Cyclic Amide Derivative

  *US08895552B2*
  US008895552B2                                 
(12)United States Patent(10)Patent No.: US 8,895,552 B2
 Horiuchi et al. (45) Date of Patent:Nov.  25, 2014

(54)Cyclic amide derivative 
    
(75)Inventors: Yoshihiro Horiuchi,  Osaka (JP); 
  Hiroaki Fujiwara,  Suita (JP); 
  Hitoshi Suda,  Suita (JP); 
  Izumi Sasaki,  Tokyo-to (JP); 
  Mitsutaka Iwata,  Suita (JP); 
  Kiyoto Sawamura,  Suita (JP) 
(73)Assignee:Sumitomo Dainippon Pharma Co., Ltd.,  Osaka (JP), Type: Foreign Company 
(*)Notice: Subject to any disclaimer, the term of this patent is extended or adjusted under 35 U.S.C. 154(b) by 0 days. 
(21)Appl. No.: 13/819,881 
(22)PCT Filed:Sep.  2, 2011 
(86)PCT No.: PCT/JP2011/070010 
 § 371 (c)(1), (2), (4) Date: Mar.  21, 2013  
(87)PCT Pub. No.:WO20/12/029942 
 PCT Pub. Date:Mar.  8, 2012 
(65)Prior Publication Data 
 US 2013/0217692 A1 Aug.  22, 2013 
(30)Foreign Application Priority Data 
 Sep.  3, 2010     (JP)   2010-197280
(51)Int. Cl. A61K 031/535 (20060101); C07D 277/00 (20060101)
(52)U.S. Cl. 514/239.5; 514/621; 514/448; 564/169; 549/72; 548/200; 546/315
(58)Field of Search  514/239.5, 448, 621; 564/169; 548/200; 546/315; 549/72

 
(56)References Cited
 
 U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS
 8,383,622  B2*2/2013    Masuda et al. 514/236.5
 2007//0167622  A1  7/2007    Gillespie et al.     
 2009//0306048  A1*12/2009    Kilburn et al. 514/216
 2010//0137377  A1  6/2010    Petersen et al.     
 2010//0179325  A1  7/2010    Suzuki et al.     
 2011//0034455  A1  2/2011    Claremon et al.     
 2011//0269971  A1  11/2011    Watanabe     
 2012//0225876  A1  9/2012    Horiuchi et al.     

 
 FOREIGN PATENT DOCUMENTS 
 
       JP       2009-040693       A                2/2009      
       JP       2009-539937       A                11/2009      
       JP       2010-501578       A                1/2010      
       JP       2010-523692       A                7/2010      
       WO       2007/057768       A2                5/2007      
       WO       2007/068330       A1                6/2007      
       WO       2007/144394       A2                12/2007      
       WO       2008/024497       A2                2/2008      
       WO       2008/053652       A1                5/2008      
       WO       2008/101907       A2                8/2008      
       WO       2008/101914       A2                8/2008      
       WO       2008/127924       A1                10/2008      
       WO       2008/134221       A1                11/2008      
       WO       2009/001817       A1                12/2008      
       WO       2009/112691       A2                9/2009      
       WO       2010/049635       A1                5/2010      
       WO       2010/059618       A1                5/2010      

 OTHER PUBLICATIONS
  
  Masuda et al. CAS: 150: 5726 (i.e., abstract of WO2008142986), 2008. *
  Saishin Igaku, vol. 62, pp. 83-90, 2007.
  R.H. Stimson and B.R. Walker, “Glucocorticoids and 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 in obesity and the metabolic syndrome”, Minerva Endocrinology, vol. 32, pp. 141-159, 2007.
  Alan F. Schatzberg and Steven Lindley, “Glucocorticoid antagonists in neuropsychotic disorders”, European Journal of Pharmacology, vol. 583, pp. 358-364, 2008.
  J. Herbert, et al., “Do Corticosteroids Damage the Brain?”, Journal of Neuroendocrinology, vol. 18, pp. 393-411, 2006.
  Joyce L. W. Yau, et al., “Lack of tissue glucocorticoid reactivation in 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 knockout mice ameliorates age-related learning impairments”, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol. 98, No. 8, pp. 4716-4721, 2001.
  Kim N. Green, et al., “Glucocorticoids Increase Amyloid-β and Tau Pathology in a Mouse Model of Alzheimer's Disease”, The Journal of Neuroscience, vol. 26, No. 35, pp. 9047-9056, 2006.
  Joyce L. W. Yau, et al., “Enhanced Hippocampal Long-Term Potentiation and Spatial Learning in Aged 11β-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase Type 1 Knock-Out Mice”, The Journal of Neuroscience, vol. 27, No. 39, pp. 10487-10496, 2007.
  Translation of the International Preliminary Report on Patentability and Written Opinion mailed Apr. 18, 2013 in International Application No. PCT/JP2011/070010 to Dainippon Sumitomo Pharma Co., Ltd. et al.
  International Search Report of PCT/JP2011/070010, dated Nov. 8, 2011.
  Jeffrey J. Rohde, et al., “Discovery and Metabolic Stabilization of Potent and Selective 2-Amino-N-(adamant-2-yl) Acetamide 11β-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase Type 1 Inhibitors”, J. Med. Chem., vol. 50, 2007, pp. 149-164.
  Hengmiao Cheng, et al., “The development and SAR of pyrrolidine carboxamide 11β-HSD1 inhibitors”, Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters, vol. 20, 2010, pp. 2897-2902.
  Roy A. Johnson, et al., “Selective Oxygenation of Adamantanes and Other Substrates by Beauveria sulfurescens”, J. Org. Chem., vol. 57, 1992, pp. 7209-7212.
 
 
     * cited by examiner
 
     Primary Examiner —Rei-tsang Shiao
     Art Unit — 1628
     Exemplary claim number — 1
 
(74)Attorney, Agent, or Firm — Sughrue Mion, PLLC

(57)

Abstract

Provided is a compound represented by formula (1) or a pharmacologically acceptable salt thereof. (In the formula, A is C6-10 arylene, etc.; R1a, R1b and R1c each independently is a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, a C1-4 alkyl group, a C1-4 alkoxy group, etc.; R2 is an optionally substituted C6-10 aryl group, an optionally substituted 5- to 12-membered monocyclic or polycyclic heteroaryl group, an optionally substituted C7-16 aralkyl group, etc.; m is 0, etc.; n is an integer of 0 to 2.)
[see pdf for image]
32 Claims, Drawing Sheets, and Figures
 
 

CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

[0001] This application is a National Stage of International Application No. PCT/JP2011/070010, filed on Sep. 2, 2011, which claims priority from Japanese Patent Application No. 2010-197280, filed Sep. 3, 2010, the contents of all of which are incorporated herein by reference in their entirety.

TECHNICAL FIELD

[0002] The present invention relates to cyclic amide derivatives or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, which are useful as a medicament. In more detail, the present invention relates to a pharmaceutical composition comprising a cyclic amide derivative or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. The present invention relates to a therapeutic or preventive agent for diseases associated with glucocorticoid comprising the compound, or an inhibitor of 11β hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 enzyme (referred to as “11βHSD1”, hereinafter).

BACKGROUND ART

[0003] Glucocorticoid adjusts peripheral glucose metabolism and amino-acid metabolism. In human being, glucocorticoid is produced in adrenal glands, and in addition, it is metabolized in peripheral tissues such as adipose tissue or liver. Since 11βHSD1 is an enzyme which converts inactive cortisone into activated cortisol and is expressed mainly in adipose tissue or liver, 11βHSD1 is believed to have some relations to the activation of glucocorticoid in adipose tissue or liver. Since cortisol shows promoting activities for fat accumulation to adipocyte and for gluconeogenesis in liver, 11βHSD1 is believed to contribute to the maintenance of homeostasis in whole body by adjusting peripheral glucose and lipid metabolism. On the other hand, 11βHSD1 activity in adipose tissue significantly increases in insulin resistance patients in human being, and 11βHSD1 activity is remarkably higher in visceral fat than that in subcutaneous fat. Visceral fat accumulation and development of abnormal glucose and lipid metabolism are suppressed on high-fat diet feeding in 11βHSD1 gene defect mice, and adipose cell-specific 11βHSD1-overexpressed mice show remarkable visceral fat-type obesity or abnormal glucose and lipid metabolism. This indicates that overactivation of 11βHSD1 is intimately related to visceral fat accumulation and development of metabolic syndrome in human and mice (Nonpatent documents 1 and 2). In other words, suppression of gluconeogenesis in liver and fat accumulation in adipocyte, and improvement of glucose and lipid metabolism in whole body are expected by inhibiting this enzyme activity.
[0004] As far as the improvement of glucose metabolism, since it has been reported that 11βHSD1 activity in pancreatic β cells could contribute to the suppression of insulin secretion or 11βHSD1 activity in human muscle cells could have some relations to the suppression of glucose uptake of muscle cells, 11βHSD1 inhibitor has potential to remedy hyperglycemia directly.
[0005] 11βHSD1 is also expressed in central nervous systems including hippocampus. It has been known that patients with Cushing's disease wherein glucocorticoid overexpresses and those whom a kind of synthetic glucocorticoids dexamethasone is administered show depression symptom. It has been also known that glucocorticoid receptor antagonist is effective for depression and manic depression, and it has been indicated that glucocorticoid in central nervous systems is intimately related to the expression of symptom of depression as well as manic depression (Nonpatent documents 3 and 4). Since 11βHSD1 plays a role in the production of active glucocorticoid in central nervous systems, it has been expected that 11βHSD1 inhibitor would show effectiveness in the treatment of depression and manic depression.
[0006] Furthermore, 11βHSD1 is indicated to have much relation to the adjustment of cognitive function, since depositions of amyloid β protein which is strongly indicated to relate to Alzheimer's dementia have been caused in mice to which glucocorticoid have been administered for a long term, and it is recognized that age-related cognitive function loss is inhibited and the increase of cognition maintenance is increased in 11βHSD1 gene defect mice (Nonpatent documents 5 to 7). The knowledge as shown above indicates that 11βHSD1 inhibitor is useful as a therapeutic agent of dementia including Alzheimer's dementia. Since it has been shown that 11βHSD1 functions in immunocytes, 11βHSD1 inhibitor is also expected to show therapeutic effectiveness in diseases caused by abnormal immune function.
[0007] Various 11βHSD1 inhibitors have been reported so far. For example, Patent document 1 discloses a compound of the following formula:
[0008]  [see pdf for image]
wherein R1 is hydrogen atom, etc., R2 is independently Ra, U is ═N—, etc., V is ═N—, etc., W is ═N—, etc., Y is ═N—, etc., Z is ═N—, etc., X is —N(H)—, —O—, —S—, —S(O)— or —S(O)2—, Ra is halogen, cyano, etc., p is 0, etc.
[0009] Patent document 2 discloses a compound of the following formula:
[0010]  [see pdf for image]
wherein R1 is hydrogen atom, etc., R2 is a group of the following formula:
[0011]  [see pdf for image]
etc., Q is —CH2OH, etc., R4 is hydrogen atom, etc., X1 is absent or —O—, —S—, —S(═O)—, —S(═O)2—, etc., X2 is absent or —O—, etc., X3 is absent or —O—, etc., R3 is substituted C1-6 alkyl, substituted C3-10 heterocyclyl, substituted aryl, substituted heteroaryl, —C(═O)R15, etc., R15 is hydrogen atom, halogen, C1-6 alkyl, C3-10 heterocyclyl, C3-10 cycloalkyl, aryl or heteroaryl, etc.
[0012] Compound groups disclosed in Patent documents 1 and 2 are compounds having adamantylaminocarbonyl skeletone with 11βHSD1 inhibitory activity. Nevertheless, compounds characterized by having a partial structure such as arylcarbonyl group or heteroarylcarbonyl group with the amide skeletone have never been specifically disclosed.
[0013] [Patent document 1] WO 2010/059618 pamphlet
[0014] [Patent document 2] WO 2008/101907 pamphlet
[0015] [Nonpatent document 1] Saishin Igaku, vol. 62, pp. 83-90, 2007
[0016] [Nonpatent document 2] Stimson et al., Minerva Endocrinology, 32, 141 (2007)
[0017] [Nonpatent document 3] Schatzberg et al., European Journal of Pharmacology, 583, 358 (2008)
[0018] [Nonpatent document 4] Herbert et al., Journal of Neuroendocrinology, 18, 393 (2006)
[0019] [Nonpatent document 5] Yau et al., Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 98, 4716 (2001)
[0020] [Nonpatent document 6] Green et al., Journal of Neuroscience, 26(35), 9047 (2006)
[0021] [Nonpatent document 7] Yau et al., The Journal of Neuroscience, 27(39), 10487 (2007)

SUMMARY OF INVENTION

Problems to be Solved by the Invention

[0022] Recently, a pharmaceutically satisfiable compound having 11βHSD1 inhibitory action has been desired as an agent for preventing and/or treating diseases including type II diabetes, abnormal glucose tolerance, hyperglycemia, insulin resistance, hypo HDL-emia, hyper LDL-emia, dyslipidemia, hyperlipidemia, hypertriglyceridemia, hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, arteriosclerosis, angiostenosis, atherosclerosis, obesity, dementia, cognitive disorder, glaucoma, retinopathy, Alzheimer's disease, osteoporosis, immune disorder, metabolic syndrome, depression, anxiety, manic depression, cardiovascular disease, neurodegenerative disease, Cushing syndrome, subclinical Cushing syndrome, etc.
[0023] According to the extensive studies for solving the problems, the inventors have found that the following adamantylamide derivatives structurally characterized by ketone such as arylcarbonyl group (phenylcarbonyl group, etc.), heteroarylcarbonyl group (pyridylcarbonyl group, etc.), etc. have strong 11βHSD1 inhibitory activities. The inventors have also found that the derivatives have balanced properties essential for a medicament, including metabolic stability, solubility, membrane permeability, physicochemical property, pharmacokinetics as well as 11βHSD1 inhibitory activity, and achieved the present invention.

Means of Solving the Problems

[0024] The present invention is as below.

Item 1: A compound of formula (1), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

[0025]  [see pdf for image]
[wherein A is C6-10 arylene, or 5- or 6-membered monocyclic heteroarylene selected from the group of following group:
[0026]  [see pdf for image]
[0027] R1a, R1b and R1c are each independently,

(1) hydrogen atom,

(2) deuterium atom,

(3) halogen atom,

(4) cyano group,

(5) C1-4 alkyl group (in which the group may be optionally substituted by

[0028] (a) 1 to 3 halogen atom(s),
[0029] (b) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the group may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atom(s)),
[0030] (c) C3-6 cycloalkyl,
[0031] (d) C3-6 cycloalkoxy, or
[0032] (e) heterocycle),

(6) C1-4 alkoxy group (in which the group may be optionally substituted by

[0033] (a) 1 to 3 halogen atom(s),
[0034] (b) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the group may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atom(s)),
[0035] (c) C3-6 cycloalkyl, or
[0036] (d) C3-6 cycloalkoxy),

(7) C3-6 cycloalkyl group,

(8) C3-6 cycloalkoxy group,

(9) heterocyclic oxy group, or

(10) C7-16 aralkyloxy group;

[0037] R2 is optionally substituted C6-10 aryl group, optionally substituted 5- to 12-membered monocyclic or polycyclic heteroaryl group, optionally substituted C7-16 aralkyl group, optionally substituted 5- to 12-membered monocyclic or polycyclic heteroaryl-C1-6 alkyl group, optionally substituted heterocycle group, or C1-6 alkyl group (in which the alkyl group is substituted by optionally substituted C6-10 aryloxy);
[0038] m is 0 or 1;
[0039] n is an integer of 0 to 2.]

Item 2: The compound of Item 1, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein A is 1,3-phenylene or 1,4-phenylene.

Item 3: The compound of Item 2, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein A is 1,4-phenylene.

Item 4: The compound of Item 1, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein A is 5- or 6-membered monocyclic heteroarylene.

Item 5: The compound of Item 4, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein 5- or 6-membered monocyclic heteroarylene in A is selected from the group of the following groups:

[0040]  [see pdf for image]
Item 6: The compound of any one of Items 1 to 5, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R1a is
(1) hydrogen atom,
(2) deuterium atom,
(3) halogen atom,
(4) cyano group,
(5) C1-4 alkyl group (in which the group may be optionally substituted by
[0041] (a) 1 to 3 halogen atom(s), or
[0042] (b) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the group may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atom(s))),

(6) C1-4 alkoxy group (in which the group may be optionally substituted by

[0043] (a) 1 to 3 halogen atom(s), or
[0044] (b) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the group may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atom(s))),

(7) C3-6 cycloalkyl group,

(8) C3-6 cycloalkoxy group,

(9) heterocyclic oxy group, or

(10) C7-16 aralkyloxy group.

Item 7: The compound of Item 6, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R1a is

(1) halogen atom,

(2) cyano group,

(3) C1-4 alkyl group (in which the group may be optionally substituted by

[0045] (a) 1 to 3 halogen atom(s), or
[0046] (b) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the group may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atom(s))),

(4) C1-4 alkoxy group (in which the group may be optionally substituted by

[0047] (a) 1 to 3 halogen atom(s), or
[0048] (b) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the group may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atom(s))),

(5) C3-6 cycloalkyl group,

(6) C3-6 cycloalkoxy group,

(7) heterocyclic oxy group, or

(8) C7-16 aralkyloxy group.

Item 8: The compound of Item 7, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R1a is

(1) halogen atom,

(2) C1-4 alkyl group (in which the group may be optionally substituted by

[0049] (a) 1 to 3 halogen atom(s), or
[0050] (b) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the group may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atom(s))),

(3) C1-4 alkoxy group (in which the group may be optionally substituted by

[0051] (a) 1 to 3 halogen atom(s), or
[0052] (b) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the group may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atom(s))),

(4) C3-6 cycloalkyl group, or

(5) C3-6 cycloalkoxy group.

Item 9: The compound of Item 8, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R1a is

(1) halogen atom,

(2) C1-4 alkyl group (in which the group may be optionally substituted by

[0053] (a) 1 to 3 halogen atom(s), or
[0054] (b) C1-4 alkoxy), or

(3) C1-4 alkoxy group (in which the group may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atom(s)).

Item 10: The compound of Item 9, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R1a is C1-4 alkyl group which may be optionally substituted by C1-4 alkoxy.

Item 11: The compound of any one of Items 1 to 10, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R1b is

(1) hydrogen atom,

(2) C1-4 alkyl group,

(3) C1-4 alkoxy group, or

(4) C3-6 cycloalkyl group.

Item 12: The compound of Item 11, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R1b is

(1) hydrogen atom,

(2) C1-4 alkyl group, or

(3) C1-4 alkoxy group.

Item 13: The compound of Item 12, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R1b is hydrogen atom.

Item 14: The compound of Item 11, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R1b is C1-4 alkyl group or C3-6 cycloalkyl group.

Item 15: The compound of any one of Items 1 to 14, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R1c is hydrogen atom, C1-4 alkyl group, or C3-6 cycloalkyl group.

Item 16: The compound of Item 15, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R1c is hydrogen atom.

Item 17: The compound of Item 15, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R1c is C1-4 alkyl group.

Item 18: The compound of Item 17, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R1c is methyl group.

[0055] Item 19: The compound of any one of Items 1 to 18, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R2 is optionally substituted C6-10 aryl group, optionally substituted 5- or 6-membered monocyclic heteroaryl group, optionally substituted C7-16 aralkyl group, optionally substituted 5- to 12-membered monocyclic or polycyclic heteroaryl-C1-6 alkyl group, or optionally substituted heterocycle group.
Item 20: The compound of Item 19, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein substituent group(s) of optionally substituted C6-10 aryl group, optionally substituted 5- or 6-membered monocyclic heteroaryl group, optionally substituted C7-16 aralkyl group, optionally substituted 5- to 12-membered monocyclic or polycyclic heteroaryl-C1-6 alkyl group and optionally substituted heterocycle group in R2 are
(1) halogen atom,
(2) cyano group,
(3) C1-4 alkyl group (in which the group may be optionally substituted by
[0056] (a) 1 to 3 halogen atom(s),
[0057] (b) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the group may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atom(s)),
[0058] (c) C3-6 cycloalkyl,
[0059] (d) C3-6 cycloalkoxy, or
[0060] (e) heterocycle),

(4) C1-4 alkoxy group (in which the group may be optionally substituted by

[0061] (a) 1 to 3 halogen atom(s),
[0062] (b) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the group may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atom(s)),
[0063] (c) C3-6 cycloalkyl, or
[0064] (d) C3-6 cycloalkoxy),

(5) C3-6 cycloalkyl group,

(6) C3-6 cycloalkoxy group (in which the group may be optionally substituted by C1-4 alkoxy),

(7) heterocycle group,

(8) 5- to 7-membered cyclic amino group,

(9) C1-4 alkylthio group, or

(10) C1-4 alkylsulfonyl group.

Item 21: The compound of Item 20, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R2 is

(1) C6-10 aryl group (in which the group may be optionally substituted by the same or different 1 to 5 group(s) selected from the group consisting of

[0065] (a) halogen atom,
[0066] (b) cyano,
[0067] (c) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by
[0068] 1 to 3 halogen atom(s),
[0069] C1-4 alkoxy (in which the group may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atom(s)),
[0070] C3-6 cycloalkyl,
[0071] C3-6 cycloalkoxy, or
[0072] saturated heterocycle),
[0073] (d) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by
[0074] 1 to 3 halogen atom(s),
[0075] C1-4 alkoxy (in which the group may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atom(s)),
[0076] C3-6 cycloalkyl, or
[0077] C3-6 cycloalkoxy),
[0078] (e) C3-6 cycloalkyl,
[0079] (f) C3-6 cycloalkoxy (in which the cycloalkoxy may be optionally substituted by C1-4 alkoxy),
[0080] (g) saturated heterocycle,
[0081] (h) 5- to 7-membered cyclic amino,
[0082] (i) C1-4 alkylthio, and
[0083] (j) C1-4 alkylsulfonyl),

(2) 5- or 6-membered monocyclic heteroaryl group (in which the group may be optionally substituted by the same or different group(s) selected from the group consisting of

[0084] (a) halogen atom,
[0085] (b) cyano,
[0086] (c) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by
[0087] 1 to 3 halogen atom(s),
[0088] C1-4 alkoxy (in which the group may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atom(s)),
[0089] C3-6 cycloalkyl,
[0090] C3-6 cycloalkoxy, or
[0091] saturated heterocycle),
[0092] (d) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by
[0093] 1 to 3 halogen atom(s),
[0094] C1-4 alkoxy (in which the group may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atom(s)),
[0095] C3-6 cycloalkyl, or
[0096] C3-6 cycloalkoxy),
[0097] (e) C3-6 cycloalkyl,
[0098] (f) C3-6 cycloalkoxy (in which the cycloalkoxy may be optionally substituted by C1-4 alkoxy),
[0099] (g) saturated heterocycle, and
[0100] (h) 5- to 7-membered cyclic amino),

(3) C7-14 aralkyl group (in which the group may be optionally substituted by the same or different 1 to 5 group(s) selected from the group consisting of

[0101] (a) halogen atom,
[0102] (b) cyano,
[0103] (c) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by
[0104] 1 to 3 halogen atom(s),
[0105] C1-4 alkoxy (in which the group may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atom(s)),
[0106] C3-6 cycloalkyl,
[0107] C3-6 cycloalkoxy, or
[0108] saturated heterocycle),
[0109] (d) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by
[0110] 1 to 3 halogen atom(s),
[0111] C1-4 alkoxy (in which the group may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atom(s)),
[0112] C3-6 cycloalkyl, or
[0113] C3-6 cycloalkoxy),
[0114] (e) C3-6 cycloalkyl,
[0115] (f) C3-6 cycloalkoxy (in which the cycloalkoxy may be optionally substituted by C1-4 alkoxy),
[0116] (g) saturated heterocycle, and
[0117] (h) 5- to 7-membered cyclic amino), or

(4) saturated heterocycle group (in which the group may be optionally substituted by the same or different group(s) selected from the group consisting of

[0118] (a) halogen atom,
[0119] (b) cyano group,
[0120] (c) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by
[0121] 1 to 3 halogen atom(s),
[0122] C1-4 alkoxy (in which the group may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atom(s)),
[0123] C3-6 cycloalkoxy, or
[0124] saturated heterocycle),
[0125] (d) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by
[0126] 1 to 3 halogen atom(s),
[0127] C1-4 alkoxy (in which the group may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atom(s)), or
[0128] C3-6 cycloalkoxy),
[0129] (e) C3-6 cycloalkyl,
[0130] (f) C3-6 cycloalkoxy (in which the cycloalkoxy may be optionally substituted by C1-4 alkoxy), and
[0131] (g) saturated heterocycle).

Item 22: The compound of Item 21, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R2 is

(1) C6-10 aryl group (in which the group may be optionally substituted by the same or different 1 to 5 group(s) selected from the group consisting of

[0132] (a) halogen atom,
[0133] (b) cyano,
[0134] (c) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by
[0135] 1 to 3 halogen atom(s), or
[0136] C1-4 alkoxy),
[0137] (d) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by
[0138] 1 to 3 halogen atom(s), or
[0139] C1-4 alkoxy),
[0140] (e) C3-6 cycloalkyl group, and
[0141] (f) 5- to 7-membered cyclic amino group),

(2) 5- or 6-membered monocyclic heteroaryl group (in which the group may be optionally substituted by the same or different group(s) selected from the group consisting of

[0142] (a) halogen atom,
[0143] (b) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by
[0144] 1 to 3 halogen atom(s), or
[0145] C1-4 alkoxy), and
[0146] (c) C1-4 alkoxy group (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by
[0147] 1 to 3 halogen atom(s), or
[0148] C3-6 cycloalkyl)),
(3) C7-14 aralkyl group (in which the group may be optionally substituted by the same or different 1 to 5 group(s) selected from the group consisting of
[0149] (a) halogen atom,
[0150] (b) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by
[0151] 1 to 3 halogen atom(s), or
[0152] C1-4 alkoxy),
[0153] (c) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by
[0154] 1 to 3 halogen atom(s), or
[0155] C1-4 alkoxy),
[0156] (d) C3-6 cycloalkyl, and
[0157] (e) 5- to 7-membered cyclic amino), or

(4) saturated heterocycle group.

Item 23: The compound of Item 22, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R2 is

(1) C6-10 aryl group (in which the group may be optionally substituted by the same or different 1 to 5 group(s) selected from the group consisting of

[0158] (a) halogen atom,
[0159] (b) cyano,
[0160] (c) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by
[0161] 1 to 3 halogen atom(s), or
[0162] C1-4 alkoxy),
[0163] (d) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by
[0164] 1 to 3 halogen atom(s), or
[0165] C1-4 alkoxy),
[0166] (e) C3-6 cycloalkyl group, and
[0167] (f) 5- to 7-membered cyclic amino group),

(2) 5- or 6-membered monocyclic heteroaryl group (in which the group may be optionally substituted by the same or different group(s) selected from the group consisting of

[0168] (a) halogen atom,
[0169] (b) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by
[0170] 1 to 3 halogen atom(s), or
[0171] C1-4 alkoxy), and
[0172] (c) C1-4 alkoxy group (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atom(s))),

(3) C7-14 aralkyl group (in which the group may be optionally substituted by halogen atom), or

(4) saturated heterocycle group.

Item 24: The compound of Item 23, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R2 is

(1) C6-10 aryl group (in which the group may be optionally substituted by the same or different 1 to 5 group(s) selected from the group consisting of

[0173] (a) halogen atom,
[0174] (b) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by
[0175] 1 to 3 halogen atom(s), or
[0176] C1-4 alkoxy),
[0177] (c) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atom(s)), and
[0178] (d) cyano),

(2) 5- or 6-membered monocyclic heteroaryl group (in which the group may be optionally substituted by the same or different group(s) selected from the group consisting of

[0179] (a) halogen atom,
[0180] (b) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by
[0181] 1 to 3 halogen atom(s), or
[0182] C1-4 alkoxy), and
[0183] (c) C1-4 alkoxy group (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atom(s))), or

(3) C7-14 aralkyl group (in which the group may be optionally substituted by halogen atom(s)).

[0184] Item 25: The compound of Item 24, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R2 is C6-10 aryl group, or 5- or 6-membered monocyclic heteroaryl group (in which these groups may be optionally substituted by the same or different group(s) selected from the group consisting of
[0185] (a) halogen atom,
[0186] (b) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atom(s)), and
[0187] (c) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atom(s))).

Item 26: The compound of Item 25, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein 5- or 6-membered monocyclic heteroaryl group in R2 is one group selected from the following group:

[0188]  [see pdf for image]
Item 27: The compound of any one of Item 1 to Item 26, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein m and n are
(i) in case that A is C6-10 arylene, m is 1, and n is 2;
(ii) in case that 5- or 6-membered monocyclic heteroarylene in A is the following group:
[0189]  [see pdf for image]
m is 1, and n is 0;
(iii) in case that 5- or 6-membered monocyclic heteroarylene in A is the following group:
[0190]  [see pdf for image]
both m and n are 1;
(iv) in case that 5- or 6-membered monocyclic heteroarylene in A is the following group:
[0191]  [see pdf for image]
both m and n are 0; or
(v) in case that 5- or 6-membered monocyclic heteroarylene in A is the following group:
[0192]  [see pdf for image]
both m and n are 1.
Item 28: The compound of any one of Item 1 to Item 26, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein a compound of formula (1) is a compound of the following formula:
[0193]  [see pdf for image]
Item 29: The compound of Item 28, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein a compound of formula (1) is compounds of the following formulae:
[0194]  [see pdf for image]
Item 30: The compound of Item 29, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein a compound of formula (1) is a compound of the following formula:
[0195]  [see pdf for image]
Item 31: The compound of any one of Item 1 to Item 26, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein a compound of formula (1) is compounds of the following formulae:
[0196]  [see pdf for image]
Item 32: The compound of Item 31, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein a compound of formula (1) is a compound of the following formula:
[0197]  [see pdf for image]
Item 33: The compound of Item 31, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein a compound of formula (1) is selected from compounds of the following formulae:
[0198]  [see pdf for image]
Item 34: The compound of Item 33, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein a compound of formula (1) is selected from a compound of the following formula:
[0199]  [see pdf for image]
Item 35: The compound of any one of Item 28 to Item 34, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R1a is
(1) halogen atom,
(2) cyano group,
(3) C1-4 alkyl group (in which the group may be optionally substituted by
[0200] (a) 1 to 3 halogen atom(s),
[0201] (b) C1-4 alkoxy,
[0202] (c) C3-6 cycloalkyl,
[0203] (d) C3-6 cycloalkoxy, or
[0204] (e) heterocycle),

(4) C1-4 alkoxy group (in which the group may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atom(s)),

(5) C3-6 cycloalkyl group, or

(6) C3-6 cycloalkoxy group;

[0205] R1b is hydrogen atom, or C1-4 alkyl group;
[0206] R1c is C1-4 alkyl group, or C3-6 cycloalkyl group.

Item 36: The compound of Item 35, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R1a is

(1) halogen atom,

(2) C1-4 alkyl group (in which the group may be optionally substituted by

[0207] (a) 1 to 3 halogen atom(s), or
[0208] (b) C1-4 alkoxy),

(3) C3-6 cycloalkyl group, or

(4) C1-4 alkoxy group (in which the group may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atom(s)).

[0209] Item 37: The compound of either Item 35 or Item 36, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R1b is hydrogen atom.

Item 38: The compound of any one of Item 35 to Item 37, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R1c is C1-4 alkyl group.

Item 39: The compound of Item 38, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R1c is methyl group.

Item 40: The compound of Item 1, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, selected from the following group:

[0210] 5-benzoyl-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1,3-dimethyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0211] 5-(2-fluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1,3-dimethyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0212] 5-(4-fluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1,3-dimethyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0213] N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1,3-dimethyl-5-(2-methylbenzoyl)-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0214] N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1,3-dimethyl-5-(3-methylbenzoyl)-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0215] N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1,3-dimethyl-5-(4-methylbenzoyl)-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0216] 5-(4-chlorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1,3-dimethyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0217] N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-5-(2-methoxybenzoyl)-1,3-dimethyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0218] N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-5-(3-methoxybenzoyl)-1,3-dimethyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0219] N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-5-(4-methoxybenzoyl)-1,3-dimethyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0220] 3-chloro-5-(2-fluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1-methyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0221] 5-benzoyl-3-ethyl-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1-methyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0222] 3-ethyl-5-(2-fluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1-methyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0223] 3-ethyl-5-(3-fluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1-methyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0224] 3-ethyl-5-(4-fluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1-methyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0225] 5-benzoyl-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-3-(methoxymethyl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0226] 3-ethyl-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-5-(3-methoxybenzoyl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0227] N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1,3-dimethyl-5-[(1-methyl-1H-pyrrol-2-yl)carbonyl]-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0228] 5-(2,4-difluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1,3-dimethyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0229] 5-benzoyl-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1-methyl-3-propyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0230] 5-(2-fluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1-methyl-3-propyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0231] 5-(3-fluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1-methyl-3-propyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0232] 3-ethyl-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1-methyl-5-(3-methylbenzoyl)-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0233] 5-(2,3-difluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1-methyl-3-propyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0234] 5-(2,6-difluorobenzoyl)-3-ethyl-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1-methyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0235] 3-ethyl-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1-methyl-5-(2-methylbenzoyl)-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0236] 5-(3-chlorobenzoyl)-3-ethyl-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1-methyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0237] 5-[3-(difluoromethoxy)benzoyl]-3-ethyl-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1-methyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0238] 5-(4-fluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1-methyl-3-propyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0239] 5-(3-cyanobenzoyl)-3-ethyl-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1-methyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0240] 3-ethyl-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1-methyl-5-[(5-methyl-2-thienyl)carbonyl]-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0241] 5-[2-(difluoromethyl)benzoyl]-3-ethyl-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1-methyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0242] 3-ethyl-5-(3-fluoro-5-methoxybenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1-methyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0243] 3-cyclopropyl-5-(2-fluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1-methyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0244] 5-(2,4-difluorobenzoyl)-3-ethyl-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1-methyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0245] 3-ethyl-5-(4-fluoro-3-methylbenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1-methyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0246] 5-benzoyl-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-3-isopropyl-1-methyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0247] 5-(2-fluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-3-isopropyl-1-methyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0248] 5-(3-fluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-3-isopropyl-1-methyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0249] 5-(2,6-difluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-3-isopropyl-1-methyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0250] 5-(3,5-difluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1,3-dimethyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0251] 5-(3,5-difluorobenzoyl)-3-ethyl-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1-methyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0252] 3-ethyl-5-(2-fluoro-5-methylbenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1-methyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0253] 3-ethyl-5-(4-fluoro-3-methoxybenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1-methyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0254] 3-ethyl-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1-methyl-5-[3-(trifluoromethoxy)benzoyl]-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0255] 5-(4-cyanobenzoyl)-3-ethyl-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1-methyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0256] 5-(3,4-difluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1,3-dimethyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0257] 5-(3,4-difluorobenzoyl)-3-ethyl-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1-methyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0258] 3-ethyl-5-[4-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethoxy)benzoyl]-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1-methyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0259] 5-(2-fluoro-5-methoxybenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1,3-dimethyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0260] 3-ethyl-5-[2-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethoxy)benzoyl]-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1-methyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0261] 5-(5-ethoxy-2-fluorobenzoyl)-3-ethyl-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1-methyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0262] 5-(3-ethoxy-5-fluorobenzoyl)-3-ethyl-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1-methyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0263] 5-(3-fluoro-5-methylbenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1,3-dimethyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0264] 3-ethyl-5-(3-fluoro-5-methylbenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1-methyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0265] 5-benzoyl-3-cyclopropyl-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1-methyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0266] 3-cyclopropyl-5-(3-fluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1-methyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0267] 3-cyclopropyl-5-(2,6-difluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1-methyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0268] 5-(3-fluoro-5-methoxybenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1,3-dimethyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0269] 5-(4-fluoro-3-methoxybenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1,3-dimethyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0270] 5-(3-ethoxy-4-fluorobenzoyl)-3-ethyl-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1-methyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0271] 5-(3-ethoxy-4-fluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1,3-dimethyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0272] 5-(4-fluoro-3-methylbenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1,3-dimethyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide,
[0273] 3-ethyl-5-(3-ethylbenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1-methyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide, and
[0274] 5-(3-ethylbenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1,3-dimethyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide.
[0275] Item 41: The compound of Item 1, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, selected from the following group:
[0276] 2-chloro-4-(2-fluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]benzamide,
[0277] 2-chloro-4-(2,4-difluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]benzamide,
[0278] 4-(4-fluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-2-(methoxymethyl)benzamide,
[0279] N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-2-(methoxymethyl)-4-(2-methylbenzoyl)benzamide,
[0280] N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-2-(methoxymethyl)-4-(3-methylbenzoyl)benzamide,
[0281] 4-(2-chlorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-2-(methoxymethyl)benzamide,
[0282] 4-(2,4-difluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-2-methoxybenzamide,
[0283] 4-(4-ethoxybenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-2-(methoxymethyl)benzamide,
[0284] 2-(ethoxymethyl)-4-(2-fluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]benzamide,
[0285] 2-ethoxy-4-(4-fluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]benzamide,
[0286] 4-(2-fluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-2-propylbenzamide,
[0287] 2-ethyl-4-(2-fluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]benzamide,
[0288] 2-ethyl-4-(4-fluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]benzamide,
[0289] 4-(3-fluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-2-propylbenzamide,
[0290] 4-(4-fluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-2-propylbenzamide,
[0291] 4-(2,3-difluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-2-(methoxymethyl)benzamide,
[0292] 4-(2,5-difluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-2-(methoxymethyl)benzamide,
[0293] 4-(2-fluoro-3-methylbenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-2-(methoxymethyl)benzamide,
[0294] 4-(2-fluoro-5-methoxybenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-2-(methoxymethyl)-benzamide,
[0295] 4-(2-fluoro-5-methylbenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-2-(methoxymethyl)benzamide,
[0296] 2-cyclopropyl-4-(2-fluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]benzamide,
[0297] 4-[2-(difluoromethyl)benzoyl]-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-2-(methoxymethyl)-benzamide,
[0298] 4-(3-fluoro-2-methylbenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-2-(methoxymethyl) [see pdf for image] dibenzamide,
[0299] 4-(5-fluoro-2-methylbenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-2-(methoxymethyl) [see pdf for image] dibenzamide,
[0300] 4-(2,4-difluorobenzoyl)-2-ethyl-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]benzamide,
[0301] 4-benzoyl-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-2-(2-methoxyethyl)benzamide,
[0302] 4-(3-fluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-2-(2-methoxyethyl)benzamide,
[0303] 4-[2-(difluoromethyl)benzoyl]-2-ethyl-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]benzamide,
[0304] 4-benzoyl-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-2-propylbenzamide,
[0305] 4-benzoyl-2-ethyl-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]benzamide,
[0306] 4-(2,4-difluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-2-propylbenzamide,
[0307] 4-[3-(difluoromethyl)benzoyl]-2-ethyl-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]benzamide,
[0308] 2-ethyl-4-(2-fluoro-3-methylbenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]benzamide,
[0309] 4-(3,4-difluorobenzoyl)-2-ethyl-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]benzamide,
[0310] 4-(3,5-difluorobenzoyl)-2-ethyl-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]benzamide, and
[0311] 4-(2,6-difluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-2-propylbenzamide.
Item 42: The compound of Item 1, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, selected from the following group:
[0312] 2-chloro-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-4-[(1-methyl-1H-pyrrol-2-yl)carbonyl]benzamide,
[0313] N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-2-methoxy-4-[(1-methyl-1H-pyrrol-2-yl)carbonyl]-benzamide,
[0314] N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-2-(methoxymethyl)-4-[(1-methyl-1H-pyrrol-2-yl)carbonyl]-benzamide,
[0315] 4-[(1-ethyl-1H-pyrrol-2-yl)carbonyl]-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-2-(methoxymethyl)-benzamide,
[0316] N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-2-(methoxymethyl)-4-(2-pyridinylcarbonyl)benzamide,
[0317] N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-2-(methoxymethyl)-4-(1,3-thiazol-2-ylcarbonyl)benzamide,
[0318] N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-4-{[1-(2-methoxyethyl)-1H-pyrrol-2-yl]carbonyl}-2-(methoxymethyl)benzamide,
[0319] 2-ethyl-4-[(1-ethyl-1H-pyrrol-2-yl)carbonyl]-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]benzamide,
[0320] 2-ethyl-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-4-[(1-methyl-1H-pyrrol-2-yl)carbonyl]benzamide,
[0321] N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-2-(methoxymethyl)-4-[(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-5-yl)-carbonyl]benzamide,
[0322] 2-ethyl-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-4-[(1-methyl-pyrazol-5-yl)carbonyl]benzamide,
[0323] 2-ethyl-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-4-(2-pyridinylcarbonyl)benzamide,
[0324] 2-ethyl-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-4-[(3-methyl-2-pyridinyl)carbonyl]benzamide,
[0325] 2-ethyl-4-[(3-fluoro-2-pyridinyl)carbonyl]-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]benzamide,
[0326] 4-[(3-chloro-2-pyridinyl)carbonyl]-2-ethyl-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]benzamide,
[0327] 2-ethyl-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-4-[(4-methyl-2-pyridinyl)carbonyl]benzamide,
[0328] 2-ethyl-4-[(5-fluoro-2-pyridinyl)carbonyl]-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]benzamide,
[0329] N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-2-propyl-4-(2-pyridinylcarbonyl)benzamide,
[0330] 4-[(3-fluoro-2-pyridinyl)carbonyl]-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-2-propylbenzamide, and
[0331] 4-[(3-fluoro-2-pyridinyl)carbonyl]-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-2-methylbenzamide.
Item 43: A pharmaceutical composition, which comprises the compound of any one of Item 1 to Item 42 or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
Item 44: A therapeutic agent for type II diabetes, abnormal glucose tolerance, hyperglycemia, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, hypertension, arteriosclerosis, angiostenosis, obesity, Cushing syndrome, subclinical Cushing syndrome, glaucoma, osteoporosis, metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease, atherosclerosis, cognitive disorder, dementia, Alzheimer's disease, depression, anxiety or manic depression, which comprises as the active ingredient the compound of any one of Item 1 to Item 42 or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
Item 45: Use of the compound of any one of Item 1 to Item 42 or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof for the treatment of type II diabetes, abnormal glucose tolerance, hyperglycemia, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, hypertension, arteriosclerosis, angiostenosis, obesity, Cushing syndrome, subclinical Cushing syndrome, glaucoma, osteoporosis, metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease, atherosclerosis, cognitive disorder, dementia, Alzheimer's disease, depression, anxiety or manic depression.
Item 46: A method for treating type II diabetes, abnormal glucose tolerance, hyperglycemia, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, hypertension, arteriosclerosis, angiostenosis, obesity, Cushing syndrome, subclinical Cushing syndrome, glaucoma, osteoporosis, metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease, atherosclerosis, cognitive disorder, dementia, Alzheimer's disease, depression, anxiety or manic depression, which comprises as the active ingredient the compound of any one of Item 1 to Item 42 or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

Effect of the Invention

[0332] A compound of formula (1) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof is useful as an 11βHSD1 inhibitor.

DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS

[0333] The present invention is explained in more detail as below. The number of carbon atoms in the definition of “substituent group” herein may be described as “C1-6”, for example. Specifically, the description “C1-6 alkyl” has the same meaning as an alkyl group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms. A substituent group herein which the term “optionally substituted” or “substituted” is not specified means a “unsubstituted” substituent group. For example, “C1-6 alkyl” means a “unsubstituted C1-6 alkyl” group.
[0334] The term “group” herein means a monovalent group. For example, the “alkyl group” means a monovalent saturated hydrocarbon group. In definitions of substituent groups herein, the term “group” may be abbreviated. The number of substituent groups in the group defined by using the term “optionally substituted” or “substituted” is not limited if they could be substituted, and is 1 or multiple. In other words, it is the number of carbon atoms, or carbon atoms and nitrogen atoms which may be substituted in the intended group. The definition of each group is applied to parts of other groups or substituent groups thereof, unless otherwise specified.
[0335] The “halogen atom” includes fluorine atom, chlorine atom, bromine atom or iodine atom. Preferable one is fluorine atom, or chlorine atom.
[0336] “C1-6 alkyl group” means straight or branched-chain saturated hydrocarbon group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms. Preferable one is “C1-4 alkyl group”. Concrete examples of “C1-6 alkyl group” include, for example, methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, butyl, isobutyl, sec-butyl, tert-butyl, pentyl, isopentyl, neopentyl, 1-ethylpropyl, hexyl, isohexyl, 1,1-dimethylbutyl, 2,2-dimethylbutyl, 3,3-dimethylbutyl, 2-ethylbutyl, etc.
[0337] “C3-7 cycloalkyl group” means cyclic saturated or unsaturated hydrocarbon group having 3 to 7 carbon atoms. Preferable one is “C3-6 cycloalkyl group” having 3 to 6 carbon atoms. Concrete examples of “C3-7 cycloalkyl group” include, for example, cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, cyclopentenyl, cyclohexenyl, etc.
[0338] The above “C3-7 cycloalkyl group” includes a condensed ring group of “C3-7 cycloalkyl” with phenyl or a 5- or 6-membered ring containing the same or different and one or more (e.g., 1 to 4) heteroatom(s) selected from nitrogen atom, sulfur atom or oxygen atom. Concrete examples of the group include, for example, groups of the following formulae, etc.
[0339]  [see pdf for image]
[0340] “C6-10 aryl group” means aromatic hydrocarbon having 6 to 10 carbon atoms. Preferable one is “C6 aryl group” (phenyl). Concrete examples of “C6-10 aryl group” include, for example, phenyl, 1-naphthyl or 2-naphthyl, etc.
[0341] The above “C6-10 aryl” includes a condensed ring group of “C6 aryl” with 5- or 6-membered ring containing the same or different and one or more (e.g., 1 to 4) heteroatoms selected from nitrogen atom, sulfur atom or oxygen atom, or 5- to 7-membered cycloalkyl ring (e.g., cyclopentane, cyclohexane or cycloheptane). Concrete examples of the group include, for example, groups of the following formulae, etc.
[0342]  [see pdf for image] [see pdf for image]
[0343] However, if C6-10 aryl group is a condensed ring, only an aromatic ring moiety has a binding site of the “group”. For example, if the group is “C6-10 aryl group” of the following formula:
[0344]  [see pdf for image]
it means that the “group” binds on 4-, 5-, 6-, or 7-position.
[0345] “C7-16 aralkyl group” means “C6-10 aryl-C1-6 alkyl group”, and a group wherein the above “C6-10 aryl group” is substituted on the above “C1-6 alkyl group”. Preferable one is “C7-14 aralkyl group” (i.e. C6-10 aryl-C1-4 alkyl group), more preferably “C7-10 aralkyl group” (i.e. C6-aryl-C1-4 alkyl group). Concrete examples of “C7-16 aralkyl group” include, for example, benzyl, 2-phenylethyl, 1-phenylpropyl or 1-naphthylmethyl, etc.
[0346] C1-6 alkyl moiety in the aralkyl may combine with any one carbon atom in the alkyl moiety to form a ring on said carbon atom. Concrete examples of the group include the following groups:
[0347]  [see pdf for image]
[0348] The “heteroaryl group” includes 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic aromatic group, etc., and comprises the same or different and one or more (e.g., 1 to 4) heteroatom(s) selected from nitrogen atom, sulfur atom or oxygen atom. A preferable “polycyclic heteroaryl group” is bi- or tri-cyclic group, more preferably bicyclic group. The polycyclic heteroaryl group includes a condensed ring of a monocyclic heteroaryl group with an aromatic ring (for example, benzene, pyridine, etc.) or a non-aromatic ring (for example, cyclohexyl, etc.). Concrete examples of the “heteroaryl group” include, for example, the following groups.
[0349]  [see pdf for image] [see pdf for image] [see pdf for image]
[0350] In the above formula, a bond across a ring means that a “group” may binds on any possible positions on the ring. For example, the heteroaryl group of the following formula:
[0351]  [see pdf for image]
means 2-furyl, or 3-furyl.
[0352] In addition, if the “heteroaryl” is polycyclic group and is, for example, the following formula:
[0353]  [see pdf for image]
it may be 4-, 5-, 6- or 7-benzofuryl as well as 2-benzofuryl, or 3-benzofuryl.
[0354] In the case of a polycyclic heteroaryl group wherein an aromatic ring is condensed with a non-aromatic ring (for example, piperidine, etc.), however, only an aromatic ring moiety has a binding site of the “group”. For example, in the case of the “polycyclic heteroaryl group” of the following formula:
[0355]  [see pdf for image]
it means that the “group” may bind on 2-, 3-, or 4-position. A preferable “heteroaryl group” is 5 to 10-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl group, more preferably 5- or 6-membered monocyclic heteroaryl group.
[0356] The “heteroaryl-C1-6 alkyl group” means a group wherein the above “heteroaryl group” binds to the above “C1-6 alkyl group”. Preferable one is “heteroaryl-C1-4 alkyl”. The heteroaryl moiety includes the same concrete examples as illustrated in the above heteroaryl group. Concrete examples of the “heteroaryl-C1-4 alkyl group” include, for example, 2-pyridylmethyl, etc.
[0357] The “heterocycle group” includes, for example, 3- to 7-membered heterocycle having the same or different 1 to 3 atom(s) selected from nitrogen atom, oxygen atom and sulfur atom. Each of the nitrogen atom, oxygen atom and sulfur atom is an atom which constitutes a ring. The heterocycle group may be either saturated or partly-unsaturated. Concrete examples of the “heterocycle group” include pyranyl, tetrahydrofuryl, pyrrolidinyl, imidazolidinyl, piperidinyl, morpholinyl, thiomorpholinyl, dioxothiomorpholinyl, hexamethyleneiminyl, oxazolidinyl, thiazolidinyl, imidazolidinyl, oxoimidazolidinyl, dioxoimidazolidinyl, oxooxazolidinyl, dioxooxazolidinyl, dioxothiazolidinyl, tetrahydrofuranyl or tetrahydropyridinyl, etc. In the group, the ring nitrogen atom may not be a binding site of a “group”. In other words, the group does not include a concept, for example, such as 1-pyrrolidino group.
[0358] Regarding the above “heterocycle group”, 3- to 7-membered heterocycle group may combine with 6-membered aromatic hydrocarbon or 6-membered heteroaryl to form a condensed ring. For example, it includes bicyclic 11 or 12-membered “heterocycle” wherein the above 5- or 6-membered “heterocycle group” is condensed with 6-membered aromatic hydrocarbon or 6-membered heteroaryl. The 6-membered aromatic hydrocarbon includes benzene, etc. The 6-membered “heterocycle group” includes 6-membered unsaturated heterocycle group, etc., and, for example, pyridine, pyrimidine or pyridazine, etc. Concrete examples of the “heterocycle group” include dihydroindolyl, dihydroisoindolyl, dihydropurinyl, dihydrothiazolopyrimidinyl, dihydrobenzodioxanyl, isoindolinyl, indazolyl, pyrrololidinyl, tetrahydroquinolinyl, decahydroquinolinyl, tetrahydroisoquinolinyl, decahydroisoquinolinyl, tetrahydronaphthyridinyl or tetrahydropyridoazepinyl, etc.
[0359] A preferable “heterocycle group” is saturated heterocycle group, more preferably 5- or 6-membered saturated heterocycle group.
[0360] “C6-10 arylene” means a bivalent group of the above “C6-10 aryl”. Preferable one is 1,2-phenylene, 1,3-phenylene or 1,4-phenylene.
[0361] The “C1-6 alkyl” moiety of “C1-6 alkoxy group” has the same meaning as defined in the above “C1-6 alkyl”. Preferable one is “C1-4 alkoxy group”. Concrete examples of “C1-6 alkoxy group” include methoxy, ethoxy, propoxy, isopropoxy, butoxy, isobutoxy, sec-butoxy, tert-butoxy, etc.
[0362] The “C1-6 alkyl” moiety of “C1-6 alkylsulfonyl group” has the same meaning as defined in the above “C1-6 alkyl”. Preferable one is “C1-4 alkylsulfonyl group”. Concrete examples of “C1-6 alkylsulfonyl group” include, for example, methylsulfonyl, ethylsulfonyl, propylsulfonyl, isopropylsulfonyl, butylsulfonyl, pentylsulfonyl or hexylsulfonyl, etc.
[0363] The “C1-6 alkyl” moiety of “C1-6 alkylthio group” has the same meaning as defined in the above “C1-6 alkyl”. Preferable one is “C1-4 alkylthio group”. Concrete examples of “C1-6 alkylthio group” include, for example, methylthio, etc.
[0364] The “C3-6 cycloalkyl” moiety of “C3-6 cycloalkylsulfonyl group” has the same meaning as defined in the above “C3-6 cycloalkyl”. Concrete examples include, for example, cyclopropylsulfonyl, cyclobutylsulfonyl, cyclopentylsulfonyl, cyclohexylsulfonyl, etc.
[0365] The “C3-6 cycloalkyl” moiety of “C3-6 cycloalkoxy group” has the same meaning as defined in the above “C3-6 cycloalkyl”. Concrete examples include cyclopropyloxy, cyclobutyloxy, cyclopentyloxy, cyclohexyloxy, etc.
[0366] “C1-6 alkylcarbonyl group” means a group wherein the above “C1-6 alkyl group” binds to carbonyl group. Concrete examples include, for example, acetyl, propionyl or butyryl, etc.
[0367] The “C6-10 aryl” moiety of “C6-10 aryloxy group” has the same meaning as defined in the above “C6-10 aryl group”. Concrete examples of “C6-10 aryloxy group” include, for example, phenyloxy, etc.
[0368] The “heterocycle” moiety of “heterocyclic oxy group” has the same meaning as defined in the above “heterocycle group”. Preferable one is saturated heterocycle group and, more preferably, 5- or 6-membered saturated heterocycle group. Concrete examples include pyranyloxy, etc.
[0369] The “C7-16 aralkyl” moiety of “C7-16 aralkyloxy group” has the same meaning as defined in the above “C7-16 aralkyl group”. Concrete examples include benzyloxy, 2-phenylethyloxy, etc.
[0370] The “C3-6 cycloalkylcarbonyl group” means a group wherein the above “C3-6 cycloalkyl group” binds to carbonyl group. Specifically, the “C3-6 cycloalkyl” moiety includes, for example, cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, cyclopentenyl, cyclohexenyl, etc.
[0371] The “5- to 7-membered cyclic amino group” means cyclic amino group comprising 5- to 7-membered ring, and it means that nitrogen atom in the ring is directly a binding site of a “group”. Preferable one is 5- or 6-membered cyclic amino group. Concrete examples include, for example, pyrrolidino, piperidino, morpholino, thiomorpholino, thiomorpholinooxide, thiomorpholinodioxide, piperadino, 2-pyrrolidon-1-yl, etc. The ring may be optionally substituted by, for example, halogen atom, C1-4 alkyl, or C6 aryl which may be optionally substituted by C1-4 alkoxy, etc. The group includes cyclic amino group comprising a partly-unsaturated ring.
[0372] The “5- to 7-membered cyclic amino group” may form a condensed ring of 6-membered aromatic hydrocarbon with 5- or 6-membered heterocycle. Concrete examples include the following “groups”.
[0373]  [see pdf for image]
[0374] The substituent group in the “optionally substituted C6-10 aryl group”, “optionally substituted C7-16 aralkyl group”, “optionally substituted 5- to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl group”, “optionally substituted 5 to 12-membered mono- or poly-cyclic heteroaryl-C1-6 alkyl group” and “optionally substituted C6-10 aryloxy” includes, for example,

(a) halogen atom,

(b) cyano group,

(c) heterocycle group,

(d) C3-7 cycloalkyl group,

(e) C3-6 cycloalkoxy group (in which the group may be optionally substituted by C1-4 alkoxy),

(f) C1-4 alkyl group (in which the alkyl group may be optionally substituted by

[0375] (f1) 1 to 3 halogen atom(s),
[0376] (f2) C3-6 cycloalkoxy,
[0377] (f3) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atom(s) or C1-4 alkoxy),
[0378] (f4) C3-7 cycloalkyl,
[0379] (f5) C1-6 alkylsulfonyl,
[0380] (f6) C3-6 cycloalkylsulfonyl,
[0381] (f7) 5- to 7-membered cyclic aminocarbonyl, or
[0382] (f8) heterocycle, etc.),

(g) C1-4 alkoxy group (in which the alkoxy group may be optionally substituted by

[0383] (g1) 1 to 3 halogen atom(s),
[0384] (g2) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atom(s)),
[0385] (g3) 5- to 7-membered cyclic aminocarbonyl,
[0386] (g4) C3-7 cycloalkyl, or
[0387] (g5) C3-6 cycloalkoxy),

(h) C3-6 cycloalkylsulfonyl group,

(i) C1-6 alkylcarbonyl group (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by

[0388] (i1) 1 to 3 halogen atom(s),
[0389] (i2) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atom(s)),
[0390] (i3) C3-6 cycloalkoxy, or
[0391] (i4) C3-7 cycloalkyl),

(j) C3-6 cycloalkylcarbonyl group (in which the cycloalkyl may be optionally substituted by

[0392] (j1) 1 to 3 halogen atom(s),
[0393] (j2) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atom(s)),
[0394] (j3) C3-6 cycloalkoxy,
[0395] (j4) C1-4 alkyl, or
[0396] (j5) C3-6 cycloalkyl),

(k) amino group (in which the amino may be optionally substituted by the same or different 1 to 2 group(s) selected from the group consisting of

[0397] (k1) C1-6 alkyl,
[0398] (k2) C3-7 cycloalkyl,
[0399] (k3) C1-6 alkylcarbonyl,
[0400] (k4) C3-6 cycloalkylcarbonyl, and
[0401] (k5) C1-6 alkylsulfonyl, wherein (k1) and (k3) may be further optionally substituted by group(s) selected from the group consisting of the above (i1) to (i4), and (k2) and (k4) may be further optionally substituted by group(s) selected from the group consisting of the above (j1) to (j5)),

(l) 5- to 7-membered cyclic amino group,

(m) C1-6 alkylthio group, or

(n) C1-6 alkylsulfonyl group, etc.

