) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by

[0455] 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
[0456] carboxy,
[0457] C1-4 alkoxycarbonyl, or
[0458] C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms)),

(n4) C1-6 alkylcarbonyl,

(o4) carboxy, and

(p4) C1-4 alkoxycarbonyl. The preferable substituent group in the “optionally substituted C6-10 aryl” and “optionally substituted 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl” excludes the above (e4), (f4) and (l4).

[0459] More preferable substituent group is the same or different and 1 to 5 groups selected from the group consisting of

(a5) halogen atom,

(b5) cyano,

(c5) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the group may be optionally substituted by

[0460] 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
[0461] C1-4alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms), or
[0462] C3-6 cycloalkyl),

(d5) C3-6 cycloalkyl,

(e5) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by

[0463] 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
[0464] C1-4alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms), or
[0465] C3-6 cycloalkyl), and

(f5) C1-6 alkylcarbonyl.

[0466] When the aryl moiety of “C6-10 aryl” and “C7-16 aralkyl” is condensed, the condensed ring moiety may be optionally substituted by the substituent group in the “optionally substituted heterocycle” or “optionally substituted C3-7 cycloalkyl”.
[0467] The heterocyclic substituent group in the “optionally substituted heterocycle” and “optionally substituted heterocyclic C1-6 alkyl” includes the groups selected from the group consisting of the above (d) to (v), C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms, or C1-4 alkoxy), C6-10 aryl, 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl (in which the C6-10 aryl and 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl may be optionally substituted by the same or different and 1 to 3 groups selected from the group consisting of halogen atom; cyano; C1-4 alkoxy which may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms, C3-6 cycloalkyl or C1-4 alkoxy; C3-6 cycloalkyl; mono- or di-C1-6 alkylamino; C1-4 alkyl which may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms, C1-4 alkoxy, or C3-6 cycloalkyl; and C1-4 alkylcarbonyl), or oxo.
[0468] The “optionally substituted amino” means amino, mono- or di-substituted amino, and optionally substituted 5 to 7-membered cyclic amino.

The substituent group of the “mono- or di-substituted amino” may be optionally substituted by the same or different and 1 to 2 groups selected from the group consisting of

(a6) C1-4 alkyl,

(b6) C3-6 cycloalkyl,

(c6) C1-4 alkylcarbonyl,

(d6) C3-6 cycloalkylcarbonyl,

(e6) aminocarbonyl,

(f6) 5 to 7-membered cyclic aminocarbonyl,

(g6) C1-4 alkylsulfonyl, and

(h6) C3-7 cycloalkylsulfonyl.

[0469] The substituent group in the “optionally substituted 5 to 7-membered cyclic amino” is the same as the substituent group in the “optionally substituted heterocycle”. When the group may form a condensed ring with 6-membered aromatic hydrocarbon or 5 to 6-membered heterocycle, the 6-membered aromatic hydrocarbon or 5 to 6-membered heterocycle may be optionally substituted by the substituent group (e.g., (a4) to (p4), etc.) in the “optionally substituted C6-10 aryl”, “optionally substituted C7-16 aralkyl”, “optionally substituted 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl”, or “optionally substituted 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl-C1-6 alkyl”.
[0470] The “optionally substituted amino” in the “optionally substituted aminocarbonyl” has the same meaning as defined in the “optionally substituted amino”.
[0471] “R1a” and “R1b” across A and azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane in formula (1) mean that they may bind on any possible positions on each ring. When m and n are 0, R1a and R1b are absent. Specifically, said compound means the following compound:
[0472]  [see pdf for image]
[0473] A preferable embodiment in the present invention is explained in more detail.
[0474] In a compound of formula (1), both “m” and “n” are preferably 0.
[0475] “Z1” is preferably a single bond, or oxygen atom. “Z1” preferably binds either in the following configuration:
[0476]  [see pdf for image]
[0477] “R2” is preferably

(1) C1-6 alkyl (in which the group may be optionally substituted by

[0478] (a) C6-10 aryloxy (in which the aryl may be optionally substituted by
[0479] halogen atom,
[0480] C1-4 alkyl, or
[0481] C1-4 alkoxy),
[0482] (b) C6-10 arylthio (in which the aryl may be optionally substituted by
[0483] halogen atom, or
[0484] C1-4 alkyl),
[0485] (c) C6-10 arylsulfonyl (in which the aryl may be optionally substituted by
[0486] halogen atom,
[0487] C1-4 alkyl, or
[0488] C1-4 alkoxy),
[0489] (d) C3-6 cycloalkyl,
[0490] (e) C1-4 alkoxy, or
[0491] (f) C7-14 aralkyloxy),

(2) C3-7 cycloalkyl,

(3) C6-10 aryl (in which the aryl may be optionally substituted by the same or different 1 to 5 groups selected from the group consisting of

[0492] (a) halogen atom,
[0493] (b) cyano,
[0494] (c) hydroxy,
[0495] (d) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by
[0496] 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
[0497] C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms),
[0498] carboxy,
[0499] C1-4 alkoxycarbonyl, or
[0500] C3-6 cycloalkyl),
[0501] (e) C1-4 alkylsulfonyl,
[0502] (f) C3-6 cycloalkyl,
[0503] (g) C3-6 cycloalkoxy,
[0504] (h) mono- or di-C1-6 alkylamino,
[0505] (i) mono- or di-C1-6 alkylcarbonylamino,
[0506] (j) mono- or di-C1-6 alkylsulfonylamino,
[0507] (k) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by
[0508] 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
[0509] C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms),
[0510] carboxyl,
[0511] C1-4 alkoxycarbonyl, or
[0512] C3-6 cycloalkyl),
[0513] (l) C1-6 alkylcarbonyl,
[0514] (m) carboxy,
[0515] (n) C1-4 alkoxycarbonyl, and
[0516] (o) aminocarbonyl),

(4) C7-16 aralkyl (in which the group may be optionally substituted by the same or different 1 to 5 groups selected from the group consisting of

[0517] (a) halogen atom,
[0518] (b) cyano,
[0519] (c) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by
[0520] 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
[0521] C3-6 cycloalkyl, or
[0522] C1-4 alkoxy),
[0523] (d) C1-4 alkylsulfonyl,
[0524] (e) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by
[0525] 1 to 3 halogen atoms, or
[0526] C1-4 alkoxy), and
[0527] (f) C1-6 alkylthio),
[0528] (5) heterocycle (in which the ring may be optionally substituted by C6-10 aryl, or 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl, and the C6-10 aryl and 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 groups selected from the group consisting of
[0529] (a) halogen atom,
[0530] (b) cyano,
[0531] (c) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by
[0532] 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
[0533] C1-4 alkoxy, or
[0534] C3-6 cycloalkyl),
[0535] (d) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by
[0536] 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
[0537] C1-4 alkoxy, or
[0538] C3-6 cycloalkyl),
[0539] (e) C3-6 cycloalkyl,
[0540] (f) mono- or di-C1-6 alkylamino, and
[0541] (g) C1-6 alkylcarbonyl),

(6) heterocyclic C1-6 alkyl,

(7) 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl (in which the heteroaryl may be optionally substituted by the same or different 1 to 3 groups selected from the group consisting of

[0542] (a) halogen atom,
[0543] (b) cyano,
[0544] (c) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by
[0545] 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
[0546] C1-4 alkoxy, or
[0547] C3-6 cycloalkyl),
[0548] (d) C3-6 cycloalkyl,
[0549] (e) C3-6 cycloalkylalkoxy,
[0550] (f) mono- or di-C1-6 alkylamino,
[0551] (g) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by
[0552] 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
[0553] C1-4 alkoxy, or
[0554] C3-6 cycloalkyl), and
[0555] (h) C1-6 alkylcarbonyl),

(8) 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl-C1-6 alkyl (in which the group may be optionally substituted by C1-4 alkyl, or C1-4 alkoxy), or

(9) 5 to 7-membered cyclic amino.

[0556] “R2” is more preferably

(1) C1-6 alkyl (in which the group may be optionally substituted by C6-10 aryloxy),

(2) C6-10 aryl (in which the aryl may be optionally substituted by the same or different 1 to 5 groups selected from the group consisting of

[0557] (a) halogen atom,
[0558] (b) cyano,
[0559] (c) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by
[0560] 1 to 3 halogen atoms, or
[0561] C1-4 alkoxy),
[0562] (d) C1-4 alkylsulfonyl,
[0563] (e) mono- or di-C1-6 alkylcarbonylamino,
[0564] (f) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by
[0565] 1 to 3 halogen atoms, or
[0566] C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms)),
[0567] (g) C1-4 alkylcarbonyl,
[0568] (h) carboxy,
[0569] (i) C1-4 alkoxycarbonyl, and
[0570] (j) aminocarbonyl),

(3) C7-16 aralkyl (in which the group may be optionally substituted by the same or different 1 to 5 groups selected from the group consisting of

[0571] (a) halogen atom,
[0572] (b) cyano,
[0573] (c) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms),
[0574] (d) C1-4 alkylsulfonyl,
[0575] (e) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms), and
[0576] (f) C1-6 alkylthio),

(4) heterocycle (in which the ring may be optionally substituted by

[0577] (a) C6-10 aryl, or
[0578] (b) 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl (in which the heteroaryl may be optionally substituted by group(s) selected from the group consisting of
[0579] halogen atom,
[0580] C1-4 alkyl, and
[0581] C1-4 alkoxy)),
(5) 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl (in which the heteroaryl may be optionally substituted by the same or different 1 to 3 groups selected from the group consisting of
[0582] (a) halogen atom,
[0583] (b) cyano,
[0584] (c) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by
[0585] 1 to 3 halogen atoms, or
[0586] C3-6 cycloalkyl), and
[0587] (d) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by
[0588] 1 to 3 halogen atoms, or
[0589] C1-4 alkoxy),
[0590] (e) C1-4 alkylcarbonyl, and
[0591] (f) C3-6 cycloalkyl), or

(6) 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl-C1-6 alkyl (in which the group may be optionally substituted by C1-4 alkyl, or C1-4 alkoxy).

[0592] The present invention encompasses compounds of the following formulae (2) to (4) as well as a compound of formula (1).

(1) A compound of formula (2):

[0593]  [see pdf for image]
wherein X12 is hydroxyl, or aminocarbonyl;
[0594] Z12 is a single bond, or oxygen atom;
[0595] R22 is C7-16 aralkyl (in which the aryl moiety of the aralkyl may be optionally substituted by the same or different groups selected from the group consisting of

(1) halogen atom,

(2) cyano,

(3) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms, C3-6 cycloalkyl or C1-4 alkoxy),

(4) C1-4 alkylsulfonyl,

(5) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms, or C1-4 alkoxy), and

(6) C1-4alkylthio), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

[0596] R22 in a compound of formula (2), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof is preferably phenyl or 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl (in which the phenyl and heteroaryl may be optionally substituted by the same or different groups selected from the group consisting of

(1) halogen atom,

(2) cyano,

(3) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms, or C1-4 alkoxy), and

(4) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms, or C1-4 alkoxy)).

(2) A compound of formula (3):

[0597]  [see pdf for image]
wherein X13 is hydroxyl, or aminocarbonyl;
[0598] R23 is phenyl or 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl (in which the phenyl and heteroaryl may be optionally substituted by the same or different 1 to 3 groups selected from the group consisting of
[0599] (1) halogen atom,

(2) cyano,

(3) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by

[0600] (a) 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
[0601] (b) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms), or
[0602] (c) C3-6 cycloalkyl),

(4) C3-6 cycloalkyl,

(5) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by

[0603] (a) 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
[0604] (b) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms), or
[0605] (c) C3-6 cycloalkyl), and

(6) C1-6 alkylcarbonyl), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

(3) A compound of formula (3a):

[0606]  [see pdf for image]
wherein X13 is hydroxyl, or aminocarbonyl;
[0607] R4a, R4b and R4c are each independently

(1) hydrogen atom,

(2) halogen atom,

(3) cyano,

(4) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms, C1-4alkoxy, or C3-6 cycloalkyl),

(5) C3-6 cycloalkyl,

(6) C3-6 cycloalkyloxy,

(7) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms, C1-4 alkoxy, or C3-6 cycloalkyl), or

(8) C1-6 alkylcarbonyl, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

(4) A compound of formula (3b):

[0608]  [see pdf for image]
wherein X13 is hydroxyl, or aminocarbonyl;
[0609] R4a, R4b and R4c are each independently

(1) hydrogen atom,

(2) halogen atom,

(3) cyano,

(4) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms, C1-4alkoxy, or C3-6 cycloalkyl),

(5) C3-6 cycloalkyl,

(6) C3-6 cycloalkyloxy,

(7) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms, C1-4 alkoxy, or C3-6 cycloalkyl), or

(8) C1-6 alkylcarbonyl, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

(5) A compound of formula (4):

[0610]  [see pdf for image]
wherein X14 is hydroxyl, or aminocarbonyl;
[0611] R5 is

(1) C6-10 aryl, or

(2) 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl (in which the C6-10 aryl and 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 groups selected from the group consisting of

[0612] (a) halogen atom,
[0613] (b) cyano,
[0614] (c) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by
[0615] 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
[0616] C1-4 alkoxy, or
[0617] C3-6 cycloalkyl),
[0618] (d) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by
[0619] 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
[0620] C3-6 cycloalkyl, or
[0621] C1-4 alkoxy),
[0622] (e) C3-6 cycloalkyl,
[0623] (f) mono- or di-C1-6 alkylamino, and
[0624] (g) C1-6 alkylcarbonyl), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
[0625] Preferable embodiments of compounds of formulae (2) to (4) also encompass compounds with configurations of Items 5 and 6 in a compound of formula (1) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. Said compounds include any compounds of the following formulae:
[0626]  [see pdf for image] [see pdf for image]
[0627] A method for preparing a compound of formula (1) is explained. A compound of formula (1), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof (referred to as the compound of the present invention, hereinafter) is illustrated as below, but the present invention is not intended to be limited thereto.
[0628] The compound of formula (1) of the present invention may be prepared from known compounds according to the following Preparations 1 to 2, similar methods to the following preparations, or a combination of any synthetic methods known to a skilled person.

Preparation 1

Preparation of Compound (1)

[0629]  [see pdf for image]
(In the scheme, A, R1a, R1b, m, n, X1, Z1 and R2 have the same meanings as defined in the above Item 1.)
[0630] Compound (1) may be prepared according to the following methods by using a compound of formula (A′-1) or (A′-2) and a compound of formula (s-1). A compound of formula (A′-1) or (A′-2) and a compound of formula (s-1) may be used in the reaction in the form of salt.

Preparation 1-1

[0631] A compound of formula (A′-1) or (A′-2) is reacted with 1,1′-carbonyldiimidazole, triphosgene, or phosgene, etc., for example, usually at −10° C. to 30° C. for 0.5 to 6 hours in an inactive solvent. Sequentially, the mixture may be usually reacted with a compound of formula (s-1) at −10° C. to reflux temperature for 0.5 to 8 hours to give Compound (1). The reacting order of a compound of formula (s-1) and a compound of formula (A′-1) or (A′-2) may be switched each other.

Preparation 1-2

[0632] A compound of formula (A′-1) or (A′-2) in an inactive solvent may be reacted with para-nitrophenyl chloroformate, trichloromethylchloroformate (diphosgene) or phenylchloroformate usually at −10° C. to reflux temperature in the presence of a base, and then thereto may be added a compound formula (s-1) and the mixture may be treated usually at −10° C. to reflux temperature to give Compound (1). The reacting order of formula (s-1) and a compound of formula (A′-1) or (A′-2) may be switched each other. The base includes nitrogen-containing organic bases such as triethylamine, diisopropylethylamine, tributylamine, 1,5-diazabicyclo[4.3.0]non-5-ene (DBN), 1,4-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane (DABCO), 1,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene (DBU), pyridine, dimethylaminopyridine, picoline or N-methylmorpholine (NMM), inorganic bases such as potassium carbonate, sodium carbonate, sodium hydrogen carbonate.
[0633] The inactive solvent includes ether type solvents such as tetrahydrofuran, diethylether, dioxane, 1,2-dimethoxyethane, cyclopentylmethylether, hydrocarbons such as toluene, benzene, halogenated hydrocarbon type solvents such as dichloromethane, chloroform, 1,2-dichloroethane, aprotic polar solvents such as dimethyl sulfoxide, N,N-dimethylformamide, N,N-dimethylacetamide, N-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone, 1,3-dimethyl-2-imidazolidinone, a mixed solvent thereof, or a mixed solvent of these solvents and water.

Preparation 2

Preparation of a Compound of Formula (S-4)

[0634]  [see pdf for image]
(In the above formula, R1a, m, X1 and Z1 are the same as the above Item 1, R2 is optionally substituted C6-10 aryl, optionally substituted C7-16 aralkyl, optionally substituted 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl-C1-6alkyl, or optionally substituted 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl (in which —W1—CO2Ra, —W1—CO2Rb and —W1—CONRcRd are the substituent group in the above R2, W1 is a single bond, C1-4 alkylene, or C1-4 alkoxy, Ra is C1-4 alkyl, or C7-14 aralkyl, Rb is hydrogen atom, sodium, potassium, lithium, calcium, etc., Rc and Rd are the same or different and C1-6 alkyl, or —NRcRd is 5 to 7-membered cyclic amino).)
Step 1:
[0635] The Step is directed to the conversion into a carboxylic acid compound derivative of formula (s-3) via deprotection of ester group of a compound of formula (s-2) prepared in the similar manner to Preparation 1.
[0636] The Step includes the method of Greene, Protective Groups in Organic Synthesis, John Wiley & Sons Inc. (1981).
[0637] Specifically, the step is carried out in the following procedure, for example.
[0638] (A) When Ra is C1-4 alkyl, the carboxlic acid compound derivative (s-3) may be prepared by alkali hydrolysis, or acid hydrolysis. For example, in case of alkali hydrolysis, Compound (s-3) may be prepared by the reaction using water in the presence of alkali metal hydroxide or alkaline-earth metal hydroxide such as sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, lithium hydroxide, magnesium hydroxide, for example in the presence or absence of alcohol type solvent such as methanol, ethanol, 2-propanol, butanol, ether type solvent such as diethylether, diisopropylether, tetrahydrofuran, 1,4-dioxane, aromatic hydrocarbon type solvent such as benzene, toluene, xylene, usually in the range of room temperature to reflux temperature for 0.5 to 48 hours.
(B) When Ra is C7-14 aralkyl, Compound (s-3) may be prepared by the reaction in the presence of a metal catalyst such as palladium/carbon, palladium hydroxide, nickel under hydrogen atmosphere, and the optional addition of ammonium formate etc. The solvent includes alcohol type solvents such as methanol, ethanol, 2-propanol, butanol, ether type solvents such as diethylether, diisopropylether, tetrahydrofuran, 1,4-dioxane, aromatic hydrocarbon type solvents such as benzene, toluene, xylene, esters such as ethyl acetate, methyl acetate, organic acids such as acetic acid, or a mixed solvent thereof
Step 2:
[0639] In the Step, a carboxy group of Compound (s-3) is activated, and then reacted with amine HNRcRd or a salt thereof to give Compound (s-4).
[0640] The activation of carboxy group includes a method of converting carboxy group into acid anhydride, mixed acid anhydride, acid halide, active ester or acid azide or a method using a condensing agent.
[0641] In the method via acid halide, Compound (s-3) may be reacted with a halogenating agent such as oxalyl chloride, thionyl chloride, phosphorus oxychloride, phosphorus pentachloride, for example, to give an acid halide, and then reacted with amine HNRcRd or a salt thereof in the presence of a base to give Compound (s-4). Any bases may be used as the base without limitations, but for example, the base includes organic bases such as triethylamine, diisopropylethylamine, tributylamine, 1,5-diazabicyclo[4.3.0]non-5-ene (DBN), 1,4-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane (DABCO), 1,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene (DBU), pyridine, dimethylaminopyridine, picoline or N-methylmorpholine (NMM), or inorganic bases such as sodium hydrogen carbonate, potassium hydrogen carbonate, sodium carbonate, potassium carbonate, sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide. Any solvents may be used as the solvent unless they react under the reaction condition of the Step. For example, the solvent includes halogenated hydrocarbon type solvents such as dichloromethane, chloroform, 1,2-dichloroethane, carbon tetrachloride, ether type solvents such as diethylether, diisopropylether, tetrahydrofuran, 1,4-dioxane, aromatic hydrocarbon type solvents such as benzene, toluene, xylene, esters such as ethyl acetate, methyl acetate, water, or a mixture thereof. The reaction temperature is in the range of −80° C. to reflux temperature, and usually in the range of −20° C. to ice-cold temperature. The reaction time is between 10 minutes and 48 hours.
[0642] In the method via mixed acid anhydride, Compound (s-3) may be reacted with acid halide in the presence of a base to give a mixed acid anhydride, and then reacted with amine HNRcRd or a salt thereof to give Compound (s-4). The acid halide includes methoxycarbonyl chloride, ethoxycarbonyl chloride, isopropyloxycarbonyl chloride, isobutyloxycarbonyl chloride, para-nitrophenoxycarbonyl chloride or t-butylcarbonyl chloride, for example. Any bases may be used as the base without limitations, but for example, the base includes organic bases such as triethylamine, diisopropylethylamine, tributylamine, 1,5-diazabicyclo[4.3.0]non-5-ene (DBN), 1,4-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane (DABCO), 1,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene (DBU), pyridine, dimethylaminopyridine, picoline or N-methylmorpholine (NMM), or inorganic bases such as sodium hydrogen carbonate, potassium hydrogen carbonate, sodium carbonate or potassium carbonate. Any solvents may be used as the solvent unless they react under the reaction condition of the Step. For example, the solvent includes halogenated hydrocarbon type solvents such as dichloromethane, chloroform, 1,2-dichloroethane, carbon tetrachloride, ether type solvents such as diethylether, diisopropylether, tetrahydrofuran, 1,4-dioxane, aromatic hydrocarbon type solvents such as benzene, toluene or xylene, esters such as ethyl acetate, methyl acetate, water, or a mixture thereof. The reaction temperature is in the range of −80° C. to reflux temperature, and usually at −20° C. to ice-cold temperature. The reaction time is between 30 minutes and 48 hours.
[0643] Compound (s-3) may be also reacted with amine HNRcRd or a salt thereof using a condensing agent in the presence or absence of a base to give Compound (s-4). The condensing agent includes agents described in Jikken-Kagaku Koza (The Chemical Society of Japan, Maruzen), vol. 22. For example, it includes phosphoric acid esters such as diethyl cyanophosphate, diphenylphosphoryl azide; carbodiimides such as 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)-carbodiimide hydrochloride, dicyclohexylcarbodiimide; combinations of disulfides such as 2,2′-dipyridyl disulfide and phosphines such as triphenylphosphine; phosphorus halides such as N,N′-bis(2-oxo-3-oxazolidinyl)phosphinic chloride; combinations of azodicarboxylic acid diesters such as diethyl azodicarboxylate and phosphines such as triphenylphosphine; 2-halo-1-lower alkylpyridinium halides such as 2-chloro-1-methylpyridinium iodide; 1,1′-carbonyldiimidazole; diphenylphosphoryl azide (DPPA); diethyl phosphoryl cyanide (DEPC); dicyclohexylcarbodiimide (DCC); carbonyldiimidazole (CDI); 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)carbodiimide hydrochloride (EDC HCl); O-(1H-benzotriazol-1-yl)-1,1,3,3-tetramethyl-uronium tetrahydroborate (TBTU); O-(1H-benzotriazol-1-yl)-N,N,N′,N′-tetramethyl-uronium hexafluorophosphate (HBTU); (benzotriazol-1-yloxy)tris(dimethylamino)phosphonium hexafluorophosphate. Any solvents may be used as the solvent unless they react under the reaction condition of the Step. Specifically, the same solvents as used in the method via acid halide, or aprotic polar solvents such as N,N-dimethylformamide, N,N-dimethylacetamide, N-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone, 1,3-dimethyl-2-imidazolidinone, dimethyl sulfoxide, water, or a mixed solvent thereof may be used. Any bases may be used as the base without limitations, but for example, the base includes organic bases such as triethylamine, diisopropylethylamine, tributylamine, 1,5-diazabicyclo[4.3.0]non-5-ene (DBN), 1,4-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane (DABCO), 1,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene (DBU), pyridine, dimethylaminopyridine, picoline or N-methylmorpholine (NMM). The reaction is usually carried out in the range of −10° C. to reflux temperature. The reaction time mainly varies according to conditions such as reaction temperatures, starting materials used, and solvents, but is usually between 0.5 hours and 48 hours.
[0644] In the above-mentioned preparations, any functional groups other than reaction sites may be converted under the above-mentioned reaction condition, or in case that it is inappropriate to carry out the above method, such groups other than reaction sites may be protected to react, and sequentially, deprotected to give the desired compound. A conventional protective group described in the above Protective Groups in Organic Synthesis, etc. may be used as the protective group, and specifically, the protective group of amine includes ethoxycarbonyl, t-butoxycarbonyl, acetyl, or benzyl, etc., and the protective group of hydroxyl includes tri-lower alkylsilyl, acetyl, or benzyl, etc.
[0645] The introduction and removal of the protective group may be carried out in accordance with the conventional method (e.g., Protective Groups in Organic Synthesis).
[0646] The intermediates or final products in the above preparations may be optionally converted in their functional groups to introduce other compounds encompassed in the present invention. The conversions of functional groups may be carried out by conventional methods (e.g., see R. C. Larock, Comprehensive Organic Transformations (1989), etc.).
[0647] The intermediates and desired compound in the above each preparation may be isolated and purified by the conventional purification methods in the organic synthetic chemistry, for example neutralization, filtration, extraction, washing, drying, concentration, recrystallization, each type of chromatography. The intermediates may be also used in the next reaction without any specific purification.
[0648] The optical isomers may be separated by carrying out known separation steps, including the method using an optically active column, fractionated crystallization, in an appropriate step in the above preparations. An optical isomer may be used as a starting material.
[0649] When the compound of the present invention may also exist in the form of an optical isomer, stereoisomer, tautomer such as keto-enol, and/or geometric isomer, the present invention encompasses all possible isomers including these isomers and a mixture thereof.
[0650] The starting materials and intermediates in the above preparations may be known compounds or synthesized by the known methods with known compounds.
[0651] In the compound of the present invention, configurations of two substituent groups on the adamantane are defined as the following Z- or E-relative configuration (see; C. D. Jones, M. Kaselj, et al., J. Org. Chem. 63:2758-2760, 1998).
[0652]  [see pdf for image]
[0653] The present invention encompasses a compound of formula (1) or a prodrug thereof, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. The present invention also encompasses its solvate such as hydrate or ethanolate. The present invention also encompasses every crystalline form.
[0654] The wording “a prodrug of a compound of formula (1)” used herein means a compound which is converted into a compound of formula (1) in the living body by reaction by enzymes or gastric acid under physiological conditions, namely, a compound which is converted into a compound of formula (1) by oxidization, reduction, hydrolysis, etc. enzymatically, or by hydrolysis by gastric acid.
[0655] The “pharmaceutically acceptable salt” includes alkali metal salt such as potassium salt or sodium salt, alkaline-earth metal salt such as calcium salt or magnesium salt, water-soluble amine addition salt such as ammonium, N-methyl glucamine (megulmine), or lower alkanol ammonium salt of organic amines, and hydrochloride, hydrobromide, hydroiodide, nitrate, sulfate, hydrogen sulfate, phosphate, acetate, lactate, citrate, tartrate, hydrogen tartrate, succinate, maleate, fumarate, gluconate, saccharate, benzoate, methanesulfonate, ethanesulfonate, benzenesulfonate, para-toluenesulfonate, or a salt with pamoate [1,1′-methylene-bis-(2-hydroxy-3-naphthoate)].
[0656] When a salt of the compound of the present invention is desired, a salt form of the compound of the present invention may be directly purified, and a free form thereof may be dissolved or suspended in an appropriate organic solvent with the addition of acids or bases in conventional manners to form its salt.
[0657] The compound of the present invention and a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof may exist in the form of adduct with water or each type of solvent, and the adduct is also encompassed in the present invention. Further, the present invention encompasses every tautomers, every stereoisomers existed, and every crystalline form of the compound of the present invention.
[0658] The compound of the present invention is useful as a therapeutic agent for preventing and/or treating diseases such as type II diabetes, dyslipidemia, hyperglycemia, insulin resistance, hypo HDL-emia, hyper LDL-emia, abnormality of lipid metabolism, hyperlipidemia, hypertriglyceridemia, hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, arteriosclerosis, cerebral arteriosclerosis, angiostenosis, atherosclerosis, obesity, osteoporosis, immunological disorder, metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease, Cushing's syndrome, subclinical Cushing's syndrome, NASH (non-alcoholic), NAFLD (non-alcoholic fatty liver), glaucoma, retinopathy, dementia, cognitive disorder, depression, anxiety, manic depression, neurodegenerative disease, Alzheimer's dementia, cerebrovascular dementia, dementia with Lewy bodies, Pick disease, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, Kraepelin disease, Parkinson disease, Huntington's disease, Hallervorden-Spats disease, spinocerebellar degeneration, progressive myoclonus epilepsy, progressive supranuclear palsy, myxedema, parathyroid disorder, Wilson's disease, liver disease, hypoglycemia, remote symptom of cancer, uremia, chronic cerebral circulatory insufficiency, cerebral hemorrhage, cerebral infarction, cerebral embolism, subarachnoid hemorrhage, chronic subdural hemorrhage, pseudobulbar paralysis, aortic arch syndrome, Binswanger disease, arteriovenous malformation-thromboangiitis arterits, hypoxia, anoxia, normal pressure hydrocephalus, Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome, pellagra, Marchiafava-Bignami disease, vitamin B12 deficiency, brain tumor, open and closed head trauma, Banti's syndrome, fever attack, infection disease, bacterial meningitis, fungal meningitis, encephalitis, progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy, Behcet syndrome, Kuru, lues, multiple sclerosis, muscular dystrophy, Whipple disease, camp syndrome, disseminated lupus erythematosus, cardiac arrest, human immunodeficiency virus encephalopathy, hypothyroidism, hypopituitarism, dementia accompanied by chronic alcoholic intoxication; disorders by metal, organic compounds, carbon monoxide, toxic substances or drugs; cognitive disorders wherein behavioral and psychological symptoms are accompanied or peripheral symptoms, depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, major depressive disorder, dysthymic disorder, seasonal affective disorder, anxiety disorder, phobia, panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, acute stress disorder, agoraphobia, social phobia, avoidant personality disorder, psychosomatic disorder, depression or anxiety conditions associated with other diseases (including schizophrenia, dementia), neurogenic anorexia, disturbed eating behavior, sleep disorders, schizophrenia, drug dependency, cluster headache, migraine, chronic paroxysmal hemicrania, headache related to angiopathy, dementia of Parkinson disease, dysphoria, anxiety, neuroleptic drug-induced Parkinson syndrome and Parkinson disease including tardive dyskinesia.
[0659] When the compound of the present invention is used in the therapy, it may be administered orally or parenterally (e.g., intravenously, subcutaneously or intramuscularly, locally, rectally, percutaneously, or transnasally) in the form of a pharmaceutical composition. The composition for oral administration includes, for example, tablets, capsules, pills, granules, powders, solutions, suspensions, etc. The composition for parenteral administration includes, for example, aqueous solutions for injection, or oils, ointments, creams, lotions, aerosols, suppositories, adhesive preparations, etc. These preparations may be prepared by a conventional known method, and may contain a nontoxic and inactive carrier or excipient that is usually used in the pharmaceutical field.
[0660] The dosage may vary depending on diseases, ages, administration routes, etc., and for example, it is preferable that in the oral administration, the compound may be administered depending on the conditions in a single unit or several units in the range of 0.01 mg (preferably, 1 mg) as a lower limit to 5000 mg (preferably, 500 mg) as a upper limit per a day for adults. In the intravenous administration, it is effective for the compound to be administered depending on the conditions in a single unit or several units in the range of 0.01 mg (preferably, 0.1 mg) as a lower limit to 1000 mg (preferably, 30 mg) as an upper limit per a day for adults.
[0661] Aiming at the enhancement of the pharmacological activity, the compound of the present invention may be used in combination with a medicament such as an antidiabetic agent, a therapeutic agent for diabetic complications, an antilipidemic agent, a hypotensive agent, an antiobesity agent, a diuretic agent (hereinafter referred to as combined medicine). The administration timing of the compound of the present invention and a combined medicine is not necessarily limited, and they may be administered to a subject simultaneously or administered with time-interval. In addition, the compound of the present invention and a combined medicine may be used in the form of a combination drug. The dosage of a combined medicine may be optionally selected based on the dosage in the clinical use. In addition, the mixing ratio of the present compound and a combined medicine may be optionally determined depending on the subject to be administered, the administration route, the disease to be treated, the conditions of a patient, and a kind of combination. For example, when the subject to be administered is human, then a combined medicine may be used in an amount of 0.01 to 100 parts for weight of one part of the compound of the present invention.
[0662] The antidiabetic agent includes insulin formulations (e.g., animal insulin formulations extracted from the bovine pancreas or swine pancreas; genetically-engineered human insulin formulations using Escherichia coli or yeast, etc.), improving agents of insulin resistance (e.g., pioglitazone or a hydrochloride salt thereof, troglitazon, rosiglitazone or a maleate salt thereof, GI-262570, JTT-501, MCC-555, YM-440, KRP-297, CS-011, etc.), α-glucosidase inhibitors (e.g., voglibose, acarbose, miglitol, emiglitate, etc.), biguanides (e.g., metformine, etc.), insulin secretagogues (e.g., sulfonylureas such as tolbutamide, glibenclamide, gliclazide, chlorpropamide, tolazamide, acetohexamide, glyclopyramide, glimepiride, etc.; repaglinide, senaglinide, nateglinide, mitiglinide, etc.), dipeptidyl peptase-IV (DPP-IV) inhibitors (e.g., sitagliptin or a phosphate thereof, vildagliptin, alogliptin or a benzoate thereof, denagliptin or a tosylate thereof, etc.), GLP-1, GLP-1 analogues (exenatide, liraglutide, SUN-E7001, AVE010, BIM-51077, CJC1131, etc.), protein tyrosine phosphatase inhibitors (e.g., vanadic acid, etc.), β3 agonists (e.g., GW-427353B, N-5984, etc.).
[0663] The therapeutic agent for diabetic complications includes aldose reductase inhibitors (e.g., tolrestat, epalrestat, zenarestat, zopolrestat, minarestat, fidarestat, ranirestat, SK-860, CT-112, etc.), neurotrophic factors (e.g., NGF, NT-3, BDNF, etc.), PKC inhibitors (e.g., LY-333531, etc.), AGE inhibitors (e.g., ALT946, pimagedine, pyratoxatin, N-phenacylthiazolium bromide (ALT766), etc.), active oxygen scavengers (e.g., thioctic acid, etc.), cerebral vasodilators (e.g., tiapride, mexiletine, etc.). The antilipidemic agent includes HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (e.g., pravastatin, simvastatin, lovastatin, atorvastatin, fluvastatin, itavastatin or a sodium salt thereof, etc.), squalene synthetase inhibitors, ACAT inhibitors, etc. The hypotensive agent includes angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (e.g., captopril, enalapril, alacepril, delapril, lisinopril, imidapril, benazepril, cilazapril, temocapril, trandolapril, etc.), angiotensin II antagonists (e.g., olmesartan medoxomil, candesartan cilexetil, losartan, eprosartan, valsartan, telmisartan, irbesartan, tasosartan, etc.), calcium antagonists (e.g., nicardipine hydrochloride, manidipine hydrochloride, nisoldipine, nitrendipine, nilvadipine, amlodipine, etc.).
[0664] The antiobesity agent includes, for example, central anti-obesity drugs (e.g., phentermine, sibutramine, amfepramone, dexamphetamine, Mazindol, SR-141716A, etc.), pancreatic lipase inhibitors (e.g., Orlistat, etc.), peptidic anorexiants (e.g., leptin, CNTF (ciliary neurotrophic factor), etc.), cholecystokinin agonists (e.g., lintitript, FPL-15849, etc.). The diuretic agent includes, for example, xanthine derivatives (e.g., theobromine sodium salicylate, theobromine calcium salicylate. etc.), thiazide preparations (e.g., ethiazide, cyclopenthiazide, trichloromethiazide, hydrochlorothiazide, hydroflumethiazide, bentylhydrochlorothiazide, penflutizide, polythiazide, methychlothiazide, etc.), antialdosterone preparations (e.g., spironolactone, triamterene, etc.), carbonic anhydrase inhibitors (e.g., acetazolamide, etc.), chlorbenzenesulfonamide preparations (e.g., chlorthalidone, mefruside, indapamide, etc.), azosemide, isosorbide, ethacrynic acid, piretanide, bumetanide, furosemide, etc.
[0665] The combined medicine is preferably GLP-1, GLP-1 analog, α-glucosidase inhibitor, biguanide preparation, insulin secretagogue, insulin resistance-improving agent, DPP-IV inhibitor, etc. The above combined medicines may be optionally used in combination with two or more of them in optional ratios.
[0666] When the present compound is used in combination with a combined medicine, the dosage of these drugs can be lessened within the safe range in view of the side effects of the drugs. For example, the use of biguanides may reduce the dosage compared to the usual dosage. Accordingly, any possible side effects caused by these drugs may be safely inhibited. In addition, the dosage of a therapeutic agent for diabetic complications, antihyperlipidemic agent, antihypertensive drug, etc. may be also reduced, and hence, any possible side effects caused by these drugs may be effectively inhibited.
[0667] Aiming at the enhancement of the pharmacological activity, the compound of the present invention or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof may be also used in combination with a medicament (hereinafter referred to as combined medicine) such as antidepressant agent, anti-anxiety agent, a therapeutic agent for schizophrenia, a hypnotic pill, a dopamine receptor agonist, a therapeutic agent for Parkinson disease, an antiepileptic drug, an anticonvulsant agent, an analgesic agent, a hormonal preparation, a therapeutic agent for migraine, an adrenergic β receptor antagonist, a therapeutic agent for mood disorder, an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, NMDA receptor antagonist, COX-2 inhibitor, PPARγ agonist, LTB4 antagonist, muscarine M1 receptor agonist, AMPA receptor antagonist, nicotine receptor agonist, 5-HT4 receptor agonist, 5-HT6 receptor antagonist, PDE4 inhibitor, Aβ aggregation inhibitor, BACE inhibitor, γ secretase inhibitor or modulator, GSK-3β inhibitor, NGF receptor agonist, Aβ antibody, human immunoglobulin, Aβ vaccine, a neuroprotective agent, Dimebon.
[0668] The administration timing of the compound of the present invention and a combined medicine is not necessarily limited, and they may be administered to a subject simultaneously or administered with time-interval. In addition, the compound of the present invention and a combined medicine may be used in the form of a combination drug. The dosage of a combined medicine may be optionally selected based on the dosage in the clinical use. In addition, the mixing ratio of the compound of the present invention and a combined medicine may be optionally determined depending on the subject to be administered, the administration route, the disease to be treated, the conditions of a patient, and a kind of combination. For example, when the subject to be administered is human, then a combined medicine may be used in an amount of 0.01 to 100 parts for weight of one part of the compound of the present invention. For the purpose of inhibiting its side effects, it may be also used in combination with drugs (combined medicines) such as an antiemetic drug, a hypnotic pill, an anticonvulsant agent.

EXAMPLES

[0669] The present invention is illustrated in more detail by Reference Examples, Examples and Experiments as below, but the present invention is not intended to be limited thereto. In addition, compound names used in the following Reference Examples and Examples are not necessarily based on IUPAC nomenclature.
[0670] The following abbreviations may be used in the Examples and Reference Examples.

THF: tetrahydrofuran

NaBH(OAc)3: sodium triacetoxyborohydride

(Boc)2O: di-tert-butyldicarbonate

DMF: N,N-dimethylformamide

DIAD: diisopropyl azodicarboxylate

Me: methyl

Et: ethyl

Bu: butyl

Ph: phenyl

Bn: benzyl

Ms: methylsulfonyl

Ac: acetyl

Boc: tert-butoxycarbonyl

Cbz or Z: benzyloxycarbonyl

Tf: trifluoromethanesulfonyl

N: normal (e.g., 2N HCl means 2 normal hydrochloric acid)

M: mol concentration (mol/L) (e.g., 2M methylamine means 2 mol/L methylamine solution)

atm: atmosphere pressure

Pr: propyl

i-: iso

n-: normal

t- or tert-: tertiary

MeOH: methanol

MeCN: acetonitrile

NMP: N-methylpyrrolidinone

TFA: trifluoroacetic acid

DBU: 1,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene

MPa: magapascal

tR: retention time

Obs [M+1]: observed protonated molecules

NaOH: sodium hydroxide

DMA: N,N-dimethylacetamide

dba: dibenzylideneacetone

[0671] LC/MS analytic conditions for identifying compounds are as follows.

Measurement method SA1:

Detection instrument: API 150EX LC/MS mass spectrometer (Applied Biosystems)

HPLC: Agilent 1100 for API series

Column: YMC CombiSA3reen ODS-A (S-5 μm, 12 nm, 4.6×50 mm)

Solvent: Solution A: 0.05% TFA/H2O, Solution B: 0.035% TFA/MeCN

Gradient condition: 0.0-1.0 min A 75%, 1.0-4.7 min Linear gradient from A 75% to 1%, 4.7-5.7 min A 1%, 5.7-6.1 min Linear gradient from A 1% to 75%, 6.1-7.1 min Linear gradient from A 75% to 100%, 7.1-7.2 min A 100%

Flow rate: 3.5 mL/min

UV: 220 nm

Measurement method SA2:

Detection instrument: API 150EX LC/MS mass spectrometer (Applied Biosystems)

HPLC: Agilent 1100 for API series

Column: YMC CombiSA3reen ODS-A (S-5 μm, 12 nm, 4.6×50 mm)

Solvent: Solution A: 0.05% TFA/H2O, Solution B: 0.035% TFA/MeCN

Gradient condition: 0.0-1.0 min A 60%, 1.0-4.7 min Linear gradient from A 60% to 1%, 4.7-5.7 min A 1%, 5.7-6.1 min Linear gradient from A 1% to 60%, 6.1-7.1 min Linear gradient from A 60% to 100%, 7.1-7.2 min A 100%

Flow rate: 3.5 mL/min

UV: 220 nm

Measurement method SA3:

Detection instrument: ACQUITY SQ deteceter (Waters)

HPLC: ACQUITY SQ deteceter (Waters)

Column: Waters ACQUITY HPLC BEH C18 (1.7 um, 2.1 mm×50 mm)

Solvent: Solution A: 0.05% HCO2H/H2O, Solution B: 0.05% HCO2H/MeOH

Gradient condition: 0.0-1.3 min Linear gradient from A 75% to 1%

Flow rate: 0.75 mL/min

UV: 220 nm

Measurement method SA4:

Detection instrument: LCMS-2010EV <Shimadzu Corporation>

Column: Weltch Xtimate C18 (2.1 um, 30 mm×3 um)

Solvent: Solution A: 0.05% TFA/H2O, Solution B: 0.05% TFA/MeCN

Gradient condition: 0.0-2.25 min Linear gradient from A 90% to 20%

Flow rate: 0.8 mL/min

UV: 220 nm

Reference Example 1

(E)-4-amino-1-adamantanecarboxamide

[0672]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0673] To a mixture of 1,1′-carbonyldiimidazole (70 g) and THF (170 mL) was added dropwise a mixed solution of Compound I (70 g) in THF (250 mL) at room temperature. After the addition was completed, the mixture was stirred at 50° C. for 3 hours. The reaction solution was let stand to cool and added dropwise to ice-cold ammonia water (200 mL). The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 30 minutes, and then the reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure. To the ice-cold residue was added concentrated hydrochloric acid (80 mL), and the mixture was adjusted to pH 1 to 2. Under ice cooling, the mixture was stirred for 15-20 minutes, and the resulted solid was filtered, washed with 1N hydrochloric acid (50 mL), and dried under reduced pressure. To the filtrate was added sodium chloride, and the mixture was adjusted to a saturated solution and extracted with chloroform (250 mL, five times). The organic layer was dried over magnesium sulfate, filtered, concentrated, and dried to give a solid. The solid was combined with the filtered solid to give Compound II (133.4 g).

