Method Of Testing For A Milk Trisaccharide

  *US20130031965A1*
  US20130031965A1                                 
(19)United States 
(12)Patent Application Publication(10)Pub. No.: US 2013/0031965 A1
 Madson(43)Pub. Date:Feb.  7, 2013

(54)METHOD OF TESTING FOR A MILK TRISACCHARIDE 
    
(76)Inventor: Michael Madson,  Garner, IA (US) 
(21)Appl. No.: 13/426,891 
(22)Filed: Mar.  22, 2012 
 Related U.S. Application Data 
(60)Provisional application No. 61/513,921, filed on Aug.  1, 2011.
 
 Publication Classification 
(51)Int. Cl. G01N 030/00 (20060101)
(52)U.S. Cl. 73/61.52; 73/61.43

        

(57)

Abstract

A method of testing for a trisaccharide in milk includes the step of providing a predetermined amount of milk. The method also includes the step of isolating a trisachharide of the milk with a hydride insertion reaction to identify the molecule as phosphorylated. Also included in the method is the step of obtaining a mass spectrum of the isolated milk trisaccharide sample. The method further includes the step of identifying a molecular structure of the isolated milk trisaccharide sample.
 Claim(s),  Drawing Sheet(s), and Figure(s)
 
 


CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

[0001] This application claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional Application No. 61/513,921, filed Aug. 1, 2011.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0002] This invention relates to a method of testing for a milk trisaccharide. More specifically, the present invention relates to a laboratory method that can be used in order to isolate a bovine milk trisaccharide.
[0003] Cancer is a disease that affects millions of families and individuals every year. As a result scientists are in a continuous search for substances that are effective in promoting anti-cancer activity whether the substances prevent the onset of cancer or alternatively slow down or stop the growth of cancer.
[0004] Thus, a principal object of the present invention is to provide a method for isolating a bovine milk trisaccharide in order to determine the trisaccharide's anti-cancer activity.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0005] A method of testing for a trisaccharide in milk. The method includes the step of providing a predetermined amount of milk. The method also includes the step of isolating a trisachharide of the milk, to obtain a sample, and by hydride insertion to help identify the milk trisaccharide. Also included in the method is the step of obtaining a mass spectrum of the isolated milk trisaccharide sample. The method further includes the step of identifying a molecular structure of the isolated milk trisaccharide sample.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS

[0006] FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the system of isolating a milk trisaccharide of the present invention;
[0007] FIG. 2 is a diagram of the fragmentation of the complete molecular ion of a sample of milk trisaccharide identified and isolated by the system of testing for a milk trisaccharide of the present invention; and
[0008] FIG. 3 is a diagram of a mass spectrum of a sample of the isolated milk trisaccharide identified by the system of testing for a milk trisaccharide of the present invention.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

[0009] The figures show a system 10 utilized in order to isolate a bovine milk trisaccharide. The system 10 includes a pipet 12, first and second centrifuge tubes, 14, 16, that in a preferred embodiment are plastic, and a centrifuge 18 having a cap 20 disposed thereon. In addition the system can include a freezer or a container holding water 22.
[0010] The method used to isolate the bovine milk trisaccharide using the system 10 is to pipet a predetermined amount of commercialized pasteurized cold fat free milk 24 into the centrifuge tube 14. In a preferred embodiment 0.1 ml commercial pasteurized cold fat free milk 24 is pipet into a 15 ml plastic centrifuge tube 14. Once the commercialized pasteurized cold fat free milk 24 is in the centrifuge tube 14, 1 ml of cold 95% ethanol 26 is added. Thus, a 10:1 ratio of 95% ethanol 26 to the commercialized pasteurized cold fat free milk 24 is presented. At this time the centrifuge tube 18 is capped and centrifuged for a predetermined amount of time, preferably 30-40 seconds.
[0011] After centrifuging the supernatant 28 is formed and is placed in a second centrifuge tube 16. The supernatant 28 is then dried with a stream of nitrogen and placed in a freezer 22 for storage. The sample 28 can later be dissolved in water.
[0012] A mass spectrum of this sample 28 presents a major ion, m/z 683.3 that is a cross ring cleavage product of the actual ion that is found in the original spectrum of milk fraction. M/Z 705.5 meanwhile is sodium salt as identified in FIG. 3. Thus, this sample is a trisaccharide of bovine milk 30 that contains N-Acetyl neuraminic acid substituted lactosyl-6′ phosphate. From mass spectrometry, HPLC and a hydride reduction the trisaccharide was identified and the identity of the substitution position of phosphate is presented. Specifically, the molecule is phosphorylated that is discerned by utilizing a hydride reduction insertion. Thus, by isolating this milk trisaccharide, this milk fraction can be tested for anti cancer activity. Thus, at least all of the stated problems have been overcome.
(57)

Claim

1. A method of testing for a trisaccharide in milk comprising the steps of:
providing a predetermined amount of milk;
isolating a trisachharide of the milk to obtain a sample;
obtaining a mass spectrum of the isolated milk trisaccharide sample; and
identifying a molecular structure of the isolated milk trisaccharide sample.
2. The method of testing for a trisaccharide in milk of claim 1 additionally comprising the step of subjecting the isolated milk trisaccharide sample to high performance chromatography.
3. The method of testing for a trisaccharide in milk of claim 1 wherein the hydride reduction is comprised of the steps of combining the predetermined amount of milk with ethanol and centrifuging the milk and ethanol to form a supernatant.
4. The method of testing for a trisaccharide in milk of claim 3 wherein the hydride reduction is used to determine phosphorylation.
5. The method of testing for a trisaccharide in milk of claim 4 wherein the milk is pasteurized fat free bovine milk.
6. The method of testing for a trisaccharide in milk of claim 5 wherein the ethanol is cold 95% ethanol.
7. The method of testing for a trisaccharide in milk of claim 6 wherein ethanol is combined with the predetermined amount of milk at a 10:1 ratio.
8. The method of testing for a trisaccharide in milk of claim 4 wherein the supernatant is comprised of the isolated milk trisaccharide sample.
9. The method of testing for a trisaccharide in milk of claim 8 further comprising the step of identifying a structure of a molecular ion of the isolated milk trisaccharide sample.
10. The method of testing for a trisaccharide in milk of claim 9 further comprising the step of identifying a substitution position of a phosphate from the structure of the molecular ion of the isolated milk trisaccharide sample.
11. The method of testing for a trisaccharide in milk of claim 9 further comprising the step of determining whether the trisaccharide molecule is phosphorylated based upon the molecular structure of the isolated milk trisaccharide sample.
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