[0402] The substituent group in the “optionally substituted C6-10 aryl group”, “optionally substituted C7-16 aralkyl group”, “optionally substituted 5- to 12-membered monocyclic or polycyclic heteroaryl group”, “optionally substituted 5- to 12-membered monocyclic or polycyclic heteroaryl-C1-6 alkyl group” and “optionally substituted C6-10 aryloxy” is preferably

(a2) halogen atom,

(b2) cyano group,

(c2) heterocycle group,

(d2) C3-7 cycloalkyl group,

(e2) C1-4 alkyl group (in which the alkyl group may be optionally substituted by

[0403] (e21) 1 to 3 halogen atom(s), or
[0404] (e22) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atom(s) or C1-4 alkoxy)),

(f2) C1-4 alkoxy group (in which the alkoxy group may be optionally substituted by

[0405] (f21) 1 to 3 halogen atom(s),
[0406] (f22) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atom(s)), or
[0407] (f23) C3-7 cycloalkyl),

(g2) C1-6 alkylthio group, or

(h2) C1-6 alkylsulfonyl group.

[0408] The substituent group in the “optionally substituted heterocycle group” includes, for example, a group selected from the group consisting of

(a3) halogen atom,

(b3) hydroxy group,

(c3) cyano group,

(d3) C1-4 alkoxy group (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by

[0409] (d31) 1 to 3 halogen atom(s),
[0410] (d32) hydroxy,
[0411] (d33) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atom(s)),
[0412] (d34) C3-6 cycloalkoxy,
[0413] (d35) C3-6 cycloalkyl,
[0414] (d36) mono- or di-C1-6 alkylamino, or
[0415] (d37) 5- to 7-membered cyclic amino),

(e3) C3-7 cycloalkoxy group (in which the cycloalkoxy may be optionally substituted by

[0416] (e31) 1 to 3 halogen atom(s),
[0417] (e32) hydroxy,
[0418] (e33) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atom(s)),
[0419] (e34) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atom(s)),
[0420] (e35) C3-6 cycloalkoxy,
[0421] (e36) C3-6 cycloalkyl,
[0422] (e37) amino, or
[0423] (e38) mono- or di-C1-6 alkylamino),

(f3) C1-4 alkylcarbonyl group (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by group(s) selected from the group consisting of the above (d31) to (d37)),

(g3) C3-6 cycloalkylcarbonyl group (in which the cycloalkyl may be optionally substituted by group(s) selected from the group consisting of the above (e31) to (e38)),

(h3) C3-7 cycloalkyl group,

(i3) optionally substituted amino group,

(j3) optionally substituted aminocarbonyl group,

(k3) C1-4 alkylsulfonyl group (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by group(s) selected from the group consisting of the above (d31) to (d37)),

(l3) C3-6 cycloalkylsulfonyl group (in which the cycloalkyl may be optionally substituted by group(s) selected from the group consisting of the above (e31) to (e38)),

(m3) C1-4 alkyl group (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by

[0424] (m31) 1 to 3 halogen atom(s),
[0425] (m32) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the group may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atom(s)),
[0426] (m33) C3-6 cycloalkyl,
[0427] (m34) C3-6 cycloalkoxy, or
[0428] (m35) heterocycle),

(n3) heterocycle group,

(o3) 5- to 7-membered cyclic amino group, and

(p3) C1-4 alkylthio group, etc.

[0429] The substituent group in the “optionally substituted heterocycle group” is preferably

(a4) halogen atom,

(b4) C1-4 alkoxy group, or

(c4) C1-4 alkyl group (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by

[0430] (c41) 1 to 3 halogen atom(s), or
[0431] (c42) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the group may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atom(s))).
[0432] “Optionally substituted amino group” means amino group, mono- or di-substituted amino group, and optionally substituted 5- to 7-membered cyclic amino group.
[0433] The substituent group in the “mono- or di-substituted amino group” may be optionally substituted by the same or different 1 to 2 group(s) selected from the group consisting of

(a5) C1-4 alkyl,

(b5) C3-6 cycloalkyl,

(c5) C1-6 alkylcarbonyl,

(d5) C3-6 cycloalkylcarbonyl,

(e5) aminocarbonyl,

(f5) 5- to 7-membered cyclic aminocarbonyl,

(g5) C1-6 alkylsulfonyl, and

(h5) C3-6 cycloalkylsulfonyl.

[0434] The substituent group in the “optionally substituted 5- to 7-membered cyclic amino group” is the same as the substituent group in the above “optionally substituted heterocycle group”.
[0435] The “optionally substituted amino” in “optionally substituted aminocarbonyl group” has the same meaning as defined in the above “optionally substituted amino group”.
[0436] Definitions in the present invention are explained in more detail. A relationship between “A”, “R1a”, “R1b”, “R1c”, “m” and “n” in a compound of formula (1) is explained. Substituent group(s) on “A” are limited to a substituent group which may be substituted on “A”. In other words, sum of m and n is sum of the number of the substituent carbon atoms in A, or sum of the number of the substituent carbon atoms and nitrogen atoms in A, or less.
[0437] In case that “A” is phenylene, a compound of formula (1) means a compound of the following formula:
[0438]  [see pdf for image]
In other words, “m” is an integer of 1, and “n” is an integer of 2. In this case (n=2), multiple “R1c” are present and each “R1c” is independent. In other words, for example, even if one “R1c” is hydrogen atom, another “R1c” may be C1-4 alkyl group.
[0439] In case that “A” is a group of the following group:
[0440]  [see pdf for image]
the present compound means a compound of the following formula:
[0441]  [see pdf for image]
In other words, if either “m” or “n” is 1, then another is 0.
[0442] In case that “A” is a group of the following formula:
[0443]  [see pdf for image]
the present compound means any one embodiment of the following formula:
[0444]  [see pdf for image]
In other words, both “m” and “n” are 1.
[0445] In case that “A” is a group of the following formula:
[0446]  [see pdf for image]
a compound of formula (1) means a compound of the following formula:
[0447]  [see pdf for image]
In other words, “m” is 0, and “n” is 0.
[0448] In case that “A” is a group of the following formula:
[0449]  [see pdf for image]
a compound of formula (1) means a compound of the following formula:
[0450]  [see pdf for image]
In other words, “m” is 1, and “n” is 1.
[0451] Preferable scopes in the definitions of the present invention are explained as follows.
[0452] “A” is preferably phenylene, or heteroarylene selected from the following group:
[0453]  [see pdf for image]
Phenylene is more preferably 1,4-phenylene. The heteroarylene is more preferably heteroarylene of the following group:
[0454]  [see pdf for image]
[0455] “R1a” is preferably

(1) halogen atom,

(2) C1-4 alkyl group (in which the group may be optionally substituted by

[0456] (a) 1 to 3 halogen atom(s), or
[0457] (b) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the group may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atom(s))),

(3) C1-4 alkoxy group (in which the group may be optionally substituted by

[0458] (a) 1 to 3 halogen atom(s), or
[0459] (b) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the group may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atom(s))),

(4) C3-6 cycloalkyl group, or

(5) C3-6 cycloalkoxy group.

[0460] “R1b” is preferably

(1) hydrogen atom,

(2) C1-4 alkyl group,

(3) C1-4 alkoxy group, or

(4) C3-6 cycloalkyl group, more preferably hydrogen atom.

[0461] “R1c” is preferably hydrogen atom, C1-4 alkyl group, or C3-6 cycloalkyl group.
[0462] In case that “A” is 1,4-phenylene, “R1c” is preferably hydrogen atom.
[0463] In case that “A” is the following group:
[0464]  [see pdf for image]
“R1c” is preferably C1-4 alkyl group, more preferably methyl group.
[0465] “R2” is preferably

(1) C6-10 aryl group (in which the group may be optionally substituted by the same or different 1 to 5 group(s) selected from the group consisting of

[0466] (a) halogen atom,
[0467] (b) cyano,
[0468] (c) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by
[0469] 1 to 3 halogen atom(s), or
[0470] C1-4 alkoxy),
[0471] (d) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by
[0472] 1 to 3 halogen atom(s), or
[0473] C1-4 alkoxy),
[0474] (e) C3-6 cycloalkyl group, and
[0475] (f) 5- to 7-membered cyclic amino group),

(2) 5- or 6-membered monocyclic heteroaryl group (in which the group may be optionally substituted by the same or different group(s) selected from the group consisting of

[0476] (a) halogen atom,
[0477] (b) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by
[0478] 1 to 3 halogen atom(s), or
[0479] C1-4 alkoxy), and
[0480] (c) C1-4 alkoxy group (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by
[0481] 1 to 3 halogen atom(s), or
[0482] C3-6 cycloalkyl)),
(3) C7-14 aralkyl group (in which the group may be optionally substituted by the same or different 1 to 5 group(s) selected from the group consisting of
[0483] (a) halogen atom,
[0484] (b) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by
[0485] 1 to 3 halogen atom(s), or
[0486] C1-4 alkoxy),
[0487] (c) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by
[0488] 1 to 3 halogen atom(s), or
[0489] C1-4 alkoxy),
[0490] (d) C3-6 cycloalkyl, and
[0491] (e) 5- to 7-membered cyclic amino), or

(4) saturated heterocycle group.

[0492] More preferably, “R2” is

(1) C6-10 aryl group (in which the group may be optionally substituted by the same or different 1 to 5 group(s) selected from the group consisting of

[0493] (a) halogen atom,
[0494] (b) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atom(s), or C1-4 alkoxy),
[0495] (c) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atom(s)), and
[0496] (d) cyano),

and

(2) 5- or 6-membered monocyclic heteroaryl group (in which the group may be optionally substituted by the same or different group(s) selected from the group consisting of

[0497] (a) halogen atom,
[0498] (b) C1-4 alkyl (in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by
[0499] 1 to 3 halogen atom(s), or
[0500] C1-4 alkoxy), and
[0501] (c) C1-4 alkoxy (in which the alkoxy may be optionally substituted by 1 to 3 halogen atom(s))).
[0502] A compound of formula (1) is preferably compounds explained in the following (1) to (4). Each definition in these compounds is the same as defined above. A preferable embodiment of the definition is also the same as defined above.

(1) A compound of the following formula, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

[0503]  [see pdf for image]
(2) A compound of the following formula, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
[0504]  [see pdf for image]
(3) A compound of the following formula, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
[0505]  [see pdf for image]
(4) A compound of the following formula, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
[0506]  [see pdf for image]
[0507] Preparation methods for a compound of formula (1) are explained. A compound of formula (1) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof (also referred to as “the compound of the present invention”, hereinafter) is illustrated with examples, but the present invention is not intended to be limited thereto.
[0508] The compound of formula (1) in the present invention may be prepared from known compounds by optionally combining the method of the following Preparation methods 1 to 8, similar methods to the following Preparation methods, or synthetic methods known to a skilled person.

Preparation Method 1:

[0509] A compound of formula (1) may be synthesized by the following method, for example.
[0510] Among a compound of formula (1), Compound (s-5) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof is prepared by the following method, for example.
[0511]  [see pdf for image]
[In the scheme, A, R1a, R1b, R1c, R2, m and n are as defined in the above Item 1. Rx is C1-8 alkyl group (including methyl, butyl, octyl, etc.) or benzyl group, X is a leaving group such as halogen atom, trifluoromethanesulfonyloxy group, or methanesulfonyloxy group.]
Step (A-1):
[0512] In this step, ester compound (s-1) is treated with a boron reagent such as boronic acid R2B(OH)2, boronic acid ester R2B(OMe)2 or potassium trifluoroborate R2BF3K, etc. and carbon monoxide in the presence of a base and a metallic catalyst to prepare ketone compound (s-2). As the base, a carbonate salt such as potassium carbonate, cesium carbonate, sodium carbonate, etc. is usually used. As the metallic catalyst, for example, a catalyst such as bis(tristert-butylphosphine)palladium, bis(tris-o-tolylphosphine)dichloropalladium, bis(tris-o-tolylphosphine)palladium, tetrakistriphenylphosphinepalladium, dichloropalladium (acetonitrile), bis(tris-o-tolylphosphine)dichloropalladium, (1,1′-bis(diphenylphosphino)-ferrocene)dichloropalladium, PEPPSI™.IPr, etc. may be used. Appropriate agents selected from ligands or related ligands thereof described in Table 1.1 to Table 1.17 of Palladium reagents and catalysts, Jiro Tsuji, John Wiley & Sons Inc. (2004) may be also used with palladium acetate or palladium chloride. Carbon monoxide is usually used in the range of ordinary pressure to 10 atm. Any solvents which do not react under the reaction condition of the present step may be used. The solvent includes, for example, an ether type solvent such as diethylether, diisopropylether, tetrahydrofuran, methylcyclopentylether, anisole or 1,4-dioxane, etc., an aromatic hydrocarbon type solvent such as benzene, toluene, chlorobenzene or xylene, etc., an ester type solvent such as ethyl acetate or methyl acetate, etc., an aprotic polar solvent such as N,N-dimethylformamide, N,N-dimethylacetamide, N-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone, 1,3-dimethyl-2-imidazolidinone or dimethylsulfoxide, etc., or water, or a mixture thereof. The reaction temperature is usually in the range from 50° C. to heating to reflux. The reaction time is usually in the range from 30 minutes to 48 hours.

Step (A-2):

[0513] In this step, ester group of ketone compound (s-2) is deprotected to prepare carboxylic acid compound (s-3).
[0514] The step may be carried out according to the method of Protective Groups in Organic Synthesis, Greene, John Wiley & Sons Inc. (1981), etc.
[0515] Specifically, the following method is, for example, carried out. Carboxylic acid compound (s-3) may be prepared by the alkali hydrolysis or acid hydrolysis. For example, in the alkali hydrolysis, a compound of formula (s-3) may be prepared by treating the starting compound in the presence of alkali metal hydroxide or alkali earth metal hydroxide such as sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, lithium hydroxide, magnesium hydroxide, etc. in the presence or absence of, for example, an alcohol type solvent such as methanol, ethanol, 2-propanol, butanol, etc., an ether type solvent such as diethylether, diisopropylether, tetrahydrofuran, 1,4-dioxane, etc., or an aromatic hydrocarbon type solvent such as benzene, toluene, xylene, etc. together with water in the range from room temperature to heating to reflux, usually, for 0.5 to 48 hours.
[0516] In the acid hydrolysis, a compound of formula (s-3) may be prepared by treating the starting compound in the presence of a mineral acid such as hydrochloric acid, sulfuric acid, etc., an organic acid such as hydrobromic acid-acetic acid, trifluoroacetic acid, trifluoromethanesulfonic acid, etc., Lewis acid such as boron trifluoride-diethylether complex, zinc chloride or aluminum chloride, etc., optionally, for example, in an ether type solvent such as diethylether, diisopropylether, tetrahydrofuran or 1,4-dioxane, etc., an aromatic hydrocarbon type solvent such as benzene, toluene or xylene, etc., a halogen solvent such as dichloromethane, chloroform or carbon tetrachloride, etc., or water, or a mixture thereof, usually, in a temperature range from −20° C. to heating to reflux, for 0.5 hours to 48 hours.

Step (A-3):

[0517] In this step, amide compound (s-5) is prepared from carboxylic acid compound (s-3) and amine compound (s-4). A method for activating carboxyl group includes, for example, a method for converting carboxy group into acid anhydride, mixed acid anhydride, acid halide, active ester, or acid azide, or a method for using a condensing agent, etc.
[0518] In case that the acid halide method is used, carboxylic acid compound (s-3) may be reacted with a halogenating agent such as oxalyl chloride, thionyl chloride, phosphorus oxychloride, phosphorus pentachloride, etc. to prepare an acid halide, followed by reacting with amine compound (s-4) or a salt thereof in the presence of a base to give amide compound (s-5). The base may be used without any limitation, but for example, includes organic bases such as triethylamine, diisopropylethylamine, tributylamine, 1,5-diazabicyclo[4.3.0]non-5-ene (DBN), 1,4-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane (DABCO), 1,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene (DBU), pyridine, dimethylaminopyridine, picoline or N-methylmorpholine (NMM), etc., or inorganic bases such as sodium hydrogen carbonate, potassium hydrogen carbonate, sodium carbonate, potassium carbonate, sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide, etc. Any solvents which do not react under the reaction condition of the present step may be used. The solvent includes, for example, a halogenated hydrocarbon type solvent such as dichloromethane, chloroform, 1,2-dichloroethane or carbon tetrachloride, etc., an ether type solvent such as diethylether, diisopropylether, tetrahydrofuran or 1,4-dioxane, etc., an aromatic hydrocarbon type solvent such as benzene, toluene or xylene, etc., an ester type solvent such as ethyl acetate or methyl acetate, etc., water, or a mixture thereof. The reaction temperature is in the range from −80° C. to heating to reflux, and usually in the range from −20° C. to ice cooled temperature. The reaction time is usually in the range from 10 minutes to 48 hours.
[0519] In case that the mixed acid anhydride method is used, carboxylic acid compound (s-3) may be reacted with acid halide in the presence of a base to give mixed acid anhydride, followed by reacting with amine compound (s-4) or a salt thereof to give amide compound (s-5). The acid halide includes, for example, methoxycarbonyl chloride, ethoxycarbonyl chloride, isopropyloxycarbonyl chloride, isobutyloxycarbonyl chloride, para-nitrophenoxycarbonyl chloride, or t-butylcarbonyl chloride. The base may be used without any limitation, but for example, includes organic bases such as triethylamine, diisopropylethylamine, tributylamine, 1,5-diazabicyclo[4.3.0]non-5-ene (DBN), 1,4-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane (DABCO), 1,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene (DBU), pyridine, dimethylaminopyridine, picoline or N-methylmorpholine (NMM), etc., or inorganic bases such as sodium hydrogen carbonate, potassium hydrogen carbonate, sodium carbonate or potassium carbonate, etc. Any solvents which do not react under the reaction condition of the present step may be used. The solvent includes, for example, a halogenated hydrocarbon type solvent such as dichloromethane, chloroform, 1,2-dichloroethane or carbon tetrachloride, etc., an ether type solvent such as diethylether, diisopropylether, tetrahydrofuran or 1,4-dioxane, etc., an aromatic hydrocarbon type solvent such as benzene, toluene or xylene, etc., an ester type solvent such as ethyl acetate or methyl acetate, etc., water, or a mixture thereof. The reaction temperature is in the range from −80° C. to heating to reflux, and usually in the range of −20° C. to ice cooled temperature. The reaction time is usually in the range from 30 minutes to 48 hours.
[0520] Carboxylic acid compound (s-3) may be reacted with amine compound (s-4) or a salt thereof by using a condensing agent in the presence or absence of a base to give amide compound (s-5). The condensing agent includes substances described in Jikkenkagakukouza (edited by The Chemical Society of Japan, Maruzen) vol. 22. For example, it includes phosphate esters such as diethylphosphoryl cyanide, diphenylphosphorylazide, etc., carbodiimides such as 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)-carbodiimide hydrochloride, dicyclohexylcarbodiimide, etc., a combination of disulfides such as 2,2′-dipyridyldisulfide, etc. and phosphine such as triphenylphosphine, phosphorus halides such as N,N′-bis(2-oxo-3-oxazolidinyl)phosphinic chloride, etc., a combination of azodicarboxylic acid diester such as diethyl azodicarboxylate and phosphine such as triphenylphosphine, etc., 2-halo-1-lower alkylpyridinium halides such as 2-chloro-1-methylpyridiniumiodide, etc., 1,1′-carbonyldiimidazole, diphenylphosphorylazide (DPPA), diethylphosphoryl cyanide (DEPC), dicyclohexylcarbodiimide (DCC), carbonyldiimidazole (CDI), 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)carbodiimide hydrochloride (EDC.HCl), O-(1H-benzotriazol-1-yl)-1,1,3,3-tetramethyl-uronium tetrahydroborate (TBTU), O-(1H-benzotriazol-1-yl)-N,N,N′,N′-tetramethyl-uronium hexafluorophosphate (HBTU), or (benzotriazol-1-yloxy)tris-(dimethylamino)phosphonium hexafluorophosphate, etc. The solvent may be used without any limitations, and any solvents which do not react under the reaction condition of the present step may be used. Specifically, the solvent is the same as used in the acid halide method, or includes an aprotic polar solvent N,N-dimethylformamide, N,N-dimethylacetamide, N-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone, 1,3-dimethyl-2-imidazolidinone or dimethylsulfoxide, etc., water, or a mixed solvent thereof. The base may be used without any limitations, but includes, for example, organic bases such as triethylamine, diisopropylethylamine, tributylamine, 1,5-diazabicyclo[4.3.0]non-5-ene (DBN), 1,4-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane (DABCO), 1,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene (DBU), pyridine, dimethylaminopyridine, picoline or N-methylmorpholine (NMM), etc. The reaction may be usually carried out in a temperature range of −10° C. to heating to reflux. The reaction time differs mainly depending on the conditions such as reaction temperature, starting materials used, and solvents, etc., but is usually in the range from 0.5 hours to 96 hours.

Preparation Method 2:

[0521] Compound (s-2) may be prepared according to the following Steps (A-4) and (A-5).
[0522]  [see pdf for image]
[In the scheme, the symbols have the same meanings as defined above.]
Step (A-4):
[0523] In this step, Compound (s-6) is treated with an acid halide (e.g., benzoyl chloride, etc.) in the presence of an acid to give ketone compound (s-7). As the acid, metal halide such as aluminum chloride, iron trichloride, titanium tetrachloride, tin tetrachloride, boron trifluoride, boron trifluoride.etherate or zinc chloride, etc., or sulfuric acid, polyphosphoric acid, etc. may be used. As the solvent, a halogenated hydrocarbon type solvent such as dichloromethane, 1,2-dichloroethane, carbon tetrachloride, etc. as well as nitrobenzene, sulfur disulfide, or 1,4-dioxane may be used. The reaction is carried out in the range from −10° C. to heat reflux, and usually, in the range from −10° C. to room temperature. The reaction time differs mainly depending on the conditions such as reaction temperature, starting materials used, and solvents, etc., but is usually in the range from 0.5 hours to 24 hours.

Step (A-5):

[0524] In this step, ketone compound (s-7) is treated with alcohol RxOH and carbon monoxide in the presence of a base and a metallic catalyst to prepare ester compound (s-2). The base includes an organic amine such as triethylamine, tributylamine, diisopropylethylamine, 1,1,2,2-tetramethylethylenediamine, 1,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene, 1,5-diazabicyclo[4.3.0]non-5-ene, 1,4-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane, etc., or a carbonate salt such as potassium carbonate, cesium carbonate, sodium carbonate, etc. The alcohol RxOH includes methanol, ethanol, propanol, butanol, amyl alcohol or benzylalcohol, etc. The metallic catalyst includes, for example, a catalyst such as bis(tristert-butylphosphine)palladium, bis(tris-o-tolylphosphine)-dichloropalladium, bis(tris-o-tolylphosphine)palladium, tetrakis(triphenylphosphine)palladium, dichloropalladium (acetonitrile), bis(tris-o-tolylphosphine)dichloropalladium, (1,1′-bis-(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene)dichloropalladium, PEPPSI™, etc. Appropriate agents selected from ligands or related ligands thereof described in Table 1.1 to Table 1.17 of Palladium reagents and catalysts, Jiro Tsuji, John Wiley & Sons Inc. (2004) may be also used with palladium acetate or palladium chloride. Carbon monoxide is usually used in the range of ordinary pressure to 10 atm. Any solvents which do not react under the reaction condition of the present step may be used. The solvent includes, for example, an ether type solvent such as diethylether, diisopropylether, tetrahydrofuran, methylcyclopropylether, anisole or 1,4-dioxane, etc., an aromatic hydrocarbon type solvent such as benzene, toluene, chlorobenzene or xylene, etc., an ester type solvent such as ethyl acetate or methyl acetate, etc., an aprotic polar solvent such as N,N-dimethylformamide, N,N-dimethylacetamide, N-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone or 1,3-dimethyl-2-imidazolidinone, etc., or a mixture thereof. The reaction temperature is usually in the range from 50° C. to heating to reflux. The reaction time is usually in the range from 1 hour to 48 hours.
[0525] Ester compound (s-2) obtained in this way may be treated in the similar manner to Preparation method 1 Step (A-2) and Step (A-3) to give amide compound (s-5).

Preparation Method 3:

[0526] Among a compound of formula (1), Compound (s-5) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof may be also prepared according to the following method.
[0527]  [see pdf for image]
[In the scheme, the symbols have the same meanings as defined above.]
Step (A-6):
[0528] Amide compound (s-16) may be prepared in the similar manner to Preparation method 1, Step (A-3).

Step (A-7):

[0529] Amide compound (s-5) may be prepared in the similar manner to Preparation method 1, Step (A-1).

Preparation Method 4:

[0530] Among a compound of formula (1), Compound (s-5) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof may be also prepared according to the following method.
[0531]  [see pdf for image]
[In the scheme, the symbols have the same meanings as defined above.]
Step (A-8):
[0532] Ketone compound (s-7) may be treated with amine compound (s-4) and carbon monoxide to give amide compound (s-5). The preparation may be carried out by using amine compound (s-4) instead of alcohol RxOH in Preparation method 2, Step (A-5).

Preparation Method 5:

[0533] Compound (s-7) in Preparation method 4 may be prepared according to the following method.
[0534]  [see pdf for image]
[In the scheme, A, R1a, R1b, R1c, R2, m, n and X have the same meanings as defined above. Mtl means a metal species, and, for example, if it is magnesium monohalide, it specifically means MgCl, MgBr, MgI, etc.]
Step (A-9):
[0535] In this step, amide compound (s-8) is prepared from carboxylic acid (s-1) and N-methoxy-N-methylamine or a salt thereof. This step may be carried out in the similar manner to Preparation method 1, Step (A-3).

Step (A-10):

[0536] In this step, ketone compound (s-7) is prepared from amide compound (s-8) and organometallic species (s-9).
[0537] R2-Mtl includes, for example, Grignard reagents or organic lithium reagents, etc. Any solvents which do not react under the reaction condition of the present step may be used. The solvent includes, for example, an ether type solvent such as diethylether, diisopropylether, tetrahydrofuran, dimethylethyleneglycol, cyclopentylmethylether or 1,4-dioxane, etc. The reaction temperature is in the range from −80° C. to heating to reflux, and usually in the range from −20° C. to ice cooled temperature. The reaction time is usually in the range from 30 minutes to 48 hours.
[0538] Ketone compound (s-7) obtained in this way may be treated in the similar manner to Preparation method 2, Step (A-5), Preparation method 1, Step (A-2), followed by Step (A-3) to give amide compound (s-5).

Preparation Method 6:

[0539] Among a compound of formula (1), Compound (s-5) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof may be prepared from the following compound (s-10).
[0540]  [see pdf for image]
[In the scheme, the symbols have the same meanings as defined above.]
Step (A-11):
[0541] In this step, Compound (s-10) may be prepared from Compound (s-8) and Compound (s-4) in the similar manner to Preparation method 4, Step (A-8).
[0542] Compound (s-10) may be treated in the similar manner to Preparation method 5, Step (A-10) to give Compound (s-5).

Preparation Method 7:

[0543] Among a compound of formula (1), Compound (s-15) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof may be prepared according to the following method.
[0544]  [see pdf for image]
[In the scheme, R1a, R1b, R1c and R2 are the same as defined in the above Item 1, and RX has the same meaning as defined above. However, R1c is a group other than hydrogen atom and deuterium atom.]
Step (A-12):
[0545] In this step, ester compound (s-12) is treated with an acid halide (e.g., benzoyl chloride, etc.) in the presence of an acid to give ketone compound (s-13). This step may be carried out in the similar manner to Preparation method 2, Step (A-4).

Step (A-13):

[0546] In this step, Compound (s-13) is treated with a base, followed by treating with alkylating agent such as dialkyl sulfate or alkyl halide, etc. to give Compound (s-14).
[0547] The base includes, for example, an inorganic base such as potassium carbonate, sodium carbonate, potassium hydrogen carbonate, sodium hydrogen carbonate, lithium carbonate, sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide, etc., a metal hydride such as sodium hydride, lithium hydride or potassium hydride, etc., a metal alkoxide such as sodium methoxide, potassium methoxide, sodium ethoxide, potassium ethoxide, sodium tertiary butoxide or potassium tertiary butoxide, etc., potassium hexamethyldisilazide, sodium hexamethyldisilazide, lithium hexamethyldisilazide, or lithium diisopropylamide, etc. The solvent includes, for example, an ether type solvent such as diethylether, diisopropylether, tetrahydrofuran or 1,4-dioxane, N,N-dimethylformamide, N,N-dimethylacetamide, N-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone, 1,3-dimethyl-2-imidazolidinone, or dimethylsulfoxide, etc. The reaction temperature is in the range from −78° C. to heating to reflux, and usually, is in the range from ice cooled temperature to 50° C. The reaction time is usually in the range from 30 minutes to 48 hours.
[0548] Compound (s-14) obtained in this way may be treated in the similar manner to Preparation method 1, Step (A-2), followed by Step (A-3) to give Compound (s-15).

Preparation Method 8:

[0549]  [see pdf for image]
[In the scheme, the symbols have the same meanings as defined above.]
Step (A-14):
[0550] In this step, Compound (s-17) may be treated with a base, followed by treating with Compound (s-18) to give Compound (s-2).
[0551] The base includes, for example, organometallic species including alkylmagnesium halide such as methylmagnesium bromide, ethylmagnesium bromide, methylmagnesium iodide, ethylmagnesium iodide, isopropylmagnesium bromide or isopropylmagnesium chloride, alkyllithium, etc. such as methyllithium, ethyllithium, n-butyllithium, sec-butyllithium or tert-butyllithium, or a mixture thereof, etc. If necessary, alkali metal halide or alkali earth metal halide such as lithium chloride or magnesium chloride, etc. may be added. The solvent includes, for example, an ether type solvent such as diethylether, diisopropylether, tetrahydrofuran or 1,4-dioxane, etc., an aromatic hydrocarbon type solvent such as benzene, toluene, chlorobenzene or xylene, etc. The reaction temperature is in the range from −78° C. to room temperature, and usually, in the range from −78° C. to ice cooled temperature. The reaction time is usually in the range from 30 minutes to 48 hours.
[0552] Compound (s-2) obtained in this way may be treated in the similar manner to Preparation method 1, Step (A-2), followed by Step (A-3) to give Compound (s-5).
[0553] In the above-mentioned preparations, any functional groups other than reaction sites may be converted under the above-mentioned reaction condition, or in case that it is inappropriate to carry out the above method, such groups other than reaction sites may be protected to react, and sequentially, deprotected to give the desired compound. A conventional protective group, for example, described in the above Protective Groups in Organic Synthesis, etc. may be used as the protective group, and specifically, the protective group of amine includes, for example, ethoxycarbonyl, t-butoxycarbonyl, acetyl, or benzyl, etc., and the protective group of hydroxyl includes, for example, tri-lower alkylsilyl, acetyl, or benzyl, etc.
[0554] The introduction and removal of the protective group may be carried out according to the conventional method in the organic synthetic chemistry (e.g., Protective Groups in Organic Synthesis mentioned above), or the method followed them.
[0555] The intermediates or final products in the above preparations may be optionally converted in their functional groups appropriately to introduce other compounds encompassed in the present invention. The conversions of functional groups may be carried out by conventional methods (e.g., see R. C. Larock, Comprehensive Organic Transformations (1989), etc.).
[0556] The intermediates and desired compound in the above each preparation may be isolated and purified by the conventional purification methods in the organic synthetic chemistry, for example, neutralization, filtration, extraction, washing, drying, concentration, recrystallization, each type of chromatography, etc. The intermediates may be also used in the next reaction without any specific purification.
[0557] The optical isomers may be separated by carrying out known separation steps, including the method using an optically active column, fractionated crystallization, etc., in an appropriate step in the above preparations. An optical isomer may be used as a starting material.
[0558] When the compound of the present invention may also exist in the form of an optical isomer, stereoisomer, tautomer such as keto-enol, and/or geometric isomer, the present invention encompasses all possible isomers including these isomers and a mixture thereof.
[0559] The starting materials and intermediates in the above preparations may be known compounds or synthesized by the known methods from known compounds.
[0560] In the compound of the present invention, a configuration of two substituent groups on the adamantane is defined as E-relative configuration in view of Reference (C. D. Jones, M. Kaselj, et al., J. Org. Chem. 63:2758-2760, 1998).
[0561]  [see pdf for image]
[0562] The present invention encompasses a compound of formula (1) or a prodrug thereof, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. The present invention also encompasses its solvate such as hydrate or ethanolate, etc. The present invention also encompasses every crystalline form.
[0563] The wording “a prodrug of a compound of formula (1)” used herein means a compound which is converted into a compound of formula (1) in the living body by reacting with enzymes or gastric acid under physiological conditions, in other words, a compound which is converted into a compound of formula (1) by enzymatic oxidization, reduction, hydrolysis, etc. or by hydrolysis caused by gastric acid, etc.
[0564] The “pharmaceutically acceptable salt” includes alkali metal salt such as potassium salt or sodium salt, etc., alkaline-earth metal salt such as calcium salt or magnesium salt, etc., water-soluble amine addition salt such as ammonium, N-methyl glucamine (megulmine), or lower alkanol ammonium salt of organic amines, and, for example, hydrochloride, hydrobromide, hydroiodide, nitrate, sulfate, hydrogen sulfate, phosphate, acetate, lactate, citrate, tartrate, hydrogen tartrate, succinate, maleate, fumarate, gluconate, saccharate, benzoate, methanesulfonate, ethanesulfonate, benzenesulfonate, para-toluenesulfonate, or a salt with pamoate [1,1′-methylene-bis-(2-hydroxy-3-naphthoate), etc.].
[0565] When a salt of the compound of the present invention is desired, if a salt form of the compound of the present invention is obtained, it may be directly purified, and if a free form thereof is obtained, it may be dissolved or suspended in an appropriate organic solvent, followed by addition of acids or bases in conventional manners to form its salt.
[0566] The compound of the present invention and a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof may exist in the form of adduct with water or each type of solvent, and the adduct is also encompassed in the present invention. Further, the present invention encompasses every tautomers, every stereoisomers existed, and every crystalline form of the compound of the present invention.
[0567] The compound of the present invention is useful as a therapeutic agent for preventing and/or treating diseases such as type II diabetes, dyslipidemia, hyperglycemia, insulin resistance, hypo HDL-emia, hyper LDL-emia, dyslipidemia, hyperlipidemia, hypertriglyceridemia, hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, arteriosclerosis, cerebral arteriosclerosis, angiostenosis, atherosclerosis, obesity, osteoporosis, immunological disorder, metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease, Cushing's syndrome, subclinical Cushing's syndrome, NASH (non-alcoholic steatohepatitis), NAFLD (non-alcoholic fatty liver disease), glaucoma, retinopathy, dementia, cognitive disorder, depression, anxiety, manic depression, neurodegenerative disease, Alzheimer's dementia, cerebrovascular dementia, dementia with Lewy bodies, Pick disease, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, Kraepelin disease, Parkinson disease, Huntington's disease, Hallervorden-Spats disease, spinocerebellar degeneration, progressive myoclonus epilepsy, progressive supranuclear palsy, myxedema, parathyroid disorder, Wilson's disease, liver disease, hypoglycemia, remote symptom of cancer, uremia, chronic cerebral circulatory insufficiency, cerebral hemorrhage, cerebral infarction, cerebral embolism, subarachnoid hemorrhage, chronic subdural hemorrhage, pseudobulbar paralysis, aortic arch syndrome, Binswanger disease, arteriovenous malformation-thromboangiitis arterits, hypoxia, anoxia, normal pressure hydrocephalus, Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome, pellagra, Marchiafava-Bignami disease, vitamin B12 deficiency, brain tumor, open and closed head trauma, Banti's syndrome, fever attack, infection disease, bacterial meningitis, fungal meningitis, encephalitis, progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy, Behcet syndrome, Kuru, lues, multiple sclerosis, muscular dystrophy, Whipple disease, camp syndrome, disseminated lupus erythematosus, cardiac arrest, human immunodeficiency virus encephalopathy, hypothyroidism, hypopituitarism, dementia accompanied by chronic alcoholic intoxication, disorders induced by metal, organic compounds, carbon monoxide, toxic substances or drugs, cognitive disorders wherein behavioral and psychological symptoms are accompanied as associated symptoms or peripheral symptoms, depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, major depressive disorder, dysthymic disorder, seasonal affective disorder, anxiety disorder, phobia, panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, acute stress disorder, agoraphobia, social phobia, avoidant personality disorder, psychosomatic disorder, depression or anxiety conditions associated with other diseases (including schizophrenia, dementia), neurogenic anorexia, disturbed eating behavior, sleep disorders, schizophrenia, drug dependency, cluster headache, migraine, chronic paroxysmal hemicrania, headache related to angiopathy, dementia accompanied by Parkinson disease, dysphoria, anxiety, neuroleptic drug-induced Parkinson syndrome and Parkinson disease including tardive dyskinesia.
[0568] When the compound of the present invention is used in the therapy, it may be administered orally or parenterally (e.g., intravenously, subcutaneously or intramuscularly, locally, rectally, percutaneously, or transnasally) in the form of a pharmaceutical composition. The composition for oral administration includes, for example, tablets, capsules, pills, granules, powders, solutions, suspensions, etc. The composition for parenteral administration includes, for example, aqueous solutions for injection, or oils, ointments, creams, lotions, aerosols, suppositories, adhesive preparations, etc. These preparations may be prepared by using a conventional known technique, and may contain a nontoxic and inactive carrier or excipient that is usually used in the pharmaceutical field.
[0569] When the compound of the present invention is administered, the dosage may vary depending on diseases, ages, administration routes, etc., and for example, it is preferable that in the oral administration, the compound may be administered depending on the conditions, dividing in a single unit or several units, in the range of 0.01 mg (preferably, 1 mg) as a lower limit to 5000 mg (preferably, 500 mg) as a upper limit per a day for adults. In the intravenous administration, it is effective for the compound to be administered depending on the conditions in a single unit or several units in the range of 0.01 mg (preferably, 0.1 mg) as a lower limit to 1000 mg (preferably, 30 mg) as an upper limit per a day for adults.
[0570] Aiming at the enhancement of the pharmacological activity, the compound of the present invention may be used in combination with a medicament such as an antidiabetic agent, a therapeutic agent for diabetic complications, an antilipidemic agent, a hypotensive agent, an antiobesity agent, a diuretic agent (hereinafter referred to as “combined medicine”). The administration timing of the compound of the present invention and a combined medicine is not necessarily limited, and they may be administered to a subject simultaneously or administered with time-interval. In addition, the compound of the present invention and a combined medicine may be used in the form of a combination drug. The dosage of a combined medicine may be optionally selected based on the dosage in the clinical use. In addition, the mixing ratio of the compound of the present invention and a combined medicine may be optionally determined depending on the subject to be administered, the administration route, the disease to be treated, the conditions of a patient, and a kind of combination. For example, when the subject to be administered is human, then a combined medicine may be used in an amount of 0.01 to 100 parts for weight of one part of the compound of the present invention.
[0571] The antidiabetic agent includes insulin formulations (e.g., animal insulin formulations extracted from the bovine pancreas or swine pancreas; genetically-engineered human insulin formulations using Escherichia coli or yeast, etc.), improving agents of insulin resistance (e.g., pioglitazone or a hydrochloride salt thereof, troglitazone, rosiglitazone or a maleate salt thereof, GI-262570, JTT-501, MCC-555, YM-440, KRP-297, CS-011, etc.), α-glucosidase inhibitors (e.g., voglibose, acarbose, miglitol, emiglitate, etc.), biguanides (e.g., metformin, etc.), insulin secretagogues (e.g., sulfonylureas such as tolbutamide, glibenclamide, gliclazide, chlorpropamide, tolazamide, acetohexamide, glyclopyramide, glimepiride, etc.; repaglinide, senaglinide, nateglinide, mitiglinide, etc.), dipeptidyl peptidase-IV (DPP-IV) inhibitors (e.g., sitagliptin or a phosphate thereof, vildagliptin, alogliptin or a benzoate thereof, denagliptin or a tosylate thereof, etc.), GLP-1, GLP-1 analogues (exenatide, liraglutide, SUN-E7001, AVE010, BIM-51077, CJC1131, etc.), protein tyrosine phosphatase inhibitors (e.g., vanadic acid, etc.), β3 agonists (e.g., GW-427353B, N-5984, etc.).
[0572] The therapeutic agent for diabetic complications includes aldose reductase inhibitors (e.g., tolrestat, epalrestat, zenarestat, zopolrestat, minarestat, fidarestat, ranirestat, SK-860, CT-112, etc.), neurotrophic factors (e.g., NGF, NT-3, BDNF, etc.), PKC inhibitors (e.g., LY-333531, etc.), AGE inhibitors (e.g., ALT946, pimagedine, pyratoxatin, N-phenacylthiazolium bromide (ALT766), etc.), active oxygen scavengers (e.g., thioctic acid, etc.), cerebral vasodilators (e.g., tiapride, mexiletine, etc.).
[0573] The antilipidemic agent includes HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (e.g., pravastatin, simvastatin, lovastatin, atorvastatin, fluvastatin, itavastatin or a sodium salt thereof, etc.), squalene synthetase inhibitors, ACAT inhibitors, etc.
[0574] The hypotensive agent includes angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (e.g., captopril, enalapril, alacepril, delapril, lisinopril, imidapril, benazepril, cilazapril, temocapril, trandolapril, etc.), angiotensin II antagonists (e.g., olmesartan medoxomil, candesartan cilexetil, losartan, eprosartan, valsartan, telmisartan, irbesartan, tasosartan, etc.), calcium antagonists (e.g., nicardipine hydrochloride, manidipine hydrochloride, nisoldipine, nitrendipine, nilvadipine, amlodipine, etc.).
[0575] The antiobesity agent includes, for example, central anti-obesity drugs (e.g., phentermine, sibutramine, amfepramone, dexamphetamine, Mazindol, SR-141716A, etc.), pancreatic lipase inhibitors (e.g., Orlistat, etc.), peptidic anorexiants (e.g., leptin, CNTF (ciliary neurotrophic factor), etc.), cholecystokinin agonists (e.g., lintitript, FPL-15849, etc.), etc.
[0576] The diuretic agent includes, for example, xanthine derivatives (e.g., theobromine sodium salicylate, theobromine calcium salicylate, etc.), thiazide preparations (e.g., ethiazide, cyclopenthiazide, trichloromethiazide, hydrochlorothiazide, hydroflumethiazide, bentylhydrochlorothiazide, penflutizide, polythiazide, methychlothiazide, etc.), antialdosterone preparations (e.g., spironolactone, triamterene, etc.), carbonic anhydrase inhibitors (e.g., acetazolamide, etc.), chlorbenzenesulfonamide preparations (e.g., chlorthalidone, mefruside, indapamide, etc.), azosemide, isosorbide, ethacrynic acid, piretanide, bumetanide, furosemide, etc.
[0577] The combined medicine is preferably GLP-1, GLP-1 analog, α-glucosidase inhibitor, biguanide preparation, insulin secretagogue, insulin resistance-improving agent, DPP-IV inhibitor, etc. The above combined medicines may be optionally used in combination with two or more of them in appropriate ratios.
[0578] When the compound of the present invention is used in combination with a combined medicine, the dosage of these drugs can be lessened within the safe range in view of the side effects of the drugs. For example, the dosage of biguanides can be reduced compared to the usual one. Accordingly, any possible side effects caused by these drugs may be safely inhibited. In addition, the dosage of a therapeutic agent for diabetic complications, antihyperlipidemic agent, antihypertensive drug, etc. may be reduced, and hence, any possible side effects caused by these drugs may be effectively inhibited.
[0579] Aiming at the enhancement of the pharmacological activity, the compound of the present invention may be also used in combination with a medicament (hereinafter referred to as combined medicine) such as antidepressant agent, anti-anxiety agent, a therapeutic agent for schizophrenia, a hypnotic pill, a dopamine receptor agonist, a therapeutic agent for Parkinson disease, an antiepileptic drug, an anticonvulsant agent, an analgesic agent, a hormonal preparation, a therapeutic agent for migraine, an adrenergic β receptor antagonist, a therapeutic agent for mood disorder, an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, NMDA receptor antagonist, COX-2 inhibitor, PPARγ agonist, LTB4 antagonist, muscarine M1 receptor agonist, AMPA receptor antagonist, nicotine receptor agonist, 5-HT4 receptor agonist, 5-HT6 receptor antagonist, PDE4 inhibitor, Aβ aggregation inhibitor, BACE inhibitor, γ secretase inhibitor or modulator, GSK-3β inhibitor, NGF receptor agonist, Aβ antibody, human immunoglobulin, Aβ vaccine, a neuroprotective agent, Dimebon, etc.
[0580] The administration timing of the compound of the present invention and a combined medicine is not necessarily limited, and they may be administered to a subject simultaneously or administered with time-interval. In addition, the compound of the present invention and a combined medicine may be used in the form of a combination drug. The dosage of a combined medicine may be appropriately selected based on the dosage in the clinical use. In addition, the mixing ratio of the compound of the present invention and a combined medicine may be appropriately determined depending on the subject to be administered, the administration route, the disease to be treated, the conditions of a patient, and a kind of combination. For example, when the subject to be administered is human, then a combined medicine may be used in an amount of 0.01 to 100 parts for weight of one part of the compound of the present invention. For the purpose of inhibiting its side effects, it may be also used in combination with drugs (combined medicines) such as an antiemetic drug, a hypnotic pill, an anticonvulsant agent, etc.

EXAMPLES

[0581] The present invention is illustrated in more detail by Reference Examples, Examples and Experiments as below, but the present invention is not intended to be limited thereto. In addition, compound names used in the following Reference Examples and Examples are not necessarily based on IUPAC nomenclature.
[0582] The following abbreviations may be used in the Examples, Reference Examples, and the present specification.
[0583] 
[00001] [TABLE-US-00001]
 
  THF:   tetrahydrofuran
  DMF:   N,N-dimethylformamide
  Me:   methyl group
  Et:   ethyl group
  Ph:   phenyl group
  PEPPSI ™•IPr   (1,3-bis(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)imidazolidene)
  or PEPPSI ™:   (3-chloropyridyl) palladium (II) dichloride
  XANTPHOS   4,5-bis(diphenylphosphino)-9,9-
  or Xantphos:   dimethylxanthene
  dppp:   1,3-bis(diphenylphosphino)propane
  WSC•HCl:   1-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)-3-ethylcarbodiimide
    hydrochloride
HOBt•H2O:   1-hydroxybenzotriazole monohydrate
  DBU:   1,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene
  dppf:   1,1′-bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene
  Ts:   p-toluenesulfonyl group
  N:   normal (e.g., 2N HCl means 2 normal hydrochloric acid)
  M:   mol concentration (mol/L) (e.g., 2M methylamine
    means 2 mol/L methylamine solution)
  atm:   atomosphere pressure
  o-:   ortho
  p-:   para
  m-:   meta
  Boc:   tert-butoxycarbonyl group
(Boc)2O:   di-tert-butyl carbonate
  DIAD:   diisopropyl azodicarboxylate
  Bn:   benzyl group
  Bu:   butyl group
  Pr:   propyl group
  n-:   normal
  i-:   iso
  t- or tert-:   tertiary
  TFA:   trifluoroacetic acid
  MeCN:   acetonitrile
  tR:   retention time
  Obs[M + 1]:   observed protonated molecules
 
[0584] LC/MS analytic conditions for identifying compounds are as follows.

Measurement Method SA1:

Detection instrument: LCMS-2010EV <Shimadzu Corporation>

Column: Xtimate C18 (2.1×30 mm, 3 um) <Welch Material Inc.>

column temperature: 50° C.

Solvent: Solution A: 0.02% TFA/H2O, Solution B: 0.04% TFA/MeCN

Gradient condition: 0.0-1.35 min Linear gradient from A 90% to 20%, 1.35-2.25 min A 20%, 2.26-3.0 min A 90%

Flow rate: 0.8 mL/min

UV: 220 nm

Measurement Method SA2:

Detection instrument: LCMS-2010EV <Shimadzu Corporation>

Column: Xtimate C18 (2.1×30 mm, 3 um) <Welch Material Inc.>

column temperature: 50° C.

Solvent: Solution A: 0.02% TFA/H2O, Solution B: 0.04% TFA/MeCN

Gradient condition: 0.0-1.35 min Linear gradient from A 100% to 40%, 1.35-2.25 min A 40%, 2.26-3.0 min A 100%

Flow rate: 0.8 mL/min

UV: 220 nm

Measurement Method SA3:

Detection instrument: LCMS-2010EV <Shimadzu Corporation>

Column: Xtimate C18 (2.1×30 mm, 3 um) <Welch Material Inc.>

column temperature: 50° C.