Step (ii):

[0674] To a mixture of ice-cold Compound II (60 g) and dichloromethane (1500 ml) was added (S)-phenylethylamine (39.4 g). The mixture was stirred for 10 minutes, and then thereto was added NaBH(OAc)3 (101 g), and the reaction mixture was allowed to warm up to room temperature and was stirred overnight. To the ice-cold reaction mixture were added water (150 mL) and 2N NaOH (300 mL), and the mixture was adjusted to around pH 9-10. The mixed solution was filtered through Celite, and the cake was washed with chloroform (200 mL). The filtrate was separated and extracted with chloroform. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated to give Compound III (133 g, E/Z=about 2.6/1).

Step (iii):

[0675] Compound III (1311 g) obtained in Step (ii) was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=100/1 to 10/1) to give Compound IV (618 g).

Step (iv):

[0676] Compound IV (618 g), 10% palladium-carbon (122 g, 50% wet) and methanol (15 L) were stirred at room temperature for 74 hours under hydrogen air (4-5 kg/cm2). The reaction mixture was filtered through Celite, and the cake was washed with methanol (10 L, twice). The filtrate was concentrated to give the title compound V (371.8 g) as a solid.
[0677] 1H-NMR (DMSO-d6) δ1.27 (m, 2H), 1.65-1.85 (m, 9H), 1.99 (m, 2H), 2.70 (br, 2H), 2.82 (brs, 1H), 6.66 (brs, 1H), 6.93 (brs, 1H)

Reference Example 2

tert-Butyl (3-endo)-3-(benzyloxy)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate

[0678]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0679] Compound I (4.23 g) was dissolved in DMF (100 mL), and thereto were added benzyl bromide (3.32 mL) and sodium hydride (1.62 g), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. To the reaction mixture was added water, and the mixture was extracted with diisopropylether. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=3/1) to give the title compound II (4.98 g).
[0680] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.47 (s, 9H), 1.93-2.05 (m, 6H), 2.13-2.19 (m, 2H), 3.72 (m, 1H), 4.12-4.26 (m, 2H), 4.49-4.50 (m, 2H), 7.26-7.30 (m, 1H), 7.32-7.41 (m, 4H)

Reference Example 3

tert-Butyl (3-endo)-3-phenoxy-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate

[0681]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0682] Compound I (490.6 mg) was dissolved in THF (4 mL), and then thereto were added DIAD (0.66 mL), triphenylphosphine (869 mg) and phenol (312 mg), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and the residue was diluted with ethyl acetate and washed with 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution and brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=9/1) to give the title compound II (451 mg).
[0683] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.48 (s, 9H), 1.96-2.16 (m, 7H), 2.33-2.35 (m, 1H), 4.23 (m, 2H), 4.62-4.63 (m, 1H), 6.82-6.84 (m, 2H), 6.91-6.95 (m, 1H), 7.25-7.30 (m, 2H)

Reference Example 4

tert-Butyl (3-endo)-3-(phenylsulfonyl)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate

[0684]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0685] Compound I (13.4 g) was dissolved in dichloromethane (600 mL), and then thereto were added methanesulfonyl chloride (5.63 mL) and triethylamine (20.3 mL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with saturated aqueous ammonium chloride solution, and extracted with chloroform. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=4/1) to give Compound II (15.4 g).

Step (ii):

[0686] Compound II (1.2 g) was dissolved in DMF (20 mL), and then thereto were added benzenethiol (0.43 mL) and sodium hydride (183 mg), and the mixture was stirred at 60° C. for 4 hours. The reaction mixture was diluted with brine and extracted with diisopropylether. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=6/1) to give Compound III (1.09 g).
[0687] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.42 (s, 9H), 1.57-1.64 (m, 3H), 1.83-1.95 (m, 5H), 3.40-3.48 (m, 1H), 4.14-4.25 (m, 2H), 7.24-7.31 (m, 3H), 7.41-7.43 (m, 2H)

Step (iii):

[0688] Compound III (36.7 mg) was dissolved in dichloromethane (2 mL), and then thereto was added meta-chloroperbenzoic acid (39 mg), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with sodium bicarbonate water, and extracted with chloroform. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=1/1) to give the title compound IV (30 mg).
[0689] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.38 (m, 9H), 1.53-1.61 (m, 2H), 1.73-2.05 (m, 6H), 3.37-3.46 (m, 1H), 4.23-4.30 (m, 2H), 7.55-7.59 (m, 2H), 7.64-7.69 (m, 1H), 7.84-7.86 (m, 2H)

Reference Example 5

tert-Butyl (3-exo)-3-[benzyl(methyl)amino]-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate

[0690]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0691] Compound I (48.28 g) was dissolved in DMF (500 mL), and then thereto was added sodium azide (15.4 g), and the mixture was stirred at 55° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with brine, and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound II (30 g) as a crude product.

Step (ii):

[0692] Compound II (30 g) was dissolved in methanol (300 mL), and then thereto was added 10%-palladium carbon (3 g, 50% wet), and the mixture was stirred overnight under hydrogen atmosphere (1 atm). The reaction mixture was filtered through Celite, and then concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound III (30 g) as a crude product.
[0693] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.46 (s, 9H), 1.48-1.64 (m, 5H), 1.85-1.96 (m, 4H), 4.22-4.29 (m, 2H)

Step (iii):

[0694] Compound III (10 g) was dissolved in chloroform/water (volume ratio 1:1, 100 mL), and then thereto were added sodium hydrogen carbonate (5.6 g) and benzyl chloroformate (7.17 mL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with water, and extracted with chloroform. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=2/1) to give Compound IV (6.71 g).

Step (iv):

[0695] Compound IV (6.71 g) was dissolved in DMF (60 mL), and then thereto were added methyl iodide (1.4 mL) and sodium hydride (973 mg), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with water, and extracted with diisopropylether. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=2/1) to give Compound V (6.00 g).

Step (v):

[0696] Compound V (1.09 g) was dissolved in methanol (10 mL), and thereto was added 10%-palladium/carbon (300 mg, 50% wet), and the mixture was stirred overnigh under hydrogen atmosphere (1 atm). The reaction mixture was filtered on Celite, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound VI (900 mg) as a crude product.

Step (vi):

[0697] Compound VI (504 mg) was dissovled in methanol (10 mL), and thereto were added benzaldehyde (0.32 mL) and acetic acid (10 μL), and the mixture was stirred for one hour. To the ice-cold mixture was added NaBH(OAc)3 (664 mg), and then the mixture was stirred overnight at room temperature. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and the residue was diluted with brine, and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=1/1) to give the title compound VII (403 mg).
[0698] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.49 (s, 9H), 1.53-1.61 (m, 2H), 1.72-1.73 (m, 4H), 1.92-1.95 (m, 3H), 2.18 (s, 3H), 3.53 (s, 2H), 4.22-4.32 (m, 2H), 7.29-7.35 (m, 5H)

Reference Example 6

(3-Endo)-3-phenyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane hydrochloride

[0699]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0700] Compound I (2.8 g) was dissolved in THF (200 mL), and thereto was added phenyllithium (23 mL, 1.15 M solution in cyclohexane-diethyl ether) at −78° C., and then the mixture was allowed to warm up to room temperature and was stirred overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with water and 1N hydrochloric acid, and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=2/1) to give Compound II (2.52 g).

Step (ii):

[0701] Compound II (2.52 g) was dissolved in 4N hydrochloric acid/dioxane, and the mixture was stirred overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound III (2.6 g) as a crude product.

Step (iii):

[0702] Compound III (2.6 g) was dissolved in methanol (100 mL), and thereto was added 10%-palladium/carbon (500 mg, 50% wet), and stirred overnight under hydrogen atmosphere (4 atm). The reaction mixture was filtered through Celite, and washed with chloroform. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the title compound IV (2.51 g).
[0703] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.77-1.98 (m, 4H), 2.22 (m, 2H), 2.43-2.52 (m, 1H), 3.31-3.48 (m, 1H), 4.14 (m, 1H), 4.40 (m, 1H), 7.21 (m, 1H), 7.31-7.38 (m, 4H), 10.41-10.6 (m, 1H)

Reference Example 7

tert-Butyl (3-endo)-3-(2-pyridinyl)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate

[0704]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0705] Compound I (606.6 mg) was dissolved in DMF (10 mL), and thereto were added 2-chloropyridine (0.4 mL) and sodium hydride (178 mg), and then the mixture was stirred at 50° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with brine, and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=2/1) to give the title compound II (456.8 mg).
[0706] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.47 (s, 9H), 1.90-1.97 (m, 4H), 2.02-2.20 (m, 4H), 4.09-4.25 (m, 2H), 5.34-5.37 (m, 1H), 6.68 (d, J=8 Hz, 1H), 6.81-6.84 (m, 1H), 7.53-7.58 (m, 1H), 8.12-8.13 (m, 1H)

Reference Example 8

tert-Butyl (3-exo)-3-(4-pyridinyl)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate

[0707]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0708] Compound I (453 mg) was dissolved in THF (4 mL), and thereto were added DIAD (0.61 mL), triphenylphosphine (802 mg), and 4-hydroxypyridine (291 mg), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, diluted with ethyl acetate, and washed with 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution and brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=9/1) to give the title compound II (43.4 mg).
[0709] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.22 (d, J=8 Hz, 2H), 1.45 (s, 9H), 1.68-1.70 (m, 2H), 2.05 (m, 4H), 4.25-4.33 (m, 2H), 4.71-4.79 (m, 1H), 6.74-6.75 (m, 2H), 8.36-8.38 (m, 2H)

Reference Example 9

tert-Butyl (3-endo)-3-(4-cyanophenyl)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate

[0710]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0711] Compound I (2.03 g) was dissolved with DMF (20 mL), and thereto were added potassium tert-butoxide (1.2 g) and 4-cyanofluorobenzene (1.3 g), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for one hour. The reaction mixture was diluted with water, and thereto was added 1N hydrochloric acid, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=4/1) to give the title compound II (2.96 g).
[0712] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.47 (s, 9H), 1.91 (s, 1H), 1.95-1.99 (m, 3H), 2.04-2.07 (m, 3H), 2.20 (m, 1H), 4.18-4.25 (m, 2H), 4.67-4.69 (m, 1H), 6.86 (d, J=8 Hz, 2H), 7.58 (d, J=8 Hz, 2H)

Reference Example 10

3-(3-Pyridinyl)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane hydrochloride

[0713]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0714] Compound I (2.02 g) was dissolved with THF (40 mL), and thereto was added lithium bis(trimethylsilyl)amide (11 mL, 1.02M solution in hexane) at −78° C., and the mixture was stirred for one hour. To the mixture was added N-phenyl(bistrifluoromethanesulfonimide) (3.84 g), and then the mixture was allowed to warm up to room temperature and was stirred overnight. To the reaction mixture was added a saturated aqueous ammonium chloride solution, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound II (7.0 g) as a crude product.

Step (ii):

[0715] Compound II (1.22 g) obtained in Step (i) was dissolved in ethylene glycol/water (20 mL, volume ratio 1:1), and thereto were added tetrakistriphenylphosphinepalladium (200 mg), 3-pyridylboronic acid (251 mg), and sodium carbonate (723 mg), and the resulting mixture was refluxed with heating for 3 hours. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and to the residue was added brine, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=1/1) to give Compound III (332.7 mg).

Step (iii):

[0716] To Compound III (252 mg) was added 4N hydrochloric acid/dioxane (20 mL), and the mixture was stirred overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound IV (246 mg) as a crude product.

Step (iv):

[0717] Compound IV (246 mg) was dissolved in methanol (4 mL), and thereto was added 10%-palladium/carbon (20 mg, 50% wet), and the mixture was stirred overnight under hydrogen atmosphere (1 atm). The reaction mixture was filtered through Celite, and washed with chloroform. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the title compound V (230 mg).
[0718] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ2.03-2.10 (m, 1H), 2.22-2.30 (m, 1H), 2.35-2.46 (m, 2H), 2.17-2.18 (m, 1H), 3.30-3.31 (m, 4H), 4.40-4.43 (m, 1H), 4.49-4.52 (m, 1H), 6.85 (m, 1H), 8.12 (m, 1H), 8.76-8.83 (m, 2H), 9.02 (s, 1H)

Reference Example 11

tert-Butyl-(3-endo)-3-methoxy-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate

[0719]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0720] To a solution of the ice-cold Compound I (4.0 g) in dimethylformamide (88 mL) was added sodium hydride (1.25 g), and subsequently, thereto was added dropwise methane iodide (2.2 mL). After the addition was completed, the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 6 hours. The reaction mixture was poured into a saturated aqueous ammonium chloride solution, and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dehydrated with sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=100/0 to 75/25) to give the title compound II (3.8 g).
[0721] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.41 (s, 9H), 1.78-2.00 (m, 8H), 3.23 (s, 3H), 3.43 (s, 1H), 4.06-4.12 (m, 2H)

Reference Example 12

(3-Endo)-3-benzyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane

[0722]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0723] To a solution of Compound I (500 mg) in THF (19 mL) at −70° C. was added dropwise lithium hexamethyldisilazide (1M toluene solution, 2.1 mL). The mixture was stirred for 30 minutes, and thereto was added N-phenyltrifluorosulfonimide (830 mg), and then the mixture was allowed to warm up to room temperature and was stirred overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with ethyl acetate, and washed with brine, dehydrated with sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound II (1.46 g) as a crude product.

Step (ii):

[0724] To a solution of Compound II (1.46 g) obtained in Step (i) in THF (13 mL) were added benzylzinc bromide (0.5M THF solution, 7.7 mL) and tetrakistriphenylphosphinepalladium (400 mg), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. To the reaction mixture was added water, and filtered through Celite, and washed with ethyl acetate. The filtrate was washed with brine, dehydrated with sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=100/0 to 75/25) to give Compound III (406 mg).

Step (iii):

[0725] A solution of Compound III (406 mg) and 10%-palladium/carbon (260 mg, 50% wet) in THF (12 mL) was stirred overnight under hydrogen atmosphere (1 atm). The reaction mixture was filtered through Celite, and concentrated under reduced pressure. To residue was added water, and the mixture was extracted with chloroform. The organic layer was dehydrated with sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure to give the title compound IV (41 mg).
[0726] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.31-1.34 (m, 2H), 1.78-2.04 (m, 7H), 2.51 (m, 1H), 2.68 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 2H), 3.47 (m, 2H), 7.11-7.17 (m, 3H), 7.23-7.27 (m, 2H)

Reference Example 13

tert-Butyl (3-endo)-3-hydroxy-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate (Compound III) tert-Butyl (3-exo)-3-hydroxy-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate (Compound IV)

[0727]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0728] To a mixture of the ice-cold nortropinone hydrochloride (80.3 g), sodium hydroxide (40 g) and water (400 mL) was added dropwise a solution of (Boc)2O (109 g) in tetrahydrofuran (240 ml). After the addition was completed, the resulting mixture was allowed to warm up to room temperature and was stirred for one hour, and the obtained solid was collected by filtration. The filtrate was extracted with ethyl acetate, and the organic layer was washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate, and filtered. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure, and to the obtained residue was added hexane, and the obtained solid was collected by filtration. Thus obtained solids were combined, and dried to give Compound II (60.3 g).

Step (ii):

[0729] An ice-cold mixture of Compound II (3.0 g), calcium chloride (1.78 g) and methanol (66 mL) was stirred for 30 minutes, and thereto was added portionwise sodium borohydride. The mixture was stirred for one hour, and water was added to the reaction mixture, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was extracted with ethyl acetate, and the organic layer was washed with brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=80/20 to 40/60) to give the title compound III (840 mg) and the title compound IV (2.0 g).

Compound III

[0730] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.43 (s, 9H), 1.53 (m, 1H), 1.66-1.69 (m, 2H), 1.89-2.15 (m, 6H), 4.01-4.18 (m, 3H)

Compound IV

[0731] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.45 (s, 9H), 1.52-1.61 (m, 5H), 1.91-2.1.96 (m, 4H), 4.04-4.12 (m, 1H), 4.21 (m, 2H)

Reference Example 14

tert-Butyl (3-exo)-3-[methyl(phenyl)amino]-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate

[0732]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0733] Compound I (155 mg; Compound VI in Reference Example 5) was dissolved in toluene (10 mL), and thereto were added bromobenzene (0.14 mL), sodium t-butoxide (93 mg), and Compound III (30 mg), and the resulting mixture was stirred at 90° C. overnight. After the reaction was completed, the mixture was filtered through Celite, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was diluted with brine, and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=5/1) to give the title compound II (170 mg).
[0734] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.48 (s, 9H), 1.60-1.64 (m, 2H), 1.72-1.74 (m, 2H), 2.03 (m, 4H), 2.69 (s, 3H), 4.16-4.32 (m, 3H), 6.68-6.71 (m, 1H), 6.75-6.78 (m, 2H), 7.19-7.23 (m, 2H)

Reference Example 15

tert-Butyl (1R,5S)-3-(1-phenoxyethyl)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate

[0735]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0736] To a mixture of Compound I (2 mL) and cyclohexane/dichloromethane (volume ratio 4:1, 50 mL) were added trichloroacetonitrile (2.5 mL) and DBU (25 μL), and the resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. To the reaction mixture was added water, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=10/1) to give Compound II (1.03 g).

Step (ii):

[0737] To a mixture of Compound III (660 mg) and heptane (20 mL), which was cooled with a freezing mixture (a mixture of ice and sodium chloride) were added Compound II (1.16 g) and HBF4 (25 mg), and then the mixture was allowed to warm up to room temperature and was stirred overnight. To the reaction mixture was added brine, and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=6/1) to give the title compound IV (382 mg).
[0738] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.37 (d, J=8 Hz, 3H), 1.42 (s, 9H), 1.60 (m, 1H), 1.70 (m, 1H), 1.88-1.92 (m, 4H), 2.14-2.18 (m, 2H), 3.50 (m, 1H), 4.06-4.18 (m, 2H), 4.47 (q, J=8 Hz, 1H), 7.21-7.40 (m, 5H)

Reference Example 16

tert-Butyl (3-endo)-3-[(4-ethyl-2-pyridinyl)oxy]-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate

[0739]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0740] To a mixture of Compound I (2.38 g) and THF (24 mL) were added sodium hydride (685 mg) and 2-chloro4-iodopyridine (3.01 g), and the resulting mixture was heated at reflux and stirred overnight. To the reaction mixture was added water, and the mixture was diluted with brine, and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was diluted with sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=9/1) to give Compound II (3.0 g).

Step (ii):

[0741] To a mixture of Compound II (745 mg) and ethylene glycol/water (volume ratio 2:1, 15 mL) were added sodium carbonate (381 mg), tetrakistriphenylphosphinepalladium (40 mg) and vinyl boronic acid pinacol ester (0.3 mL), and the mixture was stirred at 80° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was filtered through Celite, and the cake was washed with toluene. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure, and the residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=10/1) to give Compound III (700 mg).

Step (iii):

[0742] To Compound III (700 mg) were added methanol (10 mL) and 10% palladium/carbon-50% wet (50 mg), and the mixture was stirred overnight under hydrogen atmosphere (ordinary pressure). The reaction mixture was filtered through Celite, and the cake was washed with toluene. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the title compound IV (680 mg).
[0743] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.22 (t, J=8 Hz, 3H), 1.46 (s, 9H), 1.89-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.10-2.18 (m, 2H), 2.58 (q, J=8 Hz, 2H), 4.12-4.24 (m, 2H), 5.33 (m, 1H), 6.51 (m, 1H), 6.69 (m, 1H), 8.00 (d, J=4 Hz, 1H)

Reference Example 17

tert-Butyl (3-endo)-3-[(4-isopropyl-2-pyridinyl)oxy]-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate

[0744]  [see pdf for image]
[0745] In a similar manner to Reference Example 16, the title compound was synthesized from Compound II and isopropenyl boronic acid pinacol ester.

tR=5.27 min, Measurement method SA2, Obs[M+1] 346

Reference Example 18

tert-Butyl (1R,5S)-3-(phenoxymethyl)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate

[0746]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0747] To a mixture of the ice-cold Compound I (726.8 mg) and THF (14 mL) were added a solution of bistrimethylsilyllithium amide in hexane (1.02 mol/L, 4.5 mL) and (methoxymethyl)triphenylphosphonium chloride (1.44 g), and then the mixture was allowed to warm up to room temperature and was stirred overnight. To the reaction mixture was added water, and diluted with brine, and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was diluted with sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=6/1) to give Compound II (230 mg).

Step (ii):

[0748] Compound II (230 mg) was added into a 4N hydrochloric acid/dioxane (3 mL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for one hour. The reaction solution was concentrated, and thereto were added THF/water (1:1, 4 mL), potassium carbonate (125 mg) and di-t-butyl dicarbonate (198 mg), and the resulting mixture was stirred overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with brine, and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=2/1) to give Compound III (168.6 mg).

Step (iii):

[0749] To Compound III (168.6 mg) were added methanol (10 mL) and sodium borohydride (15 mg), and the mixture was stirred overnight. To the reaction mixture was added water, and the mixture was concentrated. The resultant was diluted with brine and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=3/2) to give Compound IV (135.4 mg).

Step (iv):

[0750] To Compound IV (135.4 mg) were added THF (10 mL), phenol (79 mg), triphenylphosphine (221 mg) and diisopropyl azodicarboxylate (0.17 mL), and the resulting mixture was stirred overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, diluted with ethyl acetate, and washed with 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution and brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=6/1) to give the title compound V (141.6 mg).
[0751] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.48 (s, 9H), 1.64-1.71 (m, 6H), 1.98-1.99 (m, 2H), 2.36 (m, 1H), 3.74 (m, 2H), 4.26 (m, 2H), 6.84-6.95 (m, 4H), 7.21-7.35 (m, 1H)

Reference Example 19

tert-Butyl-(3-endo)-3-[(6-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)oxy]-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate

[0752]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0753] To a solution of Compound I (500 mg) in THF:DMF (volume ratio 1:1, 14 mL) were added sodium hydride (144 mg) and 2,6-difluoropyridine (399 μL), and the mixture was stirred at 80° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with water, and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with brine, and dehydrated with sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=100/0 to 80/20) to give Compound II (695 mg).

Step (ii):

[0754] To a solution of Compound II (150 mg) in MeOH:DMF (volume ratio 1:1, 2 mL) was added sodium hydride (80 mg), and the mixture was stirred at 80° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with water, and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with brine, and dehydrated with sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=100/0 to 80/20) to give the title compound III (136 mg).
[0755] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.46 (s, 9H), 1.92-1.95 (m, 4H), 2.11-2.13 (m, 4H), 3.83 (s, 3H), 4.13-4.22 (m, 2H), 5.31 (t, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 6.24 (dd, J=4.8 Hz, 8.0 Hz, 2H), 7.45 (t, J=8.0 Hz, 1H)

Reference Example 20

tert-Butyl (1R,5S)-3-(2-pyridinyl)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate

[0756]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0757] To a solution of 2-picoline (0.7 mL) in THF (10 mL) at −78° C. was added n-butyl lithium (5.1 mL, 1.6M hexane solution), and the resulting mixture was stirred for one hour. To the mixture was added Compound I (1.07 g), and then the mixture was allowed to warm up to room temperature and was stirred overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with brine, and extracted with ethyl acetate, dehydrated with sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=1/2) to give Compound II (687 mg).

Step (ii):

[0758] To a solution of Compound II (500 mg) in 1,2-dichloroethane (10 mL) were added methanesulfonyl chloride (0.3 mL) and triethylamine (0.8 mL), and the mixture was heated at reflux and stirred overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with brine, extracted with chloroform, dehydrated with sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=2/1) to give Compound III (200 mg).

Step (iii):

[0759] To Compound III (200 mg) were added methanol (10 mL) and 10% palladium/carbon-50% wet (50 mg), and the resulting mixture was stirred overnight under hydrogen atmosphere (ordinaryl pressure). The reaction mixture was filtered through Celite, and the cake was washed with toluene. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the title compound IV (130 mg).
[0760] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.43 (s, 9H), 1.58-1.67 (m, 4H), 1.78-2.03 (m, 4H), 2.62 (m, 1H), 4.10-4.20 (m, 4H), 7.05-7.11 (m, 2H), 7.53-7.60 (m, 1H), 8.50-8.52 (m, 1H)

Reference Example 21

tert-Butyl (3-endo)-3-(phenylthio)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate

[0761]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0762] To an ice-cold solution of Compound I (6.02 g) in dichloromethane (30 mL) were added triethylamine (10 mL), methanesulfonyl chloride (2.7 mL), and then the mixture was allowed to warm up to room temperature and was stirred overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with brine, extracted with ethyl acetate, dehydrated with sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=1/1) to give Compound II (7.5 g).

Step (ii):

[0763] Compound II (508 mg) was dissolved in DMF (5 mL), and thereto were added sodium hydride (159 mg) and thiophenol (0.24 mL), and the resulting mixture was stirred at 80° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with brine, extracted with ethyl acetate, dehydrated with sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=6/1) to give the title compound III (500 mg).
[0764] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.44 (s, 9H), 1.79-1.82 (m, 2H), 1.99-2.04 (m, 2H), 2.20-2.35 (m, 4H), 3.63 (s, 1H), 4.16-4.23 (m, 2H), 7.19-7.36 (m, 5H)

Reference Example 22

tert-Butyl (3-endo)-3-[methyl(phenyl)amino]-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate

[0765]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0766] To a solution of Compound I (5.65 g: Compound II in Reference Example 21) in DMF (50 mL) was added sodium azide (1.8 g), and the resulting mixture was stirred at 60° C. for 4 days. To the reaction mixture was added brine, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound II (4.32 g) as a crude product.

Step (ii):

[0767] To a crude Compound II (4.32 g) were added methanol (50 mL) and 10% palladium/carbon-50% wet (500 mg), and the mixture was stirred overnight under hydrogen atmosphere (0.4 MPa). The reaction mixture was filtered through Celite, and the cake was washed with methanol. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the title compound III (4.19 g).

Step (iii):

[0768] To a solution of Compound III (2.72 g) in chloroform/water (10 mL/10 mL) were added potassium carbonate (2.49 g) and CbZ-Cl (2 mL), and the mixture was stirred overnight. To the reaction mixture was added brine, and the mixture was extracted with chloroform, dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=1/1) to give Compound IV (4.19 g).

Step (iv):

[0769] To a solution of Compound IV (4.19 g) in DMF (40 mL) were added sodium hydride (607 mg) and iodomethane (0.87 mL), and the mixture was stirred overnight. To the reaction mixture was added brine, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate, dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=2/1) to give Compound V (4.40 g).

Step (v):

[0770] To Compound V (4.40 g) were added methanol (50 mL) and 10% palladium/carbon-50% wet (500 mg), and the mixture was stirred under hydrogen atmosphere (0.4 MPa) overnight. The reaction mixture was filtered through Celite, and the cake was washed with methanol. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound VI (4.40 g).

Step (vi):

[0771] To a solution of Compound VI (229 mg) in toluene (4 mL) were added Compound VIII (176 mg), bromobenzene (0.2 mL) and sodium tert-butoxide (137 mg), and the resulting mixture was stirred at 100° C. overnight. To the reaction mixture was added brine, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate, dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=4/1) to give the title compound VII (100 mg).
[0772] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.24-1.34 (m, 4H), 1.51 (s, 9H), 1.62-1.79 (m, 4H), 4.17-4.34 (m, 3H), 6.70-6.94 (m, 4H), 7.10-7.24 (m, 4H)

Reference Example 23

tert-Butyl (3-endo)-3-[3-(methoxymethyl)phenoxy]-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate

[0773]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0774] To a solution of Compound I (8.13 g) in toluene (180 mL) were added DIAD (8.7 mL), triphenylphosphine (11.5 mg) and 3-ethoxycarbonylphenol (7.3 g), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with ethyl acetate, and washed successively with 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, 1N hydrochloric acid, and brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. To the residue was added hexane/diisopropyl ether (volume ratio 4/1, 180 mL), and the precipitated white solid was collected by filtration. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure, and the resultant was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=9/1) to give Compound II (13 g).

Step (ii):

[0775] Compound II (13 g) was dissolved in ethanol/water/THF (50 mL/50 mL/10 mL), and thereto was added sodium hydroxide (2.9 g), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure. To the ice-cold residue was added 1N hydrochloric acid, and the mixture was diluted with brine and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound III (10 g).

Step (iii):

[0776] To a solution of Compound III (3.01 g) in THF (30 mL) were added boran-dimethyl sulfide (6.8 mL, 1.9 mol/L solution in THF), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. To the reaction mixture was added methanol, and the mixture was stirred for 10 minutes, and then, the reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure. To the residue was added brine, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfat, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=4/1) to give Compound IV (2.9 g).

Step (iv):

[0777] To a solution of Compound IV (367 mg) in THF (5 mL) were added sodium hydride (96 mg) and iodomethane (140 μL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. To the ice-cold reaction mixture was added water, and the mixture was diluted with brine, and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfat, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=4/1) to give the title compound V (290 mg).
[0778] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.47 (s, 9H), 1.94-1.97 (m, 4H), 2.13-2.18 (m, 4H), 3.38 (s, 3H), 4.16 (m, 2H), 4.41 (s, 2H), 4.63 (m, 1H), 6.73 (m, 1H), 6.82 (m, 2H), 6.87 (m, 1H), 7.24 (m, 1H)

Reference Example 24

tert-Butyl (3-endo)-3-[(1-phenyl-4-piperidinyl)oxy]-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate

[0779]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0780] To a solution of Compound I (3.7 g) in DMF (40 mL) were added sodium hydride (2.2 g) and 4-chloropyridine.hydrochloride (3.7 g), and the mixture was stirred at 80° C. overnight. To the mixture was added brine, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=9/1) to give Compound II (5.40 g).

Step (ii):

[0781] To a solution of Compound II (2 g) in acetic acid (20 mL) was added platinum oxide (200 mg), and the mixture was stirred under hydrogen atmosphere (0.4 MPa) for 3 days. The reaction mixture was filtered through Celite, and to the filtrate was added toluene, and the mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure. To the residue was added a saturated sodium bicarbonate water, and the mixture was extracted with chloroform. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure to give a mixture (2.00 g) of Compound III and Compound II.

Step (iii):

[0782] To a solution of the mixture (565.8 mg) of Compound III and II obtained in Step (ii) in toluene (5 mL) were added Compound V (84 mg), sodium tert-butoxide (335 mg), and bromobenzene (0.4 mL), and the mixture was stirred at 80° C. overnight. To the mixture was added brine, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=6/1) to give the title compound IV (81.7 mg).
[0783] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.47 (s, 9H), 1.64-2.16 (m, 14H), 2.09-3.07 (m, 2H), 3.39-3.53 (m, 3H), 3.74 (m, 1H), 4.17 (m, 2H), 6.81-6.97 (m, 4H), 7.20 (m, 1H)

Reference Example 25

tert-Butyl (3-endo)-3-{[1-(2-pyridinyl)-4-piperidinyl]oxy}-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate

[0784]  [see pdf for image]
[0785] To a solution of the mixture (600 mg) of Compound III and II obtained in Reference Example 24 in NMP (10 mL) were added potassium carbonate (666 mg) and 2-chloropyridine (0.36 mL), and the mixture was stirred at 160° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and to the residue was added brine, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=3/1) to give the title compound II (53.3 mg).
[0786] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.44 (s, 1H), 1.55-1.63 (m, 2H), 1.72-1.94 (m, 8H), 2.09-2.14 (m, 2H), 3.30-3.36 (m, 2H), 3.52-3.57 (m, 1H), 3.73 (m, 1H), 3.77-3.82 (m, 1H), 4.08-4.17 (m, 2H), 6.55 (dd, J=4 Hz, 8 Hz, 1H), 6.64 (d, J=8 Hz, 1H), 7.42 (m, 1H), 8.14 (m, 1H)

Reference Example 26

tert-Butyl (3-endo)-3-[2-(methoxymethyl)phenoxy]-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate

[0787]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0788] To a mixture of ethyl salicylate (2.8 mL), Compound I (3.46 g), triphenylphosphine (4.9 g) and toluene (78 mL) was added diisopropyl azodicarboxylate (3.7 mL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction solution was washed successively with 1M aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, 1M hydrochloric acid and a saturated brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=6/1) to give Compound II (5.17 g).

Step (ii):

[0789] To a mixture of Compound II (5.1 g), methanol (20 mL), tetrahydrofuran (20 mL) and water (20 mL) was added sodium hydroxide (1.1 g), and the mixture was stirred overnight. The reaction solution was concentrated under reduced pressure, and the mixture was acidified with 1M hydrochloric acid, and then extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound III (5.1 g) as a crude product.

Step (iii):

[0790] To an ice-cold solution of crude Compound III (5.1 g) in tetrahydrofuran (50 mL) was added boran-dimethyl sulfide complex (12 mL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. To the ice-cold reaction solution was added methanol, and the mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was diluted with brine, extracted with ethyl acetate, and the organic layer was dehydrated with sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=2/1) to give Compound IV (4.18 g).

Step (iv):

[0791] To an ice-cold solution of Compound IV (495.8 mg) in tetrahydrofuran (10 mL) were added sodium hydride (130 mg) and iodomethane (0.2 mL), and the mixture was stirred overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with brine, extracted with ethyl acetate, and the organic layer was dehydrated with sodium sulfate, and further concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=4/1) to give the title compound V (380.8 mg).
[0792] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.48 (s, 9H), 1.99-2.03 (m, 4H), 2.14-2.16 (m, 4H), 3.44 (s, 3H), 4.18-4.26 (m, 2H), 4.50 (s, 2H), 4.64 (t, 1H, J=4.8 Hz), 6.71 (d, 1H, J=8.3 Hz), 6.93 (t, 1H, J=7.4 Hz), 7.23 (td, 1H, J=7.9, 1.5 Hz), 7.37-7.39 (m, 1H)

Reference Example 27

tert-Butyl (3-endo)-3-{[4-(methoxymethyl)pyridin-2-yl]oxy}-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate

[0793]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0794] To an ice-cold solution of 2-chloroisonicotinic acid (1.1 g) in tetrahydrofuran (10 mL) was added borane-dimethyl sulfide complex (1.0 mL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction solution was cooled with ice, and thereto was added methanol, and the mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was diluted with brine, extracted with ethyl acetate, dehydrated with sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=2/1) to give Compound II (4.18 g).

Step (ii):

[0795] To an ice-cold solution of Compound II (850 mg) in tetrahydrofuran (10 mL) were added sodium hydride (517 mg) and methyl iodide (0.74 mL), and the mixture was stirred overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with brine, extracted with ethyl acetate, dehydrated with sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=4/1) to give Compound III (674 mg).

Step (iii)

[0796] To a solution of Compound III (674 mg) and Compound IV (950 mg) in DMF was added sodium hydride (280 mg), and the mixture was stirred at 80° C. overnight. The reaction solution was diluted with aqueous ammonium chloride solution, and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure, and the obtained residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=4/1) to give the title compound IV (649.8 mg).
[0797] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.46 (s, 9H), 1.89-1.97 (m, 4H), 2.12-2.18 (m, 4H), 3.42 (s, 3H), 4.10-4.25 (m, 2H), 4.41 (s, 2H), 5.35 (t, 1H, J=5.0 Hz), 6.66-6.67 (m, 1H), 6.78 (dt, 1H, J=5.1, 0.7 Hz), 8.07 (dd, 1H, J=5.4, 0.5 Hz)

Reference Example 28

tert-Butyl (3-endo)-3-[3-(2-methoxyethyl)phenoxy]-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate

[0798]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0799] To a solution of 3-hydroxyphenethyl alcohol (2 g) in DMF (20 mL) were added imidazole (4.3 g) and tert-butyldimethylsilyl chloride (4.8 g), and the mixture was stirred overnight. The reaction solution was diluted with brine, and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure to give a mixture (6.64 g) of Compound II and III.

Step (ii):

[0800] The mixture obtained in Step (i) was dissolved in ethanol/tetrahydrofuran/water (30 mL, volume ratio 1:1:1), and the mixture was stirred overnight. The reaction solution was neutralized with 1M hydrochloric acid, and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=6/1) to give Compound III (4.48 g).

Step (iii):

[0801] To a mixture of Compound III (4.48 mL), Compound IV (2.58 g), triphenylphosphine (3.8 g) and toluene (70 mL) was added diisopropyl azodicarboxylate (2.9 mL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction solution was washed successively with 1M aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, 1M hydrochloric acid and brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=9/1) to give Compound V (2.16 g).

Step (iv):

[0802] To a solution of Compound V (2.16 g) in THF (20 mL) was added tetrabutylammonium fluoride (7 mL), and the mixture was stirred overnight. The reaction solution was diluted with aqueous ammonium chloride solution, and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=3/1) to give Compound VI (1.55 g).

Step (v):

[0803] To a solution of Compound VI (230 mg) in DMF (5 mL) were added sodium hydride (43 mg) and iodomethane (62 μL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction solution was diluted with aqueous ammonium chloride solution, and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=9/1) to give the title compound VII (274 mg).
[0804] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.49 (s, 9H), 2.03-2.13 (m, 8H), 2.86 (t, 2H, J=7.1 Hz), 3.37 (s, 3H), 3.60 (t, 2H, J=7.2 Hz), 4.16-4.21 (m, 2H), 4.61-4.63 (m, 1H), 6.67-6.70 (m, 2H), 6.79-6.82 (m, 1H), 7.20 (t, 1H, J=7.9 Hz)

Reference Example 29

tert-Butyl (3-endo)-3-[3-(2-methoxyethoxy)phenoxy]-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate

[0805]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0806] To a mixture of 3-benzyloxyphenol (2.96 g), Compound I (2.63 g), triphenylphosphine (3.88 g) and toluene (60 mL) was added diisopropyl azodicarboxylate (3.0 mL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction solution was washed with 1M aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, 1M hydrochloric acid, and brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=6/1) to give Compound II (4.2 g).

Step (ii):

[0807] Compound II (4.2 g), methanol (40 mL) and 10% palladium-carbon (1 g, 50% wet) were stirred under hydrogen atmosphere (ordinary pressure) overnight. The reaction solution was filtered through Celite, and the cake was washed with toluene, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=2/1) to give Compound III (3.1 g).

Step (iii):

[0808] To a solution of Compound III (200 mg) in DMF (4 mL) were added sodium hydride (27 mg) and 2-bromoethylmethyl ether (0.12 mL), and the resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction solution was diluted with brine, and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=2/1) to give the title compound IV (205.4 mg).
[0809] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.48 (s, 9H), 1.98-2.14 (m, 8H), 3.45 (s, 3H), 3.74-3.75 (m, 2H), 4.09-4.12 (m, 2H), 4.16-4.20 (m, 2H), 4.58-4.59 (m, 1H), 6.42-6.44 (m, 2H), 6.49-6.52 (m, 1H), 7.16 (t, 1H, J=8.5 Hz)

Reference Example 30

tert-Butyl (3-endo)-3-[3-(2-fluoroethoxy)phenoxy]-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate

[0810]  [see pdf for image]
[0811] To a solution of Compound I (422 mg) in DMF (8 mL) were added potassium carbonate (274 mg) and 1-fluoro-2-iodoethane (275 mg), and the resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction solution was diluted with brine, and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=1/1) to give the title compound II (550 mg).
[0812] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.48 (s, 9H), 1.99-2.15 (m, 8H), 4.15-4.23 (m, 5H), 4.61 (t, 1H, J=4.2 Hz), 4.76 (ddd, 1H, J=47.4, 5.0, 3.4 Hz), 6.45-6.51 (m, 3H), 7.19 (t, 1H, J=8.2 Hz)

Reference Example 31

tert-Butyl (3-endo)-3-[2-fluoro-5-(methoxymethyl)phenoxy]-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate

[0813]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0814] To a mixture of 4-fluoro-3-hydroxybenzoic acid methyl ester (890 mg), Compound I (990 mg), triphenylphosphine (1.37 g) and toluene (22 mL) was added diisopropyl azodicarboxylate (1.0 mL), and the resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction solution was washed successively with 1M aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, 1M hydrochloric acid, and brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=6/1) to give Compound II (249 mg).

Step (ii):

[0815] To a solution of Compound II (240 mg) in THF (4 mL) was added lithium borohydride (28 mg), and the mixture was stirred overnight. The reaction solution was diluted with brine, and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=1/1) to give Compound III (203 mg).

Step (iii):

[0816] To an ice-cold solution of Compound III (95.3 mg) in tetrahydrofuran (3 mL) were added sodium hydride (24 mg) and iodomethane (34 μL), and the mixture was stirred overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with brine, extracted with ethyl acetate, dehydrated with sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=4/1) to give the title compound V (83.5 mg).
[0817] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.48 (s, 9H), 1.97-2.25 (m, 8H), 3.37 (s, 3H), 4.18-4.24 (m, 2H), 4.37 (s, 2H), 4.65-4.66 (m, 1H), 6.80-6.89 (m, 2H), 7.04 (dd, 1H, J=11.0, 8.3 Hz)

Reference Example 32

tert-Butyl (3-endo)-3-[3-(methoxymethyl)-5-methylphenoxy]-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate

[0818]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0819] To a mixture of 3-bromo-5-hydroxybenzoic acidmethyl ester (3.15 g), Compound I (3.15 g), triphenylphosphine (3.9 g) and toluene (68 mL) was added diisopropyl azodicarboxylate (2.96 mL), and the resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction solution was washed successively with 1M aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, 1M hydrochloric acid and brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=6/1) to give Compound II (3.82 g).

Step (ii):

[0820] To a solution of Compound II (934 mg) in tetrahydrofuran (10 mL) were added tris(dibenzylideneacetone)dipalladium (194 mg), tri-t-butylphosphine (0.2 mL) and dimethylzinc (2.3 mL, 2 M toluene solution), and the resulting mixture was stirred at 60° C. overnight. The reaction solution was filtered through Celite, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure, and the residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=6/1) to give Compound III (660 mg).

