Compositions And Methods For Increasing Human Growth Hormone Levels

  *US08722114B2*
  US008722114B2                                 
(12)United States Patent(10)Patent No.: US 8,722,114 B2
  et al. (45) Date of Patent:*May  13, 2014

(54)Compositions and methods for increasing human growth hormone levels 
    
(75)Inventor: Quality IP Holdings, LLC,  Carson City, NV (US) 
(73)Assignee:Quality IP Holdings, LLC,  Carson City, NV (US), Type: US Company 
(*)Notice: Subject to any disclaimer, the term of this patent is extended or adjusted under 35 U.S.C. 154(b) by 0 days. 
  This patent is subject to a terminal disclaimer. 
(21)Appl. No.: 13/623,112 
(22)Filed: Sep.  20, 2012 
(65)Prior Publication Data 
 US 2014/0079826 A1 Mar.  20, 2014 
(51)Int. Cl. A61K 036/55 (20060101); A61K 009/14 (20060101); A61K 036/00 (20060101); A61K 047/00 (20060101); A61K 009/00 (20060101)
(52)U.S. Cl. 424/745; 424/725; 424/774; 424/439; 424/489; 424/400
(58)Field of Search  None

 
(56)References Cited

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     * cited by examiner
 
     Primary Examiner —Chris R Tate
     Assistant Examiner —Russell Fiebig
     Art Unit — 1655
     Exemplary claim number — 1
 
(74)Attorney, Agent, or Firm — TraskBritt, P.C.

(57)

Abstract

Embodiments of the invention generally relate to methods and supplements for increasing human growth hormone (hGH) levels in healthy human beings.
18 Claims, 1 Drawing Sheet, and 1 Figure


TECHNICAL FIELD

[0001] Embodiments of the invention generally relate to supplements and methods for increasing human growth hormone (hGH) levels in healthy human beings.