Solvent: Solution A: 0.02% TFA/H2O, Solution B: 0.04% TFA/MeCN

Gradient condition: 0.0-0.90 min Linear gradient from A 90% to 20%, 0.90-1.50 min A 20%, 1.51-2.0 min A 90%

Flow rate: 0.8 mL/min

UV: 220 nm

Measurement Method SA4:

Detection instrument: API 150EX LC/MS mass spectrometer (Applied Biosystems)

HPLC: Agilent 1100 for API series

Column: YMC CombiSA3reen ODS-A (S-5 μm, 12 nm, 4.6×50 mm)

Solvent: Solution A: 0.05% TFA/H2O, Solution B: 0.035% TFA/MeCN

Gradient condition: 0.0-1.0 min A 75%, 1.0-4.7 min Linear gradient from A 75% to 1%, 4.7-5.7 min A 1%, 5.7-6.1 min Linear gradient from A 1% to 75%, 6.1-7.1 min Linear gradient from A 75% to 99%, 7.1-7.2 min A 99%

Flow rate: 3.5 mL/min

UV: 220 nm

Reference Example 1

4-Bromo-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-2-methylbenzamide

[0585]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0586] A mixture of Compound I (3.0 g), DMF (140 mL), Compound II (2.8 g), WSC.HCl (5.4 g), HOBt.H2O (4.3 g) and triethylamine (7.8 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 3 days. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and to the residue was added ethyl acetate, and the mixture was washed sequentially with 1N hydrochloric acid, 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=10/0 to 9/1). The resulting solid was washed with diisopropylether-methanol mixed solution to give the title compound III (4.78 g).
[0587] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.48 (s, 1H), 1.55-1.58 (m, 2H), 1.69-1.73 (m, 2H), 1.79-1.82 (m, 4H), 1.93-1.96 (m, 2H), 2.17 (br s, 1H), 2.25 (br s, 2H), 2.43 (s, 3H), 4.19-4.21 (m, 1H), 5.92 (d, J=7.3 Hz, 1H), 7.24 (t, J=8.4 Hz, 1H), 7.34-7.37 (m, 1H), 7.40-7.40 (m, 1H)

Reference Example 2

4-Bromo-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-2-methoxybenzamide

[0588]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0589] A mixture of Compound I (3.0 g), 2N aqueous lithium hydroxide solution (18 mL) and methanol (55 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 3 hours. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and to the residue was added water, and the mixture was extracted with diisopropylether. The aqueous layer was acidified with 4N hydrochloric acid, and extracted with chloroform. The chloroform layer was dried over magnesium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound II (2.74 g).

Step (ii):

[0590] A mixture of Compound II (2.74 g), DMF (60 mL), Compound III (1.98 g), WSC.HCl (3.42 g), HOBt.H2O (2.74 g) and triethylamine (6.6 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 3 days. The reaction mixture was concentrated, and to the residue was added chloroform, and the mixture was washed sequentially with 1N hydrochloric acid, 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was washed with diisopropylether to give the title compound IV (3.66 g).
[0591] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.40 (s, 1H), 1.54-1.59 (m, 2H), 1.74-1.82 (m, 6H), 1.92-1.96 (m, 2H), 2.22 (br s, 3H), 4.01 (s, 3H), 4.23-4.26 (m, 1H), 7.14 (d, J=1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.22-7.26 (m, 1H), 8.07-8.15 (m, 2H)

Reference Example 3

4-Bromo-2-chloro-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]benzamide

[0592]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0593] A mixture of Compound I (1.0 g), DMF (43 mL), Compound II (710 mg), WSC.HCl (1.22 g), HOBt.H2O (977 mg) and triethylamine (2.4 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 3 days. To the reaction mixture was added chloroform, and the mixture was washed sequentially with 1N hydrochloric acid, 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=10/0 to 9/1). The resulting solid was washed with diisopropylether to give the title compound III (1.11 g).
[0594] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.53-1.62 (m, 3H), 1.73-1.79 (m, 6H), 1.90-1.93 (m, 2H), 2.15-2.24 (m, 3H), 4.19-4.21 (m, 1H), 6.52-6.54 (m, 1H), 7.46 (dd, J=8.3, 2.0 Hz, 1H), 7.56-7.62 (m, 2H)

Reference Example 4

4-Bromo-2-fluoro-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]benzamide

[0595]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0596] A mixture of Compound I (3.0 g), DMF (137 mL), Compound II (2.75 g), WSC.HCl (5.25 g), HOBt.H2O (4.20 g) and triethylamine (7.6 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 3 days. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and then to the residue was added ethyl acetate, and the mixture was washed sequentially with 1N hydrochloric acid, 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=100/0 to 90/10). The resulting solid was washed with diisopropylether to give the title compound III (3.4 g).
[0597] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.43 (s, 1H), 1.56-1.60 (m, 2H), 1.75-1.82 (m, 6H), 1.93-1.96 (m, 2H), 2.20-2.25 (m, 3H), 4.23-4.26 (m, 1H), 6.92-6.97 (m, 1H), 7.34 (dd, J=11.5, 1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.43 (dd, J=8.3, 1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.99 (t, J=8.5 Hz, 1H)

Reference Example 5

4-Bromo-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-2-(trifluoromethyl)benzamide

[0598]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0599] A mixture of Compound I (5.0 g), DMF (186 mL), Compound II (3.73 g), WSC.HCl (7.13 g), HOBt.H2O (5.70 g) and triethylamine (10.4 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 3 days. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and then to the residue was added ethyl acetate, and the mixture was washed sequentially with 1N hydrochloric acid, 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=100/0 to 90/10). The resulting solid was washed with diisopropylether to give the title compound III (6.24 g).
[0600] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.40 (s, 1H), 1.54-1.58 (m, 2H), 1.67-1.70 (m, 2H), 1.79-1.82 (m, 4H), 1.92-1.95 (m, 2H), 2.16 (br s, 1H), 2.24 (br s, 2H), 4.22-4.24 (m, 1H), 5.95 (d, J=7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.44 (d, J=8.3 Hz, 1H), 7.74 (dd, J=8.3, 2.0 Hz, 1H), 7.85 (d, J=2.0 Hz, 1H)

Reference Example 6

5-Bromo-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-3-methyl-2-pyridinecarboxamide

[0601]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0602] A mixture of Compound I (1.0 g), DMF (46 mL), Compound II (928 mg), WSC.HCl (1.78 g), HOBt.H2O (1.42 g) and triethylamine (2.6 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 3 days. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and then to the residue was added ethyl acetate, and the mixture was washed sequentially with 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=100/0 to 90/10). The resulting solid was washed with diisopropylether to give the title compound III (1.26 g).
[0603] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.50 (s, 1H), 1.54-1.57 (m, 2H), 1.79-1.88 (m, 6H), 1.93-1.96 (m, 2H), 2.22 (br s, 3H), 2.73 (s, 3H), 4.14-4.16 (m, 1H), 7.75-7.76 (m, 1H), 8.38-8.45 (m, 2H)

Reference Example 7

4-Bromo-2-ethylbenzoic acid

[0604]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0605] To a solution of tetramethylpiperidine (5.7 mL) in THF (35 mL) at −78° C. was added dropwise n-butyllithium (21 mL, 1.6 M in hexane), and the mixture was stirred for 1.5 hours. Then, to the reaction solution was added dropwise Compound I (3.0 g) in THF (30 mL). The mixture was stirred for 1.5 hours, then thereto was added a solution of methyl iodide (1.7 mL) in THF (5.0 mL), and the mixture was gradually warmed to room temperature and stirred overnight. To the reaction mixture was added water, and the mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure. To the residue was added 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The aqueous layer was acidified with 1N hydrochloric acid, and extracted with chloroform. The chloroform layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure, and the resulting solid was washed with acetonitrile to give the title compound II (3.3 g).
[0606] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.26 (t, J=7.4 Hz, 3H), 3.04 (q, J=7.4 Hz, 2H), 7.41-7.48 (m, 2H), 7.90 (d, J=8.5 Hz, 1H)

At that time, hydrogen atom of carboxylic acid CO2H could not be observed.

Reference Example 8

2-Methyl-2-propanyl 4-bromo-2-(methoxymethyl)benzoate

[0607]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0608] Compound I (15.0 g) was added to 2N aqueous lithium hydroxide solution (105 mL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 3 hours. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and to the residue was added 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The aqueous layer was acidified with 4N hydrochloric acid, and the resulting solid was filtered. The resultant was dried under reduced pressure to give Compound II (15.6 g).

Step (ii):

[0609] To a water-cooled mixture of sodium hydride (1.51 g) and THF (15 mL) was added dropwise a solution of Compound II (2.0 g) in THF (10 mL), and the mixture was stirred for 1.5 hours. Then, thereto was added dropwise a solution of methyl iodide (2.7 mL) in THF (4.0 mL), and then the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. To the reaction mixture was added water, and the mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure. To the residue was added ethyl acetate, and the mixture was extracted. The aqueous layer was acidified with 1N hydrochloric acid, and extracted with chloroform. The chloroform layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound III (1.33 g).

Step (iii):

[0610] A mixture of Compound III (9.1 g), tert-butanol (62 mL), THF (62 mL), Boc2O (12 g) and N,N-dimethyl-4-aminopyridine (1.4 g) was stirred at room temperature for 15 hours. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and the residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=10/1) to give the title compound IV (8.6 g).
[0611] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.58 (s, 9H), 3.48 (s, 3H), 4.80 (s, 2H), 7.43 (dd, J=8.3, 2.1 Hz, 1H), 7.73 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 1H), 7.81-7.82 (m, 1H)

Reference Example 9

Ethyl 3-ethyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxylate

[0612]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0613] To a solution of Compound I (286.72 g) in THF (570 mL) was added vinyl ethyl ketone (135 mL), and then the mixture was ice-cooled. To the mixture was added dropwise DBU (250 mL), and then the mixture was gradually warmed to room temperature and stirred overnight. The reaction solution was concentrated, and then thereto was added ethyl acetate, and the mixture was washed with 1.2N hydrochloric acid water. The organic layer was dried over magnesium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound II (390.30 g).

Step (ii):

[0614] To an ice-cooled solution of Compound II (390.30 g) in pyridine (500 mL) was added dropwise phosphoryl chloride (175 mL). After the completion of dropwise, the mixture was gradually warmed to room temperature and stirred overnight. The reaction solution was poured into ice, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate and washed with 1.2N hydrochloric acid water. The organic layer was dried over magnesium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound III (336.96 g).

Step (iii):

[0615] To an ice-cooled solution of Compound III (336.95 g) in ethanol (800 mL) was added dropwise 20% sodium ethoxide-ethanol solution (800 mL). After the addition was completed, the mixture was gradually warmed to room temperature and stirred overnight. To the reaction solution was added saturated aqueous ammonium chloride solution, and the mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure to remove most of ethanol. The residue was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over magnesium sulfate, filtered, and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=4/1) to give the title compound IV (104 g).
[0616] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ1.21 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 3H), 1.36 (t, J=7.1 Hz, 3H), 2.82 (q, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 4.32 (q, J=7.1 Hz, 2H), 6.15 (m, 1H), 6.84 (m, 1H), 8.90 (br, 1H)

Reference Example 10

Ethyl 3-propyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxylate

[0617]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0618] To a solution of Compound I (135.27 g) in THF (270 mL) was added vinyl propyl ketone (54.82 g), and then the mixture was ice-cooled. Then, thereto was added dropwise DBU (120 mL). After the addition was completed, the mixture was gradually warmed to room temperature and stirred for 3 days. The reaction solution was concentrated under reduced pressure, and then to the residue was added ethyl acetate, and the mixture was washed with 1.2N hydrochloric acid water. The organic layer was dried over magnesium sulfate, and then filtered through Celite, and concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound II (167.3 g).

Step (ii):

[0619] To an ice-cooled solution of Compound II (167.3 g) in pyridine (310 mL) was added dropwise phosphoryl chloride (60 mL). After the addition was completed, the mixture was gradually warmed to room temperature and stirred overnight. The reaction solution was poured into ice, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate and washed with 1.2N hydrochloric acid water. The organic layer was dried over magnesium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound III (145.16 g).

Step (iii):

[0620] To an ice-cooled solution of Compound III (145.16 g) in ethanol (380 mL) was added dropwise 20% sodium ethoxide-ethanol solution (380 mL). After the addition was completed, the mixture was warmed to room temperature and stirred overnight. To the reaction solution was added saturated aqueous ammonium chloride solution, and the mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure to remove most of ethanol. The residue was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over magnesium sulfate, filtered and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=5/1) to give the title compound IV (28.98 g).
[0621] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 0.96 (t, J=7.3 Hz, 3H), 1.36 (t, J=7.1 Hz, 3H), 1.61 (m, 2H), 2.76 (t, J=7.3 Hz, 2H), 4.31 (q, J=7.1 Hz, 2H), 6.13 (m, 1H), 6.83 (m, 1H), 8.88 (br, 1H)

Reference Example 11

Methyl 4-bromo-2-(methoxymethyl)benzoate

[0622]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0623] To an ice-cooled mixture of sodium hydride (3.6 g, 55% in oil) and DMF (30 mL) was added dropwise a solution of Compound I (8.0 g; Compound II of Example 80) in DMF (30 mL), and the mixture was stirred for 30 minutes. Then, thereto was added dropwise a solution of methyl iodide (6.5 mL) in DMF (9.0 mL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. To the reaction mixture was added water, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with brine, and then dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=10/0 to 8/2) to give the title compound II (8.48 g).
[0624] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 3.49 (s, 3H), 3.89 (s, 3H), 4.83 (s, 2H), 7.45-7.48 (m, 1H), 7.82-7.86 (m, 2H)

Reference Example 12

Methyl 4-bromo-2-propylbenzoate

[0625]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0626] A mixture of Compound I (2.5 g; Compound II of Example 119 Preparation method), potassium carbonate (4.27 g), methyl iodide (1.9 mL) and acetone (21 mL) was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was filtered through Celite and washed with ethyl acetate. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure, and the residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=10/0 to 9/1) to give the title compound II (2.51 g).
[0627] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 0.97 (t, J=7.3 Hz, 3H), 1.57-1.66 (m, 2H), 2.88-2.92 (m, 2H), 3.88 (s, 3H), 7.36-7.42 (m, 2H), 7.74 (d, J=8.3 Hz, 1H)

Reference Example 13

Methyl 3-chloro-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxylate

[0628]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0629] To an ice-cooled mixture of Compound I (5.0 g) and THF (150 mL) was added NCS (64.2 g), and the mixture was stirred at 55° C. for 1 hour. To the reaction mixture was added water, and the mixture was extracted with hexane. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound II.

Step (ii):

[0630] A mixture of Compound II obtained in Step (i) and methanol (60 mL) was ice-cooled, and then thereto was added dropwise 28% sodium methoxide-methanol solution (87 mL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 hours. To the ice-cooled reaction mixture was added 4N hydrochloric acid, and the mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was extracted with ethyl acetate, and the organic layer was washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=10/0 to 7/3) to give the title compound III (5.34 g).
[0631] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 3.90 (s, 3H), 6.24-6.26 (m, 1H), 6.85-6.88 (m, 1H), 9.19 (brs, 1H)

Example 1

3-Benzoyl-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]benzamide

[0632]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0633] To a mixture of Compound II (50 mg) and DMF (2.2 mL) were added Compound I (40 mg, see WO 2009/020137), WSC.HCl (85 mg), HOBt.H2O (68 mg) and triethylamine (123 μL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 3 days. To the reaction mixture was added 1N hydrochloric acid, and then the mixture was extracted with chloroform. The organic layer was washed with 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, then brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=100/0 to 90/10) to give the title compound III (62 mg).
[0634] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.47-1.63 (m, 3H), 1.75-1.81 (m, 6H), 1.91-1.94 (m, 2H), 2.18 (brs, 1H), 2.25 (brs, 2H), 4.20-4.22 (m, 1H), 6.36 (d, J=7.2 Hz, 1H), 7.48 (t, J=8.0 Hz, 2H), 7.53-7.62 (m, 2H), 7.77-7.79 (m, 2H), 7.86-7.88 (m, 1H), 7.81 (dt, J=1.6 Hz, 8.0 Hz, 1H), 8.15 (t, J=1.6 Hz, 1H)

Examples 2 to 3

[0635] The following compounds were synthesized in the similar manner to Example 1.
[0636] 
[00002] [TABLE-US-00002]
  TABLE 1
 
[see pdf for image]
 
        Example [see pdf for image]       1H-NMR (solvent) δ
 
  2 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.29 (s, 1H), 1.41-1.70 (m, 8H), 1.76- 1.79 (m, 2H), 1.96 (brs, 2H), 2.10 (brs, 1H), 3.96-3.97 (m, 1H), 6.27-6.29 (m, 1H), 7.38-7.43 (m, 3H), 7.53-7.57 (m, 3H), 7.71-7.79 (m, 3H)
 
  3 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.39 (s, 1H), 1.52-1.61 (m, 2H), 1.76- 1.82 (m, 6H), 1.93-1.96 (m, 2H), 2.20-2.27 (m, 3H), 4.25 (brs, 1H), 6.3 (d, J = 6.33 Hz, 1H), 7.48 (t, J = 8.0 Hz, 2H), 7.60 (t, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.78 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 2H), 7.85 (brs, 4H)
 

Example 4

5-(2-Fluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-3-methyl-2-thiophenecarboxamide

[0637]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0638] To an ice-cooled solution of 2-fluorobenzoyl chloride (401 μL) in methylene chloride (3.0 mL) was added aluminum chloride (452 mg). The mixture was stirred for 10 minutes, then thereto was added dropwise a solution of Compound I (500 mg) in methylene chloride (2.6 mL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. To the reaction mixture was added water, and the mixture was filtered through Celite, and the filtrate was extracted with chloroform. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=100/0 to 80/20) to give Compound II (823 mg).

Step (ii):

[0639] To a mixture of Compound II (500 mg), DMF (5.6 mL) and ethanol (2.8 mL) were added palladium acetate (38 mg), dppp (69 mg) and triethylamine (466 μL), and the mixture was stirred at 80° C. overnight under carbon monoxide (1 atm) atmosphere. The reaction mixture was diluted with ethyl acetate, and then filtered through Celite, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=100/0 to 80/20) to give Compound III (254 mg).

Step (iii):

[0640] A mixture of Compound III (254 mg), 2N aqueous lithium hydroxide solution (1 mL) and ethanol (3 mL) was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and the residue was diluted with water and washed with ethyl acetate. To the aqueous layer was added 4N hydrochloric acid, and the mixture was extracted with chloroform. The chloroform layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound IV (200 mg).

Step (iv):

[0641] To a mixture of Compound IV (50 mg) and DMF (1.9 mL) were added Compound V (32 mg), WSC.HCl (54 mg), HOBt.H2O (44 mg) and triethylamine (105 μL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 3 days. To the reaction mixture was added 1N hydrochloric acid, and then the mixture was extracted with chloroform. The organic layer was washed sequentially with 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=100/0 to 90/10) to give the title compound VI (48 mg).
[0642] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.39 (s, 1H), 1.49-1.62 (m, 2H), 1.71-1.80 (m, 6H), 1.89-1.92 (m, 2H), 2.18-2.22 (m, 3H), 2.48 (s, 3H), 4.17 (brs, 1H), 6.13 (brs, 1H), 7.18 (t, J=9.2 Hz, 1H), 7.26-7.29 (m, 2H), 7.50-7.57 (m, 2H)

Examples 5 to 8

[0643] The following compounds were synthesized in the similar manner to Example 4.
[0644] 
[00003] [TABLE-US-00003]
  TABLE 2
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Example [see pdf for image]   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  5 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.37 (s, 1H), 1.50-1.60 (m, 2H), 1.73-1.81 (m, 6H), 1.91-1.94 (m, 2H), 2.20-2.25 (m, 3H), 4.18-4.19 (m, 1H), 6.18 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 1H), 7.16-7.21 (m, 2H), 7.56 (dt, J = 4.0 Hz, 8.8 Hz, 2H), 7.89-7.92 (m, 2H)
 
  6 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.38 (s, 1H), 1.52-1.59 (m, 2H), 1.72-1.81 (m, 6H), 1.90-1.93 (m, 2H), 2.18-2.23 (m, 3H), 2.52 (s, 3H), 4.17-4.19 (m, 1H), 6.13 (d, J = 7.2 Hz, 1H), 7.40 (s, 1H), 7.50 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 7.58- 7.63 (m, 1H), 7.83-7.85 (m, 2H)
 
  7 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.37 (s, 1H), 1.47-1.59 (m, 2H), 1.72-1.81 (m, 6H), 1.90-1.93 (m, 2H), 2.19-2.23 (m, 3H), 2.52 (s, 3H), 4.19 (brs, 1H), 6.11 (d, J = 7.2 Hz, 1H), 7.18 (t, J = 8.4 Hz, 2H), 7.38 (s, 1H), 7.87-7.91 (m, 2H)
 
  8 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.39 (s, 1H), 1.56-1.59 (m, 2H), 1.72-1.81 (m, 6H), 1.90-1.93 (m, 2H), 2.19-2.23 (m, 3H), 2.52 (s, 3H), 4.17-4.19 (m, 1H), 6.12 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.30 (dt, J = 2.0 Hz, 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.40 (s, 1H), 7.46-7.54 (m, 2H), 7.63 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H)
 

Example 9

N-[(E)-5-Hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-3-methyl-5-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ylcarbonyl)-2-thiophenecarboxamide

[0645]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0646] To an ice-cooled mixture of Compound I (1.0 g) and methylene chloride (15 mL) were added dropwise DMF (10 μL) and thionyl chloride (1.17 mL), and then the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 3 hours, and the reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure. To the resulting residue was added methylene chloride (10 mL), and the mixture was ice-cooled, and then thereto was added aluminum chloride (1.23 g). The mixture was stirred for 1 hour, and then thereto was added dropwise a solution of 2-bromo-3-methylthiophene (860 μL) in methylene chloride (5.0 mL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. To the reaction mixture was added water, and the mixture was filtered through Celite, and the filtrate was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with brine, and then dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=80/20 to 60/40) to give Compound II (550 mg).

Step (ii):

[0647] To a mixture of Compound II (200 mg) and toluene (1.4 mL) were added Compound III (134 mg), palladium acetate (16 mg), XANTPHOS (80 mg) and sodium carbonate (110 mg), and the mixture was stirred at 100° C. overnight under carbon monoxide (1 atm) atmosphere. The reaction mixture was filtered through Celite, and the filtrate was diluted with chloroform and washed with brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=100/0 to 90/10) to give the title compound IV (36 mg).
[0648] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.39 (s, 1H), 1.52-1.58 (m, 2H), 1.70-1.80 (m, 8H), 1.85-1.95 (m, 4H), 2.18-2.22 (m, 3H), 2.51 (s, 3H), 3.24-3.30 (m, 1H), 3.51 (dt, J=2.4 Hz, 12.0 Hz, 2H), 4.03-4.06 (m, 2H), 4.15-4.17 (m, 1H), 6.08 (d, J=7.2 Hz, 1H), 7.47 (s, 1H)

Examples 10 to 11

[0649] The following compounds were prepared in the similar manner to Example 9.
[0650] 
[00004] [TABLE-US-00004]
  TABLE 3
 
[see pdf for image]
 
              Example [see pdf for image]               NMR (solvent) δ
 
  10 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.37 (s, 1H), 1.51-1.59 (m, 2H), 1.72-1.81 (m, 6H), 1.90-1.93 (m, 2H), 2.19- 2.23 (m, 3H), 2.55 (s, 3H), 4.17-4.19 (m, 1H), 6.11 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.19 (dd, J = 4.0 Hz, 4.8 Hz, 1H), 7.63 (s, 1H), 7.72 (dd, J = 1.2 Hz, 4.8 Hz, 1H), 7.89 (dd, J = 1.2 Hz, 4.0 Hz, 1H)
 
  11 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.55-1.58 (m, 3H), 1.72-1.80 (m, 6H), 1.90-1.93 (m, 2H), 2.18-2.23 (m, 3H), 2.52 (s, 3H), 3.96 (s, 3H), 4.16-4.18 (m, 1H), 6.10 (d, J = 7.2 Hz, 1H), 6.18 (dd, J = 2.4 Hz, 4.0 Hz, 1H), 6.93 (m, 1H), 7.04 (dd, J = 1.2 Hz, 4.0 Hz, 1H), 7.48 (s, 1H)
 

Example 12

2-Benzoyl-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-4-methyl-1,3-thiazole-5-carboxamide

[0651]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0652] To a solution of Compound I (300 mg) in chlorobenzene (6.0 mL) were added PEPPSI.IPr (82 mg), phenylboronic acid (293 mg) and cesium carbonate (1.17 g), and the mixture was stirred at 80° C. overnight under carbon monoxide (1 atm) atmosphere. The reaction mixture was diluted with ethyl acetate and filtered through Celite. The filtrate was washed with brine, and the organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=100/0 to 85/15) to give Compound II (321 mg).

Step (ii):

[0653] A mixture of Compound II (321 mg) and 2N aqueous lithium hydroxide solution (1 mL)/ethanol (3 mL) was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and the residue was diluted with water and washed with diisopropylether. To the aqueous layer was added 1N hydrochloric acid, and the mixture was extracted with chloroform. The chloroform layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound III (220 mg).

Step (iii):

[0654] To a solution of Compound III (60 mg) in DMF (2.4 mL) were added Compound IV (41 mg), WSC.HCl (70 mg), HOBt.H2O (56 mg) and triethylamine (135 μL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 3 days. To the reaction mixture was added 1N hydrochloric acid, and then the mixture was extracted with chloroform. The organic layer was washed with 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, then brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=100/0 to 90/10) to give the title compound V (2.9 mg).
[0655] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.39 (s, 1H), 1.56-1.61 (m, 2H), 1.70-1.82 (m, 6H), 1.90-1.94 (m, 2H), 2.20-2.24 (m, 3H), 2.79 (s, 3H), 4.17-4.20 (m, 1H), 6.07 (d, J=10.0 Hz, 1H), 7.51 (t, J=10.0 Hz, 2H), 7.61-7.66 (m, 1H), 8.44-8.47 (m, 2H)

Example 13

3-Benzoyl-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-2-methylbenzamide

[0656]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0657] To an ice-cooled solution of Compound I (1.0 g) in methylene chloride (9.0 mL) were added dropwise DMF (20 μL) and thionyl chloride (480 μL), and then the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 3 hours, and the reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure. The resulting residue was dissolved in methylene chloride (9.3 mL), and the mixture was ice-cooled, and then thereto were added dropwise triethylamine (1.3 mL) and methanol (4.6 mL). The mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight, and then the reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure. To the residue was added water, and then the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with brine, and then dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=100/0 to 85/15) to give Compound II (957 mg).

Step (ii):

[0658] To a mixture of Compound II (200 mg) and anisole (6.0 mL) were added phenylboronic acid (117 mg), PdCl2(dppf) (64 mg), potassium iodide (435 mg) and potassium carbonate (362 mg). The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2.5 hours under carbon monoxide (1 atm) atmosphere, and then stirred at 100° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with ethyl acetate, and filtered through Celite. The filtrate was washed with brine, and the organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=100/0 to 85/15) to give Compound III (105 mg).

Step (iii):

[0659] Compound III (105 mg) was dissolved in 2N aqueous lithium hydroxide solution (1 mL)/methanol (3 mL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and the residue was diluted with water, and then washed with ethyl acetate. To the aqueous layer was added 1N hydrochloric acid, and the mixture was extracted with chloroform. The chloroform layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound IV (95 mg).

Step (iv):

[0660] To the mixture of Compound IV (95 mg) and DMF (4.0 mL) were added Compound V (66 mg), WSC.HCl (114 mg), HOBt.H2O (91 mg) and triethylamine (220 μL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 3 days. To the reaction mixture was added 1N hydrochloric acid, and then the mixture was extracted with chloroform. The organic layer was washed sequentially with 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=100/0 to 90/10) to give the title compound VI (76 mg).
[0661] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.40 (s, 1H), 1.54-1.56 (m, 2H), 1.69-1.81 (m, 6H), 1.92-1.95 (m, 2H), 2.16 (brs, 1H), 2.25 (brs, 2H), 2.32 (s, 3H), 4.22-4.24 (m, 1H), 5.93 (d, J=7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.29-7.32 (m, 2H), 7.43-7.47 (m, 3H), 7.57-7.61 (m, 1H), 7.79-7.81 (m, 2H)

Examples 14 to 23

[0662] The following Example compounds were synthesized from phenylcarboxylic acid which was substituted by bromine atom or iodine atom as the starting material in the similar manner to Example 13.
[0663] 
[00005] [TABLE-US-00005]
  TABLE 4
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Example [see pdf for image]   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  14 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.38 (s, 1H), 1.47-1.61 (m, 2H), 1.70- 1.82 (m, 6H), 1.94-1.96 (m, 2H), 2.17 (brs, 1H), 2.27 (brs, 2H), 2.49 (s, 3H), 4.23-4.25 (m, 1H), 5.95 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.44-7.50 (m, 3H), 7.57-7.64 (m, 3H), 7.77 (dd, J = 1.2 Hz, 8.4 Hz, 2H)
 
  15 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.38 (s, 1H), 1.51-1.59 (m, 2H), 1.77- 1.82 (m, 6H), 1.93-1.96 (m, 2H), 2.18 (brs, 1H), 2.29 (brs, 2H), 4.25-4.27 (m, 1H), 6.49 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.50 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 7.60-7.64 (m, 1H), 7.70 (dd, J = 2.0 Hz, 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.76-7.83 (m, 4H)
 
  16 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.37 (s, 1H), 1.50-1.58 (m, 2H), 1.76- 1.81 (m, 6H), 1.92-1.95 (m, 2H), 2.18 (brs, 1H), 2.28 (brs, 2H), 4.23-4.25 (m, 1H), 6.47 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.14- 7.19 (m, 1H), 7.29 (dt, J = 1.2 Hz, 7.2 Hz, 1H), 7.54-7.59 (m, 2H), 7.71 (dt, J = 1.6 Hz, 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.79 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.86 (brs, 1H)
 
  17 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.37 (s, 1H), 1.50-1.59 (m, 2H), 1.76- 1.82 (m, 6H), 1.93-1.96 (m, 2H), 2.18 (brs, 1H), 2.29 (brs, 2H), 4.25-4.27 (m, 1H), 6.47-6.49 (m, 1H), 7.30-7.35 (m, 1H), 7.45-7.54 (m, 3H), 7.69 (dd, J = 2.0 Hz, 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.81-7.83 (m, 2H)
 
  18 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.37 (s, 1H), 1.50-1.59 (m, 2H), 1.76- 1.82 (m, 6H), 1.93-1.96 (m, 2H), 2.18 (brs, 1H), 2.29 (brs, 2H), 4.24-4.27 (m, 1H), 6.48 (d, J = 6.8 Hz, 1H), 7.15- 7.20 (m, 2H), 7.66 (dd, J = 1.6 Hz, 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.79-7.84 (m, 4H)
 
[0664] 
[00006] [TABLE-US-00006]
  TABLE 5
 
  19 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.38 (s, 1H), 1.51-1.58 (m, 2H), 1.75- 1.81 (m, 6H), 1.92-1.95 (m, 2H), 2.17 (brs, 1H), 2.27 (brs, 2H), 3.70 (s, 3H), 4.23-4.25 (m, 1H), 6.49 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 6.99 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 1H), 7.05 (dt, J = 1.6 Hz, 7.2 Hz, 1H), 7.38 (dd, J = 1.6 Hz, 7.2 Hz, 1H), 7.48-7.52 (m, 1H), 7.66 (dd, J = 1.6 Hz, 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.75 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.83 (d, J = 1.6 Hz, 1H)
 
  20 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.37 (s, 1H), 1.51-1.59 (m, 2H), 1.79- 1.82 (m, 6H), 1.93-1.96 (m, 2H), 2.18 (brs, 1H), 2.29 (brs, 2H), 3.85 (s, 3H), 4.26 (brs, 1H), 6.48 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.14-7.17 (m, 1H), 7.28-7.32 (m, 2H), 7.39 (t, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.70 (dd, J = 2.0 Hz, 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.80 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.82 (d, J = 1.6 Hz, 1H)
 
  21 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.37 (s, 1H), 1.50-1.59 (m, 2H), 1.79- 1.82 (m, 6H), 1.93-1.96 (m, 2H), 2.18 (brs, 1H), 2.29 (brs, 2H), 3.89 (s, 3H), 4.25-4.27 (m, 1H), 6.50 (d, J = 7.2 Hz, 1H), 6.96 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 2H), 7.65 (dd, J = 1.6 Hz, 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.70-7.81 (m, 4H)
 
[0665] 
[00007] [TABLE-US-00007]
  TABLE 6
 
[see pdf for image]
 
              Example [see pdf for image]               NMR (solvent) δ
 
  22 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.41 (s, 1H), 1.57 (brs, 2H), 1.75- 1.82 (m, 6H), 1.92-1.96 (m, 2H), 2.19-2.26 (m, 3H), 4.21-4.23 (m, 1H), 6.34 (d, J = 9.6 Hz, 1H), 7.46 (ddd, J = 1.2 Hz, 6.4 Hz, 10.4 Hz, 1H), 7.60 (t, J = 10.4 Hz, 1H), 7.89 (dt, J = 2.0 Hz, 10.4 Hz, 1H), 8.04 (dt, J = 2.0 Hz, 10.4 Hz, 1H), 8.11 (dt, J = 2.8 Hz, 10.4 Hz, 1H), 8.17 (t, J = 2.4 Hz, 1H), 8.28 (dd, J = 2.4 Hz, 6.4 Hz, 1H), 8.98 (dd, J = 1.2 Hz, 2.8 Hz, 1H)
 
  23 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.38 (s, 1H), 1.52-1.55 (m, 2H), 1.68-1.80 (m, 6H), 1.92-1.94 (m, 2H), 2.14 (brs, 1H), 2.25 (brs, 2H), 2.52 (s, 3H), 4.20-4.22 (m, 1H), 5.97 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.33 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.47 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 2H), 7.59 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 1H), 7.69 (dd, J = 2.0 Hz, 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.75-7.82 (m, 3H)
 

Example 24

[0666] The following Example compound was synthesized from phenylcarboxylic acid which was substituted by bromine atom or iodine atom as the starting material in the similar manner to Example 13.
[0667] 
[00008] [TABLE-US-00008]
  TABLE 7
 
[see pdf for image]
 
                Example [see pdf for image]                 NMR (solvent) δ
 
  24 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.30 (s, 1H), 1.41-1.70 (m, 8H), 1.79-1.83 (m, 2H), 2.00-2.07 (m, 3H), 2.45 (s, 3H), 3.99-4.01 (m, 1H), 5.92-5.94 (m, 1H), 7.22-7.26 (m, 1H), 7.32-7.44 (m, 4H), 7.53-7.59 (m, 1H), 7.78 (m, 2H)
 

Example 25

3-Benzoyl-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-2-methoxybenzamide

[0668]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0669] To a mixture of Compound I (537 mg) and DMF (23 mL) were added Compound II (390 mg), WSC.HCl (670 mg), HOBt.H2O (536 mg) and triethylamine (1.3 mL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 3 days. The reaction mixture was diluted with chloroform, and then washed with 1N hydrochloric acid, 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, then brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=100/0 to 90/10), and the resulting solid was washed with diisopropylether to give Compound III (435 mg).

Step (ii):

[0670] To a mixture of Compound III (76 mg) and chlorobenzene (2.0 mL) were added PEPPSI™.IPr (14 mg), phenylboronic acid (49 mg) and cesium carbonate (195 mg), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 30 minutes under carbon monoxide (1 atm) atmosphere, and then stirred at 100° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with chloroform and filtered through Celite. The filtrate was washed with 1N hydrochloric acid, 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, then brine, and the organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=100/0 to 95/5) to give the title compound IV (27 mg).
[0671] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.40 (s, 1H), 1.51-1.57 (m, 2H), 1.72-1.79 (m, 6H), 1.92-1.95 (m, 2H), 2.14 (brs, 1H), 2.23 (brs, 2H), 3.77 (s, 3H), 4.26-4.27 (m, 1H), 7.30 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.43 (dd, J=1.6 Hz, 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.47 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 7.61 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.84 (d, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 8.10 (d, J=7.6 Hz, 1H), 8.26 (dd, J=1.6 Hz, 7.6 Hz, 1H)

Examples 26 to 43

[0672] The following Example compounds were synthesized from phenylcarboxylic acid which was substituted by bromine atom or iodine atom as the starting material in the similar manner to Example 25.
[0673] 
[00009] [TABLE-US-00009]
  TABLE 8
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Example [see pdf for image]   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  26 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.54-1.58 (m, 3H), 1.75-1.81 (m, 6H), 1.92-1.95 (m, 2H), 2.17 (brs, 1H), 2.28 (brs, 2H), 2.34 (s, 3H), 4.23-4.25 (m, 1H), 6.47 (d, J = 7.2 Hz, 1H), 7.25-7.31 (m, 3H), 7.40-7.44 (m, 1H), 7.67 (dd, J = 1.6 Hz, 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.77 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.83 (d, J = 1.6 Hz, 1H)
 
  27 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.37 (s, 1H), 1.50-1.61 (m, 2H), 1.78-1.82 (m, 6H), 1.93-1.96 (m, 2H), 2.18 (brs, 1H), 2.29 (brs, 2H), 2.41 (s, 3H), 4.25-4.27 (m, 1H), 6.49 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.37 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.42 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.53 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.59 (brs, 1H), 7.68 (dd, J = 1.6 Hz. 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.79-7.82 (m, 2H)
 
  28 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.38 (s, 1H), 1.51-1.59 (m, 2H), 1.79-1.82 (m, 6H), 1.93-1.95 (m, 2H), 2.18 (brs, 1H), 2.29 (brs, 2H), 2.44 (s, 3H), 4.24-4.26 (m, 1H), 6.49 (d, J = 6.8 Hz, 1H), 7.29 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 2H), 7.66-7.69 (m, 3H), 7.79-7.81 (m, 2H)
 
  29 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.39 (s, 1H), 1.54-1.57 (m, 2H), 1.74-1.81 (m, 6H), 1.92-1.94 (m, 2H), 2.17 (brs, 1H), 2.27 (brs, 2H), 4.22-4.24 (m, 1H), 6.43 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.35 (dd, J = 3.6 Hz, 5.6 Hz, 1H), 7.63-7.36 (m, 3H), 7.75 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.79 (dd, J = 3.6 Hz, 5.6 Hz, 1H), 7.84 (d, J = 1.6 Hz, 1H)
 
  30 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.43 (s, 1H), 1.57-1.59 (m, 2H), 1.76-1.82 (m, 6H), 1.93-1.96 (m, 2H), 2.18 (brs, 1H), 2.29 (brs, 2H), 4.25-4.27 (m, 1H), 6.49 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.64 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.67 (dd, J= 1.2 Hz, 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.82 (dd, J = 3.2 Hz, 4.4 Hz, 2H), 7.88 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.94 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 8.03 (brs, 1H)
 
[0674] 
[00010] [TABLE-US-00010]
  TABLE 9
 
  31 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.44 (s, 1H), 1.55-1.59 (m, 2H), 1.76-1.81 (m, 6H), 1.92-1.95 (m, 2H), 2.20- 2.24 (m, 3H), 4.05 (s, 3H), 4.25-4.27 (m, 1H), 7.39 (dd, J = 1.2 Hz, 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.46-7.50 (m, 3H), 7.58-7.62 (m, 1H), 7.77-7.80 (m, 2H), 8.27-8.31 (m, 2H)
 
  32 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.39 (s, 1H), 1.52-1.62 (m, 2H), 1.77-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.20 (brs, 1H), 2.31 (brs, 2H), 4.27-4.29 (m, 1H), 6.50 (J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.71 (dd, J = 1.6 Hz, 1H), 7.78- 7.80 (m, 2H), 7.84-7.90 (m, 4H)
 
  33 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.39 (s, 1H), 1.52-1.59 (m, 2H), 1.76-1.82 (m, 6H), 1.93-1.96 (m, 2H), 2.18 (brs, 1H), 2.29 (brs, 2H), 4.25-4.27 (m, 1H), 6.48 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.33 (t, J = 8.4 Hz, 2H), 7.68 (dd, J = 1.6 Hz, 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.81-7.85(m, 4H)
 
  34 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.55-1.82 (m, 15H), 1.93-1.96 (m, 2H), 2.09-2.18 (m, 3H), 2.29 (brs, 2H), 3.02- 3.10 (m, 1H), 4.24-4.26 (m, 1H), 6.50 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.34 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 2H), 7.67-7.71 (m, 3H), 7.79-7.81 (m, 2H)
 
  35 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.39 (s, 1H), 1.53-1.58 (m, 2H), 1.78-1.82 (m, 6H), 1.93-1.96 (m, 2H), 2.18 (brs, 1H), 2.29 (brs, 2H), 3.33 (t, J = 4.8 Hz, 4H), 3.85 (t, J = 4.8 Hz, 4H), 4.24-4.26 (m, 1H), 6.50 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 6.87 (d, J = 9.2 Hz, 2H), 7.62 (dd, J = 1.6Hz, 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.74-7.80 (m, 4H)
 
[0675] 
[00011] [TABLE-US-00011]
  TABLE 10
 
  36 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.41 (s, 1H), 1.53-1.62 (m, 2H), 1.78-1.83 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.20-2.26 (m, 3H), 4.08 (s, 3H), 4.27-4.29 (m, 1H), 7.18 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 2H), 7.38 (dd, J = 0.4 Hz, 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.47 (s, 1H), 7.84-7.87 (m, 2H), 8.31 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 2H)
 
  37 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.41 (s, 1H), 1.55-1.61 (m, 2H), 1.77-1.83 (m, 6H), 1.94-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.20-2.25 (brs, 3H), 4.08 (s, 3H), 4.26-4.28 (m, 1H), 7.16-7.21 (m, 1H), 7.26-7.32 (m, 1H), 7.38 (dt, J = 2.0 Hz, 8.0Hz, 1H), 7.54-7.61 (m, 3H), 8.28 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 8.32 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 1H)
 
  38 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.42 (s, 1H), 1.55-1.61 (m, 2H), 1.78-1.83 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.20 (brs, 1H), 2.26 (brs, 2H), 2.46 (s, 3H), 4.07 (s, 3H), 4.27-4.29 (m, 1H), 7.30 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 7.39 (dd, J = 1.2 Hz, 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.48 (d, J = 1.2 Hz, 1H), 7.72 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 2H), 8.29 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 8.32 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H)
 
  39 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.41 (s, 1H), 1.54-1.64 (m, 2H), 1.78-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.20 (brs, 1H), 2.31 (brs, 2H), 4.27-4.29 (m, 1H), 6.50 (d, J = 7.2 Hz, 1H), 7.48-7.52 (m, 2H), 7.69 (dd, J = 1.2 Hz, 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.28-7.76 (m, 2H), 7.81-7.85 (m, 2H)
 
  40 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.29 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 3H), 1.41 (s, 1H), 1.56-1.61 (m, 2H), 1.79-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.20 (brs, 1H), 2.31 (brs, 2H), 2.75 (q, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 4.27-4.29 (m, 1H), 6.52 (d, J = 6.4 Hz, 1H), 7.32-7.35 (m, 2H), 7.69-7.74 (m, 3H), 7.81-7.83 (m, 2H)
 
[0676] 
[00012] [TABLE-US-00012]
  TABLE 11
 
  41 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.40 (s, 1H), 1.54-1.64 (m, 2H), 1.78-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.94-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.20 (brs, 1H), 2.30 (brs, 2H), 2.45 (s, 3H), 4.26-4.27 (m, 1H), 6.50 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 6.99 (d, J = 11.2 Hz, 1H), 7.11 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.50 (t, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.71-7.73 (m, 1H), 7.80 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 1H), 7.85 (s, 1H)
 
  42 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.41 (s, 1H), 1.50-1.61 (m, 2H), 1.77-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.94-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.20 (brs, 1H), 2.30 (brs, 2H), 2.40 (s, 3H), 4.25-4.27 (m, 1H), 6.48 (d, J = 6.4 Hz, 1H), 6.96 (dt, J = 2.4 Hz, 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.03 (dd, J = 2.4 Hz, 9.6 Hz, 1H), 7.30-7.34 (m, 1H), 7.67 (dd, J = 1.6 Hz, 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.80 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.82 (d, J = 1.6 Hz, 1H)
 
  43 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.42 (s, 1H), 1.51-1.61 (m, 2H), 1.77-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.94-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.20 (brs, 1H), 2.30 (brs, 2H), 4.26-4.28 (m, 1H), 6.49 (d, J = 7.2 Hz, 1H), 6.91-6.96 (m, 1H), 7.03-7.07 (m, 1H), 7.62-7.72 (m, 2H), 7.82 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.85 (s, 1H)
 

Examples 44 to 50

[0677] The following Example compounds were synthesized from phenylcarboxylic acid which was substituted by bromine atom or iodine atom as the starting material in the similar manner to Example 25.
[0678] 
[00013] [TABLE-US-00013]
  TABLE 12
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Example [see pdf for image]   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  44 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.45 (s, 1H), 1.56-1.59 (m, 2H), 1.76- 1.82 (m, 6H), 1.93-1.96 (m, 2H), 2.20-2.26 (m, 3H), 2.34 (s, 3H), 4.21-4.23 (m, 1H), 6.30 (J = 7.2 Hz, 1H), 7.35 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.45 (t, J = 8.0 Hz, 2H), 7.57-7.61 (m, 2H), 7.66 (s, 1H), 7.75-7.77 (m, 2H)
 
  45 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.41 (s, 1H), 1.52-1.61 (m, 2H), 1.75- 1.83 (m, 6H), 1.93-1.96 (m, 2H), 2.21-2.26 (m, 3H), 4.21- 4.23 (m, 1H), 6.27 (d, J = 7.2 Hz, 1H), 7.43-7.48 (m, 3H), 7.59-7.63 (m, 1H), 7.72-7.83 (m, 4H)
 
  46 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.39 (s, 1H), 1.51-1.60 (m, 2H), 1.76- 1.83 (m, 6H), 1.94-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.20 (brs, 1H), 2.27 (brs, 2H), 3.77 (s, 3H), 4.22-4.23 (m, 1H), 6.32 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.24-7.28 (m, 1H), 7.37-7.44 (m, 3H), 7.50 (brs, 1H), 7.54-7.58 (m, 1H), 7.76-7.84 (m, 2H)
 
[0679] 
[00014] [TABLE-US-00014]
  TABLE 13
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Example [see pdf for image]   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  47 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.37 (s, 1H), 1.51-1.61 (m, 2H), 1.75- 1.82 (m, 6H), 1.94-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.18 (brs, 1H), 2.25 (brs, 2H), 3.80 (s, 3H), 4.27-4.29 (m, 1H), 7.11-7.16 (m, 1H), 7.22-7.32 (m, 2H), 7.52-7.60 (m, 2H), 7.75-7.79 (m, 1H), 8.08 (m, 1H), 8.29 (dd, J = 2.0 Hz, 8.0 Hz, 1H)
 
  48 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.39 (s, 1H), 1.54-1.57 (m, 2H), 1.74- 1.82 (m, 6H), 1.94-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.17 (brs, 1H), 2.25 (brs, 2H), 3.79 (s, 3H), 4.28-4.30 (m, 1H), 7.31-7.36 (m, 2H), 7.45-7.50 (m, 2H), 7.57-7.61 (m, 2H), 8.06 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 1H), 8.29 (dd, J = 2.0 Hz, 7.6 Hz, 1H)
 
  49 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.40 (s, 1H), 1.54-1.64 (m, 2H), 1.73- 1.82 (m, 6H), 1.94-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.17 (brs, 1H), 2.25 (brs, 2H), 3.78 (s, 3H), 4.28-4.30 (m, 1H), 7.15-7.19 (m, 2H), 7.33 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.45 (dd, J = 2.0 Hz, 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.88- 7.91 (m, 2H), 8.09 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 8.29 (dd, J = 2.0 Hz, 7.6 Hz, 1H)
 
  50 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.41 (s, 1H), 1.53-1.63 (m, 2H), 1.74- 1.82 (m, 6H), 1.93-1.96 (m, 2H), 2.16 (brs, 1H), 2.28 (brs, 2H), 4.24-4.26 (m, 1H), 6.33 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.41-7.51 (m, 4H), 7.63 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.78 (dd, J = 2.0 Hz, 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.81-7.83 (m, 2H)
 

Example 51

4-Benzoyl-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-2-(methoxymethyl)benzamide

[0680]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0681] Compound I (3.0 g) was added to a mixture of 2N aqueous lithium hydroxide solution (21 mL) and methanol (42 mL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and to the residue was added water, and the mixture was extracted with diisopropylether. To the aqueous layer was added 1N hydrochloric acid, and the mixture was extracted with chloroform. The chloroform layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound II (3.1 g).

Step (ii):

[0682] To an ice-cooled mixture of sodium hydride (1.5 g) and THF (10 mL) was added dropwise a solution of Compound II (2.0 g) in THF (10 mL), and the mixture was stirred at the same temperature for 1.5 hours. Then, thereto was added dropwise a solution of methyl iodide (2.7 mL) in THF (9 mL), and then the mixture was warmed to room temperature and stirred overnight. To the reaction mixture was added water, and then THF was removed by concentration under reduced pressure. The residue containing water was extracted with ethyl acetate. To the aqueous layer was added 1N hydrochloric acid, and the mixture was extracted with chloroform. The chloroform layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound III (1.3 g).

Step (iii):

[0683] To a mixture of Compound III (1.0 g) and DMF (41 mL) were added Compound IV (682 mg), WSC.HCl (1.17 g), HOBt.H2O (937 mg) and triethylamine (2.3 mL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 3 days. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and thereto was added chloroform, and the mixture was washed with 1N hydrochloric acid and 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure, and then the residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=100/0 to 90/10), and the resulting solid was washed with diethylether to give Compound V (1.06 g).

Step (iv):

[0684] To the mixture of Compound V (100 mg) and chlorobenzene (2.5 mL) were added PEPPSI™.IPr (17 mg), phenylboronic acid (62 mg) and cesium carbonate (248 mg), and the mixture was stirred at 100° C. overnight under carbon monoxide (1 atm) atmosphere. To the reaction mixture was added chloroform, and the mixture was filtered through Celite. The filtrate was washed with 1N hydrochloric acid, 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, and the organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=100/0 to 95/5) to give the title compound VI (33 mg).
[0685] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.43 (s, 1H), 1.54-1.61 (m, 2H), 1.80-1.83 (m, 6H), 1.96-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.18 (brs, 1H), 2.28 (brs, 2H), 3.45 (s, 3H), 4.26-4.28 (m, 1H), 4.62 (s, 2H), 7.51 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 7.61-7.68 (m, 2H), 7.79-7.81 (m, 4H), 7.89 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 1H)

Example 52

2-Chloro-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-4-(phenylacetyl)benzamide

[0686]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0687] To a mixture of Compound I (2.0 g) and DMF (42 mL) were added N,O-dimethylhydroxyamine hydrochloride (1.24 g), WSC.HCl (2.43 g), HOBt.H2O (1.94 g) and triethylamine (4.7 mL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 3 days. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and thereto was added chloroform, and the mixture was washed with 1N hydrochloric acid, 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane:ethyl acetate=70/30 to 50/50), and then the resulting solid was washed with diisopropylether to give Compound II (1.7 g).

Step (ii):

[0688] To an ice-cooled solution of Compound II (500 mg) in THF (3.8 mL) was added benzylmagnesium chloride (1.44 mL, 2.0M THF solution). The mixture was warmed to room temperature, and then stirred for 3 hours. To the reaction mixture was added saturated aqueous ammonium chloride solution, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with brine, and then dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=100/0 to 85/15) to give Compound III (456 mg).

Step (iii):

[0689] To a mixture of Compound III (100 mg) and toluene (1.6 mL) were added Compound IV (81 mg), palladium acetate (7 mg), XANTPHOS (37 mg) and sodium carbonate (51 mg), and the mixture was stirred at 100° C. overnight under carbon monoxide (1 atm) atmosphere. The reaction mixture was filtered through Celite, and the filtrate was diluted with chloroform and washed with brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=100/0 to 90/10) to give the title compound V (25 mg).
[0690] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.38 (s, 1H), 1.52-1.57 (m, 2H), 1.73-1.80 (m, 6H), 1.91-1.94 (m, 2H), 2.16 (brs, 1H), 2.26 (brs, 2H), 4.21-4.25 (m, 3H), 6.44 (J=7.2 Hz, 1H), 7.20-7.34 (m, 5H), 7.77 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.90 (dd, J=1.6 Hz, 8.0 Hz, 1H), 8.00 (d, J=1.6 Hz, 1H)

Example 53

2-Chloro-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-4-[(1-methyl-1H-pyrrol-2-yl)carbonyl]benzamide

[0691]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0692] To an ice-cooled mixture of Compound I (500 mg) and methylene chloride (4.2 mL) were added dropwise DMF (16 μL) and oxalyl chloride (273 μL), and then the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 3 hours, and the reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure. To the resulting residue was added dichloromethane (6.0 mL), and the mixture was ice-cooled, and thereto was added zinc chloride (289 mg). The mixture was stirred for 30 minutes, and then thereto was added dropwise a solution of N-methylpyrrole (943 μL) in dichloromethane (5.0 mL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 3 days. To the reaction mixture was added water, and the mixture was extracted with chloroform. The organic layer was washed with brine, and then dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=100/0 to 80/20) to give Compound II (113 mg).