Step (iii)

[0821] To a solution of Compound III (660 mg) in THF (10 mL) was added lithium borohydride (57 mg), and the resulting mixture was stirred overnight. The reaction solution was diluted with brine, and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=2/1) to give Compound IV (493 mg).

Step (iv):

[0822] To an ice-cold solution of Compound IV (103 mg) in tetrahydrofuran (4 mL) were added sodium hydride (20 mg) and iodomethane (28 μL), and the resulting mixture was stirred overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with brine, extracted with ethyl acetate, dehydrated with sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=4/1) to give the title compound V (84.4 mg).
[0823] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.47 (s, 9H), 1.93-2.18 (m, 8H), 2.30 (s, 3H), 3.38 (s, 3H), 4.15-4.20 (m, 2H), 4.37 (s, 2H), 4.62 (t, 1H, J=4.5 Hz), 6.57 (s, 1H), 6.61 (s, 1H), 6.71 (s, 1H)

Reference Example 33

tert-Butyl (3-endo)-3-[3-(methoxymethyl)-5-methylphenoxy]-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate

[0824]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0825] To a mixture of 5-methyl resorcinol (792 mg), Compound I (1.21 g), triphenylphosphine (1.67 g) and toluene (27 mL) was added diisopropyl azodicarboxylate (1.67 mL), and the resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction solution was washed successilvey with 1M aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, 1M hydrochloric acid, and brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=3/1) to give Compound II (1.18 g).

Step (ii):

[0826] To a solution of Compound II (235 mg) in DMF (4 mL) were added sodium hydride (62 mg) and 2-bromoethylmethyl ether (0.13 mL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction solution was diluted with brine, and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=2/1) to give the title compound III (166.6 mg).
[0827] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.48 (s, 9H), 1.93-2.18 (m, 8H), 2.28 (s, 3H), 3.45 (s, 3H), 3.72-3.75 (m, 2H), 4.07-4.10 (m, 2H), 4.15-4.20 (m, 2H), 4.56-4.59 (m, 1H), 6.25-6.27 (m, 2H), 6.34 (s, 1H)

Reference Example 34

tert-Butyl (3-endo)-3-[3-fluoro-5-(methoxymethyl)phenoxy]-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane6-8-carboxylate

[0828]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0829] To a mixture of 3-fluoro-5-bromophenol (4.13 g), Compound I (3.78 g), triphenylphosphine (5.66 g) and toluene (60 mL) was added diisopropyl azodicarboxylate (4.3 mL), and the resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction solution was washed successively with 1M aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, 1M hydrochloric acid, and brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=6/1) to give Compound II (6.84 g).

Step (ii)

[0830] To a solution of Compound II (1.13 g) in DMA/water (14 mL/7 mL) were added palladium acetate (63 mg), 1,3-bis(diphenylphosphino)propane (116 mg) and N-ethyldiisopropylamine (1 mL), and the resulting mixture was stirred at 80° C. under carbon monoxide atmosphere (1 atm) overnight. The reaction solution was filtered through Celite, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was diluted with brine and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=6/1) to give Compound III (390 mg).

Step (iii):

[0831] To a solution of Compound III (390 mg) in THF (5 mL) was added lithium borohydride (67 mg), and the mixture was stirred overnight. The reaction solution was diluted with brine, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=1/1) to give Compound IV (347 mg).

Step (iv):

[0832] To an ice-cold solution of Compound IV (347 mg) in tetrahydrofuran (5 mL) were added sodium hydride (130 mg) and iodomethane (0.12 mL), and the mixture was stirred overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with brine, and extracted with ethyl acetate. The mixture was dehydrated with sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=2/1) to give the title compound V (192 mg).
[0833] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.46 (s, 9H), 2.07-2.19 (m, 8H), 2.68 (s, 3H), 4.11-4.27 (m, 2H), 5.54 (t, 1H, J=5.4 Hz), 6.95 (dd, 1H, J=7.5, 4.8 Hz), 8.01 (dd, 1H, J=7.5, 2.0 Hz), 8.27 (dd, 1H, J=4.8, 2.0 Hz)

Reference Example 35

tert-Butyl (3-endo)-3-[4-fluoro-3-(methoxymethyl)phenoxy]-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate

[0834]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0835] A mixture of 2-fluoro-5-hydroxybenzoic acid (4.00 g), ethanol (25.6 mL) and conc. sulfuric acid (3.8 mL) was stirred at 80° C. overnight. The reaction solution was concentrated under reduced pressure, and the resultant was neutralized with aqueous sodium bicarbonate solution, and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over magnesium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound II (4.38 g).

Step (ii):

[0836] To a solution of Compound II (2.00 g) obtained in Step (i), Compound III (2.01 g) and triphenylphosphine (2.85 g) in toluene (45 mL) was added diisopropyl azodicarboxylate (2.15 mL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction solution was washed successively with 1M aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, 1M hydrochloric acid, and brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=6/1) to give Compound IV (3.48 g).

Step (iii):

[0837] To an ice-cold solution of Compound IV (500 mg) in tetrahydrofuran (6.4 mL) was added lithium aluminium hydride (12 mg), and the mixture was stirred for 30 minutes. To the mixture was added a saturated aqueous sodium sulfate solution (1 mL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for one hour. The reaction solution was filtered through Celite-silica gel pad, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound V (408 mg).

Step (iv):

[0838] To an ice-cold solution of Compound V (495.8 mg) in tetrahydrofuran (1.4 mL) were added sodium hydride (24.8 mg) and iodomethane (36.3 μL), and the mixture was stirred overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with brine, extracted with ethyl acetate, dehydrated with sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure to give the title compound VI (128 mg).
[0839] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 0.81-0.93 (m, 1H), 1.18-1.32 (m, 1H), 1.47 (s, 9H), 1.90-2.20 (m, 6H), 3.42 (s, 3H), 4.11-4.28 (m, 2H), 4.48 (br s, 2H), 4.54-4.60 (m, 1H), 6.70 (ddd, 1H, J=9.0, 3.9, 3.3 Hz), 6.87 (dd, 1H, J=5.9, 2.9 Hz), 6.95 (t, 1H, J=9.1 Hz)

Reference Example 36

tert-Butyl (3-endo)-3-{[4-(methoxymethyl)-6-methylpyridin-2-yl]oxy}-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]-octane-8-carboxylate

[0840]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0841] To a solution of 2,6-dichloronicotinic acid (1.20 g) and Compound I (1.00 g) in DMSO (23 mL) was added sodium hydride (1.18 g), and the mixture was stirred at 70° C. for 3 hours. The reaction mixture was acidified with 3N hydrochloric acid, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound II as a crude product.

Step (ii):

[0842] To a solution of crude Compound II obtained in Step (i) in dichloromethane (20 mL) were WSC.HCl (2.01 g), HOBt.H2O (1.61 g), N,O-dimethylhydroxyamine hydrochloride (1.03 g) and triethylamine (3.0 mL), and the mixture was stirred overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with aqueous ammonium chloride solution, extracted with dichloromethane, and the organic layer was dehydrated with sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=1/1) to give Compound III (3.02 g).

Step (iii):

[0843] To a solution of Compound III (200 mg) in tetrahydrofuran (3.5 mL) were added tris(dibenzylideneacetone)dipalladium (64.5 mg), tri-tert-butylphosphine (67.6 μL) and diethylzinc (775 μL, 2.0 M toluene solution), and the resulting mixture was stirred at 60° C. for 9 hours. The reaction solution was filtered through Celite, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=6/1) to give Compound IV (285 mg).

Step (iv):

[0844] To an ice-cold solution of Compound IV (285 mg) in tetrahydrofuran (3.5 mL) was added lithium aluminum hydride (66.8 mg), and the mixture was stirred for 30 minutes. To the mixture was added a saturated aqueous sodium sulfate solution (0.5 mL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for one hour. The reaction solution was filtered through Celite-silica gel pad, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. To this residue were added methanol (3.5 mL) and sodium borohydride (53.3 mg), and the mixture was stirred for one hour. To the reaction solution was added an aqueous sodium bicarbonate solution, and the mixture was extracted with chloroform, dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=1/1) to give Compound V (188.4 mg).

Step (v):

[0845] To an ice-cold solution of Compound V (90.0 mg) in tetrahydrofuran (1.3 mL) were added sodium hydride (23.1 mg) and iodomethane (32.2 μL), and the mixture was stirred for one hour. The reaction mixture was diluted with brine, and extracted with ethyl acetate, dehydrated with sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure to give the title compound VI (93.6 mg).
[0846] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 0.78-0.93 (m, 1H), 1.18-1.31 (m, 1H), 1.47 (s, 9H), 1.84-2.26 (m, 6H), 2.39 (s, 3H), 3.42 (s, 3H), 4.12-4.28 (m, 2H), 4.37 (s, 2H), 5.34-5.41 (m, 1H), 6.45 (s, 1H), 6.65 (s, 1H)

Reference Example 37

tert-Butyl (3-endo)-3-[2-fluoro-3-(methoxymethyl)phenoxy]-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate

[0847]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0848] To an ice-cold solution of Compound I (2.5 g) in THF (23 mL) was added borane.THF complex (17 mL, 1.0 M THF solution), and the resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. To the ice-cold reaction mixture was added water, and the mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was diluted with water, and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=4/1) to give Compound II (2.4 g).

Step (ii):

[0849] To an ice-cold solution of Compound II (500 mg) in THF (5.0 mL) were added sodium hydride (160 mg, 55% contents) and methyl iodide (608 μL), and the resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. To the reaction mixture was added water, and the mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was diluted with water, and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=4/1) to give Compound III (426 mg).

Step (iii):

[0850] To a solution of Compound III (426 mg), 2-di-tert-butylphosphino-2′,4′,6′-triisopropylbiphenyl (165 mg) and potassium hydroxide (327 mg) in a mixture of 1,4-dioxane/water (1 mL/1 mL) was added Pd2(dba)3 (89 mg), and the mixture was stirred at 80° C. overnight. To the reaction mixture was added 1M hydrochloric acid, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=4/1) to give Compound IV (103 mg).

Step (iv):

[0851] To a solution of Compound IV (103 mg), Compound V (150 mg), triphenylphosphine (260 mg) in toluene (2.2 mL) was added diisopropyl azodicarboxylate (196 μL), and the resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. To the reaction mixture was added 1M aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=4/1) to give the title compound VI (144 mg).
[0852] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.47 (s, 9H), 1.96-2.23 (m, 8H), 3.42 (s, 3H), 4.22 (br s, 2H), 4.52 (d, 2H, J=1.5 Hz), 4.62 (t, 1H, J=4.6 Hz), 6.81 (td, 1H, J=7.9, 1.7 Hz), 6.94-7.06 (m, 2H).

Reference Example 38

tert-Butyl (3-endo)-3-{[4-(cyclopropylmethyl)pyridin-2-yl]oxy}-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate

[0853]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0854] To a solution of Compound I (5.4 g) and 2,4-dichloropyridine (3.6 g) in tetrahydrofuran (80 mL) was added sodium hydride (2.1 g), and the mixture was heated at reflux and stirred overnight. The reaction solution was diluted with aqueous ammonium chloride solution, and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, concentrated under reduced pressure, and the obtained residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=6/1) to give Compound II (7.0 g).

Step (ii):

[0855] To a solution of Compound II (322 mg) in N-methylpiperidone (5 mL) were added cyclopropylmethanol (0.16 mL) and sodium hydride (86 mg), and the resulting mixture was heated at reflux and stirred overnight. The reaction solution was diluted with aqueous ammonium chloride solution, and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layers were combined, and the mixture was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The obtained residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=6/1) to give the title compound III (290 mg).
[0856] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 0.35-0.38 (m, 2H), 0.66-0.69 (m, 2H), 1.25-1.28 (m, 1H), 1.48 (s, 9H), 1.89-2.18 (m, 8H), 3.82 (d, 2H, J=7.2 Hz), 4.09-4.24 (m, 2H), 5.33 (t, 1H, J=4.7 Hz), 6.12 (d, 1H, J=2.2 Hz), 6.46 (dd, 1H, J=5.9, 2.2 Hz), 7.93 (d, 1H, J=6.1 Hz)

Reference Example 39

tert-Butyl (3-exo)-3-[(4-chloro-2-pyridinyl)oxy]-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate

[0857]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0858] To a solution of Compound I (500 mg) and 2,4-dichloropyridine (238 μL) in THF (7.3 mL) was added sodium hydride (192 mg, 55% contents), and the resulting mixture was heated at reflux and stirred overnight. To the reaction mixture was added water, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=4/1) to give the title compound II (600 mg).
[0859] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.49 (s, 9H), 1.70-1.83 (m, 4H), 1.99-2.15 (m, 4H), 4.24-4.33 (m, 2H), 5.43-5.55 (m, 1H), 6.69 (dd, 1H, J=1.7, 0.5 Hz), 6.83-6.85 (m, 1H), 8.00 (dd, 1H, J=5.5, 0.4 Hz) Reference Example 40

tert-Butyl (3-endo)-3-{3-[(2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy)methyl]phenoxy}-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate

[0860]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0861] To a solution of Compound I (300 mg), 2,2,2-trifluoroethanol (438 μL) and triphenylphosphine (354 mg) in toluene (3.0 mL) was added diisopropyl azodicarboxylate (268 μL), and the resulting mixture was heated at reflux and stirred overnight. To the reaction mixture was added 1M aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=4/1) to give the title compound II (299 mg).
[0862] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.48 (s, 9H), 1.94-1.98 (m, 4H), 2.12-2.18 (m, 4H), 3.82 (q, 2H, J=8.7 Hz), 4.16-4.25 (m, 2H), 4.63-4.65 (m, 3H), 6.77-6.83 (m, 2H), 6.90 (d, 1H, J=7.6 Hz), 7.26-7.29 (m, 1H)

Reference Example 41

tert-Butyl (3-endo)-3-[(4-cyclopropylpyridin-2-yl)oxy]-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate

[0863]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0864] To a solution of Compound I (4.06 g) and 2-chloro-4-bromopyridine (2.4 mL) in tetrahydrofuran (60 mL) was added sodium hydride (1.1 g), and the mixture was heated at reflux and stirred overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with aqueous ammonium chloride solution, and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The obtained residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=5/1) to give Compound II (5.22 g).

Step (ii):

[0865] To a solution of Compound II (230 mg) in tetrahydrofuran (10 mL) were added tris(dibenzylideneacetone)dipalladium (55 mg), tri-tert-butylphosphine (58 μL) and cyclopropylzinc bromide (2.6 mL, 0.5 M tetrahydrofuran solution), and the mixture was stirred at 60° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was filtered through Celite, concentrated under reduced pressure, and the residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=6/1) to give the title compound III (233 mg).
[0866] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 0.76-0.78 (m, 2H), 1.02-1.05 (m, 2H), 1.47 (s, 9H), 1.79-1.82 (m, 1H), 1.90-1.95 (m, 4H), 2.10-2.15 (m, 4H), 4.14-4.21 (m, 2H), 5.32 (t, 1H, J=4.9 Hz), 6.37 (d, 1H, J=1.2 Hz), 6.50 (dd, 1H, J=5.4, 1.7 Hz), 7.95 (d, 1H, J=5.4 Hz)

Reference Example 42

tert-Butyl (3-endo)-3-[(6-ethylpyridin-2-yl)oxy]-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate

[0867]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0868] To a solution of Compound I (4.47 g) and 2,6-dibromopyridine (6.19 g) in DMF (60 mL) was added sodium hydride (1.3 g), and the mixture was stirred at 80° C. overnight. After the reaction was complete, the mixture was diluted with aqueous ammonium chloride solution, and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layers were combined, and dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The obtained residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=6/1) to give Compound II (6.42 g).

Step (ii):

[0869] To a solution of Compound II (200 mg) in tetrahydrofuran (10 mL) were added tris(dibenzylideneacetone)dipalladium (48 mg), tri-tert-butylphosphine (51 μL) and diethylzinc (2.6 mL, 0.5 M tetrahydrofuran solution), and the mixture was stirred at 60° C. overnight. The reaction solution was filtered through Celite, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=6/1) to give the title compound III (196 mg).
[0870] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.24 (t, 3H, J=7.6 Hz), 1.46 (s, 9H), 1.92-2.18 (m, 8H), 2.66 (q, 2H, J=7.6 Hz), 4.16-4.21 (m, 2H), 5.40 (t, 1H, J=5.0 Hz), 6.47 (t, 1H, J=4.1 Hz), 6.67 (t, 1H, J=3.9 Hz), 7.45 (dd, 1H, J=8.2, 7.2 Hz)

Reference Example 43

tert-Butyl (3-endo)-3-[(3-ethylpyridin-2-yl)oxy]-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate

[0871]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0872] To a solution of Compound I (713 mg) and 2-fluoro3-iodopyridine (1.0 g) in tetrahydrofuran (15 mL) was added sodium hydride (258 mg), and the mixture was heated at reflux and stirred overnight. The reaction solution was diluted with aqueous ammonium chloride solution, and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, concentrated under reduced pressure, and the obtained residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=6/1) to give Compound II (1.39 g).

Step (ii):

[0873] To a solution of Compound II (300 mg) in tetrahydrofuran (10 mL) were added tris(dibenzylideneacetone)dipalladium (64 mg), tri-tert-butylphosphine (130 μL) and diethylzinc (1.5 mL, 1.05 M hexane solution), and the mixture was stirred at 60° C. overnight. The reaction solution was filtered through Celite, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=6/1) to give the title compound III (266 mg).
[0874] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.52 (s, 9H), 1.68-1.72 (m, 4H), 2.05-2.09 (m, 2H), 2.50 (s, 2H), 4.21-4.43 (m, 5H), 7.47-7.52 (m, 3H), 7.83 (d, 1H, J=7.5 Hz)

Reference Example 44

tert-Butyl (3-endo)-3-{[3-(difluoromethyl)pyridinyl-2-yl]oxy}-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate

[0875]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0876] To a solution of 2-chloro-3-formylpyridine (1.0 g) in dichloromethane (20 mL) were added XtalFluor-M (2.57 g, manufactured by OmegaChem. Inc.) and triethylamine trihydrofluoride (1.2 mL), and the mixture was stirred overnight. To an ice-cold reaction solution was added an aqueous sodium bicarbonate solution, and the mixture was extracted with dichloromethane, dehydrated with sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=6/1) to give Compound II (890 mg).

Step (ii):

[0877] To a solution of Compound II (890 mg) and Compound III (1.11 g) in DMF (15 mL) was added sodium hydride (356 mg), and the mixture was stirred at 80° C. overnight. The reaction solution was diluted with aqueous ammonium chloride solution, and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The obtained residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=6/1) to give Compound IV (420 mg).
[0878] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.48 (s, 9H), 1.99-2.15 (m, 8H), 4.15-4.23 (m, 2H), 5.50 (t, 1H, J=5.0 Hz), 6.77 (t, 1H, J=47.0 Hz), 6.97 (dd, 1H, J=8.4, 3.5 Hz), 7.84-7.85 (m, 1H), 8.21-8.23 (m, 1H)

Reference Example 45

tert-Butyl (3-endo)-3-{[4-(1-fluoroethyl)pyridin-2-yl]oxy}-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate

[0879]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0880] To a solution of 2-chloroisonicotinic acid (3.08 g) in dichloromethane (60 mL) were added WSC/HCl (5.62 g), HOBt (4.5 g), N,O-dimethylhydroxyamine hydrochloride (2.9 g) and triethylamine (8.3 mL), and the mixture was stirred overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with aqueous ammonium chloride solution, extracted with dichloromethane, dehydrated with sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=2/1) to give Compound II (3.51 g).

Step (ii):

[0881] To a solution of Compound II (2.69 g) in THF (30 mL) was added methylmagnesium bromide (5.4 mL, 3.0M diethyl ether solution), and the mixture was stirred overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with aqueous ammonium chloride solution, extracted with ethyl acetate, dehydrated with sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=3/1) to give Compound III (1.72 g).

Step (iii):

[0882] To a solution of sodium borohydride (418 mg) in methanol (20 mL) was added Compound III (1.72 g), and the mixture was stirred overnight. The reaction solution was concentrated under reduced pressure, and the residue was diluted with aqueous ammonium chloride solution, extracted with ethyl acetate, dehydrated with sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=3/1) to give Compound IV (1.79 g).

Step (iv):

[0883] To a solution of Compound IV (519 mg) in dichloromethane solution (10 mL) were added XtalFluor-E (1.13 g, manufactured by OmegaChem. Inc.) and DBU 1,8-diazabicyclo[4.3.0]undecene (0.75 mL), and the mixture was stirred overnight. To an ice-cold reaction solution was added aqueous sodium bicarbonate solution, and the mixture was extracted with dichloromethane, dehydrated with sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=3/1) to give Compound V (415 mg).

Step (v):

[0884] To a solution of Compound V (486.4 mg) and Compound VI (623 mg) in DMF (20 mL) was added sodium hydride (198 mg), and the mixture was stirred at 80° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with aqueous ammonium chloride solution, extracted with ethyl acetate, dehydrated with sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=5/1) to give the title compound VII (116 mg).
[0885] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.47 (s, 9H), 1.61 (dd, 3H, J=24.2, 6.4 Hz), 1.80-2.32 (m, 8H), 4.15-4.22 (m, 2H), 5.37 (t, 1H, J=4.9 Hz), 5.55 (dq, 1H, J=47.8, 6.5 Hz), 6.65 (d, 1H, J=0.7 Hz), 6.77-6.78 (m, 1H), 8.11 (d, 1H, J=5.3 Hz)

Reference Example 46

tert-Butyl (3-endo)-3-{[4-(difluoromethyl)pyridin-2-yl]oxy}-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate

[0886]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0887] A mixture of 2-fluoro-4-pyridinemethanol (1.00 g), manganese dioxide (10.00 g) and methylene chloride (24 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 3 days. The reaction solution was filtered through Celite, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound II (899 mg) as a crude product.

Step (ii):

[0888] To an ice-cold solution of Compound II (300 mg) obtained in Step (i) in dichloromethane (10 mL) was added deoxo-flour (1.08 mL, manufactured by Acros Chemicals Ltd.), and the mixture was stirred for one hour. To the reaction solution was added a saturated aqueous sodium carbonate solution, and the mixture was extracted with chloroform. The organic layer was washed with aqueous sodium bicarbonate solution and brine. The resultant was dehydrated with sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=5/1) to give Compound V (151 mg).

Step (iii):

[0889] To a solution of Compound III (151 mg) and Compound IV (228 mg) in DMSO (2 mL) was added sodium hydride (67 mg), and the mixture was stirred at 60° C. for 3 hours. The reaction mixture was diluted with aqueous ammonium chloride solution, extracted with ethyl acetate, dehydrated with sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=5/1) to give the title compound VI (173 mg).
[0890] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.48 (s, 9H), 1.67-2.29 (m, 6H), 4.11-4.43 (m, 3H), 4.72-4.85 (m, 1H), 5.37-5.44 (m, 1H), 6.57 (t, 1H, J=55.8 Hz), 6.81 (s, 1H), 6.96 (d, 1H, J=5.0 Hz), 8.23 (dd, 1H, J=5.3, 0.4 Hz)

Reference Example 47

tert-Butyl (3-endo)-3-{3-[(difluoromethoxy)methyl]phenoxy}-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate

[0891]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0892] To a solution of Compound I (500 mg) and copper iodide (57 mg) in acetonitrile (3.0 mL) was added 2,2-difluoro-2-(fluorosulfonyl)acetic acid (155 μL), and the mixture was stirred at 50° C. for 2 hours. To an ice-cold reaction mixture was added water, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with a saturated aqueous ammonium chloride solution and brine, dehydrated with sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=4/1) to give the title compound II (151 mg).
[0893] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.48 (s, 9H), 1.94-2.15 (m, 8H), 4.16-4.25 (m, 2H), 4.64 (t, 1H, J=4.8 Hz), 4.85 (s, 2H), 6.31 (t, 1H, J=74.4 Hz), 6.79 (dd, 1H, J=8.2, 2.3 Hz), 6.83 (t, 1H, J=2.1 Hz), 6.92 (d, 1H, J=7.6 Hz), 7.26-7.30 (m, 1H)

Reference Example 48

tert-Butyl (3-endo)-3-{[6-(difluoromethoxy)-2-pyridinyl]oxy}-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate

[0894]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0895] To a solution of Compound I (500 mg) and benzyl alcohol (161 μL) in DMF (2.6 mL) was added sodium hydride (85 mg, 55% contents), and the mixture was stirred at 100° C. overnight. To the reaction mixture was added water, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=4/1) to give Compound II (389 mg).

Step (ii):

[0896] A solution of Compound II (389 mg) and 10% palladium-carbon (50 mg, 50% wet) in methanol (3.5 mL) was stirred under hydrogen atmosphere (ordinary pressure) overnight. The reaction mixture was filtered through Celite, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=9/1) to give Compound III (204 mg).

Step (iii):

[0897] To a mixture of Compound III (204 mg), cesium carbonate (622 mg) and DMF (2.1 mL) was added methyl chlorodifluoroacetate (201 μL), and the mixture was stirred at 60° C. for 3 hours. To the reaction mixture was added water, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=4/1) to give the title compound IV (50 mg).
[0898] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.48 (s, 9H), 1.90-2.21 (m, 8H), 4.16-4.25 (m, 2H), 5.21 (t, 1H, J=4.9 Hz), 6.43-6.49 (m, 2H), 7.30 (t, 1H, J=73.6 Hz), 7.60 (t, 1H, J=7.9 Hz).

Reference Example 49

tert-Butyl (3-endo)-3-[3-(difluoromethoxy)-4-fluorophenoxy]-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate

[0899]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0900] To a solution of Compound I (517 mg), 3-chloro-4-fluorophenol (500 mg) and triphenylphosphine (894 mg) in toluene (7.6 mL) was added diisopropyl azodicarboxylate (676 μL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. To the reaction mixture was added 1M aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=4/1) to give Compound II (739 mg).

Step (ii):

[0901] To a mixture of Compound II (739 mg), 2-di-tert-butylphosphino-2′,4′,6′-triisopropylbiphenyl (35 mg) and potassium hydroxide (233 mg) in 1,4-dioxane/water (1 mL/1 mL) was added Pd2(dba)3 (23 mg), and the mixture was stirred at 80° C. overnight. To the reaction mixture was added 1M hydrochloric acid, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=4/1) to give Compound III (80 mg).

Step (iii):

[0902] To a mixture of Compound III (80 mg), cesium carbonate (77 mg) and DMF (0.5 mL) was added methyl chlorodifluoroacetate (37 μL), and the mixture was stirred at 80° C. for 5 hours. To the reaction mixture was added water, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=4/1) to give the title compound IV (45 mg).
[0903] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.47 (s, 9H), 1.91-2.10 (m, 8H), 4.17-4.25 (m, 2H), 4.54 (t, 1H, J=4.8 Hz), 6.54 (t, 1H, J=73.6 Hz), 6.63 (dt, 1H, J=9.1, 2.9 Hz), 6.70 (dd, 1H, J=6.8, 2.9 Hz), 7.05-7.10 (m, 1H)

Reference Example 50

tert-Butyl (3-endo)-3-(3-acetyl-4-chlorophenoxy)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate

[0904]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0905] To a solution of 2-chloro-5-methoxybenzoic acid (1.50 g) in THF (8 mL) at −78° C. was added methyllithium (17.7 mL, 1M ether solution), and then the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with 1M hydrochloric acid, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dehydrated with sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=7/1) to give Compound II (335 mg).

Step (ii):

[0906] To a solution of Compound II (335 mg) in chlorobenzene (7.3 mL) was added aluminium chloride (605 mg), and the mixture was stirred at 120° C. for 30 minutes. The reaction solution was added dropwise into 1M hydrochloric acid, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate, and washed with brine. The organic layer was dried over magnesium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure, and the residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=7/1) to give Compound III (279 mg).

Step (iii):

[0907] To a mixture of Compound III (227 mg), Compound IV (247 mg), triphenylphosphine (349 mg) and toluene (7 mL) was added diisopropyl azodicarboxylate (264 μL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction solution was washed successively with 1M aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, 1M hydrochloric acid, and brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=6/1) to give the title compound IV (359 mg).
[0908] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.47 (s, 9H), 1.87-2.26 (m, 8H), 2.65 (s, 3H), 4.10-4.31 (m, 2H), 4.58-4.64 (m, 1H), 6.85 (dd, 1H, J=8.8, 3.1 Hz), 6.98 (d, 1H, J=3.1 Hz), 7.31 (d, 1H, J=8.8 Hz)

Reference Example 51

tert-Butyl (3-endo)-3-(3-acetyl-2-methylphenoxy)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate

[0909]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0910] To a solution of 3-hydroxy-2-methylbenzoic acid (1.00 g) in THF (6.6 mL) at −78° C. was added methyllithium (21.7 mL, 1M ether solution), and then the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with 1M hydrochloric acid, extracted with ethyl acetate, dehydrated with sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=7/1) to give Compound II (584 mg).

Step (ii):

[0911] To a mixture of Compound III (200 mg), Compound IV (247 mg), triphenylphosphine (349 mg) and toluene (7 mL) was added diisopropyl azodicarboxylate (264 μL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction solution was washed successively with 1M aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, 1M hydrochloric acid, and brine. The organic layers were combined, and dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=6/1) to give the title compound IV (377 mg).
[0912] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.48 (s, 9H), 1.85-2.16 (m, 8H), 2.33 (s, 3H), 2.56 (s, 3H), 4.16-4.32 (m, 2H), 4.59-4.66 (m, 1H), 6.76-6.85 (m, 1H), 7.08-7.22 (m, 2H)

Reference Example 52

tert-Butyl (3-endo)-3-(3-acetyl-2-chlorophenoxy)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate

[0913]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0914] To an ice-cold 2-chloro-3-methoxybenzaldehyde (477 mg) in THF (10 mL) was added methylmagnesium bromide (1.12 mL, 3M ether solution), and the mixture was stirred 31.5 hours. The reaction mixture was diluted with 1M hydrochloric acid, extracted with ethyl acetate, and the organic layer was dehydrated with sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound II (653 mg) as a crude product.

Step (ii):

[0915] A mixture of Compound II (653 mg) obtained in Step (i), manganese dioxide (4.77 g) and methylene chloride (10 mL) was stirred at room temperature overnight. To the mixture was added manganese dioxide (2.0 g), and the mixture was stirred at 40° C. for 3 hours. The reaction mixture was filtered through Celite, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound III (504 mg) as a crude product.

Step (iii):

[0916] To a solution of Compound II (504 mg) obtained in Step (ii) and chlorobenzene (11 mL) was added aluminum chloride (932 mg), and the mixture was stirred at 120° C. for 30 minutes. The reaction solution was added dropwise into 1M hydrochloric acid in a water bath, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate and washed with brine. The organic layer was dried over magnesium sulfate, concentrated under reduced pressure, and the residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=7/1) to give Compound III (429 mg).

Step (iv):

[0917] To a mixture of Compound III (227 mg), Compound IV (247 mg), triphenylphosphine (349 mg) and toluene (7 mL) was added diisopropyl azodicarboxylate (264 μL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction solution was washed with 1M aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, 1M hydrochloric acid and brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=6/1) to give the title compound IV (350 mg).
[0918] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.48 (s, 9H), 1.92-2.03 (m, 4H), 2.09-2.32 (m, 4H), 2.63 (s, 3H), 4.13-4.32 (m, 2H), 4.65-4.73 (m, 1H), 6.86 (dq, 1H, J=8.3, 0.6 Hz), 7.01 (dd, 1H, J=7.7, 1.5 Hz), 7.24 (t, 1H, J=8.0 Hz)

Reference Example 53

tert-Butyl (3-endo)-3-(3-acetyl-2-fluorophenoxy)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate

[0919]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0920] To an ice-cold mixture of Compound I (1.63 g), N,O-dimethylhydroxyamine hydrochloride (1.87 g), WSC.HCl (2.03 g), HOBt.H2O (1.62 g) and dichloromethane (32 mL) was added triethylamine (5.4 mL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 3 days. The reaction mixture was diluted with chloroform, and washed with 1M hydrochloric acid, and 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=1/1) to give Compound II (2.03 g).

Step (ii):

[0921] To an ice-cold Compound II (500 mg) in THF (4.7 mL) was added methylmagnesium bromide (1.2 mL, 3.0 M diethyl ether solution), and the mixture was stirred for 2 hours while it was allowed to warm up to room temperature. To the reaction mixture was added a saturated aqueous ammonium chloride solution, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=4/1) to give Compound III (365 mg).

Step (iii):

[0922] To a solution of Compound III (365 mg) in chlorobenzene (7.2 mL) was added aluminium chloride (724 mg), and the mixture was stirred at 130° C. for 1.5 hour. To the reaction mixture was added water, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound IV (300 mg) as a crude product.

Step (iv):

[0923] To a solution of Compound IV (300 mg), Compound V (493 mg), triphenylphosphine (855 mg) in toluene (7.2 mL) was added diisopropyl azodicarboxylate (645 μL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. To the reaction mixture was added 1M aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=4/1) to give the title compound VI (431 mg).
[0924] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.48 (s, 9H), 1.97-2.22 (m, 8H), 2.65 (d, 3H, J=4.8 Hz), 4.22 (br s, 2H), 4.65 (t, 1H, J=4.5 Hz), 6.99-7.14 (m, 2H), 7.36-7.41 (m, 1H)

Reference Example 54

tert-Butyl (3-endo)-3-(3-acetyl-4-fluorophenoxy)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate

[0925]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0926] To an ice-cold mixture of Compound I (900 mg), N,O-dimethylhydroxyamine hydrochloride (1.12 g), WSC.HCl (1.22 g), HOBt.H2O (970 mg) and dichloromethane (19 mL) was added triethylamine (3.24 mL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 3 days. The reaction mixture was diluted with chloroform, and washed with 1M hydrochloric acid. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=1/1) to give Compound II (453 mg).

Step (ii):

[0927] To a solution of Compound II (453 mg), Compound III (517 mg) and triphenylphosphine (897 mg) in toluene (7.6 mL) was added diisopropyl azodicarboxylate (678 μL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. To the reaction mixture was added 1M aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=1/1) to give Compound IV (956 mg).

Step (iii):

[0928] To an ice-cold Compound IV (665 mg) in THF (5.4 mL) was added ethylmagnesium bromide (1.6 mL, 3.0 M diethyl ether solution), and the mixture was stirred for 3 hours. To the reaction mixture was added a saturated aqueous ammonium chloride solution, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=4/1) to give the title compound V (270 mg).
[0929] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.47 (s, 9H), 1.90-2.14 (m, 8H), 2.64 (d, 3H, J=5.1 Hz), 4.17-4.23 (m, 2H), 4.62 (t, 1H, J=4.7 Hz), 6.96-7.10 (m, 2H), 7.25-7.28 (m, 1H)

Reference Example 55

tert-Butyl (3-endo)-3-(3-propanoyl)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate

[0930]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0931] To a solution of Compound I (1.69 g) in dichloromethane (30 mL) were added WSC.HCl (1.4 g), HOBt.H2O (1.11 g), N,O-dimethylhydroxyamine hydrochloride (711 mg) and triethylamine (2.04 mL), and the mixture was stirred overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with aqueous ammonium chloride solution, extracted with dichloromethane, dehydrated with sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=2/1) to give Compound II (1.88 g).

Step (ii):

[0932] To a solution of Compound II (262 mg) in THF (20 mL) was added ethylmagnesium chloride (2 mL, 2.0 M diethyl ether solution), and the mixture was stirred overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with aqueous ammonium chloride solution, extracted with ethyl acetate, dehydrated with sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=6/1) to give the title compound IV (113 mg).
[0933] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.22 (t, 3H, J=7.3 Hz), 1.48 (s, 9H), 1.94-2.18 (m, 8H), 2.99 (q, 2H, J=7.2 Hz), 4.15-4.20 (m, 2H), 4.70 (t, 1H, J=4.7 Hz), 7.01-7.04 (m, 1H), 7.36-7.40 (m, 2H), 7.51-7.54 (m, 1H)

Reference Example 56

tert-Butyl (3-endo)-3-[(3-acetylpyridin-2-yl)oxy]-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate

[0934]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0935] To a solution of 2-chloronicotinic acid (1.39 g) and Compound I (1.67 g) in DMSO (30 mL) was added sodium hydride (962 mg), and the mixture was stirred at 80° C. overnight. The reaction solution was acidified with 1M hydrochloric acid, and the mixture was extracted with chloroform. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound II as a crude product.

Step (ii):

[0936] To a solution of Compound II obtained in Step (i) in dichloromethane (30 mL) were added WSC.HCl (2.1 g), HOBt.H2O (1.5 g), N,O-dimethylhydroxyamine hydrochloride (1.1 g) and triethylamine (3.0 mL), and the mixture was stirred overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with aqueous ammonium chloride solution, extracted with dichloromethane, dehydrated with sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=1/1) to give Compound III (1.99 g).

Step (iii):

[0937] To a solution of Compound III (1.0 g) in THF (10 mL) was added methylmagnesium bromide (1.7 mL, 3.0 M diethyl ether solution), and the mixture was stirred overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with aqueous ammonium chloride solution, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate, dehydrated with sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=4/1) to give the title compound IV (560 mg).
[0938] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.46 (s, 9H), 2.07-2.19 (m, 8H), 2.68 (s, 3H), 4.11-4.27 (m, 2H), 5.54 (t, 1H, J=5.4 Hz), 6.95 (dd, 1H, J=7.5, 4.8 Hz), 8.01 (dd, 1H, J=7.5, 2.0 Hz), 8.27 (dd, 1H, J=4.8, 2.0 Hz)

Reference Example 57

tert-Butyl (3-endo)-3-(3-fluoro-5-methoxyphenoxy)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate

[0939]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0940] To an ice-cold solution of Compound I (432 mg) in a mixture of THF/1M aqueous sodium hydroxide solution (22 mL/4.7 mL) was added a 30% aqueous hydrogen peroxide solution (1.3 mL), and the mixtxure was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, diluted with water, and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=3/1) to give Compound II (349 mg).

Step (ii):

[0941] To a solution of Compound II (327 mg), Compound III (523 mg) and triphenylphosphine (905 mg) in toluene (7.7 mL) was added diisopropyl azodicarboxylate (684 μL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. To the reaction mixture was added 1M aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=4/1) to give the title compound IV (500 mg).
[0942] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.47 (s, 9H), 1.93-2.13 (m, 8H), 3.77 (s, 3H), 4.15-4.23 (m, 2H), 4.55 (t, 1H, J=4.4 Hz), 6.13-6.17 (m, 2H), 6.19-6.28 (m, 1H).

Reference Example 58

tert-Butyl (3-endo)-3-[(2,2-difluoro-1,3-benzodioxol-5-yl)oxy]-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate

[0943]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0944] To a solution of Compound I (1.0 g), 2-di-tert-butylphosphino-3,4,5,6-tetramethyl-2′,4′,6′-triisopropylbiphenyl (190 mg) and potassium hydroxide (474 mg) in a mixture of 1,4-dioxane/water (2.1 mL/2.1 mL) was added Pd2(dba)3 (77 mg), and the resulting mixture was stirred at 100° C. overnight. To the reaction mixture was added 1M hydrochloric acid, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=4/1) to give Compound II (605 mg).

Step (ii):

[0945] To a solution of Compound II (605 mg), Compound III (658 mg), triphenylphosphine (1.14 g) in toluene (10 mL) was added diisopropyl azodicarboxylate (862 μL), and the resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. To the reaction mixture was added 1M aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=4/1) to give the title compound IV (918 mg).
[0946] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.47 (s, 9H), 1.91-2.11 (m, 8H), 4.20 (br s, 2H), 4.53 (t, 1H, J=4.8 Hz), 6.47-6.50 (m, 1H), 6.60-6.61 (m, 1H), 6.92-6.95 (m, 1H)

Reference Example 59

tert-Butyl (3-endo)-3-[(6-fluoro-3-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-5-yl)oxy]-8-azabicyclo-[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate

[0947]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0948] A mixture of 3-fluoro-4-methoxybenzaldehyde (2.00 g) and Meldrum's acid (1.87 g), formic acid.triethylamine complex (6.5 mL, 5:2 complex) was stirred at 100° C. for 5 hours. The mixture was cooled to room temperature, and thereto was added water (2 mL), then, further thereto was added conc. hydrochloric acid to adjust the pH value thereof to pH 1, and the mixture was stirred overnight. The precipitated solid was collected by filtration, washed with water, and dried to give Compound II (982 mg).

Step (ii):

[0949] A mixture of Compound II (900 mg), toluene (9 mL) and thionyl chloride (393 μL) was stirred at 90° C. for one hour, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The obtained residue was added to an ice-cold solution of aluminium chloride (605 mg) in methylene chloride (45 mL), and the mixture was stirred for one hour. The reaction solution was added dropwise into ice-cold water, and the mixture was stirred for one hour, and extracted with ether. The organic layer was washed with aqueous sodium bicarbonate solution, dried over magnesium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=4/1) to give Compound III (666 mg).

Step (iii):

[0950] To an ice-cold solution of Compound III (666 mg) in methylene chloride (15 mL) was added dropwise boron tribromide (4.44 mL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 7 hours. The reaction solution was cooled with ice, and thereto was added water, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with brine, concentrated under reduced pressure, and the residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=3/1) to give Compound III (52 mg).

Step (iv):

[0951] To a mixture of Compound IV (50 mg), Compound V (56 mg), triphenylphosphine (79 mg) and toluene (1.3 mL) was added diisopropyl azodicarboxylate (60 μL), and the resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction solution was washed successively with 1M aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, 1M hydrochloric acid and brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=6/1) to give the title compound IV (48 mg).
[0952] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.24-1.33 (m, 2H), 1.48 (s, 9H), 1.92-2.26 (m, 6H), 2.65-2.73 (m, 2H), 3.02-3.10 (m, 2H), 4.11-4.32 (m, 2H), 4.65-4.71 (m, 1H), 7.16 (s, 1H), 7.19 (d, 1H, J=3.3 Hz)

Reference Example 60

tert-Butyl (3-endo)-3-[(2,2-difluoro-1,3-benzodioxol-5-yl)methoxy]-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate

[0953]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0954] To a solution of sodium borohydride (609 mg) in methanol (20 mL) was added 2,2-difluoro-1,3-benzodioxol-5-carboaldehyde (3.0 g), and the resulting mixture was stirred overnight. The reaction solution was concentrated under reduced pressure, and the residue was diluted with aqueous ammonium chloride solution, and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dehydrated with sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=3/1) to give Compound II (3.09 g).

Step (ii):

[0955] To an ice-cold solution of Compound II (3.09 g) in dichloromethane (60 mL) was added thionyl chloride (1.54 mL), and then the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 3 hours. The reaction solution was concentrated under reduced pressure, and the residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=5/1) to give Compound III (2.89 g).