BACKGROUND

[0002] The primary biological function of hGH includes stimulating growth, cell repair and regeneration. Once the primary growth period of adolescence concludes, the primary function of hGH in adulthood becomes that of cell regeneration and repair, helping regenerate skin, bones, heart, lungs, liver and kidneys to their optimal, youthful cell levels. As is the case with many of our other hormones or their pre-cursors, such as testosterone, oestrogen, progesterone, DHEA and melatonin, hGH levels decline with age. Therapeutically, many of these hormones can be replaced to offset some of the effects of aging such as menopausal symptoms in women or erectile dysfunction in men. The human body, like every other living entity, works on daily, or circadian, as well as monthly and annual rhythms. Daily growth hormone secretion diminishes with age with roughly half the levels at age forty that we had when we were twenty, and about one-third of those youthful levels at age sixty. In some sixty-year olds, the levels are as low as 25% of the hGH levels in a twenty-year old. Symptoms of aging include loss of muscle, increase of fat, decreased physical mobility, decreased energy levels and as a result, diminished socialization, diminished healing ability and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and decreased life expectancy. Low hGH levels are associated with the aging process and early onset of disease. For example, Rosen and Bengtsson noted an increased death rate from cardiovascular disease in hGH deficient patients (Rosen, T., Bengtsson, B. A., Lancet 336 (1990): 285-2880).
[0003] Until recently human growth hormone (hereinafter alternatively referred to as hGH) was available only in expensive injectable forms, and benefits from the restoration of hGH levels available only to those with the ability to pay. Most recently substances that can trigger the release of human growth hormone from an individual's own anterior pituitary gland have become available. These are generically referred to as secretagogues. Secretagogues have the ability to restore hGH levels, potentially to the levels found in youth. See for reference the book entitled “Grow Young With hGH” by Dr. Ronald Klatz, President of the American Academy of Anti-Aging, published in 1997 by Harper Collins.
[0004] HGH-deficient adults have marked reductions in lean body mass, and within months of hGH treatment, gains in lean body mass, skin thickness and muscle mass are observed. (Cuneo RC et al. J Appl Physiol 1991;70:695-700; Cuneo RC et al. J Appl Physiol 1991;70:688-694; Rudman D et al. N Engl J Med 1969;280:1434-1438).
[0005] It is well-established that intravenous (IV) administration of some amino acids results in significant hGH secretion. Intravenous infusion of 183 mg of arginine/kg body weight in females increased hGH levels >20-fold and 30 g of arginine elevated serum hGH levels 8.6 fold in males (Merimee T J et al. N Engl J Med 1969;280:1434-1438; Alba-Roth J et al. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 1988;67:1186-1189). Other amino acids, such as methionine, phenylalanine, lysine, histidine, and ornithine have also led to marked increases in hGH (Alba-Roth, Muller, Schopohl, & von Werder, 1988; Chromiak & Antonio, 2002; Gourmelen, M., M. Donnadieu, et al. (1972) Ann Endocrinol (Paris) 33(5): 526-528).
[0006] Given the difficulties in IV administration of amino acids for widespread use, interest in elucidating the hGH response to oral amino acid supplements prompted testing of such supplements containing mainly arginine, lysine and ornithine at varying amounts. Yet the pronounced variability in results among these studies, which differed in aspects including subject population, supplement composition, and dosage methodologies, make clear the complexities involved in the design of an effective supplement for supporting hGH levels in the general public. (Suminski R R et al. Int J Sport Nutr 1997;7:48-60; Lambert M I et al. Int J Sport Nutr 1993;3:298-305; Corpas E et al. J Gerontol 1993;48:M128-M133; Isidori A et al. Curr Med Res Opin 1981;7:475-481; Fogelholm G M et al. Int J Sport Nutr 1993;3:290-297; Chromiak J A, Antonio J. Nutrition 2002 July;18(7-8):657-61).
[0007] Thus determination of an effective and safe oral functional blend that stimulates hGH secretion in the general population is important to determine since athletes, entertainers and now the general public seek effective hGH support supplements and understand hGH to have rejuvenating properties.
[0008] Indeed, once partial to athletes and entertainers, the desire for effective supplements to provoke growth hormone (hGH) increases now extends to the general public. Not only do they have a goal of building lean tissue and reducing fat, but also in improving skin quality and other rejuvenating qualities that hGH is understood to provide. Despite proceeding literature on oral amino acids for use in stimulating hGH, evidence for an optimized oral amino acid-containing blend able to stimulate hGH in the general public including both men and women of a wide age range is not clear.
[0009] It would be desirable to provide a nutritional supplement for elevating hGH release, in particular an amino acid-containing composition that is well tolerated having the result of increasing or elevating hGH release in those individuals whose hGH release rates have slowed as a function of increasing age or that have normal hGH levels but desire higher hGH levels. Although some existing nutritional supplements claim to impact the production of natural human growth hormone, there is a need for an improved nutritional supplement that efficiently enhances the production and effect of natural human growth hormone in the general population.

BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0010] The present invention is a nutritional supplement and method of using the same. It is a novel amino acid-containing secretagogue composition, which, taken orally, stimulates the pituitary gland to increase serum levels of hGH.
[0011] A particular embodiment of the present disclosure relates to an oral nutritional supplement that includes the amino acids 1-lysine, 1-arginine, oxo-proline, and one of either cysteine or glutamine. The amino acids may be delivered as non-toxic salts thereof, effective complexes thereof, stable chelates thereof, active esters thereof, functional derivatives thereof, and mixtures thereof which are effective to increase hGH levels in the general population.
[0012] Another particular embodiment relates to an oral nutritional supplement that consists essentially of 1-lysine HCl, 1-arginine HCl, oxo-proline, N-acetyl-1-cysteine, 1-glutamine, and schizonepeta (aerial parts) powder.
[0013] Other embodiments are drawn to methods of increasing human growth hormone in humans that include orally administering the disclosed nutritional supplement to a healthy human being.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE FIGURES

[0014] FIG. 1 shows growth hormone levels after supplement administration compared to a placebo.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

