Histone Demethylase Inhibitors

  *US09458129B2*
  US009458129B2                                 
(12)United States Patent(10)Patent No.: US 9,458,129 B2
  et al. (45) Date of Patent:Oct.  4, 2016

(54)Histone demethylase inhibitors 
    
(75)Inventor: Quanticel Pharmaceuticals, Inc.,  San Diego, CA (US) 
(73)Assignee:Celgene Quanticel Research, Inc.,  San Diego, CA (US), Type: US Company 
(*)Notice: Subject to any disclaimer, the term of this patent is extended or adjusted under 35 U.S.C. 154(b) by 0 days. 
(21)Appl. No.: 14/755,791 
(22)Filed: Jun.  30, 2015 
(65)Prior Publication Data 
 US 2016/0068507 A1 Mar.  10, 2016 
 Related U.S. Patent Documents 
(60) .
Continuation of application No. 14/630,091, filed on Feb.  24, 2015, now Pat. No. 9,107,916 , which is a division of application No. 14/098,415, filed on Dec.  5, 2013, now Pat. No. 8,987,461 .
 
(60)Provisional application No. 61/784,414, filed on Mar.  14, 2013.
 
 Provisional application No. 61/734,330, filed on Dec.  6, 2012.
 
Jan.  1, 2013 C 07 D 401 04 F I Oct.  4, 2016 US B H C Jan.  1, 2013 A 61 K 31 44 L I Oct.  4, 2016 US B H C Jan.  1, 2013 A 61 K 31 444 L I Oct.  4, 2016 US B H C Jan.  1, 2013 A 61 K 31 4439 L I Oct.  4, 2016 US B H C Jan.  1, 2013 C 07 D 401 14 L I Oct.  4, 2016 US B H C Jan.  1, 2013 C 07 D 405 14 L I Oct.  4, 2016 US B H C
(51)Int. Cl. C07D 401/04 (20060101); C07D 401/14 (20060101); C07D 405/14 (20060101); A61K 031/44 (20060101); A61K 031/4439 (20060101); A61K 031/444 (20060101)
(58)Field of Search  None

 
(56)References Cited
 
 U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS
 4,685,957  A  8/1987    Gehring et al.     
 4,695,308  A  9/1987    Gehring et al.     
 4,699,647  A  10/1987    Rorer     
 4,711,658  A  12/1987    Gehring et al.     
 4,734,125  A  3/1988    Gehring et al.     
 4,770,692  A  9/1988    Stetter et al.     
 4,772,309  A  9/1988    Stetter et al.     
 4,799,951  A  1/1989    Stetter et al.     
 4,808,209  A  2/1989    Gehring et al.     
 4,810,283  A  3/1989    Gehring et al.     
 4,812,165  A  3/1989    Schallner et al.     
 4,820,847  A  4/1989    Gallenkamp et al.     
 4,826,867  A  5/1989    Jensen-Korte et al.     
 4,877,439  A  10/1989    Gehring et al.     
 4,881,965  A  11/1989    Yamamoto et al.     
 4,956,378  A  9/1990    Burford et al.     
 4,971,989  A  11/1990    Jensen-Korte et al.     
 5,175,176  A  12/1992    Sasse et al.     
 5,200,309  A  4/1993    Merkel et al.     
 5,250,405  A  10/1993    Merkel et al.     
 5,262,284  A  11/1993    Lau et al.     
 5,292,744  A  3/1994    Sasse et al.     
 5,298,368  A  3/1994    Merkel et al.     
 5,340,707  A  8/1994    Ohnishi et al.     
 5,342,444  A  8/1994    Harnisch et al.     
 5,376,519  A  12/1994    Merkel et al.     
 5,389,504  A  2/1995    Ling et al.     
 5,610,003  A  3/1997    Lussier     
 5,814,631  A  9/1998    Fukami et al.     
 5,821,043  A  10/1998    Merkel et al.     
 5,942,381  A  8/1999    Merkel et al.     
 5,958,662  A  9/1999    Merkel et al.     
 5,965,491  A  10/1999    Wu et al.     
 6,010,839  A  1/2000    Crawley et al.     
 6,121,271  A  9/2000    Dollings et al.     
 6,132,943  A  10/2000    Younathan et al.     
 6,255,489  B1  7/2001    Klintz et al.     
 6,362,192  B1  3/2002    Ptock et al.     
 6,403,620  B1  6/2002    Galemmo, Jr. et al.     
 8,178,538  B2  5/2012    Alberati et al.     
 8,987,461  B2  3/2015    Nie et al.     
 2002//0049310  A1  4/2002    Tateishi et al.     
 2002//0096082  A1  7/2002    Omatsu et al.     
 2002//0183324  A1  12/2002    Jacobson et al.     
 2002//0183362  A1  12/2002    Brown et al.     
 2003//0028017  A1  2/2003    Yee et al.     
 2003//0032657  A1  2/2003    Brown et al.     
 2003//0040608  A1  2/2003    Tateishi et al.     
 2003//0191279  A1  10/2003    Goldstein et al.     
 2004//0048863  A1  3/2004    Bunker et al.     
 2004//0171649  A1  9/2004    Annis et al.     
 2004//0198987  A1  10/2004    Freudenberger et al.     
 2004//0248850  A1  12/2004    Ernst et al.     
 2005//0075372  A1  4/2005    Lahm et al.     
 2005//0096354  A1  5/2005    Gladwell et al.     
 2005//0215785  A1  9/2005    Taylor et al.     
 2005//0215798  A1  9/2005    Annis et al.     
 2005//0282868  A1  12/2005    Finkelstein et al.     
 2006//0014808  A1  1/2006    Hughes et al.     
 2006//0014815  A1  1/2006    Mase et al.     
 2006//0041142  A1  2/2006    Koyakumaru et al.     
 2006//0142333  A1  6/2006    MacDonald et al.     
 2006//0241304  A1  10/2006    Taylor et al.     
 2007//0010526  A1  1/2007    Haeberlein et al.     
 2007//0066640  A1  3/2007    Castiglioni et al.     
 2007//0093498  A1  4/2007    Brewster et al.     
 2007//0129369  A1  6/2007    Sundermann et al.     
 2007//0142327  A1  6/2007    Funke et al.     
 2007//0232598  A1  10/2007    Funke et al.     
 2007//0267959  A1  11/2007    Ragini et al.     
 2007//0270416  A1  11/2007    Funke et al.     
 2008//0027114  A1  1/2008    Funke et al.     
 2008//0070863  A1  3/2008    Funke et al.     
 2008//0090861  A1  4/2008    Barrett et al.     
 2008//0119505  A1  5/2008    Kautz et al.     
 2008//0167316  A1  7/2008    Kautz et al.     
 2008//0187575  A1  8/2008    Klebl et al.     
 2008//0194563  A1  8/2008    Hellmuth et al.     
 2008//0221167  A1  9/2008    Fischer et al.     
 2008//0221168  A1  9/2008    Schmidt et al.     
 2008//0269293  A1  10/2008    Chi et al.     
 2008//0275053  A1  11/2008    Giblin et al.     
 2008//0280869  A1  11/2008    Almstead et al.     
 2009//0005410  A1  1/2009    Charvat et al.     
 2009//0036686  A1  2/2009    Annis     
 2009//0048269  A1  2/2009    Finlay et al.     
 2009//0088452  A1  4/2009    Coleman et al.     
 2009//0131640  A1  5/2009    Berkelman     
 2009//0149506  A1  6/2009    Funke et al.     
 2009//0298853  A1  12/2009    Bauer et al.     
 2009//0306039  A1  12/2009    Pan et al.     
 2009//0306076  A1  12/2009    Thompson et al.     
 2010//0016319  A1  1/2010    Ohno et al.     
 2010//0069367  A1  3/2010    Boren et al.     
 2010//0120784  A1  5/2010    Lachance et al.     
 2010//0137312  A1  6/2010    Nardi et al.     
 2010//0152045  A1  6/2010    Lyga et al.     
 2010//0152193  A1  6/2010    Alberati et al.     
 2010//0179141  A1  7/2010    Belanger et al.     
 2010//0204164  A1  8/2010    Crouse et al.     
 2010//0216827  A1  8/2010    Ma et al.     
 2010//0227864  A1  9/2010    Shimizu et al.     
 2010//0249192  A1  9/2010    Li et al.     
 2010//0292226  A1  11/2010    Funke et al.     
 2010//0292233  A1  11/2010    Jones et al.     
 2011//0028478  A1  2/2011    Behnke et al.     
 2011//0028482  A1  2/2011    Behnke et al.     
 2011//0046136  A1  2/2011    Almstead et al.     
 2011//0059940  A1  3/2011    Gilligan et al.     
 2011//0059962  A1  3/2011    Alekshun et al.     
 2011//0136735  A1  6/2011    Barnes et al.     
 2011//0152265  A1  6/2011    Kling et al.     
 2011//0152325  A1  6/2011    Kling et al.     
 2011//0152533  A1  6/2011    Sinha et al.     
 2011//0172186  A1  7/2011    Behnke et al.     
 2011//0190365  A1  8/2011    Werner et al.     
 2011//0306587  A1  12/2011    Allen et al.     
 2012//0083463  A1  4/2012    Maue et al.     
 2012//0178733  A1  7/2012    Zhu et al.     
 2012//0220550  A1  8/2012    Bae et al.     
 2012//0232117  A1  9/2012    Bae et al.     
 2015//0164872  A1  6/2015    Nie et al.     

 
 FOREIGN PATENT DOCUMENTS 
 
       EP       2592154       A1                5/2013      
       WO       WO-9/422853       A1                10/1994      
       WO       WO-9/824785       A1                6/1998      
       WO       WO-2/006000336       A2                1/2006      
       WO       WO-2/007002313       A2                1/2007      
       WO       WO-2/007046809       A1                4/2007      
       WO       WO-2/007131538       A1                11/2007      
       WO       WO-2/008098798       A1                8/2008      
       WO       WO-2/008106202       A1                9/2008      
       WO       WO-2/010043866       A2                4/2010      
       WO       WO-2/011120026       A1                9/2011      
       WO       WO-2/011124930       A1                10/2011      
       WO       WO-2/012061169       A1                5/2012      
       WO       WO-2/012063207       A1                5/2012      
       WO       WO-2/012069175       A1                5/2012      
       WO       WO-2/012080376       A1                6/2012      
       WO       WO-2/014089364       A1                6/2014      

 OTHER PUBLICATIONS
  
  Berge et al. Pharmaceutical Salts. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 66(1):1-19 (Jan. 1977).
  King et al. Quantitative High-Throughput Screening Identifies 8-Hydroxyquinolines as Cell-Active Histone Demethylase Inhibitors. PLoS ONE 5(11, e15535):1-12 (Nov. 2010).
  Klose et al. JmjC-domain-containing proteins and histone demethylation. Nature Reviews Genetics 7:715-727 (Sep. 2006).
  Lachner et al. An epigenetic road map for histone lysine methylation. Journal of Cell Science 116:2117-2124 (Jun. 1, 2003).
  Leurs et al. Inhibitor scaffold for the histone lysine demethylase KDM4C (JMJD2C). Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters 22:5811-5813 (available online Aug. 2, 2012).
  Lin et al. Loss of the retinoblastoma binding protein 2 (RBP2) histone demethylase suppresses tumorigenesis in mice lacking Rb1 or Men1. PNAS USA 108(33):13379-13386 (Aug. 16, 2011).
  Margueron et al. The key to development: interpreting the histone code? Current Opinion in Genetics & Development 15:163-176 (2005).
  PCT/US2013/073424 International Preliminary Report on Patentability dated Jun. 18, 2015.
  PCT/US2013/073424 International Search Report and Written Opinion dated Mar. 7, 2014.
  Stahl et al. Handbook of Pharmaceutical Salts. Verlag Helvetica Chimica Acta, Zurich, 2002.
 
     Primary Examiner —Timothy R Rozof
     Art Unit — 1625
     Exemplary claim number — 1
 
(74)Attorney, Agent, or Firm — Wiley Rein LLP

(57)

Abstract

Provided herein are substituted pyrazolylpyridine, pyrazolylpyridazine, and pyrazolylpyrimidine derivative compounds and pharmaceutical compositions comprising said compounds. The subject compounds and compositions are useful for inhibition histone demethylase. Furthermore, the subject compounds and compositions are useful for the treatment of cancer, such as prostate cancer, breast cancer, bladder cancer, lung cancer and/or melanoma and the like.
22 Claims, Drawing Sheets, and Figures
 
 

CROSS REFERENCE

[0001] This application is a continuation application of U.S. application Ser. No. 14/630,091, filed Feb. 24, 2015, which is a divisional application of U.S. application Ser. No. 14/098,415, filed Dec. 5, 2013, now U.S. Pat. No. 8,987,461, issued on Mar. 24, 2015, which claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional Application No. 61/784,414, filed Mar. 14, 2013, and U.S. Provisional Application No. 61/734,330, filed Dec. 6, 2012, the contents of which are hereby incorporated by reference in their entireties.

BACKGROUND

[0002] A need exists in the art for an effective treatment of cancer and neoplastic disease.

BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0003] Provided herein are substituted pyrazolylpyridine derivative compounds and pharmaceutical compositions comprising said compounds. The subject compounds and compositions are useful for inhibition histone demethylase. Furthermore, the subject compounds and compositions are useful for the treatment of cancer, such as prostate cancer, breast cancer, bladder cancer, lung cancer and/or melanoma and the like. The substituted pyrazolylpyridine derivative compounds described herein are based upon a disubstituted pyridine ring bearing at the 4-position a carboxylic acid, carboxylic acid ester or carboxylic acid bioisostere thereof, and at the 2-position a substituted 1-pyrazolyl group.
[0004] One embodiment provides a compound of Formula (I) or a tautomer, stereoisomer, geometric isomer, N-oxide, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof,
[0005]  [see pdf for image]
[0006] wherein,
[0007] R1 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0008] R2 is hydrogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0009] R3 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0010] R4 is hydrogen or alkyl;
[0011] each R5 is independently hydrogen, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0012] with the provision:
[0013] if R2 and R3 are both hydrogen, then R1 is not hydrogen, methyl, trifluoromethyl, isopropyl or cyclopropyl; or
[0014] if R1 and R3 are both hydrogen, then R2 is not methyl, or trifluoromethyl; or
[0015] if R1 and R3 are both methyl, then R2 is not hydrogen, methyl or ethyl; or
[0016] if R1 and R2 are hydrogen, then R3 is not
[0017]  [see pdf for image]
[0018] One embodiment provides a compound of Formula (II) or a tautomer, stereoisomer, geometric isomer, N-oxide, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof,
[0019]  [see pdf for image]
[0020] wherein,
[0021] R1 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0022] R2 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0023] R4 is hydrogen or alkyl; and
[0024] each R5 is independently hydrogen, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl.
[0025] One embodiment provides a compound of Formula (III) or a tautomer, stereoisomer, geometric isomer, N-oxide, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof,
[0026]  [see pdf for image]
[0027] wherein,
[0028] R1 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0029] R2 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0030] R3 is C2-C10 alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0031] R4 is hydrogen or alkyl; and
[0032] each R5 is independently hydrogen, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl.
[0033] One embodiment provides a compound of Formula (IV) or a tautomer, stereoisomer, geometric isomer, N-oxide, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof,
[0034]  [see pdf for image]
[0035] wherein,
[0036] R1 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0037] R2 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0038] R3 is —O—X—Y;
[0039] R4 is hydrogen or alkyl;
[0040] each R5 is independently hydrogen, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0041] X is C1-C8 alkylene or
[0042]  [see pdf for image]
where n is 0 to 4; and
[0043] Y is hydrogen, carbocyclyl, aryl, or heteroaryl.
[0044] One embodiment provides a compound of Formula (V) or a tautomer, stereoisomer, geometric isomer, N-oxide, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof,
[0045]  [see pdf for image]
[0046] wherein,
[0047] R1 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0048] R2 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0049] R3 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0050] R4 is hydrogen or alkyl; and
[0051] each R5 is independently hydrogen, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl.
[0052] One embodiment provides a pharmaceutical composition comprising a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier and a compound of Formula (I), Formula (II), Formula (III), Formula (IV), or Formula (V), or a tautomer, stereoisomer, geometric isomer, N-oxide, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
[0053] One embodiment provides a method for treating cancer in subject comprising administering to the subject in need thereof a composition comprising a compound of Formula (I), Formula (II), Formula (III), Formula (IV), or Formula (V), or a tautomer, stereoisomer, geometric isomer, N-oxide, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

INCORPORATION BY REFERENCE

[0054] All publications, patents, and patent applications mentioned in this specification are herein incorporated by reference to the same extent as if each individual publication, patent, or patent application was specifically and individually indicated to be incorporated by reference.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

[0055] As used herein and in the appended claims, the singular forms “a,” “and,” and “the” include plural referents unless the context clearly dictates otherwise. Thus, for example, reference to “an agent” includes a plurality of such agents, and reference to “the cell” includes reference to one or more cells (or to a plurality of cells) and equivalents thereof known to those skilled in the art, and so forth. When ranges are used herein for physical properties, such as molecular weight, or chemical properties, such as chemical formulae, all combinations and subcombinations of ranges and specific embodiments therein are intended to be included. The term “about” when referring to a number or a numerical range means that the number or numerical range referred to is an approximation within experimental variability (or within statistical experimental error), and thus the number or numerical range may vary between 1% and 15% of the stated number or numerical range. The term “comprising” (and related terms such as “comprise” or “comprises” or “having” or “including”) is not intended to exclude that in other certain embodiments, for example, an embodiment of any composition of matter, composition, method, or process, or the like, described herein, may “consist of” or “consist essentially of” the described features.

DEFINITIONS

[0056] As used in the specification and appended claims, unless specified to the contrary, the following terms have the meaning indicated below.
[0057] “Amino” refers to the —NH2 radical.
[0058] “Cyano” refers to the —CN radical.
[0059] “Nitro” refers to the —NO2 radical.
[0060] “Oxa” refers to the —O— radical.
[0061] “Oxo” refers to the ═O radical.
[0062] “Thioxo” refers to the ═S radical.
[0063] “Imino” refers to the ═N—H radical.
[0064] “Oximo” refers to the ═N—OH radical.
[0065] “Hydrazino” refers to the ═N—NH2 radical.
[0066] “Alkyl” refers to a straight or branched hydrocarbon chain radical consisting solely of carbon and hydrogen atoms, containing no unsaturation, having from one to fifteen carbon atoms (e.g., C1-C15 alkyl). In certain embodiments, an alkyl comprises one to thirteen carbon atoms (e.g., C1-C13 alkyl). In certain embodiments, an alkyl comprises one to eight carbon atoms (e.g., C1-C8 alkyl). In other embodiments, an alkyl comprises one to five carbon atoms (e.g., C1-C5 alkyl). In other embodiments, an alkyl comprises one to four carbon atoms (e.g., C1-C4 alkyl). In other embodiments, an alkyl comprises one to three carbon atoms (e.g., C1-C3 alkyl). In other embodiments, an alkyl comprises one to two carbon atoms (e.g., C1-C2 alkyl). In other embodiments, an alkyl comprises one carbon atom (e.g., C1 alkyl). In other embodiments, an alkyl comprises five to fifteen carbon atoms (e.g., C5-C15 alkyl). In other embodiments, an alkyl comprises five to eight carbon atoms (e.g., C5-C8 alkyl). In other embodiments, an alkyl comprises two to five carbon atoms (e.g., C2-C5 alkyl). In other embodiments, an alkyl comprises two to ten carbon atoms (e.g., C2-C10 alkyl). In other embodiments, an alkyl comprises three to five carbon atoms (e.g., C3-C5 alkyl). In other embodiments, the alkyl group is selected from methyl, ethyl, 1-propyl (n-propyl), 1-methylethyl (iso-propyl), 1-butyl (n-butyl), 1-methylpropyl (sec-butyl), 2-methylpropyl (iso-butyl), 1,1-dimethylethyl (tert-butyl), 1-pentyl (n-pentyl). The alkyl is attached to the rest of the molecule by a single bond. Unless stated otherwise specifically in the specification, an alkyl group is optionally substituted by one or more of the following substituents: halo, cyano, nitro, oxo, thioxo, imino, oximo, trimethylsilanyl, —ORa, —SRa, —OC(O)—Ra, —N(Ra)2, —C(O)Ra, —C(O)ORa, —C(O)N(Ra)2, —N(Ra)C(O)ORa, —OC(O)—N(Ra)2, —N(Ra)C(O)Ra, —N(Ra)S(O)tRa (where t is 1 or 2), —S(O)tORa (where t is 1 or 2), —S(O)tRa (where t is 1 or 2) and —S(O)tN(Ra)2 (where t is 1 or 2) where each Ra is independently hydrogen, alkyl, fluoroalkyl, carbocyclyl, carbocyclylalkyl, aryl, aralkyl, heterocyclyl, heterocyclylalkyl, heteroaryl or heteroarylalkyl.
[0067] “Alkenyl” refers to a straight or branched hydrocarbon chain radical group consisting solely of carbon and hydrogen atoms, containing at least one carbon-carbon double bond, and having from two to twelve carbon atoms. In certain embodiments, an alkenyl comprises two to eight carbon atoms. In other embodiments, an alkenyl comprises two to four carbon atoms. The alkenyl is attached to the rest of the molecule by a single bond, for example, ethenyl (i.e., vinyl), prop-1-enyl (i.e., allyl), but-1-enyl, pent-1-enyl, penta-1,4-dienyl, and the like. Unless stated otherwise specifically in the specification, an alkenyl group is optionally substituted by one or more of the following substituents: halo, cyano, nitro, oxo, thioxo, imino, oximo, trimethylsilanyl, —ORa, —SRa, —OC(O)—Ra, —N(Ra)2, —C(O)Ra, —C(O)ORa, —C(O)N(Ra)2, —N(Ra)C(O)ORa, —OC(O)—N(Ra)2, —N(Ra)C(O)Ra, —N(Ra)S(O)tRa (where t is 1 or 2), —S(O)tORa (where t is 1 or 2), —S(O)tRa (where t is 1 or 2) and —S(O)tN(Ra)2 (where t is 1 or 2) where each Ra is independently hydrogen, alkyl, fluoroalkyl, carbocyclyl, carbocyclylalkyl, aryl, aralkyl, heterocyclyl, heterocyclylalkyl, heteroaryl or heteroarylalkyl.
[0068] “Alkynyl” refers to a straight or branched hydrocarbon chain radical group consisting solely of carbon and hydrogen atoms, containing at least one carbon-carbon triple bond, having from two to twelve carbon atoms. In certain embodiments, an alkynyl comprises two to eight carbon atoms. In other embodiments, an alkynyl has two to four carbon atoms. The alkynyl is attached to the rest of the molecule by a single bond, for example, ethynyl, propynyl, butynyl, pentynyl, hexynyl, and the like. Unless stated otherwise specifically in the specification, an alkynyl group is optionally substituted by one or more of the following substituents: halo, cyano, nitro, oxo, thioxo, imino, oximo, trimethylsilanyl, —ORa, —SRa, —OC(O)—Ra, —N(Ra)2, —C(O)Ra, —C(O)ORa, —C(O)N(Ra)2, —N(Ra)C(O)ORa, —OC(O)—N(Ra)2, —N(Ra)C(O)Ra, —N(Ra)S(O)tRa (where t is 1 or 2), —S(O)tORa (where t is 1 or 2), —S(O)tRa (where t is 1 or 2) and —S(O)tN(Ra)2 (where t is 1 or 2) where each Ra is independently hydrogen, alkyl, fluoroalkyl, carbocyclyl, carbocyclylalkyl, aryl, aralkyl, heterocyclyl, heterocyclylalkyl, heteroaryl or heteroarylalkyl.
[0069] “Alkylene” or “alkylene chain” refers to a straight or branched divalent hydrocarbon chain linking the rest of the molecule to a radical group, consisting solely of carbon and hydrogen, containing no unsaturation and having from one to twelve carbon atoms, for example, methylene, ethylene, propylene, n-butylene, and the like. The alkylene chain is attached to the rest of the molecule through a single bond and to the radical group through a single bond. The points of attachment of the alkylene chain to the rest of the molecule and to the radical group can be through one carbon in the alkylene chain or through any two carbons within the chain. In certain embodiments, an alkylene comprises one to eight carbon atoms (e.g., C1-C8 alkylene). In other embodiments, an alkylene comprises one to five carbon atoms (e.g., C1-C5 alkylene). In other embodiments, an alkylene comprises one to four carbon atoms (e.g., C1-C4 alkylene). In other embodiments, an alkylene comprises one to three carbon atoms (e.g., C1-C3 alkylene). In other embodiments, an alkylene comprises one to two carbon atoms (e.g., C1-C2 alkylene). In other embodiments, an alkylene comprises one carbon atom (e.g., C1 alkylene). In other embodiments, an alkylene comprises five to eight carbon atoms (e.g., C5-C8 alkylene). In other embodiments, an alkylene comprises two to five carbon atoms (e.g., C2-C5 alkylene). In other embodiments, an alkylene comprises three to five carbon atoms (e.g., C3-C5 alkylene). Unless stated otherwise specifically in the specification, an alkylene chain is optionally substituted by one or more of the following substituents: halo, cyano, nitro, oxo, thioxo, imino, oximo, trimethylsilanyl, —ORa, —SRa, —OC(O)—Ra, —N(Ra)2, —C(O)Ra, —C(O)ORa, —C(O)N(Ra)2, —N(Ra)C(O)ORa, —OC(O)—N(Ra)2, —N(Ra)C(O)Ra, —N(Ra)S(O)tRa (where t is 1 or 2), —S(O)tORa (where t is 1 or 2), —S(O)tRa (where t is 1 or 2) and —S(O)tN(Ra)2 (where t is 1 or 2) where each Ra is independently hydrogen, alkyl, fluoroalkyl, carbocyclyl, carbocyclylalkyl, aryl, aralkyl, heterocyclyl, heterocyclylalkyl, heteroaryl or heteroarylalkyl.
[0070] “Alkenylene” or “alkenylene chain” refers to a straight or branched divalent hydrocarbon chain linking the rest of the molecule to a radical group, consisting solely of carbon and hydrogen, containing at least one carbon-carbon double bond and having from two to twelve carbon atoms, for example, ethenylene, propenylene, n-butenylene, and the like. The alkenylene chain is attached to the rest of the molecule through a double bond or a single bond and to the radical group through a double bond or a single bond. The points of attachment of the alkenylene chain to the rest of the molecule and to the radical group can be through one carbon or any two carbons within the chain. Unless stated otherwise specifically in the specification, an alkenylene chain is optionally substituted by one or more of the following substituents: halo, cyano, nitro, oxo, thioxo, imino, oximo, trimethylsilanyl, —ORa, —SRa, —OC(O)—Ra, —N(Ra)2, —C(O)Ra, —C(O)ORa, —C(O)N(Ra)2, —N(Ra)C(O)ORa, —OC(O)—N(Ra)2, —N(Ra)C(O)Ra, —N(Ra)S(O)tRa (where t is 1 or 2), —S(O)tORa (where t is 1 or 2), —S(O)tRa (where t is 1 or 2) and —S(O)tN(Ra)2 (where t is 1 or 2) where each Ra is independently hydrogen, alkyl, fluoroalkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, aryl (optionally substituted with one or more halo groups), aralkyl, heterocyclyl, heterocyclylalkyl, heteroaryl or heteroarylalkyl, and where each of the above substituents is unsubstituted unless otherwise indicated.
[0071] “Aryl” refers to a radical derived from an aromatic monocyclic or multicyclic hydrocarbon ring system by removing a hydrogen atom from a ring carbon atom. The aromatic monocyclic or multicyclic hydrocarbon ring system contains only hydrogen and carbon from five to eighteen carbon atoms, where at least one of the rings in the ring system is fully unsaturated, i.e., it contains a cyclic, delocalized (4n+2) π-electron system in accordance with the Hiickel theory. The ring system from which aryl groups are derived include, but are not limited to, groups such as benzene, fluorene, indane, indene, tetralin and naphthalene. Unless stated otherwise specifically in the specification, the term “aryl” or the prefix “ar-” (such as in “aralkyl”) is meant to include aryl radicals optionally substituted by one or more substituents independently selected from alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, halo, fluoroalkyl, cyano, nitro, optionally substituted aryl, optionally substituted aralkyl, optionally substituted aralkenyl, optionally substituted aralkynyl, optionally substituted carbocyclyl, optionally substituted carbocyclylalkyl, optionally substituted heterocyclyl, optionally substituted heterocyclylalkyl, optionally substituted heteroaryl, optionally substituted heteroarylalkyl, —Rb—ORa, —Rb—OC(O)—Ra, —Rb—OC(O)—Ra, —Rb—OC(O)—N(Ra)2, —Rb—N(Ra)2, —Rb—C(O)Ra, —Rb—C(O)ORa, —Rb—C(O)N(Ra)2, —Rb—O—Rc—C(O)N(Ra)2, —Rb—N(Ra)C(O)ORa, —Rb—N(Ra)C(O)Ra, —Rb—N(Ra)S(O)tRa (where t is 1 or 2), —Rb—S(O)tORa (where t is 1 or 2), —Rb—S(O)tORa (where t is 1 or 2) and —Rb—S(O)tN(Ra)2 (where t is 1 or 2), where each Ra is independently hydrogen, alkyl, fluoroalkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, aryl (optionally substituted with one or more halo groups), aralkyl, heterocyclyl, heterocyclylalkyl, heteroaryl or heteroarylalkyl, each Rb is independently a direct bond or a straight or branched alkylene or alkenylene chain, and Rc is a straight or branched alkylene or alkenylene chain, and where each of the above substituents is unsubstituted unless otherwise indicated.
[0072] “Aralkyl” refers to a radical of the formula —Rc-aryl where Rc is an alkylene chain as defined above, for example, methylene, ethylene, and the like. The alkylene chain part of the aralkyl radical is optionally substituted as described above for an alkylene chain. The aryl part of the aralkyl radical is optionally substituted as described above for an aryl group.
[0073] “Aralkenyl” refers to a radical of the formula —Rd-aryl where Rd is an alkenylene chain as defined above. The aryl part of the aralkenyl radical is optionally substituted as described above for an aryl group. The alkenylene chain part of the aralkenyl radical is optionally substituted as defined above for an alkenylene group.
[0074] “Aralkynyl” refers to a radical of the formula —Re-aryl, where Re is an alkynylene chain as defined above. The aryl part of the aralkynyl radical is optionally substituted as described above for an aryl group. The alkynylene chain part of the aralkynyl radical is optionally substituted as defined above for an alkynylene chain.
[0075] “Aralkoxy” refers to a radical bonded through an oxygen atom of the formula —O—Rc-aryl where Rc is an alkylene chain as defined above, for example, methylene, ethylene, and the like. The alkylene chain part of the aralkyl radical is optionally substituted as described above for an alkylene chain. The aryl part of the aralkyl radical is optionally substituted as described above for an aryl group.
[0076] “Carbocyclyl” refers to a stable non-aromatic monocyclic or polycyclic hydrocarbon radical consisting solely of carbon and hydrogen atoms, which may include fused or bridged ring systems, having from three to fifteen carbon atoms. In certain embodiments, a carbocyclyl comprises three to ten carbon atoms. In other embodiments, a carbocyclyl comprises five to seven carbon atoms. The carbocyclyl is attached to the rest of the molecule by a single bond. Carbocyclyl may be saturated, (i.e., containing single C—C bonds only) or unsaturated (i.e., containing one or more double bonds or triple bonds.) A fully saturated carbocyclyl radical is also referred to as “cycloalkyl.” Examples of monocyclic cycloalkyls include, e.g., cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, cycloheptyl, and cyclooctyl. An unsaturated carbocyclyl is also referred to as “cycloalkenyl.” Examples of monocyclic cycloalkenyls include, e.g., cyclopentenyl, cyclohexenyl, cycloheptenyl, and cyclooctenyl. Polycyclic carbocyclyl radicals include, for example, adamantyl, norbornyl (i.e., bicyclo[2.2.1]heptanyl), norbornenyl, decalinyl, 7,7-dimethyl-bicyclo[2.2.1]heptanyl, and the like. Unless otherwise stated specifically in the specification, the term “carbocyclyl” is meant to include carbocyclyl radicals that are optionally substituted by one or more substituents independently selected from alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, halo, fluoroalkyl, oxo, thioxo, cyano, nitro, optionally substituted aryl, optionally substituted aralkyl, optionally substituted aralkenyl, optionally substituted aralkynyl, optionally substituted carbocyclyl, optionally substituted carbocyclylalkyl, optionally substituted heterocyclyl, optionally substituted heterocyclylalkyl, optionally substituted heteroaryl, optionally substituted heteroarylalkyl, —Rb—ORa, —Rb—OC(O)—Ra, —Rb—OC(O)—ORa, —Rb—OC(O)—N(Ra)2, —Rb—N(Ra)2, —Rb—C(O)Ra, —Rb—C(O)ORa, —Rb—C(O)N(Ra)2, —Rb—O—Rc—C(O)N(Ra)2, —Rb—N(Ra)C(O)ORa, —Rb—N(Ra)C(O)Ra, —Rb—N(Ra)S(O)tRa (where t is 1 or 2), —Rb—S(O)tORa (where t is 1 or 2), —Rb—S(O)tORa (where t is 1 or 2) and —Rb—S(O)tN(Ra)2 (where t is 1 or 2), where each Ra is independently hydrogen, alkyl, fluoroalkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, aryl, aralkyl, heterocyclyl, heterocyclylalkyl, heteroaryl or heteroarylalkyl, each Rb is independently a direct bond or a straight or branched alkylene or alkenylene chain, and Rc is a straight or branched alkylene or alkenylene chain, and where each of the above substituents is unsubstituted unless otherwise indicated.
[0077] “Carbocyclylalkyl” refers to a radical of the formula —Rc-carbocyclyl where Rc is an alkylene chain as defined above. The alkylene chain and the carbocyclyl radical is optionally substituted as defined above.
[0078] “Carbocyclylalkoxy” refers to a radical bonded through an oxygen atom of the formula —O—Rc-carbocyclyl where Rc is an alkylene chain as defined above. The alkylene chain and the carbocyclyl radical is optionally substituted as defined above.
[0079] “Halo” or “halogen” refers to bromo, chloro, fluoro or iodo substituents.
[0080] “Fluoroalkyl” refers to an alkyl radical, as defined above, that is substituted by one or more fluoro radicals, as defined above, for example, trifluoromethyl, difluoromethyl, fluoromethyl, 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl, 1-fluoromethyl-2-fluoroethyl, and the like. The alkyl part of the fluoroalkyl radical may be optionally substituted as defined above for an alkyl group.
[0081] “Heterocyclyl” refers to a stable 3- to 18-membered non-aromatic ring radical that comprises two to twelve carbon atoms and from one to six heteroatoms selected from nitrogen, oxygen and sulfur. Unless stated otherwise specifically in the specification, the heterocyclyl radical is a monocyclic, bicyclic, tricyclic or tetracyclic ring system, which may include fused or bridged ring systems. The heteroatoms in the heterocyclyl radical may be optionally oxidized. One or more nitrogen atoms, if present, are optionally quaternized. The heterocyclyl radical is partially or fully saturated. The heterocyclyl may be attached to the rest of the molecule through any atom of the ring(s). Examples of such heterocyclyl radicals include, but are not limited to, dioxolanyl, thienyl[1,3]dithianyl, decahydroisoquinolyl, imidazolinyl, imidazolidinyl, isothiazolidinyl, isoxazolidinyl, morpholinyl, octahydroindolyl, octahydroisoindolyl, 2-oxopiperazinyl, 2-oxopiperidinyl, 2-oxopyrrolidinyl, oxazolidinyl, piperidinyl, piperazinyl, 4-piperidonyl, pyrrolidinyl, pyrazolidinyl, quinuclidinyl, thiazolidinyl, tetrahydrofuryl, trithianyl, tetrahydropyranyl, thiomorpholinyl, thiamorpholinyl, 1-oxo-thiomorpholinyl, and 1,1-dioxo-thiomorpholinyl. Unless stated otherwise specifically in the specification, the term “heterocyclyl” is meant to include heterocyclyl radicals as defined above that are optionally substituted by one or more substituents selected from alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, halo, fluoroalkyl, oxo, thioxo, cyano, nitro, optionally substituted aryl, optionally substituted aralkyl, optionally substituted aralkenyl, optionally substituted aralkynyl, optionally substituted carbocyclyl, optionally substituted carbocyclylalkyl, optionally substituted heterocyclyl, optionally substituted heterocyclylalkyl, optionally substituted heteroaryl, optionally substituted heteroarylalkyl, —Rb—ORa, —Rb—OC(O)—Ra, —Rb—OC(O)—ORa, —Rb—OC(O)—N(Ra)2, —Rb—N(Ra)2, —Rb—C(O)Ra, —Rb—C(O)ORa, —Rb—C(O)N(Ra)2, —Rb—O—Rc—C(O)N(Ra)2, —Rb—N(Ra)C(O)ORa, —Rb—N(Ra)C(O)Ra, —Rb—N(Ra)S(O)tRa (where t is 1 or 2), —Rb—S(O)tORa (where t is 1 or 2), —Rb—S(O)tORa (where t is 1 or 2) and —Rb—S(O)tN(Ra)2 (where t is 1 or 2), where each Ra is independently hydrogen, alkyl, fluoroalkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, aryl, aralkyl, heterocyclyl, heterocyclylalkyl, heteroaryl or heteroarylalkyl, each Rb is independently a direct bond or a straight or branched alkylene or alkenylene chain, and Rc is a straight or branched alkylene or alkenylene chain, and where each of the above substituents is unsubstituted unless otherwise indicated.
[0082] “N-heterocyclyl” or “N-attached heterocyclyl” refers to a heterocyclyl radical as defined above containing at least one nitrogen and where the point of attachment of the heterocyclyl radical to the rest of the molecule is through a nitrogen atom in the heterocyclyl radical. An N-heterocyclyl radical is optionally substituted as described above for heterocyclyl radicals. Examples of such N-heterocyclyl radicals include, but are not limited to, 1-morpholinyl, 1-piperidinyl, 1-piperazinyl, 1-pyrrolidinyl, pyrazolidinyl, imidazolinyl, and imidazolidinyl.
[0083] “C-heterocyclyl” or “C-attached heterocyclyl” refers to a heterocyclyl radical as defined above containing at least one heteroatom and where the point of attachment of the heterocyclyl radical to the rest of the molecule is through a carbon atom in the heterocyclyl radical. A C-heterocyclyl radical is optionally substituted as described above for heterocyclyl radicals. Examples of such C-heterocyclyl radicals include, but are not limited to, 2-morpholinyl, 2- or 3- or 4-piperidinyl, 2-piperazinyl, 2- or 3-pyrrolidinyl, and the like.
[0084] “Heterocyclylalkyl” refers to a radical of the formula —Rc-heterocyclylwhere Rc is an alkylene chain as defined above. If the heterocyclyl is a nitrogen-containing heterocyclyl, the heterocyclyl is optionally attached to the alkyl radical at the nitrogen atom. The alkylene chain of the heterocyclylalkyl radical is optionally substituted as defined above for an alkylene chain. The heterocyclyl part of the heterocyclylalkyl radical is optionally substituted as defined above for a heterocyclyl group.
[0085] “Heterocyclylalkoxy” refers to a radical bonded through an oxygen atom of the formula —O—Rc-heterocyclyl where Rc is an alkylene chain as defined above. If the heterocyclyl is a nitrogen-containing heterocyclyl, the heterocyclyl is optionally attached to the alkyl radical at the nitrogen atom. The alkylene chain of the heterocyclylalkoxy radical is optionally substituted as defined above for an alkylene chain. The heterocyclyl part of the heterocyclylalkoxy radical is optionally substituted as defined above for a heterocyclyl group.
[0086] “Heteroaryl” refers to a radical derived from a 3- to 18-membered aromatic ring radical that comprises two to seventeen carbon atoms and from one to six heteroatoms selected from nitrogen, oxygen and sulfur. As used herein, the heteroaryl radical may be a monocyclic, bicyclic, tricyclic or tetracyclic ring system, wherein at least one of the rings in the ring system is fully unsaturated, i.e., it contains a cyclic, delocalized (4n+2) π-electron system in accordance with the Hiickel theory. Heteroaryl includes fused or bridged ring systems. The heteroatom(s) in the heteroaryl radical is optionally oxidized. One or more nitrogen atoms, if present, are optionally quaternized. The heteroaryl is attached to the rest of the molecule through any atom of the ring(s). Examples of heteroaryls include, but are not limited to, azepinyl, acridinyl, benzimidazolyl, benzindolyl, 1,3-benzodioxolyl, benzofuranyl, benzooxazolyl, benzo[d]thiazolyl, benzothiadiazolyl, benzo[b][1,4]dioxepinyl, benzo[b][1,4]oxazinyl, 1,4-benzodioxanyl, benzonaphthofuranyl, benzoxazolyl, benzodioxolyl, benzodioxinyl, benzopyranyl, benzopyranonyl, benzofuranyl, benzofuranonyl, benzothienyl (benzothiophenyl), benzothieno[3,2-d]pyrimidinyl, benzotriazolyl, benzo[4,6]imidazo[1,2-a]pyridinyl, carbazolyl, cinnolinyl, cyclopenta[d]pyrimidinyl, 6,7-dihydro-5H-cyclopenta[4,5]thieno[2,3-d]pyrimidinyl, 5,6-dihydrobenzo[h]quinazolinyl, 5,6-dihydrobenzo[h]cinnolinyl, 6,7-dihydro-5H-benzo[6,7]cyclohepta[1,2-c]pyridazinyl, dibenzofuranyl, dibenzothiophenyl, furanyl, furanonyl, furo[3,2-c]pyridinyl, 5,6,7,8,9,10-hexahydrocycloocta[d]pyrimidinyl, 5,6,7,8,9,10-hexahydrocycloocta[d]pyridazinyl, 5,6,7,8,9,10-hexahydrocycloocta[d]pyridinyl, isothiazolyl, imidazolyl, indazolyl, indolyl, indazolyl, isoindolyl, indolinyl, isoindolinyl, isoquinolyl, indolizinyl, isoxazolyl, 5,8-methano-5,6,7,8-tetrahydroquinazolinyl, naphthyridinyl, 1,6-naphthyridinonyl, oxadiazolyl, 2-oxoazepinyl, oxazolyl, oxiranyl, 5,6,6a,7,8,9,10,10a-octahydrobenzo[h]quinazolinyl, 1-phenyl-1H-pyrrolyl, phenazinyl, phenothiazinyl, phenoxazinyl, phthalazinyl, pteridinyl, purinyl, pyrrolyl, pyrazolyl, pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidinyl, pyridinyl, pyrido[3,2-d]pyrimidinyl, pyrido[3,4-d]pyrimidinyl, pyrazinyl, pyrimidinyl, pyridazinyl, pyrrolyl, quinazolinyl, quinoxalinyl, quinolinyl, isoquinolinyl, tetrahydroquinolinyl, 5,6,7,8-tetrahydroquinazolinyl, 5,6,7,8-tetrahydrobenzo[4,5]thieno[2,3-d]pyrimidinyl, 6,7,8,9-tetrahydro-5H-cyclohepta[4,5]thieno[2,3-d]pyrimidinyl, 5,6,7,8-tetrahydropyrido[4,5-c]pyridazinyl, thiazolyl, thiadiazolyl, triazolyl, tetrazolyl, triazinyl, thieno[2,3-d]pyrimidinyl, thieno[3,2-d]pyrimidinyl, thieno[2,3-c]pridinyl, and thiophenyl (i.e. thienyl). Unless stated otherwise specifically in the specification, the term “heteroaryl” is meant to include heteroaryl radicals as defined above which are optionally substituted by one or more substituents selected from alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, halo, fluoroalkyl, haloalkenyl, haloalkynyl, oxo, thioxo, cyano, nitro, optionally substituted aryl, optionally substituted aralkyl, optionally substituted aralkenyl, optionally substituted aralkynyl, optionally substituted carbocyclyl, optionally substituted carbocyclylalkyl, optionally substituted heterocyclyl, optionally substituted heterocyclylalkyl, optionally substituted heteroaryl, optionally substituted heteroarylalkyl, —Rb—ORa, —Rb—OC(O)—Ra, —Rb—OC(O)—ORa, —Rb—OC(O)—N(Ra)2, —Rb—N(Ra)2, —Rb—C(O)Ra, —Rb—C(O)ORa, —Rb—C(O)N(Ra)2, —Rb—O—Rc—C(O)N(Ra)2, —Rb—N(Ra)C(O)ORa, —Rb—N(Ra)C(O)Ra, —Rb—N(Ra)S(O)tRa (where t is 1 or 2), —Rb—S(O)tORa (where t is 1 or 2), —Rb—S(O)tORa (where t is 1 or 2) and —Rb—S(O)tN(Ra)2 (where t is 1 or 2), where each Ra is independently hydrogen, alkyl, fluoroalkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, aryl, aralkyl, heterocyclyl, heterocyclylalkyl, heteroaryl or heteroarylalkyl, each Rb is independently a direct bond or a straight or branched alkylene or alkenylene chain, and Rc is a straight or branched alkylene or alkenylene chain, and where each of the above substituents is unsubstituted unless otherwise indicated.
[0087] “N-heteroaryl” refers to a heteroaryl radical as defined above containing at least one nitrogen and where the point of attachment of the heteroaryl radical to the rest of the molecule is through a nitrogen atom in the heteroaryl radical. An N-heteroaryl radical is optionally substituted as described above for heteroaryl radicals.
[0088] “C-heteroaryl” refers to a heteroaryl radical as defined above and where the point of attachment of the heteroaryl radical to the rest of the molecule is through a carbon atom in the heteroaryl radical. A C-heteroaryl radical is optionally substituted as described above for heteroaryl radicals.
[0089] “Heteroarylalkyl” refers to a radical of the formula —Rc-heteroaryl, where Rc is an alkylene chain as defined above. If the heteroaryl is a nitrogen-containing heteroaryl, the heteroaryl is optionally attached to the alkyl radical at the nitrogen atom. The alkylene chain of the heteroarylalkyl radical is optionally substituted as defined above for an alkylene chain. The heteroaryl part of the heteroarylalkyl radical is optionally substituted as defined above for a heteroaryl group.
[0090] “Heteroarylalkoxy” refers to a radical bonded through an oxygen atom of the formula —O—Rc-heteroaryl, where Rc is an alkylene chain as defined above. If the heteroaryl is a nitrogen-containing heteroaryl, the heteroaryl is optionally attached to the alkyl radical at the nitrogen atom. The alkylene chain of the heteroarylalkoxy radical is optionally substituted as defined above for an alkylene chain. The heteroaryl part of the heteroarylalkoxy radical is optionally substituted as defined above for a heteroaryl group.
[0091] As used herein, “carboxylic acid bioisostere” refers to a functional group or moiety that exhibits similar physical, biological and/or chemical properties as a carboxylic acid moiety. Examples of carboxylic acid bioisosteres include, but are not limited to,
[0092]  [see pdf for image]
and the like.
[0093] The compounds, or their pharmaceutically acceptable salts may contain one or more asymmetric centers and may thus give rise to enantiomers, diastereomers, and other stereoisomeric forms that may be defined, in terms of absolute stereochemistry, as (R)- or (S)- or, as (D)- or (L)- for amino acids. When the compounds described herein contain olefinic double bonds or other centers of geometric asymmetry, and unless specified otherwise, it is intended that the compounds include both E and Z geometric isomers (e.g., cis or trans.) Likewise, all possible isomers, as well as their racemic and optically pure forms, and all tautomeric forms are also intended to be included. The term “geometric isomer” refers to E or Z geometric isomers (e.g., cis or trans) of an alkene double bond. The term “positional isomer” refers to structural isomers around a central ring, such as ortho-, meta-, and para-isomers around a benzene ring.
[0094] A “stereoisomer” refers to a compound made up of the same atoms bonded by the same bonds but having different three-dimensional structures, which are not interchangeable. It is therefore contemplated that various stereoisomers and mixtures thereof and includes “enantiomers,” which refers to two stereoisomers whose molecular structures are nonsuperimposeable mirror images of one another.
[0095] A “tautomer” refers to a molecule wherein a proton shift from one atom of a molecule to another atom of the same molecule is possible. The compounds presented herein may, in certain embodiments, exist as tautomers. In circumstances where tautomerization is possible, a chemical equilibrium of the tautomers will exist. The exact ratio of the tautomers depends on several factors, including physical state, temperature, solvent, and pH. Some examples of tautomeric equilibrium include:
[0096]  [see pdf for image]
[0097] “Optional” or “optionally” means that a subsequently described event or circumstance may or may not occur and that the description includes instances when the event or circumstance occurs and instances in which it does not. For example, “optionally substituted aryl” means that the aryl radical may or may not be substituted and that the description includes both substituted aryl radicals and aryl radicals having no substitution.
[0098] “Pharmaceutically acceptable salt” includes both acid and base addition salts. A pharmaceutically acceptable salt of any one of the substituted pyrazolylpyridine derivative compounds described herein is intended to encompass any and all pharmaceutically suitable salt forms. Preferred pharmaceutically acceptable salts of the compounds described herein are pharmaceutically acceptable acid addition salts and pharmaceutically acceptable base addition salts.
[0099] “Pharmaceutically acceptable acid addition salt” refers to those salts which retain the biological effectiveness and properties of the free bases, which are not biologically or otherwise undesirable, and which are formed with inorganic acids such as hydrochloric acid, hydrobromic acid, sulfuric acid, nitric acid, phosphoric acid, hydroiodic acid, hydrofluoric acid, phosphorous acid, and the like. Also included are salts that are formed with organic acids such as aliphatic mono- and dicarboxylic acids, phenyl-substituted alkanoic acids, hydroxy alkanoic acids, alkanedioic acids, aromatic acids, aliphatic and. aromatic sulfonic acids, etc. and include, for example, acetic acid, trifluoroacetic acid, propionic acid, glycolic acid, pyruvic acid, oxalic acid, maleic acid, malonic acid, succinic acid, fumaric acid, tartaric acid, citric acid, benzoic acid, cinnamic acid, mandelic acid, methanesulfonic acid, ethanesulfonic acid, p-toluenesulfonic acid, salicylic acid, and the like. Exemplary salts thus include sulfates, pyrosulfates, bisulfates, sulfites, bisulfites, nitrates, phosphates, monohydrogenphosphates, dihydrogenphosphates, metaphosphates, pyrophosphates, chlorides, bromides, iodides, acetates, trifluoroacetates, propionates, caprylates, isobutyrates, oxalates, malonates, succinate suberates, sebacates, fumarates, maleates, mandelates, benzoates, chlorobenzoates, methylbenzoates, dinitrobenzoates, phthalates, benzenesulfonates, toluenesulfonates, phenylacetates, citrates, lactates, malates, tartrates, methanesulfonates, and the like. Also contemplated are salts of amino acids, such as arginates, gluconates, and galacturonates (see, for example, Berge S. M. et al., “Pharmaceutical Salts,” Journal of Pharmaceutical Science, 66:1-19 (1997), which is hereby incorporated by reference in its entirety). Acid addition salts of basic compounds may be prepared by contacting the free base forms with a sufficient amount of the desired acid to produce the salt according to methods and techniques with which a skilled artisan is familiar.
[0100] “Pharmaceutically acceptable base addition salt” refers to those salts that retain the biological effectiveness and properties of the free acids, which are not biologically or otherwise undesirable. These salts are prepared from addition of an inorganic base or an organic base to the free acid. Pharmaceutically acceptable base addition salts may be formed with metals or amines, such as alkali and alkaline earth metals or organic amines. Salts derived from inorganic bases include, but are not limited to, sodium, potassium, lithium, ammonium, calcium, magnesium, iron, zinc, copper, manganese, aluminum salts and the like. Salts derived from organic bases include, but are not limited to, salts of primary, secondary, and tertiary amines, substituted amines including naturally occurring substituted amines, cyclic amines and basic ion exchange resins, for example, isopropylamine, trimethylamine, diethylamine, triethylamine, tripropylamine, ethanolamine, diethanolamine, 2-dimethylaminoethanol, 2-diethylaminoethanol, dicyclohexylamine, lysine, arginine, histidine, caffeine, procaine, N,N-dibenzylethylenediamine, chloroprocaine, hydrabamine, choline, betaine, ethylenediamine, ethylenedianiline, N-methylglucamine, glucosamine, methylglucamine, theobromine, purines, piperazine, piperidine, N-ethylpiperidine, polyamine resins and the like. See Berge et al., supra.
[0101] As used herein, “treatment” or “treating,” or “palliating” or “ameliorating” are used interchangeably herein. These terms refers to an approach for obtaining beneficial or desired results including but not limited to therapeutic benefit and/or a prophylactic benefit. By “therapeutic benefit” is meant eradication or amelioration of the underlying disorder being treated. Also, a therapeutic benefit is achieved with the eradication or amelioration of one or more of the physiological symptoms associated with the underlying disorder such that an improvement is observed in the patient, notwithstanding that the patient may still be afflicted with the underlying disorder. For prophylactic benefit, the compositions may be administered to a patient at risk of developing a particular disease, or to a patient reporting one or more of the physiological symptoms of a disease, even though a diagnosis of this disease may not have been made.
[0102] “Prodrug” is meant to indicate a compound that may be converted under physiological conditions or by solvolysis to a biologically active compound described herein. Thus, the term “prodrug” refers to a precursor of a biologically active compound that is pharmaceutically acceptable. A prodrug may be inactive when administered to a subject, but is converted in vivo to an active compound, for example, by hydrolysis. The prodrug compound often offers advantages of solubility, tissue compatibility or delayed release in a mammalian organism (see, e.g., Bundgard, H., Design of Prodrugs (1985), pp. 7-9, 21-24 (Elsevier, Amsterdam).
[0103] A discussion of prodrugs is provided in Higuchi, T., et al., “Pro-drugs as Novel Delivery Systems,” A.C.S. Symposium Series, Vol. 14, and in Bioreversible Carriers in Drug Design, ed. Edward B. Roche, American Pharmaceutical Association and Pergamon Press, 1987, both of which are incorporated in full by reference herein.
[0104] The term “prodrug” is also meant to include any covalently bonded carriers, which release the active compound in vivo when such prodrug is administered to a mammalian subject. Prodrugs of an active compound, as described herein, may be prepared by modifying functional groups present in the active compound in such a way that the modifications are cleaved, either in routine manipulation or in vivo, to the parent active compound. Prodrugs include compounds wherein a hydroxy, amino or mercapto group is bonded to any group that, when the prodrug of the active compound is administered to a mammalian subject, cleaves to form a free hydroxy, free amino or free mercapto group, respectively. Examples of prodrugs include, but are not limited to, acetate, formate and benzoate derivatives of alcohol or amine functional groups in the active compounds and the like.

