Temperature Controlled Magnetic Permeability Detector

  • Published: Jun 8, 2017
  • Earliest Priority: Dec 03 2015
  • Family: 5
  • Cited Works: 2
  • Cited by: 0
  • Cites: 6
  • Additional Info: Cited Works Full text

TEMPERATURE CONTROLLED MAGNETIC PERMEABILITY DETECTOR

Field of the Invention

The present invention relates to a device for detection of magnetic permeability (μ) or, alternatively, relative magnetic permeability (μΓ) or, alternatively relative magnetic susceptibility (μΓ-1 ) of a sample, said device comprising a sample chamber having at least one opening for introduction of a sample or a sample container holding a sample, said device also

comprising a coil surrounding said sample chamber, and also comprising an electronic circuit adapted to measure the inductance of said coil, wherein said sample chamber, said coil and at least one component of said electronic circuit are placed in a temperature controlled zone and wherein said at least one component in said electronic circuit is/are selected from the group consisting of capacitors, sensors, precision voltage references, precision regulators, low pass and or high pass filters.

The present invention also relates to use of a device according to the invention.

Background Art

The annual world market for diagnostic equipment based on

immunoassays has increased considerably in the last decades. The main reason for the success of immunoassays is that it is easy to adjust to various chemical analysis problems. By using different types of detection techniques in combination with immunoassays, a number of important chemical substances can be identified and quantified. Depending on the physical measuring principle, different types of detectors are suitable for different types of analysis problems. Since the introduction of immunoassays, many new detectors have been presented.

A number of magnetic technologies have been incorporated into devices for different quantitative measurement purposes. Examples of the technologies are magnetic permeability (μ), relative magnetic permeability (μΓ) and relative magnetic susceptibility (μΓ-1 ). The temperature dependency of magnetic permeability (μ), relative magnetic permeability (μΓ) and relative magnetic susceptibility (μη1 ) has been taken into account earlier when constructing devices bases on these technologies. In F. Ibraimi et al, Anal Bioanal Chem DOI 10.1007/s00216- 013-7032-9, 1 -7, 2013, an inductance coil for measurement of magnetic permeability maintained at a constant temperature (30°C) is described.

US 6,700,389 describes a device and a method wherein the

temperature of an inductive coil is determined to adjust the inductance measured.

US 7,910,063 describes a further approach to compensate for the changes in coil temperature. According to this document, a device and a process for measurement of magnetic permeability is described. Samples are placed in a measuring coil measuring the inductance of the sample, which thereafter is compared and compensated with a wellknown reference signal achieved by measurements at the same temperature conditions. This type of device allows measurements of the magnetic permeability for samples, but suffers from the drawback that two coils have to be used in the device.

All the above mentioned techniques further suffer from the drawback that the temperature-dependent drift of electrical components (other than the inductance coil) present in the electrical circuit limits the sensitivity (signal to noise ratio) of the detector.

Summary of the Invention

The aim of the present invention is thus to solve the problems mentioned above with temperature-dependent drift.

According to the present invention this is done by providing a device for detection of magnetic permeability (μ) or, alternatively, relative magnetic permeability (μΓ) or, alternatively relative magnetic susceptibility (μΓ-1 ) of a sample, said device comprising a sample chamber having at least one opening for introduction of a sample or a sample container holding a sample, said device also comprising a coil surrounding said sample chamber, and also comprising an electronic circuit adapted to measure the inductance of said coil, wherein said sample chamber, said coil and at least one component in said electronic circuit are placed in a temperature controlled zone and wherein said at least one component in said electronic circuit is/are selected from the group consisting of capacitors, sensors, precision voltage references, precision regulators, low pass and or high pass filters.

According to another embodiment, all capacitors, sensors, precision voltage references, precision regulators, low pass and or high pass filters of the electronic circuit are placed in the temperature controlled zone.

In one embodiment of the present invention said coil, when filled with air, has an inductance in the range of 0.01 to 100 μΗ.

According to a further embodiment, said sample chamber has a chamber volume of 0.1 to 5000 μΙ.

In one embodiment, said sample chamber is made of a polymer, wood, glass, or a metal with 0.999 < μΓ < 1 .001 .

In a further embodiment, the polymer is chosen from the group consisting of polyoxymethylene, polyvinyl chloride, Teflon®, polyamide, polyacetal, polyethylene, polycarbonate, polystyrene, or polypropylene.

The present invention further relates to use of a device according to the above for detection of chemical substances.

According to one embodiment the chemical substance has a μΓ = 1 .

In one embodiment the chemical substance is chosen from the group consisting of proteins, hormones, complement factors, bacteria, cells, viruses, fungi, yeast, spores, phages, cell organelles, DNA and RNA.

Brief Description of the Drawings

Fig. 1 is a basic diagram showing an example of an electronic circuit for measurement of magnetic permeability, wherein no temperature controlled zone is present.

Fig. 2 is a basic diagram showing an example of an electronic circuit for measurement of magnetic permeability, wherein the electronic circuit is subject to a temperature controlled zone.

The right side circuit shows a temperature control circuit, which circuit controls the temperature of the coil L2 of the left side circuit, keeping the temperature at the given set point temperature. By this temperature control, the output of the differential amplifier IC4 is not affected by any temperature variation of the coil L2, thus giving a more sensitive and accurate result.

Fig. 3 shows diagrams showing the characteristics of the

measurements of a device for quantification of magnetic permeability, wherein the electronic circuit is not subject to a temperature controlled zone (left column), and also showing the characteristics of the measurements of a device according to the present invention wherein the electronic circuit is subject to a temperature controlled zone (right column).