Step (ii):

[0693] To a mixture of Compound II (111 mg) and toluene (1.9 mL) were added Compound III (93 mg), palladium acetate (8 mg), XANTPHOS (43 mg) and sodium carbonate (59 mg), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 30 minutes under carbon monoxide (1 atm) atmosphere, and then stirred at 100° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was filtered through Celite, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=100/0 to 90/10) to give the title compound IV (30 mg).
[0694] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.39 (s, 1H), 1.52-1.61 (m, 2H), 1.81-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.20 (brs, 1H), 2.31 (brs, 2H), 4.04 (s, 3H), 4.27-4.28 (m, 1H), 6.19 (dd, J=2.4 Hz, 4.0 Hz, 1H), 6.52-6.54 (m, 1H), 6.71 (dd, J=2.4 Hz, 4.0 Hz, 1H), 6.97 (t, J=2.0 Hz, 1H), 7.72 (dd, J=1.6 Hz, 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.80 (s, 1H), 7.82 (t, J=1.6 Hz, 1H)

Examples 54 to 56

[0695] The following Example compounds were synthesized from phenylcarboxylic acid which was substituted by bromine atom or iodine atom as the starting material in the similar manner to Example 53.
[0696] 
[00015] [TABLE-US-00015]
  TABLE 14
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Example [see pdf for image]   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  54 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.41 (s, 1H), 1.57-1.60 (m, 2H), 1.81-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.20 (brs, 1H), 2.31 (brs, 2H), 3.73 (s, 3H), 4.26-4.28 (m, 1H), 6.53 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 6.65-6.67 (m, 2H), 7.17 (t, J = 2.0 Hz, 1H), 7.74 (dd, J = 1.2 Hz, 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.80 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.83 (d, J = 1.6 Hz, 1H)
 
  55 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.39 (s, 1H), 1.49-1.60 (m, 2H), 1.78-1.81 (m, 6H), 1.94-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.12 (brs, 1H), 2.26 (brs, 2H), 4.05 (s, 3H), 4.06 (s, 3H), 4.27-4.29 (m, 1H), 6.18 (dd, J = 2.4 Hz, 4.4 Hz, 1H), 6.76 (dd, J = 1.6 Hz, 4.0 Hz, 1H), 6.96 (brs, 1H), 7.42 (d, J = 1.6 Hz, 1H), 7.49 (dd, J = 1.6 Hz, 8.0 Hz, 1H), 8.28 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 8.32 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H)
 
[0697] 
[00016] [TABLE-US-00016]
  TABLE 15
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Example [see pdf for image]   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  56 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.43 (s, 1H), 1.53-1.62 (m, 2H), 1.78-1.81 (m, 6H), 1.94-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.16 (brs, 1H), 2.25 (brs, 2H), 3.86 (s, 3H), 4.10 (s, 3H), 4.28-4.30 (m, 1H), 6.14 (dd, J = 2.4 Hz, 4.0 Hz, 1H), 6.54 (dd, J = 1.6 Hz, 7.6 Hz, 1H), 6.96 (t, J = 2.0 Hz, 1H), 7.24-7.28 (m, 1H), 7.49 (dd, J = 2.0 Hz, 7.6 Hz, 1H), 8.16-8.22 (m, 2H)
 

Example 57

4-Benzoyl-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1,3,5-trimethyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide

[0698]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0699] To a solution of Compound I (1.0 g) in 1,2-dichloroethane (30 mL) were added benzoyl chloride (1.4 mL) and zinc chloride (1.8 g), and the mixture was heated and stirred at 90° C. for 2 hours. The reaction solution was diluted with chloroform, and then thereto was added 2N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, and the mixture was extracted with chloroform. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure, and then the residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=3/1) to give Compound II (1.3 g).

Step (ii):

[0700] To an ice-cooled solution of Compound II (1.17 g) in DMF (12 mL) was added sodium hydride (0.21 g), and the mixture was stirred for 30 minutes. To the ice-cooled reaction solution was added methyl iodide (350 μL), and the mixture was warmed to room temperature, and then stirred overnight. To the reaction solution was added saturated aqueous ammonium chloride solution, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure, and then the residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=3/1) to give Compound III (1.02 g).

Step (iii):

[0701] To a solution of Compound III (1.02 g) in ethanol (20 mL) was added 2N aqueous lithium hydroxide solution (16 mL), and the mixture was stirred at 60° C. for 3 hours. The reaction solution was concentrated under reduced pressure, and thereto was added 1.2N hydrochloric acid. The generated precipitate was filtered and dried at 50° C. under reduced pressure to give Compound IV (893.5 mg).

Step (iv):

[0702] To a mixture of Compound IV (0.10 g) and DMF (10 mL) were added Compound V (0.10 g), WSC.HCl (0.15 g), HOBt.H2O (0.12 g) and triethylamine (1 mL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. To the reaction solution was added 2N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure, and then the residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=10/1) and washed with diethylether to give the title compound VI (128.6 mg).
[0703] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.38 (s, 1H), 1.54-1.59 (m, 2H), 1.72-1.82 (m, 6H), 1.94-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.10 (s, 3H), 2.18-2.23 (m, 6H), 3.72 (s, 3H), 4.22 (brs, 1H), 5.92 (brs, 1H), 7.45 (m, 2H), 7.54 (m, 1H), 7.74 (m, 2H)

Examples 58 to 59

[0704] The following compounds were prepared in the similar manner to Example 57.
[0705] 
[00017] [TABLE-US-00017]
  TABLE 16
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Example [see pdf for image]   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  58 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.43 (s, 1H), 1.56-1.59 (m, 2H), 1.72-1.82 (m, 6H), 1.94-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.11 (s, 3H), 2.19-2.24 (m, 6H), 3.72 (s, 3H), 3.88 (s, 3H), 4.23 (brs, 1H), 5.93 (brs, 1H), 6.93 (m, 2H), 7.75 (m, 2H)
 
  59 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.31 (m, 3H), 1.41 (s, 1H), 1.56- 1.58 (m, 2H), 1.71-1.82 (m, 6H), 1.94-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.13 (s, 3H), 2.18-2.24 (m, 6H), 3.88 (s, 3H), 4.14-4.24 (m, 3H), 5.94 (brs, 1H), 6.93 (m, 2H), 7.75 (m, 2H)
 

Example 60

5-Benzoyl-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1,4-dimethyl-1H-pyrrole-3-carboxamide

[0706]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0707] To a solution of Compound I (1.0 g) in 1,2-dichloroethane (20 mL) were added benzoyl chloride (1.4 mL) and zinc chloride (1.8 g), and the mixture was heated to reflux at 90° C. for 4.5 hours. The reaction solution was diluted with chloroform, and then thereto was added 2N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, and the mixture was extracted with chloroform. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure, and then the residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=3/1) to give Compound II (0.81 g).

Step (ii):

[0708] To an ice-cooled mixture of Compound II (0.70 g) and DMF (7 mL) was added sodium hydride (0.13 g), and the mixture was stirred for 30 minutes. To the ice-cooled reaction solution was added methyl iodide (220 μL), and the mixture was warmed to room temperature, and then stirred overnight. To the reaction solution was added saturated aqueous ammonium chloride solution, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure, and then the residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=4/1) to give Compound III (0.70 g).

Step (iii):

[0709] To a mixture of Compound III (0.70 g) and ethanol (20 mL) was added 2N aqueous lithium hydroxide solution (16 mL), and the mixture was stirred at 60° C. overnight. The reaction solution was concentrated under reduced pressure, and thereto was added 1.2N hydrochloric acid water. The generated precipitate was filtered and dried at 50° C. under reduced pressure to give Compound IV (571.6 mg).

Step (iv):

[0710] To a mixture of Compound IV (0.10 g) and DMF (10 mL) were added Compound V (0.10 g), WSC.HCl (0.15 g), HOBt.H2O (0.12 g) and triethylamine (1 mL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. To the reaction solution was added 2N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure, and then the residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=10/1) and washed with diethylether to give the title compound VI (123.8 mg).
[0711] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.45 (s, 1H), 1.54-1.57 (m, 2H), 1.70-1.80 (m, 6H), 1.92-1.95 (m, 2H), 2.03 (s, 3H), 2.16-2.21 (m, 3H), 3.81 (s, 3H), 4.20 (brs, 1H), 5.88 (brs, 1H), 7.27 (m, 1H), 7.47 (m, 2H), 7.58 (m, 1H), 7.74 (m, 2H)

Examples 61 to 62

Example 61

4-benzoyl-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1,3-dimethyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide

Example 62

5-benzoyl-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1,3-dimethyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide

[0712]  [see pdf for image] [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0713] To an ice-cooled mixture of Compound I (22.61 g) and dichloromethane (230 mL) was added p-toluenesulfonyl chloride (34.36 g). Then, thereto was added dropwise pyridine (40 mL), and then the mixture was warmed to room temperature and stirred overnight. To the reaction solution was added 1.2N hydrochloric acid water, and the mixture was extracted with chloroform. The organic layer was dried over magnesium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure, and then purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=2/1) to give Compound II (37.61 g).

Step (ii):

[0714] To an ice-cooled solution of Compound II (17.24 g) in THF (50 mL) was added vinylmethylketone (6.5 mL) and then added dropwise DBU (23.6 mL). After the addition was completed, the mixture was warmed to room temperature and stirred for 3 days. To the reaction solution was added 1.2N hydrochloric acid water, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure, and then the residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=1/1) to give Compound III (19.86 g).

Step (iii):

[0715] To an ice-cooled solution of Compound III (19.86 g) in pyridine (40 mL) was added dropwise phosphoryl chloride (7 mL). After the addition was completed, the mixture was warmed to room temperature and stirred for 3 days. The reaction mixture was ice-cooled, and then thereto was added 1.2N hydrochloric acid water, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. To the residue was added toluene, and the mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure twice to give Compound IV (16.70 g).

Step (iv):

[0716] A mixture of Compound IV (16.70 g) and a solution of sodium ethoxide in ethanol (20%, 160 mL) was stirred overnight. To the reaction solution was added saturated aqueous ammonium chloride solution, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure, and then the residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=4/1) to give Compound V (6.86 g).

Step (v):

[0717] To a solution of Compound V (1.0 g) in 1,2-dichloroethane (20 mL) were added benzoyl chloride (1.4 mL) and zinc chloride (1.8 g), and the mixture was heated to reflux for 2 hours. The reaction solution was diluted with chloroform, and then thereto was added 2N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, and the mixture was extracted with chloroform. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure, and then the residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=3/1) to give Compounds VI-1 (853.7 mg) and VI-2 (682.5 mg).

Step (vi):

[0718] To an ice-cooled solution of Compound VI-1 (0.75 g) in DMF (8 mL) was added sodium hydride (0.14 g), and the mixture was stirred for 30 minutes. Thereto was added methyl iodide (240 μL), and the mixture was warmed to room temperature, and then stirred overnight. To the reaction solution was added saturated aqueous ammonium chloride solution, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure, and then the residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=5/1) to give Compound VII-1 (638.6 mg).
[0719] Compound VII-2 (578.9 mg) was obtained from Compound VI-1 (0.75 g) by the similar method used for Compound VI-1.

Step (vii):

[0720] To a mixture of Compound VII-1 (638.6 mg) and ethanol (20 mL) was added 2N aqueous lithium hydroxide solution (16 mL), and the mixture was stirred at 60° C. overnight. The reaction solution was concentrated under reduced pressure, and thereto was added 1.2N hydrochloric acid water. The formed precipitate was filtered and dried at 50° C. under reduced pressure to give Compound VIII-1 (554.9 mg).
[0721] Compound VIII-2 (506.7 mg) was obtained from Compound VII-2 (578.9 mg) by the similar method used for Compound VI-1.

Step (viii):

[0722] To a mixture of Compound VIII-1 (0.10 g) and DMF (10 mL) were added Compound V (0.10 g), WSC.HCl (0.15 g), HOBt.H2O (0.12 g) and triethylamine (1 mL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. To the reaction solution was added 2N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure, and then the residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=10/1), and the resulting solid was washed with diethylether to give the title compound IX-1 (105.7 mg) of Example 61.
[0723] The title compound IX-2 (115.3 mg) of Example 62 was obtained from Compound VIII-2 (0.10 g) by the similar method used for Compound VIII-1.

Title Compound IX-1 of Example 61

[0724] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.43 (s, 1H), 1.59-1.63 (m, 2H), 1.76-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.22-2.26 (m, 3H), 2.63 (s, 3H), 3.83 (s, 3H), 4.24 (brs, 1H), 6.04 (brs, 1H), 6.99 (s, 1H), 7.46 (m, 2H), 7.54 (m, 1H), 7.75 (m, 2H)

Title Compound IX-2 of Example 62

[0725] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.45 (s, 1H), 1.59-1.62 (m, 2H), 1.73-1.83 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.20-2.26 (m, 6H), 4.10 (s, 3H), 4.27 (brs, 1H), 6.01 (brs, 1H), 6.46 (s, 1H), 7.46 (m, 2H), 7.56 (m, 1H), 7.79 (m, 2H)
[0726] A compound of formula (1) may include the following compounds as well as the above Examples.

Example 63 to Example 65

[0727] The following compounds were prepared in the similar manner to Example 62.
[0728] 
[00018] [TABLE-US-00018]
  TABLE 17
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Example [see pdf for image]   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  63 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.48 (s, 1H), 1.58-1.62 (m, 2H), 1.71-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.94-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.20-2.26 (m, 6H), 4.15 (s, 3H), 4.26 (brs, 1H), 6.01 (brs, 1H), 6.38 (s, 1H), 7.14 (m, 1H), 7.21 (m, 1H), 7.44-7.50 (m, 2H)
 
  64 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.43 (s, 1H), 1.56-1.62 (m, 2H), 1.72-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.20-2.27 (m, 6H), 4.10 (s, 3H), 4.26 (brs, 1H), 6.01 (brs, 1H), 6.43 (s, 1H), 7.23-7.28 (m, 1H), 7.41-7.50 (m, 2H), 7.57 (m, 1H)
 
  65 [see pdf for image] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.44 (s, 1H), 1.59-1.62 (m, 2H), 1.73-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.20-2.27 (m, 6H), 4.08 (s, 3H), 4.26 (brs, 1H), 6.01 (brs, 1H), 6.43 (s, 1H), 7.14 (m, 2H), 7.83 (m, 2H)
 

Example 66

4-Benzoyl-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-2,6-dimethoxybenzamide

[0729]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0730] To an ice-cooled mixture of Compound I (2.0 g) and methylene chloride (15 mL) were added dropwise DMF (59 μL) and oxalyl chloride (986 μL), and then the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight, and the reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure. To the resulting residue was added methylene chloride (15 mL), and the mixture was ice-cooled. To this solution were added N,O-dimethylhydroxylamine hydrochloride (1.12 g) and triethylamine (4.27 mL). The mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight, and then thereto was added water, and the mixture was extracted with chloroform. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=50/50 to 30/70) to give Compound II (2.20 g).

Step (ii):

[0731] To a mixture of Compound II (300 mg) and toluene (5.0 mL) were added Compound III (247 mg), palladium acetate (22 mg), XANTPHOS (115 mg) and sodium carbonate (157 mg), and the mixture was stirred at 100° C. overnight under carbon monoxide (1 atm) atmosphere. The reaction mixture was filtered through Celite, and the filtrate was diluted with chloroform and washed with brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=100/0 to 90/10) to give Compound IV (100 mg).

Step (iii):

[0732] To an ice-cooled solution of Compound IV (100 mg) in THF (800 μL) was added dropwise phenylmagnesium bromide (836 μL, 1.0M THF solution), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. To the reaction mixture was added water, and the mixture was extracted with chloroform. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=100/0 to 90/10) to give the title compound V (29 mg).
[0733] 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ1.38 (s, 1H), 1.53-1.64 (m, 2H), 1.75-1.81 (m, 6H), 1.94-1.96 (m, 2H), 2.16 (brs, 1H), 2.32 (brs, 2H), 3.83 (s, 6H), 4.25-4.27 (m, 1H), 5.94 (d, J=7.2 Hz, 1H), 6.96 (s, 2H), 7.50 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 7.60-7.64 (m, 1H), 7.81-7.83 (dd, J=1.2 Hz, 8.0 Hz, 2H)

Example 67

2,6-Difluoro-4-(2-fluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]benzamide

[0734]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0735] A mixture of Compound I (1.19 g), DMF (50 mL), Compound II (1.0 g), WSC.HCl (1.92 g), HOBt.H2O (1.53 g) and triethylamine (2.8 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 3 days. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and then to the residue was added ethyl acetate, and the mixture was washed sequentially with 1N hydrochloric acid, 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=100/0 to 90/10). The resulting solid was washed with diisopropylether to give Compound III (1.61 g).

Step (ii):

[0736] A mixture of Compound III (80 mg), toluene (2.1 mL), PEPPSI.IPr (7 mg), 2-fluorophenylboronic acid (32 mg) and cesium carbonate (202 mg) was stirred at room temperature for 20 minutes at ordinary pressure under carbon monoxide atmosphere. Then, the mixture was stirred at 100° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was filtered through Celite and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=10/0 to 9/1) to give the title compound IV (3.4 mg).
[0737] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.41 (s, 1H), 1.55-1.59 (m, 2H), 1.74-1.83 (m, 6H), 1.93-1.96 (m, 2H), 2.19 (br s, 1H), 2.31 (br s, 2H), 4.25-4.27 (m, 1H), 6.15 (d, J=7.3 Hz, 1H), 7.18-7.22 (m, 1H), 7.30-7.34 (m, 1H), 7.38-7.41 (m, 2H), 7.57-7.64 (m, 2H)

Examples 68 to 69

[0738] Example 68 and Example 69 were synthesized in the similar manner to Example 67.
[0739] 
[00019] [TABLE-US-00019]
  TABLE 18
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Example—R2   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  68 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.40 (s, 1H), 1.56-1.60 (m, 2H), 1.74-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.94-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.19 (br s, 1H), 2.31 (br s, 2H), 4.27- 4.29 (m, 1H), 6.14 (d, J = 6.8 Hz, 1H), 7.33-7.39 (m, 3H), 7.48-7.56 (m, 3H)
 
  69 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.40 (s, 1H), 1.56-1.60 (m, 2H), 1.74-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.94-1.96 (m, 2H), 2.19 (br s, 1H), 2.31 (br s, 2H), 4.26- 4.28 (m, 1H), 6.14 (d, J = 7.3 Hz, 1H), 7.18-7.23 (m, 2H), 7.33-7.36 (m, 2H), 7.82-7.85 (m, 2H)
 

Example 70

4-(3-Fluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-2,6-dimethylbenzamide

[0740]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0741] A mixture of Compound I (250 mg), DMF (11 mL), Compound II (219 mg), WSC.HCl (418 mg), HOBt.H2O (334 mg) and triethylamine (608 μL) was stirred at room temperature for 3 days. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and then to the residue was added ethyl acetate, and the mixture was washed sequentially with 1N hydrochloric acid, 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=100/0 to 90/10). The resulting solid was washed with diisopropylether to give Compound III (312 mg).

Step (ii):

[0742] A mixture of Compound III (60 mg), toluene (1.6 mL), PEPPSI™.IPr (11 mg), 3-fluorophenylboronic acid (27 mg) and cesium carbonate (155 mg) was stirred at room temperature for 20 minutes at ordinary pressure under carbon monoxide atmosphere. Then, the mixture was stirred at 100° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was filtered through Celite and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=10/0 to 9/1) to give the title compound IV (13.6 mg).
[0743] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.59-1.62 (m, 2H), 1.69-1.72 (m, 2H), 1.81-1.86 (m, 4H), 1.98-2.00 (m, 2H), 2.19 (br s, 1H), 2.30 (br s, 2H), 2.40 (s, 6H), 2.68 (br s, 1H), 4.33-4.35 (m, 1H), 5.97 (d, J=8.5 Hz, 1H), 7.24-7.33 (m, 1H), 7.44-7.56 (m, 5H)

Example 71

[0744] Example 71 was synthesized in the similar manner to Example 70.
[0745] 
[00020] [TABLE-US-00020]
  TABLE 19
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Example—R2   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  71 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.58-1.61 (m, 2H), 1.69-1.72 (m, 2H), 1.81- 1.85 (m, 4H), 1.97-2.01 (m, 2H), 2.18 (br s, 1H), 2.30 (br s, 2H), 2.39 (s, 6H), 3.20 (br s, 1H), 4.32-4.34 (m, 1H), 6.02 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.15-7.21 (m, 2H), 7.40 (s, 2H), 7.80-7.84 (m, 2H)
 

Example 72

2-(Difluoromethyl)-4-(2-fluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]benzamide

[0746]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0747] Compound I (5.0 g) was added to 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution (24 mL), and the mixture was stirred at 100° C. for 1.5 hours. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and to the residue was added toluene, and the mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure. To the resulting crude carboxylic acid derivative were added DMF (24 mL) and benzyl bromide (2.8 mL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. To the reaction mixture was added water, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with brine and dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound II (5.62 g).

Step (ii):

[0748] To a water-cooled mixture of Compound II (1.0 g) and dimethylsulfoxide (16 mL) were added sulfur trioxide pyridine complex (2.0 g) and triethylamine (3.5 mL), and the mixture was stirred for 1.5 hours. To the reaction mixture was added water, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=10/0 to 8/2) to give Compound III (750 mg).

Step (iii):

[0749] To an ice-cooled mixture of XtalFlour-M (857 mg, product from Aldrich, Registered trademark), triethylamine trihydrofluoride complex (383 μL) and methylene chloride (4.0 mL) was added a solution of Compound III (750 mg) in methylene chloride (4.0 mL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. To the reaction mixture was added water, and the mixture was extracted with chloroform. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=10/0 to 9/1) to give Compound IV (539 mg).

Step (iv):

[0750] A mixture of Compound IV (539 mg), 2N aqueous lithium hydroxide solution (4.0 mL) and methanol (12 mL) was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and to the residue was added 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The aqueous layer was acidified with 4N hydrochloric acid, and then extracted with chloroform. The chloroform layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound V (388 mg).

Step (v):

[0751] A mixture of Compound V (388 mg), DMF (15.5 mL), Compound VI (310 mg), WSC.HCl (594 mg), HOBt.H2O (475 mg) and triethylamine (864 μL) was stirred at room temperature for 3 days. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and then to the residue was added ethyl acetate, and the mixture was washed sequentially with 1N hydrochloric acid, 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=100/0 to 90/10), and the resulting solid washed with diisopropylether to give Compound VII (530 mg).

Step (vi):

[0752] A mixture of Compound VII (80 mg), toluene (2.0 mL), PEPPSI™.IPr (14 mg), 2-phenylboronic acid (31 mg) and cesium carbonate (195 mg) was stirred at room temperature for 20 minutes at ordinary pressure under carbon monoxide atmosphere. Then, the mixture was stirred at 100° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was filtered through Celite, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=10/0 to 9/1) to give the title compound VIII (16.8 mg).
[0753] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.39 (s, 1H), 1.48-1.63 (m, 2H), 1.72-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.94-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.19 (br s, 1H), 2.28 (br s, 2H), 4.23-4.24 (m, 1H), 6.16-6.18 (m, 1H), 7.04-7.34 (m, 3H), 7.58-7.66 (m, 3H), 7.97 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 1H), 8.14 (br s, 1H)

Examples 73 to 76

[0754] Example 73 to Example 76 were synthesized in the similar manner to Example 72.
[0755] 
[00021] [TABLE-US-00021]
  TABLE 20
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Example—R2   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  73 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.40 (s, 1H), 1.56-1.62 (m, 2H), 1.73- 1.85 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.20 (br s, 1H), 2.30 (br s, 2H), 4.24-4.26 (m, 1H), 6.16- 6.18 (m, 1H), 7.20 (t, J = 55.4 Hz, 1H), 7.32-7.37 (m, 1H), 7.47-7.57 (m, 3H), 7.67 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.94 (d, J = 8.5 Hz, 1H), 8.12 (br s, 1H)
 
  74 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.41 (s, 1H), 1.52-1.64 (m, 2H), 1.73- 1.85 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.20 (br s, 1H), 2.30 (br s, 2H), 4.24-4.26 (m, 1H), 6.17- 6.18 (m, 1H), 7.06-7.34 (m, 3H), 7.67 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.82-7.93 (m, 3H), 8.08 (br s, 1H)
 
  75 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.55-1.61 (m, 3H), 1.73-1.85 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.20 (br s, 1H), 2.29 (br s, 2H), 2.46 (s, 3H), 4.24-4.26 (m, 1H), 6.18 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 1H), 7.20 (t, J = 55.6 Hz, 1H), 7.31-7.33 (m, 2H), 7.65 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.70-7.72 (m, 2H), 7.91-7.94 (m, 1H), 8.09 (s, 1H)
 
  76 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.55-1.60 (m, 3H), 1.71-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.94-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.19 (br s, 1H), 2.28 (br s, 2H), 2.37 (s, 3H), 4.23-4.24 (m, 1H), 6.15 (d, J = 6.8 Hz, 1H), 7.16 (t, J = 55.6 Hz, 1H), 7.25-7.35 (m, 3H), 7.42-7.47 (m, 1H), 7.63 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.93-7.96 (m, 1H), 8.12 (br s, 1H)
 

Example 77

4-(2-Fluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-2-(trifluoromethyl)benzamide

[0756]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0757] A mixture of Compound I (5.0 g), DMF (186 mL), Compound II (3.73 g), WSC.HCl (7.13 g), HOBt.H2O (5.70 g) and triethylamine (10.4 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 3 days. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and then to the residue was added ethyl acetate, and the mixture was washed sequentially with 1N hydrochloric acid, 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=100/0 to 90/10). The resulting solid was washed with diisopropylether to give Compound III (6.24 g).

Step (ii):

[0758] A mixture of Compound III (70 mg), toluene (1.9 mL), PEPPSI™.IPr (6.5 mg), 2-fluorophenylboronic acid (29 mg) and cesium carbonate (186 mg) was stirred at room temperature for 15 minutes at ordinary pressure under carbon monoxide atmosphere. Then, the mixture was stirred at 100° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was filtered through Celite, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=10/0 to 9/1) to give the title compound IV (8.5 mg).
[0759] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.39 (s, 1H), 1.52-1.59 (m, 2H), 1.70-1.73 (m, 2H), 1.79-1.83 (m, 4H), 1.94-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.17 (br s, 1H), 2.28 (br s, 2H), 4.27-4.29 (m, 1H), 6.01 (d, J=6.6 Hz, 1H), 7.18-7.22 (m, 1H), 7.33 (td, J=7.6, 1.0 Hz, 1H), 7.58-7.68 (m, 3H), 8.01 (d, J=7.6 Hz, 1H), 8.17 (br s, 1H)

Examples 78 to 79

[0760] Example 78 and Example 79 were synthesized in the similar manner to Example 77.
[0761] 
[00022] [TABLE-US-00022]
  TABLE 21
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Example—R2   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  78 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.41 (s, 1H), 1.57-1.60 (m, 2H), 1.70-1.73 (m, 2H), 1.80-1.84 (m, 4H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.17 (br s, 1H), 2.28 (br s, 2H), 4.28-4.30 (m, 1H), 6.03 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.33-7.38 (m, 1H), 7.48-7.55 (m, 3H), 7.70 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.97-8.00 (m, 1H), 8.13-8.13 (m, 1H)
 
  79 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.41 (s, 1H), 1.57-1.60 (m, 2H), 1.70-1.73 (m, 2H), 1.80-1.84 (m, 4H), 1.95-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.17 (br s, 1H), 2.28 (br s, 2H), 4.28-4.30 (m, 1H), 6.03 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.19-7.23 (m, 2H), 7.70 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.82-7.85 (m, 2H), 7.95-7.98 (m, 1H), 8.10 (br s, 1H)
 

Example 80

4-(4-Fluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-2-(methoxymethyl)benzamide

[0762]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0763] Compound I (15.0 g) was added to 2N aqueous lithium hydroxide solution (105 mL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 3 hours. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and to the residue was added 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The aqueous layer was acidified with 4N hydrochloric acid, and the formed solid was filtered, and then dried under reduced pressure to give Compound II (15.6 g).

Step (ii):

[0764] To a water-cooled mixture of sodium hydride (1.51 g) and THF (15 mL) was added dropwise a solution of Compound II (2.0 g) in THF (10 mL), and the mixture was stirred for 1.5 hours. Then, thereto was added dropwise a solution of methyl iodide (2.7 mL) in THF (4.0 mL), and then the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. To the reaction mixture was added water, and the mixture was dried under reduced pressure. The residue was washed with ethyl acetate. The aqueous layer was acidified with 1N hydrochloric acid and extracted with chloroform. The chloroform layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound III (1.33 g).

Step (iii):

[0765] A mixture of Compound III (1.0 g), DMF (41 mL), Compound IV (682 mg), WSC.HCl (1.17 g), HOBt.H2O (937 mg) and triethylamine (2.3 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 3 days. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and then to the residue was added chloroform, and the mixture was washed sequentially with 1N hydrochloric acid, 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=100/0 to 90/10). The resulting solid was washed with diisopropylether-methanol mixed solution to give Compound IV (1.06 g).

Step (iv):

[0766] A mixture of Compound V (100 mg), toluene (2.5 mL), PEPPSI™.IPr (17 mg), 4-fluorophenylboronic acid (43 mg) and cesium carbonate (248 mg) was stirred at room temperature for 30 minutes at ordinary pressure under carbon monoxide atmosphere. Then, the mixture was stirred at 100° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was filtered through Celite, and the filtrate was washed with brine, and the organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=10/0 to 9/1) to give the title compound VI (24 mg).
[0767] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.42 (s, 1H), 1.54-1.61 (m, 2H), 1.80-1.83 (m, 6H), 1.96-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.18 (br s, 1H), 2.27 (br s, 2H), 3.45 (s, 3H), 4.26-4.28 (m, 1H), 4.61 (s, 2H), 7.16-7.21 (m, 2H), 7.64 (d, J=7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.75-7.78 (m, 2H), 7.82-7.90 (m, 3H)

Examples 81 to 87

[0768] Example 81 to Example 87 were synthesized in the similar manner to Example 80.
[0769] 
[00023] [TABLE-US-00023]
  TABLE 22
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Example—R2   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  81 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.42 (s, 1H), 1.53-1.59 (m, 2H), 1.79-1.83 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.17 (br s, 1H), 2.26 (br s, 2H), 3.43 (s, 3H), 4.24-4.26 (m, 1H), 4.60 (s, 2H), 7.16-7.20 (m, 1H), 7.28- 7.32 (m, 1H), 7.55-7.68 (m, 3H), 7.80-7.88 (m, 3H)
 
  82 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.42 (s, 1H), 1.55-1.58 (m, 2H), 1.80-1.83 (m, 6H), 1.96-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.18 (br s, 1H), 2.27 (br s, 2H), 3.45 (s, 3H), 4.26-4.27 (m, 1H), 4.62 (s, 2H), 7.30-7.35 (m, 1H), 7.46- 7.53 (m, 2H), 7.55-7.57 (m, 1H), 7.64 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.78- 7.81 (m, 2H), 7.89 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H)
 
  83 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.55-1.58 (m, 2H), 1.78-1.85 (m, 6H), 1.95- 1.98 (m, 2H), 2.18 (br s, 1H), 2.27 (br s, 2H), 3.44 (s, 3H), 4.03 (br s, 1H), 4.25-4.27 (m, 1H), 4.61 (s, 2H), 7.22-7.27 (m, 1H), 7.31-7.44 (m, 2H), 7.81-7.92 (m, 4H)
 
  84 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.54-1.57 (m, 2H), 1.80-1.83 (m, 6H), 1.95- 2.01 (m, 3H), 2.18 (br s, 1H), 2.27 (br s, 2H), 3.44 (s, 3H), 4.24- 4.26 (m, 1H), 4.60 (s, 2H), 7.13-7.19 (m, 1H), 7.23-7.31 (m, 2H), 7.72 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.80-7.89 (m, 3H)
 
  85 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.08 (t, J = 7.0 Hz, 3H), 1.41 (s, 1H), 1.52- 1.58 (m, 2H), 1.79-1.82 (m, 6H), 1.94-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.17 (br s, 1H), 2.26 (br s, 2H), 3.42 (s, 3H), 3.96 (q, J = 7.0 Hz, 2H), 4.24- 4.26 (m, 1H), 4.59 (s, 2H), 6.97 (d, J = 8.3 Hz, 1H), 7.05 (td, J = 7.4, 0.9 Hz, 1H), 7.41 (dd, J = 7.6, 1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.46-7.50 (m, 1H), 7.73-7.85 (m, 4H)
 
  86 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.39 (s, 1H), 1.44 (t, J = 7.0 Hz, 3H), 1.53- 1.56 (m, 2H), 1.80-1.83 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.99 (m, 2H), 2.18 (br s, 1H), 2.27 (br s, 2H), 3.44 (s, 3H), 4.08 (q, J = 7.0 Hz, 2H), 4.26- 4.27 (m, 1H), 4.61 (s, 2H), 7.13-7.16 (m, 1H), 7.29-7.34 (m, 2H), 7.38 (t, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.66 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.79-7.81 (m, 2H), 7.87-7.89 (m, 1H)
 
  87 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.03 (br s, 1H), 1.46 (t, J = 7.0 Hz, 3H), 1.54- 1.57 (m, 2H), 1.80-1.83 (m, 6H), 1.96-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.17 (br s, 1H), 2.27 (br s, 2H), 3.44 (s, 3H), 4.13 (q, J = 7.0 Hz, 2H), 4.26-4.27 (m, 1H), 4.61 (s, 2H), 6.94-6.98 (m, 2H), 7.68 (d, J = 7.3 Hz, 1H), 7.74-7.82 (m, 4H), 7.87-7.89 (m, 1H)
 

Example 88

2-(Ethoxymethyl)-4-(2-fluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]benzamide

[0770]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0771] A mixture of Compound I (5.0 g; the above Compound II of Example 80), sodium hydride (2.83 g) and THF (65 mL) was stirred under ice-cooling for 1 hour, and thereto was added ethyl iodide (8.65 mL), and then the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 days. To the reaction mixture was added water, and the mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure. To the residue was added 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The aqueous layer was acidified with 1N hydrochloric acid, and then extracted with chloroform. The chloroform layer was dried over magnesium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound II (5.48 mg).

Step (ii):

[0772] A mixture of Compound II (5.48 g), DMF (216 mL), Compound III (4.34 g), WSC.HCl (8.30 g), HOBt.H2O (6.63 g) and triethylamine (12.1 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 3 days. To the reaction mixture was added ethyl acetate, and the mixture was washed sequentially with saturated aqueous ammonium chloride solution, saturated sodium bicarbonate water, brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=99/1 to 90/10) to give Compound IV (7.08 g).

Step (iii):

[0773] A mixture of Compound IV (80 mg), toluene (2.0 mL), PEPPSI™.IPr (7.0 mg), 2-fluorophenylboronic acid (33 mg) and cesium carbonate (191 mg) was stirred at room temperature for 15 minutes at ordinary pressure under carbon monoxide atmosphere. Then, the mixture was stirred at 80° C. for 2 days. The reaction mixture was filtered through Celite, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=10/0 to 9/1) to give the title compound V (6.7 mg).
[0774] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.22 (t, J=7.0 Hz, 3H), 1.41-1.46 (m, 1H), 1.50-1.58 (m, 2H), 1.79-1.88 (m, 6H), 1.92-2.00 (m, 2H), 2.17 (brs, 1H), 2.26 (brs, 2H), 3.59 (q, J=7.0 Hz, 2H), 4.23-4.31 (m, 1H), 4.66 (s, 2H), 7.14-7.22 (m, 1H), 7.27-7.33 (m, 1H), 7.50-7.62 (m, 2H), 7.73-7.82 (m, 2H), 7.85 (brs, 1H), 7.89 (d, J=8.1 Hz, 1H)

Examples 89 to 92

[0775] Examples 89 to 92 were synthesized in the similar manner to Example 88.
[0776] 
[00024] [TABLE-US-00024]
  TABLE 23
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Example —R2   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  89 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.22 (t, J = 7.0 Hz, 3H), 1.48-1.62 (m, 3H), 1.76-1.90 (m, 6H), 1.92-2.00 (m, 2H), 2.17 (brs, 1H), 2.27 (brs, 2H), 2.35 (s, 3H), 3.59 (q, J = 7.0 Hz, 2H), 4.23-4.30 (m, 1H), 4.65 (s, 2H), 7.23-7.35 (m, 3H), 7.39-7.46 (m, 1H), 7.73 (dd, J = 7.9, 1.8 Hz, 2H), 7.84-7.89 (m, 2H)
 
  90 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.24 (t, 3H, J = 7.0 Hz), 1.41-1.45 (m, 1H), 1.50-1.63 (m, 2H), 1.77-1.90 (m, 6H), 1.93-2.02 (m, 2H), 2.17 (br s, 1H), 2.27 (br s, 2H), 3.61 (q, 2H, J = 7.0 Hz), 4.25-4.31 (m, 1H), 4.67 (s, 2H), 7.28-7.37 (m, 1H), 7.44-7.59 (m, 3H), 7.69-7.74 (m, 1H), 7.75-7.82 (m, 2H), 7.91 (d, 1H, J = 7.7 Hz)
 
  91 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.23 (t, J = 7.1 Hz, 3H), 1.42 (brs, 1H), 1.51-1.63 (m, 2H), 1.77-1.90 (m, 6H), 1.92-2.01 (m, 2H), 2.17 (brs, 1H), 2.28 (brs, 2H), 3.61 (q, J = 7.0 Hz, 2H), 4.24-4.32 (m, 1H), 4.67 (s, 2H), 7.14-7.22 (m, 2H), 7.69-7.78 (m, 3H), 7.81- 7.88 (m, 2H), 7.91 (d, J = 7.7 Hz, 1H)
 
  92 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.23 (t, J = 7.1 Hz, 3H), 1.42-1.49 (m, 1H), 1.50-1.64 (m, 2H), 1.76-1.91 (m, 6H), 1.93-2.01 (m, 2H), 2.17 (brs, 1H), 2.27 (brs, 2H), 2.46 (s, 3H), 3.60 (q, J = 7.0 Hz, 2H), 4.24-4.31 (m, 1H), 4.67 (s, 2H), 7.30 (d, J = 7.9 Hz, 2H), 7.69-7.80 (m, 5H), 7.88-7.92 (m, 1H)
 

Example 93

2-Cyano-4-(2-fluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]benzamide

[0777]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0778] To an ice-cooled mixture of Compound I (1.5 g) and 2N hydrochloric acid was added a mixture of sodium nitrite (540 mg) and water (6.5 mL), and the mixture was stirred for 1 hour. The reaction mixture was neutralized by the addition of sodium carbonate. Then, to an ice-cooled mixture of copper cyanide (759 mg), potassium cyanide (637 mg), ethyl acetate (8 mL) and water (4 mL) was added the reaction mixture of Compound I which was prepared above, and the mixture was stirred for 1 hour. The reaction mixture was filtered through Celite, and to the filtrate was added water, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=10/0 to 8/2) to give Compound II (980 mg).

Step (ii):

[0779] A mixture of Compound II (980 mg), 2N aqueous lithium hydroxide solution (6.1 mL) and methanol (18 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 4 hours. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and to the residue was added 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The aqueous layer was acidified with 4N hydrochloric acid, and then extracted with chloroform. The chloroform layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound III (808 mg).

Step (iii):

[0780] A mixture of Compound III (808 mg), DMF (36 mL), Compound IV (717 mg), WSC.HCl (1.37 g), HOBt.H2O (1.10 g) and triethylamine (2.0 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 3 days. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and then to the residue was added ethyl acetate, and the mixture was washed sequentially with 1N hydrochloric acid, 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=10/0 to 9/1). The resulting solid was washed with diisopropylether to give Compound V (884 mg).

Step (iv):

[0781] A mixture of Compound V (80 mg), toluene (2.1 mL), PEPPSI™.IPr (14 mg), 2-fluorophenylboronic acid (36 mg) and cesium carbonate (208 mg) was stirred at room temperature for 20 minutes at ordinary pressure under carbon monoxide atmosphere, and then stirred at 100° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was filtered through Celite, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=10/0 to 9/1) to give the title compound VI (8.1 mg).
[0782] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.59-1.62 (m, 2H), 1.76-2.01 (m, 9H), 2.23-2.32 (m, 3H), 4.28-4.30 (m, 1H), 6.63 (d, J=7.1 Hz, 1H), 7.18-7.23 (m, 1H), 7.35 (td, J=7.6, 1.0 Hz, 1H), 7.61-7.66 (m, 2H), 8.03-8.15 (m, 3H)

Examples 94 to 95

[0783] Example 94 and Example 95 were synthesized in the similar manner to Example 93.
[0784] 
[00025] [TABLE-US-00025]
  TABLE 24
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Example—R2   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  94 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.59-1.64 (m, 3H), 1.82-1.99 (m, 8H), 2.24 (br s, 1H), 2.33 (br s, 2H), 4.29-4.32 (m, 1H), 6.64-6.66 (m, 1H), 7.35-7.41 (m, 1H), 7.49-7.55 (m, 3H), 8.07- 8.08 (m, 2H), 8.14-8.15 (m, 1H)
 
  95 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.60-1.63 (m, 3H), 1.82-2.02 (m, 8H), 2.24 (br s, 1H), 2.34 (br s, 2H), 4.29-4.32 (m, 1H), 6.62-6.65 (m, 1H), 7.20-7.27 (m, 2H), 7.81-7.85 (m, 2H), 8.05- 8.12 (m, 3H)
 

Example 96

2-Ethyl-4-(2-fluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]benzamide

[0785]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0786] To a solution of tetramethylpiperidine (5.7 mL) in THF (35 mL) at −78° C. was added dropwise n-butyllithium (21 mL, 1.6 M in hexane), and the mixture was stirred for 1.5 hours. Then, Compound I (3.0 g) in THF (30 mL) was added dropwise to the reaction solution. The mixture was stirred for 1.5 hours, and thereto was added dropwise a solution of methyl iodide (1.7 mL) in THF (5.0 mL), and the mixture was gradually warmed to room temperature and stirred overnight. To the reaction mixture was added water, and the mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure. To the residue was added 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The aqueous layer was acidified with 1N hydrochloric acid, and extracted with chloroform. The chloroform layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure, and the resulting solid was washed with acetonitrile to give Compound II (3.3 g).

Step (ii):

[0787] A mixture of Compound II (3.3 g), DMF (144 mL), Compound III (2.89 g), WSC.HCl (5.52 g), HOBt.H2O (4.41 g) and triethylamine (8.0 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 3 days. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and then to the residue was added ethyl acetate, and the mixture was washed sequentially with 1N hydrochloric acid, 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=100/0 to 90/10). The resulting solid was washed with diisopropylether-methanol mixed solution to give Compound IV (4.72 g).

Step (iii):

[0788] A mixture of Compound IV (100 mg), toluene (2.6 mL), PEPPSI™.IPr (36 mg), 2-fluorophenylboronic acid (44 mg) and cesium carbonate (258 mg) was stirred at room temperature for 20 minutes at ordinary pressure under carbon monoxide atmosphere. Then, the mixture was stirred at 100° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was filtered through Celite, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=10/0 to 9/1) to give the title compound V (26 mg).
[0789] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.26 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 3H), 1.57-1.64 (m, 3H), 1.71-1.74 (m, 2H), 1.80-1.84 (m, 4H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.18 (br s, 1H), 2.28 (br s, 2H), 2.84 (q, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 4.25-4.27 (m, 1H), 5.98 (d, J=7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.16-7.20 (m, 1H), 7.27-7.31 (m, 1H), 7.42 (d, J=7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.53-7.59 (m, 2H), 7.63-7.66 (m, 1H), 7.76 (s, 1H)

Examples 97 to 105

[0790] Examples 97 to 105 were synthesized in the similar manner to Example 96.
[0791] 
[00026] [TABLE-US-00026]
  TABLE 25
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Example—R2   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  97 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.27 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 3H), 1.58-1.62 (m, 2H), 1.71-1.75 (m, 2H), 1.81-1.85 (m, 4H), 1.96-2.01 (m, 3H), 2.19 (br s, 1H), 2.29 (br s, 2H), 2.86 (q, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 4.26-4.28 (m, 1H), 6.02 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.29-7.34 (m, 1H), 7.44-7.52 (m, 3H), 7.55-7.58 (m, 1H), 7.61 (dd, J = 7.8, 1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.70 (d, J = 1.7 Hz, 1H)
 
  98 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.27 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 3H), 1.58-1.61 (m, 2H), 1.73 (br s, 3H), 1.81-1.85 (m, 4H), 1.95-1.99 (m, 2H), 2.19 (br s, 1H), 2.29 (br s, 2H), 2.86 (q, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 4.26-4.28 (m, 1H), 5.99 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.16-7.20 (m, 2H), 7.44 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.58 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.67 (s, 1H), 7.83-7.86 (m, 2H)
 
  99 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.26 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 3H), 1.57-1.61 (m, 2H), 1.71-1.74 (m, 2H), 1.80-1.84 (m, 5H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.19 (br s, 1H), 2.28 (br s, 2H), 2.84 (q, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 4.25-4.27 (m, 1H), 5.99 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.21-7.26 (m, 1H), 7.29-7.33 (m, 1H), 7.36-7.40 (m, 1H), 7.44 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.64 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.76 (s, 1H)
 
  100 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.26 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 3H), 1.57-1.63 (m, 3H), 1.71-1.74 (m, 2H), 1.80-1.84 (m, 4H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.18 (br s, 1H), 2.28 (br s, 2H), 2.84 (q, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 4.25-4.27 (m, 1H), 5.98 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.22-7.26 (m, 1H), 7.42-7.46 (m, 2H), 7.59-7.64 (m, 2H), 7.76 (s, 1H)
 
  101 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.26 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 3H), 1.47 (t, J = 7.0 Hz, 3H), 1.57-1.60 (m, 2H), 1.70-1.74 (m, 2H), 1.81-1.84 (m, 4H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.18 (br s, 1H), 2.28 (br s, 2H), 2.34 (s, 1H), 2.83 (q, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 4.15 (q, J = 7.0 Hz, 2H), 4.24-4.26 (m, 1H), 6.03 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.05-7.09 (m, 1H), 7.13-7.20 (m, 2H), 7.41 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.64 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.78 (s, 1H)
 
  102 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.25 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 3H), 1.57-1.73 (m, 5H), 1.80-1.84 (m, 4H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.18 (br s, 1H), 2.28 (br s, 2H), 2.38 (s, 3H), 2.83 (q, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 4.25-4.27 (m, 1H), 5.95-5.97 (m, 1H), 6.94-6.97 (m, 1H), 7.01-7.04 (m, 1H), 7.29-7.34 (m, 1H), 7.41 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.58 (dd, J = 7.6, 1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.70 (d, J = 1.5 Hz, 1H)
 
  103 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.26 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 3H), 1.59-1.62 (m, 2H), 1.70-1.74 (m, 2H), 1.82-1.86 (m, 4H), 1.96-1.99 (m, 2H), 2.20 (br s, 1H), 2.29 (br s, 2H), 2.77 (s, 1H), 2.83 (q, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 4.25-4.27 (m, 1H), 6.10 (d, J = 8.5 Hz, 1H), 7.13-7.18 (m, 1H), 7.23- 7.28 (m, 2H), 7.43 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.64 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.76 (s, 1H)
 
  104 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.25 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 3H), 1.42 (s, 1H), 1.51-1.61 (m, 2H), 1.69-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.18-2.28 (m, 3H), 2.83 (q, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 4.25-4.27 (m, 1H), 5.97 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.08 (t, J = 55.9 Hz, 1H), 7.41-7.43 (m, 2H), 7.53-7.68 (m, 3H), 7.74 (d, J = 1.3 Hz, 1H), 7.84 (d, J = 7.3 Hz, 1H)
 
  105 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.27 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 3H), 1.43 (s, 1H), 1.55-1.66 (m, 2H), 1.71-1.75 (m, 2H), 1.80-1.84 (m, 4H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.19 (brs, 1H), 2.29 (br s, 2H), 2.86 (q, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 4.26- 4.28 (m, 1H), 5.98-6.00 (m, 1H), 7.44 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.48- 7.52 (m, 2H), 7.60-7.64 (m, 2H), 7.70-7.71 (m, 1H), 7.79-7.81 (m, 2H)
 

Example 106

4-(4-Fluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-2-isopropylbenzamide

[0792]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0793] To a solution of tetramethylpiperidine (10.7 mL) in THF (66 mL) at −78° C. was added dropwise n-butyllithium (23.7 mL, 1.6 M in hexane), and the mixture was stirred for 1.5 hours. Then, Compound I (6.22 g; Compound II of Example 96 Preparation method) in THF (60 mL) was added dropwise to the reaction solution. The mixture was stirred for 1.5 hours, and then thereto was added dropwise a solution of methyl iodide (2.54 mL) in THF (10 mL), and the mixture was gradually warmed to room temperature and stirred overnight. To the reaction mixture was added water, and the mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure. To the residue was added 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, and the mixture was washed with ethyl acetate. The aqueous layer was acidified with 1N hydrochloric acid and extracted with chloroform. The chloroform layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound II (5.76 g).

Step (ii):

[0794] A mixture of Compound II (5.76 g), DMF (237 mL), Compound III (4.76 g), WSC.HCl (9.09 g), HOBt.H2O (7.26 g) and triethylamine (13 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 3 days. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and then to the residue was added ethyl acetate, and the mixture was washed sequentially with 1N hydrochloric acid, 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=100/0 to 90/10) to give Compound IV (6.73 g).

Step (iii):

[0795] A mixture of Compound IV (150 mg), toluene (3.8 mL), PEPPSI™.IPr (78 mg), 4-fluorophenylboronic acid (78 mg), cesium carbonate (375 mg) and potassium iodide (191 mg) was stirred at room temperature for 30 minutes at ordinary pressure under carbon monoxide atmosphere. Then, the mixture was stirred at 80° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was filtered through Celite, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=10/0 to 9/1) to give the title compound V (34 mg).
[0796] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.29 (d, J=7.1 Hz, 6H), 1.58-1.62 (m, 2H), 1.70-1.73 (m, 2H), 1.81-1.85 (m, 4H), 1.96-1.99 (m, 2H), 2.19-2.33 (m, 4H), 3.30-3.37 (m, 1H), 4.27-4.28 (m, 1H), 6.02 (d, J=6.8 Hz, 1H), 7.18 (t, J=8.7 Hz, 2H), 7.40 (d, J=7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.56-7.58 (br m, 1H), 7.77 (s, 1H), 7.82-7.86 (m, 2H)

Examples 107 to 109

[0797] Examples 107 to 109 were synthesized in the similar manner to Example 106.
[0798] 
[00027] [TABLE-US-00027]
  TABLE 26
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Example—R2   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  107 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.29 (d, 6H, J = 7.1 Hz), 1.58-1.61 (m, 2H), 1.70-1.73 (m, 2H), 1.81-1.84 (m, 5H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.19 (br s, 1H), 2.29 (br s, 2H), 3.32-3.39 (m, 1H), 4.26-4.28 (m, 1H), 5.97 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.29-7.34 (m, 1H), 7.41 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.45-7.53 (m, 2H), 7.55-7.60 (m, 2H), 7.81 (d, J = 1.7 Hz, 1H)
 
  108 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.27 (d, J = 6.8 Hz, 6H), 1.56-1.60 (m, 2H), 1.67-1.71 (m, 3H), 1.79-1.83 (m, 4H), 1.94-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.17 (br s, 1H), 2.27 (br s, 2H), 2.35 (s, 3H), 3.29-3.36 (m, 1H), 4.25-4.27 (m, 1H), 5.94 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.24-7.36 (m, 4H), 7.39-7.44 (m, 1H), 7.54-7.56 (m, 1H), 7.88-7.89 (m, 1 H)
 
  109 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.27 (d, J = 6.8 Hz, 6H), 1.56-1.60 (m, 3H), 1.68-1.98 (m, 8H), 2.17 (br s, 1H), 2.27 (br s, 2H), 3.28- 3.35 (m, 1H), 4.25-4.27 (m, 1H), 5.97 (d, J = 6.8 Hz, 1H), 7.35- 7.40 (m, 3H), 7.46-7.48 (m, 2H), 7.54-7.57 (m, 1H), 7.92 (s, 1H)
 

Example 110

4-(2-Fluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-2-(2-methoxyethoxy)benzamide

[0799]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0800] To a mixture of Compound I (1.0 g), toluene (12 mL), 2-methoxyethanol (312 μL) and triphenylphosphine (1.42 g) was added DIAD (1.1 mL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was dried under reduced pressure, and the residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=9/1 to 7/3) to give Compound II (1.20 g).

Step (ii):

[0801] A mixture of Compound II (1.2 g), 2N aqueous lithium hydroxide solution (5.3 mL) and methanol (16 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 4 hours. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and to the residue was added 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The aqueous layer was acidified with 1N hydrochloric acid, and then extracted with chloroform. The chloroform layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound III (1.12 g).

Step (iii):

[0802] A mixture of Compound III (1.12 g), DMF (35 mL), Compound IV (698 mg), WSC.HCl (1.33 g), HOBt.H2O (1.07 g) and triethylamine (1.9 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 3 days. To the reaction mixture was added ethyl acetate, and the mixture was washed sequentially with 1N hydrochloric acid, 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=100/0 to 90/10) to give Compound V (1.42 g).

Step (iv):

[0803] A mixture of Compound V (90 mg), toluene (2.0 mL), PEPPSI™.IPr (7 mg), 2-fluorophenylboronic acid (29 mg) and cesium carbonate (187 mg) was stirred at room temperature for 20 minutes at ordinary pressure under carbon monoxide atmosphere. Then, the mixture was stirred at 80° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was filtered through Celite, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=10/0 to 9/1) to give the title compound VI (47 mg).
[0804] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.40 (s, 1H), 1.54-1.57 (m, 2H), 1.80-1.83 (m, 4H), 1.89-1.97 (m, 4H), 2.20 (br s, 1H), 2.27 (br s, 2H), 3.41 (s, 3H), 3.82-3.84 (m, 2H), 4.29-4.30 (m, 1H), 4.37-4.38 (m, 2H), 7.18 (t, J=9.3 Hz, 1H), 7.26-7.31 (m, 1H), 7.37-7.39 (m, 1H), 7.54-7.58 (m, 3H), 8.26-8.31 (m, 2H)

Examples 111 to 112

[0805] Example 111 and Example 112 were synthesized in the similar manner to Example 110.
[0806] 
[00028] [TABLE-US-00028]
  TABLE 27
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Example—R2   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  111 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.47 (s, 1H), 1.55-1.61 (m, 2H), 1.81-1.83 (m, 4H), 1.91-1.97 (m, 4H), 2.20 (br s, 1H), 2.27 (br s, 2H), 3.41 (s, 3H), 3.82-3.84 (m, 2H), 4.30-4.32 (m, 1H), 4.35-4.37 (m, 2H), 7.29- 7.34 (m, 1H), 7.39-7.41 (m, 1H), 7.45-7.57 (m, 4H), 8.26 (d, J = 7.3 Hz, 1H), 8.33 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H)
 
  112 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.48 (s, 1H), 1.55-1.58 (m, 2H), 1.81-1.83 (m, 4H), 1.89-1.98 (m, 4H), 2.20-2.27 (m, 3H), 3.41 (s, 3H), 3.81-3.84 (m, 2H), 4.30-4.37 (m, 3H), 7.15- 7.21 (m, 2H), 7.37 (dd, J = 8.0, 1.5 Hz, 1H), 7.44 (d, J = 1.5 Hz, 1H), 7.82-7.87 (m, 2H), 8.26 (d, J = 7.3 Hz, 1H), 8.32 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H)
 

Example 113

2-Ethoxy-4-(2-fluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]benzamide

[0807]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0808] A mixture of Compound I (5.0 g), acetone (45 mL), potassium carbonate (12.4 g) and ethyl iodide (7.2 mL) was stirred at 60° C. for 2 days. The reaction mixture was filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=10/0 to 9/1) to give Compound II (6.0 g).