Step (iii)

[0956] To a solution of Compound III (470 mg) and Compound IV (423 mg) in DMF (10 mL) was added sodium hydride (180 mg), and the mixture was stirred overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with aqueous ammonium chloride solution, extracted with ethyl acetate, dehydrated with sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=6/1) to give the title compound V (448 mg).
[0957] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.46 (s, 9H), 1.95-2.04 (m, 8H), 3.69-3.72 (m, 1H), 4.13-4.19 (m, 2H), 4.45 (s, 2H), 7.00 (s, 2H), 7.07 (s, 1H)

Reference Examples 61 and 62

tert-Butyl (3-endo)-3-(1-oxo-1,3-dihydro-2H-isoindol-2-yl)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate (Compound II)

tert-Butyl (3-endo)-3-(1,3-dihydro-2H-isoindol-2-yl)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate (Compound III)

[0958]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0959] To a solution of methyl 2-formylbenzoate (1.3 g) and Compound I (1.45 g) in methanol was added sodium triacetoxy borohydride (1.35 g), and the resulting mixture was stirred overnight. Then, the mixture was allowed to warm up to room temperature and was stirred overnight. The reaction solution was concentrated under reduced pressure, and the residue was diluted with aqueous ammonium chloride solution, and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dehydrated with sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=1/1) to give Compound II (930 mg).
[0960] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.52 (s, 9H), 1.68-1.72 (m, 4H), 2.05-2.09 (m, 2H), 2.50 (s, 2H), 4.21-4.43 (m, 5H), 7.47-7.52 (m, 3H), 7.83 (d, 1H, J=7.5 Hz)

Step (ii):

[0961] To an ice-cold solution of Compound II (810 mg) in tetrahydrofuran (10 mL) was added borane-dimethylsulfide complex (0.3 mL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. To an ice-cold reaction solution was added methanol, and the mixture was stirred, and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was diluted with brine, extracted with ethyl acetate, dehydrated with sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=4/1) to give the title compound III (632 mg).
[0962] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.52 (s, 9H), 1.68-1.72 (m, 4H), 2.05-2.09 (m, 2H), 2.50 (s, 2H), 4.21-4.43 (m, 5H), 7.47-7.52 (m, 3H), 7.83 (d, 1H, J=7.5 Hz)

Example 1

(3-Exo)-3-(2-fluorophenoxy)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxyamide

[0963]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0964] Compound I (356 mg) was added into 4N hydrochloric acid/dioxane (10 mL), and the mixture was stirred overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound II (260 mg) as a crude product.

Step (ii):

[0965] To a mixture of Compound III (81 mg) and THF (4 mL) were added triethylamine (200 μL) and p-nitrophenyl chloroformate (64 mg), and the resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature for one hour. Then, Compound II (58 mg) was added thereto, the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was extracted with 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution and chloroform, and the mixture was washed with 1N hydrochloric acid solution. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was washed with ethyl acetate/diisopropylether (1:1) to give the title compound IV (92.2 mg).
[0966] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.51-1.57 (m, 3H), 1.67-1.78 (m, 9H), 1.86-1.92 (m, 3H), 2.03-2.15 (m, 7H), 3.96-3.98 (m, 1H), 4.24 (m, 2H), 4.58-4.66 (m, 2H), 6.91-7.09 (m, 4H)

Example 2

(3-Exo)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-3-phenoxy-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxyamide

[0967]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0968] Compound I (2.7 g) was added to 4N hydrochloric acid/dioxane (10 mL), and the mixture was stirred overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound II (2.27 g).

Step (ii):

[0969] To a mixture of Compound II (153.7 mg) obtained in Step (i) and THF (4 mL) was added a mixture of pyridine (150 μL), diphosgene (0.1 mL) and THF (4 mL), and the resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 hours. The reaction mixture was diluted with brine, and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was dissolved in dioxane/sodium bicarbonate water (4 mL, volume ratio=1:1), and thereto were added diisopropylethylamine (0.1 mL), and Compound III (58 mg, Reference Literature: WO2009020137), and the resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction solution was extracted with 1N hydrochloric acid and chloroform. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (chloroform/methanol, 10:1) to give the title compound IV (26.8 mg).
[0970] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.50-1.53 (m, 2H), 1.67-1.92 (m, 13H), 2.05-2.14 (m, 7H), 3.97 (m, 1H), 4.24 (m, 2H), 4.64-4.72 (m, 2H), 6.88-6.96 (m, 3H), 7.24-7.28 (m, 2H)

Example 3

(3-Endo)-N-[(E)-5-carbamoyladamantan-2-yl]-3-phenoxy-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxamide

[0971]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0972] Compound I (451 mg) was added to 4N hydrochloric acid/dioxane (3 mL), and the mixture was stirred overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound II (450 mg) as a crude product.

Step (ii):

[0973] To a solution of Compound III (40 mg) in THF (2 mL) were added triethylamine (55 μL) and p-nitrophenyl chloroformate (45 mg), and the resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature. One hour later, thereto was added Compound II (45 mg), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was extracted with 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution and chloroform, and the organic layer was washed with 1N hydrochloric acid. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (chloroform/methanol, 10:1) to give the title compound IV (40 mg).
[0974] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.57-1.76 (m, 4H), 1.87-2.06 (m, 13H), 2.16-2.21 (m, 4H), 3.65-3.71 (m, 1H), 3.94 (m, 1H), 4.12 (m, 1H), 4.61 (m, 1H), 4.77 (s, 1H), 5.66 (s, 1H), 5.74 (s, 1H), 6.80 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 2H), 6.91 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 1H), 7.24-7.27 (m, 2H)
[0975] The compounds of Example 4 to Example 74 were synthesized by a similar method to those disclosed in Example 1 to Example 3.
[0976] 
[00001] [TABLE-US-00001]
  TABLE 1
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Ex.No.—X1—Z1—R2   NMR(solvent) δ
 
   4CONH2 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.41-1.91 (m, 11H), 1.97-2.15 (m, 10H), 3.99 (m, 1H), 4.26 (m, 2H), 4.65-4.75 (m, 2H), 5.40 (s, 1H), 5.65 (s, 1H), 6.89-6.97 (m, 3H), 7.27-7.29 (m, 2H)
 
   5   OH [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.49-1.56 (m, 3H), 1.66-1.76 (m, 7H), 1.88-1.97 (m, 6H), 2.03-2.12 (m, 4H), 2.18-2.23 (m, 2H), 3.72 (m, 1H), 3.95 (m, 1H), 4.11 (m, 2H), 4.49 (s, 2H), 4.59 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 7.27-7.37 (m, 5H)
 
   6   OH [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.51-1.54 (m, 3H), 1.66-1.92 (m, 12H), 2.09-2.14 (m, 7H), 3.96 (m, 1H), 4.25 (m, 2H), 4.64-4.61 (m, 2H), 6.58-6.67 (m, 3H), 7.17-7.23 (m, 1H)
 
   7   OH [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.51-1.54 (m, 3H), 1.66-1.92 (m, 12H), 2.06-2.15 (m, 7H), 3.97 (m, 1H), 4.24 (m, 2H), 4.54-4.66 (m, 2H), 6.82-6.85 (m, 2H), 6.93-6.97 (m, 2H)
 
   8   OH [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.51-1.53 (m, 3H), 1.66-1.77 (m, 8H), 1.89-1.92 (m, 2H), 1.97-2.04 (m, 3H), 2.14-2.26 (m, 6H), 3.97 (m, 1H), 4.14-4.18 (m, 2H), 4.61-4.63 (m, 2H), 6.82-6.84 (m, 2H), 6.92- 6.95 (m, 1H), 7.26-7.31 (m, 2H)
 
   9   OH [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.39-1.40 (m, 1H), 1.52-1.55 (m, 2H), 1.62-1.77 (m, 8H), 1.87-1.93 (m, 4H), 2.05-2.16 (m, 7H), 3.97 (m, 1H), 4.25 (m, 2H), 4.62-4.66 (m, 2H), 6.75-6.83 (m, 2H), 6.93-6.98 (m, 1H)
 
  10   OH [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.50-1.54 (m, 3H), 1.65-1.83 (m, 10H), 1.89-1.92 (m, 2H), 2.06-2.15 (m, 7H), 3.97 (m, 1H), 4.24 (m, 2H), 4.52-4.61 (m, 1H), 4.64-4.66 (m, 1H), 6.58-6.60 (m, 1H), 6.68-6.73 (m, 1H), 7.04 (q, J = 8 Hz, 1H)
 
  11   OH [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.50-1.59 (m, 3H), 1.67-1.71 (m, 4H), 1.77 (m, 4H), 1.84-1.93 (m, 4H), 2.02- 2.10 (m, 4H), 2.16 (m, 3H), 3.97 (m, 1H), 4.24 (m, 2H), 4.46-4.54 (m, 1H), 4.64-4.65 (m, 1H), 6.74-6.79 (m, 1H), 6.82-6.87 (m, 1H), 6.93-6.99 (m, 1H)
 
  12   OH [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.52-1.59 (m, 3H), 1.67-1.77 (m, 8H), 1.86-1.92 (m, 4H), 2.06-2.16 (m, 7H), 3.97 (m, 1H), 4.26 (m, 2H), 4.59-4.65 (m, 2H), 6.59-6.65 (m, 1H), 6.69-6.74 (m, 1H), 6.98-7.04 (m, 1H)
 
[0977] 
[00002] [TABLE-US-00002]
  TABLE 2
 
  13   OH [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.52-1.60 (m, 6H), 1.66-1.92 (m, 10H), 2.05-2.15 (m, 6H), 3.96 (m, 1H), 4.25 (m, 2H), 4.61-4.65 (m, 2H), 6.39-6.42 (m, 3H)
 
  14   OH [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.52-1.77 (m, 11H), 1.90-2.16 (m, 11H), 3.99 (m, 1H), 4.23 (m, 2H), 4.47-4.51 (m, 1H), 4.65 (d, J = 4 Hz, 1H), 6.87-7.01 (m, 3H)
 
  15CONH2 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.62-1.86 (m, 8H), 1.87-2.12 (m, 13H), 4.00 (m, 1H), 4.26 (m, 2H), 4.63-4.68 (m, 1H), 4.72-4.74 (m, 1H), 5.28 (s, 1H), 5.62 (s, 1H), 6.75-6.84 (m, 2H), 6.92 (m, 1H)
 
  16CONH2 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.62-1.71 (m, 7H), 1.77-1.80 (m, 1H), 1.85-1.91 (m, 3H), 1.98-2.11 (m, 10H), 3.98-4.00 (m, 1H), 4,25 (m, 2H), 4.46-4.55 (m, 1H), 4.72 (d, J = 4.0 Hz, 1H), 5.26 (s, 1H), 5.61 (s, 1H), 6.74-6.69 (m, 1H), 6.82-6.87 (m, 1H), 6.93-6.99 (m, 1H)
 
  17CONH2 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.56-1.65 (m, 3H), 1.76-1.91 (m, 8H), 2.01-2.03 (m, 5H), 2.11 (m, 5H), 3.99 (m, 1H), 4.26 (m, 2H), 4.60-4.68 (m, 1H), 4.72 (d, J = 4 Hz, 1H), 5.22 (s, 1H), 5.58 (s, 1H), 6.39-6.41 (m, 3H)
 
  18CONH2 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.60-1.63(m, 2H), 1.72- 2.10(m, 19H), 3.96(m, 1H), 4.25(m, 2H), 4.56- 4.65(m, 1H), 4.99(s, 1H), 5.47(s, 1H), 5.81(s, 1H), 6.58-6.64(m, 1H), 6.67-6.72(m, 1H), 6.96- 7.02(m, 1H)
 
  19CONH2 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.60-1.80(m, 5H), 1.90- 2.10(m, 16H), 3.97(m, 1H), 4.22(m, 2H), 4.46- 4.50(m, 1H), 4.89(s, 1H), 5.33(s, 1H), 5.69(s, 1H), 6.85-6.98(m, 3H)
 
  20CONH2 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.72-1.89(m, 8H), 1.99- 2.10(m, 13H), 3.96(m, 1H), 4.24(m, 2H), 4.52- 4.57(m, 1H), 4.93(s, 1H), 5.27(s, 1H), 5.63(s, 1H), 6.56-6.59(m, 1H), 6.67-6.72(m, 1H), 6.99- 7.06(m, 1H)
 
  21CONH2 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.59-1.62(m, 2H), 1.70- 1.80(m, 3H), 1.89-2.10(m, 16H), 3.96(m, 1H), 4.23(m, 2H), 4.56-4.63(m, 1H), 4.97(s, 1H), 5.43(s, 1H), 5.80(s, 1H), 6.90-7.07(m, 4H)
 
  22CONH2 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.59-1.63(m, 2H), 1.76- 2.10(m, 19H), 3.96(m, 1H), 4.24(m, 2H), 4.60- 4.69(m, 1H), 5.01(s, 1H), 5.43(s, 1H), 5.77(s, 1H), 6.56-6.66(m, 3H), 7.15-7.21(m, 1H)
 
[0978] 
[00003] [TABLE-US-00003]
  TABLE 3
 
  23CONH2 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.58-2.09(m, 21H), 3.96(m, 1H), 4.22(m, 2H), 4.50-4.60(m, 1H), 4.79(s, 1H), 5.26(s, 1H), 5.61(s, 1H), 6.80-6.84(m, 2H), 6.91-6.93(m, 2H)
 
  24CONH2 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.58-1.61 (m, 2H), 1.67-1.89 (m, 10H), 1.98-2.02 (m, 9H), 3.43-3.52 (m, 1H), 3.93- 3.94 (m, 1H), 4.11-4.21 (m, 2H), 4.65 (d, J = 4 Hz, 1H), 5.47 (s, 1H), 5.60 (s, 1H), 7.24-7.32 (m, 3H), 7.40-7.42 (m, 2H)
 
  25   OH [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.49-1.52 (m, 3H), 1.62-1.76 (m, 9H), 1.81-1.91 (m, 5H), 2.00-2.02 (m, 2H), 2.08-2.13 (m, 3H), 3.43-3.52 (m, 1H), 3.93 (M, 1H), 4.13-4.20 (m, 2H), 4,55 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 7.24-7.34 (m, 3H), 7.40-7.43 (m, 2H)
 
  26   OH [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.48-1.65 (m, 7H), 1.72-1.88 (m, 7H), 1.94-2.03 (m, 7H), 2.14 (m, 1H), 3.40-3.46 (m, 1H), 3.86 (m, 1H), 4.24 (m, 2H), 4.53 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 7.57 (t, J = 8 Hz, 2H), 7.67 (t, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 7.84-7.86 (m, 2H)
 
  27CONH2 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.57-1.72 (m, 9H), 1.68-1.72 (m, 2H), 1.80-1.83 (m, 2H), 1.90 (m, 2H), 1.98-2.05 (m, 6H), 3.40-3.48 (m, 1H), 3.88 (m, 1H), 4.25 (s, 2H), 4.61 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 5.23 (s, 1H), 5.59 (s, 1H), 7.55-7.59 (m, 2H), 7.65-7.69 (m, 1H), 7.84-7.86 (m, 2H)
 
  28   OH [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.38 (m, 1H), 1.50-1.92 (m, 16H), 1.97-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.14-2.17 (m, 6H), 3.05 (s, 1H), 3.53 (s, 2H), 3.96 (m, 1H), 4.22 (s, 2H), 4.63 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1, 7.26-7.30 (m, 5H)
 
  29CONH2 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.62-1.64 (m, 7H), 1.77-1.86 (m, 4H), 1.91 (m, 2H), 1.99-2.05 (m, 6H), 2.10 (m, 2H), 2.17 (s, 3H), 3.05 (m, 1H), 3.53 (s, 2H), 3.98 (m, 1H), 4.23 (m, 2H), 4.70 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 5.23 (s, 1H), 5.59 (s, 1H), 7.24-7.33 (m, 5H)
 
  30CONH2 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.56-2.08(m, 21H), 3.26(s, 3H), 3.47(t, J = 6.4 Hz, 1H), 3.95(m, 1H), 4.06(m, 2H), 4.79(s, 1H), 5.24(s, 1H), 5.58(s, 1H)
 
  31   OH [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.47-1.74(m, 9H), 1.83- 2.11(m, 13H), 3.26(s, 3H), 3.47(t, J = 4.8 Hz, 1H), 3.93(m, 1H), 4.06(m, 1H), 4.73(s, 1H)
 
  32   OH [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.49-1.52 (m, 2H), 1.67-1.75 (m, 12H), 1.88-1.91 (m, 2H), 1.98-2.00 (m, 2H), 2,12 (m, 3H), 2.24 (s, 6H), 3.94 (m, 1H), 4.20 (s, 2H), 4.60 (d, J = 4 Hz, 1H)
 
  33CONH2 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.59-1.79 (m, 12H), 1.90 (m, 2H), 1.95-2.08 (m, 8H), 2.24 (s, 6H), 3.95-3.96 (m, 1H), 4.21 (s, 2H), 4.69 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 5.44 (s, 1H), 5.67 (s, 1H)
 
[0979] 
[00004] [TABLE-US-00004]
  TABLE 4
 
  34CONH2 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.59-1.78(m, 4H), 1.89- 2.08(m, 13H) 2.18-2.22(m, 4H), 3.96(m, 1H), 4.13(m, 2H), 4.54(t, J = 4.8 Hz, 1H), 4.85(s, 1H), 5.25(s, 1H), 5.60(s, 1H), 6.73-6.76(m, 2H), 6.93- 6.98(m, 2H)
 
  35CONH2 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.60-2.28(m, 21H), 3.95(m, 1H), 4.14(m, 2H), 4.53(t, J = 4.8 Hz, 1H), 4.87(s, 1H), 5.21(s, 1H), 5.58(s, 1H), 6.74-6.88(m, 3H)
 
  36CONH2 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.59-1.77(m, 4H), 1.89- 2.22(m, 17H), 3.95(m, 1H), 4.13(m, 2H), 4.50(t, J = 4.8 Hz, 1H), 4.70(s, 1H), 5.22(s, 1H), 5.57(s, 1H), 6.48-6.52(m, 1H), 6.60-6.65(m, 1H), 7.01-7.08(m, 1H)
 
  37   OH [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.53-1.60 (m, 5H), 1.66-1.79 (m, 8H), 1.89-1.95 (m, 2H), 2.06-2.18 (m, 5H), 2.49-2.67 (m, 3H), 3.99 (m, 1H), 4.24 (m, 2H), 4.69 (d, J = 6.9 Hz, 1H), 7.17-7.31 (m, 5H).
 
  38   OH [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.41-1.44 (m, 1H), 1.51-1.54 (m, 2H), 1.67-1.77 (m, 6H), 1.89-2.02 (m, 6H), 2.14-2.23 (m, 7H), 3.96 (m, 1H), 4.14 (s, 2H), 4.54-4.57 (m, 1H), 4.61 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 6.75- 6.79 (m, 2H), 6.96-7.03 (m, 2H)
 
  39   OH [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.49-1.54 (m, 2H), 1.64-1.77 (m, 8H), 1.89-2.05 (m, 6H), 2.17-2.29 (m, 6H), 3.96 (s, 1H), 4.15 (s, 2H), 4.53-4.55 (m, 1H), 4.62 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 6.76-6.90 (m, 3H)
 
  40   OH [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.48-1.54 (m, 3H), 1.64-1.70 (m, 4H), 1.77 (m, 4H), 1.89-2.04 (m, 5H), 2.14- 2.29 (m, 6H), 3.96 (m, 1H), 4.15 (s, 2H), 4.53- 4.55 (m, 1H), 4.62 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 6.76-6.90 (m, 3H)
 
  41   OH [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.48-1.51 (m, 2H), 1.64-1.90 (m, 12H), 2.08-2.11(m, 7H), 2.54 (s, 1H), 3.95 (m, 1H), 4.25 (s, 2H), 4.91 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 4.74- 4.82 (m, 1H), 6.74-6.76 (m, 2H), 8.36-8.37 (m, 2H)
 
  42   OH [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.50-1.53 (m, 3H), 1.63-1.76 (m, 6H), 1.89-2.05 (m, 6H), 2.14 (s, 3H), 2.19- 2.27 (m, 4H), 3.96-3.38 (m, 1H), 4.16 (s, 2H), 4.61 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 5.35-5.37 (m, 1H), 6.69 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 6.83-6.86 (m, 1H), 7.55-7.59 (m, 1H), 8.12-8.14 (m, 1H)
 
  43CONH2 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.57-1.64 (m, 2H), 1.76-1.78 (m, 2H), 1.91-2.04 (m, 11H), 2.10 (m, 2H), 2.20- 2.27 (m, 4H), 3.98-4.00 (m, 1H), 4.17 (s, 2H), 4.67 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 5.23 (s, 1H), 5.35-5.38 (m, 1H), 5.60 (s, 1H), 6.70 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 6.83- 6.86 (m, 1H), 7.55-7.60 (m, 1H), 8.12-8.14 (m, 1H)
 
[0980] 
[00005] [TABLE-US-00005]
  TABLE 5
 
  44CONH2 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.61-1.64 (m, 2H), 1.75-1.90 (m, 9H), 2.00-2.14 (m, 10H), 3.98 (m, 1H), 4.27 (m, 2H), 4.70-4.75 (m, 2H), 5.37 (s, 1H), 5.64 (s, 1H), 7.19-7.23 (m, 2H), 8.21-8.22 (m, 1H), 8.29-8.30 (m, 1H)
 
  45   OH [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.47-1.55 (m, 3H), 1.67-1.70 (m, 2H), 1.73-1.78 (m, 6H), 1.82-1.92 (m, 4H), 2.08-2.15 (m, 7H), 3.98 (m, 1H), 4.26 (s, 2H), 4.65-4.76 (m, 2H), 7.18-7.23 (m, 2H), 8.21-8.22 (m, 1H), 8.30 (m, 1H)
 
  46   OH [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.48-1.74 (m, 9H), 1.87-1.90 (m, 2H), 1.97-2.02 (m, 4H), 2.12-2.29 (m, 7H), 3.95 (m, 1H), 4.13 (m, 2H), 4.62 (t, J = 4.8 Hz, 2H), 6.82-6.89 (m, 2H), 7.00-7.09 (m, 2H)
 
  47   OH [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.49-1.75 (m, 9H), 1.87-2.02 (m, 6H), 2.12-2.24 (m, 7H), 3.95 (m, 1H), 4.12 (m, 2H), 4.58 (t, J = 4.8 Hz, 2 H), 6.50-6.54 (m, 1H), 6.50-6.65 (m, 2H), 7.17-7.23 (m, 1H)
 
  48CONH2 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.59-1.77 (m, 7H), 1.89-2.07 (m, 10H), 2.19-2.28 (m, 4H), 3.96 (m, 1H), 4.14 (m, 2H), 4.62 (t, J = 4.8 Hz, 1H), 4.78 (s, 1H), 5.25 (s, 1H), 5.62 (s, 1H), 6.82-6.90 (m, 2H), 7.00-7.09 (m, 2H)
 
  49CONH2 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.59-1.78 (m, 7H), 1.89-2.08 (m, 10H), 2.15-2.25 (m, 4H), 3.95 (m, 1H), 4.13 (m, 2H), 4.58 (t, J = 6.0 Hz, 1H), 4.88 (s, 1H), 5.27 (s, 1H), 5.64 (s, 1H), 6.50-6.69 (m, 3H), 7.17-7.24 (m, 1H)
 
  50   OH [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.45-1.76 (m, 11H), 1.87-2.27 (m, 12H), 3.96 (m, 1H), 4.14 (m, 1H), 4.59-4.67 (m, 2H), 6.85 (d, J = 9 Hz, 2H), 7.57 (d, J = 9 Hz, 2H)
 
  51   OH [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.23-1.29 (m, 2H), 1.42-1.60 (m, 4H), 1.72-1.88 (m, 10H), 2.04-2.21 (m, 7H), 2.69 (d, J = 6.8 Hz, 2H), 3.92 (m, 1H), 4.10 (m, 2H), 4.56 (m, 1H), 7.09-7.28 (m, 5H)
 
  52   OH [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.47-1.56 (m, 4H), 1.64-1.88 (m, 9H), 2.02-2.28 (m, 9H), 3.13-3.18 (m, 1H), 4.40-4.48 (m, 2H), 4.69 (d, J = 9 Hz, 1H), 6.52 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 7.23 (s, 1H), 7.58-7.62 (m, 1H), 8.46 (dd, J 3 Hz, 6 Hz, 1H), 8.59 (m, 1H)
 
  53   OH [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.48-1.75 (m, 9H), 1.87-2.03 (m, 6H), 2.13-2.25 (m, 7H), 3.95 (m, 1H), 4.13 (m, 2H), 4.62-4.66 (m, 2H), 6.95-7.03 (m, 2H), 7.17 (d, J = 10 Hz, 1H), 7.37 (t, J = 10.8 Hz, 1H)
 
[0981] 
[00006] [TABLE-US-00006]
  TABLE 6
 
  54   OH [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.48-1.75 (m, 8H), 1.86-2.02 (m, 6H), 2.12-2.21 (m, 7H), 3.77 (s, 3H), 3.94 (m, 1H), 4.11 (m, 2H), 4.58 (t, J = 6.4 Hz, 1H), 4.64 (s, 1H), 6.36 (t, J = 4.8 Hz, 1H), 6.39-6.42 (m, 1H), 6.46-6.50 (m, 1H), 7.16 (t, J = 11.2 Hz, 1H)
 
  55   OH [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.49-2.31 (m, 22H), 3.93 (m, 1H), 4.13 (m, 2H), 4.61 (t, J = 4.4 Hz, 1H), 4.67 (s, 1H), 6.65 (s, 1H), 6.71-6.80 (m, 2H), 7.23-7.29 (m, 1H)
 
  56   OH [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.48-1.75 (m, 9H), 1.86-2.02 (m, 6H), 2.12-2.22 (m, 7H), 3.95 (m, 1H), 4.12 (m, 2H), 4.56 (t, J = 6.4 Hz, 1H), 4.68 (s, 1H), 6.70- 6.76 (m, 2H), 7.19-7.23 (m, 2H)
 
  57   OH [see pdf for image] 1H NMR CDCl3) δ1.48-1.75 (m, 9H), 1.87-2.04 (m, 6H), 2.13 (m, 4H), 2.19-2.26 (m, 6H), 3.94 (m, 1H), 4.14 (m, 2H), 4.61 (t, J = 6.4 Hz, 1H), 4.68 (s, 1H), 6.63 (d, J = 10.4 Hz, 1H), 6.79-6.84 (m, 1H), 7.09-7.16 (m, 2H)
 
  58   OH [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.36 (t, J = 6.0 Hz, 3H), 1.48-1.75 (m, 9H), 1.86-2.29 (m, 13H), 3.93 (m, 1H), 4.13 (m, 2H), 4.32 (q, J = 6.0 Hz, 2H), 4.69 (m, 1H), 4.83 (m, 1H), 6.81 (d, J = 12 Hz, 2H), 7.97 (d, J = 12 Hz, 2H)
 
  59   OH [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.43-1.45 (m, 1H), 1.52-1.84 (m, 12H), 1.90-2.01 (m, 4H), 2.05-2.16 (m, 5H), 2.69 (s, 3H), 3.99 (m, 1H), 4.20-4.24 (m, 3H), 4.66 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 6.72 (t, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 6.78 (d, J = 8 Hz, 2H), 7.21-7.25 (m, 2H)
 
  60   OH [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) 1.50-1.76 (m, 8H), 1.89-2.04 (m, 6H), 1.89-2.04 (m, 6H), 2.13-2.22 (m, 8H), 3.96 (m, 1H), 4.13 (m, 2H), 4.48 (m, 1H), 4.60 (d, J = 8, 12 Hz, 1H), 5.91 (s, 2H), 6.25 (dd, J = 1, 12 Hz, 1H), 6.43 (d, J = 4 Hz, 1H), 6.70 (d, 8.1 Hz, 1H)
 
  61   OH [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.51-1.55 (m, 2H), 1.61-1.77 (m, 8H), 1.90-2.05 (m, 5H), 2.14-2.27 (m, 7H), 3.97 (m, 1H), 4.16 (m, 2H), 4.62-4.68 (m, 2H), 7.10-7.13 (m, 1H), 7.21-7.24 (m, 1H), 8.20- 8.25 (m, 2H)
 
  62   OH [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.50-1.55 (m, 2H), 1.65-1.78 (m, 9H), 1.90-1.98 (m, 3H), 2.02-2.16 (m, 6H), 2.27 (dt, J = 12 Hz, 4 Hz , 2H) , 3.96-3.98 (m , 1H), 4.16 (m, 2H), 4.63 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 4.70 (t, J = 4 Hz, 1H), 6.72-6.74 (m, 2H), 8.42-8.44 (m, 2H)
 
  63   OH [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.50-1.53 (m, 2H), 1.62-1.70 (m, 4H), 1.74-1.77 (m, 4H), 1.89-1.99 (m, 5H), 2.00-2.20 (m, 7H), 3.73 (m, 1H), 3.96 (m, 1H), 4.12 (m, 2H), 4.49 (s, 2H), 4.59 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 7.20 (d, J = 8 Hz, 2H), 7.35 (d, J = 8 Hz, 2H)
 
[0982] 
[00007] [TABLE-US-00007]
  TABLE 7
 
  64   OH [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.47-1.60 (m, 3H), 1.63-1.79 (m, 11H), 1.85-1.99 (m, 4H), 2.11-1.17 (m, 5H), 3.04 (s, 3H), 4.00 (m, 1H), 4.28 (m, 2H), 4.67 (dd, J = 4 Hz, 8 Hz, 1H), 7.40 (dd, J = 8 Hz, 8 Hz, 2H), 7.80 (d, J = 8 Hz, 2H)
 
  65   OH [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CD3OD) δ1.47 (m, 2H), 1.74- 2.23 (m, 20H), 3.82 (m, 1H), 4.29 (m, 2H), 4.78 (s, 1H), 5.74 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 6.90-6.94 (m, 2H), 7.94-7.98 (m, 2H)
 
  66   OH [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.47-1.74 (m, 9H), 1.86-2.41 (m, 13H), 3.93 (m, 1H), 4.15 (m, 2H), 4.43 (t, J = 4.8 Hz, 1H), 4.73 (s, 1H), 6.85-6.95 (m, 3H)
 
  67   OH [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.49-1.75 (m, 9H), 1.87-2.04 (m, 6H), 2.12 (m, 3H), 2.20- 2.26 (m, 4H), 3.94 (m, 1H), 4.14 (m, 2H), 4.57 (t, J = 4.8 Hz, 1H), 4.76 (s, 1H), 6.54-6.58 (m, 2H), 6.98-7.04 (m, 1H)
 
  68   OH [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.49-1.75 (m, 9H), 1.87-2.04 (m, 6H), 2.12 (m, 3H), 2.21- 2.25 (m, 4H), 3.95 (m, 1H), 4.14 (m, 2H), 4.63 (t, J = 4.8 Hz, 1H), 4.71 (s, 1H), 6.59-6.63 (m, 1H), 6.71-6.77 (m, 1H), 6.91-6.98 (m, 1H)
 
  69   OH [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.48-1.74 (m, 9H), 1.86-2.00 (m, 6H), 2.12-2.22 (m, 10H), 3.93 (m, 1H), 4.11(m, 2H), 4.57 (t, J = 4.8 Hz, 1H), 4.81 (s, 1H), 6.76 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 2H), 7.12 (s, 1H), 7.36 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 2H)
 
  70   OH [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.48-1.74 (m, 9H), 1.86-2.26 (m, 15H), 2.80-2.87 (m, 4H), 3.93 (m, 1H), 4.11 (m, 2H), 4.58 (t, J = 4.8 Hz, 1H), 4.63 (s, 1H), 6.58-6.61 (m, 1H), 7.00 (m, 1H), 7.09 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 1H)
 
  71   OH [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.48-1.74 (m, 9H), 1.87-1.99 (m, 6H), 2.12-2.21 (m, 7H), 3.05 (m, 4H), 3.84 (m, 4H), 3.95 (m, 1H), 4.11 (m, 2H), 4.52 (t, J = 4.8 Hz, 1H), 4.58 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 6.75-6.88 (m, 4H)
 
  72   OH [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.49-1.75 (m, 9H), 1.87-2.25 (m, 13H), 3.94 (m, 1H), 4.14 (m, 2H), 4.66 (t, J = 4.8 Hz, 1H), 4.78 (s, 1H), 6.88 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 2H), 7.27 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 1H), 7.40 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 2H), 7.49-7.54 (m, 4H)
 
[0983] 
[00008] [TABLE-US-00008]
  TABLE 8
 
  73   OH [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.49-1.79 (m, 13H), 1.88-2.02 (m, 6H), 2.12 (m, 3H), 2.19-2.24 (m, 4H), 2.66 (t, J = 6.0 Hz, 2H), 2.73 (t, J = 6.0 Hz, 2H), 3.94- 3.96 (m, 1H), 4.13 (m, 2H), 4.57 (t, J = 4.8 Hz, 1H), 4.67 (s, 1H), 6.44 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 6.65 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.01 (t, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H)
 
  74   OH [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.49-1.75 (m, 9H), 1.87-2.26 (m, 13H), 3.94 (m, 1H), 4.13 (m, 2H), 4.54 (t, J = 4.8 Hz, 1H), 4.73 (s, 1H), 6.31-6.41 (m, 3H)
 

Example 75

[(3-Endo)-3-hydroxy-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]oct-8-yl][(3-endo)-3-phenoxy-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]oct-8-yl]methanone

[0984]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0985] To an ice-cold mixture of Compound I (59 mg), triethylamine (0.10 mL) and dichloromethane (2.5 mL) was added triphosgene (25 mg), and the mixture was stirred for 3 hours. To this reaction solution was added a mixture of Compound II (40 mg), triethylamine (0.10 mL) and dichloromethane (2.5 mL), and then the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was poured into 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, and the mixture was extracted with chloroform. The organic layer was washed with 1N hydrochloric acid, and dehydrated with sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. To the resultant were added diisopropylether and hexane, and the obtained solid was collected by filtration and dried under reduced pressure to give the title compound III (10 mg).
[0986] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.72-2.21 (m, 17H), 4.11 (m, 5H), 4.61 (m, 1H), 6.80-6.82 (m, 2H), 6.82-6.93 (m, 1H), 7.27 (m, 2H)
[0987] The compounds of Example 76 and Example 77 were synthesized by a similar method to that of Example 75.
[0988] 
[00009] [TABLE-US-00009]
  TABLE 9
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Ex.      
  No.—X1—Z1—R2   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  76 [see pdf for image] [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.35 (m, 1H), 1.67-1.99 (m, 9H), 2.11-2.19 (m, 6H), 4.13-4.21 (m, 6H), 4.58-4.64 (m, 1H), 6.87-6.95 (m, 3H), 7.23- 7.28 (m, 2H)
 
  77 [see pdf for image] [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.60-1.63 (m, 4H), 1.92-2.20 (m, 13H), 4.11-4.16 (m, 5H), 4.61 (t, J = 4.8 Hz, 1H), 6.81 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 2H), 6.91 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.27 (m, 2H)
 

Example 78

(3-Endo)-3-(4-carbamoylphenoxy)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-8-azabicyclo-[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxyamide

[0989]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0990] To a mixture of Compound I (50 mg) and methanol (5 mL) at room temperature were added 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution (0.2 mL), 35% aqueous hydrogen peroxide solution (0.03 mL). After the addition was complete, the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. To the mixture was added an aqueous sodium thiosulfate solution, and the solvent was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was extracted with chloroform and brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, filtered, concentrated, and dried to give the title compound II (43.2 mg) as a result.
[0991] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.52-1.55 (m, 2H), 1.67-1.77 (m, 8H), 1.89-2.03 (m, 6H), 2.14-2.27 (m, 6H), 3.97 (m, 1H), 4.15 (m, 1H), 4.63 (d, J=8 Hz, 1H), 4.70 (m, 1H), 5.68-5.97 (m, 2H), 6.86 (d, J=8 Hz, 2H), 7.78 (d, J=12 Hz, 2H)
[0992] The compounds of Examples 79 to 82 were synthesized in a similar manner to Example 3.
[0993] 
[00010] [TABLE-US-00010]
  TABLE 10
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Ex.    
  No.—Z1—R2   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  79 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.60-1.78 (m, 4H), 1.89-2.07 (m, 13H), 2.20-2.25 (m, 4H), 3.96 (brs, 1H), 4.14 (brs, 2H), 4.57 (t, J = 4.8 Hz, 1H), 4.72 (brs, 1H), 5.23 (brs, 1H), 5.57 (brs, 1H), 6.53-6.58 (m, 2H), 6.98-7.04 (m, 1H)
 
  80 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.57-1.62 (m, 2H), 1.74-1.77 (m, 2H), 1.89-2.07 (m, 13H), 2.20-2.25 (m, 4H), 3.96 (brs, 1H), 4.14 (brs, 2H), 4.63 (t, J = 4.4 Hz, 1H), 4.72 (brs, 1H), 5.19 (brs, 1H), 5.57 (brs, 1H), 6.59-6.62 (m, 1H), 6.71- 6.77 (m, 1H), 6.91-6.98 (m, 1H)
 
  81 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.56-1.76 (m, 4H), 1.88-2.06 (m, 13H), 2.16-2.20 (m, 2H), 2.37-2.39 (m, 2H), 3.95 (brs, 1H), 4.15 (brs, 2H), 4.43 (t, J = 4.4 Hz, 1H), 4.71 (brs, 1H), 5.17 (brs, 1H), 5.56 (brs, 1H), 6.86-6.98 (m, 3H)
 
  82 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.58-1.62 (m, 2H), 1.74-1.77 (m, 2H), 1.89-2.25 (m, 17H), 3.96 (brs, 1H), 4.13 (brs, 2H), 4.54 (t, J = 4.8 Hz, 1H), 4.73 (brs, 1H), 5.19 (brs, 1H), 5.57 (brs, 1H), 6.31-6.41 (m, 3H)
 
[0994] The compounds of Examples 83 to 137 were synthesized in a similar manner to Example 3, and purified by HPLC.
[0995] 
[00011] [TABLE-US-00011]
  TABLE 11
 
[see pdf for image]
 
      tR (min)
      Obs [M + 1]
  Ex.     Measurement
  No.—Z1—R2   method
 
  83 [see pdf for image]   1.99 458 SA4
 
  84 [see pdf for image]   1.35 424 SA4
 
  85 [see pdf for image]   2.09 454 SA4
 
  86 [see pdf for image]   1.93 438 SA4
 
  87 [see pdf for image]   1.92 438 SA4
 
  88 [see pdf for image]   1.58 458 SA4
 
  89 [see pdf for image]   1.44 454 SA4
 
  90 [see pdf for image]   2.05 464 SA4
 
  91 [see pdf for image]   1.69 458 SA4
 
  92 [see pdf for image]   1.59 492 SA4
 
  93 [see pdf for image]   1.59 508 SA4
 
  94 [see pdf for image]   1.53 468 SA4
 
  95 [see pdf for image]   2.14 507 SA4
 
  96 [see pdf for image]   2.10 475 SA4
 
  97 [see pdf for image]   1.97 475 SA4
 
  98 [see pdf for image]   1.92 438 SA4
 
  99 [see pdf for image]   1.55 457 SA4
 
  100  [see pdf for image]   1.42 454 SA4
 
  101  [see pdf for image]   1.95 476 SA4
 
  102  [see pdf for image]   1.95 475 SA4
 
  103  [see pdf for image]   1.57 492 SA4
 
  104  [see pdf for image]   1.60 492 SA4
 
  105  [see pdf for image]   1.63 508 SA4
 
  106  [see pdf for image]   1.57 482 SA4
 
[0996] 
[00012] [TABLE-US-00012]
  TABLE 12
 
  107 [see pdf for image]   1.66 466 SA4
 
  108 [see pdf for image]   1.68 466 SA4
 
  109 [see pdf for image]   1.96 476 SA4
 
  110 [see pdf for image]   1.41 468 SA4
 
  111 [see pdf for image]   1.52 493 SA4
 
  112 [see pdf for image]   1.18 455 SA4
 
  113 [see pdf for image]   1.32 465 SA4
 
  114 [see pdf for image]   1.35 449 SA4
 
  115 [see pdf for image]   1.36 478 SA4
 
  116 [see pdf for image]   1.42 466 SA4
 
  117 [see pdf for image]   1.60 439 SA4
 
  118 [see pdf for image]   1.52 496 SA4
 
  119 [see pdf for image]   1.22 481 SA4
 
  120 [see pdf for image]   1.08 439 SA4
 
  121 [see pdf for image]   0.91 425 SA4
 
  122 [see pdf for image]   1.57 457 SA4
 
  123 [see pdf for image]   1.21 439 SA4
 
  124 [see pdf for image]   1.38 449 SA4
 
  125 [see pdf for image]   1.21 426 SA4
 
  126 [see pdf for image]   1.43 466 SA4
 
  127 [see pdf for image]   1.45 495 SA4
 
  128 [see pdf for image]   1.64 486 SA4
 
[0997] 
[00013] [TABLE-US-00013]
  TABLE 13
 
  129 [see pdf for image]   1.97 456 SA4
 
  130 [see pdf for image]   1.85 438 SA4
 
  131 [see pdf for image]   1.64 522 SA4
 
  132 [see pdf for image]   1.66 456 SA4
 
  133 [see pdf for image]   2.08 472 SA4
 
  134 [see pdf for image]   1.60 516 SA4
 
  135 [see pdf for image]   1.87 456 SA4
 
  136 [see pdf for image]   1.72 484 SA4
 
  137 [see pdf for image]   1.57 438 SA4
 

Example 138

(3-Endo)-3-[(2-fluorobenzyl)oxy]-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-8-azabicyclo-[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxamide

[0998]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0999] To a solution of Compound I (540 mg) in DMF (10 mL) were added sodium hydride (156 mg) and 2-fluorobenzyl bromide (0.44 mL), and then the mixture was stirred at 80° C. overnight. To the reaction mixture was added brine, and the resulting mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=10/1) to give Compound II (510 mg).
[1000] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.47 (s, 9H), 1.92-2.13 (m, 8H), 3.74 (m, 1H), 4.13-4.22 (m, 2H), 4.54 (s, 2H), 7.03 (m, 1H), 7.04 (m, 1H), 7.27 (m, 1H), 7.42 (m, 1H)

Step (ii):

[1001] A mixture of Compound II (510 mg) and 4N hydrochloric acid-dioxane (3 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 3 hours. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and the obtained solid was washed with ethyl acetate to give Compound III (500 mg).