Substituted Pyrazolylpyridine Derivative Compounds

[0105] Substituted pyrazolylpyridine derivative compounds are described herein that inhibit a histone demethylase enzyme. These compounds, and compositions comprising these compounds, are useful for the treatment of cancer and neoplastic disease. The compounds described herein may, therefore, be useful for treating prostate cancer, breast cancer, bladder cancer, lung cancer and/or melanoma and the like.
[0106] One embodiment provides a compound of Formula (I) or a tautomer, stereoisomer, geometric isomer, N-oxide, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof,
[0107]  [see pdf for image]
[0108] wherein,
[0109] R1 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0110] R2 is hydrogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0111] R3 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0112] R4 is hydrogen or alkyl;
[0113] each R5 is independently hydrogen, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0114] with the provision:
[0115] if R2 and R3 are both hydrogen, then R1 is not hydrogen, methyl, trifluoromethyl, isopropyl or cyclopropyl; or
[0116] if R1 and R3 are both hydrogen, then R2 is not methyl, or trifluoromethyl; or
[0117] if R1 and R3 are both methyl, then R2 is not hydrogen, methyl or ethyl; or
[0118] if R1 and R2 are hydrogen, then R3 is not
[0119]  [see pdf for image]
[0120] Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (I), wherein R4 is hydrogen. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (I), wherein R4 is alkyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (I), wherein R3 is hydroxy. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (I), wherein R3 is C2-C10 alkyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (I), wherein R3 is aralkyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (I), wherein R3 is —OR5. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (I), wherein —OR5 is carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (I), wherein —OR5 is aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (I), wherein —OR5 is carbocyclylalkyl, or heterocyclylalkyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (I), wherein R3 is aryl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (I), wherein R1 and R2 are both hydrogen. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (I), wherein R1 is hydrogen. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (I), wherein R2 is hydrogen. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (I), wherein R1 and R2 are both hydrogen. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (I), wherein R3 is phenyl substituted by at least one substituent selected from alkyl, halogen, hydroxy, alkoxy or alkylsulfone. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (I), wherein R3 is phenyl substituted at the 4-position.
[0121] One embodiment provides a compound of Formula (II) or a tautomer, stereoisomer, geometric isomer, N-oxide, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof,
[0122]  [see pdf for image]
[0123] wherein,
[0124] R1 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0125] R2 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0126] R4 is hydrogen or alkyl; and
[0127] each R5 is independently hydrogen, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl.
[0128] Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (II), wherein R4 is hydrogen. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (II), wherein R4 is alkyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (II), wherein R1 or R2 is alkyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (II), wherein R1 or R2 is carbocyclyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (II), wherein R1 or R2 is aryl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (II), wherein R1 or R2 is aralkyl.
[0129] Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (II), wherein R1 is hydrogen. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (II), wherein R2 is hydrogen. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (II), wherein R1 is alkyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (II), wherein R2 is alkyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (II), wherein R1 and R2 are alkyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (II), wherein R1 is carbocyclyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (II), wherein R2 is carbocyclyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (II), wherein R1 is aryl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (II), wherein R2 is aryl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (II), wherein R1 is aralkyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (II), wherein R1 is aralkyl and R2 is hydrogen. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (II), wherein R1 is aralkyl and the aralkyl comprises a C1 alkylene group. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (II), wherein R1 is aralkyl and the aralkyl comprises a C1-C3 alkylene group. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (II), wherein R1 is aralkyl and the aralkyl comprises an optionally substituted phenyl group. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (II), wherein R1 is aralkyl and the aralkyl comprises a benzyl group. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (II), wherein R2 is aralkyl.
[0130] Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (II), wherein R4 is hydrogen and R1 is carbocyclylalkyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (II), wherein R4 is hydrogen and R2 is carbocyclylalkyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (II), wherein R4 is hydrogen and R1 is hydrogen. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (II), wherein R4 is hydrogen and R2 is hydrogen. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (II), wherein R4 is hydrogen and R1 is alkyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (II), wherein R4 is hydrogen and R2 is alkyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (II), wherein R4 is hydrogen and R1 is carbocyclyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (II), wherein R4 is hydrogen and R2 is carbocyclyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (II), wherein R4 is hydrogen and R1 is aryl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (II), wherein R4 is hydrogen and R2 is aryl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (II), wherein R4 is hydrogen and R1 is aralkyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (II), wherein R4 is hydrogen, R1 is aralkyl and R2 is hydrogen. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (II), wherein R4 is hydrogen, R1 is aralkyl and the aralkyl comprises a C1 alkylene group. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (II), wherein R4 is hydrogen, R1 is aralkyl and the aralkyl comprises a C1-C3 alkylene group. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (II), wherein R4 is hydrogen, R1 is aralkyl and the aralkyl comprises an optionally substituted phenyl group. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (II), wherein R4 is hydrogen, R1 is aralkyl and the aralkyl comprises a benzyl group. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (II), wherein R2 is aralkyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (II), wherein R4 is hydrogen, R1 is carbocyclylalkyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (II), wherein R4 is hydrogen and R2 is carbocyclylalkyl.
[0131] One embodiment provides a compound of Formula (III) or a tautomer, stereoisomer, geometric isomer, N-oxide, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof,
[0132]  [see pdf for image]
[0133] wherein,
[0134] R1 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0135] R2 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0136] R3 is C2-C10 alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0137] R4 is hydrogen or alkyl; and
[0138] each R5 is independently hydrogen, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl.
[0139] Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (III), wherein R4 is hydrogen. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (III), wherein R4 is alkyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (III), wherein R3 is C2-C10 alkyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (III), wherein R3 is aryl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (III), wherein R3 is aralkyl.
[0140] One embodiment provides a compound of Formula (IV) or a tautomer, stereoisomer, geometric isomer, N-oxide, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof,
[0141]  [see pdf for image]
[0142] wherein,
[0143] R1 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0144] R2 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0145] R3 is —O—X—Y;
[0146] R4 is hydrogen or alkyl;
[0147] each R5 is independently hydrogen, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0148] X is C1-C8 alkylene or
[0149]  [see pdf for image]
where n is 0 to 4; and
[0150] Y is hydrogen, carbocyclyl, aryl, or heteroaryl.
[0151] Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (IV), wherein R4 is hydrogen. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (IV), wherein R4 is alkyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (IV), wherein R1 and R2 are hydrogen. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (IV), wherein X is C1-C4 alkylene. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (IV), wherein X is C1-C2 alkylene. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (IV), wherein X is C1 alkylene. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (IV), wherein Y is hydrogen. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (IV), wherein Y is carbocyclyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (IV), wherein Y is aryl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (IV), wherein Y is a phenyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (IV), wherein Y is heteroaryl.
[0152] Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (IV), wherein R1 is hydrogen. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (IV), wherein R2 is hydrogen. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (IV), wherein R1 and R2 are hydrogen, and X is C1-C2 alkylene. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (IV), wherein R1 and R2 are hydrogen, and X is C1 alkylene. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (IV), wherein R1 and R2 are hydrogen, X is C1-C2 alkylene, and Y is a phenyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (IV), wherein R1 and R2 are hydrogen, X is C1 alkylene, and Y is a phenyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (IV), wherein R4 is hydrogen, R1 and R2 are hydrogen, X is C1-C2 alkylene, and Y is a phenyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (IV), wherein R4 is hydrogen, R1 and R2 are hydrogen, X is C1 alkylene, and Y is a phenyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (IV), wherein Y is a phenyl optionally substituted with an alkoxy, an aralkoxy, or a cycloalkylalkoxy. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (IV), wherein Y is a phenyl optionally substituted with an alkenyl or aralkyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (IV), wherein R4 is hydrogen, R1 and R2 are hydrogen, X is C1-C2 alkylene, and Y is a phenyl optionally substituted with an alkoxy, an aralkoxy, or a cycloalkylalkoxy. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (IV), wherein R4 is hydrogen, R1 and R2 are hydrogen, X is C1-C2 alkylene, and Y is a phenyl optionally substituted with an alkenyl or aralkyl.
[0153] In some embodiments the carboxylic acid or ester group of the substituted pyrazolylpyridine derivative compound is replaced by a carboxylic acid bioisostere. One embodiment provides a compound of Formula (VII) or a tautomer, stereoisomer, geometric isomer, N-oxide, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof,
[0154]  [see pdf for image]
[0155] wherein,
[0156] R1 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0157] R2 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0158] R3 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl; Q is —C(O)N(H)CN, —C(O)N(H)OH, or tetrazolyl;
[0159] each R5 is independently hydrogen, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl.
[0160] Another embodiment provides the compound of Formula (VII) wherein:
[0161] if R2 and R3 are both hydrogen, then R1 is not hydrogen, methyl, trifluoromethyl, isopropyl or cyclopropyl; or
[0162] if R1 and R3 are both hydrogen, then R2 is not methyl, trifluoromethyl, bromine or chlorine; or
[0163] if R1 and R3 are both methyl, then R2 is not hydrogen, methyl or ethyl.
[0164] Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (VII), wherein R4 is hydrogen. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (VII), wherein R4 is alkyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (VII), wherein R3 is hydroxy. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (VII), wherein R3 is C2-C10 alkyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (VII), wherein R3 is aralkyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (VII), wherein R3 is —OR5. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (VII), wherein —OR5 is carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (VII), wherein —OR5 is aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (VII), wherein —OR5 is carbocyclylalkyl, or heterocyclylalkyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (VII), wherein R3 is aryl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (VII), wherein R1 and R2 are both hydrogen. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (VII), wherein R1 is hydrogen. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (VII), wherein R2 is hydrogen. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (VII), wherein R1 and R2 are both hydrogen. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (VII), wherein R3 is phenyl substituted by at least one substituent selected from alkyl, halogen, hydroxy, alkoxy or alkylsulfone. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (VII), wherein R3 is phenyl substituted at the 4-position.
[0165] One embodiment provides a compound of Formula (VIII) or a tautomer, stereoisomer, geometric isomer, N-oxide, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof,
[0166]  [see pdf for image]
[0167] wherein,
[0168] R1 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0169] R2 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0170] Q is —C(O)N(H)CN, —C(O)N(H)OH, or tetrazolyl; and
[0171] each R5 is independently hydrogen, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl.
[0172] Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (VIII), wherein R4 is hydrogen. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (VIII), wherein R4 is alkyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (VIII), wherein R1 or R2 is alkyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (VIII), wherein R1 or R2 is carbocyclyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (VIII), wherein R1 or R2 is aryl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (VIII), wherein R1 or R2 is aralkyl.
[0173] One embodiment provides a compound of Formula (IX) or a tautomer, stereoisomer, geometric isomer, N-oxide, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof,
[0174]  [see pdf for image]
[0175] wherein,
[0176] R1 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0177] R2 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0178] R3 is C2-C10 alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0179] Q is —C(O)N(H)CN, —C(O)N(H)OH, or tetrazolyl; and
[0180] each R5 is independently hydrogen, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl.
[0181] Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (IX), wherein R4 is hydrogen. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (IX), wherein R4 is alkyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (IX), wherein R3 is C2-C10 alkyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (IX), wherein R3 is aryl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (IX), wherein R3 is aralkyl.
[0182] One embodiment provides a compound of Formula (X) or a tautomer, stereoisomer, geometric isomer, N-oxide, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof,
[0183]  [see pdf for image]
[0184] wherein,
[0185] R1 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0186] R2 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0187] R3 is —O—X—Y;
[0188] Q is —C(O)N(H)CN, —C(O)N(H)OH, or tetrazolyl;
[0189] each R5 is independently hydrogen, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0190] X is C1-C8 alkylene or
[0191]  [see pdf for image]
where n is 0 to 4; and
[0192] Y is hydrogen, carbocyclyl, aryl, or heteroaryl.
[0193] Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (X), wherein R4 is hydrogen. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (X), wherein R4 is alkyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (X), wherein R1 and R2 are hydrogen. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (X), wherein X is C1-C4 alkylene. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (X), wherein X is C1-C2 alkylene. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (X), wherein X is C1 alkylene. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (X), wherein Y is hydrogen. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (X), wherein Y is carbocyclyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (X), wherein Y is aryl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (X), wherein Y is phenyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (X), wherein Y is heteroaryl.

Substituted Pyrazolylpyridazine Derivative Compounds

[0194] Substituted pyrazolylpyridazine derivative compounds are described herein that inhibit a histone demethylase enzyme. These compounds, and compositions comprising these compounds, are useful for the treatment of cancer and neoplastic disease. The compounds described herein may, therefore, be useful for treating prostate cancer, breast cancer, bladder cancer, lung cancer and/or melanoma and the like.
[0195] One embodiment provides a compound of Formula (V) or a tautomer, stereoisomer, geometric isomer, N-oxide, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof,
[0196]  [see pdf for image]
[0197] wherein,
[0198] R1 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0199] R2 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0200] R3 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0201] R4 is hydrogen or alkyl; and
[0202] each R5 is independently hydrogen, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl.
[0203] Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (V), wherein R4 is hydrogen. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (V), wherein R4 is alkyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (V), wherein R3 is hydroxy. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (V), wherein R3 is C2-C10 alkyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (V), wherein R3 is aralkyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (V), wherein R3 is —OR5. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (V), wherein —OR5 is carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (V), wherein —OR5 is aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (V), wherein —OR5 is carbocyclylalkyl, or heterocyclylalkyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (V), wherein R3 is aryl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (V), wherein R1 and R2 are both hydrogen. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (V), wherein R1 is hydrogen. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (V), wherein R2 is hydrogen. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (V), wherein R1 and R2 are both hydrogen. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (V), wherein R3 is phenyl substituted by at least one substituent selected from alkyl, halogen, hydroxy, alkoxy or alkylsulfone. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (V), wherein R3 is phenyl substituted at the 4-position.
[0204] One embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XI) or a tautomer, stereoisomer, geometric isomer, N-oxide, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof,
[0205]  [see pdf for image]
[0206] wherein,
[0207] R1 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0208] R2 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0209] R3 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0210] Q is —C(O)N(H)CN, —C(O)N(H)OH, or tetrazolyl; and
[0211] each R5 is independently hydrogen, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl.
[0212] Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XI), wherein R4 is hydrogen. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XI), wherein R4 is alkyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XI), wherein R3 is hydroxy. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XI), wherein R3 is C2-C10 alkyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XI), wherein R3 is aralkyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XI), wherein R3 is —OR5. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XI), wherein —OR5 is carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XI), wherein —OR5 is aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XI), wherein —OR5 is carbocyclylalkyl, or heterocyclylalkyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XI), wherein R3 is aryl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XI), wherein R1 and R2 are both hydrogen. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XI), wherein R1 is hydrogen. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XI), wherein R2 is hydrogen. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XI), wherein R1 and R2 are both hydrogen. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XI), wherein
[0213] R3 is phenyl substituted by at least one substituent selected from alkyl, halogen, hydroxy, alkoxy or alkylsulfone. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XI), wherein R3 is phenyl substituted at the 4-position.
Substituted Pyrazolylpyrimidine Derivative Compounds
[0214] Substituted pyrazolylpyrimidine derivative compounds are described herein that inhibit a histone demethylase enzyme. These compounds, and compositions comprising these compounds, are useful for the treatment of cancer and neoplastic disease. The compounds described herein may, therefore, be useful for treating prostate cancer, breast cancer, bladder cancer, lung cancer and/or melanoma and the like.
[0215] One embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XII) or a tautomer, stereoisomer, geometric isomer, N-oxide, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof,
[0216]  [see pdf for image]
[0217] wherein,
[0218] Q is —CO2R4, —C(O)N(H)CN, —C(O)N(H)OH, or tetrazolyl; A is N and B is CH; or A is CH and B is N; or A is C—OH and B is CH;
[0219] R1 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0220] R2 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0221] R3 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0222] R4 is hydrogen or alkyl;
[0223] each R5 is independently hydrogen, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0224] with the provision that R1, R2 and R3 are not all hydrogen.
[0225] Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XII), wherein A is N and B is CH. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XII), wherein A is CH and B is N. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XII), wherein A is C—OH and B is CH. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XII), wherein Q is —CO2R4 and R4 is hydrogen. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XII), wherein wherein Q is —CO2R4 and R4 is alkyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XII), wherein Q is —C(O)N(H)CN. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XII), wherein Q is —C(O)N(H)OH. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XII), wherein Q is tetrazolyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XII), wherein R3 is hydroxy. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XII), wherein R3 is C2-C10 alkyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XII), wherein R3 is aralkyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XII), wherein R3 is —OR5. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XII), wherein —OR5 is carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XII), wherein —OR5 is aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XII), wherein —OR5 is carbocyclylalkyl, or heterocyclylalkyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XII), wherein R3 is aryl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XII), wherein R1 and R2 are both hydrogen. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XII), wherein R1 is hydrogen. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XII), wherein R2 is hydrogen. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XII), wherein R1 and R2 are both hydrogen. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XII), wherein R3 is phenyl substituted by at least one substituent selected from alkyl, halogen, hydroxy, alkoxy or alkylsulfone. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XII), wherein R3 is phenyl substituted at the 4-position.
[0226] One embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XIII) or a tautomer, stereoisomer, geometric isomer, N-oxide, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof,
[0227]  [see pdf for image]
[0228] wherein,
[0229] Q is —CO2R4, —C(O)N(H)CN, —C(O)N(H)OH, or tetrazolyl; A is N and B is CH; or A is CH and B is N; or A is C—OH and B is CH;
[0230] R1 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0231] R2 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0232] R4 is hydrogen or alkyl; and
[0233] each R5 is independently hydrogen, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl.
[0234] Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XIII), wherein A is N and B is CH. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XIII), wherein A is CH and B is N. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XIII), wherein A is C—OH and B is CH. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XIII), wherein Q is —CO2R4 and R4 is hydrogen. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XIII), wherein wherein Q is —CO2R4 and R4 is alkyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XIII), wherein Q is —C(O)N(H)CN. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XIII), wherein Q is —C(O)N(H)OH. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XIII), wherein Q is tetrazolyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XIII), wherein R4 is hydrogen. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XIII), wherein R4 is alkyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XIII), wherein R1 or R2 is alkyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XIII), wherein R1 or R2 is carbocyclyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XIII), wherein R1 or R2 is aryl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XIII), wherein R1 or R2 is aralkyl.
[0235] One embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XIV) or a tautomer, stereoisomer, geometric isomer, N-oxide, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof,
[0236]  [see pdf for image]
[0237] wherein,
[0238] Q is —CO2R4, —C(O)N(H)CN, —C(O)N(H)OH, or tetrazolyl; A is N and B is CH; or A is CH and B is N; or A is C—OH and B is CH;
[0239] R1 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0240] R2 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0241] R3 is —O—X—Y;
[0242] R4 is hydrogen or alkyl;
[0243] each R5 is independently hydrogen, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0244] X is C1-C8 alkylene or
[0245]  [see pdf for image]
where n is 0 to 4; and
[0246] Y is hydrogen, carbocyclyl, aryl, or heteroaryl.
[0247] Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XIV), wherein A is N and B is CH. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XIV), wherein A is CH and B is N. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XIV), wherein A is C—OH and B is CH. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XIV), wherein Q is —CO2R4 and R4 is hydrogen. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XIV), wherein wherein Q is —CO2R4 and R4 is alkyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XIV), wherein Q is —C(O)N(H)CN. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XIV), wherein Q is —C(O)N(H)OH. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XIV), wherein Q is tetrazolyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XIV), wherein R4 is hydrogen. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XIV), wherein R4 is alkyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XIV), wherein R1 and R2 are hydrogen. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XIV), wherein X is C1-C4 alkylene. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XIV), wherein X is C1-C2 alkylene. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XIV), wherein X is C1 alkylene. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XIV), wherein Y is hydrogen. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XIV), wherein Y is carbocyclyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XIV), wherein Y is aryl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XIV), wherein Y is phenyl. Another embodiment provides a compound of Formula (XIV), wherein Y is heteroaryl.
[0248] In some embodiments, the substituted pyrazolylpyridine derivative compound disclosed herein has the structure provided in Table 1.
[0249] 
[00001] [TABLE-US-00001]
  TABLE 1
 
  Chemical    
  Synthesis    
  Example   Structure   Name
 
   1 [see pdf for image]   2-(5-hydroxy-3-methyl-1H- pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid
 
   2 [see pdf for image]   2-(3-cyclopropyl-5-hydroxy-1H- pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid
 
   3 [see pdf for image]   2-(5-hydroxy-3,4- dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-1- yl)isonicotinic acid
 
   4 [see pdf for image]   2-(5-hydroxy-3-methyl-4- phenyl-1H-pyrazol-1- yl)isonicotinic acid
 
   5 [see pdf for image]   2-(3-(2-fluorophenyl)-5-hydroxy- 1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid
 
   6 [see pdf for image]   2-(5-hydroxy-3-propyl-1H- pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid
 
   7 [see pdf for image]   2-(3-(2-chlorophenyl)-5-hydroxy- 1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid
 
   8 [see pdf for image]   2-(3-benzyl-5-hydroxy-1H- pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid
 
   9 [see pdf for image]   2-(5-hydroxy-3-(methoxymethyl)- 1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid
 
  10 [see pdf for image]   2-(5-hydroxy-3-(phenoxymethyl)- 1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid
 
  11 [see pdf for image]   2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1- yl)isonicotinic acid
 
  12 [see pdf for image]   2-(5-p-tolyl-1H-pyrazol-1- yl)isonicotinic acid
 
  13 [see pdf for image]   2-(5-m-tolyl-1H-pyrazol-1- yl)isonicotinic acid
 
  14 [see pdf for image]   2-(5-(2,4-difluorophenyl)-1H- pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid
 
  15 [see pdf for image]   2-(5-(3,4-difluorophenyl)-1H- pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid
 
  16 [see pdf for image]   2-(5-(3-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazol- 1-yl)isonicotinic acid
 
  17 [see pdf for image]   2-(5-(3-hydroxyphenyl)-1H- pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid
 
  18 [see pdf for image]   2-(5-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-1H- pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid
 
  19 [see pdf for image]   2-(5-(4-(methylsulfonyl)phenyl)- 1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid
 
  20 [see pdf for image]   2-(5-(3-methoxy-4-methylphenyl)- 1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid
 
  21 [see pdf for image]   2-(5-(3-hydroxy-4-methylphenyl)- 1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid
 
  22 [see pdf for image]   2-(5-(4-chloro-3-methoxyphenyl)- 1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid
 
  23 [see pdf for image]   2-(5-(4-chloro-3-hydroxyphenyl)- 1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid
 
  24 [see pdf for image]   2-[5-(1H-indazol-6-yl)-1H- pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  25 [see pdf for image]   methyl 2-[5-(1H-indazol-6-yl)-1H- pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4- carboxylate
 
  26 [see pdf for image]   2-(5-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-1- yl)isonicotinic acid
 
  27 [see pdf for image]   2-(5-(4-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazol- 1-yl)isonicotinic acid
 
  28 [see pdf for image]   2-(5-(3-hydroxy-4- (methylsulfonyl)phenyl)-1H- pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid
 
  29 [see pdf for image]   2-(3-methyl-5-p-tolyl-1H-pyrazol- 1-yl)isonicotinic acid
 
  30 [see pdf for image]   2-(3-ethyl-5-p-tolyl-1H-pyrazol-1- yl)isonicotinic acid
 
  31 [see pdf for image]   2-(5-methyl-1H-pyrazol-1- yl)isonicotinic acid
 
  32 [see pdf for image]   2-(5-benzyl-1H-pyrazol-1- yl)isonicotinic acid
 
  33 [see pdf for image]   2-(3-benzyl-1H-pyrazol-1- yl)isonicotinic acid
 
  34 [see pdf for image]   2-(5-phenethyl-1H-pyrazol-1- yl)isonicotinic acid
 
  35 [see pdf for image]   2-(3-phenethyl-1H-pyrazol-1- yl)isonicotinic acid
 
  36 [see pdf for image]   2-(5-methyl-4-phenyl-1H-pyrazol- 1-yl)isonicotinic acid
 
  37 [see pdf for image]   2-(5-methoxy-3-methyl-1H- pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid
 
  38 [see pdf for image]   2-(5-(benzyloxy)-3-methyl-1H- pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid
 
  39 [see pdf for image]   2-(5-(benzyloxy)-1H-pyrazol-1- yl)isonicotinic acid
 
  40 [see pdf for image]   2-{5-[(4-fluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H- pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4- carboxylic acid
 
  41 [see pdf for image]   2-{5-[(3-fluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H- pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4- carboxylic acid
 
  42 [see pdf for image]   2-{5-[(3-methoxybenzyl)oxy]-1H- pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4- carboxylic acid
 
  43 [see pdf for image]   2-{5-[(4-methoxybenzyl)oxy]-1H- pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4- carboxylic acid
 
  44 [see pdf for image]   2-(5-butyl-1H-pyrazol-1- yl)isonicotinic acid
 
  45 [see pdf for image]   2-(3-butyl-1H-pyrazol-1- yl)pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  46 [see pdf for image]   2-(5-(4-bromophenyl)-1H-pyrazol- 1-yl)isonicotinic acid
 
  47 [see pdf for image]   2-{5-[4-(dimethylamino)phenyl]- 1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4- carboxylic acid
 
  48 [see pdf for image]   2-[3-amino-5-(4-methylphenyl)- 1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4- carboxylic acid
 
  49 [see pdf for image]   2-[5-(1H-indazol-6-ylmethoxy)- 1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4- carboxylic acid
 
  50 [see pdf for image]   2-{5-[(1-methyl-1H-indazol-6- yl)methoxy]-1H-pyrazol-1- yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  51 [see pdf for image]   2-{5-[(1-methyl-1H-indazol-6- yl)methoxy]-1H-pyrazol-1- yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  52 [see pdf for image]   2-{5-[(3,4- difluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H- pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4- carboxylic acid
 
  53 [see pdf for image]   2-{5-[(4- chlorobenzyl)oxy]-1H- pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4- carboxylic acid
 
  54 [see pdf for image]   2-(5-{[4- (trifluoromethyl)benzyl]oxy}-1H- pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  55 [see pdf for image]   2-{5-[(4-methylbenzyl)oxy]-1H- pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4- carboxylic acid
 
  56 [see pdf for image]   2-{5-[(4-ethylbenzyl)oxy]- 1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine- 4-carboxylic acid
 
  57 [see pdf for image]   2-{5-[(4-bromobenzyl)oxy]-1H- pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4- carboxylic acid
 
  58 [see pdf for image]   2-{5-[(3-chlorobenzyl)oxy]-1H- pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4- carboxylic acid
 
  59 [see pdf for image]   2-{5-[(2-fluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H- pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4- carboxylic acid
 
  60 [see pdf for image]   2-[5-(pyridin-3-ylmethoxy)-1H- pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  61 [see pdf for image]   2-[5-(pyridin-4-ylmethoxy)-1H- pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  62 [see pdf for image]   methyl 2-{5-[(4- fluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1- yl}pyridine-4-carboxylate
 
  63 [see pdf for image]   methyl 2-{5-[(3,4- difluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol- 1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylate
 
  64 [see pdf for image]   methyl 2-{5-[(4- chlorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1- yl}pyridine-4-carboxylate
 
  65 [see pdf for image]   methyl 2-(5-{[4- (trifluoromethyl)benzyl]oxy}-1H- pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4- carboxylate
 
  66 [see pdf for image]   methyl 2-{5-[(4- methylbenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1- yl}pyridine-4-carboxylate
 
  67 [see pdf for image]   methyl 2-{5-[(4-ethylbenzyl)oxy]- 1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4- carboxylate
 
  68 [see pdf for image]   methyl 2-{5-[(4- bromobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1- yl}pyridine-4-carboxylate
 
  69 [see pdf for image]   methyl 2-[5-(benzyloxy)-1H- pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4- carboxylate
 
  70 [see pdf for image]   methyl 2-{5-[(3- fluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1- yl}pyridine-4-carboxylate
 
  71 [see pdf for image]   2-{5-[(4,4- difluorocyclohexyl)methoxy]-1H- pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4- carboxylic acid
 
  72 [see pdf for image]   2-{5-[(3-bromobenzyl)oxy]-1H- pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4- carboxylic acid
 
  73 [see pdf for image]   2-{5-[(3-hydroxybenzyl)oxy]-1H- pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4- carboxylic acid
 
  74 [see pdf for image]   2-{5-[(4-chloro-3- fluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1- yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  75 [see pdf for image]   2-{5-[(4-chloro-2- fluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1- yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  76 [see pdf for image]   2-{5-[(3-chloro-4- fluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1- yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  77 [see pdf for image]   2-{5-[(4-cyclopropylbenzyl)oxy]- 1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4- carboxylic acid
 
  78 [see pdf for image]   methyl 2-{5-[(4-chloro-3- fluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1- yl}pyridine-4-carboxylate
 
  79 [see pdf for image]   methyl 2-{5-[(4-chloro-2- fluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1- yl}pyridine-4-carboxylate
 
  80 [see pdf for image]   methyl 2-{5-[(3-chloro-4- fluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1- yl}pyridine-4-carboxylate
 
  81 [see pdf for image]   methyl 2-{5-[(4- cyclopropylbenzyl)oxy]-1H- pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4- carboxylate
 
  82 [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[1-(4- fluorophenyl)ethoxy]pyrazol-1- yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  83 [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[(3,3- difluorocyclobutyl)methoxy]- pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  84 [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[(4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]-4- methylpyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4- carboxylic acid
 
  85 [see pdf for image]   2-[4-ethyl-5-[(4- fluorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1- yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  86 [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[(2,4- difluorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol- 1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  87 [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[(3,4- dichlorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol- 1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  88 [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[(2,4- dichlorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol- 1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  89 [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[(4-chloro-2- methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1- yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  90 [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[(4-chloro-2- methoxyphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol- 1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  91 [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[[4-chloro-3- (trifluoromethyl)phenyl]methoxy]- pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  92 [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[(3-chloro-4- methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1- yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  93 [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[(3-fluoro-4- methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1- yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  94 [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[(2,3-difluoro-4- methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1- yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  95 [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[(3-chloro-4- ethylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1- yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  96 [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[(4-ethyl-3- fluorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1- yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  97 [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[(3- cyanophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1- yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  98 [see pdf for image]   methyl 2-[5-[(4- cyanophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1- yl]pyridine-4-carboxylate
 
  99 [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[(4- cyanophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1- yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  100  [see pdf for image]   methyl 2-[5-[(3-chloro-4- methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1- yl]pyridine-4-carboxylate
 
  101  [see pdf for image]   methyl 2-[5-[(3-fluoro-4- methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1- yl]pyridine-4-carboxylate
 
  102  [see pdf for image]   methyl 2-[5-[(3-chloro-4- ethylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1- yl]pyridine-4-carboxylate
 
  103  [see pdf for image]   methyl 2-[5-[(2,3-difluoro-4- methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1- yl]pyridine-4-carboxylate
 
  104  [see pdf for image]   methyl 2-[5-[(4-ethyl-3- fluorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1- yl]pyridine-4-carboxylate
 
  105  [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[(4-chloro-2- phenylmethoxyphenyl)methoxy]- pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  106  [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[[4-chloro-2- (cyclopropylmethoxy)phenyl]- methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4- carboxylic acid
 
  107  [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[(4-chloro-2- propoxyphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol- 1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  108  [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[[4-chloro-2-(2,2,2- trifluoroethoxy)phenyl]methoxy]- pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  109  [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[(4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]-4- (2-hydroxyethyl)pyrazol-1- yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  110  [see pdf for image]   2-[4-[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl]-5- [(4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol- 1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  111  [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[(2-butoxy-4- chlorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1- yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  112  [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[[4-chloro-2-(2- methylpropoxy)phenyl]methoxy]- pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  113  [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[(4-chloro-2-propan-2- yloxyphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1- yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  114  [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[(2-butan-2-yloxy-4- chlorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1- yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  115  [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[(4-chloro-2- ethoxyphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1- yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  116  [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[[4-chloro-2-(2- methoxyethoxy)phenyl]methoxy]- pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  117  [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[[4-chloro-2-[(4- fluorophenyl)methoxy]phenyl]- methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4- carboxylic acid
 
  118  [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[[4-fluoro-2-[(4- fluorophenyl)methoxy]phenyl]- methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4- carboxylic acid
 
  119  [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[[4-fluoro-2-[(E)-2-(4- fluorophenyl)ethenyl]phenyl]- methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4- carboxylic acid
 
  120  [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[[4-chloro-2-[(E)-2-(4- fluorophenyl)ethenyl]phenyl]- methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4- carboxylic acid
 
  121  [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[[4-fluoro-2-[2-(4- fluorophenyl)ethyl]phenyl]- methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4- carboxylic acid
 
  122  [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[[4-chloro-2-[2-(4- fluorophenyl)ethyl]phenyl]- methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4- carboxylic acid
 
  123  [see pdf for image]   2-[5-(2,3-dihydro-1-benzofuran-7- ylmethoxy)pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine- 4-carboxylic acid
 
  124  [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[(2,2-dimethyl-3H-1- benzofuran-7-yl)methoxy]pyrazol- 1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  125  [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[(4-cyano-2- methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1- yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  126  [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[(4-cyano-2- ethylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1- yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  127  [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[(4-chloro-2- ethylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1- yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  128  [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[(4-fluoro-2- methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1- yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  129  [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[(2-ethyl-4- fluorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1- yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  130  [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[(2-chloro-4- methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1- yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  131  [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[(2-fluoro-4- methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1- yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  132  [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[(2,4- dimethylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol- 1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  133  [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[(2-methoxy-4- methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1- yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  134  [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[(2-cyano-4- methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1- yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  135  [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[(2-ethyl-4- methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1- yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  136  [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[[4-chloro-2-(1- phenylethoxy)phenyl]methoxy]- pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  137  [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[[4-fluoro-2-(1- phenylethoxy)phenyl]methoxy]- pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  138  [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[[4-chloro-3-[(4- fluorophenyl)methoxy]phenyl]- methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4- carboxylic acid
 
  139  [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[[4-fluoro-3-[(4- fluorophenyl)methoxy]phenyl]- methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4- carboxylic acid
 
  140  [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[[4-chloro-3- (cyclopropylmethoxy)phenyl]- mrthoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4- carboxylic acid
 
  141  [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[[4-chloro-3-(2,2,2- trifluoroethoxy)phenyl]methoxy]- pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  142  [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[(4-bromo-2- methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1- yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  143  [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[(4-bromo-2- methoxyphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol- 1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  144  [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[(4-iodo-2- methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1- yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  145  [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[(4-iodo-2- methoxyphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol- 1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  146  [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[(5-fluoro-2,3-dihydro-1H- indcn-1-yl)oxy]pyrazol-1- yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  147  [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[(5-chloro-2,3-dihydro-1H- inden-1-yl)oxy]pyrazol-1- yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  148  [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[(6-fluoro-1,2,3,4- tetrahydronaphthalen-1- yl)oxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4- carboxylic acid
 
  149  [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[(6-chloro-1,2,3,4- tetrahydronaphthalen-1- yl)oxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4- carboxylic acid
 
  150  [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[(2-chloro-4- ethylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1- yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  151  [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[(4-ethyl-2- fluorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1- yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  152  [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[(2-chloro-4- cyclopropylphenyl)methoxy]- pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  153  [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[(4-cyclopropyl-2- fluorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1- yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  154  [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[(3-chloro-4- cyclopropylphenyl)methoxy]- pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  155  [see pdf for image]   2-[5-[(4-cyclopropyl-3- fluorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1- yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  156  [see pdf for image]   2-[4-[2-[(4-fluorophenyl)methyl- methylamino]ethyl]pyrazol-1- yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  157  [see pdf for image]   N-cyano-2-[4-[2-[(4- fluorophenyl)methyl- methylamino]ethyl]pyrazol-1- yl]pyridine-4-carboxamide
 
  158  [see pdf for image]   2-[3-(4-chlorophenyl)-5- hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4- carboxylic acid
 
  159  [see pdf for image]   2-[3-(3-chlorophenyl)-5- hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4- carboxylic acid
 
  160  [see pdf for image]   2-(3-cyclopentyl-5- hydroxypyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4- carboxylic acid
 
  161  [see pdf for image]   2-[3-[(2,6-difluorophenyl)methyl]- 5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4- carboxylic acid
 
  162  [see pdf for image]   2-[5-hydroxy-3-(1- phenylethyl)pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine- 4-carboxylic acid
 
  163  [see pdf for image]   2-[3-[(2-chlorophenyl)methyl]-5- hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4- carboxylic acid
 
  164  [see pdf for image]   2-[3-[(3-chlorophenyl)methyl]-5- hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4- carboxylic acid
 
  165  [see pdf for image]   2-[3-[(4-chlorophenyl)methyl]-5- hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4- carboxylic acid
 
  166  [see pdf for image]   5-(1-phenylethyl)-2-[4-(1H- tetrazol-5-yl)pyridin-2-yl]pyrazol- 3-ol
 
  167  [see pdf for image]   5-[(2-chlorophenyl)methyl]-2-[4- (1H-tetrazol-5-yl)pyridin-2- yl]pyrazol-3-ol
 
  168  [see pdf for image]   5-[(3-chlorophenyl)methyl]-2-[4- (1H-tetrazol-5-yl)pyridin-2- yl]pyrazol-3-ol
 
  169  [see pdf for image]   5-[(4-chlorophenyl)methyl]-2-[4- (1H-tetrazol-5-yl)pyridin-2- yl]pyrazol-3-ol
 
  170  [see pdf for image]   2-[3-[2-(4-chlorophenyl)propan-2- yl]-5-hydroxypyrazol-1- yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
  171  [see pdf for image]   2-[3-[1-(4- chlorophenyl)cyclopropyl]-5- hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4- carboxylic acid
 
  172  [see pdf for image]   2-[3-[(3,5- dichlorophenyl)methyl]-5- hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4- carboxylic acid
 
  173  [see pdf for image]   2-[3-[(4-fluoro-2- methylphenyl)methyl]-5- hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4- carboxylic acid
 
  174  [see pdf for image]   2-[3-[(2-fluoro-4- methylphenyl)methyl]-5- hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4- carboxylic acid
 
  175  [see pdf for image]   2-[3-[(2,4-difluorophenyl)methyl]- 5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4- carboxylic acid
 
[0250] In additional embodiments, the substituted pyrazolylpyridine derivative compound disclosed herein is selected from a compound of Table 2.
[0251] 
[00002] [TABLE-US-00002]
  TABLE 2
 
[see pdf for image]
  2-(5-{[1-(4-
  fluorophenyl)cyclopropyl]oxy}-1H-
  pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
[see pdf for image]
  2-(5-{[1-(4-chlorophenyl)cyclopropyl]oxy}-
  1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
[see pdf for image]
  2-{5-[(1R)-1-(4-fluorophenyl)ethoxy]-
  1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic
  acid
 
[see pdf for image]
  2-{5-[(1S)-1-(4-fluorophenyl)ethoxy]-
  1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic
  acid
 
[see pdf for image]
  2-(5-{[2-(4-fluorophenyl)propan-2-
  yl]oxy}-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-
  carboxylic acid
 
[see pdf for image]
  2-{5-[(1R)-1-(4-fluorophenyl)propoxy]-
  1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic
  acid
 
[see pdf for image]
  2-{5-[(1R)-1-(4-chlorophenyl)ethoxy]-1H-
  pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
[see pdf for image]
  2-{5-[(1S)-1-(4-chlorophenyl)ethoxy]-1H-
  pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
[see pdf for image]
  2-(5-{[2-(4-chlorophenyl)propan-2-yl]oxy}-
  1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
[see pdf for image]
  2-{5-[(1R)-1-(4-chlorophenyl)propoxy]-1H-
  pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
[see pdf for image]
  2-{5-[(1S)-1-(4-fluorophenyl)propoxy]-
  lH-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic
  acid
 
[see pdf for image]
  2-{5-[(1R)-2-cyclopropyl-1-(4-
  fluorophenyl)ethoxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-
  yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
[see pdf for image]
  2-{5-[(1S)-2-cyclopropyl-1-(4-
  fluorophenyl)ethoxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-
  yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
[see pdf for image]
  2-{5-[(4-chlorobenzyl)oxy]-4-methyl-1H-
  pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
[see pdf for image]
  2-{5-[(1S)-1-(4-chlorophenyl)propoxy]-1H-
  pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
[see pdf for image]
  2-{5-[(1R)-2-cyclopropyl-1-(4-
  chlorophenyl)ethoxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-
  yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
[see pdf for image]
  2-{5-[(1S)-2-cyclopropyl-1-(4-
  chlorophenyl)ethoxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-
  yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
[see pdf for image]
  2-{4-ethyl-5-[(4-chlorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-
  pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
[see pdf for image]
  2-{4-cyclopropyl-5-[(4-
  fluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-
  yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
[see pdf for image]
  2-{4-(cyclopropylmethyl)-5-[(4-
  fluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-
  yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
[see pdf for image]
  2-{5-[(4-fluorobenzyl)oxy]-4-propyl-1H-
  pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
[see pdf for image]
  2-{3-fluoro-5-[(4-fluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-
  pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
[see pdf for image]
  2-{5-[(4-chlorobenzyl)oxy]-4-cyclopropyl-
  1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
[see pdf for image]
  2-{4-(cyclopropylmethyl)-5-[(4-
  chlorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-
  yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
[see pdf for image]
  2-{5-[(4-chlorobenzyl)oxy]-4-propyl-1H-
  pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
[see pdf for image]
  2-{3-fluoro-5-[(4-chlorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-
  pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
[see pdf for image]
  2-[5-[[4-fluoro-2-(2-
  methylpropoxy)phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-
  1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
[see pdf for image]
  2-{5-[(7-fluoro-2,3-dihydro-1-
  benzofuran-4-yl)methoxy]-1H-
  pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-
  carboxylic acid
 
[see pdf for image]
  2-(5-{[4-fluoro-2-
  (trifluoromethyl)benzyl]oxy}-1H-
  pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
[see pdf for image]
  2-(5-{[4-fluoro-3-
  (trifluoromethyl)benzyl]oxy}-1H-pyrazol-1-
  yl)pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
[see pdf for image]
  2-{5-[(7-chloro-2,3-dihydro-1-benzofuran-
  4-yl)methoxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-
  yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
[see pdf for image]
  2-(5-{[4-chloro-2-
  (trifluoromethyl)benzyl]oxy}-1H-pyrazol-1-
  yl)pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
[see pdf for image]
  2-{5-[(4-chlorobenzyl)oxy]-4-(2-
  hydroxyethyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-
  4-carboxylic acid
 
[see pdf for image]
  2-{5-[(4-cyano-2-fluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-
  pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-
  carboxylic acid
 
[see pdf for image]
  2-{5-[(4-fluorobenzyl)oxy]-4-[2-
  (methylamino)ethyl]-1H-pyrazol-1-
  yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
[see pdf for image]
  2-{5-[(4-chloro-2,6-difluorobenzyl)oxy]-
  1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
[see pdf for image]
  2-{5-[(4-chlorobenzyl)oxy]-4-[2-
  (dimethylamino)ethyl]-1H-
  pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic
  acid
 
[see pdf for image]
  2-{5-[(4-chlorobenzyl)oxy]-4-[2-
  (methylamino)ethyl]-1H-pyrazol-1-
  yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
[see pdf for image]
  2-(5-(4-fluorobenzyloxy)-4-(2-((2-
  hydroxyethyl)(methyl)amino)ethyl)-1H-
  pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid
 
[see pdf for image]
  2-(4-(2-(2-(dimethylamino)ethoxy)ethyl)-
  5-(4-fluorobenzyloxy)-1H-
  pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid
 
[see pdf for image]
  2-(4-(3-(dimethylamino)propyl)-5-(4-
  fluorobenzyloxy)-1H-pyrazol-1-
  yl)isonicotinic acid
 
[see pdf for image]
  2-(5-(4-chlorobenzyloxy)-4-(2-((2-
  hydroxyethyl)(methyl)amino)ethyl)-1H-
  pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid
 
[see pdf for image]
  2-(5-(4-chlorobenzyloxy)-4-(2-(2-
  (dimethylamino)ethoxy)ethyl)-1H-
  pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid
 
[see pdf for image]
  2-(5-(4-chlorobenzyloxy)-4-(3-
  (dimethylamino)propyl)-1H-
  pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid
 
[see pdf for image]
  2-[5-[(4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]-4-(2-
  pyrrolidin-1-ylethyl)pyrazol-1-
  yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
[see pdf for image]
  2-[5-[(4-fluoro-2-
  methoxyphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-
  1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
[see pdf for image]
  2-[5-[(2-ethoxy-4-
  fluorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-
  1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
[see pdf for image]
  2-[5-[[4-fluoro-2-(2,2,2-
  trifluoroethoxy)phenyl]methoxy]
  pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-
  carboxylic acid
 
[see pdf for image]
  2-[5-[(4-chlorophenyl)methoxy]-4-(2-
  pyrrolidin-1-ylethyl)pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
  4-carboxylic acid
 
[see pdf for image]
  2-[5-[(4-fluoro-2-
  propoxyphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-
  1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
[see pdf for image]
  2-[5-[(2-butoxy-4-
  fluorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-
  yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
[see pdf for image]
  2-[5-[[2-(cyclopropylmethoxy)-4-
  fluorophenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-
  yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
[see pdf for image]
  2-[5-[(4-fluoro-2-propan-2-
  yloxyphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-
  1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 
[see pdf for image]
  2-[5-[(2-butan-2-yloxy-4-
  fluorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-
  yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
 

Preparation of the Substituted Pyrazolylpyridine, Pyrazolylpyridazine, and Pyrazolylpyrimidine Derivative Compounds
[0252] The compounds used in the reactions described herein are made according to organic synthesis techniques known to those skilled in this art, starting from commercially available chemicals and/or from compounds described in the chemical literature. “Commercially available chemicals” are obtained from standard commercial sources including Acros Organics (Pittsburgh, Pa.), Aldrich Chemical (Milwaukee, Wis., including Sigma Chemical and Fluka), Apin Chemicals Ltd. (Milton Park, UK), Avocado Research (Lancashire, U.K.), BDH Inc. (Toronto, Canada), Bionet (Cornwall, U.K.), Chemservice Inc. (West Chester, Pa.), Crescent Chemical Co. (Hauppauge, N.Y.), Eastman Organic Chemicals, Eastman Kodak Company (Rochester, N.Y.), Fisher Scientific Co. (Pittsburgh, Pa.), Fisons Chemicals (Leicestershire, UK), Frontier Scientific (Logan, Utah), ICN Biomedicals, Inc. (Costa Mesa, Calif.), Key Organics (Cornwall, U.K.), Lancaster Synthesis (Windham, N.H.), Maybridge Chemical Co. Ltd. (Cornwall, U.K.), Parish Chemical Co. (Orem, Utah), Pfaltz & Bauer, Inc. (Waterbury, Conn.), Polyorganix (Houston, Tex.), Pierce Chemical Co. (Rockford, Ill.), Riedel de Haen AG (Hanover, Germany), Spectrum Quality Product, Inc. (New Brunswick, N.J.), TCI America (Portland, Oreg.), Trans World Chemicals, Inc. (Rockville, Md.), and Wako Chemicals USA, Inc. (Richmond, Va.).
[0253] Methods known to one of ordinary skill in the art are identified through various reference books and databases. Suitable reference books and treatise that detail the synthesis of reactants useful in the preparation of compounds described herein, or provide references to articles that describe the preparation, include for example, “Synthetic Organic Chemistry”, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York; S. R. Sandler et al., “Organic Functional Group Preparations,” 2nd Ed., Academic Press, New York, 1983; H. O. House, “Modern Synthetic Reactions”, 2nd Ed., W. A. Benjamin, Inc. Menlo Park, Calif. 1972; T. L. Gilchrist, “Heterocyclic Chemistry”, 2nd Ed., John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1992; J. March, “Advanced Organic Chemistry: Reactions, Mechanisms and Structure”, 4th Ed., Wiley-Interscience, New York, 1992. Additional suitable reference books and treatise that detail the synthesis of reactants useful in the preparation of compounds described herein, or provide references to articles that describe the preparation, include for example, Fuhrhop, J. and Penzlin G. “Organic Synthesis: Concepts, Methods, Starting Materials”, Second, Revised and Enlarged Edition (1994) John Wiley & Sons ISBN: 3-527-29074-5; Hoffman, R. V. “Organic Chemistry, An Intermediate Text” (1996) Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-509618-5; Larock, R. C. “Comprehensive Organic Transformations: A Guide to Functional Group Preparations” 2nd Edition (1999) Wiley-VCH, ISBN: 0-471-19031-4; March, J. “Advanced Organic Chemistry: Reactions, Mechanisms, and Structure” 4th Edition (1992) John Wiley & Sons, ISBN: 0-471-60180-2; Otera, J. (editor) “Modern Carbonyl Chemistry” (2000) Wiley-VCH, ISBN: 3-527-29871-1; Patai, S. “Patai's 1992 Guide to the Chemistry of Functional Groups” (1992) Interscience ISBN: 0-471-93022-9; Solomons, T. W. G. “Organic Chemistry” 7th Edition (2000) John Wiley & Sons, ISBN: 0-471-19095-0; Stowell, J. C., “Intermediate Organic Chemistry” 2nd Edition (1993) Wiley-Interscience, ISBN: 0-471-57456-2; “Industrial Organic Chemicals: Starting Materials and Intermediates: An Ullmann's Encyclopedia” (1999) John Wiley & Sons, ISBN: 3-527-29645-X, in 8 volumes; “Organic Reactions” (1942-2000) John Wiley & Sons, in over 55 volumes; and “Chemistry of Functional Groups” John Wiley & Sons, in 73 volumes.
[0254] Specific and analogous reactants may also be identified through the indices of known chemicals prepared by the Chemical Abstract Service of the American Chemical Society, which are available in most public and university libraries, as well as through on-line databases (the American Chemical Society, Washington, D.C., may be contacted for more details). Chemicals that are known but not commercially available in catalogs may be prepared by custom chemical synthesis houses, where many of the standard chemical supply houses (e.g., those listed above) provide custom synthesis services. A reference for the preparation and selection of pharmaceutical salts of the substituted pyrazolylpyridine derivative compounds described herein is P. H. Stahl & C. G. Wermuth “Handbook of Pharmaceutical Salts”, Verlag Helvetica Chimica Acta, Zurich, 2002.
[0255] The substituted pyrazolylpyridine and pyrazolylpyridazine derivative compounds are prepared by the general synthetic routes described below in Schemes 1-8.
[0256]  [see pdf for image]
[0257] One method for preparing compounds such as compound 1-2 is provided in Scheme 1. 2-Chloroisonicotinic acid or 6-chloropyridazine-4-carboxylic acid are treated with hydrazine hydrate in an organic solvent, such as 1,4-dioxane, under reflux conditions (e.g., about 100° C.) to give intermediates 1-1. Subsequent reaction with substituted acetoacetyl ester in AcOH under heating conditions affords compound s1-2.
[0258]  [see pdf for image]
[0259] A method for preparing compounds such as compounds 2-3 is provided in Scheme 2. 2-Chloroisonicotinonitrile or 6-chloropyridazine-4-carbonitrile are treated with hydrazine hydrate in a mixture of an alcoholic solvent (such as 1-butanol) and an organic solvent (such as THF) at elevated temperature (e.g. about 60-100° C.) to give intermediates 2-1. Subsequent reaction with an acetoacetyl ester in a mixture of an alcoholic solvent (such as ethanol) heated to reflux in presence of acetic acid provides cyclized hydroxypyrazole pyridine intermediates 2-2. Hydrolysis using concentrated sodium hydroxide solution (such as 5-10 N) in ethanol provides the acids 2-3.
[0260]  [see pdf for image]
[0261] Two methods of preparing acetoacetyl esters are provided in Scheme 3. In the first method, a substituted acetophenone is treated with diethyl carbonate and sodium hydride in an organic solvent such as THF to give ketoester 3-2. In the second method, an acetyl chloride can is reacted with 2,2-dimethyl-1,3-dioxane-4,6-dione in presence of a base, such as pyridine, in an organic solvent, such as DCM, to give intermediate 3-3. Ketoesters such as 3-2 and 3-3 are condensed with 2-hydrazinylisonicotinonitrile, 6-hydrazinylpyridazine-4-carbonitrile, 2-hydrazinylpyrimidine-4-carbonitrile or 6-hydrazinylpyrimidine-4-carbonitrile to generate hydroxypyrazole pyridine, hydroxypyrazole pyridazine, and hydroxypyrazole pyrimidine analogs.
[0262]  [see pdf for image]
[0263] A method for preparing compounds such as compounds 4-3 is provided in Scheme 4. Substituted acetophenones are reacted with either DMF-DMA or (1,1-dimethoxy-ethyl)-dimethylamine under heating conditions (e.g. about 100-120° C.) to give intermediate 4-1. Subsequent cyclization with 2-hydrazylisonicotinonitrile or 6-hydrazinylpyridazine-4-carbonitrile, either as free bases or hydrochloride salts, in an alcohol solvent such as 2-methoxyethanol (if hydrochloride salt is used), or ethanol in the presence of acetic acid (if the free bases of compounds 2-1 are used) under heating conditions provides intermediates 4-2. Hydrolysis of the nitrile group using concentrated sodium hydroxide solution (5-10 M) in ethanol with heat affords the acid products 4-3.
[0264]  [see pdf for image]
[0265] A method for preparing compounds such as compounds 5-3 is provided in Scheme 5. Cyclization of 2-hydrazinylisoniconinonitrile or 6-hydrazinylpyridazine-4-carbonitrile with ethyl 3-oxobutanoate in an alcoholic solvent, such as ethanol, in presence of acetic acid provides intermediates 5-1. Alkylation of the hydroxyl group using an alkyl halide, such as alkyl bromide or alkyl iodide, in an organic solvent, such as DMF, in the presence of a base, e.g. K2CO3, gives products 5-2. Subsequent hydrolysis using concentrated NaOH in alcohol provides the acid products 5-3.
[0266]  [see pdf for image]
[0267] A method to prepare compounds such as compound 6-4 and 6-5 is provided in Scheme 6. 2-Hydrazinyl-isonicotinonitrile or 6-hydrazinylpyridazine-4-carbonitrile react with ethyl (2E)-3-(dimethylamino)prop-2-enoate in ethanol in the presence of acetic acid to give intermediates 6-1. Upon treatment with a strong base, such as potassium t-butoxide, the hydroxypyrazole intermediates 6-2 is obtained. A Mitsunobu reaction, wherein intermediates 6-2 are treated with an alcohol, an azadicarboxylate, such as DIAD, a ligand, such as triphenylphosphine, in an organic solvent, such as THF, gives a mixture of O-alkylation and N-alkylation products. Separation via flash column chromatography provides the desired O-alkylation products 6-3, which are then hydrolyzed to the acids 6-4. The acids are then treated with excess diazomethane (e.g. 10 equiv.) in an organic solvent such as THF to give the methyl esters, compounds 6-5.
[0268]  [see pdf for image]
[0269] Methods for preparing compounds of formula 7-2 and 7-3 are provided in Scheme 7. Treatment of acids 7-1 with hydroxylamine hydrochloride in the presence of a coupling reagent, such as HATU, in a solvent, such as DMF, at room temperature for 1 to 24 hours provides compounds 7-2. Compounds 7-1 can also be used to prepare N-acylcyanamides such as compound 7-3. Treatment of 7-1 with cyanamide in the presence of an acid coupling reagent, such as HATU, in a solvent, such as DMF, at room temperature for 1 to 24 hours provides compounds 7-3.
[0270]  [see pdf for image]
[0271] A method for preparing compounds of formula 8-2 is provided in Scheme 8. Treatment of the nitrile intermediates 8-1 with sodium azide and ammonium chloride in DMF followed by heating to 90° C. for 2 to 24 hours provides the desired tetrazole derivatives 8-2.
[0272] The substituted pyrazolylpyrimidine derivative compounds are prepared by the general synthetic routes described below in Schemes 9-15.
[0273]  [see pdf for image]
[0274] One method for preparing compounds such as compounds 9-2 is provided in Scheme 9. 6-Chloropyrimidine-4-carboxylic acid or 2-chloropyrimidine-4-carboxylic acid are treated with hydrazine hydrate in an organic solvent, such as 1,4-dioxane, under reflux conditions (e.g., about 100° C.) to give intermediates 9-1. Subsequent reaction with substituted acetoacetyl ester in AcOH under heating conditions affords compounds 9-2.
[0275]  [see pdf for image]
[0276] A method for preparing compounds such as compounds 10-3 is provided in Scheme 10. 2-Chloropyrimidine-4-carbonitrile or 6-chloropyrimidine-4-carbonitrile are treated with hydrazine hydrate in a mixture of an alcoholic solvent (such as 1-butanol) and an organic solvent (such as THF) at elevated temperature (e.g. about 60-100° C.) to give intermediates 10-1. Subsequent reaction with an acetoacetyl ester in a mixture of an alcoholic solvent (such as ethanol) heated to reflux in presence of acetic acid provides cyclized hydroxypyrazole pyridine intermediates 10-2. Hydrolysis using concentrated sodium hydroxide solution (such as 5-10 N) in ethanol provides the acids 10-3.
[0277]  [see pdf for image]
[0278] A method for preparing compounds such as compounds 11-3 is provided in Scheme 11. Cyclization of 2-hydrazinylpyrimidine-4-carbonitrile or 6-hydrazinylpyrimidine-4-carbonitrile either as free base or hydrochloride salts with intermediate 4-1, in an alcohol solvent such as 2-methoxyethanol (if hydrochloride salts are used), or ethanol in the presence of acetic acid (if the free base of compounds 10-1 are used) under heating conditions provides intermediates 11-2. Hydrolysis of the nitrile group using concentrated sodium hydroxide solution (5-10 M) in ethanol with heat affords the acid products 11-3.
[0279]  [see pdf for image]
[0280] A method for preparing compounds such as compounds 12-3 is provided in Scheme 12. Cyclization of 2-hydrazinylpyrimidine-4-carbonitrile or 6-hydrazinylpyrimidine-4-carbonitrile with ethyl 3-oxobutanoate in an alcoholic solvent, such as ethanol, in presence of acetic acid provides intermediates 12-1. Alkylation of the hydroxyl group using an alkyl halide, such as alkyl bromide or alkyl iodide, in an organic solvent, such as DMF, in the presence of a base, e.g. K2CO3, gives products 12-2. Subsequent hydrolysis using concentrated NaOH in alcohol provides the acid products 12-3.
[0281]  [see pdf for image]
[0282] A method to prepare compounds such as compounds 13-4 or 13-5 is provided in Scheme 13. 2-Hydrazinylpyrimidine-4-carbonitrile or 6-hydrazinylpyrimidine-4-carbonitrile react with ethyl (2E)-3-(dimethylamino)prop-2-enoate in ethanol in the presence of acetic acid to give intermediates 13-1. Upon treatment with a strong base, such as potassium t-butoxide, the hydroxypyrazole intermediates 13-2 are obtained. A Mitsunobu reaction, wherein intermediates 13-2 are treated with an alcohol, an azadicarboxylate, such as DIAD, a ligand, such as triphenylphosphine, in an organic solvent, such as THF, gives a mixture of O-alkylation and N-alkylation products. Separation via flash column chromatography provides the desired O-alkylation products 13-3, which is then hydrolyzed to the acids 13-4. The acids are then treated with excess diazomethane (e.g. 10 equiv.) in an organic solvent such as THF to give the methyl esters, compounds 13-5.
[0283]  [see pdf for image]
[0284] Methods for preparing compounds of formula 14-2 and 14-3 are provided in Scheme 14. Treatment of acids 14-1 with hydroxylamine hydrochloride in the presence of a coupling reagent, such as HATU, in a solvent, such as DMF, at room temperature for 1 to 24 hours provides compounds 14-2. Compounds 14-1 can also be used to prepare N-acylcyanamides such as compounds 14-3. Treatment of 14-1 with cyanamide in the presence of an acid coupling reagent, such as HATU, in a solvent, such as DMF, at room temperature for 1 to 24 hours provides compounds 14-3.
[0285]  [see pdf for image]
[0286] A method for preparing compounds of formula 15-2 is provided in Scheme 15. Treatment of the nitrile intermediates 15-1 with sodium azide and ammonium chloride in DMF followed by heating to 90° C. for 2 to 24 hours provides the desired tetrazole derivatives 15-2.
[0287] In each of the above reaction procedures or schemes, the various substituents may be selected from among the various substituents otherwise taught herein.
[0288] In each of the above reaction procedures or schemes, the various substituents may be selected from among the various substituents otherwise taught herein.