[0015] The present invention relates to a nutritional supplement for use by a human being. The present invention is drawn to a nutritional supplement and method of using the same. The nutritional supplement is an amino acid-containing secretagogue composition, which, taken orally, stimulates the pituitary gland to increase serum levels of hGH. Increased levels of hGH may result in inhibition of insulin depression, inhibition of hyperglycaemia and increase in insulin effectiveness, enhancement of fat conversion, lowering of cholesterol, and normalization of lipid balance. The supplement of the present invention works as a dietary supplement by assisting the body's own ability to secrete hGH naturally in a manner that is safe and effective, as well as being affordable.
[0016] A particular embodiment of the present disclosure relates to an oral nutritional supplement that includes 1-lysine, 1-arginine, oxo-proline, and one of either cysteine or glutamine. The supplement may additionally include both cysteine and glutamine and/or schizonepeta powder. In particular embodiments, a functional dosage includes the 1-arginine at a level between 0.1-6 mmol and the oxo-proline between 0.1-8 mmol, and/or the 1-lysine in an amount between 0.1-12 mmol. The cysteine and/or glutamine may be contained at a level between 0.001-6 mmol. The cysteine can be n-acetyl L-cysteine and the glutamine may be 1-glutamine. The amino acids may be delivered as non-toxic salts thereof, effective complexes thereof, stable chelates thereof, active esters thereof, functional derivatives thereof, and mixtures thereof which are effective to increase hGH levels in the general population. The nutritional supplement may be present in an amount of 2.9 grams. The nutritional supplement may be in any acceptable and known oral formulation, such as powder, tablet, capsule, liquid, or wafer form.
[0017] Another particular embodiment relates to an oral nutritional supplement that consists essentially of 1-lysine HCl, 1-arginine HCl, oxo-proline, N-acetyl-1-cysteine, 1-glutamine, and schizonepeta (aerial parts) powder. In particular embodiments, a functional dosage includes the 1-arginine HCl at a level between 0.1-6 mmol and the oxo-proline between 0.1-8 mmol, and/or the 1-lysine HCl in an amount between 0.1-12 mmol. The n-acetyl L-cysteine and/or 1-glutamine may be contained at a level between 0.001-6 mmol. In another particular embodiment, a functional dosage includes the 1-arginine HCl at a level between 2.5-4.5 mmol and the oxo-proline between 4-6 mmol, and/or the 1-lysine HCl in an amount between 7-9 mmol. The n-acetyl L-cysteine and/or 1-glutamine may be contained at a level between 0.001-0.5 mmol. The nutritional supplement may be in any acceptable and known oral formulation, such as powder, tablet, capsule, liquid, or wafer form.
[0018] Other embodiments are drawn to methods of increasing human growth hormone in humans that include orally administering the disclosed nutritional supplement to a healthy human being. As used herein, “healthy human being” means a human being without any physiological deficiency in hGH independent of age. Particular embodiments of the invention relate to oral administration of the disclosed nutritional supplement to a human that is at least 30 years old. The nutritional supplement may be administered from one to three times daily or, alternatively, may be administered every other day, or may be administered once a week. In particular embodiments, the nutritional supplement may be administered on an empty stomach.
[0019] In accordance with the “consist essentially of” and “consisting essentially Of” language, the nutritional supplement of the third embodiments is essentially limited to the aforementioned ingredients and does not include any additional active ingredients intended to add nutritional content (e.g., vitamins, minerals, etc.), but may include additional ingredients not intended to add nutritional content such as ingredients intended to fulfill a non-nutritional purpose (e.g., coloring, fillers, flavoring, an ingredient for maintaining the structural form, etc.).
[0020] Each ingredient of the nutritional supplement of the present invention may be prepared in accordance with any method known to one of ordinary skill in the art. Alternatively, each ingredient may be obtained in a fully prepared from a commercially available source.
[0021] The nutritional supplement of the present invention may be in any suitable oral administration form, including but not limited to: a chewable form, a liquid form, a spray form, a capsule form, a suppository form, dissolvable wafer, and a powder form.
[0022] Irrespective of the structural form of the nutritional supplement, the ingredients of the nutritional supplement may be distributed homogeneously or non-homogeneously within the nutritional supplement.
[0023] The nutritional supplement of the present invention may be ingested on a regular basis, such as a daily or weekly intake at a dosage tailored to an individual's needs; i.e., the nutritional supplement is to be taken regularly as multiples (2×, 2×, etc.) of the structural units (pills, tablets, capsules, liquid dose, etc.) in accordance with the needs of the individual. For example, a senior citizen leading a sedentary life may need higher daily doses than does a young person engaged in regular strenuous exercise (e.g., a weight lifter). Alternatively, the nutritional supplement of the present invention may be ingested on an as-needed basis at a dosage tailored to the individual's needs. Medical or nutritional counseling may be beneficial for arriving at a desirable or optimal dosage tailored to the individual's needs.
[0024] The combination of types of amino acids, mass ranges, and specific formulations have been selected to be synergistically balanced and of adequate quantity to achieve the desired physiological effect, namely, growth hormone release. Improper combinations of the amino acids may be ineffective. The component amino acids are synergistic in the sense that several of them when combined together, synergistically stimulate the release of human growth hormone. The combination was also chosen to reduce or inhibit chemical combination or reaction between the amino acids.