Step (iii):

[1002] To a mixture of Compound IV (45 mg) and THF (2 mL) were added triethylamine (142 μL) and p-nitrophenyl chloroformate (68 mg), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 30 minutes. To the mixture was added a mixture of Compound III (55.7 mg), triethylamine (71 μL) and THF (1.7 mL), and the resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and to the residue was added 1N sodium hydroxide, and the mixture was extracted with chloroform. The organic layer was washed with a saturated aqueous sodium bicarbonate solution and 1N hydrochloric acid, dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (chloroform/methanol, 10:1) to give the title compound V (50 mg).
[1003] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.50-1.53 (m, 2H), 1.67-1.77 (m, 6H), 1.89-1.96 (m, 6H), 2.05-2.21 (m, 8H), 3.74 (m, 1H), 3.96 (m, 1H), 4.12 (m, 2H), 4.55 (s, 2H), 4.59 (d, J=8 Hz, 1H), 7.01-7.06 (m, 1H), 7.13-7.16 (m, 1H), 7.25-7.30 (m, 1H), 7.40-7.44 (m, 1H)
[1004] The compounds of Examples 139 to 144 were synthesized in a similar manner to Example 138.
[1005] 
[00014] [TABLE-US-00014]
  TABLE 14
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Ex.    
  No.—Z1—R2   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  139 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.41 (s, 1H), 1.50-1.77 (m, 9H), 1.89-1.99 (m, 5H), 2.05-2.21 (m, 7H), 3.72 (m, 1H), 3.96 (m, 1H), 4.12 (m, 2H), 4.49 (s, 2H), 4.60 (d, J = 4 Hz, 1H), 6.95-6.99 (m, 1H), 7.04-7.09 (m, 2H), 7.29-7.33 (m, 1H)
 
  140 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.40 (s, 1H), 1.50-1.76 (m, 8H), 1.90-1.98 (m, 6H), 2.04-2.20 (m, 7H), 3.72 (m, 1H), 3.96 (m, 1H), 4.12 (m, 2H), 4.45 (s, 2H), 4.59 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 7.01-7.06 (m, 2H), 7.29-7.31 (m, 2H)
 
  141 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.47 (s, 1H), 1.50-1.77 (m, 9H), 1.89-2.01 (m, 5H), 2.07-2.19 (m, 7H), 3.06 (S, 3H), 3.75 (m, 1H), 3.96 (m, 1H), 4.12 (m, 2H), 4.59 (s, 2H), 4.60 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 7.53 (d, J = 8 Hz, 2H), 7.93 (d, J = 8 Hz, 2H)
 
  142 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.43 (s, 1H), 1.49-1.76 (m, 11H), 1.89-1.97 (m, 5H), 2.03-2.06 (m, 1H), 2.12-2.20 (m, 4H), 2.48 (s, 3H), 3.70 (m, 1H), 3.95 (m, 1H), 4.11 (m, 2H), 4.44 (s, 2H), 4.58 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 7.25 (m, 4H)
 
  143 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.45 (s, 1H), 1.49-1.53 (m, 2H), 1.62-1.76 (m, 6H), 1.89-1.97 (m, 6H), 2.04-2.19 (m, 7H), 3.71 (m, 1H), 3.95 (m, 1H), 4.11 (m, 2H), 4.45 (s, 2H), 4.58 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 7.25 (d, J = 8 Hz, 2H), 7.31 (d, J = 8 Hz, 2H)
 
  144 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.38 (d, J = 4 Hz, 3H), 1.45-1.73 (m, 10H), 1.85-1.98 (m, 7H), 2.07-2.10 (m, 3H), 2.19-2.29 (m, 2H), 3.50 (m, 1H), 3.91 (m, 1H), 4.02 (m, 1H), 4.13 (m, 1H), 4.46 (q, J = 4 Hz, 1H), 4.53 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 7.21-7.33 (m, 5H)
 
[1006] The compounds of Examples 145 to 164 were synthesized in a similar manner to Example 138.
[1007] 
[00015] [TABLE-US-00015]
  TABLE 15
 
[see pdf for image]
 
      tR (min)
      Obs [M + 1]
  Ex.     Measurement
  No.—Z1—R2   method
 
  145 [see pdf for image]   1.97 488 SA4
 
  146 [see pdf for image]   2.13 479 SA4
 
  147 [see pdf for image]   1.42 469 SA4
 
  148 [see pdf for image]   2.04 479 SA4
 
  149 [see pdf for image]   2.06 495 SA4
 
  150 [see pdf for image]   2.10 477 SA4
 
  151 [see pdf for image]   1.44 412 SA4
 
  152 [see pdf for image]   1.21 412 SA4
 
  153 [see pdf for image]   1.89 477 SA4
 
  154 [see pdf for image]   1.55 442 SA4
 
  155 [see pdf for image]   2.08 425 SA4
 
  156 [see pdf for image]   2.28 529 SA4
 
  157 [see pdf for image]   1.79 436 SA4
 
  158 [see pdf for image]   2.00 445 SA4
 
  159 [see pdf for image]   2.17 529 SA4
 
  160 [see pdf for image]   1.25 412 SA4
 
  161 [see pdf for image]   1.25 426 SA4
 
  162 [see pdf for image]   2.06 513 SA4
 
  163 [see pdf for image]   1.20 440 SA4
 
  164 [see pdf for image]   1.38 429 SA4
 

Example 165

(3-Endo)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-3-(3-methylphenoxy)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxamide

[1008]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[1009] Compound I (400 mg) was dissolved in THF (6 mL), and thereto were added DIAD (523 μL), triphenylphosphine (692 mg), and 3-methylphenol (204 μL), and the resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, diluted with ethyl acetate, and washed with 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution and brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=9/1) to give Compound II (150 mg).

Step (ii):

[1010] Compound II (150 mg) was added to 4N hydrochloric acid/dioxane (3 mL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 3 hours. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and the obtained solid was washed with ethyl acetate to give Compound III (134 mg).

Step (iii):

[1011] To a solution of Compound IV (31 mg) in THF (1.7 mL) were added triethylamine (71 μL) and p-nitrophenyl chloroformate (41 mg), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature. Thirty minutes later, to the mixture was added a solution of Compound III (43 mg) and triethylamine (71 μL) in THF (1.7 mL), and the resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and the residue was diluted with 1N sodium hydroxide, and the mixture was extracted with chloroform. The organic layer was washed with a saturated sodium bicarbonate solution and 1N hydrochloric acid, dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (chloroform/methanol, 10:1), and the resulting solid was washed with ethyl acetate/diisopropylether to give the title compound V (25 mg).
[1012] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.48-1.74 (m, 9H), 1.87-2.02 (m, 6H), 2.12-2.23 (m, 7H), 2.30 (s, 3H), 3.93 (brs, 1H), 4.11 (brs, 2H), 4.60 (t, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 4.73 (brs, 1H), 6.59-6.64 (m, 2H), 6.73-6.74 (d, J=7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.14 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 1H)
[1013] The compounds of Examples 166 to 203 were synthesized in a similar manner to Example 165.
[1014] 
[00016] [TABLE-US-00016]
  TABLE 16
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Ex.    
  No.—Z1—R2   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  166 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.48-1.74 (m, 9H), 1.87-2.02 (m, 6H), 2.12-2.22 (m, 7H), 2.26 (s, 3H), 3.95 (brs, 1H), 4.11 (brs, 2H), 4.57 (t, J = 4.4 Hz, 1H), 4.68 (brs, 1H), 6.71 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 2H), 7.06 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 2H)
 
  167 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.49-1.74 (m, 9H), 1.86-1.90 (m, 2H), 2.01-2.05 (m, 4H), 2.12 (brs, 3H), 2.21-2.25 (m, 2H), 2.33-2.36 (m, 2H), 3.82 (s, 3H), 3.92-3.94 (m, 1H), 4.12 (brs, 2H), 4.58 (t, J = 4.8 Hz, 1H), 4.76 (brs, 1H), 6.77-6.79 (m, 1H), 6.84-6.92 (m, 3H)
 
  168 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.48-1.74 (m, 9H), 1.86-2.00 (m, 6H), 2.12-2.23 (m, 7H), 3.75 (s, 3H), 3.93 (brs, 1H), 4.11 (brs, 2H), 4.51 (t, J = 5.2 Hz, 1H), 4.76 (brs, 1H), 6.75 (d, J = 9.2 Hz, 2H), 6.81 (d, J = 9.2 Hz, 2H)
 
  169 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.49-1.75 (m, 9H), 1.87-2.13 (m, 9H), 2.23-2.35 (m, 4H), 3.95 (brs, 1H), 4.13 (brs, 2H), 4.66 (t, J = 4.8 Hz, 1H), 4.73 (brs, 1H), 6.75 (d, J = 7.2 Hz, 1H), 6.85 (dt, J = 1.2 Hz, 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.15-7.19 (m, 1H), 7.36 (dd, J = 1.6 Hz, 7.6 Hz, 1H)
 
  170 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.49-1.75 (m, 9H), 1.86-2.05 (m, 6H), 2.12-2.27 (m, 7H), 3.94 (brs, 1H), 4.13 (brs, 2H), 4.59 (t, J = 4.4 Hz, 1H), 4.90 (brs, 1H), 6.69 (dd, J = 2.4 Hz, 8.8 Hz, 1H), 6.81 (t, J = 2.0 Hz, 1H), 6.89-6.92 (m, 1H), 7.18 (t, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H)
 
  171 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.45-1.75 (m, 9H), 1.87-1.95 (m, 4H), 2.01-2.04 (m, 2H), 2.12-2.14 (m, 5H), 2.21-2.27 (m, 2H), 3.93-3.95 (m, 1H), 4.14 (brs, 2H), 4.62 (t, J = 4.8 Hz, 1H), 4.67 (brs, 1H), 7.03-7.05 (m, 2H), 7.21-7.23 (m, 1H), 7.36 (t, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H)
 
  172 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.20 (d, 7.2 Hz, 6H), 1.48-1.51 (m, 3H), 1.65-1.74 (m, 6H), 1.87-1.98 (m, 6H), 2.12-2.23 (m, 7H), 2.80-2.87 (m, 1H), 3.93-3.95 (m, 1H), 4.11 (brs, 2H), 4.57 (t, J = 4.8 Hz, 1H), 4.65 (brs, 1H), 6.73 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 2H), 7.11 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 2H)
 
[1015] 
[00017] [TABLE-US-00017]
  TABLE 17
 
  173 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.37-1.40 (m, 4H), 1.48-1.52 (m, 2H), 1.65-1.74 (m, 6H), 1.87-1.98 (m, 6H), 2.12-2.21 (m, 7H), 3.95-4.02 (m, 3H), 4.11 (brs, 2H), 4.58 (t, J = 4.8 Hz, 1H), 4.65 (brs, 1H), 6.36 (t, J = 2.4 Hz, 1H), 6.39 (dd, J = 2.4 Hz, 8.0 Hz, 1H), 6.46 (dd, J = 2.4 Hz, 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.14 (t, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H)
 
  174 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.37 (s, 1H), 1.49-1.52 (m, 2H), 1.65- 1.75 (m, 6H), 1.87-1.99 (m, 6H), 2.13-2.30 (m, 7H), 3.96 (brs, 1H), 4.14 (brs, 2H), 4.60-4.66 (m, 2H), 6.79 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 1H), 6.96 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.44 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.57 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H)
 
  175 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.37 (s, 1H), 1.49-1.52 (m, 2H), 1.65- 1.75 (m, 6H), 1.87-2.02 (m, 6H), 2.13-2.24 (m, 7H), 3.93-3.95 (m, 1H), 4.13 (brs, 2H), 4.59 (d, J = 7.2 Hz, 1H), 4.66 (t, J = 4.8 Hz, 1H), 6.86 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 2H), 7.52 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 2H)
 
  176 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.36 (s, 1H), 1.49-1.52 (m, 2H), 1.65- 1.75 (m, 6H), 1.87-2.24 (m, 13H), 3.95 (brs, 1H), 4.13 (brs, 2H), 4.61 (brs, 2H), 6.82 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 6.90 (t, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.18-7.24 (m, 2H)
 
  177 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.37 (s, 1H), 1.49-1.52 (m, 2H), 1.64- 1.75 (m, 6H), 1.87-2.01 (m, 6H), 2.12-2.21 (m, 7H), 3.95 (brs, 1H), 4.13 (brs, 2H), 4.57 (brs, 2H), 6.77-6.80 (m, 2H), 7.12 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 2H)
 
  178 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.37 (s, 1H), 1.49-1.53 (m, 2H), 1.65- 1.75 (m, 6H), 1.87-2.30 (m, 13H), 3.94 (brs, 1H), 4.12 (brs, 2H), 4.59 (m, 2H), 6.49 (dd, J = 2.4 Hz, 10.4 Hz, 1H), 6.56-6.61 (m, 1H), 7.30 (dd, J = 6.0 Hz, 8.8 Hz, 1H)
 
  179 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.36 (s, 1H), 1.49-1.52 (m, 2H), 1.64- 1.75 (m, 6H), 1.87-2.03 (m, 6H), 2.12-2.20 (m, 7H), 3.93-3.95 (m, 1H), 4.12 (brs, 2H), 4.51 (t, J = 4.8 Hz, 1H), 4.58 (d, J = 7.2 Hz, 1H), 6.65 (dt, J = 3.2 Hz, 8.8 Hz, 1H), 6.83 (dd, J = 3.2 Hz, 6.4 Hz, 1H), 7.03 (t, J = 8.8 Hz, 1H)
 
  180 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.36 (s, 1H), 1.48-1.52 (m, 2H), 1.64- 1.74 (m, 6H), 1.86-2.00 (m, 6H), 2.12-2.20 (m, 7H), 3.93-3.94 (m, 1H), 4.12 (brs, 2H), 4.58 (brs, 2H), 6.76 (t, J = 8.8 Hz, 1H), 7.01 (dt, J = 2.0 Hz, 8.8 Hz, 1H), 7.10 (dd, J = 2.0 Hz, 10.4 Hz, 1H)
 
  181 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.31 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 6H), 1.34 (s, 1H), 1.47-1.51 (m, 2H), 1.64-1.74 (m, 6H), 1.89-1.98 (m, 6H), 2.12-2.23 (m, 7H), 3.93-3.95 (m, 1H), 4.10 (brs, 2H), 4.46-4.59 (m, 3H), 6.34-6.39 (m, 2H), 6.46 (dd, J = 2.8 Hz, 10.8 Hz, 1H), 7.13 (t, J = 10.8 Hz, 1H)
 
  182 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.34 (s, 1H), 1.48-1.52 (m, 2H), 1.64- 1.75 (m, 6H), 1.86-2.03 (m, 6H), 2.12-2.33 (m, 7H), 3.93-3.95 (m, 1H), 4.13 (brs, 2H), 4.58-4.61 (m, 2H), 6.69 (dd, J = 6.4 Hz, 12.0 Hz, 1H), 6.89-6.92 (m, 1H), 7.13 (dd, J = 4.0 Hz, 10.8 Hz, 1H)
 
[1016] 
[00018] [TABLE-US-00018]
  TABLE 18
 
  183 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.36 (s, 1H), 1.48-1.52 (m, 2H), 1.64- 1.75 (m, 6H), 1.86-2.03 (m, 6H), 2.12-2.26 (m, 7H), 3.95 (brs, 1H), 4.13 (brs, 2H), 4.58-4.61 (m, 2H), 6.71- 6.76 (m, 1H), 6.94-6.96 (m, 2H)
 
  184 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.22 (d, J = 6.0 Hz, 6H), 1.35 (s, 1H), 1.48-1.54 (m, 2H), 1.65-1.74 (m, 6H), 1.87-1.90 (m, 2H), 1.95-2.03 (m, 4H), 2.12-2.23 (m, 7H), 2.81-2.88 (m, 1H), 3.94 (brs, 1H), 4.11 (brs, 2H), 4.58-4.60 (m, 2H), 6.61 (dd, J = 2.4 Hz, 8.0 Hz, 1H), 6.68 (s, 1H), 6.79 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.18 (t, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H)
 
  185 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.35 (s, 1H), 1.49-1.57 (m, 2H), 1.64- 1.75 (m, 6H), 1.87-2.21 (m, 13H), 3.95 (brs, 1H), 4.12 (brs, 2H), 4.53-4.59 (m, 2H), 6.55 (dd, J = 2.8 Hz, 9.2 Hz, 1H), 6.61 (dd, J = 2.8 Hz, 10.4 Hz, 1H), 7.23-7.27 (m, 1H)
 
  186 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.34 (s, 1H), 1.47-1.55 (m, 2H), 1.63- 1.74 (m, 6H), 1.86-1.99 (m, 6H), 2.12-2.22 (m, 7H), 3.93 (brs, 1H), 4.06-4.14 (m, 2H), 4.18-4.23 (m, 4H), 4.46 (brs, 1H), 4.57 (d, J = 9.6 Hz, 1H), 6.31-6.35 (m, 2H), 6.75 (d, J = 13.2 Hz, 1H)
 
  187 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.34 (s, 1H), 1.47-1.52 (m, 2H), 1.64- 1.74 (m, 6H), 1.86-2.03 (m, 6H), 2.12-2.18 (m, 5H), 2.26-2.33 (m, 2H), 3.20 (t, J = 12 Hz, 2H), 3.93 (brs, 1H), 4.11 (brs, 2H), 4.53-4.59 (m, 3H), 4.65 (t, J = 5.6 Hz, 1H), 6.64 (d, J = 10.0 Hz, 1H), 6.74 (t, J = 10.0 Hz, 1H), 6.82 (d, J = 10.0 Hz, 1H)
 
  188 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.36 (s, 1H), 1.48-1.55 (m, 2H), 1.64- 1.74 (m, 6H), 1.87-1.99 (m, 6H), 2.11-2.23 (m, 7H), 3.16 (t, J = 8.4 Hz, 2H), 3.93-3.95 (m, 1H), 4.11 (brs, 2H), 4.45-4.59 (m, 4H), 6.56 (dd, J = 2.8 Hz, 8.8 Hz, 1H), 6.66 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 1H), 6.71 (d, J = 2.8 Hz, 1H)
 
  189 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.35 (s, 1H), 1.49-1.58 (m, 2H), 1.65- 1.75 (m, 6H), 1.87-1.90 (m, 2H), 2.00-2.04 (m, 4H), 2.13-2.24 (m, 7H), 2.79 (s, 3H), 3.94 (brs, 1H), 4.13 (brs, 2H), 4.59-4.68 (m, 2H), 6.92 (dd, J = 2.4 Hz, 8.8 Hz, 1H), 7.32 (d, J = 2.4 Hz, 1H), 7.66 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 1H)
 
  190 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.40 (s, 1H), 1.48-1.51 (m, 2H), 1.65- 1.74 (m, 6H), 1.87-2.02 (m, 6H), 2.12-2.18 (m, 5H), 2.27-2.32 (m, 2H), 3.93-3.95 (m, 1H), 4.11 (brs, 2H), 4.22-4.26 (m, 4H), 4.56-4.59 (m, 2H), 6.36 (dd, J = 1.3 Hz, 8.0 Hz, 1H), 6.50 (dd, J = 1.2 Hz, 8.0 Hz, 1H), 6.71 (t, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H)
 
  191 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.45-1.75 (m, 9H), 1.87-1.90 (m, 2H), 1.97-2.13 (m, 7H), 2.25-2.34 (m, 4H), 3.93-3.95 (m, 1H), 4.15 (brs, 2H), 4.71-4.74 (m, 2H), 6.81 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 1H), 6.98 (dt, J = 0.8 Hz, 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.45-7.51 (m, 1H), 7.56 (dd, J = 1.2 Hz, 8.0 Hz, 1H)
 
[1017] 
[00019] [TABLE-US-00019]
  TABLE 19
 
  192 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.34 (s, 1H), 1.49-1.56 (m, 2H), 1.65-1.75 (m, 6H), 1.87-2.00 (m, 6H), 2.13-2.23 (m, 5H), 2.33-2.35 (m, 2H), 3.89 (s, 3H), 3.94 (brs, 1H), 4.13 (brs, 2H), 4.59-4.66 (m, 2H), 6.42 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 1H), 6.56 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 1H), 7.12 (t, J = 8.4 Hz, 1H)
 
  193 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.33 (s, 1H), 1.49-1.58 (m, 2H), 1.65-1.75 (m, 6H), 1.87-2.00 (m, 6H), 2.13-2.34 (m, 7H), 3.75 (s, 3H), 3.95 (brs, 1H), 4.13 (brs, 2H), 4.59- 4.60 (m, 2H), 6.32 (d, J = 2.4 Hz, 1H), 6.39 (dd, J = 2.8 Hz, 8.8 Hz, 1H), 7.20-7.30 (m, 1H)
 
  194 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.35 (s, 1H), 1.49-1.53 (m, 2H), 1.64-1.75 (m, 6H), 1.87-2.03 (m, 6H), 2.12-2.21 (m, 7H), 3.94 (brs, 1H), 4.12 (brs, 2H), 4.59 (brs, 2H), 6.35 (d, J = 74 Hz, 1H), 6.57 (brs, 1H), 6.64-6.68 (m, 2H), 7.21-7.24 (m, 1H)
 
  195 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.49-1.52 (m, 2H), 1.60 (m, 3H), 1.66-1.69 (m, 2H), 1.73-1.76 (m, 3H), 1.88-1.91 (m, 2H), 1.97-2.04 (m, 4H), 2.13-2.22 (m, 4H), 2.31-2.36 (m, 2H), 3.83 (s, 3H), 3.85 (s, 3H), 3.96 (m, 1H), 4.13 (m, 1H), 4.59 (m, 2H), 6.45 (m, 1H), 6.55 (m, 1H), 6.95 (m, 1H)
 
  196 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.49-1.52 (m, 2H), 1.66-1.75 (m, 7H), 1.88-2.03 (m, 6H), 2.13-2.24 (m, 7H), 3.82 (s, 3H), 3.85 (s, 3H), 3.95 (m, 1H), 4.13 (m, 1H), 4.52 (m, 1H), 4.60 (d, J = 8, 1H), 6.30 (dd, J = 4 Hz, 8 Hz, 1H), 6.44 (d, J = 4 Hz, 1H), 6.66 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H)
 
  197 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.51 (m, 3H), 1.65-1.75 (m, 7H), 1.88-2.04 (m, 4H), 2.12-2.23 (m, 6H), 2.28 (m, 3H), 3.76 (s, 3H), 3.95 (m, 1H), 4.11 (m, 2H), 4.57-4.61 (m, 2H), 6.17 (m, 1H), 6.25 (m, 1H), 6.31 (m, 1H)
 
  198 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.44 (s, 1H), 1.50-1.54 (m, 2H), 1.66-1.69 (m, 2H), 1.74 (m, 4H), 1.88-2.01 (m, 5H), 2.13-2.24 (m, 8H), 3.38 (s, 3H), 3.96 (m, 1H), 4.13 (m, 2H), 4.42 (s, 2H), 4.59-4.65 (m, 2H), 6.74 (m, 1H), 6.82 (m, 1H), 6.88 (m, 1H), 7.22-7.26 (m, 1H)
 
  199 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.34 (s, 1H), 1.51-1.55 (m, 2H), 1.67-1.77 (m, 6H), 1.89-2.22 (m, 13H), 3.89 (s, 3H), 3.95 (brs, 1H), 4.14 (brs, 2H), 4.54 (brs, 1H), 4.59 (brs, 1H), 6.27-6.28 (m, 1H), 6.45-6.48 (m, 1H), 6.94- 7.00 (m, 1H)
 
[1018] 
[00020] [TABLE-US-00020]
  TABLE 20
 
  200 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.37 (s, 1H), 1.50-1.57 (m, 2H), 1.67-1.77 (m, 6H), 1.89-2.00 (m, 6H), 2.14-2.24 (m, 10H), 3.80 (s, 3H), 3.96 (brs, 1H), 4.13 (brs, 2H), 4.58-4.61 (m, 2H), 6.29 (dd, J = 2.4 Hz, 8.0 Hz, 1H), 6.36 (d, J = 2.4 Hz, 1H), 7.00 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H)
 
  201 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.37 (s, 1H), 1.45 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 3H), 1.51- 1.57 (m, 2H), 1.66-1.77 (m, 6H), 1.89-2.03 (m, 6H), 2.14- 2.20 (m, 7H), 3.95 (brs, 1H), 4.07 (q, J = 7.2 Hz, 2H), 4.13 (brs, 2H), 4.52-4.54 (m, 1H), 4.60 (d, J = 6.8 Hz, 1H), 6.27 (dt, J = 2.8 Hz, 8.8 Hz, 1H), 6.45 (dd, J = 2.8 Hz, 7.2 Hz, 1H), 6.96 (dd, J = 8.8 Hz, 11.2 Hz, 1H)
 
  202 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.44-1.74 (m, 9H), 1.87-2.01 (m, 6H), 2.12 (brs, 3H), 2.19-2.24 (m, 4H), 3.84 (s, 3H), 3.93-3.95 (m, 1H), 4.12 (brs, 2H), 4.59 (d, J = 7.2 Hz, 1H), 4.67 (t, J = 4.8 Hz, 1H), 6.74 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 1H), 7.07 (d, J = 2.0 Hz, 1H), 7.22 (dd, J = 2.0 Hz, 8.4 Hz, 1H)
 
  203 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.35 (s, 1H), 1.40 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 3H), 1.51- 1.56 (m, 2H), 1.66-1.77 (m, 6H), 1.89-2.02 (m, 6H), 2.14- 2.21 (m, 7H), 3.95-4.01 (m, 3H), 4.13 (brs, 2H), 4.53-4.56 (m, 1H), 4.59 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 6.12-6.16 (m, 2H), 6.21 (dt, J = 2.0 Hz, 10.8 Hz, 1H)
 
[1019] The compounds of Examples 204 to 253 were synthesized in a similar manner to Example 1.
[1020] 
[00021] [TABLE-US-00021]
  TABLE 21
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Ex.    
  No.—Z1—R2   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  204 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.48 (s, 1H), 1.52-1.98 (m, 16H), 2.06- 2.18 (m, 5H), 2.51-2.60 (m, 1H), 4.00 (m, 1H), 4.28 (m, 2H), 4.69 (m, 1H), 7.28-7.61 (m, 2H), 7.58-7.61 (m, 2H)
 
  205 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.37 (s, 1H), 1.43-1.55 (m, 5H), 1.62- 1.84 (m, 8H), 1.86-1.92 (m, 2H), 2.02-2.16 (m, 5H), 2.45-2.59 (m, 2H), 3.98 (m, 1H), 4.21 (m, 2H), 4.63 (m, 1H), 5.91 (s, 2H), 6.62-6.73 (m, 3H)
 
  206 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.39-1.54 (m, 5H), 1.61 (s, 6H), 1.66- 1.69 (m, 1H), 1.76-1.82 (m, 4H), 1.97-2.21 (m, 8H), 2.25-2.32 (m, 4H), 2.95 (m, 1H), 3.99 (m, 1H), 4.22 (m, 2H), 4.67 (m, 1H)
 
  207 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.43 (s, 1H), 1.49-1.70 (m, 9H), 1.76- 1.84 (m, 4H), 1.87-1.93 (m, 3H), 2.04-2.16 (m, 5H), 2.53 (m, 1H), 3.98 (m, 1H), 4.27 (m, 2H), 4.67 (m, 1H), 7.36- 7.52 (m, 4H)
 
  208 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.37 (s, 1H), 1.47-1.54 (m, 6H), 1.61- 1.70 (m, 3H), 1.75-1.84 (m, 4H), 1.87-1.92 (m, 2H), 2.01-2.09 (m, 2H), 2.13-2.26 (m, 3H), 2.44-2.58 (m 2H), 3.97 (m, 1H), 4.22 (m, 6H), 4.64 (m, 1H), 6.63-6.71 (m, 2H), 6.75-6.78 (m, 1H)
 
  209 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.45-1.78 (m, 12H), 1.81-1.97 (m, 4H), 2.04-2.17 (m, 5H), 2.48-2.55 (m, 1H), 2.61-2.66 (m, 1H), 3.79 (s, 3H), 3.98 (m, 1H), 4.24 (m, 2H), 4.65 (m, 1H), 6.71-6.81 (m, 3H), 7.18-7.22 (m, 1H)
 
  210 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.50 (s, 1H), 1.67-1.78 (m, 9H), 1.82- 1.94 (m, 4H), 2.01-2.24 (m, 7H), 2.41-2.48 (m, 2H), 3.75 (s, 3H), 4.01 (m, 1H), 4.23 (m, 2H), 4.71 (m, 1H), 6.80- 6.90 (m, 2H), 7.12-7.23 (m, 2H)
 
  211 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.44 (s, 1H), 1.52-1.59 (m, 4H), 1.62- 1.67 (m, 3H), 1.76-1.78 (m, 4H), 1.90-1.93 (m, 2H), 2.03-2.09 (m, 2H), 2.11-2.17 (m, 4H), 2.50-2.57 (m, 2H), 2.69 (m, 1H), 3.98 (m, 1H), 4.24 (m, 2H), 4.67 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 7.03-7.05 (m, 2H), 7.14 (m, 1H), 7.29 (m, 1H)
 
  212 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.46 (s, 1H), 1.51-1.59 (m, 4H), 1.62- 1.77 (m, 5H), 1.76-1.78 (m, 3H), 1.90-1.92 (m, 2H), 2.04-2.16 (m, 5H), 2.48-2.55 (m, 2H), 2.63-2.69 (m, 1H), 3.98 (m, 1H), 4.23 (m, 2H), 4.67 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 6.84- 6.99 (m, 3H), 7.20-7.23 (m, 1H)
 
[1021] 
[00022] [TABLE-US-00022]
  TABLE 22
 
  213 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.51 (s, 1H), 1.63-1.78 (m, 11H), 1.90 (m, 2H), 2.03-2.17 (m, 6H), 2.46-2.54 (m, 2H), 2.87 (m, 1H), 3.99 (m, 1H), 4.25 (m, 2H), 4.70 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 6.95-6.99 (m, 1H), 7.05 (m, 1H), 7.13-7.21
 
  214 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.47 (s, 1H), 1.50-1.54 (m, 3H), 1.62- 1.71 (m, 5H), 1.75-1.78 (m, 4H), 1.90-1.93 (m, 2H), 2.03-2.09 (m, 2H), 2.13-2.16 (m, 3H), 3.98 (m, 1H), 4.23 (m, 2H), 4.67 (d, J = 4 Hz, 1H), 6.93-6.98 (m, 2H), 7.12-7.16 (m, 2H)
 
  215 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.40 (t, J = 8 Hz, 3H), 1.51-1.58 (m, 4H), 1.63-1.78 (m, 9H), 1.90-1.93 (m, 2H), 2.03-2.07 (m, 2H), 2.13-2.16 (m, 3H), 2.47-2.54 (m, 2H), 2.62 (m, 1H), 3.98 (m, 1H), 4.00 (q, J = 8 Hz, 2H), 4.22 (m, 2H), 4.67 (d, J = 8 Hz, 2H), 6.69-6.79 (m, 3H), 7.18 (t, J = 8 Hz, 1H)
 
  216 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.32 (d, J = 8 Hz, 6H), 1.51-1.58 (m, 5H), 1.63-1.78 (m, 8H), 1.90-1.92 (m, 2H), 2.03-2.07 (m, 2H), 2.13-2.16 (m, 3H), 2.47-2.54 (m, 2H), 2.61 (m, 1H), 3.98 (m, 1H), 4.22 (m, 2H), 4.52 (m, 1H), 4.67 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 6.69-6.77 (m, 3H), 7.17 (t, J = 8 Hz, 1H)
 
  217 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.47-1.51(m, 3H), 1.57-1.78 (m, 10H), 1.89-1.92 (m, 3H), 2.13-2.18 (m, 5H), 2.39-2.46 (m, 2H), 2.97 (m, 1H), 3.98 (m, 1H), 4.20 (m, 2H), 4.66 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 7.10 (m, 1H), 7.25 (m, 1H), 7.58 (m, 1H), 8.53 (m, 1H)
 
  218 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.52-1.58 (m, 4H), 1.63-1.70 (m, 5H), 1.76-1.78 (m, 4H),1.90-1.92 (m, 2H), 2.07-2.17 (m, 5H), 2.51-2.58 (m, 2H), 2.75 (m, 1H), 3.04 (s, 3H), 3.98 (m, 1H), 4.26 (m, 2H), 4.69 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 7.47-7.50 (m, 2H), 7.74-7.78 (m, 2H)
 
  219 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.48-1.54 (m, 4H), 1.63-1.78 (m, 9H), 1.90-1.93 (m, 2H), 2.03-2.07 (m, 2H), 2.13-2.16 (m, 3H), 2.45-2.52 (m, 2H), 2.56-2.63 (m, 1H), 3.77 (s, 3H), 3.98 (m, 1H), 4.22 (m, 2H), 4.68 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 6.80-6.83 (m, 2H), 7.08-7.13 (m, 2H)
 
  220 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.43-1.56 (m, 3H), 1.67-1.79 (m, 9H), 1.83-1.94 (m, 3H), 2.09-2.16 (, m 5H), 2.46-2.56 (m, 2H), 2.87 (m, 1H), 3.99 (m, 1H), 4.26 (m, 1H), 4.71 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 6.79-6.99 (m, 3H)
 
[1022] 
[00023] [TABLE-US-00023]
  TABLE 23
 
  221 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.42 (s, 1H), 1.45-1.80 (m, 11H), 1.90- 1.94 (m, 2H), 2.04-2.17 (m, 6H), 2.47-2.58 (m, 2H), 2.63 (m, 1H), 3.97 (m, 1H), 4.24 (m, 2H), 4.67 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 6.89-6.93 (m, 1H), 6.96-7.10 (m, 2H)
 
  222 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.48-1.79 (m, 12H), 1.88-2.00 (m, 3H), 2.10-2.18 (m, 5H), 2.48-2.56 (m, 2H), 2.90 (m, 1H), 4.01 (m, 1H), 4.27 (m, 2H), 4.71 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 6.92-7.02 (m, 3H)
 
  223 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.46-1.55 (m, 4H), 1.69-1.79 (m, 8H), 1.90-1.94 (m, 3H), 2.09-2.17 (m, 5H), 2.44-2.54 (m, 2H), 2.84 (m, 1H), 3.99 (m, 1H), 4.25 (m, 2H), 4.70 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 6.70-6.83 (m, 2H), 7.09-7.16
 
  224 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.30 (d, J = 4 Hz, 6H), 1.46-1.57 (m, 5H), 1.66-1.77 (m, 9H), 1.89-1.92 (m, 2H), 2.07-2.16 (m, 4H), 2.45-2.52 (m, 2H), 2.79-2.84 (m, 1H), 3.98 (m, 1H), 4.24 (m, 2H), 4.42 (m, 1H), 4.69 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 6.62- 6.69 (m, 2H), 6.86 (dd, J = 8, 12 Hz, 1H)
 
  225 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.50-1.54 (m, 3H), 1.64-1.77 (m, 7H), 1.88-1.95 (m, 6H), 2.14 (m, 4H), 2.49-2.56 (m, 2H), 3.17 (m, 1H), 3.96 (m, 1H), 4.19 (m, 2H), 4.63 (d, J = 4 Hz, 1H), 6.86-6.88 (m, 1H), 6.90-6.94 (m, 1H), 7.13-7.15 (m, 1H)
 
  226 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.21 (t, J = 8 Hz, 3H), 1.52-1.58 (m, 5), 1.65-1, 78 (m, 7H), 1.90-1.98 (m, 3H), 2.06-2.17 (m, 5H), 2.48-2.55 (m, 1H), 2.58-2.67 (m, 4H), 3.99 (m, 1H), 4.25 (m, 2H), 4.68 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 6.98-7.04 (m, 3H), 7.18-7.22 (m, 1H)
 
  227 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.47-1.56 (m, 4H),1.65-1.80 (m, 9H), 1.87-1.95 (m, 2H), 2.13-2.18 (m, 5H), 4.00 (, m 1H), 4.28 (m, 2H), 4.71 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 7.06-7.14 (m, 1H), 7.44- 7.46 (m, 2H)
 
  228 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.45 (t, J = 8 Hz, 3H),1.53-1.61 (m, 5H), 1.68 -1.79 (m, 7H), 1.88-1.94 (m, 3H), 2.05-2.18 (m, 5H), 2.46-2.55 (m, 2H), 2.87 (m, 1H), 4.00 (m, 1H), 4.08 (t, J = 8 Hz, 2H), 4.25 (m, 1H), 4.70 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 6.72-6.83 (m, 2H), 6.94-7.00 (m, 1H)
 
  229 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.49-1.55 (m, 6H), 1.57 (s, 1H), 1.70- 1.80(m, 7H), 1.90-1.96 (m, 2H), 2.08-2.19 (m, 4H), 2.45-2.55 (m, 2H), 2.84 (m, 1H), 3.77 (s, 3H), 3.99 (m, 1H), 4.25 (m, 2H), 4.70 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 6.63-6.72 (m, 2H), 6.89 (m, 1H)
 
  230 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.47 (s, 1H),1.52-1.71 (m, 8H), 1.76- 1.79 (m, 4H), 1.90-1.93 (m, 2H), 2.07-2.17 (m, 5H), 2.51-2.58 (m, 2H), 2.71 (m, 1H), 3.98 (m, 1H), 4.26 (m, 2H), 4.68 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 7.38-7.39 (m, 2H), 7.44 (m, 2H)
 
[1023] 
[00024] [TABLE-US-00024]
  TABLE 24
 
  231 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.47 (s, 1H), 1.52-1.71 (m, 8H), 1.76- 1.79 (m, 4H), 1.90-1.93 (m, 2H), 2.07-2.17 (m, 5H), 2.51-2.58 (m, 2H), 2.71 (m, 1H), 3.98 (m, 1H), 4.26 (m, 2H), 4.68 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 7.38-7.39 (m, 2H), 7.44 (m, 2H)
 
  232 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.44 (s, 3H), 1.51-1.54 (m, 2H), 1.61- 1.66 (m, 4H), 1.70-1.77 (m, 4H), 1.85-1.92 (m, 4H), 2.16 (m, 3H), 2.24-2.29 (m, 2H), 2.35-2.42 (m, 2H), 2.97 (m, 1H), 3.92 (s, 3H), 3.99 (m, 1H), 4.17 (m, 2H), 4.65 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 6.54 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 6.85 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 7.48 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H)
 
  233 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.47-1.53 (m, 3H), 1.64-1.75 (m, 10H), 1.81-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.06-2.14 (m, 5H), 2.39-2.46 (m, 2H), 2.70 (m, 1H), 3.94 (s, 6H), 3.95 (m, 1H), 4.22 (m, 2H), 4.67 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 7.99 (s, 1H)
 
  234 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.46 (s, 1H), 1.52-1.66 (m, 6H), 1.76- 2.00 (m, 8H), 2.09-2.15 (m, 5H), 2.53-2.61 (m, 2H), 2.73 (m, 1H), 3.98 (m, 1H), 4.28 (m, 2H), 4.68 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 8.57-8.61 (m, 2H), 9.07 (m, 1H)
 
  235 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.46-1.54 (m, 3H), 1.63-1.77 (m, 10H), 1.80-1.92 (m, 5H), 2.06-2.15 (m, 5H), 2.51 (m, 1H), 3.86 (s, 3H), 3.98 (m, 1H), 4.25 (m, 1H), 4.64 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 6.67-6.78 (m, 2H), 6.94-6.69 (m, 1H)
 
  236 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.41 (t, J 8 Hz, 3H), 1.49-1.53 (m, 3H), 1.61-1.92 (m, 12H), 2.02-2.15 (m, 5H), 2.44-2.52 (m, 2H), 2.59 (m, 1H), 3.99 (m, 1H), 4.06 (q, J = 8 Hz, 2H), 4.23 (m, 2H), 4.67 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 6.82-6.94 (m, 3H)
 
  237 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.48-1.55 (m, 5H), 1.61-1.70 (m, 5H), 1.76-1.78 (m, 3H), 1.89-1.92 (m, 2H), 2.03-2.09 (m, 2H), 2.15 (m, 3H), 2.48-2.55 (m, 2H), 2.61-2.70 (m, 1H), 3.97 (m, 1H), 4.23 (m, 2H), 4.67 (d, J = 4 Hz, 1H), 6.59-6.65 (m, 1H), 6.70-6.75 (m, 2H)
 
  238 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.48-1.55 (m, 5H), 1.61-1.70 (m, 5H), 1.76-1.78 (m, 3H), 1.89-1.92 (m, 2H), 2.03-2.09 (m, 2H), 2.15 (m, 3H), 2.48-2.55 (m, 2H), 2.61-2.70 (m, 1H), 3.97 (m, 1H), 4.23 (m, 2H), 4.67 (d, J = 4 Hz, 1H), 6.59-6.65 (m, 1H), 6.70-6.75 (m, 2H)
 
[1024] 
[00025] [TABLE-US-00025]
  TABLE 25
 
  239 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.45-1.56 (m, 5H), 1.67-1.82 (m, 8H), 1.89-1.92 (m, 2H), 2.01-2.17 (m, 13H), 2.31 (m, 1H), 3.65 (s, 3H), 3.98 (m, 1H), 4.19 (m, 2H), 4.67 (m, 1H)
 
  240 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.50-1.59 (m, 3H), 1.69-1.93 (m, 14H), 2.03 (m, 1H), 2.13-2.16 (m, 2H), 2.25 (s, 3H), 2.27-2.44 (m, 2H), 3.00 (m, 1H), 4.00 (m, 1H), 4.23 (m, 2H), 4.70 (d, J = 4 Hz, 1H), 7.00 (dd, J 4 Hz, 8 Hz, 1H), 7.36 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 8.38 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H)
 
  241 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.50-1.53 (m, 2H), 1.58-1.71 (m, 8H), 1.90-1.91 (m, 5H), 2.08-2.15 (m, 5H), 2.30 (s, 3H), 2.33- 2.44 (m, 2H), 2.90 (m, 1H), 3.97 (m,1H), 4.19 (m, 2H), 4.67 (d, J = 4 Hz, 1H), 6.90 (d, J = 4 Hz, 1H), 7.05 (m, 1H), 8.37 (d, J = 4 Hz, 1H)
 
  242 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.50-1.53 (m, 2H),1.58-1.63 (m, 2H), 1.68-1.75 (m, 6H), 1.89-1.92 (m, 5H), 2.10-2.15 (m, 5H), 2.28 (s, 3H), 2.36-2.43 (m, 2H), 2.91 (m,1H), 3.97 (m, 1H), 4.18 (m, 2H), 4.66 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 7.14 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 7.38 (d, J = 4 Hz, 1H), 8.34 (m, 1H)
 
  243 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.49-1.52 (m, 2H), 1.57-1.62 (m, 2H), 1.67-1.76 (m, 6H), 1.81-1.92 (m, 5H), 2.14 (m, 3H), 2.18- 2.24 (m, 2H), 2.34-2.41 (m, 2H), 2.49 (s, 3H), 2.97 (m, 1H), 3.96 (m, 1H), 4.17 (m, 2H), 4.66 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 6.92 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 7.05 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 7.45 (dd, J = 8 Hz, 1H)
 
  244 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ0.96 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 3H), 1.25-1.29 (m, 2H), 1.35 (t, J = 12.4 Hz, 2H), 1.58-1.70 (m, 10H), 1.86- 2.00 (m, 7H), 2.21-2.29 (m, 2H), 2.87 (m, 1H), 3.67 (m, 1H), 3.84 (t, J = 6.4 Hz, 2H), 4.31 (m, 2H), 4.37 (s, 1H), 5.77 (d, J = 6.4 Hz, 1H), 6.85-6.93 (m, 2H), 7.01 (dd, J = 2.8, 10.4 Hz, 1H)
 
  245 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.47-1.55 (m, 3H), 1.65-1.86 (m,14H), 1.92-1.95 (m, 1H), 2.08-2.14 (m, 2H), 2.42-2.50 (m, 2H), 3.10-3.19 (m, 1H), 4.03 (m, 1H), 4.27 (m, 2H), 4.69 (d, J = 7.2 Hz, 1H), 7.22 (m, 1H), 7.87 (dd, J = 1.2, 8.0 Hz, 1H), 8.74 (dd, J = 0.8, 4.4 Hz, 1H)
 
  246 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.29 (d, J = 12.0 Hz, 2H), 1.39 (m, 1H), 1.59-1.68 (m, 8H), 1.87-1.98 (m, 6H), 2.07-2.13 (m, 2H), 2.25-2.32 (m, 2H), 3.05 (m, 1H), 3.66 (m, 1H), 4.29 (m, 2H), 4.38 (s, 1H), 5.86 (d, J = 6.4 Hz, 1H), 7.57 (d, J = 4.8 Hz, 1H), 7.75 (s, 1H), 8.77 (d, J = 5.2 Hz, 1H)
 
  247 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.52-1.56 (m, 2H), 1.58-1.63(m, 1H), 1.70-1.79 (m, 8H), 1.91-1.94 (m, 3H), 2.14-2.18 (m, 6H), 2.41-2.48 (m, 2H), 2.98 (m,1H), 3.99 (m,1H), 4.21 (m, 2H), 4.68 (d, J = 7.2 Hz, 1H), 6.87 (m, 1H), 7.01 (dd, J = 2.4, 10.4 Hz, 1H), 8.50 (dd, J = 5.6, 8.8 Hz, 1H)
 
[1025] 
[00026] [TABLE-US-00026]
  TABLE 26
 
  248 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.16 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 3H), 1.27-1.31 (m, 2H), 1.43-1.45 (m, 1H), 1.59-1.68 (m, 8H), 1.87-2.07 (m, 7H), 2.23 (m, 2H), 2.55-2.61 (m, 2H), 2.83 (m, 1H), 3.66 (m, 1H), 4.09 (m, 1H), 4.26 (m, 2H), 4.37 (s, 1H), 5.82 (d, J = 6.0 Hz, 1H), 7.03 (d, J = 4.8 Hz, 1H), 7.21 (s, 1H), 8.35 (d, J = 5.2 Hz, 1H)
 
  249 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.50-1.59 (m, 3H), 1.69-1.96 (m, 14H), 2.01-2.04 (m, 1H), 2.13-2.16 (m, 2H), 2.25 (s, 3H), 2.37- 2.44 (m, 2H), 3.00 (m, 1H), 4.00 (m, 1H), 4.23 (m, 2H), 4.70 (d, J = 4 Hz, 1H), 7.00 (dd, J = 4 Hz, 8 Hz, 1H), 7.34 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 8.37 (d, J = 4H, 1H)
 
  250 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.46-1.50 (m, 2H), 1.65-1.99 (m, 14H), 2.03-2.12 (m, 6H), 2.28 (s, 3H), 3.24 (m, 1H), 3.95 (m, 1H), 4.25 (m, 1H), 4.65 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 6.91 (d, J = 4 Hz, 1H), 6.94 (s, 1H), 8.30 (d, J = 4 Hz, 1H)
 
  251 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.43-1.51 (m, 3H), 1.66-1.99 (m, 15H), 2.04-2.13 (m, 4H), 2.27 (s, 3H), 3.27 (m, 1H), 3.96 (m, 1H), 4.26 (m, 1H), 4.63 (d, J = 4 Hz, 1H), 7.02 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 7.40 (dd, J = 4 Hz, 8 Hz, 1H), 8.30 (m, 1H)
 
  252 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.48-1.52 (m, 2H), 1.65-2.15 (m, 20H), 2.49 (s, 3H), 3.26 (m, 1H), 3.98 (m, 1H), 4.25 (m, 1H), (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 6.92 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 6.95 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 7.48 (dd, J = 8 Hz, 8 Hz, 1H)
 
  253 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.29-1.35 (m, 4H), 1.60-1.70 (m, 8H), 1.89 (m, 4H), 1.97-2.02 (m, 3H), 2.23-2.30 (m, 2H), 2.90 (m, 1H), 3.68 (m, 1H), 3.74 (s, 3H), 4.32 (m, 2H), 4.39 (m, 1H), 5.86 (d, J = 6.0 Hz, 1H), 6.99 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 1H), 7.16 (m, 2H)
 
[1026] Using the intermediate synthesized in a similar manner to Reference Example 10, the compound was synthesized in a similar manner to Example 1.