Histone Demethylase

[0289] Chromatin is the complex of DNA and protein that makes up chromosomes. Histones are the major protein component of chromatin, acting as spools around which DNA winds. Changes in chromatin structure are affected by covalent modifications of histone proteins and by non-histone binding proteins. Several classes of enzymes are known which can covalently modify histones at various sites.
[0290] Proteins can be post-translationally modified by methylation on amino groups of lysines and guanidino groups of arginines or carboxymethylated on aspartate, glutamate, or on the C-terminus of the protein. Post-translational protein methylation has been implicated in a variety of cellular processes such as RNA processing, receptor mediated signaling, and cellular differentiation. Post-translational protein methylation is widely known to occur on histones, such reactions known to be catalyzed by histone methyltransferases, which transfer methyl groups from S-adenyosyl methionine (SAM) to histones. Histone methylation is known to participate in a diverse range of biological processes including heterochromatin formation, X-chromosome inactivation, and transcriptional regulation (Lachner et al., (2003) J. Cell Sci. 116:2117-2124; Margueron et al., (2005) Curr. Opin. Genet. Dev. 15:163-176).
[0291] Unlike acetylation, which generally correlates with transcriptional activation, whether histone methylation leads to transcription activation or repression depends on the particular site of methylation and the degree of methylation (e.g., whether a particular histone lysine residue is mono-, di-, or tri-methylated). However, generally, methylation on H3K9, H3K27 and H4K20 is linked to gene silencing, while methylation on H3K4, H3K36, and H3K79 is generally associated with active gene expression. In addition, tri- and di-methylation of H3K4 generally marks the transcriptional start sites of actively transcribed genes, whereas mono-methylation of H3K4 is associated with enhancer sequences.
[0292] A “demethylase” or “protein demethylase,” as referred to herein, refers to an enzyme that removes at least one methyl group from an amino acid side chain. Some demethylases act on histones, e.g., act as a histone H3 or H4 demethylase. For example, an H3 demethylase may demethylate one or more of H3K4, H3K9, H3K27, H3K36 and/or H3K79. Alternately, an H4 demethylase may demethylate histone H4K20. Demethylases are known to demethylate either a mono-, di- and/or a tri-methylated substrate. Further, histone demethylases can act on a methylated core histone substrate, a mononucleosome substrate, a dinucleosome substrate and/or an oligonucleosome substrate, peptide substrate and/or chromatin (e.g., in a cell-based assay).
[0293] The first lysine demethylase discovered was lysine specific demethylase 1 (LSD1/KDM1), which demethylates both mono- and di-methylated H3K4 or H3K9, using flavin as a cofactor. A second class of Jumonji C (JmjC) domain containing histone demthylases were predicted, and confirmed when a H3K36 demethylase was found using a formaldehyde release assay, which was named JmjC domain containing histone demethylase 1 (JHDM1/KDM2A).
[0294] More JmjC domain-containing proteins were subsequently identified and they can be phylogenetically clustered into seven subfamilies: JHDM1, JHDM2, JHDM3, JMJD2, JARID, PHF2/PHF8, UTX/UTY, and JmjC domain only.

JMJD2 Family

[0295] The JMJD2 family of proteins are a family of histone-demethylases known to demethylate tri- and di-methylated H3-K9, and were the first identified histone tri-methyl demethylases. In particular, ectopic expression of JMJD2 family members was found to dramatically decrease levels of tri- and di-methylated H3-K9, while increasing levels of mono-methylated H3-K9, which delocalized Heterochromatin Protein 1 (HP1) and reduced overall levels of heterochromatin in vivo. Members of the JMJD2 subfamily of jumonji proteins include JMJD2C and its homologues JMJD2A, JMJD2B, JMJD2D and JMJD2E. Common structural features found in the JMJD2 subfamily of Jumonji proteins include the JmjN, JmjC, PHD and Tdr sequences.
[0296] JMJD2C, also known as GASC1 and KDM4C, is known to demethylate tri-methylated H3K9 and H3K36. Histone demethylation by JMJD2C occurs via a hydroxylation reaction dependent on iron and α-ketoglutarate., wherein oxidative decarboxylation of α-ketoglutarate by JMJD2C produces carbon dioxide, succinate, and ferryl and ferryl subsequently hydroxylates a methyl group of lysine H3K9, releasing formaldehyde. JMJD2C is known to modulate regulation of adipogenesis by the nuclear receptor PPARy and is known to be involved in regulation of self-renewal in embryonic stem cells.

JARID Family

[0297] As used herein, a “JARID protein” includes proteins in the JARID1 subfamily (e.g., JARID1A, JARID1B, JARID1C and JARID1D proteins) and the JARID2 subfamily, as well as homologues thereof. A further description and listing of JARID proteins can be found in Klose et al. (2006) Nature Reviews/Genetics 7:715-727. The JARID1 family contains several conserved domains: JmjN, ARID, JmjC, PHD and a C5HC2 zing finger.
[0298] JARID1A, also called KDM5A or RBP2, was initially found as a binding partner of retinoblastoma (Rb) protein. JARID1A was subsequently found to function as a demethylase of tri- and di-methylated H3K4, and has been found to promote cell growth, while inhibiting senescence and differentiation. For instance, abrogation of JARID1A from mouse cells inhibits cell growth, induces senescence and differentiation, and causes loss of pluripotency of embryonic stem cells in vitro. JARID1A has been found to be overexpressed in gastric cancer and the loss of JARID1A has been found to reduce tumorigenesis in a mouse cancer model. Additionally, studies have demonstrated that loss of the retinoblastome binding protein 2 (RBP2) histone demethylase suppresses tumorigenesis in mice lacking Rb1 or Men1 (Lin et al. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Aug. 16, 2011, 108(33), 13379-86; doi: 10.1073/pnas.1110104108) and the authors of the study concluded that RBP2-inhibitory drugs would have anti-cancer activity.
[0299] JARID1B, also referred to as KDM5B and PLU1, was originally found in experiments to discover genes regulated by the HER2 tyrosine kinase. JARID1B has consistently been found to be expressed in breast cancer cell lines, although restriction of JARID1B has been found in normal adult tissues, with the exception of the testis. In addition, 90% of invasive ductal carcinomas have been found to express JARID1B. In addition, JARID1B has been found to be up-regulated in prostate cancers, while having more limited expression in benign prostate, and has also been found to be up-regulated in bladder cancer and lung cancer (both SCLC and NSCLC). JARID1B has also been found to repress tumor suppressor genes such as BRCA1, CAVI and 14-3-3σ, and knockdown of JARID1B was found to increase the levels of tri-methylated H3K4 at these genes.

FBXL10 and FBXL11

[0300] F-box and leucine-rich repeat protein 10 (FBXL10) and F-box and leucine-rich repeat protein 11 (FBXL11) are multifunctional F-box family proteins that demethylate histone H3 through a hydroxylation based mechanism. FBXL10, also known as lysine (K)-specific demethylase 2B (KDM2B) or Jumonji C domain-containing histone demethylase 1B (JHDM1B), preferentially demethylates trimethylated K4 and dimethylated K36 of histone H3, but contains weak or no activity for mono- and tri-methylated H3-K36. FBXL10 contains three domains, a catalytic JMJC domain, an F-box domain and a COX DNA-binding domain. The N-terminal JMJC domain coordinates iron and α-ketoglutarate to catalyze demethylation through the hydroxylation based mechanism. The CXXC DNA-binding domain allows FBXL10 to preferentially bind to transcribed region of the ribosomal RNA, leading to repression of the ribosomal RNA gene transcription and ultimately leading to inhibition of cell growth and proliferation. FBXL10 has been found to be overexpressed in acute myeloid leukemia, bladder carcinoma and pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. Recently, it has been demonstrated that FBXL10 regulates the expression of Polycomb target genes, those proteins are epigenetic regulators essential for stem cell differentiation. This regulation implicates FBXL10's involvement in tumorigenesis through the regulation of these Polycomb target genes.
[0301] FBXL11, also known as KDM2A or JHDM1A, demethylates mono- and di-methylated K36 of histone H3. The CXXC DNA-binding domain recognizes non-methylated DNA and targets CpG island regions where it specifically removes H3K3 methylation. Further, FBXL11 is required to maintain a heterochromatic state, sustain centromeric integrity and genomic stability during mitosis. In addition, FBXL11 is a key negative regulator of NF-KB. Overexpression of FBXL11 has been observed in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) where FBXL11 upregulates phosphor-ERK1/2 by repressing DUSP3 expression in NSCLC cell lines. Negative regulation of gluconeogenic gene expression by FBXL11 results in suppression of two rate-limiting gluconeogenic enzymes, critical for maintaining blood glucose homeostasis.
[0302] In an additional embodiment is a method for inhibiting a histone-demethylase enzyme comprising contacting a histone demethylase enzyme with a compound of Formula (I) or a tautomer, stereoisomer, geometric isomer, N-oxide, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof,
[0303]  [see pdf for image]
[0304] wherein,
[0305] R1 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0306] R2 is hydrogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0307] R3 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0308] R4 is hydrogen or alkyl;
[0309] each R5 is independently hydrogen, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0310] with the provision:
[0311] if R2 and R3 are both hydrogen, then R1 is not hydrogen, methyl, trifluoromethyl, isopropyl or cyclopropyl; or
[0312] if R1 and R3 are both hydrogen, then R2 is not methyl, or trifluoromethyl; or
[0313] if R1 and R3 are both methyl, then R2 is not hydrogen, methyl or ethyl; or
[0314] if R1 and R2 are hydrogen, then R3 is not
[0315]  [see pdf for image]
[0316] In an additional embodiment is a method for inhibiting a histone-demethylase enzyme comprising contacting a histone demethylase enzyme with a compound of Formula (II) or a tautomer, stereoisomer, geometric isomer, N-oxide, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof,
[0317]  [see pdf for image]
[0318] wherein,
[0319] R1 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0320] R2 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0321] R4 is hydrogen or alkyl; and
[0322] each R5 is independently hydrogen, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl.
[0323] In an additional embodiment is a method for inhibiting a histone-demethylase enzyme comprising contacting a histone demethylase enzyme with a compound of Formula (III) or a tautomer, stereoisomer, geometric isomer, N-oxide, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof,
[0324]  [see pdf for image]
[0325] wherein,
[0326] R1 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0327] R2 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0328] R3 is C2-C10 alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0329] R4 is hydrogen or alkyl; and
[0330] each R5 is independently hydrogen, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl.
[0331] In an additional embodiment is a method for inhibiting a histone-demethylase enzyme comprising contacting a histone demethylase enzyme with a compound of Formula (IV) or a tautomer, stereoisomer, geometric isomer, N-oxide, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof,
[0332]  [see pdf for image]
[0333] wherein,
[0334] R1 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0335] R2 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0336] R3 is —O—X—Y;
[0337] R4 is hydrogen or alkyl;
[0338] each R5 is independently hydrogen, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0339] X is C1-C8 alkylene or
[0340]  [see pdf for image]
where n is 0 to 4; and
[0341] Y is hydrogen, carbocyclyl, aryl, or heteroaryl.
[0342] In an additional embodiment is a method for inhibiting a histone-demethylase enzyme comprising contacting a histone demethylase enzyme with a compound of Formula (V) or a tautomer, stereoisomer, geometric isomer, N-oxide, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof,
[0343]  [see pdf for image]
[0344] wherein,
[0345] R1 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0346] R2 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0347] R3 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0348] R4 is hydrogen or alkyl; and
[0349] each R5 is independently hydrogen, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl.
[0350] In an additional embodiment is a method for inhibiting a histone-demethylase enzyme comprising contacting a histone demethylase enzyme with a compound of Formula (VI) or a tautomer, stereoisomer, geometric isomer, N-oxide, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof,
[0351]  [see pdf for image]
[0352] wherein,
[0353] R1 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0354] R2 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0355] R3 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0356] R4 is hydrogen or alkyl;
[0357] each R5 is independently hydrogen, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl.
[0358] In an additional embodiment is a method for inhibiting a histone-demethylase enzyme comprising contacting a histone demethylase enzyme with a compound of Formula (VII)-(XIV) or a tautomer, stereoisomer, geometric isomer, N-oxide, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof
[0359] In an additional embodiment is the method for inhibiting a histone-demethylase enzyme, wherein the histone-demethylase enzyme comprises a JmjC domain. In an additional embodiment is the method for inhibiting a histone-demethylase enzyme, wherein the histone-demethylase enzyme is selected from JARID1A, JARID1B, JMJD2C, JMJD2A, or FBXL10.

Methods of Treatment

[0360] Disclosed herein are methods of modulating demethylation in a cell or in a subject, either generally or with respect to one or more specific target genes. Demethylation can be modulated to control a variety of cellular functions, including without limitation: differentiation; proliferation; apoptosis; tumorigenesis, leukemogenesis or other oncogenic transformation events; hair loss; or sexual differentiation. For example, in particular embodiments, the invention provides a method of treating a disease regulated by histone methylation and/or demethylation in a subject in need thereof by modulating the activity of a demethylase comprising a JmjC domain (e.g., a histone demethylase such as a JHDM protein(s)).
[0361] In an additional embodiment is a method for treating cancer in subject comprising administering to the subject in need thereof a composition comprising a compound of Formula (I) or a tautomer, stereoisomer, geometric isomer, N-oxide, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof,
[0362]  [see pdf for image]
[0363] wherein,
[0364] R1 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0365] R2 is hydrogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0366] R3 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0367] R4 is hydrogen or alkyl;
[0368] each R5 is independently hydrogen, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0369] with the provision:
[0370] if R2 and R3 are both hydrogen, then R1 is not hydrogen, methyl, trifluoromethyl, isopropyl or cyclopropyl; or
[0371] if R1 and R3 are both hydrogen, then R2 is not methyl, or trifluoromethyl; or
[0372] if R1 and R3 are both methyl, then R2 is not hydrogen, methyl or ethyl; or
[0373] if R1 and R2 are hydrogen, then R3 is not
[0374]  [see pdf for image]
[0375] In an additional embodiment is a method for treating cancer in subject comprising administering to the subject in need thereof a composition comprising a compound of Formula (II) or a tautomer, stereoisomer, geometric isomer, N-oxide, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof,
[0376]  [see pdf for image]
[0377] wherein,
[0378] R1 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0379] R2 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0380] R4 is hydrogen or alkyl; and
[0381] each R5 is independently hydrogen, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl.
[0382] In an additional embodiment is a method for treating cancer in subject comprising administering to the subject in need thereof a composition comprising a compound of Formula (III) or a tautomer, stereoisomer, geometric isomer, N-oxide, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof,
[0383]  [see pdf for image]
[0384] wherein,
[0385] R1 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0386] R2 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0387] R3 is C2-C10 alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0388] R4 is hydrogen or alkyl; and
[0389] each R5 is independently hydrogen, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl.
[0390] In an additional embodiment is a method for treating cancer in subject comprising administering to the subject in need thereof a composition comprising a compound of Formula (IV) or a tautomer, stereoisomer, geometric isomer, N-oxide, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof,
[0391]  [see pdf for image]
[0392] wherein,
[0393] R1 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0394] R2 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0395] R3 is —O—X—Y;
[0396] R4 is hydrogen or alkyl;
[0397] each R5 is independently hydrogen, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0398] X is C1-C8 alkylene or
[0399]  [see pdf for image]
where n is 0 to 4; and
[0400] Y is hydrogen, carbocyclyl, aryl, or heteroaryl.
[0401] In an additional embodiment is a method for treating cancer in subject comprising administering to the subject in need thereof a composition comprising a compound of Formula (V) or a tautomer, stereoisomer, geometric isomer, N-oxide, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof,
[0402]  [see pdf for image]
[0403] wherein,
[0404] R1 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0405] R2 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0406] R3 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0407] R4 is hydrogen or alkyl; and
[0408] each R5 is independently hydrogen, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl.
[0409] In an additional embodiment is a method for treating cancer in subject comprising administering to the subject in need thereof a composition comprising a compound of Formula (VI) or a tautomer, stereoisomer, geometric isomer, N-oxide, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof,
[0410]  [see pdf for image]
[0411] wherein,
[0412] R1 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0413] R2 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0414] R3 is hydrogen, halogen, —OH, —OR5, —N(R5)2, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl;
[0415] R4 is hydrogen or alkyl;
[0416] each R5 is independently hydrogen, alkyl, carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclylalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, aralkyl, or heteroarylalkyl.
[0417] In a further embodiment is the method for treating cancer in a subject wherein the cancer is selected from prostate cancer, breast cancer, bladder cancer, lung cancer or melanoma.
[0418] In an additional embodiment is a method for inhibiting the growth of a tumor comprising administering a composition comprising a compound of Formula (I), (II), (III), (IV), (V), or (VI) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein the tumor is characterized by a loss of retinoblastoma gene (RB1) function.
[0419] In an additional embodiment is a method for inhibiting the growth of a tumor comprising administering a composition comprising a compound of Formula (I), (II), (III), (IV), (V), or (VI), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein the tumor is characterized by a loss of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 gene (Men1) function.
[0420] In an additional embodiment is a method for inhibiting the growth of a tumor comprising administering a composition comprising a compound of Formula (VII)-(XIV) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein the tumor is characterized by a loss of retinoblastoma gene (RB1) function.
[0421] In an additional embodiment is a method for inhibiting the growth of a tumor comprising administering a composition comprising a compound of Formula (VII)-(XIV), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein the tumor is characterized by a loss of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 gene (Men1) function.
[0422] In an additional embodiment is a method for treating cancer in subject comprising administering to the subject in need thereof a composition comprising a compound of Formula (VII)-(XIV) or a tautomer, stereoisomer, geometric isomer, N-oxide, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. In a further embodiment is the method for treating cancer in a subject wherein the cancer is selected from prostate cancer, breast cancer, bladder cancer, lung cancer or melanoma.

Pharmaceutical Compositions

[0423] In certain embodiments, a substituted pyrazolylpyridine, pyrazolylpyridazine, or pyrazolylpyrimidine derivative compound as described herein is administered as a pure chemical. In other embodiments, the substituted pyrazolylpyridine, pyrazolylpyridazine, or pyrazolylpyrimidine derivative compound as described is combined with a pharmaceutically suitable or acceptable carrier (also referred to herein as a pharmaceutically suitable (or acceptable) excipient, physiologically suitable (or acceptable) excipient, or physiologically suitable (or acceptable) carrier) selected on the basis of a chosen route of administration and standard pharmaceutical practice as described, for example, in Remington: The Science and Practice of Pharmacy (Gennaro, 21st Ed. Mack Pub. Co., Easton, Pa. (2005)), the disclosure of which is hereby incorporated herein by reference, in its entirety.
[0424] Accordingly, provided herein is a pharmaceutical composition comprising at least one substituted pyrazolylpyridine derivative compound, or a stereoisomer, prodrug, pharmaceutically acceptable salt, hydrate, solvate, or N-oxide thereof, together with one or more pharmaceutically acceptable carriers and, optionally, other therapeutic and/or prophylactic ingredients. Also provided herein is a pharmaceutical composition comprising at least one substituted pyrazolylpyridazine derivative compound, or a stereoisomer, prodrug, pharmaceutically acceptable salt, hydrate, solvate, or N-oxide thereof, together with one or more pharmaceutically acceptable carriers and, optionally, other therapeutic and/or prophylactic ingredients. Further provided herein is a pharmaceutical composition comprising at least one substituted pyrazolylpyrimidine derivative compound, or a stereoisomer, prodrug, pharmaceutically acceptable salt, hydrate, solvate, or N-oxide thereof, together with one or more pharmaceutically acceptable carriers and, optionally, other therapeutic and/or prophylactic ingredients. The carrier(s) (or excipient(s)) is acceptable or suitable if the carrier is compatible with the other ingredients of the composition and not deleterious to the recipient (i.e., the subject) of the composition.
[0425] One embodiment provides a pharmaceutical composition comprising a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier and a compound of Formulas (I)-(V) or a tautomer, stereoisomer, geometric isomer, N-oxide, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
[0426] One embodiment provides a pharmaceutical composition comprising a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier and a compound of Formulas (VII)-(XIV) or a tautomer, stereoisomer, geometric isomer, N-oxide, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
[0427] In certain embodiments, the substituted pyrazolylpyridine derivative compound as described by Formulas (I)-(V) is substantially pure, in that it contains less than about 5%, or less than about 1%, or less than about 0.1%, of other organic small molecules, such as contaminating intermediates or by-products that are created, for example, in one or more of the steps of a synthesis method. In certain embodiments, the compound as described by Formulas (VII)-(XIV) is substantially pure, in that it contains less than about 5%, or less than about 1%, or less than about 0.1%, of other organic small molecules, such as contaminating intermediates or by-products that are created, for example, in one or more of the steps of a synthesis method.
[0428] Suitable oral dosage forms include, for example, tablets, pills, sachets, or capsules of hard or soft gelatin, methylcellulose or of another suitable material easily dissolved in the digestive tract. Suitable nontoxic solid carriers can be used which include, for example, pharmaceutical grades of mannitol, lactose, starch, magnesium stearate, sodium saccharin, talcum, cellulose, glucose, sucrose, magnesium carbonate, and the like. (See, e.g., Remington: The Science and Practice of Pharmacy (Gennaro, 21st Ed. Mack Pub. Co., Easton, Pa. (2005)).
[0429] The dose of the composition comprising at least one substituted pyrazolylpyridine derivative compound as described herein may differ, depending upon the patient's (e.g., human) condition, that is, stage of the disease, general health status, age, and other factors that a person skilled in the medical art will use to determine dose.
[0430] Pharmaceutical compositions may be administered in a manner appropriate to the disease to be treated (or prevented) as determined by persons skilled in the medical arts. An appropriate dose and a suitable duration and frequency of administration will be determined by such factors as the condition of the patient, the type and severity of the patient's disease, the particular form of the active ingredient, and the method of administration. In general, an appropriate dose and treatment regimen provides the composition(s) in an amount sufficient to provide therapeutic and/or prophylactic benefit (e.g., an improved clinical outcome, such as more frequent complete or partial remissions, or longer disease-free and/or overall survival, or a lessening of symptom severity. Optimal doses may generally be determined using experimental models and/or clinical trials. The optimal dose may depend upon the body mass, weight, or blood volume of the patient.
[0431] Oral doses can typically range from about 1.0 mg to about 1000 mg, one to four times, or more, per day.
[0432] Other embodiments and uses will be apparent to one skilled in the art in light of the present disclosures. The following examples are provided merely as illustrative of various embodiments and shall not be construed to limit the invention in any way.

EXAMPLES

I. Chemical Synthesis

[0433] Unless otherwise noted, reagents and solvents were used as received from commercial suppliers Anhydrous solvents and oven-dried glassware were used for synthetic transformations sensitive to moisture and/or oxygen. Yields were not optimized. Reaction times are approximate and were not optimized. Column chromatography and thin layer chromatography (TLC) were performed on silica gel unless otherwise noted. Spectra are given in ppm (δ) and coupling constants, J are reported in Hertz. For proton spectra the solvent peak was used as the reference peak.

Preparation 1

2-Hydrazinylpyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0434]  [see pdf for image]
[0435] To a solution of 2-chloropyridine-4-carboxylic acid (1.57 g, 100 mmol) in 1,4-dioxane (30 mL) was added hydrazine hydrate (1.0 g, 200 mmol) dropwise at rt. The reaction mixture was heated at 100° C. overnight. The mixture was concentrated, and the residue was purified by flash column chromatography (CH2Cl2/MeOH=20/1) to afford the title compound (650 mg, 42%) as a white solid. [M+H] Calc'd for C6H7N3O2, 154. Found, 154.

Example 1

2-(5-hydroxy-3-methyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

[0436]  [see pdf for image]
[0437] A mixture of 2-hydrazinylpyridine-4-carboxylic acid (306 mg, 2 mmol, PREPARATION 1) and ethyl 3-oxobutanoate (390 mg, 3 mmol) in AcOH (5 mL) was stirred at 100° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was cooled, concentrated, and purified by prep-HPLC to afford the title compound (72 mg, 16%) as yellow solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): δ 2.72 (3H, s), 4.86 (1H, s), 7.71 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 8.55 (1H, d J=4.8 Hz), 8.81 (1H, s). [M+H] Calc'd for C10H9N3O3, 220. Found, 220.

Example 2

2-(3-cyclopropyl-5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

[0438]  [see pdf for image]
[0439] The title compound was prepared in 24% yield from 2-hydrazinylpyridine-4-carboxylic acid and ethyl 3-cyclopropyl-3-oxopropanoate according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 1. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): δ 0.83-0.88 (2H, m), 1.05-1.09 (2H, m), 1.88-1.91 (1H, m), 4.86 (1H, s), 7.70 (1H, dd, J=5.2, 1.2 Hz), 8.54 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 8.75 (1H, s). [M+H] Calc'd for C12H11N3O3, 246. Found, 246.

Preparation 2

2-Hydrazinylpyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0440]  [see pdf for image]
[0441] To a solution of 2-chloropyridine-4-carbonitrile (20.0 g, 144 mmol) in 1-butanol (150 mL) was added 1 M solution of hydrazine hydrate in THF (303 mL, 303 mmol) dropwise at rt. It was then heated at 60° C. overnight. The mixture was concentrated, and the residue was purified by flash column chromatography (CH2Cl2/MeOH=20/1) to afford the title compound (3.5 g, 18%) as a white solid. [M+H] Calc'd for C6H6N4, 135. Found, 135.

Example 3

2-(5-Hydroxy-3,4-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

A. 2-(5-Hydroxy-3,4-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0442]  [see pdf for image]
[0443] A mixture of 2-hydrazinylpyridine-4-carbonitrile (134 mg, 1 mmol, PREPARATION 2) and 2-methyl-3-oxo-butyric acid ethyl ester (158 mg, 1.1 mmol) in EtOH (5 mL) and AcOH (1 mL) was stirred at 90° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was cooled, concentrated, and purified by flash column chromatography (CH2Cl2) to afford the title compound (100 mg, 47%) as an orange solid. [M+H] Calc'd for C11H10N4O, 215. Found, 215.

B. 2-(5-hydroxy-3,4-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

[0444]  [see pdf for image]
[0445] To a solution of 2-(5-hydroxy-3,4-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile (100 mg, 0.47 mmol) in EtOH (5 mL) was added 5 M NaOH (2 mL) at rt, then stirred at 90° C. for 1 h. The reaction mixture was cooled, acidified with 1 N HCl to pH=3, filtered to give a yellow solid, then recrystallized from EtOH to afford the title compound (22 mg, 21%) as a white solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): δ 1.84 (3H, s), 2.23 (3H, s), 7.71 (1H, dd, J=4.8, 1.2 Hz), 8.52 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 8.65 (1H, s). [M+H] Calc'd for C11H11N3O3, 234. Found, 234.

Example 4

2-(5-Hydroxy-3-methyl-4-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

A. 2-(5-Hydroxy-3-methyl-4-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0446]  [see pdf for image]
[0447] The title compound was prepared in 29% yield from 2-hydrazinylpyridine-4-carbonitrile (PREPARATION 2) and 3-oxo-2-phenyl-butyric acid ethyl ester according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 3, part A. [M+H] Calc'd for C16H12N4O, 277. Found, 277.

B. 2-(5-Hydroxy-3-methyl-4-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

[0448]  [see pdf for image]
[0449] The title compound was prepared in 59% yield from 2-(5-hydroxy-3-methyl-4-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 3, part B. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): δ 2.31 (3H, s), 7.15 (1H, t, J=7.6 Hz), 7.30 (2H, t, J=7.6 Hz), 7.44 (2H, d, J=7.2 Hz), 7.64 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 8.48 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 8.81-8.82 (1H, m). [M+H] Calc'd for C16H13N3O3, 296. Found, 296.

Example 5

2-(3-(2-Fluorophenyl)-5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

A. 2-[3-(2-Fluorophenyl)-5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0450]  [see pdf for image]
[0451] The title compound was prepared in 48% yield from 2-hydrazinylpyridine-4-carbonitrile (PREPARATION 2) and ethyl 3-(2-fluorophenyl)-3-oxopropanoate according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 3, part A. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 6.15-6.17 (1H, m), 7.13-7.41 (4H, m), 8.07-8.12 (1H, m), 8.34 (1H, s), 8.48-8.50 (1H, m), 11.64 (1H, s). [M+H] Calc'd for C15H9FN4O, 281. Found, 281.

B. 2-(3-(2-fluorophenyl)-5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

[0452]  [see pdf for image]
[0453] The title compound was prepared in 75% yield from 2-[3-(2-fluorophenyl)-5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 3, part B. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 6.06 (1H, s), 7.29-7.34 (2H, m), 7.44-7.45 (1H, m), 7.78-7.79 (1H, m), 8.01-8.05 (1H, m), 8.26 (1H, s), 8.68 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C15H10FN3O3, 300. Found, 300.

Example 6

2-(5-Hydroxy-3-propyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

A. 2-(5-Hydroxy-3-propyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0454]  [see pdf for image]
[0455] The title compound was prepared in 44% yield from 2-hydrazinylpyridine-4-carbonitrile (PREPARATION 2) and ethyl 3-oxohexanoate according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 3, part A. [M+H] Calc'd for C12H12N4O, 229. Found, 229.

B. 2-(5-Hydroxy-3-propyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

[0456]  [see pdf for image]
[0457] The title compound was prepared in 78% yield from 2-(5-hydroxy-3-propyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 3, part B. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): δ 1.05 (3H, t, J=6.8 Hz), 1.71-1.80 (2H, m), 2.61 (3H, t, J=7.2 Hz), 4.87 (1H, s), 7.75 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 8.58 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 8.83-8.85 (1H, m). [M+H] Calc'd for C12H13N3O3, 248. Found, 248.

Example 7

2-(3-(2-Chlorophenyl)-5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

A. Ethyl 3-(2-chlorophenyl)-3-oxopropanoate

[0458]  [see pdf for image]
[0459] Sodium hydride (1.45 g, 36 mmol) and diethyl carbonate (2.14 g, 18 mmol) were suspended in 10 ml of THF. 1-(2-Chlorophenyl)ethanone (1.4 g, 9 mmol) was gradually added into the reaction flask, maintaining the reaction mixture temperature at 40° C. for 2 h. Then 1 mL of ethanol was added thereto and heated under reflux conditions for 4 h. After cooling, 1 mL of ethanol was added and the mixture was poured onto ice water, and extracted with ether. Ether extracts are combined, washed with water, dried with anhydrous magnesium sulfate, and evaporated. The resulting oil is purified by flash column chromatography (PE/EA=50/1) to afford the title compound (680 mg, 34%) as a yellow oil. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.24 (3H, t, J=6.8 Hz), 4.03 (2H, s), 4.19 (2H, q, J=6.8 Hz), 7.31-7.36 (2H, m), 7.42-7.45 (2H, m). [M+H] Calc'd for C11H11ClO3, 227. Found, 227.

B. 2-[3-(2-Chlorophenyl)-5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0460]  [see pdf for image]
[0461] The title compound was prepared in 75% yield from 2-hydrazinylpyridine-4-carbonitrile (PREPARATION 2) and ethyl 3-(2-chlorophenyl)-3-oxopropanoate according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 3, part A. [M+H] Calc'd for C15H9ClN4O 297. Found, 297.

C. 2-(3-(2-Chlorophenyl)-5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

[0462]  [see pdf for image]
[0463] The title compound was prepared in 72% yield from 2-[3-(2-chlorophenyl)-5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 3, part B. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): δ 4.81 (1H, s), 7.35-7.37 (2H, m), 7.48-7.49 (1H, m), 7.78-7.79 (2H, m), 8.54-8.55 (2H, m). [M+H] Calc'd for C15H10ClN3O3, 316. Found, 316.

Example 8

2-(3-Benzyl-5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

A. Ethyl 3-oxo-4-phenylbutanoate

[0464]  [see pdf for image]
[0465] To a solution of phenylacetyl chloride (1 mL, 7.56 mmol) was added dropwise a solution of 2,2-dimethyl-1,3-dioxane-4,6-dione (1.09 g, 7.56 mmol) and pyridine (1.3 mL) in CH2Cl2 (20 mL) at 0° C. The solution was stirred for 30 min at 0° C., then allowed to warm slowly to rt and stirred overnight. The reaction mixture was then washed with 10% aqueous HCl (2×10 mL). The organic layer was dried (MgSO4), filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude residue was dissolved in EtOH (20 mL) and heated under reflux conditions for 4 h. The mixture was cooled to rt and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The resulting oil was purified by flash column chromatography (PE/EA=1/4) to afford the title compound (600 mg, 38%) as a yellow oil. [M+H] Calc'd for C12H14O3, 207. Found, 207.

B. 2-(3-Benzyl-5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0466]  [see pdf for image]
[0467] The title compound was prepared in 53% yield from 2-hydrazinylpyridine-4-carbonitrile (PREPARATION 2) and ethyl 3-oxo-4-phenylbutanoate according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 3, part A. [M+H] Calc'd for C16H12N4O, 277. Found, 277.

C. 2-(3-Benzyl-5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

[0468]  [see pdf for image]
[0469] The title compound was prepared in 78% yield from 2-(3-benzyl-5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 3, part B. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): δ 3.96 (2H, s), 4.88 (1H, s), 7.24-7.27 (1H, m), 7.34-7.37 (4H, m), 7.75-7.77 (1H, m), 8.58 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 8.76 (1H, s). [M+H] Calc'd for C16H13N3O3, 296. Found, 296.

Example 9

2-(5-hydroxy-3-(methoxymethyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

A. 2-[5-Hydroxy-3-(methoxymethyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0470]  [see pdf for image]
[0471] The title compound was prepared in 39% yield from 2-hydrazinylpyridine-4-carbonitrile (PREPARATION 2) and methyl 4-methoxy-3-oxobutanoate according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 3, part A. [M+H] Calc'd for C11H10N4O2, 231. Found, 231.

B: 2-(5-Hydroxy-3-(methoxymethyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

[0472]  [see pdf for image]
[0473] The title compound was prepared in 19% yield from 2-[5-hydroxy-3-(methoxymethyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 3, part B. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): δ 3.33 (3H, s), 4.44 (2H, s), 4.78 (1H, s), 7.69 (1H, d, J=5.2, 0.8 Hz), 8.46-7.48 (2H, m). [M+H] Calc'd for C11H11N3O4, 250. Found, 250.

Example 10

2-(5-Hydroxy-3-(phenoxymethyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

A. 2-[5-Hydroxy-3-(phenoxymethyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0474]  [see pdf for image]
[0475] The title compound was prepared in 58% yield from 2-hydrazinylpyridine-4-carbonitrile (PREPARATION 2) and methyl 3-oxo-4-phenoxybutanoate according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 3, part A. [M+H] Calc'd for C16H12N4O2, 293. Found, 293.

B. 2-(5-Hydroxy-3-(phenoxymethyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

[0476]  [see pdf for image]
[0477] The title compound was prepared in 49% yield from 2-[5-hydroxy-3-(phenoxymethyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 3, part B. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): δ 4.75 (1H, s), 4.95 (2H, s), 6.85 (1H, t, J=7.6 Hz), 6.92 (2H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.18 (2H, t, J=7.2 Hz), 7.68 (1H, dd, J=4.8, 1.2 Hz), 8.41-8.46 (2H, m). [M+H] Calc'd for C16H13N3O4, 312. Found, 312.

Example 11

2-(5-Hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

A. Ethyl 1-(4-cyanopyridin-2-yl)-5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazole-4-carboxylate

[0478]  [see pdf for image]
[0479] A mixture of 2-hydrazinylpyridine-4-carbonitrile (5.36 g, 40 mmol, PREPARATION 2), diethyl (ethoxymethylidene)propanedioate (8.64 g, 40 mmol) and K2CO3 (10.76 g, 80 mmol) in H2O (100 mL) was stirred at 100° C. for 4 h. The reaction mixture was cooled to rt and filtered to afford the title compound (2.5 g, 24%) as a yellow solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.19 (3H, t, J=7.2 Hz), 4.02 (2H, q, J=7.2 Hz), 7.38 (1H, dd, J=4.8, 1.6 Hz), 7.53 (1H, s), 8.53 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 8.79 (1H, s). [M+H] Calc'd for C12H10N4O3, 259. Found, 259.

B. 2-(4-carboxy-5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0480]  [see pdf for image]
[0481] To a solution of ethyl 1-(4-cyanopyridin-2-yl)-5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazole-4-carboxylate (2.0 g, 7.7 mmol) in EtOH (50 mL) was added 5 M NaOH (20 mL) at rt, then stirred at 90° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was cooled, acidified with 1 N HCl to pH=3, filtered to give a yellow solid, then crystallized from EtOH to afford the title compound (1.7 g, 88%) as a yellow solid. [M+H] Calc'd for C10H7N3O5, 250. Found, 250.

C. 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

[0482]  [see pdf for image]
[0483] A solution of 2-(4-carboxy-5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carboxylic acid (1.7 g, 6.8 mmol) in conc. HCl (50 mL) was heated at 90° C. for 2 h. The reaction mixture was cooled, extracted with EtOAc (200 mL), and washed with water and brine. The organic phase was dried, concentrated, and recrystallized from EtOH to afford the title compound (230 mg, 47%) as a yellow solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): δ 4.86 (1H, s), 7.68 (1H, s), 7.80 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 8.60 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 8.73 (1H, br). [M+H] Calc'd for C9H7N3O3, 206. Found, 206.

Preparation 3

2-Hydrazinylpyridine-4-carbonitrile hydrochloride salt

[0484]  [see pdf for image]
[0485] To a solution of 2-hydrazinylpyridine-4-carbonitrile (2.13 g, 16 mmol, PREPARATION 2) in EtOAc (10 mL) was added HCl (4 M in EtOAc, 15 mL) at rt. It was then stirred at rt for 30 min. The reaction mixture was filtered and washed with EtOAc and dried to give the title compound (3.13 g, 95%) as a yellow solid.

Example 12

2-(5-p-tolyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

A. (2E)-3-(dimethylamino)-1-(4-methylphenyl)prop-2-en-1-one

[0486]  [see pdf for image]
[0487] A solution of 1-(4-methylphenyl)ethanone (1.34 g, 10 mmol) in DMF-DMA (10 mL) was stirred at 100° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was cooled, concentrated, and purified by flash column chromatography (PE/EA=4:1-2:1) to give the title compound (1.40 g, 74%) as a yellow solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 2.37 (3H, s), 2.95-3.11 (6H, m), 6.72 (1H, d, J=12.0 Hz), 7.21 (2H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.78-7.82 (m, 3H).

B. 2-[5-(4-M ethylphenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0488]  [see pdf for image]
[0489] A mixture of 2-hydrazinylpyridine-4-carbonitrile hydrochloride salt (124 mg, 0.6 mmol, PREPARATION 3) and (2E)-3-(dimethylamino)-1-(4-methylphenyl)prop-2-en-1-one (95 mg, 0.5 mmol) in 2-methoxyethanol (3 mL) was stirred at 100° C. for 2 h. The reaction mixture was cooled, concentrated, and dissolved in EtOAc and then washed with water and brine. The organic phase was dried, concentrated, triturated with EA/PE (1:10, 5 mL), filtered, and dried to give the title compound (120 mg, 92%) as a yellow solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 2.38 (3H, s), 6.49 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.16 (4H, s), 7.38 (1H, dd, J=5.2, 1.2 Hz), 7.76 (1H, d, J=1.2 Hz), 7.90 (1H, s), 8.44 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz).

C. 2-(5-p-tolyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

[0490]  [see pdf for image]
[0491] To a solution of 2-[5-(4-methylphenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile (120 mg, 0.46 mmol) in EtOH (1 mL) was added 10 M NaOH (1 mL) at rt, then stirred at 90° C. for 1 h. The reaction mixture was cooled, acidified with 1 N HCl to pH=3, extracted with EtOAc (20 mL), and washed with water and brine. The organic phase was dried, concentrated, triturated with EA/PE (1:1, 5 mL), filtered, and dried to give the title compound (60 mg, 47%) as a brown solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 2.30 (3H, s), 6.65 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.13 (4H, s), 7.77 (1H, dd, J=4.8, 1.2 Hz), 7.82 (1H, d, J=1.2 Hz), 8.44 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 13.97 (1H, br s). [M+H] Calc'd for C16H13N3O2, 280. Found, 280.

Example 13

2-(5-m-tolyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

A. (2E)-3-(Dimethylamino)-1-(3-methylphenyl)prop-2-en-1-one

[0492]  [see pdf for image]
[0493] The title compound was prepared in 35% yield from 1-(3-methylphenyl)ethanone and DMF-DMA according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 12, part A. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 2.39 (3H, s), 2.79-3.11 (6H, m), 5.70 (1H, d, J=12.4 Hz), 7.24-7.31 (2H, m), 7.66-7.71 (2H, m), 7.78 (1H, d, J=12.4 Hz).

B. 2-[5-(3-Methylphenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0494]  [see pdf for image]
[0495] The title compound was prepared in quantitative yield from 2-hydrazinylpyridine-4-carbonitrile hydrochloride salt (PREPARATION 3) and (2E)-3-(dimethylamino)-1-(3-methylphenyl)prop-2-en-1-one according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 12, part B. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 2.35 (3H, s), 6.51 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.00 (1H, d, J=3.2 Hz), 7.22 (3H, m), 7.38 (1H, dd, J=5.2, 1.2 Hz), 7.77 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.92 (1H, s), 8.42 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz).

C. 2-(5-m-Tolyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

[0496]  [see pdf for image]
[0497] The title compound was prepared in 44% yield from 2-[5-(3-methylphenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 12, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 2.27 (3H, s), 6.67 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 6.97 (1H, d, J=7.6 Hz), 7.13-7.21 (3H, m), 7.78 (1H, d, J=4.4 Hz), 7.83 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 8.09 (1H, s), 8.43 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 13.90 (1H, br s). [M+H] Calc'd for C16H13N3O2, 280. Found, 280.

Example 14

2-(5-(2,4-difluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

A. (2E)-1-(2,4-Difluorophenyl)-3-(dimethylamino)prop-2-en-1-one

[0498]  [see pdf for image]
[0499] The title compound was prepared in 82% yield from 1-(2,4-difluorophenyl)ethanone and DMF-DMA according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 12, part A. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 2.90 (3H, s), 3.11 (3H, s), 5.59-5.62 (1H, m), 6.77-6.83 (1H, m), 6.88-6.93 (m, 1H), 7.75-7.83 (2H, m).

B. 2-[5-(2,4-Difluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0500]  [see pdf for image]
[0501] The title compound was prepared in 83% yield from 2-hydrazinylpyridine-4-carbonitrile hydrochloride salt (PREPARATION 3) and (2E)-1-(2,4-difluorophenyl)-3-(dimethylamino)prop-2-en-1-one according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 12, part B. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 6.51 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 6.77-6.82 (1H, m), 6.92-6.97 (1H, m), 7.34-7.40 (2H, m), 7.80 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 8.20 (1H, s), 8.27 (1H, dd, J=5.2, 1.2 Hz).

C. 2-(5-(2,4-difluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

[0502]  [see pdf for image]
[0503] The title compound was prepared in 50% yield from 2-[5-(2,4-difluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 12, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 6.72 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.13-7.18 (1H, m), 7.23-7.28 (1H, m), 7.48-7.53 (1H, m), 7.72 (1H, dd, J=5.2, 1.2 Hz), 7.93 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 8.22 (1H, s), 8.33 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 13.92 (1H, br s). [M+H] Calc'd for C15H9F2N3O2, 302. Found, 302.

Example 15

2-(5-(3,4-difluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

A. (2E)-1-(3,4-Difluorophenyl)-3-(dimethylamino)prop-2-en-1-one

[0504]  [see pdf for image]
[0505] The title compound was prepared in 84% yield from 1-(3,4-difluorophenyl)ethanone and DMF-DMA according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 12, part A. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 2.93 (3H, s), 3.16 (3H, s), 5.62 (1H, d, J=12.0 Hz), 7.13-7.20 (1H, m), 7.63-7.76 (2H, m), 7.83 (1H, d, J=12.0 Hz).

B. 2-[5-(3,4-difluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0506]  [see pdf for image]
[0507] The title compound was prepared in 83% yield from 2-hydrazinylpyridine-4-carbonitrile hydrochloride salt (PREPARATION 3) and (2E)-1-(3,4-difluorophenyl)-3-(dimethylamino)prop-2-en-1-one according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 12, part B. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 6.50 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.01-7.04 (1H, m), 7.11-7.18 (2H, m), 7.38-7.40 (1H, m), 7.77 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 8.12 (1H, s), 8.36 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz).

C. 2-(5-(3,4-difluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

[0508]  [see pdf for image]
[0509] The title compound was prepared in 48% yield from 2-[5-(3,4-difluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 12, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 6.74 (1H, d, J=1.2 Hz), 7.11-7.13 (1H, m), 7.37-7.46 (2H, m), 7.76-7.78 (1H, m), 7.87 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 8.17 (1H, s), 8.41 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 13.97 (1H, br s). [M+H] Calc'd for C15H9F2N3O2, 302. Found, 302.

Example 16

2-(5-(3-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

A. (2E)-3-(dimethylamino)-1-(3-fluorophenyl)prop-2-en-1-one

[0510]  [see pdf for image]
[0511] The title compound was prepared in 92% yield from 1-(3-fluorophenyl)ethanone and DMF-DMA according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 12, part A. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 2.93 (3H, s), 3.15 (3H, s), 5.65 (1H, d, J=12.4 Hz), 7.11-7.16 (1H, m), 7.34-7.39 (1H, m), 7.57-7.67 (2H, m), 7.81 (1H, d, J=12.4 Hz).

B. 2-[5-(3-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0512]  [see pdf for image]
[0513] The title compound was prepared in 98% yield from 2-hydrazinylpyridine-4-carbonitrile hydrochloride salt (PREPARATION 3) and (2E)-3-(dimethylamino)-1-(3-fluorophenyl)prop-2-en-1-one according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 12, part B. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 6.53 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 6.99-7.10 (3H, m), 7.29-7.35 (1H, m), 7.38-7.40 (1H, m), 7.78 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 8.05 (1H, s), 8.38 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz).

C. 2-(5-(3-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

[0514]  [see pdf for image]
[0515] The title compound was prepared in 57% yield from 2-[5-(3-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 12, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 6.76 (1H, d, J=1.2 Hz), 6.77-7.19 (3H, m), 7.36-7.39 (1H, m), 7.78 (1H, dd, J=5.2, 1.2 Hz), 7.87 (1H, d, J=1.2 Hz), 8.15 (1H, s), 8.42 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 13.86 (1H, br s). [M+H] Calc'd for C15H10FN3O2, 284. Found, 284.

Example 17

2-(5-(3-hydroxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

A. (2E)-3-(dimethylamino)-1-(3-methoxyphenyl)prop-2-en-1-one

[0516]  [see pdf for image]
[0517] The title compound was prepared in 89% yield from 1-(3-methoxyphenyl)ethanone and DMF-DMA according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 12, part A. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 2.94 (3H, s), 3.13 (3H, s), 3.85 (3H, s), 7.69 (1H, d, J=12.4 Hz), 6.98-7.01 (1H, m), 7.29-7.46 (3H, m), 7.79 (1H, d, J=12.4 Hz).

B. 2-(5-(3-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0518]  [see pdf for image]
[0519] The title compound was prepared in 98% yield from 2-hydrazinylpyridine-4-carbonitrile hydrochloride salt (PREPARATION 3) and (2E)-3-(dimethylamino)-1-(3-methoxyphenyl)prop-2-en-1-one according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 12, part B. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 3.78 (3H, s), 6.53 (1H, s), 6.81-6.85 (2H, m), 6.90-6.93 (1H, m), 7.24-7.28 (1H, m), 7.38 (1H, dd, J=5.6, 1.2 Hz), 7.77 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.93 (1H, s), 8.44 (1H, dd, J=5.2, 0.8 Hz).

C. 2-[5-(3-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0520]  [see pdf for image]
[0521] The title compound was prepared in 93% yield from 2-[5-(3-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 12, part C. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 3.67 (3H, s), 6.71-6.92 (4H, m), 7.21-7.26 (1H, m), 7.78-7.84 (2H, m), 8.09 (1H, s), 8.45 (1H, d, J=5.1 Hz).

D. 2-(5-(3-hydroxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

[0522]  [see pdf for image]
[0523] To a solution of 2-[5-(3-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid (160 mg, 0.54 mmol) in CH2Cl2 (5 mL) was added 1 M BBr3 in CH2Cl2 (5 mL) at 0° C., then stirred at 45° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was cooled, concentrated and dissolved with EtOAc, then washed with water and brine. The organic phase was dried, concentrated and purified by prep-HPLC to give the title compound (54 mg, 35%) as a yellow solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 6.60-6.65 (3H, m), 6.71 (1H, dd, J=8.4, 2.0 Hz), 7.11 (1H, t, J=8.0 Hz), 7.78-7.82 (2H, m), 8.04 (1H, s), 8.48 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 9.46 (1H, s), 13.93 (1H, br s). [M+H] Calc'd for C15H11N3O3, 282. Found, 282.

Example 18

2-(5-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

A. (2E)-3-(dimethylamino)-1-(4-methoxyphenyl)prop-2-en-1-one

[0524]  [see pdf for image]
[0525] The title compound was prepared in 88% yield from 1-(4-methoxyphenyl)ethanone and DMF-DMA according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 12, part A. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 2.88-3.06 (6H, br s), 3.85 (3H, s), 5.71 (1H, d, J=12.0 Hz), 6.91 (2H, d, J=8.8 Hz), 7.84 (1H, d, J=12.0 Hz), 7.91 (2H, d, J=8.8 Hz).

B. 2-[5-(4-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0526]  [see pdf for image]
[0527] The title compound was prepared in 100% yield from 2-hydrazinylpyridine-4-carbonitrile hydrochloride salt (PREPARATION 3) and (2E)-3-(dimethylamino)-1-(4-methoxyphenyl)prop-2-en-1-one according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 12, part B. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 3.84 (3H, s), 6.46 (1H, d, J=5.6 Hz), 6.88 (2H, dd, J=6.8, 2.0 Hz), 7.20 (2H, dd, J=6.4, 2.0 Hz), 7.37 (1H, dd, J=5.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.75 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.91 (1H, s), 8.44 (1H, dd, J=4.8, 0.8 Hz).

C. 2-[5-(4-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0528]  [see pdf for image]
[0529] The title compound was prepared in 79% yield from 2-[5-(4-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 12, part C. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 3.76 (3H, s), 6.61 (1H, s), 6.88-6.91 (2H, m), 7.16-7.19 (2H, m), 7.76-7.80 (2H, m), 8.06 (1H, s), 8.45 (1H, d, J=5.1 Hz).

D. 2-(5-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

[0530]  [see pdf for image]
[0531] The title compound was prepared in 32% yield from 2-[5-(4-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 17, part D. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 6.56 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 6.71 (2H, d, J=8.4 Hz), 7.05 (2H, d, J=8.4 Hz), 7.76-7.78 (2H, m), 8.02 (1H, s), 8.48 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 9.63 (1H, s), 13.89 (1H, br s). [M+H] Calc'd for C15H11N3O3, 282. Found, 282.

Example 19

2-(5-(4-(methylsulfonyl)phenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

A. (2E)-3-(dimethylamino)-1-[4-(methylsulfonyl)phenyl]prop-2-en-1-one

[0532]  [see pdf for image]
[0533] The title compound was prepared in 87% yield from 1-[4-(methylsulfonyl)phenyl]ethanone and DMF-DMA according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 12, part A. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 2.96 (3H, s), 3.06 (3H, s), 3.19 (3H, s), 5.66 (1H, d, J=12 Hz), 7.83 (1H, d, J=12 Hz), 7.96-8.04 (4H, m).

B. 2-{5-[4-(methylsulfonyl)phenyl]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0534]  [see pdf for image]
[0535] The title compound was prepared in 100% yield from 2-hydrazinylpyridine-4-carbonitrile hydrochloride salt (PREPARATION 3) and (2E)-3-(dimethylamino)-1-[4-(methylsulfonyl)phenyl]prop-2-en-1-one according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 12, part B. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 3.10 (3H, s), 6.58 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.39 (1H, dd, J=5.2, 1.2 Hz), 7.51 (2H, d, J=8.4 Hz), 7.81 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.93 (2H, d, J=8.4 Hz), 8.20 (1H, s), 8.29 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz).

C. 2-(5-(4-(methylsulfonyl)phenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

[0536]  [see pdf for image]
[0537] The title compound was prepared in 44% yield from 2-{5-[4-(methylsulfonyl)phenyl]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 12, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 3.25 (3H, s), 6.84 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.57 (2H, d, J=8.4 Hz), 7.05 (1H, dd, J=4.8, 1.2 Hz), 7.87-7.93 (3H, m), 8.22 (1H, s), 8.40 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 13.98 (1H, br s). [M+H] Calc'd for C16H13N3O4S, 344. Found, 344.

Example 20

2-(5-(3-methoxy-4-methylphenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

A. (2E)-3-(dimethylamino)-1-(3-methoxy-4-methylphenyl)prop-2-en-1-one

[0538]  [see pdf for image]
[0539] The title compound was prepared in 49% yield from 1-(3-hydroxy-4-methylphenyl)ethanone and DMF-DMA according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 12, part A. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 2.25 (3H, s), 2.95-3.10 (6H, m), 3.89 (3H, s), 5.72 (1H, d, J=12.0 Hz), 7.14 (1H, d, J=7.6 Hz), 7.37 (1H, dd, J=7.6, 1.2 Hz), 7.45 (1H, d, J=1.2 Hz) 7.80 (1H, d, J=12.4 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C12H15NO2, 220. Found, 220.

B. 2-[5-(3-methoxy-4-methylphenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0540]  [see pdf for image]
[0541] The title compound was prepared in 100% yield from 2-hydrazinylpyridine-4-carbonitrile hydrochloride salt (PREPARATION 3) and (2E)-3-(dimethylamino)-1-(3-methoxy-4-methylphenyl)prop-2-en-1-one according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 12, part B. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 2.24 (3H, s), 3.73 (3H, s), 6.51 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 6.71-6.75 (2H, m), 7.08 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.39 (1H, dd, J=5.2, 1.2 Hz), 7.77 (1H, d, J=1.2 Hz), 7.90 (1H, s), 8.47 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C17H14N4O, 291. Found, 291.

C. 2-(5-(3-methoxy-4-methylphenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

[0542]  [see pdf for image]
[0543] The title compound was prepared in 53% yield from 2-[5-(3-methoxy-4-methylphenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 12, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 2.13 (3H, s), 3.63 (3H, s), 6.69-6.71 (2H, m), 6.79 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.07 (1H, d, J=7.6 Hz), 7.78-7.83 (2H, m), 8.08 (1H, s), 8.48 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 13.92 (1H, br s). [M+H] Calc'd for C17H15N3O3, 310. Found, 310.