EXAMPLES

[0025] A cross-over, placebo controlled, double-blind study involved 16 healthy subjects [12 males, 4 females; 9 Caucasian, 6 African American, 1 other; mean age=32±14 years; body mass index=26.4±5.0 ranging from 19.1 to 36.8 kg/m2]. Each subject reported to the Inpatient Unit on two occasions one week apart. After an overnight fast, subjects had an IV line placed and baseline bloods samples were drawn at −30, −15, and 0 minutes. Subjects were then asked to swallow the capsules of the test supplement or an identical looking placebo.
[0026] The administered supplement is a novel 2.9 g/dose blend of 1-lysine HCl, 1-arginine HCl, oxo-proline, N-acetyl-1-cysteine, 1-glutamine, and schizonepeta (aerial parts) powder.
[0027] Blood was drawn at 15, 30, 60 and 90 and 120 minutes for assay. Human GH was measured at each time point using the Siemens Immulite 2000 (intra-assay CV was 3.72%, inter-assay CV was 5.70%, and the detection limit for GH was 0.05 ng/ml.
[0028] Mean growth hormone increased eight-fold over baseline (equivalent to 682%) after the supplement from 0.17 at baseline to 1.33 ng/ml at 120 minutes compared to a mean decrease of 52% after placebo from 0.93 to 0.45 ng/ml (FIG. 1). The mean change in GH levels from baseline to 120 minutes (GH at 120 minutes minus GH at 0 minutes), was 1.15 (95% CI: 0.17, 2.14) ng/ml after the supplement versus −0.48 (−1.47, 0.50) ng/ml after the placebo, demonstrating a statistically significant differential effect (P=0.01). After the supplement, the mean AUC for GH across 120 minutes was 20.43 (95% CI: 19.90, 20.95) ng/ml/min which was significantly higher (P=0.04) than placebo at 19.67 (18.74, 20.59) ng/ml/min. Overall, 120 minutes after taking the supplement, GH levels were significantly higher in both absolute levels and by AUC.
[0029] Mean levels of GH reached after the subcutaneous injection of 0.06 IU of HGH in the treatment of GH deficient subjects was 0.4 ng/ml, a value that was clearly in the range of values seen in our study with oral amino acids (Janssen Y J et al. Br J Clin Pharmacol 1999;47:273-278).
[0030] The present study is distinct in that it had a broad range of ages and BMF s and included both genders. An additional advantage of this study of the novel amino-acid containing blend over previous hGH evaluations is that it contained a placebo control group and was randomized and double-blinded.
[0031] While embodiments of the present invention have been described herein for purposes of illustration, many modifications and changes will become apparent to those skilled in the art. Accordingly, the appended claims are intended to encompass all such modifications and changes as fall within the true spirit and scope of this invention.
(57)