Fig. 4 shows schematically a device according to the present invention, where A is a coil, B is a temperature controlled zone of the electronic circuit, C is a non temperature controlled zone of the electronic circuit, D, D', D" are electronic components in a temperature controlled zone, and E, E', E" are electronic components in a non temperature controlled zone.

Detailed Description of the Invention

As stated above, the present invention relates to a device for detection of magnetic permeability (μ) or, alternatively, relative magnetic permeability (μΓ) or, alternatively relative magnetic susceptibility (μΓ-1 ) of a sample, said device comprising a sample chamber having at least one opening for introduction of a sample or a sample container holding a sample, said device also comprising a coil surrounding said sample chamber, and also

comprising an electronic circuit adapted to measure the inductance of said coil, wherein said sample chamber, said coil and at least one component in said electronic circuit are placed in a temperature controlled zone and wherein said at least one component in said electronic circuit is/are selected from the group consisting of capacitors, sensors, precision voltage

references, precision regulators, low pass and or high pass filters.

Not all types of electronic components may be placed in a temperature controlled zone. Coils, capacitors, sensors, precision voltage references, precision regulators, low pass and high pass filters are suitable for placing in a temperature controlled zone, while for instance A/D converters are disturbed by the current, and therefore should be placed further away from analogous signals.

When power is applied to the device according to the present invention a voltage reference IC2 has the same temperature as a set point temperature given to the coil L2. The heat sensor IC1 has the actual temperature of the coil. This forces the output of IC3 to be at its highest voltage level as long as the difference between the set point temperature and the actual temperature value is above zero. As the heat resister warms the coil L2, the difference between the set point temperature and the actual temperature decreases until the actual temperature reaches the set point temperature, where no more heat needs to be provided until the actual temperature decreases, and there is a difference between the set point temperature and the actual temperature again.

The coil L2 is preferably coated with an aluminum coating, to which the sensor IC1 and the heat resister R24, are attached.

The sensor IC1 is a precision integrated-circuit temperature sensor which is connected to the aluminum coating of the coil L2. The output voltage of IC1 is linearly proportional to the temperature in degrees Celsius of the coating of the coil L2.

IC2 is a voltage reference circuit, giving the set point temperature of the coating of the coil L2.

IC3 is a circuit that compares the set point temperature (set by IC2) and the output voltage of IC1 , thereby deciding if heating of the coating of the coil L2 is necessary or not.

Thus, by providing a temperature control/regulation the output signal will be independent of the variation of the coil temperature and thus more accurate.

In Fig. 3 the left columns show diagrams showing the characteristics of the measurements of a device for quantification of magnetic permeability wherein the electronic circuit is not subject to additional temperature control.

Diagram A shows the long term drift in off-set versus time/number of measurements. Diagram B shows the imprecision of the measurements of off-set using an inorganic salt aqueous standard.

Diagram C shows the imprecision versus off-set (long term drift in offset).

Diagram D shows the imprecision versus offset at three different temperatures 17°C, 23°C, 27°C.

In Fig. 3, the right columns show the characteristics of the measurements of a device according to the present invention wherein the electronic circuit is subject to an additional temperature control according to the present invention.

Diagram E shows the long term drift in off-set versus time/number of measurements.

Diagram F shows the imprecision of the measurements of off-set using an inorganic salt aqueous standard.

Diagram G shows the shows the imprecision versus off-set (long term drift in off-set).

Diagram H shows the imprecision versus offset in three different temperatures 17°C, 23°C, 27°C.

The device according to the present invention can advantageously be used for detection of chemical substances. Preferably the chemical substances have a μΓ = 1 . The chemical substances to be detected may be chosen from the group consisting of proteins, hormones, complement factors, bacteria, cells, viruses, fungi, yeast, spores, phages, cell organelles, DNA and RNA.

CLAIMS

1 . A device for detection of magnetic permeability (μ) or, alternatively, relative magnetic permeability (μΓ) or, alternatively relative magnetic susceptibility (μΓ- 1 ) of a sample, said device comprising a sample chamber having at least one opening for introduction of a sample or a sample container holding a sample, said device also comprising a coil surrounding said sample chamber, and also comprising an electronic circuit adapted to measure the inductance of said coil, wherein said sample chamber, said coil and at least one component in said electronic circuit are placed in a temperature controlled zone and wherein said at least one component in said electronic circuit is/are selected from the group consisting of capacitors, sensors, precision voltage

references, precision regulators, low pass and or high pass filters. 2. A device according to claim 1 , wherein all capacitors, sensors, precision voltage references, precision regulators, low pass and or high pass filters of the electronic circuit are placed in the temperature controlled zone.

3. A device according to claim 1 to 2, wherein said coil, when filled with air, has an inductance in the range of 0.01 to 100 μΗ.

4. A device according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein said sample chamber has a chamber volume of 0.1 to 5000 μΙ. 5. A device according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein said sample chamber is made of a polymer, wood, glass, or a metal with 0.999 < μΓ < 1 .001 .

6. A device according to claim 5, wherein the polymer is chosen from the group consisting of polyoxymethylene, polyvinyl chloride, Teflon®, polyamide, polyacetal, polyethylene, polycarbonate, polystyrene, or polypropylene.

7. Use of a device according to any one of the previous claims for detection of chemical substances.

8. Use according to claim 7, wherein the chemical substance has a μΓ = 1 .

9. Use according to any one of claims 7 or 8, wherein the chemical substance is chosen from the group consisting of proteins, hormones, complement factors, bacteria, cells, viruses, fungi, yeast, spores, phages, cell organelles, DNA and RNA.

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