Example 21

2-(5-(3-hydroxy-4-methylphenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

[0544]  [see pdf for image]
[0545] The title compound was prepared in 24% yield from 2-(5-(3-methoxy-4-methylphenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 17, part D. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 2.09 (3H, s), 6.57-6.61 (3H, m), 7.00 (1H, d, J=7.2 Hz), 7.79 (2H, dd, J=4.0, 2.0 Hz), 8.02 (1H, s), 8.50 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 9.30 (1H, s), 13.92 (1H, br s). [M+H] Calc'd for C16H13N3O3, 296. Found, 296.

Example 22

2-(5-(4-chloro-3-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

A. (2E)-1-(4-chloro-3-methoxyphenyl)-3-(dimethylamino)prop-2-en-1-one

[0546]  [see pdf for image]
[0547] The title compound was prepared in 43% yield from 1-(4-chloro-3-hydroxyphenyl)ethanone and DMF-DMA according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 12, part A. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 2.94 (3H, br s), δ 3.16 (3H, br s), 3.97 (3H, s), 5.67 (1H, d, J=12.4 Hz), 7.38 (2H, s), 7.56 (1H, s), 7.81 (1H, d, J=12.4 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C11H12ClNO2, 240. Found, 240.

B. 2-[5-(4-chloro-3-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0548]  [see pdf for image]
[0549] The title compound was prepared in 74% yield from 2-hydrazinylpyridine-4-carbonitrile hydrochloride salt (PREPARATION 3) and (2E)-1-(4-chloro-3-methoxyphenyl)-3-(dimethylamino)prop-2-en-1-one according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 12, part B. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 3.82 (3H, s), 6.53 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 6.78 (1H, d, J=2.4 Hz), 6.89 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.32 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.39 (1H, dd, J=5.2, 1.2 Hz), 7.78 (1H, d, J=1.2 Hz), 8.07 (1H, s), 8.39 (1H, dd, J=5.2, 0.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C16H11ClN4O, 311. Found, 311.

C. 2-(5-(4-chloro-3-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

[0550]  [see pdf for image]
[0551] The title compound was prepared in 71% yield from 2-[5-(4-chloro-3-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 12, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 3.79 (3H, s), 6.55 (1H, d, J=1.2 Hz), 6.79 (1H, s), 6.87 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.30 (1H, d, J=8.4 Hz), 7.82 (2H, s), 8.15 (1H, s), 8.32 (1H, s), 8.46 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C16H12ClN3O3, 330. Found, 330.

Example 23

2-(5-(4-chloro-3-hydroxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

[0552]  [see pdf for image]
[0553] The title compound was prepared in 19% yield from 2-(5-(4-chloro-3-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 17, part D. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): δ 6.51 (1H, s), 6.60 (1H, dd, J=8.4, 2.0 Hz), 6.66 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.14 (1H, d, J=8.4 Hz), 7.68 (1H, s), 7.77 (1H, d, J=4.4 Hz), 7.93 (1H, s), 8.39 (1H, s). [M+H] Calc'd for C15H10ClN3O3, 316. Found, 316.

Example 24

2-[5-(1H-indazol-6-yl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. 1-(1H-indazol-6-yl)ethanone (24-a)

[0554]  [see pdf for image]
[0555] To a solution of 6-bromo-1H-indazole (5.0 g, 25.4 mmol) in 40 mL THF was added dropwise n-BuLi (2.5M, 30 mL, 76.2 mmol) at −65° C., and the mixture was stirred for 2 h. Then, N-methoxy-N-methylacetamide (2.9 g, 27.9 mmol) was added. The reaction mixture was stirred for another 2 h at −65° C., then quenched with 40 mL H2O. The mixture was extracted with EtOAc (3×50 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with 100 mL brine, dried, and concentrated to dryness. The residue was purified by flash column chromatography (PE/EA=40/1) to give the title compound 24-a (370 mg, 9%) as a yellow solid. [M+H] Calc'd for C9H8N2O, 161. Found, 161.

B. 1-(1-((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1H-indazol-6-yl)ethanone (24-b1) and 1-(2-((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-2H-indazol-6-yl)ethanone (24-b2)

[0556]  [see pdf for image]
[0557] To a solution of 1-(1H-indazol-6-yl)ethanone 24-a (200 mg, 1.25 mmol) in 4 mL DMF was added NaH (77 mg, 1.9 mmol) at 0-5° C., and the mixture was stirred for 1 h at 0-5° C. 2-(Trimethylsilyl)ethoxymethyl chloride (215 mg, 1.29 mmol) was then added. The mixture was stirred for 2 h prior to the addition of 5 mL H2O. The reaction mixture was extracted (3×10 mL EtOAc), dried, and concentrated to dryness to give a mixture of the products 24-b1 and 24-b2 (280 mg, 77%) as a yellow oil, which was used without further purification for the next synthetic step. [M+H] Calc'd for C15H22N2O2Si, 291. Found, 291.

C. 3-(dimethylamino)-1-(1-((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1H-indazol-6-yl)prop-2-en-1-one (24-c1) and 3-(dimethylamino)-1-(2-((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-2H-indazol-6-yl)prop-2-en-1-one (24-c2)

[0558]  [see pdf for image]
[0559] To a regioisomeric mixture of compound 3 (700 mg, 2.4 mmol) in 10 mL DMF was added 2 mL DMF-DMA, and the mixture was heated to 115° C. and stirred for 4 h. The reaction mixture was cooled and concentrated to dryness to give the crude product 24-c1 and 24-c2 (900 mg, 100%) as a yellow oil, and was used without further purification for the next synthetic step. [M+H] Calc'd for C18H27N3O2Si, 346. Found, 346.

D. 2-(5-(1-((2-(trimethyl silyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1H-indazol-6-yl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinonitrile (24-d1) and 2-(5-(2-((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-2H-indazol-6-yl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinonitrile (24-d2)

[0560]  [see pdf for image]
[0561] A mixture of compounds 24-c1 and 24-c2 (900 mg, 2.6 mmol) and 2-hydrazinylpyridine-4-carbonitrile (350 mg, 2.6 mmol) in EtOH (10 mL) and AcOH (2 mL) was stirred at 90° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was cooled, concentrated, and purified by prep-HPLC to afford compounds 24-d1 and 24-d2 (390 mg, 36%), and was used without further purification for the next synthetic step. [M+H] Calc'd for C22H24N6OSi, 417. Found, 417.

E. 2-(5-(1-((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1H-indazol-6-yl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid (24-e1) and 2-(5-(2-((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-2H-indazol-6-yl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid (24-e2)

[0562]  [see pdf for image]
[0563] To a solution of compounds 24-d1 and 24-d2 (390 mg, 0.94 mmol) in EtOH (10 mL) was added 5 M NaOH (2 mL) at rt, then stirred at 90° C. for 1 h. The reaction mixture was cooled, acidified with 1 N HCl to pH=3, filtered to give a yellow solid, and recrystallized from EtOH to afford compounds 24-e1 and 24-e2 (230 mg, 56%) as a white solid, which was used without further purification for the next synthetic step. [M+H] Calc'd for C22H25N5O3Si, 436. Found, 436.

F. 2-[5-(1H-indazol-6-yl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0564]  [see pdf for image]
[0565] The solution of compounds 24-e1 and 24-e2 (50 mg, 0.12 mmol) in HCl/EtOAc (6 M, 10 mmol) was stirred overnight at rt. The reaction mixture was filtered, and the solids were stirred with EtOAc/PE (0.5 mL/5 mL) for 1 h. After filtration, the solids were washed with hexane to give the title compound (13 mg, 37%) as a yellow solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, MeOD-d4): δ 6.75 (1H, s), 7.06 (1H, dd, J=6.8, 1.6 Hz), 7.51 (1H, s), 7.77 (1H, d, J=8.4 Hz), 7.88 (2H, s), 8.14 (2H, d, J=1.2 Hz), 8.45 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C16H11N5O2, 306. Found, 306.

Example 25

Methyl 2-[5-(1H-indazol-6-yl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylate

A. Methyl 2-(5-(1-((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1H-indazol-6-yl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinate (25-a1) and methyl 2-(5-(2-((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-2H-indazol-6-yl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinate (25-a2)

[0566]  [see pdf for image]
[0567] To a solution of compound 24-e1 and 24-e2 (50 mg, 0.12 mmol) in CH2Cl2/DMF (2 mL/1 drop) was added oxalyl chloride (0.5 mL), and the mixture was stirred for 1 h at rt. Then the reaction mixture was added dropwise to MeOH (1 mL), and the resultant mixture was stirred for 30 min at rt. Removal of volatiles provided compounds 25-a1 and 25-a2 (60 mg, 100%) as a yellow solid, which was used without further purification for the next synthetic step. [M+H] Calc'd for C23H27N5O3Si, 450. Found, 450.

B. Methyl 2-[5-(1H-indazol-6-yl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylate

[0568]  [see pdf for image]
[0569] The solution of compounds 25-a1 and 25-a2 (60 mg, 0.12 mmol) in TFA/CH2Cl2 (0.5 mL/2 mL) was stirred overnight at rt. The mixture was concentrated, and the residue was adjusted to pH=8 with saturated aq. NaHCO3. The mixture was extracted with CH2Cl2. The combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried over Na2SO4, filtered, concentrated, and purified by prep-HPLC to afford the title compound (10 mg, 28%) as a yellow solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, MeOD-d4): δ 3.96 (3H, s), 6.74 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.00 (1H, dd, J=8.4, 1.2 Hz), 7.50 (1H, s), 7.74 (1H, d, J=8.4 Hz), 7.87 (2H, m), 8.07 (1H, s), 8.13 (1H, s), 8.46 (1H, d, J=7.2 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C17H13N5O2, 320. Found, 320.

Example 26

2-(5-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

A. (E)-3-(dimethylamino)-1-phenylprop-2-en-1-one

[0570]  [see pdf for image]
[0571] A mixture of acetophenone (8.0 g, 66.58 mmol, 1.0 eq) and DMF (5.8 g, 79.90 mmol, 1.2 eq.) in 10.0 mL of DMA in a 25-mL microwave vial was irradiated at 115° C. for 0.5-1 h. The crude reaction mixture was triturated with n-hexane, and the resultant solid was filtered to afford the title compound as a pale yellow solid (3.4 g. 29.3% yield). [M+H] Calc'd for C11HnNO, 176. Found, 176.

B. 2-(5-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinonitrile

[0572]  [see pdf for image]
[0573] To a solution of 2-hydrazinylisonicotinonitrile (100 mg, 0.75 mmol, 1.0 eq., PREPARATION 2) and (E)-3-(dimethylamino)-1-phenylprop-2-en-1-one (132 mg, 0.75 mmol, 1.0 eq.) in ethanol (10 mL) was added 2-5 drops of AcOH. The reaction mixture was under reflux conditions for 12 h. After reaction completion, volatiles were removed under reduced pressure, and the resultant crude material was purified by flash column chromatography (20% EtOAc/hexane) to obtain the title compound as a yellow oil (150 mg, 81% yield). [M+H] Calc'd for C15H10N4, 247.09. Found 247.

C. 2-(5-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

[0574]  [see pdf for image]
[0575] To a stirred solution of 2-(5-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinonitrile (100 mg, 0.41 mmol) in EtOH (10 mL) was added a solution of 25% NaOH in water (1.0 mL). The reaction mixture was heated under reflux conditions at 80° C. for 1 h. After reaction completion, the solvent was removed, and the resultant mixture was diluted with water, and the pH was adjusted to pH=4-5 with 2.0 N HCl. The mixture was extracted with EtOAc (3×15 mL), the combined organic layers were dried over Na2SO4, and the solvent was removed to obtain pale yellow solid, which was washed with hexane and dried under reduced pressure to afford the title compound (60 mg, 55% yield). 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 8.5 (S, 1H), 8.2 (d, 1H, J=2.1 Hz), 7.9 (s, 1H), 7.78 (s, 1H), 7.7 (d, 1H, J=2.7 Hz), 7.3 (m, 2H), 7.2 (m, 1H), 6.65 (s, 2H). [M+H] Calc'd for C15H11N3O2, 266. Found, 266.

Example 27

2-(5-(4-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

A. (E)-3-(dimethylamino)-1-(4-fluorophenyl)prop-2-en-1-one

[0576]  [see pdf for image]
[0577] The title compound was prepared in 39% yield from 1-(4-fluorophenyl)ethanone according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 26, part A. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.91 (dd, 2H, J=5.8, 7.7 Hz), 7.79 (d, 1H, J=12.6 Hz), 7.0 (t, 2H, J=8.7, 7.7 Hz), 5.6 (d, 1H, J=12.6 Hz), 3.14 (s, 3H), 2.92 (s, 3H). [M+H] Calc'd for C11H12FNO, 193. Found, 193.

B. 2-(5-(4-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinonitrile

[0578]  [see pdf for image]
[0579] The title compound was prepared in 32% yield from 2-hydrazinylisonicotinonitrile (PREPARATION 2) and (E)-3-(dimethylamino)-1-(4-fluorophenyl)prop-2-en-1-one according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 26, part B. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.36 (d, 1H, J=4.8 Hz), 8.0 (s, 1H), 7.7 (s, 1H), 7.37 (d, 1H, J=3.8 Hz), 7.25 (d, 2H, J=5.8), 7.0 (t, 2H, J=8.7 Hz, 1H), 6.45 (s, 1H). [M+H] Calc'd for C15H9FN4, 265. Found, 265.

C. 2-(5-(4-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

[0580]  [see pdf for image]
[0581] The title compound was prepared in 35% yield from 2-(5-(4-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 26, part C. 1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.8 (d, 1H, J=4.4 Hz), 8.5 (s, 1H), 8.26 (s, 1H), 8.2 (d, 1H, J=4.4 Hz), 7.74 (t, 2H, J=7.7 Hz), 7.54 (t, 2H, J=7.7 Hz), 7.1 (s, 1H). [M+H] Calc'd for C15H10FN3O2, 283. Found, 283.

Example 28

2-(5-(3-hydroxy-4-(methylsulfonyl)phenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

A. 5-acetyl-2-(methylsulfanyl)phenyl acetate

[0582]  [see pdf for image]
[0583] To a solution of 2-(methylsulfanyl)phenol (4.2 g, 30 mmol) in CS2 (50 mL) was added dropwise acetyl chloride (5.2 g, 66 mmol) at 0° C. for 10 min. The resulting mixture was stirred for 20 min at rt. Then AlCl3 (10.8 g, 81 mmol) was added, and the reaction mixture was heated under reflux conditions for 3 h. The reaction mixture was poured into ice water, conc. HCl (5 mL) was added, and the reaction mixture was extracted with CH2Cl2. The combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried over Na2SO4 and concentrated. The residue was dissolved in CH2Cl2 (50 mL), cooled to 0° C. and treated successively with acetyl chloride (1.2 g, 15 mmol) and triethylamine (1.5 g, 15 mmol). The mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h and poured into water. After separation of the layers, the organic phase was washed successively with water, 3 N HCl and 10% aq. KHCO3, dried over Na2SO4, and evaporated to dryness. Recrystallization of the resulting solid from benzene-hexane afforded the title compound (2.5 g, 37%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 2.08 (3H, s), 2.47 (3H, s), 2.55 (3H, s), 7.26 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 7.57 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 7.60 (1H, s).

B. 5-acetyl-2-(methylsulfonyl)phenyl acetate

[0584]  [see pdf for image]
[0585] To a solution of 5-acetyl-2-(methylsulfanyl)phenyl acetate (2.24 g, 10 mmol) in CH2Cl2 (20 mL) was added mCPBA (8.62 g, 50 mmol) at 0° C. and the mixture was stirred at rt for 3 h. A solution of NaHCO3 was added and extracted with CH2Cl2. The organic phase was washed successively with water, 3 N HCl and 10% aq. KHCO3, dried over Na2SO4, and evaporated to afford the crude product (2.1 g, 82%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 2.10 (3H, s), 2.57 (3H, s), 2.84 (3H, s), 7.86 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 7.93 (1H, s), 8.05 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz).

C. 5-[(2E)-3-(dimethylamino)prop-2-enoyl]-2-(methylsulfonyl)phenyl acetate

[0586]  [see pdf for image]
[0587] A solution of 5-acetyl-2-(methylsulfonyl)phenyl acetate (1.5 g, 5.8 mmol) and DMF-DMA (1.2 g, 10 mmol) in DMF (20 mL) was stirred at 100° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was cooled, concentrated, and purified by flash column chromatography (PE/EtOAc=4:1-2:1) to give the title compound (0.5 g, 30%). [M+H] Calc'd for C13H17NO4S, 284. Found, 284.

D. 2-{5-[3-methoxy-4-(methylsulfonyl)phenyl]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0588]  [see pdf for image]
[0589] A mixture of 5-[(2E)-3-(dimethylamino)prop-2-enoyl]-2-(methylsulfonyl)phenyl acetate (1.5 g, 5.3 mmol) and 2-hydrazinylisonicotinonitrile (0.8 g, 6 mmol, PREPARATION 2) in EtOH (15 mL) and AcOH (3 mL) was stirred at 90° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was cooled, concentrated, and purified by prep-HPLC to afford the title compound (270 mg, 14%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 3.26 (3H, s), 3.96 (3H, s), 6.58 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 6.96 (1H, dd, J=8.4, 1.2 Hz), 7.05 (1H, d, J=1.2 Hz), 7.41 (1H, dd, J=4.8, 1.2 Hz), 7.81 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.93 (1H, d, J=8.4 Hz), 8.18 (1H, s), 8.35 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C17H14N4O3S, 355. Found, 355.

E. 2-{5-[3-methoxy-4-(methylsulfonyl)phenyl]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0590]  [see pdf for image]
[0591] To a solution of 2-{5-[3-methoxy-4-(methylsulfonyl)phenyl]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carbonitrile (270 mg, 0.76 mmol) in EtOH (5 mL) was added 5 M NaOH (2 mL) at rt, then stirred at 90° C. for 1 h. The reaction mixture was cooled, acidified with 1 N HCl to pH=3, filtered to give a yellow solid, then recrystallized from EtOH to afford the title compound (230 mg, 80%) as a white solid. [M+H] Calc'd for C17H15N3O5S, 374. Found, 374.

F. 2-(5-(3-hydroxy-4-(methylsulfonyl)phenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

[0592]  [see pdf for image]
[0593] The title compound was prepared in 6% yield from 2-{5-[3-methoxy-4-(methylsulfonyl)phenyl]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 17, part D. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 3.21 (3H, s), 6.78 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 6.89-6.92 (2H, m), 7.65 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.81-7.82 (1H, m), 7.90 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 8.16 (1H, s), 8.48 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 11.12 (1H, br). [M+H] Calc'd for C16H13N3O5S, 360. Found, 360.

Example 29

2-(3-methyl-5-p-tolyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

A. (2E)-3-(dimethylamino)-1-(4-methylphenyl)but-2-en-1-one

[0594]  [see pdf for image]
[0595] A solution of 1-(4-methylphenyl)ethanone (2.0 g, 15 mmol) in (1,1-dimethoxy-ethyl)-dimethyl-amine was heated to 120° C. and stirred overnight. The reaction mixture was cooled and concentrated to dryness. The residue was stirred with 25 mL hexane for 1 h and filtered. The solids were washed with hexane and then dried to give the title compound (1.8 g, 60%) as a yellow solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 2.37 (3H, s), 2.65 (3H, s), 3.07 (6H, s), 5.68 (1H, s), 7.19 (2H, d, J=7.6 Hz), 7.77 (2H, d, J=8.0 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C13H17NO, 204. Found, 204.

B. 2-[3-methyl-5-(4-methylphenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0596]  [see pdf for image]
[0597] To a solution of (2E)-3-(dimethylamino)-1-(4-methylphenyl)but-2-en-1-one (227 mg, 1.1 mmol) and 2-hydrazinylisonicotinonitrile (150 mg, 1.1 mmol, PREPARATION 2) in 10 mL EtOH was added 2 mL AcOH. The reaction mixture was heated under reflux conditions overnight before being cooled and concentrated to dryness. The residue was adjusted to pH>8 with saturated aq. K2CO3 and then extracted with EtOAc (3×10 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with 20 mL brine, dried, and concentrated to dryness to give the title compound (170 mg, 55.6%) as a yellow solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 2.38 (6H, s), 6.30 (1H, s), 7.15 (4H, s), 7.33 (1H, d, J=4.0 Hz), 7.78 (1H, s), 8.44 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C17H14N4, 275. Found, 275.

C. 2-(3-methyl-5-p-tolyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

[0598]  [see pdf for image]
[0599] The title compound was prepared in 22% yield from 2-[3-methyl-5-(4-methylphenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 2.28 (3H, s), 2.30 (3H, s), 6.44 (1H, s), 7.15 (4H, s), 7.72 (1H, d, J=4.5 Hz), 8.06 (1H, s), 8.70 (1H, d, J=4.5 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C17H15N3O2, 294. Found, 294.

Example 30

2-(3-ethyl-5-p-tolyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

A. 1-(4-methylphenyl)pentane-1,3-dione

[0600]  [see pdf for image]
[0601] To a suspension of NaH (60%, 106 mg, 4.44 mmol) in 2 mL propionic acid ethyl ester was added 1-(4-methylphenyl)ethanone (500 mg, 3.7 mmol) at 0-5° C. The reaction mixture was stirred overnight at rt. Water was added, and the mixture was extracted with EtOAc (3×50 mL). The organic layers were washed with brine, dried over Na2SO4, and concentrated to dryness. The residue was purified by flash column chromatography (PE/EtOAc=10/1) to give the title compound (370 mg, 52%) as a yellow oil. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.22 (3H, m), 2.45 (5H, m), 6.17 (2H, s), 7.27 (2H, d, J=10 Hz), 7.81 (2H, d, J=11.2 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C12H14O2, 191. Found, 191.

B. 2-[3-ethyl-5-(4-methylphenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0602]  [see pdf for image]
[0603] To a solution of 1-(4-methylphenyl)pentane-1,3-dione (370 mg, 1.9 mmol) and 2-hydrazinylisonicotinonitrile (150 mg, 1.1 mmol, PREPARATION 2) in 10 mL EtOH was added 2 mL AcOH. The reaction mixture was heated under reflux conditions overnight before being cooled and concentrated to dryness. The residue was adjusted to pH>8 with saturated aq. K2CO3, then extracted by EtOAc (10 mL×3). The combined organic layers were washed with 20 mL brine, dried over Na2SO4, concentrated, and purified by flash column chromatography (PE/EtOAc=10/1) to give the title compound (560 mg, 77%) as a yellow solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.33 (3H, m), 2.38 (3H, s), 2.76 (2H, m), 6.33 (1H, s), 7.15 (4H, m), 7.31 (1H, m), 7.82 (1H, s), 8.42 (1H, m). [M+H] Calc'd for C15H16N4, 289. Found, 289.

C. 2-(3-ethyl-5-p-tolyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

[0604]  [see pdf for image]
[0605] The title compound was prepared in 69% yield from 2-[3-ethyl-5-(4-methylphenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 1.26 (3H, m), 2.30 (3H, s), 2.66 (2H, m), 6.33 (1H, s), 7.12 (4H, m), 7.72 (1H, m), 8.07 (1H, s), 8.39 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 13.88 (1H, s). [M+H] Calc'd for C15H17N3O2, 308. Found, 308.

Example 31

2-(5-methyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

A. 2-(5-methyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile (31-a1) and 2-(3-methyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile (31-a2)

[0606]  [see pdf for image]
[0607] A mixture of 2-hydrazinylisonicotinonitrile (268 mg, 2 mmol, PREPARATION 2) and (3E)-4-(dimethylamino)but-3-en-2-one (339 mg, 3 mmol) in EtOH (5 mL) and AcOH (1 mL) was stirred at 90° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was cooled, concentrated, and purified by prep-HPLC to afford compound 31-a1 (90 mg) and compound 31-a2 (150 mg). 31-a1: 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 2.38 (3H, s), 6.29 (1H, d, J=2.8 Hz), 7.32 (1H, dd J=5.2, 1.2 Hz), 8.18 (1H, s), 8.42 (1H, d, J=2.8 Hz), 8.52-8.53 (1H, m). [M+H] Calc'd for C10H8N4, 185. Found, 185.
[0608] 31-a2: 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 2.71 (3H, s), 6.22 (1H, d, J=0.8 Hz), 7.36 (1H, dd, J=4.8, 1.2 Hz), 7.61 (1H, d, J=1.2 Hz), 8.26 (1H, d, J=2.8 Hz), 8.57 (1H, dd, J=5.2, 0.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C10H8N4, 185. Found, 185.

B. 2-(5-methyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

[0609]  [see pdf for image]
[0610] The title compound was prepared in 53% yield from 2-(5-methyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile (31-a1) according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 2.31 (3H, s), 6.42 (1H, d, J=2.8 Hz), 7.70 (1H, dd J=5.2, 1.2 Hz), 8.25 (1H, s), 8.53 (1H, d, J=2.8 Hz), 8.61 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 13.86 (1H, s). [M+H] Calc'd for C10H9N3O2, 204. Found, 204.

Example 32

2-(5-benzyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

A. 1-phenylpropan-2-one

[0611]  [see pdf for image]
[0612] A solution of 1-phenylpropan-2-ol (2.72 g, 20 mmol) in CH2Cl2 (20 mL) was added pyridinium chlorochromate (PCC, 5.4 g, 25 mmol) at 0° C. and the mixture was stirred for 3 h. The mixture was concentrated and purified by flash column chromatography (PE/EtOAc=20:1) to give the title compound (2.3 g, 84%) as a yellow oil.

B. (3E)-4-hydroxy-1-phenylbut-3-en-2-one

[0613]  [see pdf for image]
[0614] To a solution of 1-phenylpropan-2-one (1.78 g, 13 mmol) in anhydrous diethyl ether (50 ml) containing sodium cut in small pieces (299 mg, 13 mmol), ethyl formate (1.4 g, 20 mmol) was added slowly with stirring and ice-cooling. After standing overnight at rt, water was added, and the ether layer was washed with water. The organic phase was dried, concentrated, and purified by flash column chromatography (PE/EtOAc=10:1) to give the title compound (1.2 g, 57%) as a yellow oil.

C. (3E)-4-(dimethylamino)-1-phenylbut-3-en-2-one

[0615]  [see pdf for image]
[0616] A solution of (3E)-4-hydroxy-1-phenylbut-3-en-2-one (1.2 g, 7.4 mmol) in THF (20 mL) was added dimethylamine hydrochloride (1.8 g, 22.2 mmol), K2CO3 (6.1 g, 44.4 mmol) and the mixture was stirred at rt overnight. The mixture was concentrated and purified by flash column chromatography (PE/EtOAc=10:1) to give the title compound (0.6 g, 43%) as a yellow oil. [M+H] Calc'd for C12H15NO, 190. Found, 190.

D. 2-(5-benzyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile (32-d1) and 2-(3-benzyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile (32-d2)

[0617]  [see pdf for image]
[0618] A mixture of 2-hydrazinylisonicotinonitrile (268 mg, 2 mmol, PREPARATION 2) and (3E)-4-(dimethylamino)-1-phenylbut-3-en-2-one (567 mg, 3 mmol) in EtOH (5 mL) and AcOH (1 mL) was stirred at 90° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was cooled, concentrated, and purified by prep-HPLC to afford compound 32-d1 (100 mg) and compound 32-d2 (110 mg).
[0619] 32-d1: [M+H] Calc'd for C16H12N4, 261. Found, 261.
[0620] 32-d2: [M+H] Calc'd for C16H12N4, 261. Found, 261.

E. 2-(5-benzyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

[0621]  [see pdf for image]
[0622] The title compound was prepared in 57% yield from 2-(5-benzyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile (32-d1) according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 4.03 (2H, s), 6.40 (1H, d, J=2.4 Hz), 7.21-7.25 (1H, m), 7.27-7.32 (4H, m), 7.70 (1H, dd, J=4.8, 1.2 Hz), 8.27 (1H, s), 8.54 (1H, d, J=2.4 Hz), 8.60 (1H, d, J=5.4 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C16H13N3O2, 280. Found, 280.

Example 33

2-(3-benzyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

[0623]  [see pdf for image]
[0624] The title compound was prepared in 30% yield from 2-(3-benzyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile (32-d2) according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 4.53 (2H, s), 6.19 (1H, s), 7.17-7.27 (5H, m), 7.69-7.72 (2H, m), 8.20 (1H, s), 8.60 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C16H13N3O2, 280. Found, 280.

Example 34

2-(5-phenethyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

A. (1E)-1-(dimethylamino)-5-phenylpent-1-en-3-one

[0625]  [see pdf for image]
[0626] A solution of 4-phenylbutan-2-one (3.96 g, 20 mmol) and DMF-DMA (2.4 g, 20 mmol) in DMF (10 mL) was stirred at 100° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was cooled, concentrated, and purified by silica gel column (PE/EA=4:1-2:1) to give the title compound (1.5 g, 37%) as a yellow oil.

B. 2-[5-(2-phenylethyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile (34-b1) and 2-[3-(2-phenylethyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile (34-b2)

[0627]  [see pdf for image]
[0628] A mixture of 2-hydrazinylisonicotinonitrile (268 mg, 2 mmol, PREPARATION 2) and (1E)-1-(dimethylamino)-5-phenylpent-1-en-3-one (406 mg, 2 mmol) in EtOH (5 mL) and AcOH (1 mL) was stirred at 90° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was cooled, concentrated, and purified by prep-HPLC to afford compound 34-b1 (92 mg) and compound 34-b2 (180 mg).
[0629] 34-b1: [M+H] Calc'd for C17H14N4, 275. Found, 275.
[0630] 34-b2: [M+H] Calc'd for C17H14N4, 275. Found, 275.

C. 2-(5-phenethyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

[0631]  [see pdf for image]
[0632] The title compound was prepared in 46% yield from 2-[5-(2-phenylethyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile (34-b1) according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 2.95-3.03 (4H, m), 6.46 (1H, d, J=2.4 Hz), 7.16-7.21 (1H, m), 7.26-7.29 (4H, m), 7.70 (1H, dd, J=4.2, 1.2 Hz), 8.26 (1H, s), 8.53 (1H, d, J=2.4 Hz), 8.61 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C17H15N3O2, 294. Found, 294.

Example 35

2-(3-phenethyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

[0633]  [see pdf for image]
[0634] The title compound was prepared in 61% yield from 2-[3-(2-phenylethyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile (34-b2) according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 2.93 (2H, t, J=7.6 Hz), 3.41 (2H, t, J=7.6 Hz), 6.41 (1H, s), 7.15-7.29 (5H, m), 7.70 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.75 (1H, dd, J=4.2, 1.6 Hz) 8.23 (s, 1H), 8.69 (1H, d, J=4.2 Hz), 13.86 (1H, br). [M+H] Calc'd for C17H15N3O2, 294. Found, 294.

Example 36

2-(5-methyl-4-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

A. (3E)-4-(dimethylamino)-3-phenylbut-3-en-2-one

[0635]  [see pdf for image]
[0636] A solution of 1-phenylpropan-2-one (2.3 g, 20 mmol) and DMF-DMA (2.4 g, 20 mmol) in DMF (10 mL) was stirred at 100° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was cooled, concentrated, and purified by silica gel column (PE/EtOAc=4:1-2:1) to give the title compound (0.7 g, 18%) as a yellow oil.

B. 2-(5-methyl-4-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0637]  [see pdf for image]
[0638] The title compound was prepared in 34% yield from (3E)-4-(dimethylamino)-3-phenylbut-3-en-2-one and 2-hydrazinylisonicotinonitrile (PREPARATION 2) according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part D. [M+H] Calc'd for C16H12N4, 261. Found, 261.

C. 2-(5-methyl-4-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

[0639]  [see pdf for image]
[0640] The title compound was prepared in 41% yield from 2-(5-methyl-4-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 2.72 (3H, s), 7.32-7.36 (1H, m), 7.45-7.51 (4H, m), 7.79 (1H, dd, J=4.8, 1.2 Hz), 7.98 (1H, s), 8.29 (1H, s), 8.71 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 13.90-13.91 (1H, broad). [M+H] Calc'd for C16H13N3O2, 280. Found, 280.

Example 37

2-(5-methoxy-3-methyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

A. 2-(5-hydroxy-3-methyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0641]  [see pdf for image]
[0642] A mixture of 2-hydrazinylisonicotinonitrile (536 mg, 4 mmol, PREPARATION 2) and ethyl 3-oxobutanoate (780 mg, 6 mmol) in EtOH (10 mL) and AcOH (2 mL) was stirred at 90° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was cooled, concentrated, and purified by flash column chromatography (CH2Cl2) to afford the title compound (500 mg, 67%) as a yellow solid. [M+H] Calc'd for C10H8N4O, 201. Found, 201.

B. 2-(5-methoxy-3-methyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0643]  [see pdf for image]
[0644] To a solution of 2-(5-hydroxy-3-methyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile (200 mg, 1 mmol) and K2CO3 (276 mg, 2 mmol) in DMF was added MeI (213 mg, 1.5 mmol) dropwise at −20° C. The mixture was warmed to 0° C. and stirred for 3 h. Water was added, and the reaction mixture was extracted with EtOAc, then washed with water and brine. The organic phase was dried, concentrated, and purified by prep-HPLC to afford the title compound (50 mg). [M+H] Calc'd for C11H10N4O, 215. Found, 215.

C. 2-(5-methoxy-3-methyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

[0645]  [see pdf for image]
[0646] The title compound was prepared in 81% yield from 2-(5-methoxy-3-methyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 2.19 (3H, s), 4.33 (3H, s), 5.78 (1H, s), 7.69 (1H, d, J=4.4 Hz), 8.04 (1H, s), 8.63 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C11H11N3O3, 234. Found, 234.

Example 38

2-(5-(benzyloxy)-3-methyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

A. 2-[5-(benzyloxy)-3-methyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0647]  [see pdf for image]
[0648] To a solution of 2-(5-hydroxy-3-methyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile (300 mg, 1.5 mmol) and K2CO3 (518 mg, 3.75 mmol) in DMF was added benzyl bromide (308 mg, 1.8 mmol) dropwise at −20° C., then the mixture was warmed to 0° C. and stirred for 3 h. Water was added, and the reaction mixture was extracted with EtOAc, then washed with water and brine. The organic phase was dried, concentrated, and purified by prep-HPLC to afford the title compound (20 mg). [M+H] calc'd for C17H14N4O 291. Found, 291.

B. 2-(5-(benzyloxy)-3-methyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

[0649]  [see pdf for image]
[0650] The title compound was prepared in 29% yield from 2-[5-(benzyloxy)-3-methyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): δ 2.23 (3H, s), 5.26 (2H, s), 5.73 (1H, s), 7.30-7.38 (3H, s), 7.44-7.46 (2H, m), 7.74 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 8.18 (1H, s), 8.49 (1H, d, J=4.4 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C17H15N3O3, 310. Found, 310.

Example 39

2-(5-(benzyloxy)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

A. ethyl (2E)-3-[2-(4-cyanopyridin-2-yl)hydrazinyl]prop-2-enoate

[0651]  [see pdf for image]
[0652] To a solution of 2-hydrazinylisonicotinonitrile (500 mg, 3.73 mmol, PREPARATION 2) and ethyl (2E)-3-(dimethylamino)prop-2-enoate (534 mg, 3.73 mmol) in 20 mL EtOH was added 4 mL AcOH, before the mixture was heated under reflux conditions overnight. The reaction mixture was cooled and concentrated to dryness. The residue was adjusted to pH>8 with sat′d. aq. NaHCO3 and extracted with EtOAc. The combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried, and concentrated to dryness. The residue was purified by flash column chromatography (PE/EtOAc=5/1) to give the title compound (300 mg, 35%) as a yellow solid. [M+H] Calc'd for C11H12N4O2, 233. Found, 233.

B. 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0653]  [see pdf for image]
[0654] To a solution of ethyl (2E)-3-[2-(4-cyanopyridin-2-yl)hydrazinyl]prop-2-enoate (2.0 g, 8.62 mmol) in 30 mL EtOH was added t-BuOK (1.93 g, 17.24 mmol) at 0-5° C. The mixture was stirred for 3 days at rt. The mixture was adjusted to pH=6 with 1 N HCl with cooling. The mixture was extracted with EtOAc (3×100 mL). The organic layers were washed with 200 ml brine, dried over Na2SO4, and concentrated to dryness. The resultant residue was stirred with PE/EtOAc (10/10 mL) for 30 min and filtered to give the title compound (500 mg, 31%) as a red solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 4.63 (1H, s), 7.12 (1H, dd, J=4.8, 1.2 Hz), 7.16 (1H, s), 8.35 (1H, d, J=4.4 Hz), 8.43 (1H, s). [M+H] Calc'd for C9H6N4O, 187. Found, 187.

C. 2-[5-(benzyloxy)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0655]  [see pdf for image]
[0656] To a solution of 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile (186 mg, 1 mmol), phenylmethan-1-ol (216 mg, 2 mmol), and PPh3 (523 mg, 2 mmol) in THF (10 mL) was added dropwise DIAD (402 mg, 2 mmoL) at 0° C. under N2. Then the mixture was stirred at rt overnight. Water was added, and the reaction mixture was extracted with EtOAc, then washed with water and brine. The organic phase was dried, concentrated, and purified by prep-HPLC to afford the title compound (60 mg). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 5.25 (2H, s), 5.75 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.36-7.44 (5H, m), 7.57 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 8.04 (1H, s), 8.71 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C16H12N4O, 277. Found, 277.

D. 2-(5-(benzyloxy)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid

[0657]  [see pdf for image]
[0658] The title compound was prepared in 31% yield from 2-[5-(benzyloxy)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 5.28 (2H, s), 5.92 (1H, br), 7.24-7.29 (3H, m), 7.30-7.32 (2H, m), 7.39-7.42 (1H, m), 7.56 (1H, br), 8.24 (1H, s), 8.60 (1H, s). [M+H] Calc'd for C16H13N3O3, 296. Found, 296.

Example 40

2-{5-[(4-fluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. 2-{5-[(4-fluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0659]  [see pdf for image]
[0660] To a mixture of 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile (185 mg, 0.99 mmol), 4-fluorobenzyl alcohol (188 mg, 1.49 mol), PPh3 (391 mg, 1.49 mmol) and THF (4 mL) cooled in an ice-water bath, TMAD (257 mg, 1.49 mmol) was added. The reaction mixture was stirred overnight at rt, filtered, and concentrated before purification by prep-HPLC to give the title compound (40 mg, 13%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 5.14 (2H, s), 5.68 (1H, s), 7.00-7.05 (2H, m), 7.33-7.36 (3H, m), 7.52 (1H, s), 7.96 (1H, s), 8.64 (1H, s). [M+H] Calc'd for C16H11FN4O, 295. Found, 295.

B. 2-{5-[(4-fluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0661]  [see pdf for image]
[0662] The title compound was prepared in 47% yield from 2-{5-[(4-fluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 5.27 (2H, s), 6.01 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.19-7.24 (2H, m), 7.52-7.60 (3H, m), 7.76 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 8.08 (1H, s), 8.68 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C16H12FN3O3, 313. Found, 313.

Example 41

2-{5-[(3-fluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. 2-{5-[(3-fluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0663]  [see pdf for image]
[0664] The title compound was prepared in 27% yield from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and 3-fluorobenzyl alcohol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 5.24 (2H, s), 5.73 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.03-7.05 (1H, m), 7.07-7.21 (2H, m), 7.36-7.38 (1H, m), 7.40-7.42 (1H, m), 7.57 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 8.04 (1H, s), 8.71 (1H, d, J=4.2 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C16H11FN4O, 295. Found, 295.

B. 2-{5-[(3-fluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0665]  [see pdf for image]
[0666] The title compound was prepared in 50% yield from 2-{5-[(3-fluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 5.20 (2H, s), 5.86 (1H, s), 6.93-6.98 (1H, m), 7.13-7.19 (2H, m), 7.26-7.31 (1H, m), 7.49 (1H, d, J=1.2 Hz), 7.75 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 8.18 (1H, s), 8.56 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C16H12FN3O3, 313. Found, 313.

Example 42

2-{5-[(3-methoxybenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. 2-{5-[(3-methoxybenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0667]  [see pdf for image]
[0668] The title compound was prepared in 13% yield from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and 3-methoxybenzyl alcohol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. [M+H] Calc'd for C17H14N4O2, 307. Found, 307.

B. 2-{5-[(3-methoxybenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0669]  [see pdf for image]
[0670] The title compound was prepared in 22% yield from 2-{5-[(3-methoxybenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 3.75 (3H, s), 5.26 (2H, s), 6.01 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 6.85-6.87 (1H, m), 7.04-7.07 (2H, m), 7.27-7.29 (1H, m), 7.60 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.77 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 8.09 (1H, s), 8.70 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C17H15N3O4, 326. Found, 326.

Example 43

2-{5-[(4-methoxybenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. 2-{5-[(4-methoxybenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0671]  [see pdf for image]
[0672] The title compound was prepared in 14% yield from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and 4-methoxybenzyl alcohol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 3.81 (3H, s), 5.17 (2H, s), 5.75 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 6.91-6.93 (2H, m), 7.34-7.39 (3H, m), 7.57 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 8.01 (1H, s), 8.69 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C17H14N4O2, 307. Found, 307.

B. 2-{5-[(4-methoxybenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0673]  [see pdf for image]
[0674] The title compound was prepared in 62% yield from 2-{5-[(4-methoxybenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): δ 3.82 (3H, s), 5.24 (2H, s), 5.99 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 6.93-6.95 (2H, m), 7.41-7.43 (2H, m), 7.61 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.86 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 8.28 (1H, s), 8.67 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C17H15N3O4, 326. Found, 326.

Example 44

2-(5-butyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. (1E)-1-(dimethylamino)hept-1-en-3-one

[0675]  [see pdf for image]
[0676] A solution of 2-hexanone (2.0 g, 20 mmol) and DMF-DMA (2.4 g, 20 mmol) in DMF (10 mL) was stirred at 100° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was cooled, concentrated, and purified by flash column chromatography (PE/EtOAc=4:1-2:1) to give the title compound (0.6 g, 19%) as yellow oil.

B. 2-(5-butyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile (44-b1) and 2-(3-butyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile (44-b2)

[0677]  [see pdf for image]
[0678] A mixture of 2-hydrazinylisonicotinonitrile (268 mg, 2 mmol, PREPARATION 2) and (1E)-1-(dimethylamino)hept-1-en-3-one (310 mg, 2 mmol) in EtOH (5 mL) and AcOH (1 mL) was stirred at 90° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was cooled, concentrated, and purified by prep-HPLC to afford compound 44-b1 (60 mg) and compound 44-b2 (100 mg).
[0679] 44-b1: [M+H] Calc'd for C13H14N4, 227. Found, 227.
[0680] 44-b2: [M+H] Calc'd for C13H14N4, 227. Found, 227.

C. 2-(5-butyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0681]  [see pdf for image]
[0682] The title compound was prepared in 34% yield from 2-(5-butyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile (44-b1) according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 0.92 (3H, t, J=7.6 Hz), 1.34-1.40 (2H, m), 1.61-1.67 (2H, m), 2.66 (2H, t, J=7.6 Hz), 6.45 (1H, d, J=2.4 Hz), 7.69-7.71 (1H, m), 8.25 (1H, s), 8.52 (1H, d, J=2.8 Hz), 8.61 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C13H15N3O2, 246. Found, 246.

Example 45

2-(3-butyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0683]  [see pdf for image]
[0684] The title compound was prepared in 55% yield from 2-(3-butyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile (44-b2) according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 0.89 (3H, t, J=7.6 Hz), 1.32-1.38 (2H, m), 1.57-1.61 (2H, m), 3.11 (2H, t, J=7.6 Hz), 6.36 (1H, d, J=0.8 Hz), 7.68 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.74-7.76 (1H, m), 8.25 (1H, s), 8.66 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C13H15N3O2, 246. Found, 246.

Example 46

2-[5-(4-bromophenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. (2E)-1-(4-bromophenyl)-3-(dimethylamino)prop-2-en-1-one

[0685]  [see pdf for image]
[0686] A solution of 1-(4-bromophenyl)ethanone (2.0 g, 10 mmol) in DMF-DMA (25 mL) was stirred at 100° C. for 16 h. The solution was concentrated and purified by flash column chromatography (hexanes:EtOAc=4:1˜2:1) to give the title compound (1.57 g, 61%) as an orange-brown solid.

B. 2-[5-(4-bromophenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0687]  [see pdf for image]
[0688] A solution of (2E)-1-(4-bromophenyl)-3-(dimethylamino)prop-2-en-1-one (100 mg, 0.39 mmol) and 2-hydrazinylpyridine-4-carbonitrile hydrochloride salt (90 mg, 0.43 mmol, PREPARATION 3) in MeOH (10 mL) was heated under reflux conditions for 30 min and then cooled to rt. The solution was concentrated, and the residue was purified by flash column chromatography (hexanes:EtOAc=1:1) to give the title compound (108 mg, 85%) as an orange-yellow solid.

C. 2-[5-(4-bromophenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0689]  [see pdf for image]
[0690] To a solution of 2-[5-(4-bromophenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile (100 mg, 0.31 mmol) in MeOH (4 mL) was added 10 N NaOH (4 mL), and the solution was heated under reflux conditions for 1 h. The solution was then cooled to 0° C. and the pH was adjusted to pH=2 by dropwise addition of 12 N HCl. The resulting precipitate was filtered to give the title compound (92 mg, 87%) as an off-white solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): δ 6.64 (1H, s), 7.16 (2H, d, J=8.8 Hz), 7.48 (2H, d, J=8.8 Hz), 7.79 (1H, s), 7.84 (1H, d, J=8.4 Hz), 8.13 (1H, s), 8.42 (1H, d, J=8.4 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C15H10BrN3O2, 344. Found, 344.

Example 47

2-{5-[4-(dimethylamino)phenyl]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. (2E)-3-(dimethylamino)-1-[4-(dimethylamino)phenyl]prop-2-en-1-one

[0691]  [see pdf for image]
[0692] A solution of 1-[4-(dimethylamino)phenyl]ethanone (500 mg, 3.1 mmol) in DMF-DMA (10 mL), toluene (10 mL), and AcOH (2 drops), was heated under reflux conditions for 48 h. The solution was concentrated and purified by flash column chromatography (hexanes:EtOAc=8:2˜1:1) to give the title compound (121 mg, 18%) as a yellow solid.

B. 2-{5-[4-(dimethylamino)phenyl]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0693]  [see pdf for image]
[0694] The title compound was prepared in 69% yield from 2-hydrazinylpyridine-4-carbonitrile hydrochloride salt (PREPARATION 3) and (2E)-3-(dimethylamino)-1-[4-(dimethylamino)phenyl]prop-2-en-1-one according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 46, part B.

C. 2-{5-[4-(dimethylamino)phenyl]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0695]  [see pdf for image]
[0696] The title compound was prepared in 47% yield from 2-{5-[4-(dimethylamino)phenyl]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 46, part B. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 2.88 (6H, s), 6.53 (1H, s), 6.63 (2H, d, J=16 Hz), 7.06 (2H, d, J=16 Hz), 7.73 (1H, s), 7.77 (1H, d, J=8 Hz), 8.00 (1H, s), 8.48 (1H, d, J=8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C17H16N4O2, 309. Found, 309.

Example 48

2-[3-amino-5-(4-methylphenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. methyl 4-(4-methylphenyl)-2,4-dioxobutanoate

[0697]  [see pdf for image]
[0698] Sodium (1.0 g, 43 mmol) was dissolved in MeOH (50 mL) and then evaporated to a dry white powder. To the powder was added MTBE (100 mL) and diethyloxalate (5.14 g, 35.2 mmol). To the resulting solution was added a solution of 1-(4-methylphenyl)ethanone (5.0 g, 37.3 mmol) in MTBE (50 mL) dropwise over 45 min. The resulting suspension was allowed to stir for 1 h, and the precipitate was filtered and washed with MTBE/hexanes (1:1, 50 mL). The solid was suspended in 1 N HCl (100 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2×100 mL). The combined extracts were dried (MgSO4), filtered, and concentrated to an oily residue which crystallized on standing at rt. The yellow solid was triturated with MTBE/hexanes (1:1) and filtered to give the title compound (3.76 g, 46%) as a white solid.

B. methyl 1-(4-cyanopyridin-2-yl)-5-(4-methylphenyl)-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxylate

[0699]  [see pdf for image]
[0700] A solution of methyl 4-(4-methylphenyl)-2,4-dioxobutanoate (500 mg, 22.7 mmol) and 2-hydrazinylpyridine-4-carbonitrile hydrochloride salt (500 mg, 24.2 mmol, PREPARATION 3) in AcOH (10 mL) was heated at 100° C. for 30 min and cooled to rt. The solution was concentrated to an oily residue which was partitioned between EtOAc (50 mL) and water (50 mL). The pH was adjusted to pH=8 using a saturated aq. Na2CO3 solution. The organics were dried (MgSO4), filtered, and concentrated to give a solid which was triturated with MTBE/hexanes (1:1) and filtered to give the title compound (613 mg, 85%) as a yellow solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): δ 2.48 (3H, s), 3.92 (3H, s), 7.01 (1H, s), 7.08-7.21 (4H, m), 7.71 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 8.12 (1H, s), 8.48 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 8.00 (1H, s), 8.48 (1H, d, J=8 Hz).

C. 1-(4-cyanopyridin-2-yl)-5-(4-methylphenyl)-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxylic acid

[0701]  [see pdf for image]
[0702] A solution of methyl 1-(4-cyanopyridin-2-yl)-5-(4-methylphenyl)-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxylate (500 mg, 1.57 mmol) in DMF/THF (1:1, 15 mL) was heated to 65° C. and NaOH (628 mg, 15.7 mmol) in water (1 mL) was added. The resulting solution was stirred at 65° C. and monitored by TLC. The reaction was cooled to rt at the point where a second more polar eluting product (relative to the product spot) began to form. The pH of the solution was adjusted to pH=4 with 6 N HCl, and the reaction mixture was extracted with EtOAc (2×50 mL). The organic layers were combined, washed with water (2×50 mL), dried (MgSO4), filtered, concentrated, and purified by flash column chromatography (EtOAc:hexanes=40:60) to give the title compound (196 mg, 41%).

D. tert-Butyl [1-(4-cyanopyridin-2-yl)-5-(4-methylphenyl)-1H-pyrazol-3-yl]carbamate

[0703]  [see pdf for image]
[0704] To a solution of 1-(4-cyanopyridin-2-yl)-5-(4-methylphenyl)-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxylic acid (190 mg, 0.63 mmol) in THF (5 mL) at 0° C. was added isobutyl chloroformate (93.8 mg, 0.69 mmol) followed by dropwise addition of a solution of TEA (76.4 mg, 0.76 mmol) in THF (0.5 mL). The resulting suspension was allowed to stir at rt for 1 h before NaN3 (203 mg, 3.12 mmol) in water (1 mL) was added. The solution was stirred an additional hour. The solution was diluted with water (20 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2×20 mL). The organic layers were dried (MgSO4), filtered, and concentrated, and the residue dissolved in tert-butyl alcohol (20 mL). The solution was heated at 75° C. for 4 h until TLC indicated the rearrangement reaction to be complete. The solution was diluted with water (10 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2×20 mL). The organic layers were dried (MgSO4), filtered, concentrated, and purified by flash column chromatography (EtOAc/hexanes=30:70) to give the title compound (152 mg, 65%) as a white solid.

E. 2-[3-amino-5-(4-methylphenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0705]  [see pdf for image]
[0706] A solution of tert-butyl[1-(4-cyanopyridin-2-yl)-5-(4-methylphenyl)-1H-pyrazol-3-yl]carbamate (150 mg, 0.4 mmol) in TFA (2 mL) was heated to 50° C. for 30 min and evaporated to an oily residue. To the residue was added 10 N NaOH (2 mL) followed by MeOH (2 mL). The solution was stirred at 70° C. for 4 h and then cooled to rt. Solvent was evaporated, and the pH of the resulting aqueous phase was carefully adjusted to pH=5.5 using conc. HCl and then 1 N HCl. The resulting mixture was extracted with EtOAc (2×20 mL). The organic layers were dried (MgSO4), filtered, concentrated to an oil, and purified by flash column chromatography (MeOH/EtOAc=5:95) to give the title compound (56 mg, 48%) as a beige solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 2.28 (3H, s), 5.73 (1H, s), 5.82 (1H, s), 7.05-7.18 (4H, m), 7.51 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 8.02 (1H, s), 8.22 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C16H14N4O2, 295. Found, 295.

Example 49

2-[5-(1H-indazol-6-ylmethoxy)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. 1-tert-Butyl, 6-methyl 1H-indazole-1,6-dicarboxylate

[0707]  [see pdf for image]
[0708] To an ice-cooled solution of methyl 1H-indazole-6-carboxylate (502 mg, 2.84 mmol), DMAP (69 mg, 0.57 mmol) and Et3N (431 mg, 4.26 mmol) in THF (10 mL) was added Boc2O (743 mg, 3.41 mmol) slowly. The reaction mixture was stirred overnight at room temperature. It was then concentrated, the residue was extracted with ethyl acetate, collected the organic phase, concentrated for gel chromatograph to provide 797 mg of the title compound (100%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.74 (9H, s), 3.97 (3H, s), 7.77 (1H, dd, J=0.4 Hz, J=8.4 Hz), 7.95 (1H, dd, J=1.2 Hz, J=8.4 Hz), 8.21 (1H, d, J=0.8 Hz), 8.90 (1H, s). [M+H] Calc'd for C14H16N2O4, 277, 221, 177. Found, 221.

B. tert-butyl 6-(hydroxymethyl)-1H-indazole-1-carboxylate

[0709]  [see pdf for image]
[0710] A solution of 1-tert-butyl 6-methyl 1H-indazole-1,6-dicarboxylate (766 mg, 2.76 mmol) in anhydrous THF (11 mL) was cooled to −30° C., LiAlH4 (210 mg, 5.53 mmol) was added in portions below −30° C., and the mixture was stirred at this temperature for 1.5 h, added water:10% NaOH:water=0.8 mL:2.4 mL:0.8 mL carefully, filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated and purified by silica gel chromatograph to afford 100 mg of the title compound (14%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.72 (9H, s), 4.86 (2H, s), 7.33 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.69 (1H, d, J=8.4 Hz), 8.13 (1H, s), 8.21 (1H, s). [M+H] Calc'd for C13H16N2O3, 249. Found, 249.

C. tert-butyl 5-((1-(4-cyanopyridin-2-yl)-1H-pyrazol-5-yloxy)methyl)-1H-indazole-1-carboxylate

[0711]  [see pdf for image]
[0712] The title compound was prepared in 17% yield from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and tert-butyl 6-(hydroxymethyl)-1H-indazole-1-carboxylate according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.71 (9H, s), 5.41 (2H, s), 5.78 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.37-7.42 (2H, m), 7.57 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.76 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 8.07 (1H, s), 8.17 (1H, s), 8.41 (1H, s), 8.78 (1H, d, J=8.4 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C22H20N6O3, 417. Found, 417.

D. 2-[5-(1H-indazol-6-ylmethoxy)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0713]  [see pdf for image]
[0714] To a solution of tert-butyl 5-((1-(4-cyanopyridin-2-yl)-1H-pyrazol-5-yloxy)methyl)-1H-indazole-1-carboxylate (65 mg, 0.15 mmol) in ethyl acetate (2 mL) was added HCl in EtOAc (5 mL) and the mixture was stirred for 2 h. Solvent was removed and the residue was dissolved with ethanol (2 mL), NaOH (2.5 mL, 5M) was added, the mixture was then stirred for 6 h at 90° C. Cooled to 0° C., and the solution was acidified with HCl (2N) (pH=4), filtered, the solid was purified by HPLC to afford 8 mg of the title compound (15%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): δ 3.86 (2H, s), 4.91 (1H, s), 7.15 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.45 (1H, s), 7.55 (1H, s), 7.71 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.78 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 7.99 (1H, s), 8.59 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 8.83 (1H, s). [M+H] Calc'd for C17H13N5O3, 336. Found, 336.

Preparation 4

Methyl 1-methyl-1H-indazole-6-carboxylate and methyl 2-methyl-2H-indazole-6-carboxylate

[0715]  [see pdf for image]
[0716] To an ice-cooled solution of methyl 1H-indazole-6-carboxylate (566 mg, 3.21 mmol) was added NaH (154 mg, 3.85 mmol), the mixture was then stirred at room temperature for 30 min. Methyl iodide (547 mg, 3.85 mmol) was added drop wise, and the reaction mixture was stirred overnight. Cooled to 0° C., added water and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic phase was concentrated and purified by gel chromatograph to provide 130 mg of methyl 1-methyl-1H-indazole-6-carboxylate and 230 mg of methyl 2-methyl-2H-indazole-6-carboxylate, 59%. 1H NMR for methyl 1-methyl-1H-indazole-6-carboxylate: 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 3.97 (3H, s), 4.14 (3H, s), 7.74-7.82 (2H, m), 8.02 (1H, s), 8.17 (1H, d, J=0.8 Hz). 1H NMR for methyl 2-methyl-2H-indazole-6-carboxylate: 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 3.94 (3H, s), 4.25 (3H, s), 7.65-7.72 (2H, m), 7.92 (1H, s), 8.47 (1H, d, J=1.2 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C10H10N2O2, 191. Found, 191.