Claims

1. A method of increasing human growth hormone in a healthy human being, comprising:
orally administering an effective amount of a nutritional supplement composition in unit dosage form to the healthy human being, wherein the unit dosage consists of:
about 1 mmol L-arginine;
about 1 mmol Oxo-proline;
about 2 mmol L-lysine;
about 1.5 μmol N-acetyl L-cysteine;
about 2 μmol L-glutamine; and
about 125 μg Schizonepta (aerial parts) powder.
2. The method of claim 1, wherein orally administering the nutritional supplement composition to a healthy human being comprises orally administering the nutritional supplement composition to a human in an amount of 2.9 grams.
3. The method of claim 1, wherein orally administering the nutritional supplement composition to a healthy human being comprises orally administering the nutritional supplement composition to a human in powder, tablet, capsule, liquid, or wafer form.
4. The method of claim 1, wherein orally administering the nutritional supplement composition to a healthy human being comprises orally administering the nutritional supplement composition to a human from one to three times daily.
5. The method of claim 1, wherein orally administering the nutritional supplement composition to a healthy human being comprises orally administering the nutritional supplement composition to a human once a week.
6. The method of claim 1, wherein orally administering the nutritional supplement composition to a healthy human being comprises orally administering the nutritional supplement composition to a human on an empty stomach.
7. The method of claim 1, wherein orally administering the nutritional supplement composition to a healthy human being comprises orally administering the nutritional supplement composition to a human that is at least 30 years old.
8. The method of claim 1, wherein the unit dosage form consists of:
1.32 mmol Oxo-proline;
2.05 mmol L-lysine;
1.53 μmol N-acetyl L-cysteine;
1.71 μmol L-glutamine; and
125 μg Schizonepta (aerial parts) powder.
9. The method of claim 1, wherein the unit dosage form consists of:
181.38 mg L-arginine HC1;
170.93 mg L-pyroglutamic acid;
374.83 mg L-lysine HCI;
0.25 mg N-acetyl L-cysteine USP;
0.25 mg L-glutamine; and
0.125 mg Schizonepta (aerial parts) powder.
10. The nutritional supplement composition of claim 1, wherein the nutritional supplement unit dosage form is in capsule form.
11. A method of increasing human growth hormone in a healthy human being, comprising:
orally administering an effective amount of a serving of the nutritional supplement composition in unit dosage form to the healthy human being, wherein the unit dosage form consists of:
3.44 mmol L-arginine;
5.30 mmol Oxo-proline;
8.21 mmol L-lysine;
6.13 μmol N-acetyl L-cysteine;
6.84 μmol L-glutamine; and
0.50 mg Schizonepta (aerial parts) powder; and
orally administering the nutritional supplement composition to a healthy human being.
12. The method of claim 11, wherein the unit dosage form consists of 725.50 mg L-arginine HCl; 683.70 mg L-pyroglutamic acid; 1499.30 mg L-lysine HCl; 1.00 mg N-acetyl L-cysteine USP; 1.00 mg L-glutamine; and 0.50 mg Schizonepta (aerial parts) powder.
13. The method of claim 11, wherein orally administering the nutritional supplement composition to a healthy human being comprises orally administering the nutritional supplement composition to the healthy human being in an amount of 2.9 grams.
14. The method of claim 11, wherein orally administering the nutritional supplement composition to a healthy human being comprises orally administering the nutritional supplement composition to the healthy human being in powder, tablet, capsule, liquid, or wafer form.
15. The method of claim 11, wherein orally administering the nutritional supplement composition to a healthy human being comprises orally administering the nutritional supplement composition to the healthy human being from one to three times daily.
16. The method of claim 11, wherein orally administering the nutritional supplement composition to a healthy human being comprises orally administering the nutritional supplement composition to the healthy human being once a week.
17. The method of claim 11, wherein orally administering the nutritional supplement composition to a healthy human being comprises orally administering the nutritional supplement composition to the healthy human being on an empty stomach.
18. The method of claim 11, wherein the healthy human being is a human that is at least 30 years old.
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