Step (ii):

[0809] A mixture of Compound II (6.54 g), 2N aqueous lithium hydroxide solution (33 mL) and methanol (99 mL) was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and to the residue was added 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The aqueous layer was acidified with 1N hydrochloric acid and extracted with chloroform. The chloroform layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound III (5.1 g).

Step (iii):

[0810] A mixture of Compound III (5.10 g), DMF (175 mL), Compound IV (3.51 g), WSC.HCl (6.71 g), HOBt.H2O (5.36 g) and triethylamine (9.8 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 3 days. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and then to the residue was added ethyl acetate, and the mixture was washed sequentially with 1N hydrochloric acid, 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=100/0 to 90/10). The resulting solid was washed with ethyl acetate-diisopropylether mixed solution to give Compound V (3.8 g).

Step (iv):

[0811] A mixture of Compound V (80 mg), toluene (2.0 mL), PEPPSI™.IPr (6 mg), 2-fluorophenylboronic acid (28 mg) and cesium carbonate (177 mg) was stirred at room temperature for 15 minutes at ordinary pressure under carbon monoxide atmosphere. Then, the mixture was stirred at 100° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was filtered through Celite, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=10/0 to 9/1) to give the title compound VI (47 mg).
[0812] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.41 (s, 1H), 1.53-1.60 (m, 5H), 1.81-1.85 (m, 6H), 1.94-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.20-2.26 (m, 3H), 4.28-4.33 (m, 3H), 7.18 (t, J=9.0 Hz, 1H), 7.26-7.31 (m, 1H), 7.36-7.38 (m, 1H), 7.54-7.59 (m, 3H), 8.29 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 1H), 8.34 (d, J=7.6 Hz, 1H)

Examples 114 to 115

[0813] Example 114 and Example 115 were synthesized in the similar manner to Example 113.
[0814] 
[00029] [TABLE-US-00029]
  TABLE 28
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Example—R2   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  114 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.40 (s, 1H), 1.56-1.61 (m, 5H), 1.81-1.86 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.21- 2.27 (m, 3H), 4.29-4.31 (m, 3H), 7.30-7.40 (m, 2H), 7.45-7.58 (m, 4H), 8.32-8.34 (m, 2H)
 
  115 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.43 (s, 1H), 1.56-1.60 (m, 5H), 1.81-1.86 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.21- 2.27 (m, 3H), 4.27-4.32 (m, 3H), 7.16-7.20 (m, 2H), 7.36 (dd, J = 8.0, 1.2 Hz, 1H), 7.45 (d, J = 1.5 Hz, 1H), 7.84-7.86 (m, 2H), 8.31- 8.34 (m, 2H)
 

Example 116

4-(2-Fluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-2-isopropylbenzamide

[0815]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0816] A mixture of Compound I (5.0 g), acetone (45 mL), potassium carbonate (12.4 g) and isopropyl iodide (9.0 mL) was stirred at 60° C. for 2 days. The reaction mixture was filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=10/0 to 9/1) to give Compound II (5.78 g).

Step (ii):

[0817] A mixture of Compound II (6.31 g), 2N aqueous lithium hydroxide solution (31 mL) and methanol (93 mL) was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and to the residue was added 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The aqueous layer was acidified with 1N hydrochloric acid and extracted with chloroform. The chloroform layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound III (5.35 g).

Step (iii):

[0818] A mixture of Compound III (5.35 g), DMF (175 mL), Compound IV (3.51 g), WSC.HCl (6.71 g), HOBt.H2O (5.36 g) and triethylamine (9.8 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 3 days. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and then to the residue was added ethyl acetate, and the mixture was washed sequentially with 1N hydrochloric acid, 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=100/0 to 90/10). The resulting solid was washed with diisopropylether to give Compound V (6.5 g).

Step (iv):

[0819] A mixture of Compound V (75 mg), toluene (1.7 mL), PEPPSI™.IPr (6 mg), 2-fluorophenylboronic acid (25 mg) and cesium carbonate (161 mg) was stirred at room temperature for 15 minutes at ordinary pressure under carbon monoxide atmosphere. Then, the mixture was stirred at 100° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was filtered through Celite, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=10/0 to 9/1) to give the title compound VI (44 mg).
[0820] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.44 (s, 1H), 1.48 (d, J=6.1 Hz, 6H), 1.57-1.63 (m, 2H), 1.81-1.85 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.21-2.26 (m, 3H), 4.27-4.29 (m, 1H), 4.88-4.94 (m, 1H), 7.18 (t, J=9.1 Hz, 1H), 7.27-7.36 (m, 2H), 7.54-7.59 (m, 3H), 8.29 (d, J=8.3 Hz, 1H), 8.34 (d, J=7.8 Hz, 1H)

Examples 117 to 118

[0821] Example 117 and Example 118 were synthesized in the similar manner to Example 116.
[0822] 
[00030] [TABLE-US-00030]
  TABLE 29
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Example—R2   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  117 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.40 (s, 1H), 1.49 (d, J = 5.9 Hz, 6H), 1.56-1.61 (m, 2H), 1.81-1.86 (m, 6H), 1.95- 1.98 (m, 2H), 2.21-2.27 (m, 3H), 4.29-4.30 (m, 1H), 4.87-4.93 (m, 1H), 7.30-7.38 (m, 2H), 7.46-7.58 (m, 4H), 8.31-8.35 (m, 2H)
 
  118 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.42 (s, 1H), 1.48 (d, J = 6.1 Hz, 6H), 1.58-1.61 (m, 2H), 1.81-1.86 (m, 6H), 1.95- 1.98 (m, 2H), 2.21-2.27 (m, 3H), 4.29-4.30 (m, 1H), 4.87-4.93 (m, 1H), 7.16-7.20 (m, 2H), 7.34 (dd, J = 8.0, 1.5 Hz, 1H), 7.45 (d, J = 1.2 Hz, 1H), 7.83-7.88 (m, 2H), 8.30-8.35 (m, 2H)
 

Example 119

4-(3-Fluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-2-propylbenzamide

[0823]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0824] To a solution of tetramethylpiperidine (11.4 mL) in THF (70 mL) at −78° C. was added dropwise n-butyllithium (42 mL, 1.6 M in hexane), and the mixture was stirred for 1.5 hours. Then, a solution of Compound I (6.0 g) in THF (60 mL) was added dropwise to the reaction solution. The mixture was stirred at −78° C. for 1.5 hours, and then thereto was added dropwise a solution of ethyl iodide (4.5 mL) in THF (10 mL), and the mixture was gradually warmed to room temperature and stirred overnight. To the reaction mixture was added water, and the mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure. To the residue was added 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The aqueous layer was acidified with 1N hydrochloric acid and extracted with chloroform. The chloroform layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The resulting solid was washed with diisopropylether-acetonitrile mixed solution to give Compound II (6.83 g).

Step (ii):

[0825] A mixture of Compound II (3.0 g), DMF (123 mL), Compound III (2.48 g), WSC.HCl (4.72 g), HOBt.H2O (3.77 g) and triethylamine (6.9 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 3 days. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and then to the residue was added ethyl acetate, and the mixture was washed sequentially with 1N hydrochloric acid, 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=100/0 to 90/10). The resulting solid was washed with hexane-ethyl acetate mixed solution to give Compound IV (4.48 g).

Step (iii):

[0826] A mixture of Compound IV (120 mg), toluene (3.1 mL), PEPPSI™.IPr (32 mg), 3-fluorophenylboronic acid (51 mg) and cesium carbonate (299 mg) was stirred at room temperature for 30 minutes at ordinary pressure under carbon monoxide atmosphere. Then, the mixture was stirred at 80° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was filtered through Celite, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=10/0 to 9/1) to give the title compound V (6 mg).
[0827] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 0.96 (t, J=7.3 Hz, 3H), 1.58-1.74 (m, 7H), 1.81-1.85 (m, 4H), 1.96-1.99 (m, 2H), 2.19 (br s, 1H), 2.28 (br s, 2H), 2.78-2.82 (m, 2H), 4.26-4.28 (m, 1H), 5.99 (d, J=7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.29-7.34 (m, 1H), 7.44-7.52 (m, 3H), 7.56 (dt, J=7.7, 1.3 Hz, 1H), 7.61 (dd, J=7.8, 1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.67 (d, J=1.7 Hz, 1H)

Examples 120 to 123

[0828] Example 120 to Example 123 were synthesized in the similar manner to Example 119.
[0829] 
[00031] [TABLE-US-00031]
  TABLE 30
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Example—R2   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  120 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 0.96 (t, J = 7.3 Hz, 3H), 1.58-1.74 (m, 7H), 1.81-1.85 (m, 4H), 1.96-1.99 (m, 2H), 2.19 (br s, 1H), 2.29 (br s, 2H), 2.78-2.82 (m, 2H), 4.26-4.28 (m, 1H), 5.98 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.16-7.20 (m, 2H), 7.45 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.58-7.64 (m, 2H), 7.82-7.86 (m, 2H)
 
  121 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 0.95 (t, J = 7.3 Hz, 3H), 1.57-1.72 (m, 6H), 1.80-1.84 (m, 4H), 1.95-2.05 (m, 3H), 2.18 (br s, 1H), 2.27 (br s, 2H), 2.35 (s, 3H), 2.75-2.79 (m, 2H), 4.25-4.26 (m, 1H), 5.97 (d, J = 7.1 Hz, 1H), 7.24-7.32 (m, 3H), 7.39-7.44 (m, 2H), 7.61 (dd, J = 7.9, 1.6 Hz, 1H), 7.70 (s, 1H)
 
  122 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 0.94 (t, J = 7.3 Hz, 3H), 1.57-1.72 (m, 6H), 1.81-1.84 (m, 4H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.18-2.27 (m, 4H), 2.74-2.78 (m, 2H), 3.73 (s, 3H), 4.24-4.26 (m, 1H), 6.00 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.00 (d, J = 8.5 Hz, 1H), 7.06 (t, J = 7.4 Hz, 1H), 7.36-7.39 (m, 2H), 7.48-7.52 (m, 1H), 7.62 (dd, J = 7.9, 1.6 Hz, 1H), 7.70 (d, J = 1.6 Hz, 1H)
 
  123 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 0.96 (t, J = 7.3 Hz, 3H), 1.42 (s, 1H), 1.56- 1.75 (m, 6H), 1.80-1.84 (m, 4H), 1.96-1.99 (m, 2H), 2.19 (br s, 1H), 2.28 (brs, 2H), 2.78-2.82 (m, 2H), 4.26-4.28 (m, 1H), 5.98 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.44 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.48-7.52 (m, 2H), 7.60-7.64 (m, 2H), 7.68 (d, J = 1.5 Hz, 1H), 7.79- 7.81 (m, 2H)
 

Example 124

2-Chloro-4-(3-ethylbenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]benzamide

[0830]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0831] A mixture of Compound I (1.0 g), DMF (43 mL), Compound II (710 mg), WSC.HCl (1.22 g), HOBt.H2O (977 mg) and triethylamine (2.4 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 3 days. To the reaction mixture was added chloroform, and the mixture was washed sequentially with 1N hydrochloric acid, 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=100/0 to 90/10). The resulting solid was washed with diisopropylether to give Compound III (1.11 g).

Step (ii):

[0832] A mixture of Compound III (70 mg), toluene (1.8 mL), PEPPSI™.IPr (6.2 mg), 3-ethylphenylboronic acid (33 mg) and cesium carbonate (178 mg) was stirred at room temperature for 20 minutes at ordinary pressure under carbon monoxide atmosphere. Then, the mixture was stirred at 80° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was filtered through Celite, and the filtrate was washed with brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=10/0 to 9/1) to give the title compound IV (14 mg).
[0833] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.27 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 3H), 1.39 (s, 1H), 1.48-1.61 (m, 2H), 1.79-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.20 (br s, 1H), 2.31 (br s, 2H), 2.73 (q, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 4.27-4.29 (m, 1H), 6.50-6.52 (m, 1H), 7.41 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.47 (d, J=7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.57 (d, J=7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.64 (br s, 1H), 7.70-7.72 (m, 1H), 7.82-7.85 (m, 2H)

Examples 125 to 129

[0834] Example 125 to Example 129 were synthesized in the similar manner to Example 124.
[0835] 
[00032] [TABLE-US-00032]
  TABLE 31
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Example—R2   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  125 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.29 (d, J = 6.8 Hz, 6H), 1.41 (s, 1H), 1.57-1.61 (m, 2H), 1.81-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.20 (br s, 1H), 2.31 (br s, 2H), 2.96-3.03 (m, 1H), 4.27-4.29 (m, 1H), 6.52 (d, J = 6.8 Hz, 1H), 7.42 (t, J = 7.7 Hz, 1H), 7.49-7.58 (m, 2H), 7.67-7.73 (m, 2H), 7.82-7.85 (m, 2H)
 
  126 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.39 (s, 1H), 1.50-1.62 (m, 2H), 1.78-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.20 (br s, 1H), 2.31 (br s, 2H), 2.38 (d, J = 1.7 Hz, 3H), 4.27-4.29 (m, 1H), 6.49-6.51 (m, 1H), 7.32 (t, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.45-7.48 (m, 2H), 7.69 (dd, J = 8.0, 1.6 Hz, 1H), 7.82-7.84 (m, 2H)
 
  127 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.42-1.46 (m, 4H), 1.58-1.61 (m, 2H), 1.79-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.20 (br s, 1H), 2.31 (br s, 2H), 4.09 (q, J = 7.0 Hz, 2H), 4.27-4.29 (m, 1H), 6.51 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.15-7.18 (m, 1H), 7.29-7.32 (m, 2H), 7.40 (t, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.72 (dd, J = 8.0, 1.5 Hz, 1H), 7.81-7.84 (m, 2H)
 
  128 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.44 (s, 1H), 1.59 (br s, 2H), 1.81-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.20 (br s, 1H), 2.31 (br s, 2H), 3.43 (s, 3H), 4.27-4.29 (m, 1H), 4.52 (s, 2H), 6.52 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.50 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.62 (d, J = 7.3 Hz, 1H), 7.69- 7.71 (m, 2H), 7.76 (s, 1H), 7.81-7.84 (m, 2H)
 
  129 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.40 (s, 1H), 1.53-1.61 (m, 2H), 1.80-1.83 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.20 (br s, 1H), 2.31 (br s, 2H), 4.27-4.29 (m, 1H), 6.51 (d, J = 7.3 Hz, 1H), 6.64 (t, J = 72.9 Hz, 1H), 7.23-7.26 (m, 2H), 7.69 (dd, J = 7.8, 1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.82-7.85 (m, 4H)
 

Example 130

2-Fluoro-4-(2-fluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]benzamide

[0836]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0837] A mixture of Compound I (5.12 g), DMF (40 mL), Compound II (4.1 g), WSC.HCl (9.40 g), HOBt.H2O (7.45 g) and triethylamine (16 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 7 days. To the reaction mixture was added ethyl acetate, and the mixture was washed sequentially with water, 2N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, brine. The organic layer was dried over magnesium sulfate, filtered, and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=100/0 to 90/10). The resulting solid was washed with diethylether to give Compound III (5.95 g).
[0838] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.56-1.59 (m, 2H), 1.73-1.83 (m, 7H), 1.93-1.96 (m, 2H), 2.20-2.24 (m, 3H), 4.25 (m, 1H), 6.96 (m, 1H), 7.33 (m, 1H), 7.42 (m, 1H), 7.98 (m, 1H)

Step (ii):

[0839] A mixture of Compound III (0.11 g), toluene (3 mL), PEPPSI™.IPr (7 mg), 2-fluorophenylboronic acid (0.07 g) and cesium carbonate (0.12 mg) was stirred at room temperature for 30 minutes at ordinary pressure under carbon monoxide atmosphere. Then, the mixture was stirred at 80° C. for 4 days. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and then the residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=10/0 to 9/1), then reverse-phase column chromatography (eluent: 0.035% TFA-acetonitrile/0.05% TFA-water=17% to 95%) to give the title compound IV (9.9 mg).
[0840] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.47 (s, 1H), 1.57-1.61 (m, 2H), 1.77-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.94-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.21-2.27 (m, 3H), 4.28 (m, 1H), 7.06 (m, 1H), 7.19 (m, 1H), 7.31 (m, 1H), 7.57-7.66 (m, 4H), 8.20 (m, 1H)

Examples 131 to 134

[0841] Example 131 to Example 134 were synthesized in the similar manner to Example 130.
[0842] 
[00033] [TABLE-US-00033]
  TABLE 32
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Example—R2   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  131 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.43 (s, 1H), 1.57-1.62 (m, 2H), 1.78-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.22-2.28 (m, 3H), 4.28 (m, 1H), 7.06 (m, 1H), 7.35 (m, 1H), 7.46-7.66 (m, 5H), 8.23 (m, 1H)
 
  132 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.55-1.61 (m, 3H), 1.78-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.22-2.28 (m, 3H), 4.28 (m, 1H), 7.06 (m, 1H), 7.20 (m, 2H), 7.57 (m, 1H), 7.62 (m, 1H), 7.85 (m, 2H), 8.23 (m, 1H)
 
  133 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.41 (s, 1H), 1.57-1.61 (m, 2H), 1.78-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.94-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.21-2.28 (m, 3H), 2.46 (s, 3H), 4.28 (m, 1H), 7.06 (m, 1H), 7.31 (m, 2H), 7.57 (m, 1H), 7.63 (m, 1H), 7.71 (m, 2H), 8.20 (m, 1H)
 
  134 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.48 (s, 1H), 1.57-1.60 (m, 2H), 1.77-1.83 (m, 6H), 1.93-1.96 (m, 2H), 2.21-2.27 (m, 3H), 2.36 (s, 3H), 4.27 (m, 1H), 7.06 (m, 1H), 7.26-7.33 (m, 3H), 7.44 (m, 1H), 7.59-7.63 (m, 2H), 8.18 (m, 1H)
 

Examples 135 to 136

[0843] Example 135 and Example 136 were synthesized in the similar manner to Example 443.
[0844] 
[00034] [TABLE-US-00034]
  TABLE 33
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Example—R2   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  135 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.43 (s, 1H), 1.53-1.64 (m, 2H), 1.80-1.83 (m, 6H), 1.96-1.99 (m, 2H), 2.18 (brs, 1H), 2.28 (brs, 2H), 3.09 (t, J = 5.8 Hz, 2H), 3.30 (s, 3H), 3.78 (t, J = 5.8 Hz, 2H), 4.27-4.29 (m, 1H), 7.48-7.53 (m, 3H), 7.59-7.65 (m, 3H), 7.73 (br s, 1H), 7.79-7.82 (m, 2H)
 
  136 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.43 (s, 1H), 1.53-1.57 (m, 2H), 1.80-1.83 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.17 (brs, 1H), 2.27 (brs, 2H), 3.09 (t, J = 5.7 Hz, 2H), 3.30 (s, 3H), 3.78 (t, J = 5.7 Hz, 2H), 4.27-4.29 (m, 1H), 7.29-7.34 (m, 1H), 7.45-7.52 (m, 3H), 7.57-7.58 (m, 1H), 7.63-7.67 (m, 2H), 7.73 (br s, 1H)
 

Examples 137 to 148

[0845] Example 137 to Example 148 were synthesized by the similar preparation method to Example 67 using Reference example 1.
[0846] 
[00035] [TABLE-US-00035]
  TABLE 34
 
[see pdf for image]
 
      tR (min)
      Obs[M + 1]
  Example—R2   method
 
  137 [see pdf for image]   1.406 424     SA1
 
  138 [see pdf for image]   1.473 424     SA1
 
  139 [see pdf for image]   1.453 458     SA1
 
  140 [see pdf for image]   1.696 458     SA1
 
  141 [see pdf for image]   1.434 404     SA1
 
  142 [see pdf for image]   1.519 418     SA1
 
  143 [see pdf for image]   1.477 424     SA1
 
  144 [see pdf for image]   1.433 404     SA1
 
  145 [see pdf for image]   1.371 420     SA1
 
  146 [see pdf for image]   1.419 404     SA1
 
  147 [see pdf for image]   1.362 420     SA1
 
  148 [see pdf for image]   1.351 434     SA1
 

Examples 149 to 167

[0847] Examples 149 to 167 were synthesized in the similar manner to Example 96.
[0848] 
[00036] [TABLE-US-00036]
  TABLE 35
 
[see pdf for image]
 
      tR (min)
      Obs[M + 1]
  Example—R2   method
 
  149 [see pdf for image]   1.469 438     SA1
 
  150 [see pdf for image]   1.548 432     SA1
 
  151 [see pdf for image]   1.542 438     SA1
 
  152 [see pdf for image]   1.402 434     SA1
 
  153 [see pdf for image]   1.567 472     SA1
 
  154 [see pdf for image]   1.490 418     SA1
 
  155 [see pdf for image]   1.735 432     SA1
 
  156 [see pdf for image]   1.491 472     SA1
 
  157 [see pdf for image]   1.555 440     SA1
 
  158 [see pdf for image]   1.666 436     SA1
 
  159 [see pdf for image]   1.544 438     SA1
 
  160 [see pdf for image]   1.431 448     SA1
 
  161 [see pdf for image]   1.500 418     SA1
 
  162 [see pdf for image]   1.437 434     SA1
 
  163 [see pdf for image]   1.478 418     SA1
 
  164 [see pdf for image]   1.414 434     SA1
 
  165 [see pdf for image]   1.585 448     SA1
 
  166 [see pdf for image]   1.547 452     SA1
 
  167 [see pdf for image]   1.599 436     SA1
 

Examples 168 to 175

[0849] Example 168 to Example 175 were synthesized in the similar manner to Example 119.
[0850] 
[00037] [TABLE-US-00037]
  TABLE 36
 
[see pdf for image]
 
      tR (min)
      Obs[M + 1]
  Example—R2   method
 
  168 [see pdf for image]   1.718 450     SA1
 
  169 [see pdf for image]   1.451 466     SA1
 
  170 [see pdf for image]   1.727 450     SA1
 
  171 [see pdf for image]   2.019 454     SA2
 
  172 [see pdf for image]   1.035 450     SA3
 
  173 [see pdf for image]   1.524 450     SA1
 
  174 [see pdf for image]   1.714 450     SA1
 
  175 [see pdf for image]   1.691 452     SA1
 

Examples 176 to 202

[0851] Examples 176 to 202 were synthesized in the similar manner to Example 80.
[0852] 
[00038] [TABLE-US-00038]
  TABLE 37
 
[see pdf for image]
 
      tR (min)
      Obs[M + 1]
  Example—R2   method
 
  176 [see pdf for image]   1.472 488     SA1
 
  177 [see pdf for image]   1.701 454     SA1
 
  178 [see pdf for image]   1.344 450     SA1
 
  179 [see pdf for image]   1.403 488     SA1
 
  180 [see pdf for image]   1.405 452     SA1
 
  181 [see pdf for image]   1.493 504     SA1
 
  182 [see pdf for image]   1.427 454     SA1
 
  183 [see pdf for image]   1.609 452     SA1
 
  184 [see pdf for image]   1.688 452     SA1
 
  185 [see pdf for image]   1.595 468     SA1
 
  186 [see pdf for image]   1.368 468     SA1
 
  187 [see pdf for image]   1.398 464     SA1
 
  188 [see pdf for image]   1.534 476     SA1
 
  189 [see pdf for image]   1.328 450     SA1
 
  190 [see pdf for image]   1.487 488     SA1
 
  191 [see pdf for image]   1.379 454     SA1
 
  192 [see pdf for image]   1.453 448     SA1
 
  193 [see pdf for image]   1.435 504     SA1
 
  194 [see pdf for image]   1.344 456     SA1
 
  195 [see pdf for image]   1.398 452     SA1
 
  196 [see pdf for image]   1.611 452     SA1
 
  197 [see pdf for image]   1.564 468     SA1
 
  198 [see pdf for image]   1.434 452     SA1
 
  199 [see pdf for image]   1.595 468     SA1
 
  200 [see pdf for image]   1.514 470     SA1
 
  201 [see pdf for image]   1.409 464     SA1
 
  202 [see pdf for image]   0.962 460     SA3
 

Examples 203 to 223

[0853] Examples 203 to 223 were synthesized in the similar manner to Example 88.
[0854] 
[00039] [TABLE-US-00039]
  TABLE 38
 
[see pdf for image]
 
      tR (min)
      Obs[M + 1]
  Example—R2   method
 
  203 [see pdf for image]   5.00 468     SA4
 
  204 [see pdf for image]   1.380 464     SA1
 
  205 [see pdf for image]   1.694 478     SA1
 
  206 [see pdf for image]   1.806 464     SA1
 
  207 [see pdf for image]   1.930 468     SA1
 
  208 [see pdf for image]   1.421 466     SA1
 
  209 [see pdf for image]   1.613 466     SA1
 
  210 [see pdf for image]   1.564 470     SA1
 
  211 [see pdf for image]   1.433 448     SA1
 
  212 [see pdf for image]   1.600 470     SA1
 
  213 [see pdf for image]   1.607 478     SA1
 
  214 [see pdf for image]   1.417 468     SA1
 
  215 [see pdf for image]   1.605 466     SA1
 
  216 [see pdf for image]   1.411 466     SA1
 
  217 [see pdf for image]   1.710 478     SA1
 
  218 [see pdf for image]   1.407 466     SA1
 
  219 [see pdf for image]   1.328 492     SA1
 
  220 [see pdf for image]   1.422 466     SA1
 
  221 [see pdf for image]   1.585 470     SA1
 
  222 [see pdf for image]   1.570 470     SA1
 
  223 [see pdf for image]   1.602 492     SA1
 

Examples 224 to 235

[0855] Example 224 to Example 235 were synthesized in the similar manner to Example 25.
[0856] 
[00040] [TABLE-US-00040]
  TABLE 39
 
[see pdf for image]
 
      tR (min)
      Obs[M + 1]
  Example—R2   method
 
  224 [see pdf for image]   1.359 440     SA1
 
  225 [see pdf for image]   1.467 434     SA1
 
  226 [see pdf for image]   1.454 440     SA1
 
  227 [see pdf for image]   1.363 436     SA1
 
  228 [see pdf for image]   1.484 474     SA1
 
  229 [see pdf for image]   1.453 474     SA1
 
  230 [see pdf for image]   1.446 440     SA1
 
  231 [see pdf for image]   1.391 474     SA1
 
  232 [see pdf for image]   1.411 420     SA1
 
  233 [see pdf for image]   1.322 436     SA1
 
  234 [see pdf for image]   1.408 420     SA1
 
  235 [see pdf for image]   1.424 490     SA1
 

Examples 236 to 253

[0857] Example 236 to Example 253 were synthesized in the similar manner to Example 124 using Reference example 2.
[0858] 
[00041] [TABLE-US-00041]
  TABLE 40
 
[see pdf for image]
 
        tR (min)
        Obs[M + 1]
    Example—R2   method
   
    236 [see pdf for image]    1.428 440 SA1
   
    237 [see pdf for image]    1.515 434 SA1
   
    238 [see pdf for image]    1.494 440 SA1
   
    239 [see pdf for image]    1.459 420 SA1
   
    240 [see pdf for image]    1.521 474 SA1
   
    241 [see pdf for image]    1.352 436 SA1
   
    242 [see pdf for image]    1.434 438 SA1
   
    243 [see pdf for image]    1.391 436 SA1
   
    244 [see pdf for image]    1.531 490 SA1
   
    245 [see pdf for image]    1.775 440 SA1
   
    246 [see pdf for image]    1.746 490 SA1
   
    247 [see pdf for image]    1.387 436 SA1
   
    248 [see pdf for image]    1.452 420 SA1
   
    249 [see pdf for image]    1.402 424 SA1
   
    250 [see pdf for image]    1.459 438 SA1
   
    251 [see pdf for image]    1.505 474 SA1
   
    252 [see pdf for image]    1.441 474 SA1
   
    253 [see pdf for image]    1.390 442 SA1
   

Examples 254 to 275

[0859] Examples 254 to 275 were synthesized in the similar manner to Example 113.
[0860] 
[00042] [TABLE-US-00042]
  TABLE 41
 
[see pdf for image]
 
        tR (min)
        Obs[M + 1]
    Example—R2   method
   
    254 [see pdf for image]    1.479 454 SA1
   
    255 [see pdf for image]    1.491 464 SA1
   
    256 [see pdf for image]    1.591 456 SA1
   
    257 [see pdf for image]    1.616 452 SA1
   
    258 [see pdf for image]    1.559 456 SA1
   
    259 [see pdf for image]    1.396 464 SA1
   
    260 [see pdf for image]    1.394 464 SA1
   
    261 [see pdf for image]    1.533 454 SA1
   
    262 [see pdf for image]    1.435 450 SA1
   
    263 [see pdf for image]    1.437 450 SA1
   
    264 [see pdf for image]    1.600 456 SA1
   
    265 [see pdf for image]    1.536 454 SA1
   
    266 [see pdf for image]    1.714 456 SA1
   
    267 [see pdf for image]    1.621 452 SA1
   
    268 [see pdf for image]    1.573 488 SA1
   
    269 [see pdf for image]    1.492 434 SA1
   
    270 [see pdf for image]    1.412 478 SA1
   
    271 [see pdf for image]    1.563 478 SA1
   
    272 [see pdf for image]    1.418 450 SA1
   
    273 [see pdf for image]    1.614 452 SA1
   
    274 [see pdf for image]    1.574 452 SA1
   
    275 [see pdf for image]    1.572 452 SA1
   

Examples 276 to 296

[0861] Examples 276 to 296 were synthesized in the similar manner to Example 116.
[0862] 
[00043] [TABLE-US-00043]
  TABLE 42
 
[see pdf for image]
 
        tR (min)
        Obs[M + 1]
    Example—R2   method
   
    276 [see pdf for image]    1.512 468 SA1
   
    277 [see pdf for image]    1.487 478 SA1
   
    278 [see pdf for image]    1.575 470 SA1
   
    279 [see pdf for image]    1.606 478 SA1
   
    280 [see pdf for image]    1.593 478 SA1
   
    281 [see pdf for image]    1.623 470 SA1
   
    282 [see pdf for image]    1.633 466 SA1
   
    283 [see pdf for image]    1.572 468 SA1
   
    284 [see pdf for image]    1.790 448 SA1
   
    285 [see pdf for image]    1.630 466 SA1
   
    286 [see pdf for image]    1.607 466 SA1
   
    287 [see pdf for image]    1.567 468 SA1
   
    288 [see pdf for image]    1.578 470 SA1
   
    289 [see pdf for image]    1.642 466 SA1
   
    290 [see pdf for image]    1.611 492 SA1
   
    291 [see pdf for image]    1.600 492 SA1
   
    292 [see pdf for image]    1.787 502 SA1
   
    293 [see pdf for image]    1.526 478 SA1
   
    294 [see pdf for image]    1.452 464 SA1
   
    295 [see pdf for image]    1.734 464 SA1
   
    296 [see pdf for image]    1.622 466 SA1
   

Examples 297 to 325

[0863] Examples 297 to 325 were synthesized in the similar manner to Example 124.
[0864] 
[00044] [TABLE-US-00044]
  TABLE 43
 
[see pdf for image]
 
        tR (min)
        Obs[M + 1]
    Example—R2   method
   
    297 [see pdf for image]    1.411 444 SA1
   
    298 [see pdf for image]    1.488 438 SA1
   
    299 [see pdf for image]    1.480 480 SA1
   
    300 [see pdf for image]    1.718 442 SA1
   
    301 [see pdf for image]    1.421 454 SA1
   
    302 [see pdf for image]    1.419 442 SA1
   
    303 [see pdf for image]    1.387 446 SA1
   
    304 [see pdf for image]    1.550 452 SA1
   
    305 [see pdf for image]    1.419 442 SA1
   
    306 [see pdf for image]    1.316 468 SA1
   
    307 [see pdf for image]    1.390 454 SA1
   
    308 [see pdf for image]    1.368 446 SA1
   
    309 [see pdf for image]    1.505 494 SA1
   
    310 [see pdf for image]    1.331 454 SA1
   
    311 [see pdf for image]    1.322 484 SA1
   
    312 [see pdf for image]    1.903 444 SA1
   
    313 [see pdf for image]    1.458 494 SA1
   
    314 [see pdf for image]    1.411 442 SA1
   
    315 [see pdf for image]    1.317 454 SA1
   
    316 [see pdf for image]    1.525 452 SA1
   
    317 [see pdf for image]    1.335 452 SA1
   
    318 [see pdf for image]    1.318 454 SA1
   
    319 [see pdf for image]    1.441 442 SA1
   
    320 [see pdf for image]    1.404 446 SA1
   
    321 [see pdf for image]    1.359 446 SA1
   
    322 [see pdf for image]    1.327 468 SA1
   
    323 [see pdf for image]    1.328 452 SA1
   
    324 [see pdf for image]    1.327 454 SA1
   
    325 [see pdf for image]    1.697 442 SA1
   

Examples 326 to 346

[0865] Example 326 to Example 346 were synthesized in the similar manner to Example 130.
[0866] 
[00045] [TABLE-US-00045]
  TABLE 44
 
[see pdf for image]
 
        tR (min)
        Obs[M + 1]
    Example—R2   method
   
    326 [see pdf for image]    1.390 428 SA1
   
    327 [see pdf for image]    1.492 426 SA1
   
    328 [see pdf for image]    1.649 430 SA1
   
    329 [see pdf for image]    1.318 452 SA1
   
    330 [see pdf for image]    1.398 438 SA1
   
    331 [see pdf for image]    1.442 430 SA1
   
    332 [see pdf for image]    1.491 462 SA1
   
    333 [see pdf for image]    1.899 428 SA1
   
    334 [see pdf for image]    1.337 424 SA1
   
    335 [see pdf for image]    1.493 426 SA1
   
    336 [see pdf for image]    1.362 424 SA1
   
    337 [see pdf for image]    1.901 428 SA1
   
    338 [see pdf for image]    1.290 438 SA1
   
    339 [see pdf for image]    1.308 438 SA1
   
    340 [see pdf for image]    1.479 430 SA1
   
    341 [see pdf for image]    1.449 430 SA1
   
    342 [see pdf for image]    1.318 452 SA1
   
    343 [see pdf for image]    1.690 426 SA1
   
    344 [see pdf for image]    1.871 408 SA1
   
    345 [see pdf for image]    1.717 438 SA1
   
    346 [see pdf for image]    1.327 424 SA1
   

Examples 347 to 362

[0867] Example 347 to Example 362 were synthesized in the similar manner to Example 77.
[0868] 
[00046] [TABLE-US-00046]
  TABLE 45
 
[see pdf for image]
 
        tR (min)
        Obs[M + 1]
    Example—R2   method
   
    347 [see pdf for image]    1.399 478 SA1
   
    348 [see pdf for image]    1.422 488 SA1
   
    349 [see pdf for image]    1.454 480 SA1
   
    350 [see pdf for image]    1.511 476 SA1
   
    351 [see pdf for image]    1.482 480 SA1
   
    352 [see pdf for image]    1.615 474 SA1
   
    353 [see pdf for image]    1.397 458 SA1
   
    354 [see pdf for image]    1.618 474 SA1
   
    355 [see pdf for image]    1.450 478 SA1
   
    356 [see pdf for image]    1.580 488 SA1
   
    357 [see pdf for image]    1.482 488 SA1
   
    358 [see pdf for image]    1.485 480 SA1
   
    359 [see pdf for image]    1.082 502 SA3
   
    360 [see pdf for image]    1.697 478 SA1
   
    361 [see pdf for image]    1.504 474 SA1
   
    362 [see pdf for image]    1.451 480 SA1
   

Example 363

[0869] Example 363 was synthesized in the similar manner to Example 62.
[0870] 
[00047] [TABLE-US-00047]
  TABLE 46
 
[see pdf for image]
 
        tR (min)
        Obs[M + 1]
    Example—R2   method
   
    363 [see pdf for image]    4.67 447 Measurement method SA4
   

Example 364

4-[(2-Fluorophenoxy)acetyl]-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantyl-2-yl]-2-(methoxymethyl)benzamide

[0871]  [see pdf for image] [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0872] A mixture of Compound I (2 mL), Compound II (2.6 mL), dimethylsulfoxide (50 mL) and potassium carbonate (3.3 g) was stirred at 80° C. for 14 hours. The mixture was cooled to room temperature, and thereto was added ice water, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with brine, and dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=5/1) to give Compound III (3.0 g).

Step (ii):

[0873] To an ice-cooled solution of Compound III (1.5 g) in acetone (40 mL) was added 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution (10 mL). The reaction solution was warmed to room temperature and stirred for 3 hours, and then extracted with diethylether. The aqueous layer was acidified with 1N hydrochloric acid, and then extracted with chloroform. The chloroform layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure. To the residue was added hexane to give a solid Compound IV (921 mg).

Step (iii):

[0874] A mixture of Compound IV (500 mg), DMF (10 mL), N-methoxy-N-methylamine hydrochloride (430 mg), WSC.HCl (845 mg), HOBt.H2O (675 mg) and triethylamine (2.5 mL) was stirred for 15 hours. To the reaction mixture was added ethyl acetate, and the mixture was washed with 1N hydrochloric acid, saturated sodium bicarbonate water, brine, and then dried over sodium sulfate. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and then the residue was purified by column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=3/1) to give Compound V (434 mg).

Step (iv):

[0875] To an ice-cooled mixture of isopropylmagnesium chloride (0.4 mL, 2.0 M tetrahydrofuran solution) and tetrahydrofuran (2.0 mL) was added n-butyllithium (1.0 mL, 1.6 M hexane solution), and the mixture was stirred for 10 minutes. The mixture was cooled to −45° C., and thereto was added a solution of Compound VI (200 mg; Reference example 8) in tetrahydrofuran (2.0 mL), and the mixture was stirred for 1 hour, and then thereto was added a solution of Compound V (212 mg) in tetrahydrofuran (2.0 mL). The mixture was gradually warmed to room temperature, and then stirred at room temperature for 14 hours. To the reaction system was added water, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate, dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=5/1) to give Compound VII (50 mg).

Step (v):

[0876] To Compound VII (50 mg) was added 4N hydrochloric acid-1,4-dioxane solution (4 mL), and the mixture was stirred at 50° C. for 6 hours and concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound VIII.

Step (vi):

[0877] A mixture of Compound VIII obtained in Step (v), DMF (2.0 mL), Compound IV (27 mg), WSC.HCl (51 mg), HOBt.H2O (41 mg) and triethylamine (0.11 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 48 hours. To the reaction mixture was added ethyl acetate, and the mixture was washed sequentially with 1N hydrochloric acid, saturated sodium bicarbonate water, water, and then dried over sodium sulfate. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and then the residue was purified by column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=9/1) to give the title compound X (7.4 mg).
[0878] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.53-1.57 (m, 2H), 1.78-1.82 (m, 7H), 1.95-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.17 (br s, 1H), 2.26 (br s, 2H), 3.45 (s, 3H), 4.24 (m, 1H), 4.61 (s, 2H), 5.34 (s, 2H), 6.93-7.13 (m, 4H), 7.68 (d, J=7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.89 (dd, J=7.7, 1.1 Hz, 1H), 8.03-8.04 (m, 2H)

Examples 365 to 380

[0879] Example 365 to Example 380 were prepared by the reaction using Weinreb amide (e.g.: Compound V of Example 364) in the similar manner to Example 364.
[0880] 
[00048] [TABLE-US-00048]
  TABLE 47
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Example—R2   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  365 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.51-1.63 (m, 3H), 1.74-1.85 (m, 6H), 1.93- 2.00 (m, 2H), 2.17 (br s, 1H), 2.27 (br s, 2H), 3.46 (s, 3H), 4.24- 4.26 (m, 1H), 4.61 (s, 2H), 5.29 (s, 2H), 6.64-6.74 (m, 3H), 7.21- 7.30 (m, 1H), 7.58 (d, J = 7.3 Hz, 1H), 7.90 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 8.00-8.03 (m, 2H)
 
  366 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.54-1.57 (m, 2H), 1.78-1.82 (m, 6H), 1.95- 1.98 (m, 3H), 2.17 (br s, 1H), 2.26 (br s, 2H), 3.45 (s, 3H), 4.24- 4.25 (m, 1H), 4.61 (s, 2H), 5.24 (s, 2H), 6.88-6.90 (m, 2H), 6.97- 6.99 (m, 2H), 7.67 (d, J = 6.8 Hz, 1H), 7.89 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 8.00-8.02 (m, 2H)
 
  367 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.47 (br s, 1H), 1.54-1.58 (m, 2H), 1.80-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.96-1.99 (m, 2H), 2.18 (br s, 1H), 2.28 (br s, 2H), 3.46 (s, 3H), 4.23-4.26 (m, 4H), 4.62 (s, 2H), 6.64 (d, J = 2.0 Hz, 1H), 7.53 (d, J = 2.2 Hz, 1H), 7.63 (d, J = 7.1 Hz, 1H), 7.87-7.89 (m, 3H)
 
  368 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.50-1.56 (m, 6H), 1.79-1.83 (m, 6H), 1.95- 1.99 (m, 2H), 2.17 (br s, 1H), 2.27 (br s, 2H), 3.46 (s, 3H), 4.25 (br s, 1H), 4.59-4.64 (m, 4H), 6.62 (d, J = 2.0 Hz, 1H), 7.54-7.55 (m, 1H), 7.62 (d, J = 7.3 Hz, 1H), 7.87-7.89 (m, 3H)
 
  369 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.42 (s, 1H), 1.54-1.59 (m, 2H), 1.80-1.83 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.17 (br s, 1H), 2.27-2.31 (m, 5H), 3.45 (s, 3H), 4.16 (s, 3H), 4.25-4.27 (m, 1H), 4.62 (s, 2H), 6.40 (s, 1H), 7.63 (d, J = 7.1 Hz, 1H), 7.85-7.89 (m, 3H)
 
  370 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.41 (s, 1H), 1.52-1.58 (m, 2H), 1.79-1.82 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.16 (br s, 1H), 2.26 (br s, 2H), 2.35 (s, 3H), 3.43 (s, 3H), 3.89 (s, 3H), 4.25-4.27 (m, 1H), 4.63 (s, 2H), 6.71 (s, 1H), 7.71 (d, J = 7.1 Hz, 1H), 7.89 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 8.13 (d, J = 1.7 Hz, 1H), 8.30 (dd, J = 8.0, 1.7 Hz, 1H)
 
  371 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.57-1.62 (m, 3H), 1.80-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.95- 1.99 (m, 2H), 2.18 (br s, 1H), 2.27 (br s, 2H), 3.46 (s, 3H), 4.23- 4.26 (m, 4H), 4.63 (s, 2H), 6.73 (t, J = 54.8 Hz, 1H), 6.84 (s, 1H), 7.59 (d, J = 7.5 Hz, 1H), 7.88-7.89 (m, 3H)
 
  372 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.39 (t, J = 7.1 Hz, 3H), 1.54-1.59 (m, 3H), 1.79-1.82 (m, 9H), 1.95-1.99 (m, 2H), 2.17 (br s, 1H), 2.27 (br s, 2H), 3.42 (s, 3H), 4.26-4.28 (m, 3H), 4.60 (s, 2H), 6.00 (d, J = 2.4 Hz, 1H), 6.89 (d, J = 2.4 Hz, 1H), 7.68-7.73 (m, 3H), 7.87 (d, J = 7.9 Hz, 1H)
 
  373 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.50-1.54 (m, 3H), 1.79-1.83 (m, 6H), 1.95- 1.99 (m, 5H), 2.17 (br s, 1H), 2.27 (br s, 2H), 3.43 (s, 3H), 3.98 (s, 3H), 4.26-4.28 (m, 1H), 4.61 (s, 2H), 6.50 (s, 1H), 6.75 (s, 1H), 7.70 (d, J = 7.2 Hz, 1H), 7.77-7.85 (m, 3H)
 
  374 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.52-1.58 (m, 3H), 1.71 (s, 3H), 1.79-1.83 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.99 (m, 2H), 2.17 (br s, 1H), 2.24-2.27 (m, 5H), 3.42 (s, 3H), 3.76 (s, 3H), 4.24-4.27 (m, 1H), 4.60 (s, 2H), 5.80 (s, 1H), 7.65-7.74 (m, 3H), 7.86 (d, J = 7.9 Hz, 1H)
 
  375 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.53-1.57 (m, 2H), 1.79-1.82 (m, 7H), 1.95- 1.99 (m, 2H), 2.08 (s, 3H), 2.17 (br s, 1H), 2.27 (br s, 2H), 3.42 (s, 3H), 3.87 (s, 3H), 4.24-4.27 (m, 1H), 4.60 (s, 2H), 5.99 (d, J = 2.6 Hz, 1H), 6.81 (d, J = 2.2 Hz, 1H), 7.67 (d, J = 1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.72 (dd, J = 7.9, 1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.77 (d, J = 7.3 Hz, 1H), 7.87 (d, J = 7.9 Hz, 1H)
 
  376 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.44-1.52 (m, 3H), 1.79-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.95- 1.99 (m, 2H), 2.17 (br s, 1H), 2.27 (br s, 2H), 2.59 (s, 3H), 3.44 (s, 3H), 4.25-4.28 (m, 1H), 4.62 (s, 2H), 6.85 (dd, J = 3.9, 0.9 Hz, 1H), 7.44 (d, J = 3.9 Hz, 1H), 7.66 (d, J = 7.9 Hz, 1H), 7.83-7.88 (m, 3H)
 
  377 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.53-1.58 (m, 2H), 1.70 (br s, 1H), 1.79-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.99 (m, 2H), 2.17 (br s, 1H), 2.27 (br s, 2H), 2.60 (s, 3H), 2.73 (s, 3H), 3.45 (s, 3H), 4.25-4.27 (m, 1H), 4.61 (s, 2H), 7.62 (d, J = 7.5 Hz, 1H), 7.78-7.89 (m, 3H)
 
  378 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.40-1.57 (m, 3H), 1.78-1.82 (m, 6H), 1.94- 1.98 (m, 2H), 2.17 (br s, 1H), 2.26 (br s, 2H), 2.67 (s, 3H), 2.75 (s, 3H), 3.43 (s, 3H), 4.25-4.27 (m, 1H), 4.62 (s, 2H), 7.67 (d, J = 7.2 Hz, 1H), 7.87 (d, J = 7.9 Hz, 1H), 8.03 (d, J = 1.5 Hz, 1H), 8.11 (dd, J = 8.1, 1.7 Hz, 1H)
 
  379 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.39 (s, 1H), 1.53-1.56 (m, 2H), 1.80-1.83 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.17 (br s, 1H), 2.26 (br s, 2H), 3.44 (s, 3H), 4.25-4.27 (m, 1H), 4.59 (s, 2H), 7.09 (t, J = 55.9 Hz, 1H), 7.43 (d, J = 7.9 Hz, 1H), 7.53-7.57 (m, 1H), 7.62-7.69 (m, 2H), 7.78 (dd, J = 7.9, 1.8 Hz, 1H), 7.84-7.88 (m, 3H)
 
  380 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.41 (s, 1H), 1.54-1.57 (m, 2H), 1.80-1.83 (m, 6H), 1.96-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.18 (br s, 1H), 2.27 (br s, 2H), 3.45 (s, 3H), 4.26-4.28 (m, 1H), 4.62 (s, 2H), 6.71 (t, J = 56.2 Hz, 1H), 7.60-7.66 (m, 2H), 7.77-7.81 (m, 3H), 7.90-7.93 (m, 3H)
 

Example 381

2-Ethyl-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-4-[(1-methyl-1H-imidazol-2-yl)carbonyl]-benzamide

[0881]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0882] A mixture of Compound I (1.23 g; Reference example 7), tert-butanol (9 mL), THF (9 mL), Boc2O (2.34 g) and N,N-dimethyl-4-aminopyridine (131 mg) was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and the residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=10/0 to 9/1) to give Compound II (1.21 g).

Step (ii):

[0883] To an ice-cooled mixture of isopropylmagnesium bromide (630 μL, 2.0 M in THF) and THF (3.5 mL) was added dropwise n-butyllithium (1.5 mL, 1.6 M in hexane), and the mixture was stirred for 30 minutes. The reaction solution was cooled to −40° C., and thereto was added dropwise a solution of Compound II (300 mg) in THF (2.0 mL), and the mixture was stirred for 40 minutes. Then, thereto was added dropwise a solution of Compound III (231 mg) in THF (1.5 mL), and the mixture was gradually warmed to room temperature, and then stirred overnight. To the reaction mixture was added saturated ammonium chloride water, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=3/7 to 5/5) to give Compound IV (119 mg).

Step (iii):

[0884] A mixture of Compound IV (119 mg), dichloromethane (2.0 mL) and TFA (2.0 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 3 hours. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and thereto was added toluene, and the mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound V.

Step (iv):

[0885] A mixture of Compound V obtained in Step (iii), DMF (3.8 mL), Compound VI (76 mg), WSC.HCl (145 mg), HOBt.H2O (116 mg) and triethylamine (211 μL) was stirred at room temperature for 3 days. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and then to the residue was added ethyl acetate, and the mixture was washed sequentially with 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=100/0 to 90/10). The resulting solid was washed with diethylether/ethyl acetate to give the title compound VII (71 mg).
[0886] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.27 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 3H), 1.40 (s, 1H), 1.54-1.59 (m, 2H), 1.68-1.72 (m, 2H), 1.79-1.83 (m, 4H), 1.94-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.18 (br s, 1H), 2.26 (br s, 2H), 2.87 (q, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 4.11 (s, 3H), 4.24-4.26 (m, 1H), 5.97 (d, J=8.5 Hz, 1H), 7.14 (s, 1H), 7.23 (s, 1H), 7.44 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 1H), 8.06 (s, 1H), 8.11 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 1H)

Examples 382 to 390

[0887] Example 382 to Example 390 were prepared by the reaction using Weinreb amide in the similar manner to Example 381.
[0888] 
[00049] [TABLE-US-00049]
  TABLE 48
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Example—R21H-NMR (solvent) δ
 
  382 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.27 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 3H), 1.51-1.83 (m, 9H), 1.94- 1.98 (m, 2H), 2.17 (br s, 1H), 2.27 (br s, 2H), 2.86 (q, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 3.80 (s, 3H), 4.23-4.26 (m, 1H), 6.00 (d, J = 7.9 Hz, 1H), 7.43 (d, J = 7.9 Hz, 1H), 7.52 (d, J = 0.9 Hz, 1H), 7.71 (d, J = 1.3 Hz, 1H), 8.04-8.07 (m, 2H)
 
  383 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.27-1.30 (m, 3H), 1.43 (s, 1H), 1.58-1.62 (m, 2H), 1.71-1.75 (m, 2H), 1.81-1.85 (m, 4H), 1.95-1.99 (m, 2H), 2.19 (br s, 1H), 2.29 (br s, 2H), 2.87 (q, J = 7.5 Hz, 2H), 4.24-4.28 (m, 4H), 5.98 (d, J = 7.5 Hz, 1H), 6.63 (d, J = 2.2 Hz, 1H), 7.45 (d, J = 7.7 Hz, 1H), 7.53 (d, J = 2.2 Hz, 1H), 7.71 (dd, J = 7.9, 1.5 Hz, 1H), 7.77 (d, J = 1.3 Hz, 1H)
 
  384 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.26 (t, J = 7.5 Hz, 3H), 1.42 (s, 1H), 1.56-1.60 (m, 2H), 1.73-1.82 (m, 9H), 1.95-1.99 (m, 2H), 2.19 (br s, 1H), 2.28 (br s, 2H), 2.84 (q, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 3.87 (s, 3H), 4.24-4.26 (m 1H), 5.95-5.99 (m, 2H), 6.80 (d, J = 2.2 Hz, 1H), 7.41 (d, J = 7.7 Hz, 1H), 7.53 (dd, J = 7.8, 1.6 Hz, 1H), 7.58 (d, J = 1.1 Hz, 1H)
 
  385 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.30 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 3H), 1.46 (br s, 1H), 1.59- 1.72 (m, 4H), 1.80-1.84 (m, 4H), 1.95-1.99 (m, 2H), 2.18 (br s, 1H), 2.28 (br s, 2H), 2.89 (q, J = 7.5 Hz, 2H), 4.25-4.28 (m, 1H), 5.99 (d, J = 7.5 Hz, 1H), 7.48 (d, J = 7.9 Hz, 1H), 7.76 (d, J = 3.1 Hz, 1H), 8.11 (d, J = 2.9 Hz, 1H), 8.30-8.35 (m, 2H)
 
  386 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.28 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 3H), 1.50 (br s, 1H), 1.59- 1.63 (m, 2H), 1.70-1.73 (m, 2H), 1.80-1.84 (m, 4H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.18 (br s, 1H), 2.28 (br s, 2H), 2.87 (q, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 4.25-4.27 (m, 1H), 6.00 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.46 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 8.02-8.05 (m, 2H), 8.36 (d, J = 2.0 Hz, 1H), 8.92 (d, J = 2.0 Hz, 1H)
 
  387 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.30 (t, J = 7.5 Hz, 3H), 1.47 (br s, 1H), 1.63- 1.80 (m, 8H), 1.96-2.00 (m, 2H), 2.19 (br s, 1H), 2.30 (br s, 2H), 2.88 (q, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 4.26-4.29 (m, 1H), 6.01 (d, J = 7.9 Hz, 1H), 7.49 (d, J = 7.9 Hz, 1H), 7.73 (dd, J = 7.7, 1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.78 (d, J = 1.7 Hz, 1H), 8.34 (s, 1H), 9.09 (s, 1H)
 
  388 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.28 (t, J = 7.5 Hz, 3H), 1.55-1.84 (m, 9H), 1.95- 1.99 (m, 2H), 2.18 (br s, 1H), 2.28 (br s, 2H), 2.60 (s, 3H), 2.73 (s, 3H), 2.85 (q, J = 7.5 Hz, 2H), 4.24-4.27 (m, 1H), 6.00 (d, J = 7.7 Hz, 1H), 7.43 (d, J = 7.9 Hz, 1H), 7.63 (dd, J = 7.7, 1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.68 (d, J = 1.7 Hz, 1H)
 
  389 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.27 (t, J = 7.5 Hz, 3H), 1.40 (br s, 1H), 1.56- 1.60 (m, 2H), 1.68-1.73 (m, 2H), 1.79-1.84 (m, 4H), 1.94-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.18 (br s, 1H), 2.26 (br s, 2H), 2.68 (s, 3H), 2.75 (s, 3H), 2.85 (q, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 4.24-4.27 (m, 1H), 5.95 (d, J = 7.3 Hz, 1H), 7.41 (d, J = 7.9 Hz, 1H), 7.88 (dd, J = 7.9, 1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.93 (d, J = 1.1 Hz, 1H)
 
  390 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.28 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 3H), 1.42-1.85 (m, 9H), 1.95- 1.99 (m, 2H), 2.18-2.28 (m, 3H), 2.87 (q, J = 7.5 Hz, 2H), 3.99 (s, 3H), 4.25-4.28 (m, 1H), 5.95-5.98 (m, 1H), 7.45 (d, J = 7.7 Hz, 1H), 7.67 (dd, J = 7.8, 1.4 Hz, 1H), 7.73 (d, J = 1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.91-7.92 (m, 2H)
 

Example 391

2-Chloro-4-[(2-chloro-3-pyridinyl)carbonyl]-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]benzamide

[0889]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0890] To a water-cooled solution of Compound I (5.00 g) in methylene chloride (50 mL) was added oxalyl chloride (3.23 mL), and then thereto was added DMF (214 μL). The mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight, and then the reaction solution was concentrated to give a crude product Compound II.