Example 50

2-{5-[(1-methyl-1H-indazol-6-yl)methoxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. (1-methyl-1H-indazol-6-yl)methanol

[0717]  [see pdf for image]
[0718] A solution of methyl 1-methyl-1H-indazole-6-carboxylate (230 mg, 1.21 mmol, PREPARATION 4) in anhydrous THF (4 mL) was cooled to 0° C., LiAlH4 (92 mg, 2.42 mmol) was added in portions below 0° C., and the mixture was then stirred at 0° C. for 1.5 h, added water: 10% NaOH:water=0.2 mL: 0.2 mL: 0.6 mL carefully, filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated and purified by silica gel flash column to give 192 mg of crude product which was used directly for next step (98%). [M+H] Calc'd for C9H10N2O, 163. Found, 163.
[0719]  [see pdf for image]

B. 2-{5-[(1-methyl-1H-indazol-6-yl)methoxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0720] The title compound was prepared in 11% yield from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and (1-methyl-1H-indazol-6-yl)methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 4.09 (3H, s), 5.40 (2H, s), 5.78 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.19-7.17 (1H, m), 7.40 (1H, dd, J=1.2 Hz, J=5.2 Hz), 7.51 (1H, s), 7.58 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.75 (1H, s, J=8.4 Hz), 7.99 (1H, d, J=0.4 Hz), 8.07 (1H, s), 8.71 (1H, d, J=8.4 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C18H14N6O, 331. Found, 331.

C. 2-{5-[(1-methyl-1H-indazol-6-yl)methoxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0721]  [see pdf for image]
[0722] The title compound was prepared in 45% yield from 2-{5-[(1-methyl-1H-indazol-6-yl)methoxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 4.03 (3H, s), 5.42 (2H, s), 6.07 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.22 (1H, dd, J=0.8 Hz, J=8.4 Hz), 7.60 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.75-7.78 (3H, m), 8.04 (1H, s), 8.11 (1H, s), 8.71 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 13.86 (1H, d, J=4.0 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C15H15N5O3, 350. Found, 350.

Example 51

2-{5-[(2-methyl-2H-indazol-5-yl)methoxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. (2-methyl-2H-indazol-6-yl)methanol

[0723]  [see pdf for image]
[0724] The title compound was prepared in 71% yield from methyl 2-methyl-2H-indazole-6-carboxylate according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 50, part A. [M+H] Calc'd for C9H10N2O, 163. Found, 163.

B. 2-{5-[(2-methyl-2H-indazol-5-yl)methoxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0725]  [see pdf for image]
[0726] The title compound was prepared in 23% yield from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and (2-methyl-2H-indazol-6-yl)methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 4.16 (3H, s), 5.35 (2H, s), 6.05 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.11 (1H, dd, J=2.0 Hz, J=8.4 Hz), 7.61 (1H, d, J=2.4 Hz), 7.68-7.71 (2H, m), 7.81 (1H, dd, J=1.2 Hz, J=5.2 Hz), 8.07 (1H, s), 8.32 (1H, s), 8.75 (1H, dd, J=0.4 Hz, J=3.2 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C18H14N6O, 331. Found, 331.

C. 2-{5-[(2-methyl-2H-indazol-5-yl)methoxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0727]  [see pdf for image]
[0728] The title compound was prepared in 45% yield from 2-{5-[(2-methyl-2H-indazol-5-yl)methoxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 4.15 (3H, s), 5.34 (2H, s), 6.04 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.11 (1H, dd, J=1.2 Hz, J=8.8 Hz), 7.58 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.68 (1H, d, J=8.8 Hz), 7.71 (1H, s), 7.75 (1H, dd, J=1.2 Hz, J=4.8 Hz), 8.08 (1H, s), 8.32 (1H, s), 8.68 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 13.84 (1H, s). [M+H] Calc'd for C18H15N5O3, 350. Found, 350.

Example 52

2-{5-[(3,4-difluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. 2-{5-[(3,4-difluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0729]  [see pdf for image]
[0730] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and (3,4-difluorophenyl)methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 5.19 (2H, s), 5.73 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.16-7.34 (3H, m), 7.41-7.42 (1H, m), 7.57 (1H, s, J=2.0 Hz), 8.04 (1H, s), 8.70 (1H, s, J=4.4 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C16H10F2N4O, 313. Found, 313.

B. 2-{5-[(3,4-difluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0731]  [see pdf for image]
[0732] The title compound was prepared from 2-{5-[(3,4-difluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 5.28 (2H, s), 6.02 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.35-7.37 (1H, m), 7.43-7.50 (1H, m), 7.55-7.61 (2H, m), 7.76 (1H, dd, J=1.2 Hz, J=5.2 Hz), 8.08 (1H, s), 8.69 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 13.90 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C16H11F2N3O3, 332. Found, 332.

Example 53

2-{5-[(4-chlorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. 2-{5-[(4-chlorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0733]  [see pdf for image]
[0734] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and (4-chlorophenyl)methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 5.21 (2H, s), 6.72 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.26 (1H, s), 7.37-7.47 (4H, m), 7.56 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 8.03 (1H, s), 8.69 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz) [M+H] Calc'd for C16H11ClN4O, 311. Found, 311.

B. 2-{5-[(4-chlorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0735]  [see pdf for image]
[0736] The title compound was prepared from 2-{5-[(4-chlorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 5.28 (2H, s), 6.00 (1H, d, J=1.8 Hz), 7.42-7.57 (4H, m), 7.60 (1H, d, J=1.8 Hz), 7.75-7.76 (1H, m), 8.08 (1H, s), 8.68 (1H, t, J=4.8 Hz), 13.89 (1H, d, J=3.6 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C16H12ClN3O3, 330. Found, 330.

Example 54

2-(5-{[4-(trifluoromethyl)benzyl]oxy}-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. 2-(5-{[4-(trifluoromethyl)benzyl]oxy}-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0737]  [see pdf for image]
[0738] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and [4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 5.31 (2H, s), 5.73 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.42 (1H, dd, J=1.2 Hz, J=4.8 Hz), 7.55-7.57 (3H, m), 7.66-7.68 (2H, m), 8.05 (1H, s), 8.70 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C17H11F3N4O, 345. Found, 345.

B. 2-(5-{[4-(trifluoromethyl)benzyl]oxy}-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0739]  [see pdf for image]
[0740] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-{[4-(trifluoromethyl)benzyl]oxy}-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 5.41 (2H, s), 6.01 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.61 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.70-7.78 (5H, m), 8.11 (1H, s), 8.71 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 13.90-13.92 (1H, m). [M+H] Calc'd for C17H12F3N3O3, 364. Found, 364.

Example 55

2-{5-[(4-methylbenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. 2-{5-[(4-methylbenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0741]  [see pdf for image]
[0742] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and (4-methylphenyl)methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 2.36 (3H, s), 5.20 (2H, s), 5.74 (1H, s, J=1.6 Hz), 7.19-7.32 (4H, m), 7.38 (1H, dd, J=1.2 Hz, J=4.8 Hz), 7.56 (1H, s, J=1.2 Hz), 8.02 (1H, s), 8.70 (1H, s, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C17H14N4O, 291. Found, 291.

B. 2-{5-[(4-methylbenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0743]  [see pdf for image]
[0744] The title compound was prepared from 2-{5-[(4-methylbenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 2.97 (s, 3H), 5.22 (2H, s), 6.00 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.18-7.37 (4H, m), 7.58 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.75 (1H, dd, J=1.6 Hz, J=5.2 Hz), 8.07 (1H, s), 8.68 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 13.87 (1H, s). [M+H] Calc'd for C17H15N3O3, 310. Found, 310.

Example 56

2-{5-[(4-ethylbenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. 2-{5-[(4-ethylbenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0745]  [see pdf for image]
[0746] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and (4-ethylphenyl)methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.26 (3H, t, J=6.0 Hz)), 2.66 (2H, q, J=6.0 Hz), 5.01 (2H, s), 5.75 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.22-7.35 (4H, m), 7.39 (1H, dd, J=0.8 Hz, J=4.8 Hz), 7.57 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 8.02 (1H, s), 8.71 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C18H16N4O, 305. Found, 305.

B. 2-{5-[(4-ethylbenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0747]  [see pdf for image]
[0748] The title compound was prepared from 2-{5-[(4-ethylbenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 1.16 (3H, t, J=8.0 Hz), 2.59 (2H, q, J=8.0 Hz), 5.23 (2H, s), 6.00 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.21-7.39 (4H, m), 7.58 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.74 (1H, dd, J=0.8 Hz, J=4.8 Hz), 8.07 (1H, s), 8.68 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 13.88 (1H, s). [M+H] Calc'd for C18H17N3O3, 324. Found, 324.

Example 57

2-{5-[(4-bromobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. 2-{5-[(4-bromobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0749]  [see pdf for image]
[0750] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and (4-bromophenyl)methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 5.19 (2H, s), 5.72 (1H, s), 7.30-7.32 (2H, m), 7.41 (1H, d, J=0.8 Hz, J=5.2 Hz), 7.52-7.54 (2H, m), 7.56 (1H, d, J=0.8 Hz), 8.03 (1H, s), 8.69 (1H, d, J=4.0 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C16H11BrN4O, 355. Found, 355.

B. 2-{5-[(4-bromobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0751]  [see pdf for image]
[0752] The title compound was prepared from 2-{5-[(4-bromobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 5.27 (2H, s), 6.00 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.44-7.46 (2H, m), 7.58-7.60 (3H, m), 7.76 (1H, d, J=1.2 Hz, J=4.8 Hz), 8.09 (1H, s), 8.69 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 13.90 (1H, s). [M+H] Calc'd for C16H12BrN3O3, 374. Found, 374.

Example 58

2-{5-[(3-chlorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. 2-{5-[(3-chlorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0753]  [see pdf for image]
[0754] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and (3-chlorophenyl)methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 5.22 (2H, s), 5.73 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.30-7.35 (3H, m) 7.41-7.43 (1H, m), 7.47 (1H, s), 7.57 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 8.05 (1H, s), 8.72 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C16H11ClN4O, 311. Found, 311.

B. 2-{5-[(3-chlorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0755]  [see pdf for image]
[0756] The title compound was prepared from 2-{5-[(3-chlorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 5.31 (2H, s), 6.01 (1H, d, J=1.2 Hz), 7.41-7.44 (3H, m), 7.59-7.61 (2H, m), 7.77 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 8.09 (1H, s), 8.70 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 13.90 (1H, s). [M+H] Calc'd for C16H12ClN3O3, 330. Found, 330.

Example 59

2-{5-[(2-fluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. 2-{5-[(2-fluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0757]  [see pdf for image]
[0758] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and (2-fluorophenyl)methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 5.31 (2H, s), 5.81 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.09-7.20 (2H, m), 7.36-7.41 (2H, m), 7.48-7.51 (1H, m), 7.58 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 8.03 (1H, s), 8.70 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C16H11FN4O, 295. Found, 295.

B. 2-{5-[(2-fluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0759]  [see pdf for image]
[0760] The title compound was prepared from 2-{5-[(2-fluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 5.33 (2H, s), 6.07 (1H, d, J=1.8 Hz), 7.21-7.27 (2H, m), 7.39-7.47 (1H, m), 7.60-7.64 (2H, m), 7.74 (1H, dd, J=1.2 Hz, J=4.8 Hz), 8.08 (1H, s), 8.67 (1H, d, J=2.4 Hz), 13.84 (1H, s). [M+H] Calc'd for C16H12FN3O3, 314. Found, 314.

Example 60

2-[5-(pyridin-3-ylmethoxy)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. 2-[5-(pyridin-3-ylmethoxy)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0761]  [see pdf for image]
[0762] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and pyridin-3-ylmethanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 5.27 (2H, s), 5.78 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.41 (1H, dd, J=1.2 Hz, J=5.2 Hz), 7.36 (1H, dd, J=4.8 Hz, J=7.6 Hz), 7.58 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.80 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 8.03 (1H, s), 8.63 (1H, dd, J=1.2 Hz, J=4.8 Hz), 8.69-8.72 (2H, m). [M+H] Calc'd for C15H11N5O, 278. Found, 278.

B. 2-[5-(pyridin-3-ylmethoxy)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0763]  [see pdf for image]
[0764] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-(pyridin-3-ylmethoxy)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 5.47 (2H, s), 6.09 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.64 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.78 (1H, dd, J=1.2 Hz, J=5.2 Hz), 7.75-7.88 (1H, m), 8.11 (1H, s), 8.40 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 8.72 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 8.80 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 8.95 (1H, s), 13.98 (1H, s). [M+H] Calc'd for C15H12N4O3, 297. Found, 297.

Example 61

2-[5-(pyridin-4-ylmethoxy)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. 2-[5-(pyridin-4-ylmethoxy)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0765]  [see pdf for image]
[0766] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and pyridin-4-ylmethanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 5.29 (2H, d, J=9.2 Hz), 5.72 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.38 (2H, d, J=6.4 Hz), 7.44 (1H, dd, J=1.6 Hz, J=5.2 Hz), 7.57 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 8.09 (1H, s), 8.65 (2H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 8.72 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C15H11N5O, 278. Found, 278.

B. 2-[5-(pyridin-4-ylmethoxy)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0767]  [see pdf for image]
[0768] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-(pyridin-4-ylmethoxy)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 5.50 (2H, s), 6.01 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.63 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.75 (2H, d, J=6.4 Hz), 7.80 (1H, dd, J=1.2 Hz, J=5.2 Hz), 8.15 (1H, s), 8.74-8.75 (3H, m), 13.98 (1H, s). [M+H] Calc'd for C15H12N4O3, 297. Found, 297.

Example 62

methyl 2-[5-(benzyloxy)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylate

[0769]  [see pdf for image]
[0770] A solution of compound 2-(5-(benzyloxy)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid (32 mg, 011 mmol, 1.0 eq.) in THF was added CH2N2 (˜10 eq.), the mixture was stirred for 30 min; the solvent was removed to obtain the desired product (25 mg). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 3.88 (3H, s), 5.18 (2H, s), 5.69 (1H, s), 7.28-7.39 (5H, m), 7.51 (1H, s), 7.69 (1H, d, J=4.4 Hz), 8.28 (1H, s), 8.65 (1H, s). [M+H] Calc'd for C17H15N3O3, 310. Found, 310.

Example 63

methyl 2-{5-[(3,4-difluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylate

[0771]  [see pdf for image]
[0772] The title compound was prepared from 2-{5-[(3,4-difluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 62. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 3.90 (3H, s), 5.12 (2H, s), 5.68 (1H, s), 7.09-7.13 (2H, m), 7.24-7.29 (1H, m), 7.52 (1H, s), 7.72 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 8.26 (1H, s), 8.65 (1H, s). [M+H] Calc'd for C17H13F2N3O3, 346. Found, 346.

Example 64

Methyl 2-{5-[(4-chlorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylate

[0773]  [see pdf for image]
[0774] The title compound was prepared from 2-{5-[(4-chlorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 62. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 3.89 (3H, s), 5.14 (2H, s), 5.67 (1H, s), 7.28-7.33 (4H, m), 7.50 (1H, s), 7.70 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 8.25 (1H, s), 8.63 (1H, s). [M+H] Calc'd for C17H14ClN3O3, 344. Found, 344.

Example 65

Methyl 2-(5-(4-(trifluoromethyl)benzyloxy)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinate

[0775]  [see pdf for image]
[0776] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-{[4-(trifluoromethyl)benzyl]oxy}-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carboxylic acid according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 62. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 3.96 (3H, s), 5.30 (2H, s), 5.75 (1H, s), 7.57-7.59 (3H, m), 7.65-7.67 (2H, m), 7.78 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 8.34 (1H, s), 8.71 (1H, s). [M+H] Calc'd for C15H14F3N3O3, 378. Found, 378.

Example 66

Methyl 2-{5-[(4-methylbenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylate

[0777]  [see pdf for image]
[0778] The title compound was prepared from 2-{5-[(4-methylbenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 62. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 2.29 (3H, s), 3.88 (3H, s), 5.13 (2H, s), 5.67 (1H, s), 7.11-7.27 (4H, m), 7.50 (1H, d, J=1.2 Hz), 8.67 (1H, dd, J=0.8 Hz, J=4.8 Hz), 8.26 (1H, s), 8.63 (1H, d, J=4.4 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C18H17N3O3, 324. Found, 324.

Example 67

Methyl 2-{5-[(4-ethylbenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylate

[0779]  [see pdf for image]
[0780] The title compound was prepared from 2-{5-[(4-ethylbenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 62. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.17 (3H, t, J=7.6 Hz), 2.59 (2H, q, J=7.6 Hz), 3.88 (3H, s), 5.14 (2H, s), 5.68 (1H, d, J=1.2 Hz), 7.14-7.30 (4H, m), 7.50 (1H, d, J=1.2 Hz), 7.68 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 8.27 (1H, s), 8.63 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C19H19N3O3, 338. Found, 338.

Example 68

Methyl 2-{5-[(4-bromobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylate

[0781]  [see pdf for image]
[0782] The title compound was prepared from 2-{5-[(4-bromobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 62. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 3.89 (3H, s), 5.13 (2H, s), 5.67 (1H, s), 7.25-7.46 (4H, m), 7.52 (1H, s), 7.71 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 8.26 (1H, s), 8.64 (1H, s). [M+H] Calc'd for C17H14BrN3O3, 388. Found, 388.

Example 69

Methyl 2-{5-[(4-fluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylate

[0783]  [see pdf for image]
[0784] The title compound was prepared from 2-{5-[(4-fluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 62. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 3.88 (3H, s), 5.14 (2H, s), 5.68 (1H, s), 6.99-7.03 (2H, m), 7.34-7.38 (2H, m), 7.51 (1H, s), 7.69 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 8.25 (1H, s), 8.63 (1H, s). [M+H] Calc'd for C17H14FN3O3, 328. Found, 328.

Example 70

Methyl 2-{5-[(3-fluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylate

[0785]  [see pdf for image]
[0786] The title compound was prepared from 2-{5-[(3-fluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 62. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 3.90 (3H, s), 5.17 (2H, s), 5.68 (1H, s), 6.95-7.00 (1H, m), 7.14 (2H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.26-7.32 (1H, m), 7.52 (1H, s), 7.72 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 8.28 (1H, s), 8.65 (1H, d, J=3.6 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C17H14FN3O3, 328. Found, 328.

Example 71

2-{5-[(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methoxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. 2-{5-[(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methoxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0787]  [see pdf for image]
[0788] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and (4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.40-1.43 (2H, m), 1.66-1.74 (2H, m), 1.84-1.88 (3H, m), 2.08-2.11 (2H, m), 3.97 (2H, d, J=6.0 Hz), 5.62 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.33 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 7.50 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.94 (1H, s), 8.61 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C16H16F2N4O, 319. Found, 319.

B. 2-{5-[(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methoxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0789]  [see pdf for image]
[0790] The title compound was prepared from 2-{5-[(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methoxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 1.34-1.37 (2H, m), 1.78-2.04 (7H, m), 4.06 (2H, d, J=8.4 Hz), 5.94 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.58 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.75 (1H, dd, J=1.2 Hz, J=4.8 Hz), 8.07 (1H, s), 8.66 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 13.89 (1H, s). [M+H] Calc'd for C16H17F2N3O3, 338. Found, 338.

Example 72

2-{5-[(3-bromobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. 2-{5-[(3-bromobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0791]  [see pdf for image]
[0792] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and (3-bromophenyl)methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 5.22 (2H, s), 5.74 (1H, s), 7.28 (1H, d, J=7.6 Hz), 7.35 (1H, d, J=7.6 Hz), 7.42 (1H, d, J=4.4 Hz), 7.49 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.57 (1H, d, J=1.2 Hz), 7.64 (1H, s), 8.05 (1H, s), 8.72 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C16H11BrN4O, 355. Found, 355.

B. 2-{5-[(3-bromobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0793]  [see pdf for image]
[0794] The title compound was prepared from 2-{5-[(3-bromobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 5.30 (2H, s), 6.01 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.36 (1H, t, J=8.0 Hz), 7.47-7.55 (2H, m), 7.61 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.73 (1H, s), 8.77 (1H, dd, J=0.8 Hz, J=4.8 Hz), 8.09 (1H, s), 8.70 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 13.89 (1H, s). [M+H] Calc'd for C16H12BrN3O3, 374. Found, 374.

Example 73

2-{5-[(3-hydroxybenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. 3-({[1-(4-cyanopyridin-2-yl)-1H-pyrazol-5-yl]oxy}methyl)phenyl acetate

[0795]  [see pdf for image]
[0796] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and 3-(hydroxymethyl)phenyl acetate according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 2.24 (3H, s), 5.17 (2H, s), 5.66 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.01-7.03 (1H, m), 7.14 (1H, s), 7.20-7.22 (1H, m), 7.32-7.36 (2H, m), 7.49 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.97 (1H, s), 8.63 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C18H14N4O3, 335. Found, 335.

B. 2-{5-[(3-hydroxybenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0797]  [see pdf for image]
[0798] The title compound was prepared from 3-({[1-(4-cyanopyridin-2-yl)-1H-pyrazol-5-yl]oxy}methyl)phenyl acetate according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 5.20 (2H, s), 5.97 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 6.70-6.72 (1H, m), 6.85-6.89 (2H, m), 7.15-7.18 (1H, m), 7.58 (1H, d, J=1.2 Hz), 7.76-7.77 (1H, m), 8.08 (1H, s), 8.70 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 9.48 (1H, s), 13.89 (1H, s). [M+H] Calc'd for C16H13N3O4, 312. Found, 312.

Example 74

2-{5-[(4-chloro-3-fluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. 2-{5-[(4-chloro-3-fluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0799]  [see pdf for image]
[0800] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and (4-chloro-3-fluorophenyl)methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 5.21 (2H, s), 5.72 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.15 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.28 (1H, dd, J=1.6 Hz, J=9.6 Hz), 7.40-7.44 (2H, m), 7.57 (1H, d, J=2.08 Hz), 8.04 (1H, s), 8.70 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C16H10ClFN4O, 329. Found, 329.

B. 2-{5-[(4-chloro-3-fluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0801]  [see pdf for image]
[0802] The title compound was prepared from 2-{5-[(4-chloro-3-fluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 5.31 (2H, s), 6.01 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.36 (1H, d, J=8.4 Hz), 7.55 (1H, dd, J=2.0 Hz, J=10.4 Hz), 7.60-7.64 (2H, m), 8.77 (1H, dd, J=0.8 Hz, J=4.8 Hz), 8.10 (1H, s), 8.70 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 13.88 (1H, d, J=3.2 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C16H11ClFN3O3, 348. Found, 348.

Example 75

2-{5-[(4-chloro-2-fluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. 2-{5-[(4-chloro-2-fluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0803]  [see pdf for image]
[0804] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and (4-chloro-2-fluorophenyl)methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 5.19 (2H, s), 5.72 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.07-7.13 (2H, m), 7.33-7.41 (2H, m), 7.51 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.95 (1H, s), 8.62 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C16H10ClFN4O, 329. Found, 329.

B. 2-{5-[(4-chloro-2-fluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0805]  [see pdf for image]
[0806] The title compound was prepared from 2-{5-[(4-chloro-2-fluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 5.32 (2H, s), 6.08 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.34 (1H, dd, J=1.6 Hz, J=8.0 Hz), 7.49 (1H, dd, J=2.0 Hz, J=9.6 Hz), 7.61-7.68 (2H, m), 7.75 (1H, dd, J=1.6 Hz, J=5.2 Hz), 8.05 (1H, s), 8.67 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 13.89 (1H, s). [M+H] Calc'd for C16H11ClFN3O3, 348. Found, 348.

Example 76

2-{5-[(3-chloro-4-fluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. 2-{5-[(3-chloro-4-fluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0807]  [see pdf for image]
[0808] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and (3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl)methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. [M+H] Calc'd for C16H10ClFN4O, 329. Found, 329.

B. 2-{5-[(3-chloro-4-fluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0809]  [see pdf for image]
[0810] The title compound was prepared from 2-{5-[(3-chloro-4-fluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 5.28 (2H, s), 6.02 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.42-7.52 (2H, m), 7.61 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.74-7.78 (2H, m), 8.08 (1H, s), 8.68 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 13.90 (1H, s). [M+H] Calc'd for C16H11ClFN3O3, 348. Found, 348.

Example 77

2-{5-[(4-cyclopropylbenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. 2-{5-[(4-cyclopropylbenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0811]  [see pdf for image]
[0812] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and (4-cyclopropylphenyl)methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 0.61-0.65 (2H, m), 0.89-0.94 (2H, m), 1.91-1.84 (1H, m), 5.12 (2H, s), 5.67 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.01-7.24 (4H, m), 7.32-7.33 (1H, m), 7.50 (1H, d, J=1.2 Hz), 7.95 (1H, s), 8.63 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C19H16N4O, 317. Found, 317.

B. 2-{5-[(4-cyclopropylbenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0813]  [see pdf for image]
[0814] The title compound was prepared from 2-{5-[(4-cyclopropylbenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 0.64-0.67 (2H, m), 0.91-1.96 (2H, m), 1.87-1.93 (1H, m), 5.21 (2H, s), 6.00 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.06-7.08 (2H, m), 7.33-7.35 (2H, m), 7.58 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.74 (1H, dd, J=1.2 Hz, J=5.2 Hz), 8.06 (1H, s), 8.67 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 13.91 (1H, s). [M+H] Calc'd for C19H17N3O3, 336. Found, 336.

Example 78

Methyl 2-{5-[(4-chloro-3-fluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylate

[0815]  [see pdf for image]
[0816] The title compound was prepared from 2-{5-[(4-chloro-3-fluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 62. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 3.90 (3H, s), 5.14 (2H, s), 5.67 (1H, s), 7.09 (1H, d, J=8.4 Hz), 7.23 (1H, d, J=9.6 Hz), 7.35 (1H, t, J=8.0 Hz), 7.52 (1H, s), 7.72 (1H, d, J=4.4 Hz), 8.26 (1H, s), 8.64 (1H, d, J=3.6 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C17H13ClFN3O3, 362. Found, 362.

Example 79

Methyl 2-{5-[(4-chloro-2-fluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylate

[0817]  [see pdf for image]
[0818] The title compound was prepared from 2-{5-[(4-chloro-2-fluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 62. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 3.90 (3H, s), 5.20 (2H, s), 5.73 (1H, s), 7.07 (1H, dd, J=2.0 Hz, J=9.6 Hz), 7.11 (1H, dd, J=2.0 Hz, J=9.6 Hz), 7.43 (1H, t, J=8.0 Hz), 7.52 (1H, s), 7.70 (1H, d, J=4.4 Hz), 8.24 (1H, s), 8.63 (1H, s). [M+H] Calc'd for C17H13ClFN3O3, 362. Found, 362.

Example 80

Methyl 2-{5-[(3-chloro-4-fluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylate

[0819]  [see pdf for image]
[0820] The title compound was prepared from 2-{5-[(3-chloro-4-fluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 62. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 3.90 (3H, s), 5.11 (2H, s), 5.68 (1H, s), 7.09 (1H, t, J=8.4 Hz), 7.23-7.27 (1H, m), 7.48 (1H, dd, J=1.6 Hz, J=7.2 Hz), 7.51 (1H, d, J=1.2 Hz), 7.71 (1H, dd, J=1.6 Hz, J=5.2 Hz), 8.25 (1H, s), 8.64 (1H, d, J=4.4 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C17H13ClFN3O3, 362. Found, 362.

Example 81

Methyl 2-{5-[(4-cyclopropylbenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylate

[0821]  [see pdf for image]
[0822] The title compound was prepared from 2-{5-[(4-cyclopropylbenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 62. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 0.60-0.64 (2H, m), 0.88-0.93 (2H, m), 1.81-1.85 (1H, m), 3.89 (3H, d, J=6.4 Hz), 5.12 (2H, s), 5.67 (1H, s), 7.00-7.26 (4H, m), 7.50 (1H, s), 7.68 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 8.26 (1H, s), 8.62 (1H, s). [M+H] Calc'd for C20H19N3O3, 350. Found, 350.

Example 82

2-[5-[1-(4-fluorophenyl)ethoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. 2-[5-[1-(4-fluorophenyl)ethoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0823]  [see pdf for image]
[0824] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and 1-(4-fluorophenyl)ethanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.65 (3H, d, J=6.4 Hz), 5.24 (1H, q, J=6.4 Hz), 5.44 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 6.95-7.00 (2H, m), 7.27-7.30 (2H, m), 7.35 (1H, dd, J=0.8 Hz, J=5.2 Hz), 7.41 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.97 (1H, s), 8.66 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C17H13FN4O, 309. Found, 309.

B. 2-[5-[1-(4-fluorophenyl)ethoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0825]  [see pdf for image]
[0826] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[1-(4-fluorophenyl)ethoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ: 1.58 (3H, d, J=6.4 Hz), 5.53 (1H, q, J=6.4 Hz), 5.81 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.16-7.20 (2H, m), 7.49-7.52 (3H, m), 7.76 (1H, dd, J=1.2 Hz, J=5.2 Hz), 8.05 (1H, s), 8.70 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 13.97 (1H, s). LCMS (mobile phase: 5%-95% Acetonitrile-Water-0.02% NH4Ac): purity is >95%, Rt=2.587 min. [M+H] Calc'd for C17H14FN3O3, 328. Found, 328.

Example 83

2-[5-[(3,3-difluorocyclobutyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. 2-[5-[(3,3-difluorocyclobutyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0827]  [see pdf for image]
[0828] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and (3,3-difluorocyclobutyl)methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 2.48-2.71 (5H, m), 5.14 (2H, d, J=4.4 Hz), 5.64 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.34 (1H, dd, J=0.4 Hz, J=4.8 Hz), 7.51 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.93 (1H, s), 8.61 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C14H12F2N4O, 291. Found, 291.

B. 2-[5-[(3,3-difluorocyclobutyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0829]  [see pdf for image]
[0830] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[(3,3-difluorocyclobutyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 2.50-2.69 (5H, m), 4.23 (2H, d, J=4.4 Hz), 5.96 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.60 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.76 (1H, dd, J=1.2 Hz, J=4.8 Hz), 8.07 (1H, s), 8.66 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 13.87 (1H, s). LCMS (mobile phase: 5%-95% Acetonitrile-Water-0.02% NH4Ac): purity is >95%, Rt=2.273 min. [M+H] Calc'd for C14H13F2N3O3, 310. Found, 310.

Example 84

2-[5-[(4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]-4-methylpyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. ethyl (E)-3-(dimethylamino)-2-methylprop-2-enoate

[0831]  [see pdf for image]
[0832] A solution of N,N,N′,N′-tetramethyl-1-[(2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy]methanediamine (2.47 g, 14.19 mmol), ethyl propionate (2.17 g, 21.27 mmol) and DMF (2 mL) in a sealed tube was heated to 90° C. for 24 h. Then extracted with ethyl acetate, collected the organic phase and washed with water, brine and dried with anhydrous sodium sulfate. Organic phase was concentrated and purified by silica gel chromatograph to give 0.68 g of the title compound (30%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.24 (3H, t, J=7.2 Hz), 1.95 (3H, s), 3.00 (6H, s), 4.11 (2H, q, J=7.2 Hz), 7.28 (1H, s). [M+H] Calc'd for C8H15NO2, 158. Found, 158.

B. ethyl (E)-3-[2-(4-cyanopyridin-2-yl)hydrazinyl]-2-methylprop-2-enoate

[0833]  [see pdf for image]
[0834] A solution of ethyl (E)-3-(dimethylamino)-2-methylprop-2-enoate (668 mg, 4.25 mmol) and 2-hydrazinylpyridine-4-carbonitrile (570 mg, 4.25 mmol, PREPARATION 2) in 2 mL HOAc and 10 mL EtOH was charged to a flask and the mixture was heated to 90° C. for 30 min. Cooled to room temperature and removed the solvent. The residue was dissolved in ethylacetate and water, aqueous basified with NaHCO3 sat (pH=8), extracted with ethylacetate. The organic phase was washed with brine and dried with anhydrous sodium sulfate and then purified by silica gel chromatograph to give 0.65 g of the title compound (62%). [M+H] Calc'd for C12H14N4O2, 247. Found, 247.

C. 2-(5-hydroxy-4-methylpyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0835]  [see pdf for image]
[0836] To a cooled mixture of ethyl (E)-3-[2-(4-cyanopyridin-2-yl)hydrazinyl]-2-methylprop-2-enoate (415 mg, 1.69 mmol) in ethanol (18 mL) was added t-BuOK (568 mg, 5.06 mmol) slowly. After that, the mixture was stirred overnight, filtered, the solid was acidified with HCl (1N), filtered, collected the solid and dried to give 250 mg of the title compound (74%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.93 (3H, s), 7.55 (1H, dd, J=1.2 Hz, J=4.8 Hz), 7.64 (1H, s), 8.64 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 8.72 (1H, s). [M+H] Calc'd for C10H8N4O, 201. Found, 201.

D. 2-[5-[(4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]-4-methylpyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0837]  [see pdf for image]
[0838] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-4-methylpyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and 4-fluorobenzyl alcohol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (300 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.91 (3H, s), 5.14 (2H, s), 7.26 (2H, s), 7.33-7.37 (3H, m), 7.46 (1H, s), 7.99 (1H, s), 8.62 (1H, d, J=5.1 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C17H13FN4O, 309. Found, 309.

E. 2-[5-[(4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]-4-methylpyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0839]  [see pdf for image]
[0840] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[(4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]-4-methylpyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 1.89 (3H, s), 5.16 (2H, s), 7.14-7.19 (2H, m), 7.44-7.47 (2H, m), 7.53 (1H, s), 7.75 (1H, dd, J=1.6 Hz, J=4.8 Hz), 8.03 (1H, s), 8.69 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz). LCMS (mobile phase: 5%-95% Acetonitrile-Water-0.1% TFA): purity is >95%, Rt=3.614 min. [M+H] Calc'd for C17H14FN3O3, 328. Found, 328.

Example 85

2-[4-ethyl-5-[(4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. ethyl (2E)-2-(dimethylaminomethylidene)butanoate

[0841]  [see pdf for image]
[0842] The title compound was prepared from N,N,N′,N′-tetramethyl-1-[(2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy]methanediamine and ethyl butanoate according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 84, part A. [M+H] Calc'd for C9H17NO2, 172. Found, 172.

B. ethyl (2E)-2-[[2-(4-cyanopyridin-2-yl)hydrazinyl]methylidene]butanoate

[0843]  [see pdf for image]
[0844] The title compound was prepared from ethyl (2E)-2-(dimethylaminomethylidene)butanoate and 2-hydrazinylpyridine-4-carbonitrile (PREPARATION 2) according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 84, part B. [M+H] Calc'd for C13H16N4O2, 261. Found, 261.

C. 2-(4-ethyl-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0845]  [see pdf for image]
[0846] The title compound was prepared from ethyl (2E)-2-[[2-(4-cyanopyridin-2-yl)hydrazinyl]methylidene]butanoate according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 84, part C. [M+H] Calc'd for C11H10N4O, 215. Found, 215.

D. 2-[4-ethyl-5-[(4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0847]  [see pdf for image]
[0848] The title compound was prepared from 2-(4-ethyl-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and 4-fluorobenzyl alcohol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. [M+H] Calc'd for C15H15FN4O, 323. Found, 323.

E. 2-[4-ethyl-5-[(4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0849]  [see pdf for image]
[0850] The title compound was prepared from 2-[4-ethyl-5-[(4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 1.11 (3H, t, J=7.6 Hz), 2.32 (2H, q, J=7.6 Hz), 5.14 (2H, s), 7.15-7.20 (2H, m), 7.44-7.47 (2H, m), 7.61 (1H, s), 7.75 (1H, dd, J=1.6 Hz, J=4.8 Hz), 8.04 (1H, s), 8.69 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 13.89 (1H, s). LCMS (mobile phase: 10%-95% Acetonitrile-Water-0.02% NH4Ac): purity is >95%, Rt=2.633 min. [M+H] Calc'd for C18H16FN3O3, 342. Found, 342.

Example 86

2-[5-[(2,4-difluorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. 2-[5-[(2,4-difluorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0851]  [see pdf for image]
[0852] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and (2,4-difluorophenyl)methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 5.19 (2H, s), 5.74 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 6.78-6.86 (2H, m), 7.33 (1H, dd, J=1.2 Hz, J=4.8 Hz), 7.39-7.45 (1H, m), 7.51 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.94 (1H, s), 8.62 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C16H10F2N4O, 313. Found, 313.

B. 2-[5-[(2,4-difluorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0853]  [see pdf for image]
[0854] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[(2,4-difluorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 5.29 (2H, s), 6.08 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.11-7.15 (1H, m), 7.27-7.33 (1H, m), 7.61 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.68 (1H, dd, J=8.0, 15.6 Hz), 7.72-7.75 (1H, m), 8.04 (1H, s), 8.65 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz). LCMS (mobile phase: 5%-95% Acetonitrile-Water-0.1% TFA): purity is >95%, Rt=3.349 min. [M+H] Calc'd for C16H11F2N3O3, 332. Found, 332.

Example 87

2-[5-[(3,4-dichlorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. 2-[5-[(3,4-dichlorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0855]  [see pdf for image]
[0856] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and (3,4-dichlorophenyl)methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 5.12 (2H, s), 5.66 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.20 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.35 (1H, dd, J=1.2, 5.2 Hz), 7.40 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.52 (2H, m), 7.98 (1H, s), 8.64 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C16H10Cl2N4O, 345. Found, 345.

B. 2-[5-[(3,4-dichlorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0857]  [see pdf for image]
[0858] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[(3,4-dichlorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 5.30 (2H, s), 6.01 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.46-7.48 (1H, m), 7.60-7.67 (2H, m), 7.76-7.80 (2H, m), 8.09 (1H, s), 8.69 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz). LCMS (mobile phase: 5%-95% Acetonitrile-Water-0.1% TFA): purity is >95%, Rt=3.773 min. [M+H] Calc'd for C16H11Cl2N3O3, 364. Found, 364.

Example 88

2-[5-[(2,4-dichlorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. 2-[5-[(2,4-dichlorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0859]  [see pdf for image]
[0860] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and (2,4-dichlorophenyl)methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 5.29 (2H, s), 5.79 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.29-7.32 (1H, m), 7.42 (1H, dd, J=1.2, 5.2 Hz), 7.45 (1H, d, J=2.4 Hz), 7.53 (1H, d, J=8.4 Hz), 7.59 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 8.06 (1H, s), 8.71 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C16H10Cl2N4O, 345. Found, 345.

B. 2-[5-[(2,4-dichlorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0861]  [see pdf for image]
[0862] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[(2,4-dichlorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 5.33 (2H, s), 6.08 (1H, d, J=2.4 Hz), 7.50 (1H, dd, J=2.4, 8.4 Hz), 7.62 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.69 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.72 (1H, d, J=8.4 Hz), 7.76 (1H, dd, J=1.6, 4.8 Hz), 8.09 (1H, s), 8.69 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 13.88 (1H, s). LCMS (mobile phase: 5%-95% Acetonitrile-Water-0.1% TFA): purity is >95%, Rt=3.773 min. [M+H] Calc'd for C16H11Cl2N3O3, 364. Found, 364.

Example 89

2-[5-[(4-chloro-2-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. 2-[5-[(4-chloro-2-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0863]  [see pdf for image]
[0864] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and (4-chloro-2-methylphenyl)methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 2.36 (3H, s), 5.18 (2H, s), 5.77 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.18-7.22 (2H, m), 7.34 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.39 (1H, dd, J=1.2 Hz, J=5.2 Hz), 7.58 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 8.00 (1H, s), 8.67 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C17H13ClN4O, 325. Found, 325.

B. 2-[5-[(4-chloro-2-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0865]  [see pdf for image]
[0866] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[(4-chloro-2-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 2.34 (3H, s), 5.26 (2H, s), 6.09 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.27 (1H, dd, J=2.4, 8.0 Hz), 7.31 (1H, s), 7.51 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.61 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.74 (1H, dd, J=1.6, 4.8 Hz), 8.05 (1H, s), 8.66 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 13.92 (1H, s). LCMS (mobile phase: 5%-95% Acetonitrile-Water-0.1% TFA): purity is >95%, Rt=3.773 min. [M+H] Calc'd for C17H14ClN3O3, 344. Found, 344.

Example 90

2-[5-[(4-chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. 2-[5-[(4-chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0867]  [see pdf for image]
[0868] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and (4-chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 3.89 (3H, s), 5.22 (2H, s), 5.78 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 6.92 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 6.95-6.98 (1H, m), 7.33-7.35 (1H, m), 7.39 (1H, dd, J=1.2, 5.2 Hz), 7.57-7.58 (1H, m), 8.06 (1H, s), 8.70 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C17H13ClN4O2, 341. Found, 341.

B. 2-[5-[(4-chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0869]  [see pdf for image]
[0870] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[(4-chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 3.84 (3H, s), 5.22 (2H, s), 6.00 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.03 (1H, dd, J=2.0, 8.4 Hz), 7.13 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.49-7.51 (1H, m), 7.58 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.74 (1H, dd, J=0.8 Hz, J=4.8 Hz), 8.05 (1H, s), 8.65 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz). LCMS (mobile phase: 5%-95% Acetonitrile-Water-0.02% NH4Ac): purity is >95%, Rt=2.706 min. [M+H] Calc'd for C17H14ClN3O4, 360. Found, 360.

Example 91

2-[5-[[4-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. 2-[5-[[4-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0871]  [see pdf for image]
[0872] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and [4-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 5.25 (2H, s), 5.76 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.42 (1H, dd, J=1.6, 5.2 Hz), 7.54 (2H, s), 7.58 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.89 (1H, s), 8.00 (1H, s), 8.06 (1H, s), 8.69 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C17H10ClF3N4O, 379. Found, 379.

B. 2-[5-[[4-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0873]  [see pdf for image]
[0874] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[[4-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 5.39 (2H, s), 6.03 (1H, d, J=2.4 Hz), 7.62 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.75-7.80 (3H, m), 8.05 (1H, s), 8.09 (1H, s), 8.67 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 13.93 (1H, s). LCMS (mobile phase: 5%-95% Acetonitrile-Water-0.1% TFA): purity is >95%, Rt=3.773 min. [M+H] Calc'd for C17H11ClF3N3O3, 398. Found, 398.

Example 92

2-[5-[(3-chloro-4-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. (3-chloro-4-methylphenyl)methanol

[0875]  [see pdf for image]
[0876] To a solution of 4-chloro-2-methylbenzoic acid (800 mg, 4.69 mmol) in THF (8 mL) that was cooled at 0° C., BH3.THF (14 mL, 1M in THF) was added into the solution drop wise. The mixture was then stirred at r.t. overnight. Add methanol to the system at 0° C. slowly until no gas released. Remove the solvent and the residue was extracted with ethylacetate, concentrated the organic phase to give 894 mg of the title compound (85%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 2.36 (3H, s), 4.63 (2H, s), 7.13-7.22 (2H, m), 7.35 (1H, s).

B. 2-[5-[(3-chloro-4-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0877]  [see pdf for image]
[0878] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and (3-chloro-4-methylphenyl)methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 2.38 (3H, s), 5.18 (2H, s), 5.73 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.19-7.25 (2H, m), 7.41 (1H, dd, J=1.2, 4.8 Hz), 7.44 (1H, s), 7.57 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 8.03 (1H, s), 8.71 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C17H13ClN4O, 325. Found, 325.

C. 2-[5-[(3-chloro-4-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0879]  [see pdf for image]
[0880] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[(3-chloro-4-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 2.31 (3H, s), 5.23 (2H, s), 5.94 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.31-7.37 (2H, m), 7.52-7.54 (2H, m), 7.65 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 7.94 (1H, s), 8.45 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). LCMS (mobile phase: 5%-95% Acetonitrile-Water-0.02% NH4Ac): purity is >95%, Rt=2.787 min. [M+H] Calc'd for C17H14ClN3O3, 344. Found, 344.

Example 93

2-[5-[(3-fluoro-4-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. 2-[5-[(3-fluoro-4-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0881]  [see pdf for image]
[0882] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and (3-fluoro-4-methylphenyl)methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 2.28 (3H, s), 5.19 (2H, s), 5.72 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.18-7.20 (1H, m), 7.07-7.11 (2H, m), 7.41 (1H, dd, J=1.2, 4.8 Hz), 7.56 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 8.03 (1H, s), 8.71 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C17H13FN4O, 309. Found, 309.

B. 2-[5-[(3-fluoro-4-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0883]  [see pdf for image]
[0884] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[(3-fluoro-4-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 2.22 (3H, s), 5.25 (2H, s), 6.00 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.19-7.31 (3H, m), 7.59 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.76-7.77 (1H, m), 8.07 (1H, s), 8.68 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 13.91 (1H, s). LCMS (mobile phase: 5%-95% Acetonitrile-Water-0.1% TFA): purity is >95%, Rt=3.337 min. [M+H] Calc'd for C17H14FN3O3, 328. Found, 328.

Example 94

2-[5-[(2,3-difluoro-4-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. (2,3-difluoro-4-methylphenyl)methanol

[0885]  [see pdf for image]
[0886] The title compound was prepared from 2,3-difluoro-4-methyl-benzoic acid according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 92, part A. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 2.36 (3H, s), 4.63 (2H, s), 7.13-7.22 (2H, m), 7.35 (1H, s).

B. 2-[5-[(2,3-difluoro-4-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0887]  [see pdf for image]
[0888] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and (2,3-difluoro-4-methylphenyl)methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 2.32 (3H, s), 5.28 (2H, s), 5.80 (1H, s), 6.98 (1H, d, J=6.8 Hz), 7.11 (1H, d, J=7.2 Hz), 7.40 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 7.58 (1H, s), 8.01 (1H, s), 8.70 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C17H12F2N4O, 327. Found, 327.

C. 2-[5-[(2,3-difluoro-4-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0889]  [see pdf for image]
[0890] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[(2,3-difluoro-4-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 2.27 (3H, s), 5.32 (2H, s), 6.08 (1H, s), 7.10-7.14 (1H, m), 7.28-7.31 (1H, m), 7.61 (1H, s), 7.75 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 8.03 (1H, s), 8.66 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 13.90 (1H, s). LCMS (mobile phase: 5%-95% Acetonitrile-Water-0.02% NH4Ac): purity is >95%, Rt=2.269 min. [M+H] Calc'd for C17H13F2N3O3, 346. Found, 346.

Preparation 5

methyl 3-amino-4-ethylbenzoate

A. 4-ethyl-3-nitrobenzoic acid

[0891]  [see pdf for image]
[0892] To a suspension of 4-ethyl benzoic acid (4.53 g, 30.16 mmol) in concentrated sulfuric acid (24 mL) at 0° C. was added nitric acid (12 mL). The mixture was stirred for 1.5 h at 0° C. Poured into ice water, filtered and dried the solid to give 5.79 g of the title compound (98%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 1.23 (3H, t, J=7.2 Hz), 2.88 (2H, q, J=7.2 Hz), 7.67 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 8.15 (1H, dd, J=1.6, 8.0 Hz), 8.36 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz).

B. methyl 4-ethyl-3-nitrobenzoate

[0893]  [see pdf for image]
[0894] To a suspension of 4-ethyl-3-nitrobenzoic acid (5.76 g, 29.53 mmol) in methanol (30 mL) at 0° C., was added SOCl2 (10.54 g, 88.61 mmol) slowly, stirred at this temperature for 1 h, then heated to 50° C. and stirred at this temperature for 3 h. Cooled to room temperature and removed the solvent, the residue was extracted with ethyl acetate, and concentrated to give 6.05 g of the title compound (98%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.31 (3H, t, J=7.2 Hz), 2.97 (2H, q, J=7.2 Hz), 3.96 (3H, s), 7.47 (1H, d, J=8.4 Hz), 8.17 (1H, dd, J=1.6, 8.4 Hz), 8.52 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz).

C. methyl 3-amino-4-ethylbenzoate

[0895]  [see pdf for image]
[0896] Charged methyl 4-ethyl-3-nitrobenzoate (5.0 g, 23.92 mmol), Pd/C (500 mg) and methanol (50 mL) to a flask, purged with hydrogen and stirred at r.t. overnight. It was then filtered and concentrated to give 4.0 g of the title compound (94%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.26 (3H, t, J=7.6 Hz), 2.54 (2H, q, J=7.6 Hz), 3.73 (2H, s), 3.87 (3H, s), 7.12 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.35 (1H, s), 7.41 (1H, d, J=7.6 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C10H13NO2, 180. Found, 180.

Example 95

2-[5-[(3-chloro-4-ethylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. methyl 3-chloro-4-ethylbenzoate

[0897]  [see pdf for image]
[0898] Charge NaNO2 (579 mg, 8.37 mmol) and concentrated sulfuric acid (6 mL) to a flask. As methyl 3-amino-4-ethylbenzoate (1.37 g, 7.62 mmol, PREPARATION 5) in acetic acid (18 mL) was added at 0° C., color of the mixture turned to yellow, and then stirred at 5° C. for 1.5 h. The solution above was added to a dark mixture of CuCl (1.65 g, 16.65 mmol) in concentrated HCl (18 mL) slowly at 0° C., stirred for 2 h, and poured into ice water, extracted with DCM, the organic phase was concentrated to give 582 mg of the title compound (38%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.25 (3H, t, J=8.0 Hz), 2.80 (2H, q, J=7.6 Hz), 3.91 (3H, s), 7.30 (1H, d, J=7.6 Hz), 7.85 (1H, dd, J=1.2, 7.6 Hz), 8.01 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz).

B. (3-chloro-4-ethylphenyl)methanol

[0899]  [see pdf for image]
[0900] To a solution of methyl 3-chloro-4-ethylbenzoate (367 mg, 1.85 mmol) in THF (5 mL) that cooled to −50° C., LiAlH4 (141 mg, 2.70 mmol) was added in portions. After which, the mixture was stirred at this temperature for 1 h. Added water (0.2 mL) slowly, followed by NaOH (aq, 10%, 0.2 mL) and water (0.6 mL), the resulted mixture was filtered and washed with THF, concentrated the filtrate to give 308 mg of the title compound (98%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.22 (3H, t, J=7.6 Hz), 2.74 (2H, q, J=7.6 Hz), 4.63 (2H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 7.17-7.23 (2H, m), 7.35 (1H, s).

C. 2-[5-[(3-chloro-4-ethylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0901]  [see pdf for image]
[0902] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and (3-chloro-4-ethylphenyl)methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.23 (3H, t, J=8.0 Hz), 2.76 (2H, t, J=8.0 Hz), 5.18 (2H, s), 5.74 (1H, d, J=0.8 Hz), 7.26 (2H, s), 7.40-7.44 (2H, m), 7.57 (1H, s), 8.03 (1H, s), 8.72 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C18H15ClN4O, 339. Found, 339.

C. 2-[5-[(3-chloro-4-ethylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0903]  [see pdf for image]
[0904] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[(3-chloro-4-ethylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 1.15 (3H, t, J=10.0 Hz), 2.68 (2H, q, J=10.0 Hz), 5.23 (2H, s), 5.95 (1H, d, J=2.4 Hz), 7.36 (2H, s), 7.53 (2H, d, J=2.8 Hz), 7.67 (1H, d, J=6.4 Hz), 7.96 (1H, s), 8.47 (1H, d, J=6.4 Hz). LCMS (mobile phase: 5%-95% Acetonitrile-Water-0.1% TFA): purity is >95%, Rt=3.773 min. [M+H] Calc'd for C18H16ClN3O3, 358. Found, 358.

Example 96

2-[5-[(4-ethyl-3-fluorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. methyl 4-ethyl-3-fluorobenzoate

[0905]  [see pdf for image]
[0906] At 0° C., NaNO2 (667 mg, 9.66 mmol) was added to a solution of methyl 3-amino-4-ethylbenzoate (1.57 g, 8.78 mmol, PREPARATION 5) in Py-HF (20 mL) in portions. The mixture was then heated to 25° C. for 5 h, pour into ice water, and extracted with DCM, concentrated the organic phase for silica gel chromatograph (PE/EA=10/1) to give 650 mg of the title compound (40%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.24 (3H, t, J=7.6 Hz), 2.72 (2H, q, J=7.6 Hz), 3.91 (3H, s), 7.25-7.29 (1H, m), 7.65 (1H, dd, J=1.2, 10.4 Hz), 7.75 (1H, dd, J=1.6, 8.0 Hz).

B. (4-ethyl-3-fluorophenyl)methanol

[0907]  [see pdf for image]
[0908] The title compound was prepared from methyl 4-ethyl-3-fluorobenzoate according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 95, part B. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.22 (3H, t, J=8.0 Hz), 2.66 (2H, q, J=8.0 Hz), 4.64 (2H, s), 7.01-7.05 (2H, m), 7.18 (1H, t, J=8.0 Hz).

C. 2-[5-[(4-ethyl-3-fluorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0909]  [see pdf for image]
[0910] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and (4-ethyl-3-fluorophenyl)methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.16 (3H, t, J=7.6 Hz), 2.60 (2H, t, J=7.6 Hz), 5.13 (2H, s), 5.66 (1H, d, J=1.2 Hz), 7.02-7.05 (2H, m), 7.14-7.18 (1H, m), 7.34 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 7.50 (1H, d, J=1.2 Hz), 7.96 (1H, s), 8.64 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C18H15FN4O, 323. Found, 323.

D. 2-[5-[(4-ethyl-3-fluorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0911]  [see pdf for image]
[0912] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[(4-ethyl-3-fluorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 1.15 (3H, t, J=7.6 Hz), 2.61 (2H, q, J=7.6 Hz), 5.26 (2H, s), 6.01 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.20-7.33 (3H, m), 7.60 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.76 (1H, dd, J=1.2, 4.8 Hz), 8.08 (1H, s), 8.69 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz)
[0913] LCMS (mobile phase: 5%-95% Acetonitrile-Water-0.1% TFA): purity is >95%, Rt=3.634 min. [M+H] Calc'd for C15H16FN3O3, 342. Found, 342.

Preparation 6

methyl 2-(5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carboxylate

[0914]  [see pdf for image]
[0915] A solution of methyl 2-{5-[(4-bromobenzyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylate (765 mg, 1.97 mmol, EXAMPLE 68) in DCM (8 mL) was purged with nitrogen and cooled to −78° C. BBr3 (6 mL, 5.93 mmol, 1M in DCM) was added at this temperature. Thereto, the mixture was stirred at the same temperature for an hour, methanol was added until no gas released, and then the above mixture was basified with NaHCO3 aq (pH=3). Extracted with ethylacetate three times, and the organic phase was washed with brine and dried with Na2SO4, concentrated and the residue was washed with ethylacetate to give 260 mg of the title compound (60%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): δ 4.02 (3H, s), 7.91-7.97 (2H, m), 8.69-8.70 (2H, m). [M+H] Calc'd for C10H9N3O3, 220. Found, 220.

Example 97

2-[5-[(3-cyanophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. methyl 2-[5-[(3-cyanophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylate

[0916]  [see pdf for image]
[0917] The title compound was prepared from methyl 2-(5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carboxylate (PREPARATION 6) and (3-cyanophenyl)methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. [M+H] Calc'd for C18H14N4O3, 335. Found, 335.

B. 2-[5-[(3-cyanophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0918]  [see pdf for image]
[0919] A solution of methyl 2-[5-[(3-cyanophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylate (1.0 eq) and LiOH.H2O (3.0 eq) in a mixture of water (2 mL) and THF (2 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 30 min. Diluted with another 2 mL water, and the mixture was washed with ethyl acetate twice (6 mL×2). The water phase was acidified with 1N HCl (pH=3), filtered and dried the solid to give the title compound. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 5.36 (2H, s), 6.03 (1H, s), 7.61-7.64 (2H, m), 7.77-7.78 (1H, m), 7.82-7.84 (2H, m), 7.96 (1H, s), 8.09 (1H, s), 8.69 (1H, d, J=4.4 Hz), 13.92 (1H, s). LCMS (mobile phase: 10%-95% Acetonitrile-Water-0.02% NH4Ac): purity is >95%, Rt=2.106 min. [M+H] Calc'd for C17H12N4O3, 321. Found, 321.