Example 254

(3-Endo)-N-[(E)-5-carbamoyladamantan-2-yl]-3-(3-fluorophenyl)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxyamide

[1027]  [see pdf for image]
[1028] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.52-1.66 (m, 5H), 1.77-1.84 (m, 2H), 1.90 (m, 2H), 2.00-2.13 (m, 10H), 2.49-2.56 (m, 2H), 2.68 (m, 1H), 3.99 (m, 1H), 4.24 (m, 2H), 4.74 (d, J=8 Hz, 1H), 5.26 (s, 1H), 5.60 (s, 1H), 6.85-6.93 (m, 2H), 6.97-6.99 (m, 1H), 7.20-7.24 (m, 1H)
[1029] The compounds of Examples 255 to 287 were synthesized in a similar manner to Example 1, and further purified by HPLC.
[1030] 
[00027] [TABLE-US-00027]
 
      tR (min)
      Obs [M + 1]
  Ex.     Measurement
  No.—Z1—R2   method
 
  255 [see pdf for image]   4.77 429.4 SA1
 
  256 [see pdf for image]   1.459 461.5 SA3
 
  257 [see pdf for image]   4.82 429.4 SA1
 
  258 [see pdf for image]   4.61 443.4 SA1
 
  259 [see pdf for image]   4.87 447.4 SA1
 
  260 [see pdf for image]   5.03 461 SA2
 
  261 [see pdf for image]   4.68 447.4 SA1
 
  262 [see pdf for image]   0.550 412.4 SA3
 
  263 [see pdf for image]   4.86 429 SA2
 
  264 [see pdf for image]   4.28 387 SA2
 
  265 [see pdf for image]   4.72 413 SA2
 
  266 [see pdf for image]   4.88 447 SA2
 
[1031] 
[00028] [TABLE-US-00028]
  TABLE 28
 
  267 [see pdf for image]   1.92 395 SA4
 
  268 [see pdf for image]   1.94 425 SA4
 
  269 [see pdf for image]   1.95 467 SA4
 
  270 [see pdf for image]   1.85 429 SA4
 
  271 [see pdf for image]   1.66 443 SA4
 
  272 [see pdf for image]   1.82 453 SA4
 
  273 [see pdf for image]   1.82 453 SA4
 
  274 [see pdf for image]   1.54 449 SA4
 
  275 [see pdf for image]   1.10 465 SA4
 
  276 [see pdf for image]   1.54 413 SA4
 
  277 [see pdf for image]   1.49 425 SA4
 
  278 [see pdf for image]   1.96 395 SA4
 
  279 [see pdf for image]   1.92 413 SA4
 
  280 [see pdf for image]   1.90 413 SA4
 
  281 [see pdf for image]   1.68 413 SA4
 
  282 [see pdf for image]   1.71 439 SA4
 
  283 [see pdf for image]   1.80 453 SA4
 
  284 [see pdf for image]   0.48 396 SA3
 
  285 [see pdf for image]   1.97 449 SA4
 
  286 [see pdf for image]   1.38 406 SA4
 
  287 [see pdf for image]   1.57 425 SA4
 
[1032] The compounds of Examples 288 to 313 were synthesized in a similar manner to Example 1.
[1033] 
[00029] [TABLE-US-00029]
  TABLE 29
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Ex.    
  No.—Z1—R2   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  288 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.45 (s, 1H),1.49-1.53 (m, 2H), 1.62- 1.76 (m, 7H), 1.89-2.06 (m, 6H), 2.13-2.24 (m, 6H), 2.39 (s, 3H), 3.96 (m, 1H), 4.12 (m, 2H), 4.59 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 5.37 (m, 1H), 6.46 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 6.67 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 7.43 (dd, J = 8 Hz, 8 Hz, 1H)
 
  289 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.47 (s, 1H), 1.48-1.52 (m, 2H), 1.64- 1.75 (m, 6H), 1.88-2.04 (m, 6H), 2.12-2.25 (m, 7H), 2.28 (s, 3H), 3.96 (m, 1H), 4.12 (m, 2H), 4.60 (d, J = 4 Hz, 1H), 5.32 (m, 1H), 6.51 (s, 1H), 6.67 (d, J = 4 Hz, 1H), 7.98 (d, J = 4 Hz, 1H)
 
  290 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.48 (s, 1H),1.52-1.54 (m, 2H), 1.66- 1.75 (m, 7H), 1.88-2.02 (m, 5H), 2.12-2.20 (m, 7H), 2.22 (s, 3H), 3.96 (m, 1H), 4.13 (m, 2H), 4.60 (d, J = 4 Hz, 1H), 5.28 (m, 1H), 6.59 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 7.38 (dd, J = 4 Hz, 8 Hz, 1H), 7.92 (m, 1H)
 
  291 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.46 (s, 1H), 1.50-1.53 (m, 2H), 1.58- 1.76 (m, 9H), 1.89-2.29 (m, 10H), 3.96 (m, 1H), 4.16 (m, 2H), 4.60 (d, J = 4 Hz, 1H), 5.42 (m, 1H), 6.77 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 7.76 (dd, J = 4 Hz, 8 Hz, 1H), 8.40 (m, 1H)
 
  292 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.50-1.53 (m, 2H), 1.66-1.76 (m, 7H), 1.88-1.97 (m, 4H), 2.03-2.16 (m, 7H), 2.25-2.29 (m, 2H), 3.94 (m, 1H), 4.15 (m, 2H), 4.62 (m, 1H), 4.80 (m, 1H), 7.10 (dd, J = 4 Hz, 8 Hz, 1H), 7.22-7.27 (m, 1H), 7.97 (d, J = 4 Hz, 1H)
 
  293 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.50-1.53 (m, 2H), 1.65-1.76 (m, 6H), 1.88-1.96 (m, 4H), 2.03-2.13 (m, 8H), 2.24-2.30 (m, 2H), 3.95 (m, 1H), 4.16 (m, 2H), 4.65 (m, 2H), 7.18 (m, 1H), 8.16 (m, 1H)
 
  294 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.39 (s, 1H), 1.49-1.53 (m, 2H), 1.66- 1.69 (m, 2H), 1.74 (m, 4H),1.89-1.93 (m, 4H), 1.99- 2.04 (m, 2H), 2.13-2.25 (m, 7H), 3.16 (m, 1H), 4.14 (m, 1H), 4.51 (d, J = 4 HZ, 1H), 5.29 (m, 1H), 6.65 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 7.52 (dd, J = 8 Hz, 1 Hz, 1H), 8.06 (dd J = 4, 1H)
 
  295 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.51-1.77 (m, 10H), 1.89-1.96 (m, 4H), 2.05 -2.31 (m, 8H), 3.97 (m, 1H), 4.17 (m, 2H), 4.62 (m, 2H), 5.36 (m, 1H), 8.06 (m, 1H), 8.;10 (m, 1H), 8.18 (m, 1H)
 
[1034] 
[00030] [TABLE-US-00030]
  TABLE 30
 
  296 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.51-1.77 (m, 9H), 1.89-2.06 (m, 6H), 2.14 (m, 3H), 2.25-2.32 (m, 4H), 3.97 (m, 1H), 4.17 (m, 2H), 4.62 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 5.33 (m, 1H), 6.92 (t, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 8.51 (d, J = 4H, 2H)
 
  297 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.50-1.54 (m, 2H), 1.66-1.93 (m, 8H), 2.00-2.18 (m, 10H), 2.24-2.32 (m, 2H), 2.60 (s, 3H), 3.96 (m, 1H), 4.17 (m, 2H), 4.62 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 5.58 (m, 1H), 6.84 (d, J = 12 Hz, 1H), 7.23 (d, J = 12 Hz, 1H)
 
  298 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.50-1.59 (m, 4H), 1.66-1.76 (m, 6H), 1.89-1.91 (m, 2H), 2.02-2.18 (m, 8H), 2.29-2.35 (m, 2H), 3.96 (m, 1H), 4.17 (m, 2H), 4.61 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 5.45 (m, 1H), 7.20-7.25 (m, 1H), 7.33-7.38 (m, 1H), 7.63-7.66 (m, 2H)
 
  299 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.50-1.76 (m, 11H), 1.88-2.06 (m, 5H), 2.13-2.18 (m, 4H), 2.23-2.29 (m, 2H), 3.96 (m, 1H), 4.15 (m, 2H), 4.60 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 5.41 (m, 1H), 6.86 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 7.23 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 7.70 (dd, J = 8 Hz, 8 Hz, 1H)
 
  300 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.34 (s, 1H), 1.47-1.52 (m, 2H), 1.64- 1.75 (m, 6H), 1.88-1.92 (m, 4H), 2.01-2.12 (m, 7H), 2.23-2.29 (m, 2H), 3.95 (brs, 1H), 4.14 (brs, 2H), 4.59 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 1H), 5.42 (t, J = 4.8 Hz, 1H), 6.76 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 1H), 7.77 (dd, J = 2.4 Hz, 8.8 Hz, 1H), 8.43 (d, J = 2.4 Hz, 1H)
 
  301 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.37 (s, 1H), 1.48-1.55 (m, 2H), 1.64- 1.74 (m, 6H), 1.87-2.02 (m, 6H), 2.12-2.21 (m, 7H), 2.47 (s, 3H), 3.95 (brs, 1H), 4.13 (brs, 2H), 4.58-4.59 (m, 2H), 6.99-7.06 (m, 2H), 8.09 (d, J = 2.8 Hz, 1H)
 
  302 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.50-1.53 (m, 2H), 1.66-1.80 (m, 8H), 1.89-1.97 (m, 4H), 2.03-2.08 (m, 2H), 2.13-2.28 (m, 6H), 2.51 (s, 3H), 3.96 (m, 1H), 4.16 (m, 2H), 4.58- 4.63 (m, 2H), 6.90 (d, J = 4 Hz, 1H), 7.05 (dd, J = 4 Hz, 8 Hz, 1H), 8.05 (d, J = 4 Hz, 1H)
 
  303 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.36 (s, 1H), 1.48-1.58 (m, 2H), 1.66- 1.74 (m, 6H), 1.87-2.02 (m, 6H), 2.13-2.24 (m, 7H), 3.82 (s, 3H), 3.94-3.96 (m, 1H), 4.12 (brs, 2H), 4.59 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 5.31 (t, J = 8.8 Hz, 1H), 6.24 (dd, J = 4.4 Hz, 8.0 Hz, 2H), 7.46 (t, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H)
 
  304 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.36 (s, 1H), 1.48-1.54 (m, 2H), 1.65- 1.74 (m, 6H),1.87-2.02 (m, 6H), 2.12-2.24 (m, 7H), 3.80 (s, 3H), 3.94-3.96 (m, 1H), 4.13 (brs, 2H), 4.58 (d, J = 7.2 Hz, 1H), 5.32 (t, J = 5.2 Hz, 1H), 6.12 (d, J = 2.0 Hz, 1H), 6.43 (dd, J = 2.0 Hz, 5.6 Hz, 1H), 7.91 (d, J = 5.6 Hz, 1H)
 
[1035] 
[00031] [TABLE-US-00031]
  TABLE 31
 
  305 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.35 (s, 1H), 1.49-1.53 (m, 2H), 1.64- 1.67 (m, 2H), 1.75 (brs, 4H), 1.87-1.93 (m, 4H), 2.01- 2.12 (m, 7H), 2.23-2.28 (m, 2H), 3.93 (brs, 1H), 4.14 (brs, 2H), 4.59 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 4.66 (t, J = 4.8 Hz, 1H), 6.65 (dd, J = 2.4 Hz, 6.0 Hz, 1H), 6.74 (d, J = 2.4 Hz, 1H), 8.18 (d, J = 6.0 Hz, 1H)
 
  306 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.51 (s, 1H), 1.55 (m, 2H), 1.66-1.77 (m, 7H), 1.90-1.94 (m, 4H), 2.02-2.31 (m, 8H), 2.36 (s, 3H), 2.44 (s, 3H), 3.98 (m, 1H), 4.18 (m, 2H), 4.62 (d, J = 8 Hz), 5.42 (m, 1H), 7.83 (s, 1H)
 
  307 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.41 (s, 1H), 1.50-1.76 (m, 9H), 1.88- 2.05 (m, 5H), 2.13-2.29 (m, 7H), 3.96 (m, 1H), 4.16 (m, 2H), 4.60 (d, J = 4 Hz, 1H), 5.40 (m, 1H), 6.90 (s, 1H), 7.05 (m, 1H), 8.27 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H)
 
  308 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.24 (t, J = 12 Hz, 3H), 1.41 (m, 1H), 1.49-1.77 (m, 7H), 1.89-2.04 (m, 6H), 2.14-2.26 (m, 8H), 2.60 (q, J = 12 Hz, 2H), 3.97 (m, 1H), 4.16 (m, 2H), 4.61 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 5.34 (m, 1H), 6.53 (m, 1H), 6.70 (m, 1H), 8.01 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H)
 
  309 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.24 (d, J = 12, 6H), 1.49-1.77 (m, 10H), 1.89-2.04 (m, 5H), 2.14-2.26 (m, 7H), 2.84 (m, 1H), 3.97 (m, 1H), 4.16 (m, 2H), 4.61 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 5.34 (m, 1H), 6.53 (s, 1H), 6.73 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H), 8.02 (d, J = 8 Hz, 1H)
 
  310 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.32-1.35 (m, 4H), 1.49-1.52 (m, 2H), 1.66-1.75 (m, 6H), 1.87-2.03 (m, 6H), 2.13-2.23 (m, 7H), 3.94-3.96 (m, 1H), 4.12 (brs, 2H), 4.23 (q, J = 7.2 Hz, 2H), 4.59 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 5.29 (t, J = 4.8 Hz, 1H), 6.22 (dd, J = 2.4 Hz, 8.0 Hz, 2H), 7.45 (t, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H)
 
  311 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.33 (s, 1H), 1.50-1.52 (m, 2H), 1.65- 1.75 (m, 6H), 1.87-2.01 (m, 6H), 2.12-2.26 (m, 7H), 3.94-3.95 (m, 1H), 4.13 (brs, 2H), 4.57 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 5.33 (t, J = 4.8 Hz, 1H), 6.59 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 6.86 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.50 (t, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H)
 
  312 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.33 (s, 1H), 1.47-1.51 (m, 2H), 1.61- 1.74 (m, 6H), 1.88-1.92 (m, 4H), 2.00-2.03 (m, 2H), 2.12-2.25 (m, 7H), 3.94-3.96 (m, 1H), 4.13 (brs, 2H), 4.58 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 5.33 (t, J = 4.8 Hz, 1H), 6.71 (d, J = 1.6 Hz, 1H), 6.84 (dd, J = 1.6 Hz, 5.2 Hz, 1H), 8.01 (t, J = 5.2 Hz, 1H)
 
  313 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.36 (s, 1H), 1.40 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 3H), 1.48-1.53 (m, 2H), 1.64-1.74 (m, 6H), 1.87-2.01 (m, 6H), 2.12-2.22 (m, 7H), 3.95 (brs, 1H), 4, 03 (q, J = 7.2 Hz, 2H), 4.13 (brs, 2H), 4.58 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 5.30 (t, J = 4.8 Hz, 1H), 6.11 (d, J = 2.4 Hz, 1H), 6.42 (dd, J = 2.4 Hz, 6.0 Hz, 1H), 7.90 (d, J = 6.0 Hz, 1H)
 

Example 314

(1R,5S)-N-[(E)-5-Hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-3-(phenoxymethyl)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxyamide

[1036]  [see pdf for image]
[1037] Using the compound of Reference Example 18, the compound was synthesized in a similar manner to Example 1.
[1038] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.50-1.79 (m, 15H), 1.90-1.94 (m, 2H), 2.04-2.15 (m, 5H), 2.37-2.45 (m, 1H), 3.75 (d, J=8 Hz, 2H), 3.98 (m, 1H), 4.22 (m, 2H), 4.63 (d, J=12 Hz, 1H), 6.85-6.88 (m, 2H), 6.92-6.97 (m, 1H), 7.26-7.31 (m, 2H)

Example 315

(3-Endo)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-3-(phenylthio)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxyamide

[1039]  [see pdf for image]
[1040] Using the compound of Reference Example 21, the compound was synthesized in a similar manner to Example 1.
[1041] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.45-1.50 (m, 2H), 1.61-1.67 (m, 3H), 1.72-1.74 (m, 4H), 1.79-1.89 (m, 4H), 2.03-2.15 (m, 5H), 2.25-2.30 (m, 2H), 2.34-2.40 (m, 2H), 3.62 (t, J=8 Hz, 1H), 3.93 (m, 1H), 4.14 (m, 2H), 4.56 (d, J=8 Hz, 1H), 7.19-7.24 (m, 1H), 7.27-7.36 (m, 4H)

Example 316

(3-Endo)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-3-[methyl(phenyl)amino]-8-azabicyclo-[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxamide

[1042]  [see pdf for image]
[1043] Using the compound of Reference Example 22, the compound was synthesized in a similar manner to Example 1.
[1044] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.31 (m, 1H), 1.44-1.51 (m, 3H), 1.59-1.94 (m, 15H), 2.04-2.18 (m, 6H), 3.92 (m, 1H), 4.11 (m, 3H), 4.55 (m, 1H), 7.10 (m, 3H), 7.56 (m, 1H), 7.50 (m, 1H), 6.70-6.94 (m, 4H), 7.10-7.24 (m, 4H)

Example 317

(3-Endo)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-3-[(1-phenyl-4-piperidinyl)oxy]-8-azabicyclo-[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxyamide

[1045]  [see pdf for image]
[1046] Using the compound of Reference Example 24, the compound was synthesized in a similar manner to Example 1.
[1047] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.44-1.52 (m, 3H), 1.62-1.78 (m, 10H), 1.87-1.93 (m, 6H), 2.00-2.22 (m, 7H), 2.99-3.05 (m, 2H), 3.40-3.45 (m, 2H), 3.50 (m, 1H), 3.72 (m, 1H), 3.94 (m, 1H), 4.10 (m, 2H), 4.57 (d, J=4 Hz, 1H), 6.82 (t, J=8 Hz, 1H), 6.94 (d, J=8 Hz, 1H), 6.94 (d, J=8 Hz, 2H), 7.22-7.24 (m, 2H)

Example 318

(3-Endo)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-3-{[1-(2-pyridinyl)-4-piperidinyl]oxy}-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxyamide

[1048]  [see pdf for image]
[1049] Using the compound of Reference Example 25, the compound was synthesized in a similar manner to Example 1.
[1050] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.46 (s, 1H), 1.49-1.52 (m, 2H), 1.58-1.69 (m, 5H), 1.73-1.75 (m, 6H), 1.82-1.94 (m, 5H), 2.02-2.22 (m, 7H), 3.32-3.38 (m, 2H), 3.58 (m, 1H), 3.75 (m, 1H), 3.80-3.86 (m, 2H), 3.95 (m, 1H), 4.09 (m, 2H), 4.57 (d, J=8 Hz, 1H), 6.58 (m, 1H), 6.67 (d, J=8 Hz, 1H), 7.45 (m, 1H), 8.17 (m, 1H)

Examples 319 and 320

(3-Endo)-3-(2,3-dihydro-1H-indol-1-yl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-8-azabicyclo-[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxamide (Compound V)

(3-Exo)-3-(2,3-dihydro-1H-indol-1-yl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-8-azabicyclo-[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxamide (Compound VI)

[1051]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[1052] To a solution of Compound I (500 mg) and indoline (299 mg) in methylene chloride (11 mL) were added acetic acid (64 μL) and sodium triacetoxyborohydride (1.41 g), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 3 days, and then further stirred at 50° C. for 2 hours. To the reaction solution was added aqueous sodium bicarbonate solution, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetat. The organic layer was washed with brine, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=6/1) to give Compound II (210 mg).

Step (ii):

[1053] To a solution of Compound II (210 mg) in chloroform (1 mL) was added 4N hydrochloric acid/dioxane (1.5 mL), and the mixture was stirred for one hour. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound III as a crude product.

Step (iii):

[1054] To a solution of Compound IV in THF (6 mL) were added triethylamine (267 μL) and p-nitrochloroformate (155 mg), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for one hour. The mixture was added to a solution of crude Compound III obtained in Step (ii) and triethylamine (267 μL) in THF (6 mL), and the resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. To the reaction mixture was added 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, and the mixture was extracted with chloroform, and the organic layer was washed with 1N hydrochloric acid. The resultant was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by reverse-phase column chromatography (acetonitrile:water=10:90→5:95) to give the titled low polar Compound V (major, 123 mg) and high polar Compound VI (minor, 23 mg).
[1055] Compound V: 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.54 (d, 2H, J=12.8 Hz), 1.66 (d, 2H, J=12.7 Hz), 1.73-1.95 (m, 12H), 2.05-2.21 (m, 5H), 3.15 (t, 2H, J=8.0 Hz), 3.65 (t, 2H, J=8.2 Hz), 3.90-3.98 (m, 1H), 4.17-4.39 (m, 3H), 4.74 (br s, 1H), 7.14-7.34 (m, 4H)
[1056] Compound VI: 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.33-1.62 (m, 6H), 1.67-1.82 (m, 8H), 1.88-1.96 (m, 2H), 2.01-2.21 (m, 4H), 2.36-2.48 (m, 1H), 2.93 (t, 2H, J=8.1 Hz), 3.33 (t, 2H, J=8.2 Hz), 3.45-3.59 (m, 1H), 3.96-4.03 (m, 1H), 4.19-4.30 (m, 2H), 4.65-4.72 (m, 1H), 6.38 (d, 1H, J=7.7 Hz), 6.62 (t, 1H, J=7.6 Hz), 6.99-7.06 (m, 2H)

Example 321 and Example 322

(3-Endo)-3-(5-fluoro-2,3-dihydro-1H-indole-1-yl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxamide

(3-Exo)-3-(5-fluoro-2,3-dihydro-1H-indole-1-yl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxamide

[1057]  [see pdf for image]
[1058] The title compounds were synthesized in a similar manner to Examples 319 and 320.

Low polar compound (major, yield: 93 mg)

[1059] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.48-1.58 (m, 2H), 1.62-1.95 (m, 12H), 2.02-2.25 (m, 7H), 2.94 (t, 2H, J=8.3 Hz), 3.34 (t, 2H, J=8.3 Hz), 3.92-4.03 (m, 2H), 4.25 (br s, 2H), 4.66 (d, 1H, J=6.6 Hz), 6.48 (dd, 1H, J=8.5, 4.1 Hz), 6.76 (dd, 1H, J=9.2, 2.6 Hz), 6.79-6.85 (m, 1H)

High polar compound (minor, yield: 7 mg)

[1060] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.40-1.65 (m, 4H), 1.67-1.99 (m, 10H), 2.04-2.24 (m, 4H), 2.35-2.47 (m, 3H), 2.90 (t, 2H, J=8.2 Hz), 3.31 (t, 2H, J=8.2 Hz), 3.37-3.53 (m, 1H), 3.96-4.04 (m, 1H), 4.21-4.31 (m, 2H), 4.68 (d, 1H, J=7.2 Hz), 6.26 (dd, 1H, J=8.5, 4.1 Hz), 6.71 (td, 1H, J=8.9, 2.6 Hz), 6.78 (dd, 1H, J=8.2, 2.5 Hz)

Example 323 to Example 335

[1061] Using the compounds obtained in Reference Examples 41 to 43, or these compounds and compounds obtained in a similar manner to Reference Example 16, the compounds were synthesized in a similar manner to Example 1.
[1062] 
[00032] [TABLE-US-00032]
  TABLE 32
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Ex.    
  No.—Z1—R2   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  323 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.22 (t, 3H, J = 7.6 Hz), 1.50-1.55 (m, 3H), 1.66-1.77 (m, 6H), 1.94-2.02 (m, 6H), 2.17-2.23 (m, 7H), 2.39 (s, 3H), 2.55 (q, 2H, J = 7.6 Hz), 3.97-3.99 (m, 1H), 4.13-4.16 (m, 2H), 4.61 (d, 1H, J = 7.2 Hz), 5.37-5.38 (m, 1H), 6.32 (s, 1H), 6.56 (s, 1H)
 
  324 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.50-1.54 (m, 3H), 1.67-1.77 (m, 8H), 1.89-2.30 (m, 16H), 3.97-3.99 (m, 1H), 4.16-4.19 (m, 2H), 4.62 (d, 1H, J = 7.0 Hz), 5.40-5.43 (m, 1H), 6.76 (dd, 1H, J = 6.7, 4.0 Hz), 7.40 (d, 1H, J = 7.0 Hz), 7.96 (d, 1H, J = 3.9 Hz)
 
  325 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 0.97 (t, 2H, J = 7.2 Hz), 1.24 (d, 1H, J = 7.0 Hz), 1.57-1.71 (m, 12H), 1.98-2.21 (m, 13H), 2.55 (t, 1H, J = 7.5 Hz), 3.97-4.01 (m, 1H), 4.18-4.23 (m, 2H), 4.62 (d, 1H, J = 7.2 Hz), 5.39-5.42 (m, 1H), 6.76-6.85 (m, 1H), 7.37-7.40 (m, 1H), 7.96-7.97 (m, 1H)
 
  326 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 0.62-0.64 (m, 2H), 0.91-0.97 (m, 2H), 1.13 (d,1H, J = 6.1 Hz), 1.37-1.77 (m, 10H), 1.89-2.31 (m, 12H), 3.98-3.99 (m, 1H), 4.16-4.20 (m, 2H), 4.62 (d, 1H, J = 7.2 Hz), 5.45 (t, 1H, J = 4.6 Hz), 6.76 (dd, 1H, J = 7.2, 5.0 Hz), 7.15 (dd, 1H, J = 7.3, 1.7 Hz), 7.93 (dd, 1H, J = 5.0, 1.7 Hz)
 
  327 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.48-1.51 (m, 3H), 1.66-1.73 (m, 7H), 1.90-1.93 (m, 3H), 2.02-2.04 (m, 2H), 2.17-2.24 (m, 12H), 3.96-3.97 (m, 1H), 4.14-4.16 (m, 3H), 4.60 (d, 1H, J = 7.3 Hz), 5.37 (t, 1H, J = 4.9 Hz), 6.65 (d, 1H, J = 5.1 Hz), 7.81 (d, 1H, J = 5.1 Hz)
 
  328 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 0.96 (t, 3H, J = 7.4 Hz), 1.41 (s, 1H), 1.49-1.76 (m, 12H), 1.90-1.95 (m, 3H), 2.02-2.07 (m, 2H), 2.12-2.15 (m, 3H), 2.18-2.30 (m, 3H), 2.54 (t, 2H, J = 7.7 Hz), 3.96-3.97 (m, 1H), 4.16-4.18 (m, 2H), 4.61 (d, 1H, J = 7.3 Hz), 5.39 (t, 1H, J = 4.9 Hz), 6.78 (dd, 1H, J = 7.2, 5.0 Hz), 7.38 (dd, 1H, J = 7.2, 1.8 Hz), 7.95 (dd, 1H, J = 5.0, 1.8 Hz)
 
  329 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.46-1.50 (m, 3H), 1.65-1.73 (m, 7H), 1.90-1.93 (m, 3H), 2.01-2.03 (m, 2H), 2.13-2.26 (m, 12H), 3.96-3.97 (m, 1H), 4.12-4.15 (m, 2H), 4.60 (d, 1H, J = 7.1 Hz), 5.35-5.36 (m, 1H), 7.22-7.24 (m, 2H), 7.73-7.75 (m, 1H)
 
  330 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.20 (t, 3H, J = 7.6 Hz), 1.51-1.54 (m, 3H), 1.68-1.73 (m, 7H), 1.91-2.01 (m, 5H), 2.13-2.27 (m, 10H), 2.56 (q, 2H, J = 7.4 Hz), 3.96-3.97 (m, 1H), 4.14- 4.16 (m, 2H), 4.61 (d, 1H, J = 7.3 Hz), 5.34 (t, 1H, J = 4.6 Hz), 7.22 (s, 1H), 7.74 (s, 1H)
 
  331 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 0.61 (dd, 2H, J = 10.1, 6.0 Hz), 0.89- 0.94 (m, 2H), 1.48-1.51 (m, 3H), 1.66-1.73 (m, 7H), 1.92- 2.00 (m, 6H), 2.17-2.25 (m, 10H), 3.96-3.98 (m, 1H), 4.15-4.17 (m, 2H), 4.61 (d, 1H, J = 6.8 Hz), 5.38-5.39 (m, 1H), 6.94 (d, 1H, J = 2.0 Hz), 7.70-7.72 (m, 1H)
 
  332 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 0.87-0.92 (m, 4H), 1.38-1.41 (m, 1H), 1.51-1.54 (m, 2H), 1.70-1.74 (m, 6H), 1.89-1.98 (m, 7H), 2.16-2.19 (m, 7H), 3.96-3.98 (m, 1H), 4.11-4.13 (m, 2H), 4.60 (d, 1H, J = 7.1 Hz), 5.29 (t, 1H, J = 4.5 Hz), 6.41 (d, 1H, J = 8.0 Hz), 6.73 (d, 1H, J = 7.1 Hz), 7.40 (t, 1H, J =+0 7.7 Hz)
 
  333 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.24 (t, 3H, J = 7.6 Hz), 1.37 (d, 1H, J = 4.9 Hz), 1.50-1.64 (m, 1H), 1.68-1.82 (m, 6H), 1.87-2.03 (m, 6H), 2.14-2.26 (m, 8H), 2.66 (q, 2H, J = 8.6 Hz), 3.97- 3.98 (m, 1H), 4.14-4.14 (m, 2H), 4.60 (d, 1H, J = 7.3 Hz), 5.40 (t, 1H, J = 7.2 Hz), 6.48 (d, 1H, J = 8.0 Hz), 6.68 (d, 1H, J = 7.1 Hz), 7.46 (t, 1H, J = 7.7 Hz)
 
  334 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.41 (s, 1H), 1.49-1.75 (m, 7H), 1.89- 2.04 (m, 6H), 2.15-2.20 (m, 8H), 2.23 (s, 3H), 2.35 (s, 3H), 3.96-3.96 (m, 1H), 4.11-4.14 (m, 2H), 4.59 (d, 1H, J = 7.1 Hz), 5.34 (t, 1H, J = 4.5 Hz), 6.30 (s, 1H), 6.53 (s, 1H)
 
  335 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) 6 0.76-0.78 (m, 2H), 1.03-1.05 (m, 2H), 1.47-1.51 (m, 3H), 1.63-1.84 (m, 7H), 1.92-2.01 (m, 6H), 2.16-2.22 (m, 7H), 3.96-3.97 (m, 1H), 4.12-4.13 (m, 2H), 4.60 (d, 1H, J = 7.3 Hz), 5.31 (t, 1H, J = 4.8 Hz), 6.37- 6.37 (m, 1H), 6.51 (dd, 1H, J = 5.4, 1.5 Hz), 7.95 (d, 1H, J = 5.4 Hz)
 

Examples 336 to 345

[1063] Using the compounds obtained in Reference Examples 44 to 49 or compounds synthesized in a similar manner to the synthesis of these compounds, the compounds were synthesized in a similar manner to Example 1.
[1064] 
[00033] [TABLE-US-00033]
  TABLE 33
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Ex.    
  No.—Z1—R2   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  336 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.42 (s, 1H), 1.56-1.72 (m, 6H), 1.92- 2.00 (m, 4H), 2.05-2.11 (m, 7H), 2.28-2.33 (m, 2H), 3.98 (dd, 1H, J = 3.7, 3.1 Hz), 4.15 (t, 3H, J = 9.7 Hz), 4.63 (d, 1H, J = 7.2 Hz), 5.51 (t, 1H, J = 5.0 Hz), 6.79 (t, 1H, J = 47.3 Hz), 6.98 (dd, 1H, J = 8.1, 2.9 Hz), 7.86 (d, 1H, J = 6.4 Hz), 8.23 (d, 1H, J = 4.4 Hz)
 
  337 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.37 (s, 1H), 1.57-1.71 (m, 9H), 1.88- 2.27 (m, 12H), 3.96-3.97 (m, 1H), 4.16-4.16 (m, 2H), 4.60 (d, 1H, J = 4.5 Hz), 5.40 (t, 1H, J = 4.3 Hz), 6.62 (t, 1H, J = 56.1 Hz), 6.76 (d, 1H, J = 2.0 Hz), 7.72-7.74 (m, 1H), 8.24 (s, 1H)
 
  338 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.42 (s, 1H), 1.50-1.77 (m, 12H), 1.89- 2.05 (m, 5H), 2.16-2.23 (m, 7H), 3.97-3.98 (m, 1H), 4.17- 4.19 (m, 2H), 4.61 (d, 1H, J = 7.3 Hz), 5.37 (t, 1H, J = 4.6 Hz), 5.57 (dq, 1H, J = 47.8, 6.6 Hz), 6.67 (d, 1H, J = 0.7 Hz), 6.78-6.80 (m, 1H), 8.12 (d, 1H, J = 5.1 Hz)
 
  339 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.38 (s, 1H), 1.50-1.53 (m, 2H), 1.67- 1.76 (m, 6H), 1.89-1.95 (m, 4H), 2.01-2.05 (m, 2H), 2.14- 2.28 (m, 7H), 3.96-3.98 (m, 1H), 4.16 (br s, 2H), 4.61 (d, 1H, J = 7.1 Hz), 5.37 (t, 1H, J = 4.4 Hz), 6.37 (br s, 1H), 6.62 (t, 1H, J = 72.4 Hz), 6.63 (br s, 1H), 8.08 (d, 1H, J = 5.9 Hz)
 
  340 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.39 (s, 1H), 1.51-1.55 (m, 2H), 1.68- 1.77 (m, 6H), 1.89-1.96 (m, 4H), 2.01-2.05 (m, 2H), 2.14- 2.27 (m, 7H), 3.96-3.98 (m, 1H), 4.15 (s, 2H), 4.61 (d, 1H, J = 7.6 Hz), 5.21 (t, 1H, J = 4.8 Hz), 6.44 (d, 1H, J = 7.9 Hz), 6.49 (d, 1H, J = 7.9 Hz), 7.28 (t, 1H, J = 73.6 Hz), 7.61 (t, 1H, J = 7.9 Hz)
 
  341 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.39-1.42 (m, 1H), 1.46-1.57 (m, 2H), 1.65-1.82 (m, 5H), 1.87-1.98 (m, 4H), 2.00-2.08 (m, 2H), 2.12-2.33 (m, 7H), 3.94-4.02 (m, 1H), 4.17 (br s, 2H), 4.61 (d, 1H, J = 7.2 Hz), 5.40 (t, 1H, J = 5.0 Hz), 6.57 (t, 1H, J = 55.8 Hz), 6.82 (s, 1H), 6.97 (d, 1H, J = 5.0 Hz), 8.24 (d, 1H, J = 5.3 Hz)
 
  342 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) 6 1.51-1.55 (m, 3H), 1.65-1.84 (m, 7H), 1.92-1.95 (m, 4H), 2.05-2.16 (m, 4H), 2.26-2.32 (m, 4H), 3.97-3.99 (m, 1H), 4.16-4.20 (m, 2H), 4.62 (d, 1H, J = 7.2 Hz), 5.50 (t, 1H, J = 4.5 Hz), 6.62 (t, 1H, J = 55.8 Hz), 7.81 (d, 1H, J = 1.7 Hz), 8.14 (d, 1H, J = 1.8 Hz)
 
[1065] 
[00034] [TABLE-US-00034]
  TABLE 34
 
  343 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.42 (s, 1H), 1.51-1.59 (m, 2H), 1.67-1.77 (m, 6H), 1.89-2.03 (m, 6H), 2.15-2.24 (m, 7H), 3.97 (br s, 1H), 4.14 (br s, 2H), 4.62-4.66 (m, 2H), 4.86 (s, 2H), 6.31 (t, 1H, J = 74.3 Hz), 6.78-6.84 (m, 2H), 6.93 (d, 1H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.27-7.31 (m, 1H).
 
  344 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.35 (s, 1H), 1.49-1.60 (m, 2H), 1.66- 1.77 (m, 6H), 1.89-2.05 (m, 6H), 2.15-2.24 (m, 7H), 3.96 (br s, 1H), 4.14 (br s, 2H), 4.53-4.55 (m, 2H), 6.55 (t, 1H, J = 73.2 Hz), 6.61-6.65 (m, 1H), 6.69-6.71 (m, 1H), 7.08 (t, 1H, J = 9.5 Hz).
 
  345 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.36 (s, 1H), 1.48-1.61 (m, 2H), 1.51- 1.60 (m, 6H), 1.89-2.25 (m, 13H), 3.97 (br s, 1H), 4.15 (br s, 2H), 4.56-4.62 (m, 2H), 6.38-6.42 (m, 3H), 6.49 (t, 1H, J = 73.2 Hz).
 