Step (ii):

[0891] To an ice-cooled solution of Compound II obtained in Step (i) in tetrahydrofuran (40 mL) was slowly added a solution of potassium tert-butoxide (4.77 g) in tetrahydrofuran (10.0 mL), and then the mixture was stirred for 1 hour. The reaction solution was poured into ice water, and then warmed to room temperature and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=9/1) to give Compound III (5.38 g).

Step (iii):

[0892] To an ice-cooled mixture of isopropylmagnesium chloride (410 μL, 2.0 M tetrahydrofuran solution) and tetrahydrofuran (4.0 mL) was added n-butyllithium (1.03 mL, 1.6 M hexane solution), and the mixture was stirred for 10 minutes. The solution was cooled to −45° C., and then thereto was added a solution of Compound III (600 mg) in tetrahydrofuran (2.0 mL), and the mixture was stirred for 1 hour. Then, thereto was added Compound IV (275 mg). The mixture was gradually warmed to room temperature, and then thereto was added water, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate, and the organic layer was washed with brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=3/2) to give Compound V (36 mg).

Step (iv):

[0893] To Compound V (36 mg) was added 4N hydrochloric acid-1,4-dioxane solution (2 mL), and the mixture was stirred at 50° C. for 4 hours, and then concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound VI (30 mg).

Step (v):

[0894] A mixture of Compound VI (30 mg), DMF (1.0 mL), Compound VII (21 mg), WSC.HCl (39 mg), HOBt.H2O (31 mg) and triethylamine (86 μL) was stirred at room temperature for 72 hours. To the reaction mixture was added ethyl acetate, and the mixture was washed sequentially with saturated aqueous ammonium chloride solution, saturated sodium bicarbonate water, and then dried over sodium sulfate. After concentration under reduced pressure, the residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=9/1) to give the title compound VIII (17 mg).
[0895] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.41 (brs, 1H), 1.54-1.64 (m, 2H), 1.74-1.86 (m, 6H), 1.91-1.99 (m, 2H), 2.20 (brs, 1H), 2.30 (brs, 2H), 4.23-4.29 (m, 1H), 6.44-6.50 (m, 1H), 7.44 (dd, J=7.5, 5.0 Hz, 1H), 7.70 (dd, J=8.1, 1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.78 (dd, J=7.6, 1.9 Hz, 1H), 7.82 (d, J=8.1 Hz, 1H), 7.87 (d, J=1.3 Hz, 1H), 8.61 (dd, J=5.0, 2.0 Hz, 1H)

Examples 392 to 397

[0896] Examples 392 to 397 were prepared by the reaction using Weinreb amide in the similar manner to Example 391.
[0897] 
[00050] [TABLE-US-00050]
  TABLE 49
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Example—R2   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  392 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.59-1.67 (m, 3H), 1.78-1.86 (m, 6H), 1.95- 1.99 (m, 2H), 2.20-2.31 (m, 3H), 4.24-4.29 (m, 4H), 6.49-6.52 (m, 1H), 6.65 (d, J = 2.2 Hz, 1H), 7.55 (d, J = 2.2 Hz, 1H), 7.79-7.86 (m, 2H), 7.91-7.92 (m, 1H)
 
  393 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.47 (brs, 1H), 1.55-1.68 (m, 2H), 1.73-1.87 (m, 6H), 1.92-2.00 (m, 2H), 2.20 (brs, 1H), 2.30 (brs, 2H), 2.57 (s, 3H), 4.23-4.30 (m, 1H), 6.48 (d, J = 7.5 Hz, 1H), 7.24-7.30 (m, 1H), 7.63 (dd, J = 7.7, 1.8 Hz, 1H), 7.66-7.71 (m, 1H), 7.82 (d, J = 7.9 Hz, 1H), 7.84-7.86 (m, 1H), 8.69 (dd, J = 5.0, 1.8 Hz, 1H)
 
  394 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.41 (br s, 1H), 1.53-1.63 (m, 2H), 1.72-1.86 (m, 6H), 1.91-1.99 (m, 2H), 2.19 (brs, 1H), 2.29 (brs, 2H), 2.49 (s, 3H), 4.23-4.29 (m, 1H), 6.45 (d, J = 6.8 Hz, 1H), 7.39 (dd, J = 7.9, 4.8 Hz, 1H), 7.68-7.73 (m, 1H), 7.76-7.83 (m, 2H), 7.91- 7.94 (m, 1H), 8.50-8.53 (m, 1H)
 
  395 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.42 (br s, 1H), 1.52-1.64 (m, 2H), 1.76-1.87 (m, 6H), 1.93-2.01 (m, 2H), 2.20 (brs, 1H), 2.31 (brs, 2H), 4.03 (s, 3H), 4.24-4.31 (m, 1H), 6.52 (d, J = 8.3 Hz, 1H), 7.59 (d, J = 0.9 Hz, 1H), 7.69 (s, 1H), 7.78 (dd, J = 7.9, 1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.85 (dd, J = 8.1, 0.4 Hz, 1H), 7.88 (dd, J = 1.7, 0.4 Hz , 1H)
 
  396 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.44 (brs, 1H), 1.54-1.64 (m, 2H), 1.73-1.87 (m, 6H), 1.91-2.01 (m, 2H), 2.19 (brs, 1H), 2.29 (brs, 2H), 4.11 (s, 3H), 4.23-4.29 (m, 1H), 6.47 (d, J = 7.3 Hz, 1H), 7.16 (s, 1H), 7.25-7.27 (m, 1H), 7.81 (d, J = 8.1 Hz, 1H), 8.24 (dd, J = 8.1, 1.5 Hz, 1H), 8.35 (d, J = 1.5 Hz, 1H)
 
  397 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.41 (brs, 1H), 1.54-1.65 (m, 2H), 1.75-1.87 (m, 6H), 1.92-2.01 (m, 2H), 2.21 (brs, 1H), 2.31 (brs, 2H), 2.70 (s, 3H), 4.25-4.30 (m, 1H), 6.51 (d, J = 7.5 Hz, 1H), 7.75 (dd, J = 8.1, 1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.83-7.86 (m, 2H), 8.90 (s, 1H)
 

Example 398

6-Benzoyl-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]nicotinamide

[0898]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0899] A mixture of Compound I (3 g), DMF (30 mL), WSC.HCl (5.69 g), HOBt.H2O (4.55 g), N,O-dimethylhydroxyamine hydrochloride (2.90 g) and triethylamine (12.4 mL) was stirred at room temperature overnight, and then to the reaction solution was added saturated sodium bicarbonate water, and the mixture was extracted with toluene. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=1/1) to give Compound II (3.67 g).

Step (ii):

[0900] To an ice-cooled solution of Compound II (500 mg) in tetrahydrofuran (6.0 mL) was added phenylmagnesium chloride (3.1 mL, 1 M tetrahydrofuran solution). The mixture was stirred for 30 minutes, and then thereto was added ethyl acetate. The mixture was washed with saturated sodium bicarbonate water, brine, and the organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate. The organic layer was concentrated under reduced pressure, and then the residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=4/1) to give Compound III (499 mg).

Step (iii):

[0901] A mixture of Compound III (100 mg), Compound IV (64 mg), palladium acetate (9 mg), Xantphos (44 mg), sodium carbonate (61 mg) and cyclopentylmethylether (4.0 mL) was stirred at 70° C. for 48 hours at ordinary pressure under carbon monoxide atmosphere. The reaction mixture was filtered through Celite and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=9/1) to give the title compound V (54 mg).
[0902] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.44 (br s, 1H), 1.55-1.66 (m, 2H), 1.75-1.87 (m, 6H), 1.94-2.00 (m, 2H), 2.23 (brs, 1H), 2.30 (brs, 2H), 4.25-4.30 (m, 1H), 6.36 (d, 1H, J=6.8 Hz), 7.47-7.54 (m, 2H), 7.63 (tt, 1H, J=7.4, 1.5 Hz), 8.05-8.09 (m, 2H), 8.11 (dd, 1H, J=8.0, 0.7 Hz), 8.28 (dd, 1H, J=8.0, 2.2 Hz), 9.07 (dd, 1H, J=2.2, 0.7 Hz).

Example 399

6-Benzoyl-2-chloro-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]nicotinamide

[0903]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0904] To a solution of Compound I (400 mg) in 1,2-dichloroethane (6.0 mL) was added m-chloroperbenzoic acid (684 mg), and the mixture was stirred at 40° C. overnight. Then, thereto was added additional m-chloroperbenzoic acid (342 mg), and the mixture was stirred at 40° C. for 5 hours, and then thereto was added saturated aqueous sodium thiosulfate solution at room temperature. The mixture was stirred for 1 hour, and then thereto was added saturated sodium bicarbonate water, and the mixture was extracted with chloroform. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure, and then the residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=9/1) to give Compound II.

Step (ii):

[0905] To a solution of Compound II obtained in Step (i) in 1,2-dichloroethane (2.0 mL) was added phosphorus oxychloride (750 μL), and the mixture was stirred at 60° C. overnight, and then the reaction solution was added to ice-cooled saturated sodium bicarbonate water. The mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure, and then the residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=3/1) to give Compound III (100 mg).

Step (iii):

[0906] A mixture of Compound III (100 mg), Compound IV (63.8 mg), palladium acetate (8.7 mg), Xantphos (44.2 mg), sodium carbonate (44.2 mg) and cyclopentylmethylether (3.8 mL) was stirred at 70° C. for 2 days at ordinary pressure under carbon monoxide atmosphere. The reaction mixture was filtered through Celite, and then the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=9/1) to give the title compound V (54 mg).
[0907] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.41 (br s, 1H), 1.53-1.66 (m, 2H), 1.76-1.88 (m, 6H), 1.93-2.01 (m, 2H), 2.22 (br s, 1H), 2.32 (br s, 2H), 4.24-4.32 (m, 1H), 6.78-6.84 (m, 1H), 7.48-7.56 (m, 2H), 7.60-7.68 (m, 1H), 8.01-8.13 (m, 3H), 8.35 (d, 1H, J=7.9 Hz)

Example 400

4-(2-Fluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-2-isobutylbenzamide

[0908]  [see pdf for image] [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0909] To a mixture of Compound I (10 g), potassium carbonate (7.46 g) and N,N-dimethylformamide (72 mL) was added benzyl bromide (5.16 mL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound II (14.86 g) as a crude product.

Step (ii):

[0910] A mixture of Compound II (14.86 g) obtained in Step (i), 2-fluorophenylboronic acid (6.04 g), cesium carbonate (35.16 g), toluene (170 mL) and PEPPSI™.IPr (1.22 g) was stirred at room temperature for 1 hour at ordinary pressure under carbon monoxide atmosphere. Then, the mixture was stirred at 80° C. overnight, and then to the reaction solution was added ethyl acetate, and the mixture was filtered through Celite. The filtrate was washed with saturated sodium bicarbonate water. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=7/3) to give Compound III (8.93 g).

Step (iii):

[0911] To an ice-cooled solution of Compound III (2.00 g) and N,N-dimethylaniline (6.9 mL) in dichloromethane (20 mL) was slowly added dropwise a solution of aluminum chloride (2.20 g) in dichloromethane (24 mL). The mixture was stirred for 2 hours, and then the reaction solution was acidified with 1N hydrochloric acid, and then gradually warmed to room temperature. The organic layer was washed with 1N hydrochloric acid, dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=3/1) to give Compound IV (1.00 g).

Step (iv):

[0912] To an ice-cooled solution of Compound IV (440 mg) and pyridine (640 μL) in dichloromethane (3.2 mL) was added trifluoromethanesulfonic anhydride (290 μL). The mixture was stirred for 1 hour, and then thereto was added water, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with 1N aqueous hydrochloric acid solution. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound V (648 mg).

Step (v):

[0913] To a mixture of Compound V (100 mg), bis(tri-tert-butylphosphine)palladium (13 mg) and tetrahydrofuran (0.7 mL) at room temperature was added isobutylzinc bromide (1 mL, 0.5M tetrahydrofuran solution), and the mixture was stirred for 1 hour. Then, thereto was added saturated ammonium chloride water, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate, and the organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=9/1) to give Compound VI (62 mg).

Step (vi):

[0914] A mixture of Compound VI (62 mg), 2N aqueous lithium hydroxide solution (1 mL) and methanol (2 mL) was stirred at 60° C. for 2 hours. To the reaction mixture was added 1N hydrochloric acid, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over magnesium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound VII (55 mg).

Step (vii):

[0915] A mixture of Compound VII (55 mg), DMF (2.0 mL), Compound VIII (45 mg), WSC.HCl (57 mg), HOBt.H2O (45 mg) and triethylamine (165 μL) was stirred at room temperature for 3 days. To the reaction mixture was added saturated sodium bicarbonate water, and then the mixture was extracted with chloroform. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=99/1 to 90/10) to give the title compound IX (81 mg).
[0916] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 0.90 (d, J=6.6 Hz, 6H), 1.42 (s, 1H), 1.54-1.64 (m, 2H), 1.68-2.01 (m, 9H), 2.18 (brs, 1H), 2.27 (brs, 2H), 2.71 (d, J=7.3 Hz, 2H), 4.22-4.29 (m, 1H), 5.96 (d, J=7.3 Hz, 1H), 7.13-7.21 (m, 1H), 7.27-7.33 (m, 1H), 7.43 (d, J=8.6 Hz, 1H), 7.52-7.61 (m, 2H), 7.64-7.69 (m, 2H)

Examples 401 to 403

[0917] In the similar manner to Example 400, Compound V of Example 400 Preparation method was treated by introducing alkyl group into R1a using an organic zinc reagent which corresponds to isobutylzinc bromide to prepare Example 401 to Example 403.
[0918] 
[00051] [TABLE-US-00051]
  TABLE 50
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Example—R1a   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  401   —n-Bu1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 0.90 (t, J = 7.3 Hz, 3H), 1.36 (td, J = 14.8, 7.4 Hz,
      2H), 1.54-1.87 (m, 11H), 1.93-2.00 (m, 2H), 2.18 (brs, 1H),
      2.27 (brs, 2H), 2.78-2.83 (m, 2H), 4.22-4.29 (m, 1H), 6.00 (d, J =
      7.7 Hz, 1H), 7.14-7.22 (m, 1H), 7.30 (dd, J = 7.6, 0.8 Hz, 1H),
      7.42 (d, J = 7.9 Hz, 1H), 7.52-7.60 (m, 2H), 7.61-7.66 (m, 1H), 7.73
      (brs, 1H)
 
  402 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.54-2.13 (m, 19H), 2.18 (brs, 1H), 2.28 (brs, 2H), 3.26-3.39 (m, 1H), 4.23-4.30 (m, 1H), 6.03 (d, J = 7.0 Hz, 1H), 7.14-7.22 (m, 1H), 7.30 (dd, J = 7.4, 1.2 Hz, 1H), 7.38 (d, J = 7.9 Hz, 1H), 7.52-7.63 (m, 3H), 7.88 (s, 1H)
 
  403   —n-Pr1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 0.95 (t, J = 7.3 Hz, 3H), 1.54-1.87 (m, 11H),
      1.93-2.01 (m, 2H), 2.18 (brs, 1H), 2.27 (brs, 2H), 2.77 (t, J = 7.8
      Hz, 2H), 4.22-4.29 (m, 1H), 6.00-6.10 (m, 1H), 7.13-7.21 (m, 1H),
      7.28-7.32 (m, 1H), 7.42 (d, J = 7.9 Hz, 1H), 7.52-7.61 (m, 2H),
      7.64 (dt, J = 7.9, 1.3 Hz, 1H), 7.72 (s, 1H)
 

Example 404

4-(2-Fluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-2-propylbenzamide

[0919]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0920] A mixture of Compound I (400 mg), cyclopentylmethylether (3.0 mL), water (300 μL), tetrakis(triphenylphosphine)palladium (114 mg), sodium carbonate (209 mg) and isopropenylboronic acid pinacol ester (222 μL) was stirred at 80° C. for 6 hours. The reaction mixture was filtered through Celite, and the filtrate was washed with brine, and then the organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=10/0 to 8/2) to give Compound II (260 mg).

Step (ii):

[0921] A mixture of Compound II (62 mg), 10% palladium-carbon (72 mg, 50% wet) and methanol (7.0 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 1.5 hours at ordinary pressure under hydrogen atmosphere. The reaction mixture was filtered through Celite, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=10/0 to 8/2) to give Compound III (183 mg).

Step (iii):

[0922] A mixture of Compound III (183 mg), 2N aqueous lithium hydroxide solution (900 μL) and methanol (2.7 mL) was stirred at 50° C. for 2 hours. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and to the residue was added 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The aqueous layer was acidified with 1N hydrochloric acid, and then extracted with chloroform. The chloroform layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound IV (152 mg).

Step (iv):

[0923] A mixture of Compound IV (152 mg), DMF (5.3 mL), Compound V (106 mg), WSC.HCl (203 mg), HOBt.H2O (162 mg) and triethylamine (295 μL) was stirred at room temperature for 3 days. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and then to the residue was added ethyl acetate, and the mixture was washed sequentially with 1N hydrochloric acid, 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=10/0 to 9/1). The resulting solid was washed with hexane-ethyl acetate mixed solution to give the title compound VI (91 mg).
[0924] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.28 (d, J=6.8 Hz, 6H), 1.40 (s, 1H), 1.56-1.60 (m, 2H), 1.70-1.73 (m, 2H), 1.80-1.83 (m, 4H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.18 (br s, 1H), 2.28 (br s, 2H), 3.30-3.37 (m, 1H), 4.25-4.27 (m, 1H), 5.95 (d, J=7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.16-7.20 (m, 1H), 7.27-7.31 (m, 1H), 7.38 (d, J=7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.54-7.62 (m, 3H), 7.89 (s, 1H)

Example 405

4-(2-Fluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-2-methylbenzamide

[0925]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0926] To an ice-cooled mixture of 4-(4,6-dimethoxy-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl)-4-methylmorpholinium chloride N-hydrate (4.54 g) and dichloromethane (58 mL) was slowly added a solution of Compound I (3.15 g) in dichloromethane (30 mL). The mixture was stirred for 1 hour, and then thereto was added 2-amino-2-methyl-1-propanol (4.19 mL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was washed with 10% aqueous sodium hydrogen carbonate solution, then water, and the organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=1/1) to give Compound II (4.27 g).

Step (ii):

[0927] To a solution of Compound II (4.27 g) in ethyl acetate (59 mL) was added dropwise thionyl chloride (3.2 mL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 30 minutes, and then thereto was added 10% aqueous sodium hydroxide solution (59 mL). The mixture was stirred for 2 hours, and then the organic layer was washed with water and brine, dried over magnesium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound III (3.09 g).

Step (iii):

[0928] To a solution of Compound III (300 mg) in tetrahydrofuran (3.4 mL) at −78° C. was added dropwise n-butyllithium (839 μL, 1.6 M hexane solution). The mixture was stirred for 1.5 hours, and then thereto was added Compound IV (246 mg). The mixture was gradually warmed to room temperature, and then thereto was added saturated aqueous ammonium chloride solution. The mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over magnesium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane.ethyl acetate=4/1) to give Compound V (220 mg).

Step (iv):

[0929] To a solution of Compound V (220 mg) in 1,4-dioxane (4.0 mL) was added 6N hydrochloric acid (4.0 mL), and the mixture was stirred for 6 hours under heat refluxing and then cooled to room temperature. Then, thereto was added ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with brine and dried over magnesium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound VI (204 mg).

Step (v):

[0930] To a solution of Compound VI (50 mg) in DMF (2.0 mL) were added Compound VII (39 mg), WSC.HCl (74 mg), HOBt.H2O (59 mg) and triethylamine (108 μL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 72 hours. To the reaction mixture was added ethyl acetate, and the mixture was washed with saturated aqueous ammonium chloride solution, and then saturated sodium bicarbonate water and dried over sodium sulfate. After concentration under reduced pressure, the residue was purified by column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=9/1) to give the title compound VIII (52 mg).
[0931] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.42 (br s, 1H), 1.54-1.64 (m, 2H), 1.68-2.01 (m, 8H), 2.18 (brs, 1H), 2.28 (brs, 2H), 2.49 (s, 3H), 4.22-4.28 (m, 1H), 5.98 (d, J=7.7 Hz, 1H), 7.14-7.21 (m, 1H), 7.28-7.32 (m, 1H), 7.45 (d, J=7.9 Hz, 1H), 7.52-7.60 (m, 2H), 7.65 (d, J=8.3 Hz, 1H), 7.70 (s, 1H)

Examples 406 to 407

[0932] Example 406 and Example 407 were prepared in the similar manner to Example 405.
[0933] 
[00052] [TABLE-US-00052]
  TABLE 51
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Example—R2   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  406 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.55-1.87 (m, 9H), 1.92-2.01 (m, 2H), 2.18 (brs, 1H), 2.29 (brs, 2H), 2.51 (s, 3H), 4.23-4.29 (m, 1H), 6.04 (d, J = 7.2 Hz, 1H), 7.27-7.35 (m, 1H), 7.43-7.52 (m, 3H), 7.53- 7.58 (m, 1H), 7.60 (d, J = 8.3 Hz, 1H), 7.64 (brs, 1H)
 
  407 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.41 (brs, 1H), 1.55-1.64 (m, 2H), 1.69-1.87 (m, 6H), 1.93-2.01 (m, 2H), 2.19 (brs, 1H), 2.30 (brs, 2H), 2.51 (s, 3H), 4.23-4.29 (m, 1H), 5.97 (d, J = 7.9 Hz, 1H), 7.13-7.22 (m, 2H), 7.47 (d, J = 7.9 Hz, 1H), 7.59 (d, J = 7.7 Hz, 1H), 7.62 (brs, 1H), 7.80-7.88 (m, 2H)
 

Example 408

5-(2-Fluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-2-pyridinecarboxamide

[0934]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0935] A mixture of Compound II (1.0 g), DMF (74 mL), Compound I (1.0 g), WSC.HCl (1.92 g), HOBt.H2O (1.53 g) and triethylamine (2.8 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 3 days. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and then to the residue was added ethyl acetate. The mixture was washed sequentially with 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=100/0 to 90/10). The resulting solid was washed with diisopropylether to give Compound III (1.45 g).

Step (ii):

[0936] A mixture of Compound III (80 mg), toluene (2.3 mL), PEPPSI™.IPr (15 mg), 2-fluorophenylboronic acid (35 mg) and cesium carbonate (223 mg) was stirred at room temperature for 15 minutes at ordinary pressure under carbon monoxide atmosphere. Then, the mixture was stirred at 100° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was filtered through Celite, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=100/0 to 90/10) to give the title compound IV (32 mg).
[0937] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.42 (s, 1H), 1.58-1.58 (m, 2H), 1.81-1.98 (m, 8H), 2.22-2.26 (m, 3H), 4.22-4.24 (m, 1H), 7.18-7.23 (m, 1H), 7.34 (td, J=7.6, 0.9 Hz, 1H), 7.59-7.68 (m, 2H), 8.23-8.26 (m, 1H), 8.32 (dd, J=8.2, 0.9 Hz, 1H), 8.44 (d, J=8.5 Hz, 1H), 8.94-8.95 (m, 1H)

Examples 409 to 411

[0938] Example 409 to Example 411 were prepared in the similar manner to Example 408 using Reference example 6.
[0939] 
[00053] [TABLE-US-00053]
  TABLE 52
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Example—R2   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  409 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.55-1.59 (m, 2H), 1.67 (s, 1H), 1.80-1.98 (m, 8H), 2.25 (br s, 3H), 2.81 (s, 3H), 4.17-4.20 (m, 1H), 7.17-7.24 (m, 1H), 7.34 (td, J = 7.6, 1.0 Hz, 1H), 7.58-7.68 (m, 2H), 8.00 (br s, 1H), 8.56 (d, J = 8.1 Hz, 1H), 8.75-8.76 (m, 1H)
 
  410 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.56-1.61 (m, 2H), 1.74-1.98 (m, 9H), 2.26 (br s, 3H), 2.83 (s, 3H), 4.18-4.21 (m, 1H), 7.33-7.40 (m, 1H), 7.48- 7.60 (m, 3H), 7.98-7.99 (m, 1H), 8.55-8.57 (m, 1H), 8.74-8.75 (m, 1H)
 
  411 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.56-1.61 (m, 2H), 1.82-1.99 (m, 9H), 2.19- 2.26 (m, 3H), 2.82 (s, 3H), 4.18-4.21 (m, 1H), 7.19-7.25 (m, 2H), 7.85-7.89 (m, 2H), 7.96-7.97 (m, 1H), 8.59 (d, J = 8.6 Hz, 1H), 8.73 (d, J = 1.8 Hz, 1H)
 

Example 412

N-[(E)-5-Hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-2-(methoxymethyl)-4-[(1-methyl-1H-pyrrol-2-yl)-carbonyl]benzamide

[0940]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0941] A mixture of Compound I (1.0 g; Reference example 11), toluene (39 mL), PEPPSI™.IPr (262 mg), 1-(tert-butoxycarbonyl)pyrrole-2-boronic acid (977 mg) and cesium carbonate (3.77 g) was stirred at room temperature for 20 minutes at ordinary pressure under carbon monoxide atmosphere. Then, the mixture was stirred at 100° C. for 3 days. The reaction mixture was filtered through Celite, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=9/1 to 7/3) to give Compound II (1.03 g).

Step (ii):

[0942] To a solution of Compound II (1.03 g) in dichloromethane (2.8 mL) was added TFA (2.8 mL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and the residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=8/2 to 6/4) to give Compound III (541 mg).

Step (iii):

[0943] To an ice-cooled mixture of Compound III (100 mg) and DMF (3.7 mL) were added sodium hydride (19 mg) and methyl iodide (46 μL), and then the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. To the reaction mixture was added water, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=9/1 to 7/3) to give Compound IV (86 mg).

Step (iv):

[0944] A mixture of Compound IV (86 mg), 2N aqueous lithium hydroxide solution (450 μL) and methanol (1.5 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 4 hours. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and to the residue was added 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The aqueous layer was acidified with 4N hydrochloric acid, and then extracted with chloroform. The chloroform layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound V (65 mg).

Step (v):

[0945] A mixture of Compound V (65 mg), DMF (2.5 mL), Compound VI (48 mg), WSC.HCl (91 mg), HOBt.H2O (75 mg) and triethylamine (133 μL) was stirred at room temperature for 3 days. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and then to the residue was added ethyl acetate, and the mixture was washed sequentially with 1N hydrochloric acid, 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=100/0 to 90/10). The resulting solid was washed with diisopropylether-methanol mixed solution to give the title compound VII (68 mg).
[0946] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.41 (s, 1H), 1.53-1.58 (m, 2H), 1.80-1.83 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.17 (br s, 1H), 2.27 (br s, 2H), 3.43 (s, 3H), 4.05 (s, 3H), 4.26-4.27 (m, 1H), 4.61 (s, 2H), 6.18 (dd, J=4.1, 2.4 Hz, 1H), 6.71 (dd, J=4.1, 1.7 Hz, 1H), 6.95-6.96 (m, 1H), 7.70 (d, J=7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.77 (d, J=1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.81-7.88 (m, 2H)

Examples 413 to 416

[0947] Example 413 to Example 416 were prepared in the similar manner to Example 412 by using the corresponding alkyl iodide or alkyl bromide instead of methyl iodide with Compound III of Examination 412 Preparation method.
[0948] 
[00054] [TABLE-US-00054]
  TABLE 53
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Example—R2   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  413 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.41 (s, 1H), 1.47 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 3H), 1.53- 1.58 (m, 2H), 1.80-1.83 (m, 6H), 1.96-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.17 (br s, 1H), 2.27 (br s, 2H), 3.44 (s, 3H), 4.26-4.27 (m, 1H), 4.46 (q, J = 7.2 Hz, 2H), 4.61 (s, 2H), 6.19 (dd, J = 4.0, 2.6 Hz, 1H), 6.71 (dd, J = 4.0, 1.6 Hz, 1H), 7.03-7.04 (m, 1H), 7.71 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 1H), 7.76 (d, J = 1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.81-7.88 (m, 2H)
 
  414 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.40 (s, 1H), 1.51 (d, J = 6.8 Hz, 6H), 1.53- 1.58 (m, 2H), 1.80-1.83 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.17 (br s, 1H), 2.27 (br s, 2H), 3.43 (s, 3H), 4.26-4.27 (m, 1H), 4.61 (s, 2H), 5.51-5.58 (m, 1H), 6.21 (dd, J = 3.9, 2.7 Hz, 1H), 6.67 (dd, J = 3.9, 1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.24-7.25 (m, 1H), 7.71 (d, J = 7.3 Hz, 1H), 7.76 (d, J = 1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.81 (dd, J = 8.0, 1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.87 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H)
 
  415 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.40 (s, 1H), 1.53-1.57 (m, 2H), 1.80-1.83 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.17 (br s, 1H), 2.27 (br s, 2H), 3.34 (s, 3H), 3.44 (s, 3H), 3.76 (t, J = 5.1 Hz, 2H), 4.26-4.27 (m, 1H), 4.58-4.61 (m, 4H), 6.18-6.20 (m, 1H), 6.73-6.75 (m, 1H), 7.10- 7.11 (m, 1H), 7.70 (d, J = 7.3 Hz, 1H), 7.76 (d, J = 1.5 Hz, 1H), 7.81-7.83 (m, 1H), 7.87 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H)
 
  416 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 0.95 (t, J = 7.3 Hz, 3H), 1.41 (s, 1H), 1.52- 1.58 (m, 2H), 1.79-1.89 (m, 8H), 1.95-1.99 (m, 2H), 2.17 (br s, 1H), 2.27 (br s, 2H), 3.43 (s, 3H), 4.25-4.28 (m, 1H), 4.37 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 2H), 4.61 (s, 2H), 6.18 (dd, J = 4.0, 2.6 Hz, 1H), 6.71 (dd, J = 4.0, 1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.01-7.02 (m, 1H), 7.70-7.88 (m, 4H)
 

Examples 417 to 421

[0949] Example 417 to Example 421 were prepared in the similar manner to Example 412 to Example 416 using Compound II of Example 11 Preparation method.
[0950] 
[00055] [TABLE-US-00055]
  TABLE 54
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Example—R2   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  417 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.28 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 3H), 1.47 (t, J = 7.1 Hz, 3H), 1.57-1.60 (m, 2H), 1.72-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 3H), 2.18 (br s, 1H), 2.28 (br s, 2H), 2.85 (q, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 4.25-4.27 (m, 1H), 4.46 (q, J = 7.1 Hz, 2H), 6.00 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 6.18 (dd, J = 4.0, 2.4 Hz, 1H), 6.71 (dd, J = 4.0, 1.5 Hz, 1H), 7.03-7.04 (m, 1H), 7.41 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.62 (dd, J = 7.8, 1.5 Hz, 1H), 7.68 (d, J = 1.5 Hz, 1H)
 
  418 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 0.96 (t, J = 7.4 Hz, 3H), 1.27 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 3H), 1.57-1.61 (m, 2H), 1.72-1.89 (m, 8H), 1.95-2.05 (m, 3H), 2.19 (br s, 1H), 2.29 (br s, 2H), 2.85 (q, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 4.25-4.27 (m, 1H), 4.37 (t, J = 7.4 Hz, 2H), 6.01 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 6.17 (dd, J = 4.0, 2.4 Hz, 1H), 6.71 (dd, J = 4.0, 1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.01-7.02 (m, 1H), 7.40 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.61 (dd, J = 7.8, 1.5 Hz, 1H), 7.68 (d, J = 1.5 Hz, 1H)
 
  419 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.27 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 3H), 1.57-1.61 (m, 2H), 1.72- 1.84 (m, 6H), 1.96-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.19-2.29 (m, 4H), 2.85 (q, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 4.05 (s, 3H), 4.25-4.27 (m, 1H), 6.01 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 6.17 (dd, J = 4.0, 2.6 Hz, 1H), 6.71 (dd, J = 4.0, 1.7 Hz, 1H), 6.95-6.96 (m, 1H), 7.41 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.63 (dd, J = 7.8, 1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.69 (d, J = 1.7 Hz, 1H)
 
  420 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.27 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 3H), 1.51 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H), 1.57-1.61 (m, 2H), 1.72-1.84 (m, 7H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.19 (br s, 1H), 2.29 (br s, 2H), 2.85 (q, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 4.25-4.27 (m, 1H), 5.52-5.59 (m, 1H), 6.00 (d, J = 7.3 Hz, 1H), 6.20 (dd, J = 3.9, 2.7 Hz, 1H), 6.67 (dd, J = 3.9, 1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.23-7.24 (m, 1H), 7.40 (d, J = 7.7 Hz, 1H), 7.61 (dd, J = 7.7, 1.5 Hz, 1H), 7.67 (d, J = 1.5 Hz, 1H)
 
  421 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.28 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 3H), 1.57-1.60 (m, 2H), 1.72- 1.84 (m, 7H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.18 (br s, 1H), 2.28 (br s, 2H), 2.85 (q, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 3.34 (s, 3H), 3.76 (t, J = 5.1 Hz, 2H), 4.25- 4.27 (m, 1H), 4.59 (t, J = 5.1 Hz, 2H), 5.99 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 6.19 (dd, J = 4.0, 2.6 Hz, 1H), 6.74 (dd, J = 4.0, 1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.09- 7.10 (m, 1H), 7.41 (d, J = 7.7 Hz, 1H), 7.62 (dd, J = 7.7, 1.6 Hz, 1H), 7.68 (d, J = 1.6 Hz, 1H)
 

Examples 422 to 425

[0951] Examples 422 to 425 were prepared from Example 412 in the similar manner to Example 416 using Reference example 12.
[0952] 
[00056] [TABLE-US-00056]
  TABLE 55
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Example—R2   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  422 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 0.96 (t, J = 7.3 Hz, 3H), 1.47 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 3H), 1.59 (brs, 3H), 1.63-1.75 (m, 4H), 1.80-1.84 (m, 4H), 1.96-1.99 (m, 2H), 2.18 (br s, 1H), 2.28 (brs, 2H), 2.78- 2.82 (m, 2H), 4.25-4.27 (m, 1H), 4.46 (q, J = 7.2 Hz, 2H), 5.98 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 6.18 (dd, J = 4.1, 2.6 Hz, 1H), 6.71 (dd, J = 4.1, 1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.02-7.03 (m, 1H), 7.41 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.62 (dd, J = 7.8, 1.6 Hz, 1H), 7.66 (d, J = 1.6 Hz, 1H)
 
  423 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 0.94-0.98 (m, 6H), 1.57-1.60 (m, 3H), 1.63- 1.75 (m, 4H), 1.80-1.88 (m, 6H), 1.96-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.18 (br s, 1H), 2.28 (br s, 2H), 2.78-2.82 (m, 2H), 4.25-4.27 (m, 1H), 4.37 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 2H), 5.98 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 6.17 (dd, J = 4.1, 2.4 Hz, 1H), 6.70 (dd, J = 4.1, 1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.00-7.01 (m, 1H), 7.41 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.61 (dd, J = 7.8, 1.6 Hz, 1H), 7.66 (d, J = 1.6 Hz, 1H)
 
  424 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 0.96 (t, J = 7.3 Hz, 3H), 1.57-1.75 (m, 7H), 1.80-1.84 (m, 4H), 1.96-1.99 (m, 2H), 2.18 (br s, 1H), 2.28 (br s, 2H), 2.80 (t, J = 7.8 Hz, 2H), 4.05 (s, 3H), 4.25-4.27 (m, 1H), 5.99 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 6.16- 6.18 (m, 1H), 6.70-6.72 (m, 1H), 6.95 (br s, 1H), 7.41 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.61-7.66 (m, 2H)
 
  425 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 0.96 (t, J = 7.3 Hz, 3H), 1.50 (d, J = 6.8 Hz, 6H), 1.59-1.60 (m, 3H), 1.65- 1.84 (m, 8H), 1.96-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.18 (br s, 1H), 2.27 (br s, 2H), 2.78-2.82 (m, 2H), 4.25-4.27 (m, 1H), 5.52-5.58 (m, 1H), 5.97 (d, J = 7.3 Hz, 1H), 6.20 (dd, J = 4.0, 2.6 Hz, 1H), 6.67 (dd, J = 4.0, 1.6 Hz, 1H), 7.23-7.24 (m, 1 H), 7.41 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.65-7.60 (m, 2H)
 

Example 426

N-[(E)-5-Hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-2-(methoxymethyl)-4-[(5-methyl-2-pyridinyl)carbonyl]-benzamide

[0953]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0954] To a solution of Compound I (5.00 g) and 1,3-dibromo-5,5-dimethyl-2,4-imidazolidinedione (3.43 g) in chlorobenzene (100 mL) was added 2,2′-azodiisobutyronitrile (319 mg), and the mixture was stirred at 110° C. for 2 hours, and then the mixture was cooled to room temperature, and then thereto was added saturated aqueous sodium thiosulfate solution, and the mixture was stirred for 1 hour. Then, thereto was added saturated sodium bicarbonate water, and the mixture was extracted with toluene. The organic layer was washed with saturated sodium bicarbonate water, then brine, and then dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure to give a crude product Compound II (14.86 g).

Step (ii):

[0955] A mixture of Compound II obtained in Step (i) (14.86 g), potassium carbonate (6.03 g), tetrahydrofuran (65 mL) and methanol (65 mL) was stirred at 60° C. for 1 hour, and then stirred for 2 hours under heat refluxing. After cooling to room temperature, the reaction mixture was filtered, and to the filtrate was added 1N hydrochloric acid, and the mixture was stirred for 10 minutes. The resultant was extracted with ethyl acetate, and the organic layer was washed with brine, and then dried over magnesium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=9/1) to give Compound III (3.64 g).

Step (iii):

[0956] To a mixture of Compound III (1.00 g), N,O-dimethylhydroxyamine hydrochloride (452 mg) and tetrahydrofuran (15 mL) at −40° C. was slowly added dropwise isopropylmagnesium chloride (5.8 mL, 2M tetrahydrofuran solution), and then the mixture was stirred at ice-cooled temperature for 1 hour. To the reaction solution was added saturated aqueous ammonium chloride solution, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over magnesium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure, and the residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=13/7) to give Compound IV (1.15 g).

Step (iv):

[0957] To a solution of 2-bromo-4-methylpyridine (90 mg) in tetrahydrofuran (1.7 mL) at −78° C. was added dropwise n-butyllithium (260 μL, 1.6 M hexane solution), and the mixture was stirred for 10 minutes. Then, thereto was added Compound IV (100 mg), and the mixture was gradually warmed to 0° C., and then thereto was added saturated aqueous ammonium chloride solution, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure, and the residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=7/3) to give Compound V (39 mg).

Step (v):

[0958] A mixture of Compound V (39 mg), Compound VI (20.4 mg), palladium acetate (2.7 mg), Xantphos (14.1 mg), sodium carbonate (19.3 mg) and cyclopentylmethylether (1.2 mL) was stirred at 70° C. for 3 days at ordinary pressure under carbon monoxide atmosphere. The reaction mixture was filtered through Celite, and then the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=9/1) to give the title compound VII (20.8 mg).
[0959] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.42 (brs, 1H), 1.50-1.63 (m, 2H), 1.75-1.85 (m, 6H), 1.92-2.00 (m, 2H), 2.17 (brs, 1H), 2.26 (brs, 2H), 2.49 (s, 3H), 3.43 (s, 3H), 4.22-4.29 (m, 1H), 4.62 (s, 2H), 7.31-7.35 (m, 1H), 7.66 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 7.88 (d, J=7.9 Hz, 1H), 7.90-7.92 (m, 1H), 8.06 (d, J=1.7 Hz, 1H), 8.09 (dd, J=8.0, 1.7 Hz, 1H), 8.58 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H)

Examples 427 to 430

[0960] In the similar manner to Example 426, Compound IV of Example 426 Preparation method was treated with the corresponding organometallic species to prepare the corresponding ketone immediate and then synthesize Example 427 to Example 430.
[0961] 
[00057] [TABLE-US-00057]
  TABLE 56
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Example—R2   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  427 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.40 (brs, 1H), 1.50-1.62 (m, 2H), 1.75-1.85 (m, 6H), 1.93-2.00 (m, 2H), 2.17 (brs, 1H), 2.26 (brs, 2H), 2.46 (s, 3H), 3.43 (s, 3H), 4.23-4.30 (m, 1H), 4.62 (s, 2H), 7.66 (d, J = 7.0 Hz, 1H), 7.72 (ddd, J = 8.0, 2.2, 0.7 Hz, 1H), 7.88 (d, J = 7.9 Hz, 1H), 8.02 (d, J = 7.9 Hz, 1H), 8.06 (d, J = 1.7 Hz, 1H), 8.10 (dd, J = 8.0, 1.7 Hz, 1H), 8.54 (td, J = 1.4, 0.7 Hz, 1H)
 
  428 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.40 (brs, 1H), 1.50-1.62 (m, 2H), 1.76-1.86 (m, 6H), 1.92-2.01 (m, 2H), 2.17 (brs, 1H), 2.26 (brs, 2H), 2.62 (s, 3H), 3.45 (s, 3H), 4.23-4.30 (m, 1H), 4.62 (s, 2H), 7.37 (dd, J = 7.5, 0.9 Hz, 1H), 7.71 (d, J = 8.6 Hz, 1H), 7.79 (t, J = 7.6 H, 1H), 7.84-7.91 (m, 2H), 8.10 (d, J = 1.7 Hz, 1H), 8.14 (dd, J = 8.0, 1.7 Hz, 1H)
 
  429 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.44 (brs, 1H), 1.51-1.64 (m, 2H), 1.75-1.90 (m, 6H), 1.93-2.00 (m, 2H), 2.17 (brs, 1H), 2.26 (brs, 2H), 3.44 (s, 3H), 4.23-4.29 (m, 1H), 4.63 (s, 2H), 7.49-7.57 (m, 2H), 7.66 (d, J = 7.2 Hz, 1H), 7.86-7.98 (m, 2H), 8.07-8.14 (m, 2H), 8.70- 8.76 (m, 1H)
 
  430 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.43 (brs, 1H), 1.51-1.63 (m, 2H), 1.76-1.86 (m, 6H), 1.94-2.01 (m, 2H), 2.17 (brs, 1H), 2.27 (brs, 2H), 3.46 (s, 3H), 4.23-4.30 (m, 1H), 4.65 (s, 2H), 7.68 (d, J = 7.3 Hz, 1H), 7.77 (d, J = 3.1 Hz, 1H), 7.93 (d, J = 8.1 Hz, 1H), 8.12 (d, J = 2.9 Hz, 1H), 8.44 (d, J = 1.7 Hz, 1H), 8.58 (dd, J = 8.1, 1.8 Hz, 1H)
 

Example 431

2-(Cyclobutoxy)-4-(2-fluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]benzamide

[0962]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0963] A mixture of Compound I (50 mg; Compound IV of Example 400 Preparation method), DMF (1.8 mL), cyclobutyl bromide (26 μL), potassium carbonate (75 mg) and potassium iodide (1.5 mg) was stirred at 100° C. for 6 hours. To the reaction mixture was added water, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=9/1 to 7/3) to give Compound II (68 mg).

Step (ii):

[0964] A mixture of Compound II (67 mg), 2N aqueous lithium hydroxide solution (300 μL) and methanol (1 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 3 hours. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and to the residue was added 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The aqueous layer was acidified with 1N hydrochloric acid, and then extracted with chloroform. The chloroform layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound III (35 mg).

Step (iii):

[0965] A mixture of Compound III (35 mg), DMF (1.1 mL), Compound IV (22 mg), WSC.HCl (43 mg), HOBt.H2O (34 mg) and triethylamine (62 μL) was stirred at room temperature for 3 days. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and then to the residue was added ethyl acetate, and the mixture was washed sequentially with 1N hydrochloric acid, 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=100/0 to 90/10). The resulting solid was washed with diisopropylether-methanol mixed solution to give the title compound V (23 mg).
[0966] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.40 (s, 1H), 1.56-1.61 (m, 2H), 1.77-1.85 (m, 7H), 1.95-1.97 (m, 3H), 2.21-2.29 (m, 5H), 2.53-2.60 (m, 2H), 4.28-4.30 (m, 1H), 4.83-4.90 (m, 1H), 7.15-7.20 (m, 1H), 7.26-7.31 (m, 1H), 7.37-7.39 (m, 2H), 7.54-7.59 (m, 2H), 8.29 (d, J=8.5 Hz, 1H), 8.33 (d, J=7.1 Hz, 1H)

Example 432

4-(2-Fluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-2-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yloxy)benzamide

[0967]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0968] A mixture of Compound I (100 mg; Compound IV of Example 400 Preparation method), toluene (1.8 mL), THF (1.8 mL), 4-tetrahydropyranol (56 mg), azodicarbonyldipiperidine (138 mg) and tributylphosphine (135 μL) was stirred at room temperature overnight. To the reaction mixture was added saturated sodium bicarbonate water, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=6/4 to 3/7) to give Compound II (64 mg).

Step (ii):

[0969] A mixture of Compound II (64 mg), 2N aqueous lithium hydroxide solution (260 μL) and methanol (800 μL) was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and to the residue was added 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, and the mixture was washed with ethyl acetate. The aqueous layer was acidified with 4N hydrochloric acid, and then extracted with chloroform. The chloroform layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound III (62 mg).

Step (iii):

[0970] A mixture of Compound III (62 mg), DMF (1.8 mL), Compound IV (36 mg), WSC.HCl (69 mg), HOBt.H2O (55 mg) and triethylamine (100 μL) was stirred at room temperature for 3 days. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and then to the residue was added ethyl acetate. The mixture was washed sequentially with 1N hydrochloric acid, 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=100/0 to 90/10) to give the title compound V (58 mg).
[0971] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.40 (s, 1H), 1.56-1.61 (m, 2H), 1.78-1.89 (m, 8H), 1.94-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.20-2.27 (m, 5H), 3.54-3.60 (m, 2H), 4.05-4.10 (m, 2H), 4.27-4.29 (m, 1H), 4.74-4.81 (m, 1H), 7.16-7.21 (m, 1H), 7.28-7.32 (m, 1H), 7.34-7.37 (m, 1H), 7.55-7.61 (m, 3H), 8.10-8.12 (m, 1H), 8.27 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 1H)

Examples 433 to 434

[0972] Example 433 to Example 434 were synthesized in the similar manner to Example 432.
[0973] 
[00058] [TABLE-US-00058]
  TABLE 57
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Example—R1a   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  433 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.43 (s, 1H), 1.56-1.59 (m, 2H), 1.80-1.82 (m, 6H), 1.94-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.21-2.26 (m, 4H), 2.34-2.43 (m, 1H), 3.91- 3.96 (m, 1H), 3.99-4.06 (m, 2H), 4.13-4.17 (m, 1H), 4.26-4.28 (m, 1H), 5.23-5.26 (m, 1H), 7.16- 7.21 (m, 1H), 7.28-7.32 (m, 1H), 7.38-7.41 (m, 1H), 7.53-7.60 (m, 3H), 8.08 (d, J = 7.1 Hz, 1H), 8.30 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H)
 
  434 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.38 (s, 1H), 1.56-1.60 (m, 2H), 1.80-1.82 (m, 6H), 1.94-1.96 (m, 2H), 2.21-2.26 (m, 4H), 2.34-2.43 (m, 1H), 3.91- 4.06 (m, 3H), 4.14-4.17 (m, 1H), 4.26-4.28 (m, 1H), 5.23-5.26 (m, 1H), 7.16-7.21 (m, 1H), 7.28- 7.32 (m, 1H), 7.38-7.41 (m, 1H), 7.53-7.60 (m, 3H), 8.08 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 8.30 (d, J = 8.3 Hz, 1 H)
 

Example 435

4-(2-Fluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-2-(3-oxetanyloxy)benzamide

[0974]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0975] To an ice-cooled solution of Compound I (500 mg) in pyridine (13 mL) was added tosyl chloride (1.54 g), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. To the reaction mixture was added water, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed sequentially with 1N hydrochloric acid, brine, dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=6/4 to 3/7) to give Compound II (1.31 g).

Step (ii):

[0976] A mixture of Compound III (100 mg; Compound IV of Example 400 Preparation method), DMF (3.7 mL), Compound II (125 mg), potassium carbonate (151 mg) and potassium iodide (6.0 mg) was stirred at 100° C. overnight. To the reaction mixture was added water, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=7/3 to 4/6) to give Compound IV (64 mg).

Step (iii):

[0977] A mixture of Compound IV (64 mg), 2N aqueous lithium hydroxide solution (300 μL) and methanol (31 mL) was stirred at 50° C. for 1.5 hours. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and to the residue was added 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The aqueous layer was acidified with 1N hydrochloric acid, and then extracted with chloroform. The chloroform layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound V (36 mg).

Step (iv):

[0978] Compound V (36 mg), DMF (1.1 mL), Compound VI (23 mg), WSC.HCl (44 mg), HOBt.H2O (35 mg) and triethylamine (64 μL) were stirred at room temperature for 3 days. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and then to the residue was added ethyl acetate, and the mixture was washed sequentially with 1N hydrochloric acid, 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=100/0 to 90/10). The resulting solid was washed with hexane-ethyl acetate mixed solution to give the title compound VII (30 mg).
[0979] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.41 (s, 1H), 1.57-1.64 (m, 2H), 1.79-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.99 (m, 2H), 2.23-2.29 (m, 3H), 4.29-4.32 (m, 1H), 4.82 (dd, J=8.0, 5.1 Hz, 2H), 5.07-5.10 (m, 2H), 5.43-5.49 (m, 1H), 7.05 (br s, 1H), 7.18 (t, J=9.1 Hz, 1H), 7.28-7.32 (m, 1H), 7.43-7.46 (m, 1H), 7.55-7.61 (m, 2H), 8.00 (d, J=7.6 Hz, 1H), 8.30 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 1H)

Example 436

2-(Benzyloxy)-4-(2-fluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]benzamide

[0980]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0981] A mixture of Compound I (100 mg; Compound III of Example 400 Preparation method), 2N aqueous lithium hydroxide solution (2.3 mL) and methanol (7.0 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 3 hours. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and to the residue was added 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, and the mixture was washed with ethyl acetate. The aqueous layer was acidified with 1N hydrochloric acid, and then extracted with chloroform. The chloroform layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound II (100 mg).