Example 98

methyl 2-[5-[(4-cyanophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylate

[0920]  [see pdf for image]
[0921] The title compound was prepared from methyl 2-(5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carboxylate (PREPARATION 6) and (4-cyanophenyl)methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. [M+H] Calc'd for C18H14N4O3, 335. Found, 335.

Example 99

2-[5-[(4-cyanophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0922]  [see pdf for image]
[0923] The title compound was prepared from methyl 2-[5-[(4-cyanophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylate (EXAMPLE 98) according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 97, part B. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 5.41 (2H, s), 6.00 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.61 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.67-7.69 (2H, m), 7.77 (1H, dd, J=0.8 Hz, J=4.8 Hz), 7.87-7.89 (2H, m), 8.10 (1H, s), 8.70 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 13.92 (1H, s). LCMS (mobile phase: 10%-95% Acetonitrile-Water-0.02% NH4Ac): purity is >95%, Rt=2.104 min. [M+H] Calc'd for C17H12N4O3, 321. Found, 321.

Example 100

methyl 2-[5-[(3-chloro-4-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylate

[0924]  [see pdf for image]
[0925] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[(3-chloro-4-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid (EXAMPLE 92) according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 62. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 2.38 (3H, s), 3.96 (3H, s), 5.18 (2H, s), 5.74 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.21-7.26 (2H, m), 7.45 (1H, s), 7.58 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.77-7.78 (1H, m), 8.33 (1H, s), 8.71 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz). LCMS (mobile phase: 30%-95% Acetonitrile-Water-0.02% NH4Ac): purity is >95%, Rt=3.628 min. [M+H] Calc'd for C16H16ClN3O3, 358. Found, 358.

Example 101

methyl 2-[5-[(3-fluoro-4-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylate

[0926]  [see pdf for image]
[0927] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[(3-fluoro-4-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid (EXAMPLE 93) according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 62. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 2.28 (3H, s), 3.97 (3H, s), 5.21 (2H, s), 5.75 (1H, s), 7.09-7.21 (3H, m), 7.60 (1H, s), 7.79 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 8.35 (1H, s), 8.73 (1H, s). LCMS (mobile phase: 20%-95% Acetonitrile-Water-0.1% NH4OH): purity is >95%, Rt=3.936 min. [M+H] Calc'd for C18H16FN3O3, 342. Found, 342.

Example 102

methyl 2-[5-[(3-chloro-4-ethylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylate

[0928]  [see pdf for image]
[0929] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[(3-chloro-4-ethylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid (EXAMPLE 95) according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 62. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.23 (3H, t, J=7.6 Hz), 2.76 (2H, q, J=7.6 Hz), 3.97 (3H, s), 5.18 (2H, s), 5.75 (1H, s), 7.26 (2H, s), 7.45 (1H, s), 7.58 (1H,$), 7.78 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 8.33 (1H, s), 8.72 (1H, d, J=0.8 Hz). LCMS (mobile phase: 20%-95% Acetonitrile-Water-0.02% NH4OH): purity is >95%, Rt=4.602 min. [M+H] Calc'd for C19H18ClN3O3, 372. Found, 372.

Example 103

methyl 2-[5-[(2,3-difluoro-4-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylate

[0930]  [see pdf for image]
[0931] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[(2,3-difluoro-4-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid (EXAMPLE 94) according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 62. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 2.31 (3H, s), 3.96 (3H, s), 5.27 (2H, s), 5.80 (1H, d, J=6.4 Hz), 6.94-6.97 (1H, m), 7.13-7.17 (1H, m), 7.58 (1H, s), 7.76 (1H, d, J=4.0 Hz), 8.30 (1H, s), 8.69 (1H, d, J=2.4 Hz). LCMS (mobile phase: 30%-95% Acetonitrile-Water-0.02% NH4Ac): purity is >95%, Rt=3.485 min. [M+H] Calc'd for C18H15F2N3O3, 360. Found, 360.

Example 104

methyl 2-[5-[(4-ethyl-3-fluorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylate

[0932]  [see pdf for image]
[0933] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[(4-ethyl-3-fluorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid (EXAMPLE 96) according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 62. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.23 (3H, t, J=7.6 Hz), 2.67 (2H, q, J=7.6 Hz), 3.97 (3H, s), 5.20 (2H, s), 5.75 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.12-7.23 (3H, m), 7.58 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.78 (1H, dd, J=1.6, 5.2 Hz), 8.34 (1H, s), 8.71 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz). LCMS (mobile phase: 30%-95% Acetonitrile-Water-0.02% NH4Ac): purity is >95%, Rt=3.783 min. [M+H] Calc'd for C19H18FN3O3, 356. Found, 356.

Preparation 7

5-chloro-2-(hydroxymethyl)phenol

[0934]  [see pdf for image]
[0935] BH3 (1M in THF, 359 mL) was added into a solution of 4-chloro-2-hydroxybenzoic acid (20.63 g, 0.12 mmol) in THF (40 mL) drop wise at 0° C. After which, the mixture was stirred at r.t. overnight. Extracted with EA twice, and washed the organic phase with brine and dried with anhydrous Na2SO4, concentrated to give the title compound (12 g, 63%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 4.42 (2H, s), 4.97-5.06 (1H, m), 6.77 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 6.82 (1H, dd, J=2.0 Hz, 8.0 Hz), 7.27 (1H, d, J=8.4 Hz), 9.85 (1H, s).

Example 105

2-[5-[(4-chloro-2-phenylmethoxyphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. (4-chloro-2-phenylmethoxyphenyl)methanol

[0936]  [see pdf for image]
[0937] (Bromomethyl)benzene (323 mg, 1.89 mmol) was added to a mixture of 5-chloro-2-(hydroxymethyl)phenol (300 mg, 1.89 mmol, PREPARATION 7) and NaOH (1.1 mL, 2M in water) in ethanol (5 mL) at r.t. slowly. The reaction mixture was stirred overnight. Poured into ice water, and extracted with ethyl acetate twice, and washed the organic phase with water twice, brine and dried with anhydrous Na2SO4. The solvents were removed and the residue purified by silica gel chromatograph to give 120 mg of the title compound (28%).

B. 2-[5-[(4-chloro-2-phenylmethoxyphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0938]  [see pdf for image]
[0939] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and (4-chloro-2-phenylmethoxyphenyl)methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 5.11 (2H, s), 5.27 (2H, s), 5.74 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 6.98-7.00 (2H, m), 7.33-7.39 (7H, m), 7.55 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.99 (1H, s), 8.67 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C23H17ClN4O2, 417. Found, 417.

C. 2-[5-[(4-chloro-2-phenylmethoxyphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0940]  [see pdf for image]
[0941] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[(4-chloro-2-phenylmethoxyphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 5.21 (2H, s) 5.22 (2H, s), 5.92 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.03 (1H, dd, J=1.6 Hz, J=8.0 Hz), 7.19 (1H, d, J=1.2 Hz), 7.28-7.39 (5H, m), 7.50-7.52 (2H, m), 7.65 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 7.95 (1H, s), 8.44 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). LCMS (mobile phase: 5%-95% Acetonitrile-Water-0.1% TFA): purity is >95%, Rt=4.032 min. [M+H] Calc'd for C23H18ClN3O4, 436. Found, 436.

Example 106

2-[5-[[4-chloro-2-(cyclopropylmethoxy)phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. [4-chloro-2-(cyclopropylmethoxy)phenyl]methanol

[0942]  [see pdf for image]
[0943] Charged 5-chloro-2-(hydroxymethyl)phenol (616 mg, 3.88 mmol, PREPARATION 7), bromocyclopropylmethanol (525 mg, 3.88 mmol), K2CO3 (1.07 g, 7.77 mmol) and DMF (6 mL) to a flask, purged with nitrogen and heated to 80° C. overnight. Poured into ice water, and extracted with ethyl acetate twice, and washed the organic phase with water twice, brine and dried with anhydrous Na2SO4, removed the solvent for silica gel chromatograph to give 108 mg of the title compound (13%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 0.33-0.37 (2H, m), 0.63-0.68 (2H, m), 1.26-1.28 (1H, m), 3.84 (2H, d, J=7.2 Hz), 4.67 (2H, s), 4.86 (1H, s), 6.84 (1H, d, J=1.2 Hz), 6.91 (1H, dd, J=2.0 Hz, 8.0 Hz), 7.19 (1H, d, J=7.6 Hz).

B. 2-[5-[[4-chloro-2-(cyclopropylmethoxy)phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0944]  [see pdf for image]
[0945] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and [4-chloro-2-(cyclopropylmethoxy)phenyl]methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. [M+H] Calc'd for C20H17ClN4O2, 381. Found, 381.

C. 2-[5-[[4-chloro-2-(cyclopropylmethoxy)phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0946]  [see pdf for image]
[0947] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[[4-chloro-2-(cyclopropylmethoxy)phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 0.28-0.29 (2H, m), 0.50-0.54 (2H, m), 1.15-1.19 (1H, m), 3.87 (2H, d, J=6.8 Hz), 5.28 (2H, s), 6.99 (1H, d, J=6.4 Hz), 6.92-6.98 (2H, m), 7.41 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.60 (1H,$), 7.82 (1H, d, J=2.8 Hz), 8.26 (1H, s), 8.63 (1H, d, J=3.2). LCMS (mobile phase: 10%-95% Acetonitrile-Water-0.1% TFA): purity is >95%, Rt=3.611 min. [M+H] Calc'd for C20H18ClN3O4, 400. Found, 400.

Example 107

2-[5-[(4-chloro-2-propoxyphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. (4-chloro-2-propoxyphenyl)methanol

[0948]  [see pdf for image]
[0949] Charge 5-chloro-2-(hydroxymethyl)phenol (997 mg, 6.29 mmol, PREPARATION 7), iodopropane (1.17 g, 6.92 mmol), K2CO3 (1.74 g, 12.58 mmol) and DMF (6 mL) to a sealed tube. The reaction mixture was heated to 100° C. overnight. It was then poured into ice-water and extracted with ethyl acetate twice, washed the organic phase with water twice, brine and dried with Na2SO4, concentrated and purified by silica gel chromatograph to give the title compound (729 mg, 58%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.05 (3H, t, J=7.2 Hz), 1.79-1.88 (2H, m), 3.96 (2H, t, J=6.4 Hz), 4.64 (2H, s), 6.85 (1H, d, J=1.2 Hz), 6.91 (1H, dd, J=1.6 Hz, 8.4 Hz), 7.20 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz).

B. 2-[5-[(4-chloro-2-propoxyphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0950]  [see pdf for image]
[0951] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and (4-chloro-2-propoxyphenyl)methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.01 (3H, t, J=7.2 Hz), 1.77-1.86 (2H, m), 3.98 (2H, t, J=2.4 Hz), 5.24 (2H, s), 5.78 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 6.90 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 6.95 (1H, dd, J=2.0 Hz, 8.4 Hz), 7.34 (1H, d, J=8.4 Hz), 7.39 (1H, dd, J=0.8 Hz, 4.8 Hz), 7.58 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 8.05 (1H, d, s), 8.70 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C19H17ClN4O2, 369. Found, 369.

C. 2-[5-[(4-chloro-2-propoxyphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0952]  [see pdf for image]
[0953] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[(4-chloro-2-propoxyphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 0.88 (3H, t, J=7.2 Hz), 1.61-1.70 (2H, m), 3.98 (2H, t, J=6.4 Hz), 5.20 (2H, s), 6.01 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.01 (1H, dd, J=2.0 Hz, 8.4 Hz), 7.10 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.49 (1H, d, J=8.4 Hz), 7.59 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.74 (1H, dd, J=0.8 Hz, 5.2 Hz), 8.04 (1H, s), 8.66 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 13.86 (1H, s). LCMS (mobile phase: 5%-95% Acetonitrile-Water-0.02% NH4Ac): purity is >95%, Rt=2.889 min. [M+H] Calc'd for C19H18ClN3O4, 388. Found, 388.

Example 108

2-[5-[[4-chloro-2-(2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy)phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl 4-methylbenzenesulfonate

[0954]  [see pdf for image]
[0955] To a solution of 4-methylbenzenesulfonyl chloride (3.4 g, 17.83 mmol) and Et3N (3.61 g, 35.66 mmol) in DCM (80 mL) was added 2,2,2-trifluoroethan-1-ol (2.32 g, 23.18 mmol) slowly, the mixture was then stirred at r.t. until TLC showed no starting material. Water was added to the reaction mixture, and extracted with DCM, collected the organic phase and washed with brine, dried with anhydrous Na2SO4, removed the solvent to give 4.2 g of the title compound (93%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 2.47 (3H, s), 4.34 (2H, q, J=8.0 Hz), 7.38 (2H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.81 (2H, d, J=8.0 Hz).

B. [4-chloro-2-(2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy)phenyl]methanol

[0956]  [see pdf for image]
[0957] Charged 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl 4-methylbenzenesulfonate (1.62 g, 6.37 mmol), 5-chloro-2-(hydroxymethyl)phenol (1.01 g, 6.37 mmol, PREPARATION 7), K2CO3 (1.76 g, 12.74 mmol) and DMF (7 mL) to a flask; heated to 100° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was then poured into ice-water and extracted with EA twice, washed the organic phase with water twice, brine and dried with Na2SO4, concentrated for gel chromatograph to give the title compound (200 mg, 13%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 4.39 (2H, q, J=8.0 Hz), 4.70 (2H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 6.83 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.05 (1H, dd, J=1.6 Hz, 8.0 Hz), 7.33 (1H, d, J=7.6 Hz).

C. 2-[5-[[4-chloro-2-(2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy)phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0958]  [see pdf for image]
[0959] The title compound was prepared in 81% yield from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and [4-chloro-2-(2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy)phenyl]methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 4.43 (2H, q, J=8.0 Hz), 5.26 (2H, s), 5.79 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 6.91 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.10 (1H, dd, J=2.0 Hz, 8.4 Hz), 7.40 (1H, dd, J=1.2 Hz, 5.2 Hz), 7.44 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.58 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 8.04 (1H, s), 8.69 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C18H12ClF3N4O2, 409. Found, 409.

D. 2-[5-[[4-chloro-2-(2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy)phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0960]  [see pdf for image]
[0961] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[[4-chloro-2-(2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy)phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 4.87 (2H, q, J=8.0 H), 5.22 (2H, s), 5.99 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.16 (1H, dd, J=1.6 Hz, J=8.0 Hz), 7.34 (1H, d, J=1.2 Hz), 7.56-7.60 (2H, m), 7.74 (1H, dd, J=0.4 Hz, J=4.8 Hz), 8.05 (1H, s), 8.66 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 13.88 (1H, s). LCMS (mobile phase: 5%-95% Acetonitrile-Water-0.1% TFA): purity is >95%, Rt=3.505 min. [M+H] Calc'd for C18H13ClF3N3O4, 428. Found, 428.

Preparation 8

2-[4-[2-[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxyethyl]-5-[(4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

A. 4-hydroxybutanoyloxylithium

[0962]  [see pdf for image]
[0963] Charge oxolan-2-one (9.64 g, 0.11 mmol), lithium hydroxide (4.7 g, 0.11 mmol), methanol (10 mL) and water (4 mL) to a flask. The reaction mixture was stirred at r.t. for 16 h. The solvent was removed to give the title compound (14.1 g, 100%) which was used for the next step without further purification.

B. 4-[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxybutanoyloxylithium

[0964]  [see pdf for image]
[0965] To a suspension of 4-hydroxybutanoyloxylithium (5.17 g, 41.03 mmol) and 1H-imidazole (4.19 g, 61.55 mmol) in DMF (20 mL) was added TBSCl (7.42 g, 49.04 mmol) in portions at r.t. The reaction mixture was then stirred overnight. The reaction solution was poured into water and extracted with ethyl acetate three times. The organic phase separated and washed with water twice, brine and dried with anhydrous Na2SO4. It was then concentrated to give the title compound as colorless oil (8.0 g, 89%). [M+H] Calc'd for C10H21LiO3Si, 225. Found, 225.

C. 4-[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxybutanoic acid

[0966]  [see pdf for image]
[0967] To a solution of 4-[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxybutanoyloxylithium (8.0 g, 35.71 mmol) in ethyl acetate (10 mL), was carefully added KHSO4 (5%) to adjust pH to about 1. It was then extracted with ethyl acetate three times and organic extracts washed with brine and dried with anhydrous NaSO4. The organic extracts were concentrated to give the title compound (7.4 g, 95%). [M+H] Calc'd for C10H22O3Si, 219. Found, 219.

D. methyl 4-[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxybutanoate

[0968]  [see pdf for image]
[0969] CH2N2 (1.04 g, 248.1 mmol) in ether (10 mL) was added to 4-[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxybutanoic acid (5.41 g, 24.81 mmol) in a flask. The mixture was stirred overnight, concentrated to give the title compound (5.44 g, 95%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 0.03 (6H, s), 0.88 (9H, s), 1.81-184 (2H, m), 2.39 (2H, t, J=7.2 Hz), 3.63 (2H, d, J=6.4 Hz), 3.66 (3H, s). [M+H] Calc'd for C11H24O3Si, 233. Found, 233.

E. methyl (2E)-4-[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy-2-(dimethylaminomethylidene)butanoate

[0970]  [see pdf for image]
[0971] A mixture of methyl 4-[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxybutanoate (6.8 g, 29.31 mmol) and N,N,N′,N′-tetramethyl-1-[(2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy]methanediamine (5.1 g, 29.31 mmol) in DMF (14 mL) in sealed tube was heated to 100° C. overnight. Added water to the mixture at 0° C. and extracted with ethyl acetate twice. The organic phase was separated and washed with water (2×) and brine and dried with anhydrous Na2SO4. The organic phase was concentrated to give the title compound (7.33 g, 91%). [M+H] Calc'd for C14H29NO3Si, 288. Found, 288.

F. methyl (2E)-4-[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy-2-[[2-(4-cyanopyridin-2-yl)hydrazinyl]methylidene]butanoate

[0972]  [see pdf for image]
[0973] Charged methyl (2E)-4-[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy-2-(dimethylaminomethylidene)butanoate (7.33 g, 50%, 12.72 mmol), 2-hydrazinopyridine-4-carbonaitrile (1.70 g, 12.72 mmol), acetic acid (10 mL) and ethanol (50 mL) to a flask, the mixture was heated to 90° C. for 30 min, cooled to r.t. and basified with NaHCO3 at 0° C. to pH=8. It was then extracted with ethyl acetate twice, concentrated and purified by silica gel chromatograph (PE/EA=10/1) to give the title compound (3.3 g, 34%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 0.04 (6H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 0.89 (9H, s), 1.96-2.17 (2H, m), 3.59 (1H, q, J=6.4 Hz), 3.69 (2H, d, J=6.0 Hz), 3.74 (3H, s), 6.91-6.92 (1H, m), 7.19 (1H, d, J=6.0 Hz), 7.38 (1H, s), 8.22 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 8.33 (1H, s). [M+H] Calc'd for C18H28N4O3Si, 377. Found, 377.

G. 2-[4-[2-[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxyethyl]-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0974]  [see pdf for image]
[0975] To a mixture of methyl (2E)-4-[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy-2-[[2-(4-cyanopyridin-2-yl)hydrazinyl]methylidene]butanoate (3.3 g, 8.77 mmol) in ethanol (50 mL) at 0° C. was added t-BuOK (2.95 g, 26.33 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred overnight at r.t. It was then cooled to 0° C., diluted with ethyl acetate, and acidified with NaHSO4 (5%) to pH=3. The organic phase was separated and concentrated to a residue which was washed with PE/EA to give 300 mg of the title compound (10%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): δ 0.00 (6H, s), 0.85 (9H, s), 2.49 (2H, d, J=6.4 Hz), 3.74 (2H, d, J=6.4 Hz), 7.48 (1H, dd, J=1.2 Hz, 4.8 Hz), 7.60 (1H, s), 8.57 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 8.61-8.63 (1H, m). [M+H] Calc'd for C17H24N4O2Si, 345. Found, 345.

H. 2-[4-[2-[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxyethyl]-5-[(4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0976]  [see pdf for image]
[0977] The title compound was prepared in 43% yield from 2-[4-[2-[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxyethyl]-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile and (4-fluorophenyl)methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 0.00 (6H, s), 0.85 (9H, s), 2.50 (2H, t, J=6.4 Hz), 3.68 (2H, d, J=6.4 Hz), 5.12 (2H, s), 6.98-7.02 (2H, m), 7.30-7.34 (3H, m), 7.54 (1H, s), 7.98 (1H, s), 8.58 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C24H29FN4O2Si, 453. Found, 453.

Example 109

2-[5-[(4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]-4-(2-hydroxyethyl)pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0978]  [see pdf for image]
[0979] The title compound was prepared in 50% yield from 2-[4-[2-[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxyethyl]-5-[(4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile (PREPARATION 8) according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 2.47 (2H, t, J=6.4 Hz), 3.52-3.57 (2H, m), 4.73 (1H, t, J=4.8 Hz), 5.16 (2H, s), 7.17 (2H, t, J=8.8 Hz), 7.46 (2H, dd, J=6.4 Hz, 8.4 Hz), 7.61 (1H, s), 7.75 (1H, dd, J=1.6 Hz, 4.8 Hz), 8.03 (1H, s), 8.69 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz). LCMS (mobile phase: 5%-95% Acetonitrile-Water-0.02% NH4Ac): purity is >95%, Rt=2.154 min. [M+H] Calc'd for C18H16FN3O4, 358. Found, 358.

Example 110

2-[4-[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl]-5-[(4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. 2-[5-[(4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]-4-(2-hydroxyethyl)pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0980]  [see pdf for image]
[0981] To a mixture of 2-[4-[2-[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxyethyl]-5-[(4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile (60 mg, 0.13 mmol, PREPARATION 8) in THF (5 mL) was added 3N HCl (1 mL) at 0° C. The reaction mixture was stirred for 2 h at r.t. Cooled to 0° C., added ethyl acetate, water and acidified with NaHCO3 to pH=8, and the mixture was then extracted with ethyl acetate and concentrated to afford the title compound (40 mg, 91%). [M+H] Calc'd for C18H15FN4O2, 339. Found, 339.

B. 2-[1-(4-cyanopyridin-2-yl)-5-[(4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-4-yl]ethyl methanesulfonate

[0982]  [see pdf for image]
[0983] To a mixture of 2-[5-[(4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]-4-(2-hydroxyethyl)pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile (40 mg, 0.12 mmol), Et3N (26 mg, 0.26 mmol) in DCM (5 mL) was added MeSO2Cl (17 mg, 0.15 mmoL) at 0° C. The reaction mixture was then stirred for 2 h at r.t. Water was added and extracted with DCM and concentrated to afford the title compound (42 mg, 87%). [M+H] Calc'd for C19H17FN4O4S, 417. Found, 417.

C. 2-[4-[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl]-5-[(4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0984]  [see pdf for image]
[0985] To a solution of 2-[1-(4-cyanopyridin-2-yl)-5-[(4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-4-yl]ethyl methanesulfonate (42 mg, 0.1 mmol) and dimethylamine hydrochloride (41 mg, 0.5 mmol) in ACN (3 mL) was added K2CO3 (276 mg, 2 mmol) and KI (62 mg, 0.4 mmol) at rt. The reaction mixture was heated to 80° C. and stirred overnight. Filtered, solvent removed and purified by prep-HPLC to give the title compound (16 mg, 44%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 2.45 (6H, s), 2.56-2.61 (2H, m), 2.69-2.73 (2H, m), 5.16 (2H, s), 7.03-7.07 (2H, m), 7.35-7.41 (3H, m), 7.53 (1H, s), 8.03 (1H, s), 8.64 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C20H20FN5O, 366. Found, 366.

D. 2-[4-[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl]-5-[(4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0986]  [see pdf for image]
[0987] A mixture of 2-[4-[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl]-5-[(4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile (16 mg, 0.04 mmol) in NaOH aqueous (5M, 0.1 mL) and ethanol (2 mL) was heated to reflux for half an hour. It was then cooled in an ice-water bath, adjusted pH to 3˜4, filtered, collected the solid and dried to give the title compound (11 mg, 50%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): δ 2.68-2.71 (2H, m), 2.81 (6H, s), 3.21-3.24 (2H, m), 5.08 (2H, s), 6.91-6.96 (2H, m), 7.24-7.27 (2H, m), 7.56 (1H, s), 7.77 (1H, d, J=4.4 Hz), 8.04 (1H, s), 8.56 (1H, br). LCMS (mobile phase: 5%-95% Acetonitrile-Water-0.02% NH4Ac): purity is >95%, Rt=2.153 min. [M+H] Calc'd for C20H21FN4O3, 385. Found, 385.

Example 111

2-[5-[(2-butoxy-4-chlorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. (4-chloro-2-butoxyphenyl)methanol

[0988]  [see pdf for image]
[0989] Charged 5-chloro-2-(hydroxymethyl)phenol (965 mg, 6.09 mmol, PREPARATION 7), bromobutane (918 mmol, 6.70 mmol), K2CO3 (1.68 g, 12.19 mmol) and DMF (6 mL) to a sealed tube, and the mixture was heated to 100° C. overnight. After cooling to room temperature, the reaction mixture was poured into ice water, extracted with ethyl acetate twice, and the organic extract was washed with water, brine and dried with anhydrous Na2SO4. Solvent removed and the residue was purified by flash column chromatograph to give 600 mg of the title compound (46%). 1H NMR (300 MHz, CDCl3): δ 0.98 (3H, t, J=7.2 Hz), 1.46-1.56 (2H, m), 1.75-1.84 (2H, m), 2.23 (1H, t, J=6.0 Hz), 4.00 (2H, t, J=6.3 Hz), 4.64 (2H, d, J=6.3 Hz), 6.85 (1H, d, J=1.8 Hz), 6.91 (1H, dd, J=1.8 Hz, 8.1 Hz), 7.19 (1H, d, J=7.8 Hz).

B. 2-[5-[(2-butoxy-4-chlorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0990]  [see pdf for image]
[0991] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and (4-chloro-2-butoxyphenyl)methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 0.95 (3H, t, J=7.2 Hz), 1.41-1.48 (2H, m), 1.74-1.79 (2H, m), 4.01 (2H, t, J=6.4 Hz), 5.23 (2H, s), 5.77 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 6.90 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 6.95 (1H, dd, J=1.6 Hz, 7.6 Hz), 7.34 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.39 (1H, dd, J=0.8 Hz, 4.8 Hz), 7.57 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 8.04 (1H, s), 8.70 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C20H19ClN4O2, 383. Found, 383.

C. 2-[5-[(2-butoxy-4-chlorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0992]  [see pdf for image]
[0993] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[(2-butoxy-4-chlorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 0.82 (3H, t, J=7.2 Hz), 1.27-1.36 (2H, m), 1.57-1.64 (2H, m), 4.00 (2H, t, J=6.4 Hz), 5.19 (2H, s), 5.99 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.01 (1H, dd, J=1.6 Hz, 8.0 Hz), 7.10 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.48 (1H, d, J=8.4 Hz), 7.59 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.74 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 8.04 (1H, s), 8.66 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 13.86 (1H, s). [M+H] Calc'd for C20H20ClN3O4, 402. Found, 402.

Example 112

2-[5-[[4-chloro-2-(2-methylpropoxy)phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. [4-chloro-2-(2-methylpropoxy)phenyl]methanol

[0994]  [see pdf for image]
[0995] The title compound was prepared from 5-chloro-2-(hydroxymethyl)phenol (PREPARATION 7) and 1-bromo-2-methylpropane according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 111, part A. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.04 (6H, d, J=6.8 Hz), 2.07-2.17 (1H, m), 2.29 (1H, s), 3.75 (2H, d, J=6.4 Hz), 4.65 (2H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 6.83 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 6.90 (1H, dd, J=2.0 Hz, 8.0 Hz), 7.20 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz).

B. 2-[5-[[4-chloro-2-(2-methylpropoxy)phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[0996]  [see pdf for image]
[0997] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and [4-chloro-2-(2-methylpropoxy)phenyl]methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.00 (6H, d, J=6.8 Hz), 2.06-2.12 (1H, m), 3.77 (2H, d, J=6.0 Hz), 5.24 (2H, s), 5.77 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 6.89 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 6.95 (1H, dd, J=2.0 Hz, 8.0 Hz), 7.34 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.39 (1H, dd, J=0.8 Hz, 4.8 Hz), 7.57 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 8.03 (1H, s), 8.70 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C20H19ClN4O2, 383. Found, 383.

C. 2-[5-[[4-chloro-2-(2-methylpropoxy)phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[0998]  [see pdf for image]
[0999] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[[4-chloro-2-(2-methylpropoxy)phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 0.88 (6H, d, J=6.4 Hz), 1.91-1.97 (1H, m), 3.79 (2H, d, J=6.0 Hz), 5.19 (2H, s), 5.96 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.01 (1H, dd, J=2.0 Hz, 8.4 Hz), 7.09 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.48 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.55 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.68 (1H, d, J=8.4 Hz), 7.96 (1H, s), 8.52 (1H, d, J=4.4 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C20H20ClN3O4, 402. Found, 402.

Example 113

2-[5-[(4-chloro-2-propan-2-yloxyphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. (4-chloro-2-propan-2-yloxyphenyl)methanol

[1000]  [see pdf for image]
[1001] The title compound was prepared from 5-chloro-2-(hydroxymethyl)phenol (PREPARATION 7) and isopropylbromide according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 111, part A. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.36 (6H, d, J=6.4 Hz), 2.40 (1H, s), 4.55-4.59 (1H, m), 4.61 (2H, s), 6.86 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 6.89 (1H, dd, J=1.6 Hz, 7.6 Hz), 7.18 (1H, d, J=7.6 Hz).

B. 2-[5-[(4-chloro-2-propan-2-yloxyphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[1002]  [see pdf for image]
[1003] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and (4-chloro-2-propan-2-yloxyphenyl)methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 1.34 (6H, d, J=6.0 Hz), 4.56-4.62 (1H, m), 5.21 (2H, s), 5.77 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 6.90 (1H, d, J=1.2 Hz), 6.93 (1H, dd, J=1.6 Hz, 8.0 Hz), 7.34 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.39 (1H, dd, J=1.2 Hz, 5.2 Hz), 7.57 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 8.04 (1H, s), 8.70 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C19H17ClN4O2, 369. Found, 369.

C. 2-[5-[(4-chloro-2-propan-2-yloxyphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1004]  [see pdf for image]
[1005] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[(4-chloro-2-propan-2-yloxyphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 1.19 (6H, d, J=6.0 Hz), 4.66-4.72 (1H, m), 5.17 (2H, s), 5.99 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 6.99 (1H, dd, J=2.0 Hz, 8.0 Hz), 7.13 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.48 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.58 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.74 (1H, dd, J=1.6 Hz, 5.2 Hz), 8.05 (1H, s), 8.66 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 13.87 (1H, s). [M+H] Calc'd for C19H18ClN3O4, 388. Found, 388.

Example 114

2-[5-[(2-butan-2-yloxy-4-chlorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. (2-butan-2-yloxy-4-chlorophenyl)methanol

[1006]  [see pdf for image]
[1007] The title compound was prepared from 5-chloro-2-(hydroxymethyl)phenol (PREPARATION 7) and 2-bromobutane according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 111, part A. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 0.98 (3H, t, J=7.6 Hz), 1.32 (3H, d, J=6.0 Hz), 1.65-1.79 (2H, m), 2.30 (1H, t, J=6.8 Hz), 4.32-4.40 (1H, m), 4.62 (2H, d, J=6.4 Hz), 6.85 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 6.89 (1H, dd, J=1.6 Hz, 7.6 Hz), 7.19 (1H, d, J=8.4 Hz).

B. 2-[5-[(2-butan-2-yloxy-4-chlorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[1008]  [see pdf for image]
[1009] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and (2-butan-2-yloxy-4-chlorophenyl)methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. [M+H] Calc'd for C20H19ClN4O2, 383. Found, 383.

C. 2-[5-[(2-butan-2-yloxy-4-chlorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1010]  [see pdf for image]
[1011] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[(2-butan-2-yloxy-4-chlorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 0.82 (3H, t, J=7.6 Hz), 1.14 (3H, d, J=6.0 Hz), 1.50-1.59 (2H, m), 4.46-4.51 (1H, m), 5.15 (2H, s), 5.92 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 6.98 (1H, dd, J=1.6 Hz, 8.0 Hz), 7.11 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.47 (1H, d, J=7.6 Hz), 7.52 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.64 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 7.93 (1H, s), 8.45 (1H, d, J=4.4 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C20H20ClN3O4, 402. Found, 402.

Example 115

2-[5-[(4-chloro-2-ethoxyphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. (4-chloro-2-ethoxyphenyl)methanol

[1012]  [see pdf for image]
[1013] The title compound was prepared from 5-chloro-2-(hydroxymethyl)phenol (PREPARATION 7) and ethylbromide according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 111, part A. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.44 (3H, t, J=6.8 Hz), 2.24 (1H, s), 4.07 (2H, q, J=6.8 Hz), 4.64 (2H, s), 6.85 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 6.91 (1H, dd, J=1.6 Hz, 7.6 Hz), 7.20 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz).

B. 2-[5-[(4-chloro-2-ethoxyphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[1014]  [see pdf for image]
[1015] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and (4-chloro-2-ethoxyphenyl)methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 1.42 (3H, t, J=6.8 Hz), 4.09 (2H, q, J=6.8 Hz), 5.23 (2H, s), 5.79 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 6.90 (1H, dd, J=2.0 Hz, 8.0 Hz), 6.95 (1H, dd, J=2.0 Hz, 8.0 Hz), 7.34 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.39 (1H, m), 7.57 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 8.05 (1H, s), 8.70 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C18H15ClN4O2, 355. Found, 355.

C. 2-[5-[(4-chloro-2-ethoxyphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1016]  [see pdf for image]
[1017] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[(4-chloro-2-ethoxyphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 1.26 (3H, t, J=6.8 Hz), 4.08 (2H, q, J=6.8 Hz), 5.20 (2H, s), 6.01 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.01 (1H, dd, J=2.0 Hz, 8.0 Hz), 7.10 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.48 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.59 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.74 (1H, dd, J=1.2 Hz, 5.2 Hz), 8.05 (1H, s), 8.67 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 13.87 (1H, s). [M+H] Calc'd for C18H16ClN3O4, 374. Found, 374.

Example 116

2-[5-[[4-chloro-2-(2-methoxyethoxy)phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. [4-chloro-2-(2-methoxyethoxy)phenyl]methanol

[1018]  [see pdf for image]
[1019] The title compound was prepared from 5-chloro-2-(hydroxymethyl)phenol (PREPARATION 7) and 2-methoxyethylbromide according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 111, part A. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 3.24 (3H, s), 3.73-3.75 (2H, m), 4.16-4.18 (2H, m), 4.62 (2H, s), 6.87 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 6.93 (1H, dd, J=2.0 Hz, 8.0 Hz), 7.18 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz).

B. 2-[5-[[4-chloro-2-(2-methoxyethoxy)phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[1020]  [see pdf for image]
[1021] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and (4-chloro-2-(2-methoxyethoxy)phenyl)methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 3.39 (3H, s), 3.74 (2H, t, J=4.8 Hz), 4.18 (2H, t, J=4.8 Hz), 5.26 (2H, s), 5.81 (1H, s), 6.92 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 6.98 (1H, dd, J=2.0 Hz, 8.0 Hz), 7.35 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.39 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 7.57 (1H, d, J=1.2 Hz), 8.06 (1H, s), 8.70 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C19H17ClN4O3, 385. Found, 385.

C. 2-[5-[[4-chloro-2-(2-methoxyethoxy)phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1022]  [see pdf for image]
[1023] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[[4-chloro-2-(2-methoxyethoxy)phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 3.25 (3H, s), 3.61 (2H, t, J=4.4 Hz), 4.17 (2H, t, J=4.4 Hz), 5.20 (2H, s), 6.00 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.03 (1H, dd, J=2.0 Hz, 8.4 Hz), 7.16 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.49 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.59 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.74 (1H, dd, J=1.2 Hz, 5.2 Hz), 8.06 (1H, s), 8.67 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 13.85 (1H, s). [M+H] Calc'd for C19H18ClN3O5, 404. Found, 404.

Example 117

2-[5-[[4-chloro-2-[(4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. [4-chloro-2-[(4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]phenyl]methanol

[1024]  [see pdf for image]
[1025] To a solution of 5-chloro-2-(hydroxymethyl)phenol (943 mg, 5.95 mmol) and NaOH (3.5 mL, 6.54 mmol, 2M in water) in ethanol (10 mL) was added 4-(bromomethyl)-1-fluorobenzene (1.13 g, 5.95 mmol) slowly, the mixture was then stirred at room temperature overnight. Water was added to the reaction mixture, and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic phase was collected and washed with water, brine, and dried with anhydrous Na2SO4. The solvent was removed to give 900 mg of the title compound (57%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 2.08 (1H, t, J=6.4 Hz), 4.67 (2H, d, J=6.4 Hz), 5.05 (2H, s), 6.93 (1H, d, J=1.2 Hz), 6.96 (1H, dd, J=1.6 Hz, 8.0 Hz), 7.07-7.11 (2H, m), 7.25 (1H, d, J=6.0 Hz), 7.37-7.40 (2H, m).

B. 2-[5-[[4-chloro-2-[(4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[1026]  [see pdf for image]
[1027] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and [4-chloro-2-[(4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]phenyl]methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 5.07 (2H, s), 5.25 (2H, s), 5.73 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 6.98-7.07 (4H, m), 7.32-7.39 (4H, m), 7.55 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 8.00 (1H, s), 8.67 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C23H16ClFN4O2, 435. Found, 435.

C. 2-[5-[[4-chloro-2-[(4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1028]  [see pdf for image]
[1029] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[[4-chloro-2-[(4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 5.17 (2H, s), 5.24 (2H, s), 5.99 (1H, s), 7.05 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.14 (2H, t, J=8.8 Hz), 7.21 (1H, s), 7.43 (2H, dd, J=5.6 Hz, 8.0 Hz), 7.52 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.58 (1H, s), 7.73 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 8.04 (1H, s), 8.65 (1H, d, J=5.6 Hz), 13.86 (1H, s). [M+H] Calc'd for C23H17ClFN3O4, 454. Found, 454.

Example 118

2-[5-[[4-fluoro-2-[(4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. [4-fluoro-2-[(4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]phenyl]methanol

[1030]  [see pdf for image]
[1031] The title compound was prepared from 5-fluoro-2-(hydroxymethyl)phenol and 4-(bromomethyl)-1-fluorobenzene according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 117, part A. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 2.07 (1H, t, J=6.8 Hz), 4.67 (2H, d, J=6.0 Hz), 5.05 (2H, s), 6.65-6.68 (2H, m), 7.07-7.11 (2H, m), 7.24-7.28 (1H, m), 7.37-7.41 (2H, m).

B. 2-[5-[[4-fluoro-2-[(4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[1032]  [see pdf for image]
[1033] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and [4-fluoro-2-[(4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]phenyl]methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. [M+H] Calc'd for C23H16F2N4O2, 419. Found, 419.

C. 2-[5-[[4-fluoro-2-[(4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1034]  [see pdf for image]
[1035] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[[4-fluoro-2-[(4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 5.15 (2H, s), 5.22 (2H, s), 6.00 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 6.78-6.83 (1H, m), 7.03 (1H, t, J=2.4 Hz, 11.6 Hz), 7.12 (2H, t, J=8.8 Hz), 7.42 (2H, dd, J=5.2 Hz, 8.4 Hz), 7.53 (1H, t, J=8.0 Hz), 7.57 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.72 (1H, d, J=0.8 Hz, 4.8 Hz), 8.02 (1H, s), 8.62 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C23H17F2N3O4, 438. Found, 438.

Example 119

2-[5-[[4-fluoro-2-[(E)-2-(4-fluorophenyl)ethenyl]phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. [4-fluoro-2-[(E)-2-(4-fluorophenyl)ethenyl]phenyl]methanol

[1036]  [see pdf for image]
[1037] Charged (2-bromo-4-fluorophenyl)methanol (954 mg, 4.65 mmol), 4-fluoro-1-vinylbenzene (1.14 g, 9.31 mmol), Pd(PPh3)2Cl2 (49 mg, 0.07 mmol), Et3N (942 mg, 9.31 mmol) and DMF (5 mL) to a sealed tube, the mixture was then purged with nitrogen, heated to 150° C. for 3 h in microwave oven. The reaction mixture was filtered, the filtrate was then extracted with ethyl acetate, concentrated and purified by flash column chromatograph to give 569 mg of the title compound (50%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.60 (1H, t, J=6.4 Hz), 4.78 (2H, d, J=6.4 Hz), 6.93-7.08 (4H, m), 7.31-7.35 (3H, m), 7.48-7.52 (2H, m).

B. 2-[5-[[4-fluoro-2-[(E)-2-(4-fluorophenyl)ethenyl]phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[1038]  [see pdf for image]
[1039] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and [4-fluoro-2-[(E)-2-(4-fluorophenyl)ethenyl]phenyl]methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 5.31 (2H, s), 5.82 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 6.96-7.04 (4H, m), 7.22-7.23 (1H, m), 7.34-7.41 (5H, m), 7.59 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.90 (1H, s), 8.51 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C24H16F2N4O, 415. Found, 415.

C. 2-[5-[[4-fluoro-2-[(E)-2-(4-fluorophenyl)ethenyl]phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1040]  [see pdf for image]
[1041] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[[4-fluoro-2-[(E)-2-(4-fluorophenyl)ethenyl]phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 5.45 (2H, s), 6.13 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.09-7.25 (4H, m), 7.38 (1H, d, J=16.0 Hz), 7.51-7.65 (6H, m), 7.98 (1H, s), 8.50 (1H, d, J=5.6 Hz), 13.83 (1H, s). [M+H] Calc'd for C24H17F2N3O3, 434. Found, 434.

Example 120

2-[5-[[4-chloro-2-[(E)-2-(4-fluorophenyl)ethenyl]phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. (2-bromo-4-chlorophenyl)methanol

[1042]  [see pdf for image]
[1043] Added BH3 (1M in THF, 40 mL) to a solution of 2-bromo-4-chlorobenzoic acid (3.14 g, 13.33 mmol) in THF (3 mL) drop wise at 0° C. The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. Extracted with ethyl acetate twice, and washed the organic phase with brine and dried with anhydrous Na2SO4, concentrated to give the title compound (2.5 g, 85%). 1H NMR (300 MHz, CDCl3): δ 4.72 (2H, s), 7.32 (1H, dd, J=1.8 Hz, 8.1 Hz), 7.43 (1H, d, J=8.1 Hz), 7.56 (1H, d, J=2.1 Hz).

B. [4-chloro-2-[(E)-2-(4-fluorophenyl)ethenyl]phenyl]methanol

[1044]  [see pdf for image]
[1045] The title compound was prepared from (2-bromo-4-chlorophenyl)methanol and 4-fluoro-1-vinylbenzene according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 119, part B. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.72 (1H, t, J=5.6 Hz), 4.77 (2H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 6.98-7.08 (3H, m), 7.22-7.34 (3H, m), 7.47-7.50 (2H, m), 7.60 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz).

C. 2-[5-[[4-chloro-2-[(E)-2-(4-fluorophenyl)ethenyl]phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[1046]  [see pdf for image]
[1047] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and [4-chloro-2-[(E)-2-(4-fluorophenyl)ethenyl]phenyl]methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 5.31 (2H, s), 5.81 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 6.96-7.04 (3H, m), 7.18-7.28 (3H, m), 7.35-7.39 (3H, m), 7.59 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.63 (1H, d, J=2.4 Hz), 7.90 (1H, s), 8.51 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C24H16ClFN4O, 431. Found, 431.

D. 2-[5-[[4-chloro-2-[(E)-2-(4-fluorophenyl)ethenyl]phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1048]  [see pdf for image]
[1049] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[[4-chloro-2-[(E)-2-(4-fluorophenyl)ethenyl]phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 5.45 (2H, s), 6.11 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.16-7.27 (3H, m), 7.34-7.38 (2H, m), 7.53-7.63 (5H, m), 7.80 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.98 (1H, s), 8.48 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C24H17ClFN3O3, 450. Found, 450.

Example 121

2-[5-[[4-fluoro-2-[2-(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl]phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. [4-fluoro-2-[2-(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl]phenyl]methanol

[1050]  [see pdf for image]
[1051] Charged [4-fluoro-2-[(E)-2-(4-fluorophenyl)ethenyl]phenyl]methanol (568 mg, 2.31 mmol, EXAMPLE 119, part A), Pd/C (65 mg) and methanol (6 mL) to a flask, the mixture was then purged with hydrogen, stirred at room temperature overnight. It was then filtered, filtrate concentrated to give a residue which was purified by flash column chromatograph to give 214 mg of the title compound (37%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.42 (1H, t, J=5.2 Hz), 2.83-2.98 (4H, m), 4.59 (2H, d, J=5.6 Hz), 6.88-6.98 (4H, m), 7.08-7.11 (2H, m), 7.29-7.33 (1H, m).

B. 2-[5-[[4-fluoro-2-[2-(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl]phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[1052]  [see pdf for image]
[1053] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and [4-fluoro-2-[2-(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl]phenyl]methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 2.86-2.98 (4H, m), 5.05 (2H, s), 5.73 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 6.90-78.01 (6H, m), 7.33-7.39 (2H, m), 7.59 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.95 (1H, s), 8.56 (1H, d, J=4.4 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C24H18F2N4O, 417. Found, 417.

C. 2-[5-[[4-fluoro-2-[2-(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl]phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1054]  [see pdf for image]
[1055] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[[4-fluoro-2-[2-(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl]phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 2.80-2.93 (4H, m), 5.25 (2H, s), 6.09 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.00-7.12 (6H, m), 7.56 (1H, dd, J=6.4 Hz, 8.4 Hz), 7.62 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.68 (1H, dd, J=1.6 Hz, 5.2 Hz), 8.01 (1H, s), 8.55 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C24H19F2N3O3, 436. Found, 436.

Example 122

2-[5-[[4-chloro-2-[2-(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl]phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. [4-chloro-2-[2-(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl]phenyl]methanol

[1056]  [see pdf for image]
[1057] The title compound was prepared from [4-chloro-2-[(E)-2-(4-fluorophenyl)ethenyl]phenyl]methanol (EXAMPLE 120, part B) according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 121, part A. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.46 (1H, s), 2.84-2.94 (4H, m), 4.54 (2H, d, J=4.0 Hz), 6.84-6.98 (2H, m), 7.08-7.11 (2H, m), 7.18-7.20 (2H, m), 7.29 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz).

B. 2-[5-[[4-chloro-2-[2-(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl]phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[1058]  [see pdf for image]
[1059] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and [4-chloro-2-[2-(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl]phenyl]methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 2.86-2.95 (4H, m), 5.03 (2H, s), 5.70 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 6.91-7.01 (4H, m), 7.21-7.24 (2H, m), 7.33-7.36 (2H, m), 7.58 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.96 (1H, s), 8.57 (1H, dd, J=0.8 Hz, 5.2 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C24H18ClFN4O, 433. Found, 433.

C. 2-[5-[[4-chloro-2-[2-(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl]phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1060]  [see pdf for image]
[1061] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[[4-chloro-2-[2-(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl]phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 2.80-2.93 (4H, m), 5.27 (2H, s), 6.08 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.03 (2H, t, J=9.1 Hz), 7.12 (2H, dd, J=6.0 Hz, 8.4 Hz), 7.29 (1H, dd, J=2.4 Hz, 8.4 Hz), 7.33 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.55 (1H, d, J=8.4 Hz), 7.62 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.69 (1H, dd, J=1.2 Hz, 5.2 Hz), 8.02 (1H, s), 8.56 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C24H19ClFN3O3, 452. Found, 452.

Example 123

2-[5-(2,3-dihydro-1-benzofuran-7-ylmethoxy)pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. 2,3-dihydro-1-benzofuran-7-ylmethanol

[1062]  [see pdf for image]
[1063] Added BH3 (1M in THF, 9 mL) to a solution of 2,3-dihydro-1-benzofuran-7-carboxylic acid (481 mg, 2.93 mmol) in THF (7 mL) drop wise at 0° C., thereto, the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. Extracted with ethyl acetate twice, and washed the organic phase with brine and dried with anhydrous Na2SO4, concentrated to give the title compound (340 mg, 77%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 2.09 (1H, s), 3.22 (2H, t, J=8.8 Hz), 4.61 (2H, t, J=8.8 Hz), 4.67 (2H, s), 6.83 (1H, t, J=7.6 Hz), 7.08 (1H, d, J=7.2 Hz), 7.14 (1H, d, J=7.2 Hz).

B. 2-[5-(2,3-dihydro-1-benzofuran-7-ylmethoxy)pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[1064]  [see pdf for image]
[1065] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and 2,3-dihydro-1-benzofuran-7-ylmethanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 3.27 (2H, q, J=8.8 Hz), 4.68 (2H, q, J=8.8 Hz), 5.21 (2H, s), 5.83 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 6.86 (1H, q, J=7.6 Hz), 7.17 (1H, d, J=7.6 Hz), 7.22 (1H, d, J=7.2 Hz), 7.37 (1H, dd, J=1.2 Hz, 4.8 Hz), 7.58 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 8.14 (1H, s), 8.70 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C18H14N4O2, 319. Found, 319.

C. 2-[5-(2,3-dihydro-1-benzofuran-7-ylmethoxy)pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1066]  [see pdf for image]
[1067] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-(2,3-dihydro-1-benzofuran-7-ylmethoxy)pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 3.17 (2H, q, J=8.4 Hz), 4.55 (2H, q, J=8.4 Hz), 5.11 (2H, s), 5.93 (1H, s), 6.81 (1H, t, J=7.2 Hz), 7.18-7.20 (2H, m), 7.48 (1H, s), 7.62 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 7.86 (1H, s), 8.39 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C18H15N3O4, 338. Found, 338.

Example 124

2-[5-[(2,2-dimethyl-3H-1-benzo furan-7-yl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. 2-[5-[(2,2-dimethyl-3H-1-benzo furan-7-yl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[1068]  [see pdf for image]
[1069] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and (2,2-dimethyl-3H-1-benzofuran-7-yl)methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.48 (6H, s), 3.03 (2H, s), 5.21 (2H, s), 5.83 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 6.83 (1H, q, J=8.0 Hz), 7.13 (1H, d, J=7.2 Hz), 7.18 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.37 (1H, dd, J=0.8 Hz, 4.8 Hz), 7.56 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 8.07 (1H, s), 8.70 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C20H18N4O2, 347. Found, 347

B. 2-[5-[(2,2-dimethyl-3H-1-benzofuran-7-yl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1070]  [see pdf for image]
[1071] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[(2,2-dimethyl-3H-1-benzofuran-7-yl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 1.38 (6H, s), 3.00 (2H, s), 5.14 (2H, s), 6.00 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 6.70-6.81 (1H, m), 7.15-7.22 (2H, m), 7.56 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.74 (1H, dd, J=1.2 Hz, 5.2 Hz), 8.05 (1H, s), 8.66 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C20H19N3O4, 366. Found, 366.

Example 125

2-[5-[(4-cyano-2-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. 4-(hydroxymethyl)-3-methylbenzonitrile

[1072]  [see pdf for image]
[1073] Charge methyl 4-cyano-2-methylbenzoate (627 mg, 3.57 mmol), THF (12 mL) and ethanol (12 mL) to a flask, followed by CaCl2 (418 mg, 3.57 mmol) and NaBH4 (265 mg, 7.16 mmol). The mixture was then stirred at room temperature overnight. Water was added, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic extract was concentrated and purified by flash column chromatograph to give 325 mg of the title compound (62%). 1H NMR (300 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.83 (1H, t, J=5.4 Hz), 2.33 (3H, s), 4.75 (2H, d, J=5.4 Hz), 7.43 (1H, s), 7.52-7.56 (2H, m).

B. methyl 2-[5-[(4-cyano-2-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylate

[1074]  [see pdf for image]
[1075] To a mixture of methyl 2-(5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carboxylate (PREPARATION 6, 112 mg, 0.51 mmol), 4-(hydroxymethyl)-3-methylbenzonitrile (83 mg, 0.56 mmol), PPh3 (268 mg, 1.02 mmol) and THF (6 mL) cooled in ice-water bath, DIAD (207 mg, 1.02 mmol) was added. The mixture was stirred overnight at room temperature. It was then concentrated and purified by flash column chromatograph to give 112 mg of the title compound (63%). [M+H] Calc'd for C19H16N4O3, 349. Found, 349.

C. 2-[5-[(4-cyano-2-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1076]  [see pdf for image]
[1077] Charged methyl 2-[5-[(4-cyano-2-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylate (112 mg, 0.32 mmol), LiOH.H2O (14 mg, 0.32 mmol), water (2 mL) and THF (2 mL) to a flask, then the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 30 min, added another 2 mL water, and the mixture was washed with ethyl acetate twice (6 mL×2). The aqueous phase was acidified with 1N HCl (pH=3), filtered and dried the solid to give the title compound. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 2.37 (3H, s), 5.37 (2H, s), 6.10 (1H, d, J=1.8 Hz), 7.62 (1H, d, J=1.5 Hz), 7.70-7.77 (4H, m), 8.08 (1H, s), 8.68 (1H, d, J=5.4 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C18H14N4O3, 335. Found, 335.

Example 126

2-[5-[(4-cyano-2-ethylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. 4-bromo-2-ethylbenzoic acid

[1078]  [see pdf for image]
[1079] To a yellow solution of 2,2,6,6-TMPH (8.30 g, 58.88 mmol) in THF (9 mL) was added n-BuLi (25 mL) slowly at −78° C. under protection of nitrogen. Thereto, the mixture was warmed up to room temperature, stirred at this temperature for an hour, and then cooled to −78° C. again. A solution of 4-bromo-2-methylbenzoic acid (6.0 g, 28.04 mmol) in THF (60 mL) was added slowly, kept stirring at this temperature for an hour, added MeI (7.96 g, 56.07 mmol) solution (in 35 mL THF), the mixture above was then stirred overnight at room temperature. LCMS showed the reaction was completed. Water was added, the mixture was then washed with ethyl acetate. The aqueous phase was acidified to pH=1, extracted with ethyl acetate twice, and concentrated the organic phase to a residue which was trituated with PE/EA=1/1 to give 4.28 g of the title compound (67%).

B. methyl 4-bromo-2-ethylbenzoate

[1080]  [see pdf for image]
[1081] Charged compound 4-bromo-2-ethylbenzoic acid (2.05 g, 9.58 mmol) and methanol (20 mL) to a flask, SOCl2 (3.42 g, 28.74 mmol) was added slowly at 0° C. The reaction mixture was heated to 70° C. for three hour. Solvent was removed and the residue was dissolved in CH2Cl2, filtered, the filtrate was concentrated to a residue which was purified by flash column chromatograph to give 1.9 g of the title compound (87%).

C. methyl 4-cyano-2-ethylbenzoate

[1082]  [see pdf for image]
[1083] Charged methyl 4-bromo-2-ethylbenzoate (1.9 g, 7.85 mmol), Zn(CN)2 (1.48 g, 12.56 mmol), Pd (PPh3)4 (1.0 g, 0.94 mmol) and DMF (30 mL) to a flask, the system was then purged with nitrogen and heated at 100° C. for 6 h. The reaction mixture was then filtered. The filtrate was extracted with ethyl acetate and concentrated the organic phase for flash column chromatograph to give 0.6 g of the title compound (40%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.24 (3H, t, J=7.6 Hz), 2.99 (2H, q, J=7.6 Hz), 3.92 (3H, s), 7.52-7.54 (1H, m), 7.57 (1H, s), 7.90 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz).

D. 3-ethyl-4-(hydroxymethyl)benzonitrile

[1084]  [see pdf for image]
[1085] The title compound was prepared from methyl 4-cyano-2-ethylbenzoate according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 125, part A. 1H NMR (300 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.23 (3H, t, J=5.7 Hz), 1.63 (1H, s), 2.67 (2H, q, J=5.7 Hz), 4.68 (2H, s), 7.16-7.19 (2H, m), 7.30 (1H, d, J=6.0 Hz)

E. methyl 2-[5-[(4-cyano-2-ethylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylate

[1086]  [see pdf for image]
[1087] The title compound was prepared from methyl 2-(5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carboxylate (PREPARATION 6) and 3-ethyl-4-(hydroxymethyl)benzonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 125, part B. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.26 (3H, t, J=7.6 Hz), 2.73 (2H, q, J=7.6 Hz), 3.96 (3H, s), 5.28 (2H, s), 5.77 (1H, d, J=1.2 Hz), 7.53-7.67 (4H, m), 7.77 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 8.31 (1H, s), 8.67 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C20H18N4O3, 363. Found, 363.