Examples 346 to 353

[1066] Using the compounds obtained in Reference Examples 50 to 56 or compounds synthesized in a similar manner to the synthesis of these compounds, the compounds were synthesized in a similar manner to Example 1.
[1067] 
[00035] [TABLE-US-00035]
  TABLE 35
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Ex. No.—Z1—R2   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  346 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.42-1.57 (m, 3H), 1.60-1.81 (m, 5H), 1.87-2.28 (m, 13H), 2.65 (s, 3H), 3.92-4.00 (m, 1H), 4.15 (br s, 2H), 4.58-4.65 (m, 2H), 6.86 (dd, 1H, J = 8.8, 3.1 Hz), 6.98 (d, 1H, J = 3.1 Hz), 7.31 (d, 1H, J = 8.6 Hz)
 
  347 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.43-1.58 (m, 3H), 1.60-1.81 (m, 5H), 1.87-2.08 (m, 6H), 2.11-2.38 (m, 7H), 2.63 (s, 3H), 3.94- 4.01 (m, 1H), 4.16 (br s, 2H), 4.63 (d, 1H, J = 7.2 Hz), 4.69 (t, 1H, J = 4.7 Hz), 6.85 (dd, 1H, J = 8.4, 1.1 Hz), 7.02 (dd, 1H, J = 7.7, 1.5 Hz), 7.25 (t, 1H, J = 8.0 Hz)
 
  348 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.42-1.58 (m, 0H), 1.60-1.81 (m, 5H), 1.87-2.08 (m, 6H), 2.12-2.31 (m, 7H), 2.34 (s, 3H), 2.56 (s, 3H), 3.93-4.01 (m, 1H), 4.17 (br s, 2H), 4.59-4.66 (m, 2H), 6.78 (d, 1H, J = 7.5 Hz), 7.10-7.23 (m, 2H)
 
  349 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.41 (s, 1H), 1.51-1.58 (m, 2H), 1.67- 1.77 (m, 6H), 1.89-2.05 (m, 6H), 2.14-2.28 (m, 7H), 2.58 (s, 3H), 3.96-3.97 (m, 1H), 4.16 (br s, 2H), 4.61 (d, 1H, J = 7.6 Hz), 4.66 (t, 1H, J = 4.8 Hz), 6.74 (dt, 1H, J = 10.2, 2.3 Hz), 7.20-7.22 (m, 2H)
 
  350 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.38 (s, 1H), 1.51-1.56 (m, 2H), 1.66- 1.77 (m, 6H), 1.89-2.05 (m, 6H), 2.14-2.24 (m, 7H), 2.64 (d, 3H, J = 5.1 Hz), 3.95-3.97 (m, 1H), 4.14 (br s, 2H), 4.61 (br s, 2H), 6.97-7.01 (m, 1H), 7.07 (t, 1H, J = 9.6 Hz), 7.24-7.28 (m, 1H)
 
  351 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.40 (s, 1H), 1.51-1.54 (m, 2H), 1.67- 1.77 (m, 6H), 1.89-1.92 (m, 2H), 1.98-2.07 (m, 4H), 2.14 (br s, 3H), 2.22-2.30 (m, 4H), 2.65 (d, 3H, J = 4.9 Hz), 3.96-3.98 (m, 1H), 4.17 (br s, 2H), 4.62-4.66 (m, 2H), 7.02 (td, 1H, J = 7.9, 1.6 Hz), 7.11 (td, 1H, J = 8.0, 1.1 Hz), 7.37-7.41 (m, 1H)
 
  352 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.22 (t, 3H, J = 7.2 Hz), 1.45-1.77 (m, 10H), 1.92-2.01 (m, 5H), 2.15-2.30 (m, 7H), 2.99 (q, 2H, J = 6.0 Hz), 3.96-3.98 (m, 1H), 4.14-4.17 (m, 2H), 4.62 (d, 1H, J = 7.3 Hz), 4.70-4.71 (m, 1H), 7.01-7.06 (m, 1H), 7.34-7.46 (m, 2H), 7.52-7.54 (m, 1H)
 
  353 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.62-1.77 (m, 9H), 1.97-2.07 (m, 11H), 2.35 (dt, 2H, J = 15.0, 4.4 Hz), 2.68 (s, 3H), 3.97-3.98 (m, 1H), 4.16-4.19 (m, 2H), 4.63 (d, 1H, J = 7.2 Hz), 5.53 (t, 1H, J = 5.2 Hz), 6.96 (dd, 1H, J = 7.5, 5.0 Hz), 8.01 (dd, 1H, J = 7.5, 2.0 Hz), 8.26 (dd, 1H, J = 4.8, 2.0 Hz)
 

Examples 354 to 376

[1068] Using the compounds obtained in Reference Examples 26 to 40 or compounds synthesized in a similar manner to the synthesis of these compounds and Reference Example 23, the compounds were synthesized in a similar manner to Example 1.
[1069] 
[00036] [TABLE-US-00036]
  TABLE 36
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Ex. No.—Z1—R2   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  354 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.46-1.52 (m, 2H), 1.62-1.77 (m, 9H), 1.91-1.99 (m, 5H), 2.14-2.24 (m, 6H), 2.28 (s, 3H), 3.45 (s, 3H), 3.73 (dd, 2H, J = 5.4, 3.9 Hz), 3.96-3.97 (m, 1H), 4.07-4.12 (m, 4H), 4.58-4.60 (m, 2H), 6.25-6.26 (m, 2H), 6.34 (s, 1H)
 
  355 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.51-1.55 (m, 3H), 1.65-1.84 (m, 7H), 1.92-1.95 (m, 4H), 2.05-2.16 (m, 4H), 2.26-2.32 (m, 4H), 3.97-3.99 (m, 1H), 4.16-4.20 (m, 2H), 4.62 (d, 1H, J = 7.2 Hz), 5.50 (t, 1H, J = 4.5 Hz), 6.62 (t, 1H, J = 55.8 Hz), 7.81 (d, 1H, J = 1.7 Hz), 8.14 (d, 1H, J = 1.8 Hz)
 
  356 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.55-1.71 (m, 10H), 1.89-2.03 (m, 5H), 2.16-2.21 (m, 7H), 3.39 (s, 3H), 3.96-3.99 (m, 1H), 4.12- 4.16 (m, 2H), 4.39 (s, 2H), 4.58-4.61 (m, 2H), 6.45 (d, 1H, J = 10.8 Hz), 6.61-6.64 (m, 2H)
 
  357 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.44 (s, 1H), 1.51-1.56 (m, 2H), 1.61 (s, 2H), 1.68-1.78 (m, 5H), 1.90-1.94 (m, 2H), 1.97-2.00 (m, 1H), 2.04-2.06 (m, 2H), 2.21-2.25 (m, 7H), 3.45 (s, 3H), 3.98-3.99 (m, 1H), 4.15-4.18 (m, 2H), 4.51 (s, 2H), 4.64- 4.65 (m, 2H), 6.71 (d, 1H, J = 8.1 Hz), 6.95 (t, 1H, J = 7.1 Hz), 7.23 (dd, 1H, J = 7.9, 1.7 Hz), 7.39 (dd, 1H, J = 7.4, 1.7 Hz)
 
  358 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.50-1.55 (m, 2H), 1.69-1.74 (m, 6H), 1.88-1.98 (m, 7H), 2.17-2.22 (m, 7H), 2.85 (t, 2H, J = 7.1 Hz), 3.36 (s, 3H), 3.60 (t, 2H, J = 7.0 Hz), 3.96-3.99 (m, 1H), 4.12-4.15 (m, 2H), 4.62-4.64 (m, 2H), 6.67-6.69 (m, 2H), 6.80 (d, 1H, J = 7.5 Hz), 7.20 (t, 1H, J = 7.8 Hz)
 
  359 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.49-1.54 (m, 2H), 1.68-1.73 (m, 7H), 1.91-1.96 (m, 5H), 2.15-2.19 (m, 7H), 3.45 (s, 3H), 3.73- 3.75 (m, 2H), 3.95-3.97 (m, 1H), 4.09-4.10 (m, 4H), 4.60- 4.61 (m, 2H), 6.42-6.52 (m, 4H), 7.16 (t, 1H, J = 8.5 Hz)
 
  360 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.49-1.53 (m, 3H), 1.67-1.73 (m, 8H), 1.90-1.99 (m, 5H), 2.16-2.24 (m, 6H), 3.36 (s, 3H), 3.94- 3.96 (m, 1H), 4.12-4.15 (m, 2H), 4.36 (s, 2H), 4.61-4.63 (m, 2H), 6.84-6.86 (m, 2H), 7.04 (dd, 1H, J = 11.0, 8.3 Hz)
 
  361 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.49-1.54 (m, 2H), 1.68-1.74 (m, 6H), 1.91-1.96 (m, 7H), 2.16-2.20 (m, 7H), 2.31 (s, 3H), 3.38 (s, 3H), 3.96-3.99 (m, 1H), 4.11-4.14 (m, 2H), 4.38 (s, 2H), 4.60-4.63 (m, 2H), 6.61-6.68 (m, 3H)
 
  362 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.25 (t, 3H, J = 7.0 Hz), 1.37 (s, 1H), 1.50-1.54 (m, 2H), 1.67-1.77 (m, 6H), 1.89-2.02 (m, 6H), 2.14-2.25 (m, 7H), 3.54 (q, 2H, J = 7.0 Hz), 3.96 (br s, 1H), 4.14 (br s, 2H), 4.47 (s, 2H), 4.60-4.65 (m, 2H), 6.74 (dd, 1H, J = 8.2, 2.3 Hz), 6.84 (br s, 1H), 6.90 (d, 1H, J = 7.3 Hz), 7.23-7.25 (m, 1H)
 
  363 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.39 (s, 1H), 1.51-1.54 (m, 2H), 1.67- 1.77 (m, 6H), 1.89-2.03 (m, 6H), 2.15-2.23 (m, 7H), 3.68 (td, 2H, J = 14.0, 4.1 Hz), 3.98 (br, s, 1H), 4.15 (br, s, 2H), 4.58-4.65 (m, 4H), 5.90 (tt, 1H, J = 55.5, 4.0 Hz), 6.77 (dd, 1H, J = 8.3, 2.4 Hz), 6.82 (br s, 1H), 6.90 (d, 1H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.25-7.31 (m, 1H)
 
  364 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.37 (s, 1H), 1.50-1.55 (m, 2H), 1.65- 1.77 (m, 6H), 1.89-1.92 (m, 2H), 1.98-2.05 (m, 4H), 2.14- 2.31 (m, 7H), 3.42 (s, 3H), 3.96 (br s, 1H), 4.15 (br s, 2H), 4.52 (d, 2H, J = 1.5 Hz), 4.60-4.64 (m, 2H), 6.81 (td, 1H, J = 7.9, 1.7 Hz), 6.96-7.06 (m, 2H)
 
  365 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.48-1.57 (m, 2H), 1.64-2.06 (m, 12H), 2.09-2.24 (m, 7H), 3.42 (s, 3H), 3.93-4.00 (m, 1H), 4.11- 4.16 (m, 2H), 4.48 (s, 2H), 4.57 (t, 1H, J = 4.5 Hz), 4.63 (d, 1H, J = 7.3 Hz), 6.70 (ddd, 1H, J = 8.9, 3.9, 3.3 Hz), 6.87 (dd, 1H, J = 5.9, 3.1 Hz), 6.96 (t, 1H, J = 9.1 Hz)
 
  366 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.26 (t, 3H, J = 7.1 Hz), 1.48-1.57 (m, 2H), 1.63-2.07 (m, 12H), 2.09-2.26 (m, 7H), 3.58 (q, 2H, J = 7.0 Hz), 3.93-4.00 (m, 1H), 4.10-4.18 (m, 2H), 4.53 (s, 2H), 4.57 (t, 1H, J = 4.3 Hz), 4.63 (d, 1H, J = 7.3 Hz), 6.69 (dt, 1H, J = 8.7, 3.6 Hz), 6.88 (dd, 1H, J = 5.9, 3.1 Hz), 6.95 (t, 1H, J = 9.1 Hz)
 
  367 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.36 (s, 1H), 1.46-1.63 (m, 2H), 1.67- 1.77 (m, 6H), 1.89-2.03 (m, 6H), 2.14-2.25 (m, 7H), 3.83 (q, 2H, J = 8.7 Hz), 3.95-3.98 (m, 1H), 4.14 (br s, 2H), 4.60-4.64 (m, 4H), 6.77-6.83 (m, 2H), 6.90 (d, 1H, J = 7.3 Hz), 7.24-7.30 (m, 1H)
 
[1070] 
[00037] [TABLE-US-00037]
  TABLE 37
 
  368 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.40-1.41 (m, 1H), 1.50-1.53 (m, 2H), 1.60 (s, 1H), 1.55-1.76 (m, 6H), 1.89-2.04 (m, 5H), 2.12- 2.15 (m, 3H), 2.20-2.25 (m, 4H), 3.43 (s, 3H), 3.96-3.97 (m, 1H), 4.14-4.16 (m, 2H), 4.42 (s, 2H), 4.60 (d, 1H, J = 7.3 Hz), 5.35 (t, 1H, J = 4.8 Hz), 6.68 (s, 1H), 6.78-6.80 (m, 1H), 8.08 (d, 1H, J = 5.1 Hz)
 
  369 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 0.29-0.33 (m, 2H), 0.58-0.61 (m, 2H), 1.25-1.26 (m, 1H), 1.40 (s, 1H), 1.51-1.54 (m, 2H), 1.68- 1.81 (m, 5H), 1.94-1.99 (m, 5H), 2.15-2.24 (m, 7H), 3.97- 4.01 (m, 3H), 4.12-4.14 (m, 2H), 4.13 (s, 2H), 4.61 (d, 1H, J = 7.3 Hz), 5.29 (t, 1H, J = 4.6 Hz), 6.24 (d, 1H, J = 7.8 Hz), 6.29 (d, 1H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.47 (t, 1H, J = 7.9 Hz)
 
  370 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 0.34-0.36 (m, 2H), 0.64-0.68 (m, 2H), 1.25-1.28 (m, 1H), 1.67-1.74 (m, 8H), 1.92-2.03 (m, 6H), 2.15-2.21 (m, 8H), 3.81 (d, 2H, J = 7.1 Hz), 3.96-3.96 (m, 1H), 4.13-4.15 (m, 2H), 4.60 (d, 1H, J = 7.3 Hz), 5.31 (t, 1H, J = 4.6 Hz), 6.11-6.11 (m, 1H), 6.45 (dd, 1H, J = 6.1, 2.2 Hz), 7.92 (d, 1H, J = 5.9 Hz)
 
  371 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.45-1.54 (m, 6H), 1.66-1.74 (m, 7H), 1.92-2.00 (m, 5H), 2.19-2.23 (m, 7H), 3.96-3.98 (m, 1H), 4.11-4.18 (m, 2H), 4.62 (d, 1H, J = 7.6 Hz), 5.23-5.24 (m, 1H), 5.51-5.57 (m, 1H), 6.34 (t, 2H, J = 7.7 Hz), 7.52 (t, 1H, J = 7.8 Hz)
 
  372 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.44-1.53 (m, 5H), 1.61-1.76 (m, 8H), 1.89-2.03 (m, 5H), 2.16-2.22 (m, 7H), 3.96-3.97 (m, 1H), 4.14-4.16 (m, 2H), 4.60 (d, 1H, J = 7.1 Hz), 4.71-4.77 (m, 1H), 5.34 (t, 1H, J = 4.8 Hz), 6.18 (d, 1H, J = 2.0 Hz), 6.48 (dd, 1H, J = 6.1, 2.2 Hz), 7.99 (d, 1H, J = 5.9 Hz)
 
  373 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.50-1.54 (m, 3H), 1.69-1.74 (m, 8H), 1.92-2.02 (m, 5H), 2.17-2.25 (m, 6H), 3.96-3.98 (m, 1H), 4.14-4.17 (m, 2H), 4.37 (q, 2H, J = 7.9 Hz), 4.61 (d, 1H, J = 7.2 Hz), 5.35 (t, 1H, J = 4.4 Hz), 6.18 (d, 1H, J = 2.2 Hz), 6.51 (dd, 1H, J = 5.9, 2.2 Hz), 8.00 (d, 1H, J = 5.9 Hz)
 
  374 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.48-1.53 (m, 2H), 1.65-1.80 (m, 7H), 1.89-2.03 (m, 5H), 2.13-2.25 (m, 7H), 3.96-3.97 (m, 1H), 4.18-4.22 (m, 4H), 4.62 (d, 1H, J = 7.2 Hz), 5.34 (t, 1H, J = 4.6 Hz), 6.09 (td, 1H, J = 117.9, 59.0 Hz), 6.15 (d, 2H, J = 2.2 Hz), 6.48 (dd, 1H, J = 5.9, 2.2 Hz), 7.97 (d, 1H, J = 6.1 Hz)
 
  375 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.50-1.51 (m, 5H), 1.66-1.77 (m, 5H), 1.90-1.99 (m, 6H), 2.14-2.20 (m, 7H), 3.94-3.96 (m, 1H), 4.12-4.14 (m, 2H), 4.13 (s, 2H), 4.61 (d, 1H, J = 7.3 Hz), 4.70-4.76 (m, 1H), 5.31-5.33 (m, 1H), 6.16-6.17 (m, 1H), 6.47 (dd, 1H, J = 5.9, 2.0 Hz), 7.97 (d, 1H, J = 5.9 Hz)
 
  376 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.36-1.41 (m, 1H), 1.48-1.56 (m, 2H), 1.66-1.81 (m, 5H), 1.86-2.03 (m, 6H), 2.11-2.28 (m, 7H), 2.39 (s, 3H), 3.42 (s, 3H), 3.93-4.01 (m, 1H), 4.11-4.18 (m, 2H), 4.37 (s, 3H), 4.60 (d, 1H, J = 7.3 Hz), 5.38 (t, 1H, J = 5.0 Hz), 6.46 (s, 1H), 6.65 (s, 1H)
 

Examples 377 to 379

[1071] Using the compounds obtained in Reference Examples 57 to 59, the compounds were synthesized in a similar manner to Example 1.
[1072] 
[00038] [TABLE-US-00038]
  TABLE 38
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Ex. No.—Z1—R2   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  377 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.36 (s, 1H), 1.51-1.55 (m, 2H), 1.66- 1.77 (m, 6H), 1.89-2.05 (m, 6H), 2.14-2.23 (m, 7H), 3.77 (s, 3H), 3.96 (br s, 1H), 4.13 (br s, 2H), 4.55 (t, 1H, J = 4.6 Hz), 4.60 (d, 1H, J = 7.3 Hz), 6.13-6.17 (m, 2H), 6.23 (dt, 1H, J = 10.5, 2.2 Hz)
 
  378 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.38 (s, 1H), 1.51-1.55 (m, 2H), 1.66- 1.77 (m, 6H), 1.89-2.04 (m, 6H), 2.14-2.23 (m, 7H), 3.97 (br s, 1H), 4.14 (br s, 2H), 4.53 (t, 1H, J = 4.5 Hz), 4.61 (d, 1H, J = 7.3 Hz), 6.49 (dd, 1H, J = 8.8, 2.4 Hz), 6.61 (d, 1H, J = 2.4 Hz), 6.94 (d, 1H, J = 8.8 Hz)
 
  379 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.43-1.58 (m, 3H), 1.60-1.81 (m, 5H), 1.87-2.08 (m, 6H), 2.11-2.30 (m, 7H), 2.67-2.74 (m, 2H), 3.03-3.14 (m, 2H), 3.94-4.01 (m, 1H), 4.16 (br s, 2H), 4.62 (d, 1H, J = 7.5 Hz), 4.68 (t, 1H, J = 4.4 Hz), 7.15-7.22 (m, 2H)
 

Examples 380 to 395

[1073] Using the compounds obtained in a similar manner to Reference Example 3 from the commercially available substituted pyridine derivative, the compounds were synthesized in a similar manner to Example 1.
[1074] 
[00039] [TABLE-US-00039]
  TABLE 39
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Ex. No.—Z1—R2   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  380 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.39 (s, 1H), 1.50-1.53 (m, 2H), 1.66- 1.76 (m, 6H), 1.88-1.91 (m, 2H), 2.03-2.04 (m, 9H), 2.33- 2.38 (m, 2H), 3.94-3.96 (m, 1H), 4.17 (br s, 2H), 4.52 (t, 1H, J = 4.8 Hz), 4.61 (d, 1H, J = 7.3 Hz), 6.80-6.88 (m, 2H)
 
  381 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.38 (s, 1H), 1.50-1.56 (m, 2H), 1.66- 1.76 (m, 6H), 1.88-1.91 (m, 2H), 2.03-2.24 (m, 9H), 2.33- 2.38 (m, 2H), 3.95 (d, 1H, J = 7.3 Hz), 4.17 (br s, 2H), 4.52 (t, 1H, J = 4.8 Hz), 4.61 (d, 1H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.80- 6.86 (m, 2H)
 
  382 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.38 (s, 1H), 1.51-1.58 (m, 2H), 1.66- 1.77 (m, 6H), 1.89-2.05 (m, 6H), 2.14-2.25 (m, 7H), 3.97 (br s, 1H), 4.15 (br s, 2H), 4.52 (t, 1H, J = 4.4 Hz), 4.61 (d, 1H, J = 7.3 Hz), 6.68-6.75 (m, 1H), 6.95-7.02 (m, 1H)
 
  383 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.38 (s, 1H), 1.51-.156 (m, 2H), 1.66- 1.77 (m, 6H), 1.90-2.24 (m, 13H), 3.95-3.97 (m, 1H), 4.15 (br s, 2H), 4.49 (t, 1H, J = 4.4 Hz), 4.61 (d, 1H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.44 (dd, 2H, J = 9.4, 4.7 Hz)
 
  384 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.35-1.39 (m, 1H), 1.50-1.57 (m, 2H), 1.66-1.76 (m, 6H), 1.88-1.91 (m, 2H), 2.02-2.05 (m, 4H), 2.13-2.21 (m, 5H), 2.34-2.40 (m, 2H), 3.94-3.96 (m, 1H), 4.16 (br s, 2H), 4.32 (t, 1H, J = 4.8 Hz), 4.60 (d, 1H, J = 7.1 Hz), 6.69 (t, 2H, J = 8.5 Hz)
 
  385 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.40 (s, 1H), 1.51-1.56 (m, 2H), 1.67- 1.77 (m, 6H), 1.89-2.04 (m, 6H), 2.15-2.26 (m, 7H), 2.60 (s, 3H), 3.97 (br s, 1H), 4.15 (br s, 2H), 4.61 (d, 1H, J = 7.3 Hz), 4.70 (t, 1H, J = 4.6 Hz), 7.04 (dd, 1H, J = 8.2, 2.8 Hz), 7.36-7.41 (m, 2H), 7.51-7.53 (m, 1H)
 
  386 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.40 (s, 1H), 1.51-1.55 (m, 2H), 1.67- 1.70 (m, 2H), 1.77 (br s, 4H), 1.89-1.92 (m, 2H), 2.00-2.14 (m, 9H), 2.31 (dt, 2H, J = 14.8, 4.5 Hz), 2.64 (s, 3H), 3.97 (br s, 1H), 4.16 (br s, 2H), 4.62 (d, 1H, J = 7.8 Hz), 4.70 (t, 1H, J = 5.1 Hz), 6.79 (d, 1H, J = 8.5 Hz), 6.98 (t, 1H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.39-7.43 (m, 1H), 7.58 (dd, 1H, J = 7.7, 1.8 Hz)
 
  387 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.39 (s, 1H), 1.51-1.54 (m, 2H), 1.67- 1.77 (m, 6H), 1.89-2.06 (m, 6H), 2.14-2.28 (m, 7H), 3.95- 3.97 (m, 1H), 4.16 (br s, 2H), 4.59-4.63 (m, 2H), 6.36-6.41 (m, 1H), 6.49-6.56 (m, 1H)
 
  388 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.44-1.81 (m, 7H), 1.88-2.34 (m, 14H), 2.67-2.74 (m, 2H), 3.04-3.11 (m, 2H), 3.94-4.01 (m, 1H), 4.16-4.23 (m, 2H), 4.64 (d, 1H, J = 7.5 Hz), 4.73 (t, 1H, J = 4.6 Hz), 6.88 (dd, 1H, J = 6.6, 2.0 Hz), 7.28-7.37 (m, 2H)
 
  389 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.47-1.57 (m, 3H), 1.62-1.81 (m, 4H), 1.87-2.32 (m, 14H), 2.64-2.71 (m, 2H), 3.05-3.12 (m, 2H), 3.94-4.00 (m, 1H), 4.12-4.21 (m, 2H), 4.63 (d, 1H, J = 7.5 Hz), 4.73 (t, 1H, J = 4.7 Hz), 6.78-6.88 (m, 2H), 7.70 (d, 1H, J = 8.4 Hz)
 
  390 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.43-1.81 (m, 8H), 1.87-2.07 (m, 6H), 2.09-2.27 (m, 7H), 2.68-2.75 (m, 2H), 3.04-3.11 (m, 2H), 3.93-4.00 (m, 1H), 4.11-4.18 (m, 2H), 4.61 (d, 1H, J = 7.3 Hz), 4.66 (t, 1H, J = 4.2 Hz), 7.10 (d, 1H, J = 2.4 Hz), 7.14 (dd, 1H, J = 8.3, 2.5 Hz), 7.39 (d, 1H, J = 8.3 Hz)
 
  391 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3 ) δ 1.47-1.81 (m, 8H), 1.87-1.95 (m, 2H), 1.99-2.07 (m, 4H), 2.11-2.18 (m, 3H), 2.22 (t, 1H, J = 4.0 Hz), 2.27 (t, 1H, J = 4.0 Hz), 2.48 (dd, 2H, J = 13.8, 6.3 Hz), 2.61-2.68 (m, 2H), 3.04-3.11 (m, 2H), 3.94-4.01 (m, 1H), 4.10-4.19 (m, 2H), 4.64 (d, 1H, J = 7.5 Hz), 4.74 (t, 1H, J = 4.3 Hz), 6.61 (d, 1H, J = 8.3 Hz), 6.98 (d, 1H, J = 7.5 Hz), 7.47 (t, 1H, J = 7.9 Hz)
 
  392 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.49-1.52 (m, 2H), 1.66-1.91 (m, 13H), 2.03-2.13 (m, 7H), 2.27 (s, 3H), 3.96 (m, 1H), 4.21-4.24 (m, 2H), 4.59-4.63 (m, 2H), 6.78 (d, 2H, J = 8.3 Hz), 7.05 (d, 2H, J = 8.3 Hz)
 
  393 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.49-1.52 (m, 2H), 1.65-1.91 (m, 13H), 2.07-2.12 (m, 7H), 3.95-3.96 (m, 1H), 4.22-4.24 (m, 2H), 4.61-4.63 (m, 2H), 6.80 (d, 2H, J = 9.0 Hz), 7.02 (d, 2H, J = 8.8 Hz)
 
  394 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.38 (s, 1H), 1.51-1.57 (m, 2H), 1.67- 1.92 (m, 12H), 2.08-2.15 (m, 7H), 3.98 (br s, 1H), 4.25 (br s, 2H), 4.64-4.72 (m, 2H), 6.50 (t, 1H, J = 74.4 Hz), 6.64- 6.75 (m, 3H), 7.21-7.26 (m, 1H)
 
  395 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.40 (s, 1H), 1.50-1.54 (m, 2H), 1.67- 1.93 (m, 12H), 2.03-2.15 (m, 7H), 3.77 (s, 3H), 3.96-3.98 (m, 1H), 4.23 (br s, 2H), 4.47-4.58 (m, 1H), 4.64 (d, 1H, J = 7.3 Hz), 6.79-6.87 (m, 4H)
 

Examples 396 to 418

[1075] Using the compounds obtained in a similar manner to Reference Examples 7 and 8 from the commercially available substituted pyridine derivative, the compounds were synthesized in a similar manner to Example 1.
[1076] 
[00040] [TABLE-US-00040]
  TABLE 40
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Ex. No.—Z1—R2   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  396 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.49-1.53 (m, 2H), 1.65-1.73 (m, 7H), 1.87-1.91 (m, 4H), 2.03-2.10 (m, 7H), 2.23-2.26 (m, 2H), 3.95-3.96 (m, 1H), 4.13-4.15 (m, 2H), 4.59 (d, 1H, J = 7.1 Hz), 5.34 (t, 1H, J = 4.5 Hz), 6.65 (s, 1H), 6.91 (s, 1H)
 
  397 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.40 (s, 1H), 1.52-1.56 (m, 3H), 1.68- 1.75 (m, 6H), 1.90-1.92 (m, 4H), 2.02-2.03 (m, 2H), 2.18- 2.23 (m, 6H), 2.46 (s, 3H), 3.96-3.97 (m, 1H), 4.14-4.16 (m, 2H), 4.60 (d, 1H, J = 7.6 Hz), 5.43 (t, 1H, J = 4.6 Hz), 6.70 (s, 1H), 6.88 (s, 1H)
 
  398 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.41 (s, 1H), 1.49-1.75 (m, 7H), 1.89- 2.04 (m, 6H), 2.15-2.20 (m, 8H), 2.23 (s, 3H), 2.35 (s, 3H), 3.96 (m, 1H), 4.11-4.14 (m, 2H), 4.59 (d, 1H, J = 7.1 Hz), 5.34 (t, 1H, J = 4.5 Hz), 6.30 (s, 1H), 6.53 (s, 1H)
 
  399 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.66-2.12 (m, 22H), 3.98 (s, 1H), 4.16 (s, 2H), 4.62 (d, 1H, J = 5.9 Hz), 5.37 (s, 1H), 6.40 (d, 1H, J = 10.3 Hz), 6.64 (s, 1H), 8.09 (t, 1H, J = 6.8 Hz)
 
  400 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.50-1.54 (m, 2H), 1.66-2.28 (m, 20H), 3.99 (s, 1H), 4.17 (s, 2H), 4.63 (d, 1H, J = 7.2 Hz), 5.46 (s, 1H), 6.80-6.86 (m, 1H), 7.33 (t, 1H, J = 9.0 Hz), 7.89 (d, 1H, J = 4.8 Hz)
 
  401 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.40-1.42 (m, 1H), 1.51-1.78 (m, 10H), 1.90-2.09 (m, 5H), 2.11-2.20 (m, 2H), 2.24-2.34 (m, 4H), 3.98-3.99 (m, 1H), 4.18-4.22 (m, 2H), 4.63 (d, 1H, J = 7.0 Hz), 5.47 (t, 1H, J = 4.3 Hz), 6.83 (dd, 1H, J = 7.5, 5.0 Hz), 7.65 (dd, 1H, J = 7.7, 1.7 Hz), 8.02 (dd, 1H, J = 5.0, 1.7 Hz)
 
  402 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.50-1.54 (m, 2H), 1.70-1.75 (m, 8H), 1.90-2.28 (m, 12H), 3.96-3.99 (m, 1H), 4.16 (s, 2H), 4.63 (d, 1H, J = 7.2 Hz), 5.39 (s, 1H), 7.18-7.24 (m, 1H), 7.79- 7.80 (m, 1H)
 
  403 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.48-1.52 (m, 3H), 1.64-1.74 (m, 8H), 1.89-2.04 (m, 5H), 2.19-2.28 (m, 6H), 3.97-4.00 (m, 1H), 4.15-4.18 (m, 2H), 4.62 (d, 1H, J = 6.8 Hz), 5.51-5.54 (m, 1H), 6.95 (t, 1H, J = 6.1 Hz), 7.87 (d, 1H, J = 7.2 Hz), 8.28 (d, 1H, J = 3.9 Hz)
 
  404 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.48-1.52 (m, 2H), 1.63-1.85 (m, 8H), 1.93-2.02 (m, 5H), 2.16-2.18 (m, 7H), 2.28 (s, 3H), 3.97- 3.98 (m, 1H), 4.13-4.14 (m, 2H), 4.61 (d, 1H, J = 7.2 Hz), 5.25 (t, 1H, J = 4.3 Hz), 6.54 (d, 1H, J = 5.1 Hz), 7.86 (s, 1H)
 
  405 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.41 (s, 1H), 1.56-1.72 (m, 6H), 1.90- 2.05 (m, 7H), 2.15-2.35 (m, 8H), 3.85 (s, 3H), 3.98-3.99 (m, 1H), 4.13-4.15 (m, 2H), 4.62 (d, 1H, J = 7.0 Hz), 5.43 (t, 1H, J = 4.5 Hz), 6.82 (dd, 1H, J = 7.8, 5.0 Hz), 7.06 (dd, 1H, J = 7.7, 1.5 Hz), 7.70 (dd, 1H, J = 5.1, 1.5 Hz)
 
  406 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.51-1.55 (m, 3H), 1.68-1.73 (m, 7H), 1.93-2.02 (m, 5H), 2.13-2.21 (m, 7H), 2.35 (d, 3H, J = 2.9 Hz), 3.95-3.97 (m, 1H), 4.12-4.14 (m, 2H), 4.60 (d, 1H, J - 7.1 Hz), 5.28-5.29 (m, 1H), 6.45 (dd, 1H, J = 8.7, 2.6 Hz), 7.23 (t, 1H, J = 8.7 Hz)
 
  407 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.56-1.70 (m, 9H), 2.09 (s, 3H), 2.20- 2.23 (m, 13H), 3.97-4.01 (m, 1H), 4.16-4.19 (m, 2H), 4.62 (d, 1H, J = 7.2 Hz), 5.40-5.43 (m, 1H), 6.76 (t, 1H, J = 6.1 Hz), 7.39 (d, 1H, J = 7.2 Hz), 7.96 (d, 1H, J = 4.0 Hz)
 
  408 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.51-1.55 (m, 2H), 1.70-1.75 (m, 8H), 1.92-2.02 (m, 5H), 2.17-2.23 (m, 7H), 2.38 (s, 3H), 3.97 (d, 1H, J = 7.0 Hz), 4.13-4.17 (m, 2H), 4.61 (d, 1H, J = 7.3 Hz), 5.38-5.39 (m, 1H), 6.53 (s, 1H), 6.72 (s, 1H)
 
  409 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.40 (s, 1H), 1.51-1.56 (m, 2H), 1.67- 1.77 (m, 6H), 1.89-1.94 (m, 4H), 2.00-2.05 (m, 2H), 2.14- 2.26 (m, 7H), 3.96-3.98 (m, 1H), 4.15 (br s, 2H), 4.61 (d, 1H, J = 10.0 Hz), 5.28 (t, 1H, J = 5.0 Hz), 6.67 (dd, 1H, J = 9.0, 3.7 Hz), 7.32-7.37 (m, 1H), 7.96 (d, 1H, J = 2.9 Hz)
 
  410 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.49-1.54 (m, 3H), 1.67-1.93 (m, 13H), 2.03-2.16 (m, 6H), 2.26 (s, 3H), 3.97-3.99 (m, 1H), 4.21- 4.24 (m, 2H), 4.65 (d, 1H, J = 7.5 Hz), 5.46-5.57 (m, 1H), 6.47 (s, 1H), 6.66 (d, 1H, J = 5.1 Hz), 7.96 (d, 1H, J = 5.1 Hz)
 
  411 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.36 (s, 1H), 1.51-1.57 (m, 2H), 1.67- 1.92 (m, 12H), 2.05-2.15 (m, 7H), 3.97 (br s, 1H), 4.23 (br s, 2H), 4.65 (d, 1H, J = 7.6 Hz), 5.47-5.55 (m, 1H), 6.67- 6.68 (m, 1H), 6.84-6.85 (m, 1H), 8.00 (d, 1H, J = 5.6 Hz)
 
  412 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.39-1.56 (m, 3H), 1.60-1.96 (m, 11H), 2.02-2.23 (m, 7H), 2.41 (s, 3H), 3.94-4.02 (m, 1H), 4.20- 4.28 (m, 2H), 4.64 (d, 1H, J = 7.5 Hz), 5.46-5.57 (m, 1H), 6.44 (d, 1H, J = 8.3 Hz), 6.68 (d, 1H, J = 7.2 Hz), 7.42 (dd, 1H, J = 8.3, 7.2 Hz)
 
  413 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.36-1.43 (m, 1H), 1.48-1.56 (m, 2H), 1.57-1.95 (m, 11H), 2.02-2.20 (m, 7H), 3.94-4.02 (m, 1H), 4.19-4.27 (m, 2H), 4.65 (d, 1H, J = 7.5 Hz), 5.38-5.49 (m, 1H), 6.62 (dd, 1H, J = 9.0, 3.7 Hz), 7.27-7.34 (m, 1H), 7.94 (d, 1H, J = 3.1 Hz)
 
  414 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.45-1.58 (m, 3H), 1.61-1.95 (m, 11H), 2.04-2.20 (m, 7H), 3.93-4.01 (m, 1H), 4.22-4.30 (m, 2H), 4.61-4.74 (m, 2H), 7.17 (dd, 1H, J = 8.8, 2.9 Hz), 7.22 (d, 1H, J = 8.6 Hz), 8.04 (d, 1H, J = 2.8 Hz)
 
  415 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.39-1.57 (m, 3H), 1.60-1.99 (m, 11H), 2.02-2.22 (m, 7H), 2.11 (s, 3H), 3.96-4.03 (m, 1H), 4.19- 4.28 (m, 2H), 4.66 (d, 1H, J = 7.3 Hz), 5.49-5.62 (m, 1H), 6.74 (dd, 1H, J = 7.1, 5.0 Hz), 7.35 (dq, 1H, J = 7.2, 0.9 Hz), 7.94 (dq, 1H, J = 5.0, 0.8 Hz)
 
  416 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.41 (br s, 1H), 1.52 (br d, 2H, J = 12.8 Hz), 1.59-1.96 (m, 11H), 2.02-2.22 (m, 7H), 2.38 (d, 3H, J = 3.1 Hz), 3.97 (d, 1H, J = 7.5 Hz), 4.23 (s, 2H), 4.64 (d, 1H, J = 7.3 Hz), 5.36-5.50 (m, 1H), 6.43 (dd, 1H, J = 8.9, 2.8 Hz), 7.21 (t, 1H, J = 8.6 Hz)
 
  417 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.41 (br s, 1H), 1.54 (br, d, 2H, J = 13.4 Hz), 1.59-1.96 (m, 11H), 2.04-2.20 (m, 7H), 2.38 (s, 3H), 3.95-4.02 (m, 1H), 4.23-4.29 (m, 2H), 4.53-4.69 (m, 2H), 7.05-7.12 (m, 2H)
 
  418 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.44-1.57 (m, 3H), 1.62-1.98 (m, 11H), 2.02-2.22 (m, 7H), 3.95-4.02 (m, 1H), 4.20-4.27 (m, 2H), 4.65 (d, 1H, J = 7.3 Hz), 5.48-5.59 (m, 1H), 6.64 (dt, 1H, J = 8.3, 0.9 Hz), 6.83 (ddd, 1H, J = 7.1, 5.0, 1.0 Hz), 7.53 (ddd, 1H, J = 8.7, 6.7, 1.6 Hz), 8.11 (dq, 1H, J = 5.0, 0.9 Hz)
 

Examples 419 to 424

[1077] Using the compounds obtained in a similar manner to Reference Example 24, the title compounds were synthesized in a similar manner to Example 1.
[1078] 
[00041] [TABLE-US-00041]
  TABLE 41
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Ex. No.—Z1—R2   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  419 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.37-1.81 (m, 12H), 1.85-1.98 (m, 6H), 2.00-2.16 (m, 5H), 2.17-2.25 (m, 2H), 2.90- 3.02 (m, 2H), 3.27-3.38 (m, 2H), 3.45-3.56 (m, 1H), 3.71-3.77 (m, 1H), 3.91-3.99 (m, 1H), 4.10 (br s, 2H), 4.58 (d, 1H, J = 7.2 Hz), 6.84-7.01 (m, 4H).
 
  420 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.46-1.56 (m, 3H), 1.61-1.82 (m, 9H), 1.84-1.99 (m, 6H), 2.01-2.25 (m, 7H), 3.01-3.12 (m, 2H), 3.38-3.59 (m, 3H), 3.71-3.78 (m, 1H), 3.91-3.99 (m, 1H), 4.06-4.17 (m, 2H), 4.58 (d, 1H, J = 7.5 Hz), 6.49 (td, 1H, J = 8.2, 2.4 Hz), 6.60 (dt, 1H, J = 12.7, 2.4 Hz), 6.68 (dd, 1H, J = 8.3, 2.4 Hz), 7.17 (dd, 1H, J = 15.4, 8.3 Hz).
 
  421 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.46-1.83 (m, 12H), 1.85-1.99 (m, 6H), 2.01-2.27 (m, 7H), 2.89-3.03 (m, 2H), 3.27-3.38 (m, 2H), 3.46-3.56 (m, 1H), 3.70-3.79 (m, 1H), 3.91- 3.99 (m, 1H), 4.10 (br s, 2H), 4.57 (d, 1H, J = 7.3 Hz), 6.85-7.01 (m, 4H).
 
  422 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.47-1.62 (m, 3H), 1.64.1.83 (m, 9H), 1.86-1.98 (m, 6H), 2.01-2.17 (m, 7H), 2.20-2.27 (m, 2H), 2.30 (s, 3H), 2.65-2.77 (m, 2H), 3.01-3.13 (m, 2H), 3.43- 3.54 (m, 1H), 3.72-3.79 (m, 1H), 3.91-3.99 (m, 1H), 4.10 (br s, 2H), 4.58 (d, 1H, J = 7.3 Hz), 6.92-7.04 (m, 2H), 7.12-7.19 (m, 2H).
 
  423 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.42-1.56 (m, 3H), 1.60-1.82 (m, 9H), 1.85-1.97 (m, 6H), 2.00-2.25 (m, 7H), 2.31 (s, 3H), 2.96- 3.08 (m, 2H), 3.37-3.56 (m, 3H), 3.71-3.78 (m, 1H), 3.92- 3.99 (m, 1H), 4.09 (br s, 2H), 4.58 (d, 1H, J = 7.3 Hz), 6.66 (d, 1H, J = 7.5 Hz), 6.73-6.80 (m, 2H), 7.10-7.18 (m, 1H).
 
  424 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.52-1.56 (m, 3H), 1.59-1.82 (m, 9H), 1.85-1.97 (m, 6H), 2.00-2.24 (m, 7H), 2.26 (s, 3H), 2.91- 3.01 (m, 2H), 3.32-3.43 (m, 2H), 3.45-3.54 (m, 1H), 3.70- 3.78 (m, 1H), 3.92-3.99 (m, 1H), 4.09 (br s, 2H), 4.57 (d, 1H, J = 7.3 Hz), 6.86 (d, 2H, J = 8.6 Hz), 7.06 (d, 2H, J = 8.3 Hz).
 