Step (ii):

[0982] A mixture of Compound II (100 mg), DMF (2.9 mL), Compound III (57 mg), WSC.HCl (109 mg), HOBt.H2O (87 mg) and triethylamine (159 μL) was stirred at room temperature for 3 days. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and then to the residue was added ethyl acetate, and the mixture was washed sequentially with 1N hydrochloric acid, 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=100/0 to 90/10). The resulting solid was washed with diisopropylether-methanol mixed solution to give the title compound IV (99 mg).
[0983] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 0.99-1.02 (m, 2H), 1.10-1.14 (m, 2H), 1.30 (s, 1H), 1.63-1.67 (m, 5H), 1.82-1.85 (m, 2H), 2.00 (br s, 2H), 4.16-4.18 (m, 1H), 5.20 (s, 2H), 7.19 (t, J=9.0 Hz, 1H), 7.25-7.32 (m, 1H), 7.40-7.61 (m, 8H), 7.73-7.74 (m, 1H), 8.12-8.13 (m, 1H), 8.34 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 1H)

Example 437

2-Chloro-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-4-(2-pyridinylcarbonyl)benzamide

[0984]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0985] To an ice-cooled mixture of Compound I (500 mg) and dichloromethane (4.2 mL) were added DMF (16 μL) and oxalyl chloride (364 μL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 3 hours. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and then thereto was added THF (4.2 mL), and the mixture was ice-cooled. Then, thereto was added dropwise 2-pyridylzinc bromide (5.0 mL, 0.5 M in THF), and the mixture was gradually warmed to room temperature and stirred overnight. To the reaction mixture was added saturated aqueous ammonium chloride solution, and the mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure. To the residue were added water and saturated aqueous ammonium chloride solution, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=100/0 to 90/10) to give Compound II (166 mg).

Step (ii):

[0986] A mixture of Compound II (166 mg), toluene (2.8 mL), Compound III (141 mg), palladium acetate (13 mg), Xantphos (66 mg) and sodium carbonate (90 mg) was stirred at room temperature for 15 minutes at ordinary pressure under carbon monoxide atmosphere, then stirred at 90° C. for 3 days. The reaction mixture was filtered through Celite, and the filtrate was washed with brine, and then dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=100/0 to 90/10) to give the title compound IV (81 mg).
[0987] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.41 (s, 1H), 1.58-1.60 (m, 2H), 1.77-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.94-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.20 (br s, 1H), 2.30 (br s, 2H), 4.27 (d, J=7.3 Hz, 1H), 6.48 (d, J=7.1 Hz, 1H), 7.54 (ddd, J=7.7, 4.8, 1.2 Hz, 1H), 7.82 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.95 (dt, J=7.7, 1.6 Hz, 1H), 8.05 (dd, J=8.0, 1.6 Hz, 1H), 8.13-8.15 (m, 2H), 8.73-8.74 (m, 1H)

Example 438

5-Benzoyl-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-3-isopropyl-1-methyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide

[0988]  [see pdf for image] [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[0989] A mixture of Compound I (10 g), tetrahydrofuran (240 mL) and N-bromosuccinimide (171 g) was stirred at 50° C. for 3 hours. To the reaction mixture was added water, and the mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was extracted with hexane and ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound II.

Step (ii):

[0990] To an ice-cooled mixture of Compound II obtained in Step (i) and methanol (120 mL) was added dropwise sodium methoxide (174 mL, 28% methanol solution), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 4 hours. The reaction mixture was ice-cooled, and thereto was added 4N hydrochloric acid, and then the mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed sequentially with saturated aqueous sodium sulfite solution, aqueous potassium carbonate solution, brine, dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/ethyl acetate=10/0 to 8/2), and the resulting solid was washed with diisopropylether to give Compound III (8.13 g).

Step (iii):

[0991] To an ice-cooled mixture of Compound III (8.13 g), 2-methyl-2-butene (99 mL), tert-butanol (23 mL) and tetrahydrofuran (23 mL) was added a mixture of sodium dihydrogen phosphate (44.8 g), sodium chlorite (42.3 g) and water (23 mL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. To the reaction mixture was added 10% aqueous citric acid solution, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed sequentially with saturated aqueous sodium thiosulfate solution and brine, dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was washed with diethylether-hexane mixed solution to give Compound IV (4.76 g).

Step (iv):

[0992] To an ice-cooled mixture of Compound IV (4.76 g), potassium carbonate (4.16 g) and DMF (84 mL) was added methyl iodide (1.87 mL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. To the reaction mixture was added water, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=10/0 to 8/2) to give Compound V (3.14 g).

Step (v):

[0993] A mixture of Compound V (1.0 g), isopropenylboronic acid pinacol ester (1.38 mL), sodium carbonate (1.04 g), tetrakis(triphenylphosphine)palladium (1.13 g), DMF (15 mL) and water (1.5 mL) was stirred at 80° C. for 2 days. The reaction mixture was filtered through Celite and washed with ethyl acetate. The filtrate was washed sequentially with water and brine, dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=10/0 to 8/2) to give Compound VI (513 mg).

Step (vi):

[0994] A mixture of Compound VI (569 mg), 10% palladium-carbon (732 mg, 50% wet) and methanol (34 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 1 hour at ordinary pressure under hydrogen atmosphere. The reaction mixture was filtered through Celite, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=10/0 to 8/2) to give Compound VII (584 mg).

Step (vii):

[0995] A mixture of Compound VII (120 mg), dichloroethane (2.4 mL), benzoyl chloride (167 μL) and zinc chloride (196 mg) was stirred at room temperature overnight. To the reaction mixture were added water and saturated aqueous ammonium chloride solution, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=10/0 to 8/2) to give Compound VIII (82 mg).

Step (viii):

[0996] To an ice-cooled mixture of Compound VIII (82 mg), DMF (1.5 mL) and sodium hydride (20 mg) was added methyl iodide (38 μL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. To the reaction mixture was added water, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=10/0 to 8/2) to give Compound IX (35 mg).

Step (ix):

[0997] A mixture of Compound IX (35 mg), 2N aqueous lithium hydroxide solution (1 mL) and methanol (3 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 4 hours. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and the residue was diluted with 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution and extracted with ethyl acetate. To the aqueous layer was added 4N hydrochloric acid, and the mixture was extracted with chloroform. The chloroform layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound X (30 mg).

Step (x):

[0998] A mixture of Compound X (30 mg), Compound XI (28 mg), 2-chloro-1-methylpyridinium iodide (56 mg), triethylamine (62 μL) and tetrahydrofuran (1.1 mL) was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with ethyl acetate, washed sequentially with 1N hydrochloric acid, 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution and brine, dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=10/0 to 9/1), and the resulting solid was washed with diethylether-ethyl acetate mixed solution to give the title compound XII (23 mg).
[0999] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.22 (d, J=6.8 Hz, 6H), 1.40 (s, 1H), 1.59-1.63 (m, 2H), 1.70-1.73 (m, 2H), 1.81-1.84 (m, 4H), 1.95-1.99 (m, 2H), 2.20-2.27 (m, 3H), 3.00-3.07 (m, 1H), 4.03 (s, 3H), 4.28-4.29 (m, 1H), 6.06 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 1H), 6.53 (s, 1H), 7.46-7.59 (m, 3H), 7.79-7.81 (m, 2H)

Example 439

5-Benzoyl-1-ethyl-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-3-methyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide

[1000]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[1001] To an ice-cooled solution of Compound I (0.25 g; Compound VI-2 of Preparation methods of Examples 61 to 62) in DMF (15 mL) was added sodium hydride (52 mg), and the mixture was stirred for 30 minutes. Then, thereto was added iodoethane (120 μL), and the mixture was gradually warmed to room temperature and stirred overnight. To the reaction solution was added saturated aqueous ammonium chloride solution, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with water, brine, and concentrated under reduced pressure, and then the residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=5/1) to give Compound II (265.9 mg).

Step (ii):

[1002] A mixture of Compound II (265.9 mg), ethanol (15 mL) and 2N aqueous lithium hydroxide solution (15 mL) was stirred at 50° C. overnight. The reaction solution was concentrated under reduced pressure, and thereto was added 1.2N hydrochloric acid, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate, dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound III (226.5 mg).

Step (iii):

[1003] A mixture of Compound III (226.5 mg), DMF (15 mL), Compound V (0.15 g), WSC.HCl (0.34 g), HOBt.H2O (0.27 g) and triethylamine (5 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 5 days. To the reaction solution was added 2N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with water, brine, dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=10/1), followed by reverse-phase column chromatography (eluent: 0.035% TFA-acetonitrile/0.05% TFA-water=18% to 95%) to give the title compound IV (117.6 mg).
[1004] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.40-1.45 (m, 4H), 1.57-1.63 (m, 2H), 1.73-1.85 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.99 (m, 2H), 2.20-2.26 (m, 6H), 4.27 (m, 1H), 4.65 (m, 2H), 6.02 (m, 1H), 6.46 (s, 1H), 7.46 (m, 2H), 7.56 (m, 1H), 7.78 (m, 2H)

Example 440

5-Benzoyl-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-3-(methoxymethyl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide

[1005]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[1006] A mixture of Compound I (0.30 g; Compound VII-2 of Examples 61 to 62 Preparation method), carbon tetrachloride (20 mL), N-bromosuccinimide (0.30 g) and 2,2′-azobisisobutyronitrile (46.3 mg) was stirred under heat refluxing overnight. The reaction solution was concentrated under reduced pressure, and the residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=5/1) to give a mixture (151.1 mg) comprising Compound II as a main product.

Step (ii):

[1007] To a solution of a mixture (151.1 mg) comprising Compound II as a main product obtained in Step (i) in methanol (5 mL) was added sodium methoxide (0.14 g), and the mixture was stirred at 40° C. for 6.5 hours. To the reaction solution was added saturated aqueous ammonium chloride solution, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=4/1) to give Compound III (76.8 mg).

Step (iii):

[1008] A mixture of Compound III (76.8 mg), methanol (5 mL) and 2N aqueous lithium hydroxide solution (5 mL) was stirred at 40° C. overnight. The reaction solution was concentrated under reduced pressure, and thereto was added 1.2N hydrochloric acid, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound IV (83.6 mg).

Step (iv):

[1009] A mixture of Compound IV (83.6 mg), DMF (5 mL), Compound VI (50 mg), WSC.HCl (0.11 g), HOBt.H2O (0.10 g) and triethylamine (1 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 5 days. To the reaction solution was added 2N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with water, brine, dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=10/1) to give the title compound V (85.2 mg).
[1010] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.41 (s, 1H), 1.52-1.57 (m, 2H), 1.80-1.86 (m, 6H), 1.94-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.17-2.23 (m, 3H), 3.38 (s, 3H), 4.21-4.23 (m, 4H), 4.39 (s, 2H), 6.58 (s, 1H), 7.47 (m, 2H), 7.57 (m, 1H), 7.81 (m, 2H), 8.04 (m, 1H)

Example 441

2-Chloro-4-[(2-fluorophenyl)acetyl]-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]benzamide

[1011]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[1012] To an ice-cooled mixture of Compound I (5.0 g) and dichloromethane (50 mL) were added DMF (214 μL) and oxalyl chloride (3.23 mL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and then thereto was added THF (40 mL), and the mixture was ice-cooled. Then, thereto was added dropwise potassium tert-butoxide (4.77 g) in THF (10 mL), and then the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1 hour. The reaction mixture was added to ice water, and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed sequentially with water, brine, dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=9/1) to give Compound II (5.38 g).

Step (ii):

[1013] To an ice-cooled mixture of isopropylmagnesium bromide (410 μL, 2.0 M in THF) and THF (1.5 mL) was added dropwise n-butyllithium (1.0 mL, 1.6 M in hexane), and the mixture was stirred for 10 minutes, and then cooled to −40° C. A solution of Compound II (200 mg) in THF (2.0 mL) was added dropwise to the reaction solution, and the mixture was stirred for 40 minutes. Then, a solution of Compound III (325 mg) in THF (1.1 mL) was added dropwise to the reaction solution, and then the mixture was gradually warmed to room temperature and stirred overnight. To the reaction mixture was added saturated ammonium chloride water, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=10/0 to 8/2) to give Compound IV (48 mg).

Step (iii):

[1014] To a solution of Compound IV (48 mg) in dichloromethane (2.0 mL) was added TFA (1.0 mL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure to give a crude product Compound V.

Step (iv):

[1015] A mixture of a crude product Compound V (65 mg) obtained in Step (iii), DMF (1.7 mL), Compound VI (35 mg), WSC.HCl (67 mg), HOBt.H2O (53 mg) and triethylamine (97 μL) was stirred at room temperature for 3 days. The reaction mixture was filtered through Celite, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=10/0 to 9/1) to give the title compound VII (16 mg).
[1016] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.59 (br s, 2H), 1.76-1.83 (m, 6H), 1.94-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.19 (br s, 1H), 2.29 (br s, 2H), 4.25-4.26 (m, 1H), 4.31 (s, 2H), 6.48-6.50 (m, 1H), 7.07-7.15 (m, 2H), 7.21-7.32 (m, 3H), 7.83 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.96 (dd, J=8.0, 1.6 Hz, 1H), 8.06 (d, J=1.6 Hz, 1H)

Example 442

2-Cyclopropyl-4-(2-fluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]benzamide

[1017]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[1018] A mixture of Compound I (1.0 g), toluene (8.0 mL), PEPPSI™.IPr (136 mg), 2-fluorophenylboronic acid (617 mg) and cesium carbonate (3.92 g) was stirred at room temperature for 20 minutes at ordinary pressure under carbon monoxide atmosphere. Then, the mixture was stirred at 100° C. for 2 days. The reaction mixture was filtered through Celite, and the filtrate was washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=9/1 to 7/3) to give Compound II (498 mg).

Step (ii):

[1019] A mixture of Compound II (129 mg), cyclopentylmethylether (1.8 mL), water (0.2 mL), potassium cyclopropyltrifluoroborate (69 mg), palladium acetate (20 mg), Xantphos (84 mg) and potassium carbonate (183 mg) was stirred at 100° C. overnight. To the reaction mixture was added water, and the mixture was filtered through Celite, and the filtrate was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with brine, and then dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=10/0 to 8/2) to give Compound III (21 mg).

Step (iii):

[1020] A mixture of Compound III (21 mg), 2N aqueous lithium hydroxide solution (1.0 mL) and methanol (3.0 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 3 hours. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and to the residue was added 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The aqueous layer was acidified with 4N hydrochloric acid, and then extracted with chloroform. The chloroform layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound IV (15 mg).

Step (iv):

[1021] A mixture of Compound IV (15 mg), DMF (1.0 mL), Compound V (11 mg), WSC.HCl (20 mg), HOBt.H2O (16 mg) and triethylamine (29 μL) was stirred at room temperature for 3 days. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and then to the residue was added ethyl acetate, and the mixture was washed sequentially with 1N hydrochloric acid, 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=100/0 to 90/10) to give the title compound VI (12 mg).
[1022] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 0.77-0.81 (m, 2H), 1.00-1.05 (m, 2H), 1.41 (s, 1H), 1.57-1.60 (m, 2H), 1.71-1.83 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.17-2.28 (m, 4H), 4.28-4.30 (m, 1H), 6.14-6.16 (m, 1H), 7.14-7.19 (m, 1H), 7.26-7.30 (m, 1H), 7.47 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 2H), 7.53-7.59 (m, 3H)

Example 443

4-(2-Fluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-2-(2-methoxyethyl)benzamide

[1023]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[1024] To a solution of tetramethylpiperidine (1.8 mL) in THF (10 mL) at −78° C. was added dropwise n-butyllithium (4.1 mL, 2.64 M in hexane), and the mixture was stirred for 1.5 hours. Then, a solution of Compound I (1.0 g) in THF (10 mL) was added dropwise to the reaction solution. After stirring for 1.5 hours, thereto was added dropwise a solution of methoxymethyl chloride (530 μL) in THF (3.0 mL), and the mixture was gradually warmed to room temperature and stirred overnight. To the reaction mixture was added water, and the mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure. To the residue was added 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The aqueous layer was acidified with 4N hydrochloric acid and extracted with ethyl acetate. The ethyl acetate layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound II (966 mg).

Step (ii):

[1025] A mixture of Compound II (966 mg), acetone (12 mL), potassium carbonate (1.03 g) and methyl iodide (464 μL) was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=10/0 to 9/1) to give Compound III (675 mg).

Step (iii):

[1026] A mixture of Compound III (670 mg), toluene (12 mL), PEPPSI™.IPr (333 mg), 2-fluorophenylboronic acid (412 mg), cesium carbonate (2.40 g) and potassium iodide (1.22 g) was stirred at room temperature for 30 minutes at ordinary pressure under carbon monoxide atmosphere. Then, the mixture was stirred at 60° C. for 3 days. The reaction mixture was filtered through Celite, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=9/1 to 7/3) to give Compound IV (62 mg).

Step (iv):

[1027] A mixed solution of Compound IV (62 mg), 2N aqueous lithium hydroxide solution (1.0 mL) and methanol (3.0 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 4 hours. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and to the residue was added 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The aqueous layer was acidified with 1N hydrochloric acid, and then extracted with chloroform. The chloroform layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound V (62 mg).

Step (v):

[1028] A mixture of Compound V (62 mg), DMF (2.1 mL), Compound VI (41 mg), WSC.HCl (79 mg), HOBt.H2O (63 mg) and triethylamine (114 μL) was stirred at room temperature for 3 days. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and then to the residue was added ethyl acetate, and the mixture was washed sequentially with 1N hydrochloric acid, 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=100/0 to 90/10). The resulting solid was washed with diethylether-ethyl acetate mixed solution to give the title compound VII (30 mg).
[1029] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.40 (s, 1H), 1.53-1.57 (m, 2H), 1.79-1.82 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.17 (br s, 1H), 2.26 (br s, 2H), 3.07 (t, J=5.7 Hz, 2H), 3.29 (s, 3H), 3.77 (t, J=5.7 Hz, 2H), 4.25-4.27 (m, 1H), 7.15-7.20 (m, 1H), 7.26-7.31 (m, 1H), 7.49-7.59 (m, 3H), 7.62-7.68 (m, 2H), 7.79 (s, 1H)

Example 444

5-Benzoyl-3-cyano-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1-methyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide

[1030]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[1031] A mixture of Compound I (1.80 g; Reference example 13), dichloromethane (37 mL), benzoyl chloride (2.62 mL) and zinc chloride (3.07 g) was stirred under heat refluxing overnight. To the reaction solution was added water, and the mixture was extracted with dichloromethane. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=4/1) to give Compound II (1.08 g).

Step (ii)

[1032] A mixture of Compound II (1.08 g), DMF (30 mL), iodomethane (0.38 mL) and sodium hydride (268 mg) was stirred at room temperature for 1 hour. The reaction mixture was ice-cooled, and then thereto was added water, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=4/1) to give Compound III (807 mg).

Step (iii):

[1033] A mixture of Compound III (391 mg), 1-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (14 mL), tris(dibenzylideneacetone)dipalladium (386 mg), 2-dicyclohexylphosphino-2′,4′,6′-triisopropylphenyl (407 mg) and zinc cyanide (198 mg) was stirred at 100° C. overnight. The reaction solution was filtered through Celite, and the filtrate was concentrated. To the residue was added brine, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=4/1) to give Compound IV (174 mg).

Step (iv):

[1034] To a mixture of Compound IV (76.8 mg), methanol (2.5 mL) and water (2.5 mL) was added sodium hydroxide (52 mg), and the mixture was stirred at 50° C. for 1 hour. The reaction solution was concentrated under reduced pressure, and to the residue was added 1.2M hydrochloric acid, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate, dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound V (148 mg).

Step (v):

[1035] To a solution of Compound V (76.8 mg) in THF (5 mL) were added Compound VI (146 mg), 2-chloro-1-methylpyridinium iodide (223 mg) and triethylamine (1 mL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. To the reaction solution was added water, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/ethyl acetate=1/1) to give the title compound VII (100 mg).
[1036] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.33-1.35 (m, 2H), 1.61-1.64 (m, 4H), 1.72-1.73 (m, 2H), 1.98-2.00 (m, 3H), 2.11 (br s, 2H), 3.93 (s, 3H), 3.95-3.96 (m, 1H), 4.47 (s, 1H), 7.15 (s, 1H), 7.54-7.57 (m, 2H), 7.67-7.69 (m, 1H), 7.78-7.81 (m, 2H), 8.84 (d, J=6.3 Hz, 1H)

Example 445

N-[(E)-5-Hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-2-(methoxymethyl)-4-(2-methylbenzoyl)benzamide

[1037]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[1038] A mixture of Compound I (1.00 g), dimethylsulfoxide (10 mL), potassium acetate (1.00 g), bis(neopentylglycolato)diboron (1.02 g) and dichloro[1,1′-bis(diphenylphosphino)-ferrocene]palladium (0.21 g) was stirred at 80° C. overnight under nitrogen atmosphere. The reaction mixture was filtered, and then to the filtrate was added ethyl acetate, and the mixture was washed sequentially with water, brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=100/0 to 90/10) to give Compound II (756.3 mg).

Step (ii):

[1039] A mixture of Compound II (0.15 g), toluene (2 mL), dichlorobis-(triphenylphosphine)palladium (II) (30 mg), 2-methylbenzoyl chloride (0.08 g) and potassium phosphate hydrate (0.24 g) was stirred under nitrogen atmosphere under heat refluxing overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and then the residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=10/0 to 9/1), followed by reverse-phase silica gel column chromatography (eluent: 0.035% TFA-acetonitrile/0.05% TFA-water=16% to 95%) to give the title compound IV (7.6 mg).
[1040] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.43 (s, 1H), 1.53-1.56 (m, 2H), 1.79-1.82 (m, 6H), 1.94-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.17-2.26 (m, 3H), 2.35 (s, 3H), 3.43 (s, 3H), 4.25 (m, 1H), 4.59 (s, 2H), 7.24-7.33 (m, 3H), 7.42 (m, 1H), 7.65 (m, 1H), 7.75 (m, 1H), 7.84-7.86 (m, 2H)

Examples 446 to 448

[1041] Example 446 to Example 448 were prepared in the similar manner to Example 445.
[1042] 
[00059] [TABLE-US-00059]
  TABLE 58
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Example—R2   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  446 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.40 (s, 1H), 1.53-1.56 (m, 2H), 1.80-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.99 (m, 2H), 2.17- 2.28 (m, 3H), 2.43 (s, 3H), 3.44 (s, 3H), 4.26 (m, 1H), 4.62 (s, 2H), 7.35-7.45 (m, 2H), 7.55-7.69 (m, 3H), 7.77-7.80 (m, 2H), 7.88 (m, 1H)
 
  447 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.41 (s, 1H), 1.54-1.58 (m, 2H), 1.80-1.83 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.17- 2.27 (m, 3H), 2.45 (s, 3H), 3.44 (s, 3H), 4.27 (m, 1H), 4.61 (s, 2H), 7.30 (m, 2H), 7.67- 7.72 (m, 3H), 7.77-7.79 (m, 2H), 7.87 (m, 1H)
 
  448 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.47 (s, 1H), 1.52-1.56 (m, 2H), 1.79-1.82 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.17- 2.26 (m, 3H), 3.42 (s, 3H), 3.72 (s, 3H), 4.25 (m, 1H), 4.59 (s, 2H), 7.00-7.09 (m, 2H), 7.39 (m, 1H), 7.51 (m, 1H), 7.71- 7.76 (m, 2H), 7.82-7.85 (m, 2H)
 

Examples 449 to 480

[1043] Example 449 to Example 480 were prepared in the similar manner to Examples 61 to 62.
[1044] 
[00060] [TABLE-US-00060]
  TABLE 59
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Example—R2   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  449 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.42 (s, 1H), 1.56-1.61 (m, 2H), 1.71-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.20- 2.25 (m, 6H), 2.35 (s, 3H), 4.17 (s, 3H), 4.26 (m, 1H), 5.99 (m, 1H), 6.23 (s, 1H), 7.20-7.26 (m, 2 H), 7.32-7.37 (m, 2H)
 
  450 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.46 (s, 1H), 1.60-1.62 (m, 2H), 1.72-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.20- 2.27 (m, 6H), 4.09 (s, 3H), 4.26 (m, 1H), 6.01 (m, 1H), 6.46 (s, 1H), 7.40 (m, 1H), 7.52 (m, 1H), 7.66 (m, 1H), 7.76 (m, 1H)
 
  451 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.47 (s, 1H), 1.59-1.62 (m, 2H), 1.72-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.20- 2.26 (m, 6H), 4.09 (s, 3H), 4.26 (m, 1H), 6.01 (m, 1H), 6.43 (s, 1H), 7.44 (m, 2H), 7.74 (m, 2H)
 
  452 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.41 (s, 1H), 1.57-1.61 (m, 2H), 1.70-1.83 (m, 6H), 1.94-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.19- 2.25 (m, 6H), 3.80 (s, 3H), 4.17 (s, 3H), 4.25 (m, 1H), 5.98 (m, 1H), 6.26 (s, 1H), 6.98 (m, 2H), 7.29 (m, 1H), 7.41 (m, 1H)
 
  453 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.42 (s, 1H), 1.57-1.62 (m, 2H), 1.73-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.99 (m, 2H), 2.20- 2.26 (m, 6H), 3.86 (s, 3H), 4.10 (s, 3H), 4.26 (m, 1H), 5.99 (m, 1H), 6.49 (s, 1H), 7.10 (m, 1H), 7.32-7.37 (m, 3H)
 
  454 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.43 (s, 1H), 1.58-1.62 (m, 2H), 1.73-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.99 (m, 2H), 2.20- 2.28 (m, 6H), 3.89 (s, 3H), 4.06 (s, 3H), 4.26 (m, 1H), 6.00 (m, 1H), 6.44 (s, 1H), 6.96 (m, 2H), 7.83 (m, 2H)
 
  455 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.45 (s, 1H), 1.60-1.65 (m, 2H), 1.73-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.20- 2.27 (m, 6H), 2.42 (s, 3H), 4.09 (s, 3H), 4.26 (m, 1H), 6.01 (m, 1H), 6.45 (s, 1H), 7.32-7.38 (m, 2 H), 7.57-7.60 (m, 2H)
 
  456 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.45 (s, 1H), 1.60-1.62 (m, 2H), 1.73-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.20- 2.27 (m, 6H), 2.43 (s, 3H), 4.08 (s, 3H), 4.26 (m, 1H), 6.00 (m, 1H), 6.45 (s, 1H), 7.26 (m, 2H), 7.10 (m, 2H)
 
  457 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.46 (s, 1H), 1.58-1.61 (m, 2H), 1.71-1.83 (m, 6H), 1.94-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.19- 2.26 (m, 6H), 4.18 (s, 3H), 4.25 (m, 1H), 6.01 (m, 1H), 6.23 (s, 1H), 7.30-7.44 (m, 4H)
 
  458 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.39 (s, 1H), 1.58-1.61 (m, 2H), 1.74-1.83 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.20- 2.26 (m, 3H), 2.30 (s, 3H), 3.97 (s, 3H), 4.00 (s, 3H), 4.24-4.26 (m, 1H), 5.97-5.99 (m, 1H), 6.14 (dd, J = 3.9, 2.4 Hz, 1H), 6.53 (s, 1H), 6.83 (dd, J = 3.9, 1.7 Hz, 1 H), 6.87-6.88 (m, 1H)
 
  459 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.43 (s, 1H), 1.57-1.61 (m, 1H), 1.73-1.82 (m, 6H), 1.97-2.02 (m, 2H), 2.22- 2.26 (m, 7H), 4.15 (s, 3H), 4.25- 4.27 (m, 1H), 6.01 (d, J = 7.5 Hz, 1H), 6.37 (s, 1H), 7.16-7.18 (m, 1H), 7.33-7.38 (m, 1H), 7.51-7.54 (m, 1H)
 
  460 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.42 (s, 1H), 1.55-1.58 (m, 2H), 1.71-1.79 (m, 6H), 1.92-1.96 (m, 2H), 2.19 (s, 3H), 2.22-2.25 (m, 3H), 3.91 (s, 3H), 4.13 (s, 3H), 4.22-4.24 (m, 1H), 5.99 (d, J = 7.7 Hz, 1H), 6.38-6.38 (m, 1H), 6.96-7.14 (m, 3H)
 
  461 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.41 (s, 1H), 1.57-1.62 (m, 1H), 1.74-1.81 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.18- 2.27 (m, 4H), 2.23 (s, 3H), 4.03 (d, J = 0.9 Hz, 3H), 4.13 (s, 3H), 4.25-4.26 (m, 1H), 6.00 (d, J = 7.5 Hz, 1H), 6.38 (s, 1H), 6.94- 6.97 (m, 1H), 7.13-7.15 (m, 1H)
 
  462 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.41 (s, 1H), 1.57 (m, 1H), 1.68-1.82 (m, 6H), 1.94 (m, 2H), 2.19-2.21 (m, 9H), 4.09-4.12 (m, 3H), 4.23 (d, J = 7.7 Hz, 1H), 5.98 (d, , J = 7.5 Hz, 1H), 6.33 (s, 1H), 6.88 (t, J = 8.6 Hz 1H), 7.24-7.32 (m, 2H)
 
  463 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.41 (s, 1H), 1.57-1.61 (m, 2H), 1.71-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.19- 2.26 (m, 9H), 4.19 (s,3H), 4.25 (m, 1H), 6.01 (m, 1H), 6.26 (s, 1H), 6.94 (m, 1H), 7.02 (m, 1H), 7.27 (m, 1H)
 
  464 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.41 (s, 1H), 1.54-1.62 (m, 2H), 1.71-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.94-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.20-2.26 (m, 6H), 4.13 (s, 3H), 4.25 (m, 1H), 6.00 (m, 1H), 6.37 (s, 1H), 6.86-6.98 (m, 2H), 7.51 (m, 1 H)
 
  465 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.42 (s, 1H), 1.58-1.62 (m, 2H), 1.71-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.94-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.20- 2.26 (m, 6H), 4.14 (s, 3H), 4.26 (m, 1H), 6.01 (m, 1H), 6.41 (s, 1H), 7.08-7.20 (m, 3H)
 
  466 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.42 (s, 1H), 1.58-1.61 (m, 2H), 1.70-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.94-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.20- 2.26 (m, 6H), 4.17 (s, 3H), 4.25 (m, 1H), 6.01 (m, 1H), 6.37 (s, 1H), 6.97 (m, 2H), 7.40 (m, 1H)
 
  467 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.41 (s, 1H), 1.58-1.61 (m, 2H), 1.71-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.20- 2.26 (m, 6H), 2.36 (s, 3H), 4.14 (s, 3H), 4.25 (m, 1H), 6.00 (m, 1H), 6.39 (s, 1H), 7.01 (m, 1H), 7.23-7.26 (m, 2H)
 
  468 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.43 (s, 1H), 1.59-1.61 (m, 2H), 1.71-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.94-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.20- 2.26 (m, 6H), 2.33 (s, 3H), 4.15 (s, 3H), 4.25 (m, 1H), 6.00 (m, 1H), 6.37 (s, 1H), 7.09 (m, 1H), 7.26-7.33 (m, 2H)
 
  469 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.43 (s, 1H), 1.59-1.62 (m, 2H), 1.70-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.94-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.21- 2.26 (m, 6H), 4.17 (s, 3H), 4.26 (m, 1H), 6.01 (m, 1H), 6.39 (s, 1H), 6.92 (m, 1H), 7.24 (m, 1H)
 
  470 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.41 (s, 1H), 1.56-1.58 (m, 3H), 1.73-1.80 (m, 5H), 1.94-1.96 (m, 2H), 2.17- 2.30 (m, 3H), 2.20 (s, 3H), 2.28 (s, 3H), 4.15 (s, 3H), 4.24-4.25 (m, 1H), 5.99 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 6.24 (s, 1H), 7.02-7.05 (m, 2H), 7.19-7.23 (m, 1H)
 
  471 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.39 (s, 1H), 1.51-1.61 (m, 3H), 1.69-1.73 (m, 2H), 1.80-1.82 (m, 4H), 1.94- 1.96 (m, 2H), 2.19 (s, 3H), 2.25- 2.25 (m, 2H), 3.89 (d, J = 1.7 Hz, 3H), 4.16 (s, 3H), 4.23-4.24 (m, 1H), 5.97-5.99 (m, 1H), 6.27 (s, 1H), 7.05-7.06 (m, 2H), 7.17- 7.19 (m, 1H)
 
  472 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.18 (t, J = 9.6 Hz, 3H), 1.42 (s, 1H), 1.55- 1.59 (m, 2H), 1.73-1.80 (m, 6H), 1.94-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.18-2.24 (m, 4H), 2.19 (s, 3H), 2.68 (q, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 4.17 (s, 3H), 4.24- 4.25 (m, 1H), 5.99 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 6.21 (s, 1H), 7.20-7.22 (m, 1 H), 7.25-7.32 (m, 1H), 7.37-7.39 (m, 1H)
 
  473 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.43 (s, 1H), 1.56-1.59 (m, 2H), 1.72-1.81 (m, 6H), 1.95 (d, J = 12.0 Hz, 2H), 2.19 (s, 3H), 2.20-2.24 (m, 3H), 2.22 (s, 3H), 4.16-4.16 (m, 3H), 4.24-4.25 (m, 1H), 5.99 (d, J = 7.3 Hz, 1H), 6.22 (s, 1H), 7.05- 7.13 (m, 2H), 7.14-7.24 (m, 1H)
 
  474 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.45 (s, 1H), 1.59-1.62 (m, 2H), 1.71-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.20- 2.26 (m, 6H), 4.15 (s, 3H), 4.26 (m, 1H), 6.01 (m, 1H), 6.39 (s, 1H), 7.15-7.31 (m, 3H)
 
  475 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.45 (s, 1H), 1.57-1.60 (m, 2H), 1.70-1.83 (m, 6H), 1.94-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.19- 2.25 (m, 6H), 3.79 (s, 3H), 4.18 (s, 3H), 4.26 (m, 1H), 6.00 (m, 1H), 6.31 (s, 1H), 6.72-6.76 (m, 2 H), 7.33 (m, 1H)
 
  476 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.42 (s, 1H), 1.58-1.61 (m, 2H), 1.71-1.74 (m, 2H), 1.80-1.83 (m, 4H), 1.95- 1.97 (m, 2H), 2.19-2.21 (m, 7H), 2.26 (br s, 2H), 2.32 (s, 3H), 4.18 (s, 3H), 4.25-4.27 (m, 1H), 5.99 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 6.21 (s, 1H), 7.10-7.14 (m, 2H), 7.22-7.25 (m, 1H)
 
  477 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.41 (s, 1H), 1.58-1.61 (m, 2H), 1.70-1.74 (m, 2H), 1.80-1.83 (m, 4H), 1.94- 1.97 (m, 2H), 2.18-2.20 (m, 4H), 2.25 (br s, 2H), 3.90 (s, 3H), 4.17 (s, 3H), 4.24-4.26 (m, 1H), 6.01 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 6.39 (s, 1H), 6.87-6.91 (m, 1H), 6.96-7.02 (m, 1H)
 
  478 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.47 (t, J = 7.1 Hz, 3H), 1.58-1.62 (m, 2H), 1.71-1.84 (m, 7H), 1.94-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.21 (br s, 4H), 2.26 (br s, 2 H), 4.12-4.17 (m, 5H), 4.24-4.26 (m, 1H), 6.03 (br s, 1H), 6.41 (s, 1H), 6.98-7.02 (m, 1H), 7.05-7.13 (m, 2H)
 
  479 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.52-1.67 (m, 6H), 1.76-1.79 (m, 4H), 1.90- 2.04 (m, 3H), 2.06 (s, 3H), 2.14- 2.17 (m, 3H), 2.47-2.50 (m, 2H), 2.92-2.96 (m, 2H), 4.01 (s, 3H), 4.17-4.19 (m, 1H), 5.85 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 6.12 (s, 1H), 6.92- 6.97 (m, 1H), 7.17-7.24 (m, 2H), 7.57-7.59 (m, 1H)
 
  480 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.54-1.65 (m, 6H), 1.76-2.02 (m, 7H), 2.10 (s, 3H), 2.15-2.18 (m, 3H), 2.42- 2.46 (m, 2H), 2.88-2.92 (m, 2H), 4.01 (s, 3H), 4.16-4.18 (m, 1H), 5.87 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 6.17 (s, 1H), 7.00-7.04 (m, 2H), 7.32- 7.36 (m, 2H)
 

Examples 481 to 505

[1045] Example 481 to Example 505 were prepared in the similar manner to Examples 61 to 62 using the compound of Reference example 9.
[1046] 
[00061] [TABLE-US-00061]
  TABLE 60
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Example—R2   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  481 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.15 (t, J = 7.5 Hz, 3H), 1.58-1.62 (m, 3H), 1.70-1.74 (m, 2H), 1.80-1.84 (m, 4H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.20 (br s, 1H), 2.26 (br s, 2H), 2.36 (s, 3H), 2.56 (q, J = 7.5 Hz, 2H), 4.14 (s, 3H), 4.26-4.28 (m, 1H), 6.03 (d, J = 7.5 Hz, 1H), 6.27 (s, 1 H), 7.25-7.33 (m, 4H)
 
  482 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.22 (t, J = 7.5 Hz, 3H), 1.55-1.85 (m, 9H), 1.95-1.99 (m, 2H), 2.21 (br s, 1H), 2.27 (br s, 2H), 2.62 (q, J = 7.5 Hz, 2H), 4.06 (s, 3H), 4.26-4.29 (m, 1H), 6.03 (d, J = 7.3 Hz, 1H), 6.49 (s, 1H), 7.39-7.42 (m, 1H), 7.52-7.54 (m, 1H), 7.66 (dt, J = 7.6, 1.3 Hz, 1H), 7.76-7.77 (m, 1H)
 
  483 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.21 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 3H), 1.40 (s, 1H), 1.56- 1.63 (m, 2H), 1.71-1.74 (m, 2H), 1.81-1.84 (m, 4H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.20 (br s, 1H), 2.27 (br s, 2H), 2.62 (q, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 3.86 (s, 3H), 4.07 (s, 3H), 4.26-4.28 (m, 1H), 6.03 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 6.53 (s, 1H), 7.09-7.12 (m, 1H), 7.33-7.34 (m, 1H), 7.36-7.38 (m, 2H)
 
  484 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.21 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 3H), 1.42 (s, 1H), 1.58- 1.63 (m, 2H), 1.71-1.74 (m, 2H), 1.81-1.84 (m, 4H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.20-2.26 (m, 3H), 2.43 (s, 3H), 2.62 (q, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 4.06 (s, 3H), 4.26-4.28 (m, 1H), 6.04 (d, J = 7.3 Hz, 1H), 6.50 (s, 1 H), 7.32-7.38 (m, 2H), 7.57-7.61 (m, 2H)
 
  485 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.25 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 3H), 1.40 (s, 1H), 1.57- 1.62 (m, 2H), 1.71-1.75 (m, 2H), 1.80-1.83 (m, 4H), 1.94-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.20-2.26 (m, 3H), 2.65 (q, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 3.97 (s, 3H), 3.98 (s, 3H), 4.25-4.27 (m, 1H), 6.00-6.02 (m, 1H), 6.15 (dd, J = 4.0, 2.6 Hz, 1H), 6.59 (s, 1H), 6.83 (dd, J = 4.1, 1.7 Hz, 1H), 6.88-6.89 (m, 1H)
 
  486 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.17 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 3H), 1.40 (s, 1H), 1.56- 1.62 (m, 2H), 1.70-1.73 (m, 2H), 1.80-1.83 (m, 4H), 1.94-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.20-2.26 (m, 3H), 2.57 (q, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 3.94 (s, 3H), 4.12 (s, 3H), 4.25-4.27 (m, 1H), 6.03 (d, J = 6.8 Hz, 1H), 6.44 (d, J = 1.5 Hz, 1H), 7.00-7.04 (m, 1H), 7.06-7.16 (m, 2H)
 
  487 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.16 (t, J = 7.5 Hz, 3H), 1.59-1.71 (m, 5H), 1.80-1.84 (m, 4H), 1.94-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.20 (br s, 1H), 2.26 (br s, 2 H), 2.56 (q, J = 7.5 Hz, 2H), 4.10- 4.15 (m, 3H), 4.25-4.28 (m, 1H), 6.04 (d, J = 7.7 Hz, 1H), 6.40 (s, 1H), 6.96-6.99 (m, 2H), 7.39- 7.41 (m, 1H)
 
  488 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.18 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 3H), 1.40 (s, 1H), 1.56- 1.63 (m, 2H), 1.70-1.73 (m, 2H), 1.81-1.84 (m, 4H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.20-2.26 (m, 3H), 2.58 (q, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 4.12 (s, 3H), 4.26-4.28 (m, 1H), 6.04 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 6.42 (d, J = 1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.16-7.19 (m, 1H), 7.22- 7.34 (m, 2H)
 
  489 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.21 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 3H), 1.53-1.63 (m, 3H), 1.71-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.20-2.27 (m, 3H), 2.62 (q, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 4.08 (s, 3H), 4.27 (m, 1H), 6.03 (m, 1H), 6.50 (s, 1H), 7.47 (m, 2H), 7.56 (m, 1H), 7.80 (m, 2H)
 
  490 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.17 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 3H), 1.44 (s, 1H), 1.59- 1.62 (m, 2H), 1.70-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.20-2.26 (m, 3H), 2.57 (q, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 4.11 (s, 3H), 4.26 (m, 1H), 6.04 (m, 1H), 6.41 (s, 1H), 7.15 (m, 1H), 7.22 (m, 1H), 7.44-7.50 (m, 2H)
 
  491 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.22 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 3H), 1.54-1.63 (m, 3H), 1.71-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.20-2.27 (m, 3H), 2.62 (q, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 4.07 (s, 3H), 4.27 (m, 1H), 6.03 (m, 1H), 6.51 (s, 1H), 7.27 (m, 1H), 7.42-7.59 (m, 3H)
 
  492 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.22 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 3H), 1.55-1.63 (m, 3H), 1.71-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.20-2.27 (m, 3H), 2.62 (q, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 4.06 (s, 3H), 4.27 (m, 1H), 6.03 (m, 1H), 6.47 (s, 1H), 7.15 (m, 2H), 7.82-7.85 (m, 2H)
 
  493 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.16 (t, J = 7.5 Hz, 3H), 1.56-1.62 (m, 3H), 1.69-1.73 (m, 2H), 1.80-1.84 (m, 4H), 1.94-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.20 (br s, 1H), 2.26 (br s, 2H), 2.56 (q, J = 7.5 Hz, 2H), 3.78 (s, 3H), 4.12 (s, 3H), 4.25-4.28 (m, 1H), 6.02 (d, J = 7.3 Hz, 1H), 6.32 (s, 1H), 6.90-6.93 (m, 1H), 7.01-7.04 (m, 1H), 7.08-7.15 (m, 1H)
 
  494 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.14 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 3H), 1.55-1.62 (m, 3H), 1.69-1.73 (m, 2H), 1.80-1.84 (m, 4H), 1.94-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.19 (br s, 1H), 2.25 (br s, 2H), 2.34 (s, 3H), 2.55 (q, J = 7.5 Hz, 2H), 3.74 (s, 3H), 4.14 (s, 3H), 4.25-4.26 (m 1H), 6.02 (d, J = 7.2 Hz, 1H), 6.31 (s, 1H), 7.03-7.05 (m, 1H), 7.14-7.17 (m, 1H), 7.23-7.31 (m, 1H)
 
  495 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.14 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 3H), 1.57-1.62 (m, 3H), 1.70-1.74 (m, 2H), 1.80-1.84 (m, 4H), 1.94-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.17-2.26 (m, 6H), 2.55 (q, J = 7.5 Hz, 2H), 3.87 (s, 3H), 4.14 (s, 3H), 4.25- 4.28 (m, 1H), 6.02 (d, J = 7.9 Hz, 1H), 6.27 (s, 1H), 6.91-6.94 (m, 2H), 7.19-7.21 (m, 1H)
 
  496 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.21 (t, J = 7.5 Hz, 3H), 1.60-1.74 (m, 5H), 1.81-1.84 (m, 4H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.21-2.27 (m, 3H), 2.62 (q, J = 7.5 Hz, 2H), 4.07 (s, 3H), 4.26-4.28 (m, 1H), 6.05 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 6.51 (s, 1H), 6.57 (t, J = 73.2 Hz, 1H), 7.31-7.34 (m, 1H), 7.47 (t, J = 7.9 Hz, 1H), 7.56 (s, 1H), 7.64 (d, J = 7.9 Hz, 1H)
 
  497 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.22 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 3H), 1.41 (s, 1H), 1.57- 1.63 (m, 2H), 1.71-1.85 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.21-2.27 (m, 3H), 2.62 (q, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 4.08 (s, 3H), 4.27-4.29 (m, 1H), 6.04-6.06 (m, 1H), 6.46 (s, 1H), 7.61 (t, J = 7.9 Hz, 1H), 7.84 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 8.01 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 8.06 (s, 1H)
 
  498 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.17 (t, J = 7.5 Hz, 3H), 1.40 (s, 1H), 1.53- 1.63 (m, 3H), 1.75-1.80 (m, 5H), 1.97-2.02 (m, 2H), 2.20-2.26 (m, 3H), 2.57 (q, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 4.11 (s, 3H), 4.25-4.29 (m, 1H), 6.02-6.06 (m, 1H), 6.35 (s, 1H), 7.03 (t, J = 55.8 Hz, 1H), 7.51- 7.63 (m, 3H), 7.78-7.81 (m, 1H)
 
  499 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.41 (s, 1H), 1.55-1.61 (m, 3H), 1.74-1.83 (m, 7H), 1.96-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.21- 2.26 (m, 4H), 2.57 (s, 3H), 2.65 (q, J = 7.5 Hz, 2H), 3.99 (s, 3H), 4.25-4.28 (m, 1H), 6.02 (d, J = 7.7 Hz, 1H), 6.74 (s, 1H), 6.82- 6.83 (m, 1H), 7.56 (d, J = 3.9 Hz, 1H)
 
  500 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.21 (t, J = 7.5 Hz, 3H), 1.27-1.28 (m, 1H), 1.65-1.80 (m, 8H), 1.98-2.02 (m, 2H), 2.24-2.32 (m, 3H), 2.62 (q, J = 7.5 Hz, 2H), 4.08 (s, 3H), 4.27-4.28 (m, 1H), 6.06 (d, J = 7.3 Hz, 1H), 6.48 (s, 1H), 6.71 (t, J = 56.2 Hz, 1H), 7.56-7.59 (m, 1H), 7.70-7.73 (m, 1H), 7.90-7.92 (m, 2H)
 
  501 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.16 (t, J = 7.5 Hz, 3H), 1.70-1.87 (m, 12H), 2.20-2.26 (m, 2H), 2.31 (s, 3H), 2.56 (q, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 3.77 (s, 3H), 4.13 (s, 3H), 4.26-4.28 (m, 1H), 6.01 (d, J = 7.3 Hz, 1H), 6.32 (s, 1H), 6.86-6.89 (m, 1H), 7.12-7.14 (m, 1H), 7.20-7.23 (m, 1H)
 
  502 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.18 (t, J = 7.5 Hz, 3H), 1.42 (s, 1H), 1.52- 1.84 (m, 8H), 1.95-1.99 (m, 2H), 2.20-2.26 (m, 3H), 2.58 (q, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 3.81 (s, 3H), 4.11 (s, 3H), 4.25-4.28 (m, 1H), 6.04 (d, J = 7.7 Hz, 1H), 6.46 (d, J = 1.7 Hz, 1H), 6.96-7.10 (m, 3H)
 
  503 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.16 (t, J = 7.4 Hz, 3H), 1.57-1.68 (m, 5H), 1.80-1.83 (m, 4H), 1.95 (t, J = 6.2 Hz, 2H), 2.20-2.24 (m, 3H), 2.56 (q, J = 7.5 Hz, 2H), 4.12 (s, 3H), 4.25-4.27 (m, 1H), 6.04 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 6.40 (s, 1H), 6.89- 6.95 (m, 1H), 7.19-7.27 (m, 1H)
 
  504 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.06 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 3H), 1.53-1.66 (m, 7H), 1.74-2.05 (m, 7H), 2.12-2.18 (m, 2H), 2.44 (q, J = 8 Hz, 2H), 2.47- 2.55 (m, 2H), 2.88-2.95 (m, 2H), 3.98 (s, 3H), 4.18-4.19 (m, 1H), 5.89 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 6.27 (s, 1H), 7.18-7.24 (m, 2H), 7.32- 7.39 (m, 3H)
 
  505 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 0.94 (t, J = 7.5 Hz, 3H), 1.56-1.65 (m, 11H), 1.77-1.80 (m, 4H), 1.91-1.95 (m, 2H), 2.15-2.20 (m, 3H), 2.36 (q, J = 7.5 Hz, 2H), 3.98 (s, 3H), 4.19-4.20 (m, 1H), 5.76 (s, 1H), 5.90 (d, J = 7.9 Hz, 1H), 7.21- 7.36 (m, 5H)
 

Examples 506 to 512

[1047] Examples 506 to 512 were prepared in the similar manner to Examples 61 to 62 using the compound of Reference example 10.
[1048] 
[00062] [TABLE-US-00062]
  TABLE 61
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Example—R2   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  506 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 0.94 (t, J = 7.3 Hz, 3H), 1.42 (s, 1H), 1.54- 1.63 (m, 4H), 1.71-1.75 (m, 2H), 1.81-1.84 (m, 4H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.21-2.26 (m, 3H), 2.55 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 3.86 (s, 3H), 4.06 (s, 3H), 4.26-4.28 (m, 1H), 6.04 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 6.51 (s, 1H), 7.09-7.12 (m, 1H), 7.33-7.34 (m, 1H), 7.36-7.37 (m, 2H)
 
  507 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 0.94 (t, J = 7.3 Hz, 3H), 1.45 (s, 1H), 1.56- 1.63 (m, 4H), 1.71-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.20-2.26 (m, 3H), 2.42 (s, 3H), 2.56 (t, J = 7.7 Hz, 2H), 4.06 (s, 3H), 4.26-4.28 (m, 1H), 6.05 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 6.47 (s, 1H), 7.32-7.38 (m, 2H), 7.57-7.61 (m, 2H)
 
  508 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 0.92 (t, J = 7.3 Hz, 3H), 1.41 (s, 1H), 1.50- 1.65 (m, 4H), 1.70-1.73 (m, 2H), 1.81-1.84 (m, 4H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.20-2.25 (m, 3H), 2.51 (t, J = 7.8 Hz, 2H), 4.11 (s, 3H), 4.26- 4.28 (m, 1H), 6.04-6.06 (m, 1H), 6.40 (d, J = 1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.14- 7.19 (m, 1H), 7.22-7.31 (m, 2H)
 
  509 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 0.94 (t, J = 7.3 Hz, 3H), 1.62-1.75 (m, 11H), 1.95-1.99 (m, 2H), 2.20 (br s, 1H), 2.26 (br s, 2H), 2.56 (t, J = 7.7 Hz, 2H), 4.07 (s, 3H), 4.26-4.29 (m, 1H), 6.06 (d, J = 7.7 Hz, 1H), 6.48 (s, 1H), 7.43-7.59 (m, 3H), 7.78-7.81 (m, 2H)
 
  510 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 0.92 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 3H), 1.49-1.84 (m, 11H), 1.94-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.20 (br s, 1H), 2.26 (br s, 2H), 2.51 (t, J = 7.7 Hz, 2H), 4.11 (s, 3H), 4.25-4.28 (m, 1H), 6.06 (d, J = 7.5 Hz, 1H), 6.40 (d, J = 1.5 Hz, 1H), 7.11-7.27 (m, 2H), 7.46-7.49 (m, 2H)
 
  511 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 0.95 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 3H), 1.63-1.75 (m, 11H), 1.95-1.99 (m, 2H), 2.20 (br s, 1H), 2.26 (br s, 2H), 2.56 (t, J = 7.7 Hz, 2H), 4.06 (s, 3H), 4.26-4.29 (m, 1H), 6.07 (d, J = 7.7 Hz, 1H), 6.49 (s, 1H), 7.22-7.29 (m, 1H), 7.44-7.47 (m, 2H), 7.56-7.58 (m, 1H)
 
  512 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 0.94 (t, J = 7.3 Hz, 3H), 1.41 (s, 1H), 1.56-1.60 (m, 4H), 1.72-1.82 (m, 6H), 1.95- 1.97 (m, 2H), 2.20-2.25 (m, 3H), 2.55 (t, J = 7.8 Hz, 2H), 4.04 (s, 3H), 4.26-4.27 (m, 1H), 6.03 (d, J = 7.3 Hz, 1H), 6.44 (s, 1H), 7.11-7.16 (m, 2H), 7.81-7.83 (m, 2H)
 

Examples 513 to 516

[1049] Examples 513 to 516 were prepared in the similar manner to Examples 61 to 62 using the compound of Reference example 13.
[1050] 
[00063] [TABLE-US-00063]
  TABLE 62
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Example—R2   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  513 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.56-1.60 (m, 3H), 1.81-1.97 (m, 8H), 2.21- 2.27 (m, 3H), 4.21-4.24 (m, 4H), 6.59 (s, 1H), 6.85 (m, 1H), 7.48 (m, 2H), 7.59 (m, 1H), 7.80 (m, 2H)
 
  514 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.56-1.60 (m, 3H), 1.80-1.96 (m, 8H), 2.20- 2.26 (m, 3H), 4.20-4.34 (m, 4H), 6.52 (s, 1H), 6.81 (m, 1H), 7.16 (m, 1H), 7.24 (m, 1H), 7.48-7.54 (m, 2H)
 
  515 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.43 (s, 1H), 1.56-1.60 (m, 2H), 1.81-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.94-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.21- 2.26 (m, 3H), 4.20 (s, 3H), 4.24 (m, 1H), 6.60 (s, 1H), 6.84 (m, 1H), 7.29 (m, 1H), 7.44-7.51 (m, 2H), 7.58 (m, 1H)
 
  516 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.42 (s, 1H), 1.57-1.60 (m, 2H), 1.81-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.94-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.21- 2.26 (m, 3H), 4.19 (s, 3H), 4.24 (m, 1H), 6.56 (s, 1H), 6.85 (m, 1H), 7.17 (m, 2H), 7.85 (m, 2H)
 