F. 2-[5-[(4-cyano-2-ethylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1088]  [see pdf for image]
[1089] The title compound was prepared from methyl 2-[5-[(4-cyano-2-ethylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylate according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 125, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 1.16 (3H, t, J=7.6 Hz), 2.73 (2H, q, J=7.6 Hz), 5.39 (2H, s), 6.10 (1H, s), 7.62 (1H, s), 7.69-7.76 (4H, m), 8.08 (1H, s), 8.67 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C19H16N4O3, 349. Found, 349.

Example 127

2-[5-[(4-chloro-2-ethylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. 4-chloro-2-ethylbenzoic acid

[1090]  [see pdf for image]
[1091] To a yellow solution of 2,2,6,6-TMPH (5.45 g, 38.69 mmol) in THF (6 mL) was added n-BuLi (16 mL) slowly at −78° C. under protection of nitrogen, thereto, the mixture was warmed up to room temperature, stirred at this temperature for an hour, and then cooled to −78° C. again, a solution of 4-chloro-2-methylbenzoic acid (3.0 g, 17.58 mmol) in THF (30 mL) was added slowly, kept stirring at this temperature for an hour, added MeI (5.49 g, 38.69 mmol) solution (in 20 mL THF), the mixture above was then stirred overnight at room temperature. LCMS showed the completion of the reaction, added water, the mixture was then washed with ethyl acetate, the aqueous phase was acidified to pH=1, extracted with ethyl acetate twice, and concentrated the organic phase, washed the residue with PE/EA=1/1 to give 1.5 g of the title compound (46%).

B. (4-chloro-2-ethylphenyl)methanol

[1092]  [see pdf for image]
[1093] The title compound was prepared from 4-chloro-2-ethylbenzoic acid according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 123, part A. 1H NMR (300 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.23 (3H, t, J=5.7 Hz), 1.63 (1H, s), 2.67 (2H, q, J=5.7 Hz), 4.68 (2H, s), 7.16-7.19 (2H, m), 7.30 (1H, d, J=6.0 Hz).

C. 2-[5-[(4-chloro-2-ethylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[1094]  [see pdf for image]
[1095] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and (4-chloro-2-ethylphenyl)methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.23 (3H, t, J=7.6 Hz), 2.70 (2H, q, J=7.6 Hz), 5.20 (2H, s), 5.78 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.20 (1H, dd, J=2.4 Hz, 8.4 Hz), 7.25 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.36 (1H, d, J=8.4 Hz), 7.39 (1H, dd, J=1.6 Hz, 5.2 Hz), 7.59 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.99 (1H, s), 8.67 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C18H15ClN4O, 339. Found, 339.

D. 2-[5-[(4-chloro-2-ethylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1096]  [see pdf for image]
[1097] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[(4-chloro-2-ethylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 1.12 (3H, t, J=7.6 Hz), 2.69 (2H, q, J=7.6 Hz), 5.28 (2H, s), 6.10 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 6.27 (1H, dd, J=2.4 Hz, 8.4 Hz), 7.31 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.53 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.61 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.74 (1H, dd, J=1.2 Hz, 4.8 Hz), 8.05 (1H, s), 8.64 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C18H16ClN3O3, 358. Found, 358.

Example 128

2-[5-[(4-fluoro-2-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. (4-fluoro-2-methylphenyl)methanol

[1098]  [see pdf for image]
[1099] The title compound was prepared from 4-fluoro-2-methylbenzoic acid according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 123, part A.

B. 2-[5-[(4-fluoro-2-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[1100]  [see pdf for image]
[1101] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and (4-fluoro-2-methylphenyl)methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 2.38 (3H, s), 5.17 (2H, s), 5.78 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 6.89-6.95 (2H, m), 7.34-7.39 (2H, m), 7.58 (1H, d, J=2.4 Hz), 7.98 (1H, s), 8.67 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C17H13FN4O, 309. Found, 309.

C. 2-[5-[(4-fluoro-2-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1102]  [see pdf for image]
[1103] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[(4-fluoro-2-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 2.35 (3H, s), 5.26 (2H, s), 6.10 (1H, d, J=1.2 Hz), 7.00-7.10 (2H, m), 7.51-7.54 (1H, m), 7.61 (1H, d, J=1.2 Hz), 7.74 (1H, d, J=4.4 Hz), 8.04 (1H, s), 8.65 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C17H14FN3O3, 328. Found, 328.

Example 129

2-[5-[(2-ethyl-4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. 2-ethyl-4-fluorobenzoic acid

[1104]  [see pdf for image]
[1105] The title compound was prepared from 4-fluoro-2-methylbenzoic acid according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 126, part A. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 1.15 (3H, t, J=7.5 Hz), 2.94 (2H, q, J=7.5 Hz), 7.07-7.20 (2H, m), 7.86 (1H, dd, J=6.3 Hz, 8.7 Hz), 12.91 (1H, s).

B. (2-ethyl-4-fluorophenyl)methanol

[1106]  [see pdf for image]
[1107] The title compound was prepared from 2-ethyl-4-fluorobenzoic acid according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 123, part A. 1H NMR (300 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.24 (3H, t, J=7.5 Hz), 2.71 (2H, q, J=7.5 Hz), 4.67 (2H, s), 6.84-6.95 (2H, m), 7.31 (1H, dd, J=6.3 Hz, 8.4 Hz).

C. 2-[5-[(2-ethyl-4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[1108]  [see pdf for image]
[1109] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and (2-ethyl-4-fluorophenyl)methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.23 (3H, t, J=7.6 Hz), 2.72 (2H, q, J=7.6 Hz), 5.20 (2H, s), 5.79 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 6.89-7.00 (2H, m), 7.36-7.40 (2H, m), 7.59 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.98 (1H, s), 8.67 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C18H15FN4O, 323. Found, 323.

D. 2-[5-[(2-ethyl-4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1110]  [see pdf for image]
[1111] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[(2-ethyl-4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 1.12 (3H, t, J=7.6 Hz), 2.70 (2H, q, J=7.6 Hz), 5.26 (2H, s), 6.10 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.00-7.11 (2H, m), 7.54 (1H, dd, J=6.4 Hz, 8.4 Hz), 7.61 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.73-7.74 (1H, m), 8.03 (1H, s), 8.63 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C18H16FN3O3, 342. Found, 342.

Example 130

2-[5-[(2-chloro-4-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. (2-chloro-4-methylphenyl)methanol

[1112]  [see pdf for image]
[1113] The title compound was prepared from 2-chloro-4-methylbenzoic acid according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 123, part A. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.90 (1H, s), 2.33 (3H, s), 4.74 (2H, s), 7.07 (1H, d, J=7.6 Hz), 7.19 (1H, s), 7.33 (1H, d, J=7.6 Hz).

B. 2-[5-[(2-chloro-4-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[1114]  [see pdf for image]
[1115] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and (2-chloro-4-methylphenyl)methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 2.35 (3H, s), 5.30 (2H, s), 5.80 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.10 (1H, d, J=8.4 Hz), 7.25 (1H, d, J=3.2 Hz), 7.40 (2H, dd, J=1.2 Hz, 5.2 Hz), 7.58 (1H, d, J=2.4 Hz), 8.06 (1H, s), 8.71 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C17H13ClN4O, 325. Found, 325.

C. 2-[5-[(2-chloro-4-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1116]  [see pdf for image]
[1117] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[(2-chloro-4-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 2.31 (3H, s), 5.28 (2H, s), 6.05 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.19 (1H, d, J=7.6 Hz), 7.33 (1H, s), 7.55 (1H, d, J=7.6 Hz), 7.60 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.75 (1H, dd, J=1.6 Hz, 5.2 Hz), 8.07 (1H, s), 8.67 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C17H14ClN3O3, 344. Found, 344.

Example 131

2-[5-[(2-fluoro-4-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. (2-fluoro-4-methylphenyl)methanol

[1118]  [see pdf for image]
[1119] The title compound was prepared from 2-fluoro-4-methylbenzoic acid according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 123, part A. 1H NMR (300 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.71 (1H, t, J=6.0 Hz), 2.34 (3H, s), 4.71 (2H, d, J=6.0 Hz), 6.85-6.96 (2H, m), 7.24-7.30 (1H, m).

B. 2-[5-[(2-fluoro-4-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[1120]  [see pdf for image]
[1121] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and (2-fluoro-4-methylphenyl)methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 2.36 (3H, s), 5.26 (2H, s), 5.80 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 6.93 (1H, d, J=11.2 Hz), 6.98 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.31-7.35 (1H, m), 7.38 (1H, dd, J=1.2 Hz, 4.8 Hz), 7.57 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 8.01 (1H, s), 8.69 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C17H13FN4O, 309. Found, 309.

C. 2-[5-[(2-fluoro-4-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1122]  [see pdf for image]
[1123] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[(2-fluoro-4-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 2.31 (3H, s), 5.26 (2H, s), 6.05 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.02-7.07 (2H, m), 7.47 (1H, t, J=7.6 Hz), 7.60 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.74 (1H, dd, J=1.2 Hz, 5.2 Hz), 8.04 (1H, s), 8.65 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C17H14FN3O3, 328. Found, 328.

Example 132

2-[5-[(2,4-dimethylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. 2-[5-[(2,4-dimethylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[1124]  [see pdf for image]
[1125] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and (2,4-dimethylphenyl)methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. [M+H] Calc'd for C18H16N4O, 305. Found, 305.

B. 2-[5-[(2,4-dimethylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1126]  [see pdf for image]
[1127] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[(2,4-dimethylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 2.25 (3H, s), 2.29 (3H, s), 5.21 (2H, s), 6.06 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 6.99 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.02 (1H, s), 7.33 (1H, d, J=7.2 Hz), 7.59 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.73-7.74 (1H, m), 8.03 (1H, s), 8.65 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 13.83 (1H, s). [M+H] Calc'd for C18H17N3O3, 324. Found, 324.

Example 133

2-[5-[(2-methoxy-4-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. (2-methoxy-4-methylphenyl)methanol

[1128]  [see pdf for image]
[1129] The title compound was prepared from 2-methoxy-4-methylbenzoic acid according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 123, part A. 1H NMR (300 MHz, CDCl3): δ 2.35 (3H, s), 3.85 (3H, s), 4.64 (2H, s), 6.70 (1H, s), 6.74 (1H, d, J=5.7 Hz), 7.13 (1H, d, J=5.7 Hz).

B. 2-[5-[(2-methoxy-4-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[1130]  [see pdf for image]
[1131] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and (2-methoxy-4-methylphenyl)methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 3.37 (3H, s), 3.89 (3H, s), 5.23 (2H, s), 5.80 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 6.76-6.79 (2H, m), 7.24-7.26 (1H, m), 7.37 (1H, dd, J=1.2 Hz, 4.8 Hz), 7.58 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 8.08 (1H, s), 8.70 (1H, d, J=4.4 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C18H16N4O2, 321. Found, 321.

C. 2-[5-[(2-methoxy-4-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1132]  [see pdf for image]
[1133] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[(2-methoxy-4-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 2.30 (3H, s), 3.78 (3H, s), 5.17 (2H, s), 5.99 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 6.76 (1H, d, J=7.6 Hz), 6.86 (1H, s), 7.32 (1H, d, J=7.6 Hz), 7.58 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.74 (1H, dd, J=0.8 Hz, 4.8 Hz), 8.06 (1H, s), 8.66 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C15H17N3O4, 340. Found, 340.

Example 134

2-[5-[(2-cyano-4-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. methyl 2-cyano-4-methylbenzoate

[1134]  [see pdf for image]
[1135] The title compound was prepared from methyl 2-bromo-4-methylbenzoate according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 126, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 2.45 (3H, s), 3.98 (3H, s), 7.46 (1H, d, J=6.0 Hz), 7.60 (1H, s), 8.03 (1H, d, J=6.0 Hz).

B. 2-(hydroxymethyl)-5-methylbenzonitrile

[1136]  [see pdf for image]
[1137] The title compound was prepared from methyl 2-cyano-4-methylbenzoate according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 125, part A. 1H NMR (300 MHz, CDCl3): δ 2.44 (3H, s), 5.26 (2H, s), 7.27 (1H, d, J=7.5 Hz), 7.37 (1H, d, J=8.1 Hz), 7.67 (1H, s).

C. methyl 2-[5-[(2-cyano-4-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylate

[1138]  [see pdf for image]
[1139] The title compound was prepared from methyl 2-(5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carboxylate (PREPARATION 6) and 2-(hydroxymethyl)-5-methylbenzonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 125, part B. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 3.40 (3H, s), 3.97 (3H, s), 5.40 (2H, s), 5.83 (1H, d, J=1.2 Hz), 7.43 (1H, d, J=8.8 Hz), 7.50 (1H, s), 7.58-7.62 (2H, m), 7.76 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 8.33 (1H, s), 8.68 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C19H16N4O3, 349. Found, 349.

D. 2-[5-[(2-cyano-4-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1140]  [see pdf for image]
[1141] The title compound was prepared from methyl 2-[5-[(2-cyano-4-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylate according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 125, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 2.35 (3H, s), 5.38 (2H, s), 6.08 (1H, d, J=1.2 Hz), 7.55 (1H, d, J=8.4 Hz), 6.62 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.66 (1H, d, J=7.6 Hz), 7.71 (1H, s), 7.74 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 8.04 (1H, s), 8.65 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C18H14N4O3, 335. Found, 335.

Example 135

2-[5-[(2-ethyl-4-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. methyl 2-ethenyl-4-methylbenzoate

[1142]  [see pdf for image]
[1143] A mixture of methyl 2-bromo-4-methylbenzoate (1.06 g, 4.63 mmol), vinyltrifluoroborate potassium salt (621 mg, 4.63 mmol), Pd(dppf)Cl2 (203 mg, 0.28 mmol) and TEA (1.40 g, 13.89 mmol) in n-PrOH (11 mL) was purged with nitrogen, and heated to 100° C. for 2 h. It was then cooled to room temperature and filtered, the filtrate was extracted with ethyl acetate twice. Organic extract was concentrated and purified by flash column chromatograph to give 500 mg of the title compound (60%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 2.40 (3H, s), 3.88 (3H, s), 5.33 (1H, dd, J=1.2 Hz, 10.8 Hz), 5.62 (1H, dd, J=1.2 Hz, 17.6 Hz), 7.12 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.37 (1H, s), 7.48 (1H, dd, J=10.8 Hz, 17.6 Hz), 7.80 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz).

B. methyl 2-ethyl-4-methylbenzoate

[1144]  [see pdf for image]
[1145] Charged compound methyl 2-ethenyl-4-methylbenzoate (773 mg, 4.42 mmol), Pd/C (100 mg) and methanol (14 mL) to a flask, the mixture was then purged with H2, and stirred at room temperature overnight. It was then filtered, filtrated concentrated to give the title compound (646 mg, 83%). 1H NMR (300 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.22 (3H, t, J=7.5 Hz), 2.36 (3H, s), 2.95 (2H, q, J=7.5 Hz), 3.87 (3H, s), 7.04 (1H, d, J=8.1 Hz), 7.07 (1H, s), 7.78 (1H, d, J=8.1 Hz).

C. (2-ethyl-4-methylphenyl)methanol

[1146]  [see pdf for image]
[1147] To a solution of compound methyl 2-ethyl-4-methylbenzoate (646 mg, 3.65 mmol) in THF (6 mL) cooled to −50° C., was added LiAlH4 (277 mg, 7.30 mmol) in portions. The mixture was stirred at this temperature for 1 h. Added water (0.3 mL) slowly, followed by NaOH (aq, 10%, 0.3 mL) and water (0.9 mL), the resulting mixture was filtered and washed with THF, concentrated the filtrate to give 518 mg of the title compound (95%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.23 (3H, t, J=7.2 Hz), 1.54 (1H, s), 2.33 (3H, s), 2.68 (2H, q, J=7.6 Hz), 4.67 (2H, s), 7.01 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.03 (1H, s), 7.23 (1H, d, J=7.6 Hz).

D. 2-[5-[(2-ethyl-4-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[1148]  [see pdf for image]
[1149] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and (2-ethyl-4-methylphenyl)methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.20 (3H, t, J=7.6 Hz), 2.35 (3H, s), 2.68 (2H, q, J=7.6 Hz), 5.21 (2H, s), 5.79 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.03 (1H, d, J=7.6 Hz), 7.07 (1H, s), 7.27 (1H, d, J=8.4 Hz), 7.36 (1H, dd, J=1.2 Hz, 4.8 Hz), 7.58 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.96-7.97 (1H, s), 8.66 (1H, dd, J=0.8 Hz, 5.2 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C19H18N4O, 319. Found, 319.

E. 2-[5-[(2-ethyl-4-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1150]  [see pdf for image]
[1151] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[(2-ethyl-4-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 1.10 (3H, t, J=7.6 Hz), 2.27 (3H, s), 2.64 (2H, q, J=7.6 Hz), 5.22 (2H, s), 6.07 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.00 (1H, d, J=7.6 Hz), 7.05 (1H, s), 7.34 (1H, d, J=7.6 Hz), 7.59 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.72 (1H, dd, J=1.6 Hz, 5.2 Hz), 8.02 (1H, s), 8.62 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C19H19N3O3, 338. Found, 338.

Example 136

2-[5-[[4-chloro-2-(1-phenylethoxy)phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. [4-chloro-2-(1-phenylethoxy)phenyl]methanol

[1152]  [see pdf for image]
[1153] Charged 5-chloro-2-(hydroxymethyl)phenol (787 mg, 4.96 mmol), (bromoethyl)benzene (1.01 g, 5.46 mmol), K2CO3 (1.37 g, 9.93 mmol) and DMF (8 mL) to a flask, heated to 100° C. overnight. Poured into ice water, and extracted with ethyl acetate twice, and washed the organic phase with water twice, brine and dried with anhydrous Na2SO4. Solvent was then removed and purified by flash column chromatograph to give 1.0 g of the title compound (77%).

B. 2-[5-[[4-chloro-2-(1-phenylethoxy)phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[1154]  [see pdf for image]
[1155] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and [4-chloro-2-(1-phenylethoxy)phenyl]methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. [M+H] Calc'd for C24H19ClN4O2, 431. Found, 431.

C. 2-[5-[[4-chloro-2-(1-phenylethoxy)phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1156]  [see pdf for image]
[1157] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[[4-chloro-2-(1-phenylethoxy)phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 1.45 (3H, d, J=6.6 Hz), 5.25-5.33 (2H, m), 5.57-5.63 (1H, m), 6.05 (1H, d, J=1.8 Hz), 6.93-6.95 (2H, m), 7.21-7.35 (5H, m), 7.48 (1H, d, J=8.1 Hz), 7.61 (1H, d, J=1.2 Hz), 7.74-7.56 (1H, m), 8.08 (1H, s), 8.43 (1H, d, J=1.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C24H20ClN3O4, 450. Found, 450.

Example 137

2-[5-[[4-fluoro-2-(1-phenylethoxy)phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. [4-fluoro-2-(1-phenylethoxy)phenyl]methanol

[1158]  [see pdf for image]
[1159] The title compound was prepared from 5-fluoro-2-hydroxymethyl)phenol and (bromoethyl)benzene according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 136, part A.

B. 2-[5-[[4-fluoro-2-(1-phenylethoxy)phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[1160]  [see pdf for image]
[1161] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and [4-fluoro-2-(1-phenylethoxy)phenyl]methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. [M+H] Calc'd for C24H19FN4O2, 415. Found, 415.

C. 2-[5-[[4-fluoro-2-(1-phenylethoxy)phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1162]  [see pdf for image]
[1163] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[[4-fluoro-2-(1-phenylethoxy)phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 1.45 (3H, d, J=6.6 Hz), 5.24-5.32 (2H, m), 5.53-5.60 (1H, m), 6.07 (1H, d, J=2.1 Hz), 6.67-6.78 (2H, m), 7.21-7.34 (5H, m), 7.50 (1H, t, J=7.8 Hz), 7.60-7.62 (1H, m), 7.74-7.75 (1H, m), 8.07 (1H, s), 8.67 (1H, d, J=5.1 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C24H20FN3O4, 434. Found, 434.

Example 138

2-[5-[[4-chloro-3-[(4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. 2-chloro-5-(hydroxymethyl)phenol

[1164]  [see pdf for image]
[1165] The title compound was prepared from 4-chloro-3-hydroxybenzoic acid according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 123, part A. 1H NMR (300 MHz, CDCl3): δ 4.39 (2H, d, J=5.7 Hz), 5.18 (1H, t, J=5.7 Hz), 6.70-6.73 (1H, m), 6.94 (1H, s), 7.23 (1H, d, J=7.8 Hz), 10.03 (1H, s).

B. [4-chloro-3-[(4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]phenyl]methanol

[1166]  [see pdf for image]
[1167] The title compound was prepared from 2-chloro-5-(hydroxymethyl)phenol and 4-(bromomethyl)-1-fluorobenzene according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 117, part A. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.71 (1H, t, J=6.0 Hz), 4.65 (2H, d, J=6.4 Hz), 5.12 (2H, s), 6.88-6.90 (1H, m), 7.02 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.05-7.10 (2H, m), 7.35 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.43-7.46 (2H, m).

C. 2-[5-[[4-chloro-3-[(4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[1168]  [see pdf for image]
[1169] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and [4-chloro-3-[(4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]phenyl]methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 5.10 (2H, s), 5.18 (2H, s), 5.68 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 6.97 (1H, dd, J=1.2 Hz, 8.0 Hz), 7.03-7.07 (3H, m), 7.39-7.43 (4H, m), 7.55 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 8.04 (1H, s), 8.67 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C23H16ClFN4O2, 435. Found, 435.

D. 2-[5-[[4-chloro-3-[(4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1170]  [see pdf for image]
[1171] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[[4-chloro-3-[(4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 5.18 (2H, s), 5.24 (2H, s), 5.92 (1H, s), 7.04-7.07 (1H, m), 7.19-7.23 (2H, m), 7.39 (1H, s), 7.44 (1H, d, J=8.4 Hz), 7.51-7.54 (3H, m), 7.65 (1H, d, J=6.4 Hz), 7.96 (1H, s), 8.43 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C23H17ClFN3O4, 454. Found, 454.

Example 139

2-[5-[[4-fluoro-3-[(4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. methyl 4-fluoro-3-[(4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]benzoate

[1172]  [see pdf for image]
[1173] Charge methyl 4-fluoro-3-hydroxybenzoate (519 mg, 3.05 mmol), 4-(bromomethyl)-1-fluorobenzene (577 mg, 3.05 mmol), K2CO3 (843 mg, 6.10 mmol) and ethanol (10 mL) to a flask. The mixture was then stirred at room temperature overnight. Water was added to the reaction mixture at 0° C., filtered, and the solid dried and purified by flash column chromatograph to give 571 mg of the title compound (67%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 3.90 (3H, s), 5.13 (2H, s), 7.06-7.15 (3H, m), 7.41-7.45 (2H, m), 7.63-7.67 (1H, m), 7.71 (1H, dd, J=2.0 Hz, 8.4 Hz).

B. [4-fluoro-3-[(4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]phenyl]methanol

[1174]  [see pdf for image]
[1175] To a solution of methyl 4-fluoro-3-[(4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]benzoate (571 mg, 2.05 mmol) in THF (6 mL) cooled to −50° C., was added LiAlH4 solution (4.6 mL, 4.11 mmol, 1.0 M in THF) drop wise. Thereto, the mixture was stirred at this temperature for 1 h. Added water (0.2 mL) slowly, followed by NaOH (aq, 10%, 0.2 mL) and water (0.6 mL), the resulting mixture was filtered and washed with THF, the filtrate was concentrated to give 444 mg of the title compound (86%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.67 (1H, t, J=6.0 Hz), 4.62 (2H, d, J=6.0 Hz), 5.10 2H, s), 6.87-6.91 (1H, m), 7.04-7.09 (4H, m), 7.40-7.43 (2H, m).

C. 2-[5-[[4-fluoro-3-[(4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[1176]  [see pdf for image]
[1177] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and [4-fluoro-3-[(4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]phenyl]methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 5.09 (2H, s), 5.16 (2H, s), 5.69 (1H, s), 6.98-7.13 (5H, m), 7.37-7.40 (3H, m), 7.56 (1H, s), 8.03 (1H, s), 8.67 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C23H16F2N4O2, 419. Found, 419.

D. 2-[5-[[4-fluoro-3-[(4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1178]  [see pdf for image]
[1179] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[[4-fluoro-3-[(4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 5.13 (2H, s), 5.23 (2H, s), 5.98 (1H, s), 7.07 (1H, d, J=0.8 Hz), 7.18-7.25 (3H, m), 7.41 (1H, d, J=8.4 Hz), 7.48-7.51 (2H, m), 7.57 (1H, s), 7.76 (1H, d, J=3.2 Hz), 8.06 (1H, s), 8.60 (1H, s).

Example 140

2-[5-[[4-chloro-3-(cyclopropylmethoxy)phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. [4-chloro-3-(cyclopropylmethoxy)phenyl]methanol

[1180]  [see pdf for image]
[1181] The title compound was prepared from 2-chloro-5-(hydroxymethyl)phenol and bromocyclopropylmethanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 111, part A. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 0.36-0.40 (2H, m), 0.62-0.67 (2H, m), 1.29-1.33 (1H, m), 1.76 (1H, s), 3.89 (2H, d, J=6.8 Hz), 4.64 (2H, s), 6.84-6.86 (1H, m), 6.94 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.32 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz).

B. 2-[5-[[4-chloro-3-(cyclopropylmethoxy)phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[1182]  [see pdf for image]
[1183] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and [4-chloro-3-(cyclopropylmethoxy)phenyl]methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 0.36-0.40 (2H, m), 0.62-0.67 (2H, m), 1.25-1.32 (1H, m), 3.88 (2H, d, J=6.8 Hz), 5.18 (2H, s), 5.72 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 6.92 (1H, dd, J=4.0 Hz, 8.0 Hz), 7.01 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.37 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.40 (1H, dd, J=1.2 Hz, 5.2 Hz), 7.56 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 8.04 (1H, s), 8.68 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C20H17ClN4O2, 381. Found, 381.

C. 2-[5-[[4-chloro-3-(cyclopropylmethoxy)phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1184]  [see pdf for image]
[1185] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[[4-chloro-3-(cyclopropylmethoxy)phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 0.30-0.34 (2H, m), 0.54-0.58 (2H, m), 1.19-1.25 (1H, m), 3.87 (2H, d, J=6.4 Hz), 5.26 (2H, s), 6.01 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.03 (1H, dd, J=1.6 Hz, 8.0 Hz), 7.25 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.41 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.59 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.77 (1H, dd, J=1.6 Hz, 4.8 Hz), 8.08 (1H, s), 8.67 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C20H18ClN3O4, 400. Found, 400.

Example 141

2-[5-[[4-chloro-3-(2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy)phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. [4-chloro-3-(2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy)phenyl]methanol

[1186]  [see pdf for image]
[1187] A mixture of 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl 4-methylbenzenesulfonate (1.34 g, 5.28 mmol), 2-chloro-5-(hydroxymethyl)phenol (837 mg, 5.28 mmol), K2CO3 (1.46 g, 10.56 mmol) and DMF (9 mL) was heated to 100° C. overnight. It was then poured into ice-water and extracted with ethyl acetate twice. Organic phase washed with water twice, brine and dried with Na2SO4, concentrated to a residue which was purified by flash column chromatograph to give the title compound (903 mg, 75%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.77 (1H, t, J=5.6 Hz), 4.42 (2H, q, J=8.0 Hz), 4.68 (2H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 6.99 (1H, dd, J=1.6 Hz, 8.0 Hz), 7.02 (1H, s), 7.37 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz).

B. 2-[5-[[4-chloro-3-(2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy)phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[1188]  [see pdf for image]
[1189] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and [4-chloro-3-(2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy)phenyl]methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 4.41 (2H, d, J=7.6 Hz), 5.20 (2H, s), 5.73 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.08 (1H, dd, J=2.0 Hz, 8.0 Hz), 7.14 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.41-7.44 (2H, m), 7.57 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 8.05 (1H, s), 8.67 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C18H12ClF3N4O2, 409. Found, 409.

C. 2-[5-[[4-chloro-3-(2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy)phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1190]  [see pdf for image]
[1191] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[[4-chloro-3-(2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy)phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 4.81-4.87 (2H, m), 5.26 (2H, s), 6.01 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.17-7.20 (1H, m), 7.44 (1H, s), 7.50 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.60 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.76 (1H, dd, J=1.6 Hz, 5.2 Hz), 8.10 (1H, s), 8.68 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C18H13ClF3N3O4, 428. Found, 428.

Example 142

2-[5-[(4-bromo-2-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1192] 2-[5-[(4-bromo-2-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile
[1193]  [see pdf for image]
[1194] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and (4-bromo-3-methylphenyl)methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. [M+H] Calc'd for C17H13BrN4O, 369. Found, 369.

B. 2-[5-[(4-bromo-2-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1195]  [see pdf for image]
[1196] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[(4-bromo-2-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 2.33 (3H, s), 5.24 (2H, s), 6.08 (1H, s), 7.39-7.45 (3H, m), 7.61 (1H, s), 7.74 (1H, d, J=4.4 Hz), 8.06 (1H, s), 8.66 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C17H14BrN3O3, 388. Found, 388.

Example 143

2-[5-[(4-bromo-2-methoxyphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. 2-[5-[(4-bromo-2-methoxyphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[1197]  [see pdf for image]
[1198] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and (4-bromo-3-methoxyphenyl)methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 3.89 (3H, s), 5.20 (2H, s), 5.77 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.06 (1H, d, J=1.2 Hz), 7.12 (1H, dd, J=1.6 Hz, 8.0 Hz), 7.28 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.39 (1H, dd, J=1.2 Hz, 4.8 Hz), 7.57 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 8.05 (1H, t, J=0.8 Hz), 8.70 (1H, d, J=0.8 Hz, 4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C17H13BrN4O2, 385. Found, 385.

B. 2-[5-[(4-bromo-2-methoxyphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1199]  [see pdf for image]
[1200] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[(4-bromo-2-methoxyphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 3.83 (3H, s), 5.18 (2H, s), 6.01 (1H, s), 7.17 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.24 (1H, s), 7.43 (1H, d, J=8.4 Hz), 7.59 (1H, s), 7.74 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 8.07 (1H, s), 8.67 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C17H141 N3O4, 404. Found, 404.

Example 144

2-[5-[(4-iodo-2-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. (4-iodo-2-methylphenyl)methanol

[1201]  [see pdf for image]
[1202] The title compound was prepared from 4-iodo-2-methylbenzoic acid according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 123, part A. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 2.29 (3H, s), 4.64 (2H, s), 7.09-7.11 (1H, m), 7.53-7.54 (2H, m).

B. 2-[5-[(4-iodo-2-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[1203]  [see pdf for image]
[1204] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and (4-iodo-2-methylphenyl)methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 2.33 (3H, s), 5.15 (2H, s), 5.76 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.14 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.39 (1H, dd, J=1.6 Hz, 5.2 Hz), 7.55-7.59 (3H, m), 8.00 (1H, s), 8.66 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C17H13IN4O, 417. Found, 417.

C. 2-[5-[(4-iodo-2-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1205]  [see pdf for image]
[1206] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[(4-iodo-2-methylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 2.30 (3H, s), 5.22 (2H, s), 6.06 (1H, s), 7.28 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.56-7.61 (3H, m), 7.74 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 8.05 (1H, s), 8.65 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C17H14IN3O3, 436. Found, 436.

Example 145

2-[5-[(4-iodo-2-methoxyphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. (4-iodo-2-methoxyphenyl)methanol

[1207]  [see pdf for image]
[1208] A solution of methyl 4-iodo-2-methoxybenzoate (840 mg, 2.88 mmol) in THF was purged with nitrogen and cooled to −78° C. DIBALH (6 mL, 5.75 mmol, 1M in toluene) was added slowly. The mixture was then stirred at the same temperature for an hour. Saturated aqueous NH4Cl solution was added, followed by extraction with ethyl acetate twice. The organic phase was then washed with brine and dried with anhydrous Na2SO4. Solvent was removed and the resulting residue purified by flash column chromatograph to give 237 mg of the title compound (31%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 2.17 (1H, s), 3.84 (3H, s), 4.62 (2H, d, J=4.0 Hz), 7.01 (1H, d, J=7.6 Hz), 7.18 (1H, s), 7.29 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz).

B. 2-[5-[(4-iodo-2-methoxyphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[1209]  [see pdf for image]
[1210] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and (4-iodo-2-methoxyphenyl)methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 3.88 (3H, s), 5.20 (2H, s), 5.77 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.13 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.23 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.33 (1H, dd, J=1.6 Hz, 8.0 Hz), 7.39 (1H, dd, J=1.2 Hz, 4.8 Hz), 7.57 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 8.05 (1H, t, J=1.2 Hz), 8.70 (1H, d, J=0.8 Hz, 5.2 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C17H131 N4O2, 433. Found, 433.

C. 2-[5-[(4-iodo-2-methoxyphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1211]  [see pdf for image]
[1212] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[(4-iodo-2-methoxyphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 3.82 (3H, s), 5.15 (2H, s), 5.93 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.25 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.33-7.35 (2H, m), 7.52 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.67 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 7.97 (1H, s), 8.50 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C17H14IN3O4, 451. Found, 451.

Example 146

2-[5-[(5-fluoro-2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-1-yl)oxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. 5-fluoro-2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-1-ol

[1213]  [see pdf for image]
[1214] Charged 5-fluoro-2,3-dihydroinden-1-one (486 mg, 3.22 mmol), methanol (8 mL) and dichloromethane (4 mL) to a flask, the mixture was cooled to 0° C. and NaBH4 (119 mg, 3.22 mmol) was added in portions. The reaction mixture was stirred at 0° C. for 15 min, warmed up to room temperature and stirred for 30 min. Added water, extracted with ethyl acetate twice, and washed the organic phase with brine and dried with anhydrous Na2SO4, concentrated to give the title compound (488 mg, 100%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.94-2.02 (1H, m), 2.46-2.55 (1H, m), 2.76-7.84 (1H, m), 3.01-3.08 (1H, m), 5.20 (2H, t, J=5.6 Hz), 6.89-6.93 (2H, m), 7.32-7.36 (1H, m).

B. 2-[5-[(5-fluoro-2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-1-yl)oxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[1215]  [see pdf for image]
[1216] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and 5-fluoro-2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-1-ol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 2.39-2.46 (1H, m), 2.59-2.64 (1H, m), 2.90-2.98 (1H, m), 3.13-3.20 (1H, m), 5.72-5.75 (1H, m), 5.84 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 6.89-6.94 (1H, m), 6.98 (1H, d, J=8.8 Hz), 7.34-7.37 (2H, m), 7.62 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.86 (1H, s), 8.64 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C18H13FN4O, 321. Found, 321.

C. 2-[5-[(5-fluoro-2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-1-yl)oxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1217]  [see pdf for image]
[1218] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[(5-fluoro-2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-1-yl)oxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (800 MHz, CD3OD-d4): δ 2.38-2.45 (1H, m), 2.59-2.68 (1H, m), 2.92-2.99 (1H, m), 3.16-3.24 (1H, m), 5.85-5.87 (1H, m), 6.12 (1H, d, J=3.2 Hz), 6.90-6.95 (1H, m), 7.02 (1H, dd, J=4.0 Hz, 18.4 Hz), 7.43 (1H, dd, J=10.4 Hz, 17.6 Hz), 7.66 (1H, d, J=3.2 Hz), 7.81 (1H, dd, J=2.4 Hz, 9.6 Hz), 8.10 (1H, s), 8.61 (1H, d, J=9.6 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C15H14FN3O3, 340. Found, 340.

Example 147

2-[5-[(5-chloro-2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-1-yl)oxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. 5-chloro-2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-1-ol

[1219]  [see pdf for image]
[1220] The title compound was prepared from 5-chloro-2,3-dihydroinden-1-one according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 146, part A.

B. 2-[5-[(5-chloro-2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-1-yl)oxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[1221]  [see pdf for image]
[1222] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and 5-chloro-2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-1-ol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 2.36-2.44 (1H, m), 2.57-2.66 (1H, m), 2.90-2.98 (1H, m), 3.12-3.20 (1H, m), 5.73-5.75 (1H, m), 5.85 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.20 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.29 (1H, s), 7.32 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.36 (1H, dd, J=1.8 Hz, 4.8 Hz), 7.63 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.87 (1H, s), 8.65 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C15H13ClN4O, 337. Found, 337.

C. 2-[5-[(5-chloro-2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-1-yl)oxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1223]  [see pdf for image]
[1224] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[(5-chloro-2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-1-yl)oxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD-d4): δ 2.35-2.43 (1H, m), 2.59-2.68 (1H, m), 2.92-2.99 (1H, m), 3.14-3.22 (1H, m), 5.85-5.87 (1H, m), 6.13 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.02 (1H, dd, J=1.6 Hz, 8.0 Hz), 7.30 (1H, s), 7.39 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.66 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.81 (1H, dd, J=1.6 Hz, 5.2 Hz), 8.11 (1H, s), 8.61 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C18H14ClN3O3, 356. Found, 356.

Example 148

2-[5-[(6-fluoro-1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalen-1-yl)oxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. 6-fluoro-1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalen-1-ol

[1225]  [see pdf for image]
[1226] The title compound was prepared from 6-fluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H-naphthalen-1-one according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 146, part A. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.69-2.01 (4H, m), 2.66-2.84 (2H, m), 4.85 (1H, t, J=4.4 Hz), 6.78 (1H, dd, J=2.4 Hz, 9.6 Hz), 6.86-6.91 (1H, m), 7.38 (1H, dd, J=6.0 Hz, 8.4 Hz).

B. 2-[5-[(6-fluoro-1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalen-1-yl)oxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[1227]  [see pdf for image]
[1228] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and 6-fluoro-1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalen-1-ol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.82-1.88 (1H, m), 1.99-2.10 (2H, m), 2.28-2.34 (1H, m), 2.74-2.94 (2H, m), 5.35 (1H, t, J=4.0 Hz), 5.85 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 6.84-6.89 (2H, m), 7.29 (1H, dd, J=5.6 Hz, 8.4 Hz), 7.36 (1H, dd, J=0.8 Hz, 4.8 Hz), 7.63 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.86 (1H, s), 8.65 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C19H15FN4O, 335. Found, 335.

C. 2-[5-[(6-fluoro-1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalen-1-yl)oxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1229]  [see pdf for image]
[1230] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[(6-fluoro-1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalen-1-yl)oxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD-d4): δ 1.71-1.76 (1H, m), 1.93-1.97 (2H, m), 2.20-2.24 (1H, m), 2.63-2.77 (2H, m), 5.36-5.37 (1H, m), 6.01 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 6.72-6.77 (2H, m), 7.19 (1H, dd, J=6.0 Hz, 8.4 Hz), 7.54 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.69 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 7.97 (1H, s), 8.49 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C19H16FN3O3, 354. Found, 354.

Example 149

2-[5-[(6-chloro-1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalen-1-yl)oxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. 6-chloro-1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalen-1-ol

[1231]  [see pdf for image]
[1232] The title compound was prepared from 6-chloro-3,4-dihydro-2H-naphthalen-1-one according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 146, part A. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.67 (1H, d, J=5.6 Hz), 1.75-2.01 (3H, m), 2.67-2.82 (2H, m), 4.74 (1H, t, J=4.4 Hz), 7.09 (1H, s), 7.16 (1H, dd, J=2.4 Hz, 8.4 Hz), 7.36 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz).

B. 2-[5-[(6-chloro-1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalen-1-yl)oxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[1233]  [see pdf for image]
[1234] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and 6-chloro-1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalen-1-ol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. [M+H] Calc'd for C19H15ClN4O, 351. Found, 351.

C. 2-[5-[(6-chloro-1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalen-1-yl)oxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1235]  [see pdf for image]
[1236] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[(6-chloro-1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalen-1-yl)oxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD-d4): δ 1.80-1.87 (1H, m), 2.02-2.11 (2H, m), 2.26-2.32 (1H, m), 2.69-2.89 (2H, m), 5.43-5.45 (1H, m), 6.08 (1H, d, J=2.4 Hz), 7.12-7.13 (2H, m), 7.26-7.29 (1H, m), 7.62 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.76 (1H, dd, J=1.2 Hz, 5.2 Hz), 8.04 (1H, s), 8.50 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C19H16ClN3O3, 370. Found, 370.

Example 150

2-[5-[(2-chloro-4-ethylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. methyl 4-bromo-2-chlorobenzoate

[1237]  [see pdf for image]
[1238] To a mixture of 4-bromo-2-chlorobenzoic acid (6.11 g, 25.94 mmol) in methanol (60 mL) cooled to 0° C. was added SOCl2 (6.17 g, 51.89 mmol) drop wise. The reaction mixture was stirred at 0° C. for 15 min then at 70° C. for 3 h. It was then cooled to room temperature and removed the solvent. The residue was purified by flash column chromatograph to give 5.52 g of the title compound (85%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 3.92 (3H, s), 7.45 (1H, dd, J=2.0 Hz, 8.4 Hz), 7.63 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.71 (1H, d, J=8.4 Hz).

B. methyl 2-chloro-4-ethenylbenzoate

[1239]  [see pdf for image]
[1240] The title compound was prepared from methyl 4-bromo-2-chlorobenzoate and vinyltrifluoroborate potassium salt according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 135, part A. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 3.92 (3H, s), 5.41 (1H, d, J=11.2 Hz), 5.85 (1H, d, J=9.2 Hz), 6.66 (1H, dd, J=11.2 Hz, 17.6 Hz), 7.32 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.47 (1H, s), 7.81 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz).

C. methyl 2-chloro-4-ethylbenzoate

[1241]  [see pdf for image]
[1242] Charged methyl 2-chloro-4-ethenylbenzoate (437 mg, 2.23 mmol), BaSO4/Pd (100 mg, 5%) and ethyl acetate (9 mL) to a flask, the mixture was then purged with H2, and stirred at room temperature for 4 h. The reaction mixture was then filtered, concentrated to give 424 mg of the title compound (96%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.24 (3H, t, J=7.6 Hz), 2.65 (2H, q, J=7.6 Hz), 3.91 (3H, s), 7.12 (1H, dd, J=1.2 Hz, 8.4 Hz), 7.28 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.77 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz).

D. (2-chloro-4-ethylphenyl)methanol

[1243]  [see pdf for image]
[1244] The title compound was prepared from methyl 2-chloro-4-ethylbenzoate according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 135, part C. The crude product was used for the next step without further purification.

E. 2-[5-[(2-chloro-4-ethylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[1245]  [see pdf for image]
[1246] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and (2-chloro-4-ethylphenyl)methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.24 (3H, t, J=7.6 Hz), 2.65 (2H, q, J=7.6 Hz), 5.30 (2H, s), 5.80 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.12-7.14 (1H, m), 7.26 (1H, s), 7.39 (1H, dd, J=1.6 Hz, 4.8 Hz), 7.43 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.58 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 8.06 (1H, s), 8.71 (1H, d, J=4.4 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C18H15ClN4O, 339. Found, 339.

F. 2-[5-[(2-chloro-4-ethylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1247]  [see pdf for image]
[1248] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[(2-chloro-4-ethylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 1.17 (3H, t, J=7.6 Hz), 2.61 (2H, q, J=7.6 Hz), 5.29 (2H, s), 6.06 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.22 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz, 8.0 Hz), 7.34 (1H, d, J=1.2 Hz), 7.58 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.60 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.75 (1H, dd, J=1.2 Hz, 4.8 Hz), 8.07 (1H, s), 8.67 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C18H16ClN3O3, 358. Found, 358.

Example 151

2-[5-[(4-ethyl-2-fluorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. methyl 4-bromo-2-fluorobenzoate

[1249]  [see pdf for image]
[1250] The title compound was prepared from 4-bromo-2-fluorobenzoic acid according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 150, part A. The crude product was used for the next step without further purification.

B. methyl 4-ethenyl-2-fluorobenzoate

[1251]  [see pdf for image]
[1252] The title compound was prepared from methyl 4-bromo-2-fluorobenzoate and vinyltrifluoroborate potassium salt according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 135, part A. 1H NMR (300 MHz, CDCl3): δ 3.92 (3H, s), 5.43 (1H, d, J=11.1 Hz), 5.86 (1H, d, J=17.4 Hz), 6.69 (1H, dd, J=11.1 Hz, 17.4 Hz), 7.15 (1H, d, J=12.0 Hz), 7.21 (1H, dd, J=0.9 Hz, 7.8 Hz), 7.89 (1H, t, J=8.1 Hz).

C. methyl 4-ethyl-2-fluorobenzoate

[1253]  [see pdf for image]
[1254] The title compound was prepared from methyl 4-ethenyl-2-fluorobenzoate according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 150, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 1.24 (3H, t, J=7.6 Hz), 2.68 (2H, q, J=7.6 Hz), 3.91 (3H, s), 6.96 (1H, dd, J=11.6 Hz), 7.02 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz, 8.0 Hz), 7.82-7.86 (1H, m).

D. (4-ethyl-2-fluorophenyl)methanol

[1255]  [see pdf for image]
[1256] The title compound was prepared from methyl 4-ethyl-2-fluorobenzoate according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 135, part C. The crude product was used for the next step without further purification.

E. 2-[5-[(4-ethyl-2-fluorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[1257]  [see pdf for image]
[1258] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and (4-ethyl-2-fluorophenyl)methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.23 (3H, t, J=7.6 Hz), 2.66 (2H, q, J=7.6 Hz), 5.26 (2H, s), 5.81 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 6.95 (1H, d, J=11.2 Hz), 7.00 (1H, d, J=7.6 Hz), 7.35 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.38 (1H, dd, J=1.6 Hz, 5.2 Hz), 7.57 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 8.00-8.01 (1H, m), 8.69 (1H, d, J=0.8 Hz, 5.2 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C15H15FN4O, 323. Found, 323.

F. 2-[5-[(4-ethyl-2-fluorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1259]  [see pdf for image]
[1260] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[(4-ethyl-2-fluorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 1.17 (3H, t, J=7.6 Hz), 2.61 (2H, q, J=7.6 Hz), 5.27 (2H, s), 6.06 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.06-7.10 (2H, m), 7.47-7.51 (1H, m), 7.60 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.74 (1H, dd, J=1.6 Hz, 5.2 Hz), 8.04 (1H, d, J=0.8 Hz), 8.65-8.67 (1H, m). [M+H] Calc'd for C18H16FN3O3, 342. Found, 342.

Example 152

2-[5-[(2-chloro-4-cyclopropylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. methyl 2-chloro-4-cyclopropylbenzoate

[1261]  [see pdf for image]
[1262] Charged methyl 4-bromo-2-chlorobenzoate (1.50 g, 6.01 mmol), cyclopropylboronic acid (931 mg, 10.82 mmol), Pd(PPh3)4 (347 mg, 0.30 mmol), K3PO4 (1.82 g, 18.04 mmol), toluene (15 mL) and water (15 mL) to a flask, the mixture was then purged with nitrogen, and heated to 110° C. overnight. It was then cooled to room temperature and filtered, the filtrate was extracted with ethylacetate twice, concentrated the organic phase and purified by flash column chromatograph to give 800 mg of the title compound (63%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 0.73-0.77 (2H, m), 0.98-1.07 (2H, m), 1.85-1.90 (1H, m), 3.90 (3H, s), 6.96 (1H, dd, J=1.6 Hz, 8.0 Hz), 7.11 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.74 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz).

B. (2-chloro-4-cyclopropylphenyl)methanol

[1263]  [see pdf for image]
[1264] The title compound was prepared from methyl 2-chloro-4-cyclopropylbenzoate according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 135, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 0.65-0.70 (2H, m), 0.95-1.00 (2H, m), 1.83-1.90 (1H, m), 1.96 (1H, t, J=6.0 Hz), 4.72 (2H, d, J=6.0 Hz), 6.97 (1H, dd, J=1.6 Hz, 8.0 Hz), 7.06 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.32 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz).

C. 2-[5-[(2-chloro-4-cyclopropylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[1265]  [see pdf for image]
[1266] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and (2-chloro-4-cyclopropylphenyl)methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. [M+H] Calc'd for C19H15ClN4O, 351. Found, 351.

D. 2-[5-[(2-chloro-4-cyclopropylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1267]  [see pdf for image]
[1268] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[(2-chloro-4-cyclopropylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 0.69-0.73 (2H, m), 0.94-0.99 (2H, m), 1.90-1.97 (1H, m), 5.26 (2H, s), 6.03 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.07 (1H, d, J=8.4 Hz), 7.20 (1H, d, J=1.2 Hz), 7.52 (1H, d, J=7.6 Hz), 7.58 (1H, d, J=1.2 Hz), 7.73 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 8.04 (1H, s), 8.61 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C19H16ClN3O3, 370. Found, 370.

Example 153

2-[5-[(4-cyclopropyl-2-fluorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. methyl 4-cyclopropyl-2-fluorobenzoate

[1269]  [see pdf for image]
[1270] The title compound was prepared from methyl 4-bromo-2-fluorobenzoate and cyclopropylboronic acid according to the procedure for the preparation of EXAMPLE 152, part A. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 0.74-0.78 (2H, m), 1.04-1.09 (2H, m), 1.87-1.94 (1H, m), 3.90 (3H, s), 6.75-6.79 (1H, m), 6.86-6.89 (1H, m), 7.79-7.82 (1H, m).

B. (4-cyclopropyl-2-fluorophenyl)methanol

[1271]  [see pdf for image]
[1272] The title compound was prepared from methyl 4-cyclopropyl-2-fluorobenzoate according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 135, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 0.66-0.70 (2H, m), 0.95-1.00 (2H, m), 1.77 (1H, t, J=6.0 Hz), 1.84-1.91 (1H, m), 4.69 (2H, d, J=6.0 Hz), 6.71-6.75 (1H, m), 6.85-6.87 (1H, m), 7.24-7.28 (1H, m).

C. 2-[5-[(4-cyclopropyl-2-fluorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[1273]  [see pdf for image]
[1274] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and (4-cyclopropyl-2-fluorophenyl)methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (800 MHz, CDCl3): δ 0.68-0.73 (2H, m), 0.99-1.04 (2H, m), 1.86-1.92 (1H, m), 5.24 (2H, s), 5.80 (1H, d, J=4.0 Hz), 6.78 (1H, dd, J=4.0 Hz, 23.2 Hz), 6.88 (1H, dd, J=3.2 Hz, 16.0 Hz), 7.30-7.34 (1H, m), 7.39 (1H, dd, J=1.6 Hz, 9.6 Hz), 7.57 (1H, d, J=3.2 Hz), 8.00 (1H, s), 8.69 (1H, d, J=9.6 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C19H15FN4O, 335. Found, 335.

D. 2-[5-[(4-cyclopropyl-2-fluorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1275]  [see pdf for image]
[1276] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[(4-cyclopropyl-2-fluorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 0.69-0.73 (2H, m), 0.95-0.99 (2H, m), 1.90-1.97 (1H, m), 5.24 (2H, s), 6.05 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 6.91-6.96 (2H, m), 7.42-7.46 (1H, m), 7.59 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.73 (1H, dd, J=1.6 Hz, 4.8 Hz), 8.03 (1H, s), 8.64-8.65 (1H, m). [M+H] Calc'd for C19H16FN3O3, 354. Found, 354.

Example 154

2-[5-[(3-chloro-4-cyclopropylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. methyl 3-chloro-4-cyclopropylbenzoate

[1277]  [see pdf for image]
[1278] The title compound was prepared from methyl 4-bromo-3-chlorobenzoate and cyclopropylboronic acid according to the procedure for the preparation of EXAMPLE 152, part A. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 0.73-0.77 (2H, m), 1.07-1.12 (2H, m), 2.24-2.30 (1H, m), 3.90 (3H, s), 6.93 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.80 (1H, dd, J=1.6 Hz, 8.0 Hz), 8.01 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz).

B. (3-chloro-4-cyclopropylphenyl)methanol

[1279]  [see pdf for image]
[1280] The title compound was prepared from methyl 3-chloro-4-cyclopropylbenzoate according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 135, part C. The crude product was used for next step without further purifications.

C. 2-[5-[(3-chloro-4-cyclopropylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[1281]  [see pdf for image]
[1282] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and (3-chloro-4-cyclopropylphenyl)methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 0.68-0.71 (2H, m), 1.01-1.06 (2H, m), 2.16-2.23 (1H, m), 5.17 (2H, s), 5.73 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 6.94 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.20 (1H, dd, J=1.6 Hz, 8.0 Hz), 7.40 (1H, dd, J=1.2 Hz, 5.2 Hz), 7.45 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.56 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 8.03 (1H, s), 8.71 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C19H15ClN4O, 351. Found, 351.

D. 2-[5-[(3-chloro-4-cyclopropylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1283]  [see pdf for image]
[1284] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[(3-chloro-4-cyclopropylphenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 0.66-0.75 (2H, m), 0.95-1.07 (2H, m), 2.09-2.16 (1H, m), 5.24 (2H, s), 6.00 (1H, s), 7.03 (1H, d, J=8.4 Hz), 7.33 (1H, d, J=8.4 Hz), 7.57 (2H, d, J=17.6 Hz), 7.76 (1H, d, J=4.0 Hz), 8.07 (1H, s), 8.68 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C19H16ClN3O3, 370. Found, 370.

Example 155

2-[5-[(4-cyclopropyl-3-fluorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. methyl 4-cyclopropyl-3-fluorobenzoate

[1285]  [see pdf for image]
[1286] The title compound was prepared from methyl 4-bromo-3-fluorobenzoate and cyclopropylboronic acid according to the procedure for the preparation of EXAMPLE 152, part A. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 0.77-0.81 (2H, m), 1.04-1.09 (2H, m), 2.12-2.16 (1H, m), 3.89 (3H, s), 6.88-6.92 (1H, m), 7.63-7.66 (1H, m), 7.69-7.72 (1H, m).

B. (4-cyclopropyl-3-fluorophenyl)methanol

[1287]  [see pdf for image]
[1288] The title compound was prepared from methyl 4-cyclopropyl-3-fluorobenzoate according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 135, part C. The crude product was used for next step without further purifications.

C. 2-[5-[(4-cyclopropyl-3-fluorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[1289]  [see pdf for image]
[1290] The title compound was prepared from 2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile and (4-cyclopropyl-3-fluorophenyl)methanol according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 39, part C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 0.71-0.75 (2H, m), 0.96-1.02 (2H, m), 2.06-2.10 (1H, m), 5.17 (2H, s), 5.72 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 6.88-6.92 (1H, m), 7.07-7.10 (2H, m), 7.40 (1H, dd, J=1.6 Hz, 5.2 Hz), 7.55 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 8.02 (1H, s), 8.70 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C19H15FN4O, 335. Found, 335.

D. 2-[5-[(4-cyclopropyl-3-fluorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1291]  [see pdf for image]
[1292] The title compound was prepared from 2-[5-[(4-cyclopropyl-3-fluorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 28, part E. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 0.69-0.73 (2H, m), 0.94-0.99 (2H, m), 1.98-2.04 (1H, m), 5.24 (2H, s), 5.99 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 6.98-7.01 (1H, m), 7.20 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.24 (1H, dd, J=1.6 Hz, 11.6 Hz), 7.58 (1H, d, J=2.0 Hz), 7.76 (1H, dd, J=1.6 Hz, 4.8 Hz), 8.07 (1H, s), 8.68 (1H, dd, J=0.4 Hz, 4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C19H16FN3O3, 354. Found, 354.

Example 156

2-[4-[2-[(4-fluorophenyl)methyl-methylamino]ethyl]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. 2-[4-[2-[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxyethyl]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[1293]  [see pdf for image]
[1294] A mixture of 2-chloropyridine-4-carbonitrile (1.38 g, 10 mmol), tert-butyl-dimethyl-[2-(1H-pyrazol-4-yl)ethoxy]silane (2.481 g, 11 mmol) in NMP (30 mL) was stirred for 5 hr at 150° C. Then the reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature and poured into water and extracted with ethyl acetate three times. Organic extracts collected and washed with water twice, brine and dried with anhydrous Na2SO4. It was then concentrated and purified by flash column chromatograph to give the title compound (1.2 g, 36%). [M+H] Calc'd for C17H24N4O3Si, 329. Found, 329.