Examples 425 to 428

[1079] Using the compounds obtained in a similar manner to Reference Example 25, the title compounds were synthesized in a similar manner to Example 1.
[1080] 
[00042] [TABLE-US-00042]
  TABLE 42
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Ex. No.—Z1—R2   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  425 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.41-1.56 (m, 3H), 1.61-1.82 (m, 9H), 1.85-1.97 (m, 6H), 2.00-2.17 (m, 5H), 2.18-2.27 (m, 2H), 3.21-3.32 (m, 2H), 3.52-3.62 (m, 1H), 3.67-3.78 (m, 3H), 3.92-3.99 (m, 1H), 4.05-4.17 (m, 2H), 4.58 (d, 1H, J = 7.3 Hz), 6.72 (ddd, 1H, J = 7.9, 4.8, 3.0 Hz), 7.21 (ddd, 1H, J = 13.2, 7.9, 1.5 Hz), 7.99 (dt, 1H, J = 4.9, 1.4 Hz)
 
  426 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.41-1.56 (m, 3H), 1.59-1.99 (m, 15H), 2.02-2.22 (m, 7H), 3.22-3.34 (m, 2H), 3.50- 3.67 (m, 3H), 3.72-3.78 (m, 1H), 3.92-3.98 (m, 1H), 4.11 (br s, 2H), 4.58 (d, 1H, J = 7.0 Hz), 6.18 (s, 1H), 6.54 (d, 1H, J = 5.3 Hz), 7.86 (d, 1H, J = 6.2 Hz)
 
  427 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.39-1.55 (m, 3H), 1.58-1.98 (m, 15H), 2.02-2.25 (m, 7H), 3.24-3.38 (m, 2H), 3.52- 3.62 (m, 1H), 3.69-3.79 (m, 3H), 3.92-3.99 (m, 1H), 4.06-4.14 (m, 2H), 4.57 (d, 1H, J = 7.5 Hz), 6.63 (dd, 1H, J = 9.4, 3.3 Hz), 7.19-7.27 (m, 1H), 8.00-8.07 (m, 1H)
 
  428 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.45-1.56 (m, 3H), 1.58-1.99 (m, 15H), 2.01-2.25 (m, 7H), 3.33-3.45 (m, 2H), 3.54- 3.64 (m, 1H), 3.72-3.84 (m, 3H), 3.92-3.99 (m, 1H), 4.07-4.15 (m, 2H), 4.58 (d, 1H, J = 7.2 Hz), 6.13 (dd, 1H, J = 7.7, 2.9 Hz), 6.43 (dd, 1H, J = 8.3, 2.7 Hz), 7.50 (q, 1H, J = 8.3 Hz)
 

Example 429 and Example 430

[1081] Using the compound obtained in Reference Example 60 or compounds synthesized in a similar manner to Reference Example 60, the title compounds were synthesized in a similar manner to Example 1.
[1082] 
[00043] [TABLE-US-00043]
  TABLE 43
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Ex. No.—Z1—R2   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  429 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.41 (s, 1H), 1.50-1.82 (m, 9H), 1.84- 2.23 (m, 12H), 3.71-3.73 (m, 1H), 3.95-3.97 (m, 1H), 4.12-4.17 (m, 2H), 4.46 (s, 2H), 4.59 (d, 1H, J = 7.3 Hz), 7.03 (d, 2H, J = 7.5 Hz), 7.08 (s, 1H)
 
  430 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.54-1.69 (m, 12H), 1.96 (dq, 5H, J = 24.8, 8.1 Hz), 2.13 (s, 3H), 3.81-3.88 (m, 1H), 3.94-3.95 (m, 1H), 4.22-4.27 (m, 6H), 4.39 (s, 2H), 4.60 (d, 1H, J = 7.2 Hz), 6.76-6.84 (m, 3H)
 

Example 431 and Example 432

[1083] Using the compounds obtained in Reference Examples 60 and 61, the title compounds were synthesized in a similar manner to Example 1.
[1084] 
[00044] [TABLE-US-00044]
  TABLE 44
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Ex. No.—Z1—R2   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  431 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.50-1.55 (m, 2H), 1.70-1.75 (m, 6H), 1.91-1.95 (m, 6H), 2.05-2.14 (m, 8H), 2.83 (s, 1H), 3.98 (s, 5H), 4.11-4.13 (m, 2H), 4.62 (d, 1H, J = 7.2 Hz), 7.21 (s, 4H)
 
  432 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.33-1.47 (m, 1H), 1.48-1.85 (m, 12H), 1.86-1.99 (m, 1H), 2.01-2.25 (m, 6H), 2.51-2.63 (m, 2H), 3.95-4.01 (m, 1H), 4.18-4.40 (m, 5H), 4.68- 4.75 (m, 1H), 7.43-7.57 (m, 3H), 7.83-7.84 (m, 1H)
 

Examples 433 to 438

[1085] Using the compound synthesized in a similar manner to Reference Examples 6 and 10, the title compounds were synthesized in a similar manner to Example 1.
[1086] 
[00045] [TABLE-US-00045]
  TABLE 45
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Ex. No.—Z1—R2   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  433 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (DMSO-d6) δ 1.28 (d, J = 12.4 Hz, 2H), 1.48- 1.51 (m, 2H), 1.59-1.99 (m, 16H), 3.48 (m, 1H), 3.68 (m, 1H), 3.78 (s, 3H), 4.09 (m, 1H), 4.30 (m, 2H), 4.37 (s, 1H), 5.85 (d, J = 5.6 Hz, 1H), 6.95 (m, 1H), 7.02 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 1H), 7.15 (dd, J = 2.8, 8.8 Hz, 1H)
 
  434 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (DMSO-d6) δ 1.09 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 3H), 1.21 (d, J = 12.4 Hz, 2H), 1.52-1.91 (m, 20H), 2.43 (m, 1H), 3.61 (m, 1H), 4.04-4.07 (m, 1H), 4.26 (m, 2H), 4.33 (s, 1H), 5.72 (d, J = 6.0 Hz, 1H), 6.96 (d, J = 5.2 Hz, 1H), 6.99 (s, 1H), 8.26 (d, J = 4.8 Hz, 1H)
 
  435 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (DMSO-d6) δ 0.96 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 3H), 1.25-1.29 (m, 2H), 1.35 (t, J = 12.4 Hz, 2H), 1.58-1.70 (m, 10H), 1.86-2.00 (m, 7H), 2.21-2.29 (m, 2H), 2.87 (m, 1H), 3.67 (m, 1H), 3.84 (t, J = 6.4 Hz, 2H), 4.31 (m, 2H), 4.37 (s, 1H), 5.77 (d, J = 6.4 Hz, 1H), 6.85-6.93 (m, 2H), 7.01 (dd, J = 2.8, 10.4 Hz, 1H)
 
  436 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (DMSO-d6) δ 1.51-2.16 (m, 22H), 3.33 (m, 1H), 3.99 (m, 1H), 4.30 (m, 2H), 4.65 (d, J = 7.2 Hz, 1H), 6.85- 6.89 (m, 2H), 8.45-8.49 (m, 1H)
 
  437 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (DMSO-d6) δ 0.96 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 3H), 1.25-1.29 (m, 2H), 1.35 (t, J = 12.4 Hz, 2H), 1.58-1.70 (m, 10H), 1.86-2.00 (m, 7H), 2.21-2.29 (m, 2H), 2.87 (m, 1H), 3.67 (m, 1H), 3.84 (t, J = 6.4 Hz, 2H), 4.31 (m, 2H), 4.37 (s, 1H), 5.77 (d, J = 6.4 Hz, 1H), 6.85-6.93 (m, 2H), 7.01 (dd, J = 2.8, 10.4 Hz, 1H)
 
  438 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (DMSO-d6) δ 1.01 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 3H), 1.28 (d, J = 12.4 Hz, 2H), 1.50-1.78 (m, 14H), 1.89 (m, 4H), 1.97 (m, 3H), 3.48 (m, 1H), 3.67 (m, 1H), 3.88 (t, J = 6.4 Hz, 2H), 4.32 (m, 2H), 4.37 (s, 1H), 5.81 (d, J = 6.4 Hz, 1H), 6.78-6.82 (m, 1H), 6.91-6.94 (m, 2H)
 
[1087] In addition to the compounds of Examples as mentioned above, the following compounds are also included within the scope of the compounds of the formula (1).
[1088] 
[00046] [TABLE-US-00046]
 
[see pdf for image]
 
    —Z1—R2
   
     1 [see pdf for image]
   
     2 [see pdf for image]
   
     3 [see pdf for image]
   
     4 [see pdf for image]
   
     5 [see pdf for image]
   
     6 [see pdf for image]
   
     7 [see pdf for image]
   
     8 [see pdf for image]
   
     9 [see pdf for image]
   
    10 [see pdf for image]
   
    11 [see pdf for image]
   
    12 [see pdf for image]
   
    13 [see pdf for image]
   
    14 [see pdf for image]
   
    15 [see pdf for image]
   
    16 [see pdf for image]
   
    17 [see pdf for image]
   
    18 [see pdf for image]
   
    19 [see pdf for image]
   
    20 [see pdf for image]
   
    21 [see pdf for image]
   
    22 [see pdf for image]
   
    23 [see pdf for image]
   
    24 [see pdf for image]
   
    25 [see pdf for image]
   
    26 [see pdf for image]
   
[1089] 
[00047] [TABLE-US-00047]
 
[see pdf for image]
 
    —Z1—R2
   
    27 [see pdf for image]
   
    28 [see pdf for image]
   
    29 [see pdf for image]
   
    30 [see pdf for image]
   
    31 [see pdf for image]
   
    32 [see pdf for image]
   
    33 [see pdf for image]
   
    34 [see pdf for image]
   
    35 [see pdf for image]
   
    36 [see pdf for image]
   
    37 [see pdf for image]
   
    38 [see pdf for image]
   
    39 [see pdf for image]
   
    40 [see pdf for image]
   
    41 [see pdf for image]
   
    42 [see pdf for image]
   
    43 [see pdf for image]
   
    44 [see pdf for image]
   
    45 [see pdf for image]
   
    46 [see pdf for image]
   
    47 [see pdf for image]
   
    48 [see pdf for image]
   
    49 [see pdf for image]
   
    50 [see pdf for image]
   
    51 [see pdf for image]
   
    52 [see pdf for image]
   
[1090] 
[00048] [TABLE-US-00048]
 
[see pdf for image]
 
    —Z1—R2
   
     53 [see pdf for image]
   
     54 [see pdf for image]
   
     55 [see pdf for image]
   
     56 [see pdf for image]
   
     57 [see pdf for image]
   
     58 [see pdf for image]
   
     59 [see pdf for image]
   
     60 [see pdf for image]
   
     61 [see pdf for image]
   
     62 [see pdf for image]
   
     63 [see pdf for image]
   
     64 [see pdf for image]
   
     65 [see pdf for image]
   
     66 [see pdf for image]
   
     67 [see pdf for image]
   
     68 [see pdf for image]
   
     69 [see pdf for image]
   
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[1091] 
[00049] [TABLE-US-00049]
 
[see pdf for image]
 
    R5
   
    218 [see pdf for image]
   
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Experiment 1

Inhibitory Activity Assay Against Cortisone Reductase Activity of Cultured Human Adipocytes

[1092] Normal human preadipocytes (HPrAD-vis, manufactured by Cambrex corporation) were inoculated onto a 48-well cell culture plate, and the differentiation induction was carried out according to Protocol attached to the kit. The medium for the cells on the 9-11 days of the differentiation was changed to D-MEM medium (0.2 ml; manufactured by GIBCO) containing 100 nM [1,2-3H] cortisone (1 μCi/well, manufactured by Muromachi Yakuhin), 0.5% DMSO, a test compound (for test compound treated group, or DMSO only for the no-test compound treated group). The plate was incubated at 37° C. for 3 hours, and then the whole medium was collected. As a background group, the medium without cell was used. The medium was mixed with ethyl acetate (0.1 ml) in an Eppendorf tube. This mixture was voltexed, and then further centrifuged at 5,000 rpm for one minute at room temperature to separate the ethyl acetate layer (the upper layer). The ethyl acetate layer (10 μl) was spotted on an aluminium plate for thin layer chromatography (silica gel 60 angstrom, Merck & Co., Inc., hereinafter referred to as TLC plate). The developing solvent (chloroform/methanol (90:10, v/v)) was put into a sealed vessel, and the TLC plate was developed, and then dried at room temperature. An imaging plate (TR-2040, Fujifilm) was exposed onto the dried TLC plate for 16 hours or more. After the exposure was completed, the imaging plate was analyzed by Bioimage Analyzer (BAS2500, Fujifilm) and the [3H] radioactivity on the part corresponding to the position of cortisol developed on the TLC plate. The inhibitory activity of a test compound against cortisone reductase was calculated according to the following equation.
          (inhibitory activity (%))=100×((group without test compound)−(group with test compound))/((group without test compound)−(background group))
[1093] The IC50 value was calculated by linear regression of logarithmic value of the concentration of test compound and the inhibitory activity value, using the data at 2 points showing around 50% of the inhibitory activity. The IC50 value of the compounds of the present invention against cortisone reductase of human adipose cell is usually within the range of 0.01-1000 nM. The IC50 value of the following compounds of the present invention against cortisone reductase of human adipose cell was determined.
[1094] The results thereof are shown in Table 46.
[1095] 
[00050] [TABLE-US-00050]
    TABLE 46
   
    Ex. No.IC50 (nM)   Ex. No.IC50 (nM)
   
 
    2   <1   326   <3
    23   <3   336   8.4
    34   <1   339   <3
    37   1.1   355   12
    51   7.8   373   17
    67   6.8   378   14
    76   5.5   383   <3
    146   16   390   11
    192   <3   404   <3
    236   <3   409   <3
    241   <3   413   <3
    306   6.3   427   15
    314   19
   
[1096] From the data in Table 46, the compounds of the present invention are expected to inhibit the production of cortisol by inhibiting 11βHSD1 activity in human adipocyte as a target organ.

Experiment 2

Inhibitory Activity Assay Against Cortisone Reductase of Mouse Primary Adipocytes

[1097] The adipose tissues adhered to the mesenterium and around the testicle of ten ICR male mice (9 to 11 weeks old, Japn SLC Inc.) (hereinafter, referred to as visceral fat tissue) were soaked in about 100 mL of a phospate buffer (0.20 g/L KCl, 0.20 g/L KH2PO4, 8.00 g/L NaCl, 2.16 g/L Na2HPO4.7H2O, 100 unit/ml penicillin (GIBCO), 100 μg/ml streptomycin (GIBCO), 250 ng/ml amphotericin (GIBCO)) and washed at room temperature.
[1098] The excised visceral fat tissues was cut finely in about 5×5 mm with scissors in Dulbecco's modified Eagle medium (about 50 ml, containing 4.5 g/L D-glucose and 584 mg/L L-glutamine, GIBCO) to which collagenase (Type II, Sigma), penicillin (GIBCO), streptomycin (GIBCO) and amphotericin (GIBCO) were added in an amount so that the final concentrations thereof are adjusted to 1 mg/ml, 100 unit/ml, 100 μg/ml and 250 ng/ml, respectively. Then, the mixture was shaken at 37° C. for 30 minutes (about 170 rpm), filtered through nylon mesh (80S [the pore size: 250 μm], SANSHIN INDUSTRIAL CO., LTD.), and the filtrate (cell suspension) was collected. This filtrate was centrifuged at 1800 rpm at room temperature for 5 minutes, and then, the liquid layer was removed stilly by decantation to give a precipate. This precipiate was suspended in Dulbecco's modified Eagle medium (30 ml, containing 4.5 g/L D-glucose and 584 mg/L L-glutamine, GIBCO; hereinafter, occasionally referred to as FBS-containing medium), to which fetal bovine serum (hereinafter referred to as FBS, GIBCO), ascorbic acid (Wako Pure Chemical Industries, Ltd.), penicillin (GIBCO), streptomycin (GIBCO) and amphotericin (GIBCO) are added thereto in an amount so that the final concentrations thereof were adjusted to 10%, 200 μM, 100 units/ml, 100 μg/ml and 250 ng/ml, respectively, and then the suspension was filtered through a nylon mesh (420S [pore size: 25 μm], SANSHIN INDUSTRIAL CO., LTD.). The filtrate was collected, and centrifuged at 1800 rpm at room temperature for 5 minutes. The liquid layer was removed stilly by decantation, and the precipitate was suspended again in the FBS-containing medium (30 ml). This suspension was treated by the same procedure (centrifugation, removal of liquid layer, suspension in FBS-containing medium) two times more, and the suspension (90 ml) was prepared. This suspension was put into cell culture flasks (T150, for adhered cell culture, Iwaki Glass) in a each volume of 30 ml, and incubated at 37° C. in the presence of 5% CO2. At 5 to 6 hours after starting incubation, the medium was removed, and the wall of the flask was washed with the above-mentioned phosphate buffer (15 ml). The washing liquid was removed, and the washing procedure was repeated again, and the phosphate buffer was removed. To the flask was added FBS-containing medium (30 ml), and the mixture was incubated at 37° C. under the presence of 5% CO2. On Day 1 or Day 2 after the culture started, the medium was removed, and the wall of the flask was washed with the phosphate buffer (15 ml) once. To the flask was added a trypsin-ethylenediamine tetraacetate (hereinafter, referred to as trypsin-EDTA) solution (0.05% trypsin, 0.53 mM EDTA 4Na, GIBCO) in such a volume that the cells are duly soaked, and the mixture was allowed to stand at 37° C. for 5 minutes. To this mixture was added the FBS-containing medium in about 10-times volume of that of the trypsin-EDTA solution, and then the cell suspension was obtained.
[1099] The cells in the cell suspension were counted with a counting chamber, and the cell suspension was diluted with the FBS-containing medium so that the concentration of the cell was adjusted to 1.4×105 cells/ml. Thus obtained cell dilution was put into a 48-well plate (for adherent cell culture, Iwaki Glass) in an amount of 300 μl per well, and the plate was incubated at 37° C. in the presence of 5% CO2 for 1 to 2 days. The medium was removed from each well of the 48-well plate, and a FBS-containing medium (300 μl, containing 10 μg/ml insulin (Sigma), 0.25 μM dexamethasone (Wako Pure Chemical Industries, Ltd.), 0.5 mM 3-isobutyl-1-methyl-xanthine (Sigma) and 5 μM 15-deoxy-Δ12,14-prostaglandin J2 (Cayman)) was added to each well, and then the plate was incubated at 37° C. in the presence of 5% CO2 for 3 days. Then, the medium in each well was removed, and further thereto was added the FBS-containing medium (300 μl, containing 10 μg/ml insulin and 5 μM 15-deoxy-Δ12,14-prostaglandin J2), and the mixture was cultured for 2 days. Further, the medium in each well was removed, and to each well was added the FBS-containing medium (300 μl, containing 10 μg/ml insulin and 5 μM 15-deoxy-Δ12,14-prostaglandin J2), and cultured for 2 days.
[1100] The medium of adipocytes which were differentiated and induced as mentioned above were replaced with 0.2 ml of D-MEM media (Gibco) containing 100 nM [1, 2-3H] cortizone (1 μCi/well, Muromachi Yakuhin), 0.5% DMSO, test compounds (test compounds-additive group, DMSO only for test compounds additive-free group). After incubation at 37° C. for 3 hours, the whole media were collected. In a background group, the medium with no cells was used. The medium was mixed with ethyl acetate (0.1 ml) in an Eppendorf tube. This mixture was vortexed, and centrifuged at 5,000 rpm for 1 minute at room temperature to removed ethyl acetate (the upper layer). The ethyl acetate (10 μl) was spotted on the aluminum plate for thin layer chromatography (silica gel 60 angstrom, Merck & Co., Inc., hereinafter referred to as TLC plate). The developing solvent (chloroform/methanol=90:10, v/v) was added to a sealed vessel and the TLC plate was developed and dried at room temperature. To the dried TLC plate was exposured an imaging plate (TR-2040, FUJIFILM Corporation) for 16 hours or more. After the exposure was completed, the imaging plate was analyzed by bioimage analyzer (BAS2500, FUJIFILM Corporation), and the [3H] radioactivity on the part of the TLC plate, which was a developing position of cortisol, was measured Inhibitory activities of cortisone reducing activity of test articles were calculated as follows.
          (inhibitory activity (%))=100×((group without test compound)−(group with test compound))/((group without test compound)−(background group))
[1101] The IC50 value was calculated by linear regression of logarithmic value of the concentration of test compound and the inhibitory activity, using the data at 2 points showing around 50% of the inhibitory activity. The IC50 value of the compounds of the present invention against cortisone reductase of mouse adipose cell is usually within the range of 0.01-1000 nM. The IC50 value of the following compounds of the present invention against cortisone reductase of mouse adipose cell was measured. The results thereof are showin in Table 47.
[1102] 
[00051] [TABLE-US-00051]
    TABLE 47
   
    ExampleIC50 (nM)   ExampleIC50 (nM)
   
 
    5   7.0   324   <3
    19   20.5   342   <3
    42   15.9   353   7.9
    49   1.0   364   7.7
    60   15.8   367   <3
    145   6.2   400   <3
    240   17   407   4.1
    307   <1   423   <3
    309   4.1   428   <3
    311   8.8   431   27
    316   18
   

Experiment 3

Administration of 11βHSD1 Inhibitor to Diabetes/Obesity Model Mice

[1103] The pharmacological evaluation of 11βHSD1 inhibitors obtained by a method disclosed in Examples agaist diabetes/obesity model mice can be carried out by the following procedure.
[1104] When C57BL/6J mice (CLEA Japan Inc.) was fed with a high-fat diet (D-12492, Research Diets Inc.) for a period of 2 weeks to 8 months, hyperglycemia, hyperinsulinemia, abnormal glucose tolerance, and obesity are induced. To the diabetes/obesity model mice was administered 11βHSD1 inhibitor (0.1-100 mg per 1 kg of body weight, solvent: 0.5% methylcellulose #400 solution (Nacalai Tesque Ltd.)) one or two times per day via oral tube. On 1 to 8 weeks after the administration, the venous blood of subjuct mice was collected, and the concentrations of glucose and insulin contained in the serum or plasma were measured. When the oral glucose tolerance test was carried out, a 20-30% glucose solution was administered in an amount of 10 ml per 1 kg of body weight to mice, which had been fasted for 18 hours or more, then the blood was taken from the tail vein serially for a period of 15 minutes to 3 hours after the administration. From the time-dependent change in the glucose and insulin contained in the blood, the area under the blood concentration-time curve (AUC) was calculated. As a control group, the same procedures were carried out in a group to which a solution containing methyl cellulose only was administered instead of the above-mentioned methyl cellulose containing 11βHSD1 inhibitor. By confirming that the blood glucose level, insulin level and AUC value in the test compound-treated group are statistical-significally lower than those of the control group, the test compound can be evaluated to show diabetic improving activity and insulin resistance improving activity.
[1105] In addition, by measuring the body weight of the mice during the test, compound-treated group was confirmed to be statistical-significally lower than that of the control group, then the test compound can be evaluated to have anti-obesity activity.
[1106] Further, the weight of visceral fats, i.e., mesenteric fat, fat around epididymis, retroperitoneum fat, of the test mice after the administration was measured. By confirming that the weight of each fat in the test compound-treated group is statistical-significally lower than those of the control group, the test compound can be evaluated to have visceral fat accumulation inhibitory activity or visceral fat reducing activity.

Experiment 4

Rat Forced Swimming Test

[1107] In the forced swimming test using male SD:Crl rats (body weight: 180-300 g, Charles River Laboratories Japan Inc.), the helplessness state was observed in the escape behavior from the swimming in the second trial after the first trial (training), which state resembles with the state of depression. Then, when the compound of the present invention was administered to the mice one or several times prior to the second trial, the escape time (swimming time) during the second trial was measured, by which the anti-depression (depression, manic depression) effect was evaluated.

Experiment 5

Cognitive Function Enhancing Activity in Mouse Object Recognition Test

[1108] In the novel object recognition test using Slc:dd Y mice (13-15 g, male, Japn SLC Inc.), the memory decrease against the familiar object was observed dependently on the interval time between the first trial (training) and the second trila (test). When the second trial was carried out 24 hours later, the remarkable oblivion was observed.
[1109] The compound of the present invention obtained in Example 38 was orally and repeatedly administered to the mice for 4 days, and then, the first trial was done on this mice, and the memory retenion ability of the mice in the second trial was evaluated after 24 hours of the first trial. As a result, the compound at a dose of 10 mg/kg showed a significantly cognitive function enhancing activity (DI value: 0.177) as compared to the mice of the solvent group (DI value: 0.097).

*DI value=(novel searching times−familiar searching times)/(novel searching times+familiar searching times)

[1110] The compounds of the present invention have good physiological properties as a medicament. The physiological properties include, for example, metabolic stability, and the metabolic stability can be measured, for example, by the method disclosed in Experiment 6 or other well-known methods.

Experiment 6

Metabolic Stability Test

[1111] A 100 μM solution of a test compound in DMSO (10 μL) was mixed with acetonitrile (90 μL). The mixture was further diluted ten times with acetonitrile. To thus obtained solution (5 μL) was added a cofactor solution (250 μL, a solution prepared from NADPH (220 mg) and 25 mM phosphate buffer (pH 7.4, 40.5 mL)) (referred to as “intermediate dilution”).
[1112] The 2 wells of the “reactive sample” were prepared by shaking the intermediate dilution (50 μL) and microsome solution (50 μL) and then incubating the mixture with shaking at 37° C. for 30 minutes. The 2 wells of the “non-reactive sample” were prepared by incubating the intermediate dilution (50 μL) without adding the microsome solution (prepared from 25 mM phosphate buffer (pH 7.4, 50 mL), liver microsome (0.5 mL, human or rat, about 20 mg protein/ml, manufactured by Xenotech Inc.) in a similar manner to the above).
[1113] After the incubation was completed, methanol (400 μL) was added to each well of the “reactive sample” and the “non-reactive sample”. To the wells of the “non-reactive sample” after the addition of methanol, the microsome solution (50 μL) was added, and allowed to stand at room temperature for 15 minutes or more.
[1114] Each well was subjected to deproteination, and allowed to stand at 4° C. for one hour. Then, the centrifuted supernatant was analyzed by LC-MS/MS (HPLC manufactered by Agilent Technology, Inc., and API3000 manufactured by MDS Sciex Inc.). Total 4 wells of the 2 wells of “reactive sample” and the 2 wells of the “non-reactive sample” were measured, and the arithmetic average of each chromatograph peak area was calculated. The clearance of the compound (mL/min/mg protein) was calculated by the following equation:
          −Ln(“reactive sample” a arithmetic average÷“non-reactive sample” arithmetic average)/30/0.1.

INDUSTRIAL APPLICABILITY

[1115] The compound of the present invention is useful as an 11βHSD1 inhibitor.
(57)

Claims

1. A compound of formula (I):
[see pdf for image]
wherein A is a group of the following formula (A-1):
[see pdf for image]
R1a and R1b are the same or different and each independently C1-6 alkyl which may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms;
m and n are each independently an integer of 0 to 5;
X1 is hydroxyl, or aminocarbonyl;
Z1 is a single bond, oxygen atom, sulfur atom, —SO—, —SO2—, or —N(R3)—;
R2 is cyano, optionally substituted C1-6 alkyl, optionally substituted C3-7 cycloalkyl, optionally substituted C6-10 aryl, optionally substituted C7-16 aralkyl, optionally substituted heterocycle, optionally substituted heterocyclic C1-6 alkyl, optionally substituted 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl, optionally substituted 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl-C1-6 alkyl, or optionally substituted 5 to 7-membered cyclic amino;
provided that if R2 is cyano and optionally substituted 5 to 7-membered cyclic amino, then Z1 is a single bond;
R3 is hydrogen atom, optionally substituted C1-6 alkyl, optionally substituted C3-7 cycloalkyl, optionally substituted C6-10 aryl, optionally substituted C7-16 aralkyl, optionally substituted heterocycle, optionally substituted heterocyclic C1-6 alkyl, optionally substituted 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl, or optionally substituted 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl-C1-6 alkyl;
wherein the substituent group in the optionally substituted C6-10 aryl, optionally substituted 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl, optionally substituted C7-16 aralkyl, and optionally substituted 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl-C1-6 alkyl in R2 is selected from the group consisting of:
(1) halogen atom,
(2) cyano,
(3) hydroxy,
(4) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by
(a) 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
(b) C1-4 alkoxy,
(c) carboxy,
(d) C1-4 alkoxycarbonyl,
(e) C7-16 aralkyloxycarbonyl,
(f) mono- or di-C1-6alkylaminocarbonyl,
(g) 5 to 7-membered cyclic aminocarbonyl, or
(h) C3-6 cycloalkyl),
(5) C1-4 alkylsulfonyl,
(6) C3-6 cycloalkyl,
(7) C3-6 cycloalkoxy,
(8) mono- or di-C1-6 alkylamino,
(9) mono- or di-C1-6alkylcarbonylamino,
(10) mono- or di-C1-6alkylsulfonylamino,
(11) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by
(a) 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
(b) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms),
(c) carboxy,
(d) C1-4 alkoxycarbonyl,
(e) C7-16 aralkyloxycarbonyl,
(f) mono- or di-C1-6alkylaminocarbonyl,
(g) 5 to 7-membered cyclic aminocarbonyl, or
(h) C3-6 cycloalkyl),
(12) C1-6 alkylcarbonyl,
(13) carboxy,
(14) C1-4 alkoxycarbonyl, and
(15) aminocarbonyl; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
2. The compound of claim 1, wherein m and n are 0, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
3. The compound of claim 1, wherein X1 is hydroxyl, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
4. The compound of claim 1, wherein X1 is aminocarbonyl, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
5. The compound of claim 1, wherein Z1 has the following configuration in formula (I):
[see pdf for image]
or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
6. The compound of claim 1, wherein Z1 has the following configuration in formula (I):
[see pdf for image]
or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
7. The compound of claim 1, wherein Z1 is a single bond, oxygen atom, sulfur atom, or —SO2—, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
8. The compound of claim 7, wherein Z1 is a single bond, or oxygen atom, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
9. The compound of claim 8, wherein Z1 is a single bond, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
10. The compound of claim 8, wherein Z1 is oxygen atom, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
11. The compound of claim 1, wherein R2 is optionally substituted C1-6 alkyl, optionally substituted C3-7 cycloalkyl, optionally substituted C6-10 aryl, optionally substituted C7-16 aralkyl, optionally substituted heterocycle, optionally substituted heterocyclic C1-6 alkyl, optionally substituted 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl, or optionally substituted 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl-C1-6 alkyl, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
12. The compound of claim 11, wherein R2 is optionally substituted C6-10 aryl, optionally substituted C7-16 aralkyl, optionally substituted 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl, or optionally substituted 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl-C1-6 alkyl, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
13. The compound of claim 1, wherein the substituent group in the optionally substituted C6-10 aryl, optionally substituted 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl, optionally substituted C7-16 aralkyl, and optionally substituted 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl-C1-6 alkyl in R2 is selected from the group consisting of:
(1) halogen atom,
(2) cyano,
(3) hydroxy,
(4) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by
(a) 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
(b) C1-4 alkoxy,
(c) carboxy,
(d) C1-4 alkoxycarbonyl, or
(e) C3-6 cycloalkyl),
(5) C1-4 alkylsulfonyl,
(6) C3-6 cycloalkyl,
(7) C3-6 cycloalkoxy,
(8) mono- or di-C1-6 alkylamino,
(9) mono- or di-C1-6alkylcarbonylamino,
(10) mono- or di-C1-6alkylsulfonylamino,
(11) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by
(a) 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
(b) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms),
(c) carboxy,
(d) C1-4 alkoxycarbonyl, or
(e) C3-6 cycloalkyl),
(12) C1-6 alkylcarbonyl,
(13) carboxy,
(14) C1-4 alkoxycarbonyl, and
(15) aminocarbonyl, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
14. The compound of claim 13, wherein the substituent group in the optionally substituted C6-10 aryl, optionally substituted 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl, optionally substituted C7-16 aralkyl, and optionally substituted 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl-C1-6 alkyl in R2 is the same or different 1 to 5 substituent groups selected from the group consisting of:
(1) halogen atom,
(2) cyano,
(3) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by
(a) 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
(b) C3-6 cycloalkyl, or
(c) C1-4 alkoxy),
(4) C1-4 alkylsulfonyl,
(5) C3-6 cycloalkyl,
(6) mono- or di-C1-6alkylcarbonylamino,
(7) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by
(a) 1 to 3 halogen atoms, or
(b) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms)),
(8) carboxy,
(9) C1-4 alkoxycarbonyl, and
(10) aminocarbonyl, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
15. The compound of claim 14, wherein the substituent group in the optionally substituted C6-10 aryl, optionally substituted 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl, optionally substituted C7-16 aralkyl, and optionally substituted 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl-C1-6 alkyl in R2 is selected from the group consisting of:
(1) halogen atom,
(2) cyano,
(3) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by
(a) 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
(b) C1-4 alkoxy, or
(c) C3-6 cycloalkyl),
(4) C3-6 cycloalkyl,
(5) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by
(a) 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
(b) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms), or
(c) C3-6 cycloalkyl), and
(6) C1-6 alkylcarbonyl, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
16. The compound of claim 15, wherein the substituent group in the optionally substituted C6-10 aryl, optionally substituted 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl, optionally substituted C7-16 aralkyl, and optionally substituted 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl-C1-6 alkyl in R2 is selected from the group consisting of:
(1) halogen atom,
(2) cyano,
(3) C1-4 alkyl (in which the group may be optionally substituted by
(a) 1 to 3 halogen atoms, or
(b) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms)), and
(4) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the group may be optionally substituted by
(a) 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
(b) C3-6 cycloalkyl, or
(c) C1-4 alkoxy), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
17. The compound of claim 1, wherein R2 is C6-10 aryl (in which the aryl may be optionally substituted by the same or different 1 to 5 groups selected from the group consisting of:
(1) halogen atom,
(2) cyano,
(3) hydroxy,
(4) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by
(a) 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
(b) C1-4 alkoxy,
(c) carboxy,
(d) C1-4 alkoxycarbonyl, or
(e) C3-6 cycloalkyl),
(5) C1-4 alkylsulfonyl,
(6) C3-6 cycloalkyl,
(7) C3-6 cycloalkoxy,
(8) mono- or di-C1-6 alkylamino,
(9) mono- or di-C1-6alkylcarbonylamino,
(10) mono- or di-C1-6alkylsulfonylamino,
(11) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by
(a) 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
(b) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms),
(c) carboxyl,
(d) C1-4 alkoxycarbonyl, or
(e) C3-6 cycloalkyl),
(12) C1-6 alkylcarbonyl,
(13) carboxy,
(14) C1-4 alkoxycarbonyl, and
(15) aminocarbonyl), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
18. The compound of claim 17, wherein R2 is C6-10 aryl (in which the aryl may be optionally substituted by the group(s) is selected from the group consisting of:
(1) halogen atom,
(2) cyano,
(3) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by
(a) 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
(b) C1-4 alkoxy, or
(c) C3-6 cycloalkyl),
(4) C3-6 cycloalkyl,
(5) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by
(a) 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
(b) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms), or
(c) C3-6 cycloalkyl), and
(6) C1-6 alkylcarbonyl), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
19. The compound of claim 18, wherein R2 is C6-10 aryl (in which the aryl may be optionally substituted by the group(s) is selected from the group consisting of:
(1) halogen atom,
(2) cyano,
(3) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the group may be optionally substituted by
(a) 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
(b) C1-4 alkoxy, or
(c) C3-6 cycloalkyl), and
(4) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by
(a) 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
(b) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms), or
(c) C3-6 cycloalkyl)), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
20. The compound of claim 1, wherein R2 is C7-16 aralkyl (in which the aryl may be optionally substituted by the same or different 1 to 5 groups selected from the group consisting of:
(1) halogen atom,
(2) cyano,
(3) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by
(a) 1 to 3 halogen atoms, or
(b) C1-4 alkoxy),
(4) C1-4 alkylsulfonyl, and
(5) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by
(a) 1 to 3 halogen atoms, or
(b) C1-4 alkoxy), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
21. The compound of claim 20, wherein R2 is C7-16 aralkyl (in which the aryl may be optionally substituted by the same or different 1 to 5 groups selected from the group consisting of:
(1) halogen atom,
(2) cyano,
(3) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms),
(4) C1-4 alkylsulfonyl, and
(5) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms)), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
22. The compound of claim 1, wherein R2 is 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl (in which the heteroaryl may be optionally substituted by the same or different 1 to 3 groups selected from the group consisting of:
(1) halogen atom,
(2) cyano,
(3) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by
(a) 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
(b) C1-4 alkoxy, or
(c) C3-6 cycloalkyl),
(4) C3-6 cycloalkyl,
(5) C3-6 cycloalkylalkoxy,
(6) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by
(a) 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
(b) C1-4 alkoxy, or
(c) C3-6 cycloalkyl), and
(7) C1-6 alkylcarbonyl), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
23. The compound of claim 22, wherein R2 is 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl (in which the heteroaryl may be optionally substituted by the same or different 1 to 3 groups selected from the group consisting of:
(1) halogen atom,
(2) cyano,
(3) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the group may be optionally substituted by
(a) 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
(b) C1-4 alkoxy, or
(c) C3-6 cycloalkyl), and
(4) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by
(a) 1 to 3 halogen atoms,
(b) C1-4 alkoxy, or
(c) C3-6 cycloalkyl)), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
24. The compound of claim 1, wherein R2 is
(1) C1-6 alkyl (in which the group may be optionally substituted by
(a) C6-10 aryloxy (in which the aryl may be optionally substituted by
halogen atom,
C1-4 alkyl, or
C1-4 alkoxy),
(b) C6-10 arylthio (in which the aryl may be optionally substituted by
halogen atom, or
C1-4 alkyl),
(c) C6-10 arylsulfonyl (in which the aryl may be optionally substituted by
halogen atom,
C1-4 alkyl, or
C1-4 alkoxy),
(d) C3-6 cycloalkyl,
(e) C1-4 alkoxy, or
(f) C7-14 aralkyloxy),
(2) C3-7 cycloalkyl,
(3) C6-10 aryl (in which the aryl may be optionally substituted by the same or different 1 to 5 groups selected from the group consisting of:
(a) halogen atom,
(b) cyano,
(c) hydroxy,
(d) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by
1 to 3 halogen atoms,
C1-4 alkoxy,
carboxy,
C1-4 alkoxycarbonyl, or
C3-6 cycloalkyl),
(e) C1-4 alkylsulfonyl,
(f) C3-6 cycloalkyl,
(g) C3-6 cycloalkoxy,
(h) mono- or di-C1-6 alkylamino,
(i) mono- or di-C1-6 alkylcarbonylamino,
(j) mono- or di-C1-6alkylsulfonylamino,
(k) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by
1 to 3 halogen atoms,
C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms),
carboxyl,
C1-4 alkoxycarbonyl, or
C3-6 cycloalkyl),
(l) C1-6 alkylcarbonyl,
(m) carboxy,
(n) C1-4 alkoxycarbonyl, and
(o) aminocarbonyl),
(4) C7-16 aralkyl (in which the group may be optionally substituted by the same or different 1 to 5 groups selected from the group consisting of:
(a) halogen atom,
(b) cyano,
(c) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by
1 to 3 halogen atoms,
C3-6 cycloalkyl, or
C1-4 alkoxy),
(d) C1-4 alkylsulfonyl, and
(e) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by
1 to 3 halogen atoms, or
C1-4 alkoxy),
(5) heterocycle,
(6) heterocyclic C1-6 alkyl,
(7) 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl (in which the heteroaryl may be optionally substituted by the same or different 1 to 3 groups selected from the group consisting of:
(a) halogen atom,
(b) cyano,
(c) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by
1 to 3 halogen atoms,
C1-4 alkoxy, or
C3-6 cycloalkyl),
(d) C3-6 cycloalkyl,
(e) C3-6 cycloalkylalkoxy,
(f) mono- or di-C1-6 alkylamino,
(g) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by
1 to 3 halogen atoms,
C1-4 alkoxy, or
C3-6 cycloalkyl), and
(h) C1-6 alkylcarbonyl),
(8) 5 to 10-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl-C1-6 alkyl (in which the group may be optionally substituted by C1-4 alkyl, or C1-4 alkoxy), or
(9) 5 to 7-membered cyclic amino, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
25. The compound of claim 24, wherein R2 is
(1) C1-6 alkyl (in which the group may be optionally substituted by C6-10 aryloxy),
(2) C6-10 aryl (in which the aryl may be optionally substituted by the same or different 1 to 5 groups selected from the group consisting of:
(a) halogen atom,
(b) cyano,
(c) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by
1 to 3 halogen atoms, or
C1-4 alkoxy),
(d) C1-4 alkylsulfonyl,
(e) mono- or di-C1-6 alkylcarbonylamino,
(f) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by
1 to 3 halogen atoms, or
C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms)),
(g) C1-4 alkylcarbonyl,
(h) carboxy,
(i) C1-4 alkoxycarbonyl, and
(j) aminocarbonyl),
(3) C7-16 aralkyl (in which the group may be optionally substituted by the same or different 1 to 5 groups selected from the group consisting of:
(a) halogen atom,
(b) cyano,
(c) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms),
(d) C1-4 alkylsulfonyl, and
(e) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms),
(4) heterocycle,
(5) 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl (in which the heteroaryl may be optionally substituted by the same or different 1 to 3 groups selected from the group consisting of:
(a) halogen atom,
(b) cyano,
(c) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by
1 to 3 halogen atoms, or
C3-6 cycloalkyl),
(d) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by
1 to 3 halogen atoms, or
C1-4 alkoxy),
(e) C1-4 alkylcarbonyl, and
(f) C3-6 cycloalkyl), or
(6) 5 to 10-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl-C1-6 alkyl (in which the group may be optionally substituted by
(a) C1-4 alkyl, or
(b) C1-4 alkoxy), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
26. The compound of claim 24, wherein R2 is
(1) C6-10 aryl (in which the aryl may be optionally substituted by the same or different 1 to 5 groups selected from the group consisting of:
(a) halogen atom,
(b) cyano,
(c) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by
1 to 3 halogen atoms, or
C3-6 cycloalkyl),
(d) C1-4 alkylsulfonyl,
(e) mono- or di-C1-6 alkylcarbonylamino,
(f) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by
1 to 3 halogen atoms, or
C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atoms)),
(g) C1-4 alkylcarbonyl,
(h) carboxy,
(i) C1-4 alkoxycarbonyl, and
(j) aminocarbonyl), or
(2) 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl (in which the heteroaryl may be optionally substituted by the same or different 1 to 3 groups selected from the group consisting of:
(a) halogen atom,
(b) cyano,
(c) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by
1 to 3 halogen atoms, or
C3-6 cycloalkyl), and
(d) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by
1 to 3 halogen atoms, or
C1-4 alkoxy)), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
27. The compound of claim 1, wherein R2 is optionally substituted heterocycle, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
28. The compound of claim 27, wherein R2 is heterocycle, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
29. The compound of claim 27, wherein the heterocycle in R2 is 4-piperidinyl, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
30. The compound of claim 1, wherein the aryl moiety of C6-10 aryl and C7-14 aralkyl in R2 and the aryl moiety of the substituent group C6-10 aryloxy of C1-6 alkyl in R2 are phenyl, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
31. The compound of claim 1, wherein the heteroaryl moiety of 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl and 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl-C1-6 alkyl in R2, the substituent group heteroaryl of heterocycle in R2, and the heteroaryl moiety of the substituent group heteroaryloxy of C1-6 alkyl in R2 are heteroaryl selected from the group consisting of the following groups:
[see pdf for image]
or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
32. The compound of claim 31, wherein the heteroaryl moiety of 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl and 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl-C1-6 alkyl in R2, and the heteroaryl moiety of the substituent group heteroaryloxy of C1-6 alkyl in R2 are heteroaryl selected from the group consisting of the following groups:
[see pdf for image]
or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
33. The compound of claim 32, wherein the heteroaryl moiety of 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl and 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl-C1-6 alkyl in R2, and the heteroaryl moiety of the substituent group heteroaryloxy of C1-6 alkyl in R2 are heteroaryl of the following formula:
[see pdf for image]
or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
34. The compound of claim 11, wherein R3 is hydrogen atom, optionally substituted C1-6 alkyl, optionally substituted C3-7 cycloalkyl, optionally substituted heterocycle, optionally substituted C7-14 aralkyl, or optionally substituted 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl-C1-6 alkyl, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
35. The compound of claim 34, wherein R3 is
(1) hydrogen atom,
(2) C1-6 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by
(a) C6-10 aryloxy,
(b) saturated heterocycle, or
(c) C3-6 cycloalkyl),
(3) C3-7 cycloalkyl,
(4) saturated heterocycle,
(5) C7-16 aralkyl, or
(6) 5 to 6-membered monocyclic heteroaryl-C1-6 alkyl,
or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
36. A medicament, comprising as the active ingredient the compound of claim 1 or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
37. A therapeutic agent for type II diabetes, abnormal glucose tolerance, hyperglycemia, insulin resistance, abnormality of lipid metabolism, hypertension, arteriosclerosis, angiostenosis, obesity, Cushing's syndrome, subclinical Cushing's syndrome, glaucoma, osteoporosis, metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease, atherosclerosis, cognitive disorder, dementia, Alzheimer's disease, depression, anxiety or manic depression, comprising as the active ingredient the compound of claim 1 or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
38. (3-Exo)-3-(4-fluorophenoxy)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-8-azabicyclo [see pdf for image] [3.2.1]octane-8-carboxamide, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
39. (3-Exo)-N-[(E)-5-carbamoyladamantan-2-yl]-3-(4-fluorophenoxy)-8-azabicyclo [see pdf for image] [3.2.1]octane-8-carboxamide, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
40. (3-Endo)-N-[(E)-5-carbamoyladamantan-2-yl]-3-(4-fluorophenoxy)-8-azabicyclo [see pdf for image] [3.2.1]octane-8-carboxamide, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
41. (3-Endo)-3-(4-fluorophenoxy)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-8-azabicyclo [see pdf for image] [3.2.1]octane-8-carboxamide, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
42. (3-Endo)-3-[(5-fluoro-2-pyridinyl)oxy]-N-[(2S,5R)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-8-azabicyclo [see pdf for image] [3.2.1]octane-8-carboxamide, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
*****

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