Examples 517 to 528

[1051] Examples 517 to Example 528 were prepared by the preparation method of Example 61 and Example 62.
[1052] 
[00064] [TABLE-US-00064]
  TABLE 63
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Example—R2   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  517 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.42 (s, 1H), 1.54-1.63 (m, 2H), 1.72-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.21- 2.27 (m, 6H), 4.08 (s, 3H), 4.26 (m, 1H), 6.00 (m, 1H), 6.45 (s, 1H), 7.26 (m, 1H), 7.59 (m, 1H), 7.65 (m, 1H)
 
  518 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.52-1.68 (m, 11H), 1.77-1.80 (m, 4H), 1.91-1.95 (m, 2H), 2.01 (s, 3H), 2.15-2.20 (m, 3H), 4.00 (s, 3 H), 4.18-4.20 (m, 1H), 5.72 (s, 1H), 5.87 (d, J = 7.2 Hz, 1H), 7.22-7.36 (m, 5H)
 
  519 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.57-2.05 (m, 13H), 2.11-2.20 (m, 6H), 2.41-2.50 (m, 2H), 2.87-2.97 (m, 2H), 4.03 (s, 3H), 4.18-4.21 (m, 1H), 5.87 (d, J = 7.5 Hz, 1H), 6.19 (s, 1H), 6.87-6.94 (m, 1H), 7.09-7.16 (m, 2H), 7.26- 7.34 (m, 1H)
 
  520 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.25-2.13 (m, 23H), 3.90 (s, 3H), 4.11-4.14 (m, 1H), 5.76 (d, J = 7.9 Hz, 1H), 6.25 (s, 1H), 7.40-7.43 (m, 2H), 7.51-7.53 (m, 1H), 7.73-7.86 (m, 4H)
 
  521 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.59-1.85 (m, 9H), 1.95-1.99 (m, 2H), 2.20-2.27 (m, 6H), 4.08 (s, 3H), 4.25-4.27 (m, 1H), 6.04 (d, J = 7.3 Hz, 1H), 6.49 (s, 1H), 6.99- 7.04 (m, 1H), 7.27-7.34 (m, 2H)
 
  522 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.42 (s, 1H), 1.55-1.62 (m, 2H), 1.73-1.76 (m, 2H), 1.81-1.84 (m, 4H), 1.95- 1.98 (m, 2H), 2.21 (br s, 1H), 2.27 (br s, 5H), 2.42 (s, 3H), 4.09 (s, 3H), 4.26-4.27 (m, 1H), 6.00-6.02 (m, 1H), 6.47 (s, 1H), 7.07 (d, J = 8.5 Hz, 1H), 7.26 (br s, 1H), 7.38 (s, 1H)
 
  523 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.49-1.62 (m, 3H), 1.70-1.77 (m, 2H), 1.79-1.85 (m, 4H), 1.91-1.99 (m, 2H), 2.17-2.30 (m, 6H), 3.85 (s, 3H), 3.26 (s, 3H), 4.26 (m, 1H), 6.00 (d, J = 4Hz, 1H), 6.50 (s, 1H), 6.80 (dt, J = 8, 4 Hz, 1H), 7.07 (m, 1H), 7.12 (m, 1H)
 
  524 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.50-1.62 (m, 3H), 1.70-1.78 (m, 2H), 1.79-1.85 (m, 4H), 1.93-2.00 (m, 2H), 2.18-2.28 (m, 6H), 3.84 (s, 3H), 4.07 (s, 3H), 4.26 (m, 1H), 6.00 (m, 1H), 6.46 (s, 1H), 7.13 (m, 1H), 7.37 (m, 1H), 7.47 (m, 1H)
 
  525 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.46 (t, J = 8 Hz, 3H), 1.50-1.63 (m, 3H), 1.67-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.88-1.95 (m, 2H), 2.14-2.27 (m, 6H), 4.05 (s, 3H), 4.14 (q, J = 8 Hz, 2H), 4.24 (m, 1H), 5.98 (m, 1H), 6.43 (s, 1H), 7.10 (m, 1H), 7.34 (m, 1H), 7.43 (m, 1H)
 
  526 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.52-1.63 (m, 3H), 1.67-1.83 (m, 6H), 1.90-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.15-2.27 (m, 6H), 2.31 (s, 3H), 4.05 (s, 3H), 4.236 (m, 1H), 5.96 (m, 1H), 6.41 (s, 1H), 7.05 (m, 1H), 7.56-7.68 (m, 2H)
 
  527 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.25 (t, J = 8 Hz, 3H), 1.50-1.62 (m, 3H), 1.68-1.83 (m, 6H), 1.91-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.16-2.28 (m, 6H), 2.70 (q, J = 8 Hz, 2H), 4.08 (s, 3H), 4.24 (m, 1H), 5.98 (m, 1H), 6.43 (s, 1H), 7.32-7.38 (m, 2H), 7.57 (m, 1H), 7.61 (m, 1H)
 
  528 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.42 (s, 1H), 1.54-1.62 (m, 2H), 1.71-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.94-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.20- 2.26 (m, 6H), 3.81 (s, 3H), 4.14 (s, 3H), 4.25 (m, 1H), 6.00 (m, 1H), 6.43 (s, 1H), 6.95- 7.00 (m, 2H), 7.05 (m, 1H)
 

Examples 529 to 549

[1053] Example 529 to Example 549 were synthesized by the preparation method similar to Example 61 and Example 62 using Reference example 9.
[1054] 
[00065] [TABLE-US-00065]
  TABLE 64
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Example—R2   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  529 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.22 (t, J = 8 Hz, 3H), 1.48 (t, J = 8 Hz, 3H), 1.55-1.65 (m, 3H), 1.68-1.75 (m, 2H), 1.77-1.85 (m, 4H), 1.93- 2.00 (m, 2H), 2.15-2.30 (m, 3H), 2.62 (q, J = 8 Hz, 2H), 4.04 (s, 3 H), 4.16 (q, J = 8 Hz, 2H), 4.27 (m, 1H), 6.03 (m, 1H), 6.50 (s, 1 H), 7.13 (m, 1H), 7.37 (m, 1H), 7.45 (m, 1H)
 
  530 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.91 (t, J = 8 Hz, 3H), 1.25 (t, J = 8 Hz, 3H), 1.51 (br, 1H), 1.55-1.62 (m, 2H), 1.66-1.74 (m, 2H), 1.76-1.83 (m, 4H), 1.90-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.14- 2.27 (m, 3H), 2.60 (q, J = 8 Hz, 2H), 2.70 (q, J = 8 Hz, 2H), 4.05 (s, 3H), 4.24 (m, 1H), 6.01 (m, 1 H), 6.48 (s, 1H), 7.33-7.39 (m, 2H), 7.59 (m, 1H), 7.62 (m, 1 H)
 
  531 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.22 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 3H), 1.42 (s, 1H), 1.59- 1.63 (m, 2H), 1.70-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.21-2.27 (m, 3H), 2.62 (q, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 4.06 (s, 3H), 4.27 (m, 1 H), 6.04 (m, 1H), 6.52 (s, 1H), 7.01 (m, 1H), 7.30 (m, 2H)
 
  532 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.22 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 3H), 1.45 (s, 1H), 1.58- 1.63 (m, 2H), 1.71-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.21-2.27 (m, 3H), 2.62 (q, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 3.94 (s, 3H), 4.05 (s, 3H), 4.27 (m, 1H), 6.04 (m, 1H), 6.50 (s, 1H), 7.14 (m, 1H), 7.38 (m, 1H), 7.47 (m, 1H)
 
  533 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.18 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 3H), 1.42 (s, 1H), 1.58- 1.62 (m, 2H), 1.70-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.20-2.25 (m, 3H), 2.36 (s, 3H), 2.58 (q, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 4.11 (s, 3H), 4.26 (m, 1H), 6.03 (m, 1H), 6.43 (s, 1H), 7.02 (m, 1H), 7.24- 7.27 (m, 2H)
 
  534 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.23 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 3H), 1.42 (s, 1H), 1.58- 1.63 (m, 2H), 1.71-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.21-2.26 (m, 3H), 2.63 (q, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 3.98 (s, 3H), 4.03 (s, 3H), 4.27 (m, 1H), 6.03 (m, 1H), 6.50 (s, 1H), 7.03 (m, 1H), 7.60- 7.65 (m, 2H)
 
  535 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.22 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 3H), 1.42 (s, 1H), 1.54- 1.63 (m, 2H), 1.71-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.21-2.27 (m, 3H), 2.62 (q, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 4.07 (s, 3H), 4.27 (m, 1 H), 6.04 (m, 1H), 6.50 (s, 1H), 7.41 (m, 1H), 7.51 (m, 1H), 7.65 (m, 1H), 7.73 (m, 1H)
 
  536 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.22 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 3H), 1.45 (s, 1H), 1.59- 1.63 (m, 2H), 1.72-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.21- 2.27 (m, 3H), 2.63 (q, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 4.00 (s, 3H), 4.04 (s, 3 H), 4.27 (m, 1H), 6.04 (m, 1H), 6.46 (s, 1H), 7.08 (m, 1H), 8.03 (m, 1H), 8.10 (m, 1H)
 
  537 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.20 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 3H), 1.43 (s, 1H), 1.55- 1.63 (m, 2H), 1.70-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.21-2.27 (m, 3H), 2.60 (q, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 4.08 (s, 3H), 4.27 (m, 1 H), 6.04 (m, 1H), 6.45 (s, 1H), 7.77 (d, J = 8.3 Hz, 2H), 7.85 (d, J = 8.3 Hz, 2H)
 
  538 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.22 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 3H), 1.48 (s, 1H), 1.60- 1.61 (m, 2H), 1.71-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.20-2.26 (m, 3H), 2.62 (q, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 4.04 (s, 3H), 4.27 (m, 1H), 6.04 (m, 1H), 6.49 (s, 1H), 7.26 (m, 1H), 7.59 (m, 1H), 7.66 (m, 1H)
 
  539 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.15 (q, J = 8.1 Hz, 3H), 1.60-1.83 (m, 9 H), 1.93-1.96 (m, 2H), 2.19-2.25 (m, 3H), 2.56 (q, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 4.10 (s, 3H), 4.25-4.26 (m, 1H), 6.05 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1 H), 6.38-6.39 (m, 1H), 7.22-7.26 (m, 1H), 7.42-7.44 (m, 2H)
 
  540 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.15 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 3H), 1.39 (t, J = 7.0 Hz, 3H), 1.64-1.87 (m, 12H), 2.17-2.23 (m, 3H), 2.55 (q, J = 7.5 Hz, 2H), 3.99 (q, J = 6.9 Hz, 2H), 4.08 (s, 2H), 4.22-4.24 (m, 1H), 6.07 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 6.44 (s, 1H), 6.96-7.02 (m, 3H)
 
  541 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.22 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 3H), 1.41 (s, 1H), 1.52- 1.63 (m, 2H), 1.71-1.74 (m, 2H), 1.81-1.84 (m, 4H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.20-2.26 (m, 3H), 2.42 (s, 3H), 2.62 (q, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 4.06 (s, 3H), 4.26-4.28 (m, 1H), 6.04 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 6.51 (s, 1H), 7.08 (d, J = 9.5 Hz, 1H), 7.27 (br s, 1H), 7.39 (s, 1H)
 
  542 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.22 (t, J = 7.5 Hz, 3H), 1.63-1.79 (m, 9 H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.22- 2.34 (m, 6H), 2.63 (q, J = 7.5 Hz, 2H), 4.04 (s, 3H), 4.25-4.28 (m, 1H), 6.09 (d, J = 7.7 Hz, 1 H), 6.47 (s, 1H), 7.04-7.10 (m, 1H), 7.60-7.70 (m, 2H)
 
  543 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.22 (t,, J = 7.5 Hz, 3H), 1.55-1.63 (m, 3 H), 1.71-1.75 (m, 2H), 1.81-1.85 (m, 4H), 1.95-1.99 (m, 2H), 2.21 (br s, 1H), 2.27 (br s, 2H), 2.62 (q, J = 7.5 Hz, 2H), 3.85 (s, 3H), 4.06 (s, 3H), 4.26-4.28 (m, 1H), 6.03 (d, J = 8.1 Hz, 1H), 6.54 (s, 1H), 6.79-6.82 (m, 1H), 7.05-7.12 (m, 2H)
 
  544 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.18 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 3H), 1.41 (s, 1H), 1.54- 1.62 (m, 2H), 1.69-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.94-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.20-2.26 (m, 3H), 2.58 (q, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 4.10 (s, 3H), 4.26 (m, 1 H), 6.03 (m, 1H), 6.41 (s, 1H), 6.87-7.00 (m, 2H), 7.51 (m, 1 H)
 
  545 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.21 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 3H), 1.41 (s, 1H), 1.54- 1.63 (m, 2H), 1.71-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.20-2.27 (m, 3H), 2.62 (q, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 4.08 (s, 3H), 4.27 (m, 1 H), 6.04 (m, 1H), 6.47 (s, 1H), 7.61 (m, 1H), 7.82 (m, 1H), 7.97 (m, 1H), 8.05 (s, 1H)
 
  546 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.17 (t, J = 7.5 Hz, 3H), 1.58-1.74 (m, 5 H), 1.80-1.84 (m, 4H), 1.94-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.20-2.26 (m, 3H), 2.58 (q, J = 7.5 Hz, 2H), 4.12 (s, 3H), 4.25-4.28 (m, 1H), 6.09 (d, J = 7.7 Hz, 1H), 6.37-6.38 (m, 1H), 7.33-7.35 (m, 1H), 7.64-7.77 (m, 2H)
 
  547 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.20 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 3H), 1.42 (t, J = 7.0 Hz, 3H), 1.59-1.61 (m, 2H), 1.70- 1.73 (m, 2H), 1.80-1.83 (m, 3H), 1.94-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.19-2.25 (m, 3H), 2.61 (q, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 4.04-4.07 (m, 5H), 4.25- 4.26 (m, 1H), 6.03 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 6.53 (s, 1H), 6.78 (dt, J = 10.3, 2.3 Hz, 1H), 7.03- 7.05 (m, 2H), 7.09-7.09 (m, 2H)
 
      tR (min)
      Obs [M + 1]
  Example—R2   method
 
  548 [see pdf for image]    4.97 494 SA4
 
  549 [see pdf for image]    5.05 509 SA4
 

Examples 550 to 552

[1055] Example 550 to Example 552 were prepared by the preparation method similar to Example 444.
[1056] 
[00066] [TABLE-US-00066]
  TABLE 65
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Example—R2   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  550 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.41 (s, 1H), 1.54-1.65 (m, 2H), 1.80-1.96 (m, 8H), 2.22-2.29 (m, 3H), 4.23- 4.30 (m, 4H), 6.68-6.69 (m, 1H), 6.87 (d, J =1.5 Hz, 1H), 7.17-7.21 (m, 1H), 7.25-7.30 (m, 1H), 7.51-7.57 (m, 2H)
 
  551 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.39 (s, 1H), 1.58-1.61 (m, 2H), 1.81-1.96 (m, 8H), 2.23-2.29 (m, 3H), 4.24- 4.26 (m, 4H), 6.69-6.71 (m, 1H), 6.94 (s, 1H), 7.31-7.36 (m, 1H), 7.47-7.52 (m, 2H), 7.57-7.59 (m, 1H)
 
  552 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.39 (s, 1H), 1.56-1.60 (m, 2H), 1.80-1.96 (m, 8H), 2.22-2.28 (m, 3H), 4.23- 4.25 (m, 1H), 4.34 (s, 3H), 6.66-6.68 (m, 1H), 6.87 (s, 1H), 7.00-7.04 (m, 2H), 7.44- 7.52 (m, 1H)
 

Examples 553 to 559

[1057] Example 553 to Example 559 were prepared by the preparation method similar to Example 119, Example 96 and Example 106.
[1058] 
[00067] [TABLE-US-00067]
  TABLE 66
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Ex-      
  am-      
  ple—R1a—R2   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  553   -n-Pr [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 0.94 (t, J = 7.3 Hz, 3H), 1.57-1.72 (m, 6H), 1.80-1.84 (m, 4H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2 H), 2.18-2.33 (m, 4H), 2.74-2.78 (m, 2H), 4.24-4.26 (m, 1H), 6.00 (d, J = 8.3 Hz, 1H), 7.36-7.42 (m, 3H), 7.46-7.48 (m, 2H), 7.60-7.63 (m, 1H), 7.72 (s, 1H)
 
  Ex-       tR (min)
  am-       Obs [M + 1]
  ple—R1a—R2   method
 
  554   -n-Pr [see pdf for image]    1.446 448 SA1
 
  555—CH2OMe [see pdf for image]    4.44 438 SA4
 
  556   —Et [see pdf for image]    4.82 440 SA4
 
  557   —Et [see pdf for image]    4.82 440 SA4
 
  558   —Et [see pdf for image]    1.460 436 SA1
 
  559   —Et [see pdf for image]    1.471 436 SA1
 

Examples 560 to 569

[1059] Example 560 to Example 569 were prepared by the preparation method using Weinreb amide in the similar manner to Example 391.
[1060] 
[00068] [TABLE-US-00068]
  TABLE 67
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Example—R2   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  560 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.27 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 3H), 1.40 (s, 1H), 1.53- 1.63 (m, 2H), 1.68-1.72 (m, 2H), 1.80-1.83 (m, 4H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.18-2.27 (m, 3H), 2.49 (s, 3H), 2.86 (q, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 4.24-4.26 (m, 1H), 5.97 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.32-7.33 (m, 1H), 7.43 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.85 (dd, J = 7.8, 1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.91- 7.93 (m, 2H), 8.57 (d, J = 4.9 Hz, 1H)
 
  561 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.27 (t, J = 7.5 Hz, 3H), 1.41 (s, 1H), 1.52- 1.60 (m, 2H), 1.69-1.72 (m, 2H), 1.80-1.84 (m, 4H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.18 (br s, 1H), 2.27 (br s, 2H), 2.86 (q, J = 7.5 Hz, 2H), 4.25-4.27 (m, 1H), 5.98 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.45 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.60-7.65 (m, 1H), 7.87 (dd, J = 7.8, 1.6 Hz, 1H), 7.93 (d, J = 1.6 Hz, 1H), 8.20 (dd, J = 8.8, 4.4 Hz, 1H), 8.55 (d, J = 2.8 Hz, 1H)
 
  562 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.25 (t, J = 7.5 Hz, 3H), 1.55-1.72 (m, 5H), 1.79-1.83 (m, 4H), 1.94-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.17 (br s, 1H), 2.26 (br s, 2H), 2.83 (q, J = 7.5 Hz, 2H), 4.23-4.25 (m, 1H), 5.95 (d, J = 7.5 Hz, 1H), 7.40-7.45 (m, 2H), 7.61-7.64 (m, 1H), 7.81-7.89 (m, 2H), 8.58-8.60 (m, 1H)
 
  563 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.27 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 3H), 1.55-1.83 (m, 9H), 1.94-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.17 (br s, 1H), 2.26 (br s, 2H), 2.86 (q, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 4.24-4.26 (m, 1H), 6.03 (d, J = 7.9 Hz, 1H), 7.44 (d, J = 7.9 Hz, 1H), 7.50-7.53 (m, 1H), 7.85-7.96 (m, 3H), 8.07- 8.10 (m, 1H), 8.71-8.73 (m, 1H)
 
  564 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.25 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 3H), 1.54-1.82 (m, 9H), 1.92-1.96 (m, 2H), 2.16 (br s, 1H), 2.24 (br s, 2H), 2.45 (s, 3H), 2.83 (q, J = 7.5 Hz, 2H), 4.21- 4.24 (m, 1H), 6.00 (d, J = 7.7 Hz, 1H), 7.34-7.41 (m, 2H), 7.61- 7.70 (m, 2H), 7.81-7.82 (m, 1H), 8.49-8.51 (m, 1H)
 
  565 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.28 (t, J = 7.5 Hz, 3H), 1.43 (s, 1H), 1.58- 1.61 (m, 2H), 1.72-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.96-1.99 (m, 2H), 2.19 (br s, 1H), 2.29 (br s, 2H), 2.86 (q, J = 7.5 Hz, 2H), 4.26-4.28 (m, 1H), 6.00 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 6.72 (t, J = 56.2 Hz, 1H), 7.46 (d, J = 7.7 Hz, 1H), 7.60-7.64 (m, 2H), 7.70 (d, J = 1.5 Hz, 1H), 7.77 (d, J = 7.7 Hz, 1H), 7.91-7.94 (m, 2H)
 
  566 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.26 (t, J = 7.5 Hz, 3H), 1.55-1.83 (m, 9H), 1.93-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.17-2.26 (m, 3H), 2.84 (q, J = 7.5 Hz, 2H), 4.23-4.26 (m, 1H), 6.00 (d, J = 7.9 Hz, 1H), 7.43 (d, J = 7.7 Hz, 1H), 7.50-7.72 (m, 3H), 7.85 (s, 1H), 8.52-8.54 (m, 1H)
 
  567 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.27 (t, J = 6.6 Hz, 3H), 1.57-1.99 (m, 11H), 2.18-2.29 (m, 3H), 2.86 (q, J = 7.3 Hz, 2H), 4.27 (br s, 1H), 6.11 (d, J = 7.0 Hz, 1H), 7.45- 7.71 (m, 4H), 8.11-8.13 (m, 1H), 8.82-8.96 (m, 2H)
 
  568 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.27 (t, J = 7.5 Hz, 3H), 1.57-1.85 (m, 9H), 1.95-1.99 (m, 2H), 2.18 (br s, 1H), 2.29 (br s, 2H), 2.86 (q, J = 7.5 Hz, 2H), 4.25-4.28 (m, 1H), 6.02 (d, J = 7.9 Hz, 1H), 7.46 (d, J = 7.9 Hz, 1H), 7.57-7.64 (m, 3H), 7.72-7.73 (m, 1H), 8.82- 8.84 (m, 2H)
 
      tR (min)
      Obs [M + 1]
  Example—R2   method
 
  569 [see pdf for image]    3.84 395 SA4
 

Examples 570 to 573

[1061] Example 570 to Example 573 were prepared in the similar manner to the preparation method using Weinreb amide in Example 391 by using Compound II of Example 119 Preparation method.
[1062] 
[00069] [TABLE-US-00069]
  TABLE 68
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Example—R2   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  570 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 0.96 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 3H), 1.55-1.83 (m, 11H), 1.94-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.17 (br s, 1H), 2.26 (br s, 2H), 2.78-2.83 (m, 2H), 4.23-4.26 (m, 1H), 6.04 (d, J = 7.9 Hz, 1H), 7.44 (d, J = 7.9 Hz, 1H), 7.49-7.54 (m, 1H), 7.85-7.96 (m, 3H), 8.06-8.09 (m, 1H), 8.71-8.73 (m, 1H)
 
      tR (min)
      Obs[M + 1]
  Example—R2   method
 
  571 [see pdf for image]    4.09 419 SA4
 
  572 [see pdf for image]    4.39 437 SA4
 
  573 [see pdf for image]    4.23 419 SA4
 

Examples 574 to 577

[1063] Example 574 to Example 577 were prepared in the similar manner to the preparation method using Weinreb amide in Example 391 by using Compound I of Reference example 1 Preparation method.
[1064] 
[00070] [TABLE-US-00070]
  TABLE 69
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Example—R2   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  574 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.56-1.83 (m, 9H), 1.94- 1.98 (m, 2H), 2.18 (br s, 1H), 2.27 (br s, 2H), 2.50 (s, 3H), 4.23-4.26 (m, 1H), 6.00 (d, J = 7.7 Hz, 1H), 7.45-7.54 (m, 2H), 7.86-7.96 (m, 3H), 8.07-8.10 (m, 1H), 8.71-8.73 (m, 1H)
 
      tR (min)
      Obs[M + 1]
  Example—R2   method
 
  575 [see pdf for image]    3.48 391 SA4
 
  576 [see pdf for image]    3.95 409 SA4
 
  577 [see pdf for image]    3.64 391 SA4
 

Example 578

4-(2,6-Difluorobenzoyl)-2-ethyl-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]benzamide

[1065]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[1066] A mixture of Compound I (1.3 g; Compound IV of Example 96), toluene (50 mL), N,O-dimethylhydroxylamine hydrochloride (0.5 g), palladium acetate (113 mg), Xantphos (197 mg) and sodium carbonate (1.08 g) was stirred at 80° C. for 48 hours under carbon monoxide atmosphere (45 psi). The reaction mixture was filtered through Celite, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (petroleum ether/ethyl acetate=2/3 to 1/2) to give Compound II (900 mg).

Step (ii):

[1067] To a solution of 1,3-difluorobenzene (295 mg) in tetrahydrofuran (5 mL) at −70° C. was added dropwise n-butyllithium (1.0 mL, 2.5 M in hexane), and the mixture was stirred at −30° C. for 1.5 hours. The reaction solution was cooled to −70° C., and then thereto was added a solution of Compound II (100 mg) in tetrahydrofuran (1 mL), and the mixture was gradually warmed, and stirred at room temperature overnight. To the reaction mixture was added saturated aqueous sodium chloride solution, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by reverse-phase column chromatography (acetonitrile/water=36/64 to 66/34) to give the title compound III (42 mg).
[1068] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.26 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 3H), 1.57 (brs, 3H), 1.69-1.73 (m, 2H), 1.79-1.83 (m, 4H), 1.94-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.17 (brs, 1H), 2.27 (brs, 2H), 2.84 (q, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 4.24-4.26 (m, 1H), 5.97 (d, J=7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.00-7.05 (m, 2H), 7.42-7.52 (m, 2H), 7.67 (d, J=7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.81 (s, 1H)

Examples 579 to 583

[1069] Example 579 to Example 583 were synthesized in the similar manner to the preparation method of Example 578.
[1070] 
[00071] [TABLE-US-00071]
  TABLE 70
 
[see pdf for image]
 
      tR (min)
      Obs[M + 1]
  Example—R2   method
 
  579 [see pdf for image]       1.436 448 SA1
 
  580 [see pdf for image]       1.597 452 SA1
 
  581 [see pdf for image]       1.629 452 SA1
 
  582 [see pdf for image]       1.589 452 SA1
 
  583 [see pdf for image]       1.607 452 SA1
 

Examples 584 to 585

[1071] Example 584 and Example 585 were synthesized in the similar manner to the preparation method of Example 578 by using Compound IV of Example 119.
[1072] 
[00072] [TABLE-US-00072]
  TABLE 71
 
[see pdf for image]
 
      tR (min)
      Obs[M + 1]
  Example—R2   method
 
  584 [see pdf for image]       1.686 466 SA1
 
  585 [see pdf for image]       1.660 454 SA1
 

Example 586

[1073]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[1074] A mixture of Compound I (2.0 g), DMF (24 mL), cesium carbonate (7.0 g) and chlorodifluoromethyl acetate (2.3 mL) was stirred at 50° C. for 5 hours. The reaction mixture was ice-cooled, and thereto was added water, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=10/0 to 8/2) to give Compound II (392 mg).

Step (ii):

[1075] A mixture of Compound II (392 mg), 2N aqueous lithium hydroxide solution (1.8 mL) and methanol (5.4 mL) was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and to the residue was added 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The aqueous layer was acidified with 1N hydrochloric acid and extracted with chloroform. The chloroform layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound III (270 mg).

Step (iii):

[1076] A mixture of Compound III (270 mg), DMF (8.6 mL), Compound IV (173 mg), WSC.HCl (330 mg), HOBt.H2O (263 mg) and triethylamine (480 μL) was stirred at room temperature for 3 days. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and then to the residue was added ethyl acetate, and the mixture was washed sequentially with 1N hydrochloric acid, 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=100/0 to 90/10). The resulting solid was washed with diisopropylether to give Compound V (393 mg).

Step (iv):

[1077] A mixture of Compound V (50 mg), toluene (1.1 mL), PEPPSI™.IPr (4 mg), 2-fluorophenylboronic acid (17 mg) and cesium carbonate (106 mg) was stirred at room temperature for 15 minutes at ordinary pressure under carbon monoxide atmosphere. Then, the mixture was stirred at 100° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was filtered through Celite, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=10/0 to 9/1) to give the title compound VI (26 mg).
[1078] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.39 (s, 1H), 1.56-1.60 (m, 2H), 1.80-1.83 (m, 6H), 1.94-1.96 (m, 2H), 2.24 (d, J=19.8 Hz, 3H), 4.26-4.28 (m, 1H), 6.72 (t, J=72.7 Hz, 1H), 7.17-7.21 (m, 1H), 7.30-7.34 (m, 1H), 7.39 (d, J=7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.57-7.67 (m, 4H), 8.23 (d, J=8.3 Hz, 1H)

Examples 587 to 588

[1079] Example 587 and Example 588 were synthesized in the similar manner to the preparation method of Example 586.
[1080] 
[00073] [TABLE-US-00073]
  TABLE 72
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Example—R2   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  587 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.40 (s, 1H), 1.56-1.61 (m, 2H), 1.81-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.95-1.97 (m, 2H), 2.22-2.27 (m, 3H), 4.27-4.29 m, 1H), 6.73 (t, J = 72.6 Hz, 1H), 7.32-7.39 (m, 2H), 7.47-7.60 (m, 4H), 7.67 (dd, J = 8.0, 1.5 Hz, 1H), 8.26 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H)
 
  588 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.41 (s, 1H), 1.57-1.61 (m, 2H), 1.81-1.97 (m, 8H), 2.21-2.27 (m, 3H), 4.27-4.29 (m, 1H), 6.73 (t, J = 72.6 Hz, 1H), 7.18-7.22 (m, 2H), 7.39 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.57 (s, 1H), 7.64 (dd, J = 8.0, 1.3 Hz, 1H), 7.83-7.86 (m, 2H), 8.26 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H)
 

Example 589

3-Cyclopropyl-5-(2-fluorobenzoyl)-N-[(E)-5-hydroxyadamantan-2-yl]-1-methyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide

[1081]  [see pdf for image]
Step (i):
[1082] A mixture of Compound I (1.0 g; Compound V of Example 438), dichloroethane (16 mL), 2-fluorobenzoyl chloride (1.2 mL) and zinc chloride (1.34 g) was stirred at 80° C. overnight. To the reaction mixture were added water and saturated aqueous ammonium chloride solution, and the mixture was extracted with chloroform. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=10/0 to 8/2) to give Compound II (404 mg).

Step (ii):

[1083] To an ice-cooled mixture of Compound II (404 mg), DMF (6.2 mL) and sodium hydride (81 mg) was added methyl iodide (154 μL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 4 hours. To the reaction mixture was added water, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=10/0 to 8/2) to give Compound III (378 mg).

Step (iii):

[1084] A mixture of Compound III (150 mg), potassium cyclopropyltrifluoroborate (126 mg), palladium acetate (30 mg), n-butyl di-1-adamantylphosphine (71 mg), cesium carbonate (431 mg), toluene (4.0 mL) and water (0.4 mL) was stirred at 80° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was filtered through Celite, and the filtrate was washed with brine, and the organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: hexane/ethyl acetate=10/0 to 8/2) to give Compound IV (162 mg).

Step (iv):

[1085] A mixture of Compound IV (162 mg), 2N aqueous lithium hydroxide solution (1 mL) and methanol (3 mL) was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and to the residue was added 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. To the aqueous layer was added 4N hydrochloric acid, and the mixture was extracted with chloroform. The chloroform layer was dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure to give Compound V (110 mg).

Step (v):

[1086] A mixture of Compound V (110 mg), Compound VI (96 mg), 2-chloro-1-methylpyridinium iodide (196 mg), triethylamine (214 μL) and tetrahydrofuran (3.8 mL) was stirred at room temperature overnight. To the reaction mixture was added ethyl acetate, and the mixture was washed sequentially with 1N hydrochloric acid, 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution and brine, dried over sodium sulfate, and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform/methanol=10/0 to 9/1) to give the title compound VII (98 mg).
[1087] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 0.63-0.66 (m, 2H), 0.88-0.92 (m, 2H), 1.41 (s, 1H), 1.50-1.64 (m, 2H), 1.74-1.83 (m, 7H), 1.95-1.99 (m, 2H), 2.19 (br s, 1H), 2.27 (br s, 2H), 4.23 (s, 3H), 4.28-4.29 (m, 1H), 6.22 (s, 1H), 6.79-6.80 (m, 1H), 7.12-7.17 (m, 1H), 7.19-7.24 (m, 1H), 7.45-7.52 (m, 2H)

Examples 590 to 592

[1088] Example 590 to Example 592 were synthesized in the similar manner to the preparation method of Example 589.
[1089] 
[00074] [TABLE-US-00074]
    TABLE 73
   
  [see pdf for image]
   
        tR (min)
        Obs[M + 1]
    Example—R2   method
   
    590 [see pdf for image]    4.90 419 SA4
   
    591 [see pdf for image]    4.73 455 SA4
   
    592 [see pdf for image]    4.94 437 SA4
   

Examples 593 to 595

[1090] Example 593 to Example 595 were synthesized in the similar manner to the preparation method of Example 438.
[1091] 
[00075] [TABLE-US-00075]
  TABLE 74
 
[see pdf for image]
 
  Example—R2   NMR (solvent) δ
 
  593 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.18 (d, J = 7.1 Hz, 6H), 1.40 (s, 1H), 1.59-1.62 (m, 2H), 1.69-1.72 (m, 2H), 1.81-1.84 (m, 4H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.20-2.27 (m, 3H), 2.96-3.03 (m, 1H), 4.08 (s, 3H), 4.27- 4.29 (m, 1H), 6.06 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 6.43 (d, J = 1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.13-7.18 (m, 1H), 7.21-7.25 (m, 1H), 7.46-7.52 (m, 2H)
 
  594 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.22 (d, J = 6.8 Hz, 6H), 1.41 (s, 1H), 1.60-1.64 (m, 2H), 1.70-1.73 (m, 2H), 1.81-1.84 (m, 4H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.20-2.27 (m, 3H), 3.00-3.07 (m, 1H), 4.02 (s, 3H), 4.27- 4.29 (m, 1H), 6.05-6.07 (m, 1H), 6.53 (s, 1H), 7.26-7.28 (m, 1H), 7.42- 7.49 (m, 2H), 7.56-7.58 (m, 1H)
 
  595 [see pdf for image] 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.17 (d, J = 6.8 Hz, 6H), 1.41 (s, 1H), 1.59-1.62 (m, 2H), 1.69-1.72 (m, 2H), 1.81-1.84 (m, 4H), 1.95-1.98 (m, 2H), 2.20-2.26 (m, 3H), 2.94-3.01 (m, 1H), 4.09 (s, 3H), 4.27- 4.29 (m, 1H), 6.07 (d, J = 7.3 Hz, 1H), 6.41 (s, 1H), 6.96-7.00 (m, 2H), 7.37- 7.45 (m, 1H)
 
[1092] In addition to the above Example compounds, the present invention encompasses the compounds illustrated in the following tables.
[1093] 
[00076] [TABLE-US-00076]
  TABLE 75
 
[see pdf for image]
 
    —R2
   
    1 [see pdf for image]
   
    2 [see pdf for image]
   
    3 [see pdf for image]
   
    4 [see pdf for image]
   
    5 [see pdf for image]
   
    6 [see pdf for image]
   
    7 [see pdf for image]
   
    8 [see pdf for image]
   
[1094] 
[00077] [TABLE-US-00077]
  TABLE 76
 
[see pdf for image]
 
    —R2
   
     9 [see pdf for image]
   
    10 [see pdf for image]
   
    11 [see pdf for image]
   
    12 [see pdf for image]
   
    13 [see pdf for image]
   
    14 [see pdf for image]
   
    15 [see pdf for image]
   
    16 [see pdf for image]
   
    17 [see pdf for image]
   
    18 [see pdf for image]
   
    19 [see pdf for image]
   
    20 [see pdf for image]
   
[1095] 
[00078] [TABLE-US-00078]
  TABLE 77
 
[see pdf for image]
 
[see pdf for image]
 
 
    21 [see pdf for image]
 
    22 [see pdf for image]
 
    23 [see pdf for image]
 
    24 [see pdf for image]
 
    25 [see pdf for image]
 
    26 [see pdf for image]
 
    27 [see pdf for image]
 
    28 [see pdf for image]
 
    29 [see pdf for image]
 
    30 [see pdf for image]
 
    31 [see pdf for image]
 
    32 [see pdf for image]
 
    33 [see pdf for image]
 
    34 [see pdf for image]
 
    35 [see pdf for image]
 
    36 [see pdf for image]
 
    37 [see pdf for image]
 
    38 [see pdf for image]
 
    39 [see pdf for image]
 
[1096] 
[00079] [TABLE-US-00079]
  TABLE 78
 
[see pdf for image]
 
[see pdf for image]
 
 
    40 [see pdf for image]
   
    41 [see pdf for image]
   
    42 [see pdf for image]
   
    43 [see pdf for image]
   
    44 [see pdf for image]
   
    45 [see pdf for image]
   
    46 [see pdf for image]
   
    47 [see pdf for image]
   
    48 [see pdf for image]
   
    49 [see pdf for image]
   
[1097] 
[00080] [TABLE-US-00080]
  TABLE 79
 
[see pdf for image]
 
    R2
   
      50 [see pdf for image]
   
      51 [see pdf for image]
   
      52 [see pdf for image]
   
      53 [see pdf for image]
   
      54 [see pdf for image]
   
      55 [see pdf for image]
   
      56 [see pdf for image]
   
      57 [see pdf for image]
   
      58 [see pdf for image]
   
      59 [see pdf for image]
   
      60 [see pdf for image]
   
      61 [see pdf for image]
   
      62 [see pdf for image]
   
      63 [see pdf for image]
   
      64 [see pdf for image]
   
      65 [see pdf for image]
   
      66 [see pdf for image]
   
      67 [see pdf for image]
   
      68 [see pdf for image]
   
      69 [see pdf for image]
   
      70 [see pdf for image]
   
      71 [see pdf for image]
   
      72 [see pdf for image]
   
      73 [see pdf for image]
   
[1098] 
[00081] [TABLE-US-00081]
  TABLE 80
 
[see pdf for image]
 
    R2
   
      74 [see pdf for image]
   
      75 [see pdf for image]
   
      76 [see pdf for image]
   
      77 [see pdf for image]
   
      78 [see pdf for image]
   
      79 [see pdf for image]
   
      80 [see pdf for image]
   
      81 [see pdf for image]
   
      82 [see pdf for image]
   
      83 [see pdf for image]
   
      84 [see pdf for image]
   
      85 [see pdf for image]
   
      86 [see pdf for image]
   
      87 [see pdf for image]
   
      88 [see pdf for image]
   
      89 [see pdf for image]
   
      90 [see pdf for image]
   
      91 [see pdf for image]
   
      92 [see pdf for image]
   
      93 [see pdf for image]
   
      94 [see pdf for image]
   
      95 [see pdf for image]
   
      96 [see pdf for image]
   
      97 [see pdf for image]
   
      98 [see pdf for image]
   
      99 [see pdf for image]
   
      100 [see pdf for image]
   
      101 [see pdf for image]
   
      102 [see pdf for image]
   
      103 [see pdf for image]
   
      104 [see pdf for image]
   
      105 [see pdf for image]
   
      106 [see pdf for image]
   
[1099] 
[00082] [TABLE-US-00082]
  TABLE 81
 
[see pdf for image]
 
    R2
   
    107 [see pdf for image]
   
    108 [see pdf for image]
   
    109 [see pdf for image]
   
    110 [see pdf for image]
   
    111 [see pdf for image]
   
    112 [see pdf for image]
   
[1100] 
[00083] [TABLE-US-00083]
  TABLE 82
 
[see pdf for image]
 
    R2
   
    113 [see pdf for image]
   
    114 [see pdf for image]
   
    115 [see pdf for image]
   
    116 [see pdf for image]
   
    117 [see pdf for image]
   
    118 [see pdf for image]
   
    119 [see pdf for image]
   
    120 [see pdf for image]
   
    121 [see pdf for image]
   
    122 [see pdf for image]
   
    123 [see pdf for image]
   
    124 [see pdf for image]
   

Experiment 1: Inhibitory Activity Assay Against Cortisone Reducing Activity of Cultured Human Adipocytes
[1101] Normal human preadipocytes (HPrAD-vis, manufactured by Cambrex corporation) were inoculated onto a 48-well cell culture plate, and the differentiation induction was carried out according to Protocol attached to the kit. The medium for the cells on the 9-11 days of the differentiation was changed to D-MEM medium (0.2 ml; manufactured by GIBCO) containing 100 nM [1,2-3H] cortisone (1 μCi/well, manufactured by Muromachi Yakuhin), 0.5% dimethylsulfoxide and a test compound (for test compound treated group, or dimethylsulfoxide only for the no-test compound treated group). The plate was incubated at 37° C. for 3 hours, and then the whole medium was collected. As a background group, the medium without cell was used. The medium was mixed with ethyl acetate (0.1 ml) in an Eppendorf tube. This mixture was voltexed, and then further centrifuged at 5,000 rpm for one minute at room temperature to separate the ethyl acetate (the upper layer). The ethyl acetate (10 μl) was spotted on an aluminium plate for thin layer chromatography (silica gel 60 angstrom, Merck & Co., Inc., hereinafter referred to as TLC plate). The developing solvent (chloroform/methanol (90:10, v/v)) was put into a sealed vessel, and the TLC plate was developed, and then dried at room temperature. An imaging plate (TR-2040, Fujifilm) was exposed onto the dried TLC plate for 16 hours or more. After the exposure was completed, the imaging plate was analyzed by Bioimage Analyzer (BAS2500, Fujifilm), and the [3H] radioactivity was measured at the corresponding position of cortisol developed on the TLC plate. The inhibitory activity of a test compound against cortisone reducing activity was calculated according to the following equation.
          (inhibitory activity(%))=100×((group without test compound)−(group with test compound))/((group without test compound)−(background group))
[1102] The IC50 value was calculated by linear regression of logarithmic value of the concentration of test compound and the inhibitory activity value, using the data at 2 points showing around 50% of the inhibitory activity. The IC50 value of the compounds of the present invention against cortisone reducing activity of human adipose cell is usually within the range of 0.01-1000 nM. The IC50 value of the following compounds of the present invention against cortisone reducing activity of human adipose cell was determined.
[1103] The results thereof are shown in the following Table 83.
[1104] 
[00084] [TABLE-US-00084]
    TABLE 83
   
    ExampleIC50 (nM)
   
 
    11   4.3
    15   8.2
    16   3.6
    37   4.6
    51   <3
    52   12
    53   16
    62   <3
    92   <3
    98   3.0
    368   3.7
    424   <3
    429   9.5
    440   <3
    443   1.4
    486   2.8
    488   4.2
    499   <3
    504   7.3
    515   1.5
    516   <3
   
[1105] From Experiment 1, the compound group of the present invention is expected to inhibit the production of cortisol by inhibiting 11βHSD1 activity in human.

Experiment 2: Inhibitory Activity Assay Against Cortisone Reductase of Mouse Primary Adipocytes

[1106] The adipose tissues adhered to the mesenterium and around the testicle of ten ICR male mice (9 to 11 weeks old, Japan SLC Inc.) (hereinafter, referred to as visceral fat tissue) were soaked in about 100 mL of a phosphate buffer (0.20 g/L KCl, 0.20 g/L KH2PO4, 8.00 g/L NaCl, 2.16 g/L Na2HPO4.7H2O, 100 unit/ml penicillin (GIBCO), 100 μg/ml streptomycin (GIBCO), 250 ng/ml amphotericin (GIBCO)) and washed at room temperature.
[1107] The excised visceral fat tissues was cut finely in about 5×5 mm with scissors in Dulbecco's modified Eagle medium (about 50 ml, containing 4.5 g/L D-glucose and 584 mg/L L-glutamine, GIBCO) to which collagenase (Type II, Sigma), penicillin (GIBCO), streptomycin (GIBCO) and amphotericin (GIBCO) were added in an amount so that the final concentrations thereof are adjusted to 1 mg/ml, 100 unit/ml, 100 μg/ml and 250 ng/ml, respectively. Then, the mixture was shaken at 37° C. for 30 minutes (about 170 rpm), filtered through nylon mesh (80S [the pore size: 250 μm], SANSHIN INDUSTRIAL CO., LTD.), and the filtrate (cell suspension) was collected. This filtrate was centrifuged at 1800 rpm at room temperature for 5 minutes, and then, the liquid layer was removed stilly by decantation to give a precipitate. This precipitate was suspended in Dulbecco's modified Eagle medium (30 ml, containing 4.5 g/L D-glucose and 584 mg/L L-glutamine, GIBCO; hereinafter, occasionally referred to as FBS-containing medium), to which fetal bovine serum (hereinafter referred to as FBS, GIBCO), ascorbic acid (Wako Pure Chemical Industries, Ltd.), penicillin (GIBCO), streptomycin (GIBCO) and amphotericin (GIBCO) are added thereto in an amount so that the final concentrations thereof were adjusted to 10%, 200 μM, 100 units/ml, 100 μg/ml and 250 ng/ml, respectively, and then the suspension was filtered through a nylon mesh (420S [pore size: 25 μm], SANSHIN INDUSTRIAL CO., LTD.). The filtrate was collected, and centrifuged at 1800 rpm at room temperature for 5 minutes. The liquid layer was removed stilly by decantation, and the precipitate was suspended again in the FBS-containing medium (30 ml). This suspension was treated by the same procedure (centrifugation, removal of liquid layer, suspension in FBS-containing medium) two times more, and the suspension (90 ml) was prepared. This suspension was put into cell culture flasks (T150, for adhered cell culture, Iwaki Glass) in a each volume of 30 ml, and incubated at 37° C. in the presence of 5% CO2. At 5 to 6 hours after starting incubation, the medium was removed, and the wall of the flask was washed with the above-mentioned phosphate buffer (15 ml). The washing liquid was removed, and the washing procedure was repeated again, and the phosphate buffer was removed. To the flask was added FBS-containing medium (30 ml), and the mixture was incubated at 37° C. in the presence of 5% CO2. On Day 1 or Day 2 after the culture started, the medium was removed, and the wall of the flask was washed with the phosphate buffer (15 ml) once. To the flask was added a trypsin-ethylenediamine tetraacetate (hereinafter, referred to as trypsin-EDTA) solution (0.05% trypsin, 0.53 mM EDTA.4Na, GIBCO) in such a volume that the cells are duly soaked, and the mixture was allowed to stand at 37° C. for 5 minutes. To this mixture was added the FBS-containing medium in about 10-times volume of that of the trypsin-EDTA solution, and then the cell suspension was obtained.
[1108] The cells in the cell suspension were counted with a counting chamber, and the cell suspension was diluted with the FBS-containing medium so that the concentration of the cell was adjusted to 1.4×105 cells/ml. Thus obtained cell dilution was put into a 48-well plate (for adherent cell culture, Iwaki Glass) in an amount of 300 μl per well, and the plate was incubated at 37° C. in the presence of 5% CO2 for 1 to 2 day(s). The medium was removed from each well of the 48-well plate, and a FBS-containing medium (300 μl, containing 10 μg/ml insulin (Sigma), 0.25 μM dexamethasone (Wako Pure Chemical Industries, Ltd.), 0.5 mM 3-isobutyl-1-methyl-xanthine (Sigma) and 5 μM 15-deoxy-Δ12,14-prostaglandin J2 (Cayman)) was added to each well, and then the plate was incubated at 37° C. in the presence of 5% CO2 for 3 days. Then, the medium in each well was removed, and further thereto was added the FBS-containing medium (300 μl, containing 10 μg/ml insulin and 5 μM 15-deoxy-Δ12,14-prostaglandin J2), and the mixture was cultured for 2 days. Further, the medium in each well was removed, and to each well was added the FBS-containing medium (300 μl, containing 10 μg/ml insulin and 5 μM 15-deoxy-Δ12,14-prostaglandin J2), and cultured for 2 days.
[1109] The medium of adipocytes which were differentiated and induced as mentioned above were replaced with 0.2 ml of D-MEM media (GIBCO) containing 100 nM [1,2-3H] cortizone (1 μCi/well, Muromachi Yakuhin) and 0.5% dimethylsulfoxide, test compounds (test compounds—additive group, dimethylsulfoxide only for test compounds additive-free group). After incubation at 37° C. for 3 hours, the whole media were collected. In a background group, the medium with no cells was used. The medium was mixed with ethyl acetate (0.1 ml) in an Eppendorf tube. This mixture was vortexed, and centrifuged at 5,000 rpm for 1 minute at room temperature to removed the ethyl acetate (the upper layer). The ethyl acetate (10 μl) was spotted on the aluminum plate for thin layer chromatography (silica gel 60 angstrom, Merck & Co., Inc., hereinafter referred to as TLC plate). The developing solvent (chloroform/methanol=90:10, v/v) was added to a sealed vessel and the TLC plate was developed and dried at room temperature. An imaging plate (TR-2040, FUJIFILM Corporation) was exposed onto the dried TLC plate for 16 hours or more. After the exposure was completed, the imaging plate was analyzed by bioimage analyzer (BAS2500, FUJIFILM Corporation), and the [3H] radioactivity at the corresponding position of cortisol developed on the TLC plate was measured. Inhibitory activities of cortisone reducing activity of test articles were calculated as follows.
          (inhibitory activity(%))=100×((group without test compound)−(group with test compound))/((group without test compound)−(background group))
[1110] The IC50 value was calculated by linear regression of logarithmic value of the concentration of test compound and the inhibitory activity, using the data at 2 points showing around 50% of the inhibitory activity. The IC50 value of the compounds of the present invention against cortisone reductase of mouse adipose cell is usually within the range of 0.01-1000 nM. The IC50 value of the following compounds of the present invention against cortisone reductase of mouse adipose cell was measured. The results thereof are shown in the following Table 84.
[1111] 
[00085] [TABLE-US-00085]
    TABLE 84
   
    ExampleIC50 (nM)
   
 
    9   11.1
    10   11.7
    11   5.1
    28   20
    31   4.0
    55   4.8
    258   3.2
    485   18.4
    487   25
    505   9.6
    514   20.7
   

Experiment 3: Administration of 11βHSD1 Inhibitor to Diabetes/Obesity Model Mice
[1112] The pharmacological evaluation of 11βHSD1 inhibitors obtained by a method disclosed in Examples against diabetes/obesity model mice can be carried out by the following procedure.
[1113] When C57BL/6J mice (CLEA Japan Inc.) was fed with a high-fat diet (D-12492, Research Diets Inc.) for a period of 2 weeks to 8 months, hyperglycemia, hyperinsulinemia, abnormal glucose tolerance, and obesity are induced. To the diabetes/obesity model mice was administered 11βHSD1 inhibitor (0.1-100 mg per 1 kg of body weight, solvent: 0.5% methylcellulose #400 solution (Nacalai Tesque Ltd.)) one or two time(s) per day via oral tube. On 1 to 8 week(s) after the administration, the venous blood of subject mice was collected, and the concentrations of glucose and insulin contained in the serum or plasma were measured. When the oral glucose tolerance test was carried out, a 20-30% glucose solution was administered in an amount of 10 ml per 1 kg of body weight to mice, which had been fasted for 18 hours or more, then the blood was taken from the tail vein serially for a period of 15 minutes to 3 hours after the administration. From the time-dependent change in the glucose and insulin contained in the blood, the area under the blood concentration-time curve (AUC) was calculated. As a control group, the same procedures were carried out in a group to which a solution containing methyl cellulose only was administered instead of the above-mentioned methyl cellulose containing 11βHSD1 inhibitor. By confirming that the blood glucose level, insulin level and AUC value in the test compound-treated group are statistical-significantly lower than those of the control group, the test compound can be evaluated to show diabetic improving activity and insulin resistance improving activity.
[1114] In addition, by measuring the body weight of the mice during the test, compound-treated group was confirmed to be statistical-significantly lower than that of the control group, then the test compound can be evaluated to have anti-obesity activity.
[1115] Further, the weight of visceral fats, i.e., mesenteric fat, fat around epididymis and retroperitoneum fat, of the test mice after the administration was measured. By confirming that the weight of each fat in the test compound-treated group is statistical-significantly lower than those of the control group, the test compound can be evaluated to have visceral fat accumulation inhibitory activity or visceral fat reducing activity.

Experiment 4: Open Field Test in Rat Isolated Olfactory Bulb Model

[1116] This test is widely used in the antidepressant activity assay. 8-Week old Wister male rats were used. Right and left olfactory bulbs in rat head were sucked out and removed under anesthesia, and then scalp was sewed up to prepare olfactory bulb-isolated (OB) rat. As a pseudo-operation group, sham rat of which scalp was sewed up after dissection of its scalp without sucking out and removing olfactory bulbs was prepared. After OB rats and sham rats were prepared, and then were given one week individual breeding to recover, the compound of the present invention suspended in 0.5% methyl cellulose (MC) or solvent (MC) was administered via the oral route repeatedly for two weeks. On the last day of administration, open field tests were carried out as follows. Specifically, subjects were naturalized for one hour or more under dark conditions, and thereto was administered the compound of the present invention or solvent (MC). Two hours after administration, their motor activities for 5 minutes were measured on the open field adjusted to 2000 lux of illuminance. Line-cross number was used as an indication of the motor activity. The motor activities of OB rats are increased compared to sham rats. The antidepressant activity is assayed by the inhibition ratio of the increased motor activity.

Experiment 5: Cognitive Function Enhancing Activity in Mouse Object Recognition Test

[1117] In the novel object recognition test using Slc:ddY mice (13-15 g, male, Japan SLC Inc.), the memory decrease against the familiar object was observed dependently on the interval time between the first trial (training) and the second trial (test). When the second trial was carried out 24 hours later, the remarkable oblivion was observed. Therefore, the compound of the present invention was administered before the first trial, and the memory-enhancing activity in the second trial was evaluated.
[1118] The compounds of the present invention have good physiological properties as a medicament. The physiological properties include, for example, metabolic stability, and the metabolic stability can be measured, for example, by the method disclosed in Experiment 6 or other well-known me