B. 2-[4-(2-hydroxyethyl)pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[1295]  [see pdf for image]
[1296] To a solution of 2-[4-[2-[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxyethyl]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile (1.2 g, 3.6 mmol) in THF (15 mL) at 0° C. was added 3N HCl (5 mL). The reaction mixture was then stirred for 2 hours at room temperature. Cool to 0° C., added ethyl acetate, water and acidified with NaHCO3 to pH=8. The mixture was then extracted with ethylacetate, concentrated to afford the title compound (700 mg, 91%). [M+H] Calc'd for C11H10N4O, 215. Found, 215.

C. 2-[1-(4-cyanopyridin-2-yl)pyrazol-4-yl]ethyl methanesulfonate

[1297]  [see pdf for image]
[1298] To a mixture of 2-[4-(2-hydroxyethyl)pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile (700 mg, 3.3 mmol), Et3N (670 mg, 6.6 mmol) in DCM (15 mL) was added MeSO2Cl (410 mg, 3.6 mmoL) at 0° C., the mixture was then stirred for 2 hours at room temperature, water was added and extracted with DCM and concentrated give the title compound (830 mg, 87%). [M+H] Calc'd for C12H12N4O3S, 293. Found, 293.

D. 2-[4-[2-[(4-fluorophenyl)methyl-methylamino]ethyl]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[1299]  [see pdf for image]
[1300] To a mixture of 2-[1-(4-cyanopyridin-2-yl)pyrazol-4-yl]ethyl methanesulfonate (476 mg, 1.6 mmol) and (4-flouro-benzyl)-methyl-amine (444 mg, 3.2 mmol) in ACN (30 mL) at rt was added K2CO3 (4.5 g, 32 mmol) and KI (1.0 g, 6.2 mmol. The reaction mixture was heated to 80° C. and stirred overnight. Filtered, solvent removed and purified by prep-HPLC to give the title compound (270 mg, 50%). [M+H] Calc'd for C19H18FN5, 336. Found, 336.

E. 2-[4-[2-[(4-fluorophenyl)methyl-methylamino]ethyl]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1301]  [see pdf for image]
[1302] Charged 2-[4-[2-[(4-fluorophenyl)methyl-methylamino]ethyl]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile (270 mg, 0.8 mmol), NaOH aqueous (5M, 0.5 mL) and ethanol (10 mL) to a flask, the mixture was then heated to reflux for half an hour, cooled in an ice-water bath, adjusted PH to 3-4, filtered, collected the solid and dried to give the title compound (226 mg, 80%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): 2.70 (3H, s), 3.01-3.06 (2H, m), 3.25-3.27 (1H, m), 3.31-3.39 (1H, m), 4.26-4.30 (1H, m), 4.44-4.48 (1H, m), 7.29-7.34 (2H, m), 7.64-7.68 (2H, m), 7.74-7.76 (1H, m), 7.81 (1H, s), 8.28 (1H, s), 8.61 (s, 1H), 8.64 (1H, J=5.2 Hz, d), 10.49 (1H, br). [M+H] Calc'd for C19H19FN4O2, 355. Found, 355.

Example 157

N-cyano-2-[4-[2-[(4-fluorophenyl)methyl-methylamino]ethyl]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxamide

[1303]  [see pdf for image]
[1304] A mixture of 2-[4-[2-[(4-fluorophenyl)methyl-methylamino]ethyl]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid (70 mg, 0.2 mmol), cyanamide (17 mg, 0.4 mmol), HATU (113 mg, 0.3 mmol) and DIEA (59 mg, 0.6 mmol) in DMF (3 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 3 hours. The mixture was concentrated and purified byprep-HPLC to give the compound (15 mg, 20%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): 2.67-2.74 (3H, m), 2.94-2.98 (2H, m), 3.28 (1H, m), 3.43-3.45 (1H, m), 4.26-4.30 (1H, m), 4.44-4.48 (1H, m), 7.31-7.36 (2H, m), 7.59-7.61 (2H, m), 7.70-7.71 (1H, m), 7.76 (1H, s), 8.31 (1H, s), 8.42 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 8.58 (1H, s), 9.56 (1H, br). [M+H] Calc'd for C20H19FN6O, 379. Found, 379.

Example 158

2-[3-(4-chlorophenyl)-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. 2-[3-(4-chlorophenyl)-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[1305]  [see pdf for image]
[1306] To a mixture of ethyl 3-(4-chlorophenyl)-3-oxopropanoate (500 mg, 2.2 mmol) and 2-hydrazinylpyridine-4-carbonitrile (PREPARATION 2, 296 mg, 2.2 mmol) in EtOH (15 mL) was added AcOH (2 mL) at r.t. The reaction mixture was stirred at 90° C. overnight. After the reaction was completed, the mixture was concentrated, washed with PE/EA (10 mL, V/V=1/1) to give the title compound (500 mg, 76%) as a brown solid and used as crude for next step.

B. 2-[3-(4-chlorophenyl)-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1307]  [see pdf for image]
[1308] To a solution of 2-[3-(4-chlorophenyl)-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile (250 mg, 0.85 mmol) in EtOH (10 mL) and water (5 mL) was added NaOH (168 mg, 4.2 mmol) at r.t. The reaction mixture was stirred at 90° C. for 2 h. Removed EtOH, acidified with 1N HCl to pH 5, filtered, washed with ethyl acetate (5 mL) to give the title compound (200 mg, 75%) as a brown solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 6.20 (1H, s), 7.50 (2H, d, J=8.4 Hz), 7.76 (1H, d, J=4.0 Hz), 7.91 (2H, d, J=8.4 Hz), 8.26 (1H, s), 8.65 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 12.20 (1H, brs), 13.96 (1H, brs). [M+H] Calc'd for C15H10ClN3O3, 316. Found, 316.

Example 159

2-[3-(3-chlorophenyl)-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. 2-[3-(3-chlorophenyl)-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[1309]  [see pdf for image]
[1310] The title compound was prepared in 53% yield from 2-hydrazinylpyridine-4-carbonitrile (PREPARATION 2) and ethyl 3-(3-chlorophenyl)-3-oxopropanoate according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 158, part A.

B. 2-[3-(3-chlorophenyl)-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1311]  [see pdf for image]
[1312] The title compound was prepared in 75% yield from 2-[3-(3-chlorophenyl)-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 158, part B. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 6.18 (1H, s), 7.40-7.49 (2H, m), 7.73 (1H, d, J=4.2 Hz), 7.83-7.90 (2H, m), 8.33 (1H, s), 8.57 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C15H10ClN3O3, 316. Found, 316.

Example 160

2-(3-cyclopentyl-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. 2-(3-cyclopentyl-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[1313]  [see pdf for image]
[1314] The title compound was prepared in 72% yield from 2-hydrazinylpyridine-4-carbonitrile (PREPARATION 2) and ethyl 3-cyclopentyl-3-oxopropanoate according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 158, part A.

B. 2-(3-cyclopentyl-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1315]  [see pdf for image]
[1316] The title compound was prepared in 75% yield from 2-(3-cyclopentyl-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 158, part B. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): δ 1.71-1.85 (6H, m), 2.11-2.14 (2H, m), 3.04-3.08 (1H, m), 7.73 (1H, dd, J=0.8, 5.2 Hz), 8.57 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 8.82 (1H, s). [M+H] Calc'd for C14H15N3O3, 274. Found, 274.

Example 161

2-[3-[(2,6-difluorophenyl)methyl]-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. methyl 4-(2,6-difluorophenyl)-3-oxobutanoate

[1317]  [see pdf for image]
[1318] The title compound was prepared from 2-(2,6-difluorophenyl)acetic acid and 3-methoxy-3-oxopropanoic acid potassium salt according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 170, part A. 1H NMR (300 MHz, CDCl3): δ 3.56 (2H, s), 3.75 (3H, s), 3.92 (2H, s), 6.89-6.93 (2H, m), 7.22-7.27 (1H, m).

B. 2-[3-[(2,6-difluorophenyl)methyl]-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[1319]  [see pdf for image]
[1320] The title compound was prepared from 2-hydrazinylpyridine-4-carbonitrile (PREPARATION 2) and methyl 4-(2,6-difluorophenyl)-3-oxobutanoate according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 158, part A.

C. 2-[3-[(2,6-difluorophenyl)methyl]-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1321]  [see pdf for image]
[1322] The title compound was prepared in 26% yield from 2-[3-[(2,6-difluorophenyl)methyl]-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 158, part B. 1H NMR (300 MHz, CD3OD/DMSO-d6): δ 3.92 (2H, s), 7.03-7.08 (2H, m), 7.32-7.37 (1H, m), 7.65-7.67 (1H, m), 8.54 (1H, d, J=5.1 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C16H11F2N3O3, 332. Found, 332.

Example 162

2-[5-hydroxy-3-(1-phenylethyl)pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. ethyl 3-oxo-4-phenylpentanoate

[1323]  [see pdf for image]
[1324] To a solution of 2-phenylpropanoic acid g, 33.3 mmol) in DCM (50 mL) was added (COCl)2 (8.5 g, 66.7 mmol) and 2 drops of DMF in ice-bath. The reaction mixture was stirred at r.t. for 2 h. After the reaction was completed, the reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure. To a solution of pyridine (6 mL) in DCM (50 mL) was added 2,2-dimethyl-1,3-dioxane-4,6-dione (5.8 g, 40.0 mmol) and the above residue in ice-bath. The reaction mixture was stirred at r.t. for 2 h. Diluted with 1N HCl (50 mL), extracted with DCM (50 mL×3), washed with brine (50 mL), dried over Na2SO4, filtered, concentrated to give a residue. The residue was dissolved in EtOH (50 mL) and then stirred at reflux for 3 h. Removed solvent, purified by flash column chromatography to give the title compound (3.6 g, 49%) as a yellow oil. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.22 (3H, t, J=7.2 Hz), 1.41 (3H, d, J=7.2 Hz), 3.28 (1H, d, J=15.6 Hz), 3.40 (1H, d, J=15.6 Hz), 3.89-3.91 (1H, m), 4.11-4.14 (2H, m), 7.20-7.22 (2H, m), 7.27-7.36 (3H, m).

B. 2-[5-hydroxy-3-(1-phenylethyl)pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[1325]  [see pdf for image]
[1326] The title compound was prepared in 40% yield from 2-hydrazinylpyridine-4-carbonitrile (PREPARATION 2) and ethyl 3-oxo-4-phenylpentanoate according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 158, part A.

C. 2-[5-hydroxy-3-(1-phenylethyl)pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1327]  [see pdf for image]
[1328] The title compound was prepared in 40% yield from 2-[5-hydroxy-3-(1-phenylethyl)pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 158, part B. 1H NMR (300 MHz, CD3OD): δ 1.65 (3H, d, J=7.2 Hz), 4.09-4.16 (1H, m), 7.23-7.25 (1H, m), 7.29-7.36 (4H, m), 7.72 (1H, dd, J=1.2, 5.1 Hz), 8.53 (1H, d, J=5.4 Hz), 8.70 (1H, s). [M+H] Calc'd for C17H15N3O3, 310. Found, 310.

Example 163

2-[3-[(2-chlorophenyl)methyl]-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. ethyl 4-(2-chlorophenyl)-3-oxobutanoate

[1329]  [see pdf for image]
[1330] The title compound was prepared in 43% yield from 2-(2-chlorophenyl)acetic acid and 2,2-dimethyl-1,3-dioxane-4,6-dione according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 162, part A.

B. 2-[3-[(2-chlorophenyl)methyl]-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[1331]  [see pdf for image]
[1332] The title compound was prepared in 39% yield from 2-hydrazinylpyridine-4-carbonitrile (PREPARATION 2) and ethyl 4-(2-chlorophenyl)-3-oxobutanoate according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 158, part A.

C. 2-[3-[(2-chlorophenyl)methyl]-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1333]  [see pdf for image]
[1334] The title compound was prepared in 57% yield from 2-[3-[(2-chlorophenyl)methyl]-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 158, part B. 1H NMR (300 MHz, CD3OD): δ 4.07 (2H, s), 7.25-7.29 (2H, m), 7.37-7.43 (2H, m), 7.72 (1H, dd, J=0.9, 3.9 Hz), 8.52 (1H, d, J=4.2 Hz), 8.65 (1H, brs). [M+H] Calc'd for C16H12ClN3O3, 330. Found, 330.

Example 164

2-[3-[(3-chlorophenyl)methyl]-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. ethyl 4-(3-chlorophenyl)-3-oxobutanoate

[1335]  [see pdf for image]
[1336] The title compound was prepared in 43% yield from 2-(3-chlorophenyl)acetic acid and 2,2-dimethyl-1,3-dioxane-4,6-dione according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 162, part A.

B. 2-[3-[(3-chlorophenyl)methyl]-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[1337]  [see pdf for image]
[1338] The title compound was prepared in 32% yield from 2-hydrazinylpyridine-4-carbonitrile (PREPARATION 2) and ethyl 4-(3-chlorophenyl)-3-oxobutanoate according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 158, part A.

C. 2-[3-[(3-chlorophenyl)methyl]-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1339]  [see pdf for image]
[1340] The title compound was prepared in 47% yield from 2-[3-[(3-chlorophenyl)methyl]-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 158, part B. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): δ 3.92 (2H, s), 7.25-7.34 (4H, m), 7.73 (1H, dd, J=5.2 Hz), 8.53 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 8.66 (1H, brs). [M+H] Calc'd for C16H12ClN3O3, 330. Found, 330.

Example 165

2-[3-[(4-chlorophenyl)methyl]-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. ethyl 4-(4-chlorophenyl)-3-oxobutanoate

[1341]  [see pdf for image]
[1342] The title compound was prepared in 43% yield from 2-(4-chlorophenyl)acetic acid and 2,2-dimethyl-1,3-dioxane-4,6-dione according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 162, part A.

B. 2-[3-[(4-chlorophenyl)methyl]-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[1343]  [see pdf for image]
[1344] The title compound was prepared in 32% yield from 2-hydrazinylpyridine-4-carbonitrile (PREPARATION 2) and ethyl 4-(4-chlorophenyl)-3-oxobutanoate according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 158, part A.

C. 2-[3-[(4-chlorophenyl)methyl]-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1345]  [see pdf for image]
[1346] The title compound was prepared in 61% yield from 2-[3-[(4-chlorophenyl)methyl]-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 158, part B. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): δ 3.91 (2H, s), 7.29-7.31 (4H, m), 7.72 (1H, dd, J=1.2, 5.2 Hz), 8.51 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 8.63 (1H, brs). [M+H] Calc'd for C16H12ClN3O3, 330. Found, 330.

Example 166

5-(1-phenylethyl)-2-[4-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)pyridin-2-yl]pyrazol-3-ol

[1347]  [see pdf for image]
[1348] To a suspension of 2-[5-hydroxy-3-(1-phenylethyl)pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile (150 mg, 0.5 mmol), NH4Cl (278 mg, 5.2 mmol) in DMF (5 mL) was added NaN3 (338 mg, 5.2 mmol) at r.t. The reaction mixture was stirred at 110° C. for 2 h in a microwave oven. The reaction mixture was then filtered and purified by pre-HPLC to give the title compound (100 mg, 58%) as a brown solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): δ 1.64 (3H, d, J=7.2 Hz), 4.07-4.12 (1H, m), 7.17-7.19 (1H, m), 7.20-7.35 (4H, m), 7.83 (1H, dd, J=1.2, 5.2 Hz), 8.43 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 8.74 (1H, s). [M+H] Calc'd for C17H15N7O, 334. Found, 334.

Example 167

5-[(2-chlorophenyl)methyl]-2-[4-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)pyridin-2-yl]pyrazol-3-ol

[1349]  [see pdf for image]
[1350] The title compound was prepared in 47% yield from 2-[3-[(2-chlorophenyl)methyl]-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 166. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): δ 4.06 (2H, s), 7.23-7.28 (2H, m), 7.37-7.41 (2H, m), 7.85 (1H, dd, J=1.2, 5.2 Hz), 8.44 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 8.70 (1H, s). [M+H] Calc'd for C16H12ClN7O, 354. Found, 354.

Example 168

5-[(3-chlorophenyl)methyl]-2-[4-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)pyridin-2-yl]pyrazol-3-ol

[1351]  [see pdf for image]
[1352] The title compound was prepared in 43% yield from 2-[3-[(3-chlorophenyl)methyl]-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 166. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): δ 3.91 (2H, s), 7.21-7.33 (4H, m), 7.85 (1H, dd, J=1.6, 5.6 Hz), 8.47 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 8.72 (1H, s). [M+H] Calc'd for C16H12ClN7O, 354. Found, 354.

Example 169

5-[(4-chlorophenyl)methyl]-2-[4-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)pyridin-2-yl]pyrazol-3-ol

[1353]  [see pdf for image]
[1354] The title compound was prepared in 47% yield from 2-[3-[(4-chlorophenyl)methyl]-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 166. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): δ 3.97 (2H, s), 7.35 (4H, s), 7.91 (1H, dd, J=1.2, 5.2 Hz), 8.62 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 8.85 (1H, s). [M+H] Calc'd for C16H12ClN7O, 354. Found, 354.

Example 170

2-[3-[2-(4-chlorophenyl)propan-2-yl]-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. methyl 4-(4-chlorophenyl)-4-methyl-3-oxopentanoate

[1355]  [see pdf for image]
[1356] To a solution of 2-(4-chlorophenyl)-2-methylpropanoic acid (200 mg, 1.01 mmol) in THF (20 mL) was added CDI (172 mg, 1.06 mmol) at rt. The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h. Added MgCl2 (105 mg, 1.11 mmol) and 3-methoxy-3-oxopropanoic acid potassium salt (173 mg, 1.11 mmol) at rt. The mixture was stirred at 60° C. overnight. Dilute with ethyl acetate (100 mL), washed with 0.5 N HCl (20 mL×2) and brine (50 mL), dried over Na2SO4, filtered, concentrated, purified by flash column chromatography to give the title compound (60 mg, 23%) as a yellow oil. 1H NMR (300 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.51 (6H, s), 3.28 (2H, s), 3.67 (3H, s), 7.20-7.30 (2H, m), 7.34-7.37 (2H, m).

B. 2-[3-[2-(4-chlorophenyl)propan-2-yl]-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[1357]  [see pdf for image]
[1358] The title compound was prepared from 2-hydrazinylpyridine-4-carbonitrile (PREPARATION 2) and methyl 4-(4-chlorophenyl)-4-methyl-3-oxopentanoate according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 158, part A.

C. 2-[3-[2-(4-chlorophenyl)propan-2-yl]-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1359]  [see pdf for image]
[1360] The title compound was prepared in 40% yield from 2-[3-[2-(4-chlorophenyl)propan-2-yl]-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 158, part B. 1H NMR (300 MHz, CD3OD/DMSO-d6): δ 1.58 (6H, s), 7.27-7.35 (4H, m), 7.66-7.69 (1H, m), 8.18-8.19 (1H, m), 8.53 (1H, dd, J=0.6, 5.1 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C18H16ClN3O3, 358. Found, 358.

Example 171

2-[3-[1-(4-chlorophenyl)cyclopropyl]-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. methyl 3-[1-(4-chlorophenyl)cyclopropyl]-3-oxopropanoate

[1361]  [see pdf for image]
[1362] The title compound was prepared in 78% yield from 1-(4-chlorophenyl)cyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid and 3-methoxy-3-oxopropanoic acid potassium salt according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 170, part A. 1H NMR (300 MHz, CDCl3): δ 1.22-1.26 (2H, m), 1.70-1.74 (2H, m), 3.35 (2H, s), 3.67 (3H, s), 7.29-7.34 (4H, m).

B. 2-[3-[1-(4-chlorophenyl)cyclopropyl]-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[1363]  [see pdf for image]
[1364] The title compound was prepared from 2-hydrazinylpyridine-4-carbonitrile (PREPARATION 2) and methyl 3-[1-(4-chlorophenyl)cyclopropyl]-3-oxopropanoate according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 158, part A.

C. 2-[3-[1-(4-chlorophenyl)cyclopropyl]-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1365]  [see pdf for image]
[1366] The title compound was prepared in 36% yield from 2-[3-[1-(4-chlorophenyl)cyclopropyl]-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 158, part B. 1H NMR (300 MHz, CD3OD/DMSO-d6): δ 1.19-1.21 (2H, m), 1.40-1.42 (2H, m), 7.29-7.36 (4H, m), 7.64-7.65 (1H, m), 8.15 (1H, brs), 8.50 (1H, d, J=5.4 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C18H14ClN3O3, 356. Found, 356.

Example 172

2-[3-[(3,5-dichlorophenyl)methyl]-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. methyl 4-(3,5-dichlorophenyl)-3-oxobutanoate

[1367]  [see pdf for image]
[1368] The title compound was prepared in 78% yield from 2-(3,5-dichlorophenyl)acetic acid and 3-methoxy-3-oxopropanoic acid potassium salt according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 170, part A.

B. 2-[3-[(3,5-dichlorophenyl)methyl]-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[1369]  [see pdf for image]
[1370] The title compound was prepared from 2-hydrazinylpyridine-4-carbonitrile (PREPARATION 2) and methyl 4-(3,5-dichlorophenyl)-3-oxobutanoate according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 158, part A.

C. 2-[3-[(3,5-dichlorophenyl)methyl]-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1371]  [see pdf for image]
[1372] The title compound was prepared in 59% yield from 2-[3-[(3,5-dichlorophenyl)methyl]-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 158, part B. 1H NMR (300 MHz, CD3OD/DMSO-d6): δ 4.06 (2H, m), 7.52-7.54 (3H, m), 7.83-7.84 (1H, m), 8.72 (1H, d, J=5.1 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C16H11Cl2N3O3, 364. Found, 364.

Example 173

2-[3-[(4-fluoro-2-methylphenyl)methyl]-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. methyl 4-(4-fluoro-2-methylphenyl)-3-oxobutanoate

[1373]  [see pdf for image]
[1374] The title compound was prepared in 78% yield from 2-(4-fluoro-2-methylphenyl)acetic acid and 3-methoxy-3-oxopropanoic acid potassium salt according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 170, part A. 1H NMR (300 MHz, CDCl3): δ 2.24 (3H, s), 3.47 (2H, s), 3.74 (3H, s), 3.83 (2H, s), 6.88-6.94 (2H, m), 7.07-7.12 (1H, m).

B. 2-[3-[(4-fluoro-2-methylphenyl)methyl]-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[1375]  [see pdf for image]
[1376] The title compound was prepared from 2-hydrazinylpyridine-4-carbonitrile (PREPARATION 2) and methyl 4-(4-fluoro-2-methylphenyl)-3-oxobutanoate according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 158, part A.

C. 2-[3-[(4-fluoro-2-methylphenyl)methyl]-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1377]  [see pdf for image]
[1378] The title compound was prepared in 41% yield from 2-[3-[(4-fluoro-2-methylphenyl)methyl]-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 158, part B. 1H NMR (300 MHz, CD3OD): δ 2.34 (3H, s), 3.92 (2H, s), 6.87-6.98 (2H, m), 7.23-7.28 (1H, m), 7.75 (1H, dd, J=1.2, 5.1 Hz), 8.55 (1H, d, J=5.1 Hz), 8.72 (1H, brs). [M+H] Calc'd for C17H14FN3O3, 328. Found, 328.

Example 174

2-[3-[(2-fluoro-4-methylphenyl)methyl]-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. methyl 4-(2-fluoro-4-methylphenyl)-3-oxobutanoate

[1379]  [see pdf for image]
[1380] The title compound was prepared from 2-(2-fluoro-4-methylphenyl)acetic acid and 3-methoxy-3-oxopropanoic acid potassium salt according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 170, part A. 1H NMR (300 MHz, CDCl3): δ 2.35 (3H, s), 3.52 (2H, s), 3.74 (3H, s), 3.83 (2H, s), 6.89-6.95 (2H, m), 7.05-7.08 (1H, m).

B. 2-[3-[(2-fluoro-4-methylphenyl)methyl]-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonit

[1381]  [see pdf for image]
[1382] The title compound was prepared from 2-hydrazinylpyridine-4-carbonitrile (PREPARATION 2) and methyl 4-(2-fluoro-4-methylphenyl)-3-oxobutanoate according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 158, part A.

C. 2-[3-[(2-fluoro-4-methylphenyl)methyl]-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1383]  [see pdf for image]
[1384] The title compound was prepared from 2-[3-[(2-fluoro-4-methylphenyl)methyl]-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonit according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 158, part B. 1H NMR (300 MHz, CD3OD): δ 2.33 (3H, s), 3.92 (2H, s), 6.92-6.97 (2H, m), 7.18-7.24 (1H, m), 7.73 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 8.54 (1H, d, J=4.8 Hz), 8.69 (1H, brs). [M+H] Calc'd for C17H14FN3O3, 328. Found, 328.

Example 175

2-[3-[(2,4-difluorophenyl)methyl]-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A. methyl 4-(2,4-difluorophenyl)-3-oxobutanoate

[1385]  [see pdf for image]
[1386] The title compound was prepared from 2-(2,4-difluorophenyl)acetic acid and 3-methoxy-3-oxopropanoic acid potassium salt according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 170, part A. 1H NMR (300 MHz, CDCl3): δ 3.54 (2H, s), 3.76 (3H, s), 3.86 (2H, s), 6.83-6.90 (2H, m), 7.13-7.19 (1H, m).

B. 2-[3-[(2,4-difluorophenyl)methyl]-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile

[1387]  [see pdf for image]
[1388] The title compound was prepared from 2-hydrazinylpyridine-4-carbonitrile (PREPARATION 2) and methyl 4-(2,4-difluorophenyl)-3-oxobutanoate according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 158, part A.

C. 2-[3-[(2,4-difluorophenyl)methyl]-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

[1389]  [see pdf for image]
[1390] The title compound was prepared in 20% yield from 2-[3-[(2,4-difluorophenyl)methyl]-5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carbonitrile according to the procedure for the preparation of Example 158, part B. 1H NMR (300 MHz, CD3OD/DMSO-d6): δ 3.88 (2H, s), 6.97-7.04 (1H, m), 7.11-7.17 (1H, m), 7.37-7.43 (1H, m), 7.65-7.66 (1H, m), 8.56 (1H, d, J=5.1 Hz). [M+H] Calc'd for C16H11F2N3O3, 332. Found, 332.

II. Biological Evaluation

Example 1

In Vitro Enzyme Inhibition Assay

[1391] This assay determines the ability of a test compound to inhibit JaridlA, Jarid1B, JMJD2C, and JMJD2A demethylase activity. Baculovirus expressed JaridlA (GenBank Accession #NM_001042603, AA1-1090) was purchased from BPS Bioscience (Cat#50110). Baculovirus expressed Jarid1B (GenBank Accession #NM_006618, AA 2-751) was purchased from BPS Bioscience (Cat #50121) or custom made by MolecularThroughput. Baculovirus expressed JMJD2C (GenBank Accession #BC143571, AA 2-372) was purchased from BPS Bioscience (Cat#50105). Baculovirus expressed JMJD2A (GenBank Accession #NM_014663, AA 1-350) was purchased from BPS Bioscience (Cat#50123). Baculovirus expressed FBXL10 (GenBank Accession #NM_032590, AA 1-650) was purchased from BPS Bioscience (Cat#50120).

Jarid1A Assay

[1392] The enzymatic assay of JaridlA activity is based upon Time Resolved-Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer (TR-FRET) detection. The ability of test compounds to inhibit the activity of JaridlA was determined in 384-well plate format under the following reaction conditions: 1 nM JaridlA, 300 nM H3K4me3-biotin labeled peptide (Anaspec cat #64357), 2 alpha-ketoglutaric acid in assay buffer of 50 mM HEPES, pH7.3, 0.005% Brij35, 0.5 mM TCEP, 0.2 mg/ml BSA, 50 μM sodium L-ascorbate, and 2 μM ammonium iron(II) sulfate. Reaction product was determined quantitatively by TR-FRET after the addition of detection reagent Phycolink Streptavidin-allophycocyanin (Prozyme) and Europium-anti-mono- or di-methylated histone H3 lysine 4 (H3K4me1-2) antibody (PerkinElmer) in the presence of 5 mM EDTA in LANCE detection buffer (PerkinElmer) at a final concentration of 25 nM and 1 nM, respectively.
[1393] The assay reaction was initiated by the following: 2 μl of the mixture of 900 nM H3K4me3-biotin labeled peptide and 6 μM alpha-ketoglutaric acid with 2 μl of 11-point serial diluted inhibitor in 3% DMSO was added to each well of plate, followed by the addition of 2 μl of 3 nM JaridlA to initiate the reaction. The reaction mixture was incubated at room temperature for 30 minutes, and terminated by the addition of 6 μl of 5 mM EDTA in LANCE detection buffer containing 50 nM Phycolink Streptavidin-allophycocyanin and 2 nM Europium-anti-H3K4me1-2 antibody. Plates were read by EnVisionMultilabel Reader in TR-FRET mode (excitation at 320 nm, emission at 615 nm and 665 nm) after 1 hour incubation at room temperature. A ratio was calculated (665/615) for each well and fitted to determine inhibition constant (IC50).

Jarid1B Assay

[1394] The ability of test compounds to inhibit the activity of Jarid1B was determined in 384-well plate format under the following reaction conditions: 0.8 nM Jarid1B, 300 nM H3K4me3-biotin labeled peptide (Anaspec cat #64357), 2 μM alpha-ketoglutaric acid in assay buffer of 50 mM HEPES, pH7.3, 0.005% Brij35, 0.5 mM TCEP, 0.2 mg/ml BSA, 50 μM sodium L-ascorbate, and 2 μM ammonium iron(II) sulfate. Reaction product was determined quantitatively by TR-FRET after the addition of detection reagent Phycolink Streptavidin-allophycocyanin (Prozyme) and Europium-anti-mono- or di-methylated histone H3 lysine 4 (H3K4me1-2) antibody (PerkinElmer) in the presence of 5 mM EDTA in LANCE detection buffer (PerkinElmer) at a final concentration of 25 nM and 1 nM, respectively.
[1395] The assay reaction was initiated by the following: 2 μl of the mixture of 900 nM H3K4me3-biotin labeled peptide and 6 μM alpha-ketoglutaric acid with 2 μl of 11-point serial diluted inhibitor in 3% DMSO was added to each well of the plate, followed by the addition of 2 μl of 2.4 nM Jarid1B to initiate the reaction. The reaction mixture was incubated at room temperature for 30 minutes, and terminated by the addition of 6 μl of 5 mM EDTA in LANCE detection buffer containing 50 nM Phycolink Streptavidin-allophycocyanin and 2 nM Europium-anti-H3K4me1-2 antibody. Plates were read by EnVisionMultilabel Reader in TR-FRET mode (excitation at 320 nm, emission at 615 nm and 665 nm) after 1 hour incubation at room temperature. A ratio was calculated (665/615) for each well and fitted to determine inhibition constant (IC50).

JMJD2C Assay

[1396] The ability of test compounds to inhibit the activity of JMJD2C was determined in 384-well plate format under the following reaction conditions: 0.3 nM JMJD2C, 300 nM H3K9me3-biotin labeled peptide (Anaspec cat #64360), 2 μM alpha-ketoglutaric acid in assay buffer of 50 mM HEPES, pH7.3, 0.005% Brij35, 0.5 mM TCEP, 0.2 mg/ml BSA, 50 μM sodium L-ascorbate, and 2 μM ammonium iron(II) sulfate. Reaction product was determined quantitatively by TR-FRET after the addition of detection reagent Phycolink Streptavidin-allophycocyanin (Prozyme) and Europium-anti-di-methylated histone H3 lysine 9 (H3K9me2) antibody (PerkinElmer) in the presence of 5 mM EDTA in LANCE detection buffer (PerkinElmer) at a final concentration of 50 nM and 1 nM, respectively.
[1397] The assay reaction was initiated by the following: 2 μl of the mixture of 900 nM H3K9me3-biotin labeled peptide and 6 μM alpha-ketoglutaric acid with 2 μl of 11-point serial diluted inhibitor in 3% DMSO were added to each well of the plate, followed by the addition of 2 μl of 0.9 nM JMJD2C to initiate the reaction. The reaction mixture was incubated at room temperature for 30 minutes, and terminated by the addition of 6 μl of 5 mM EDTA in LANCE detection buffer containing 100 nM Phycolink Streptavidin-allophycocyanin and 2 nM Europium-anti-H3K9me2 antibody. Plates were read by EnVisionMultilabel Reader in TR-FRET mode (excitation at 320 nm, emission at 615 nm and 665 nm) after 1 hour incubation at room temperature. A ratio was calculated (665/615) for each well and fitted to determine inhibition constant (IC50).

JMJD2A Assay

[1398] The ability of test compounds to inhibit the activity of JMJD2A was determined in 384-well plate format under the following reaction conditions: 2 nM JMJD2A, 300 nM H3K9me3-biotin labeled peptide (Anaspec cat #64360), 2 μM alpha-ketoglutaric acid in assay buffer of 50 mM HEPES, pH7.3, 0.005% Brij35, 0.5 mM TCEP, 0.2 mg/ml BSA, 50 μM sodium L-ascorbate, and 2 μM ammonium iron(II) sulfate. Reaction product was determined quantitatively by TR-FRET after the addition of detection reagent Phycolink Streptavidin-allophycocyanin (Prozyme) and Europium-anti-di-methylated histone H3 lysine 9 (H3K9me2) antibody (PerkinElmer) in the presence of 5 mM EDTA in LANCE detection buffer (PerkinElmer) at a final concentration of 50 nM and 1 nM, respectively.
[1399] The assay reaction was initiated by the following: 2 μl of the mixture of 900 nM H3K9me3-biotin labeled peptide and 6 μM alpha-ketoglutaric acid with 2 μl of 11-point serial diluted inhibitor in 3% DMSO were added to each well of plate, followed by the addition of 2 μl of 6 nM JMJD2A to initiate the reaction. The reaction mixture was incubated at room temperature for 30 minutes, and terminated by the addition of 6 μl of 5 mM EDTA in LANCE detection buffer containing 100 nM Phycolink Streptavidin-allophycocyanin and 2 nM Europium-anti-H3K9me2 antibody. Plates were read by EnVisionMultilabel Reader in TR-FRET mode (excitation at 320 nm, emission at 615 nm and 665 nm) after 1 hour incubation at room temperature. A ratio was calculated (665/615) for each well and fitted to determine inhibition constant (IC50).

FBXL10 Assay

[1400] The ability of test compounds to inhibit the activity of FBXL10 was determined in 384-well plate format under the following reaction conditions: 0.3 nM FBXL10, 30 nM H3K36me2-biotin labeled peptide (Anaspec cat #64442), 0.2 μM alpha-ketoglutaric acid in assay buffer of 50 mM HEPES, pH7.3, 0.005% Brij35, 0.5 mM TCEP, 0.2 mg/ml BSA, 50 μM sodium L-ascorbate, and 5 μM ammonium iron(II) sulfate. Reaction product was determined quantitatively by AlphaScreen detection after the addition of detection reagents anti-H3K36me1 antibody, AlphaScreen® Streptavidin-coated Donor beads, and AlphaScreen® Protein A Acceptor beads in 50 mM HEPES, pH7.3, 10 mM NaCl, 0.005% Brij35, 5 mM EDTA, 2 mg/ml BSA to final 10 μg/ml beads.
[1401] The assay reaction was initiated by the following: 3 μl of the mixture of 90 nM H3K36me2-biotin labeled peptide and 0.6 μM alpha-ketoglutaric acid with 3 μl of 11-point serial diluted inhibitor in 3% DMSO were added to each well of 384 well Proxiplate (Perkin Elmer), followed by the addition of 3 μl of 0.9 nM FBXL10 to initiate the reaction. The reaction mixture was incubated at room temperature for 30 minutes, and terminated by the addition of 3 μl of 50 mM HEPES, pH7.3, 10 mM NaCl, 0.005% Brij35, 5 mM EDTA, 2 mg/ml BSA containing appropriate dilution of anti H3K36me1 antibody. Plates were incubated at room temperature for 40 minutes, followed by addition of 3 μl of 50 μg/ml AlphaScreen® Streptavidin-coated Donor beads and AlphaScreen® Protein A Acceptor beads in 50 mM HEPES, pH7.3, 10 mM NaCl, 0.005% Brij35, 5 mM EDTA, 2 mg/ml BSA. Plates were read by EnVisionMultilabel Reader in AlphaScreen mode after a minimum of 2 hour or up to overnight incubation at room temperature. The AlphaScreen signal for each well was used to determine inhibition constant (IC50).
[1402] The ability of the compounds disclosed herein to inhibit demethylase activity was quantified and the respective IC50 value was determined. Tables 3 provides the IC50 values of various compounds disclosed herein.
[1403] 
[00003] [TABLE-US-00003]
  TABLE 3
 
  Chemical            
  Synthesis     JARID1A   JARID1B   JMJD2C   JMJD2A   FBXL10
  Example   NameIC50 (μM)IC50 (μM)IC50 (μM)IC50 (μM)IC50 (μM)
 
 
  1   2-(5-hydroxy-3-methyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)iso-   B   A   B     B
    nicotinic acid
  2   2-(3-cyclopropyl-5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)iso-   A   A   B   B   A
    nicotinic acid
  3   2-(5-hydroxy-3,4-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)iso-   B   A   B     B
    nicotinic acid
  4   2-(5-hydroxy-3-methyl-4-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-1-   C   C   C     B
    yl)isonicotinic acid
  5   2-(3-(2-fluorophenyl)-5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-   C   C   C     A
    yl)isonicotinic acid
  6   2-(5-hydroxy-3-propyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)iso-   B   B   B     B
    nicotinic acid
  7   2-(3-(2-chlorophenyl)-5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-   C   C   D     A
    yl)isonicotinic acid
  8   2-(3-benzyl-5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)iso-   B   B   C     A
    nicotinic acid
  9   2-(5-hydroxy-3-(methoxymethyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-   B   B   C     A
    yl)isonicotinic acid
  10   2-(5-hydroxy-3-(phenoxymethyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-   C   B   D     A
    yl)isonicotinic acid
  11   2-(5-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid   A   A   B     B
  12   2-(5-p-tolyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid   B   B   B   B
  13   2-(5-m-tolyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid   B   B   B
  14   2-(5-(2,4-difluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)iso-   B   B   B   B
    nicotinic acid
  15   2-(5-(3,4-difluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)iso-   B   B   B
    nicotinic acid
  16   2-(5-(3-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)iso-   B   B   B
    nicotinic acid
  17   2-(5-(3-hydroxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)iso-   B   B   B   B
    nicotinic acid
  18   2-(5-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)iso-   B   B   B
    nicotinic acid
  19   2-(5-(4-(methylsulfonyl)phenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-   B   B   C
    yl)isonicotinic acid
  20   2-(5-(3-methoxy-4-methylphenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-   B   B   C
    yl)isonicotinic acid
  21   2-(5-(3-hydroxy-4-methylphenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-   A   A   B
    yl)isonicotinic acid
  22   2-(5-(4-chloro-3-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-   B   B   C
    yl)isonicotinic acid
  23   2-(5-(4-chloro-3-hydroxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-   B   B   C
    yl)isonicotinic acid
  24   2-[5-(1H-indazol-6-yl)-1H-pyrazol-1-   B   B   C
    yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
  25   methyl 2-[5-(1H-indazol-6-yl)-1H-pyrazol-1-
    yl]pyridine-4-carboxylate
  26   2-(5-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid   C   C   C
  27   2-(5-(4-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)iso-   B   B   B     D
    nicotinic acid
  28   2-(5-(3-hydroxy-4-(methylsulfonyl)phenyl)-1H-   B   B   C
    pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid
  29   2-(3-methyl-5-p-tolyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)iso-   C   C   C
    nicotinic acid
  30   2-(3-ethyl-5-p-tolyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)iso-   C   B   C
    nicotinic acid
  31   2-(5-methyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid   C   C   B
  32   2-(5-benzyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid   D   D   D     C
  33   2-(3-benzyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid   C   C   C     C
  34   2-(5-phenethyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid   C   C   D
  35   2-(3-phenethyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid   B   B   B   B
  36   2-(5-methyl-4-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)iso-   B   B   D
    nicotinic acid
  37   2-(5-methoxy-3-methyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)iso-   C   C   C
    nicotinic acid
  38   2-(5-(benzyloxy)-3-methyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)iso-   B   A   B
    nicotinic acid
  39   2-(5-(benzyloxy)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)iso-   A   A   A   A
    nicotinic acid
  40   2-{5-[(4-fluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-   A   A   A     D
    pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
  41   2-{5-[(3-fluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-   A   A   A
    pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
  42   2-{5-[(3-methoxybenzyl)oxy]-1H-   A   A   A
    pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
  43   2-{5-[(4-methoxybenzyl)oxy]-1H-   A   A   B
    pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
  44   2-(5-butyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)isonicotinic acid   C   C   D
  45   2-(3-butyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine-4-carboxylic   B   B   B
    acid
  46   2-(5-(4-bromophenyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)iso-   B   B   C
    nicotinic acid
  47   2-{5-[4-(dimethylamino)phenyl]-   B   B   C
    1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
  48   2-[3-amino-5-(4-methylphenyl)-1H-   A   B   C
    pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
  49   2-[5-(1H-indazol-6-ylmethoxy)-1H-   B   B   C     B
    pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
  50   2-{5-[(1-methyl-1H-indazol-6-yl)methoxy]-   A   A   B     B
    1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
  51   2-{5-[(1-methyl-1H-indazol-6-yl)methoxy]-   A   A   B
    1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
  52   2-{5-[(3,4-difluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-   A   A   B
    pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
  53   2-{5-[(4-chlorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-   A   A   A
    pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
  54   2-(5-{[4-(trifluoro-   A   A   B
    methyl)benzyl]oxy}-1H-pyrazol-
    1-yl)pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
  55   2-{5-[(4-methylbenzyl)oxy]-1H-   A   A   A     C
    pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
  56   2-{5-[(4-ethylbenzyl)oxy]-1H-   A   A   B     C
    pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
  57   2-{5-[(4-bromobenzyl)oxy]-1H-   A   A   A
    pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
  58   2-{5-[(3-chlorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-   A   A   A
    pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
  59   2-{5-[(2-fluorobenzyl)oxy]-1H-   A   A   A
    pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
  60   2-[5-(pyridin-3-ylmethoxy)-1H-pyrazol-   A   A   B
    1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
  61   2-[5-(pyridin-4-ylmethoxy)-1H-pyrazol-   A   A   A
    1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
  62   methyl 2-{5-[(4-fluorobenzyl)oxy]-
    1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylate
  63   methyl 2-{5-[(3,4-difluorobenzyl)oxy]-
    1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylate
  64   methyl 2-{5-[(4-chlorobenzyl)oxy]-
    1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylate
  65   methyl 2-(5-{[4-(trifluoro-
    methyl)benzyl]oxy}-1H-pyrazol-
    1-yl)pyridine-4-carboxylate
  66   methyl 2-{5-[(4-methylbenzyl)oxy]-
    1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylate
  67   methyl 2-{5-[(4-ethylbenzyl)oxy]-
    1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylate
  68   methyl 2-{5-[(4-bromobenzyl)oxy]-
    1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylate
  69   methyl 2-[5-(benzyloxy)-1H-pyrazol-1-
    yl]pyridine-4-carboxylate
  70   methyl 2-{5-[(3-fluorobenzyl)oxy]-
    1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylate
  71   2-{5-[(4,4-difluorocyclo-   A   A   B
    hexyl)methoxy]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
  72   2-{5-[(3-bromobenzyl)oxy]-1H-   A   A   A
    pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
  73   2-{5-[(3-hydroxybenzyl)oxy]-1H-   A   A   A
    pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
  74   2-{5-[(4-chloro-3-fluorobenzyl)oxy]-   A   A   A
    1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
  75   2-{5-[(4-chloro-2-fluorobenzyl)oxy]-   A   A   A
    1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
  76   2-{5-[(3-chloro-4-fluorobenzyl)oxy]-   A   A   A
    1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
  77   2-{5-[(4-cyclopropylbenzyl)oxy]-   A   A   B
    1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
  78   methyl 2-{5-[(4-chloro-3-fluorobenzyl)oxy]-
    1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylate
  79   methyl 2-{5-[(4-chloro-2-fluorobenzyl)oxy]-
    1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylate
  80   methyl 2-{5-[(3-chloro-4-fluorobenzyl)oxy]-
    1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylate
  81   methyl 2-{5-[(4-cyclopropylbenzyl)oxy]-
    1H-pyrazol-1-yl}pyridine-4-carboxylate
  82   2-[5-[1-(4-fluorophenyl)ethoxy]pyrazol-   A   A   B
    1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
  83   2-[5-[(3,3-difluorocyclobutyl)methoxy]pyrazol-   A   A   A
    1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
  84   2-[5-[(4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]-   A   A   B
    4-methylpyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
  85   2-[4-ethyl-5-[(4-fluoro-   A   A   B
    phenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
  86   2-[5-[(2,4-difluoro-   A   A   B
    phenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
  87   2-[5-[(3,4-dichloro-   A   A   B
    phenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
  88   2-[5-[(2,4-dichloro-   A   A   B
    phenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
  89   2-[5-[(4-chloro-2-methyl-   A   A   B     B
    phenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
  90   2-[5-[(4-chloro-2-methoxy-   A   A   A
    phenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
  91   2-[5-[[4-chloro-3-(trifluoro-   A   A   B
    methyl)phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-
    1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
  92   2-[5-[(3-chloro-4-methyl-   A   A   A     C
    phenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
  93   2-[5-[(3-fluoro-4-methyl-   A   A   A
    phenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
  94   2-[5-[(2,3-difluoro-4-methyl-   A   A   A
    phenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
  95   2-[5-[(3-chloro-4-ethyl-   A   A   B
    phenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
  96   2-[5-[(4-ethyl-3-fluoro-   A   A   B
    phenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
  97   2-[5-[(3-cyano-   A   A   A
    phenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
  98   methyl 2-[5-[(4-cyano-
    phenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylate
  99   2-[5-[(4-cyano-   A   A   A     C
    phenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
  100   methyl 2-[5-[(3-chloro-4-methyl-
    phenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylate
  101   methyl 2-[5-[(3-fluoro-4-methyl-
    phenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylate
  102   methyl 2-[5-[(3-chloro-4-ethyl-
    phenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylate
  103   methyl 2-[5-[(2,3-difluoro-4-methyl-
    phenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylate
  104   methyl 2-[5-[(4-ethyl-3-fluoro-
    phenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylate
  105   2-[5-[(4-chloro-2-phenyl-methoxy-   A   A   B     B
    phenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
  106   2-[5-[[4-chloro-2-(cyclopropyl-   A   A   B     C
    methoxy)phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-
    1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
  107   2-[5-[(4-chloro-2-propoxy-
    phenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
  108   2-[5-[[4-chloro-2-(2,2,2-tri-   A   A   B     C
    fluoroethoxy)phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-
    1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
  109   2-[5-[(4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]-   A   A   C
    4-(2-hydroxyethyl)pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
  110   2-[4-[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl]-   A   A   B
    5-[(4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-
    1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
  111   2-[5-[(2-butoxy-4-chloro-   B   B   C   C   C
    phenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
  112   2-[5-[[4-chloro-2-(2-methyl-   B   B   C   C   C
    propoxy)phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-
    1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
  113   2-[5-[(4-chloro-2-propan-2-yloxy-   B   B   C
    phenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
  114   2-[5-[(2-butan-2-yloxy-4-chloro-   B   B   C
    phenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
  115   2-[5-[(4-chloro-2-ethoxy-   A   A   B
    phenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
  116   2-[5-[[4-chloro-2-(2-methoxy-   A   A   B
    ethoxy)phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-
    1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
  117   2-[5-[[4-chloro-2-[(4-fluoro-   B   B   C   C   C
    phenyl)methoxy]phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-
    1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
  118   2-[5-[[4-fluoro-2-[(4-fluoro-   A   A   B   B   C
    phenyl)methoxy]phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-
    1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
  119   2-[5-[[4-fluoro-2-[(E)-2-(4-   B   B   C
    fluorophenyl)ethenyl]phenyl]
    methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
  120   2-[5-[[4-chloro-2-[(E)-2-(4-   B   B   C
    fluorophenyl)ethenyl]phenyl]
    methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-4-
    carboxylic acid
  121   2-[5-[[4-fluoro-2-[2-(4-fluoro   B   B   C
    phenyl)ethyl]phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-
    1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
  122   2-[5-[[4-chloro-2-[2-(4-fluoro-   B   B   C
    phenyl)ethyl]phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-
    1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
  123   2-[5-(2,3-dihydro-1-benzofuran-   A   A   B
    7-ylmethoxy)pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
  124   2-[5-[(2,2-dimethyl-3H-1-benzofuran-   B   A   B
    7-yl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
  125   2-[5-[(4-cyano-2-methyl-   A   A   B
    phenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
  126   2-[5-[(4-cyano-2-ethyl-   A   A   B
    phenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
  127   2-[5-[(4-chloro-2-ethyl-   B   B   C
    phenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
  128   2-[5-[(4-fluoro-2-methyl-   A   A   B
    phenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
  129   2-[5-[(2-ethyl-4-fluoro-   A   A   B
    phenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
  130   2-[5-[(2-chloro-4-methyl-   B   B   C   B   C
    phenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
  131   2-[5-[(2-fluoro-4-methyl-   A   A   B
    phenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
  132   2-[5-[(2,4-dimethyl-   A   A   B   B   C
    phenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
  133   2-[5-[(2-methoxy-4-methyl-   A   A   B   B   C
    phenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
  134   2-[5-[(2-cyano-4-methyl-   A   A   B
    phenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
  135   2-[5-[(2-ethyl-4-methyl-   B   B   C
    phenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
  136   2-[5-[[4-chloro-2-(1-phenyl-   B   B   C
    ethoxy)phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-
    1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
  137   2-[5-[[4-fluoro-2-(1-phenyl-   B   B   C
    ethoxy)phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-
    1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
  138   2-[5-[[4-chloro-3-[(4-fluoro-   A   A   B
    phenyl)methoxy]phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-
    1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
  139   2-[5-[[4-fluoro-3-[(4-fluoro-   A   A   B
    phenyl)methoxy]phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-
    1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
  140   2-[5-[[4-chloro-3-(cyclopropyl-   B   B   B   B   C
    methoxy)phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-
    1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
  141   2-[5-[[4-chloro-3-(2,2,2-tri-   A   A   B
    fluoroethoxy)phenyl]methoxy]pyrazol-
    1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
  142   2-[5-[(4-bromo-2-methyl-   B   B   B
    phenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
  143   2-[5-[(4-bromo-2-methoxy-   A   A   B
    phenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
  144   2-[5-[(4-iodo-2-methyl-   A   A   B
    phenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
  145   2-[5-[(4-iodo-2-methoxy-   A   A   B
    phenyl)methoxy]pyraol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
  146   2-[5-[(5-fluoro-2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-   B   B   B
    1-yl)oxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
  147   2-[5-[(5-chloro-2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-   B   B   C
    1-yl)oxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
  148   2-[5-[(6-fluoro-1,2,3,4-tetra-   B   B   C
    hydronaphthalen-1-yl)oxy]pyrazol-
    1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
  149   2-[5-[(6-chloro-1,2,3,4-tetra-   B   A   C
    hydronaphthalen-1-yl)oxy]pyrazol-
    1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
  150   2-[5-[(2-chloro-4-ethyl-   B   B   C
    phenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
  151   2-[5-[(4-ethyl-2-fluoro-   B   A   C
    phenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
  152   2-[5-[(2-chloro-4-cyclopropyl-   B   B   C
    phenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
  153   2-[5-[(4-cyclopropyl-2-fluoro-   B   B   C
    phenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
  154   2-[5-[(3-chloro-4-cyclopropyl-   B   B   C
    phenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
  155   2-[5-[(4-cyclopropyl-3-fluoro-   B   A   C
    phenyl)methoxy]pyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
  156   2-[4-[2-[(4-fluorophenyl)methyl-   A   A   A     D
    methylamino]ethyl]pyrazol-
    1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
  157   N-cyano-2-[4-[2-[(4-fluoro-   A   A   A
    phenyl)methylmethylamino]ethyl]pyrazol-
    1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxamide
  158   2-[3-(4-chlorophenyl)-5-hydroxypyrazol-   C   C   C   C   A
    1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
  159   2-[3-(3-chlorophenyl)-5-hydroxypyrazol-   C   C   C   D   A
    1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
  160   2-(3-cyclopentyl-5-hydroxypyrazol-   C   B   C   D   A
    1-yl)pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
  161   2-[3-[(2,6-difluorophenyl)methyl]-       C     A
    5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
  162   2-[5-hydroxy-3-(1-phenylethyl)pyrazol-     C   C   D   A
    1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
  163   2-[3-[(2-chlorophenyl)methyl]-     C   C   D   A
    5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
  164   2-[3-[(3-chlorophenyl)methyl]-     C   C   D   A
    5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
  165   2-[3-[(4-chlorophenyl)methyl]-     B   C   D   A
    5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
  166   5-(1-phenylethyl)-2-[4-(1H-tetrazol-       C     A
    5-yl)pyridin-2-yl]pyrazol-3-ol
  167   5-[(2-chlorophenyl)methyl]-2-[4-(1H-       C     A
    tetrazol-5-yl)pyridin-2-yl]pyrazol-3-ol
  168   5-[(3-chlorophenyl)methyl]-2-[4-(1H-       C     A
    tetrazol-5-yl)pyridin-2-yl]pyrazol-3-ol
  169   5-[(4-chlorophenyl)methyl]-2-[4-(1H-     C   C   D   A
    tetrazol-5-yl)pyridin-2-yl]pyrazol-3-ol
  170   2-[3-[2-(4-chlorophenyl)propan-2-yl]-       C     A
    5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
  171   2-[3-[1-(4-chlorophenyl)cyclopropyl]-       C     A
    5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
  172   2-[3-[(3,5-dichlorophenyl)methyl]-       C     B
    5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
  173   2-[3-[(4-fluoro-2-methylphenyl)methyl]-       C     A
    5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
  174   2-[3-[(2-fluoro-4-methylphenyl)methyl]-       C     A
    5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
  175   2-[3-[(2,4-difluorophenyl)methyl]-       C     A
    5-hydroxypyrazol-1-yl]pyridine-
    4-carboxylic acid
 
  Note:
Biochemical assay IC50 data are designated within the following ranges:
  A: ≦0.10 μM
  B: >0.10 μM to ≦1.0 μM
  C: >1.0 μM to ≦10 μM
  D: >10 μM

Example 2

In Vitro Cell-based Assay

[1404] An assay to measure the degree of cellular inhibition of KDM5A and 5B was developed. This quantitative immuno-blotting assay measures the amount tri-methylated histone H3 at amino acid Lysine number 4, a specific substrate and product of the direct enzymatic activity of the histone demethylases KDM5A and KDM5B from extracts of the ZR-75-1 breast cancer cell line. Upon analysis a correlation was observed between the inhibition of these enzymes in a biochemical assay and the degree of inhibition of these enzymes within cancer cell lines.

Assay Principle

[1405] This assay is a fluorometric immunoassay for the quantification of tri-methyl H3K4 extracted from cells treated with test compound and is used as a measure of the cellular inhibition of KDM5A/B.

Assay Method

[1406] ZR-75-1 (PTEN null, ER+) breast cancer cells numbering 50,000 (ATCC) were seeded into each well of a 96-well tissue culture treated plate and then exposed to an 11 point dilution of test compound with final concentration ranges of test compound ranging from 2000 uM to 10 nM. Cells were left in the presence of test compound for 72 hours. Extracts were prepared containing all of the cellular histone material using detergent based lysis and sonication methods. These lysates were subsequently normalized for total protein content using a colorimetric bicinchonic acid assay (MicroBCA Pierce/Thermo Scientific). Normalized cell extracts were then subjected to typical immuno-blotting procedures using NuPage reagents (Life Technologies). Electrophoretically separated histones were then transferred and immobilized using polyvinylidene difluoride membrane (Immobilon-FL Millipore). The amount of tri-methylated lysine 4 of histone H3 was detected using an antibody specific to the tri-methylated state (Cell Signaling Technologies) and quantified on an infrared imager using a densitometry software package (Odyssey CLx, Image Studio, Li-Cor). This background subtracted densitometry value was reported as a ration of the GAPDH amount for that sample and then calculated as a percent of the DMSO treated sample. The software package XL-fit (IDBS) was then used to calculate a relative IC50 value for the dilution series of a given test compound according to the equation: fit=(D+((Vmax*(x^n))/((x^n)+(Km^n)))).
[1407] Table 4 provides the cellular IC50 values of various compounds disclosed herein.
[1408] 
[00004] [TABLE-US-00004]
    TABLE 4
   
    ExampleCellular IC50 (μM)
   
 
    39   C
    40   B
    41   D
    50   D
    52   B
    53   B
    55   B